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Full text of "The saints selfe-enriching examination. Or A treatise concerning the sacrament of the Lords svpper. Which, as a glasse or touchstone, clearly discovers the triall and truth of grace; requisite to be looked into daily; chiefly before we come to the Lords table .."


5? Q (^ l'.- H.^/. 

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ATreatife concerning the Sacra- 
ment of the Lords S v p p e r. 

which, as aGlaflcor Touch-flone, clearly 
"difcovers the triall and truth of grace ^ requi- • 

lice CO be looked into daily ; chiefly before W5 

come to the Lords Table. 

By the bte Revercndj Learned, and Godly Miniftcr of 

Chriftjcfjs, Robert B.Uofi, Bachelour ofDivinity, 

and fomecimes Preacher of Gods Word 

at inu^htta In Narthsvipka-jhi'S' 

iCOR. 13.5. 

Examine yeur (elvef, i» hit her yon be in the faith. Troveyom 
otfTteftives. Kmwj/ee notyonr on^ne felvef^hotp that Jejas 
Cbrijl if injoH^exccpyee ine reprobates ? 


Printed by Ame GnffUt^ for Kapha Harford^ in 

Q^cenes-head-alley in Pater Nejfer KotP^ 

at the figne of the Gilt Bible. 1634. 



^ .* »^- 

j« ■■''•. '-'=4 




jelft'^ennching examinatiom 

iCoR. 11.^8. 

Let a man therefore examine himfelfey 
andfo let him eat of this ^read, and 
drinke of this (^up. 


He blefled Apoftle Saiftt i»rf»/ ha- 
ving in the former part of this 
Chapter unto the 17. verfe, ad- 
vifed and admoniihed the Co* 
rinthians of a convenient and 
comely carriage in their out- 
ward habits, at their holy meetings and pub- 
Uke aflTemblies, the whole and fumme whereof 
confifts in thefe twopropofitions : 

1. A man pray ing or prophecy ing ought not 
to cover his head^ verfj* 

2. It is uncomely for a woman to pray unto 
God uncovcredj^er/Ti 3.And after added reafons 

IT B promi- 

The Saints 

promif^uouliy tor [hem bucii^ buc more i-or the 
latter part. He proceeds from the 1 7. verfxmto 
the end to areproofcand reformation of fome 
abufes, difordersand incongruities which were 
growne upon them, and crept in amongft: them 
in the celebration of the holy Sacrament of the 
body and bloud of Chrift. 

In verf. 1 7. there is a tranfi tion or pafTage unto 
the reprehenfion and corredlion of the abufes 
about the Lords Supper, by a correftion of the 
Preface to the former part. Hee commended 
them in the beginning of the Chapter for re- 
membring and keeping the ordinances hee had. 
delivered unto them 5 hmmverf 17. hee denies 
ihcm their former praife, beeaufe their publikc 
meetings were hurtful! and o^enfive^ not peace- 
able and profitable. 

In verfiS, He reproves them mbr^ generally 
for their diflentions and divifions at their mee- 
tings, for (chifme and fingufarity is the fountaine 
androotofalldiforders, enormities andconfii- 
(10ns in the Church. He proves this reproofe by 
areafbnfrom th^greatertoriielefle, mmrf i^. 
The/emffphe here^fjafrhii^amoK^ym. No mar- 
veil then though' there beichifraes and diirenti-' 
iOns. 'And in the fartie verifehe (hewes the end of 
herefies, that the profeffion of true €hrifHans|| 
nav be more manifeft andigi^tious. ^ 

Hee dtffeends in^^ierf 20* to a more fpeciall 
cenlure and reprehenfiort of their pro&nation 
:6f •Ihe'Doirds Supper : Of which tLicywereguilty 

-irsyr. ' S i. Tliey * 

felfe4nrkbing examination. 


1. They (brtedthemfelvesintofadions, and I 
companies as they favoured and friended each 
other 5 and every man tooke his owne (upper 

2. Someweredrunken,asappeares5e;^^'yr2 1. 
lnverf.22. he addes reaibns of his reproofe, j 

I, FromtheindecencU. It were farremoreconve- j 
nient they (hould have their fealts and banqaets | 
privately at home, than publikely in their holy \ 
aflemblies. -/t] ,r \ 

2. Prom the deformity : By this meanes they ] 
made it plaine, that they defpifed the Church of 
God, which is a foule and hatefull thing. 

3. From theimquHy : They brought fliame 
and ^riefenpon their poore brethren. 

Thefe difbrders thus ript up, and reproved for 
reformation and amendment, he recals them to 
the firftinfVitution, that (b they may follow the 
Lords example in this (aacd bufincfie. He teach- 
eth them fourc things, mrfi 3.24.2 5.2^.2 7. 

Firft, the m.wner and0)io» of Chrifts inftitu- 
tion : He tooke the bread, gave thanks, brake it, 
and gave it them ^ and fb proportionabiy of the 

Secondly, the mifleiy fignified by this holy rite : 
This Bread and Wine, thus broken and powred 
out, fignified and fealed thebruifingof hisbo«i 
dy, and fheddingof hisbloudforrheremiffion; 
offinnes. I 

Thirdly^l^^/'f^s^^of this inftitution and cele-| 
bration of the Lords Supper, e'er/24,2 5,2^. that j 
is, the remembrance of the Lords death untUlhe com- j 

B 2 Fourthly,' 


The Saints 

Fourthl/j The fearful! danger, and certaine 
damnation which theyincurre who receive this 
holy Sacrament unworthily : thejf areguiltj of the 
My andblouiof thhord. 

Now in this 2 8. v^f, which I have read unto 
yoUj he teaches and tels them how they may re- 
ceive it worthily, by a particular and pcrlbnall 
examination of themfelves. . 

In verf,!^. He labours to perfivade and enforce 
this holy duty of examination, by the miferies 
and mifthiefes which enlue upon an irreverent, 
unpreparedjand unworthy receiving • even tem- 
porall plagues, and everlaftingdamnation^with- 
out repentance and amendment. r-^'^ 

That much ill followes upon unworthy recei- 
ving, hee proves by the event and experience 
amongft themfelves, verf^o, Heeconfirmcsthe 
ftme by the equity of divine juftice,?;^^/^ i . It is 
juft with God that thefe fhould be judged with 
(everity and rigour, whodoe not examine, juc^e, 
and reforme themfelves . 

But in 'verf,'^ 2. there fbllowes a mitigation and 
confblation, from Gods endiind purpofe in in- 
fliding temporal! judgements to all fuch as have 
grace to make a right and fandifiedufe of them. 
They are fent upon them that they fhould not 
be condemned with the world. He concludes the 
Chapter with charge to amend both abufes, and 
tels them how. 

I. They muft tarryand flay one for another, 
that they may comfortably communicate iogz- 

2. They 

/elfe4nriching examination, 

2 . They muft make their fcafts at home, and not 
mix them with the LordsSupper3^^/34. where 
he alfo refume s the motive and reafon ufedj verf 
2 p» taken from the fearfull and dangerous effedt. 
And promifeth the reftifying of other things at 

You fee with what coherence and connexion 
theTifAr^rtandsinthe chapter. Examination be- 
fore we come to receive the Communion, is the 
meancs to make us worthy receivers ^ whereby 
wee e(cape guiltinefle of the bloud of Chrift, 
plagues and judgements, both temporall and 
eternalljand blefledly partake of all the comforts 
of grace, ^nd tafte of heavenly glory. 
-'- .But 'before I come to the do&rine rifing 
hence, 'I will acquaint you with the cuftome 
, . of the Church at that time in receiving the 
Lords Supper, out of fbme of the ancient Fa- 
thers, which report the fame to us, elpecially 
^ ■ oiit o^Itifike Martyr :> and tertnUiaft, 

In thofe times, and this infancie of the Churchy 
fay thofe ancient fathers , Chriftians upon the 
Lords day, were wont to meet in feme place(for 
at that time they had not yet Churches) for the 
publike exercife of holy duties and fer vices. 

Andfirftof allthey offered up (upplications 
and prayers for the ftate, profperity and enlarge- 
ment of the Church, for Kings, Magiftrates, and 
Ministers of State and Juftice • for thegenerall 
goodof the^.vo^ld, and peace upon their times, 
andf)eciall> forGcds graces and bleffings upon 
thofe who were then bap tized. 

B ? Praters 

IChe Saints 






Prayers being ended, they (aimed one ano- 
ther with an holy kifle 3 which Paul mentions. 

Then the commentaries of the Apoftlesand 
Prophets were readjaccordingas the time would 
permit. ?'•;; 

After the Minifter made a Sermon to the 
people, and did exhort them to godlineffe and 

That being done, they all rife^indpowreout 
their prayers agairiej io 'j;tji:i3iifi^: t) : jl-' 3.) 

Thele being fini'fliefdv bread and wine was 
brought forth, which the minifter taking, hee 
broke out with interition of voice,, into the, 
praifes of God and thankfgiving, and thepeoplej 
with cheerful! acclamations did anfwer, AmeTU 

Prefently upon this , the Deacons miniftred 
the Communion to thofc that were prcfent^ and 
it was brought to thofe who were abfent. 

And thus ferre it was much after the inftituti- 
on and ordination of Chrifl:,excepting fbme few" 

After all this was a colleftion of almes for 
the releefe of the poore, the ficke, for widowes 
and Orphans, Prifoners and ftrangers. 

Thus hxxGlujim Martyr^ which lived at Rom 5 
and it is like this was the manner of the Chrifti- 
ans at Rome. 

But it leemes out of this place of Vaul^ and by 
Tertullians Apologetically in the Churches of Ajia 
znd Africa^ there was fome addition to the U- 



felfe-inncbing examination. 

For thcfe iacred bufinefles being ended 5 both 
th€ rich and poore, comfortably and cheerfully 
together, fate downeto a fealt (fuch refediom 
were called Love fiafts (^^yiirtu) frugally and mo- 
derately prepared, anl provide j out of theii 
coiledions, and there they refrefhed thenifelves 
with Chriftian conference, and godly Pfalmes 
and So»f^s, 

It may be they had refpe^t herein to the ex- 
ample and imitation of GhriJJ5,,wijJ<^a4:iSu^pjSJ 
inftituted this Sacrament . ;:-r • v-j o -.'! s. , 

It may be they laboured hereby to be like the 
Jewes and Gentiles. The Jewes ended their ^- 
critices with feafts. , The Genciies were wont to 
,hav€ riotous bancfuets in their Idpll iGhiirches. 
Chriftians perhaps of tho(e times thought fitto 
follow the fafliioajj bi^t to avoid the (inj abufes, 
andexcefle... *'. ■- yjiri-M ■■ - /■'vo!:! .-''.'(y-i 

But S4ta» quicjcly broke in ambngft tlicm'^ 
empoyfoned their holy exerci(es with rior, ailcr 
exxeflej and turned their feafts of Charity ioco 
Fadions, Schtfmes, and lealoufieis. For Xome 
held uponFaulyibme upon Petety ipmt upon 


And thefe feverall fadions laboured lip.prevent 
one another upon the Lordsday... * .\0 <\ » ; -, 
..^ ^yhofeth^ccamefirftnot flaying for the fed*, 
received by them{tlv€5. And after they fell ^; 
.their feiifts 5 VVhich they provided too riotouf- 
, ly and luKur ioufly ^ fo that foroe anwDngft them 
•weredrunke apfi theiebeingfpeciel^^of the ti- 
l^dierfori^ theipopifcl were: exc^luided, and hungry. I 
1^ :r Thar 



was a type of 

T'he Saints 

That Vaul might root out and remove thefe 
wretched abufesand difordersj he prefcribes un- 
to them this Iioly duty of examination, asafpe- 
ciail and foveraigne prefervative againft unwor- 
thy receiving. 

Let A man iheref ore examine kimfelfi^ faith he, 8cc. 
Out of which words I would (pecially teach you 
this leflbn. 

Examination and triall of our fel ves is a need- 
full dnty to be performed and praftifed of every 
one before hee receive the holy Gommunion. 
Examination is neceflary before we come to the 
Lords Table. 

The triall of ourselves before we eat of this 
bread, anddrinkeof this cup, is by expreile com- 
mandement, every mans precife duty. 

The Scripture is plentifulland pregnant in this 
point. Before the entring and undertaking the 
exercife and performance of any holy duty or* re- 
ligious (ervicejWe ought to prepare and addrefle 
our lelves, by narrowly fifting and examining 
our (elves, our foules and conftiences, that we 
may bee profitable and fruitful! partakers of 
Gods bleflings in all facred bufinefles. So to 
thispurpofe, 2 Ghro»,^$,6.^Erckf,$.lam,'^,^o, 
pfaL/{, Ppil, I ip.5^. ihaieconfideredmyvpayes^ and 
turned mf feet u»io thy tefltmonv^ (?<//. ^.4. Let eve- 
ry man prove his owne worke. 

Now as in all other holy excrcifesfome pre- 
parative is neceflary for the more fiicceflefull 
working of Gods (pirit upon our foules hy them ; 
fo efpecially In this high and holy myftery of the 


Ielje4nrkhwg examination. 

Lords Supper, a more (peciall and particular ex- 
ijmination is required, as appeares by t his place of 
the Apoftle. For by it we make our felves either 
guilty of the bloud of Chrift, or have our ioules 
vvafht from all guiltinefle by that precious bloud. 
There we either drinkeourfalvation ordamna- 
don. Itisthefeaft, at which whofoever wanteth 
his wedding garment (hall be caft inroutter dark- 
neflfe. It is a feale which confirmes and conveyes 
unto every man either a curfe or ableffing, either 
a crofTe or a comfort . 

Reafbns of this dodrine, and to ftirre and ex- 
cite us to theperformance of this ncceflary duty, 
for this time may be thcfe. 

Firft, (uch !s the dulnefle and deadnefle of 
heart (bmetimesj even in the befl*, that exce^ t it 
be ftirred up , and furrowed as it were with a 
(harp iand feverc excu/Iion and inquifition into 
the irmoft (er rets, and moft hidden and lurking 
thoughts, with an exad and impartiall examina- 
tion of the ftate of theibule : It will be very un- 
fit to receive with comfort and bleffing cither the 
immort^ll feed of the Word, or the immediate 
feale of the Spirit. The heart mufl: bee wrought 
atrefh, new moulded, (bftncd and mollified by a 
thorow in-fight and fearch,and with the renuing 
of repentance and faith, if wee looke it fhould 
receive fweetly and comfortably the divine im- 
preffion of that heavenly Scale, and holy Sacra- 
ment. It mult be tried by the pure Word of God, 
I if we would have it fitted to be the (eat for the 
1 facrcd Diamond of (andifying grace. For this 
\ C blefled 

Mac. M. IV)* 



SUUti fiqal! I'lr 

quefa^tt etra 
alUtn ctramin-' 
fudtrity alteram 
cwn dieraper 
tetim eommi- 
fuaiy ntctfjeefi 
fiquis tamgn & 
fangnmem DO' 
gatur, utChri" 
ipfein Chrifio 


Cyril, in loan. 

* communicatio 
mum In cbrifto 
fuiiy & ab eo in 
cum homo faiiM 
ipfe templum [u- 
um preprio (pl^ 
vit. Orijoigitwt 

^he Saints 

bleiied focxiof the Lords Supper upon an Unpre- 
pared hearCjis as a (eale prcft upon a ftone or W7,- 
ter, it leaves behind it no print nor ftep, no ^^af- 
(age or imprcflion of grace or holinefTc. 

Secondly, the bleilings and comforts which 
we receive and enjoy, by rightly examining our 
felves, (the ppoyto vportky receiving) are unfpeak- 
able and glorious. 

For he that after a found and fanftified prepa- 
ration, pertakes the myfteries of the Lords Sup- 
per v/orthily , receives into his fouleChrift, a;nd 
his holy fpirit, * with all their blefled effefts^ 
extraordinary motions andftirringsot heavenly 
delight, and fpirituall ^oy, farre palling the capa- 
city and conceit c^ all riaturall men • the very 
Well-fpringof endleflelife, and well- fare both 
of foule and body. Hee (hall ftde by the body 
and bloud facramentally prefented the ve y 
fafte of eternal! life, and vital] power of fiving 
grace, fweecly feeding and filling every veine^ 
power and paflage < f the (bule unto immortality. 
His fbule is as certainly pardoned and purged 
from the guilt of finne, as if the precious bloud 
of his gored fide were diftilling even now afrefh 
upon it. In the wounds of his Redeemer all his 
ritnfanau parti- ^^^^^^^^^ and infirmities arc for ever buried from 
l'ipmu^y"&Deo i thefight of God, and (earch of Satan ; So that 

uniiifamus. ( 

Chtifii myficritimt^ : Omnes mm in ipfo fan^ificamwfi ul igitur inttrnoi & Deum^HgU' 
let unirtty qi<a. .jvis co/porc fimul & an'ma di^amus,medt(in tamm adivvenityCMfi'id patruyt^ 
patmtutfute congriitnttm : Sn9 tnm corpore credentei per Cowmumnem Ptyfiicambemdi- 
censy &fecHmy & inter mi ummnos corpus efficit. i^a cmmetSy qui unius fanUi cwpcr'ii 
umntinuf2» ChtifioHain.funt, ab bac uaturali unmc^iienos^aiabit ? CyiUmlvb.bb.ii, 
c»p.i6.^od convenit (wn iUo Jpfiol/^ i C«r.i 2.T3 , 


felfe4nrichwg examination. 

though there bee diftradtions, tremblings and 
feares on his owne fide j and for all Satans envies 
and oppofitions contrary to this happineflej hee 
ftandsas free from the guikinefle and curfe of 
finne in Gods account and divine imputation, as 
Adamht£oxt his fall, as any Saint or Angell in 
Heaven, nay, as Chrift Jefiis himfelfe, blefled for 
ever^inanholyandfoberfenfe, for he is a lively 
member of his my fticall body ^ hee is wafiit as 
cleane from finne, as his bloudcandoe it 3 he is 
as juft as his righteoulbefle can make him. j 

If thou come then to this holy Table, vsrith a' 
true, broken, penitent5humblejrepenting& pre- 
pared heart, thoumaift be as fully and certainly 
aflured of the enjoyment and pofle/Iion of 
Chrift* and all the glorious benefits of his meri- 
torious paflion, asif hispretiousblouddideven 
nowgufta out afreih upon thy polluted fbule5 
and that now with his glorious hand hecfhould 
reach unto thee through thectouds,'thecom-, 
forts of heaven, and a crowne of immortality. 

Thirdly, the omiffion and negled of this du- 
ty by which we might become worthy receivers, 
brings upon us lamentable and wofuU danger 
and damnation, as appeares by this place. For he 
that rafhly and rudely rufhes upon this holy my- 
fterie, and fb receives, unworthily, is guilty of j 
the body and bloud of the Lord, a horrible guilt, 
a fearfiill impiety. To be guilty of wicked and 
finfiill bloud, is able for ever after to make the 
ftouteft heart to quake and tremble, and to melt 
awayivith feares and faintings, like the leaves of 

C 2 the 

I " 




The Sam f 

the forreft which arc jfhaken with the wind. But 
to (hed innocent bloud,addes yet further weight 
to the burden of conlcience, and to the wrath of 
God,- what height of horror then, and depth of 
hell may he expeft, which hath this hand in fpil- 
ling the guiltlefle and precious b'oud of Chrift 
the Sonne of God. The burden of his bloud lay 
heavie upon the heart of inJaf ^ It preft him 
downe from the Gallowes to the bottome of 
hell, Mattk 27. 3,455. It lies full heavie untill 
this day upon the whole Nation of the lewes, 
according to their owne curfed wiib. Mat, 2725. 
There is no man 1 afTure my felfe, but both 
with mouth and heart will deteft andabhorre 
the barbarous crueltyj and unfpeakable malice of 
thofe wretched villaines, the murcherersof th^ 
Lordjefus 5 who with mercileffe fury fcourged 
him, fpat in face, crowned him with thornes, 
nailed him to the crofTe, and thruft him to the 
heart with a fpcare. Af d yet if a man deceive 
not hib owne heart, hee may clearly fee, if hee 
come to the holy Sacrament irreverently, un- 
preparedly, and unworthily, hee is in fbme fort 
and (t'n(ea (hedder of Chri :1s bloud :^ heeisbro* 
ther in iniquity to thofe hatefull and abhorred 
mifcreants, and partakers of their bfoudfhed. 
A^(/it if not ignorancz^ good meanings company^ fi^ 
lemmtyofthetime^ or eommomeffeofthefinnt^ that 
mil excursus in this cafe^ or free Hspom this horrible 
guilt. Many of che lewes did in their ignorance 
crucifierhe Lord of life, i:»i^2^.^4.uf5f.3.i7. 
And the Corinthians in this place, had no 


JelfeAnrish'mg examination. 

doubt, very good meaning when they received 
moft unworthily, yett ey were not hereby di(^ 
charged from the guilt of Chrifts bloud. Nei- 
ther will acuftomiry, formalij or perfundory 
preparation fcrve the turne in this point, or free 
us from accc fTarinefTe to the death of Chrift, and 
obnoxioufhclTe to the plague of that bloudy fin. 
.A Pharilaicall wafhingof the out fide of the cup 
and of the platter, will not make way for the wa- 
(hing of our (bules from the guilt and polutions 
of fin, by that favingand fanSifying bloud (acra- 
mentally offered unto us in this holy myfterie. 
As for example ^ Many thinkethey have well 
and worthily quitted themfelves, and made a 

foodly and glorious preparation , if for (bme 
rawles, grudges, Jealoufies and diflentions ri- 
fen betwixt them, they feeke/or a fruitleffe and 
formal! reconciliation with their neighbour, 
thoug^inthe meane time they make no (earch, 
examine or take any notice of the great dif- 
ference and fearfull breach betwixt God' and 
their owneconfciences, or feekeby repentance 
and humiliation to be reconciled unto him, who 
is able to caft both body and foule into hell fire. 

It is I confefTe a neceflary duty to be at charity 
with all men, and to feeke for reconcilement 
where there hath beene falling out, and ftrange- 
neflfe, before we prefiame to come to the Lords 
Table ^; but except there be befide a narrow and 
fincere (earch into the ftate of the ibule^a cafting 
up of our accounts betwixt our owne confciences 
and the Tribunall of Heaven i a true hearted 

An ordinary 
deccic among 
many ignorant 

pcenndi gravari 
magii dico Eu^ 
cbarifiU penep- 
rificari. Idem dt 





* Mutet vitivt 
qui vultaeciftrt 
vitam. Ndmji 
ad judicium ac- 
cipmvUam^ & 
magh eJi ipfa 
corTtimpiturj & 
tur^ A'sgSerm. 
Dom.i .Advent. 


The Saints 

purpofe not to continue in any one knowne (in, 
* an inward, humble and impartiaJI trialJ and 
preparation of our (elves, to the worthy recei- 
ving of thofe (acred fealcs of our (alvation, the 
former is butformall, fruitlcde and Phariiaicall. 
It is (aid moreover in the Text, that ffe that 
eateth(i»ddrmketh unvponhily^ eat el h anddrink^thi'is 
mne damnation* As foone as he hath received the 
Sacrament, he is prefently guilty of high treafbn 
to the Majeftie of Heaven, for murthering the 
Sonne of God. With the wretched (bnne of per- 
dition hee (wallowes downe the bread and the 
deviU together 5 and may (ay to hell, thou art my 
p6rtion, and to the kingdome of darkne(re, this 
day have I taken poflTefJion of thee, becaufe I 
have had my hand in the death of my Saviour, 
and in (pilling and trampling under foot that 
precious blond which (hould have laved my 
(bule. As a man that drinks downe ranke and 
deadly poy (on, without a pre(entcounterpoy(bn 
todrive it from the heart, and expell it out of the 
body, cannot poflTibly e(cape temporall death : 
So certaine it is,a man that receives this heavenly 
food unworthily^ turning it into a (pirituall poy- 
(bn imto his (bule, by the diftemper of his pro- 
phane and unprepared heart, cannot poflibly 
efcape damnation and death, except by the (b- 
vcraigne antidote of repentance, reformation, 
and amendment of life, hee flee unto the Lord 
upon the knees of his (bule for compa(iion and 
pardon, and by his after (incerity and obedience , 
labour to make amends for (b horrible and hate- 
ful! rebellion. Thirdly, ^ 

1 felfc'-mriching examination. 


Th&dlyjbefides acceflarinefTe to the death^and 
guiltinefTe of the bloud of Chrift, and drinking 
ofcertaine damnatioHj as is plaine in the Text"; 
the haft nil. g and heaping upon them all outward 
croflesj and temporal! plagues, both upon bod v 
and conlciencej goods and good name, and even 
dccjth it fclfe, are the juftlotand payment of un- 
worthy receivers, and prophaners of this holy 
Sacrament. For thiscaule, faith ?<«»/, many are 
weakeand fickeam.ong you, and many fleepe, 
verf.^o. Every finne makes us juftly liable to any 
f>lague or puniQiment ^ bur unpreparednefle and ! 
unworthineffe in comming to the holy Commu- 
nion, hath a fpeciall and particular power to pull I 
downe upon us, violently and fearfully, worldly 
croflesj temporall plagues, and untimely death. 

Even the beleever and true Chriftian, if for 
want of a right and reverent eftimationanddi- 
fpofition towards the Sacrament of reconcile- 
ment towards God and men 5 of due examinati- 
on and preparation of his owne (bule, come un- 
worthily (for ibhe may) may (though by faith 
in Chrtft he be freed from eternall condemnati- 
on) yet bring upon himfelfe many corporall out- 
ward plagues J as weaknelle, ficknefle, and death. 
But the unregenerate and unbeleever , which 
withan evill and impenitent heart rufhes unto 
this holy banquet, who is ever an unworthy re- 
ceiver, while he fb continues, maybefide's thefe 
lookc for eternal! condemnation both of foule 
and bod V. For inhimprophanationof this ho- 
ly Sacrament begets hardnefle of heart, dead- 1 miHei 

n'laeo pcior-ejl 
(iui pecoat'i fibi 
confciui atctdh, 


^he Saints 

' ' ■ H I II I I ■■ 

neffeof (piric, unablenefle to repent, fotha: af- 
ter he hath received, he becomes twofold more 
the childe of hell than he was before. 

This may ferve then in the firft place to 
terrifie and affright all ignorant, prophane, 
and unworthy commers to the Lords Table. 
Let them in the name of God tremble and ftep 
backe, and not prefume to * approach or prefle 
unto this heavenly banquet. 

I. If they doe, they defperately throw their 
ownepoore foules upon the (harpeft points, and 
keene edges of Gods fearfoU plagues and judge- 

2 .Looke to it whofbever thou art^Ifthou come 
unworthily, unpreparedly, irreverently, and 
unfandifiedly, thou openeft the gates of hell a- 
gainfl: thee, thou makeft way , and giveft the 
raines, to all the powers of darknefie, with all 
their rage and fury to rufh headlong upon thee, 
and to take further and full pofleflion both of 
(bulc and body. 

3. Thou wilfully fearefl* thine ownecon(ci- 
ence with an hot iron •, thou hardnefl: thine heart 
like the nether Milftone 5 thou recciveft Gods 
curfe under feale. 

4. When thou talrefl: with thine unhallowed 
hands thofe holy figces , thou renteft againe, 
and riveft afunder thy Redeemers clofed wounds, 
with a (pearc againe thou pierced his facred fide, 

indtgnef rati j 

et^it corpatis & faagumis DiOunl , iws vtbemtnum ac urribiSus iftdtcaum per rt'/ctUio- 

nem cx^rmturdimduitf ^ui mnducat indigne^ judicium fbi nranducat, Bafil.ferm.i.de 



Ffc. 1, 

* si In lege vetc- 
ri lates msf!t$ 

M-'tt'TpM (OS pO' 

ftlie fu?itt qui 
iemere ad eaftt- 
en accedunty 
qu€ tsb komim- 
ins Jennifcan- 
lur^fjuid dicen- 
tantum ac tale 
fjiyijeiiitm te- 

Qui'iQ ini>n 
mijiti e(t aliquid 
U^fiplii fecutidun 
tanio graviiu 
9C tcrribiliuf e(i 
IH anifxa impu- 
turn csYpiM Chri- 
st Utfterecon- 
tingtre, quam 
fit accedere ad 
ros daenie Apo- 
^eloy itaque qui 

Ivlfe4nrichwg examination. I 17 

aiid wringeft againe with Icwiih cruelfjj both 
fbiile and life, from the Lord of Life.* 

5, When thou letft dovvne the Bread and 
Wihe, thou fwallo weft therewith SaraOj bloud 
guilcinefle, and thine owne damnation. 

6. And thou departed this holy placej liable 
and open to all flich evils and miichiefes upon 
the face of the earth, asa mandefticuceeitherof 
grace div'ine may commit^ or unproteded from 
above endure. 

7,. And fc) by thine unworthy receiving many 
times more thechilde of hell than before, o ; • b 

Afecondufemaybeforadmonirion^ andad- 
vertifement to all 5 that they would carefully 
and confcionably try and examine therafelves, 
according to thecounfefljof thie Apoftle, whe- 
ther they be fitguefts or no> and worthy recei- 
ver^3 before they prcfume to come & fit down e 
at the Lords Table. Which that you may doe 
with comfortand profit, I will acquaint and in- 
rtruft; you. what you ought to doe , and what, 
(hould be your carriage beforeyoucome to bee 
partakers of the holy Sacrament of the body 
and bloud of Chrifh 

r. An examination and tri- 

alJof ourfelvcs. 
2. Premeditation. 

Examination which fitteth.and prepareth a 
rpan to receive worthilyjis an holy worke of the 
foule, ^whereby it cafteth its eye, and reflefteth 
' upon k felfcjand fb looks through it felfe, makes 

D an 

For a fit preparation! 
hereto, three things . 
dre fpecially confi- 

lapvof-nuiit in- 

fiii prodiorcfn 
CQstra cos qui 

ftdcn Ks tit ^'to- 
que fis reus cor- 
poris c^ fofim 
nii Cbrijii j ]Ui 
fufcipU anrrKa 
poll tot btnefida. 
Chryfof}. Horn. 
60. ad pff.Aii' 

What tKjs cx- 
amuuiion is. 


Wherein ic 





nrhe Saint i 

an cxaft forvey and fearch into every comer, 
and takes a true fcantling andeftimateof ks fpi-, 
rituall eftate. 

Firftj by this godly exercife of examination, ; 
a man by the touch ftone of Gods Word, which 
is as pure as the filver tried in a furnace of earth, 
fined feven fold, doth try whether his converfi- 
on be (bund and faving, or copper and counter- 
feit ^ for none can worthily receive this Sacra- 
ment, or have any intereft in the bleffings there- 
of^ but a true Chriftian 5 buthee that is con ver- 
ted from nature to grace, from prophanenelfc to 
piety, from his finne toa (anftificd courfe 5 but 
he that of a prophane and camall maoais made an 
holy andanew creature. ioi; coo 1 . 

Secondly, inthisworke 'of examination, hee 
muft finde in himfelfe thofe (pirituall endow- 
ments, and Chriftian vertues, the individuall 
companions of a found converfion, which are 
onely able to fit and enable him with worthi- 
neffe, profit, and comfort, cocome tothe Lordi 
Table. They arc thefe ?< f'* 

Firft, Knowledge. 

Secondly, Faith. 

Thirdly, Repentance. 

Fourthly, New Obedience. 

Fifthly, Love. 

Sixthly, Sincerity, apurpofe of notljlngin, 
or giving liking or allowance to any finne. 

Seventhly, An hunger and thirft after this 
eavenlyfooi and unfained eameft defire un- 
to it. ^ 

-.►r - A f 

-10>. Viii.j 

j felfe Enriching examination. . 

Thirdly, hemuft revifethefefavinggiks and 1 
Chriftian graces, and confidcr how they waxor 
waine, fadeorflouriOi, languilh, or are in life, 
that fbhe may proportionably prepare and apply 
ipirituallprefervativcscwreftoratives. Butcfpe- , 
daily that he may (b compofc and addrefle them 
towards this holy and heavenly banquet, that 
every one of them may receive addition, en- 
CTeafinent, and particular vigour thereby. 

Fourthly5in this glafle of examination he doth 
di(coverand defcry what ipots and ftaines have 
light upon hislbule, what wounds or breaches 
have beene made upon hisconfcience, what in- 
firmities or frailties, what omiflionsor relapfes, 
or new fals, have growne upon him fince his laft 

Upon which difcovery he pre(ently proftrates 
and powres out his Ibule before the throne of 
grace and mercy, with groanes and (ighs, for re- 
conciliation with God, for ref^itution into his 
favour and protcftioUj for his former peace and 
comfort of coniacnee,he renues his faith and re- 
pentance for them ^ for every new finne requires 
anewadbothoffaich and repentance ; Andfb 
prepares his truly humbled (bule to receive the 
alTurance of the remifiion of findes, fealed unto 
him by the bloud of Chrift in the Sacrament. 

Firft, for converfion. It is that holy and hap- 
py change wrought upon us , by the effefhaall 
concurrence of the outward miniflery of the 
Word,and inward working of the fpirit 5 where- 
by5of naturalljCarnalljandprophane men, we arc 

D % made 




Notes of true 
l^a J5.7. 
fzcch.iS II. 
-^ Joh 3^. 


Mich. 6.8. 

I JqImi.4, 

1 Pct.i.x. 


made fpirituall, holy, and new creatures 5 and 
from the dominion and darknelTe of fin and Sa- 
tan , are tranflated into the Kingdome of grace, 
and into the light and liberty of Gods children. 

Now a man may by fiich marks as thefe trie 
and confider whether hee bee truly and fonndly 
converted, or no. 

If he hath turned fnam Satan in all finnes,and 
turned unto Godin all duties. J raeane it thus ^ ! 
If he hath left all grofle finnes, as Lying,Swca- 
ring,U (ur7,Drunkennefie5Uncleanne(re,& (uch 
like, inpraclifeandaftion 3 and all frailties and 
infirmities,at leafi: in allowance and affedion, fb 
that with watchful! refiftance, andeameftgpoa- 
nings of fpirir, he ftrive and pray againft them, 
and be humbled & kept in awe by rhem^ and that 
he performe obedience to all Gods Commande- 
|menc?j though not inperfeftion and height of 
■dea;rce5 yet in truth and fincerity of heart. 

if he be willing in all his ptirpofcs, defires, en- 
devours, andadions, to (et himfeife in the pre- 
fence of God, and in them to be wholly, unre« 
fcrvedly, and entirely guided by his Word. 

If he can without (ervile trembling, Or pro- 
phane (enflefhefle, fee the flavifbmiferyof the 
wicked in this point 5 with an holy comfort and 
humble triumph thinkeupon death, the Law, 
that great judgement hell, and thofe cndkfle 

If he lovingly hunger and thirfVafterfpirituall 
nourifliment, and growth in grace by the Word, 
Sacraments, Chriftianconference, by a profita- 







Phil f . 

jelfe'-inricbing examination. 

bleand fincere fantStifying the Sabbath, and allo- 
ther godly cxercifes, both publike and private , 

If he love truly, and heartily long after thecom-' 
ming of Chrift,and love fuch as are true GhrifVians, 
and that becaufe they make conlcience of (inne, 
and ferve God with iinglenelTe and fincerity of 
heart. If choudcfiieft thar thy love of the brethren 
fiiould bee unto thee an infallible marke of (piritu-. 
all life : Firft, let the principall objed of thy love 
be, his Chriftianity andgraces,notgiiine,pleaiurej 
roorall or naturall parts, or any by- re fped. 

Love all the Saints^ He that lores not ajl, 
loves none aright, yet this takes not away degrees 
of love. 

1. Either for excellenqr of grace. 

2. Or eminency of refpeds. 
Love them at all times ; as well in adverEtyjdii- 

grace^temptation^ficknefle^c. J P10.17.17. 

If his chiefe delight and btft comfort be in ho- ' ^ 
ly dutiesjind heavenly things^and that he infinite- 
ly preferre them before gold, hor.ours, pleafures, 
yea, the wtole world . 

^If hee would not exdiange bis prefent ftation, 
though never fb bafe^poore, andneglededinthe 
world, yet accompanied with the ftate of grace^, 
and Chriftianity, for the moftrich, and glorious 
eftateof thegreateftraan upon the earth, where 
there is nothing biar prophanenelTea and unregene- 
ration.If this whole great world about us were tur- 
led all into gold. honour, and pleafures,yet in ref- 
ped of the comfort of grace , it were dung, vanity , 
nothing, D3 If 

-• 1 

Self. 10,, 







Kott\6 II. 




The parts of 

T^he Saints 

If he would not be in the ftate and cafe hee was 
before, ( though hee then thought that good e- 
nough ) for any worldly good, for tenne thoufind 

If hee bee truly humbled with confideration of 
the long time of his prophanenefTc and impeni- 
tency , and very fbrry hee began no (boner, nor 
made greater hafte into the royall and glorious 
ftate of Chriftianity. 

If thofe finfull pleafiires and vanities bee moft 
tedious, irkefbme^ and diftaftefull unto him^ 
which formerly he purfuedvvith greedinefTej and 
delight. As for example, if as before hee had 
much delight and contentment in good fellowfliip, 
and in fuch company as paft the time in idle 
mirth, and prophane (potts 5 (b now hee cannot 
endure and abide fuch (infull Io(Ie of time, and 
prophane companions ; but if hee fall amongft 
them, he is our of his owne element, ftd anddif- 
content, and after humbled with repentance for 
fuchrelapfes. . ihit. 

If hee mourne for the abhoaiinations of the 
times, grieve 3t the wicked cour(es of others, and 
be very glad and heartily joy full; when godline(re 
and finceritygets the npper hand, and when any 
one IS converted. 

If to the pov/er of hisgifrs.atall occadons^he be 
ftill plotting, working, and labouring theconver- 
fion of others with zeale and (incerity 5 efpecially 
thofe that are neareft about him, any way depend 
upon him, and belong to his charge. 

The parts of converfion are two s 




Eph.a X, 
1 Fee. 2. 24* 

felfe-inrichwg examination. 

Mortification ordying unto finnc, which is the 
continuall Jeflening and weakning of thepnftice 
and power of finne.and hboureth all it can to dead 
the very root J and dry the fountaine of originall 

Vivification, or living to righteoufnefTCj which 
is a continuall renewing and quickning to all 
holy duties, and appeares in a conftant, fincere, 
andfruitfulldefireand endevour to doe well, re- 
covering it felfe againe, after flips, fals^ and re- 
"^r hus in the firft place we are to examine and try 
whether a converfion be wrought upon^ and whe- 
ther it be true ^ found and (aving or no. 

For no man but a (bund convert, and true Chri- 
ftian, can be a worthy receiver. For as that body 
is onely fit to receive nourifhmentiwhich hath in 
it, life, naturall heat , and power of digeftion, 
that it may therewith be filled, fed and refrefhed. 
(ono man ought to eateat the Lords Table, but 
hee alone which is already infpired with fuper- 
naturall life, withfpirituall heate, and the power 
of grace, that fo that divine food may finke into 
the foule,' to..chcere, ftrengthen, and enlarge it 
with comfort , confidence, and delight in hea- 
venly things. If the daintieft and wholfomeft 
meat fhould bee put into the mouth of a dead 
man, it would putrifie and rot ^ (b if this hea- 
venly food bee received into a prophane heatrt^it! b/blpciS m- 
brings forth nothingbut hardneffe, deadnefTe.and j ^oene body, 

damnation. . , ^ . ^ ^ . incoonefpiric 

* Baptiune indeed is the Sacrament of our in- iCor.u.15. 

by one fpirit 


I Cor.^.»i. 

o: other graces. 

l^he Saints 

II I I ■ ■ 

corporation iiicoChriftj of our initiation andin- 
vefting into the glorious ftate of Chriftianity. But 
the Lords Supper was ordained to maintaine^con- 
tinue, andconfirme fpirirualiJife, and the power 
oFgrace already planted in the heart. By the great 
work<e of regeneration fignified by baptifme, wee 
arewaftied, wearcfanftified.wearejuftifiedinthe 
name of the Lord jefus, and by the Spirit of our 
God. Bur by the Lords Supper we.grow in (piritu- 
all ftrength, we lay better hold by the hand of faith, 
upon the merits and mercies of ChriO, wee fcele 
more fbundly and fenfibJy the power and verjje 
of hisbloud, wee fee moreclerely, and are more 
fully and feelingly afcertained of the forgivenelTe 
of finnes^ our confcience difquieted with (ome 
frailties and infirmities fince our laH- receiving, are 
fweetly appeafed by thebloudoftheLambe, our 
inward peace, and f^.iricuall joy is the greater. We 
gather hold, and winne ground againfl our cor- 
ruptions, and the power of finne, and become 
more chcerefull, fincere, and univerfall in ouro- 

Thefc bledings may be expe^ed, where there 
isfpirituall life, and due preparation before, but 
plagues and judgements arc the portion of unrege- 
nerate and prophane receivers. 

Secondly, in this holy bufinefle of examinati- 
on in preparation, wee muft enquire within our 
(elves for thefe graces, the infeparable and in- 
dividuall companions of a found converfion : 
r. Knowledge. 2. Faith. 3. Repentance. 4. New 
obedience. 5. Love. .6. Sincerity. 7. A right 


/elfe-inriching exam'manon, 

and loRgirig defire of that heavenly food. If 
wc® finde not theft holy graces in our felves, 
wee are not fbuodly coaverted, nor fit gaefls 
for the Lords Table. Let ns- therefore never 
refluntili v/ee feelethefe divine and favingven 
tues fpring. up incur hearts, and flDurifli in our 
life andadions. Lecus v/ith fincerity-,con(Gience 
ands^eale, ufe and exerciie a'l thofc good and 
gi'jcious meanes and motives which God hath 
ordained and appointed, for begetting and be- 
ginning them in us, as prayer, importunity with 
groanesand fighs, the Word read and preaehed, 
conference and meditation, godly company, of- 
ten remembring our death, that dreadful! day of | 
doome, even at hand ^ and the eafeleflfe, en Jlefle, . I 
andremedilefle painesof hell, and fuch like. Bur 
if we doe find them in usj though mixed with 
muchweaknefle and infirmity, with many frails 
ties, wants and imperfeftions -yet if they bee - 
ther^ in fincerity and truth, if they bee joyned 
with a full purpofe, and conn:anc refolution to 
abacdon the allowance of every infirmity, and 
urterly to cafhier the pra(ffife of every grode 
finne, we may by the grace of God, with com- 
fort, profit, and certaine expedation of a bleP 
fingi come to the Lords Table, that there wee 
may flrengthen our faith, confirms our gracesjin- 
flameour zeale^increafe theafluranceof thefor- 
giveneile of our finnes, and of Gods favour 5 
s:row neater and neerer into fellowfhip with 
Chrift, an 1 communion with the Saints. 

If our graces be true, though weake and full 






The Saints 

of wants 5 wee are not to feare, or forbeare to 
come to the Lords Table, but rather make the 
greater haOe to that (pirituall refedion. He that 
feeleshimfelfe wcake, diftempered, fickly, hath 
moft need of a Phyfitian. The Lords Supper is 
principally intended and provided for the hun- 
gry fbule, the broken heart, the bleeding corifci- 
ence, the man that is weary and heavie hearted 
for his finnes, and moft fcnfible of his frailties 
and imperfedions. Chrift calsuntoiall them to 
come unto him, which are wearie and (ore la-' 
den, and men moft capable and fir ro receive 
fpirituall refireftiing and comforts of filvation.; 
Heetelsus, lJfl{,^*iS, that heewas (en t that hee 
might heale the broken hearted, and that hee 
might fet at liberty them that are bruifed. It was 
foretold of him, that hee ftiouldnot breakethe 
bruifedreed, nor quench the fmoking flax, till 
he bring forth judgement unto viftory. 

Jfa man bee truly converted, duly prepared 
and J3ofleft of thofe graces I now named, though 
not in that height and perfedion as hee de- 
fires, but with adherence of wants and infirmi- 
ties; yetif4ice finde them in hirafelfe in truth 
and fincerity, if hee heartily defire, and undif- 
femblingly endevour and labour after increafe in 
goodnefle and obedience, neither waxing worfe, 
nor ftanding at a ftay, but daily getting ground 
of his corruptions, hee may and ought to come 
unto the Lords Table, that he may receive fpi- 
rituall ftrength and fecurity, for his crowne of 


Jelfe'inriebing examination. 


Thcfirft of thefe graces, which every worth) 
and fit receiver mutt neceflarily finde in him- 
felfe, is : 

Knowledge. Of the neceflity, difference, 
parts, and mea/ure of which I have fpoken gene- 
rally in another^Sermon. 

This knowledge is arightunderftanding, and 
(bund apprehenfion of fupernaturall principles, 
heavenly rayfteries, and divine truth necelTiT) 
tofalvation. And this atlcaft muft bee a know- 
ledge of the fuiidamentall, princJpall, moft ma- 
terial! , and neceflary points and principles of 
the Chriftian faith. 

Such as are: 

I. Of Gods Majeftie. 2. Our owne mifery. 
5, The mcanes of remedy and recovery. 4.The 
nature, ule, and end of the Sacrament. 

Of Gods Majefties we muft conceive, as the 
facred and faving light of his pure and holy 
Word, (hall guide and informe us : 

Thatheisone, infinite, invifible, andindivi- 
fible eiTence, and three truly diftind perfbns 
the Father begetting, the Sonne begotten, the 
holy Ghoft proceeding from the Father and the 

That he is the omnipotentCreator andcon- 
ferver of the whole world, and all things there- 
in ^ the fearcher andfeer of all hearts and fecrets. 
Moftholy^ moft mercifull, moftjuft, almighty^ 
everlafting, without beginning or end ^ prefent" 
in all places 5 the (peciall protedor and portion 
ofhischildren^&c. Knowledge of this point 


Triallof our 

5 1 




t>ik«pag, loi, 

The Saints 

may ceacw us 5 1. Reverence and av/tuiiKhc lu io 
dreadfull a^Majeftie. 2. Adoration and admira- 
tion of fo infinite excellencic. 3, Love of (b great 
and immeafurable goodnelTe. 4. Securefull re- 
liance and repofe upon his almighty power. 

Secondly, wee muft have a cleare fight and 
knowledge, a right fenfe andfeelingof ourinoft 
miferable, finfull and accurfed ef tare by nature 5 
and that thus : 

Firfl, wee mufl: know and aknowledge, tliat 
every man and woman, by nature, and in them- 
^Ives, and without ChrifV, is a very ftranger and 
enemy to God, the childe of wrath, heirc of 
everlaftingperdition 5 enwrapped anJ incorpora- 
ted into the accurfed communion with theDe- 
vill and uncleane rpirits,c^/^^.i.!! i. 

Every one naturally hath his underflanding 
full of blindnefTe, finfulnefle, vanity, pride, fol- 
Jy^conceitednefle, errours, curiofity, and many 
fuchlike diftempers. His will full of wiltulnefJe, 
frowardne(re,rebellion,and inconformity to the 
holy will of God. His affeftions full oi wilde- 
neffe, fory, and corifufion. His thoughts full of 
earthJinefle, filthinefle, and fenfuality. His me- 
mory ftored with polluted notions,and the men- 
ftruous reliquesof foule abominations.His heart 
ful! of deadneile,deceitfulne(le,and iron finewes. 
Hisconfciencefullof bitings and ftingings, de- 
filed, and uncomfortable. And befides, every 
member of the body is inflavcd to (inne and Sa- 
tan, Kom,i. 1 3. His eyesare full of luflfull wan- 
drings. His eares full of obfcenc. liftnings, &c. 


JelfeAnricbing examinaUon. 

Thus every one naturally lives the life cf hell in 
all the powers of his fbule^ and parts of his body. 
And he hath a root and fbuntaineof originall (m 
fticking faft in his bowels, which Aill feeds & fijs 
his body of death, or rather life of finjwith con- 
tinual] iupply of new poyfbn, and heJlifli vigour. 

Out of this made of ipiritiiall miferieipring 
naturally all plagues, judgements, and curfes, 
both in (ouleandbody^bothiniliislife^indeath, 
and in the other world, i^i'f r^.r-crr-or^n;-:!" ' 

In this life hereby we are fubjed and liable to 
inadnefle, tcrrours, and ftrange aftonilhments 
in mindc^ To all infirmities, difeales, and tor- 
tures in bddy. To lolle, wrongs, andoppreffion 
in goods, and our temporall eftate. To (landers, 
difgraces, and reproaches in our good name. To 
difcontentments and difcomfort in wives, neigh- 
bours, friends, children land pofterity. So with 
what an armic of curfes every wicked man is 
dogg'd, Z>«#. 2 8 . In death they are to have their 
poorcandhopeleflc (bules torne and rent wirh 
much anguirii, and painfull horror, from their 
finfull bodies, with a delpairfull, comfortlefle, 
or {enflefie divorce. They are upon their death- 
beds to lie like wilde Buls in anet* as Efay (peaks, 
foil of the wrath of the Lord. And in tise Mor- 
ning thoHJljaltCau xfould Oodit wete Evettj and at the 
E'venthonJhanjajyWmddGcditvpere Morning^ df*c. \ 

But in the world to come come the height and 
complement of all wofolnelTe : Not onelyan 
eternal! fcparation and cafting away from the 

_ - prefence i 



The Saints 

prefcnce of God, and the fruitibn of thofe glori- 
ous and unutterable joyes, but alfb endlefle vexa- 
tion and torment with the devill and his angels : 
With infinite horror and anguifh arifii^ from 
the full feeling of the whole and unquenchable 
wrath of God, which like a bottomlclTe Sea, will 
(wallow up the bodies andfbulesof all impeni- 
tent finners. 

Befides this knowledge oi mansmifcry, and 
natarall corruption in generally we muft take no- 
tice 6f thofe (peciall particular finnes which have 
found any haunt and harbour in our fbules t and 
foundly, ferioufly> and fenfibly conceive of and 
confidcr thfeiatolierable curie of God due unto 
usfbrthefame. :> :;:>':'' ^^rj?. 

Laftly, we muft know how this great mafle of 
mi(erablc mankind was plunged into this accur- 
fed ftate of damnation and dczth.Adam and Eve, 
our firft parents, created in the beginning of the 
world, planted in Paradife by the hand of God, 
-and placed in fullpoffeffion of allholinelfe, and 
true happineflfej did unhappily by the breach and 
tranlgreffionof Gods commandcment aboUt the 
forbidden fruit, diProbe anddif-inveft all their 
potterityof that glorious eftate, and caft us all 
into this gulfc of linnc, and guiltinefle of darh- 

We were all h^y inMaf» while he {lo6dup<s 
rfght in obedience to Gods commandements in 
Paradife, andftiould have beeue inhcritoursof 
hisperfedions and felicities. And he was a glo- 
rious creature before his fail. The Fathers call 
'■.q ')]"/:■ him 

felfe^mriehmg eocamination. 

himashe\ra$ in that eftate, the Cedar of Para- 
di(e, the Pifture of Heaven, the glory of the 
Earthj the Governour of the world ^ and the 
Lords owne Darling and delight. But he being I 
the father of all men, and fbuntainc of all gene- 
rations following, did fiiftaine the publike per- 
(on of mankinde, both in his innocencie, and al- 
(b in his miferie, in his telicity,and in his fall^and 
therefore we being all in the very moment of his 
fall in Adam loynes, did both ftand and fall witli 
him 5 we were both happy with him in his per- 
feftion, and helplefle with him in his perdition. 

Neither (hould this fccme ftrange and une- 
quail that we Ihould finne, and finke into mifery 
in Adams loynes, being yet unborne. For the 
congruity and equity of it appearcs many 

By the example of Ahrsham^ in whom Levi is 
(aid t® have paid tithes to MeHffedecke^ which 
was not borne fomc hundred yeares after^ 

Of fielecca^ who having two (brines in her 
wombe, is (aid to have two Nations, Cm-i 5.25. 

Out of the fifth to the Rom4m^(ox even as the 
righteoufheflcof Chrifl is r€ckoned to tho(e that 
bcleeye in him^ althongh they never did it, be- 
caufe they arc one with Chrift^ (bthefinneof 
Adam is reckoned to all his pofterity , becailfe 
th^y j^^ye.ifi Iiiip^;apd qf;hip8>- Jind one, with 

' t By the congruity of nature, for cbmmonly the 
iLeproufie, Stone, Gout, and other di(ea(es, are 






ihc msancs of 

T^he Saints 

—in " 

derived out of di(caled bodies of the parents up- 
on the children. The flaviih and viilanous edatc 
oi the father is conveyed unco the pofterity . 

By tlie courfe of humane juftice and equity of 

ftate. If Ibmc great Perfbnage or Noble man 

(hould offend by the hatefull aftof treafon, a- 

gainft the Majeftie of an earthfy King, it is 

thouglit juftj that his poflrerky be both d^ifinve- 

fted of all titles of honour and nobilityj and dif^ 

inherlred of his lands, and temporall happineffe. 

j Hqvv> much more ihould thi^-curfent of ju(lice 

I hoId> ; and haVe his icoarfe/ivhen high tre^fbn 

I is contrived and committcfd^ by a #6rrne and 

wretch, in rdpe^b, againft the infinite Majeftie 

\ of Heavenjandthe goodnefle Q>fGod Alrnighty. 

fMay mtAda^s fihrte be ^^ )\\^\% nay-infinite- 

ly more juftly imputed unto us^ as our UnhQs un- 

' Knowledge of thi^ pamefbould beget in us 5 

[ li.Aienfeof'ourmiftry. ^M\imt\vtf, 3^. Hea- 

' viheartedneffe for ourfinfull andaccHf(ed efVate. 

4. Reftleffegroanes and loggings for relecfe and 

reco\'eryv> .•^rioijs '1 ov^i ^vafloji 1) iil d ,pit > v 

Nowinal!hffdplace\^ehTurf bee aVfjiainted 
witih the rnfi^anes of remedy arid recot^ery, out of 
that (if nfulkftd ^Gcurffed cftil^ wherfeln^vir^ Tie by 
nature.- i j-hSi i.v\v\^^ iluw orio D^i^vorii '■][:.:> 

In this pdirif we muft ^Ad# vvhb ?s abl^ to fe- 
dtemeusfrom liiine^Saran, hell^^nd cvefHfling 

'confciencej and i fart*e mc)te glorious happih^e 

. ..,.thaa . 

felfe4nriching examination. 

than wee loft in Adam, And alio the way and 

meanestopurchafeintereft in this blefled Redee- 
mer, and to partake of thole comfortable benefits 
and bleffings which belong to eternall life. 

Firft for the former point, our redemption and 
recovery from oar finfulnefle and curfednefle, de- 
pends wholly upon, and isonely performed by the 
fecond perfbn in the Trinity, Chriftjefiis the one- 
\y fonne of God* 

In whom we muft rightly conceive and confi- 
der his perfbn, his office, his benefits. 

In hisperfon ^ His Godhead that makcth the 
Perfbn, and his man-hood, which hathlubfiftence 
in the perfbn of the God-head, are confidf rable. 

As touching his God'head,he is the only na^urall 
Son of the moft high and eternall God his Father, 
his Word, Chsrader, and Iraage,Godcoefrentiall> 
and coequall with the Father and the hoi v Ghoft. 

As concerning his Manhood 5 Hce aflumcd in- 
to the fellowfhip of perfon, mans nature ; Hee 
tooketohimfelfeabody, and reafbnable foule, by 
the incredible operation and infinite vertue of the 
Holy Ghoft, Lnki 1.3 5 . fo that he is God and man 
in one perfbn 5 and that was necefiary for the ac- , 
complifhment of our redemption. 

Hee was man, that hee might be fiibjed to the j 
Law, fulfill itj and beare the punifhments of our i 
tranfgreffions of it ; He was God, that he might i 
make the obedience of his life^ and miferies at his 
death, meritoriousfor our falvation. 

He was man, that he might fuffer, die, and (bed 
hisbloud. He wasGod^ that mi^t breake op(m 

E the 


Aft. 4.1 J. 




. I Joh.1,7. 






Pfal 1.(5. 


the barres of the earthy and conquer death, and rife 

Had he becne God alone, {atisfadion could not 
have beene made to divine juftice, which muft bee 
performed in the fame nature which oflFended : 
And if he had beene onely man, he could not have 
applied unto us the power of his pallion, or made 
his fufFerings effeftuall for us, for this is the worke 
of the fpiritj which he gives unro us, as he is God. 
Secondly, there muft bee aright under ftandlng 
of the office of our Redeemer, in which reQ)eft he 
is called Chrift, that is Gods annointed, becaufe 
theFather did confecrate him to the office of a Me- 
diatour, and did furnifh him with all meet gifts 
for that purpofe, loh. <^. 2 7. ^<^ . i o. 3 8 . 

There are three parts of his Mediatourfliip : 

Firft, the propheticall part, whereby hee revea- 
lethandpubliQieth the whole will and counfell of 
j God his Father, as concerning mans (alvation. 
I His Prieftly ftinftion, whereby he works the full, 
I compleat, and through fiifficienr meafure and merit 
of our Redemption ^ in his holy conception; righ- 
teous life, and bloudy.fuffering upon the Croile. 

Laftly, his royall and Kingly part^ whereby he 
mightily efFe6i:sallthisinus,by the in ward opera- 
tion of his fpirit, powerfully applies it unto us, and 
by an outward divine politie^ whereby heeaileth 
his Church till the laft and great Judgement. 

In a third place we ought to take fpeciall notice 
of thofe benefits which l{)ring up unto us out of 
a bottomleflb fountaine of Grace ; In which re- 
fpcdheiscalledjefus 5 they are infinite, unfpeak- 



e'lnriching examination. 


able, and glorious , every one of them worth a 
world of gold, yea, ten thoufand worlds. 

They are thele; 

Participation and union with Chrift^ whereby 
we are ingratfed into him, and become one with 
him. Or it is that mutuall inward hold, which 
Chrift hath of us, and we of him, in fuch fort, that 
each pollefleth other by way of fpeciall intereft^ 
propriety, and inherent copulation. 

Reconciliation, whereby we are delivered from 
the wrath of God, the enmitie of creatures, and 
flavery to Sacan^ and happily reftored into Gods 
favour and proteftion, and fo certainly preserved 
in fafety, from the hurtful! fury of creatures, the 
rage of Satan^and powers of helljthe^ftones of the 
field (hall bee at league with thee, and the beads, 
d<c,Iob 5.21922,25,24. We (hall fleepe, and none 
(hall make us afraid, tevit.16,6. lob.11,19. Wee 
(hall not be afraid of evill tidings, PfaL 1 1 2 . 7. 

Remidionof finnes, whereby our polluted and 
wofull (bules are freely and fairly wafhed for ever, 
difcharged and enlarged from thcftaine, guilt, pu- 
nishment, and raigne of finne, by the bloud-fuffe- 
rings and foveraignty of our blelfed Saviour. 

Imputation of righteoufnefle, whereby our fins 
are laid upon him 3 and his obedience counted 

Interceflion , which comprifeth in it three 
things.Prefentation of himfelfe before his Father, 
as Mediatour and facrificer of himfelfe, fbra full 
fatisfadion for our finnes. An engaging of him- 
Telfe to his eternal] Father, that by his grace wee 
I E 2 being 



Wc are hereby 
freed from the 
rainion of fin. 

^ 4 






iX J©h.|.i. 




being partakers, and fcnfible of fb great mercies 
and merits, will with care and confcicnce avoid 
finnCj and labour to keepe our felves unfporred 
and blamelefle amidft a naughty and crooked ge- 
neration, that (b we be not grievous andburden- 
fome to fb gracious a God. Laftly, an effufion of 
hisintcrceflbry fpirit upon ourfbulcs andconfci- 
ences, which kindles in our hearts^ godly defires, 
and good purpofes^ for the avoiding of finne, and 
keeping a good conlcience , and many bitter fighs 
and heavie-heartednefle, for the bewailing our re- 
lapfcSj frailties, and infirmities. 

Acceptation to eternall life, whereby wee are 
deemed worthy an immortall crowne^ and end- 
leflTe joyes, for Chrifts worthinefle. 

Adoption , whereby of velTels of wrath by na- 
ture, and firebrands of hell, we are become chil- 
dren of God by grace, and heires of Heaven. 

Sanftification, whereby wee die to finnCj and 
live torighteoufnefTe ; Which though it be unper- 
fedinthislifej and therefore accompanied with a 
combate berweene the flefh and the fpirit • yet we 
have fpiritui^ll armour provided, and after death it 
(hall be perfected with height of purity, and fuf- 
nefie of all holinefTe. 

Corroboration, whereby w€ are preferved from 
falling from that eftate wherein God hath placed, 
and dotli uphold us , and the comforts of godli- 
nefle ^ and by the power of his might are confir- 
med, rtrengthened, and ftablilhedin the way to 

Glorification-j whereby we are made partakers , 
__^ of I 

felfe4nrich'mg examination. 

of thofe endlefle and urtutcerable joyes^ which nei- 
ther eye hath feene^ eare hath heard, nor the heart 
oF any man conceived, and which none bnitGod 
knowethj and hee who doth enjoy tkem. This 
knowledge we muft have of our Redeemerj of his 
Perfbn^ office, and benefits. 

Now furthermore it is required, that we be ac- 
quainted with themeanes how we may gaine and 
get right and intereft in this our blelTed Redeemer, 
and unfearchable riches of his grace. Efj?ecially 
fich Chrift with his merits doe not belong to all 
men, but to afittk flocke, and that thcgreateft 
part of the world, and even of thofe that live in 
the profelTion of true Religion (halltecei ve no be- 
nefit by him. 

The fpirit of the Lord Ie(u$ by his infinite power 
doth knit us wixh a reall conjunftion unto ChriO, 
by the meanes of a true and fruitfbll faith, where- 
by wee are infpired and endewed with ipirituall 
life, and all the bleffings of Heaven ^ God the Fa- 
ther is as it were the fountaine of this life, Chrill 
is the Conduit, the Word the Pipe, Faith the hand 
that opens and tumes the Cocke, the beleeving 
heart the Cifterne which receives and enjoyes this 
water of life, wherein it is a Well of water (prin- 
ging up into everlafting life, M.4.14. 

The Spirit of God by the power of the Word 
preached, creates in our hearts this faith, which is 
an holy gifrof God, whereby the fbule is enabled 
to apprehend and apply Chrift particularly , as 
hee is (et forth and offered in the Word and Sa- 




ans come <o 






* The Sacra- 
ment of the 
Lords Supper 
Is not ordained 
td be a bare and 
naked figne, or 
puts Us in mind 
of one that is 
abfcnt, but to 
Rom- 4, J I. 

Lord doth verU 
upon us, and 
confirmc and 
make furc to us 
the benefit of 
his paflion. 

T'he Saints 

This )uftifying faith ever brings forth a zealous 
and unfained love to God, his (ervice , people^ 
Word and Sacraments 5 and an univerlall & fincere 
repentance and amendment of life prefent, and a 
willingneffe and longing to die, in hope of a better 
life : But of faith and repentance more largely 

The knowledge of this point (hould bring forth 
in us : 

Firft, Thankfulnefle for the great worke of our 

Sorrow for our (innes, the true caufe of Chrifts 

Comfort in his Paflion and Obedience. 

A cheerfiill obedience to the precepts of the 
Gofpell, faith and repcfitancc. ^ 

Thus farre of the knowledge of Gods Majeftie, 
our owne mifery, and the meanes of recovery. 

Now in a fourth place wee muft be acquainted 
with the natures ufe, and end of the Sacraments. 

The two Sacraments, Baptifine and the Lords 
Supper: The firft of incorporation and ingraffing 
into ChrifV, whereby wee are enrolled into the 
number of the houftold of God, and of the Citi- 
zens of the heaven ly lerufalem. 

The other of our further growing into Chrift, 
and ftronger confirmation of the covenant of fal- 
vation, and grace towards us, whereby our fpiritU" 
aM life is revived, quickned, and increafed in us. 

* Thefe Sacraments I fay are fignes to repre- 
fent, feales to confirme, and inftruments to con- 
vey Chrift, with all the benefits of his pa/Son^ 

felfe-inriching examination. 

and bleflings of Heaven unto every bcleeving 

They ferve as bonds of obedience to God, 
ftrid obligations to the mutualiexercife of Chri- 
ftian charity^ provocations to godlinefle, preler- 
vations from finnc, memorials of the principall 
benefits of Chrift. 

This latter, the Lords Supper, is the fecond Sa- 
crament of the Gofpell, wherein, by afacramen- 
tallufe of Bread and Wine, thofe that are already 
ingraffed into Chrift,are nourifhed,and grow with 
(pirituall life, and in the (late of grace. 

The fignes and outward matter of this Sacra- 
ment are. Bread and Wine : The things fignified, 
areChrifts body crucified, and his bloud powred 
out. Aboutwhich conceive this Analogic: 

The bread pafleth thorow many injuries, much 
alteration, cutting downe, threffing, grinding, the 
parching heat of the Oven, before it can bee fit 
food : Sotheblefledbody of Chrift was pitifully 
bruifedand rent with drops of bloudy (weat, with 
fcourges, with nailes, with thornes, with a ipeare, 
before it could be a fit facrifice for our finnes. 

As bread hods the body, fo Chrift in the Sacra- 
ment ftrengthens the fbule. 

Asbread drives away tiaturall hunger, fb Chrift 

As bread is given to the hungry andpoore, (6 
Chrift effeftually to the broken heart, to the con- 
trite (pirit, and to the hungry (bule. 


As the wine is prefled out of the grape when it is 
. E 4 moft 








The Saints 

moft-faireand flourifhing :; (b was Chrifts bloud 
out of the veines and heart of his moI\ (acred bo- 
dy^ iti the ftrength and flower of his age. 

As wine quencheth natiirall thirft, chccreth and 
maketh glad the heart of man ^ lb Chrifts bloud 
quencheth fpirituall thirft, refrefheth and comfor- 
teth the fbule. 

As wine is to l)e given to them that have griefe 
of heart, Trov. 7,1.6, So Chrifts bloud onely to 
thcmvvho are heavie hearted for their finnes. 

As wine begets good bloud, boldnefle, and 

ftrength of body^fb dothChrifts bloud in thefbule. 

Furthermore, in this Sacrament foure a(Stions ia 

theMinifter, and two in the receiver are confide- 

rable, and fpccially to be taken notice of : 

The vifibleand outward aftions of the Mini- 
fterdoereprcfentjthefpirituall, eternall, andin- 
vilible adions of ©odtheFather^ for the good of 

Firft, his taking the bread and wine into his 
hands, doth fignifie and reprefent God? fealing and 
fettjng a part of Chrift for the great worke oir Me- 
diation betwcene God and Man. 
Secondiy,hisbleffingofthe elements, whereby he 
doth defignc and fanftiHethem to be a Sacrament 
of the body and bloud of Chrift, doth fignifie and 
reprefent the fending of his Sonne in the fiilneffe 
of time to performs and execute the office of a 
Mediatpr, unto which he was before ordained. 

Thirdly, the-breaking of the bread, and the 
powring out of the wine, doth fignifie and repre- 
lent the bitter pallion and (uflFering of our Savi- 

/elfe4nricbin^ examination. 

ouFj and the trickling and ftrcaming downe of his 
bloud from all parts of his body to the ground. 

Fourthiyj the giving of bread and wine to the 
communicants, doth fignifie and reprefenc the of- 
fering of Qirift to all, even hypocrites, but the 
giving him onely to true Chriftians. 

The tsvo aiftionsin the receiver hath- the/eflg- 

Firft, . his taking of bread and wine into his 
hands, doth fignifie and reprefent his apprehenfi^ 
on of lefiis Chriff by faithj but more generally. 
' Secondly, his eating the one, and drinking the 
other^andibdigeftingandconcodling them, that 
cheygrov^r into the bod>% doth fignifie and repre- 
sent the effeduall, particular, and (peciall applica- 
tion of Chrifl:unto our fbules^ that our true fpi- 
rituall, rcall union and participation with hini^may 
become more neare and fcnfible, . 

LafHy5we muft know the end of the Sacrament, 
which is manifold; 

"Firfi:, the principal] end is, the remembrance of 
the death of Chrift, which he commanded unto 
us athrslaft parting from us ; and therefore that 
ought to ftrcke fafi: in our n?.inds,and to renue con- 
tinually in our hearts, frefh and feeling ftirrings 
and motions of compallion & rendernefie. For the 
lad words of a departing or dying friaid, doe be- 
get and ftirre up deepeftimpreffions, and dearefi: 
affedions^iH lovingandtenderhearts. If we read 
of hisdeathaiidpaflion, that will ftirre and firike 
ourhearf s wi th fome feeling and fympathy of nity 
and eoHjpaflioa ^ but if wee have it powerfully 




The Saints 

and paiijonatdy preached^, it will affett us more 
fenfiblyjbut if we lay it yet nearer to our hearts and 
let it immediately worke upon our minds by me- 
ditation, it will yet more forcibly prevaile upon, 
andpoflefleouraffedions. But to have, asitvyere 
rcprefentedbeforeour eyes a vifible crucifying of 
Chrift ^ the bruifing of hisbody, and (bedding of 
hisbloud, doth farre above all breed moft tender 
and companionate melting and bleeding , in a 
(bule (enfible of finne, the truc^caufe of all thefe 

This laftreprefentationj divine wifciome made 
choice of as a (trongeft means and motive to conti- 
nue and keep frefli the remembrance of his death. 

God the Father after that great deluge and fear- 
full drowning of the whole world, left the Raine- 
bow as a remembrance to mankinde of their falva- 
tion and deliverance from water. And whcii he had 
extraordinarily and fiipernaturally fed his people 
with Manna from heaven, he commanded and cau- 
Ced a pot full of it to be prcferved in the Arke, as a 
memoriallof fb great mercy. Wee being happily 
freed from the devouring floud of fin by the bloud 
of Chrift, are put in minde thereof by Baptifme. 
And being nourifhed with the heavenly Manna of 
Chriftsbody^ have this high and holy myftery of 
the Lords Supper left unto us, to continue the re* 
membrance oi his death and paffion. 

By our participation in the grace, fruit, and effi- 
cacie of his body and bloud, we grow into a neerer 
and ftronger union with Chrift, and partake my- 
ftically, yet traly^ invifibly, ycareallyof amore 


I Cor 10. 

fetfe-tnricbing examination. [ 4; 

inward fellowftiip with the perfbn of lefus Chrilt. 
as well in that he is man as God. 
' Befides the ftrengthning and knitting fafter our 
blefled union with Chrift, this holy Sacrament i 
apowerfull meanes to maintaine and increafe an 
holy Communion of Chriftian deareft and ever - 
laftinglove amongft the Saints^ the true and living 
members of Chrifts body. 

Hereby wee lay furer hold by the hand of faith 
upon the merits and (ulferings of Chrift, we feek 
more foundly and fenfibly the power and vertue 
of his paffion, and are more fully and feelingly 
afcertained of the favour of QqA^ and the forgive- 
nefle of our finnes. 

Fifthly, at this holy banquet, our confciences 
difquieted with fbme frailties, infirmitiesj andre- 
lapfes, fince our laft receiving, (a renovation of 
our repentance and faith preceding) are (weetly 
appealed by the bloud of the Lambe. Our inward 
peace and Ipirituall joy is increased. Wee gather 
hold and winne ground againft otir corruptions, 
and the power of finne, and become more cheer- 
full, fincere, and univerfall in our obedience. 

Knowledge of this point (bould ftirre us op ^ 
With reverence, preparation, and thirfting, to 
come unto this high and holy myftery, where (b 
many glorious blellingS' are offered, and to bee 

Eve r ro be guefts at this holy banquet, when, or 
how often foe ver it fliallbe prepared for us. 

Thus farre have I pafled thorow the foure 
.points, I. Of the Majeftieof God* 2 Ourownc 
I . mifery 




Mark^ of ra- 
ving and fan- 
ctifying know- 

job.'; <» 
Col 3.J. 



T~ he Saints 

mifcry. 3^ The meanes of rem.^dyand recovery. 
4. The nature, ufe and end of the Sacrament. A 
right knowledge of the fubftance of which, is at 
leafl nee elTarily required of whomfoever comes to 
the Lords Table. 

I will end all about this firft grace of knowledge 
with fome marks and norcsof a faving and fanfti- 
fying knowledge^that a man may be able to try the 
ftateof his foule in this point. For though know- 
ledge bee the ground-v/orke of all (pirituall buil- 
ding, and neceflary to (alvation ^ yet if itbenot 
(anctified toa man, it ferves but to increafe his con- 
demnation. And you may know it to be (aving and 
fandifying, by thefe marks : A glorious Lampe of 
faving light J and quickning power of fpirituall life, 
is planted in every mans heart that profits by the 
miniftery of the Word, and in the myftery of the 
Gofpell,/^(5?.2^.i8.E;?^e/5.8. iVet.i.p. 

Firft, if it beget humility and lowlincfle of 
minde • for the more the true Chriftian knowes in 
the Wofdof tiuthj and the deeper hee wades in 
tho(e heavenly and facred my Aeries, the more 
clecrly hee fees his owne blindenefle, vanity, in- 
ward filthineilc, and naturall corruption : As the 
n;ore light is let into a fluttifti and filthy houfe, the 
more the foulnefle and lothfbmnefle of it isdilco- 
vered, and appearcs to the eyes ^ fo the further he 
p;rowe3 into divine knowledge, he knowes better 
his owne mifery, Godsdreadfull Majeftie, divine 
indignation, and juft vengeance againft fin, more 
largely 8c fully how many waies he offends againft 
fo raercifulk Father 5 how farre fiiort he comes in 


felfe^-inricbing examwatton. 

holy duties, and in obedience to his pure and un- 
defiled law. All which where there is grace, are 
pregnant and notable matter of humiliationj dc- 
jeftion, and of taking downeour proud hearts. It 
is in this cafe as it is in humane knowledge of na- 
ture and Philofaphy, of Arts and Sciences, the 
deeper skill, the profounder learning, if there bee 
an addition of that gracefulland bafhfull vertue, 
the morallifts call modefty, the lower and humbler 
opinion of a mans felfe, and a more diltruftflill 
conceit of his owne worth an J fufficiencie. The 
reafoHj the more he kaowes, the more doubts, dif- 
ficultieSj fcrupleSj and perplexities are dilcricd un- 
to him, aod arife in his minde, which make him 
more timorous and fearfull in his profeffion^and to 
thinke Ehafc becomes farre fliortof thathe (honld 
be, though hee goe farre before thofe that thinke 
themfelves already excellent. Hence it isthatgrea- 
teftSchollers are notalvvayes of mo{\ words, be- 
caufe they ktiow how many wayes they are (ubjed 
to erronrSj miftakings, and juft cenfure, and there- 
fore chufe rather to lofe the reputation of dif^ 
Gourfe, than to difpleafe and enforce their owne 
humble conceit and diOruftfulnelFe of fufficiencie. 
Itislbinfbme Ibrt in divine knowledge of fu- 
pernaturall principles, and heavenly myfleries, 
where there is grac: amext. The further we looke 
into the booke of G d and the higher Scho'lers in 
Chrifts SchoolCj the more lowly minded, and the 
more humbly conceited we are of our felves. The 
rcafbniSj theftrongerand cleererfighted weareto 
looke into the cleare Chryftall of Gads Booke, the , 



The more hee 
knowes, the 
to dffitbc. 



A fccond mark 
of faving know* 


of Lcar.p.i6, 

The Saints 

more fyots and ftaines we (ee in our fbules, more 
purity in his Majeftie, more milery in our owne 
nature • and therefore by the power of grace being 
fbrrowftill for the pollutions of our (bules, feare- 
flillof his Majefty, and fenfible of our owne mi- 
iery, we willingly entertaine hurailitv^ and a lowly 
conceit of our (elves. Oneccrtaine markethenof 
favingknowledgefhallbethis ^ If moreskilfullin 
Scripture, the more humble in our owne conceit. 
A fccond marke of iaving knowledge flialj bee 
this 5 If it be drawne into pradifl, and joyned with 
converfion of the heart from finne unto God, and 
with reformation of life from evill to good^ for a 
found changeof the heart and life ever accompa- 
nies laving knowledge. Knowledge without obe- 
dience and (incerity, is fo farre from being (aving 
and available to (alvation^that it haftneth and dou- 
bles our damnation. Small reafon have men to be 
proud of their knowledge without pradife 5 for 
though for a time they make it ferve their turne 
for a fhew and a flourifli, yet in the end it will end 
inforrow and curfes, for they increafe the hard- 
nefle of their heart, the guiltinefTe of their con- 
(cience, and the number of their ftripesand dam- 
nation in hell, according to the meafure of their 
formall and fruftlefJe knowledge. There are many 
bafe baftardand degenerate ends of knowledge, 
which prophane men propofe to thcmfelves, and 
finally red upon : As pleafure of curiosity ^ quiet 
of refolution 5 refining andr^ifirig of the fpirit^ 
victory of wit ^ faculty of difcourle ^ gaine of pro- 
feflion 5 ambition of honour and fame 5 inable- 


felfeAnriching examination. 

ment for bufinefle and imployment. But the Chri- 
ftian muftmakethcendof his divine knowledge, 
pfadifeof holinefle in his owne lifcj andconver- , 
fation and inftruftion of others in the wayes of j 
God, if he would make it profitable and faving to ' 
himf^lfe. Kftawledgevpithdutthfe enisis but aflritm- 
pet or Curtifan^ kept omly fir feftfuaUpkafyre^affdJiK'' 
fttUlufl^ not for fruit and children. It puffes up our 
proud nature with more pride and felfe-conceit^ 
but neither begets life in (bules, holinelTe in our 
lives, nor found hereof immortality hereafter. ' 

If we know out of the Word of God (and wee 
ought (b to doe) that every man who will bee in 
Chrift, muftbeanew creature, but notwithftan- 
ding lie in the common courfe and corruptions of 
nature^ follow thecuftomes of the world, and the 
current of the time : Why then our knowledge in 
this point is not (aving, but ferves to incrcafe our 
condemnation. ^^3ni..)j:j 

If we know out of the lad ofthe Ke^eUtion^ that 
all that either love or makes lies, (hall bee barred 
everlaftingly out of Heaven ^ and yet continue to 
cozen, deceive, and circumvent with fmooth 
talke, and lying tongues : why then our know- 
ledge is not faving, but ferves to increafe our 

If we learne out of He^.13.4. that whoremon- 
gers and adulterers God will judge. And yet wee 
foake our felves in luftfull pleafuresi, and fbule un- 
cleanncfife. Why then our knowledge isnotla-^ 
vine;, but ferves to incrcafe our condemnation. 

If any man know, (as every man ought) that no 
'\ covetous 


2 Cor.j.17. 



The Saints 

coYccuUS man Ihail inherit iheKingdv me of God 
iCor.6.io. and yet greedily and inHiciably root in 
earth, and the fading and tranfitory pelfe thereof, 
as though heefhould never die, as though there 
were no joyes, no immortality in another world 
to be looked for, and fought after ^ no happinefle 
but in vanilhing riches^, which fliall not profit in 
the day of revenge, biit will take them ro their 
wings like an Eaglejand flie into the heavens,were 
a man able to heape his gold to th^Aarres, to en- 
clofe the whole face of the earth from one end of 
heaven unto the other, to purchafe a Mono, oly of 
all the wealth in the world 5 yet upoa his death 
bed all connot profit him ; they cannot procure 
one drop of mercie, orone jot of comfort ; why 
then let him know, that his knowledge is notfa- 
ving, but (erves to increafe his condemnation. 

If any man know out of 2ech, 5. 3. that the 
curfeof God will cut off thefwearer^ as well on 
this fide as on that, and yet retainc ftill one oath 
or other ; let him know that his knowledge is not 
laving, but (erves to increale his condemnation. 

If any man heare and leameoutof 7/4; 5. 22. 
a fearfull woe denounced again ft them that are 
mighty to drinke wine, and ftrong to powre in 
ftrong drinke ^ and yet be exceffive and riotaus that 
way :, Let him know, that his knowledge is not 
(aving, but ferves to increafe his condemnation. 

If a man heare and learne, ler, 17.3 7. That a fire 
(hall be kindled in the houfe of the Sabbarh-brea- 
ker, and fiiall devour it, and fhall not be quenched, 
and yet continue to prophanc it at his plcafure, for 


felfe4nriclmg examinauon. 

pleafures^ profit, or worldly bufinefle ^ Let him 
know that his knowledge is not faving, but ferves 
to increa(e his condemnation. 

If a man know out of Makch- 3.8.9. That the fa- 
crllegious perfbn fhall be cnrfed wi. h a curfe 5 that 
is, with a horrible curfe, with a double curfe, and 
yet detaine Gods portion either forcibly, or frau- 
dulently ^ Let him know that his knowledge is not 
faving,but ferves to increafe his condemnation. 

If a man know out of Pp/.*i5. Thit thofe fhall 
not dwell in the Lords Tabernacle, or reft in hi& 
holy Mountaine, who hate not vile perfbns, who 
give their money to Ufiiry, and yet is guihy of 
both ,5 Let him know hisknowlcdge is not faving; 
bwrierves ro increafe his condemnacioa . . : 

If men knew the worthy praftife of the Saints 
, of oldj In teaching then* children and families, fe e 
Ge».iS*i9' Iofu.24,1'^, PfaLioi. and yet have no 
praying, no catechifing, no holy government in 
their houfes ^ Let them know that this know- 
ledge is not laving, but ferves to increafe their 

Thus let. 3 man examine his knowledge of Gods 
Word thorowout, and account it fo farre faving 
as it is working, and drawne into pradife. 

Thirdly, it is edg'd and eneao red with a longing 
defire, and infatiable thirfl after more. For the 
true Ghriftian not refting in the hifloricall, for- 
mallj and artificial! knowledge of nnregenerate 
men, and hypocrites, wherein there isnoiweet- 
nefle, notaOe, no comfort, butdivinginto the my- 
(ticall knowledge of the myfleries of falvation, 

F which 


A third matke 


T'he Saints 

which the {piric of God doth reveale to faithfull 
Chriftians, doth there finde and feed upon fiich 
heavenly fwectneflej fuch rich and glorious com- 
forts thatheeis never well but whenhee is dig- 
2;ingdeeper into this celelViall Mine, and wading 
further into thefe holy (ecrets of faving know- 
ledge.If a childe but once fpie any part of thcjew- 
ellinthe fathers hand, or but have a glance at it, 
J hee will never reft and be at quiet untill he (ee it 
wholly, and have it in his owne hand. It is (b with 
I babe in Chrifl** after the {ant^ifying^irit of God 
hath once opened his eyes, and but (hewed him a 
glimfpe of thofe heavenly jewels of divine know- 
ledge, he is foravilhed with the unvaluable beau- 
ty thereof, that he will never be at reft, untill hc-fce 
made further, and fiilly partaker of thofe rich and 
(aving treafures. The reafbn why (^ndiified men ; 
fo zealoufly and ferioufly feeke and labour after 
ejrowth in knowledge, is becaufe they are perfwa- 
dedof theneceflity of it, and arc fenfibleof what 
danger they are in, and how wide they lie open to 
the deadly blowes of fearfull temptations, and Sa- 
tans fiery darts, without this fword of the fpirit, 
knowledge in Gods Word. 

If a man had a cruell and implacable cnemie, 
that had defperately and refblutely (worne his 
deathj and to this end fliould ftill dogge him at the 
heeles, at any advantage to runne him thor6w,and 
to imbrew his hands in his bloud, how careful! 
and watchful! woukl hee bee to furnifh himfelfe 
compleatly with weapons, and skill to defend his 
naturall life, and to repeli the fury and rage of fb I 

• bloudy I 

felfe-inriching examinatm. i 51 

bloudy a foe. Why Satan that mortall and immor- 
tall enemy to mankinde, hath vowed the cverla- 
fting death of every fbule, and therefore to this 
endfollowes every one at the heeles, with all his 
fiery darts and policies of hell, at every turne to 
wound their poore naked and ignorant fbules to 
death 5 how earneftly and eagerly then ought eve- 
ry one tofurnifti and fit themfelves with skill and 
knowledge in God Word, which is the fword of 
the Spirit, that they may both ward his blowes, 
anrf wound his head, by the faving power of this 
weapon, and lanftified ufe of this fling, every true 
Chriftian is enabled to cut off the head,and knocke 
our the brainesof that huge Holofernes^ and great 
GoUah of Hell. But every man or woman that wants 
this faving knowledge oi.t of GodsBooke, ftands 
a; the devils mercy and devotion ^ even as a poore 
helplefle Lambcin the bloudy paw of a Lion ; or a 
filly Wren in the ravenous paw of a Kite. And the 
mcrciehishellifti malice will ihew, is condemna- 
tion mcrcilciTe, even flames of etemall fire, and 
endlefle woe in the bottomlefle pit. Pitifull then 
and fearcfull is the cafe and condition of many ig- 
norant people, who bleffe and content themfelves 
in their ignorance,and if they be told that they be 
wholly in the power and pofleflion of Satan, by 
reafon of the ignorance that is in them, they will 
(ay prefently, they defie the devill and all his 
works, and they will fpit at him in figne of defi- 
ance ^ and yet poore fbules while they lb conti 
nue,they are the devils flaves,whom he leads blind- 
folded and hoodwinked thorowhis kingdomeof I iCor.4.4. 

F 2 darkneffe' 



TTbe Saints 

darkneUe here on earth, towards thepitof ever- 
lafting deftru<^ion. Little weighs hee luch weake 
defiance, Wjhen their owne ignorance gives chein 
the lie 5 he Jittle regards fuchvaine pro reflations, 
and 'die words, fo long as he wounds their foules 
at his pleafurCjand (ticks them thicke with his fiery 
dv^rts; What is.a man better^ which being-naked in 
the field flgainft a fierce'andcompleatly armed ad- 
verfary, gives him bigge words, and tels him hee 
defies him, and the worft hee can doe 5 while in 
the nxeane time his enemie works his will upon 
bijm, and takes away hh life ? Satan is the ftrong ar- 
med m^Dj all ignorant perfons are ftarke hakcd^and 
quitebaroofallfpifituall armour, they fet him at 
light, arid give him ^oule woriSv but in the meaue 
tiiiae the devillwoilnds their foules ro death* • ylh 
'J .'.Yea, but will theyfay.v^cTeeleno fucb wburids^ 
neither doe mad men and drunkards, though they 
be daft] t and wounded mortally, in their fits and 
fury fteleany ilich hurt -^ but when they come to 
ithem(elves it may coft them their life. Soigno-i 
rant wretches being befotted with ungrounded 
good meanings, and befide themfel ves in fpirituall 
matters, and fenflefle by their Lethargic of igno- 
rance, feele not thbfe feariy impoyfonedblowes^ 
and deadly wounds, that come thkke and three* 
fold upon their foules ^ but when upon their death 
beds they fhall come to themfel ves, and have their 
cbdlciencesopenedj and their wretched efi:ate re- 
vealed iinto them, they ; (hall feeje the fmarc, and 
bieed Unto everlafting death. A' holy greedinefie 
after^ahd acontinuall growth in knowledge, is one 
.,;.).. ,4.: ) :■ fpeciall , 

felfe-'inriching examinamn. 

fpeciall markethen that our knowledge is faving. 
" For it is an undoubted charafter of all graces^ 
" where they are in foundnefle there they are 
" growing. If we have once tafted how fweet the 
"Lord isj there will be adefireto increase more 
'^ and more. There iflues from out the Sanduary 
waters^ even waters of life, EzecL^y. fee their in 
crea(e : Firft to the ankles, then to the knees, then 
to the loynes, afterwards a River that no man 
could pafTe. The trees growing by this Riverjbring 
forth new fruit, according to their moneth. 

Fourthly, Saving knowledge is difFulive & com 
municative of it felfe.It is in the (bule of a Chrifti- 
an, as the Sunne in his fpheare : It is firft glorioufly 
illuminated within itfelfe. Secondlyahedothnot 
confine &,keepe his light within his owne (aire bo- 
dy jbut he hurlesiton every fide,round about every 
way, he cafts his light upward, and fo makes all the 
heavens bright & beautifull about him.Thirdly,H€ 
throwes his beames downward upon the earthjand 
there begets herbs, grade and flowers, fruit-trees, 
and all the beauty and glory of the earth. Fourthly, 
Nay yet he pierces further, and with his heat hee 
Aides and infinuates into the bowels of the earth, 
where there is any the leaft creeke and paflage,and 
there engenders all manner of metals, filvcr, gold, 
and precious ftones. Fifthly, Nay yet fijrther, he 
glides by the fides of the earth w^th his unrefleded 
beames, and makes all thofe golden fpots, the 
ftarres, in the oppofitepart of the skie. Sixthly, It 
is (b greedy of doing good, that it ftrikes thorow 
the firmament in the traniparcnt parts, and feeks 
1 F 5 as 


1 Pct.j.j,:: 

A fourth triall 
of our know- 



as it were to beftow its brightnefle and beauty be- 
yond the heavens, and never reftraincs the free 
communication of his influence and glory, until! 
it determine by naturall and neceflary expiratioB : 
So that he makes as much of his light, and doth as 
much good with it as may be. Even ib the (acred 
light of divine knowledge in the fanftifiedfbule 
of a true Chriftian ^ he doth not inclofe and mo- 
nopolize his knowledge^ he doth improve indeedj 
but not cnclofe ^ he doth make much o£, but not 
monopolize his knowledge. 

It labours after it owne particular illumination : 
Firft, to inlighten thofe that are round aboHt him ; 
to teach and inftrudi: his family, if hee be mafter of 
a family, his wife, his fervanrs, his children, in the 
wayes of godlinelTe, and doftrine of falvation. 

Secondly, hee defires, and delights to acquaint 
his kindred^ his friends, his acquaintance and fami- 
liars, with thofe comfortable leflbnsandwholfbme 
inftruftions, which hee himfelfe hath learned out 
of the Booke of God. 

Thirdly, even amongftftrangcrs hee watchetfa 
opportunity, and takes occafion toinfinuatefbme 
good talke of heavenly matters, that (b his know- 
ledge may be fraitfuH, and workingfor his mafters 
advantage in all places » in all companies 5 nay h© is 
Willing, if (b they will, that the very oppofire and 
overthwart, and thofe that oppole themfelves 
againft goodneffe, and Gods truth, may bee bette- 
red and reclaimed by his admonition and reproofcs 
out of the Book of life.Nay,and bcfidesall thisjit is 
edged with an endlcfle defirc of doing more good 


felfeAnriching examination. i 55 

ftilL For it is a true principle in Chriftianity : 
" Ths peformances of Gods children by the grace 
"of God are many, their endevours more, their 
" defircs endiefle. 

Thus iaving knowledge is ever (preading, moft 
liberall and prodigall of it felfe, (hining round 
about where it is^ and working all the good it can 
in all places. 

Knowledge in unfandified men, as it isunfaving 
to themfelves, (b it is many times unprolitable to 
others, either becaufe it is unexercifed through 
idlenefle or humour^or becaufe it is not (cafbnably, 
wifely, and powerfully applied to theeonfcience, 
for want of fpirituall experience,' or becauft 
through nicenefle and curiofity , and that they 
would not make themfelves cheape, it is kept and 
concealed, like Ibme rare and precious Jewell in a 
casket, tobcefhewedonelyatcertaine times, to 
fome (peciall perfbns, vainglorioufly to purchafe 
credit,and breed admiration^but every godly man 
holding the converfion of others thecrowne of his 
credit, and the comfort of his knowledge, is ever 
free-hearted, open and liberall that way : When a 
necefEty is laid upon him by reafon of his charge, 
or where there is hope or opportunity of doing any 
good, or when he finds himfelfe to have a calling to 
fpeake ; heavenly treafurcs of laving knowledge 
in the heart of godly man, have a quite contrary 
power and property to earthly riches hoarded up 
in the coffer of a covetous man. Thefe commonly 
beget in a worldly man niggardlinefle, greedineffe 
of grafping more^ robbing others, and engroffing 
F4 allJ 



Ifa f.J. 


•^ The Saints 

all. An earthly minded man if he onceenrer upon 
the violent torrent of oppreffion, presently with 
a fv^/ift and headlong courfe hee is carried with 
full/aik, even over a Seaof bloud of the poore, 
thefatherleffeandopprcfled, (b that at length hee 
may finde an habitation without neighbours, and 
dwell by himfelfe upon the earth. If he once bee 
flelht with cruelty in this kindefor gathering of 
riches, hee is as holdfaft in keeping, asunconfcio* 
nably in getting. If he once beginne to grindc the 
faces of the poore, hee'le never ceafe untill hee 
pluckeoff their skinnes, teare their flefh, breakc 
their bones^ chop them in peeees for the chaldron, 
and eat the very fleOi of Gods people, as the Pro- 
phet (peaks. A covetous griping of this tranfitory 
I pelfe, doth bring forth feich a thirfting dropfie of 
engrollingall, that the owners would rather loie 
their (buleSj than part with their riches. Butcon- 
trarily ,the lafting riches of (avir^ knowledge,doe 
ever bring with them a longing and readinefle to 
beftow them ortall commers, and to open their 
fountainestoaH drawers, and to enlarge their (pi- 
rituallpaftures for the food of fbules, and for the 
(heepc of Gods pafture. A heavenly minded man 
ever keeps open houfe forinftru6lion in heavenly 
things fpirituall banquets. The lips of the righte- 
ous feed many, fii th sdomon^ Vrefo. 10.21. &15. 7. 
The lips of the wife fpread abroad knowledge 5 
" , herefbever knowledge is faving, and in (bund- 
nefle, itisas new Winein veflels, defifousto vent, . 
and that not vainglorioufly to purchafe the idle 
flime, and infc(^ious breath of prophane praifes, 


felfeAnriching cxammMion. 

but to workefpiri mall good, and for the conver- 
fion of others. 

A fifth marke of faving knowledge is, if ft beget 
reverence oF that great Majeftie, and love to that 
holy truth it kno\ves&: apprehends in the V\'ord. 
Except with an vnfained and zealous affeftionwe 
love God, his Word and truth, his Sacraments^ his 
Sabbaths, his fervants, all the knowledge in the 
world will doe us no good. Knov/ledg^ of it felfe 
puffeth up the heart, and make it fwell with con- 
tempt of his brethren^but with love it buildeth up, 
anJhelpethto convert our brethren. Theblefled 
Apoftle S* P^^/z/vilifies 6c difallowes all knowledge, 
power, or prerogatives whatlbever, which are not 
aduated and (anftified with love,, i Cor. i ^ i ,2 . If a 
man were (eene into the depths, (ecrets, [and my- 
(lerics of all knowledge, if hee were able to convert 
whoIcNations^ if he were fb mighry in miracles, 
that he could remove the ftony rocks, and flurdy 
mountaines, there is a(Sive power. If he were not 
only able to endure difgrace^lolTe of goods.banilh- 
ment, imprifbnment, but al(b duri-t facrifice his 
bloud in the flames,, and render up his body to be 
burnt, for the profeffion of the truth ^ There is 
power pafJive. Jf he had not onely the eloquence 
of all theOratourson earth, but even the tongue 
of an Angell 5 all were nothing, if the divine flame 
of love were not kindled in the heart, to feafon 
andiaiiftifie them all, which onely makes us pre- 
ferre the glory and (ervice of God, before all 
riches, and the whole world ; and to love and 
efleeme a true Chriftian farre more dearly than 



A fifth 


tiiall of 

i Cor. 8.1. 


n^he Saints 





allunrcgenerace men^ chough never lo neere unto , 
us in kindredj or great in the world. And it is both ■ 
reafbn and Religion we fliould (b doe • for one 
Larkc is worth a choufand Kites ^ one true Chrifti- 
anj though never fopoore and trampled upon in 
the world, isfarrc more worth than all thepro- 
phaneGallants.and unfandified ones in the world, 
though they revell it never (brichlyj in their lands^ 
wealthj and large revenewes 5 or raffle it in their 
honours, titles^ and worldly reputation ^ This vaft 
difference betweene neglected finccricy, and ho- 
noured prophanenefle 5 we may clearly fee in the 
Bookeof God ; and therefore if our knowledge 
befandlifiedj it will beget proportionable affcfti- 
on and love. 

A (econd grace which every worthy and fit re- 
ceiver muft find in himfelfe, is ; 

Faith. I meanetrue and juftifyingfairh, afpiri- 
tuall lewell, of un valuable price, the very ftaiFe 
andlifeof ourfbules, the root and foundation of 
all true comfort, both in life and death, without 
which it is impoffiblc that cither our receiving the 
Sacrament, our offering up our Prayers, Almes- 
deeds, hearing the Word, or any other fervice, 
though in it owne nature, and by it felfe never fo 
good or necellary, (hould either be acceptable and 
pleafing unto God, or comfortable or profitable or 
to our felves. 

This favingand juflifying faith I thus define 5 It 
is a (upernaturall gift or grace of God, infpired by 
the holy GhofV, whereby the humble fbule being 
inlightned with the knowledge of the doftrine of 

felfe'inricbing examination. 


' falvation andaflenting thereunto, is enabled to lay 
' hold or to rely on the meritorious juftice cfChrift 
and all the glorious benefits of hispaffion^ as be- 
longing particularly to it felfe. 

This wondcrfull and holy grace is thus wrought 
and engraven in the heart. 

Firft, there is a mollif) ingand manuring of the 
heart, that it may be as it were furrowed and fitted 
for this pretious (ttd of life and divine impreiTi 
Ion. And that thus: 

' I. Firft.by the miniftery of the Wordjthere muft 
knowledge be planted in the underftanding both 
bf the Law J the powerfull application whereof 
begets legal! repentance.a necellary preparative to 
t!ie infufion of faith, andoftheGofpell, afeafb- 
nable apprehenfion of the gracious promifes and 
comforts, which drawes on evangelicall repen- 
tance, whereof beginncs the life of faith 5 what 
meafore of divine knowledge is at leaft neceflary 
in this ea{e, I have heretofore figniticd. It is the 
very firft ftep and foundation ftoneof all fpirituall 
builtiing,andof the way to heaven. Wofull then 
and fearftill is their ftat^ that live in ignorance, 
without the miniftery of the Word, or that profit 
not by it: they take the very ready anddirei^way 
to deftroy their ownefbules. • • 

♦ 2. Secondly, The heart muft give full alTcnt, 
and be cffedhially perfwaded, that thofe divine 
principles were revealedfor the falvation of man- 
kinde, and that they are moft true.thc very fecrets 
of heavcDi and divinely infphred. This a(fent and 
perfwafion is called Hifloficall faith , or faith of 
knowledge. 5 ►Thirdly 

Fide J quid al'md 
eft quam vd'A 
Dei copiiiio ? 
fide enm cogni' 
liofiiy teftatur 
pnoH credit it 
noH imcUiguU. 


Credere eft (um 
(fentiofje cogi- 

'ie Precltft. San- 
^•^, ut bommi 
credibilia prcpe^ 
nantur tfecundoy 
Ifenfui crcdtntii 
odea qua prtipO' 


I 60 


^he Saints 

3. Third!/, The law beginnes ro workc upon 
the confcience, and wound the f ule by a cleare 
dKcoveryjand wide opening of our many ulcerous 
and ugly fecrer corruptions^ all the vanities of our 
life, and particular finnes/and by afFeding and 
preUing the heart with a thorow fenfeand feeling 
of the fierce wrath ofGod, ready to breake out 
in unquenchable flames of vengeance and heavie 
againfi: every finne we have committed. 

4. Fourthly, The heart is ftrickcn thorow with 
fearc and trembling, it is broken and bruifed quite 
into peeceswith terrour and rcmorfe, it is preg- 
nant of griefe and fbrrow, and mournful] beyond 
the mourning of a Dove. For a man in this cafe 
finds and feeles himfelfe to bee a moft hatefull 
and accurfed creature, embondaged and enthralled 
to the flavery and endlefTe conFufions of Satan and 
KelI,of damnation and death. 

Thus farre the heart hath beene in preparing 
and fitting for that rootof all graces, that flower of 
Paradicej and plantof Heaven, an holy and (aving 

In the fecond place, marke howitfpringsupin 
the mournfull and humbled heart. 

The (bule of amah being thus bruifed and bro- 
ken, and rightly prepared with the terrours and 
dejeftionsof theLaw, is now truly and fealbna- 
bly fitted to receive the (weet and precious oyJe of 
the promifes of the Golpell, and con^rts pf ia- 
vinggrace* '•-'! ■:rri i-^. t "* v :*;-t:^!tr-c /'^h-- 

1 i Firft then, the poore foule , as you heard be- 
> fore^ Jbeing quite overwhelmed with waters of 


i ' 

felfeAnriching examination. 

anguifh and fbiTow, and flicking fait in the deepe 
my re of feares and terrours, beginnes to looke 
about for comfort and fiiccour ^ none is to be found ! 
in any creature, no gold nor filver, nofriendsnt^r \ 
Phyjiicke will doe him any good ^ no man or An- i 
gelJ,oranycreature,canadmini(leranyreleefe.For I 
Angels, in refpectof thofepure eyes which cannot j 
behold iniquitiejand are now faftned upon irsfoule j 
pollutions, are chargeable with folly and vanity ^ | 
the heavens are impure, and the ftarres'uncleanc in 
Gods fight. No man can deliver his brother, nor 
make agreement unto God for hira/or it coft more 
to redeeme a fbule i;\\t mull: let that alone for ever. 
At laft it happily cafts its eye upon that infini te Sea 
of Gods mercy,which glorioufly ftreames through 
the bleeding wounds of Chrift Jedis, upon every 
truly broken and contrite hea,it • it fettles andfa- 
(tens it.iight ftedfaftly upon our bleifed Redeemers 
as he is hanging upon the CroiTe^ftrugling with his 
Fathers wrath for our finSjand cry ing at laftjt is fi • 
nifhed.It greedily catches hold on in a ferious con • 
fideration, and comprehends the wholegracious 
dodrineof the covenant of life and falvation. It 
confidersallrhe proclamations of mercy and par- 
don in the Booke of God 5 as that in 7/^.55.1. //^j 
everyone that thiyfleth^ comeyee to the vpaUrs^andyse that 
have nofilver come buy and eat : Come Ifay^ hu v mneand 
milh^without fiher^mdwHJ^oHt mofiey*knd that out of 
Chrifls owne mouth, Mattk 11.28. Come nntome all 
yeeihat are imary^ and 1 r»UleajeyoH^ &c» ^ ^,. ? ; 

2. Secondly, after a full and thorow fight and 
confideration of the great worke of our redemp- 
tion, .' 



^l , The Saints 

tion, andot ail the gracious promiies of life, che 
diftrefled foule beginnes ro thinke this with it 
felfe ^ that though my cafe be vvofull and accurfed 
by reafbn of finne, yet by the mercies of God it is 
recoverable ; though my finncshemanyandhai- 
nouSjyet in Chrift lefus they are pardonable.Only 
itnowcafts about how it may have part in thefe 
mercies, andintereftin his paflion. In thcfe cafes 
it receives great comfort from fuch places as thefe, 
LhJ{,^» 1 8. Mat, 1 2.2 o. 

3. Hereupon in a third place it beginnes to hun- 
ger and thirft after the precious bloud of Chrift, 
farre more greedily and infatiably, than ever the 
panting Hart after the Rivers of water, the gapirg 
ground for drops of raine, or any condemned man 
for the pardon of his life. It would give ten ihou- 
fand worlds, ten thoufand lives, for one gu(h of his 
bloud^ to wafh away its guilt and flaine, Ipots and 
pollutions 5 for one drop of mercy to qtiench its 
thirft^andrefrefh its agonies. 

4. Hence in a fourth place ftrong cries.and pray- 
ers,and fupplicationSjgroanes Sc fighs unutterable, 
with fuch importunity and panting, that at lafl it 
cafls it ftlfe upon Gods tender mercies in Chrifl 
lefus, it throwes it felfe with (bme comfort and 
confidence into the bleeding 8c blefTed bofbme of 
its Redeemer, as he is hanging and holding downe 
the head upon the Crofle : It hides it felfe fweetly 
and deeply in his (acred wounds, and gored fide, 
from the eager purfuit of the wounding Law, the 
rage of Satan, and the ftingings of itsowne con- 
(cience. And now by tins time the bowels of Gods 


felfe-inricbing examination. 


tendered compadions beginne to yearne within 
him r He who never knew how to brcake the brai- 
fed reed^ or quench the fmoking flax, takes the 
panting and weary foule by the hand, receives it 
into mercy, grace, and favour, takes ofF the bur- 
then of its finnes^ knocks off the bolts of terrour 
and remorfe, bathes it in the (bveraigne and faving 
bloud of his owne deare Sonne, and accounts it 
pure, juft, and anfpotted, for lefus fake. 

Thus faith hath beene breeding, and is brought 

3 . Now in a third place behold it flourifhing and 
growing in the heart. 

After that faving faith with unexpreflable groans 
and fighs, and ftrong cries, hath laid faft hold 
upon the bitter and victorious pa/Iion of Chrifl:, 
and all his meritorious juftice, and lb purcha(ed fa- 
vour^ acceptation, and remiffioniaf fins ^ i.It pre- 
lently rcturnes this bleiTed mcflage, and comforta- 
ble n ewes unto the foule ^ that it is certainly par- 
doned, juftificdj and mofl: undoubtedly entitled 
by the everlafting covenant of grace^ even frefhly 
(ealed with the bloud of Chrift, unto a crowne of 
immortality, and endlefle joyes of heaven. This 
being done, it is filled with joy unfpeakable and 
glorious^ and with peace that pafieth all underftan- 
dinty : But after it come to it felfe out of thefc 
ftrangecxtafies, and excefleof (pirituall pleaftres, 
itfoberlyconfiders what great things havebeene 
done for it, what extraordinary love, and infinite 
mercy hath bcene (hewed unto it 5 2. And there- 
upon prefently addrefleth it felfe to Evangelicall 

repentance 3 



T^he Saints 

repentance^ to bewaile heartily allhisfinnes, and 
former wrecchednefle of life, not fb much for feare 
of Gods vengeance, and the punifhment of iinne, 
as he did in legall repentance, but efpecially grie- 
ving with godly (brrow, for having fo vilely and 
rebellioufly grieved and otfended to gracious and 
loving a Father ^ and Co doth refblutely abandon 
the pradice of every grofTe finne , and at leaft 
throw out of his heart and affeftions, the liking 
and allowance of every the leaft infirmitie : 3. And 
for ever after (etdes himfelfe toholineffeof life, 
fincerity of hearty a good conlciencej and an uni- 
verfall and true hearted obedience to all Gods 
Commandements : By growth in which, and by 
fenfe, obfervation, and experience of Godsipeci- 
all favour and love unro him in the courfeof his 
Chriftian life, and new obedience : His feith re- 
ceives continuall life and ftrength, untill it come 
in fbme good meafure towards that height of aflu- 
rance, and fulnefle of perfwafion with the bkC- 
fed Saints of old ^ that he is able to (ay with holy 
David^ IvpUlnetfearethoHih the earth be mffvtd^ and 
thongh themountams becaft ifnto the mfddeft of the Sea : 
though the vpaters thereof rage and be troubled^ and the 
f^ioHntaimsJJjake at thefnrges fthef me^ Pfal. 4 ^. 2 ,3 . 
Though Ijhould walk§ thdrotf the valley of thejhadovoof 
deaths IwHlfeare m evilly for thou art mth me ^ thy rod 
andtl^y flajfe they comfort me^ pfaLi'^.^. And with 
lob '^ oh that my words mrenovp written ! Oh that they 
}»erevpritteneven'tnahooke ! And graven with an iron 
fen in tead^or infton for everFor-iamfure that my Re- 
XdeemerJ^vethy and that hejhallk the lafl uponthe earth. 
'.;■ 'V :, . And 

felfeAnriching examination. ] 6^ 

A»d though after mpklnr^^x)Porj;iesdeftrC}thh body ^yct 

Jhall I fie God in wyflrf^ : WhomlwyfelfefijaU fee, and 

0twe€ifesjhul'lbeldold^ a*^d erne other for me^ though my 

rdnts ar9 confumed mthin me^ lob 19.21^ &c. And 

chap, 1 3 ,verf 1 5. Loe^tldough hejlay me.^et mill trufl in 

/^^/». Andwich blefled Saint P^^/, K^w^.S.^S. lam \ 

'perfr>paded that mlther deaths e^c. Thefe hig'h refolu- 

tions of heaven, and noble elevation of fpirit, are 

the very natural! iflue 8c prodnccments of a ftrong 

faith. Which if we wouldattaine or prcferve^ wee 

muft watchfully looke unto our hearts, lives, and 

confciences, that they bee pure, unfpotted, and 

tender, we muft cake heed of relapfes, and warily 

prevent fals into finne. For we (ha J findcour faith 

td ebbe ind flow, much after the decay or in- 

creafe-df our holincfle of life, and finceri ty of 


Thus I have briefly opened to you thenature, 
breeding, birth, and growth of faith. And the ra- 
ther^ left you deceive your owne hearts with falfe 
Faiths 5 Imcanefaithsunfufficientto (alvation, or 
wander in the by-paths of excefle or defects of 

I. For firft there bee many kinds of faith, of 
which none will ferve the turne for falvation . 

T. There isanhiftoricallfaith, whereby a man 
is endued with knowledge of the Word, and is 1 
certainly perfwaded in his heart that it is moft true, \ 
and divinely infpired ^ this isfb farre from being ' ftith. 
faving faith, that the Devill and his Angjels cxcell | 
many men herein: For wheras many men are quite | 
ignorant of the Word, and many have but little 

G ' know- ' 


The kinds of 





Fabh of mira- 


T^he Saints 

knowledge, and give bur wcake aflcnc to the truth 
thereof 5 the devils know much, certainly beleeve 
it, and yet they doe more, tkj fiare a/fd trembU^ 

2 , SecondlyjThere is a faith of miracles ^ which 
is an inward perlwafion of the heart, wrought by 
Ibme fpeciall inftinftof the HolyGhofl:, in fomc 
men^ whereby they arc truly perfwaded, that God 
will ufe them as inftruments to bring to pafle fbme 
ftrange and extraordinary thiags. This hach no 
power forfalvatron, it is common, and communi- 
cated both to the eledt and reprobate indilFereot- 
ly : Iifiof was endued with this po^er, and had 
Ws part herein as well as the reft of the Apoftles. 
Aad we (kQ^Manh.j,ii .Many worker^ of miracjes 
ihallbe reje&ed atthe laftday. Many ^itbChrift, 
will fay unto me in that day. Lord, Lord^havewc 
not by thy name prophefied? and by thy name caft 
out devils ? and by thy name done many great 
works > Andthenwililprofefle to them, I never 
knew yoUj depart from me yc that worke iniquity. 
5. Thirdly, there is an imaginary faith^ which 
deceives and damnes thoufand: And that is a ftrong 
and bold perfwafion, withoutall truths ground, or 
warrant, that Chrift is their Saviour, that they 
have part in his paflion, and (hall undoubtedly be 
favedj when indeed and truth there is no fiich mat- 
ter : And therefore it is no true perfwafion, no 
true faith, but a vaine prefumption, a ftrong delu- 
fion, a trae counterfeit of a true faith. And this is 
threefold : 
Fifft, when men and women living in ignorance, 


j felfeAnriching examination. 

without all faving knowledge, upon fuch princi- 
ples as thefe 5 that they meane well 5 that they doe 
no man harme 5 that they pray morning and eve- 
ning^ build a bold and blinde perfwafion, that they 
have as good part and right in Chrift, as the beft of 
them all 5 whereas indeed they lie enthralled in the 
invifibJe chaines of damnation, and are meere 
Grangers to the life of Godj by reafon of the ig- 
norance which is in them. For knowledge in the 
Word of God, is the ground-worke and foundati- 
on of all fpirituall building 5 without it there can 
no true faith be had, no repentance, no new obe- 
diencCj no faving graces at all in thislife, or falvati- 
on in the world to come. 

Secondly;, when men entertaine and fettle in 
their heart a flrong and bold conceit, that Chrlft 
belongs to them with all his benefits , and ytt 
nufleand harbour in the fame hearts a liking and 
allowanceof fbme finnesin themfelves 5 at leafl 
a purpofe to continue in one f\veet finne or other, 
wherupon depends their honour, wealthjpleafureSj 
and worldly happinefles 5 and will not be fiibdued 
by the power of the Word, to t thorow change 
of heart, and a found amendment of life. Thefe 
men thinke they have a reach beyond the Moone, 
and are wifer than all the Chriflians that ever 
were, which could never finde.fbfmoothandea- 
fie a way to heaven : For they fiicke ftill at the 
brefts of pleafure, and feed upon voluptuoafnefle, 
vanity, and worldlinefle, as the Hoiileech upon 
corrupt bloud ^ they ruffk it in the vanity and glo- 
ry of the world 5 they joyne houfe tohoufe, and 

G 2 land 


faith tf three 




Rora 10.14. 

The. Saint i 

land CO land, by oppreilion and violence -or con - 
rinue in one open finne or other, and yet vainly 
nourifti hope of ialvation in themfeive&5 thinke 
they are in the ftate of grace, and have asibunda 
crult in Chrift Jefus, as the pureft and precifefl: 
amongftthem all 5 but they ^very foulyandfeare- 
fully deceive their owne poore fbwles, and llrive 
for impoffibilities , to bring two ends together 
which will never meetjfinfull pleafores upon earth, 
and endlefTe peace in the world to comeJ The faith 
of" chefe men is but imaginaryand countcfeit^ fbrit 
is everthe property of true and laving faith, tho- 
rowiy to purge the hearc; and to refbrrae the life 
wholly ; to exprefle it feife, and toappeare fruitful! 
aridlively^iathclexiercifes of invocatbn and true 
repentance, of lincericy and obedience. 

Thirdly, when men conceive a bold and ftrong 
perfwafion, chat Ghrift is their Saviour, and yet fee 
light by the miniflrery of the Word & SacrameAts^ 
embracing the ufe and following the ^xereiie of 
them onely at their leifure and pleafure, fbfarre as 
their worldly commodities, and camall content- 
ment will give. them leave 5 bur not with hungry 
fpiritiia 11: appetites, ?and humble fubriiifliofl to the 
power thereof. The faith of the^ meii is but i' 
vaine prefumption, and counterfeit conceit. For 
juftifying faith is ever conceived , cheriihed and 
conftrmedy by a* right religittusy conftantj and' 
powerfoli'uieiand exercife (^ihe,W^fdandSadr3»' 
ments.The Ccedi of b wcake faith, (if it be true'>and 
jufliifying) fbwen in the heart by che Holy GhoiK 
doth grow by little aiidiitrie to aiixong faith and^ I 

^h-:d--- ••-D""^ "": fullf 

felfe4nriching examination. 

full afliirance ^ but ever by a zealous and profitable 
purfuit of the meanes of grace and knowledge, 
preaching, reading, prayer, meditation, confe- 
rence, ufe of the Sacraments, finging of Pialmes, 
confcience and faithfulnelTe in our calling, merci- 
fulnefle to the poore, &c. He that hath true faith, 
will ever have both an eye and heart to thefe holy 
meanes, thefe godly exercifes. 
, 4. There is alio adead faith^which is to be found 
in many profeflbrs^and thofe that make great (hew 
of forwardnelTe in Chriftianity : When men have 
good ftorc of knowledge, follow the Word and 
Sacraments with diligence, are able to difcourfe 
with underftanding, and dexrerity of points of re- 
ligion, have goodrefpeft to the Commandements 
of the firft Table : But in dealings with their bre- 
thren they (hame their profeilion, deny the powder 
of Ghriftianfty, and plainly fliew that their faith 
is without life, and their life without the fruit of a 
juftifying faith ^ their fecret and clofe convey- 
ances for enriching themfelves unlawfully, and en- 
largingtheir eftates by extortion ard oppreffion, 
doe cleerlydi (cover the deadneife of their faith, 
and death of their foules in finne. 

5. Fifthly, there is a temporary faith, which I 
may thus defiue : 

It is a generall grace of God' wrought in the 
hearts of fbme formall profelTors, by the minifte- 
rie of the Word founding in their eares, and by an 
inferiour operation of his fpirit, whereby their 
minds are in fbme meafure iulightned and deligh- 
ted with the Word^ whereupon may follow (bme 
_____ G g kinde 




The Saints 

kindc of converfion, a fhadow of true regenera- 
tion, feme outward reformation of life, fb that 
they may be in their owne conceit well perfwaded 
ofj and fecured about their fpirituall eflate, and 
thatthe beft difcerning fpirits can hardly without 
very neere converling with them, and long 
triall, difcerne and diftinguidi them from found 

This faith deceives thoufands, becaufe they 
thinke it fufEcient for (alvatiqu, when as it will ne- 
ver ferve the turne^or hold out in the day of triall, 
in the day of vifitation, when the confcience will 
ftand upon ftrid tearmes^ it will melt away into 
feares, howling, and end in horror anddefpaire. 

And that men may more (ecurely reft and repofe 
themlelves & their foules in this temporary feith, 
as on a fpirituall Bulwarke^ and fore foundation, 
though indeed it be but grounded in fand^Satan he 
cunningly gilds 8c burnilhes it over with his ange- 
licallglory^and makes it as faire incolour,and ftiew,, 
and outwardnefle of (bme fruits^ as is that other 
Ipcciall, (aving, and juftifying grace of true faith 5 
fothat theyappeare to be as like, ascorneonthe 
houfe top, or amongft ftones, and that which 
fpringsup in a rich and fruitfull foile, they agree 
for the time in colour and frefhnefle. But marke 
the difference which time and triall brings upon 
them ^ the one fprouts up fuddenly, flourilhes faire 
andgreenefora while, but after the heat of the 
Sunne beating upon it, it dries away^ dies, and 
comes to nothing : But the other being feft rooted 
in a good ground, and watred feafonably with the 


felfe4nrichmg examination. 


dcvf of heaven, growes in ftrength and beauty, { 
rich and frwtfull, ripe for the harveft, ready for the ) 
barne. It is juft fo in temporary^ and (aving faith 5 1 
the former (eated fuperficially in the braine, flou- 1 
rifhes a while in piety and zeale ^ but if once the 
heat of perfccution come, and rife uponic, vex- 
ation, difgrace, difcountenance^ lofle of goods^ 
fome maine hazard of temporal! happinefle • why 
then it beginnes to languifh and decay^ to draw 
backe from former forwardnefTe, to pull in the 
head for feare of precifcnelTe, and to fall backe to 
the common fafliions of the world, and formal] 
profeffion of the time : But this other being rooted 
in a good and honeft heart, by the fpeciall and ef- 
feftuall operation of Gods (anftifying ^irit, and 
watered by the plentifull and powerfiill fhowers of 
aconftantandconfcionablc miniftery, and cheri- 
fhed continually with the holy food of the Lords 
Supper, with fervent and feeling prayer, Chriftian 
conference, meditation, and a good conftience in 
all things,doth grow and gather (pirituall ftrength, 
and in def{)ight of wicked and flanderous tongues, 
Cwhich fcorch farre more fiercely than coales of 
Juniper) of all ftormesand tempefts, either rifing 
out of naturall corruption, or railed by Satan, or 
ftirred up by the world, and (corafuU prophane- 
nefife, it ftands upright, and brings forth much 
blelled and glorious fruit, with patience and con - 

Left you deceive your owne hearts and fbules in 
this point, I will tell you how farre this temporary 
faith hath power, and may prevaile in working ^ 
G 4 Firft, 

The Saints 

Firft, fome mcafurc of inward illumination. Se- 
condly, fbmekindeof converfion. Thirdly, fome 
degrees of regeneration. Fourthly, fome outward 
reformation and obedience, or outward holinefie^ 
and it is utterly infufficient for (alvation. 

Firit, By the power of temporary faith a man 
may be thus farre inwardly inlightned. 

1. Hee may be inftrudted by the Holy (jhoft in 
the underftanding and knowledge of the Word 
preached to him. And whereas naturally men know 
not the things of God, walke in the blindnefle and 
vanity of their minds, embracing errour fcr truth, 
darknefle for light ; he may hereby be fo farre in- 
lightned, that hee may fee and acknowledge the 
truth of Religion, diftafte errout s, difcerne (uper- 
naturall principles, and bee acquainted in fome 
good meafore with the revealed will of God, 
2 Peif .2. 2 o. Mmh.'j. 1 2 . Matth. i o.i, 

2. Secondly, Hee may approve and afTentnnto 
the divinity and truth of the Law, in the revelati- 
on of the finfull ftate of naturall corruption, and 
theaccurfed ftate of plagues and judgements due 
unto finners. And unto the truth and certainty of 
the promifes of ftlvation revealed in the Golpell, 
and (hining in the face of Chrift Jefos. 

5. Thirdly, He may have a kinde of perfwafion, 
a confufed truft, a glimmering hope, that he hath 
part in the promifes of grace, and that Chrift is his 

4. Hee may bee endued with ability in expoun^ 

ding, and with formal I wifdome and skill in apply- 

. ing the Word of God to the converfion and falva- 

' tionpf others. 5 . He 

felfe^inrichmg examination. 


5. He may have inward delight and content 
ment in the miniftery of the Word^and fome love 
and affedion to Gods meflengers. 

6. He may fblace himfelfe with the (weet and 
comfortable confideration of Gods rich mercies 
towards his children, in Chriftlefiis. Such as are 
thole which I have heretofore reckoned unto you. 

I. Incorporation into Chrift. 2. Reconciliati- 
on. 3.RemilIion of finncs. 4. Imputation of 
righteoufnefle. 5. Interceflion. 6. Acceptation 
to eternall life. 7. Adoption. 8. Sanftification. 
^. Corroboration, 10. Glorification. 

7. He may tafte of the powers of the world to 
come, He^. 5. That is, by a meditation of the laft 
judgement, the future refurredion, the en^llefle 
joyes of heaven , the unconceiveable torments 
of thedamned, may drive him to fome good mo- 
tions and purpoles for throughnefJe and conftancy 
in fincerity ^ but they laft but fo long as untill his 
tcmporall happ'nefle and worldly contentments 
be croiTedj interrupted^ or mainly hazarded. Or 
thus, he may tafte of the powers of the world to 
come ^ hee may have a delightfull glimpfe and 
glance at eternall life, and the glory of another 
world ; but it is but a tafte, he is not fed and filled 
with it. For his once looking at a crowne of* glory 
above, he hath many thoufand delightfull glances, 
and longgazings, upon his gold and filver, lands 
and riches, plea(ures,profits, and earthly comforts. 
But upon whofe heart foever a found juftifying 
faith hath feized, hee hath his converfation and 
whole comfort there, with great gladnefle and 


As Uerei. 



Pfal. Ii^tioj- 

TZ'^ Saints 

longing ^ he looks from thence for a Saviour ^ (b 
that this prelent life is not (b deare unto him ^ but 
he holds it out in his hands to all perfecutions, to 
finifh the (hort courfe he hath here, with joy and 
clearnefle of confcience. 

Now in a (ccond place you are to conceive that 
this temporary faith hath power to worke fome 
degrees, and fome kinde of change and converfi- 
on. For degrees of converfion, lee my Sermons on 
this Text 5 ThyWardisali^^t to mjifiet^ andalau- 

Be fides, a morall change from notorioufhefle to 
civilitie 5 and a fbrmall change from civill honefty^ 
to an outward profeffion of Chriftianity and per- 
formance of cxternall duties : And an inward fpc- 
culative change, in refpeft of generall graces ; as 
inlightning by divine knowledge^ and a rejoycing 
in the underftanding, for thofe heavenly myfteries 
revealed : I (ay, befides thefe there may by the 
power of a temporary faith fuch a change bee 
wrought, as is called in Scripture, the uncleane Ipi- 
rits going out of a min.MauL 1 2.43. A flying from 
the pollutions of the world,2?e/. 2. 20. A wafhing^ 
2 Vet, 2.22. A fandification by thebloud of the 
Teftament, Heb a 0,29, And a participation of the 

Thirdly, a man furniflied with this temporary 
faith, may attaine (bme progreiTe and degrees 5 may 
(cramble at in fome meafore, and have fome fhiat- 
tering in that great worke of regeneration 5 as I 
confider it, and have heretofore propofcd it to con- 
fill: of thefe five parts ^ Knowledge, Legall contri- 



felfe^inmhing examination. 


1. Fir ft for Knowlegde. He may attaine a great 
and large undcrftanding in the Scriptures, and 
Word of truth, as I told you before ^ hee may ap- 
prove and acknowledge it 5 confeffeit, and make 
profefiionof it 5 ftand out for it for a time, and 
defend it 5 asdid J»</<^xtheTraitour, and Iff IrOff the 
Apoftata, and yet both reprobates. 

2. Hee may have the Ipirit of bondage, Ro^f. 
8. 15. which is a certaine gift of God, whereby 
a man doth difcerne the right meaning, and ju- 
dicial! ufe of the Law in himfelfe, concerning his 
fearefiillfinfullcftate by nature, and Gods jufi in- 
dignation and certaine vengeance due vnto him 
for his iinnes. Hence fprings legall repentance and 
contrition, fearesandterroursof confcience, pric- 
kingSj andhorrours, at the confideration and fee- 
ling of Gods wrath and vengeance for finne. Falix 
trembled^A&a/^. 2 6, from hence may proceed many 
good thing?. 

I . He may confefle and acknowledge his finnes, 
and the Lords righteoufnefle. So did Vharaoh^Exod. 
^.27. AndIud4S:>Matth,2y»^^j^. 

Hee may bee grieved and forty for his iinnes, 
I Sam. 24'17 Matth,2y,7, He3.12.17. 

3. With humiliation,fafting,teares and prayers, 
he may fue and feeke for reconciliation, remiilion, 
and bieffing. When Eliah reproved Ahal^ for his 
idolatry, and threatned him from the Lord^ it is 
faid 'j Whe» he heard tliefevpordf^ he rent hh clothe fj and 
put (mfac^ckth upon Um^ andfafied^ atfdwefftfoftljiy in 
toksn of m^urmtfgy i King. 21. '2 7, 2^. Efanfonght 





Or rather 

the faille of 
bondage » 


The Saint f 


tk bkfmg mth tearef^ Heh,i2, 17. 

4. He may defire the prayers of the godly, to 
be delivered from the wrath of God, and venge- 
ance of finne. So did Pharaoh, and SimonMAgus^ 
Exod.io. 17. J^,^.2/{. Hemaywifh, being aiBi- 
61:ed with the terrours of hell for his finnes, to die 
thedeathof the righteous, and to partake of the 
happinefle of the Saints. So Balaam opprefled with 
the feare of Gods judgements, prayed thus 5 ob 
that I might die the death of the righteous^ and that my 
laft end might Belik^ his^ "Numb, 23.10. 

Thefe two firft fteps, knowledge and legall re- 
pentance, which are onely preparatives, not eflen- 
tiall parts of regeneration. A man with tempora- 
ry faith may be intirely pofleft off : Now further, 
he may enjoy fbme fcamblings, (hadowes, and re- 
femblances of the three following elTentiall parts 
of regeneration. 

I. Firft for faith. Though that true^foand, and 
juftifying faith, that holy, fpeciall, and pretious 
grace, be peculiar and proper to Gods children on- 
ly^ which after a thorow bruifing and breaking of 
the heart, with piercing groanes and fighs doth 
clafpe faft about the bloudy (ufferings^ and meri- 
torious obedience of Chrift lefus, and with a 
powerfull and particular application, appropriate 
them to the truly humbled fbule, and then after- 
ward brings forth unfained and (bund repentance, 
true hatred to all iniquity, an utter cefTation from 
the pradife of all knowne groflc finnes, a detefta- 
tion, difallowance, anddifaffedion to infirmities 5 
and that becaufe they grieve, offend, and difbo- 


felfe-^nriching examination. I 

nourlbmercifull a God. A thorovv fanftification ■ 
of all the powers of the fbule, inrefpefl: of parts, , 
though not to the height and excellencie of de- 
gree, and laftly, a fincere, univerfalJj and con- 
ftant obedience to all Gods Commandements. 
Though this faith I fay be onely found in men tru- 
ly converted, yet a reprobate may by the power 
of a temporary faith, and by the generall light of 
the fpirit have. 

Firft,an overly apprehenfion of the excellencie 
of Chrift lefiis, and the bleffcd ftate of thofe that 
are made partakers of him by faith, hee may fee, 
what is the comfort of remiflion of finnes ^ of a 
confcienccfprinkledwith the bloud of Chrift 5 of 
free accefle with confidence unto the Throne of 
grace. Hee may have a fenfe in his heart, whereby 
he perceives and feelesthe excellency of Gods be - 
nefitSj notwirhftandinghe doth not enjoy them. 

Secondly, He may have a-kinde of perfwafion 
that Chrift is his Redeemer. This-may be gathered 
out of 2 P^/. 2. 1, where fbme falfe Prophets are 
(aidtodeny Chrift that bought them, becaufe for 
atime (faith a worthy divine) they prbfefled them-- 
felves tobe redeemed, and wer^ alfeperfwaded in 
a generall fort that he had bought them, yet here- 
in they failed, that they did not truly apprehend 
the merit of Chrift, and apply it home and efFe- 
£hially to themf elves, with a thorow change of 
heart, and fincere amendment of life* 

2. A fecond evidence or fruit of regeneration, 
is fanftification, an holy worke of the fpirir, by 
wfeich the whole man, body janid ieule^ and fpirit. 


Or rather a 
fruit of regc- 


l^he Saint f 



is enlarged from the reigne and tyranny of finne 
iindSatanj and enabled through the fpirit of Chrift 
to defire and delight in godlinefTe , and good 
things, and therein to vvalkc aud continue to the 
end. This is peculiar to the true Chriftian ^ but 
yet by the power of temporary faith, which is in- 
(ufBcient to falvation, a man may atchicve (bme 
(camblings at (carterings of his blefled worke : He 1 
may put on (bme good afFedlions, though not to ' 
him, becaufe they are not fanftified by fpcciall 
grace, yet in their kinde, and fo farre forth as we 
can judge. 
. For example : 

' Love to God, as he is an excellent good^authour 
of his profperity and temporall happineflc, and in 
fuch like refpeds. Bur thisaffedionisnotlincefe 
and faving, becaufe it is not principally, moft 
dearly, and without other refpeds faflned upon 
God, as a mofl mercifull Father in Chrift lefus, 
from all eternity. 

loy in the Word, preaching, prayer, and the 
happy ftate of the righteous. The ftonie ground 
receives the Word with joy, Mai th. 17, 20. Herod 
heard lohn Baptiji gladly, Markz 6. 20. l^umb. 23.10. 
d" 24.4.5. 

A defire of the prayer s of good Chriftians ; Pha- 
raoh defired Mofes and Aaron to pray for him, Exod. 
9.^7. S^imof^ MagHs dtdxtd Peter to pray for him, 
that none of the things which hee had fpoken 
againft him fhould come to pafTe, .^5?. 8. 24. 

A reverence to Gods melTenger : Herodknomu^ 
lohnto be a juft and holy man, feared and rcvcren- 
ced him, Mark^ 6. 2 o. Zeale 

felfe-inriching examinamn. 

Zeale for the Lord of hods ; Come with mcand^ee 
the zeak that lhav,i for the Lord-:, fzithlehuy iKwg-i^i. 
1 6. and yet he departed not from the finnesothis 
fore-fathers, xior regarded to vpalk^ mthe Law ofth: 
tordGod of jfraelmtb all his hearty verf 3 1. 

Many good purpofes to follow the guidance of 
the fpiritj and a courfe of fandlificationj but dif- 
grace danger, endangering temporall happinefle, 
orfbme fuch crolTe and temptation doth quickly 
da(h and blaft fuch holy motions, and good begin- 
nings^ as it was with the ftony ground. 

3. Evangdicall repentance is the third efTentiall 
part in the great worke of regeneration. And it is 
a worke of grace arifing from a true faith, and god- 
ly fbrrow, whereby aChriftianturnesfromallhis 
finnes, unto God and true godlineffe, with con- 
ftancie and delight therein. This is peculiar and 
proper to Gods childe, but an unlandified man by 
the power of temporarie faith, may make a pretty 
(hew herein. Forbefides morall repentance,which 
isdgrieving for having offended againft honefty, 
hemayinforae degree Theologically repent, and 
bee fbrrowfull and heavie hearted 5 i. for having 
offended again ft piety, although not fb much in 
zeale for the offence and difpleaiure of God, as for 
feare of the danger and punilhment of linne. 
2. Be(ides this (brrow for finne, hee may rurne 
from his finnes of words and outward adions^ 
but the heart continues full of foule pollutions, 
andacageof alluncleane birds. He maybeginne 
toreturnein fbule with fome change of the in- 
ward powers and faculties thereof 5 from igno- 




. The Saints 

(ranee to knowledge, from the vice to inward ha- 
bits/rom ftarke blindnefle in the myftery of falva- 
tion, fofbmegenerall lightnings of thefpirit^ He 
may leave the praftife of many finSjthough he can- 
not truly hate them, for conicience fake, and the 
love of God. Nay in a word, he may forbearc and 
forgoe all finneSjfave his fweet delightflill darling, 
and boibme finns. Herod reverenced loh/^ Bapt^^ 
heard him gladly, reformed manythings^ Markc6.» 
20. onely hee would not part with his (weet finne 
of luftfullpleafqres. Agrippa could almofl: beper- 
fwaded to be a Chriftian, but not altogether, A&, 
26.2S. Kaaman defireth the Lord to bemercifull 
to him in one point, 2 Kmg. 5. 1 8. he could not re- 
(blve to leave his place of honour with his mafter 5 
only he W9nldbe re/pitedandfparedinone finne. 
The young man in the Gofpell wanted but one 
thing tofave his foule^ Mark: io»2i. theabando* 
ning of his worldlineffe and covetou/nefle^ but 
that was his (weet finne, he would rather part with 
Chrift lefiis, than with his riches. Thus by the 
power of temporary faith many may be free from 
drujikennefle^ lying, fwearing, oppreflion^Scc. on- 
ly retaining the foule and hatefu!l finne of un- 
cleanncfle. ^' Many may be chare jrovi all other groffe 
^^ finnes^ omly fufferingtheir hearts to bee exercifid in 
^^ coveteufmjje^ ^c, 

4. Laftly, temporary faith hath power to worke 
an outward reformation of life, a forward profef^ 
fion of great holinelTe, fbme fruits of piety, and 
branches of obedience, and fometimes fbme no- 
table undertakings for the advancement of Gods 


felfe-inriching examination. 


truth, and furtherance of gcxxi caufes ^ favour, 
countenance, ^ndrciped to godly Minifters, and 

good men. ! ^T?- -rr,-'. ; hoor; .-: 

A man hereby may doe all things outwardly 
which true Chriftiansdoe, and may lead fiich a life 
hereupon earth, that although he doe not thereby 
actaine heaven, yet his pajnes in hell may be lefle, 
as appeareth by our Saviour Chri ft, Itlhall beea- 
^itxioxtyrus and Sjdony forsodomeand Gomorrhe, 
than for Capermum^^nd other Cictes unto which he 
came, in the day of Judgement, MattL 1 1 . 20. 1 am j 
perfwadedchat thofe who have utterly wanted the 
wanted the miniftery of the Word^ and thofe who 
having enjoyed it, have joyed in ity and have in 
fbme meafiire fubmitted thcmfelves to it, fhall 
have fewer ftripes, and lefie torment in hell, than 
thofe who having it long (hining bright upon 
them, have flill lien fl-arke frozen in their dregges, 
and utterly blinde in matters of heaven ^ and thofe 
who having beene often wafht with many plenti- 
ful! fliowres from heaven , have flill continued 
Blackmoores, fcornfull and rebellious t© grace and 

Hemay aflemble with the Saints of God to ho- 
ly exercifes with frequencie and fbrwardnelle, hee 
may holdcorrefpondence^and talk of good things, 
fweetly confiilt, and mutually communicate fccrets 
with them. Such falle-hearted friends it feemes j 
D4vtdh^, PfaL 5 5. 1 5,14. 5»# it wasthott, faith the 
Prophetj my compan'on^ tnypnk^ and mm mnefa- 
miliar frieni : Wttook^fneHconn^elltogtth&r^ andvpalr \ 
kedinthhoufeofGodasfriendf. 1 

H While \ 



The Saints 



Afahs heart 
was perfeft. 
1 King. I J. 1 1, 

See Vnct M<ir- 


While he enioyes, the company and conference 
of godly Minifters, and good Chriftians, he may 
doe many good things ^ favour and countenance 
the beft men, and for the time^ andinfomefbrt 
/ ftand for Gods glory, and good caufes 5 as J»{^ did 
in the dayes of lehoiada the Prieft, iKmg. 12.2. 
iCbron,i^,i6. And H^oJ v^zt much better for 
lohff Baptiftf company ^ but when it came to the tri- 
all, and they were left to themfelves, they were 
both naught. ' 

He may difcourfe eloquently and pathetically of 
God5of his will and proriiifes^reprove the impiety, 
prophanenefle^ formality, and coldnefle of others ^ 
withallegations and proofes out of Scripture 5 he 
may cenfure & condemne the ignorant and dumbe 
Minifteryjand boaft himfelfe tobeof God,aS/#^^ 
didj and yet himfelfe vvas hollow hearted/ 2 Chroft. 
1 3.4.P. 10. I King,i 5.3. Hee may be hot, refolute, 
and peremptory sigainft idolatry, as /^p the King 
was, 2 chran. 1 5 .4. i ^. d^ 1 6, 10.12 .and yet he vext 
the iProphers and Minifters of God, and was mer- 
cilefle to theSaints, and fb not found hearted, as 
appeared on his deathbed, cka'ver Vr^v, ir. 20. 
thinks it was but a fit of frowardnefle in Afa^ to 
cafl the Prophets into prifbri : But BarHmeHsAn- 
drea^^ urgeth him as I have done. Yet i Khg,\^. 
It feemes he was an honeft man. but howfbevcr the 
thing is true. Take therefore Uhu for inflance. 

Hemayhave (lirringsand flrivingsin his heart 
and confcience, when he is tempted by Satan^ and 
entifed byhisowne fenfuall corruptions, to the 
committing of any groffefinnc^ fo that hee goes 

, .*/-^' ' . '■' ■ " about! 

felfeHnrichmg examination. 

' — — __^ — ^ 

about It with (bmc feares, diftaftes, and grudg 
ings of heart. Pilatev/SLS troubled in minde before 
he paft fentence upon Chrift, And tierod was grie- 
ved when he (aw loh» Baptift was to die. 

When his confcicnce checks him, or the mini- 
ftery of the Words frights him with judgementj 
afcerthccomiffionof afinne, he may repent and 
confefleit. So did /W^/ humble himfelfe with fa - 
fting and iackcloth.So did ^ Wjyell and cry as Efiiu 
did. But it is not with true feeling and hatred of 
finne, andbecaule they grieve God. i'j j. : lii?: 

Hee may die fairely and meekly like a Lambe, 
without any feares, or violent temptations, with 
fomeformall good fpecches,tomake his departure 
more Chriftian-Iike, ''and yet be of the number of 
**= thofe5that hav e no bands in their death, P/^.73.4. 
but goe down fuddenly totheir grave,7(?^2 i.that is, 
(wectly, mildly & eafily, not tormented with long 
ficknefle, or aftonifhed with feares of confcicnce 5 
they both meane the wicked. Thefe things a man 
may doe 5 thus farre a man may goe by the power 
of a temporary faith, and the general! graces of the 
fpirit. Why then beloved before I pafle out of this 
point, if reprobates may attainefo great and ex- 
cellent things 5 as knowledge of the my fiery of 
Chrifl 5 apprehenfion of his cxcellencie 5 fbme 
worthy gifts of the holy Ghort 5 rejoycing in the 
Gofpell, many powerfiill effefts of the world to 
come 5 fume kipde of repentance andconverfion 5 
(bme good affeftions to Gods glory and Mini- 
flers^ reformation of manyfinnes :^ and outward 
holinefle 5 and yet for all this have no part in the 

H 2 falvation 



The Saints 

ftlvation of the Saints, nor be truly regenerate to 
a lively hope in. Chrift Jefiis, what need have wee 
if we have any care to be (aved, to fift and fearch 
to the bottome our cozening and deceitful 1 hearts, 
and to examine and try thorowly whether we be 
in the faith, whether Chriftjefusbeinusor no? 
If men endued with great knowledge, fome grace 
oi the (pirit , and outwardly reformed in their 
lives,may yet have no part inthe firft rciurreftion , 
where (hall appearethe ignorant, the wilfully pro- 
phane, the ftubborne rebellious to godly courfes, 
andgood inftrudions ? What (hall become of the 
fwearer,the dmnkard,the unclean perfbn,the icor- 
ner, the Ufurer, the worldling ? If the formall pro- 
feflbr^thecivill honeft man cannot be (aved, where 
ihall the defperate fwaggerer,and notorious (inner 
appeare>If many (hall feeke to enter into the King- 
dome of God, andjhall not be ahk^ Luk, 13.24. what 
(hallbecomeof thofethat runne as fall from it as 
they can, that root in the earth, hunt after the 
world all their life longhand never fb much as once 
looke up to heaven^ or entertaine one thought of 
attaining the joyes and glory thereof? Many thou- 
fands of poore (bules moft fearefully deceive 
themfelves in this pointy about the (pirituall eftate 
of their foules. How many doe not with thatglad- 
ne(re heare, with that reverence refpe^fl, with that 
reformation of many things follow the Miniflers, 
andminifteryof the Word, as Hertfdd\dloh»Eap'- 
tift ^ How many have not halfe that zeale for the 
Lord of Hofts, as Ufm had ? How many never 
humbled themfelves with fafting, or mourned in j 


felfeAnriching examination. 

fackcloth for their finnes^ as Ahab did ? How many 
doe not with halfe that care and crying (eeke a 
blcfTing^as did £/^;^5(whoyet was rejeded of God.) 
Hee went to his father, hee fell upon his knees^ 
he yelled for very griefe • he was afhamed he had 
fbJighcIy, and at luch a low rate palTed away his 
birth-right_, and bleflings of heaven -^ he wept and 
fhed teares. I fay how many have not gone halfe 
fo farre in thefe points, andyetthinke all is well 
with them, thinke they are forward enough in the 
profeflion andpradife of Religion, and make no 
doubt of heaven hereafter ? But deceive not your 
felves beloved in the Lord lefus ; The power of a 
temporary faith, though unfiifficient to falvation, 
may bring forth a faire fhew of Chriftianity and 
conuerfion 5 a very caft-away may goe farre in ma- 
ny things, as you have heard. 

As concerning the Word, hemayheare it, un- 
derfland it, aflent to it, rejoycc in it, pradife fbme 
duties commanded by itj and yet all the while but 
the favour of death unto death to him. 

He may goe farre fh faith, beleeve the truth and 
power of the Word, beleeve thepromifes, beleeve 
Chrifi died for finners, yea, and hope he is one of 
them that ChrifV died for 5 and yet have no part or 

Hee may goe farre in repentance : For hee may 
confefTe and acknowledge his finnes^ he may feele 
pricks in hisconfcience, havefbrrowinhis heart, 
and teares in his eyes for them 5 hee mayproroife 
and purpofefbr a time to amend, yea and make re- 
flitution and §tisfaftionfor wrongs done^he may 

H :? have 


85 I The Saints 

have great penfivenefle and terrour after fomc hor- 
rible £id, for feare of (hame, law, punifhmenr, 
hell fire, &c. as hadl^^/, Cainej Saul^ Efau^ aM^ 
and fuch like, and yet come fhort of (alvation. 
[ Hee may goefarre in outward fhcwof anholy 
and upright life ^ hee may bee a juft dealer 5 an 
ordinary goer to Church 5 a good pay-mafter ^ 
areleever of the poorc ^ abountifullhoufe-kce- 
per li and yet at lall: be turned into helL Why then 
beloved brethren, it very deeply and neerely 
ftands every man upon, to inquire and try whe- 
ther his converfation bee counterfeit orcurrant 5 
whether his converfation bee but formally and 
faireinfhewonly, oriincercand truly Chriftian. 
And never (uffer his eyes to fleepe, nor his eye- 
lids to {lumber ^ never to reft and be at quiet, or 
topleafe himfelfe in any grace or fervices 5 until! 
comparing them with thofe attainable by the re- 
probate, hee finde himfelfe to goe beyond them^ 
aid to afcend to the pitch of truth, and finceri- 
tyin all his wayes, which no caft-away canpof^ 
bly comprehend, or ever attaiueunto. Elle un- 
doubtedly in the day of our vifitation , when 
our conlciences ftiall ftand upon ftrifttcarmes 
with us, whether we have beene formall profef- 
fbrs, or trae Chriftians 5 we (ball fhrinke in the 
wetting. And then when it is too late^ discourage- 
ments and feares will ceafe upon us in an unfeafo- 
nable time 5 and our fiire foundation will bee to 
lay when the rainc falleth.and the flouds come,and 
the winds blow, MattL 7. 2 <?, 27. A great many 
men when they fall downc upon their bed of laft 


felfeAnriching examination. j 8 7 

fickneffe, are like them which commit thcmfelves 
to the raging and tempeftuous Seas in a rivcn^fhip. 
There converfion is not founds and the ftrong 
operation of the Lords fanftifying (pirit but hol- 
low and by halves : Their faith is not true and (a- 
ving, but only a bold prefumption^ and bare con- 
ceit, thatthey have a true and (aving faith. 

Many in their lifetime are contented togoca 
good way with godly men toward heaven, asOr- 
p./ A went with her filter K»M 5 (heewent farrein 
fhew^ihe leaves her Country5{he travels alongjfhe 
weeps as well as Ruth ^ but in the end a few words 
and realbns perfwade Sc prevaile with her to turne 
backe.So there are many walke on prettily in (bme 
meafures and degrees of faith, repentance^conver- 
fion and converfation for a while with good com- 
pany^ but when they meet with fomecrofles^when 
they are utterly to forfake their merry company all 
their finfblf pleafiires, and their fweet finne, and to 
be abridged and fcanted of their temporary hapt 
neile, a few camall reafons^ irreligious friends or 
familiars^ a confideration of the cuftome of the 
times, and example of the greater part, doe cafily 
coole their forwardneUe, and hale them backe to 
their former plodding courfe of formality and 
good fellowfhip. But all true 'Naihmeh:, all right 
Ifraelites, all thorow Chriftians, are like relblute 
Ruth^ after they have once given their names to 
God, andtafted of the glorious comforts of true 
Chriftianity, and a good confcience, come what 
come can, they ftandfaft, andftickeby it ; though 
thebloudy fangs of cruelty bee faftned upon the 
H 4 very 

Ruth. 1. 7. 1 4, 


Ruth 1. 1 ^. 


The Saints 

very face ot their innoccncie j and they be trod and 
trampled upon with the feet of pride and malice, 
even unto duft 3 nay, though the Lord himfelfe 
fhould kill them, yet would they truft in him, and 
ftand faft in the truth and grace they have recei- 
ved. They will none of their former pleafUrcs, 
and finfull courses, they are diftaftefull, irkfbme, 
and tedious unto them 5 you cannot hire them or 
hale them to lie, to fweare, to be drunken^ to com- 
mit filthineflcj to prophane the Sabbath, torunne 
to their fportsandpaftimes on that holy and blef- 
ledday, which we ought to conlecrate wholly, as 
glorious to the Lord : Or the like in the whichper- 
haps formerly thev have lien, and taken delight. 
They will forward with godly men, and a good 
conlcience, whatfoeverbetheiiTue : And (peakc 
to them, as Rffth to Naomicy Whithey yon goe ImU 
goe^ aniwherzyou lodge I mil lodge j c^c . 

if ea, but carnall realbn and prophane men have 
bv this time fome grumblings and repiningsrifein 
their hearts, and they iay within themfelves, here 
is a tart, harfh, and auftere point indeed ^ here is 
fowre, defperace, and uncomfortable dodrine 5 a 
man may goe fo and fofarre, have fiich and fuch 
graces, and yet be a caft-away, and yet be damned. 
God forbid. Let us have mercy, comfort and lal- 
vation preached unto us ^ Let usheare how Lot^ 
Davidy sahmjf^yPeter:,*ndothevSd\nts of God, for 
all their fearefull falswerereftored to mercy, and 
vcffels of (alvation. Let us heare of the theefes 
convcrfion upon the erode, and how his repen- 
tance, though at laft caftj ferved his turne.for hea-l 


felfe-inrkhing examination. 8p 

veDj and not fuch cutting^tart and terrible doctrine 
as this, &c. 

I anfwer. Nothing hath beene delivered in this 
point, but that which hath fiire and everlafting 
warrant and foundation out of the Word of trurhj 
and binfecondedby the (bund judgement;sof the 
beft divines. It may, and (liould be uncomfortable 
to prophane men, to fuch as are drunke with pre- 
fumption, profperity and Security ^ to thofe that 
are defirous to fave their Ibules, and yet are refbl- 
ved to continue in finne ^ to fuch as will needs have 
a paradiie of pleafiires here, and a heaven of joyes 
hereafter^ toaltformallprofeflbrSj carnallGofpel- 
lers, and halfe Ghriftians. But it is farre better for 
(tich to hearethe vov'ce of terrour and judgement 
out of the Law of God, to terrifie and rcforme 
them in the meane time, than hereafter to be tur- 
ned into hell with that voyce of vengeance - Coe 
yee cur fed hto everlafting fire* It is farre better for 
them to heare of damnation tor their humbling 
here upon earth, than to endure it everlaftingly to 
their horrible confufion in the world to come. As 
for the true Chriftian, this makes his heart dance, 
leape for joy within him 5 when he finds himfelfe 
by thefandifying grace of Gods fpirit, pofTeft of 
thofe fpirituall graces of which no reprobate can 
poflibly be partaker 5 when he fees chat true hear- 
ted (incerity is in hii^ inward parts, that impartiall 
hatred of all finne that carefull refped: and univer- 
(all obedience to all Gods Commandements^which 
are infallible marks and charadters which diftin- 
guifh him from formallChriftians, and all Hrates of 
-. unrc?ge- 





The Saints 

unregeneration. And further, outof coniideraci- 
onof this point, his holy and happy (bule cannot 
chufe but melt, and relolve into praifcs and thank- 
fjlnefle 5 that the great bounty of his gracious 
God, and the power of hisfanftifying (pirithath 
carried him beyond the reach and pitch of all re- 
probates and unregenerate men ; though thou- 
(andsof* them being gulled by Satan, and beguiled 
by their owne cozening and deceitfull hearts, 
thinke they are farre enough in goodnefTe and 
grace forlRilvation, and need no more for the at- 
tainment of heaven. 

Laftly, when he duly and ferioufly weighes how 
farre a reprobate may goe^ what graces and per- 
feftionshemayattainCj howneare he comes unto 
him ^ it makes him more zealous, carefull and dili- 
gent to make his eledion (urc by fincerity and ho- 
linefle ^ to hie fafter towards the marke, for the 
price of the high calling of God in Chrift Jefus^ 
to prefle on more eagerly to the ftreight gz re, and 
and with greater violence to lay hold on the Kint?;- 
dome of Heaven. My doftrine then is fuch as it 
ftiouldbe 5 If it be a cutting corrafive tothepro- 
phane, and comfortable cord iall to the Chriftian. 
Many wickedly prefume to finne with the Saints 
of God, but they never repent and rife againe with 
them. The fals and infirmites of the Saints are 
mentioned in Scripture, not to encourage us with 
confidence and prefumption ro finne, but to make 
us walke warily, and to workc out our falvation 
with fcare and trembling. 

ti?/ fell of infirmitie, and no doubt it coft him 
^ many I 

felfe^inricbing examination. 

many a grievous pang 5 and befides, Gods fierce 
judgements and fearfull plagues ftill haunted that 
inceftuous feed. Looke upon David^ crying in his 
ftrong agoniesa and anguifh of fpirit^ pfal. 3 8. his 
finne was as fire in his bones^ that made him goe 
crooked : He had not a good day for a long time, 
but the gricfe and horror of his finfiill pleafiires 
made him cry out. You may (ee in that Pialme.that 
he bought his finne full deare. Veter wept bitterly^ 
•nd no doubt with zeale in his calling afterward 
made a glorious mends for his fall of infirmity, ac- 
cording to Chrifts threefold charge, but thou, &c. 

Salomons retraftation and repentance may bee 
feene in Ecclefaftes, As for the example of the 
theefe ; firfl:, the Lord knokt but once by one Scr- 
mon, and he repented 5 thou haft heard many^and 
art yet hard hearted. 

Secondly, this is an extraordinary, and but one 
example in all Scripture. A King (bmetimes pardo* 
ncth a malefador at the place of execution, wilt 
thou therefore, 8cg. 

Thirdly, this example is onely for true peni- 
tents, &c. 

Fourthly, the other theefe, though he (aw with 
his eyes Chrifts precious bloud (bed upon the 
Crofle for the finncs of men, 8cc. 

Fifthly, It was a miraole, with the glory where- 
of our Saviour would honour the ignominie of 
the Crofle, We may almoft as well expeft a (econd 
crucifying of Chrift, as fiich a fecond theefe. 

There may another objedion bee made, and a 
doubt arife out of the point formerly delivered ^ 



This theefe 
Chrift, when 
all the world 
denied him « 

DiliC of Rcpcn- 




Pfalm \7» 

Pfalm.; J, 

The Saints 

for it mayfeeme very ftrange, that God will be- 
, ftow fuch excellent graces upon, reprobates, who 
I have no true intereft in the everlafting covenant 
of mercy and peace, no part in the Lambe, no ti- 
tle or right to the glory of heaven. It will bee 
thought, that they are jewels for the cares, and 
bracelets for the arraes of Gods children alone, 
and not to be throwneamongft fwine. 

I anfwer ^ It is done efpecially for thefe caufes : 
Firft, that the glory of Gods goodneflemigh!^ 
fhine the fairer, and more brightly in the world, 
and among the fbnnes of men. The whole world 
is thicke embroydcred,and every where befet with 
a wonderfull variety of prints and pafJages of 
his goodnefle and bounty. Every creature in forae 
meafure or other doth tafte of his liberality. In 
this great volume of nature round about us, wee 
may run and read the deepcimpreflions and large 
charafters of kindnefle and love^ which his merci- 
full and munificent hand hath made in all places, 
in every leafe, page and line of it. Now as out of 
the bottomleiTe Sea, ^nd unexhaafted fountaine of 
his owne goodnefle, he caufeth his Sun to fhine as 
well upon theurrjuft as the righteous ^ his raine to 
fall as well upon weeds, thiftles and thomes, as 
upon herbs, flowers and ftuit trees. So many times 
hedeales large doles of temporal! happinefle^ and 
generallgraces, as well unto the reprobate as the 
trujeChriftian. Hisdeare, everkfling and (peciall 
love belongs oncly unto his eleft : But in generall 
graces aud temporary love, that I rray ^o call ir, he 
is bountifull many times, even to the reprobates^ 



felfe4nrichmg examinamn. i p^ 

As they are content tofervehiminraanythingSj 
(b hee is willing to conferrc fbme bieffings up- 
on them. But as they will not part with their 
Aveetfinne, and their whole heart for his iiervicc, 
which he doth fpecially require ^ (b he will not part 
with falvation and eternall life unto them^ which 
above all things they ought moft to defire. 

Secondly, thefe gifts and graces are beftowed 
on the reprobates, efpecially for the good comfort 
and benefit of the eled ; For all things in the 
world belides the eled, are for theeledlsfake, as 
the eled in a more excellent and eminent manner 
for Gods glory 5 and all th ings worke tog-ether for 
their good. The very temptations o£ Satan, the 
u(eor lode of the creatures, tjierage of the (cor- 
ner, the cruelty of the perfecutour, the moderati- 
on of the civill honeft man, the illumination of 
the formall profeflbr, affliftions and croflTes,, nay 
their owne finnes and infirmities ; all thefe^ and 
every thing el(e in the world makes one way or 
other for the good of Gods children 5 nay, the 
worldlt felfe ftandsonely untill the number of the 
Eledbe accompli(hcd ; For when the laftof Gods 
chofenbee once called and fitted with ^raccfor 
heaven, it will prefently flame with fire, the trum- 
pet will found, and we (hall all come to the judge- 
ment of that great day. God therefore many times 
inlightens the reprobates with many gifts of 
the (piritj and common graces^, that thofewhom 
he hath defigned to (alvation, may bee the better 
by them. To this purpofe in the Apoftles time in 
the Primitive Church J there were many common ; 


I Cor.t>. 


The Saints 

gitcs ^ as the gitc ot knowledge, the working of 
miracles, the word of wildome, the power of hea- 
ling, the di(cerning of fpirits, the diverfitie of 
tongues , the interpretation of tongues, to all 
which if there were not addeda juftifyingfruitfoli 
faith, a true love to God, his Word and (ervice, 
and to true Chriftians, the gifts of regeneration, 
a dying to finne, a rifing up to newnelle of life^the 
grace of hearty prayer, comfort in diftrefle, and 
{uchlike, which be infallible notes and marices of 
eleftion ^ I fay without thefe the former common 
graces did not (ave the owners, but onely ferveto 
edifie others, and to inlighten the eleft in the way 
to heaven. I doe not doubt but ever fince in the 
Church, and at this day, as God by his Almighty 
hand doth bridle and curbe the fierce and bloody 
rage of perfecutors, and cruell prophancnefle,that 
his children may live peaceably by them 5 and as 
by his reftraining fpirit he breeds a moderation,in* 
genioufiicfle, civill honefty, and juft dealing in 
others 5 that they may injoy their owne, and 1 ive 
comfortably in refped of worldly matter. So I 
doubt not but he doth furnifti fbme with many 
worthy and excellent gifts of his inlighming fpirit, 
though they want fanftifying grace ^ that there- 
by the Eleft maybe furthered in fpirituall matters^ 
and guided in the wayes of falvation. 

Thirdly, their endowment with thefe graces 

make them more inexcufable. For whereas the 

Lord vouchfafeth them knowledge, fbme faith 

and joy in his Word, many notable gifts, a glimfpe 

I of the glory of heaven, and a tafle of the powers 

I '■ of 

•rr-iinrrr-T-i - -i~i" 

felfe^inricbing examination. 

of the world to come, and yet for ail this they will 
not be drawne on to be thorow rclblute, and true 
hearted for Gods fervic^, and fervants -^ but ever 
when their ehiefe carnall contentments are called 
into queftionjthey ftart afide like a broken bow ^ I 
fay they doe herein cleerly judge themfelves un- 
worthy of everlaO:inglife.,/^(^. 13 .45.andmakethe 
fentence of ecemall condemnation more than moft 
juft againft them.How will they be confounded and 
alhamed at that great and fearfuIJ day, when it (hall 
appeare before men and Angels , that the Lord 
in this life gave knowledge and profe/Iion of his 
truth unto them -^ let them have feme taftes of the 
glorious comforts of his children, and the unfa- 
ditig treafores of eteraainife • and told them by 
the Minifters^ of his Word, if they would utterly 
and refblutely weane and withdraw their affefti- 
ons from the world arid earthly pleafores, andfet 
their hearts upon things above, and become notal- 
moft,but akogechef Ghriftians •, they fhould moft 
certainly hereafter drinkedeepe and large of the 
Wellof life, and River of endleflepkafure : Yet 
for all this, wretched and wilfull men , they would 
not part with the pleafures of one bofbme (rnne or 
other, which they hadprefentlyin pofTedion, for 
heaven hereafterj though they had the Word and 
promife of Almighty God for the performance of 
it in due time. 

Thus ferre of faith rnfofficient to falvatroHjWith 
which thoufands content anddeceivethem(elves. 

2. Now in a fecond place I am to acquaint you 

with feme by-paths about faith ^ which except 

•'■'•' they 


Bypaths In 
faith to be ta- 
ken heed of. 



,^ • 

^be Saint f 

they be takenheed of, and carefull/ avoided, will 
lead us into mifery andconfufion. 

I. The firfl: ftands in excefle, it is credulity. Ma- 
ny though they be meere worldlings, flaves unto 
pleafurcs, (old unto finne, and fwim downe the 
current of the times, laden with corruptions, and 
many finfiill vanities, yet they will needs threape 
kindneffe upon God : They would gladly bee 
thought to have faith in ChrifV, aud hope of lalva- 
tion, though they were never humbled for their 
finnes, their hearts never broken and bruifed with 
t€rrours of the Law, and remorfe of confcience 5 
though they never repented, never (pent tcare for 
their lewdnefTe paft, never once groaned or fighed 
under the burden of their corruptions,yet they pe- 
remptorily perfwade themfelves that they (hall be 
(avedatlaft ^ and when all comes to all^ that God 
will be very loth tocaft away any of his creatures, 
and to turne them into Hell.But except we be flark 
AtheiftSjand beleeve not the truth of Gods threat- 
nings ^ or blalphemous milicreants, to thinke that 
God is as man, that he fhonid lie, we may allure our 
(elv cs that the mck^dflmll be turned into hell^ and all the 
people that forget God^Pfal. 9.17. As thefmokevanifieth 
(faith Davii)foihalt thou drive them avp4y -^ aud as wax 
meltetJ) bejvre thefirej f)Jballthe mcl^d perifi at theprc' 
fence of God^ PfaL 6^.2, Behold^ fai th Malachie^ chap, 
4. 1 . the day commeth thatpjallburne as an Oven, and all 
the day that commethjhallburne them up, faith the Lord 
\ efhofis, andjhall leave them neither root nor branch, 
i And God himfelfe thus Ipeaketh by the fame Pro- 

felfe^ inrichmg examination. i p 7 

phet, chap. 3 5. Imllcomz neare to puto )udgtmtntt 
anilmll be afmft mimffe againflthe Sooihfajw, and 
againfi th adulterers ^ and agatnfl faljefneearers^ and 
againfl thofe that wrongfully l^epe backe the hlrelwgs 
wages y and vex the widow and the jathtrhjje^ and op- 
prejje the fl^anger^ andfearenot t/ie^ faith the Lord of\ 
H /?/. And how terribly the Lord will comeagainll 
all thofe which goe on in their wickednefle, and 
fecure rhemfelves in their finfull prosperity, ifaj/ 
tdsiis/chap.66,i$^i6. Behold faith hee^ the Lordml/ 
come withfire^ and his chariots like a wh:rlewindj that he 
may rtcompence his anger with wrath^ and his indignati- 
on with aflame of fire. For the Lord will judge wiihffre^ 
and with his fword all flejh^ anitheJJaineofihe LcrdJfM/l 
bemUny, Addethat, iTheJf.i.^^^, 

Let no man then with a groundleflejprefumptu- 
0US5 and tco credulous conceit, bee too bold and 
build too much upon the Lords mercies ; Let no 
man threape kindnefTe upon him againfthis truth 
and juftice revealed in his Word. For it is a truth 
farre more firme, than either the pillars of t!he 
earth, or poles of heaven ^ (For heaven and earth 
ihall paflTe away, but not one tittle of Gods V\ ord, 
until! all be fulfilled.) That to e'veryone that difobeyes 
the truth, and oheyesunrighteoufmjjei there fl' all bee in-^ 
dignaiion and wrath, Tribulation and angmfl:)fldall hee\ 
upon thefoule of every one that doth eiill 5 of the lewfirfl^ } 
and alfo of the Grecian^ Rom, 2 . 8 5 p . ^ <^^ ^>'<?« blejfe ;, 
-himfelfe in his heart' andfay, I flail have peace though /'• 
waike after the flubbornneffe of mine owne heart : The 
Lord willnot bee merciJHil unto that ma»i &c» Deut, 


Mirton three • 
foldSc. ofaiauj 

7 he Saints 

It any (ay, I will goeon in my (inneand yec noc 
bee damned^ is as if hee fhould (ay, I will dfinke 
poy(bn and not be choked ; I will goe ifito a plague 
houfe and not be infeded 5 I will cad my (elfe in- 
to the bottome of the River, and noc be drov/ned. 

2. Another by-path ftands indefeft, and that 
is infidelity : Upon this extreame^ upon this rocke 
of ruine thoulands runne daily, and da(h their 
(6uIesand(alvationtopeeces. It is a (ecret diftruft 
of Gods promi(espropounding happinefie to man, 
relying himfelfe on the mercy of God in ChrHt. 
This diuruftfull humour, faith a worthy Divine, 
hath alwayes reigned in the mofl: of all the men in 
the world, doth at this day^ and will doe as long as 
the world en Jureth- The grofle hypocrite iJtain- 
ted with this leproiie, qKq how durft he for repu- 
tation and advantage, making glorious proteftati- 
onsand goodly (hew for God and godlinelTe, with 
his mjuth and outward profeflion ^ deny them 
utterly, and their holy power, in his heart, life^and 
the carriage of his affaires ? The Epicure hath 
drunk deeply of this poy(bn,eire how were it poi^ 
(ible that he fhould prefer a fewbitter-fweec plea- 
fures for an inch of time, in this Vale of teares,be- 
fore unmixed joyes through all eternity, in the 
glorious manfions of heaven. The worldling is in 
great meafiire polTefl of this evill heart of unbe- 
\cQ^Q ^ Heh.y.12. for were hee truly and thorowly 
perfwaded of the truth of Gods^ Word, of the cer- 
tainty of endlcfle paines, and everlafting joyes, 
how were ic polTible that for a little earthly pelfe, 
which he heaps and hoards together, with much 


felfeAnriching examination. 

anxiety and anguifli of heart, keeps together with 
many feares and jealoulles, parts from (and per- 
haps he knowes not to whom) with much forrow 
and repining ^ liay, that for a little flich earthly 
pelfe he fhould fell his immortall (bule to damna- 
tion and hell. 

But above all others the defperate & prodigious 
Atheidsof our times (inke dec[ jft into this hell 
of unbeleefe : For infidelity is their profeffionj 
and (corning of godlinefle the trowne of their re- 
putation. They drinke Co deepe and fo long of 
renfiiall vanities 5 and del]:)erate prophanencfle ^ 
thejiarefoflirioLifly inflamed with heatof luftfull 
pleafures, that at length they become ftarke raging 
tuadin fpirituall matters, ib that they flie in the 
very face of Divine Majeflic, challenge God Al- 
mighty^ and bid defiance to his Word : For they 
(ay within themlel ves, even to God himfelfe, with 
them in loh 2 1.143! 5. Depart jrom v.s we defircKot ihe 
kfiiwledgeoftlyrt'a^esWhois thcAlmghiy that iprefwuld 
Cerjebim^ Andvphat profit Jliionldreec have if rreeJJjould 
prajtmto him / Andwiththofetowhom i/^inhis 
fifth Chapters denounceth a fearefull woe 5 Let him 
ff/a^e fveed Jet him hafie/f his v(^orke that npe p/ayfeeit^ and 
kt the connfdlof. the Holy one ofjfracl draw nteve and 
come ^that j!pe /^/ayk»on) it. And whenGod tels them^as 
it is Malac^. i -^^Tourn^ords have beznfioM agaitiflr^ie ^ 
Theyanfaer. vphat have vpefpokenagainfl thee .<? God re- 
plies and Csyes^Tehavefaidit is invaim toferve God-^ 
and Tfhat profit is it, that npe have f^pthisCommande" 
ments & thatr^e vpalk^d humbly before ihe LordofHofts^ 
Thcfe and the like^ are the hateful! blafphemies of 
I 2 unbelee- 



l^he Saints 

unbelcevlnghearts.That we may decline this dan- 
gerous and delperate by-pach, and happily pre- 
ferv^e our felves from this fearfull infidelity, and 
ranke poyfbn of damned Atheifme, we muft bee 
zealous and careful! to kecpe our undeftandings 
light with divine knowledge^ Our faith in life, and 
vigour with uprightnefle and integrity of life 5 our 
hearts ever guarded with watch and ward againft 
evill thoughts, and luftfull entifcments ; ouraffe- 
ons fetled, and delightfully feeding upon heavenly 
things 5 our confciences ftill awake, tender and 
fenfible of the leaf): finne. For if we give way once 
unto finne, and let loofe our deceitful! hearts to 
range and rove at their pleafures 5 if once we give 
the raines to our corrupt affedtions^we fliail be car- 
jried headlong thorovv athou^nd crooked wayes 
of vanity and iniquities, until! we be thrownein- 
tp this irrecoverable dungeon of unbeleefe. Satan 
car\tinually fuggefteth lewd conceits ^ our owne 
concupifcence, that impoyfoned fountaine^ bub- 
leth up evill thoughts, if they finde the leaft en- 
tertainment in our hearts ^ they prefently breed 
delightjdelight tollethoiiconfent, confentbcger- 
teth adion,adion brings cuftome,cuftomegrowes 
as it were itlto nature and neceffity ^ thence an iron 
finew fprings in the heart. Hardnefie of heart is an 
accurfed foile, fit for feeds of Atheifme , an J the 
bitter root of unbeleefe ^ fuch poyfbnous weeds 
rake root quicklyjand grow f ankly in a hard heart. 
Let us then in tlienaaae of God rake heed how we 
liften to the lure, or play witli the baits of finne^ 
for Satan by tlie aid of our rebellious flefh will {6 

take I 

felfeAnriching examination. 


take occafion and advantage to heave and hoift 
us up into the chaire of the fcornfoll. And that by 
thefe degrees and afcents 5 for thus the infinuative 
poylbnof finne doth fteale upon us. 

1 . At the firftj to an honert difpofition, fear full 
to ofFendjand formerJy unacquainted with wicked 
courses, and lewd companions ^ finne feemesex- 
treamly hatefull, diftaftefull, and untollerable to 
bee borne. Such an one perhaps will be much vext 
andaftonifht, when by the cunning of Satan, the 
confpiracieof his owoe corruptions, arid thecoun- 
fell of bad company, he is firft overtaken with 
(bmefoule finne. 

2. Secondly, After chat he hath beene twice or 
thrice againe enfnared in finnes fenfiiall pleafui es, 
by cafting himlelfe upon the occafions, and 
amongftlewd companions, itlofethfomethingof 
vreighr, it doth not prefle him (b importably, and 
intollerably as it did before. It isyethcavieunto 
him, kit not horrible.Hc is fbmething ftd after the 
commiffionof it, and melancholike ^ but he is not 
neare (b heavie hearted or wounded in confci- 
ence as he was before. 

3. Thirdly, by u(e, cuftome and continuance in 
finne, itgrowes to be light 5 fo that he never takes< 
it to heart ^ hee futfers not his confciencc to 
checke him for it any more , but carries it away 
fmoorhly and eafily, like the adulterous woman, 
Pr<7Z^.; 0.20. u>ho eatethj and mpeth her mouthy and 
faithjhe hih not finned. 

4. Fourthly, after hee hath banifbcd remorfe, 
and brawnedhisconlcience^ heegrdwespaftfee- 

I ; iing 




The Saints 

ling : He is utterly deprived of judgement in di{^ 
cerning the fbulnefle 5 of underftanding, in ac- 
knowledging the accuriednefle ^ and of fenfe ihap- 
j prehending the guiltinefTe of ftnne. Though a 
thoufand deadly blowes light upon his fbule , and 
many a mortal! wound ftrike thorqw his conici- 
ence, yethe feeles no (mart, he is never the worfe 
in his owne conceit. He is like a man in a phrenfie, 
who though he be grievoufly tormented with his 
difeafe, yet he f eelesno paine, but dieth laugh ing- 
lyir Seaman that is gone thus ferre, though hee 
(eefinnemoft hainoufly, yetheisferrfleffe of his 
\ fpirituall mifery, and dies in finne with delights, . 
I 5. Fifthly; When Satan hath once put Do.§s.hot 
J iron, and feared his confcicnce^ hee more fully, 
labfblutely and entirely fwallowes downe the plea- 
Ifures of finne. He delights in doing evilL, as salo-, 
mofpipGdks;¥mf,i^ 14. and exceedingly rejpyceth 
ifitiK^ft VilQ perverfiiefle.. ^ -: i J ;,i ix; 1' 
'■''^. Sixthly; This cur fed deligfirin'finnelKgets 
liftill frefli ddires, and unfatiable greedinefle to 
jlheape finne upon finne^.. When he is once paft fee- 
j ling i and feeds upon (enluall and finfull iweetnefle, 
Without any- ^eckeyremorfe, or biting of con- 
ifcienGe - why then he gives himfelfe untowan- 
ItOHiieife "to worke all'uncleannefTej- even, with- 
^reediriiflei • He cm^ot fieep^ except hhitth 'ct6mmlt\ 
f»M'B!f\Jkep^'' dep^mh'ekccpti fe caujejomstocfally 

.J. Seventhly, He defends finne^ heglorie&and, 
^6af^s?nh5i5^htt^fOltVeBdlions/By thistkne hee 
toatl*i'^(«teniiim ^ fok-head of' brafiei^.4&4.. icr I 

IV'}' .. . '-^ that/ 

felfeAnrichingexamination. ) loj 

that he becomes one ofthe devils Prodors, to plead 
for the works of darknefle ^ and one of the Charn- 
pioHS of helljto fight in defence of prophaneneffe. 
Now unhappily at length deceitfuInefTe of finne 
hath accompliftied the meaftre of hardnefle of 
heart. Out of which being turned into marble 
or adamant, it carves a blacke and curfed throne 
for the (eat of unbeleefe, that there it may rage 
and raigne, and bid defiance to the Majeftie of 
God Almighty, and to his holy truth. For from 
this evill heart of unbeleefe, doth immediately 
and naturally (pring, a departrngavpayfrom the living 
God, Take heed brethren, (aith the authour to the 
HcbreweSj chap, 3. 12. Lefl atanjiime there be in any 
of you J an evill heart ofunbekefe^ to depart avfayfrem 
the living God, He therefore that hath climbed up 
thus high upon thefe hellifti ftaires^ beginnes now 
to di(claime God, and all intereft in him, to deny 
the truth of his promifes, accounting them no- 
thing bnt faire pretences, and of his fearefull 
threatnings palling by them, with fearelefle con- 
tempt, as though they were nothing but vaine 
Scar-crowes, terrifying and fraying none bur fome 
fimplefcllowes, and religious fooles 5 and (b fall 
quite away from Cod J and even Ipfofa&o^ as they 
fty, in the very ad of renouncing God, hee de-^ 
prives himfelfe utterly of all poilibility of blef- 
fings from him, and receives at the fame inftant 
under feale, as great a meafure of Satans curfed 
malice, as his corrupt heart is capable. If any fub- 
jed fhould notonely traiteroufly and perfidioufly 
difclaime and abandon his-foveraigne Liege Lord, 

1 4 but 


T^he Saints 

but al(b devote himfelfe, and fvveare his lervice to 
his firli Maftcrs mortall and profefled enemie 5 you 
know he doth incontinently caft himlelfe from ail 
thole lands, offices, pofleflions and commodities, 
which he formerly enjoyed, while he continued 
in allegeance to his former Mafter. So juft is his 
cafe, who by infidelity fals away from the God of 
heaven. He then utterly deprives himfelfe of all 
polfibility of any manner of bleffings, belonging 
either to happinefle or holinefle. Hee can neither 
love, feare , honour or obey God from whom hee 
looketh, for neither good nor eviil;, neither re- 
ward nor punifhment. 

I have (laid the longer in difcovering this by- 
path, becaufe certainly a great part of the world is 
fearfully tainted with a fpice of Atheifme,and pof^ 
(eft of a great meafure of infidelity andunbeleefe. 
For \i men did certainly belecve the truth of Gods 
Word, that he will recompence and reward every 
man according to his workes, as his blefled fpiric 
tels us by Saint Vaul, Rom, 2.^, 7,8. to themvphotjy 
continuance ia npeU dsmg ftek$ g^ory, and honour, and 
immOirtaUty , eteymUHfe : But unto them that are con- 
ttntioHs anddifobey the truth, and obey unrighteoufneffe^ 
indignation and vpratL I fay if men beleeved this, 
how were it pollible that they durft follow every 
one the vanity anddevifes of his ovyne heart, and 
lie in the common falhions aad corruptions oip the 
world } (bmt in lying, (bme in fwearing, feme in 
drunkcnneflc, (bme in undeannefle, fbme in Sab- 
bath brcakinea fbme in worldline (le, j(bmeinll(u- 
^ ry andoppreJffion 5 in one or ocher fiich worke of 


felfe^wriching examination. \ 105 

darknefle 5 fith the end of thefe without repcn- j 
tance and amendment^ is mod ceitainjyj if webe- 
leeve the Word of God, everlaftingwretchedncile 
and damnation both of body and fbule^ in the lake 
that burnes with fire and brim ftonc. 

A third by-path isdifpairfulnelTe. 1 know de- 
{paire is properly and diredly oppofcd to hope 
and not to faith : But I handle it herejbecaufe when 
a man is humbled and caft downeby theterrours 
of the Law, and with a broken and bruifed heart 
fighing, and ibrrowfull in his legall repentance ^ 
if he mifle of the right path that leads to the rich 
mercies of God, and precious promifes of {alva- 
tion revcaledin theGolpell,ard (hiningin the face 
o{ Chrift Jefus.. he may be fearefully (wallowed 
up and drowned in the gulfe of defpaire. Now 
prefiimption, though it be a contrary courfe to- 
ward damnation, and quiteoppoiite to that which 
is by defpaire ^ yet it is thedire(a and hye-way 
that leads to defperation, when men in the day of 
their vifitation, and time of grace^ are called opon 
by the loud cries and earned: invitation of the Mi- 
nifters , to leave their immoderate love of the 
world, and (Tnfullcourfes, and to lay faft hold in 
time upon grace andialvation ^ and yet for all this 
as the deafaadder ftoppeth his eares, and will not 
heare the i%ice of the enchanter, though hee bee 
mofl: expert in charming^ 'Pp?/. 5 8 . becaufe thereby 
he would not be reftraincd from difperfing his 
povfon : So they will not entertaine the powerof 
the Word into their hearts and affedions, though 
never fo often and inftantly urging unto it, left 




The Saints 

I thereby they Ihould be Itaid in their wicked and 
j worldly courfes, terrified in their confciences, and 
abridged of their pleafures -^ but theygoe ftillon^ 
flattering themfelves in their profperiryjas though 
ic were a certaine and infallible argument of Gods 
favour, whereas there is no greater plague under 
heaven, than toprofperintheworld, andyetbee 
prophane ^ then profperity without grace. They 
finfully and fearfully prefume upon Gods merq^, 
either by blefling themfelves with aconceit^ that 
for all the 'judgements denounced and thundered 
out againft themjyet they (hall have peace, though 
they continue in their ordinary courts, or by per- 
fwading themfelves, that calling upon God, or cry- 
ing for mercy at the laft houre will ferve their 
turne^ and fatisfie for all their former rebellions. 
I (ay, fuch men as thefe when they have runne 
their race of lecurity, refufed fo many offers of 
grace, and reached the height of prefumptioHj 
they are readied to fall headlong into the pit of de- 
fpaire. For the time may come upon luch, that 
prefumption of Gods mercy having loofed the 
raines to outrage in finne, and continuance in im- 
piety and impenetencie, having waUed and quite 
worne out the time of'grace, their minds maybe- 
come fo reprobate, their confciences^fb (eared, 
their (bules (b frozen in the dregs arfinne, and 
their hearts lb hardned with the deccitfulnefle 
thereof, that God will not be mcrcifull unto them ^ 
(b that though they (hould weepe and lament with 
Efau ^ make reftitution of ill gotten goods with 
ludas 5 rent their cloaths, and put on (ack-cloth 


felfe-inriching examination. 

wich Ahab ^ pull the men of God to comfort them, 
and pray for them with S^<nl'^ yet all will not ferve 
theturne ^ they refufed grace when it was oifered 
by the miniftery of the Word, and urged upon 
them by the loud cries of Godsmeflengers ; and 
therforc they can now have no mercy, no blefling, 
I though they feeke it with teares, as Efan did 5 
though they throw their fearfuil and piercing cries I 
into the avre with hideous groanes and veilings. | 
That this is Gods courfeholdenwithprefumptu- j 
ous finners, appeares plainly in his Word 5 Becaufe | 
lha'2^ecalkd^amiye';reffffed^ I fiave firetched out mwe j 
kmd^ and mmwoitUre^drd. ll^njljall they call upon \ 
me;hut I will not anjmir -^ thy fhaUfeel^ me early .but they 
^allnotfindeme^ Prov.\.'i.(\^r%. The Lord by the 
Prophet /J^.calsthe people to weeping and mour- 
ning for their finnes ^ but they utterly feareleffe 
of Godsthreatnings, fell to (porting and feafting, 
!to joy and gladneffe, whereupon the finne became 
unexpiable^ I^ay 22. Surely this tniquity JImU ni4 bee 
purged fromyoH, tUlyeedie faith tlie Lord God of Hofis, 
But the fpeciall place i&, Ecsf^^. 2 4. 1 3 . Becaufe (fai th 
iGod to Jerufalem) I mould have pffrgedthee^, andthoi^ 
Xfiafi not pwged^thoujlmlt not be purged ^fullhave cdufed 
'mynpmthtolightnpontke. See to this purpose, Ljtk. 
1^.41. Thus refufing to be reformed in the day of 
•grace,' abufing Gods loving kindnelTe, patience, 
'lonsi-fuffcring, and forbearance and prefiiming up- 
on his mercy againft the truth of his Word, and 
fgiory of- his juftice,- make W£ty- for utter rejeftion 
land defpaire in the diiy o^ rrbubie and heavinefTe. 
!He that in the flower of his age, and flourifhing 






The Saints 

\ ot his outward eftate^ doth ruffle it in his vanides, 
'. and runne on in his finneSjprefuming that the great 
j Sea of Gods mercie will at length wa(h away all ^ 
! and the unvaluable price of Chrifts bloud-fhed 
jwill difcharge the (core of his tranfgreffions , 
i though never (b many.may in the day of his vifita- 
ition, inthedayof mine and perplexity, by Gods 
* ' juft judgement be wickedly perfwaded, that his 

fins are greater than can be pardoncdjand that that 
i infinite mercy will not remit fo much as his leaft 
! (infull vanity. We may fbmctimes take notice by 
1 wofull and lamentable experience, that (bme ha- 
I ving runne along and finful! race, inadefperate 
i contempt of the meanes of their (alvation, in pre- 
i fumptuous impenitencie , making Gods mercies 
i a motive of rebellion againft his Majeftie, when 
I once God beginnes to let loofe the cordof iheir 
Pfal.jo.xi. j eonfciences , to (et their finnes in order before 
j them, to place their fecret finnes in the light of his , 
pfai.jog. countenance^ and to bend the brow of divine ju- 
ftice againft their prophane and bold prefiimpti- 
I ons, they prefently defpaireof Gods merry^ and 
j their ownefalvation, they give over their foules 
I as alrea-ly condemned 5 and are like that abomina- 
ble Ufiirer, who having fiiftained fbme lolfe in his 
goods5by and by bereaveth bimfelfc of his life al(b 5 
and (b (bmetimes grow to phrenfie and madneffe, 
or fort unto themfelvcs fearefiill and rufiill ends^ 
and violent death, fo wretchedly like filly fifh, lea- 
ping out of the frying pan into the fire^they throw 
themfelvcs f om the hell of confcience, into the 
hell of wicked devils. As we defire then to decline 


felfe-inricbing exmination. 


thefe wofull miferies, aid feare to fail into this 
dungeon of de(pa'' re : Let us in the name of God^ 
in this acceptable time of repentance^ turne uato 
theLordjandtotrueholinciFejfrom our ignorance, 
prophanenefTe^ worldlinefle, coldnefTe in Heligi- 
on, and all other finnes. In this day of our graci- 
ous vifitation ^ letus (ubmit our (elves with humi- 
lity and obedience to the power of the Miniftery 
of the Word, andafruitfull pradife of the fame. 
Beloved in the Lord lefus, this is your day, this is 
your Cctd. time, as you love yourowne {bules, fuf- 
ferthe immortall feed of the Word to finke into 
the furrowes of your hearts, and there tofruftifie 
andflourifb, that it may grow from the Herbeof 
Grace, to the Eare of Glory. Now lay up and 
flore your felves with heavenly and fpirituall trea- 
fures 5 you know not what want, what ftormes or 
tempefl-s may befall you hereafter : And rhey will 
be fure to holdoutagiinftthe defblations of the 
whole world, againft wind and weather^ want and 
poverty y even againft the ruines both of Heaven 
and Earth •, they will never faile yoUjbut laft ever- 
laftingly. Take heed of prefuming too much of 
Gods mercies :• It is thatwide and wofull fnare by 
which Satan tlrawes a great part of men into his 
Kingdome oT darkneffe. Hee that here makes God 
all of mercy, 'fotodifhonour him more fearefully, . 
and without remorfe, all his life long, fhall mof^ 
certainly hereafter moH: Juftly findehimtohim,- 
felfe all of j if^ice, that Co he may glorifie his truth, 
in receiving the wages of fiJch wiifull impietie. 
But the chiefe thing I v/ould fpecially advifeand 

no 1 Th^ Saint T 

periwade you to in this poinCj is this ^ When it 
Hiall pleafe the Lord byanefl'cduall application 
of the Law, to bring upon your fouks true fbrrow 
) and contrition^ true reirorfc and conipunftion for 
all ycur finnes ^ I would then have youtobe very 
waricj and looke unto your fclves^ for you fball 
then have two wayes offered unto you ^ you may 
either follow ////dz/ to the Gallowcs ; or you may 
tra^t the Lord lefus, blcfTed foreverbyhisbloudy 
drops unt-o the Crofle : that is, you may either 
finkeundcrtheburdcnof your finnes, and fb de* 
fpiiire ^ or lay fall hold upon the Sonne of God, and 
fobefavcd. In the name of God take heed, when 
fpirituall affliftions of ibule, and terrours of the 
Law fhall feize upon you,to worke you to remorfe 
and repent ancCj be (ure to take the right way ^ be 
not afraid, becaufc of the Word of truth ^ ifor af- 
furedly in fuch cafes to the truly humbled and bro- 
! ken heart, Chrifl: Icfas opens hisarmesfarre wider, 
{ for comfortable embracement ^ the bowels of 
I Gods merciesdoe rowle together, to fhew compaf-' 
I ffion with farre more tendernefle, than ever the 
I deareft mother to her fweeteft childe. Oh take 
j heed of thathatefull andgriflygulfeof defpaire; 
doe not fb farre gratifie the enenik of God ard 
man ^ doe not fb much wrong thofe yearning bow- 
els of Gods tendereft compailions,* which never 
broke any bruifed reed. Be not fb cruell unto. 
yourfelves, as to flop the botfomleffe and bound- 
lefieSeaof Gods mercies from your owne fbules. 
\ Oh be not fuch Lions and Tygers in your owne 
! houfes 5 be not fuch butchers of your owne bowels, 
1 I as 

htfe-inrichmg examination < 


as CO ceare, devour, and ftrangie your poore iouies 
wkhendlefTe and irrecoverable Ibrrowes 1 Ohiie- 
yerneverdefpaire of Gods mercies. Jc is thoughr 
that Juhs did more dilhonourGoJ indefpairin^ 
of his merciesj then in betraying of his Sonne ^ 
thatdefperate c:<?//? did more grievoufly oftend in 
Hiving, my finne is greater thin can be pardoned, 
then by murthering his brother. Doe not then fb 
farre violate and vex the everiading truth, and fiire 
promifes of our gracious God, as to deny mercy 
ioabr7tiftdfpnt^ and contrUe heart -^ a facrificefarre 
more {\yQQi and pleaungunto him, tha^t the beafts of 
aihojtjavdhih, and tcfi iho/rfapul Rhersofojk. Doe 
not, O doe not trample underfoot that unvaluable 
bloudo of fuch a gracious and everlafling Saviour, 
by thinking it infufficient foryour falvatlon.Chrifts 
bloud w^ii^ied even them that ftied it, A6f,2. upon 
their repentance, what foule then fb (iained with 
(inne, which being truly humbled, and truly pe- 
nitent, it w^ill not purge and pardon ? It is a nccef- 
faryftep towards (aivation and heaven, (as I have 
often told you, and itismofl-tiue) tobethrowne 
downe by the power and terrors of the Law, into 
forrow & anguiOi of hearr^ into remor/e and com- 
punclionofconfciencepwitii a thorow light ofyour 
(inneSj and fenfe of Gods jult indignation againft 
finners. But afcet you have beene brought upon 
your knees with the heavievveight of \ our (] noes, 
after your fbules have melted into teares of true 
repentance, and cloven even to the duft of loweft 
humiliation : Oh then take heed of liffning to the 
bloudy temptations of that roaring Lion, that is 





n^he Saints 

then molt bulic lo draw you to defpaire. Doe not 
by any meanes wound the wounds of your (bule, 
or afflid the affllftions of yourconfciences, with 
refufing to be comforted, and vvirb diftruft of re- 
covery : But prefently by the hand of faith frame 
a plaifter of Chrifts precious bloud^ and apply it 
clofe to your broken and bruifed hearts : The wi- 
der woundsj fbrrow for finne hath made in your 
foules, the more plentiful! ftreamcs of the /oft and 
foveraigne oyle of the comforts of the Gof: ell, 
and promifes of peace fliall be fure to clofe up your 
fores : Sooner muft God deny himfelfe, which is 
impoflible 5 fooner muft he difi obe himfelfe of the 
brighteft beame of his glory, and of the faireft 
flower in his garland of Majeftyj which is h'n mer- 
cy, before he deny pardon lo the truly penitent, 
or refufe to give ea(e tothofe that are heavie laden 
with their finnes, and weary of the burden -^ or 
ceafe to meet on the way, and fall upon the necke 
of what loft childe foever, which returnes unto 
him with truth of repentance, fincerity of heart 
and found amendmentof life. If it pleafe the Lord 
once to touch your confciences with true reftiorfe 
and forrow for your (innes , and to afFed your 
hearts with a perfed hatred and loathing of your 
former vanities, and wicked courfesj bee notdif- 
mayed toappoach the throne of mercy and grace, 
for with the Lord is plentifull redemption, and 
with our God is ftore of endlefle compallions. 
Though your former lives have beene fo rebelli- 
ous, wretched and accurfed, that you are able to 
lookebacke upon a Catologue of finnes, as bkcke 


JelfeAnriching examination. i 1 1 j 

as hellj as red as bloud, as foule as Sodowz^ yet if 1 
now in this time of grace you will faithfulJy turne | 
unto the Lord, afllircdiy you (hall findeeafe, unto ' 
your panting hearts, and cverlafting peace unto i 
your troubled (oules. if a man be divorced from his ■ 
mje. andjliibzcor/tz another mms.fi^allhretnrtteagdim 
ufitoher,flwttldmithe land be defiled thereby .<? Put thou 
haft plaid tl}e rohore mtb many lovers^ and yet returftet/n- 
tor/;ejaiththeLordjer*i, i. Hence itappeares^that : 
though our pollutions be many, our abominations ,; 
hatefullj our vowes and promifes unto him often 
broken 5 yet upon our unfained repentance he is 
ready to receive us . But above all others me thinks i 
there is one place in 7/^ 55»7j8,p. which is able to | 
put life and frefh vigour into the moft defpairing i 
(bule ^ and to refrelh the drooping confcience of 
the truly pcnicent, with farre more comfort, than I 
this whole great world w ere able to doe, if it were ' 
wholly turned into gold, honours or pleafures ^ ' 
nay, than ten thoufand worlds, if there were (b j 
many. Letthemckedforfah^ his wayes, (faith God by 1 
the Prophet in that phce)and the unrighteous his own 
imaginations^ and turne unto the Lord^ and hejf?att have , 
mercj upon him-^and to our God for ht is very ready to for- \ 
give : Formythotfghtsare not ax your thoughts^ nor my 
vpayes asyourwayes^faith tlie Lord:Btft as high as the hea- ' 
vens are above t he earthy fo high are ttty tpayes choueyour 
wayes and ffjy thoughts above your thoughts, Yo« muft 
conceive the meaning thus^that the Lord there la- 
bours to draw his people to the fountaines of 
grace, and to drive them from diftruftfulnefle, by a 
conlideration of his oranfcendent and unlimited j 

K mercies. ^ 


^I he Saints 

mercies. It kemeithat they reafonedthu-^j or in 
the like manner within themleU'es -^ Wee have 
beene fb wretchedly rebellious, and have (bgrie- 
voufly finned againft the Lord, that there is no re- 
turning Dnto him, there is no hope of pardon. 
What faith God, will you meafure my mercy by 
your raercie ? Why there is as great oddes be- 
twecne my vvayes and your wayes^ my thoughts 
and your thoughts ; that is, betweene my mercy^ 
and your conceits of my mercy, as there is diftance 
betweene heaven and earth ^ they areas farredif- 
ferent, as the utmoft ends of the world are dlftant 
one from another. Men many times are fo unap- 
pealable , and implacable in their anger, that no 
(ubmiflion, no fatisfadion will \tinne againctheir 
favour and afFcftiqu ; But God almighty of ano- 
ther temper, though a man have traiteroufly and 
rebellioufly ftood out long againft him, even 
againft the honour of his Majeftie, and power of 
his Kjngdomejyet he hath ev^r a pardon ready^and 
mercy in (lore, if that wretched rebell hath grace 
tofubmit himfelfe with true humiliation, and to 
riie for it with tcares of unfained repentance. 
What a man is there, that having his fonne cruelly 
murthered, would be reconciled unto the party, or 
ever reft fatislied untill hehadhisbloud^ yet our 
gracious God {(b farrc is his excellent mercy above 
atSiumane conceit) even fought by the Miniftery 
of Pf/^r, /^(5f."2. CO be reconciled unto the bloudy 
murderersof his owneonely innocent Sonne. Af- 
ter they were pricked in their hearts^ and arnended 
their lives, hee faved them by the bloudof the 
..fr{ Lord 


felfe^nrkking examination. 

Lord ieflis^ which had fpilled his bioud.Why thcDj 

if there be any droopiog and diftrefled confcience 

amongft you -if there bee any fbule that is truly 

humbled w* ththe fight and (enfe of his finnes, let 

him (hake himfelfe from the duft, and delie de- 

fpaire. Oh tiow foire a thing is mercy in the time of 

anguiihand trduble ! It is likeaclbud of rain c that 

commeth in ch€ time of drought 5 if he will goe 

onwifh the gpcait worke of regeneration, which 

' the Lord hath happily begunne ittbim 5 if hee wr'W' 

truly hate thofe linnes thatiHdw;(^>^Jeve bis hearty : 

if he will faithfully forfake ihem, and amend his 

life, my fbule for his hce fhaJl be faved. And Wefc 

the finnes of his former vanity as great as the hu-^ 

geft mountaines 5 asmanyinritfmberaB?th§ (ktids 

on the Sea (bore, g^redasfcitrkti^m the VVordof j^^^*^^^^>^' 

life and truth I dare adure him, they fliall become 

as vphite as the driven ffjovp, and as though they had 

never becne. Were his fbule all crimfbn red with 

the bloud of men , as ManajfesVf^% 5 witb the bloud 

of (bulcs, with the bloud of the Saint?, as was 

Vanls 5 with the bloud of the Sonne of God, as 

was theirs, AU, 2. yet it (hall bee as faire as the 

brighteftSun-beame, andas the wings of a Dove, 

which are covered with filver, and his feathers are 

of yellow gold. lam perJRvaded by this time fbme i 

mans heart doth leape and dance for joy within 

him, at the difcourfc and difcovery of this immea- 

(urable bounty, and thefe rich and golden Mines 

of Gods infinite mercie, that hath no part in them 

at all ^ whole conceit that thefe comforts belong 

unto him, is buclike a poore mans drearae of gold, 1 

K 2 which * 




T'he Saimi 

which endethin wane and misery. For Imufttell 
j^oq, tha^ I dare not for my life promife fo much as 
one drop of this mighty Sea ol mercy to any pro- 
Iphaneman^ toanyimpeRkentperfbn> to anythac 
^oesoniqhis finnes : Ifljould fbftrengchen the 
hands of the wic.edi juftifie the unrighteous, and 
blefc where God dqthcurfe. This halme belongs 
onely to broken and bruifed heart3 5 thefe fofc 
and precious oyles are never vouchiafed but to 
contrite and wpund^ Jpirics 5 thefe jewels and 
pe^les aife the wee penitent*, peculiars and the 
portion of thor(e on^iy that feare the Lord, oitii 
tfemy^(ttkuw&ifdxi.if4^66.2, LectbemiiJ the same 
Qf;(5Qdtake-?h^m *ndwearecb(?Ep, let rhcm^feed. 
\ipm\ %MM themfclwes with the^ glori<c«^ com- 
fort^, for they are theijE^^aod a thouland moe ; yea, 
all the mercies of GckI, the uovaluable price of 
Chrifts bjoudftied, and all the joyes of Heaven 
af e their^&f qv^. But if there be any now. chat in; 
itbis tiiiie'of grace will not fubmii? themfcives to. 
the powejf and p radfci (e of the Word, vw II not pare 
vvitfi thei? worldlinefle and earthly vanittea, ^^ill 
not forfake their fwcetfinnes, and take part with 
godly Cbri£Han$i, hut will aeeds goe on In irheijf 
own^ wayes, and flUl wander in theby.patha of 
iniquity ; £ have not a word of comfort -for any 
(uch notonedropof all thofe merties belongs un-? 
jtothem ^ hut except they repent and amen -i their 
|liv€s^ they mav daily, and hburiv aped:^ afire U^ 
WndlcdiuGocktirraihyWldchJhdUburf^ w$H t>herh»^ta^/ii: 
lofhell and fiallc^nfumeihtearth with Urixcreafi^ md 

» ; , : For 


felfeAmiching examination. 

For as God is all mercy^ and meere bowels of com - 
fire to every rebellious wretch, and will certainly 
at length wou^d the hairie pate of km that TPalketh in 
hisfmms. Thus farrc of fai ths infufficient for fal va- 
tion, and of by-paths about faith 5 which except 
we take heed of, may lead us to much mifery. 

Now in the neict place I come to propolefbme 
markesandnotesof atruejuftrfying faith, where- 
by I would have every man to try and examine 
him(elfe and his (pirituall eftate in this behalfe, 
and by which the true Chriftian may di(cerne and 
diftinguilhhimielfe from all fancies, andinfuffici- 
encies of other faiths^ and from the power and 
perfedlions of temporary faith, 

I. Firft, We may know our faith to be /bund 
andfaving, if we finde in our felves that prepara- 
tion of the heart for the infufion of faith, that 
breeding and (pringing of faith in the heart, and 
that blefTed birth of faith, which I have formerly 
largely laid downe unto you 5 and to that end efpe- 
cially, that you might not be deceived v/ith falfe or 
infufficient faiths. 

By the Miniftery of the Word (for that is the 
onely powerfoll, principall, and ordinary meanes 
of begetting the precious grace of (aving faith, I 
fay ordinary, becaufe (bmetimes ic pleafethGod 
to worke by other meanes^ as by fecret motions 
and infpirations, by private reading, conference, 
inftrudtion, exhortation, by miracles, by crofles 
andafBidions in our parents, friends, goods, and 
good name 3 by great humiliations, and want of i 

K 3 worldly 



Mstksof fa- 
ying faith. 

Of this fee In 
the beginning 
of this dif- 
courfe of faith. 


The Saints 

worldly comforts : Nay, perhaps fbmetimes by 
cemporall bleflings, extraordinarily and ftrange- 
ly beftowed upon men. But commonly God is ne- 
ver wont to worke miraculoufly and extraordina- 
rily when the ordinary meanes may bee had 5 and 
moft of the(e are rather meanes and motives to 
humble and prepare us, or oncly tohelpe forward 
the worke of grace. And therefore I (ay by the 
publike Miniftery of Gods holy Word, which the 
Lord hath left and appointed, as the principall and 
ordinary meanes to plant faith in the hearts of 
mQx\^Kom. i o. 1 4. i Cor, i . 2 1 .There is ever wrough t 
firft in the (bule that is to be (andified with faving 
faith, a knowledge of that finfulnefle and curfed- 
neffe by nature, then upon a fad and (erious confi- 
deration of this point, it is broken and bruifcd, 
with true rcmorfcjterrour and compundion. Af- 
ter by confeflionof its' vvretched pollutions, and 
condemnation of it ftrlfe ^ it is brought to an holy 
liefperation, whereby it whollv renouncetb, dif- 
cbim f s, and dilavowes it fclfe, as unworthy of life, 
orbreathjorbein^ \ nay, by region of its former 
lewdnefle and rebellions, even worthy of ten 
fhoufand damnations in hell fire with the devil! 
and his Angels. Thus when it is at the toweff, by 
the mercies of God, itbeginnes to lift up its eye 
upon the gracious promifes of (alvation, and life 
revealed in the Gofpell, and fhining mofl- glori- 
oully in the face of Chrift lefus.Then at the length 
out of the darknelTe of deepeffc difcomforr, and 
fpirituall heavinelle, begins to fbine fbmeglimpfcs- 
of comfort 5 (bme little hope of pardon, mercy 


felfe^nriching examination. \ 119 

and recovery, becaule it fees that the bloudyfuf- 
fcririTis of ChriO, are a plainer fbveraigne enough, 
and fufficienc to hcale all its fores. Whence imme* | 
diately ari(ah in the heart, a hungry defire and I 
longing third: afier the mercies of God, and me- I 
rits of Chrift lefus. At laft with groanesand fighs j 
unurterablCj with prayers and ftrongcries, itcafts 
it felfeupon rhofc yearning bowels of companion, • 
rhit are ever ready tobinde np the broken heart, I 
and upon ourblelTed R.edeemer5all gorie-red with j 
fu.ferings for our finnes. i 

By fach preparations and pangs as thefe, (aving , Gaij.z^. 
faith is fhed into the (oule : But other faiths come 
eafily, forrhey are either butmeere fancies, and 
bare conceits of faith 5 as the three kinds of imagi- ! 
nary faich I told you off", or eife only floating in the | 
braine, as the hiftoricall and the dead faith : Or ' 
Iit;htly come, lightly gone, as temporary faith ^ (b | 
that ufually they enter, and are entertained, with- 1 
out any very (enfiblc change, or great alteration, | 
either before their comming, when they are con- j 
ceived, or afterward. j 

Thus in the firft place wc may try whether our j 
faith be true, by confidering the degrees and fteps i 
by which it growesupinus. It comes not idlely j 
and eafily, lightly and inlenfibly, but by the power j 
of the Miniftcry, by a fight and fenle of our finncs, j 
by an apprehenfion of Gods wrath and indigna- ; 
tion due to us for the iame ^ by much true (brrowj j 
remorfe, and heavinefle of heart, for grieving and 
offending God , by our former vanities, lewdnefle, 
and rebellions, by anhnngring and thirfting after 
K4 the^ 


Thcfccond J 
tt iall of faving 


ficion of the » J, 

^he Saints 

themercyandgraceof God inChnftJelus 3 farre 
more lovingly, than for any worldly good ; thefe 
are the tore-runners of a-true and fruitfull faith. 

2. Secondly, Growth in ftrength, and a daily 
(pringing up towards height of afllirance, and ful- 
nefleof perfwaiion, is a found marke of a faving 
faith. Other faichs commonly ftand at a ftay, or. 
elfe flourilh falre and frefti for a while, but after 
decay and die ^ or elfe they grow oaely in a pe- 
remptory boldnelTe, and groundleife prefiiraption, 
not in a true appreheniion^and feeling perfwafion 
of Gods love and favour, and of the certaine par- 
don and reraidion, of their finnes ^ but true and 
juftifying faith grow es from a graine unto a great j 
tree 5 from a little purling ftrcame -toa mighty tor- 
rent ^ from a fpaike into a flame, being blowne by 
thefpiric of grace^ increafed by the waters ifluing 
out of the Sanftuary, and cheriftied with the dew 
of heaven. It is weake at the fir ft God knowes/ull 
of many doubts and <liftradions, nay^fcares and 
tremblings 5 but after long experience of our owne 
fincerity, godly life, and good confcience, after it 
hath beene well exerci/cd with continuance and 
conftancie in the nieanesof grace and knowledge, 
by azealous and fruitfull hearing of the Word ^ by 
reading, conference, meditation, prayer, u(e of 
the Sacraments, finging of Pfalmes, publike and 
private humiliations, faichftilnefle in bothcallings> 
mcrcifiilnefle to the poore, &c. It growes up in 
time^ and by leafure, to be a ft^ong faith. Let us 
look^into the ?p/. 23. for theilluftrationsof his 
Uruth 5 Whe^ the great (hepherd of our (buLes, 
» our 

klfe4nriching examination. 

our blefled Lord and Saviour Cliriftlefus, by the 
call and cry of his Minifters^hath brought us home 
from our finfuIlwandringSjinto his fold ; and after 
led us along into his green pafturesjand ^Qd us plen- 
tifully with the precious food of his Word, with 
meditation in heavenly things, with comfortable 
conference, and converfing with godly Chridians, 
atter hee hath (weetly many times refrefht us with 
the pleafant Rivers of waters, with peace ofcenfci- 
ence, with joy in his holy (pirit, with comfort in 
erodes and diftrefles, by telling us fbftly and ie- 
cretly with an inward voyce^ and (acred infpi ration 
of hisfandtifangfpirit, that we are certainly his, 
and affured of his everlafting favour. After he hath 
often reftored and revived our fbules from dead- 
nefie and difcomforts, which the heavinefle and 
rebellions of the flefh bring upon themjand taught 
and trained them long in the paths of righteouf- 
nefle ^ why then after this long experience of Gods 
fpeciall love and favour, and exercife in the com- 
fortable paflages of Chriftianicv and holinefle, 
fakhbeginnes with an humble triumph, and holy 
confidence,, thus to revive in our hearts : The 
Lord lefus is moft certainly my true Saviour, my 
ftrong Mediatour , and (hepherd of my foule. 
Whence fprings three right noble and vidorious 
conclulions ^ the iirft is this : : I ammofl: affured I 
(hall never want any thing whidi is good either for 
my body or foule : Though Lhavc but lictkofchis 
worlds wealth, yet that little I have I hold in ca-^ 
pi/e, by the right of my Redeemer 5 1 enjoy it with 
agood conscience and inward peace, and I know 




The Saints 

it is that pittance and portion allotted unto me by 
Gods eternall providence, whereby 1 am firtcft to 
glorifiehim, and fave mine ovvne (bule. Thericli 
men of the worlds and- the opprcfling Glints of 
the earth, have greater abundance I conft-fTc, they 
revell it infblently in their revenues and large pof- 
feflions, they ruffle it in their riches^ row in gold 
and filver, and h3%- e more than heart can willi f, but 
they are IHll in poverty and want, bccaufe th.ey 
want a contented minde, they are udirpers and in ■ 
traders upon their goods and lands, becaufe they 
have no part in Chrift ^ their riches are (hares unto 
themj to intangle them in pride, covetoufneflc, 
cruelty and opprefiion^ their worldly wealth on c- 
ly fats them againft the day of (laughter. The fe- 
cond is this^ in the darkfbme and dilmall valkyesof 
death, IwHlfeanuofte evitt-^ that is, come what come 
can ^ the anchor of my hope, the rocke of my com- 
fort ftands fure. Though the heavens (hould flame 
with fire, the aireroare with hideous thunder, the 
earth tremble with dreadfoll earthquakes, the wa- 
ters of the Seas rage^ and (hake the mountaines 
with their (urges : Though tyrants Ihould threaten 
fword and fire, fcorners forae and grinde their 
teeth, prophaners fcoffeand raUe, friends (hrinke 
backe, and fall away 5 though heavie afflidions 
(hould light upon my body, goods or good name* 
yea, though the griefly face of death were before 
mine eyes, yet I am refblvedjW/;?? hatt h fixed •, by 
the grace of God I (hall paffe thorow them all.and at 
la(t lay hold upon that glorious Crowne, that I am 
(ure is mine owne, and is already paid for by the 

felfe-inricbing examination. 

precious hearts blond of my deareft Redemer.The 
laftconclufionisthis 5 DouhtkJJekindneJ[fe and mercy 
fiaUfJ.owm: for ever 5 that is, 1 am aflured of con- 
tinuance and perlevcrance in grace, unto the end 
of my life, and of endlefl^e glory afterward through 
all eternity. Though I be (bmetimes troubled with 
doubts, and ftagger with temptations, yetlmake 
no doubt of deliverance outof them, but will ever 
reafbn with God out of many experiences of his 
fpeciall favour, and everlafting love to m^ (piritu- 
all comfort^ as David did in a temporal! conflrd. 
When it was objeded unto him that hee was no 
match for GolJah:) too little to enter the lifts with fb 
great a Giant ^ Tkon art mt able Qzithsanl^ fogoe 
^ga'mfl this ?hilifti//:e to fight mth him : fir thou Jrt but 
a bo) J and hee is a man of war re from his youth. Well 
(ai th David, i haveflainea Lion and a Beare^ heretofore 
by the mercies of God, and why tknJIwuU I feare 
this Hvcircumci^ei Philfiim .«? the Lord hath delive- 
red mee out of the -pan) of the Beare^ he mil deliver me 
cHt of the hand of this Philijfim. So though Sa- 
tan, that ftrong armed nun , throw at mee his 
fiery dai ts of ditlradions, doubts and feares, about 
the certainty of my iah^ation, and continuance in 
the faith, even to the wounding and vexing of my 
(buleforthetime; yetlamafTured (andlwilldie 
in the place before I part with this pcr(\va(ion) that 
that mercifull hand which hath formerly fb many 
times rcftored me againc from fuch dumps, to my 
former comfort, and Ihewed mee againc the light 
of his favourable countenance, will undoubtedly 
fez mee apon my feet againc, and refrefli my heart 


I Sam 17. 


The Saints 

againc, with a doubled aflurance, and a riidre glo- 
rious hope of evcrlafting life. Though (bmecimes 
I want feeling and fenfe of Gods favour^ and my 
faith dotIT not worke in mine heart with that 
quicknefle and ftirring as itwaswont, but that I 
am poilelled with much deadnefle of (pirit, and 
heavie-heartednefle, and that for the time my 
(bule is fore difquieted within me 5 yet as a woman 
that hath once certainly felt thechilde quicke and 
ftirring in her wombc, though after it lie quietj 
and without motion for a time, yet (hee is afTured 
by Gonfideration of ks former moving, that (heis 
with childe : So though my faith fometimes want 
'feeling, yet by the experience of former holy wor- 
kings and ftirrings in my foule, I am afliired that I 
am ftill the childe of Godjand that the everlafting 
treafures of (aving grace arc hid and lodged in 
mine heart. Thus it is the marke and property of 
a true juftifying faith, to grow in ftrength, by ma- 
I ny experiences of Gods mercies andfavour, and 
I by a zealous, faithfoU and confcionable purfuit and 
pra<fli(c of godly exercifcs, and good duties, and 
by a -long and conftant following of the holy 
meanesof increaiing grace and fanftification. But 
by the way I rauft tell you, that the moft ripe, and 
ftrong, and flourifliingfaith, may fometimes bee 
fore weakned, wounded and ecclipfed. Faith holds 
it height of per fwafion, and fulnefle of allurance, 
while we preferve andmaintaine thefervencieof 
ourfirft love, fincerity in our hearts, innocencie 
and uprightneffe in our lives. But if we grow cold 
in our profeffion, neglediveof holy duties/elaple 


felfe-inriebing examination. 

into fome old finne of our iinregcneration^ or bee 
overtaken withfbme open {candalousfall ^ we fhall 
■finde onr faith alfb to faiie, and to take abruife. 
Nay, fometimes our gracious God^ that he may try 
how w€ will ftick andcleavefaft anro himjthoiigh 
we want feeling of his favour,, and how wee will 
traflr in him, though he kill us : Nay, out of his (e- 
eret wifdome, and invifible purpofe^ (uffer our 
faith for awhile to draw in her beames of comfort, 
and to lie without fenfe or motion in the heart for 
a.(eaibnj but markc the difference ; The beft of 
the other faiths, which is the temporary, as it is 
but planted in the forraall profeflbr by an inferiour 
working of the fpiritjand is never through and en- 
tire in findlification, fb by the oppofition of the j 
worlds with /bme ftrong remptationsjor fbmc kind j 
of perfecution,ic may be totally darkned and utter- | 
ly quenched ^ lb that thofe who have formerly byi 
the force of temporary hith beene friends to the 
Gofpell, made a good fhew of forwardncflej 
brought fonhfom fruits, may utterly fal away from 
thofe generall graces, embrace this world wholly^ 
with Dimasj as the onely and beft heaven they 
ever looke for, and become {corners of fincerity 
i and godly Chriftian*!. But found and faving faith 
can never be either finally or totally loft, it is ne- 
ver quire and utterly quenched and abolifhed 
in any true Chriftian. It may fuifer a particular 
eccHpfe ; it may in fome meadire, and for a time 
be dimmed, as it was mDavid^ Pfal 51. Buf in due 
time it breaks forth againe, anc^ fti'ne«^ more cleare 
and bright in the truly humbled and penitent foule. 




Thethi dmark 
of faring faith. 

TT^i? Saint f 

To conclude this point then , and property of 
faith ; Saving and juftifying faith, as ail other (an-* 
dtif) ing graces, and as the whole way of the righ- 
teous, P^ov.^.ip, after i r once rife and peepe up in 
the heart, it (hines as the light of tfie Sunne, That 
fims won a^dnjon nnio the perfiB dayy It may bee 
overcaft with fome clouds of temptations, dark- 
nedfometiraes in this body of death, which wee 
carry aboutus, dimmed by our fi ailties and infir- 
mities^ hid from us for a while, by an unadvifed 
fall into (ome/canddious fintie. But as the Sunne 
for all the clouds and miOrs whichobfcure his light, 
flicks ftill faftinhis fphere, and at length diipels 
them, and fhines faire againe : So fairh^ though 
(bmetimes (haken and overfhadowed, yet ftill 
ftands faft in the (bule, breaks forth at length beau- 
tiiull and bright, and at lafl: when the day of this 
life is ended, fets (wectly in the Sea ofendlefle 
I joyes, and light that no man can attaineunto. 

3. Thirdly, it is proper and peculiar to faving 
faith, topurifietheheart. God purifieth our hearts 
by faith, AB. 15.9. Other faiths may purge the 
underftanding from ignorance, the tongue from 
railing and bitternede, the outward a(!iions from 
grolTe and notorious iinnes, but they all leave the 
I hejjrt at large, to range and rove into a world of 
I idle and earthly thoughts, of prophane and fruit- 
lefle imaginations, llnregeneratc men will aft a 
thoufand finnes in the thoughts and imaginations 
of their hearts, without anyehecke orremorleof 
conlcience. They fuffer their hearts to bee excr- 
ci'fedincovetoufnefle, in filthincfle, in ambition, 


lelfe-inriching examination. | u 7 

in malice, in world! inelTe^ a world of wickcdnefTcj ! 
withoutany great horror or f^ruplCj fith they are 
butvanifhing and invilible thoughts ; But where 
the working and purging grace of faving f^iich, 
hath feizeJ upon^ and feafoned the heart, there a 
zealous and watchful] care is had, there confcience 
is ever made of the devifes and defires of the 
heart. Though no eye of man, noijand of h umane 
juflice, noinftrument of death can difcover^ cen- 
(ure, or reach unto the fecret 6c llnf ull motions and 
imaginations of the heart, yet fith they are good 
open tothc all- feeing eye of God^ moil: hateful] in 
his fight, liable tohishigh di^leafure, grieveliis 
fpiritj and weaken the power of grace, every truly ' 
fandified man^doth fet himfelfc with (peciallcarej 
and all good confcience, to bridle and bring them 
under, to reprefle a'l wicked fti rr ings of the heart, 
and mainly tooppole againft all luftfull^proud, co- 
vetous^ ambitious, malicious, or what other irre- 
gular or exorbitant thoughts (bever, the formal! 
profeflbur, the halfc Chriftian, is ever more trou- 
bled and grieved with anopenfinne that doth dis- 
grace and fhame him in the world, than with plot- 
ting much wickednefle, and acting many polluti- 
onSj in his lecret and invifiblethoughts. But the 
found Chriilian is fbmetimcs more vexed, forha- 
vinggiven way to fome wicked conceits, and wan- 
d tin grmaginat ions of his heart, then for outward 
frailties and infirmities. For itgrieves him to the 
heart, that fiih God hath ranked him amongft 
the number pf true Chriftians, and that hee is 
fo accounted by the befV men, yet notwithftan^ 



The Saintt. 

ding he Ihoutd be io tarre tainted with that hate- 
[(ulliinneof hypocrifie,, as tothe eyeofmen, to ; 
beunreprovablc, and yet to grieve fb goodafpi- 
rit, and offend lb gracious a Go.^, by the fintull 
wandrings and rovings of his thoiiglits, which,, 
though no man fee, yet the icarcher of all hearts, " 
and the undefiled purity of Almighty God, doth 
right heartily hate and abhorre. Let us then trie 
the truth of our faith, by the change and holinelfe 
of our hearts. If our inward afedions, and inmoft 
thoughts be purified, then it is a ccrtaine fignethe 
power of faving faith hath beene there. Th defire oj 
the.righieousis omly good , i^ith Salomon^ VrcvA 1.23. 
By nature the imaginations of wans heart areomljei^iU 
continHally^Gen.6.'). Yet after the hear the purified 
by faith,his defires are onely good. But becaufe no 
man is fb abfolutely good and fandified in this life^ 
wemuftunderftandit thus. The maine ftreames 
of his defires, the courfe and current of his heart 
istogodlinelTeand goodnefle, though fometimes 
his corrupt nature, and Satans boyfterous temp- 
tations ^ doe unawares and violently carry his 
thoughts another way. His inward and fecrer plor5 
andprojefts^ are commonly fpent for the letting 
forward grace, and Gods glorie. But if fb be, that 
out of the reliques and roots of in-bred corrupti^ 
on, which is never utterly abolifhed untill death, 
there pafTe him fbmetimes^ and fprout up, rafh and 
unruly wifhes and defires, after he comes to him- 
felfe, and takes notice of thcm^ he fends out ma- 

Iny other zealous and fervent after them, fbr hu- 
miliation and pardon, and purging of his heart. 
Whereas 1 

Jelfe Enriching examination. 

Whereas unfanftified hearts are ordinarily work- 
ing for increafing wealth, and enlarging temporall 
happinefle^ or eJfe are worfe occupied. And they 
are not vext with any conceit or confcioufneUe of 
the idle vagaries , and prophane wandrings of 
thoughts, but hold it a point of too much purity 
and precifenefle, to bee fb ccnfbrious and fevere 
over the frecdome of imagination. n^^ 

4. Fourthly^ Wee may know our faith to bee 
(bund aad (aving, if it bring forth a true and tho- 
rovv Evangelicall repentance. LegaJI repentance, 
morali repentance, a hollow and balfe repentance, 
feare and forbearance of (bme finnes for feare of 
puniihment in outward things, or for the love of 
God onely, as he is good unto him, may befall the 
reprobate. But tobewaile our firmes from the bot- 
rome of our hearts, becaufe they are finnes, and 
for confcience lake to loath and hate all iniquity^ 
becaufe itis an eye- fore and heart-fore to our gra- 
cious God, andmoft loving father in Chrift Jefiis, 
to crufh the h'^ad of original! corruption , and 
breakethe heart of our fweetfinne ^ to part from 
all grolTe finnes in adion and pradife, and all frail- 
ties and infirmities , at leaft with difafFedion, 
prayer, humiliation, and repentance : Thcfe and 
the like are the fruits and ilTues of a true and jufti- 
fyingfaiih. For no man can truly, fincerely, and 
thorowly dcteft and abandon all his former lewd 
courfes, the fenfuall plealuresof this life, and his 
fweetfinne, before he beafTured by a found and 
lively faith of Gods marvellous mercy towards 
hiraj intheforgivenesofallhisfins in Chrift. For 

L if 


A fourth triall 
et faving faith. 

frcntumcfi fa- 
nittmitcy fa- 
ter tfuam tiibil 
eft, quod borjum 
fity af^euntiatli 

cmftat in fide-^ 
e£c fundatemy 
non enm fsuft 
dtborbofna malm 
fru£iuifme : 
qua non exftdti 
fnccditf Hiiiis 
noH eft : {Sie 
temia.) Ai.g.de 


The Saints 

if once his comforrable favour fhine and be ilied in- 
co his heartjhe eafily and immediatlymeks and re- 
[(blvesintotearesof fbrrowand griefe for former 
j rebelh'onSjand makesunfained and refblute vowes 
[ for ever after by Gods grace to throw one of 
i his heart and life thofe Toads and Scorpions , 
rhofe vanities and foule pollutions, which kill his. 
\ (oule and grieved fo good a God. That fenfe and 
j eeling of Gods favour is a notable and ftrong 
I meanes to beget thorow griefe, and unfained bor- 
row for finne, appearcs Ezcc. ^6,26, Sic. Imllalfo 
kliver you from all your filthimUty and I mil call for 
corne^i ^^i ^^^^ incnafeit, and lay no famine uponyou. 
For I vpif I multiply the fruit of the trees ^ andtheincreafe 
of th fid is, thatyeefhidl hare no more the reproach of 
famine among th heathen : (You muft under ftand, 
(that under the abundance of temporall bleffings, 
he concludes fpirituall comforts) And then faith 
j he, thenfhallyee rememhryonrovpneippich^dwayes^ and 
I your deeds that ivere not good^ and Uoall judge pUr felifes 
\ wortfy to fiave htenedeflroyed for your iniquities^ and for 
: yourabotmn itionf. Bat a more fpcciall aad pregnant 
i place for my purpofe, is Zee. 1 2. i o^ 1 1. Ipoure. faith 
I God, upon the houfe ofDai^id and upon the inhabitants of 
j leru^dem^ thfpirit of grace andcfcompapon , and they 
\(haUlook§ upon me vphom tlxy lyavepierced._,andthey Jhall 
[lament for him^ as one moufAeth for his only fon^4»d be 
forty for Urn, as one is for ry for his jirft borne. In that 
] day fhall there be a great mourning inlerufakm^ as the 
' mourning of Hadadrimmon, inthevaUey of Megiddon. 
When once thefpirit of grace by a livdy faith hath 
certified our troubled and trembling hearts of 


jelfe4nrichirig examination. \ ni 

Gods favour in forgiving our finnes, when once 
V7e be afluredj that that fpotlefle and (acred bioud 
was rpilt particularly for our pollutions 5 v^hy then 
onely vi^ith truly wounded (pirits , and grieved 
(bulefjdo we begin to looke on him whom our fins 
hive pierced , then doe we hartily hate our former 
gracelelTe rebellions^ which by the eye of faith we 
fee, were the whips and nailes, the thornes and 
(peares that vext the Sonne of Go J. When once 
wee fbundly beleeve that his precious bloud was 
Qied for our finnes in particular, then doe we fhed 
thofe true teares of compundion and fbrrow, 
which are indeed the fbules hearts bloud, and the 
wine of Angels (as Divines call them) right plea- 
fing unto God, and joyful! unto Heaven, Until! 
we have a true perfwafion fetled in our hearts, that 
wee are certainly redeemed from the powers of 
Htl!, by thedeachof Chrift, wee cannot for our 
lives truly hare all linnejasit is finne for confcience 
fake, and for the love of God, wee cannot before 
abandon both i ( j praftife and allowance 5 our earth- 
ly mindednefle, and worldly vanities, with the 
conftancie and ifttegrity of theSaintsof God.But 
when we once have clalptour hand of faith upon 
that glorious Crowne in Heaven, which is fure our 
owne^ andfealcd unto usbythebloudof Chrift: 
Why then, and not before, are we content to ufe 
the world, as though wc ufed it not ^ then our va- 
nities beginnetovanifh, our former pleaiure^ to 
beunplcafant ^ then beginne wee to difaffeftour 
earthly afFeftions, to dillafte the taftelelTe revel- 
lings of good fellowfhip 5 then the fwcetnelTc of 

L 2 finne 


of (aving faith. 
Ncque enim 
baiient in (i i)li- 
qt4i(i inpi(iit'ue^ 
f^fii jufiiiia re 
Rom 4.I.C.4. 

The Saints 

finne is turned into gall, and the glory of the whole 
world to the eye of our faith, appeares to be no- 
thing but dung, vanity, nothing, 

5. Fifthly, Saving faith is the root and fountaine 
of fandification, and therefore if we finde our 
felves to be fandified^ we may be aflured that wee 
(avingly beleevc, iCor,.6.ii» Itisraid3/4^.2<5.i7, 
1 8. that Vaulv/SiS Cent fo open the eyes of mcn^ that they 
might turnefrom dark^ejje to light ^ and from the poxver 
of Satan untoGod^ that they might receive for givemjje 
ofjinnes^ aniinheritance amo^gthem which are famli' 
fieiby faith. True and juftifying faith doth ever be- 
get ia him whom it pofleflethj a fanffcification of 
all parts, both in (bule and body, though not of 
perfedion. By this holy worke of fandification, 
a man fhall finde himfelfe as farre differ from what 
he was before, as a Valley from a Mountaine, the 
ftrait from the crooked, the foftnefle of fle(h/rom 
thchardneffe of flint, the nature of water, from 
thefabftance of Diamond For it makes a great 
change and alteration in the powers and faculties 
both of (bule and body, in all the parts and pa(^ 
(ages of this life. His underftanding is iniightned 
with knowledge in the great myftery of godiinen&, 
and in the fecrets of Gods Kingdome, which are 
hid from the wife, and men of underftanding, and 
thegreateft part of the world, Af<7^ 11.2 5. His will 
is now bent to the beft things : His memory, which 
before was like a Seive, and let out the water of 
life as it was powred in, is now a ftore-houfe for 
heavenly treadires. The ftreameo: his affedions is 
turned from the world, and purfuit of picalures, 


felfeAnriching examination. 

' ' ' I ' ' I ' " I •" I I r 111 

towards Gods glory, and good caufes, from the 
'joyes and contentments of finne, into a hatred; 
feare and forrow for them. His heart is weaned 
from all her temporary pleafing lufts, and fallen in 
love with eternall pleaiares^ and heavenly things. 
His confcience ispHrged, and become watchfoll 
todifcover^ andfenfiblctofeelethe approach and 
prickings of the leaftfinne. His hands are wafhed 
from corruption and bribery, from violence, and 
the bloud of the poore. His eyes are rcftrained 
from luftfull wandrings, fi*om beholding vanity, 
from greedy gazing upon the wedge of Gold, and 
his neighbour Nahoth Vineyard. His eares are 
ftoptagainft enticements to finnCgflanderous tales, 
and filthy talke. His lips are filenced from pro- 
phanenefle, obfcenitics, bitter speeches, and idle 
jefts. His feet are fettered by the power of grace, 
from running any more after thepompe and plea- 
fores of vaine-glorious worldlings, carnall entice- 
ments, earthly de fires, deceitfull and unccrtaine 
hopes, from wandring in the crooked wayes, and 
accurfed by-paths of vanity and fin ne, from trea- 
ding any longer in the eaflefleandendleffeMaie 
of worldlinefle, covetoufiieffe, and earthly-min- 
dednefTe. Such fteps and prints as thefe wee may 
finde in our {bules and bodies, if thefpirit of grace 
hath (anftified them by the power of laving faith. 
Every leverall part of holinefle, and f^iriruall 
branch of fanftification, is a figne and marke of 
the finCerity of onr faith, as the goodheflbof t he j 
Mt,andf\veetneflc of the ftreame, drivers the 
foundnefle of the tree, and the purity of the Wdl: 
L^ If 



The Saints 

It faving knowledge, love to Chriftians, feareof 
Gods dreadfull Majeftie, zeale for his glory, obe- 
dience to his win, refped unto all his Commande- 
ments, reverence to his Minifters, )oy in his pro- 
mifts, humility under his chafticements, a fpiri- 
tuall hungring after the Sacrament, a fincere long- 
ing for his Sabbaths, an earneft wifliingand wai- 
ting for Chrifts comming in the clouds, and fuch 
other fpirituall graces dwell plentifully in us, and 
cxprelTe them(elves fruitfully in our lives and con- 
verAtion s 5 then afluredly the root of life, and 
fountaine of all other graces, a lively faith is fea- 
ted in our (bules. But if thefe fruits doe notap- 
peare, our faith is not a Jiving tree, planted by the 
Eli vers of Godsbleflings, but adeadftocke, onely 
gilt and vemifhed over with fome gliftering 
(hewes, like the glowing and (hining of rotten 
wood. If we would try then whether our faith be 
true andjuftifyingorno, there is no better touch- 
ftone, thanthefcverallfruir sand branches of fin- 
dification : Let us runne over fome of them brief- 
ly ..and with uprightneffe of confciene^, compare 
theiJiwithojirprefentdifpofition. i. Doe wee fa- 
crifice our whole hearts, confecrateouraffedions, 
devote owr thoughts, renting them refolutely from 
earthly pleailitres, and<his valne world; to doe tin* 
to God faithfully and fincerely, the beftaddut 
moft fervice wee can ? 2. In refpeft of eloriy- 
ing God, and hoping a gjo^ c»njcknce in oil iUmt^ 
2 CorA . i is . Doe we fcorne with an holy Contempt, 
a 'I prophane fcgffes and centres, all difcoon te- 
nancy of Bicn^ and the uttcrmoft rage ©f perfe- 
' cutine 


r I ITT — p [— ^^^— ^— — — ^— — ^— ^— ^— — , III I 

felfe-inrichwg txamination. i i jy 

curing tyraats, 3 . Have we fb caft up our accounts 
with the world, and are wee at that point with 
all things under the Sunne^ that we iraw chearful- 
lyaddrefle and bend our (elves with chearfulneflc 
andjoy to the purltiit o^ the price of thhi^hcallifig 
ofGoiinChriftlefuf .<? 4. Doe wee heartily grieve 
Tor and bewaile our finnes paft, not for any world- 
ly lofle, feareof punilhmeiit, orftiame they have 
brought upon us, but becaufe with a long and au- 
dacious provocation, they have grieved and offen- 
ded our gracious God, and unhappily reftrained 
and elbanged us from his grace , favour and fa- 
miliarity > 5. Doe we loath and hate our prefeht 
corruptions, efpecially thcrfe which fticke clo- 
feft unto our bolbmes, and with (enluall fweet- 
nefle cleave fafteft unto our corrupt nature ? 
6, Doe wee indifferently and impanially with 
zeale and truth of heart, cndevour ard fet our 
felves tomortifie and abandon every finncj though 
our worldl) reputation bee never fo deeply enga- \ 
gcd, our temporall happinefle never fb ftronglyl 
enchained, our carnall aff^ftion never fb much ' 
endeared unto it ? 7. Doe wee avoid and for- j 
beare with no lefTe care and confcience, thofe wic- i 
ked courfes, which lead unto gaine and glory in 
the world, than thofe which are accompanied with 1 
(hame and punifhment ? 8. Doe wee not onely J 
performe ihofe holy duties, and embrace ihofe ' 
fpitituall graces, which purchafe credit and com- j 
mendation amongft men, and in rhe world, butj 
alfb rhofe which are entertained with lowrirg and i 
difcountenance, and perfecuted with difgrace and j 
J L 4 fi'ight?^ 








* A fixth triall 
of faving faith 
Marsfidei cbA- 
tio : credn in 

' Chriftutsfae ope- 
ra Christ \Htvl - 
dem tHom dile- 
bit a^io : n»fi in- 
curvet itrtcnum 
9pui, qiicm fides 
qui dUis te in 
Cbrifto minere^ 

' tmhuiavily & 
SernSirm.14, . 

T^he Saints 

(J>ighc? ^. Doe wee ftiJlfobmicourlelves toihe I 

will of God, as it is more and more revealed unto 

us by the Miniitcry of the Word, though it crofle 

our former cuftomes and worldly deiires ? and doe 

we reft contented with our prefent ertate, becaufe 

moft: certainly it fals unto our lot by Gods good 

[ pleafore, and everlafting providence? io.Doewe 

delight in hearing, meditating, and conferring of 

Gods Word ? and doe we ftandto the profeffion 

and pradife of it, not only when it is good cheape, 

and brought home unro our doores, but alio when 

ft is deare and very coftly ^ 1 1 . Are we willing and 

r^folved, faveonely that wedefiretoglorilieGod 

longer, and to provide more comfort again ft that 

day for any pleafure wc take in the world, to re- 

(igneupour foules at any time into the hands of 

God, and to meet our Saviour in the clouds ? If we 

doe thefe things ? If this be our prefent difpofiti- 

on? If we finde thefeand other fruits of (andifica- 

tion in ourfelves, our foules are moft certainly iea* 

fbnedand favedby a true andjuftifying faith, 

* 6, Sixthly, Saving and fanftifying faith ever 
workes by love. Gal. 5. (5, 2 ?eu 1.5. i Tim. 1.5. /f 
pure heart, a good confcknce, faith uttfamd 5 and a 
true hearted ChriiHan love, ever goe hand in 
hand. If wee would bee afTured that our faith is 
found, we muft feele kindled in our hearts, an ho- 
ly flame of moft deare and fpeciall love. 

Fird, towards God, who of his owne firee mer- 
cy, hath fealedunto us by the blond of his Son, all 
the prerogatives of the Saints upon earth, and the 
bleiied inheritance of the mofl^lorious and ever- 


lelfeAnrkh'mg examination . \ ^7 

lafting Kirigdome of Heaven. A fenle of whi:h j 
extraordinary goodneffe , makes us prefcrre his 
glory, before any worldly goodj the fweetneileof 
hfe_, or (alvation of foule. Untill our foules bee in- 
lightned with (aving faith, and the eyes of our un- 
derftanding unlealed to fee into, and to apply un- 
to our (elves the myfterie of our particular re- 
demption, wecannot looke into the rich treadiry 
of GodsbottomleiTcandboundieiTegoodnefle and \ 
bounty unto us ^ we cannot behold the beauty and I 
excellency of (b great Majeftie, which are fpeciall ] 
occafion, matter, and motives, firftj to ftirre up 
and kindle in us an holy love : The branches and 
rifings of which facred flame are thefe : 

I Fir(V, When we are certified by a li v^ely faith, 
of our reconciliation with God by the death of 
Chriftle/uSj which is the Conduit-pipe^ thorow 
which all comforts and graces doc fweetly flow un- 
to us 5 we bcginnne to love God for his love and 
goodnefle unto us, according to that, ilok 4. i^. 
Therefinrpe love Cod ^ kcaufilxlfyvedusfirfl. Forcer* 
tainlynomancaTifbundlyand fincerelylove God 
with true zeale, and without by-refpeds, untill he 
be pcrfwaded in his ovmc heart, that all his (Ins are 
remitted, an 1 that he is eternally beloved of God. 
But then every bkding of God is as itwerebel- 
lowes, to blow the fire of our love to a bigger 
flame. Then wee begihne to confider with mel 
tings of fpirir, and pangs of deareft affedlions ,;^ 
what an infinite mercy of God it wasj. that wee 
were not cut off before our calling and converfi- 
bUj in the time of our open difbbedience and re- 


The Saints 

bellion_, ia the daves ot our lintuli vanities and 
fraile delights. 

2. We wonder at the ftrange patience of our 
merciful! God, in that it hath plcaicd him to cover 
and conceale from the eyes of the vi^orid, many 
hatefull abominations donebyusinfecrer, andte 
keep us reputed as unfpotted and blameleflc before 
men^ when as we have defer ved for them t0 have 
hem made an aflomlhmefit and hi^ing^ and bj^spord to 
all about us ; nay, perhaps to have beene hanged up 
as fpedacles of (hame and horror to the whole 
world, of example and terrour to all poflerity. 

3. But we fpecially faftening ourconfideration 
u^x>n that happy and holy workeof our new crea- 
tion, to the everlafting glorious admiration of his 
grace and goodnefle, we muR how by the mighty 
power of his fand^ifying (pirit, hee hath pulled us 
o tof themouchof that devouring Dragon^ attd 
fnatchedufas brands out of ikfrCy to make us (larrcs 
in Heaven. What a marvellous mercy, kindnefle 
and bounty is this 5 thinke we with our (elves that 
wee (hould bee fingled out by the power of the 
Word, and marked by the hand or Cod for/alva- 
tion, xyhen many hundreds ab^^ut us are never bet- 
ter for the Word all their life long, and at length 
perifli everlaftingly. That wee which heretofore 
have beene perhapsas miferable, blinde, and pro 
phane as the worft, (hould now be walhed, beian- 
(3:ified,bejuftified5 InthenameofthctordJe^w^ and 
byihtfpnt of our God 5 (hould oee now like a few 
cleare (ighted, amongft a throng of blinde men^ 
Like the portion of lacoh in Egypt, fairely inlight- 


felje'-tnricbmg examination. 

ned, when the Gountrey round about is covered 
with darknefTe, Like Gideon i fl^ece^ atom npatered, 
with his fpeciall and faving bleflings^ pchikthe reft of 
i he earth is dry ^^nd deftitute of his grace^that isjthat 
whereas true Nathamh, found Chriftians are very- 
feant, and thinly fcattercd, like the berries, after 
the (baking of an Olive tree, two or three in the 
top of the utmoft boweSj and foureor five in the 
high branches ^ here one or two in a family, there 
three or fbure in a Viirage ^ yet now by the mer- 
cies of God we are of their number. 

4. From hence we rife in our meditation to con- 
fider and wonder at the WelUfpring of all our 
happineflc 5 our elei^ion and choice to be heires of 
Heaven, out of Gods free mercy, and onely deare 
love, befi:>re we were borne, nay before the world 
was made, even from all eternity : And hereupon 
our hearts fpring and leape within us fbr joy 
and comfort, to thinke, that as a woman, which 
loving her childe while it is yet in her wombe, br- 
caufe it fpranj^e out of her Ioynes,doch much more 
fweetly fmile upon it when it is borne, and (he em* 
braceth it in her armes : So if God loved us before 
we had ^ny being while we yet lay hid in the great 
lumpe, andunfafhionedMafleof man-kinde, be- 
caufehe had chofenus to be vefTelsof honour for 
hisroyall Palace of Heaven ; hee will much more 
dearly Screnderly handle us,and lull us inhis armes 
of mercy and compaflion, and hide us under his 
wings of proteftion and power, now when we 
arenew borne by the (pirit oftheLordJeftis, ard 
that hee hath (damped upon us hisowne image of 




77^ Sainu 

holincflej andjeakdus wHh hjsjfmt.agaiHfi the daj of 
redempiiotf, Thelc and many other bieffings, graces 
andcomfortsfiovving from them, knit our hearts 
faft and nearly unto him, after we be aflured by a 
true faith, and the (pirit of adoption, that they 
are certainly our owne. But no unregenerate man 
is really and truly partaker of theft fpiiituall pre- 
rogatives, and therefore cannot truly and fincerely 
loveGod. This then is thefirft branch of divine 
love, when wc dearly and affedionately loveGod 
for all thofegood things hee vouchsafes unto us 
through Chrift. He that hath not a (en(e andtafte 
of thcfe things by a found faith^ commonly loves 
God principally for his profit, and prolpericy in. 
the world, not much unlike in this point to a little 
childe, that (ayes his prayers onely that hee may 
breake his ^SiH, 

2. Afecondftaireand rifing of our love, is to 
love him for all tho(e beauties, excellencies, and 
eternities ; all that incomprehenfible Ma/eftie^ 
purity and glory, which hee infinitely andeter- 
! nally poflefleth in hirafelfe ^ (bme glimpfes, (ha- 
1 dowes and refemblances of which, hee hath Icat- 
i tcred and difperfed amongft his creatures. Wee 
j are not to love<jod onely for the good wee have 
; received from him, even in heavenly things, but 
alfb for his owne goodncfle. and for that great Ma- 
jeftie, and unapproachable light, which encompaf- 
feth him in the heavens. Hence it is thatfuch a zea- 
lous pang of fervencie in thiskinde, and fuchan 
unquenchable thirft of (anftifving Gods Name, 
and the advancement of his Kingdome, poflelTed 


Ielfe''inrtchin2 examination. 

the bleflcd (pints of thole two men of God, McfjCs 
wdPatfl, that forgetting rhemfelves, they deliied 
rather to be blotted out of thebook§oflife^ and to le ac- 
cwfed^ than God (hould not be glorified. 

3. A third branch and beame of thisfpiriruall 
flame, is when we fo ftrongly love God, before 
and above all other things ^ that we love nothing 
in the world but for his fake. 1. Hence it is that 
trueChriftiansimploy their love unto theirchil- 
dren,ra'.her in planting grace in their hearts, and 
in making them Gods fervants^ than in^purchafing 
for them large pofTelfions^ and making them great 
upon earth. 2. They love their friends and fami- 
liars, not for advantage, plealure, profit, or world- 
ly reputation, but mofl: dearly^ becaufe they love 
God , and have his image of grace and fincerit y fh i- 
ning in them. 3. They love their healthy not be- 
caufe they are enabled thereby with more eafe and 
contentment to purfihe the world, and more en^ 
tirely to enjoy the vanities thereof ^ but becaufe it 
brings them vigour unto their bodies, andliberty 
unto their minds, to ferve God more chearfully 
and comfortably, both in their generall and parti- 
cular calling. 4. They love richesjhonours, know- 
ledt^e, the countenance of greatnefle, high places, 
and the like ^ not that they may ruffle ir, and do- 
mineerein the world, opprelfe and proudly over- 
looke their brethren ^ but that they may be the 
fVronger towirhftand ungodly oppofitions, that 
they niay give the more enlargement to Gods glo- 
rv, and furtherance to good caufes ^ that they may 
pcrforme moe good works, doe more good unto 



% Sam.^.tx. 

The Saints 

I good men, and more honourable fervke to the 
Majeftie of Heaven. 5, They love the Word, and 
the free and fruitfull paflage of it, not oncly be- 
caufe it brings outward peace, and worldly happi- 
neffe, but becaufeit glorifies Gods Name, anden- 
largeth Chrifts Kingdome 5 fils Heaven wiih 
Saints, and the earth with good Chriftians. Thus 
in a man (andified with {aving faith, the love to 
creatures, and all other things^ is ferviceable and 
fubordinate to Gods glory. 

4. A fourth ftep and ftaire of our love to God, 
is tohateour felves for love of him : That is, to be 
content to loofe our goods, our friends, our liber- 
tie, our lives, rather than to betrav his truth and 
glory, in not ftickingtoit, and ftanding for it. 
The fpirituali heat of this divine flame doth beget 
in the heart of the true Chriftian, an holy con- 
tempt of prophane (cofFs, railings, (landers, dif- 
graces ^ it makes the nobleft (pirit, whii^h naturally 
is moft impatient of contempt and contumelies, 
todigeft wi: h patience the fpightfull bafeneso^the 
prophaneft abjeds, and the railings of the proud. 
This love burned in the breft of David^ when hee 
thus anfwered his fcomful! wife Micha//^ I mil jet k 
more vile tha^ thus. Even Majeftie it felfe.ftooped 
to the moft difdainfuUcontempt for the glorifying 
of God ^ and fubmitted his Crowne and Scepter 
to the (come and cenfare of the meaneft for his 
(ake. This Jove was hotter in the hearts of many 
Martyrs, than the (corching flames about their 
eares : This alone fuftained them amid thtfircruell 
torments, and edged them on even with their dea- 


felfe-inriching examination. | 

reft bloud tollackethe fire, and quench the thirft- | 
ing rage of perfecutours. Their bodies were like 
curs, their ftrength was not the ftrength of llones, 
their limbs were not oF fteele, nor flefh of brafTe, ^ 
they were fenfibleof paine and torment as well as 
we;^ but the heat of Gods love within them, did 
with fach a powerfuil vigour fo wholly pofTefle 
their fbules, that it more prevailed to comfort 
them^tban the flames of lire were able to confound 

2. After that faving faith hath planted this fer- 
vent love of God in our hearts, it ipreads and im- 
parts it felfe to the creatures, with due refpecT:, 
merciful] ufage, and moderate delight in them, as 
wherein appearefbme prints and (liadowes of the 
beauty^ jwifdome, power and glory of God. But 
efpecially to men, becaufe they are knit unto us 
with a nearer bond of brotherhood by creation, 
and beare about them the Image of the fame Crea- 
tour ; but moft dearely of all to true Ghriftians, 
and^anftified men, becaufe they are fellow mem- 
bersof Chrifts body, and co-heires with us of the 
(elfe (ame KJngdome.Hereupon it is that Paul Gal. 
6, 1 o.bids us doe^oodJiftto all mcu-hni efpeciai/j to fUm 
of the houfiold^ffalth. And ih^iDa'vid tel sus,Pp/. 1 6. 
3 . That aUhis delight m tlif holy ones vp 'ich are here on 
earthy avdchkfl) inthofe th^t excell in vertue. This love 
of the Saints and godly men, is a manifeft marke 
of faving faith, and aninfilible figne of true re- 
generation. The fptrit of God hath pointed it out 
as a ftrong demon flration, and propofed it as a 
touch-ftone for trial] in this point. We know faith 



The Saints 

Ttfhfy I Jr;/>.] 14. ihatvfice are tranjkted fi^om death U 
lije^kcaufe wclo've the brethren. If any man can hearti- 
ly and (incerely vouch(afe his beft and kindefl: af- 
fedionsto a true Chrtftian, for thiscaule onely, 
he being Gtherwifeaftrangeruntohim, rhathee 
fees the living graces of Gods fpirit Qiiiiing in him, 
and manifeft iignes of true and nnfained godii- 
nclfe. Ic is a good argument unto him chat he him- 
felfe is a true ChriRian, and that thofe (ame graces 
are f^ated in his owne (bule, \yhich he (b much fets 
by^lovesand reverenceth in another. 

5. Thirdly, a maniandified by faith, doth onely 
truly and rightly love himfelfe, but in another 
meafure, kinde and manner, than prophaue men : 
I For they make Idols of themfelves 5 their love to 
I God, to his Word, to their kindred and neigh- 
j hours, mud: ever yeeld and (iibmit to the love of 
! themlelves.They cannot for their hearts love hear- 
\ tily a true Chriftian^only for his god!inefre:,It may 
I be they mayafFed him for his gifts, bccaufehee 
I dealesjuftly with them, becaufe of Ibme natural! 
i bond of kindred or alliance, or for that they en)oy 
I outward blellings by living with him: But ever for 
j his profeffion&pra&ice of fincerity,they hold him 
i too precife. In deed and truth, ail their loverefts 
j within theirowne bofomes^ and is cunningly and 
fecretly fpent upon themfelves ^ Gods glory, (alva- 
tion of (buIes,good of others, are ferved at fecond 
hand, and in reverfion after them{elves,and their 
owne finfull pleafures.In a word,the unregenerate 
man loves onely himfelfe, in plotting and provi- 
ding earthly comforts, and temporal! IiappinelTe in 


felfeAnriching examination. 

this life 5 love of all other things, and all other 
loves in him^ are (wallowed up in the torrent of 
this felfe love, as lefler Rivers in the Sea. But it is 
farre otherwife with every one, which by a fruit- 
full and working faith is afliired of Heaven ^ for 
he loves himfelfefoj that he loves God infinitely 
more, with the deareft pang of his beftandftron- 
geft atFedic«i , hee Iwcetly embraces ^very true 
Chriftian ^ he loves all other things with relation 
unto God, and rcfervation of his glory. His love 
unto himfelfe is reftified and <iireftcd unto true 
happinellc 5 not mif-lpent in furnifliingand filling 
himfelfe with worldly wealth, and earthly plca- 
fiires, for the body only,^ but is fervently imploy^d 
in fitting his immortall fbule with grace, that it 
m.!^y live eternally hereafter in the glory of heaven. 
4. Laftly^That (peciall and impartialllove which 
(prings out of nature, orfbmekinde ofneernefle, 
as to wife^children^kindred/riends, familiars, and 
where there is no grace, like a great Riv^r, many 
times ovcrflowes the banks of moderation, difcre- 
tion^ and reafbn, is happily feafbned and fandli- 
fied by faving faith, and made thereby more fer- 
vent, comfortable, and faithfull. 

I.! No man can truly love his wife, but the true 
Chriftian,and(anftified man ^ he may love her bo- 
dy, her beauty, her wealthjher birth, her friends, 
the outward comfort and contentment (he brings 
with her, Sec. But he loves not her (bule, for hee 
neither made his choice principally for grace, nor 
being matched, doth chiefly wifh and worke her 
(pirituallgood, doth not grow with her in (aving 
\ M graces 



The Saints 

graces^ andholinefle of life, nor walke with her 
hand in hand towards the Kingdome of Heaven. 
He loves her not for that (he was put into his hand 
by Gods providence for his portion, for perhaps 
he had oneiy an eye and aime at her portion^ pa- 
rentage, perfbn, andfome other by-re(pefts. He 
loves her not, as Chrift did his Spouft, and as Paul 
exhorts, Ephef. 5. 25, with afincere, chafte, and 
ipirituall love, that he may beget more and more 
holincfle andfincerity in her^^ prefcrve her un- 
(potted of the corruptions & abominations of the 
timejand prepare her for Heaven, that as they have 
f lived together in the nearefl: bond, and deareft 
love upon earth, Co they might raigne and rejoyce 
together everlaftingly in the (econd life. This is 
not the care and conscience of the unregenerate 
man towards his wife, and therefore I fty he doth 
not love her truly. He doth not love her becaufe 
{hce is all glorious within, enricht with true and 
lafting graces of the fbule, but becaufe (hee is 
outwardly deckt in body, that muftrot, and feed 
the wormes, and becaufe (hee (ervcs his turne for 
outward comforts, and is his fellow helper for thri- 
ving and flourifhing in the world. 2. Neither doth 
any unfandifiedman truly love his children 5 Hee 
may love them as they are the fruit of his loynes^ 
the lively images 8c representations of his perfbn, 
the hope of his pofteiity, the lines of hisbloudj 
the arches of his houfe , and pillar of his name 
and family, andinfuchlikerefpedts : but he doth 
not burne with that truly Chriftian love towards 
them ^ which begets a zeale and care to plant in 


felfeHnriching examination. i i ^7 

them the true fcare of God, (aving knowledge, 
the power of Religion, and ihat one uccejfary thiftg-^ 
the graces of falvation. He is Ipurrcd on by his na- 
tural I afFedion to toy le and tire oat himfelfe with- 
out meafiare or end , to heape and hoard up for 
them earthly treafures, but he is cold and careleffe 
in providing for them durable riches 5 that Pearle 
of high price, and a Crowne of immortality. And j 
therfore he loves them afFeftionately^but not con- 1 
(cionably, kindly, but not Chriftianly. 3. Neither } 
can any ungodly man love truly his friend^ he may j 
be linked to him in a ftrong Sc boyftcrous bond of 1 
Good-fellowfhip, he may fticke unto him in fbme 
defpcrate attempt, even to the (hedding of his 
bloud; hcmayaffcdhimfor advantage, for plea- 
fore, for profit, for a time, for his faire conditions, 
for his good nature, his civill carriage, morall ver- 
tues, gifts of knowledge 8c wifdome, noblenefTe of 
(pirit, longacquainrance,and the like ^ But he can- 
not poffibIyfaften& knit his fbule unto his friends, 
as the foule of Jonathanv/ds tied untoihcfouleof 
Davf d:,th3it is,in the feare ot God,in an holy league 
for the keeping of a good confciencc, ftandingfor 
Gods truth, and the advancement of his glory, in 
that golden knot, and noble tye of Chriftianity. 
The knot of thatdcareft love betwixt David and 
Ioaatha»y was tied by the Spirit of God 5 they were 
as it were (worne brothers in good things 5 they 
made a covenant, i Sam, 18.3. (for they loved the 
one the other as their ownc foules) that they 
would for ever fticke clofe together in the beft 
things, in defpight of all adverfary, rage and ma- 

M 7 lice. 


The Saints 

Sec Burton of 

lice, and the cruelty and corruptions of: the time, 
the vanity and abomination of Sauls Court. The 
Pame therefore of this affedion was a fparkc of 
Heaven^nev^ertobeputout orquenched^ after it 
was once fee on foe 5 but of that laft ing and divine 
temper, that it was to burne in their breft with mu- 
tuall zeaie and fervency upon earth, and to blaze 
everlaftingly with Seraph icall heat in the heavens 
afterward. The dearneife and ftrength of this holy 
lovebetweene Davfdmdl(?»at^»y^ndro ofChri- 
ftian afFe(5bion amongft godly men, appcares by 
chedeareftpangSj and pallionate meltings of D<i- 
z'/V/ heart, for the death of loftalhaft^ 2 s am, 1,16, 
Wos is me for thee^ fai th he, »!^ brother lo»ath4n : Pfofl 
fvpeet hafi thou beem u»lo tne : thy love H»t0 me waf rvm- 
dsrfftlly papngthtkvtoft^omen. The loveof a wo- 
man, by realon of the tendernefle of heart, and 
the exceffeof paflion in that (ex, is moft longing, 
paffionate, and fervent^ yet nothhig to the love of 
lomthitt to D^md^ nothing to that flame of Ipiri » 
tuall affedion, kindled by the Holy Ghoft in the 
hearts of true Chriftians one towards another : For 
all other love is e?jthly, natural], finite, mixed in 
the meane time with many feares, diftaftes and 
jcaloufieSj with much unquietnefle, interruptions, 
and ren-IclTe longings ^ lometimcs it is furious, 
ibmetimes faint, (bmetimes weakncd and weary 
with the free and eafie enjoyment of the thing be- 
loved 3 (bmetimes it i&afflified with defpairc, by 
refiftan€e and difficulty ^ {bmetimes ftrangeled 
with ftings of jealouHe, left it be defrauded and 
wronged by partnerfhip, and participation, at the 


felfe4nriching examination. 

beft it is but a bi tter-fweetj and at laft ever ends ei- 
ther in endlefTe divorcej or in bannings and cur- 
fings of each other in hell for their neemelTe of un - 
landiified love upon earth.Or if they be both con- 
vertedjthey ever after hate and abhor their former 
wickedloveof good-fellowfhip, and enter a new 
holy league^and (acred bond of Ghriftian love. But 
fpirituall Iove,betwixt two Chriftians, is of a more 
fweet and loving difpofition, of a more laftingand 
heavenly nature. Their deare embracements in 
godlinefle, and many kinde offices in Chriftianity, 
areenterchanged andexercifed betwixt them, be- 
caufe they fee and know that they are both, i. chil- 
dren of one Father 5 2. Brethren of Chrift lefus 3 
3. Begotten againe by the fime(pirit ^ 4. Borne of 
thelame immortall feed of the Word 5 5. Nouri- 
(hcd with the fame fpirituall food ^ 6, Of one 
houlhold of faith ^ 7. Pilgriroes and fellow- travel- 
lers towards the fame cvcrlafling home ^ S.Soul- 
dicrs under the fame colours, called to the felfe- 
famehoper 9, And co-heircs of the glorious King- 
dome of Heaven. And therefore if once true affc- 
ftion grounded upon grace, feize upon their 
hearts ^ if once their two flreames of fandified 
love, fpringingoutof the fountaine of their love 
towards God, meet and joyne themfclves in an 
holy and Chriflian fellowlhip, they grow bi^er 
and bigger in fincerity and ftrength , towards a \ 
great torrent^ untill they both fall at laft, and bee 
fallowed up in that bottomleiTe Sea of end- 
lelTc love, and higheft happinefle in the world 
above. The love then of the true Ghriftian, is 

M z onely 



The Saints 

onelytrue and worthy embracemenc. 

As for the love of unregeneratc men to their 
friend, though they be never (b wife, rich, or ho- 
nourable, it is idle, vaine, and tranfitory^ not 
worth a points end for any found comfort the 
Chriftian (hall ever enjoy by it, (aveonelyin that 
it may be a meanes or occafion to worke good up- 
on them, or give countenance and encouragement 
unto him in his calling. 4 . Laftly, neither doth any 
un(an£i:i(ied man love truly his kindred ; heemay 
have with them merry meetings, fet feafts, ex- 
change of carnal 1 contentments, but to the bond 
of nature, there wants the linke of grace, and 
therefore there is wanting that faving and facrcd 
knot that is wont to tye together the hearts of 
godly men, (b laftingly and lure, that no crofie or 
milcrvj nomanordevillj nor time, nor yet eter- 
nity can ever untye. His affedion may bee hot to- 
wards them, becaufe of the fame bloud^ but a mu- 
tuall intereft in the bloud of Chrift, is that which 
feafbns and (an(^ifies all naturall affedions. 

5. Onely faving faith is able to beget love unto 
our enemies, Mattk 5 .44. 

Thus farre I have told you what love faving 
faith begets in the hearts of true Ghriftians to- 
wards God, the creatures, the godly^ themfelves 
and to others, as fliall be led with nature, and 
neernefle reditiedby Religion. I have but given 
you a tafte, and yet I have ftayed the longer upon 
che point ^ becaufe there are many, when they 
heare of faith rporkiag by Imte ^ they prefently appre- 
hend and conceive it to be no more butreleeving 


felfeHtiriehing examination. i 15 \ 

thepoore. When they are taught that they muft 
joyne good works to their faith, they prefently 
thinke^that only almcs-decds are them.Whereas if 
a man ihouldfeedthepoonmfhallhtfgoddsyi Cor.i^, 
and yet want a true hearted 8c zealous love to God^ 
his Word^ his Minifters, his fervants, his Sacra- 
ments, his Sabbaths^ hisKingdome, his comming, 
See. it would profit him nothing.If aman were ne- 
ver fo famous $c glorious for his almes-deeds^ and 
fhould not have a due refpedt, and (incere obe- 
dience to all the daties, both towards God and 
man, enjoyned by the Gommandements, they 
would ttand him in no ftead at the day of triall. 

And yet the(e men harbouring fuch odde opini. 
ons,and idle conceits, by reafon of their ignorance, 
are wont to vaunt and braggc much of the times of 
Popery, what a world of good works^ and open 
houskceping were in thofe dayes^and thinke with- 
in themfelves, that they onely live worthy their 
profeilion, that love is onely lodged in their bo- 
fomes, and that they have dipt the wings of cha- 
rity, to keepe her at home with them, when as flie 
isflowneaway from themoft places and parts of 
the world befides. Awd whence rile all thefe glo- 
rious conceits, becaufe they give now and then 
(bmething more liberally and bountifully to the 
poore. And that: 

I. Perhaps which they give is but part of the 
price of the bfoud") for by indofurc they drive 
them both out of their houfes, and from the Mi- 
ni^-lerie) both of thebodies and ibules of the poore. 
It may be they got in byopprcflionj extortion or 

M 4 ufiirya 



The Saints 

ufliry , by grinding the faces of the fatherkje^ and tearing 
thefiejh of the people of God, And fo wretched men 
thinke to appeafc God, by giving part of their 
robberies in almes, and goe about as it were to cor- 
rupt him with prcfents, and call him to take part 
of thefpoiie. 

2. Or perhaps they pervert and pollute all their 
good works and almes with Pharifaicall hypocride 
and vain-glory, not freely and cheerfully parting 
with them, with a fincere defiretoglorifie God^ 
icor. r o. 3 1 . and fo they utterly lo(e their reward^ 

3. Or perhaps they give hand over head, with- 
out any difference of parties, or fpirituall dilere- 
tion : They doe not with an holy careconfider, 
where their gifts may bee beft beftowcd, what is 
fitteft to be given, how much is meet for them to 
contribute, and in what manner they fliould per- 
fbrmeir, being ftrangers to that precept and prin- 
cipal! of the Apoftle, forever to be ftridly obfer- 
ved in all offices of love, works of charity, and 
alnaes-deeds, Gal.6. Dot good imio all men, hntefpect- 
alljtothemofthe ho-fjhold of faith, Perb^ips they are 
free-hearted in upholding (bme old iiipcrllitious 
cuftomeSj fbmc prophane (ports and paftimes, but 
very cold ineontributionstogodlyufesa and good 
caufes. In fuch cafes a little is wrung from them, 
with noleflc adoe, than if a diftrefle of a fine or 
amercement were to; be cxaded and extorted from 

4. Perhaps for alh the charity they bra^s;© of, 
they inwardly hate a true Chriftianj as a fePow 


klfe^inricbing examination. 


troublefbme, and too preci(e And they refped 
onely aiideftcemc the good opinion and kindc af- 
fectation, of good-fellowes, as they call them, and 
merry companions, tiolding it an oncly way to 
winne love, to make themlelves popular in pra- 
difeof fbme plaufible finnes, in (landing for old 
corrupt cuftomcs, whichever pleafethe moft part 
' and common (brr, inyeelding liberty for iicetiti- 
ous courfes, to them that live under them^ and 
about them, in procuring impunity to difordercd 
perfbns, and taking part with Satan andprophane 
men , againft the courle of fincerity and good 
Ghriftians, which is a cruell mercy, and murdering 

5 . It may be having knowledge, found faith , fin- 
cerity of heart, a good confc ience, are wanting to 
their good ivorks, and then their almes-deeds are 
no better unto them (though in ihemfelves good 
and neceflary) ihe^ the cnitwg off of a dogger tmh^yand 
the efferingof Smnts hhnd. It is fcrre eafier for a man 
to part with thefuperfliiity of his abundance than 
to part with his (weet finnc, and the (enfiiall pJea- 
(tiresof this life. Hence it is thatthe hypocrite 
(braetimes (efpecially if he have any hope thereby 
to nppeafe the wrath of God,' and fitisfie for his 
finnes) is content to give any thing to the fervice 
of God, fave himfelfe, fave his heart and affedi- 
ons, which are the worlds^ Mich,6,6, " He would 
«' be at any coft, he would (pare no charges to pur- 
*'' chafe two HeavenSj one on earth; and another in 
. the world to come : He woull give any thing to 
• redeemehisfinncsj if hemighthaveadifpenfation 




Arsons 4. 

T^he Saints 

to continue in Unnc. In this point hec would not 
Oand upon any worldly good, though it wrre<i 
thnfand Kammes, or ten thonjami Riven ^ cyk : Nay, 
he vvou.'d give his firft borne for hii tranfgrefiien 5 even 
thefrmt of his bodyjor thefmne ofhisfouk. He would 
be exadt and unreproveable in all outward fervices, 
?fal.%o. But though he fhould give thefe, and the 
whole world befidesj if it were his owne ^ though 
hefljould give all that he haih to thepoore, and his body to 
be burnt : Yet without love unto God, exprcit in 
yecldingtothe power and pradifeof his Word^ 
and ChriftianafFedion to godly men, becaufethcy 
kcepe a good Gonfcience, and labour to (ave their 
(bulesj all were nothing. It is the heart, and the 
finceriry thereof, which is a (acrificc, and (ervice 
well pleafing unto God. 

I have interpofed this point no way to hinder 
thereleevingofthepoore, or toftop the current 
of bounty and goodneffe, in well di^fed minds, 
God forbid. I had more need in thefe ftony and 
flinty times, in this age of cruelty and oppreffion, 
to ftrike at with the rod of judgements, the rockie 
hearts of wicked worldlings,and covetoas Cormo- 
rants, tliat fbme fprings of mercy and compaflion 
might breake out, that they might cafi their bread 
upon the waters i left they periQi in the Lake of fire. 
I had more need to minifter a (harp potion, com- 
pofed and nangled all of plague* and woes, to the 
enclofing, ingroffing, and opprefling Cannibals of 
our times, that they might caft upagainc the poorc 
ilsat thfy havejivalloiped dotfne, and tktfltjh of Cods peo- 
pkwhichthey have eaten 5 left the raft of that Gold 


felfe^nricbing examination. 

and Silver which they have heaped up upon the 
ruines and defolations of whole families, be one 
day afmft mtneffeagait^ them, and eat their jfejh as it 
Tperefire, I had more need to ftrike through their 
loynes v/ith terrour and trembling, v^ith that fear- 
fall woe, i/^.5.8. Wo^. u»to them that; )ojm houfe to 
houfe and lay field to field ^^c, with that in the Vrov, 
14.;} I. He that doth a poore man wrongs blafphe- 
fMethhis Mak^r ^ (b we read in the great Bibles 5 and 
moft terrible to this purpofe is that (though Apo- 
cry phallj yet moft true) Ecdttfi ^.22,2?. Tl.'e bread 
of the needfdlis thelife of ihepoore, he that defraude h 
him thereof is a nmrtnerer. He that tah^th away his neigh - 
hours living, Jtayeth him. It is feconded and confir- 
med by Smitlohn, a Canonical] writer, i loh.^A 5 . 
Whofoefvcr hateth Ins brother is a man -flayer. And what 
greater meafure of hatred, what more cruel! man- 
ner of murther can there bee devifed, than to fet 
him upon the rackej thanby oppreflion,'^ufury or 
extortion i^ to plucke off his slqnne, to teare hisfleffj 
from his bones ^ tobreke his bones, and chop them in 
peecesas for the pot, Mieh.^,2,'^. A man hadfarre 
better be prefently knockt ith* head^ than by ki- 
furc and languifhingthus pineaway.There are two 
wayes yon know of putting out a Lampe, either by 
blowing it out, or by taking away the oyle which 
fhould nouriOi and feed the flame ; So a man may. 
either be (uddenly ftabbed and thruft thorow, or 
having his living and 11 velyhood, by little and lit- 
tle pluckt from him, linger for a while in a con- 
(umptionofhisftate, untill he quite pine away in 
want and mifery. This latter murthering of men 



Jam. 5. 


The Saints 

is craftily and cruelly prafti(ed by the enclofing 
and opprcffing Giants of our times, they doc not 
knocke them downe in the ftreec, and ftrike them 
dead as they meet them, that were farre moretol- 
lerable and merciful!, and there were law againft | 

But by racking their rents above reafbn, or rai- 
fing their fines beyond mealure, or wearying them 
by one tricke or other, out of their ancient poffef- 
fions, they wring their penfivcfbules from their 
hunger-ftarved bodies. Kaboth died more happily 
and eafily than the opprefTed andenclofedof our 
times, which is a kinde of death^ as farre more 
cruell and tormenting than the former^ as hanging 
in chaines alive, than beheading. Who would not 
hate and abominate with the highefi: ftraine of in- 
dignation, that bloudy tyrant which fhould torture 
an innocent man, upon (bme engine of vexation, 
with a lingring torment, onely upon purpofe to 
make his paines' more painfull, and fhould onely 
adde life unto his death, that he might die more di- 
ftrefTedly ? And yet in cfFed many cruell Land- 
Lords deale thus with honeft men, though not for 
thirft of bloud, yet for greedinefTe of gold. 

If the times then bee fuch, I had infinitely, 
andathoufand times rather be a Prodlor to plead 
for the poore, than once to open my mouth 
ae,ainfl: them. And therefore whatfoever I have de- 
livered in the former point, was only to meet with 
a falfe opinion, and common errour of men, 
who ever when they heareof charity,faith, work- 
j ing by love and good workes, conceive there- 

: ty_ 

felfe^nricbing examinat'iGn. 

by nothing but almes-deeds. Which indeed in 
themfelves are good and neeefljr/^ and -ftiidtly 
.commanded of God Almighty, Ecclef. 1 1 . i . i joh» 
3«i7c molt plea fing unto him, 7/^.58.536,7. And 
highly rewarded by him, Prm). 19-17, Ink. i6.p. 
Jf they bee ourowne lawfully and confcipnably 
come by^ given with a heart purged by faith from 
an evill conlcience, and dead .works,^ with fpiritu- 
all di(cretion in preferring the Saints in all favours 
and furtherances^ with feafenableneflej compaffion 
and chearfulnefle; they are a precious feed fowne 
upon earth, tlie crop whei'eoffhall hereafter bee 
glorioufly reaped in the Heavens. But if an holy, 
■ flame of divine love to God, his honour^, truth and 
fervice ^ to jJil good things, godly exercifes, and 
true Ghriftians, be not firft kindled in the heart, 
by the fanftifying fpirit 5 if there be not a refped 
to all Gods Commandements, a delightin all holy" 
duties, and hatred to all finnes ^ all our alnaes-. 
deeds, all our good Works arc/Unto. our fclvcs ut- 
terly unprofitable. Thele ought to be done pro- 
portionably to our ability, and the other graces to 
be polTeft in.liacerity, if welooke for faivation, A 
good man muftnotonely apply feis hand,Butprin- 
cipally his heart to the exercife of well-doirlg. 
There is the royall feat of divine love,and the holy 
olF-fpring of a fruitful! faith, which givcth life and 
acceptation to all good aftions, without which 
the largeft doles, and moftglorious hrgeflcs, are 
butcmleafbnedandunfanftificd (acrifices. Befides 
the confutation of a common errour 5 the point 
fcrvcs to comfort pooreGhriftians, to whom tlus 




The Saints 

hard world denieth wealth. For love (the faireft 
and lovelicft ifliie of a faving faith) is not placed 
with money in the purfe, but planted with love 
and kindnelTc in the heart. 

Canft thou mourne with diftrcfled Chriftians, 
and unfainedly afFeft thy heart with fbrrow for 
their griefes > Canft thoulpcake comfortably un- 
to an afflided confcience, and refrcfh a broken and 
bruifed (pirit? Canft thou pray heartily for the con- 
verfionof thy moft enraged and implacable cnc- 
mie, and grieve at their rebellions and foule-mur- 
thering ftubbornneflc ? Doft thou labour upon all 
occafionSj by inftruftions, admonitions, feafbna- 
ble reproofes, to draw others out of their igno- 
rance and blindnefle, iecurity and finnes, to faving 
knowledge, and into the waycs of God ? Why 
then thou art very rich and glorious in almcf-decds, 
for fothou doeft good to the fbulesof thy bre- 
thren, one of which is farrc more worthy than the 
bodies of all men living. Thou fo cnricheft thy 
brother with heavenly trcaftircs , and (pirituall 
almes, which arc much more pretious^ and pre- 
ferred before any good dced^ or comfortable re- 
leefejCxercifed and conferred upon the body : The 
very Schoolmen being witneffes, Durdndutlib.j^, 
dA^.q.'jXon^ule^^Cafliga.folare^remitteifer, ora ^ is 
better than, Viftto^poto^cibo^redimo^^Ugo^cMgo^cendO' 
To conclude this point, true and juftifying faith 
doth' ever in the firft place kindle in the heart a 
zealous & fervent love to God, and all godlinefle ^ 
then to our owne (bules, whereby wee are ftirred 
up to fiirnifti them with all laving graces, then 
I to 

felfe-inriching examination. \ 

tochefbules of our brethren, that they may bee i 
brought to everJaftkig happinclTe^ then to their } 
bodies and lives, that we may refrefh and relceve [ 
them, according to their wants, as the Lord (ball j 
make us able j after to all creatures, as we (hall fee ! 
and obferve, to the power, wifdomc and glory of* 
our gracious God to fliine in them. 
\ 7. Seventhly, Forfaking the world, is a fure 
fignc of a faving faith. For no man can poffibly 
rent his affeftion from the world ^ his (weet 
'finne, and earthly vanities 5 untill his fbule have 
received by the hand of faith from the (pirit of 
God 5 an aurhenticall affiirance of art immoridl 
Crofcm in tJk. Heavem 5 fealed unr o him by the pre- 
cious bloud of the fbtinc of God. Every man natu- 
rally is greedy of joy and ccntentraentj and farre 
more holdfaftof prefcnt comforts, though wcake 
andtranfitory \ then appehenfive of unfeene fu- 
ture happinefTes^ of which he hath no found and 
c^rtaine hold , though excellent and ; endlefle. 
Hence it is, that natural! men being in prefent tafte 
and pofleflion of worldly plealures, and very fenfi- 
bJc of their fenfu all 9f^ttinQ^Q^ and wanting faith 
and ailurance of that everlaftingblefTedneflc abovc^ 
with much greedineffe, and the (Irong torrent of 
theifaffedions, follow and puriue the prefenf,and 
will not part with theworld,becaufe they know no 
other Heaven, they are allured of no other happi- 
nefle. Howfoevcr they may pretend and proteft: 
to the contrary, yet indeed and truth, both in af- 
fedionand pradii(e,they preferre the world before 
God, earth before heaven, time before eternity, 


figne of faving 

\ . 

ido I The Saint f 

a wedge of gold, before a Crowne of Glory. The 

heart of man ever forts and purchaleth to icfelfe 

feme ftay or other of fbme kinde of comfort, 

though it be hxxta br^k^nflaffedfreed, whereon to 

reft and repofe it fclfe ^ it muft have fbme faccour 

and refuge in time of ftormes, though but under i 

naked tree 5 it will ever take fome ^nduary,, 

though but ill fbme rotten and ruinous hold, 

againft erodes and conrradiftions. The heart of 

the covetous wan ueftles itfelfeupon gold, while 

that glifters in his cheft, it leaps and dances ia his 

breft : Thoagh he be abhorred both of God and 

man, though he be reproved of the Minifter, and 

curfed of the poore for his oppreffion, ufury, ex- 

tortiorij hard-heartednefTe^Scc. yet when becomes 

' home and finds his bagges and bondsfafe,, he bJef- 

feth himfelfe in his heart againft what judgements 

and curfes (bever to the contrary. With his golden 

, wedge hee eafilycutsafiander all doubts^ reafbns, 

; arguments and objections which can bee brought 

againft him. Hee pleafeth and applauds himfelfein 

■ his prefent plenty againft all cenfiures andcontra- 

1 didions whatfoever. '^ The (eat of honour is the 

; ^' ambitious mans Heaven. Though hee bee vext 

with the indignation of good men, with thccon- 

I tempt of inferiours, with thwartings of competi- 

I tors, envies of compeeres, ;ealou(ies of Princes, 

I and a thoufand moe ftings and diftempers ; yet he 

[bin Heaven.and well enough in heart, while hee 

j may dominecrc, and be adored above others. The 

I gracelcfle wanton canbeare away well enough the 

fweakningof his body, the wafting of his goods, 

{ the 

felfeAnrichingtxamination. i \6i 

the lofle of friendsj and ftaine of reputation^ Co 
chat hee may fwiniftily wallow in the fbule and 
brutiQi pleafures of uncleannefle. Thus every un- 
regenerate and earthly-minded man is ever wed- 
ded unto the world in one curfed vanity or other, \ 
untill he be even rent from it by the power of (a- j 
ving faith : In which if he be once mainly croft^ he 
isprefentlyoutof the world, at his wits end, and 
without all comfort. If the covetous man bee tur- 
ned out of his tieafiiresjhow neare is he toa de/pe- 
rate phrenfie, or (bme accurfed end } If the proud 
a(pirer bee ftript oi his honours and officeSj and 
thrown from his high place, how weary is he of the 
world ?4iow piodigall of his life ? how impatient 
of the company of raeni"? Infinite are thewayes,; 
vanities, and crooked by-paths, in which wretched 
men tyre themfelves in vaine. They fweat in fin- 
full courfes, and are faft glued to the mire and mud 
of the earth, becauiethey want a found afiurance 
by (aving faith, of better things in the world to 
come. But if a man be once by faith per(v\^aded of 
Gods favour, and have his eyes opened to fee what 
great variety of holy and heavenly delights may 
be enjoyed in rhe ftateof Chriftianity, in compa-^ 
rifon of the moft glorious revelling of the richefi 
worldling 5 if hee be once foundly and (aviHglyj 
affiired, that after a fewdayes of vanitie^ and anj 
inch of raiferable time, he (hall live everlaftirigly 
with God, the holy Angels, and blefled Saints,ana 
in that ftate, and in thofe facrcd manfions, where 
nothing but light and blefled immortality, no fha- 
xlow for matter ofxeares5di(contentmea«$,gr^fe$j; 

N and 

1 i6i I 

The eighth 
ma kcoffavingj 

7 he Saints 

anduncomforcabie pallions to worke upon s, buc a Jl 
joy^tranquilky and peace, even for, ever and ever 
doth dwell 5 liay if he be once thns perfwaded and 
aflured, how willingly doth he bid the world fare- 
well > How refolntely doth he caft out of his af- 
fections all greedy thoughts, and exceffive defires 
ofearth and earthly treafures^HoW" clearly doth he 
fee and acknowledge that all things here are tranfi-, 
tory, vaine, and icoie flitting away? If heonce fa- 
llen the eye of his minde, inlightnedwith the&- 
credbeamedf anholy and (avnigfeich, upon the 
unvaluable precioufheflej'and cverlafting beauty 
of the Crowne of glory ^ it is not the glifteringof 
Gold, the fplendounof princely thrones, the glo- 
ry of the whole world, can after give hi many true 
comfort, and found con tenement : For then he is 
as Eagle-minded, as he is Eagle-eyed, and fores 
alofc in his meditations towards the Sonne of righ- 
teoufrieffe, and feafts already uponthofeendteife 
pleafures at Gods right hand. HefufFers no more 
his hope and affedions to ftoope fo low^ as to feize 
upon the flies of this world ^ or the wide capacity 
of his foule to be filled with wind, and emptindfe 
of worldly vanities. Then onely are we willing to 
(hake hancb with the world, when by the hand of 
fai th we have laid hold upon the joy es of Heaven , 

8 . Eighth ;y,the conflict betweene the f )irit and 
theflefh, is a notable mairke of faving faith. Un- 
fauYifiedmsn are for ch« mal: part mecre %an- 
s;ers to the troubles oF conicieuce.. S^can like a 
mighcyGi mt,and an imocrions tyra{it,keeos them 
Ja hisdiiWttes, without an/ great noi(eor ftirre, 

' withou 

/elfe4nriching examination. 

without any concrolement or contradidion. But 
if once this Itrong man^ which hath before quietly 
raigaed is the heart, and fit m the conll ience, bee 
dikrmed^ and diipoileft of his holds and haunt 
by the fpirit of the Lordjefiis, and the power of 
faving faichj then beginnes this fore and laftiog 
combate betwixt the flefh and the (piric.Satan then 
doth not oncly faimfelfe rage like a madded and 
roaring Lion for re-entry, but dothalfbOirreupa 
civiliandi. ceftinewarreinamans owne bofome, 
which neverendeth untilldeathjUntill the old man 
be quite exlinguiftit and aboIi(ht in him. and the 
new man after many reftlefle oppofitions 8c fierce 
graplings conquer and be crowned. But left you 
deceive your (elves in this marke of a true&ith, 
you muft conceive &: know, that there may be ma- 
ny inward tumultuous ftirres and ftrifes, even in a 
prophane and unregenerarc man. In fbme the tor- 
rent of tin is fo headftrong and violent, that it car- 
ries conlcience reafbn, reputations the headJong 
tyde of the afFeftions along with it^ without any re- 
fiftanceorreludiation at all. Thefe ht^efildthem- 
fgive: to tvat k^ mck^dnes-jthj Ci^mmitji» wUhgne^nelJe, 
tkjdriff^ ypimquiiy Uk^wifttr, and feed on earthly 
pleafores , as the Horfe-Ieech on corrupt bloud. 
There may in him be a combate and contradidiom 
Firftabctweene reafbn and afFedion. Realbn many 
times may dift^afte and ftand againft that which af- 
feftion doth furioufly urge upon him. In this fight 
realbn overcame in many heathensjin Reptlus. 

12. Betweene natural! confcience, and natural! 
pafioDS : * As mfif^t^ the light of his confcicnce 
N 2 




of Confciencc, 

checkt '^g-'*»- 


13e Saints 

checkt and fnub'd him from paffing Sentence upon 
Chrift ^ but fcare of C<ep/* Ipurred him forward to 
condemne him^ 

3. Betweenea defire of preferring his reputati- 
on unftained in the world, and a delight in fbme 
open infamous finne : As when a man will needs 
be an Ufurer, an Oppreflor, a Drunkard, a Swea •. 
reror the like, and yet would gladly be accounted 
an honeft man amongfl: good ChriiHans^ 

4. Betweene the feare of fome (peciall remarka- 
ble vengeance from above, and a purpofe to conti- 
nue in the pleafiires of (bme (ecret; fweet, abomi- 
nable finne. SccFosHx^ Ali.i^,verf,2'y,2 6. 

5. Betweene purpofetolive the lifeofworld- 
linefle and pleafures, and a defirc todk the death of 
the righteous, S ee Balaam^ Numb, 23.10. 

6. Befides fuch like conflids as thefe in unrege* 
nerate men, thebeftof them may moreover by 
the general! aid, and hiferiour workingof the ipi- 
rit, ftrive againft all outward finnes for a time^and 
(bme grofle finnes all their life long. BiK bccaufe 
they are not inwardly and throughly fanftified, 
because they doe not with conftancy and refoluti- 
on hold out in combate againft the finnes of the 
time, becaufethey doe commonly nuzzle in^ their 
boibmes, fome one pl'eafiircfull, honourable, ot 
gainfull finne or other, they are not Chrifts Gora- 
batants and Chamoions in that great and fharpe 
conflid betweene the flefh and the fpirir, which I 
make an infallible and individual! marfce of a jufti- 
fiedman. This in the childe of God is fierce, ani- 
verXall, cooftanc : It is not for a flouriih, but to the 
^__ (her'ding 

felfe-inmhing examination. ] 165 

(bedding of bloud. It is not the playing of a prize, 
for reputation of vaIour,but for lifeanddeath.Jtis 
not for the dilplanting of one finne, or two^but for 
the utter dii-ceptring and dil- throning of all fin, 
though it cannot bee utterly ban i(ht out of mor- 
tall bodies. The fpirit in this fight is ever fb farrc 
conqueror, and vidorious, that it filers not the 
fleih to raigne and domincere. It may fbmetimes 
by the auxiliarie forces of Satan be brought upon 
his knees, but by anewfupply of grace it is ftill re- 
frefht and fumiflit for a re-encounter. It will not 
yeeld to auy treaty of peace for all the worlds me- 
diation. It will admit of no parly ^take no truce^ or 
liften to any termesofcapitulationjbut is ftill (wea- 
ting,and tolling, and in bloud to the knees/or the 
caufe of heaven, and in thequarrellof falvation. 
And if it cannot fb fubdue and keepe under the re- 
bellious flefh as it fhould.and dothearneflly defire, 
it mournes and grieves, it wifhes to bee delivered 
from this body of death, and buckles fafter and 
neereruntoit felfe the whole compleat Chriftian 
armour. When the flefh tickles and flirres, and 
tempts to the re-enjoyment of the fenfuall pica- j 
fures of fbme old finne, or goes about to enfharei 
the Chriflian in the bonds of iniquity, the fpirit 
ordinarily fuggefts (ecretly untohisheart fuch mo- i 
tions and meditations as thefe : Miferable man^ | 
what goeft thou about > what thoughts dofl: thou \ 
now entertaine > Doe not thofe eyes, which arc-ten 
thoufand times brighter than the Sunne, fee the i 
fecrets of thy heart ? Art thou fearlefTe and hard- ' 
ned againfl Gods judgement ? Hafl thou not here- j 
- N 3 tofore ' 

j i66 

T^he Saints 

tofore iek the ftings and bitingsof finne ? Forget- 
it[\ thou thy vocation ? Wilt thou fo deceive the 
opinion of good men, who thinkc that thou art a 
Chriftian ? Why wouldeft thou trouble the peace 
of thy conicience againe ? Why wouldeft thou fill 
againe thy faith with doubtings.and thy heart with 
deadnefle ? Why wilt thou grieve ike go$i jpiritof 
Goi^ h) which ihot* artfea W u»to the day ofredemptiofK 
and gratifie Satan thy mortali enemie ? Wherefore 
wouldeft thou bring a (candall upon thy profelfi- 
on, and fadnefie upon the Saints } Is this the pra- 
ftice of Gods people, and the way to the King- 
dome of Heaven ? Art thou aflared, that being fal- 
len thou fhalt rife againe > Art thou (urc, after (b 
many thou(and forbearances, God will be patient 
ftill ?* For a little fi nfull pieafurCj mingled with bir- 
terneffe and vexation, wilt thou diflcttJe and dif- 
joynt, yea, turne otfthe hooks the whole frame of 
thy fandification > For a little bafe and bruitifli 
delight of fcnfe, wilt thou lofc the benefit of thy 
former integrity, peace of confcience, and the 
hearts of good men ? wilfully bereave thy (elfc of 
Gods favourable countenance, divine protedion 
and guard of Angels > Wretched man, bee not fb 
cruell and mcrcilefle to that un valuable Jewell, 
thine owne immortall foule,&:c. By fuch (ecret 
andfacred eloquence as this, the (pirit doth often 
curbe and fnaffle the heat and headineffe of the 
fleOi, and ftopfiiddenly a man that is on gallop to- 
wards finne. But if fbmetimes the (pirit doth not 
fb thorowly prevaile , but that the Chriftian by 
violence of temptation, and the cunning enti(e- 


felfeAnriching examination. j i6j 

menrs of his owne corruptions be at unawares fur- 
prized and overtaken with fomc finne, yet it doth 
notwithftanding more deadlily bate it afterward, 
with more ftrongvowes and relbJutions abjure it, 
and refift it with greater care, il:rength:> and watch- 
fulnefle ; Sothat ever at length God gives a com- 
fortable iiTue one way or other in this Chriftian 
combatCj andatlaft moft certaine vidtory. If it be 
(b then, that thou feele the combate betwixt the 
fieOi and the fpirit within thee ^ and after that 
Gombatc, comfort by the vidory of the fpirit over 
the flefla ; then afluredly faith hath gone before, 
God himfelfe is the man of warre, and the fpirit of 
the Lord Jefus hath deflroyed the power of dark- 
nefle within thee. 

p. Ninthly, The Spirit of prayer doth ever ac- iThcnimhmark 
company faving faith. If a man feele this fer- lof^^^i^s^^i^^- 
vent anclflirring, and faithfully exercifed in him, 
with groancsand fighs, and flrong cries ^ hee may 
undoubtedly aflure himfelfe that heis (andified by 
faith. As for unregenerate men ^ 

1 . Some pray not at all, for they are fb ftrongly 
and fbttifhly ignorant in all matters of Heaven, 
and (o fenfleflTe and unapprehcnfive of their finfull 
and accurfed flate, that they never conceived or 
utteredgroanes, or word unto God, either for the 
removall of any corruption, or fupply of any 
grace. In a cold formall faftiion their bodies may 
be prefent at publike prayer, but they cannot re- 
member the day when ever they powredout their 
ibul^s in private, before th^ throne of grace^ or | Piai.144; 
prayed with their families. 
i .. . N4 2. Others 



The Saints 

2. Ocherii there be, who arc men of gr^ac un^ 
derftanding for worldly bufinelTes Jolly v/i(e men, 
and able to diicourfe largely and readily of other 
matters, and can tell their tale before whomsoever,- 
as well and wifely asthebeft ^ and yet they have 
not the hearts to conceiue, the wildome to con- 
trive^ or the tongue to deliver two or three /fen- 
tences in feeling and fcafbnable prayer, before the 
Throne of God : They cannot for their hearts, 
for their lives hold out a quarter of an hours m 
ripping up their hearts, and laying open their fpi- 
rituall eftate before God, in a conceived pray^n 
They u(e fbmetimes upon occa(ion tobreake out 
into fo.Tie (hort wiQies 5 as Lord have mercy upon 
us ^ God be thanked for all his bleflings ^ God fend 
u«the light of Heaven 5 the Lord fend raine, if it 
be his will ^ and (uch like ; Bun as for longer diP- 
ceurfe, or fet exercifes in prayer they thinke it 
onely belongs to Minifters and SchoUers, men 
converfantinthe Scriptures, and holy paflagesof 
divinity. Miferable and wretched men, it is onely 
the want of the feeling of your miferable ftate, 
and (pi? ituall wants, which makes you want words 
to powre out your fbules in fervent and hearty 
prayer unto God Almighty, and to enlarge your 
felves in an holy and comfortable conference with 
him. There is not the molt unlearned or fimple, 
but if the Lord once inlightenhis conlcicnce by 
the power of the Law, and affeft his heart with a 
true tafte of heavenly (vveetneffe, hee will finde 
words enow toexprefle the wants and grievances 
of hishungry and humbled (cftile: For the Spirit 


Jislfe-inriching examinatton. 


of God givech utterance, openeth theiipSj andun- 
tics the krings both of heart and tongue, to all 
thofewhomhe faniSifies by (aving faith, and in^ 
dues with a figh t and (en(e, true fbrrovv and hatred 
of finne. Let us fuppofe that the mo t ignorant and 
fimpleman, fhouldby fome mercilefle enclofing 
Land-lord, bee turned out of doores, fb that hce 
had no where in the wide worldto hide his head, 
either forhimfelfe, wife or children. Now in this 
ca(eanddi(comforta friend comes unto him, and 
telshim, there is an honeft religiou? Gentleman, 
will without all faile bcl'tow a better thing, a richer 
Farme upon him;,if he can fiifficiently bemoane r , is 
cafe, tell his tale, and lay open his mi(ery and want 
before him ; Doe you thinke this man, though 
never fb fimple and ignorant^, would lofe it for af- 
king > Or would he come onely bluntly and briefly 
thus ? I pray you fir give me this Farme ; No, un- 
doubtedly without any helpe or learning, hce 
would finde plenty > both of reafbns and words, 
with many moving tearmes , and paflionte elo - 
qiience, to unfold his drftrefTedflate, and roflirre 
up compaflion : He would tell him the flory of his 
hard and cruell ufage by his former Land-lord- 
how heehactfirfb railed his fines, then reared his 
rents, toyled and worne out both him and his 
teameinhisfervices and carriages, laboured long 
with many hard conditions, and unchriftian ufage, 
I to vex and weary him out and at length had quite 
! turned him out of all, and had cafl him into the 
wide and hard hearted world ^ fo that that little 
(lay thachis fither. Grand- father, and all hs pre- 


lyo I 

The Saints 

deceiTors had quietly aad peaceably enjoyed upon 
a reafbnable rent, time out of minde, was now 
qalce pulled away, and rent from him by the hand 
of violence and oppreflion : And therefore upon 
the kiices of his much vexed and broken heart, he 
begs and entreats that he would be good unto him, 
el(e he, and his wife, and his many poore children 
are like all to goe a begging ^ for the world was 
never lb hard^ the hearts of men (b flinty, and cha- 
rity (b cold. If it would pleafe him to give him 
faccour, and a refting place, in this his grcateft di- 
ftrelTeandmifery, heand allhis (hould be bound 
to prav for him, and doe him their utmoft (ervice 
faithfully, fo long as they lived. Want of earthly 
neceflaries^and defireof temporall commodities, 
would enforce and furnifh the fimpleft man in the 
world to fpeakc thus, or in the like manner, and 
perhaps with many moe, and more effedhiallper- 
{\vafionS) fit phrafes, proverbs 8c moving fpeeches. 
How much more then, if he had fenle of his (piri- 
tuall miferies & wants, and (bund hope of the glo- 
ry of Heaven,would he find words enow, with fer- 
vencie of fpirit, to (ue unto the Lord of Heaven > 
fith he may be more bold with him, and iooke for 
morekindnefTe and compaffion at his hands, than 
from the moftmercifull Land-lord upon earth, if 
there be any left. 

3. Some others there arejpooreignoraFtfbuies, 
that Evening and Morning doe prophanely poft 
over the Lords Prayer, the Creed, and perhaps the 
ten Commandements , thinking that they are 
thereby fandified and bleft, and that that is fiifii- 



felfeAnriching examination. 1 7 1 

dent feruicc, fuit, andieeking unto God. Buc bc- 
caule they are ignorant and unexperienced in the 
true nature, and right pradt ke of prayer, and only 
mumble over a few good words coldlyjcuftomar^', 
and {uperftitioufly, without all feeling, faith^or h- 
ving knowledge ; It is but only lip-labour, and loft 
labour, nayj hatefull and abominable before God , 
they Hiurt therefore doe it reverently, as on their 
kneesin private^or with their faroilie^devoutly and 
pioufly with faith and repentance ^ and laflly, con- 
ftantly with zeale andearneftncfle , endevouring 
withall to lead an holy and an honefHite^ boh 
toward God jand towards mtin. 

4. Others there are, who if they be vexed with 
fbme outward croiIes,as ficknes, poverty.dilgrace^ 
or with inward afflidions, a? terrour of conlcience, 
fearfulIthoughtSjfeare of death^or when Gods pub- 
like executioners are abroad, the plague, £imine or 
fword 5 then they thinke of approaching unto the 
throne of grace. Infuch extremities they fall to 
their prayers anddefire more neere acquainrancc 
and familiarity with God. We may fee this in the 
Mariners with Imai^ ch.i,-^. But if once the (lorme 
be overblowne, and the fword of vengeance (hea- 
thed againe, they are as propbane and praycrlelle 
as they were before, and grow quite out ofac- 
qaaintarKC with God againe, and utter (Grangers 
to all holy conference with him. And while they 
were in the vaine and humour for prayer, they 
onelyaymedattemporallbleflings, and at the re- 
moval! of prefent judgements. If they glanced at 
heavenly things, it was onely for defire of the 



The Saints 

Crowneot iifcafcertheplcafures of this life ^ but 
not for love and longing afcer rhofe fpirituall 
graces and holinefle of life, which lead thereunto. 
For many wi(h heartily for the goale of immorta- 
lity, but they will not take painesj and to\ le them- 
fclvcsinthe race of ChriUianity. Ihtf defire to 
behappy in the world to come, but notto be holy 
and righteous in this world. They would gladly 
partake of the joyesof Heaven^ but not with con- 
dition of forfaking their earthly pleafures. 

5 . Others there are, a kinde of out-fide Chri- 
ftiansj who left of the beft (brt they fhould bee 
thought ftarkc Athcifts^and prayerlelfe raifcreants, 
they are content for themoli part to fuffer prayers 
to be read Evening and Morning in their houfes, 
efpecially upon good dayes,and when they are nor 
too full of worldly bufinefle.But this holy bufinefle 
is performed with (uch irreverence, coldnefle, and 
inJevotion, perhaps by fbme inferiour, not of the 
Mafcer of thefamily (who is ever the Prieft in his 
o w ne houie) that knowes not how to fpeake to the 
prefent and particular wants, neceflities, and oc- 
cafionsof the family. I lay, it is done in that for- 
mal! and fruirleflefafliion, that It may plainly ap- 
peare that the fpirit of prayer is not in their houfes, 
nor the power of grace in their hearts, but that 
good and holy prayers are fouly prophaned a- 
mongftthem, and ^turned intocurfes and judge- 
ments, fervingonely to confirmc them inoutward- 
nefle and formality, not with any fervcncie, to 
drawdownebleflings from heaven, or to fupply 
their poverty and wants in spiritual] things. 
6, Laftly 

fetfe'tnrtcbmg examinatton. 


6, Laftiy, (bme unfandified men there are^who 
mightily deceive even true Chriftians in this point 
of prayer, i. They are fuch as either havebecne 
brought up amongft good Chriftians, and godly 
exercifes ^ and fo thereby like thofe which walkc 
much in the Sunne, though about their bu fine iTeSj 
yet receive fomc fwarthinefl^ thereby, by often 
hearingandobfervingorhersjand being (bmetjmes 
put unto pradice themfelves, grow into a habit of 
honeft praying, though irbee but by rore, and 
without fech'ng and power on their owne parts. 

2. Or they may be formall profeflbrs, who for 
the time of their temporary faith and profeflrjon3 
and while their joy in the Word^ and love to the 
Minifters, ftirreup (bme fudden and fuperficijil 
flaftrintheheartj mayfbmetimesmakeafaireand 
goodlyfliewthisway, but in them worldly occa- 
fions, time, temptations, feare of bein^ reputed 
tooprecife,6cc. willcafily interrupt and wafte all 
zeale^ ability, and exercife in that holy affaire. Bm 
moftof allfome Minifters may much deceive in 
this^ point even the beft difcerning fpirits for a 
time, if their readinefTe and dexterity in prayer be 
onely taken notice of : For by reading books of 
feeling, fandified, and confcionable divinity, by 
imitating thofe who are truly zealous in prayer, 
and by applying themfelves to gi ve fatisfadioUjand 
winnc the opinion of (bme godly Chriftians, up- 
on whom they fpecially depend for ad vantages,re- 
putation, and by-refpcfts, they may competently 
and cunningly fumi(hthem(elves, with a formal! 
method, and outward forme of (incereandiandi* 




outivard good 
of God can doe 
by grace, the 
fame maya wic- 
ked man doc 
th ongh pride, 
as concGivea 
p.ayer, &c. 
l'e'l(!us vpon 
cIjC SeriTKin in 
the Mount, 

FcrvcKcie in 
prayer of thiec 

T'he Saints 

tied prayer 5 and they may give artiticuil lifb and ^ 
adion unto it in the delivery : As we fee Orators 
doe to their inventions. O the dt^pth of hypocri- 
fie, and the choufand windings^, turnings, and de- 
ceits of mans finfull heart ! Thefe may feeme out- 
wardly more fervent in prayer than (bme of Gods 
faithful! fervants. * In which point, left wc be dc- 
ceivedi let us conceive three kinds of ferveiKic^ 
and three kinds of coldnefle. There is, 

T. A natural! fervencie. Some men out of their 
ftirring and quicke temper and conftitution, ut- 
ter and deliver things with much heat, life and 

2. An artificiall fervencie, when men by art 
and induftry learne and hhoxxr to animate and en- 
live their conceits and words, with pleafing, fir, 
and moving adion. 

. 3. Spirituall fervencie, when a /acred flame and 
holy zeale is kindled in the heart and affedions, by 
Godsfandifyingfbiritj whereby a man doth fee- 
lingly and powerfiilly, with fenfe, experience, and 
conlciencc, throw out the longings and fcrventap- 
prehenfions of his heart. This laft is peculiar to 
the Chriftian, the other may be fonnd in unfandi- 

There may alio bee conceived three kinds of 
coldnefle : 

I. or difcretion 5 out of which a man may be 
(oft and (bber in fpeech jbur weighty in his adions, 
and powerfull in his exhortations. 

3 . Of compledion ; when a man findified and 
zealous in heart, arrd yet by reafon of his naturall 


lelfeAnricbing examination. 

indifpofidonj andeoIdniTeof conftitution, cannot 
exprefle himfelfe outwardly, with halfe that zeale^ 
heat and fervency as he doth defire. 

3. Of ungracioufhefle ; when a mans ibulc is 
(b frozen in the dregs of finne , that he is fearfully 
poflcft with a dulnefle and benummedncflc ot 
heart, with d^^adnefle and drowfinefle of fpirit. 
Now certaine it is, that fome unregeneratc men 
by the aid and power of naturall and artificial! fer- 
vencies may outwardly carry a fairer (he w of zeale 
in the delivery of their prayer, and other holy in- 
ftruftions, than fomefanftified men, who by their 
nacurall indifpofition and coldnefle of completi- 
on, arehindercd from exprelling outwardly all the 
holy gracious heat that lies hid in their hearts. 
Thusfarre,and in theft cafes the ftate of qnregencr 
ration doth commonly partake of prayer : But that 
holy grace and powerful! fpirit of prayer which 
ever followes faving faith , and doth fweetly 
fiiftaine the hearts of all Gods children in thegrea- 
teft diflrelfeSj is another kinde of matter. 

True Ghriftians doe not onely makeconfcience 
of prayer in publike alfemblies, with the congre- 
gation of the Saints, and in their private families 
at home ^ (for thus/arre hypocrites and unregene- 
ratc men may be drawwe : X but they have alfb ma- 
ny carneft and hearty groanings, many deare and 
precious conference?, much (weetand comforta- 
ble communication with their graciousGodinfe- 
crer. Nay, and befides their devotion at publike 
prayer, thetr care in praying with their famines, 
and their zeale in private prayer betwixt God and 





n^he Saints 

chenifcives^even incorapanyj Ne/je*v.2.4.and amid 
the affaires of their caLing, they have many fud- 
deB and fervent ejaculation?, upon every ftirring 
of finne, and lefler aberration in their thoughts, 
wordsj or carriages. Theyhave many broken fighs,^ 
and fpirituall (alliesjdarted out fuddenlyjand borne 
of the prefent occafion, whereby with an inward 
andinvilible fervencie, thev burnc upthefudden 
(proutingsofmany fecret lufts.theyrcpell thebarty 
aflaults of many (iidden temptations and entice- 
ments, abandon and abominate many fearefull 
thoughts starting op in their hearts, before they 
be aware, which for their horriblenefle and hate- 
f ulnefle, they are alhamed to utter toothers. They 
have many feaet, fuddenjandinvifiblefpringings 
and liftings up of the heart. in praifes and thankful- 
neflTe, upon the receit and fenfe of every bJefling 
and mercy, even for comfortable thoughts which 
come into their owne hearts, for gracious fpeeches 
which proceed from others, for many remarkable 
palTagesof Gods providence, and bleflings in their 
ordinary bufineflesand affaires of their calKng.&c. 
Now to thefe two latter branches and praftifes 
of prayer, to wit, in iecret betwixt God and a 
mansfelfe, with many zealous wreftKngs, and ho- 
ly importunities, for removall of corruptions, and 
fupplyof grace^ and within a mans owne heart, 
abroad in company, or amid his bufinefle, as oc- 
cafionandneceflityis offered, with many fodden 
fervent ejaculations to the throne of grace, with 
many earnefV deprecations, and praifeftill exulta- 
tions of fpirir, extemporall , and occafioned by 


felfe-inrichihg examination. ] ijj 

outward ocurrents, or other feafbnable objejS:?, 
ofoed either to the minde or eye ; I fav to thofe 
two pradifes of prayer, in a feeling and a fruitfuJl 
manner, llnregenerate men are meere llranger? ; 
It may bethey may have now and then ar fblemne 
times, in fet places, perhaps upon fuperftirious oc- 
caffonSj certaine fhort formall wjfhes, but when 
they come home they areheartlefle cold, and per- 
fundory, the off- springs of forme arid CLflome, 
not of zeale and feeling. It may be now and then 
they may catch a prayer booke into their hands, 
when they have nothing el(e to doe, upon fbme 
droufie melancholicke day, when (bmc grievous 
crofleoraffiidion is upon rheiv family, when rhe 
Sarramenr is towards. Sec, and there they may po^ 
over fbme cetaine prayers with artificial! action; 
but to doe this with inward eeling and power of 
the (piritjor ef ecially to be abletopowreout rhe 
fbule in private before Go'^j with truefehfe offpi- 
ritu.j}| wants, and of the weight of corruptions, 
in that forme anci phrafe which groanings and mel- 
tings of fpirit doe in. "ite and frame, is above the 
ordinary reach and ftraine of the fl-are of unrege- 
nerarion. I)' fbbe an unregenerate man being ur- 
ged and moved by the Miniftery of the Word, to 
this holy d»ty of private prayer^ and particular 
conference betwixt God and himfeife, fhould fet 
himfelfe to it forfome few turns,he could not pof^ 
fibly for his life hold out and continue. "For either 
''praying will make him leave finning, or finning 
'* will m:'ke him leave praying. Either bee will fb 
turne Chriftian.andbe happily endued^acquainted 

O a^d 



The Saints 

\ ' III 

and excrciled with the precious grace of prayeijor 
• clfe h€ will fall backe to prayerlefhefle, a wretched 
; marke of agracelefle man. For heaity prayer unto 
f Godinfecrct, cannot poffibly fpring from a heart 
thitmaintaines&nuzlesin it felfc noyfbmclufts, 
grofTe hypocrifiCj hatred to bee reformed, fomc 
fecretfweetfinne, or a purpofe to goe on in any 
lewd cour(e. A fet holy conference and converfing 
wich God in private, and a delightfiill continuance 
inanyoneknownefinne, cannot confiftandftand 
together. They are incompatible, incapable, and 
impatient oi Ibciety and cohabitation. A mans 
prayer is to no purpofe, if he have a purpofe to lie 
in any finne again ft his confcience. And what heart 
or hope can he have to continue in prayer unto 
God, time after time^ which ftiil in the meanc 
time doth willingly and wilfully, withgreedinefle 
embrace and fnatch at all occafions'^ tore-infeft 
and pollute againe his fbule in the (enfiiall plea- 
lures of his (weec finne* Certainly his continu- 
ance in finne will quickly make him weary of pray- 
ing, for he will be afhamed to open his mouth un- 
to God, or to lift up his eyes unto Heave n , fith he 
fees cleerly , and his owne conlciencc tels him, that 
he but dallies and diflemblcs with that Almighty 
Mi/eftie, before whom he ftands. For whereas a 
little before in his prayer hepromifed obedience 
and reformation^ prcfently after performcs no- 
thing but rebellion and contempt ^and whereas he 
r defired to bee purged and pardoned by the bloud 
of Chrift, when he comes once into his old com- 
1 pany, or is by any occafion tempted to his former 


felfe^nriching examination. 

vanities, plcafures or profits, hee pre(ently treads 
under foot that precious bloudas a vile thing, bf 
hiswillfull, refolute, and delightfnll running into 
the fame finne. That ftv ingof David doih quickly 
coole, and quench in him, all afFeflion to prayer, 
PfaLeS, 1 8. // J regard mckedmJle in mine karty ike 
Lord mil not hearetffe. So that efpeciaJIytheunrege- 
rateman faints and faiJes in this point of prayer, 
to wit, in powiingout his (bule in private before 
God5with groanings and fervencie. But thechilde 
of God, who is (andified by a found and faving 
faith, and by the power and verrue thereof afTu- 
red that God doth love him, and will grant kis 
requefV, is excellent, and fervept, well acquain- 
ted, and much converlant in this moft holy and 
comfortable exercife of priviate prayer betwixt 
God and hisowne fbule : He cfteemes it, and layes 
hold upon it as thefurcf^and fatefl Sanctuary in all 
hisdiftreilcs. His heart is Aveetly endeared unto 
it, as the worthiefl: and noblefl jewellof all his fpi- 
rituall endowments. His heart would even burfl j 
forheavinefle, amid the variety of prophane and j 
hcllifh vexations and cruelties, were it not dill re- •■ 
vived, fuftained, and refrefhed by an hearty and 
holy conference with God, and with committing 
his csofe, and caftinghimfelfe upon his providence j 
by prayer. There is not a Chriftian but he is now 1 
and then raged againfl by the world, roared at by 
Satan, railed upon by prophane men 5 not onelyj; 
great men, andihofethatfitinthegate, doe info- i 
lently trample upon hisinnocency, but even drun- 1 
kardsand bafe companions rent and reare his good \ 

O 2 name ' 



name with lies and fldndcrs, and lay things to his 
charge many times which he never did, hee never 
knev7. Now in this and the like cafes recoarie unto 
God by prayer doth eafe his heart with joy un- 
{peakable and glorious. When he heares what fal(e 
tales and hatefiill lies are wickedly devifed and 
fpread abroad of him, what cruelties and di(graces 
are plotted againft him, he prefcntly cafts downe 
himfelfe before the throne of grace, as didHcze- 
chiah and David in like cafes, 2 King* 19,'PfaLy, 
and there he receive fuch a refrefhingh^at of found 
comfort, that the whole Sea of malice andbitter- 
nafle which that roaring Dragon throwes out of 
his mouth, or all the poylbnous fpighr of fcornfull 
prophanenefle can never overwhelmeor quench. 
He is there certified and latisfied by heavenly in- 
rpirations, (for heavenly inrpirations from above/ 
and our hearty groanes, and holy defires alcen- 
ding up, are as fo many Angels of cntercourfe and 
commerce bstweene God and us) I iayheisther<^ 
afTured rbat all hii fufTefkigs and wrongs for 
Chrifts fake, adde weight and glory to his crowne 
of life.and that at length in defpightofall contrary 
power and policy. His HghkoufmffePM be brought 
fm'tb as the light, PfaL^y, a»d Bs^ Jttd^emeht as the^ 
nooneday. ■"' ' • ' • ' ■ 

Againe, when the true Chriftian is overtaken 
with any infirmity by the rebellion of theflefh or 
dragged by the violence of temptation, into fbme^ i 
(candalous finne, he would not want the ufe and' 
aid of the Ipirit of prayer for any worldly treafiire. 
For after any (uch fearfull fall or relapl^, he finds 



fetfeAnrichmg examination.' 


hi mfelfe prefently in a very wofull and hcavie cafe, 
for he hath thereby turned from him Gods favou- I 
rable countenance, divine protedion, the guard of I 
Angelsj and the good will of the creatures. God I 
may jaftly upon it call him to a reckoning for all 
his former rebe.'lions, draw his fecret hatefull pol- 
lutions into the fight of the Sunne, and be re ven- 
8:ed upon him in the open veivvof the vvorldi for 
his moft hidden abominations. He feesbefides^that 
by this finne he hath weakned and wounded many 
particular graces in himlelfejinward peace, fpiritu- 
all joy, cheerfulnefle in godly exerci(es5Confidence 
in prayer, zeale in reproving others, boldnefle in 
his wayes : Thefe things I (ay the childe of God 
fees, andfeeleSj andfeares, after a relapfc orsew 
fall into finne : Now in this cafe the comfortable 
grace of prayer is more worth unto him than the 
whole world : Hee prefently jals inro hisgroanes 
andfighsj and ftrong cries, for reconcilement and 
reftirution into Gods favour. Hee dare not many 
times for his life ftirre from the place of his guilti- 
neflcj untill hee have throwne downe himfelfe be- 
fore the Majefty of God, and by the power of j 
prayer laid holdupon his mercy feat, wreftledand i 
ftruglcd with him for anew bleffing, for remiffion j 
of that finne, and foby confequent for the retnrne I 
of his favourable countenance, re-acceptance un-j' 
der the wings of his protcftion^ removall of his i " 
judgements^ and reftitution to former peace of, 
confcience, inward joy, and all other comfortsof , i 
godiinefle. And by the grace of God his faichfuU U 
and fervent prayer prevailcs for theattaiflment of j!! 

^3 ''-^ 





The Saints 

(6 great mcrciesj and for the viccgmplifhrnent of 
fo excellent things, being joyned with (bund re- 
pentance, true hatred, and a relblute purpofe a- 
gainft that finne for afterward. 

Infinite moe are the bleflcd fruits and employ- 
ments of this holy grace of prayer, in the whole 
courfe, ard various paflages of a Chriftian life, 
which no unfaithfiill man doth, or can poflibly 
know, feele or enjoy. The fpirit of prayer doth 
worke in the heart of a (bund Chriftian many fe- 
cret exultations, fpirituall raviihments , ftrong, 
though filent cries, Ex$d. 14. 15. pallionace mel- 
tings, unutterable ^roanes^zealous longings, which 
are riddles, and ridiculous to prophane men, but 
the Paradife and prerogative of Qods children. 
This blcffed fpirit of prayer ftirred powerfully in 
Hannah^ when (he fpake in her heart, moving only 
her lips, her voyce being not heard, i Savhu 

This fpirit polIeffedH«S(?/^4/l, artd the Prophet 
ifaiah, the fonne o^Amot^ when they cryed to hea- 
ven in their prayers againft satte'^herib. 2 chro»^ 3 2. 
20. Such was the heat and fers^cncic of their 
hearts, that their (uitsand (upplications pierced the 
heavens, an.f pre(ented themfelvcs with an holy 
importunity, and humble violence in thepre(enc^ 
of God. 

Th!s(pirlt of praverfet fuchanedejeandarden. 
cieupon Davids atfe^tons, that his foule opened 
it (elfe with an onfatiable grccdineCe after grace, 
asthci^rflylani. The earth wee know being fcor- 
ched wkhalongdrought, doth open it felfe with 
rifts and crannies, and greedily gapes towards 


felfe4nriching examination. 

Heaven, as though ic would dcvourc the clouds for 
want of moi fture. , A femblable fpif iiuall thirft ri- 
(eth in the heart, throughly heated with the zea- 
lous ftirrings of the ipirit of prayer. 

This fo meJted the hearts of the Ifraelitesj Lam. 
2. 1 $r. that they paoprgd out their foukt Iks ^^^f"- be- 
fore the face of the Lord. To conclude the point, 
the gracious fpirii, and fpirituall gr^ce of prayer^ 
doth many times make requefts in thofe hearts 
which are jun^ijiedhji faiths Hof^. 8.t ^. vfiihgroams 
andfighs^ whkhc&nmi h txptjjed^ and is ever a cer- 
taine and intallible marke of a (bund and favitig 

I o. Tenthly, comfort in diftf efle, joy in tribu- 
lations, glorying in aft ifi'ions, give norable tefti- 
monics and aflurance of a juftifying faith. Bdng }*« 
flijied by faith, faith Faul KW/.5.1.&C. befidcs peace 
with god,accefre unto hisgrace^ hope of his glory: 
H'ealfo re)oyce ta tribulation, k^Tfpwg that tribulation 
brin^ethforthpatience^ and patience experience ^ andeoc- 
perience bope^ and ho'^e maketh not apamed. By the 
powcrof this faith the Apoftles, Aci.'y^^i, ke)of' 
ced that they tfierecdrmtedtporthy to fuffer rebuke for hit 
Name. Untiil a man hiye made God his Patron, 
rent his earthly and groveling affeftions from 
worldly pleaiures, caft himfelfe with humility, pa- 
tience afld contentment upon divine providence, 
committed his (bule unto him, as unto afatthfuU 
Creator, which hee cannot doe for his lire^ until! 
by the hand of faith hee hdth laid hold upon the 
Crown e of life 5 I (av until then hce cannot finde 
true and found comfort in hisdiftrefles. Then only 

Od IS 


Tlie tenth 
naaikcof (a* 
ving faith. 

1 i84- 

TT)€ Samtt 

IS the ibule armed againft all adverfiry power^able 
to erufh and countermand all erodes and contradi- 
dion, whenitHath fweetly and ftrongly repofed 
k felfe upon the comforts of Heaven ^ and the 
joyes of another life. If wee faften our affedions 
to any earthly excellencie, they will ftill be in tor- 
ture, anguifhanddefpaire, as itihallvanifh, alter, 
or die ^ but if once we plant oar refuge above, and 
our comfort in a fweet fruition of God, and a fee- 
ling apprehenGon of his prefence, it will eafily 
overmatch any worldly fbrrow, hold out againft 
the mines both of Heaven.and Earth, being infi- 
nitely above all cafiialties, and utterly without all 
uncertainties. This happinefle cannot befall any 
unregenerate man, becanfe without faith hee can- 
not bee aflbred of any better ftace after this life 
than he prefcntly enjoyes, 
: And therefore when he is mainly crofTed in his 
worldly courfts, he is utterly caft downe and com- 
fortlede. It may bee while chiefe carnall content- 
ment is not fliaken or hazarded 5 while hee may 
freely enjoy his fweetand darling finne, hee will 
lioldout reafbnable well againft other miferiesand 

IafHidions 5 but if once he be croft in the crowne of 
^ his worldly comforts, and in thatparticuiar which 
he makes his heaven upon earth ^ hee is presently 
put of the world as they fay^ and weary of his li fe. 
Hee i& heartlefle and hopclefle in matters of r ca- 
ven, and therefore when his earthly ftay is gone, 
heftampsandceareshishaire, hee raves and rages 
like a forlome and comforrlefle wretchrFor exam- 
ple J the CQvetous man can well enough wade^ 


felfe-inricbing examination. 

thorow other croifes^ while he hath the wedge of 
go'dtogaze upon ^ but deprive him of that, and 
how neare is hce to madnefle, making himfclfe 
away, defpaire^ orfbme other hell of difcontent ? 
The ambitious man, while heeglifters in bravery 
and precedencie, can make a (hift to (catter and 
difperle the mifts of melancholy, and inferiour 
vexations, butturnc him out of his golden fetters 
of greatnefle in the world, and hee hath no joy in 
fhe world ; he rather makes choice of anyconfo- 
fion, than difcontinuance from! honour and high 
place. See Haman cro(b in his expeftation of 
worldly refpeft.H^y?. 5. 13. And LatonusX\\\i% there 
is no comfart in croiTes unrofaithlelfemen ; Every 
kindeof affliftionftingshim, but if it light upon 
theirchkfe worldly comfort, it even ftabsthem 
to the heart , but if upon their minde it turnes 
them as it were into, hell upon earth ; For what 
more raging torment can there be, than the biting 
of a guilty confcience, without the balme of faith > 
Thefphitofa fpian will fitftaine his otiisr wfin/nties ^ but 
aTS^oimdedfpiritvfhocanbeare* Bleflcd then is the pre- 
cious grace of taithj. which after it bee once plan- 
ted in the heart, puis out the fting of* every crofle 
and affliftion that befels the true Chriftian and 
fweetens all their bitternefles, with the onely at- 
tention, and certaineexpedtation of future glory. 
It alone can turne the tremblings and terrours of 
confcience into triumphs ^ the fcoffes and flanders 
of a fpightfull tongue, into a crowne of comfort - 
Io(ie of friends or goods, intoalonging after ever- 
lafting riches.^ and. the company of the Saints ^ 



Theater of 
Gods judgc- 



T7;^ Saintf 

weaknes of bodyjand want of w ealch,into ftrcngth 
of foule, and plenty oFfpirituall graces. What tor- 
rent of finite 8c worldly croflcscan fwell (b high, 
which the hand of faich clafped about an imrnor- 
tdllCrowne, cannot divert or drie up } What bit- 
tern efle, what gall can fpring either out of the bot- 
tomeof hell, or oat of the depth of a prophane 
fcornfuU heart, which the fweet fruition of (piri- 
tuall comforts by the power of faith cannot digeft > 
ThisaflTures the childe of God amid his triall and 
temptation, that never Goldfmich did fo watch 
over his Gold in the fire that it wafted not, as his 
graciousGod tends upon him to give him a comfor- 
table iflue and glorious deliverance induefeafbn: 
That he caft him into the fire of afflidi-ion, not to 
burne and confurae him, but to fine him,and make 
him more orient in his fight ^ even as the Diamond 
by often and much rubbing is more bright & beau- 
tifiill.That this is the beaten path to heaven, which 
all the glorious Saints have troden before him, 
and all the fonnes of God muft follow him in to 
the worlds end. That thus he is made conform ble 
unto his head Chrift Jcfiis, and ^tttd for the fpirtt 
and glory of God to refi tepo n hiffti r Vet, 4. 1 4. That the 
Lordmll never lay more upon him than he l^allheM to 
beare 5 and howfbever that all the affli&ions of this 
pref e fit life ^ are ^^(4 nearevporthy of the ^lorj which is to 
be revealed. That the wholebodyof the Commu- 
nion of Saints fend outprayers and groynes for his 
deliverance out of what calamity foever.Such con- 
fiderations as thefe being apprehended by the 
power of faitbj doe mightily and {eafbnably com- 

lelfe-inricbing examination. 

forcrhe true Chriftian in all diftrefTes andafflidi- 
ons whatfbever. And therefore I make true and 
found comfort in diltrefle, a fpeciall marke of a 
(aving faith. 
But againft this point it may be objefted : 
Firft, If itbefbj that (uch a deale of comfort 
be the portion of true Chriftians, and that in trou- 
bles and diftrefles too 5 how comes it topaffethat 
good fellowes and prophane men arc many times 
more merry and pleafant in their carriage and con- 
verfation than Gods children } and that they can 
drive away their melancholy heavie-heartednefle, 
their dumps and dilcomforts, with merry compa- 
ny, pleafant fports, and the revellings of good fel- 
lowfliip, whereas tho(e which you call true Chri- 
ftian55and - odsfaithfullones, by their ftriiSnefTe 
and preci/enefle abridge themfelves of many 
worldly comforts, and doe not laugh fb heartlyj 
live (b merrily, or enjoy the world (o chtcrfuUy as 
others. ' 

1 anlwer ^ Thereis a rvaphat feemeth right ^nd plea- 
fant/^ <* prophane maffj but thi- ijfues thereof arc the 
r»ay&s of death. Even in laughing the Ixart is ferrovpfull , 
i»dtheend of that mirth is heavinejffe, Frov. 1 4. 1 2, 1 3. 
i- llnfanftifi^d men take not finne to heart, chey 
put farre from them the evill day ^ they make no 
confcience of their company, and prophane pa- 
ftimes, they make a covenant with death, andan agree- 
ment mth hell ; and therefore no marreU thou h 
they rejoyce in the face, make a great bulling in 
the world, and with their boyf^erous and imperi- 
ous ruffling, out-fwagger andovei>top others ^ but 
•_ poore 





Sec Syd-Jcs 

/ij^oU.^. a. 

See ivhiUky 
Rcdcmp. of 

T^he Saints 

povjrc iULiieSj ifoeir rejcycmgis dfjdjjff the face:, andfu>p 
in the heart '^ they have fmiiingcountenances^ but 
bleeding confciences. A comforrable heart, and 
coQipoled countenance, may bee Iweet compani- 
ons , when inward joy and loud laughter may 
dwell farre enough afiinder^ amidil their pleafant 
(porrs, andgreateftdelighrSj they are many times 
twitcht and ftung with inward bitter gripings, and 
fearfuUflaQics of helliQi torment, e/peciallyatthe 
remembrance of their death, ^nd of the judgement 
to ceme. 

It is their property and pradice indeed, becaufe 
they want all inward and (bund conlforts in their 
miferies and affliftions, to flie unto outward mirth 
for eafe and refrefhing, and to remove the di(com- 
forts of their hearts by worldly delegations. So 
^^»/ called for muficke when he was troubled with 
an evillfpirit. When CamwsiS caft into the hell of 
confcience, his nephew T'^W was faine to invent 
mufick, that he might have fbmefolace in outward 
things. To this purpofc carnall men when they 
feele terrour of confcience comming upon them, 
and feare defpaire ^ they u(e their times, their 
friendsjtheirfamiliarsjtheir meat. their driiik with 
all thepaftime can bee devifed to rejoycethcm- 
(elves withal!. They caft themfelves into merry 
company, that they may put away their dumps, as 
they call them. But wretched men, for them to run 
to prophane playes, tafteleffe (ports, outward 
mirth, merrv company, to drive away melanchiv 
lyand heavie-heartednede for (innc ^ '' Is as if 
'^ for the cure and remedy of the tooth-ach, a 


Jelfe-inrictnng examination. 

'■^ man fhould knock out his braines ^ or when he is 
**ftungwith aWafpc, ftiouldrub the (ore with a 
"nettle^or as ifa fbolifh patient, when hefeeles no 
" eafeby Phyfickjfhoiild run ro witchcraft ^ eras if 
**^ a man would cure a fore finger by cutting off the 
" arme 5 or as if he would cure the blemifli of the 
^*^ eye-fight, by pulling out the eyes 5 or as if hee 
^' would quench thirft by ginng poyfon to drinke 5 
*^^or astofave a man from drowning inaboyfte- 
«^ rous tempeft, he would caft him out of the boat 
"into the Sea.' Remedies farre more poylbnous 
'and pedilentiill than th^ malady, for theyeithcrt 
plunge them deeper and more defperatcly into 
the dungeon of melancholy, or el(e drawonely 
over a skinne, that the feire may rankle and fe- 
fter lender more dangeroufly. ^hus though' they 
fteere ip the face^ and Jboke bigge in lbs World, 
certaine if is there is riofbimd comfort, or wvt>ard 
peace toihmch^d : And while they procure carnall 
contentments for their mournful! foules; and ia^ 
hour to uphold their heans with outward m?rrK 
and finfull pleifitres^ they apply a Venomous plai- 
ner to their (ore, drinke ftrong' and fan''<e poy- 
fon for a medicine, and prop up their roofe wiih 
butn^ng fire-brands. , It isnbt fb with the Saints of 
God, ^d thofe that arei fanftificd by fatrh; They 
have indeed (and in that refped are blelTed and 
happy) many motions, caufes and occafions of 
(adneflcj which good^f^owes are not acquainted 
with, or take to heart. • They are man^'ti mes trou- 
bled and diftrefied in their thoughts' with their 
owne finnes> with the finnes of others, with the 
j iniquities 


Were ic not for 
fisne, what 
(houjd make 
fad the heart 
of aChriftian? 




n^be Saints 

miquidesof the times^ with the afflictions of the 
Church) with doobts about fbrae cafe of confci- 
ence, which byreafon of the prefent Creadon is 
to be (uddenly refblved upon, with care for a right 
and confcionabledifchargeofthe duties of their 
calling : For fbme fecret temptation or enticement 
Suddenly fuggeftcd, for fbme wicked thoughts ari- 
fingln their hearts, or fome pfophane^ ofFenfive or 
unprofitable fpeech, which hath unadvifedlypaf^ 
fed him ; or other gestures or adions which may 
bee fcandalous. But CidnefTe ancF folemnefTe in 
thefe caf^s^ and for thefe caufes, begets in their 
heart joy unffieakablc arid glorieus, inward peace, 
and heavens of comfort ^ whereas prophane revt 1- 
Jngai.^nd finfull delights^ breeds melancholy in 
the- mindevheavinefTe in the heart, andihevporme 
l^^^W^\?r<^/eJJ, in the confeifence of wicked men. Is 
not that forrow a thoufand thoufand times more 
fweet) which is intermingled with glimpfes and in- 
ilifion of heav^nry light, and endlefTe joyes, than 
that, joy which is mixed with the gaule of guilti- 
neffe, and flafhes of hell fire > The unhallowed 
difports, and loud laughters of prophane men^ arc 
rruficke for hell, and the devils wakes. But every 
tcare of atruc Ghriftian heartily and feafbnably 
fhedin Gods daufe, orforhis owne corruption, is 
farre more worth than a Kings ranfome, for the 
Lord preferves that in bis owne bottle, as a Jewell 
of Heaven. Let noworldlingthen braggeof his 
mirth, or godly man complaineof his monrriing 
(brrow^ For hee thatfonref in tearejfiaU reapem]ey: 
And he that hath his heaven of worldly pleafures 
, ;. ______ ^^re, 

fcJ/e-inriching examination . I i p i 

here, (liall be (ure aF hisheJI of cndlefTe torments 
hereafter. BefideSj this is a (peciall priviledgc of 
Godschilde, that though all the world (hould for- 
fake him, and he fliould be mainly crofl: in his chie- 
feft eauhly contentmentSj yet this one conceit 
of his being an heire of heaven^ and in Gods fa- j 
vour, doth infinitely more comfort him, than all.| 
outward mirth, or the fovreraign^y of the whole | 
earth can refrelh a diftreflcd worldling. Let no ! 
man then plead for the pleadire of good- fellow- j 
(hipj {oi thereis ndpeace^ [aith my God^ to the wkJ^J* 
Let no man take offence at the oarward troubles 
of the Chndhu, fur ihs cffd of t/jat /yvaff) vvhofbever- 
ihchCi is peace. 

It may be objeded (econdly, that many wicked 
men, which have not (b much as a ihadow of fa- 
ying faith, no fparkeof grace, or any tafte of the 
true feare of God^ are fomctimes very bold/eare- 
lefleand confident in great diflFefles, lore afflidi- 
ons, and intollerable tortures , and therefore it 
leemes they carry comfort and cheerfulnefle in 
their hearts, which begets fueh ftrange patience 
and confidence m their countenance and cariages. 

I anfwer ^ That confidence in aliiidions and 
vexations which appeares in the countenances and 
cariages of unfan^tified men, doth not fpring from 
any true and found comfort in the heart, or from 
the blefled infpiration of Gods holy ipirit, as it 
doth in faithflill Chriftians^ but from other odde 
caufes, orfalfe grounds. 

I . In fome^ from an affeftion of an opinion of 
I undauntednefle of fpirit, and high rcfolution. It is 
r reported 





The Saints 

repoiccaot an irilh iraicourj that wnenhclayin 
ftrange anguifhon the wheele, an engine of cruell 
torture^ with his body bruiled, and his bone bro- 
kenj he asked his friend whether he changed coun- 
tenance at all or no 5 (b caring as k leemes more for 
an opinion of defperate maalinefle, and uncon- 
querablenefle of his tortures , than for the moft 
cruell and extreatneft rtnting and vexation of his 
body. ' 

2 . In (brae, from a conceit pf the morall good- 
nefleof their cau(e for which theyfufFer. But this 
patience proceeds not from any inftind of Reli- 
gion, but from the power of morall vertue, and 
fuch may bee called morall Martyrs. Tfiere were 
many of them anciently among the heathens. It is 
ftoried of a certaine Captaine, who had longman- 
fulh' and worthily withftood Dionyjtus the Tyrant 
in defence of a City, that he fuftained with great 
patience and height of fpiritj-the Tnercile(?e fury 
of theTyrantj ahdall his cruelties. Firft-, the Ty- 
rant told him. that theday before he had caufed 
his fbnne, and all his kinsfolks to bee drowned : 
The Captaine looked bigly upon him', butanfwe* 
rednorhingbutthisj that they were more happy 
than himftlfe by the {pace of one day. Afterward 
he cauled htm to be Oripped. and by his executio- 
ners to be taken and dragged thorow the City in a 
mo*tharbaroiisand hateful! manner, xruelly whip- 
ping him. and belides, which is the utrnoft zv.d up- 
Oiotof indi8;nities, throwing at him ourragious 
■ir\d difdainfiill Speeches : Notwithftanding all 
wbichj the Capraine as no whitdifmayed, fhewed 

felfeAnmhingtxAmination. \ 192 

a conftant and refoltite heart 5 and with a cheerfull 
and bold countenance went on ftillJoudJy recoun- 
ring the honourable and glorbus caufe of his 
death, which was, that he would never confcnt to 
yeeld hisCountrey into the hands of a crueli Ty- 
rant. Such power (bmetime had morall verc.ie, 
and love unto an honeft caufejto holdup the hearts 
of heathens, amid moft cxquifitc paincs, and 
bloudy tortures. 

g. In ibme, this confidence in diftrefle doth 
arife out of a defperate hardnefle of heart. It is to 
bee feene in fome notorious aiyilefaftors , whoft 
hearts, a long continuance in prophane villanies, a | 
furiouspurfiaitofbloud and outrages, and the jult 
car(e of God upon them,hath fo enfrozen and em- 
marbkdjthat they arc fcnfiefle & fearlefle of what- 
fbevcrcan befall them. So that though they bee to 
pafle thorow the ftreets as (peftacles of (hame and 
mi(erie, as hatefull monfters, and the reproach of 
mankinde, to be throwne into a dungeon of dark - 
nefle and difcotofort, and there to be loaden with 
cold irons, coldnefle and want 5 from thence to 
bee hurried to the gallowes, that fhamefull and 
much abhorred place, from which, without ex- 
traordinary repentance, they are immediately to 
fall into the fiery Lake 5 yet I fay fci all this, out of 
a defperate hardneCeof heart, they feeme ftill to 
be1n heart, and beare them(elves very boldly and 
confidently in tlieir countenances and cariages., O 
the bottomlefle and unfathomed deceits of our 
rorrupt hearts, and the murthcrous furie of the 

P 4. In 



1^ he Saints 

4. in Ibme it may fpringe from falfe groundsj or 
groundlcffe per^afionsof being in Gods favour, 
and the ftate of grace. And this may beibmetimes 
informall Chriftians, inthegreateftof diftreflcs, 
upon their death-beds : Out of confideration of 
their former life, which hath not beene ftained 
with any great notorioufiiefTe, cw infamous (inne; 
Out of their inveterate prejudice, anddilftafte of 
fincerityj as of too much prcci(eneffi:_, and per- 
haps by the unleafbnable comforts of ffeine onskil- 
fcill, andunfincere Minifter, which minifter com- 
fort unfeafbnably, or the like, in that laft extremi* 
tie, (the Lord not revealing onto them the tin- 
(bundnefle of their (piritaall eftate, and the rot- 
tenneffe of their hopes) they may bee cheerftiH 
and comfortable^ but God knowes without any 
juft caafe, or true ground. Their counterfeit com- 
fort in this cafe doth as farre differ from that of the 
true Chriftians, as an imaginary dreameof Gold, 
from reall pofleffion of Gold. 

5 . In others jafurious milgroanded and unwar- 
ranted zeale, an impudent and peremptory con- 
ceit, that rhey fuffer in the caufe of God^ and for 
the glory of Religion, may b^et great boldnefle, 
refducion atid cheerfiilnefle amid the tourouTsof 
death, and in theprefence of their torturers and 
executioners. This unhallowed filrypofreffcd ma- 
ny heretikes of old apon this felfe ground ; the 
Donatifts in the fonrth Century after Chrift, fuf- 
fered death mod: couragioufly. And fo likcwi(e 
did the Heretikes calkd Euphemtie, which for the 
naultitudcof their fuppoled Martyrs, would needs 


felfe4nrkhing examination. 

be called M^r/;mfflf. It appeares aifa inHiftories^ 
thatTurksj and Tartars, and Moores^ both fight 
and die moft refohitelj, for the blafphemous op\- 
mon^ o^ Mabcm^U And how the AfTafins, that 
were a ieft erf" def perate catrthroats^ which would 
adventure defperately to cft^atch [whomibever 
their General! would command them to murther, 
died oftentimes moft conftantly, and with un- 
dauntednelTeof fpirit .^ and this they accounted a 
(peciall point of Religion. But ^fpeciaily at this 
day thePopifliPfeodomartyrs, indeed true Trai- 
tors, are ftarke mad with this foperftitious rage. 
^TheyM drinkc deepeof the empoyfoned Cup of 
ih^ahon^atiotts of the vekon ofBahyton^ who is her 
(ejfe already drunk§ mth the Mond of Saints , itad 
mth the bloui of the Martyrs of lefm 5 and then 
they grow fierce and furious in greedinefle and 
thirft after the temfxirall bloud of Kings, and of 
whomsoever withftands their accuriedfuperftitioDj fj 
by plotting, and many times ading treafons, Pa- 
ricides, empoyfonings, mines of whole Nations, 
blowing up of Parliaments, barbarous maflacres, 
and a world of bloudy mifchiefes^ which caft a 
(hame and ftaine nponthe innocencieof Chrifti- 
an religion ^ and alfo after the fpirituall bloud of 
foulest by infefbing and empoyfbning them with 
thdixdoBrines of devils : At laft they come to Ty- 
burne, or fome other place of juft execution, and 
!then they will needs beare the world in hand, they 
are going towards Heaven to receive a Crowne of I 
• Martyrdome.They will (ecmc already to triumph^ f 
to contemne tortures, to trample upon the tribu- 1 

P 2 nals i 

Epipba, Her.Zv 

A Brownift 
told Mr. i»f. 
and othcrSjthat 
he bad more 
comfo; rafter 
his forbearing 
our affemblie?, 
and abftaining 
from herring 
the Word with 
had before. 
A lightning of 
Satans Angeli- 
call glorymight 




ip((j The S aims 

nalsof juftice, tokiflethe inftruments of death, in- 
figne of bleflings prefently to be enjoyed, to throw 
out many refolute and rejoyciBgfpeeches among' 
the people, as though they had one foot in hea~ 
ven already, when alas poore blinded and mifgui- 
dedfoules, in this wilfull and deiperate abando-, 
ning their lives, upon a groundlelTe and gracelefle 
conceits that they (hall purchafc a CrovvTieof Mar- 
tyrdome ^ they are like a poore wretch; which ly- 
ing afleepe upon the edge of an high and fteepe 
rocke, dreamesthat he is made a King, attended 
with a glorious traine of Nobility, furniflied with 
(umptuous Palaces, and (lately buildingj inriched 
with the revenewes, Soveraingty, and pleafures 
of a wholeKitigdome, but upon tifc (udden (t^r-' 
ting up, and leaping for )oy, fals irrecoverably in- 
to the mercilefle devouring Sea, and (b in lieu ofhis 
imaginary Heaven and happine(ie, kils him(clfe, 
and loo(eth that little comfort he had in this mi(e- 
rable life. That accurled and damned paire of in- 
carnate devils, the Engli(h Fanpkesyand French Ra- 
villiac^ the one after that in the Popes cau(ehee 
had embrued his hands in the (acred bloud of a 
King (for by his murderous hand, the royall bloud 
of the late French King, is yet frcfh in the (beets 
of ?mi) the other after hee had done his be(l, or 
rather his worft, to blow up at once the glory 
power, wi(clome5 the Religion, peace and poftc^ 
rity of^ the moft renowned and vidorious dare 
under the Heavens, were both prod igioudy bold, 
confident and peremptory. But was this courage 
/ thinke you, in(pired into them by them by the lio» 

I of 


felfe4nriching examination. i ip y 

oftketribeofJuda^ already rriumphaat in the Hea- 
vens, or by that roaring Dragon of the bottom- 
lefie pit ? A man of an irapartiall underftanding 
anddifcerningipiric, would (carcely wifh a clearer 
demonftrdtion of the truth, and Orthodoxnefle of 
our Religion, thantomarkethe. difference of the 
ends of oar blefied Martyrs in Queen Maries time, 
and of thofe Popifli traitors which are fbmetimes 
executed amongfi: us. They feeme both bold and 
cheerfull towards their ends, but in thePieudo- 
Martyrs at Rome, it is (b enforced, formall and 
artificial! ; Their prayers are (b unhearty, plod- 
ding, and perftindory, their carriage (b unlike the 
Saints of God, and without thole feefing elevati- 
ons oi fpirit , which are wont to fill the /bules 
which are ready to enter into the joyes of Heaven, 
that aman feen into the myftery of godlineffe^ and 
acquainted with the power oF fandification, mjy 
clearly fee their comfort in thefe cafes to be of no 
higher ftraine than moral! relblmion, and Urong 
conceit of herefie can reach unto. It is othe» wife 
with the true Martyrs of lefus, that have their in- 
nocent bloud fpiltby the purple whore of K^as??, 
as we may fee and feele in that glorious Martyrio- 
logie of our Saints which were flaughtered in 
Queene Afarksvme. They had (iichanholyand 
humble Majefty in their carriages, fuchadcaleof 
Heauen, and fbberun -auntednefTe in their faces, 
fuch fpirituall ravifhments and joyful! fpringings 
inthgf hearts, luch grace and powerful! piercings 
in their (peeches, fuch zealc and hearty meltings 
in their prayers, fuch holy triumphs, and heavenly 
P 3 exultations 




T^he Saints 

exultations amid the flames, that it was more than 
manifeft both toHeavcnand Earth, to Men and 
to Angels, tliat their caufewasthc caufe of God, 
their murtherer that fnanefjixne^ their bloudthe 
(eed of the Churchjtheir (bales the jewels of Hea- 
ven, and their prefentpaflage the right and ready 
way to that unfading and moft glorious Crowne 
of Marcyrdome. That which in fidion wasfathe^ 
red upon father Campion^ was. moft true of every 
one ofour Martyrs^ that every man might (ay with 
heavie heart that ftood by^Here fpeaks a Saintjhere 
dies a Lambe, hereflowes the guiltlelTe bloud. 

Thus you have heard what counterfeit com- 
forts, what falfe caufes, and (andy foundations 
there may be of boldnefTe, confidence and cheere- 
fulne(Ie in mifcrics, a69idicms and diftrefles. But 
the comfort which in the(e ca(es (prings from a 
(bund and faving faith, is ever true and fare, of a 
(bber and (anftified temper, enlived with the holy 
warmth of the light of Heaven^ mingled with a 
true tafte of everlafting pleafiires, fupplied conti- 
nnally with fre(h ftreames/rom the bottomles and 
boundle(re Sea of all and endlefle comforts. It is 
not enforced, formall, artificial!, furious, de(pe- 
rate, mi(ground'^d, ambitious, in the face onely, 
orforafpirt, (uchmay be found in reprobates. It 
were nothing worth if ftrangers might meddle 
with it ^ if men, or devils, or the whole world 
could take it from us : If it were fuftained onely 
by any created power^ or arme of fleflk This 
pearle, this Jewell, is of an higher price, and^more , 
noble ftampe, than the (tate of unregeneration 


I < 

felfe'inriebing exam'mation. 


can poffible purchafe or comprehend. It hath 
its feat a (andified fbule 5 for its fountaine , the 
(pirit of comfort ^ for its foundation , the fa- 
vour of God 5 for its warrant, the promifcs of 
AfTftn, tlMtfaiihjytt andtrnzmtrnfft ^ for its objeft, 
a Crowne of immortality ^ for its continuance, 
the prayers of all the Saints ^ for its companions, a 
good confeiencc, inwardpeace^joy in the Holy Ghoji ^ 
for its end and perfbdiioTiypt/mffe cf]oy^ andpka- 
fures at Gods right hand, for evermore. In a word, the 
Chriftians comfort in diftrefle, rifingfrom an afTu- 
rance of Gods favour through Chriftjand of e verla- 
fting happinefle, by a true and fruitfull faith, doth 
as fill differ from all the vaine and,counterfeit com- 
forts^ the unhallowed and groundlefle confidences 
of what unrcgenerate men fbever, as the reall poA 
feffion of Gold, from an imaginary dreame of 
Gold : As the true and natarall grape, which fils 
and glads the heart, from the painted grape, that 
onely feeds the eye : As the apples of £</?», from 
tho^QO^ Sodom y which being faire to the fight, if 
touched doe turne to duft in the hand : As a flrong 
and mighty Oke,rooted deeply in thecarth.which 
no ftorme ©r tempeft can difplant or overtume, 
from a ftatfc or flalke fhicke lightly into the 
ground, which every hand may fnatch away, or 
blaft of wind fupplant and overthrow. 

Thus farre of the marks and notes of a found 
andftving faith, by which if a man beedifpolcd, 
and fet his heart toit^he may eafily (ee,and clearlv 
judge, whether hee be endued and fanftified with 
a true and joflifying faith, or fouly deceive his 

P 4 o\vne 


The Saints 

ownc heart, about his fpiri mail eftate, in conten'- 
tinghimfelfewichfomefalfe faith, or that which 
is infiiScisnt to falvacion. Yet becaufe a tempora- 
ry faith may goe farre, makes a goodly fhew, and 
deceives thoulands, I will fingle it out, and ftt 
downefome markes of difference in /peciall and 
particular betwixt it, and faving faith, though 
all the former marks delivered before, diftinguilh 
a jufti: ying faith from all other kinds of faiih what- 
soever. ■: ,;v:-v:i". 

I. Firfl; amanfandHfied by (aving faith v^ll fuffer 
no (in to raigne and rule in him, he will not lie, and 
live with delight and willing consent in any one 
finne whatfoever, though never fb pleafureftilJ 
profitable, or refpeftfull in the world. Whofoeveris 
ho^mofGodJtniaethfJot^ (on this faftiion) neither caa 
iefinm^ becaufe he ishorr^ of God, (aith lohn^ lEpifi^ 
5.9. that is^ with purpose, pleaftKc, andperfevc- 
rance : ^^Hee doch not walkeorlieinfinnej hec 
doth not ferve and obey it. The realbns are 5 
; I. TijefeedofGodreff/ameshi'ihif^,iIoL'^i^.that 
is the hoi V fpirit by a (acred and (andif^ing power, 
doth wound. the head, and breake the heart of 
finne, doth fo farre mafter and fubdueit, that it 
bcares no mare fvvay and foveraignty over him. By 
hishoiyfireheburnesupamans lufts^ and blowes 
up the holds of his- fweec- finne, aiid.wrefts the 

•) cJlC. ffjfi! -^frrV- ' ?l'/i ''i;f{ ! 

nobii cbniim ad^nflifattkneir^ mc iritdlius tfi propter pTfcuta m^rai Si fnimhu credo, quomodt 
j ,Utdiinid,p> quo iUffrrtHlii mertc m?Si hac tredf^qu^ IIU ad ]s^l(icatmerA minmfurrexityquo- 
m.d'i'iHi.ljiuk f'acitt'lHfilfi(iiiir^oe6iChr\HHi tantHmmodb, ^ui nevatn tm>>i()itinplo nfur- 
reCiloniiipfufufct^ftunt, &ve^tjht»]^^itjte., atque m^maiuindumentaviUitcakfammoxtu 
a^jiciuMiy ttc. Or/g adRbmt qu,i,(aj),^_ * ybi re^nat ^rofojitumpecfofulif iijifidncitiPLiflti(or- 


Markes of dif- 
ference be f.vixt' 
ravi;»g and tem- 
po, my faith. 

Ezech iS-ar. 

Jam J. 10. 
Ezcch. 18.10. 

Math. J.I 9. 
Si coHf.-rnxeri- 

«/? jttliiua cjf 
in naiUa-evha 
amlukrntu ^ 
fecundu] ifliLam 
rcxii nubuChri- 
(l!44 a:ljufiifi<.a- 
Uiin:m ;ioftri»fti 
(f vt /rjndum 
tenm hominem 
tum aUibiii ftiii 
fed in ihjuliinn 
vivim'My audio 
dice} t quod n/a- 
dntn r if in exit 

Jelfe-mricbing examination* 

Scepter out of the hands of naturall corruptionj 
fb that there is no reigning and domineering of 
linne inafandifiedman. 

2. H^ that hittkhrs hope '^ that isj which by a lively 
faith groweth into aflurance and certaine expeda- 
tion of feeing God, purgeth himfelfe as hee ispwe. 
Every manmuft be a Puritan in thlsfenfe, if hee 
v^ill bee faved. Hee muft pull the reines out of the 
bands of finne, and fuffer the power of grace to 
wade and confiime his rebellious corruptions. 

5 . Hee hath refpe&toaU Gods CommandemtfiU : 
Alihislawesanhfonh'mj as D.^^^ifpeaks of him- 
fclfc, rfaL I S.verf 2 2,-* y,. And therefore heedorh 
not nourilh and nuzle willingly and delightfulJy 
any finne in his heart and life, againft the light of 
hisconfcience, and fight of his Commandements. 
Hcemay finne of Ignorance, yea, of knowledge, 
and with Ibme kindeof willingnfelTe too fbmtimes, j 
for I take the place in li^Jmnoi to bee underflood | 
fimply of the ad of finning, but of the tenr.ur, 
courfe^ and race of mans life 5 ib that he doth not 
Hie, continue anddelightiii anv one finne : He dorh 
not fuffer it to reigne and rule in him, it doth not 
keepe him in bondage or flavery to his lufts, for ik 
feed of G(fd, his fandifying (pirir, and the power of 
grace remaifieifihim ^ which narrowly watch over 
the rebellions of the flefh, and ftand at ftavesend 
with every corruption : And if ar any time he be 
overtaken with fome infirmitic, or by the furious: 
craftinefle of Satan, and the finfull infinuation of 
his owne flefh, be dragged back e to fbme old finne 
of hisunregeneration^ they never fuffer him to be 





The Saints ^ 

acquiec, or enjoy himfdfcj untill bygroancsand 
figh?5 and ftrong cries, hee hath turned the mcrci- 
full Sun-fliine of Gods favourable countenance to- 
wards him againe^ untill hee hath deprecated his 
judgements and curfes due unto that finnc 5 untill 
he be received againe under the wings of his pro- 
teftion, and refblved upon a more zealous and 
fanftified carriage af'-erwards. Anduntillby humi- 
liation,repentance,and breaking his heartjhe hath 
difmift thit, and all other finnes with morcfpe- 
ciall loathing and deteftacion. This power then 
and privilege then hath faving faith in every man, 
whole heart it hath fully pofleft, and thorowly (an- 
ftified, that it de-thrones, throwes downe, and 
difcepters finne from its former raignc and Sovc- 
raignty. It inspires the true Chriftianwith a gra- 
cious refolution,nevermorctogivcany quiet har- 
bour, or delightful! entertainment to any one 
finne, againft any of Gods Commandements. And 
if he fall vpon infirmity, it pre(ently begets a thoa- 
fand times more griefe and (brrow, than the plea- 
fures and (enfiiall (weetnefleof the fin was worthy 
and furnifhes him with more care, watchfulneflc, 
zeale and forwardnefle, for the time to come after- 

But the former profeflbr, who contents himfclfe 
with a temporary faith, and bath no more fandti- 
fication than the power of it can conferre upon 
him, is many times difcernable and fcandalous by 
one outward groflc finne or other, as worldlineile, 
fweariug, uncleanreffe, ambition, Sabbath-break- 
ing, prophanenefle, oppofition to finccrity and 


felfe-inriching examination. 

true Chriftians, or the like. Or if he be arefuUto 
! remove (iich notorious and infamoas finncs, from 
the fight of the world, and out of the eyes of 
men^ yetmoft certainly heeever rctaineth, yea, 
maiutaineth inhimfelfe onefweetlipneororher, 
perhaps lefTe markable and more fecrer, (both wit- 
tingly) bccaufe heemay know and willingly, be- 
caufe he refuieth to obey againft (bme one Co.i> 

And commonly hee makes no confcience of lef- 
fer finnes, and fmaller olfences, as idle jcfting, ga- 
ming, fmalleroathsa lefTer bribes, 6cc. but rather 
gives allowance unto them in his owne jcdgf- 
ment, by his owne example , and by bolftring 
others up in them. And howfoever he doth fbme- 
timcs out of his worldly wifdome conceale him- 
felfc, and not utter what he thinks in that point : 
yet hee hath at lead: a fecret diflike and diftafte 
of thorow fanftification, as of too much precife- 
neflc. To (ay all in a word, laving faith doth bani(h 
the uie and pradice of all grofTe finnes^ and breeds 
atleaft an hatred, difal owance and refiftance of 
whatfbever frailties -and infirmities. But tempora- 
ry faith cannot poflibly bring a man out of conceit 
with all finne ^ it cannot breake the heart of his 
darling pleafures, or make him take part heartily 
and entirely with the beft Chriftians, in that h<jly 
and comfortable worke of mortifying every cor- 
ruption, though never fodeare andfiveet toflefh 
andbloud, which troubles their inward peace, 
grieves the good fpitit, or wounds the confcience. 
Though by the power thereof he may goe farre in 



Seac/(f.Pw 13. 




Alecoad diffe- 
raving and tcm- 

^he Saints 

ouc wara reio ma; ion^and would gladly be thought 
to be in the right way, yet (bmewhat or other is 
ever behinde, which either for pleafure, or profit, 
oreftimationsfakehewillnot part with ; there is 
(bme pleafing bolbme finneor othet^ which if it 
were poflible^, hee would even carry with him to 

2. Secondly, A (aving faith doth cverfandtifie 
theinmoft, and moft lurking afFcftions, ihefecrec 
purpofes, dcfires and imaginations of the heart. 
It at firft ftirres up, and ever after raaintaines that 
fore and invifible fight betwixt the flefh 'and the 
fpirit, betwixt the fanftified part of the foule, and 
theunregencrare. It begets a care and conscience 
in the true Chriftian of keeping the laft Com- 
mandement, which is the ftireft touch- ftone to 
try the truth, and foundnefle of our converfion, 
whether it be copper and counterfeit^ or currant 
and fubftantiall ^ for it tries the reines, cenfures 
and bridles idle^ wandring, and irapert'nent 
thoughts, the evill motions, lufts and ftirringsof 
the heart, vvhatfoever they are. Hence it is that 
the fanftified man hath ever an eye to his heart, 
and is very much troubled about his thoughts. For 
he labours that his (ecret conceits and inward de- 
fires be as well approved before God, as hisout- 
wfrd converfation and carriage before men : He is 
as k)th and fearfullto offend God, and grieve his 
good fpirir, in his heart, which no morralleye can 
ree,s9in his word and adrions, which are open and 
liable to the cenfure and inrerpreration of the 
world. It gOc s as much againft his heart to commit 


fclfe-'tnricbing examination. 

finneinhisfecret chamber^ as in the fight of the 
fight of the Sun ne. Hee knowes full weW, and is 
perfwaded in his heart, that without vvafhing the 
hcartthere can be nofilvatioHjWithout the change 
and chart icy of the thoughts^ ani truth in the inward 
partt, there is no true repentance : Jemfak^f, faith 
lenmiey Chap.^.i^. Wajh thine heart pom nick^dnejjt:, 
that thou fnaifl hee faved : How lo?fgJljall thy va'me 
thoughts rmaJm within thee .<? I f all the world befides 
(hould approve and applaud uSj if not a man upon 
earth were able to fay unro us Co much as blacks 
thine eye : Yet if our hearts were not upright be- 
fore God, we were but -damnable creatures, hol- 
low-hearted prpfeflbrSj and glorious hypocrites. 
The true Chriftian confiders thiSjand (ubmirs him^ 
felfe to the worke of Gods grace, in (andtifying 
the defires and thoughts of his heart. Hee hath 
much trouble and toyle^ and indeed a kinde of 
holy trade in governing the heart, and managing 
the thoughts, in which the unregenerate man hith 
no skill. Hee labours to keepetheir fountaine pure 
andcleere, to fetch their warrant our of ihe Word 
of God, that they may hold correfpondence and 
conformity to his will ^ he ever looks which way 
they tend, that their marke and end be Gods glory^ 
and the benefit of his Church and people; If ary 
thoughtsftartupinhis heart, which are not thus 
qualified and iandified^he prefently takes them to 
heart, drives againft them^ prayes againft them, 
repents for them, and is humbled by them - And 
their is a mvrtery in this refi;iment of thought?, of 
which it coneernes the Chriftian to take Ipecull 




T^/je Saints 

nocice, left he wrongfully accufe himfelfe or Sa- 

tan, lel\ hee unnecelTarily afflld and torture his 
jowne fbule, if they bee none of his ovvne, orroo 
; fleightly regard them, if they be the brood of his 
Ho'v to diftin- inbred concupiicence. It is to diftinguilh and di- 
guiiiiSatans (ceme betwixt the devils fuggeftions, and the evill 
frfm^^heeviii niotiotts of a mans ownc heart. The. grow upon 
motions of our US by leifure, from outward ob)efts abroad, or 
ownchcarts. fpring out of ourmemory ; But the other breake 
in^upon us abruptly, when wee are wholly full and 
poiTefled of other meditations, without occa^on 
given , either by outward occurrenrs, or former 
difcourle of the minde, anel when we little thinke 
of any fuch matter. Sinfull thoughts of ourowae 
come upon us enticingly, by allurements, bait?, 
and infinuations ^ but Satans fuggeftions rufti in 
violently, forcibly and furioufly, they are throwne 
into our imaginations like a flafli of lightning, 
with fuch an unavoidable impreffion , that they 
M. M* cannot bee prevented by any wit or ftrength of a 
man. I have knowne fbme which have beene fear- 
ftiHy vexed and aflonifhed in heart, with horrible 
land blafphemous thoughts, which were Satans 
; owne immediate injedions, and terrours even to 
nature it felfe : but when tey have beene told and 
taught that they were none of theirs, and that if 
i they did hate, abhorre, and withftand them,a?thc 
I pure fpight and malice of that fiend of hell, they 
I fhould never beiraputedunto them asthcirfinnes, 
! butfet upon Satans (core, who ^by right is cbarge- 
I able with them, both for horrour and punifhment 5 
; and that even our bleffed Saviour himfelfe was 
I tempted 

lelfe-inrivbing examnation. 

tempted m the like maTraer, but was free irom 
finnej becaufe he withftood the temptation, and 
repelled the tempter : I fay, after they haye beene 
thusinftrtu^ted, they have received g ear cafe and 
comfort. Much blelTcd hearts ea(i\ and fpirituali 
contentment doth accrew unto a man, upon nar~ 
-row watch-over the heart : Much inward peace, fe- 
renityand joy^istobe enjoyed by fufpitioufhefle, 
experience and exercife, in difcovering, repreG- 
(ing, and preventing the mutinousand tumultuous 
JliiTesin the thoughts and imaginations ; An holy 
care and wifJome for which parpofe is infpired 
onely, and planted in the fbule by the power of a 
iaving faith. 

For it is farre ot^erwife with the formal I profef^ 
four, whichis no farther acquainted with the my- 
fterie of godlineffe, and fecrets of landittcarion, 
then temporary faith can lead and inlightenhim. 
He may proceed farrein outward reformatioPjand 
make a goodly tew of Chriftianity in his words 
and adions. Hee may outwardly forbeare grofle 
finnes, and performe religious (ervices, and bee 
an out-fide Chriftian without cenfure, exception^ 
orreproofe ; But heeverfailes in hisrefpe(a and 
obedience to the laft Commandement, inhispra- 
dice hee ftill appj:ovcs that devillilh Proverbe, 
thought is free. Hee is nobody in that great fight 
for fpirituall life ot death betwixt the flefh and the 
■(pirit. He is unfeeneand upexercifed in that trou- 
bldbmc and invifible regiment of the commoti- 
ons and imaginations of the heart. Hee will per- 
haps ftartle and make a ftand ata greifly prodigion, 




fiiving and 

nrhe Saints 

thougiit of tiealon, acneifmcj murder, adultery, 
blalphemiCjUfur/jOppreffionjand fuch like.but or- 
dinarily without any great Temorle or checke, 
h e fufFers his heart to runne riot into a world of idle 
wandrings^ efpecially to fpend many frefli (ucceffi- 
ons of mi.lions of thoughtSjWith unwearied purfuit 
of pleafing errour, in the endlefle Maze of earth- 
ly-raindedneflTe, luftfolnefle, ambition, and allpaf- 
fages for the advancement of his temporall happi- 
nefTe, and attainment of earthly pleafures. 

In a word, a manfanaified by faving f nth, hath 
as well an eye to fee the thoughts of his heart, as 
the Gutwardnefle of his carriage^ hee makes his 
aduall finnes his outward frailties and infirmities, 
as bloud-hounds to trace out his originall corrup- 
tion, and the hidden root of his rebellions, and 
there he lirikes, and wounds, and mortifies. But 
where the faith is but temporary, there care may 
be had of words and adions, but the heart is not 
much medled with. It may perhaps be curious in 
pruning and lopping the outward luxuriant bowes 
and branches of finne, whicharean eye-fbretothe 
world, and Scorpions to the confcience ^ but it 
wants power to digge unto rheroot whic h lurks in 
the heart and will^ to take notice of invifible 
thoughts, which neither breed difgrace among 
men, nor as yet fting with (enfible remorfe. 

.3. Thirdly, there is one ipeciall marke of diffe- 
rence betweenc (aving.and temporary faith, poin^ 
ted at by the fpirit of God in the parable of the 

Sower, and the divers grounds, MaitLi^,Mark:^ 
Liik^ 8. and may be thus thence gathered. 


felfe-inrichwg examination. j 2 op 

The temporizing Chriftian, who hath no more 
fpirituall power, and Chriftian refolution, than 
temporary faith can powre and put into him, will 
not by any meanes pafTe thorow the pikes for his 
proteffiori and proceeding in grace. Me is not able 
to endure any hot brunt of ftrong temptation, 
great diigrace, worldly oppofition, or fmarting 
perfecutioo, for his taking part with true Chrifti- 
ans, and the pradifc of fincerity. While the way' 
is paved before him, and the Sunn efhinesfaire and 
bright, he will goe on merrily with Gods children, 
and march forward perhaps with as good (hew of 
courage and undaun- ednelle as thebeft • but if he 
once meet with fomcboyfterous florme, that beats 
againft his hcc ^ if the world on* c beginne ro 
lowrc upon him for his forwardnelle :^ if his way 
grow roughs crooked at id thorny -^ if he be raged 
and railed againfl" for his fingularity in fanci:ificati- 
on, and perfecuted with fpightanddifgraceforhis 
profeffion of grace ^ he then prefently beginncs to 
(linke and drawbacke, to leave his former com- 
panion5, true Chriftians, to finke or fwimme ^ he 
for(akc5 them, and flies from them, as from the 
ruines of a falling houfe. For it isever the property 
of this kinde of Profeflbr, when it comes to the 
rr all, to the point and pinch, topreferrehisowne 
p^^rricular before the glorv of God, the publikc 
good of the Church, and the fpirituall affaires of 
Heaven. His temporary happineffe , and chicfe 
carnall contentment is ever more dearc unto him 
than the comforts of holinrlTe, and thefiire pro- 
mifcs of a better life : Hee chufes farre rather to 

Q^ fleepe ' 


Hce chofe ra 
ther lo venture 
his loule upon 
Gods judge- 
ments, with the 
hazard of crcr- 
then to fo! ia'<" 
the flafuresof 

The Saints 

lleepe in a whole skinne, than with a goodconfci- 
ence. Hez-tf^^ although hce reverenced lolm^ heard 
him gladly, and did many things after his preach- 
ing, yet when his chiefecarnall contentment was 
inqueOion, for the (urc feeling of his fweet linne 
of laftfall pleafures, he cutoff at once tohn Raptifis 
head, his courfe of former profeffion, his heart 
from grace, land his hope from Heaven, andibule 
from lalvation. The young man in the Gofpell 
went on a good while in outward unblamcable- 
ncffe, but when hee perceived by the words of 
Chrift, that hewas to (uffer his heart no longer to 
be exercifed in covetoufnefle, that his greedy af- 
: fedions which were faft glued and nailed unto die 
earth, were to be rent thence, and repofed in Hea- 
ven, he prefcntly turnes his backe upon Chri/V Je- 
fus. Heaven, and cverlafting happinelfe, Niatmn it 
feemes was content to goe along with the Prophet \ 
in many things, and to be good in aM other^ onely 
that hoQOurable place he held with his Ma»t«r ,farc 
very neare his heart : Heeis rather willing to for- 
feit all his other integrities, an linnocencies, and 
eeldings unco goodnefTe, and to venture himfelfe 
though without all warrant or ground, upon the 
mercies of God, than not to bold his height of 
phce and honourable re fpeft with his Mafter. In 
thefe peaceable and flourifhing times of the 
Charch many thoulands fw.^rme amongft as of 
fitch kinde of profellbrs. The glorto^is noone-tidc 
oftheGo(belI fhining npon them through thefe 
dayesof peace, duth alirr'e war me and heat their 
hearts, fb that they fall in love and hking with the 


felfe^inriching examination. 

truth and power thereof: They fort and ranke 
themfelvcsamongfttrueprofeflbrs, they fettleand 
frame themlelves to the holy bulineiles, and noble 
trade of Ghriftianity. But wretched men, they are 
not able long to hold out, they are quickly tired and 
weary in the waycsof God. The Word is not well 
rooted in them, their faith is but temporary, their 
converfion unfound, there is ever one grand un- 
mortified corruption or other, onebofome finor 
other, which ftill wa(ics and devours the buds of 
zeale, and bloflbmes of Heaven, as they (prout ■ 
and ipring up in their hearts or adiony. Either He- 
rods pleafurcjorthe young mans "pxo^t.oxJSlaamam 
preferment, kils and cuts the throat of all grace, \ 
when it fhould come to proofe in them, and con- 
founds the power of Religion, that it can neither ' 
thorowly (andifie, nor finally fave them. Some-; 
times they will goe^cU forward for a time^ and 
breed gooid hope, and great expedation in good ; 
ChrifHans, of their comming on in the wayes of 
godlineffe : But when they finde by experience 
that fiich courfes as thefe finde no favour in the 
world, bringupon them an imputation of precilc- 
nelTe, caft them from the countenance of carnall 
fi-iends, amongfi: the number of pboreneglefted^ 
Chriftians, may much hazard their temporall hap-' 
pinefle, and ftill frcfhly vex them with one trod-' 
ble or persecution or other : They fufFer therli- 
(elves cowardly to be vanqniflied with fiich carnall 
fearesof flefliand bloudasthcfe : They caft their 
crowne from them, and the glory of their former 
profeffion is put outj all their time formerly (pent 


The Saints 

in godiineffe is loft. They hereupon bcginne to 
renounce that goodnelfe which before they (ea- 
rned toembrare ^ to forfake thetellovvfhipofihe 
SaintSj with whom they were wont comfortably 
toconverfe ^ to negledl the duties of piety, where- 
in, not without fbme joy,: hey have beene former- 
ly exercilcd ^ rogrov\rftrange unto God and good 
men; tocaftoffthe care of their families, which 
perhaps they were wont to inftruft Ihave knowne 
(ome, who onely by the power, lam perfwaded 
of a temporary faith, have beene very forward in 
•Ul religions exercifes, for a good time hath with 
great diligence and profit, both publikeJy and pri- 
vately heard and read the Word, ere^ed a godjy 
order of prayer, and other family exercifes in 
their houfes, and yet afterward by Ikf le and little 
the world got (a powerfully within them , and 
earthly cares fb choaked tlifm that thev caft ah 
bchinde them tranipled thefe holy pearles and 
jewels whi h formerly adorned tht-mj under their 
feet, and turned wholly carnall, covetous and pro- 
phane world iingSj 

VVorldlineflc, and feare of being accounted too 
precife now a day cs ordinarily blaft and beat batke 
the fruits andforwardnefleof a temporary faith. 

Thus you fee the true temper and conftituti- 
on of a temporary faith : It hath not the heart and 
Dower to ftand to it, and goe thorow ftitch in the 
caufes of God, and the affaires^of fincerity • it dare 
nocaddrefle and addiftit fclfetothatftridcourfe 
of hglinefle, which onely fks for the ftrdghtway 
to heaven, for fcare of troubles, dilgracesand per*- 
1 Gcutions, But 

felfeAnriching examination. ) 212 

But faving faith is of a farre more powerfull and 
undaunted dilpofition, andordinariiy infpiresihe 
true Chriftian with a truly noble and Lion-like 
courage, fb that in the caufe of God he feares no 
colours 5 hce will forward by the grace of God, 
with all good confcience in his holy profeffioUjand 
praftice of fircerity againft all adversary power ; | 
Slanders, difgraces, and contempt are as fewell to ^ 
incrcafe the flame of his zealcjas matter to enlarge 1 
the joy and inwardcomfort of his hearty as meanes | 
to fet and (ettlc the Crowne of Chriftianity fafter , 
upon hib head. His faving faith is ever feated in a ; 
good& hontft heartland therefore he brings forth 
fruit wirh patience. If he profper in the world, 
he is rich and latfen with variety of froics, of holy 
duty, and good deeds -^ like a dangling fruit-tree, 
in a fat and fertile Ibile. If he be croff in the world, } 
and caft into the f urai^e of affiidtions, yet he fends 
out at the laft the pleafing perfume of Chriftian 
patience^ like a fweet Pomander chaft in the hand, 
or frarkincenfe throwne into the fire ; heeever 
brings forth the fruits of piety or patience. When 
atthefirft heewent about his fpirituall building, 
he kt himdowne before, and counted the coft. 
When heatfirft entred the fpirituall warfare, un- 
der the colours and conduft of ChrifV Jefus,againft 
this world of wickedneffe, and the kingdome of Sa- 
tan, heetooVecounfell, not with flefti andbloud, 
but with the fpiri t of truth, how he might become 
conqtierour, and therefore he is not onely already 
relblved, in peaceable times to digeft with pati- 
ence lefTer and inferiour miferies and vexations, 






eftate diftin 
guilhed from 
the fecond fort 
of formaU piro 

The Saints 

for his profeifion and pra<!ti{eof fincerity, as lofle 
of goods, lofle of friends and reputation withthc 
world, (landers, disgraces and wrongs, nick-names 
of Puritane,Precifion, Hypocrite^ contempt, dif* 
countenance, and oppreffion, and (uch like ^ but 
I hee holds his (bule as it were continualiy in his 
I hand, as D<«'/</fpeaks ofhimielfe, pfal, 119. 109* 
! ready if need bee, and the times require, even to 
flied his bloud under the fword of the Tyrant, or 
I to lay downe his life in the flame?, rarfier than to 
' dilhononr fb mercifuil a God, to betray histruth ^ 
or by his back -Hiding and falling away, to make 
(hipwracke of a good con/cience, and hazard that 
Crowne of Glory, which by the eye of Faith hee 
hath already in fight. Thi5 high refblution and 
noble courage fiving faith piits into the heartsof 
thofc whom it dandifies, that in rh e caiafe of God, 
their Oiriftian warfare, and under the coloors of 
Chrii>3 they may Oandtoit like mm, paiflemaT!- 
fully thorow the pikes, conquer andbecrowtied. 
How then wiHyou diftinguiflia Chrifriinseftate 
from the £>cond fortof formallprofeflburs,/jy/rti 

Thus ^ The formal 1 profeflbr, after his falling 
off/ rrfumes his former profeflion, wirhout any 
remorfe, refolution for more forwardnefle, watch- 
fulnelTe, revenge upon himfelfe and thofe marks, 
2 Cflr.7.11. in a cold dull manner. Sec. Whereas 
Gods chjldc after a relap^ , upon recovery and 
retnrne, weepes bitterly with Peigr, and labours 
wkhdnuble ditigeRce, and redoubled zeale, to re- 
I compencc and redeeme his former failings, &c. 


/elfe4nriching examination. 

They may, I confefTe fometimes be faint-hearted 
and retire upon weaknefle and infirmitiejas did Pe- 
ter, and other Saints of Godj but after they come j 
• to themfelveSj and have taken breath, they returne 
into the field and fight, with redoubled courage, I 
more eager heat, and refblute valour , to make 
amends for liich default and defeftion ^ they are 
content to undertake any extraordinary adven- 
ture, to fight in bloud to the knees, with an holy 
dcrperateneffc , (as prodigall of thole lives they 
have ftained with revolt) to flie more fiercely in 
the faces of the adverfarics of God, and enemies 
of their fbules. 

Saint Ferer upon infirmity (a Fearefull fall) deni- 
ed his Saviour, but how manftilly afrcr, and vido- 
rioufly did hce enter the lifts againft the whole ^ 
kingdomeof darknefle^and a world of Paganifme ? 
what worthy fervice did he after in the Church of 
God, and how glorioufly at laft did he (ealc the 
truth which he had taught, with the facrifice of his 
bloud ? BIcffed Cramnet^ that glorbus Martyr, 
flunkebacke a littte, and upon infirmity, being en- ! 
chanted by Popifti Syjens^ fiiblcribed to feme 
points of their hatefuil herefies : But with what 
p^c^sof zeale and penetency was hec after reven- 
ged upon himfelfe, by thrufting that unhappy 
hand firft into the flame, wich was the inftrument 
of his ft)ule relapfc ? Thus though GodschiJde may 
fometimes ftumble, and take a fall in his race of 
Chriftianky,yet when he is got up againehe makes 
amends with a more liire footing , and fwifter 
courfe toward the Goajc of immortality. Let us 
0^4 ^ lookc 






The Saint i 

looke 1 pray you into the Booke of God, and wee 
ftiall trad his Saints in many holv paflages of this 
noDlenefle offpirit, unconquerablenefle ofcou-, 
rage, and height of refolution againfl: temptati- 
ons and oppolitions implanted in their fouJes, by 
the (pirituall powerjand facred infpirations of a (a- 
ving faith. Ever when their owne carnall content- 
ments and temporall happinefle came intoballance 
with Gods glory, and a good con(ciencc, theyre- 
fignedup themfelves, and laid weightonthe Lords 
fide : They did hold that their light afflidons 
which were but for a moment, were moft unwor- 
thy to hold (cale with that more than moft excel- 
lent and eternall weight of glory which was to be 
revealed. Ever when their owne particular and 
private welfare came into qneftion with the cau(e 
of God/ and publike good of the Church, they 
were at a point to take part wirh Heaven and holi - 
nefle, againft the temptations of fiefh and bloud, 
and allcontrary infernal] powers 5 againft whatfo- 
ever finite and created adverlary. As a man in a 
trance hath all the powers of the (bule fo faftned 
.?pontheprefenrobje6i-, that hee is carelefTe and 
nnapprehenfive of all other occurrents or events : 
Sorheir faiiftified foulesbya (aving being pofleft 
of the eafneft of immortality, fb ftrongly and 
fweecly repofcdupon the favour and protedion 
of God, upon the contemplation of Heaven, and 
thofe endl- fle |oy ^s that worldly crofles, di(graces, 
Crbwnes Kinstdomes, pleafiires , vanitic?, bad no 
power to poflefTe them, or counrerfway them. Mo^ 
fis was mightily tempted with the power and 
'£;•>;■■ - pleafure 

felje-inrichmg examination, \ 

pkafures of a Kings Courc^ he might have ruffled j 
ic amongft the proudeH-, and overtop in refpedi: ! 
and honour, themoft filken and glittering Cour- 
tiers ; He might have rowed in wealth and plenty, ! 
and wallowed in (ofteft delicacies, and courtly da- 
liance : Nay, hee might have lived in the meane 
time ennobled and em "aradifed with the tide of 
young Prince, and thejonne of a Kings daisgktr ^ not 
without hope of being crowned at length with the 
Soveraignty and comrnand ofa Kingdome. Strong 
temptations, povverfull enticements 5 and yet 
blelTed man, by the power and perlwaffon o'" ia- 
vine;fairh, Hee chofe rather I0 {uffr aivcrfiymtbihe 
psopk of God ^ than to m]oy the pkafures dfjin^efora 
fiafofiy efieeming the rtbuk^ of Chrifi greater riches thau 
thetreafures of ^gypt ; forhebadrefpeSt to the recofH- 
pence of the revpord. k Crowne ofimmortaiicy was in 
light to the eye of his faith, which was more deare ' 
and precious to him than the power glory and j 
Majeftie of all the Kingdoiies of the earth, (ith 
they ftoodupontearmesof prccedencie, and the 
one muft needs carry it away. His private tempo* 
rallhappninelTeftoops and vailes bonnet, fubmits 
and yeelds to the glory of God, and publike good 
of the Church. Jonathan was fhrewdly aflaulred 
withtheauthority, Majeftie^andfrowningsof the 
Kinz and his father, upon the very point of JofTe, 
or gaine of a Kingdome, to breake off his Chrifti- 
an love^ and couries of grace with David : then 
\vpis Saul angry mthlonath^n-^ and faid unto hm-^ thou 
fonne ofth'- wicked rebeltious woman ', doe not iknoxfi that 
thoiihafi chofen the fmne ofljhaitothy c&nfujion und 



Xi8 ^be Saints 

fljame of tlyy motkr ? for aslongasihefoNne oflflmli- 
vethupon i'keafth, thufljaltnet keftdlifl:ed^ nor thy 
Kingdom:, &c. But for all chis^ chough the piercing 
and paffionate words of a father fhould ftrike 
deepe and home into the heart of his childe, 
though the wfoih of a Ki»g be lik^ the roaring of a Lion , 
and as mtffengers of death ^ Proz\ 19. i ',. C^"* i6. 14. 
Though the princely throne of a King be the top 
and crowncofall earthly happinefTcs ^ yet in the 
caufc of God fomthan is rcgardielTc, and fearelefle 
of them allj hee flinks not backe, nor fdrkiks a 
haires breadth from a good confcience, and de- 
fenc e of a good man ^ hee is not carried away with 
theglory of a KingdomCjand beauty of a Crowne, 
but having his eye fixed upon the goodnefle of the 
cauft, andinnocencicof the party, with an holy 
rcDlurion, iican(wers Kisf^xhtrKmg Saul^ti»dfaid 
unto hi m^ WjjereforeJhaU hee die ^ vphathath he done^ 
I Sam »2o.'^2. Hereupon the King plaid the Lion 
indeed, out of his rage and defperate madnefie he 
cafta {peare at him to hit him. So omragious is 
the fury of prophane malice againfl: goodnefle, 
and good caufes, that it devoures naturall affefti- 
on, common humanity, difcrction, reafbn, wif- 
dome, and all manlinefTe, and turnes all into gall 
and rage againft good men : But in loftathan, a fenfe 
of Gods favour by his (living faith, and of that 
comfort hee conceived by (landing for D^^iin- 
nocencie, and Gods glory, did takeaway alirafle 
of earthly contentments, even of the fUectnefle 
of dl Courtly pleafures, of the countenance of 
a father, the favours of a King, of a Crowne and 


felfe-inriching examination. 

Kmgdome. Hight Koble alfb, and Heroicallwas 
the courage and cmxd^o^oft Afichmh inthecaufe 

j of God : He had againft him the King, the Cour- 
tiers, and the whole Clergie, foure hundred Pro- 
phets, topleale the King^ conipired in judgement 
againfthim. The Courtier tliat was (enc to fetch 
him before the two Kings, fee upon him by the^ 
way with powerfull infinuations, and perfumed 
eloquence J as ftich creatures are wont, to draw 
him to the Kings humour, and the bent of the 
fal(e Prophets : Hee told him , tkat the words of 
Prophets dzdared good unto the Kwgmth otm accord-^ 
and therefore prayed him that he alfo would fpeake 
good : Mkliaiah anfwcrshim with are(blution as 
high as Heaven, and out of a Seraphicall pang of 
burning zeale for Cods truth and glory : Now as tk 
Lordlheth^ faith he i whatfoever the Lord faith u»to we, 
that mlijfpeak^. In this point he was at a point, and 
rcfblute, hee neither cared for King nor Ke/ar, for 
Prince or Prophet, for preferment or puniOimenr, 

I fb« frowninqjs or flatterv, for man or Devill : That 
me(1ap;e which the Almighty had put into his 
moDch muft forth, though it bring upon him a 
worl ! of miseries, a flandcr of fingularity fordi/^ 
Jeniing from ill the other Prophets, o fiifpition of 
difloya'tie, for croffing fb peremptorily the Kings 
pleafure, boihfmti^fg vfith thefiftofmchpdnejfe.and 
fcorcUngsvptihtmcoaks of Juniper ^ that Js fcornefull 
tongues/rom his fellow Seers for oppofing agalnft 
their lying fpirit. Though it threw him into a dun- 
geon^tberetobefed with bread c£ afflidion, and 

' water of afflidlion., until! hee had fully felt the 


\ Kin'.iJ. 


The faints- - 

whoie weigHt, of chat implacable indignation, 
which the fury of an enraged and prophane King 
was like to charge and inflid upon him. 

Queene Hefter that blefTed Lady^ by the power 
of her holy faith, and the godly perlwafion of 
Mordeeai^ put on a higher courage than is ordinarily 
incident to her (ex, and more zeale than is com- 
monly found in high places. Atfirft (hee itooda 
littleoffj as feared with the defperatencHeof the 
attempt, and danger of the Law, that did peremp- 
torily upon paine of death command the contrary^ 
but after (hce had throughly demurred upon the 
point, and had her ChrilHan courage fc ton edge, 
and her zeale thorowly heated with the feafbnable 
and paffionate admonitions of Mordecai^ for the 
good of the people of God, fhee grew atlaftto 
this moft noble and refblute conclnfion 5 I will 
(faith fhe) goe in to theKiog, which is not accor- 
ding to the Law, A/iJiflpeHfi Ipef/fi. I will fland 
to it J I will goethorow in the cauleo^ God, and 
throw my felfc upon his providence, andifj^enp^ 
1 perffi. But not Co toperifh, is many times everla- 
flingly to perifh, and to perifh fb is eternally to be 
faved. Thus was fhe refblved in a good caufe to 
venture her honour in the Court, and favour vAth 
the King, her liberty and life, or whatfbever was 
deareft unto her in this world. And when the gol- 
den Scepter was holden out unto her, and fhe was 
admitted into the royall prefence, and might have 
received at the Rings hand the halfeof his King- 
dome, yet negleftiveof alltemporall happineffej 
and her owne particular, fhceonely asked the lives 
I of I 

Jelfe-mnehtng examinatton. 


of the people of God. I need not dwell on this 
Doint, theblefledBookeof Godisthicke embroi- 
dered with variety of glorious Marcyrdomes-; 
hloudy fufferings, ftrange adventures, and noble 
acls which the Saints of God endured^ paficd tho- 
rowj attempted, and happily atcheived , by the 
power of (aving faith : A compendious regifter 
whereof we may read, Hek 1 1. When he had runne 
over a royall and vidtorious Catalogue.the Apoflle 
concludes thus ; And what fhall I men jay ^ for the 
tmefvouldk toojljortfor me to tell ofGedeon . of Ba^al^^ 
anief Sampjon, and of lephte^ and alfo of David and 
Samnd andofxhe Prophds^whlch through faith fubdued 
Kingdomes, vorough righteoufnejjeyobtaified tlye prof/ii- . 
fes ftuppedshe mouths of Lions . quenched the violence of\ 
fire efcdped the edge of the fword^ of weake wen made \ 
ftto^g^ waxed vdiant z> batielL turned ta fiighi the \ 
armies of the alian^ts, &c. To conclude the point , we Tl^e properties 
m.^y tr:i(^ temporary faith by che/e three prints and ^fit^^'"'"'^'''^'^ 
properties: \ 

1. Irflill leaves one fweet finne, one branch of See anofhcr 
natural! corrup. ion, one fecretludor other in life '^'^'^'''^nce, 
or heart, in the affedions or aftions, unmeddled 

2. It cannot thorowly and inwardly purge and 
fan(5ifie the thoughts, imaginations, and purpo£* 
of the heart. 

3. It commonly hath not power to goe rhorow 
ftrong temptations, fmarting perfecutions, and ha- 
zard of temporall happinefle, for profeffion of fin- 
cerirv, the qrlory of God^ and .keeping of a good 
conlcienee. But- 
I. Saving 

Gouge pa^. 240^ 

221 , T^he Saints 

1. Saving faith doth ever (b farre (ubdue all 
finnes.thac it fuffers none to raigne andbeare fway 
irt him vi^hom it fanftifies. 

2. It e\'er thorowly in fincerlty, though not ab- 
(blutely, that is, in the height of degree, purifies | 
the heart, and (andifies the thoughts anddefires 
which (pring thence. So that the true Chriftian 
fcares, prayesagainft, and repents for finfull ima- 
ginations, as well as wicked aAions. 

3. It commonly leads us with good comfort 
and courage, thorow whatfoever miferies, flan- 
dets, difgraces, erodes, per fecutions for the profef- 
fion andpraftice of fincerlty. 

Thus farre of the three more particular and (pe- 
ciall markes of difference betwixt faving and tem- 
! porary faith. But yet I cannot get out of this point, 
the matter is of fo great weight and confequence, 
; for thoufands deceive themfelves, and walke on 
\ fecurely in the wayes of death, becaufe they doe 
i not thorowly and fubftantially try and tonfider 
j what their (pirituall eftate isinthisbehalfe, whe- 
\ ther they be (bundly built upon the rocke by fi- 
ving faith, and (b (hall be certainly faved 5 or elfcj 
by feme flafhes of temporary faith, flourifli onejy 
for a while in outwardnefle and formality , like 
come fcattered in ftonie ground , and fo when 
their finnes are ripe (hall be throwne into the fire 
of hell, except in the meanetime they come on 
forward from outward forme of Religion, to in- 
ward feeling, and become of almofV, altogether 
Chriftians. You ranil: here remember that I told 
you before, how temporary faith can worke : 

,^ I, Some 

Ielje4nriching examinatkn. 

I, ^omemeafurepf inward illumination, 
3. Somekindeof converfion. 

3 . Some degrees of regeneration. 

4. Some outward reformarbn. 

I will onely point at in a word, (bme differences 
betwixc (avingand temporary fairh^ in thefe foure 
points : 

I. Firft, for inward illumination^ Itfliouldnot 
trouble us, nor(eeme rtrange, that a reprobate by 
the power of temporary faith, and generall grace 
of the fpirit, (hould be (bme times in great mea- 
fure inlightned and endued with divine know- 
ledge and other apprehenlions of Heaven : For it 
is a truth deare in Divinity, and common in expe- 
rience, that there mav be the ^jr't of illumination^ 
cjeitreriry of judgementj plentifull knowledge of 
ikc truth, the light of the Ipirir, as Divines call ir • 
where there is vv^ting to thefe, the (pirit of fan- 
dification, inte^ity of confcience, the life and 
loveof goodneffe, and ihe li,j,ht of laving fairh. 
God is trae and good, wee lofl his image of truth 
andgoodne(Iein/4^</w ^ weemuft either have the 
light of truth (hedagaineinto ourunderilandings 
by thefpiritofilluminadon, and thelifeof good- 
nefle re-in(pircd into our hea; ts by the fpirit offan- 
fiification, or we cannot be faved. We rnufl: have 
two wingSjthe on'^ rf Fruthjthe other of goodnefle, 
if we would /bare aloft unto theSunne, andibve- 
raigne Sea of all truth & goodnefle, God himfelfe ^ 
and bathe ourfelves in his ever lifting bliflfe. But 
many certainly have but the one wing, that of 
knowledge^and therby make only a faire fluttering 

upon I 


Hov farre a 
may goe. 

Fl'.f^, k may 
have a great 
meafiire of in- 
ward i^u.».ina- 
tIon« 1 

Of Oivlultjf, 

H'he Saints 

upoiieaici), and many godly otters^ as though, if 
need required5and if they were on wing,wcre able 
CO flie high enough for cternall happineffe, whereas 
upon their dearh-bed^when indeed they are put un- 
to it, they finde themfelves hdlfeunfurnifliedj and 
utterly unfit ^r that laft and longeft flight towards 
the Sunne of righteoufheflcj ar d that one wing of 
knowledge which they (hould then ufejs unhappi- 
ly entangled in Satans Lime-bufheSjand fo they are 
fearfully made a prey unto the powers of^^arkncfle. 
That illumination onely, and generall graces, will 
not ferve the turne in that great day, appeare?, 
Matth.-j^^i, Many (faith Chrift; vpHlfaj unto me in 
thatdaji Lord, Lord ^ havevpeenothythylslameprcpke' 
ckd^andbytkyNaf^e caftout DerHs .<? andhytlyy tslame 
dom txany great vpurks ^ And iitn mil Jp'^'ofijfe nnio 
them^ Ifneverk^evpyoitjdepartyepomme yethatvpork§ 
imquity. The fame anlwer node ubt. will Chrift 
give at that day to many learned Papifts, andocher 
great Dodors, who will thus cryunrohim, Lord^ 
Lordy have wee not written many great Volumes, 
CommentariesonthyBooke. cafesof conlcience^ 
courfes of Schoole Divinity^Storiesof the Churcfi, 
Controverfies and dilputations ^br the defence and 
good of the truth ? To many formall Preachers , 
which will thus crv unto him, Loyd^terd^ have we 
not done thee fervicc by a long and diligent pcb- 
liOiingtheGofpell, in opening to the world the 
myfferiesof Hilvationj by many Sermons in great 
Auditories^and famous places upon wh^ch we have 
fpcnttheutmoOofonr wits^ thebeO* of our rea- 
ding.allour skill in the tongues whatfoever might 

felfe4nriching examimtion. 

1 iif 

bring porape and glory to thy truth ? To many 
hollow-hearted profeflbnrs, and out-fide Chrifti- 
ahs, which will thus cry unto him, Lord.Urd, have 
wee not beene diligent hearers of thy Word, have 
not wee loved, reverenced and countenanced the 
minifters, havewce not read the Bible, and many j 
good books , becne acquainted with points and j 
principles of Religion, and able todi/courfe of 
matters of falvation ? In a word, the very fame an- 
fwer will be given to all ofwhat fort, degree and 
condition focver, whofe hearts are not feafoned 
with goodnefle, and (anftified with (peciall grace, 
though otherwife they had enclofed and empaled 
within their owne braines, the variety and pro- 
foundnefleof all learning .^ though they had pur- 
chafed a Monopoly of all knowledge ^ though 
they were able to difpute with the depths and fub- \ 
tilties of the Schooles, dive into all fecrcts, and\ 
Jpeak^ withihetongues of men andAngeh ^ If fince- 1 
rity and ftndification be not added to our inward \ 
illumination and knowledge, thefe latter will but j 
increale our ftripes, and double our damnation. 
That you may fbundly and thorowly trie and exa- j 
mine your foules in this point, and clearly difcerne 
whether your inward inlightning with knowledge 
be (andified by faving faith, or elfe onely the fruit- 
lefle flafhes , and idle glittering of a temporary 
faith : You muft call to minde, and confider the 
markes of (aving knowledge, which I have for- 
merly delivered. At this time I will onely adde 
twomoe. ^ 

I. Knowledge in the formallprofcfTour^ which 

R goes* 


Two other 
marks of fan- 


Sec Gcrfttt: 

The Saints 

goes with a temporary faith, is like lightning, it 
dazles perhaps the eyes with aftoniihment and ad- 
miratioTi of tho(eexcellencics and Majefties which 
it apprehends and beholds in theBookeof God: 
It commonly biafts the heart with pridc^ infolen- 
cie, and felfe-lovc ■ it flaihesout upon others buc 
foddenly and feidomejfor vaine-glory, andMarka- 
blenefle. In the night it may iniighten the way for 
a ftep or two, and a little (pace, but not round 
aboutj but with continuance^ that is, it may guide 
us out of the darknefle of finue^ into obedience 
of foms of he Commandemcnts , and for a time, 
j but not of all, and with conftancy. But knowledge 
1 fandificdwith(aving faith, is like the light of the 
j Sunne ^ it cheerfully opens rheeyesof the foulc, 
that with comfort and reverence, with love and 
praisfulnelle, tliey m^y feed upon the particular 
fweetnefle of the great mvftery of godlinefle. It 
hears the heart and fiffettk>m with trae, kindly, 
and diicrect zeale : ft lends ouc its beames fcafona- 
bly and continually, for the iniightningand refor- 
ming of others : It lighrens the Chriftian out of 
all the darknefle of finne, and crooked by-paths, 
and guides hiai into the holy paflagcs of all the 
CommandcmenrS:, and thorow every particular 
ftcpof hsiife. 

2. Secondly, Knowledge in the formall pro- 
feflbur, which goeswith a temporary faith, is like 
the fpeculative knowledge of a Geographer. This 
is purchaled without any great tfiile or travell, 
without feeling; or experience, onely by reading, 
relation and difcourfe. Hee fits ina dry chamber 


JelfeAnriching examination. 

and looks upon a faire Map and therewith a plea- 
(anteafe, and delightfull fafetyj doth behold the 
rotks ami freights, and dangerous padages, with- 
out darger or difbefie 5 he feedshiscon<:eitupon 
the wonders of forren Countreyes, and the new 
found world , with the reftleffe Pinnace of his 
piercmgdifcourfe 5 hee flies over the moft boi itc- 
rous, huge andrempcftuous Seas, with the (peedy 
wing of his nimble wit ^ hee runnes over the 
woody Mountaines, the fruitfullPiaines, the ffa- 
tioas Forrefis, the fpicie Gardens, the pleafant Ri- 
vers, the rich and golden MineSjOr whatfbever t'le 
whole earih hath besides, wonderful), markable,. 
and magnificent ; But all this is bur onely in con- 
ceit and conremplar ion, wifhoutr tall paflage, and 
vifible enjoyment. Juft foch is tht knowledge of 
the formall profeflbur, itftandsmon-ir^difcourfe 
and (pecolation. It beholds afarre off the Ma/e- 
ftic and Glory of Heaven, the wonders of Gocfs 
Law, the Myftery of Salvaticjn, the troublefbme 
Seas of temptations, the Paradift of Chriftianity, 
and many other holy paiJages of Di vinity, but it is 
without toylefbme praftife, feeling experience, 
and (trong imnreffion. But knowledge in the true 
Chriftian, is like the experimental! knowledge of 
a traveller : He doth not onely bv his reading, hea- 
ring and conferring, fill his bratne with know- 
ledge, and his tongue with dilcourfe of Heaven, 
and thofc endlefle joycs ^ but with the eye of faith, 
hee elcerly (ees them, and (enfibly ftcds upon 
them by the power of his hope. He doth not onely 
I with an idle iftonifhment, and imaginary fruition 
1 R 2 gaze 


2i8 i The Saints 

gaze upon thewondetsofGodtljiw, and (ccrets of his 
Ringdomc, buc with the key of his (aving and (an- 
ctifying knowledge, hee unlocks and opens them 
wide, dives into theirdepths with fruitfull medi- 
tation, and by a full infight^ and reall enjoyment of 
them, makes them familiar untohim,and his coun- 
(ellours. He takes not onely a gencrall fiirvey of the 
great ray ftery of godlineflejbut by the (pirit of wif- 
dome and revelation given unto him by the Father 
of Glory, Eph. 1. 1 7. He is able in fbme good mea- 
|{iiretomearure^/je^/^i&^5 thebreadth^ thekf^thaud 
depth of it, Hee doth not onely quietly fitting at 
home, or {landing fafe upon fhore, behold the fu- 
rious rage, andtempeftuous Seas of temptation in 
other men 5 but himfelfe is tolFed and turmoiled 
with them, and by the grace of God paffeththo- 
row them. He doth not onely heare of the fwe 
pangs of the new birth, and of the ftreight paf- 
fage lo the Kingdome of Heaven ^ but himfelfe 
travels with that fpirituall fbrrow, and treads that 
narrow path. He doth not onely reade of the gol- 
den Mines, Chri-ftall Mountainesj fpicie Ilands^ 
the coafts of Pearles, Rocks of Diamonds 5 1 
raeane the unvaluable treafures, royall preroga- 
tives, and glorious comforts of Chriftianity ^ &at 
himfelfe is inriched and invefted with themj and 
filshisfbulc with their fpirituall fweetnefTe. 

As concerning thefe degrees of illuminatioa, at- 
tainable by the power of a temporary faith, which 
I formerly propofcd, they may aH con fill: without 
the power of grace^ and be found in the reprobate. 
I -will give an inftance in two of the beft and the 
. hig heft. 

Stc' C^fuA of 

SpanUli cruel 

felfc4nriebvig examination. i up 

highcfl: 5 and difference them from the ftarc of 
fandifi cation. 

I I have told you before, that the fbrmall pro- 
feflbur, by the pov/er of a temporary faith, may 
(bhce himfclfc with the fweet and comforta- 
ble confitieration of Gods rich mercies towards 
his children in Chrifl: Tefus. And wholly pof- j 
fefle himfelfe of them m conceit, as a man doth ; 
himfelfe of gold in a dreame, A^atth.y.2 2,Matth, 
2 5. II Rtv ?. I y.lfi.6')*'^. But thuSjand in thisfenfe, , 
It is as if a man looking upon another mans Or- ; 
chard, richly laden with all kinde of fruit, beauti- j 
fied with variety of faireft and (weeteft flowers, 
full of all pleafures and delicacies, and out of a 
melancholy conceit (hould fuppofc them to be his 
owne, and thereupon (houldplotandpiojeft with 
himfelfe, how to the bcfV advantage, and with 
the mofl fweetneffehemighr difpofeand enjoy the 
comforts and commodities rhereof:; fb vainly plea- 
fing himfelfe with an imaginary fruition of other 
mens happinefJe. It is otherwife with the true 
Chrifl:ian : His comfort in the merits of Chrift, 
mercies of God, androyall privileges of Heaven, 
is li ke that of the owners of fuch an Orchard, who 
is rightly entirulcd unto ir, and juftly poflefi of ir, 
and doth truly ^and really at his pleafare taf>eand 
feed upon the fruit and pleafures thereof. Or thus ^ I 
A man many times, when hec hcares an eloquent ' 
andpaffronatedifcourfe of (bme nohle or worthy 
ftorv, full of pleafant paflages, and joyfiill acci- 
dents, doth all the rime of the nanation, put on 
asitwere the affedions, refolutions, triumphs -of j 
^ R 3 thc^ 

Degrees of U- 
ln>) inacion at- 
tainable by a 


^T he Saints 

the adiorsj lees his minde riinne along, partaking 
and fymparhizing with theva iety of occurrents, 
and doth in conceit and imagination wholly pof- 
(cWc himfelfe oFall the happinefle, glory of fiic- 
cesftill acchievements : Such onely is the comf rt 
theformall profeflbur hath in the prerogatives of 
the Saints : But the true Chriftian is as it were a 
party and ador in fuch a ftorie 5 he truly and really 
iightSjConquers, and is crowned. 

2. Secondly, I have told you before that the 
formall Profcflbur bv the power of temporary 
faith may tajfe of tbepower f of the worii to comz, of the 
heavenly gift and of the ^oodWordo^Goi : But marke 
the difference ^ The formall ProfefllDur doth onely 
tafteof the fweetnefleof Godsmercie. the com- 
forts of godlineile, andthefiving grace of Chnft 
in t^e Gofpell, that is, they have fbme lirtlc glim- 
merinp(5 fuperficiall delights, andconfufedappre- 
henfion in the blellings of Heaven, in the wa' es 
of falvation, and of the joves of the world to 
come. But the true Chriftian dorh feed and fill 
himfelfe with them , hee doth dail\' and hourly 
ktd uDon them, by their ftrenajth and vigour is in 
fpiriniaii health fat and flourifhing in all fpirituall 
graces. The form 11 Profeflbnr doth tafte them, 
but when he (hould let them downe fordigeftion 
and nourifliTient , his prophane heart doth ftill 
(title and choake them, and the (weetnefle of his 
bolnntte finne dorh «f ftfiones breed a loathing and 
dTftifte.Bur the true Chriftian doth not onely tafte 
themij but with manv (w»:'cr a' d iecrct confblati- 
OHS receives them into the bowelsof his heart, and 


felfeAnriching examination. 

bofonie of his (bale, by the power of his fpirituail 
lifcj and the vitallheatof hisfanftifying (pirit doth 
digeftthem, and ib is ftrengthned and nonrilhed 
by them unto eternall life. To conclude this point 5 
A maine ditference betwixt the formall Pr feflbur, 
and true Chriftian, in the point of knowledge in 
Gods Word, is this 5 The childe of God dorh 
wholly and entirely fobmit and refigne up him(e Ife 
tobeguided, direded an ^ governed; both in the 
purpofes and defircs of his heart, and in the a(!^ions 
andcourfe of his life, by th.it holy a^d divine truth 
which is revealed, and he? apprehends out of the 
Booke of God, by the power and light whereof, 
when his confcienee is once convinced either for 
the leaving of any finne or thepradi/ing of my 
holy duty, he yeelds with hum'iity- and obedience, 
though itfliould abridge him ot hispleafure.^ pro- 
fit or worldly re(peds, and that wirhoutany mm- 
cinc:orfhiftingby diffiiic^ion and reffridionjlim'- 
tation exception^evafion.falfe glofIe,orparti.<ll in- 
terpretation. But the formall Profeflour, howfb- 
ever he may yeeld in many things, yet when his 
(weet finne, his maine worldly contentment is 
cenfured and controlled by the miniftery of the 
Word ; when the knowledge and light thereof 
doth difcoverthe deceit of his heart, convince and 
confound his confcienee, in that refpeft he flrugles 
and flrivesagainfV it. Hee would ghdly forger his 
knowledge of thar point, hee labours to finother 
and put out that light ; hee would have no har- 
ping of thar faring : For he is refblved, and at a 
point, not to leave the finne of his bofbmej hy no , 
R 4 meaqes i 



ixF. M. 
Di^rcflion of 
the unlawful- 
ncflccf Vfury. 

The Saints 

meanes to part with his darling pleaftire, and yet 
he would not in diredt tcarmes, and peremptory 
oppofition, ftand again ft the certaine and revealed 
truth of the Word of Life : Whereupon he beats 
his braines^and ftraines his wit, to find out one ftar- 
ting hole or other ; hee leames toniift and Ihield 
himleife by (bme idlediftinftion,vaine exception, 
falic interpretation, carnall realbn, that hee may 
thereby fi de (ome eafe and contentment in his 
owne h^art, againft the conviction of his confci- 
ence, and Ibme plaufiblc pretext to iatisfic the 
world fcM- his continuance in (bme finfull content- 
ment, which the world doth condemne. 

For example ^ If his finnc be Ufuryjto whichjby 
reafbnof thefweetnefic ofgaine, his greedy hu- 
mour is endeared^and he therupon be prciTed with 
the 1 5.Pp^wherein the Holy Ghoft doth make it a 
marke and note of a found Chriftianjanda Citizen 
of Heaven, not to give out his money to uduie ^ 
and teacheth us, that we muft wholly abftaine and 
defift from the pradife thereof, as ever we hope to 
reft in the Mountaine of Gods hoIinefTc ^ he la- 
bours pre/enrly to fatlsfie the world, and to iave 
him(elfe by one iVifc or other ^ perhaps hee v/ill di* 
ftinguifh of uiiiry, and fay, that biting ufury in- 
deed he approves not, but he fees no recfon why 
toothleffe ufury may not be lawfull. 

But wretched man. he is to know that this is a 
covetous and carnall diftinction, there is none fuch 
tobe found in the Scripture. The words arcplaine 
and peremptory in that 15. pjal//je '^and Ezcchkl 
without diftin^ion or limitation^ fjpeaksthusj He 


Jelfe-tnricbing examination. 

that puf^eth forth 1o Vfury, ortak^thinvreafz^ fhaU htz 
live ^ Heef hall net live, hee pall die the deaih^ and his 
blQuipallheupon hini^ chap. 1 8. verf 1 3. Befides, Ne- 
^eki, which fignifieth biting, is the common and 
ordinary name whereby all lifiiry is fignified in the 
Hebrew congae ^ therefore this word dath not di- 
ftinguifh one kinde of IKuryfrom another, but 
ingenerall fignifieth that allTKury is biting. The 
money which is lent for gaine, is called Nofloek . that 
is, which biteth, becaufc when it is repayed it bi- 
tethjJindasit vveregnawethaway (bmc part of the 
borrowers fabftance for an over-plus or gaine to 
the Creditor, which is called N^^i?i^ asitwetethe 
bit : So that certaine it is, all llfury in it owne na- 
ture is biting, becaufe itbitethorfhreddethaway 
fbme of the borrowers fubftance. And although 
perhaps the borrower, by reafonof his wealth,fee- 
ieth not his biting, or elfe licketh himfelfe whole 
by biting of others, or by accident is not fenfibie 
of the fmirt of it •, yet Ufury is a gaine which is 
bitten and fhred away from the borrower, and that 
either to his lolTc, or cathe hinderance of the 
common ^veafth; whofe common profit in all con- j 
rracl> is e(f)ccially to be regarded. Let a man then ) 
in the Name of God take heed how hee hazards 
his cverk'ling falvation, upon fuch a weake and 1 
wrctchei.l diftindion, forbitingis individual! and 
eflTentiall, both tothenamsand nature of U'ury; 
It ever bites and ftings one or other lefle or more^ 
either the borrower, or the common-wealth : Ei- 
ther like a Wolfe, in the Evening, it fucks out the 
life, the bloud;> and the marrow of a poore man 5 







Compare D:«;. 

T^he Saints 

or a Curre Dogge, it fiiarches out a peeceoutof his 
wea'th ; or a Wafpe it ftings him one way or other 
in his eftate. Or it may be he will bring an excepti- 
on outof Exod y 2.? 5. & Levlt,2 5.3 $. that Ufiiry is 
forbidden towards the poore,and thcrfore it is law- 
fuli towards the rich ^ bur this evafionis frivolous^ 
for Deut. 2 3. 19. there is no mention of thepoore 
but all Ufary is forbidden towards a brother, whe- 
ther he be rich or poore, meaning by brother^ any, 
eirher Ifjaelite or Profelite^ or z.%(^kmens Akxan- 
d-mi^fpGsks, ifM^vhov i ouoymiiiovA. And in the other 
places of Scripture ,asPp/. 15. Pro,2 ^<»Ezech 1 8.2 2. 
all llCary and increase is abfbluteiy, a d generally 
wichojt condition or limitation forbidden 8c con- 
demned in the(etwopIaces,^/z;.£x«;^. 2 2. and levit. 
2 5 mention is made of the poore 8c needvjbecaufe 
the Commandement of loane is efpecially made 
for their good, and becaule Ufury ^s exa-^cd from 
them, isafinne more grievous and hatefpll. But if 
we may thus conclude from hence, we may nor 
take Ufury of a poore man,therefore we may take 
it of the rich, then by the fame reafon wee may 
conclude wrong is not to bee done to the poore, 
j tothe widdow, the fatherlefiTc: or ftranger ^ there- 
\ fore wrong may be done to the rich, to the married 
wife, to the children that have their parents living, 
! to thofe who be not ftrangers ; Or when Salomon 
faith, rob not the poore, becaule he is poore, wee 
might inferre therefore thou raaifl: rob the rich 
becau(cheisrich : But the Lord oftentimes when 
he fpeaketh againft the fins of the fixth and eighth 
Commandcments.maketh exprefle mention of the 

lelfe^inriching examination. 

I poore and helplede, becaufeali wrong, violence5 
j robbery and oppreflion cxercifed towards them, 
I are very grievous, and indeed crying llnnes. And 
' notonely in that refpeift doth the Lord fbmetimes 
j mention the poore & needy in the prohibition of 
Ufury,but alfo becaufe thole onely who have need 
have juftoccafion to borrow : And as the needy 
have moft occafion to borrow, Co are they mo'f 
fubjeft to theoppreffions, injuries, cruelties of the 
wealthy ^ for as wee commonly fay, the weakefl: 
goestothe wals, and where the hedge is JoweO, 
there every one gocth ovcr.This anRver I have re- 
ceived from a worthy and judicious Divine, 

Or perhaps hee will relie himfelfe upon theopi 
nionof moderne Divine?, whofeeme to give al- 
lowance toLlfury : For any fhew or (hadowof 
defence will fervethe turneto fatisfie anunrege- 
nerate heart, when it is refblvedlv devoted and 
endeared to a finnc. But this is buta weake and 
poore prop to venture the weight of his lalvation 
upon. Why doth he not to the private judgements 
of tho£' few , oppole the judgements of many 
more worthy and learned men in this age, the te- 
ftimonies of all the learned in former ages, both 
Ghrin-ians and Heathens^ the cenfures of Coun- 
cels, theauthority of the Wordof God. But in- 
deed and truth he very fearfully deceives himfelfe, 
even in this ftarting hole to ^ for thofe few Di- 
vines which feeme to allow it, doe by nomeanes 
approve that Ufury which isufually ora(f>if-d in the 
world. But they deale with it, as Phyfitians with 
poyfbn, which by mingling and compounding ity 

make I 



of Lying. 

or Siraonk; 

7 he Saints 

make ic whulfome Phy lick 5 they 16 qualifie it with 
conditions and limitations, that it ceafeth to be 
Ufury ^ and upon fuch tearmes there is not one a- , 
mongftathoufand but would rather flic CO any kind 
of lawfull negotiation and employ mcnt of his me- 
ny, than venture upon llH-iryfo qualified and cir- 
cum(cribed. See their conditions D^tt-*^*;?. 2 47. who 
hath excellently Sc exadly dt^li in this point. Thus 
theunregenerateman will fhu^fle and fhifc againft 
the power of the V\'ordj the light of divine truth, 
and the checke of his owne con'cicncc, for the 
maintenance and defence of that finne^ whatfbe- 
ver it be, whereupon his chiefe catnall content- 
ment, and temporall happinede doth depend 5 and 
will admit no fitisfaftion to his exceptions, be- 
caule he hath refolvcd to continue in it. If lying be 
his fin, and hee heare it cen/iired and condemned, 
Prov»i2.i2, c^S.i-j. Toh,S.^^. ColoJ/.-^.^Ep/j.^.i 5. 
Pr^.13.5. hee will prefently haveadiltittdionat 
hand, and tell us, that there is two kinds of lies, 
one malicious, whence fprings hurt and mifchiefe, 
and another officious, w hich may be for the g:ood, 
fafety and deliverance of himfelfe and his neigh- 
bour^ andtobacke hisevaGons, he will urge the 
infirmities and failings of the Saints, that with 
(bme kinde of pretext and plaufiblenefle, hee may 
continue inthepradifeof that abomrfiation, for 
fb is itftiled by thefpifit of God, Trov.ii-i2,7he 
lytng lips are ahomfmtii>n to the Lord ; but every lie is 
naught, fee my difcourfe of true happineife. If his 
finne be Simony, and Simon Maguf hanged up be- 
fore him as a ipcdacle of terror and aftonifliment, 


Jislfe-innebing examination. \ 

hee will prcfendy labour to hide hirafclfe in one j 
ftarting hole or other, and will have his herefie im- 
pjy no more but a conceit, that the Holy Ghoft j 
might bee bought and (bid, as though the buying 
and (elling the office of the charge of (bales, were 
a tolerable thing, and not to bee branded with the 
hatefull name of damned Simonie.If his lin be Bri- 
bery, and he told out of the I'y^Vfalme.ihzi ablli- 
nence from rewards is made by the holy Ghoft, a 
note of the righteous which (hall be faved. And 
out of P/p^'.i 7.2 3. that taking of rewards is an un- 
doubted raarke of the wickedjwho if they continue 
in this (in^fhall be condemned 5 he will tel lyou pre- 
(ently that his rewards are but gratuitieSjand (igni - 
fications of thankfulne(re ^ not confideration for 
the thing, not tainted with corruption.or the hate- 
full brood of curfed Bribery : But this diftinftion is 
not able to faveand prc(erve Gebazi .• Belidesthe 
woes andcur(es upon his (bule, from an everla(ting 
leprofie upon him(elfe and all his pofterity. If his 
(innebee inclodire, and hee heare that dreadfull 
woe, ifa.'S'S* thundered our againft him, fFoe unto 
thetn that \oym houft to hjHfi^ and lay fiild to fidd^ & c. 
And that in EccUf :? 4. He that tak^th amay his migh- 
hours Imng^flaytth him ,W^it\\ that horrible cur(e and 
confu(ion upon /^^^/^ and /^y^Mj for taking away 
N<?^^/^/ Vine-yard : He will pre(ently lay hold up- 
on one (hift or other 5 perhaps hee will tell you 
that you muft conceive that there are two kinds of 
enclofings ^ Firft one^ when a cruell and mercilede 
Land-lord, without rfiercie 8c con(cience, without 
any juft caufe or rea(bn, tumesout his. Tenants at 



Of Bribery. 

Of Inclofare 


T^he Saints 

the expiration of their Leales, laves land to land, 
lovercurnes tillage, depopulates, plants beafts 
where men hive been^, &c. This he will tell you 
he detefts, the reafbn is, hee had the poHcie to goe 
about it more plaufibly. Secondly5another is when 
a Towne by joynt confentand preccftation, that it 
is for the good of all poore and rich Land-lords 
and Tenants, whether by Leafe or Free-hold^ is 
enclofed , hee fees no reafbn but this is reafbnable : 
But by his leave, befides that by woflilland lamen- 
tabfe experience we finde them in conelufion and 
ilTue both to prove ftarke naught, even this latter 
feemcs unlawfiall for thefe rcaibns : Firft, though 
it (hould make for the good of one Towne, yet it 
endangers, and endamages the publike ^;ood, to 
which a private raufteveryeeld andfubmit. In a 
naturall body, a limbe is rather to be cut off than 
the whole body (hould be hazarded. We muft hotd 
a proportionable difcretion in bodies politique. 
And in this cafe the puWike good is much hinde- 
red and hurt, becaufe by that meanes (for if ic bee 
iawfull for this or that Towne fo to doe, the fame 
reafon will ftand good for others) Markets would 
be unfurnifhed of come, and what then would 
become of Cities and incorporate Towncs, for 
Merchants, Tradefmen, and others of the like 
ranke and fafliion of life ? And that Markets would 
be left naked, is too cleare ^ for after men had felt 
j the fweetneiTe and gainfulnelle of Pafture, and 
I thatityeeldedmo e commodity, with much cafe 
1 and lefle charges, they would Till no more than to 
j finde their owne houfe, they would neither plow 
I nor 

hlfe4nrichnig examination, 

I nor ibw themfelves, nor kt their land co fu-h ab 
i would Till it, and fbby confequent bring a dearth 
j upon the land, which is one of Gods plagues, and- 
publike executioners of vengeance, Ezech. 14.13. 
They would pull Gods ownc fcourg^e out of his 
hand, and lafh their brethren with unnecefla- 
ty poverty and want, who are farre better ihan 

2 . It is a meanes to cafi: unneceflarily many peo- 
ple out of a To wne, for with the decay of tillage 
their rervlceabieneHc oeafeth -^ one ihepherd will 
almoftferve their turne^ hereby God is mightily 
diOionoured : His people are devoured which is 
his inheritance, asthe Pialmiftteachethus ; Aske 
me,faltkGod, atid IvpUlgivi iheepeoi'k for thine r-ihe- 
ritance^ and th uttermofl parts of the utrth for ihy pof- 
fepM, Pfal.i.%, But inclofures ro enlarge their 
owne inheritances, by the bloud and ruincs of an- 
cient Tenants and inhabitants, they deftroy and 
lay wafte this the inheritance of the Lord^ where 
God hath beeiie prahed with many mouthes^ 2 Cor, 
I. u. Thtxcv^^ S^hnteb-o^ks^ Ziimyandlim, and 
lOte, and jotheruncleane birds make thdrnefts. 
Or at beflr, the Minifter mav preach unto the wals, 
and onely a fewinclollires. Hereby alfb the glory 
of thcKingisleflenedand obicured : I^themulti- 
tudeofthpeopleisthehomurofaKing:, fiich Salomon^ 
and forw Ant of people CQmmtth thdtfirti&lon of the 
Fri«ceiPro.iJ^i2^-AndEcckf'^.$,he tels us^thatthe 
King confifteth by the field that is tilled, fo that 
decay of tillage,the curfed broodof bloudy inclo- 
fures^ and depopulation, are the very cut- throats 




nChe Saints 

ot Majeltiea and conhifion of ibtes Imperiall. 

5. Itcurtalsthe maintenance of the Minifters, 
which chiefly ftands in corne. What fhall become 
of the Parfbn, when there comes a rot of (heepe. 

4. It prepares the way to abhorred (bllitude, fo- 
iicarinelTe and depopulation, it opens the bloudy 
floud-gates of covetoufnefTe and oppreffion^which 
(weeps away whole Townes, whatfoever at firft 
maybe pretended and protefted to the coiatrary. 
The cruell Land-lord fpies a Clofe which lies con- 
venient to be added to hisDemeancs 5 admit his 
neighbour it if he will, yethe will give double the 
worth but he will buy him out : (for God forbid 
that hce fhould ufe him as Ahab Siud lezahel (X\dNa- 
bcfth.') And this bloudy thirft of adding land to 
land, being once on edge, (as we fee by wofull ex- 
perience) will not bee qnenched, untill hee bee 
drunke with the bioudof the opprefled. 

5. It doth monftroufly and unnaturally exchange 
men for beafts ; It turnes out men to bring in 
fheepc 5 whereas the image of God in one man, is 
farre more worth than all the ilieepe in the world. 
And God tels us by Ezechid^ thdihejhcefeofhis pa* 
fiureare wm.ELfich.'^^.'^i, Neither is the exchange" 
uponcquall and proportionable tearmes 5 beafts 
are received into ricn and fatpaft:ures5 butreaib- 
nable men, who beareGods image, are theirbre- 
thren^and better than themfelvesjare turned out to 
graze upon the Common ^ nay ^the Common and 
all is encloied^Sc they are cruelly caftinto the wide 
and hard-hearted world, and (b linger and languifh 
away in bittcrnelfe of griefe, mitery and want ^ 

felfe4nriching examination. j %a\ 

a death as far more mercilefle than prefent murde- ' 
ring, as hanging in chaines alive is than beheading. | 
Hence icistharftichoppreding Cannibals arefaid prai.i4.4 
toeatupGodspeophas a man vpoM eat bread, to Cwd' I 
lovp ftp the foore.Toplftcl^offtheirsklm from thcm^ and\ 
iheirflepfromtheir bones '^ tohreah^iheir bones ^ andclyop \ 
them in teeccs aspr the pot ^ and as ffejh mthin the Chal" 
dron^Amos. 8 . /{Mick 32.3. . 

6. Inclofiireisafoulename, anhatefallandodi- ( 
ous thing, and of ill report. The wounds are yet | 
frefhbleeding,vvhchinclo(iire hath made, and the j 
teares yet ftand in the eyes of the opprc (Ted, and 1 
the dead carkafles of poore and hunger-ftarved 
foules, lay not long fince bleeding and groaning in 
thofe paftures which were inclofed with bloud and 
wrong : Thofe wretched Caitifes jnftly indeed pc- 
riOied in their rebellion, vet as Chrift faith, Luk^ 1 7. 
IVoe be unto them by whom the offence commeth.Now the 
Scripture teacheth us that wee fliould doe fuch 
things as arehon'ft, and of good report, prozid/ngfor 
honeft things^ not onely before God^ but alfo before me»^ 
abjiaimngfromaU appearance of evilL And therefore 
if inclofurcj were not it felfe inclofed with op- j 
predion, bloud and wrong ^ if there were no more 
in itj but onelv that it is fo odious, and of (b bad re- 1 
port, yet I doe not fee howanyChrifHancouldl 
praftifeitwithagoodconfcience. Why, but may! ^^^^ 
nor all thefeinconveniences,or rather michiefesjbej ^ 
avoidedjif before they beginne there be a refolute f 
and joynt proteftation, that tillage (hall notwith-j 
(landing bee upheld, andthe poore not hurt? 

That was done, and (uchfaire. pretences were 

S made^^ 





The Saints 

madcj as 1 am credibly and Chriftianly in formed^ 
there where thirty three ploughs, are now brought 
to the great difhonour of God,and the deft rudtion 
of his people, totheintollerableleffening of the 
glory of the Kingjand the inexpiable weakning of 
the ftrength and fi newes of this famous and renow- 
ned Kingdome. Befides, I appeale unto wofull ex- 
perience in this Countrey, raoft infamous for this 
bloudy finne, whether the(e and many more mif- 
chiefes have not dogged inclofure at the beeleSj 
and whether the Inclolbrs themfelves have nor 
beene ftrangely haunted by the markable curfe and 
vengeance of God. Andimaginefor atime they 
fbould hold out tillage, vet what bands or chalnes, 
wtnat fetters of iron would hold the greedie world- 
ling or if him^ his fiicceeding pofteriry, from ma- 
■kingthe beft advantage of theirowne. Afrcr they 
had felt the Avectof pafture, an I private gainer 
little would they care for corne, or the publikj 
good. And chey would eafily learne (for there are 
enow Dodorsof this craft) that there is more pri- 
vate adv^antage i i grazing and breeding, than in 
husbindrvand rUbg?, by a great deale. 

Why, but what lay you to the indofcireof La/^- 
cafhrre dtnd chfiire. Ejjex Harijordflnre^ Devo^Jkire^ 
and fuch like wood -land Countreyes ? 

I fiy therein the beg^inning if rhe Woods had 
not beene encivofed they cou'd not have beene 
preferved, and (b as it may f^eme, the enclosures 
there of necefficy have ev<?r (irvce beene continued. 
Befides, there every Lorddiip is charitably devi* 
dtd amoHgft the Tenant?, tillage alfb in moft of 


felfe'inricbing examination. 


their Clofes maintained, and Townes nothing dif- 

1. Againe, I fee not why ancient inclofures 
fhould be condemned, which turned bare and bar- 
ren pafturesjheathy and unprofitable ground, into 
FruirFull tillage, and there planted Tenants, to the 
enlarging of the glory of the Kingdomc and Gods 
inheritance, as hath becne done in fome of the 
ihircs above named. 

2. It isthegreedynewdevifed inclofiire which 
is hateful! unto God and man, which digges into 
the bowels and bloud of the poore.and when they 
are (wallowed up quicke, isquick-ifetwith the ru- 
ines and dcfolation of their families, and with 
rheirdead and devoured carkafles. I fay that inclo- 
(lire is juftly damned unto the gates of Hell, which 
Champion and fruitfoll (biles, being good arable 
ground, to pafturc, (othat where heretofore there 
hath beene competent living for many poore men, 
it is now all greedily ingroffed into the ha^nds of 
one man and in (Vead of one hundred or two hun- 
dred perfons that had their livings there^ n, they 
are no more reaf^nable creatures left but onely 
two or three fhepherds, fo that many poore men 
more righteous than themfelves, are utterly un- 
done and overthrowne \^ their e(bte, and in their 
reputation, in their wife & childrenjand in all their 
poHierity . God al(b is thereby highly difhonouredj 
while his inheritance, and the people of hispa- 
'^ure are dealt with (bcraelly, and unchriflianly 
(cattered, impaired, and caft out from the f^ce of 
the earth. Violence is offered to his providence, 

S 2 when 




The Saints 

when mankinde is wafted for the benefits of a few 
.in this kinde. God in the beginning hidAdamdind 
Eve increafe and nmlHpl^^ a»d fill the earth j that is, 
with men, with the image of God, with the pre- 
cious feed of the divine generation -5c not to feeke 
(as the Prophet faith) hy joining houfe to houfe^ and 
land to land, tobe alone upon the earth, -ffe''5» If fome 
preiidcnts of depopulation fhould bee generally 
followed and imitated, Gods people, and his in- 
heritance would be quite banifhed and rooted out 
of the earth, and onely a few Glants^^onnesofAnak^ 
and inclofing Zanznmmins would bee left in the 
world. Againe, if his finne bee fwearing, and hee 
threatned' out o^ Zacharie ^ that the flying -bool^e of 
Gods curfeh out againft him, and that every one that, 
fvpeartth jhall hetcnt off^ as vodl on this fide as on that. 
And out of the third Commandement, 'that the 
Lord mil not hold him guiltleffe that taketh hisNa r.eiu 
vai'!e. I . He will prefentiy fall to mincing the fin, 
and exc ufin^ him(elfe:Perhaps he will toW you that 
his cullome is not to fwcarc by God. or any bloudy 
oaths, buronelv by his faith, or t'oth, by this light, 
by this bread, or fiach like lighter and trifling 
oathsjand he hopes there is no/iich great offence in 
char, and that wee are not eyed to fuch ftridnelTe 
and precifenefTe in our words. Yes, but wcc are by 
the words of our blefied Saviour, and every one 
who hath given his Name unto Chrifl will make 
.confcienceof it ^ Swearenotatall^ faith he, neilher 
ly Heaven^ for it is the throne of God ^ nor yet by the 
I Earth, fir it is his foot -fl'oole^ neither by leru^dem^ for it 
\ is theCity of the great King 5 neither Jhalt thou fr3>eiire hy 
I ihive 

felfe4nriching examination, i z^5 

ihm had^ for thou canfi not mak^ one haire ri>hite or 
blacl^, iW<?//^. 5.34^35. Saint James yf\th zcaleand 
earneftneflc doth iccond his blefled Lord and Ma- 
rt er, Um 5.12, Before alliUngs^ faith h e, my brethren^ 
fvpeare not^ tteitUr hyUea'veny nor iye^th, nor by any 
othroath^ butletpuryea beeyea^ and your nay nay, kfi 
yonfallinto temptatrov. 2 . Or perhaps he will excufe 
thatj by telling you that his are not properly oa ths, 
but fome kinde of odde phrafes , and harmlefle 
Speeches, GodfineeGodfwill, Gods bodikins^ Ber 
Lakins, Feiks, Ffikins, bymyFeiks, bymyFei- 
kins, by my truly, by Cocke, by my Fey, ber La- 
dy, and fuch like. Bat ignorance andfuperftition 
are the parents of fuch bafe and blafphemous 
fpeeches. Men are naturally (enfible of the hor- 
rourof bkfphemingGods glorious Name, and yet i 
they have (b inured their tongues tofwearing, and 
ufedtofill up their {peeches with oaths, that they 
cannot quite leave them, and therefore they 
childiftily and idlcly labour to hide iheirblafphe- 
mies firoaa God, by curtailing and mangling the 
vi^ords and (yllables. But what is this but lewdly 
and audacioufly to jeft with holv things, and to 
mocke the mighty Lord who wiil not be mocked 5 
as though he regarded the pronuntiation and out- 
ward found, more than the oath it felfe ^ or for^ 
bidding with a terrible commination, his glorious 
Titles and A ttibutes to be vainly named, fliould be 
content to have them nick- named in fiich a foolifh 
and ridiculous manner. 3. Or it may bee hee will 
plead cuftome, and fay, howfbever bee hath got 
a naughty cuftome of fvvcaringj which he cannot 

S 3 leave^ 


T^he Saints 

leave^ ycthedifallowes it inhiailelfe, and when 
he ov^erfhoots himfelfe that way, he prefentJy cries 
God mercy. Why but doth he indeed (crioufly and 
(bundly grieve at the heart, for (b vexing and vio- 
lating Gds glorious Name ? Doth hee truly hate 
and detefl: that wicked cuftome ? Why then un- 
doubtedly hee would relbluteJy and earneftly ikt 
himfelfe againft it ^ hee would fet a watch and 
ftrong barre before his lips, hee would-by little 
and little unwinde himfelfe out of that wicked 
cu(l:ome -^ and the Lord by his (aving and fandi- 
fying grace would give moft certaine (ucceflc to 
fuch holy defires, and godly endeavours ; yea, but 
he hath no fooncr rapt out an oath, butheeaskes 
God forgivenefle. Hatefall bypocrifie ! firft toflie 
with blafphemies at the very face of God Almigh- 
ty^and as much as in him lies, with Woudy oaths to 
teare the precious body of Chrift lefiis in peeces, 
and cruelly to crucitie him afrefli, and then hope 
to make amends with a fained, formall and heart- 
lefTewifh. Is that prayer like to plealc God, or to 
recurne with fruit and bleffing into his bofbme, 
which he makes with a purpofe ftill to offend, and 
and when he defires pardon as a priviledge, by ver- 
tue whereof hee may more fecurely goe on in 
(inne ? Is there like to be anyfbrgiveneflewhenit 
is onely coldly craved with the lips, and thofe full 
of blafphemies, and red with the bloud of Chrifir, 
the heart in the meane timebeing unfmitten with 
griefe and (brrow, and unrefblute to leave /b hate- 
fall a linne > Were a man for every oath to lo(e a 
joynt, orforfeit a pound, he would qaickly learne 


felfeAnrich'tng examination. 

to breake off his cuftome of fwcaring. Shall the 
prcfervation of a rniferablc body^ and trandtory 
pelfe be more deare unto us than the Majcftie of 
God, the glory of Heaven, and the endlefle hap- 
pincffe of our ownc immortall fbules : Befides, by 
the lame plea may not any finnc keepe polTeflion > 
May not thellfurer, the Drunkard, theXhccfe, 
the Whoremonger, the Sabbath breaker, 6<c. al- 
leage that they have fb long followed their finnes, 
that now they cannot forfake them ? But let no 
man deceive himfelfe, for aflurcdiy cuftome and 
continuance in finne doth mightily increafe the 
punifhmentof finne. 4. Or perhaps be will pro- 
tefl", that though hefweare nowandthen, ycthe 
thinks no harme, and all that while he hopes well. 
But hc.is to conceive, that out of the abundance of 
the heart the mouth fpeaketh, MaitLi2*-^^ii^. If 
a mans words be prophane, undoubtedly his heart 
is polluted 'j if he blafpheme God with his mouth, 
bee cannot bleflc him with his heart. There may 
Ibmctimes be faire (hewes outwardly, when the 
heart is corrupt, but ever when the out-fide is 
naught, (I meane the words and anions, there ever 
the in-fide is farre worfe, (I meane the heart and 
affeftions.) Suppofe (bme lewd companion (hould 
day after day raile upon the King, with many foule 
and traiterous termes, and beingcalled in quefiiion, 
{hould anlwer^that he thought none ill in his heart, 
what earthly Prince would (b be fatisfied ? What 
reafbn then is there that the Majeftie of Heaven 
(hould admit of fuch an excufe ? 5. Or it may bee 
hcwillfayheefweares nothing but truth, andhce 

S 4 hopes 


Jam 5,14. 

The Saints 

hopes all that while hee may fvveare. But otir blcf- 
fcdSavioar faith no 5 and his holy Apoftle Saint 
Jams. Ordinary truths are barely to be affirmed, 
without addition of oath, orprophanation of his 
glorious Name. They tell us m the places fore ci- 
ted, that in our ordinary communication tve mteji one- 
ly ufe yea, yea, nay^ vay^ for vphatjoever is more than 
tkjh commeth ofeviU^ indeed from the Devill. 
6. Why but perhaps hee will fay, except I (weare I 
(hall not bee belecved. Admit that, it were ftrre 
betterhe (hould never be beleeved while the world 
(lands, than diredtly, and againft his knowledge 
to tranfgrefle the Commandement of our bleflc?d 
Siviour, who hath forbid him to fwcare in his or- 
dinary communication. Weare not to lie, to fteale, 
to murder, to be drunken to winne credit, neither 
indeed in ordinary communication tofweare, t- at 
we may be credited. If wc forbeare in this caic, we 
purchaie comfort to our conlciences, byourobe- 
dience to Gods holy will ^ and thofe who out 
i ofcauflefle fLifpition miftruftour words, doedif- 
cover their owne lurking corruptions, and pra- 
c^ifes of fahhood ^ for none {o ready tofufpeft 
tinknowne evill in another, as he who is guilty to 
himfelfeof hisowne naughtinefle. But the way to 
be credited without fwearing, is to be true of his 
♦■ongue^ unbfameable ia his converfation 5 let him 
be a Chriftian, and all good men will tieleeve him 
without an oath 5 while he continues prophane I 
will bee loath to truft him in any weighty affaire, 
whether he (wcare or no, except he be (bme one 
morall Puritan^ amongft an hundred unregenerate 


Jelfe-tnrubmg examination. \ 249 

men : Amongft the faithfull then oaths need not> 
and amongft the prophane they profit not. 7. Yeas 
but yet farther, perhaps hee will alleage thathee 
makes noculiome of itjas (wag8;erers and fcorners 
doe, but only now and then in hJs choller and paffi - 
on J when he is Qy vexed by others, that a man can- 
not poffibly forbeare. Why, but what a gracelefle 
unto wardnelTe is this ? becaufe a mortal! man rphofi 
breath isinhis ;??o/?/f//,angers hiai,will he fiercely fiie 
into the face of Almighty God, who is able, and 
may juftiy, while the oath is yet in his mouth, 
flrike him f^arke dead, and turne him into Hell 
amongft the bannings and curfings of wicked De- 
vils. Becaufe another man treads upon his toe, or 
troubles him in (bme toy or other^ will he dit his 
tongue red, by his blafphemous and bloudy oaths, 
in that precieus bloud which (hould (ave his fbule ? 
Becaufe another man pricks him with a pinne, 
crofles him m his pleafures^ or hurts him in a trifle, 
will he hazard hisfalvation, and wound hisowne 
(buie unto everlafting death ? prodigious mad- 
nclTe! ienfieire ftupidity \ 8. Oritmavbehewill 
ftiroud himfelfe under the patronage of (bme great 
men, who many times foulydifgracethemfelves, 
aiad highly difhonc)Ur God, with fbme one or other 
fet and fblemneoath, and prophanation of Gods 
gloriousNarae ^ as now and then ungracloufly to 
grace their fpeech, and wickedly to give weight 
unto their words, without any fueh urgencie or 
nece^ty, they ufe to come out with ^j^^'^C?^?^, or 
fbme (uch like unfeafbnable and unfandtified 
^eecheS) which hardens fbme^ and gives great of^ 



The Saints 

fence unroothers : And hee willtejlyou befides, 
that it is growne now adayes the common falhion 
of the world, and almofl: the general! cuftome of 
all, and that there is (carce a man to bee found (a 
few {criipulous and precipe fellowes excepted, and 
thefe doc as ill) bnt he will at leaft now and then 
rap out an oath. But we muft not follow worldly 
wife men, the multitude Si ceiftome of the world, ! 
in matters of Heaven, and the affaires offalyation ^ 
rhouffjaltmt, faith God, fd'orp a muliiinit io dot 
evilly Exod 25.2. And Vaul tels us, mt man) mfe men 
after tkfiej}}, mr many mghtj/y nor rrfanj noble are called^ 
I Cor. 1.2(5. And Chrift lefus fpaice thus unto his 
Difciple?, /tf/j.15. Tee are notoftkvoorld, hut I have 
chdfeftpueHtoftkvporld. Followers of Chi ift, and 
fafhions of the world, are fworne enemies. We are 
frriftly commanded not to fafhion our felves like unie 
ihisvporld, Rom, 12.2. But we muft be pure and blame- 
lejfe and as lights mtke world ^ intbeniHfiof anaugh- 
ty and crooked generation, Phil, 2.15. If we would hit 
the right path to Heaven, we muft take Chrift le- 
fus for our guide, Heis thenpay the truth, and the light, 
loL i4.^.andnot follow unfandified greatnefle^the 
multitude 8c fafhions of the world : NowChrifts 
dired and peremptory charge is, freare not at all^ 
A^atth.^ g-j. to wit, in our ordinary coramunica- 
i tion. p. Nay, yet farther, (forthefhiftsandftar- 
i ting holes of hollow hearts, for the defence and 
i maintenance of their fvveet finne, vvhatfbever it 
' be, are infinite and cndlefle) perhaps he will labour 
i to fhield himfelfe with fbme fhew out of Scrip- 
ture^ a defperate and gracelelle pradife, by wre- 
i fling 

(elfeAnriching examination^ 

fting Gods owne holy Word to^veaken and wound 
his glory .and to make way (or fin^bnt nocvvithftan- 
dingto thcpurpo(e,itmayhchewiIliir^e/>j^L^3. 
II. All thatfaeare by himJlaU re'pjce i» hm. Dent, i o. 
20, And ihoufidt fe^re the Lord thy God^thoujhdt ferve 
him, thoufi:ah cleave imtohim 4^dj\:alt jrveareLj h's 
Kawe. lanlvver^ as Satan for conqueii: over Chri/}, 
(b all his followers ufe many times to vvred: Scrip- 
tures to theconfufion of their (bules : In that place 
of the Pfalme^ by f\veanng by the Name of God, is 
comprized the whole worfhip of God by a figure, a 
part being taken for the whole. Now fvvearingj 
which is there meant, is indeed part of Go Js w r- 
(hip '^ hence it is that Icreme faith chap.^.. 7 .Thoufialt 
fvpeare the Lord Hvzth^ m tyuth^in ytdgefjient^ a»dm 
right eoHJ'neffe. i. But this is to bee done in high 
weighty and extraordinarv matters onelv, concer- 
ning in (peciail manner the ^lory of God , the 
maintenance of his fervice,Word and truth. 2 . In 
cafes of hazard, either of our neighbourSj or of 
our owne lire_, livelihood, or Chriftian reputation, 
and the like, and then when all other lawful! 
meaneSj reaibns and arguments are wanting to 
cleare a weighty and neceflary truth. :^. And to 
that end, that God may be, i. glorified in the ac- 
knovvlcdgement of his omniprefence , omnifci- 
encCjtmthjJuftiee and power. 2. For the mainte- 
nance of truth and juftice, in things (ecretand un- 
knov/ne ^ 5, To put an end to all doubts andcon- 
troverfieSjHe^.^.i^. 4. For the common good of 
m^nkinde, both of our neighbours and of our 
leives. 4. And for the manner^ it muft be done in 




The Saints 

truhi^ in]ud'^emtni., and in rigLteoHjfjeJJey as lereme 
bids, and ever with a religious rcfped, and aw- 
Full reverence to that glorious and dreadfullMa- 
jeftie, the ilipreme Judge of Heaven and Earth, 
whom we call to witnelfe as acertaine Patron of ail 
truth, and fevere revenger of all falfliood : Thus, 
and in this fenfe an oath is a part of Gods worfhip. 
But that fwcaring which is ufuall in our ordinary 
communication, is the Devils (ervice, and to bee 
ranked amongft the bannings andblafphemiesof 
Hell : And he that opens his mouth for defence of 
it, is of a feared confcience^ and Pro6tour of the 
powers of darkneffe. Thus alio underfland that 
place in DeHteronomk^ with all other to that pur- 
pofe, as £>?;?/. ^. I g. 1/^.^5.1 6. /(?f .4.2. //i. ip. 1 8. c^ 
48.1. But againft fWcaring in our ordinary com- 
munication, fee MattL 5. 34,35. Urn, 5.12. You 
fee what a (huffling and fhifting there is vfhen a 
man is wedded to a linne, and will not fufferthe 
Minifl:ery r/ the Word to mafter his corruptions, 
nor is willing to fubmit hirafelfs with hamility 
and obedience to the Scepter of Ghrift, and the 
Soveraingty of hisfanftifyingfpirit. And if there 
be Inch variety of fhifts and excofes for the finne of 
fwcaring , wherein there is neither pleafure nor 
profit, what pleading, what fweating will there be 
for the defence of pleafiirefullj gainiull, andafpi- 
ring finnes. Our late and learned Soveraigne hath 
told us in his booke to his fbnne, that oaths are but 
an ufe, and a finne cloathed with no delight nor 
gaine, and therefore faith hee, more unexcufable, 
even in the fight of men 5 other finnes commonly 



Horn 15, 
like a condem- 
ned malcfaftor 

Jetfe^inricbing examination. 

have (bmepleafingbait, (bme ftrong enticement : 
feut an oath hath no motive from fenfe/nofenluall 
allnremenr, it is all Devill, ranke, entire, malicious 
Hell. And as concerning the curfed eftareofa 
(wearer, blefledc^r^j^^/ss^^, a worthy Authourjtels 
uSj that he is like a rheefe condemned to die 5 the 
oath is no fooner out of his mouth, bur thefcn- 
tence of eternall damnation is pafJcd upon 
him, for the Lord hach protefted. He mil not hvU ^ theuaiiowes 
hmgnihle[;ethattaf{ethhisJSlaf/iemz'ame 5 and if the 
Lord hold him not guilrlefle, who canfavehim 
from eternall death ? Vengeance indeed is not prt- 
fenrly executed alwayes, but Jet him know, that I 
the longer hee is refpitedandrcprived, themore | 
Itripesand greater plagues are preparing for him, -j 
except in themcanetimeherepcntandforfakehis 
finne. If then there be neither pleafure nor pro- 1 
fit in f\vearing, and the flate of a (wearer fb de(pe- 
rate and forlorne, and yetfuch fhuffling and fhif-1 
ting for upholding it, you may con^effure how j 
loth an unregencrate man^who hath no alTurance of j 
Heavenbyajuftifying faith, will be to part with | 
other both delightful! and gainful! (innes. Hence 
it is, that yet farther, bc(ides diftinftions, excep- 
tions, and many other evafions and (hifts, ra'rher 
than the unregencrate man will yeeld to be guided 
by the Word of truthjagainfVthefenfuall pleafures 
of his heart, he will turne the point of Gods owne 
weapon againft him(eife, by oppofing one place 
of Scripture, with his owne fahc i^loiTc^ and private 
(enfe, 3gainft the true meaning aad natural! power 
of the Word in another place ; Asforexample, if 
. - there 


AKfiOt ^aU^fUVy 

quod at) tmt ad 
dathfr ^uedefi 

The Sainss 

there beurged againft hisformaiity.coldnefleand 
luke-warmnede, that Ephef. 5.15. Tal^heedtkref&re 
^ lhM)'ee r^all{e precifeljj it is cranllated circumjpiiily^ 
',buc the word in the originall will wellb aiethe 
former^ and that i ld\^.'j. Every vidn ihatha h'.'ope 
oi {^t'mgGod^purgeih himjelfeas heispure ^ that is, 
in matter of iar.dilication and holincfie of life, 
mu!^ be a Puritan, .ind that of oar Saviour Chrift 
to his Apoftles, loh. 1 5. 10. Tteare cleave or prrrc, 
btttKotall'^ asif hcfhouidhavelaid, ye arc all pure, 
(fo (b;»^«£)/, the word in the originall (ignifies) 
dircdly (I meane ftill in lincerity of heart, and 
holinefleof life) fave onely one, and h is a devtlly 
loh 6xjO' that was jW^j*. x^/^t^.^. 'Nat'pareyee chare 
or pur?:, C^or the word that fignifies pure isul^d 
th ere agajne) through the wordvpbicb I hamfpoken yn- 
toyoH ; whence appeares, that if the Word worke 
powerfully and con(cionably, and by the {an6i:ify- 
ingfpiritof Chrift, it makes men pure in hoi in e(ie 
of atfedions, and unfpottednefTe of life ^ I (ay if 
the fbrmall profeflbur be urged with fuch places as 
thefe, rightly underfVood, and in their true (enfe, 
they will much gall him, nettle andftinghim, and 
hec will ftartle at the name of Puritan and pre- 
cileneffe, and prefently come upon you with fiich 
places as thefe, with a lenfe to (erve his owne hu- 
mour, and to maintaine himftlfe in a plodding 
courfe of formal] Chriftianity , the places be %ch 
as thcfe ^ T ere is a gemratiofi that are pure in- their 
0BS>ne concdt^ and yet an not vpa{hedfrom thdrfilthimfle , 
?/•<«>. 30. 1 2. Here will he fay is a place for you that 
arc fb precifc and pure^ (b finoular and Scraphicall, 


klfe-inriching examination. 

thac an ordinary courfe of life, anda reafonable fer- 
vice of God will not ferve your turnc, but you 
muft bee perchc up Jike a proud Peacocke^ in a 
ftrainc and flare of holinefle above your fellowc?. 
And if a man but fweare now and then, and refrelb 
himfelfe araongft good fellowes, travell a little up- 
on the Sabbath, dice, feaft, and dance it at times 
of the yeare^ as it hath beene the cuftome time out 
of mindcj and the like, he is preiently cenfured 
among!\ you to bee prophane^ as though they 
would have us tobee Angels upon earch, and^hat 
fleOi and bloud could endure luch ftriclnefTe and 
precifeneire. Such a paraphrafc as ihis would hce 
have of the place, whereas indeed the very edge 
of the Text doth light upon h is ovvne pate^ and cut 
the throat of thecarnall gofpeller : For it takes 
hold upon dich which yet lie polluted with their 
owne bloud , wallowing in the dunge, (fo the word 
(ignifles in the TcA't) of their owne naturall cor- 
ruption , utterly without the power of inward 
fandificationj and yec thefe wiil needs perfwade 
themfclvcs, that though they be not fb forv/ard as 
others, yet they hope forfilvation as well as the 
precifeft ; Oc though they com inue in fbmc groUe 
finne, asinSv/caring UncleannefTe, Ufury, Sab- 
bath-breakine - Oppreflion. Ignorance, neglect 
oftheMinin-eryoFcheWo'd worl ■liDe&jhatred 
;^{ Godschi'dren or fome fuch like, and yet they 
nourifh a conceit that their ftate is good enough 
^or Heaven, and that they may well enough goe 
*or s:ooH Chriftians. '^ For, thinke they with 
'themlelvres, we have a good catkin other things 

to I 


-.— 1 


The Saints 

^^ ro (erve God^ ic is buc this one thing in which vve 
^*^ offend, and we are bur flefh and bloud, we can - 
^^not be Angels upon earth, there is no man but 
'^heliesinonebofbmefinorother,6cc. Thus ma- 
ny profeflburs of Gods truth thinke themfelves to 
be good men, and without exception, when in- 
deed and truth they are very prophane, and in the 
ftate of wretchednefTe and damnation. Ifhee be 
beaten from this place, hee will perhaps lay hold 
on that lfa.6 5. 5 . Stand apart, come not neare to me, for 
1 am holier than thou, 8cc. See (aith he, how God 
himfelfe reproves and threatens fuch fellowes who 
will needs be more holy than other men , they mdfl: 
be tk Chrifiiam^ and oth^rmtn gooi-fiHoms-^x.'bky 
muft bcthehretfuenj and allbefides prophaae ^ they 
onely muft be fincere and confcionable, and others 
formalifts, andcarnallgofpellers. They cannot be 
content with prayer and preaching in publike, as 
others are, but they muft have family exercifes, as 
they call them : They cannot onely bee content 
to forbeare grofler finnes^ as Adultery, Drunken- 
nefle, Ufury, and fuch like, but out of their pre- 
cife humours, they muft make confcience of ly- 
ing in )eft, and petty oaths, when a man meanes 
noharme, honeft recreation of the Sabbath, dan- 
cing upon holy day es, when wehavenothmg elfe 
to doe, gaming for our owne money, merriments' 
amongft good fellowes to drive away the time, ab-; 
fence from a Sermon now and then, at fbme wakes' 
or feafts,and fuch like trifles, not to b? flood upon._ 
This is his corrupt gloflc, and inconfequent infe- 
rence upon the place^ but wretched man, hee doth; 


felfeAnriching examination. 

noccontfder that the Text may jurtly and fitly be 
returned and retorted upon his owne head/or here 
are meant proud Pharifies, and Imperious Hypo- 
crites, which out of a felfe-love of their owne car- 
nail wildome, and (uperftitious conceits^ are im- 
patient of controlmcntandreproofe, bythemef. 
(cngers and Minifters of God ^ and thinke they are 
wiftrbytheirnaturall policie, and more holy by 
their will-worfhip, and civill honefty, than thofe 
they call Puritans, for all their knowledge in the 
Word of God, and with all their fincerity^ the 
fimpler'lbrtbf thefemcn, if rheybe reproved for 
finne, as theft Hypocrites were by the Prophet, 
as for (wearing, prophaning rheSabbathj idleneflfe, 
ignorance, and the like ^ their anfwer is common- 
ly, (in fenfe and fiibftance, the fame with theirs in 
the Text) what have you to doe with u5, we hope 
we have asgoodaconlcirncetoGodasybu^ you 
will doe wor(e your (eJfe now and then, meddle 
with yourownc matters, we are better men than 

I omit here the Expofition which fbme lear- 
ned Divines give of this place, very probably, 
which carrieth no fliew nor found any wayes to*^ 
wards their falfe glofle, that's this, when the idola- 
trous and rebellious Jcwes were wickedly facrifi- 
cingin their Gardens, and onhighhils, and under 
every greene tree, as their corrupt cuftome was, 
the Prophet would come unto f htm, andfrom the 
iroutbof God ccnfure and reprove their wicked 
and abominable (acrifices and fervites, but they 
being foperftitioufly and fbttiQily wedded to 

T their 

) ^57 


T^he Saints 

their will-worfhipj (as the Papiftsarc atttis day) 
thought themfclvcs hereby more holy than the 
true (ervants of God, and would endure no re- 
proofc and mcdiing with to the coRtrary, and 
therefore when the Prophet came, they would bid 
him i^and off, not bee too bufie^ nor meddle with 
them, if he did,thcy would fpetd him,they would 
fanftifiehimwirhawitnefle, they woulddifpatch 
him, even facrifiee him, as they did their bcafts,, Co 
bloudily and cruelly minded were they towards 

If this place then will not fadge and fervc the 

tiirne, rtmaybeebeunllturneyou to that E^ckf. 

7.iS.^a»iyz^tfV*x«?*rA3bet€laithhe the wiCeman, 

after ionge^emnce in rhe worki,atid paiEng tbo- 

[row many courfes and wayesoflife, being now 

i growne wife.and moderate,and ftaycd in maners 

i of Religion, bldsvtsmftto bi)t^ ffs^rmttch 5 nottoo 

I piecile, too ftrift, too imgulaaf, aot ftill to have 

I one tcicke ot otfeet above, o<tes^, but to-holdithe 

jhye-way, and to doe as our betters, andraoftmen 

j doe, 82c* In chi&Commentafy u^niir^nraderftand 

1 by the wajy , by precifenefle, CtnB^m^&, sndr fingUr 

! larity, howfbevcrkce may deceive hi5^owne hcarc, 

and pretend totbewocldhemeanesifincecity, ho- 

i Imefe, andEndafication. Bfcit the tr\iie meauing of 

i the place as Icalceir, maybe this.- k may either be 

: under ftood' in ire(pediro€ pdicicj, andesiecunon g^ 

i juftice;, thusbe not ovec much, in chat lenfe as ura 

jfay^benotteoliberd^weniean iadeed^bc>ni» pro- 

'1 digall 5 beenot too merci&il, wJien'a maa. pleads 

j for imputtity of propiianneflCi, and pardon of ma<^ 

'^ lefadors. 


felfe4nrkhing examination. 


lefac^lors, or fpares idolaters, as Saul did Agdg,^ that 
isj bee not cruel), bee not bloudy to your owne 
(bules, to the good of the Church, to tne glory of 
God, in (paringand Speaking for them, in foolife 
pity, whom the Lords bids root our, {o hen not ]ufi 
overmuch^ that is, by (landing too ftridly ever to 
the liccerallfenfeof the Law, and in all cafes with- 
out putting ditference, by urging fevercly every 
circumftancc, be not too rigorous, too extrearae. It 
is a common laying; extremity of luftice, isexrre- 
mity of wrong, be not then foftriat laced in mat- 
ter of luftice, as not (bmetimes in extraordinary 
cafes to moderate and qualifie extremities, with 
equity and confcionable difcretion. Or thus, in re- 
fpedof fpirjtuall maters, and the (ervices of God, 
be not juft over much, thatis^ fith God hath wife- 
ly and fufScicntly laid downe his will and pleafiire 
in his Word, and given us there gracious and (pi- 
ritual 1 rcles and diredions for our lives andcon- 
veriation, let us not of a /uperftitious conceit or j; 
opinion of merit, finde out and frame unto oar j 
(elves will-wbr(hip$, and (ervices which have no I 
warrant out of the Word -^ away with works of (u-) 
pererrogation, pilgrimages, hermitages, and all j 
unfandified vowes 5 and io the Text (hikes a- all j 
Pharifes, lufKciaries, will- worfhippers, felfc-con- j 
ccitedferversof God, though thev take never (bj 
great paines^ the wkkcd take morepainestogoe' 
to Hell J than the godly to goe to Heaven and that I 
whether they talre the extreame of ftrid foperfti- 
on upon the right hand, asyotj may f^ here, or } ^^^ ^^^^^ 
thcothcr extreameof Rotorioiis finfblncfle upon ipw 13.15.^.44 



2 (Jo \ The Saints 

the left hand ^ fo though they bee never Co padeac 
of tortures, or exaA and exquifice in their (elfe« 
devifed (ervices ^fuch were thofe wretched Jewes, 
who mingled the rufull eyes of their deareft chil- 
dren with muficke and melodie^, left they fljould 
bemovedtocompaflion, while they were to bee 
CJiik inrothe fire to bee burned up in (acrifice unto 
1 Sara.i y. the. Idoll Molo/:. Such an one was Saul;, when hee 

fpared the beft of thefhecpeand Oxen forfacri* 
fiee, againft Gods Comraandement. Such were 
Ba^ Preifts, who lanced and cut their flefh before 
their IdoIU until! thcbloud gufliedout. Such were 
the Scribes and Pharifes, who compafle Sea and 
Land tomakeaProlelice. Such at this day are the 
blinded Papifts, who out of a fuperftitious conceit 
of merits whip themfelveSjWafte their goods, con- 
fume their bodies with wearilbme piljgrimagesj 
to fee (bme counterfeit relieves, and rotten boney, 
or to vific accurfed I<iols, and popifh Saints, Such 
are all filch as conceitedly ail^d, and unwarranta- 
bly purfije any kind offuppofed juftice & hoiineffe 
above or befidcs the faaed and fufficienc Word 
of truth. I doe not fee but the Text may extend 
tgboth (enfeSj for itcenfuresall exrefleof juftice, 
intharfenfeas you have heard. If he be given to 
the world, and earthly minded, and thereupon 
preiTedwith iCor6.io» where itisplaine, That no 
eovetous man (hall inherit iheKingdomeofCoi* And 
with th2.ilam, 5. ^ That tk rnftof his gold and fdver 
ihaUront day he a mtnejfe ugainfi him, and fhaU eat hi/ 
fk/h asitwerefire. He will come upon you with that 
iTfm*y%*lf there beany that provideth not for hit <mne^ 


fetfe4nricbir)g examination. 


a»i namely for them of his houjl^old^ he demeth the faith, 
and is voorfe tha» an Injiddh And it is true indeed, 
rightly underftood. But not oneiy the worldling 
docb, bat the true Chriftian, except hee bee very 
wary, and keepefrefh in his conlideration the un- 
fading and lafting trealures above, may beare him- 
(elfe too bold, and build too farre on that place, to 
thedilgraceof his prcrfeiTion, diHiini(hinghisl()i- 
rituall comfort, and lelTening his joy in heavenly 
things. It is true, I e is worfe than an I/tjidell.rfiho pro- 
vides not forhisfamilj ^ but he muft doe it conlcio- 
nably, honeftly, lawfully ^ hee muft not deceive, 
wrong and opprefTe his neighbour 5 he muft not 
gather wealth together by ufury, oppreflion or 
cruelty ^ by ftealing, cozeningjor violence 5 by ga- 
ming, lying, falfhood, or by any indired mcanes, 
and unlawfull courfe ^ for he quite croflcs & over- 
throwes the meaning andpurpofe of Gods Spirit 
in that place 5 (b hee brings Scorpions and fire- 
brands into hishoufe, (brrowes and miferies, and 
thewcrme that never dieth^ into his owne confcience 5 
crofles and curf: s upon his outward ftate, plagues 
and woes upon his children and pofterity , for 
whom hee Co wickedly heaps up his unrighteous 
M.immon. The curfc of God doth ever one way 
or other follow ill gotten goods, and his vengeance 
doth hunt the covetous man to conftifion.It may be 
the worldling fees an end of his wealth even in this 
worldj^tbat which is ofotten wrongfully & wicked- 
ly, being to the reft like a dead flie in a box of pre- 
cious ointment, or a fparke of fire in the thatch, it 
fets on fire, waftes & confumes fonscdmcs ercn in 

T 3 fliort 


He gives wings 
Angels which 
have been long 
cojped up in a 

^fhe Saints 

fhoTC rpace, all a mans other wealth. As the Par- 
tridge lay th eggeswhichJJ)ehatchethnot^ (aith leremie^ 
he th:4 gettei h riches^ a 'id not by righ f ^ Jhall kave them 
in the m J deft of his dayes^ and at his end JIM be a joole , 
ler. 1 7. 1 1. Or it may fallout, that he may toyie and 
tire hi mfelfe with much vcxationjand heart-eating 
care, in greedily hoarding up riches, kecpe them 
with much feareand trembling, part from them 
with greife and, Temporalium amor quantum afficit 
cum h£ret poJfep&^ lantum quum fubtrdHtur nrit dolor ^ 
Gregor. anguifh : and, 

1 . Either leave them to thofe who will (et at li- 
berty and enlarge thofe golden heaps which have 
formerly beene confined and imprifoned, andfafl: 
k:pt with iron bolts andbarres, according to that 
Vrov. 28.8. He that increafeth his riches by vfttry andin- 
!e/eft, and (b indeed by any unlawful) m?anes, ga- 
there th for him that will be tfiercifullto thepoore^ JPm;. 
13.22. lifb ly i6^ij. 

2 . Or after they may be fcattere^ and confiimed 
byftran9:ers, or the/ know not whom, acco'ding 
CO rh at, Ec. kfS.i Tl ere is an evill whiih Ifavp under 
theS 'nne^ and it h wuch among men : 'Afnanton>hom 
Go I hath given richs ^ nd teafures^ and honour, and 
A? want'th no'hini^ for hisfouk of all that it dejireih ^ 
httt God glveth him not power to eat thereof ^ hut a 
(irange man Jhall eat it up \ this is vanity^ and this is 
a*f ez'ill (tck^ejfe. And that I'falm. 59. 6, Ecclef^. 8. 

3. Or the V may brqneat^ them to thtiir children, 
and the rarfe of i!I gotten good> cleavins: unro 
theiii, thj'fkay melt avpoy in their hands, arfnjw before 


jelfeAriYiching examination. 

the Sume 5 according to that Ecck^. 5. 4 ^,7 here is an 
evilljick^ejjethat ihavefeem under the Sunne, tomt^ 
riches rejervedfir hurt to the owners therei^f^ andthefe 
richesperiflo by evilltravell^ andhcbeget1etha[vnne and 
in his hand is nothing. But howfoever, whether ill 
gotten goods profper orprofper not in the hands 
of the owner, or his pofterity ^ atTuredly ihe plague 
and curfe of God doth cleave unto his fbule, and 
continually haunts and hunts ihatmantodertru- 
dion, who enrichtth himfelfe by wicked and 
wrongfull meanes, except betime he repent found- 
\y^ amend his life, and make reftitution. Heeihat 
hath opprejffedthepooreand reedy ^ or hath (pfykd by %-io- 
lence^orhathnot reftored the fledge ^ or hath given jo th 
upon ufury^i or hath tak^n increafi^ (the fame reafon 
isalfoof all indirtdVardunlawfi P getting) yZtf///?e 
live^Hefl all not live feeing he hath dom all 1 hefe abom^ 
nations, he fl all diethe deaths and Us bloudfl.allbeupon 
him £4^^^.18.12,13. And rake this by the way, the 
more a man profpcrs in his outward fhre, by ill 
gotten goods, the greater curfe doihfiirely cleave 
unio his fc)ule5and more fearefull vengeance abides 
him for afterward. They and their pofterity may 
profper, Pp/. 17. 14. but marke the cur(e that 
cleaves unto them, They are men of ihe veorld, and 
have thei^' portion in thit l^e„ Ard as a man is not to 
provide for his family by any unlawfull or indired 
meanes, neither is he to doe ic, though his raeanes 
be juft and right, with a greedy, earthly, and co- 
vetous heart. If a man take no wicked courfe to be 
wealthy, but that his meanes bee warrantable 
out of Gods Word, yet if hee goe about it with a I 

T A worldlv * 

i6^ ' 

The Saints 


worldly minde, diftruftfull of Gods providtnce^ 
and enamoured upon earthly things , and the 
wedge of Goldj he cannot looke for Gods bleffing 
either upon hirafelfe^ or upon hib goods. Theiamc 

j .4/><7^/^ that (aithj He thatprcroideth »ot for Ins family ; 

lisvporfethananlnfideU'^ bids us in another place »J9 
this vfoMasthotigh we ufedH not:, for the faflnon of this 
vfiorldgoeth'avpay. If the wealth of this world come 
not upon us as upon other men J we are not by any 
meanes to labour with greedy minds, or unlawfull 
meanes toenrich our felves, but ftrongly to uphold 
our hearts, in conferring with ftich places as thefe^ 
Better isa llttkmth thefeare of the terd, th(m great 
treafnre and trouble theretfith, ?rov. i^.i6, that is, 
withfeare, care, fbrrow, and a guilty confcience. 
Afmall thing unto the righteous^ is better tha^s great 
riches to the melted and mighty, Pfal. 37. i^. for the 
wicked and mighty with their great wealth, and 
large Revenuesjare fatted againft the day of flaugh- 
ter, while the righteous with their little pittance, 
are fweetly Sc comfortably led along to evcrlafting 
happinefle. We muft not meafure and eftimatc the 
comfort of riches by their heaps and hoards, but 
by Gods bleffing, and the comfortable ufe of 
them. A little gold is more worth than a great 
deale of Led ; A fmallpearle over-valueth a huge 
rockeof flint : A Barne full ofwHDod is not fo much 
worth as a box foil of Dlaraonds : That foiafl 
which the true Chriftian enjoy es, with the blef^ 
(ing of God and a good confcience, is infinitely 
more worth and precious, morcfwcct and com- 
fortable than all the treafures of the wicked, or 


jelfe-inricbing examination^ 


theweakhoF the whole world. Ifhee beeaman 
that hath' his fweet finne ftill beat upon by the Mi- 
nifterie of the VVord^ but will by no meanes yeeld 
and fubmic to the power thereof, for ail the judge- 
ments and certaine vengeance denounced sgainft 
him, and be thereupon urged with thofe terrible 
places againft fuch men. Dent, 2p. 1^,20. Ifaman 
hare ihi veords of this curfi, and bkjjehm^'elfe in his 
heart, faying^ I Ball have peace, c^c. Tie Lord i»ill;2ot 
h ntercifuU unto that man^ but then the wrath of the 
j Lord J d^c, ler 1 8. i f . Speal^ thou therefore unto the 
! menof ludahy^c, I prepare a plague for you ^ andpnr^ 
^ pofea thing againflyoH:^ returnepit therefore every one 
from his evillroay^ and make your roayes andyeur wor^s 
good-^ but they faid defperately^ furely we will walk^ after 
our ovpne imaginations^ and doe every manafter the flub - 
bornnefje&f his mch^d heart ^c^c. The judgement fol- 
io wes, v.if. Ivpillfcatter thefnmthan Baft wind before 
the-enemie^ ItPfllfJ)evi> thm ihe backjtnd not the face in the 
day of their ckjlrttUion. And Pf 5 9. '^.Standnp Lord 
God of Hoftsy tJjou God ofjfrael, to viftt all the heathen, 
and be not mereifull tmto 1 1: em that offend of malicious 
wick^dmffe. If he be urged I fay with fuch places as 
tkefe, whereby it appeares, that God doth in (pe- 
ciall manner, with particular wrath and indigna- 
tion, i^thimfelfeagainft theraj whodoe wittingly 
and willingly goeon in (bmeopen/infamousjand 
lewd CGurie, though their ftate be many times laid 
open totheirfaces by the Miniftery of the Word, 
he will prefently fhieldhimfelfe with that much 
abufed sindv^refted place which isufually readbe- 
fore confeffions At'a>kattimeCoe^er, &c. taken our 





Ptrliirti Graine 

T^he Saints 

01 Ezech. 18.21,23. But if wee Itrioufly confider 
rheccnditi nsnecedarily required andexad^edby 
God on the finners parCj they are well able to cook 
che courage, and ftop the current of any obftinate 
prefumptuous wretch, that therefore in the meane 
time goes on in his finne, becaufe God ibmercifull 
at any time :, The place runs thus in the Text, and 
requires this condition ^ iftk wicked vriU retnrm 
frot^ all hiijim that bee hath committed andl^epeaHmj 
Ratifies, and doe that vohich is Lvpfull and right \ hefiall 
furely live a»dfiall not die : All his tranjgre^iens^d^c. 
Hence it appeares plainly, that il: a man will chal- 
lenge any right part or interelt in this preciou? pro- 
mi ft of grace and mercy, hee muft leave all his 
finnes, andkeepe all Gods ft-atutes, for thefeare 
principles laid downe in the bwfl: Divines in the 
dodtrine of mortification. 

1. Firftj a man can have no peace in his con(ci- 
ence, that favoureth andretaincthanyonefinnc 
inhimfelfeagainfthis confcience. 2. A man is in a 
damnable eftate, whatfoever good deeds feeme to 
be in him, if heyeeld not to the worke of the ho- 
ly Ghofl-, for the leaving but of one knowne (inne, 
which ti^hteth againfi the peace of confcience. 

^. So long as the power of mortification de- 
ftroyeth thy finfull affeftions as they rife, and (b 
long as thou artunfainedlydifplea(ed witha'l fin, 
and dofi mortifie the deeds of the body b^ the fpirit^ thy 
cafe is the cafe of fil vation. -^ q , -oc} 7 i : 

4. Every Chriftian (hoald carry in his heart a 
conftantand refolved purpofe nottofinneinany 
thing, for faith, and the purpofe of finning can ne- 
ver (land together. ^5. A 

le/fe-innching examination. i6y 

5. A good confcience ftands nbc with a purpofe '. 
of llnningj no not wich an irrefolurion againfl: 
dine^pfaLi i^.i.Thefeand the like fayin,^s which 
tocarnall cares tafteof too much ftridnelTe and fe- 
vericy^ Ipt'wg and have their ground and warrant 
from this pace, in the Prophet, which is fo much 
and feareTully abufed by a prophane and unhal- 
lowed interpretation^ to prefuniption, (ecurity, 
and defperate continuing in finne : For to an im- 
partial! and fincere underftanding the fenfe is 
cleare, and the place pregnantly fhe\?es, that if 
any man would have his firmes pardoned, his heart 
purged 3 himfelFe poflelTed oF the ble/Iings of 
grace, and right to the creatures , he mull not leave 
fo much as hisfweet finne unmortifiedjUncruflied, 
and uncaft out, hee muft returne from all his fins ; 
nay, and befides'hemuft keeue allGodsft^tutes. 
thtuJJjould I not bee confounded faich David^ r^heyjl 
hitvorejpe&unioaUthyCommander/ieKtf. Though we 
cannot perfeftly and exadly in the ftate of morta- 
litv fulfill the law of God, yet all that arefandi- 
fied and Gods true fervanrs, with fincerity and firr- 
gienefle of heart, refped, fcare and ohev all his 
Commandements.If thou then upon this ground, 
whofbeverthou^rr deferrethy turning m to Cod 
untill thy deaths bed. Job 2 7.8.9. i o. tell mee tht n 
how thou perf jrrneft the condition, and leviveft all 
thy finnes. for t^^en then they leave thee, ^a*^;'^/^- 
rurus e. .<? /fuh egifti femte^tram, eo tempore^ ntto d^ pec- 
care votnfli : Si mt vi vis agere posniteniUm^ ipfam 
tuttc qudndoHccare nonpoies pec cat a ie dimfermt) non 
fn ilia. And what fpace flialt thou have to purcha(c 


Balone of G'l- 


4^g. toM.10. 



The Saints 

conatorc by keeping all Gods Scacuces, whentfiou 
art piefently going to judgement, for thy many 
breaches of his Lawes^ and rebellions to his Maje- 
ftie ? Thus I have given you a tafte, how the for- 
roall Profeilbur, who hath no mortification, doth 
ufc to (hift by diftinftions, exceptions, excufes, 
carnall limitations , falfe GloflTes, oppofing one 
place of Scripture in his owne fenfe, againfi: the 
true meaning of another, and the like. And as hee 
doth ftillopp fe againft the power of Gods truth 
in one point orotherj (efpecially that which ftrikes 
at his fweec finne) eicher by profefTion, opinioHj or 
praftife, or in all, or at leaft in the laft;, fo com- 
monly you Ihall ever finde him not (b well afFefted 
to that holy part of divine truth, which thunders 
out Gods juft judgement againft finners, and 
therefore his applaule and voice ever goes with 
thofc Prophets n>bo ctypeace, peace, and which fill 
the eares of fooles with fpirituall flatteries, and 
ftand all upon pardon, mercy and compafiion, but 
asforthem thatdeale faithfully with Gods Word, 
and feelingly with mens confcienccs, whok^epem- 
thing hacj^ fi^om them of all the couufell of God, bu t fol- 
low the right method of faving fbules, fanftificd 
by the holy fpirit, and praftifed by the Prophets, 
Apoftl^s, and all Gods faithfull Minifters, which 
is fir ft to wound and bruife by the terrours of the 
Law, and then feafbnably topowreinthe loft and 
faving oyle of grace ^ I fay his heart and affedions 
are not toward fuch as thefe, becanfe he is not wil- 
ling to heare of plagues and judgements for finne ^ 
he is (etled and refblved upon a plodding forraall 

felfe-ttirichmg examination. 

courfe, wedded to the pleafure? of Ms fweet (inBC, 
TtnA therefore would not willingly be diiquieced,. 
and caft into melancholy, by being put in minde 
of tbo(e endleffe torments and vexations^which 
are prepared and preferved for all hollow-he>.7rced 
and halfe Chriftiaas. ^ he fiouriilieth in his outvv.ird 
eftate, pro(pers in the world, and makes a taire 
griftering in outward profeffioHy and therefore it 
gals andftings him to the heart toheare of ftieh 
like places as thefe ^ lab 2 o. 5 ,^5 7. Tbe)oj'ofkj^p9Mt's 
is but a momenta, ilmfghbij zxcdknck motrnt up to the 
Hcaveft, and his had mtchtmio the clonh^ jet pall hee 
perijh for ever like hisdung^ d^c: Pfal,ii»6. Vfott the 
mck^diheLorimllrmm fnares^fire and htimflom^ and 
ftorme tempefis^ this is the portion of their cup^ lobS.t u 
Can a-rufi) grdvf vpithoftt mire ^ or can the graffe grovf 
T^khoutroater} tlioughitwere yet greenejetjlj. U it rvi^ 
ther before any other herhe -^fo are-fhe^pnthsof allthst for" 
^tGod\ /4nd the l^ypocrices hope pjallierlflj'^ Br confi 
dence4lfoP)aUheeMtfifj and hhtrufiJljaHbeasikhouft 
of tkfpider ; befljall leane upon his houfe , but itfiall not 
fiand^ hefjali hold him pft by it^ y?t fljall it not endure. 
This vexctb him ro yhehi^artv that whereas he is 
richly and ftronajly clothed and encompafTrd witH 
wealth and worldly reputation, yetnotwirhfi-an-i 
din2,he mud fhortly perilli, etenlil^ his m^ne dungei 
And whereas in the world hee goes for an honefl: 
and civill man, and forgone that is moderate ?,nd 
fober m Religion, onely none of the precifer fort ^ 
yet in the dav of triall, all the confidence and hope 
which formality and outwardnefle in Religion 
bath planted in his hollow heart, fhall prove unto 



U I W J B ) 


The Saints 

him hi 4sa Spdersweb, '^ Tht. houle of a Spider 
" cannoc rtay amun by the way, which is falling 
''frotnth?top)of anhoufe : N cither can civiilho- 
" nefty, or outwardnclTe in Religion flwe thefor- 
mali PfofelTour from (inking into the bottome of 
f* Hell, As judgements againft finnes lie in the 
Booke of Godjhe doth not openly grnmble againft 
them, for that would fecme to talte* of blafphe- 
pjous Athcifme, yet what (ecret repinings he har- 
bours in his heart, Godknowes^ but when Mini- 
fters prefle them out of the Pulpir, and urge them 
upon the con fcience, there hec thinks he may be 
mofe boIH than with the Booke of God, and there- 
fore then he cries out of too much judgement, of 
too much preffing the Law, of too raochfeverity 
4fldimperioufnciie over mens confcience and dri- 
ving them todefpaire. But let him conceive and 
underftand, that never any man that belonged to 
God, and to his cverlaftiog covenant of grace and 
mercy, was driven utterly fVom God, into the Hell 
of de^aire, by urging the Law, and Gods juft 
judgement againft finne : It may bring them into 
feares and amazements of heart, into anguilhand 
horrour of confciencc for their finnes, and (b it 
(hould, and (oGod would have 5 that is the very 
blefled way which leads unto the glorious comforts 
of theGofpell, and the Paradife of true Chr iftia- 
nitv ^ but it never did, it never can caft anyone 
that belongs to God, either into Cah^ cafe, orlu- 
</>#^ his Hell. Befides, Ifpeakeenlyformineowne 
experience ^ I have knowne many good Chriftians 
who have much complained of thofe who preach 


fe I fe^inriching examination. 

io mercifullj^and ccmfortably (as fome call it) y?/// 
crjwg peace. peace y&s of mea that do tio good ifi their 
Miniitery 5 but much encourage prophanenefie; 
aadaddeflresgih ftnte the hand of imquHy ^ but I fie- 
ver heard anV true Chriftian rightly inforrned^ 
finde fault wkhfcafofableurgmg the hm, fuch 
find-faults are commonly ever obnoxious them- 
felves^ and galled upon the fore, and tlierefore 
they kicke and fpurne at the pun and nndefikd Idtfi 
efOod, and bis faithful! raerfengers, when as in- 
deed it is their ownecormptkjn5 sfnd hatred to b^ 
reformed, which breeds all tfeelr n&i(€?fy andirti* 
paticncie of reproofe. I ipeake not this to Jcrftifie 
a«d ^ve allowance unto affy iifffealbnal>l^ teri^ify* 
ing o(my creft±'Uflgcon(cieQGe,poWf ifigth^ V«^^e 
of Gods wrath into any bTutfed heart jOfa^plyifig i 
bking corira)6ve toa bleeding ibule. As I dare- not 
fpcakc peace or promife pardon to any pro- 
phane man, or ittipeiwCenc (Inner, (b I iriiMce-fy 
deiirc to poure tih^ fofteflroyky ^riddearieft'prCH 
mifes of grace and mercy, vmo e^ery broken asd 
wounded heart, fo as^promifes^of falv^ttion toa 
worldling-y are like /wiW;* toa^frnk ^ fo^erfburs of 
the Law to a/ man tiuly humbled, are ^sfik^mi*^ 
Summdf^ mdmiKPi^ar&t^, botti unfeemly andun- 
feijfenabic. But untillaffiifiibee co-founded and 
caflrdowneirrhimielfe^ mA truly humbled^ ;jf/!^«f 
Godsmi^nyha&d, with %h^of hisf firtnes, ind fenfe 
of Go(fi wfatliv by a powerSlll aipplicatidn of the 
Law;;: GJUtr dfwkac ccsflfeiettce ^ €6ifimttndement 
can a Manb^er of rfrefiffol^ holy im& fuft God, mi- 
nIftciniO'MriiiComfortaf falvadon, or any hopeof 
i Heaven? 


■H— attc ^m I i t » ii i fc TriBCg .)c^a=^gJ 


The Saints 

Hcuvcii .'' whac gfOLiiid, what warrant is there tor 
(hch daubiag-i mth fucb untemf^redmorter .<? or what 
good comes therby to the party ? or comfort to the 
Preacher ? Oh! could wehearenowthofewofull 
cries and yellings which many fbrlorne and dam- 
ned foules willcaft upon the^ces of their faichkfle 
Teachers, at that laft \nS dreadfull day, telling 
them that their picafing preaching hath beene the 
occafion to bring them into the pit of Hell, that 
their daubing hath beene the caufeof their dam- 
ning ;&c. then would we change onr minds, and 
bebeft plcaled with the moft (earching Sermons. 
Suppofe a man in danger and doubt about the ftate 
of his Lands, fhould come to a Lawyer to receive 
information and inftruftion thereabouts, and he 
perufifig andfearchingthorowly his writings and 
evidences, and finding them very unfound, and 
his t'ltle and claime unto them very infufficient, 
yet notwithftanding tcls.him, becaufe hce will 
notcaft him downe for the prefent, and difconrage 
him, or rather becaufe he hopes to^aine by him, 
that his caufe is good enough, his title (bund, his 
right unto them without exceptions, and fbdif- 
miileth him with much joy, hope, and comfort ^ 
hereupon he foUowes a long and tedious fuit, with 
good confidence, and hopefull expedation ybat 
when all comes to all, and the matter to the triall, 
his titles prove ftarke naught, and fb he doth not 
oT^ely lo(e his lands, but alfo his whole fVocke, and 
all his other goods are quite and unneccflarily fpenr 
upon arotten caufe : Doeyouthirtkefuchdealine 
as this would make any thing, either fox the credit 


felfe^inriching examination. i xy? 

of the Lawyer, or the comfort of the Client? Had 
it not beene better ibr both fiJes there hadbeene 
faithfull and plainc dealing at firft > Or imagine 
one ficke of a confumption (hould come unto a 
Phyfitian, and defire him ro tell him truly what he 
thought of his difeale, whether it weic recivcrable 
or iucurable, if there were no hope that he might 
prepare himfelfe for another world and compofe j 
hisfoulereligioully forHeaven^If it were curable 
that he might fet himfelf toa rourfecfPhyfi k:,and 
hope for his former health ; and he knowing from 
infallible grounds and rules of art, that there were 
no poffibility of recovery, yet to pleafc him for the 
prefent. and to make way for his owne advantage, 
tels him there is no doubt to be made, but he may 
recover if He will be at the charge 5 whereupon he 
fpends all that hee hath upon the Phyfitiar, and 
goes thf »row much anguifh and painc^and at length 
when all is gone, both body and fubftance fucked 
dry, hee is uncomfortably It ft to the pangs of 
death, and rhecertaine period of his long and un- 
neceflary Iangui(hing . Had it not beene better 
thinke you for the conscience and Chriftian repu- 
tation of the Phyfitian , and both for fbnie , 
body and goods of the patient, that the truth had 
beene told at the beginning ? It is fb in the prefent 
cafe about fpirituall matters ^-mens fpiriruall 
cftates are to be discovered by theMinifteryof the 
Word, the (bundnefle or (ardinef?e of their hopes 
for Heaven iruft there appcare. It is the part and 
officcof theMinifler, out of the Law and Booke 
of God, to refolvcmen of the right or rottennefTe 

V ot 



The Saints 

oftheir tide and intcreftj to thaccveriaftinginhe- 
' ricance above. Now whether is better thinke you, 

both for the eonfcience and comfort of the Mini- 
; fter, and the endlefle good of the hearersj that he 
I (hould deale faithfuliy in this weighty and impor- 
I tant point ; that he ihould tell the forraall Profef- 
llbur, and luke-warrae Chrifiian/that except hee 
I come on to the forwardnelieof the Saints of God, 
{and embrace their fineerity, the Lord will raoft^ 

certainly j^ea? him mi ofhU moitih: Thecivillhof-. 
Ijijen: mais- thatif heoncly confient him(elfe there*' 
■; with j there are many of the Heathens m^re hone ft? 
;'.tha4i.hiaifelfe already in the fiery Lake ^ the Anm" 
likardj, the coverous, and (b othei? notorious fin^ ■ 

\. that (b by the mercies of God y if they bdong 

|Unro Q-^d, they may iii^er the Word of Life to 

•iinke into their inward fbules, to-fotren their 

j hearts, tofandifie and fave both their bodies and 

jifcules. I fay, whether ia it better for a Miniflcr 

I thus to deaie faithfully in tke holy bufinelFes of 

! Godj and plainly with men in fb high and weighty 

!' point, asths endlelTe damnation and falvation of 

! thfiirfonles, tfrh^ fomf^pilis'infes wtderthelr elbov^zs-^ 

5 hif cryingpact, peace^ ami fn^hiHg^pkafiffga-ndfime^ 

rixgthmgf^ put them into a foolrsParadife, and 

^oundJefl^ perfwafion of ih e fbundnefle of theic 

fpfrituall eftate, whentndeed and" truth thereisna 

fuch matreF : So that whca the day of trial! comes^ 

Com€%alfitfp§n4hemfiid4c»de^n*iii«ii^ at irav^^knp^ ' 

^fhawomanvfikh Mdn , a»i ihey-fhall mt efcape ^ and 

thcathcylofe»0£onely tkekfoules, and an ever- ] 

I^lfe-vmchmg examination . 

laiting inheritance in Heaven, but alio much vaine 
hope and expeftatJon, which by reafon of thcun- 
faichfulnelTe and tinfincericy of their Miniilers, 
they entertained and feed upon all their life long. 

The Preacher is the Phyfitian of the foules of 
men, is it cither confcience or honefty thin ke you 
for him to tell a man that his (bule is in (piriruall 
health, when it is certainly bleeding ro everhfiing 
death ; Were it not farre better truly and plainly 
to acquaint him with his difeaie and danger, that 
(b (b he might ieeke for remedy and be (aved, than 
either by didembling or filenee, tolethiraperidi 
in his finnes, and (6 himielfe incurre the horrible 
guilt of fpirituall bloud-(hed ? The Surgeon who 
onely drawes over a skinne^ while the wound in the 
meane time doth dangeroafly rankle and fefter in- 
wardly, either wants skill, or honerty., or both. 
Where is the confcience and (piricuall wifdome o^ 
that Prophetj IVho cries peace^peace^ volje/t there is nd 
fedce^ lerem 8. 1 1. Jf^hopaSni over mth th tmiempered 
mortero^ {pirituali'flatteries,the already pai^^tedse- 
pulcher^ the glorious hypocrite, vphen as vpithin there 
Is nothing but rottemejfe and confnfion ? Yea, bur 
howfoever are judgements fealbnable flill ? muft 
ftill the law be urged ? muft we heare continually 
of our finnes ? In every Sermon muft the fwearer, 
the drunkard, theufurer, thc^ wanton, the world- 
ing, the ignorant , be damned into the pit of Hell > 
Ts there no timefor peace ? What peace? faidlehu to 
lehoram^ in another cafe, vphik ifte xphoredcmes of thy 
mother lezebell, a»d hertvUchcnffts, are yet ia great 
nnmher ? So may liay.in this point, what peace 
" V 2 would 



The Saints 

would you have when there is no peace towards 
bi4t»oif<' and tHmbl'mf^ of garments in blond^ a»i bur- 
mng.anidevounngof fire ^ What peace ? while ma- 
ny crying abominacions, as gr'm ding ths faces of the 
poa/e, tl&ry, DrunkennefTc, Swearing, llnclean- 
nefTe, IgnorancCjand the like, with brazen browes, 
and whoriQi fore- heads, even out-face theSunne^ 
and rebeliiouily band chemfelves againflrtheMa- 
j'^ftie of Heaven. If you would not heare of your 
finnes continually, continue not in your (Tnnes^ 
in worldiineffe, uncleanncflejluke-warmncflejpro- 
phaneneflc, and prophaning Gods Sabbaths, 8cc. 
untillthedeadflcQibe confumed, corrafives muft 
bee applied ^ while finne reignes it muft bee re- 

If the Law bee dillafirefull unto you, rent and 
breakeyour ftony hearts, that they may be fitted 
for the precious oyle of grace, and comfortable 
promifesoftheGo(pell. Was knotunfeaibnable 
fori/^/^Ainhistime tocry^ woe againft Inclofers, 
I fVoe unto the^pt tb it joyne houfeto houfe^ and lay fiddto 
\field, &c. chap, 5. 8. Againft carrowfers, Woe unto 
them that an mighty to drinkg whCj and to them that 
anftrong to povpre in ftrong drink^^chap 5.32 A gainft 
the proud and the drunkard, }Voe to thi cmvne of 
pride^ the d/*unl^arh of Ephraim^ for his glorioHs beau- 
ty fhaU be a fading flomre^^ d^c. chap. 28.1. Theyfhall ke 
trodden Hffderfooty even the crowneandtheprrdeof the 
drunkards ofEphraim^ '^^'^fl Was ic not unieafona- 
blefor£2i<r<r^/ff/totell his people, that if any defiled 
his neighbours wife opprejfed thepoore and needy ^ ga^e 
forth upon ufury^ ortookeincreafe^ hejhonldnotlrve, hut 
• fiould 

— — —*—— ^ ■- 1 -I 1 1, 1 

felfe4nriehing examination. i ^JJ 

fhoulddk the deathy and his blond (hould bee upon him ^ 
chap. 1 8. Was it not unleafbnable for leremy ro 
threaten Jerufakm immediately from Gods owne 
mouth, that ifth^woddnotjan&ifie the Sabbath day^ 
the Lord vponld handle afire in. the gates tliereof^ and*H 
/hould devoure the Taloces oflerufak w^ anditjlwuld not 
be quenched, cbap,i7,2'j. Was it not unfeafbnable 
for Zephanie to pronounce a woe againft the pollu- 
tions of his time, the contempt of the Word, the 
cruelty of great men, the lewdnefie of the Pro- 
phets ^ ^t^e^J^i/M^e, to her that is filthy to that cruell 
Citie, /he heard not the voice, Jhe receivednot corre&ion, 
fhe trufted not itt the Lord^ fje drevp not mare to her God» 
Her Princes within her areasroaringtions^ her Judges 
areas Wohesin the evening^which leave net the bones iill 
the morrot»*Her Prophets are light and wicked per fons.^her 
Priefls have foUuted the San^uary^ they have wrejled the 
tavp^Zeph.'^* Was it not unfeafonablc for /l/<?/<;J;/> 
to bring the words of God to his people ^ / r^ill 
comenearet0youto]ndgewent^ and Iwillbeafaiftmt- 
neje againft the Sooth'fayersj and againft iheadjilterers^ 
and againft falfefta^rarerSy and againft thofe that wrong- 
fully keepe back^ the hirelings wages ^ and vex tloe widdew 
andthefatherlejfe, and the ft ranger, andfearenot wee^ 
faiththeLordofHofls^y Malach.'},K. Was it not un- 
(eafbnable for Saint lan/es to tell hard hearted men, i 
that iherefiaUbe condemnation wercileffe toUm that^ 
Jheweth not mercy ^chap. 2 . 1 3 . To bid rich men weepe and 
howle^ for their miferies thatJlM come upon them^ chap* 
5. 1 . For Saint ? anl to tell wanton s, thai whoremon- 
gers and adulterers God will )udge^ TJeh, 13.4. To tell 
thofe that doc the works of the flefli, fuch as are j 

• V 3 mckmnejfe^ 


^be Saints 

j^WT— ■ — " ■ I II ^-^ ^_^— .^___^_^ 

uncleamejje dr»nh^nmjje^ hamd^ andptcblfk^^ that they 
fiall mt itiimit the KingdgmtofGod, Oal.'^. Totejj 
th e i gnoran t that the Lord Jefus willjkepp him filft from 
Heaven mth his mightj Angds^ in^arfnngjire^ ^e, 
2 Theff,i,S, To tell ill prophanemen to their faces, 
that u»to them that are contention ^ and difobey the 
truth, and obey unrighteoufKeffe fhaUbe iftdignatimattd 
wrath, trfbffl tion andaxguifhjha/lbe upon thefmk of 
e'very watt that doth eviU, oftkelewfirfti andaljooftJje 
Grecian. Kom,2,'^^9» Was ir not I fay unfeafonable 
for thefe bklTed men of God in their times to deale 
thus faithfally with Gods people, with whom 
rheyhadto doe, or publifhing unto them f^npA^^ 
connjell of Gedy and his juft decrees againft -their 
hatefall finucs, that fothey might doe their befl: 
to drive them untoGod, and bee fure to free their 
owne (bules from the guilt of the bloud of fbules> 
And (hall not the (ame holy pradife of Gods Mi- 
nifters be (ea^nable now in thefe times, efpecial- 
ly when finne is a thoufand times more finfall ? 
For our time^ave received all the pollations and 
abominations which the courle and current of all 
fbnner ages hav^e carriedinto the (mke of fin,which 
is now a thoufand times more full and filthy than 
ever it was before. There was never roor« and 
more cm^W Indofing never more and more hate- 
ful! Caroling never more and more abommable 
Pride, Opprelfion, corruption in all Eftates, Ufii- 
ry, Druokennefle, Uncleancicfle, Mercilefheflcto 
the poore. Ignorance in the common people, 
contempt of the Mi oi rtcryjn a word, there was ne- 
• ver more HeU upon Earth, never (b large a harvef^ 


Jelfe4nriching examination. 

for Satan 5 And yet weenmtt crypeace^ weemuU 
preach no judgement, as if it were fit toproclaime 
pardon to open and profefled rebels, as though 
that fword of Gods Judgements , which couid 
hardly wound finne m the Cradle, were too (harp 
and (trong to encounter it being growne a Gyant : 
As though they were lit Trumpeters for the Lords 
warre, which would not or durft noryZ-ejy ihpeopl 
their tran[gre([\otis^ andihe kojtfe of Jacob ihrnjinms. 
As though thcMinifters of che(c times were not 
the Embafladors of the (ame moft holy and ;uft 
God/had not taken xht fame oath of everlafting 
enmitie againft the Prince of this vcorld-^ had not the 
Qmc faordffftlie Spirit^ to vpouud tie hJrie ^calpe^f 
everfouethat gBesoninhis tvick^dne^e ;, were nor fijr- 
nifliedwith the fame mighty hammer ofhis Word, 
to brcake in peeccs ftony hearts ^ and the (ame 
fymtxxdMvfe^^mtocaft dijwfte firoftg holdt-^ had not 
the lame crying finne and hatefull corruptions to 
cry againft and confound x^ and were not as it were 
to ftand at the ftavcscnd with the whole world, as 
well as the Prophets of old, and all Gods faithfoll 
raeflcngers in ages paft. Wretched men who con- 
troll, prefcribe unto, and limit Gods wifdome, a* 
bout the manner and method of working upon 
their corruptions , croffe the course of all thofe that 
ever fet rhemfelves confcionably totheconverfion 
of fbulcs, and will needs be carried to Heaven on 
beds of Downc. Thefe men would have have a fu- 
garandidlken Gofpell, a Church of Velvet, they 
would feed. onely upon manchpt .and Masna, and 
tread upon Violecs and E-ofesImcanCathey would 

V 4 be 


They wcuM ar- 
rive at Heaven, 
withoHt falling 
by the gates of 
Hell : mat is, 
and joycs of 
Life, witheuta 
broken fpjrir, 

28o \ 


be new bomesWkhout the pan gs of the new birth 
8cc. And wretched Minifters, who either for want 
oFskillj of courage or conicicnce, that they may 
pleafe, be plauQble, or for preferment, (both men 
up in their finnes, either byfilence, or preaching 
pleafing things, whereby they futfer them to pe- 
rilh in their finnes, and thcmfclvcs are guilty of 
the bloud of their foules, Ezech. 3 3 , 

Some faid , a Divine call thofe that open the 
Law, and denounce judgement, Englifh Dodors^ 
and the mofl infufficient agents Chrift employes in 
hisMiniftery : But they are indccdthemoft glo- 
rious and magnificent workmen that God exerci- 
fethin his Harveft ^ for by affrighting and aftoni- 
fhingthe confcicnces, they may recall men from 
their evillcourfes, and from the jawes of the De- 
vil I, by begetting in them remorfe and true for- 
row for finne, and-prepare them for falvation, and 
the glory which is to be revealed. 

Thus have I largely hid downe the humour and 
pradifc of the formall Profeflbr, when his deceit- 
full heart is difcovcred by the light of divine truths 
and hee is prcfTed with the power of the Word, 
againft his fweet finne, or that maine worldly con- 
tentment, upon which h€e hath inordinately rc- 
pofed his heart, aifedions and chiefe delight : 
He is refbl ved not to part with it; (neither indeed 
can, untill it pleafe the Lord (bundly to convert 
him, and thorowly to fanftifie him) andyetbe- 
caufe hee makes confcience of fbme of his wayes, 
I goes for an honeft man, is good in many things, he 
/ would net willingly for one default forfeit all his 
I other 

[elfe-inricbing ^^mination^ 

ocher.integricies • he is both to loferhe benefirand 
rewarclof the reft of his goodnefle, and therefore 
he ftraines the utmofl: veine of his wit, to devife 
(bme flii ft by diftindion, limitation, exception^ 
falfegloffej private and partiilHnterpretation, op- 
pofing in a wrefted fenie one place of Scripture 
againrt another, or the like, thatfo he may blunt 
the point of the (vvord of the Spiric, left by woun- 
ding and vexing hiscon(ciencetoomachj heebe 
difturbed and difquieted in the enjoyment of that 
(endiall contentment, in which his chiefe worldly 
happineifedothconfift ; He (hatch eth greedily at 
every (hadow and colour of excule, that hee may 
fbme way comfort his heart againft thcchecksof 
his confcience, and with more hearts-eafe waike 
on in a fooles Paradifc, towards the pit of deftru- 
dion, and endleffe woes of another world. But if 
he can finde no ftarting hole from the light of the 
Word, nor furnifh himfelfe with any plaufible 
iliift or excafe (for this cunning befals but few, and 
thofe of better underftanding, and more policie) 
why then this is his courfe, he (brfets fb immode- 
rately, and drinks (b deepeof thefenfiiall pleafures 
ofchatbofbmefinne, to which hee is lb wedded, 
that he cafts his confcience afleep,and /o goes on at 
all adventures, and throwes himfelfe upon Gods 
mercies, without all ground or warrant, with fuch 
conceits as thefe, that he hopes he fliall doe as well 
as others, who are farreworle than himfelfe; that 
God no dbubt win be mercifuH to one firine ^ that 
alibis other good parts and good deeds will coun- 
tcrvailc and make amends for one infitmity, (fbr fa 




28i I TThe^Sainu 

he will call it and conceive of it, chough it bee a 
grofle and grievous finne) that one finne will not 
require lb great repentance, but chat it may be well 
enough done upon his dcach-bed, and iuch like. 
To conclude the whole poinc 5 cheformall Profef- 
for wich his temporary faith^ doth ever ling N</4- 
;5i!?^;??/note ^ But therein the Lord ktnercipU unto thy 
fervafit'j that is, in this or that (weet finne, in one 
camall contentment or other, which hee cannot 
leavCj he will not forgoe : Perhaps he is no Swea- 
rer, no Lyer, no Adulterer, no Drunkard ^ he is a 
frequenter of Seruions, a favourer of the Mini- 
, ftery, and doth many things thereafter^ hut as for 
jUfury, his eftate doth much depend upon it, hee 
I knowes not otherwaycs how to provide for his 
! children, the Lord moft be mercifiill r nto him in 
i that point. Perhaps he is no llJurer^no Opprc{!?)r5 
: nor outwardly infamous with any notorious finne, 
but as for the fenfuall pleafures of uncleannefle, 
I and luftftiU fweetneflc of whoredome and fomi- 
I cation, and adulteries of the heart, they hurt no 
bodybuthimfelfe, and are fo inbred and naturall, 
j the Lord muft bee mercifull to him in that point. 
I Or it may bee hee is not (b haunted with noy(bme 
\ luftSj or much given toany outward grofle finne, 
i but as for a ftrid courfe of holinefle which Precifi- 
onstake, that hee cannot digeft, he muft now and 
then fpend h's time amongft good fellowes, bee 
knowes not otherwife how to pafTe the time, nor 
to pafle away his dumos and melancholy, the Lord 
J muft be mercifull to him in that point. 

Thus, though outwardly hee make feire (hew, 


Ictfe-innching (ixamination. 

yet there is ever ooe thing of och er behinde, which 
for pleafure of profir^or elHmations fake, hee wilJ 
not pare ^ there isone unmonified corruption or 
other, which, if ic were podible, hee would even 
carry with him to Heaven. But the man that is fan- 
ftifi-'d by fiith, doth whally relignc uphimfelfe 
to bee reformed and ruled by that holy Word, 
which hath a'ready powerfully converted him, 
and wherein Go.;J hath given hisWordj that if he 
erklwttetht endheP:di he-^aved ^ hee hath refie& t&aU 
Cods Commafiikments , aU bi4 L,avces are before him ^ as 
bee (hall receive light and inftrudtion from the 
V\' ord of truth • he is willing ro leave any finne, of 
whieh his conlcience is convinced rather than to 
fall into the rerrours of a feareflill heart, or cisfa- 
VGur of God^nddanger of damnation , he isready- 
to perforrae obedience to all, or any one of Gods 
Commanderaenrs , though not in perfe(^ion of 
degree, yet ever with truth of Ifeart ^ hee is affe- 
ftcd to the Word of God, and cgmes to the Mini- 
ftery thereofwith the fame mindjfubmiilion 8c re- 
16Iution,as did Cormliw with his friends & family, 
A^' io«?3. Nono therefore are vpe all here preftnt before 
God, toheare all things tfsat are commanded the of God, 
As did the I(raeIires,E;c(?.]^.8. All that ik Lord hath 
commanded Hs^ x»e vptU doe. Efra chap. 7.10. Though 
while his flefh is upon him, and hee remaines in 
his Tabernacle of clav. hee cannot bee freed from 
frailties and infirmicks yet by the grace of God 
he doth not lie and continue delightfully and wil- 
linglv in any one grofle finne, which is difcovered 
to his confcience by the light of Gods holy Word, 



-Matth. 54.^3 

C»»^er Amt. 



T^he Saints 

the favour otGod, and peace ot conic ience, are 
farre more (vrcet and deare unto him, than any 
earthly pleafure or profit. Thus farre of the diffe- 
rence betwixt faving and temporary faith, in the 
point of inward illuminarionj and about know- 
ledge in the Word of God. 

2. Secondly, For converfion by the power of 
temporary faith, forae kinde of change may bee 
wrought upon a man. Thefe alterations may bee 
found in the ftate of unregeneration. i. A change 
from notorious finfulnefle, to civill honefty. 
2. From thence he may proceed to a formall pro- 
fe(fion and outward performance of religious ex- 
erciles. % . Yet farther, he may be in fome meafure 
inwardly inlighrned and endued with generall 
graces ^ there may bee thefe converlions and no 
falvation : 

1. Amorall change from noto- 
rious converfation, to a (bber and 
civil! cariage. 

2. A formall change, which is 
an addition of an outward profef^ 
fionof Chriftianity, tomorallho- 

Theremaybe nefty. 

thefe conver- 3. A mentall change, whereby 

fions and no^^thenaturalldarknelTeoftheunder- 


ftanding is in fome meafure difpel- 
led by a generall light of the Spi- 
rit, fo that infbmething more than 
an ordinary manner,for the flate of 
unregeneration there is a tafie of the 
Imvsnlj light of the good Word of God;, 


felfe-mricbtng examination. 

and of the powers of the world to cor/je^ 

4. A. temporary change^ Rich an 
one as in Scripture is called the«??- 
cka&e fyirits going ffitt of a man^ Matth. 
12.43. Avvalhing, iPeti^iz, 
But where there is juftifying faith, and the fa- 
ying power of the fplric, there is a Hipernaturall, 
full, univerfall, thorow converfion of the whole 
man, fpirit, fbule, and body, from Satan, finne, 
and earthly delights , to Gods (ervice , holi- 
nelle of life^andloveof heavenly things. There 
is a turning from grofTe finnes in aftionand pra- 
ftife, and at leafl: from infirmities in allowance and 
affedion, to oSedience to all Gods Commande- j 
ments, though not in fulnelTe and pcrfedion, that 
cannot be while we are covered with flefli, and in I 
Tabernacles of clay ^ but with truth and upright- j 
nedeof heart, which is the infallibleinward marke I 
of true Ghriftianity. There is an abolifhing by 
little and little, of t'e accurfed imageof Satan in 
finne, prophanenelTe, and corruption, and a re- 
nuing of the image of God, in faving knowledge, 
righteoufnede, and true holineiTe, both in heart 
and life. This true (bund Chriftian converfion^ 
which is the worke of Gods ran<fi:ifyingfpirir, and 
cveracompanionof juftifying faith isdifcernable 
and differenced from ail partiall, insufficient;, hol- 
llow5halfecofiverfions, by ics integrity, fincerity, 
1 growth and corhftancie. 

Firft, this change is ever with integriry of all 
parts and powers both of (bule and body, though 



z84. I J he Saints 

no power or pare hach it full power and abfbiuts 
perfedion of ran6;ification, nor can have in this 
Kfe 5 yet every power and part in every true Chri- 
(iian hath its part and meafure of lanftification, by 
this happy and holy change : He is changed whol- 
ly^ univerfallyjin hisfpirit.fbuleand body. 
J . In his fpirit ; that is, in his 5 
I. Underftanding : This before being ar the 
beft but gilded over, and guided with fomc glim- 
merings, and general! light of Divine notions and 
apprehenflons 6f Heaven, but fluffed with much 
pride, prephaneneffe, vaine-glory and vanity, is 
now inlighrned with a cleare in-fight into the ray- 
ftery of godlinefTe, and with that particular faving 

I knowledge which is attended with humility and 

I holinefTe. 

i 2. Judgement: This which before being whol- 
ly pofleft with errour, crookedneffe and perverf- 
nefle , wa^ wont to put daykyejjefor light, and light for 
darl^effe, (anftification for fingularity, zeale for 
precifenefle, andholinefJeforhypocricy, to yiflifie 
thevricJ^d, andcondemnt the jufi-^ is nowfurnifhed 
with (pirituall difcretion, to guide himfelfe in the 
right path, amid infinite crooked wayes of vanity 
and iniquity, and with the fpirit of difcerning, 
that he can discover the power of grace in other 
men ; fbthat no longer he accounts fan^bification 
preci(enefTe, or that which they call good-feliow- 
(hip fit for a Chriftian. 

7, Memory : This which before was water^ to 
receive, p.n "1 entertaine^and marble, roretaine and 

I keepethefrnitlefle imprefliions of vanity and folly, 

^ but 

JelfC'-inmhing examination. 

I but as a Sieve ro the water of iife, and all godly lep 
fbns, is now greedy of (avirrg knowledge, and de- 
firous to forget thofe monftrous finfiili notions 
which he treasured up in the dayes of vanity. 

4. Confcience : This which before was full of 
fearfiilnsfreorbenammednefle, and hearclefle to 
i all holy things, is nov; awaked and refrefhed with 
fenfe and feeling of Gods mercy pardoning its 
finneSj endued with a gracious difpofitionrolpi- 
rituall exercifeSj and tendernefej fenfible oFthe 
leaft iniquitv. 

2. Inhi6SouIe:thatis,inhis 

1. Will ; This is, which before was weddled to 
I the liberty of the Hefh, to the lufls of men, a»d the 
Ipruie &f Iffe, is now weaned from all her temporary 
ipleafing vanities, and fallen in love with eternall 
pleaftires, and with things of Heaven, 

2. Affections : Thefe which before were carri" 
ed wichaahveadlong torrent upon theworldj and- 
purfiiitof pkafures,. doe now turn c their ed^Q and- 
eagernefl^ towards Gods glory, good caufes, and a 
crowne of life. They were the mod fierce and furi- 
ous agents for the (bveraingty of the flefhjbucnow 
their luftfulne^eiscrucified, their inordinateneffe 
and evilneffe mortified. 

g . The Defires ind Imaginations of the heart ; 
Thefe which before were without bridle^ checke, 
feare or limit, are now turned bv the laftCom- 
mandetneht, controlled by a tender confcience^ 
kept! HI awe by a ajn/ideration. of Gods all- feeing 
•eye, and confined within art holy compaSe 5 from 
their idle, impertinent, and prophane wandrings 
and vagaries. 2. In 



28eJ ^he Saints 

I ■ — 

7. InhisBody : Ihat is, hiseyes, his cares, his 
tongue, his feer, his hands, and all the parts there- 
of ^ As before they have becne windowes to let 
in whole troopsof vanitie"^ andnoyfbme luffsjin- 
ftruments of iniquity, and executioners of many 
covetous 5 cruell itmbitious, and luftfull defignc- 
ments of the foule, (b now they arc become as 
Centinels to difcry the approach of finne 5 well 
appointed addreft to doe the wi II of God ^ fet a^ art 
and fandified for the fervice of the New Man. The 
whole bodvjwhich before was a cage ofaUnnckdnt 
hhds^ andafpih^oj fttmc^ is now become a (pirituall 
TempkforthelivwgGodj and an hahitaitonjor ihholy 

2. As a (bund and faving coverfion is ever with in- 
tegrity of all the powers both of (bale and body 5 (b 
it is al(b with fincerity a(wellinthe inmoftatfe- 
dions^as in the outmoft conver(ation 5 in the heart 
as in the life ^ in thcfecret purpo(eSj defires, and 
conceits , as in open carriage 5 in the thoughts 
and imaginations, as in the words and anions, j^e 
dejire of the righteorfs , faith Salomon^ is ondy good Pro. 
1 1 1 . 2 3 . lerufalem^ (aith leremie^ "Dpajl} tkiftehdirtfrom 
vpkkedfiejJe^ilsitthoHmaipbefaved'^ bono long fl: all thj 
mck§d thoughts nmaim wh bin thee .<? c bap 4*4. fVbe» 
their hearts, faith Paul of the Ifradkes^Jhall bee tur- 
ned to the Lord ^ thtintbevailefl.allbetak^navpay^ 2 Cor, 
3.15,1^. The heart muft be fandtfied, before we 
can (avingly fearch iniothewonhrsofGodstaw, and 
(ecretsof his Kingdom,though the mind be as full, 
3S the Moone with variety and depth of know- 
iedge^yet except the heart be thorowly heated and 
. (bftned 

felfe-inricbing examination. 


fofrned with the fanftifying beamcs of the Sunneof 
righteoufnejfc:, f here can be no falvation. Our con- 
verfion is never current and compleat, until! truth 
be planted in the invpard parts^ vrLich is athwgmth 
Godmttchfit by. 

3. A found conyerfion is fcene by growth in 
grace and godlinffe, which is ever an unfeparable 
companion of fpirituall life. Unregenerate men 
either grow from worfe to worfCjOr Rand at a ftay, 
or at beft grow in a fhew of godlincfle, or fbrmall 
Chriftianity, which is like the growth of cornc : 
It hath not root inanhonefi and good heart, ^ndthcre- 
fore can never attaine ripenefle for the Lords 
Barne. Butif once the Firregrowin theplaceof 
the Thome, and the Myrrh tree in the place of the 
Nettle, (for fo as I take it , Isaiah (hadowes the 
powerfoll and plentifull worke of grace, under the 
Kingdome of Ghrift) that is, after that by an holy 
and happy chan^ein fpirit, (bule and body, wee be 
tranjUttd from dark^ejfe to lig^-i, and that the (eed 
of grace Ipring up in that heart, where the root cf 
Mtternejffehsithnotgcowne : There and then is an 
increajingmththeincreafmgs ofGod^ CoLi.ip.agorng 
on from firmgth toflrength^ tiUnre appeare hefire God in 
Siony TfaUZ^y, Agrcmngup unto full holineffe in the 
fare of Gody 2 C^r.-j. i. This growth in grace and 
godlinefle, after albundandfavingconverfion, is 
compared in Scripture 5 

I. Tothc growth of a nevp borne haheffntoaperfeli 
man. i CorAi^.Epb,^.!^. i Cor»i,i2, i ?et,2,2, 2 Fet^ 
g.i8. If a childe fucice the mothers brealh, and 
prolpersnoc thereby, itnever comes roproofe, but 

X weares \ 



The Saints 

weares away srs they fay. If a man grorp mt ingrace^ 
afidin the k^dvpkdge of our Lord and Savhxrlefuf ChHJi, 
by thefincere milk^ of theWord^ he is but a changling, 
none of the noble and naturall brood of that immor^ 
tali feed. If wee fhould fee a man of many yeares, 
and yet in ftature, ftrength, and wit, no bigger 
than a childe, we (hould account him a Monfter in 
nature : Hec that growes not in knowledge and 
godlinefle, is a Monfter in grace, and indeed no 
gracious man. 

•* 2. To thehying faft in a race, wherein a man 
gets continual I ground J and if he fall by the way, 
he takes (urer footing, and runnes fader afterward. 
P</»/ forall his extraordinary perfeiftionsaand fpiri- 
tu.dl excellencieSjtels us, ihiX he forgot that tphichvpas 
hehlnde^ and en^evonred Inmfelfe unto that vphichtoas be- 
fore^ and foU(ra>ed hard toippard the market for theprkeof 
the high calling ofOodin Chrifl lefus^ Phil. 3.13,14. 

3. To the growth of c orne in a good and fruit-, 
full follej M-irl^ 4. which Hrft peeps above the 
ground, then growes unto a blade^afcer to an care, 
at length is ripe, and ready for the Barney fo doth 
the immort all feed of the Word profper, and come to 
perfedion in the good and honefi Ixart of the tnte 

4. To the rifing of the Snnne, which after Hap- 
peare in the Eaji, (hines more and more, mih more beauty^ 
md^rength, unto the Nome tide of thdt^^ Prov,^.iS. 
So-after the facred li^hr:oF!B;race, and day-ffarre of 
(avino; knowledge, fprungnpin the hearty they ftill 
fpread brighter and farther untillthey reach the 
height of Heaven, aini full gbry of the Saints of 
God. :_ ^ 5. To 

felfe-inmhing examination. j \%q 

5. To theprofpcring of a tree, v^hichis fafieted 
by the Rivers of water, P/ir/.i . where there being con^ J 
tinuall (upply of fap and moiftureait faireiy growes, 
and never failes oFfrunmduefeafo^. So after a man 
be tranfplanted out of the Ki gdome of darknefle, 
f»ty the hmftofGod^ then is 4 Paver^vphofeftreimes mil 
glad his heart, and feed him ftill with the fap of 
grace, a«d ipirituall life, untill at length hee bee 
happily brought to taftc that tree of life, and im- 
mortality, which is planted fy the pure River of wa- - 
terffUfiy which proceedeth out of the throne ofGod^ and 
oftkeLantke the righteous^ USih David, fhallflourijh 
like 4 BJmetree^ audjJ^all grew Uk$ a Cedar in LebanoH^ 
Pfal.91* SuehasbefUntedinthe kmfeoftke Lerd^fhall 
flouri/h in the Courts ofmr God^ thefJf:>aU ftill bring forth 
fruit in their 4ge, the^flallbefat andflouriflmg. But by 
thewayyoumoftonderftand, chat for all this the 
ch^ldeof God, and die true convert, hath hisin- 
firmitiesand faintings, he may tumble, and fbme- 
times take a fall in his race of Chriftianity, hee 
I may now and then be flirewdly ihaken withfbme 
ftormc of temptation, and have his light Some- 
time darkned with the frailties of his owne flefh, 
but conceive a!(b, (chough it bee aMyftery to the 
ftranger, and Parable to the prophane) that even 
thefe things further the growth, and increaie (pi-i 
rituall ftrcngthinafandified man. That God ^^^ 
"briMgsJigk mt of dar^ffe, winncs him glory out of 
hell, and honour from Satan ^ tprnes^lfo thefrail- 
tiesand infirmities of the Saints to the comfort of 
their foules, and their increafment in grace, by 
working thereby in them a greater hatred of their 

X 2 finfall 

ipo 1 

The Saints 

finfull corruptions^ more earncft longings for the 
comforts of godlinefTejmorc refbhite zealc in {lan- 
ding for Gods glory, to make amends for their for- 
mer fall 5 more narrow watchfiilnefle over their 
way es for afterwards. A ftrong man may fall into 
fits of an Ague, but after he hath thorowly reco- 
vered, he (hall findc himfelte ftrongcr, and in bet- 
ter health. He that runncs in a race may take a fali^ 
but he looks better to his footing, and runnes fafter 
afterward ^ theSunncmayfomctimesbeovercaft 
with a cloud, but it Chines more pleafantly and 
brightly, after it hath recovered a cleare Skie 
ac;aine. A tree hath its Winter, but it then gathers 
ffrength and life, that it may fpreadandfprout out 
more fiiirly and fruitfully in the Spring time : It is 
even (b by accident, and bv that grace of God, 
which turmsdl things to the heft 4$ them thatfean Hffty 
in the fils and infirmities of the Saints. For they 
are thereby more feared and frayed fromthe Lures 
and baits of finne, lay furer and ftronger hold up- 
on the cpowne of life, and convert the poyibnof 
their natural! corrupctoa, into a prefervative to 
keepe them in the waycs of God. Satan intends 
to foile him by the fall, but it fares with him in this 
cafej as if fome defperate wretch (hould furioufly 
runne at another man with his fword and difpatch 
him quite, but quite againft his purpofCjheemif- 
(erh the vitall parts, and hitsonely fome Impo- 
fturae, fo letting out that foule and poyfonous 
matter, which would otherwifc have beene his 
death.^^ At th? throw of every fiery dart, Satan 
defires CO wound the foule ta death, but Gods 


felfe^nriehing examination. \ 291 

childe cither takes it upon xhtjljiddoffaith^ and fb 
defeats his fury, and declines the hurt^ or if by the 
treachery of his owneflefti it faften upon him, and 
vex him forawhile, yet being pulled cut by the 
hand of true repentance, it drawes after it fbme j 
foule corruption ^ which otherwife would have 1 
dangeroufly rankled andfeftercd inwardly. This^ 
ipo'mtis^i peark mt fir fiipm, or any prophane man, 
for fb it mil be trampled in fk mire^ and pe rhaps mi - 
nifter occafion and encouragement to bee more 
filthy flill'^ but onely for him that knowes the wayes 
of God, and is learned in the great myftery of 
godiineCe, hee knowes the worth and right ufe of 
it, and is not wont to abufe the rich mercy and 
grace of God, to a graceleffe prefumption and 
boldnelTe in finne- But certaine it is, the fals of 
the Chriftian even furthers their growth in godli- 
neffe by accident, and by the grace of God, and 
growth in grace, after a manbe converted, is a fure 
(igneof a found converfion. 

4. Fourthly, the fbundnefie of converfion ag- 
peares by the confl-ancy of the true convert , in 
the courfes of graces and holinefle. Other Con- 
verts, who are led by no fboner and higher guide, 
than the power of a temporary faith, are in and 
out, off and on, to and fro, in matters of Religion : 
Sometimes they will bee forward and hot, feme- 
times cold and fbrmall 5 they will come on for a 
while haflily and fiiddenly ^ for come in ftony 
ground will come up fboner, and grow fafler for 
the time, than that in a good fbile, and they will as 
quickly be gone againe 5 as fbone as they fhall finde 

X 3 their 

Fals, infi-ral-" 
ties, a ceo the 
Chriitian as a 
growing Ague 
to a young 



their forwardnefTc mainly crofled, difgraccd, and 
perfecuted, then prefently fall away^ for if once 
the Stinne beat hot upon fuch corne, it dies and wi- 
thers, and comes to nothing 5 there is no hold to 
be taken of fcch.by true Chriftians they will fecme 
to be on their fide, and beare outwardly the badge 
of Chrifi", but when they eome into the field to 
fight in the caufc of God, or are put unto any hot 
(ervice for the maintenance of the faith, and the 
Crowne of Chriftianity^ and with the faithlefle 
clnUrea of Ephuimi turna thelt backs iff the day of hat^ 
tell: TheiRr^r;!r/«g/rfr/'ffisoneIypromi(ed n/ftohtm 
that overcomes ^ but thefe many times quaile the 
heart at the very firft on-fet, to the great difho- 
nourof God, the (hams of their Chriftian profef- 
fion, and the difcovery of their formality and 
faint-heartednefle. Their courage in good caufts, 
and their con verfion from ill, is as their faith, tem- 
Hofj?.^. j V^^^'^y h fheirgoodnejjeisas a mornhg ehudy and as 
the morning devf that goeth awaj. And of thefe un- 
wind converts we may conceive two forts 5 

I. Some there are, out of whom the unckane 
fpirit departs for a tme, Matth. r 2.45. Andhphek^orp* 
ledge oftkLordy and of tfx Saviour lefus Cbrifl, efcape 
from thefihhrnejeofthenporldy 2 Pet.2»2o,Andare wa- 
ffjed, verfi 2. that is, by the power of temporary 
faith, they become temporary converts, and jolly 
profeffours for a feafbn 5 bat their foundation not 
being (ure and (mtidly laid, the Word not faft and 
deeply rooted in their hearts, their converfion not 
(bund and entire, the world by little andlittic doth 
vfopowcrfiilly get within them, and imputation of 
;, [ precifenefle 

felfeAnriching examination. \ xpr 

preciftnefle laid upon them by the prophane 
world, fb nettles them 5 their lothnefle to forgoc 
their former finfiill pleaftires (o vexes them, that 
they firft begin blaif^hetnoufly to grumble within 
themfcIveSjWith thofe, Malacb.^, i/^.T^ wkatpnrpofe 
u it t^ferve God ^\»hat profit is it that rpee have kept his 
Commandemmts , and thattve vpalksdhtmblj Before the 
LordofHofts / Hereupon the usclea/fe fpirit hovers 
about for re-entry, and finding way made by their 
owne rebellious flefli, tak^tfi'veft ether fpirits fporfe 
than Bmfelfe, a»d repojfejfeth them 5 fo they tpiththe 
Dogge, returfteto their ffffffe vomit ^ theyvpallovp vptththe 
Sawagaineinthemrej andagaine are tangledin thepot- 
lutio»s of the world J and overcome^ and then the latter 
tndisvporfemth them tJMn the beginning. And that 5 

I. Firftj In re/ped of God, whofe goodneffe 
and mercy, with horrible contempt, and hatefull 
ingratitude, they have fhameftilly abu(ed. If a 
Phyfititn with great care and diligence fhould mi-' 
nifter Phyiicke, pre(cribe diet, and ufe all mcanes j 
for the recovery of his Patient, and he for a little 
bitterneflc of the Pils or Potions which hce is to 
take, ftiould be peevifli and impatient, caft allbe- 
hinde him, and unthankfully contemne and abufe 
the paines and patience which is taken and endu- 
red for his good ; how refblnte would (uch a Phy- 
fitianbc, nevermore to meddle with fiichan im-, 
patient Patient, where hee fhould lofe both his la- 
bour and reputation. It is juft foin the cafe of a re- 
lapfed aeature. For if a man by the mercy of God 
bee brought to a tape of theheavenly gift 4f the good 
Wordo^Ood^andoftkpoTPcrs oftk world to fme^zs it is 
X4 Heh.6. 


l^he Saints 

Heb,6. If hee be pointed and put into the way ro 
Heavenjtofee the glorious com forts of the Saints^ 
and have fpirituall medicines put into his hand to 
preferve his fbuk from everlafting death, and yet 
for i little bitternefle of temporary troubles, for 
love of pleafuresj feare of mortall man, or the 
momentany fmarting of (bme light affliftions, 
throw away from him thofe holy receits, which 
{hould keepe his foule in fpirituall healrh, trample 
underfoot in (bme mealure even the Sonne of 
God, by fbrfaking his fervice, and taking part with 
the woxld^ai^ddefpght^m fbme meafurejf^e Spirit ef 
gra^e. by fmothering and contemning his fecret 
checksj and holy motions. I (ay it isjuit with God 
that fuch a man fhould be given over to a reprobate 
fenfc, and wallowing in the mud and mire of his 
former fenfuall vanities, without all remorfe or 
r€COvery , Ezech» 5.20. 

2. In refped of Satan. If aprilbner youknow, 
having broken prifbn, bee regained againe by hue 
and cry, he is clapt up prefcntly in the Dungeon 
loaden with bolts and irons, and of all others he is 
ever a ter the narrowlieft watched, and ftronglieit 
guarded. It is fb witha relapfed wretch, if having 
wrefted him(elfe out of Satans clutches, and efea- 
ped out of his Kingdome of darkncfic hee bee 
broughtagaine to his old bent, and haled backe to 
his former courfes, by the cry of his old compani- 
'ons, and cor ruptibns of his owne fleflj;, then Satan 
furely, who isjaylcr to every unregeneratc man, 
keeps him ever after clofeprifbner, and commits 
him tofeven other fpirits noOffi tha» himfilfe^ (b that n 


felfe^inricbin^ examination. 

fclioufand to one that man lives and dies in the De~ 
vils Dungeon 

3. Thirdly, i.In refpCLl oFthemfeives -^ for Apo- 
flates from good beginnings, revolters from pro- 
feffion area kinde of Moniiers amongft Chrifti- 
ans.hatefull both to Heaven and Earthjto God and ^; 
Man, even very breathing Devils ; they cannot 
offer a greater viilany to the Hvmg Godx^m to tafte 
of thepkafurcs of Heaven^ and tike part with his 
children, and after to tume Turks and Traitors to 
God and good men, and therefore they are many 
limes polieft with ftrange amazements, and feare- 
ifulnede of heart, extraordinary evijnefleof con- 
fcience, depravation of inward peace andfpiritu- 
alljoy, witbdef)erate thoughtsof fomemarkable 
vengeance, and other foule (pirits, which make 
their cafe farre more wofull than it was at firft . For 
mofl: certaine is it and true, fuch doe finde in them- 
felveslcfle p>ower to doe well, andare carried with 
more racing affeftions to doe wickedly, than ever 
they felt be fore. 

2 . Befides, in the difeafes of the body a relapfe is 
held moft dangerotis, and rhe recovery more de- 
fperate, tbanfrom the prime difcale. Areciduati- 
on is more dangerous than the root of adifeafe* 
he that fals away from goodnefle and good begin- 
ning's, is in firre greater danger of everlaf^ing 
death, than he that nev er knew the wayes of God, 
though the cafe of both be certainly damnable, if 
they fb rontinue. To conclude this poiiit, thefc 
men make many times for a time, a very goodly 
fheWj but after fall away, and grow notorioufly 




The Saints 

naught, and commonly prove atter more tercc 
oppofitcs to grace and fincerity, than thole that 
never made any (hewof goodncfle. 

2. Some others there are of unbound converts, 
who after they have once put on an outward forme 
of Religion, and fbme other good things, by the 
power of temporary faith, hold on in its plodding 
courfeofformallChrifVianityj all their life long, 
and after die that forraall death I have heretofore 
defcribed unto you, but for all this their feith is 
ftill temporary, their converfion temporary 5 Be- 
cau(e rather than they will hazard their temporary 
happincfle, thef ftill yeeld to the current of the 
times, and their owne fenfuall corruptions, thongh 
they never fall quite tway to their formall notori- 
oufncfle, as doe the former, but eftfbones recover 
themfelves untill the next time of triall, of their 
chiefe carnall contentment, and fmarting pcrfecu- 
tion 5 thus they are in and out, off and on, to and 
fro in matters of Rel igion, never very farre out for 
any long fealbn, and yet never forward enough to 
(ave their (bules : The inconftant conftancic of 
(uch converts as thefe, is worth nothing, becaufe 
it followes and is fafhioned by the meafure of the 
times : That conftancie which is a note and compa- 
nion of a (band converfioujis fquared and propor- 
tioned by the line and rule of the Word of life. See 
what this latter conftancie is, in the third (peciall 
difference betwecne temporary and faving faith. 
Tfeus farre of the difference bctweene (aving and 
temporary faich in point and converfion. Seethe 
twelve marks of a found converfion laid downc 
before. 5. As 

felfe-mricbing examination. 

3. Asconcerning the degrees of regeneration 
attainable by the power of the temporarie faiths 
and in the ftate of lukewarmnefle, you muft con- 
ceive that I make five points confiderableinthe 
great worke of regeneration. The t%vo firft.to wit- 
knowledge, and legall repentance, preparatives, 
and necelfary fore-runners^ the three laft, to wit, 
iaith, fanftification, and Evangelical! repentance, 
the eflentiall parts thereof; 

1. Asconcerning knowledge, itmaybcplentr- 
full, as well to the reprobate, as in the Chriftian. 
For difference in this cafe, fee the feven marks of 
fiving knowledge, I have formerly propofed. 

2 . And as concerning legall repentance, it may 
alfo be found in both ^ fordifference wherein,con- 
fider with me foure kinds of paflagcs out of pangs 
of confcience, in legall repentance and horrour for 

I. Some, when by the power of the Law their 
confcicnccs are prefled with the weight of their 
finnes, 4ftd the xferme tliat mvtr dies, which hath 
beene long dead drunke with fenfimll plca/ures, by 
rfie hand of divine juftice is awaked, and beginnes 
to (ling, they prefcntly fall into the moft abhor- 
red and irrrecoverable Dungeon of defpaire ^ the 
flaraingof eternall fire feizes upon them, even in 
this life, they are in hell trpon earth, and damned 
above ground ^ they are fuch commonly, who all 
their life long have beene contemners of the Mi- 
niflery of the Word , /corners of the power of 
godlinelTe, quenchers of Gods good fpirit, revol- 
rers from good beginnings and profeffion of grace, 





the(e who have harboured (omcgrofle fihne, that 
hive beene clo(e agents for the powers ot dark- 
nefle, orpiaufible tyrants againft Gods childrenj 
and their fincericy, or fuch like notorious inftru- 
hientsof Satan, and infamous rebels to the Maje- 
ftieof Heaven, which, firh they were fuch, God 
in his ;n ft judgement futfers their confcience to lie 
along time inadead fleepe, like a mighty Giant, 
or a fierce and crueil Lion, gathering puiffance^ 
power and vigour, V might torture, rent and teare 
in peeces their .ccurfed (bules when there is none 
to h€l pe. the wormc that never dies which natural \y 
breeds in prophane confciences bv their rnfatiable 
fiirfet in finne, anitheif greed} drinking htqHityliks 
vpaterj growes to fuch ftrange ft length and big- 
nefTe , that taking efpecially advantage of their 
weakneffe upon their deaths-bed, and their great 
aftoniftiment and fearfulnefle in that laft extremi- 
tie5it (uddenly furprizes them with the very flafties 
of hell fire, and ftingsof everlaftinghorrour, and 
(b cafts them into d^fpaire, conquers them, and 
utterly confounds tnem. Then would they give 
ten thousand worlds for onemorhentof that time 
of grace, which they have wretchedly long abu- 
(ed, for rhe benefit of the Miniftery which they 
have infblently (corned, for a drop of that preci- 
ous bloud^ which by their defperatevillanies, and 
wilfull rebellions, they have trampled under foot 5 
but no mercy, no bleffing:, no comfort then will be 
had, though with prophane EfaUy they (eeke it 
with teares; and throug;h their rufull and piercing 
cries into thv^ aire, with hideous groancsaBdyel- 
. lings, 

felfe-inriching examinanon. 

lingSj buc they lie tumbling upon their beds of 
licknefle, and in the morning thy jay, ttouldGodit uera 
6Vzning^and aiihtvening^ TOOuldGodittftre mornings 
f>r thefeares of their hear is which ihey doe fear e^ and for 
the fights of their e)es pchich thtydot^fee. In their life 
time they were Lions againli: Godschildrcnj and 
YikcWohefofihe Evenings, in vexing, perlecutingj 
anddif^racing the innoccncy andfincericyof the 
Saints ^ and therefore now upon their beds of 
deaths they lie in a wofull plight, even iike mlde 
Buls inaneti as the Prophet Ipeaks^ ifa.^i.i o.fuUDJ 
thefuryoftheLord : Then they cry out with thofe 
finfiiil hypocrites J 7/^.3^.14. with unspeakable 
honour of heart. Who amosgusflyaU dwell with the de- 
vouring 'fire / vfho among, tfs^ e^c. And there for a 
while (as an carnelt of hell fire) they are feareful- 
ly bated, torne and renCj with defpair^ and hor- 
rour, by the furies of conlclence , and fiends of 
Hell, as by fb many fierce and bloudy Maftives, 
and. at lafl: hurried and dragged by them, when 
there is none to helpe, into the everlafting Lake 
of brlmftone , fire , and Dungeon of endleile, 
eaflelTe, and remedilefle mifery. Thus the one 
paflage out of the pangs of confcience, is into de- 
fpaire, that Hell upon Earth, and fo forward in lo^ 
their ovpne place, as is faid o^luias^ which is the 
Hell of wicked Devils in the world to come. Some 
arelialfe devils in this life, by their -doggednefle 
againft Gods children, and are never touched with 
remorfe, but even turned as it were in the turning 
of an hand, from railing againft good men upoa^ 
earth, to rage againft God for ever in Hell. 

2. Secondly, 




The Saints 

" ~' I' Ilia I. ' II' ' ' 

2. Secondiyj Some triereare, who whtii incy 
feele their fbujcs wounded, their hearts pnckedj 
and confcienees aftonifhed with the apprehenfion 
of (in, and with the Urrmrofibe Lord, by ihaxfapord 
of the Spirit y which, when the Lord will, (trikes 
thorowthe loynes of themoft rebellious wretch, 
and makes his prophane andprond courage, lepielt 
arvayliks miter, and his ftubborne heart to tremble 
like the leaves 0ft he forreji, fphich areflj^hfin mth the 
TPhd. I fay then they labour might and maine, to 
drive away and difpell their inward terrours and 
afBidlions of (bule,with outward mirth, and carnall 
contentments. They take thefe fpirituall pang?, 
v^hich if they were well managed, would prove 
the very right palT^ge to peace of conlcience, and 
a preparative t > the great worke of regeneration, 
to be nothing but fits of melancholy, and tempta- 
tion to precifeneffe, and therefore they make haftc 
outof themy and flie unto worldly pleafures, as 
phycs, paftimes, mulicke. gatoirg iBerry com{:5a- 
ny, good-fellowftiip, the contentments of their 
(v^'eet (innCj and fuch YAa^ mifer^bk comforters and 
PhjifkiaKsdf fSfovalf^e^ that thereby for a time they 
may allay the heat of their hotrour^ and coole the 
rage of their guilty confciences ^ but in this cafe 
Chyrurgions ufe todeale about deepe and dange- 
rous wounds, which they know not well how to 
heale^ they d6e not (bitch the bottomc, they doe 
not put in cents, and apply corrafives, whidhwer« 
the likelieft way to a found and thorow cure, but j 
onely make a fairc (hew outwardly, by drawing 
a skinneoB the out-fideyor pleating theirPiatients, 
-- -i.-_.:.-,^ -,- by 

felfe-mncbing examination. 

by allaying the paine for a while, and bringing it 
afleepc ^ or they doe as did thofe bloudy Ifraelites, 
who while they burnt up their children in facrifice 
to the Idoll Molochy provided niuficke to feed and 
fill their eares, left by the rufull cries of their little 
babes, they (hould be moved to compaffion, and fo 
(layed in the cruell (ervice of that bloud-fucking 
Idoll. Juft fo thefe wretched men finfully feeke by 
outward mirth Sc worldly pleafuresgto ftop the cries 
of their conlciences, while their foules are (acrifi- 
cing to Saran;,& making fit fuell for the fire of Hell, 
left by liftning to the cries and controlments there- 
of.they fliould be ftirred up to take pitv upon their 
poore immortall foules, and ftopt in the purfuit of 
their fenfuall vanitiesrBut aflurcdly, while they goc 
about by the entertainment and exercife of carnall 
comforts, to draw a skinne onely over their woun- 
ded and aftoniflied confciences, they fiifFer them 
moft fearfully to fefter and rankle underneath,and 
then there inwardly breeds that devouring and in- 
fitiable Wolfe, which after it want the fupply of 
carnall plealures upon that confcience which breed 
it^ it there gnawcs, and bites, and teares, with 
everlafting rury5dclpairfull horrour, anv^ the ftings 
of Hell, while they labour to refrefh with worldly 
delights, the fpirituall forrowes of their mourn full 
and amazed hearts. They are like the man, who in 
aburning Ague lets downe cold drinke eagerly and 
merrilfj becaufe for the prefenr, while its going 
downe, it doth marveUoufly coole him in his ex- 
tremity, but after it be dovvne,the heat, th^ paine, 
atid the danger are doubled upon him* So earthly 






The Saints 

pleafures may for ajitde while ftill the noife&rage 
of an accu fi ng confcience^and coolc the heat of fpi- 
ricuall anguiflb, but undoubtedly afterward 9 they 
kindle (uch a fire in the bowels of thofe mi(erable 
men, that will burne even tothebottomeof Hell, 
and is the very beginning of everlafting flames. 
But checourfewhich thefe men takepleafeth Satan 
right well, he will helpe forward with might and 
maine this accurfed bufineflcj of abandoning and 
banifhing the pangs of confcience with outward 
pleafiiresj for this is his craft and cunning in thcfe 

I. .In thefirft place, before all things, if itmay 
be, he defiresto keepe them unmoved by the Mi- 
niftery of the Word, and utterly unpierced with 
the powcrfulnefle thereof, and then like aftrong 
man armed, he keeps his Palace, which is the heart 
of a prophane man, at his plealure, and pofiefleth 
both body and foule with much peace and qaiet- 
neffe. By this firft endevour he prevailes with the 
greater part of the hearers of the Word, they 
heare Sermon after Sermon, and judgement upon 
juc^gement, and yet in re/peft of any fpirituall 
good,oraftoniQiment of confcience for their fins, 
they Are no more moved than the feats whereup- 
on they fit. 

2. If it fo fallout that the Word beginne to get 
within a man, ^ndthe fn>o ed^edfipord o£ the Law to 
wound his foule withremorfe and terrour, fo that 
he fees him cafl: downe with fl^iriiuall fearss^, and 
with much heavinefle take finne to heart, then 
doth he narrovyly watch and attend which way a 


lelfer-inriching examination. 

man inclines," that thereafter hee may proportion 
hismalitious policy, and heJlifh pradtifes. 

1. If he finde him to tavebeene an horrible (in- 
ner, or of a melancholy difpofition, or much vex- 
ed with outward erodes and afflidions. hee laycs 
load wpon his affrighted and diflreflcd fbule. that 
thereby, ^f it bepoflible, he may drive him to de- 
fpaire. To this i urpofeheefbarpenstheiHngof a 
mans owne confcience, and with much f})ightfull 
rage ftrikes deepe and d^d^diy and impoyfoned 
Oingof hisowne 5 he addes more horrour to the 
already fearefull and terrible judgements of the 
Law, an 1 more grieflinefle to his many hatcfull 
tranfgreflions, that it God fo permit, hee may be 
fure to finke him deepe enough into the Dungeon 

2. But if he perceive him net to have becne ve- 
ry infamous for any notorious finne, by naturall 
conOttution to bee merrily difpofed, impatient of 
heavie-heartedncffe, and formerly much addi- 
di^d to good-fellowftiip : If hefpiehimtoftrive 
and ftrugglc that he may be out of theie uncouth 
pangs, andfpiriti.all ibrrow forfinne, and labour 
to re-enjoy his form^-r worldly delights^ and earth- 
ly contentments ^ why then he is willing and for- 
ward to follow and h^d his humour, that fo hee 
may marreard ftifJein the beginning that happy 
worke vfgo 'ly forrvw^ mickcafffethrepetfta^ce to [il- 
vatio^j vot to he repef^iedof 2 (or 7.10, A nd to this 
end he duls and blunts, with all the cunning he can, 
the fting o^a man? owne confcierce, and quite re- 
moves hi^ owne. He procures and offers all oceafi- 

Y ons 



The Saints 

ons of ouLward mirth ^ hec furnifties his former 
good fellow-companions with pernitious elo- 
quence, and ftore of enticements, to bring him 
backe againe to their bent and humour 5 hee 
minifters his owne delitious potions of pleafures 
and(en(ua!ity5tocafthiscon(cicnceafleep againe ^ 
In briefe, hee leaves no plot^ no policy or pradife 
unattempted to make the power of the Law unpro- 
fitableunto him, utterly to fmother and confound 
the firft ftirrings of grace, and todrowneforrow 
jfor finne in drunkennefle with finfull vanities. 
I This then I make the fecond palTage out of the 
pangs of confciencc, when a man tempted by the 
policy of Satan.and perverfhefle of his owne flefh 
applies a plaifter of wordly pleafures, tohiscon- 
(cience wounded with (pirituall anguilh, and when 
it beginnes to be loud and clamorous againft him 
luls it afleepe with the merriments of good-fe!- 
lowlhip, or ftilsitfor a while b> dandling it (ofdy 
in the bofomeof his darling finne. Fa^lix was ftruc- 
ken with trembling and amazement by the power 
of Pauls miniftery/or con fideration <?/ tkejuigemeftt 
/tf r<?«7e,wasa very cuttingcorrafive to his galled and 
guilty conlcience, and lemembranee of death is a 
death and hell to every worldling and carnallifl", 
death, faith the (om\t of Syrach hw bitter is t lie 
remembrance of thee to a man that liveihin reflrvHh hif 
poffelpo s unto t eman that hath notlmg to vex hi m^ 
ani'that hathprofperity in all things I Hee therefore 
con^d not endure lueh difhirbance of his fenfiiall 
pcacr, and his agreement with Hell Hee was impati- 
ent of fach uncouth and e^straordinary pangs, and 

would I 

I felfe4nriching examination* i 205 

would none of luch (evcre Divinity, (b full of 
judgement, tending to defpaire : He bids p/^;^/ be- 
gone, he was not then at leifurc to have his confci- j 
enceunript, and his corruptions laid open before I 
him^ h vpiUmre hmofthat amtUr time ^ and the | 
conceit of a bribe, a branch of his bofbme (inne, | 
did preiently drive out and drowne thofe helJifh • 
flafhes, which were throwne into his heart by Vauls \ 
thundering out of judgements againft them. I have \ 
knowne fome, who lying in fearefull horrourof| 
conscience for their finnes, were diverfly adviled j 
and fet upon by contrary Counfellours 5 upon the ' 
right hand and better fide 'was the good fpirit of 
God, and their Chriftian friends, and their coun- 
fellandadvife was, thatthis (pirituall affliftion of j 
(bule, if it were rightly managed, might prove an 
happy preparative to the great worke of regenera- 
tion, and therefore would have them by no meanes 
looke for any comfort but from Heaven, to admit 
of no plaifter but the precious bloud of ChrifV, 
to chufe no other by-path^ but to flrike direftjy 
thorow theftrait paffage, to the (hte of grace, and 
with patience to pafle thorow the pangs of the 
new birth, that fb they might be planted in the Pa- 
radife of ChrilHanity, fiourip inihe houfeofGod^^ni 
grow up in godlineflfe like a Cedar i» Lebanon. Upon 
the left hand and worft part was Satan, and (bme 
good fellowes , (as they call them) with whom 
there had beene former familiarity and fellowfhip 
in the wayes of vanity, and thus pleaded they for | 
Baal^ and maintenance of their prophane anddif-i 
folutefed^ you muft, fay they, put your felfeont j 

Y 2 oV 


T'he Saints 

of chefe needlefle dumpSj&c plunge againe into the 
current ofchepleafures 8c paftimes of the times, if 
you meane to enjoy your felfe and the world with 
any comfort ^ take heedin the name of God,(for (b 
they fpeake, though they be the Devils Oratours, 
andProdlours for rhe power ofdarknefTe) how you 
entertaineany thought of a new courfc of life, or 
change of your former wayeSj for (b you (hall fail 
into the hands of PuritanSp and intotlie ftriei: tor- 
tures and hypocriticall miferies of precifeneflc, 
and then farewell all good-fellowfliip, all merry 
company 5 no more meetings at paftimes. Ale- 
houfeSj Tavernes, Chambers of good-fcllowlhtp 5 
no more fct revellings, vying of j e(b, pleafant (in- 
deed prophane) paflages of wit, which are the ve- 
ry life of an ingenuous mans life. Then nothing 
but a fbwre countenance,un(bciable carriage, con - 
fcience of little trifling finnes, Apoftacie from all 
oldcuftomes, dumps of melancholy, and indeed 
a ftace not pafl: a ftep from mad neflfe and dift facti- 
on. This was their infedtious language; though not 
in lb many words^ yet T am fure in the fame fen(e, 
not farre diiFeringfrom thefe two places,E<rr//^/. 30. 
^rf 2 r, &c. and fVifd, 2.5, &c. put together, the 
former being perhaps abu(^d from the true mea- 
ning of the Aurhor,(forprophaneneGre doth gree- 
dily fnatch at any (lie w for patronage of their plea- 
(ures, out of any fhadow of holy Writ) Givemt 
ovtr thy mink HKtoheavmeJJe, afd vex/toP thy felfem 
thlmowm coHfifeU. the joy of the heart if the life of a 
mm aniamansghimjfetsthz "prolonging of hisda^es. 
Lovethmeownefouk^ and cowfort tUm hsart, drive 
forrovp I 

felfe-inrichmg examination. 

jbrrovp farre from thee^ for fort ovp hathjlaim many^ ami 
thercis m profit therein. And enr time is as afljadvvp thai 
pajjtthavfaj, andajteronr end htreis no returning^ for 
itisfaft fekd:, fo that no mancomwethagaine : Cowii 
therefore and let ns tn]oyth pkafures that are prefect 
and lei ns cheerfnllj ufe the creatHrts^ as in youth -^ let us 
fiUourfehes mth co^iy voine and owtmentS:, and let noi 
theflen^erof lifepajjebym •, kiuscriwrnenrfehesmth 
Roje bttds afore i hey be mthered ^ let us all bee partaken 
of our wanton 'e[je t, let us lea^efme token of our plea- 
jureine'Deryplace^ jor this is our portion^ and this is our 
lot. The party affliftcd in con(cience, liftningand 
yeelding unto luch accurfed and peftiient elo- 
quence as this, (forfuggcftionsof flefli and bloud, 
a idfenfuall enticements iinke (boner and deeplier 
into a mans heart,than godly admonitions and mo ■ 
tionsof thegood (pirit) caftshimfelfedefperately 
againe into the current of good-felIow(hip, ftifled 
the flirtings of ^odly forroro, quenched the firft 
flafhesof thefpirit, and (b corny certainc knowiede 
became a rotcriou? yfXttc\\.anitwcemore thechilae 
hell than hvp.f^ before- And Satan no doubt, feeing 
him take that way, would doe his befi: to (Hllthe 
criesofhisconfcience, and to bring itafleepe, by 
makinghim drunke with fin-ne : So that afterwards 
I am perfwaded hee was not troubled with any 
I checkc or remorfe. So it ufually fares with others in ] 
the like kinde. I 

3. Another paflae^e out of fpirituall terrours and 
aftonifliments for finne, is into a kinde of artifici- 
all, un(bund, enforced, and counterfeit peace of 
conlcience. And it is thus ; Some there are, who 

Y 3 when 


Tie Saints 

when they firft bcginne to taflc the terroursof the 
Lordj and feele their (bules aflfrighted wkh un* 
couch fearesj Springing partly from the gaftly and 
griefly vifageoftlieir former foule pollutions, part- 
ly from a drcadfull apprehcnfion of that flaming 
vengeancCj^and damnod horrour, which the wrath 
of God is inkindltng and preparing for all impeni- 
tent (ihners, doe prefently ftop the naturall courfe 
and current of their converfion, and dead the firft 
motions of mortifying grace, with fomt imaginary 
and violent comfort, which before it doth truly 
and {ealbnably belong unto them, they wreft be- 
fore their time, from fomeabuicd and mifapplied 
places of Scripture, (uch as thcfe, Matth.iu 28. 
SfatfL i2.ao,8cc. by a fpeculative, prepofterous, 
and formal! application whereof, they doCc up the 
wounds of their fbules, before their hearts be ript 
and ran/acked to the quicke, their confcienccs (ear- 
ched and {bunded to the bottome, and their fpirits 
bruifed and truly humbled, by the powerftill ham- 
mer of the Law, H»det the migky kdnd of Ged.ThtC^ 
men, as well as the fecond fort, arc refblvcdly im- 
patient of fpirituallheavie^heartednefle, and (br- 
row for (innej of the holy and (bule-faving fe veri- 
ties of the (choolcof repentance, and trade of mor- 
tification, and therefore poft out of the pangs of 
confcience with as great irapaticncie and precipi- 
tation as the former, onely more plaufible, and 
with fairer, though falfe iatisfaftion to their owne 

2 . Some there are who pafie outof the pangs of 
€on(cience, inco fome more tolkrable couries, but 


felfe^inriching examination. \ ^09 

not thorowly into the ftite of grace, and commu- 
nion of Chriftianity. When Satan fees that (brrow 
for finne lies fo heavie upon a mans hearty and that 
bitternefle otfpirit, and legall remorfe, the im- 
preflionsof the fpirit of bondage doe (b unceflant- 
ly (Hng him with refthfle vexations, that they will 
needsat length draw and drive him to Come altera- 
tion at Icaft, and worke out at length (bme mea- 
(bre of amendment, then doth he bend andim- 
ploy all his power and policy to make him reft and 
repofe finally in (bme partiall, infiifficient, and 
halfe convcrfion , and to content himfelfe with 
(bme outward reformatioH, and civill amend- 
ment, &c. 

5. The fifth paflage outof pangs of conscience, 
and horrours of legall repentance, is into the Pa- 
radife of grace, and fpirituall pleafuresof Chriftia- ' 
nity. This'pdi^digQXScdLWtd^The pangs of the nm>hirth, I 
This doth happily convey and tranfj^orr a man ! 
quite thorow the kingdome of darknefle, without j 
diverfion, by-path, or any longer detainment in 
any pleaiure or vanity thereof. By this he utterly 
unwinds himfelfe out of hellifh flaveryand bon- i 
dage, and failing thorow the red Sea of Chrifts i 
bloud , is fafely fet on (horcin the land that flowes j 
with fpirituall milke and honey. In a word, this| 
doth neither plunge a man into the pit of defpaire, ' 
nor miflead him into the (infull delights of out- ' 
ward mirth, or leave him in the deceitfull maze of 
an unfbund converfion, but doth work upon him a 
Th€ mar'- 5 of which I have delivered in two feve- 
raij_ p[aces before. Y 4 To 

See the en- 
largement of 
theft two lalt 
paflagcs, inin- 
ftrudions f©r 
comforting af- 

You niay fee 
fteps of this 
paflage before, 
of b; ceding of 


T'he Saints 

To applpsiie point to my prefentpurpofe : 
Marke hence the difference betweene the for- 
mall Profeflbur with his temporary faith, and hira 
I that the Lord will fandifie and fave by the holy 
grace of juftifying faith ; In the point of legall re- \ 
pentance^ commonly other kinde of men, if they 
fall into any fpirituall afflidion of foule for their 
fiimeSj either (inke thence intodefpaire^ or drive 
it away with worldly pleafures, or flop the cry of 
confciencewith anhalfeand iinfound converfion. 
Amongft this third (brt we may ranke the formall 
Profeflbur^ if at any time he be furprized with le- 
gall forrowforhisfinnes : But in him whom the 
Lord will beget againe by the immortall feed of 
the Word, and the power of his fandifying fpirit, 
legall fbrrow and remorfe for finne doe therefore 
breake and bruife the heart, that it may be fbftncd 
and fitted for the precious oyle o^ the^promifes of 
grace 5 and his pangs of confcience are a prepara- 
tive for the infufion of faving faith, and a pafTage 
thorow fandification and Evangelical! repentance^ 
into the glorious flare of new obedience, and new- 
nclTeof iifejfvherein after heeever walks, untill 
hee happily arrive at his endlefle refl in the new 

Before I pafie to the next, let the true Chrifliaji 
take this Icflbn about this point, 

If it fo fall out, that after hee hath pafled the 
pangs of the new birth, and bee made partakers of 
the firfl refiirredion, there come upon him fbme- 
times new feares and terrours of confcience, let 
him not therefore prefeptly with needleUe tor- 

felfe'inrkhing examination. 


turesvexhis foule, by Tufpefting the ftuth of his 
regeneration^ or ftand aindzedandafrouiihed as 
chough feme (irange thing were come unto him. 

For he muft conceive, and no doubt he finds by. 
his owne experience, th^t after a man hath utterly 
renounced Satan and his fervice, and given his 
name unto Chrift, he rauft upon necellity with pa- 
tience (ubmit to variety of vexations^, as the com- 
mon lot of all the Saints of God • he muft relblve 
upon the truth and triall of that well knowne and 
praftifed principle in the arc of falv'ation, and 
fchooleof Chrift^ T/jr^;^^/>;//^<^ afftiCfmis rree mufl 
enUrifHotheKwgdome ofGocL There is, God bee 
thanked, fhed into the heart of true Chriftians, 
together with faving gracesjthat fbveraigne power 
ftill held in heart, by a lively feeling of Godsfa- 
vour, which fwallowes up all their (brrowes, and 
refrefheth their fbules mih]oyH»fpeakableand glori- 
Qvs , and that fbmetimes amid their greateft di» 
ftrefles. Yet fo it is, fb fiercely doe Satans fury, arid 
the malice of prophannelTe hold them totugge it, 
thatthey have fcarce a breathing while from cxei- 
cifeinfbme trouble, orwreftling with fometemp* 
tation. They are commonly continually in chafe, 
and hunted even Ith^ a V-rtrUge in ihe mamtaims 5 
cither bv Wolves m ihe evening. hloxxd'j perfecutours -^ 
or cruel] and currifh dogges, prophane fcorners. 
Either by fuchas fit in the gate, or Drunkards that^ 
raile in the ftreets. Either byprofefled enemies, 
or falle brethren. Either by fightings without,, or 
terrours within, ontwardcrofles, or inward temp-^ 
tation. If they tafte butTeldome of fpirituall af- 




The Saints 

tlictiuus ui w^yiiUience, the> otcen drinke the 
deeper of worldly croffe?. If they efcape ihofe 
outward calamities which others fcele, they 
feele thofe inward gripings which others ef- 
cape : So truly a continuall warfare is the Chri- 
ftianslifc. Now fith itisfo, lecnochildecf God 
thirke it a flrange thing, or therefore unfeafona- 
I bly afflid his (bule with a cauflefle fufpition of the ' 
truth of his regeneration, becaufc he is fometimes 
revifitcd with fpeciall horrour of confciencc for 
finne, or "have the feare of his former tranfgrfffi- 
ons renued, and charged upon him afrefh : For it is 
neceiTary many times that Chriftians, elpeciallyif 
they profper outwardly, and flourifli in the wor'd, 
be humbled and kept in awe by inward temptati- 
ons, and fpirituall feares. 

Thus the deareft and befl: children that ever 
God h. d, ever have bcene dealt with, and that 
lon^ aftc r their new birth. 

Ezechkf) upon his death bed complaines, that the 
L0rd brok^ all his boms like a Lion Even as the weake 
and trembling limbs of fbme lefler and inferiour 
bead are rentand crulht by the unrefiflable paw of 
an angry and unconquerable Lion, (o was the 
poorc (bule broken and bruifcd withterrours and 
angry countenance of the Almighty. He could not 
fpeaiceforthebitterBefJeofgricfe, and anguiChof 
heart ^ but chattered lik^ a Crane or a Srcalloxip^ md 
mourned like a Dove » 

lob (aith of himfelfe, that the Lord had fit hmup as 
4tpjark^ tofjoot aty and had discharge dupo^ himeJ^^oj^ 
fofted arrftres, the vemmevphereofdrank^ up hisfpmt, 


Jclje-inricbing examination. 

David begins th us, Pfal. i^oOut of the deepeplaces 
hofve I called H»iothe^OLor^. He cries ojc as though 
feme gaping of the earth, orgulfe of the Sea had 
fwallowed him upquicke, (for fo the word figni- 
fies in the originall) where there were no fcaping 
but by a miracle. So cries he, and cals out of the 
depths of unexpreflabie ferrow unto his God, in 
the higheft Heavens, that hee would lend him his 
merciful] hand, to pull him up out of the mouth 
of Hell, left he utterly and irrecoverably finke in- 
to the pit of deftrudbion. 

This rcvifitation with terrours of confcience in 
the Chriftian^ is commonly in thefe cafes : 

I. If the pangs of a mans confcience in his new 
birth, be not in fbme good proportion anfwerable 
to the hainoufhefTc of his former tranfgreflions and 
rebellions 5 If he hath bin an extraordinary finner^ 
and but an ordinary forrower for finne • If he hath 
becne very hot in Satans fervice before his calling, 
and not very zealous for Gods glory after it 5 If he 
marched furiouflyin thepurfuic of earthly plea- 
fures in the dayes of his vanity, and creeps but on- 
ward ilowly in the wayes of godlinefTe after his 
Gonverfion, why then God out of his juftice and 
wifdome, upon occafion, may charge upon him 
greater terrours than at fir ft, and doubled horrour 
to that he fuftained before, that thereby hee may 
be througly humbled, that, as it were, by this fe- 
cond travel!, Chrift may more perfedily k formzd 
in him, that his heart may bee for ever after more 
ftronglypofTelTed with loathing and deteftationof 
his former hateful! life^ and the abominations of 




Job ij.i^. 

The Saints 

thisunrtgcneracion^ and that his zeale may now 
be as hot in the caufes of God , as formerly his 
fury was headlong in the ferv ices ot Satan. 

2. Sexrondly, If the Chriftian by the violence 
of temptation, iind the powerfull infmuations of 
hisowneflefh, be entangled againe, and re-infe- 
fted with fbme former fenfuall pleafurc of hisun- 
regener.-tion ^ orby reafbnof thcremidionof his 
care, and watchfulneife over his way es, be (udden- 
ly fiirprized with fome new notorious finne ; then 
may God juftly, befidcs the particular fting of the 
prejfent, yjrite even many xnoQ bitter thiugs agawfl 
htm, and mah^ him poffejfi the imquities of his youth. So 
that thoft (innes, which in the daycs of his inward 
peace he looked in the face without feare, refume 
their former ugly vifages , and fright him with 
ftrange amazements, and new perplexities. And 
to this end dorh God fodeale with his deareft chil- 
dren, that hee may more and more weane them 
from the world , weaken in them the power of 
finne and winne them nearer and nearer unto him- 
{elfej'and thep'eadiresof HeavcH. David, a man 
uncomparably exercited, and excellent in (piritu- 
all experiments, and all thefacred pafTages of the 
great m> fiery of godlinefle, was full well acquain- 
ted with this point ofrevifitation with terrours of 
confcience, as appeareth, Pp/. 5 1 . & 2 5. & 5 8. & 
^o.'verfii* Hee having committed that hi^h of- 
fence, and fallen into the grievous finne of adul 
tfry^ at the (c^mnd and fealbnable reproofeof N<«- 
than, was ftrucke by the hand of God with fpeciall 
remorfe and terrour : Whereupon, befides the 


felfe-inriching examination. 

particular ftingand horrour of thac finne,, whole , 
armies of his former trAnigreiTions, all the finnes | 
of his youth, even to his cradiej nay, his original! i 
corruption, at his conception before he was borne, i 
ranke themfelves againfl: him with great rage and \ 
fary, and with as infolent cruelty, as if they hid 
neverbeene pardoned, k is in this cafe wirh the ' 
Chriftian^ relapfcd into fomeoJd, or overtaken 
withibmenew finne, as vvithaBankroutarrefted 
for debt, and throvvne into priibn, for if once, 
one man hath hold on him by the backe, then 
prefendy all the reft of his Creditors come thieke 
and threefold upon him . How watchful! then 
(houldeverychildeof Godbe over l^is way es, left 
byhisfall, befides offence unto otliers, and the 
highdifhonourof Godj he. bring upon hisowne 
backeaffefh the weight, the Rings and ^uikineffc 
of all his former rebeliionSjthe (innes of his youth, 
the pollutions of his conception,, nay, the vt:ry 
tranfgre (lions of his parents. 

3 . Upon fbme fudden vifif ation with fbme grie- 
vous finnes, or at the firft falling upon the bed of' 
death, the Chriftian may have the weight of his 
(innes lie more heavily upon him, and appeare 
more griefly to the eye of his confcience than they 
were wont. For there is a kinde of narurall power j 
in (icknefTc, forrov/, darknelie, meJancholyj the 1 
night, extraordinary crolTeSj the bed of death, to >, 
reprefent the true number and hainoufne(re of our I 
finnes, with greater horrour, and more unto the 
life ^whereas profperity, ea(efulnel!e, dayes of 
peace,doe rather delude the eye of the conlcience, 



SceP/:!/. l?- 
! & 5 1. See the 
Iscoryof J^/. ^■ 
in mybockefor 
afflided confck 

The Saints 

and like talle and flattering glalTes , make thole 
foule fiends fceme fairer than they are indeed. 
Wherefore theChriftian outwardly diRreffed, or 
extraordinarily vilited by Gods hand, feeing his 
finncs upon the fudden marfhalled and marching 
againft him, moe in number, more fierce, and with 
more fury than heretofore, may for the while be 
fiirprized and exercifed with unexpefted terrour, 
until! by meditation upon Gods former fpeciall 
mercy unto him in fpirituall things, upon the 
marks and efFeds of his converfion, upon the truth 
and fincerity of his heart toward God, in the daycs 
of his health ^ upon thofe eftimations and aflTu- 
rances which his Chriftian friend can give him of 
being in the ftate of grace^and fuch like holy helps, 
hee bee railed againe from the dejeftions oSf fpirit, 
and recovered to his former comfort^ and aflurance 
of his intercft in Chrift, and falvation of his fbule. 
Thus God dealeth (bmetimes with his deareft chil- 
dren, that the horrourof their finnesmiy become 
more hateful! to their afflided conlcicnces, and the 
dearnefTe of Gods mercy more taflfull to their di- 
ftrefled hearts. Vavii, Pp/. 3 8. being put in minde 
by his ficknefTe, of Gods wrath againft finne, was 
fall forely afflided in (bule, fo that hee cries out 
in a rufull manner ^ ihn is mthmg found m my fiefl) 
hecjufcof thimaKger -^ neitherHs there reft i» my bones 
hecauje of myfinne. For mine tniquiites are gone aver my 
heaij mdas ^weighty burden they are too heavy forme* 
lambowed^mdcrooh^d'veryfore : Igoe mourning allth 
day. For my reines are full of burnings and there u no- 
thing found in f^yfleflj, I amweak»ed and fore broken. 

jelfe'inncbing examination. 

I nare fof the 'very gmfe of mi/,e heart* 

4. Fourthly, the true Chriftian may bere-yifi- 
ted wicKextraordinarytJiTOurofconfcience : For 
hisowne rrialij that it may appeare even nnto God 
himlelfe to the lingular gljritying ofhis g^odn^fTe^ 
Tl al though he ki}l htm^ yet vptll he trufl i/^ him, as hb 
ipcaks. For this end, as it may feemc Ub was fee as a 
marke for thearrowes of the Almighcy, and for 
the terroursof God to fight againft. Or it maybe 
for the terrour of others, that the world may take 
thorow and timely notice, and the rebellious 
wretch tremble and be confounde < at the con fede- 
ration o^ that terrible place in P^/<?^ 1 Ep/fi.chap.^. 
1 7, » 8 If] uigement heginne At the honfe of God^ what j 
fljol-beiheendofthemvphich obey mt the GofpeUo Godl 
If the righteous [ca/cely bet javed^ if Gods children 
have their confeiences fcorched, as it were with 
the flam-es of Hell. Tfhere fhdl theungodly audfinner 
appeare. ^hur even in the bott me ofrhat fierv Lake, 
and amid the unquenchable rage of tho(e endlefle 
flames. Or (bmerimes for the juft hardning of 
others ; as when a godly man hath lived Jong 
amongrt rebels,, thornes and Scorpions^ as it is faid 
EzechkldidyCk^p.2.6. Imf^ane, amid a mughty and 
€reoh^d genzru^ion, of prophane llorners, profeft 
enemies, plaufible tyrant^ and open railers a^ainfl: 
his gracious courses .' W ho although hee fhine a- 
mongft them a^ a light, yet they are fbfarre from 
being thereby inlightned, informed or bettered 
by fuch example, that like (b ma^y hatefull Bats 
an.-f Owles, imnatieat of allfpirituall light, they 
either flie from it as farreas they can^ both in afFe- 




"^fhe Saints 

dtion biii..i pradtile or ellefHluponit fiercely with 
their envenomed clavves of fpight and n-ialice^quite 
topiiroutfuihhol) light, and to dai ken the place 
where they Jive. Thc-y interi ret his lincerity to 
be hy pocrihej his holinefTc to be hi.rrour his for- 
wardntflephanradicalncdej his fandification fin- 
gularity, and indeed refoive ard combine aga'nft 
him with the ungodi ones, Wrjd. 2. 12. Letmde-' 
fraud the rrgbieeus.jor he is rot for our profit^ andU con^- 
trary to eur doings ^ hecLecl{€thffsforoffefiding dgaif^ft 
thelarv, and hlameih us as tranjgrejjours ofdijciplhe^ 
£<c. I fav God mayfutfer lueh a man upon his 
death-bed to fall into fome more extraordinary 
andmaikabledifcomfort of conCience, of which 
thrfe gracelefTe wretches among whom he lives, 
taking notice, are thereby defperately obfVinated, 
and hardned in their lewd and carnall courfes. For 
they v/anting the fpirit ofdifcerningj and feeing 
Gods hand upon him in that fearefull manner doe 
then moft peremprorily conclude, as thokmfe- 
rable comforters upon lob:, that before times he was 
certainly an hypocrite, and rherupon they become 
twice more deadly advcilaries to fincerity than 
were before, they are luielier barred, and (Iron g- 
lier locked in their ftate of good-fellowfhip a' d 
formality ;, they merriiy blefle themfelves in their 
hearts rayinguntorheircompanions^thcfearethe 
tnen which make fu. h fhew ol forwardneCej thefe 
are the feliowrs which arelb Scrupulous and pre- 
cife • you may fee now the defperate er d of ilich 
hypocriticall Puritans. Thus the glory of Gods 
jufticeisjuftly magnified, by making themflarke 


felfe4tmching examination. 

'- f: 

blindCj who wilfully (hut their eyes agairift the 
light of grace/ by giving them over to a reprobate 
fenfCj who would not lufFer their crooked waves, 
to be reproved and re(fiified by the good example 
of a godly Chriftian. Thofe prophane wretches by 
Gods juft judgment are for ever confirmed intheir 
obftinacie and rebellions, and vvalke on with con- 
fidence inaperpetuall pre judice againft the power 
of ianftification, towards the pit of horrour and 
endlefle defolation. That blefled Saint of God by 
thofe terroursand aiflidionsof confciencc^ beCdes 
glorifying God in hardning others, is more tho« 
rowly fitted and refined for that glory which is to 
bee revealed. 

5. Fifthly, the Chriftian maybetheoftnerex- 
ercifed with feares of heart, and agonies of fbule 

1. That thereby he may grow into greater con- 
formity with Chrift in fpirituall (ufferings. 

2. That rafting (bmetime of the bitternefleof 
the wrath to come, he may feare it the more, and 
flie the further from it. 

?. That thereby the incomprehenfible love of 
Chrift Jefus unto his foule, may finke deeplier into 
his heart, who for its fake and falvation, dranke 
dcepe and largejand the very dregs of that cup, the 
leaft drop wherof is to him fo,bitter,deadly,and in- 
tollerable. 4. That by fore-times fcnfe of the con- 
trary,his joy in the favour & light of Gods counte- 
nance may be more joyfull,his fpirituall peace more 
pleafant, the pleafure of grace more precious, the 
comforts of godlines morecomfortable,&c.Or for 

Z fbme 



The Saints 

fome other fecret and invifible end, known onely 
\ to the all-feeing eye^ and managed by the glorious 
providence of rhe moft wife God. Amongft other 
ends whyMafter/l.G/<?^^r was Jeft a little before 
his end, of the feeling of Gods favour, biic ftrange- 
ly revived and recomforted with excefTe of joy, 
when hee was going to the ftake^ was, thathee 
might paffe thorow the flames with lefle fence of 
bodily paine, his (bule being frefhly filled with 
fpiriiuall plcafiire. Out of this point may fpringa 
refblution of that doubtjand an anfwer to that ob- 
jeftion which is fomctimes made by (bme good 
Chriftians. It is this 5 how {hallthatChriftian/a- 
tisfie, aflbre, and (ecure himfelfe of the truth and 
fbundnelle of his converfion, who having becne 
formerlv a very horrible and abominable finner. 
yet palTeth thorow the pangs of his new birth with 
farre more eafc^ and lefle terrour, than fbme which 
have not beene halfe (b rebelliotis ^ neitheris neare 
(b zealous in the wayesof goJlinelTe, as many who 
have beene farre lefle finners in the day of their va- 
nity > fb that remorfe'for linne, and horrour of 
confcience, inhisconverflon, was not (b propor- 
tionable to rhe rebellions of his. youth, and hai- 
noiifhelle of his former life 5 nor his prefent 
zeale for Gods glory, anfwerable to his formf tfu- 
rie in the purfuit of finfuU pleafures -^ what may 
be thought of iuch a man ? or what is he* to thinke 

I anfvs?er, it may be moe and more fearefull ter- 
rours arebehinde, and owing him for afterward. 
The Lord may cake occafion upon his relapfe into 


felfe^innching examination. | 221 

fome oldjor fall into Ibmc new finjor in the time of 
f >me outward affliftion, to renew and charge up- 
on him afrefh all his feares, and ipirituall diftrafti- 
ons of minde^ all his horrours and anguiflses of 
heart for finne, upon a review or his dayesof va- 
nity and former lewdnefle^ and that with deeper 
bitingSj and more ghaftly horrour than at the 
firft 5 that thereby his humbledneffe under Gods 
mighty hand, may bee perfeded, the defeds and 
imperfedions of his former forrowes for firine 
fupplied, the great workeof mortification happi- 
ly furthered '^ adeteftation of his old rebellions in- 1 
creafed, (pirituall hunger after more holinefle re- 
doubled, and his zeale in good caufes, and for 
the glory of God, thorowly heated, and more 

That relapfe or fals into finne doeoccafionally 
breed gnd bring upon the Chriftian new horrour 
for.oldfinnes appearesby David, pfaL^i. and or- 
dinary experience of Gods children. It is the pro- 
perty of the childe of God, when hisconfcience 
is notoriouflv ftung with any one finne, to make 
a further and moreJFull fearch and enquiry into the 
whole f>ate of his confcience ^ and to afFed his 
heart with a fenfibleapprehenfionof the finnes of 
this whole life, and of the finfulnefle of his na- 
ture : To which if the Lord adde his angry Coun- 
tenance and jufV indignation, it is able to throw 
him into a new hell of confcience, for thofe finnes 
which he hath formerly in feme gcod meafure fbr- 
rowedfor, and rep< nred of, when upon occafion 
of fbme markable tranfgreffion, he looks himfelff 

Z2 in 




The Saints 


intheChryftal! glafleof theLaw of God, for the 
difcrying and wafhing away of that particular 
ftaines and (pots, it dilcovers alfb againe unto him 
the foulnefle and deformities of all his formerabo- 
minable rebellions. 

And fbme great outward crofle and trouble may 
alfo bee an occafion that the weight of his finnes 
may prelTe him more heavily and fenfibly, than 
when they firft bruifed and broke his heart. For it 
is the property -and praftife of the Chriftianjwhen 
lie is deepeft in worldly diftrefles, and vexed moft 1 
with the miferies of this life, then moft curioufly 
and impartially to looke into, fearch, and try the 
truth of his (pirituall evidences, and foundnefle of 
his tide to the Kin^dome of Heaveiij that yet 
there at leaft and laft hee may bee (ure of reft and 
peace, and cndleffe happinefle, which Satan obfer- 
ving and taking the advantage and opportunity of 
his dejection of minde^ and heavie-heartediiefle, 
for his prelTures in the world doth labour might 
and maine to wrong his title, and weaken his hope 
of Heaven, by a malitious reprcfentation of the 
abominations of his youth to the eye of his con- 
(cience^ which though both fbrfaken and forgiven, 
yet perhaps are not loathed with that meafiire of 
deteftation, whirh fuch ugly monfters and foule 
fiends deferve. And therefore for his greater humi- 
liation Godm^y faff er Satan to fi ft m ^rethorow- 
ly, and to ranfacke his confcience more deeply^ 
that pa^ng againe thorowche flames of (pirituall 
inward affliction, he may be the better purged and 
purified from earthly drofle^ and encroaching cor- 
'-_ corruptions 

felfe4nriching examination. 

ruptions ^ and more refined and fitted for Gods 
glorious fervice here, and the glory of Heaven 

2. Or it may be fiicha man for Ibme divine fe- 
cret, invifible purpofe, may bee as it were repri - 
ved and re (pi ted unto his deaths-bed, from any 
more fpecial! and markable remorfe and tcrrour 
for his finnes ^ but then he may be paid home with 
pangs of confcience, and a fierce frefii aflault of all 
his fins muftered 8c mar (hailed together with fuch 
new (tingings and afi:oni(hmentS5which will breed 
in him feares and doubts, about the truth of his 
former converfion , and in refped of which all 
Oirituall (ufferings for finne before, were but le(^ 
(er frightings and flea-bitings ; They may for a 
fea(bn (bOrangely blunder and confound in him 
all his former com forts of holine(re3 fincerity, and 
a good con(cience ^ his faith, in Chrifi:, hope of 
Heaven, and adurance of Gods favour, that hee 
feeles him(elfe already almoft in Hell, he doubt 
much of his ekdion. He fu(pefts his converfion to 
have beene counterfeit , his former life ro have 
beene hypocrifie, his company with Chriftians 
to have beene for bv-re(peds :, (b that he is uncom- 
parabiy more afflided in con(cience, then at firft 
when he W3scalled, and lies in unexprelTable Ago- 
nies, untill that God^ whofe propertie is to (hew 
his mercies then greateft, when they are nearefi: to 
bedefpairedof, doth in the depth ofdifcomrorc 
and darkne(re (bine glorioufly upon his heart 
againe with the light of his favourable counte- 
nance, and everlafting compafiion : And then 

Z -? when 



l^he Saints 

vvijcii tilt; iioraic ib once ovtr-biowne, and the 
clouds dilppried. he fees clearly that he was there- 
fore caft intothi^ furnace of fpiriraall.affiiftions, 
that the reliques of his hateful! corruptions might 
bee thorowly wrought out of him . that hee might 
finally difmifTe his finnes .which hang (b h{\ on, 
with more fpeciall indignation and hatred, his de- 
parting (bule might clafpe about Chrifts precious 
wounds J with a fvveer and ftrong embracement_, 
and become more (enfible and taftef uil of tho(e 
endlefle joyes, upon which it is happily entring. 

3. Or if (uch a one be (brry, and iincerelv grie- 
ved that heels not more fbrrowfull for his finnes, 
and more zealous in holy (er vices, whv may not his 
(brro w that he is no more IbrrowfuJl, and his zeale 
after more zeafe,be a xepted, lerve the turne, and 
latisfie that divine mercih:ill goodnefle, which is 
wont ever to interpret, and take holy defires -tor 
the things done, goodly affed: ions for the anions 
themfelves, longings for grace, to bee very grace 
longed for, i^ they be fincere, fandrified, and un- 
dilTembled ? But this I now tell you is a pearle 
which doth ferveonely to comfort and uphold the 
fainting hearts of Gods children, in fbmeextraor^ 
dinary cafs, and extremity of temptations. Let 
no flranp.er take it up, let nofwine trampleupon 
it, thele have no part in ir,they know not the price 
and precioufnelTe of it. Hee doth not loath finful- 
neffe with (b great deteftation as Pauldid, nor fol- 
low holinelTe with that ferventy of fpir it as did £)<^- 
^U : What then > doth he hate evill truly, though 
not fo vehemently ? Doth he fer ve God faithfully, 

jelfe-inricbing examinatton^ 

though not fb fervently } why then u-ndoubted- j 
Iv hee hath faving grace in the fame nature and ! 
kinde that thefe holy men had, tliough not in the I 
fame degree and mcafure. 

To conclude the rciblution of this cafe of con- 
fcience • I would advife a man in fuch a cafe , to la- 
bour ferioufly with his owne heart, to bring it to 
that depth of fbrrow^ which may in fbme fort bee 
proportionable to the height of his former fins^ 
and to afFed his confcience with that meaiure 
of remor(e , which may in fbme degree anfwer 
the out-rage of his former rebellions ; And the 
more earneflly and eifeftually, becaufe a man is 
very apt to flatter and deceive his owne heart with 
thofe hollow, halfe, and infufiicient conve' fions, 
of which I have forewarned you. And Satan is 
ever ready, as you heard before^ to rranfportus by 
his traines and temptations, out of the pangs of, 
confcience into outward mirth, counterfeit peace | 
of confcience, or an unfbund change. Lethimalfb 
continually ^kive with prayer and watchfalnefle 
asainft the dulnelTe of his zeale, and dead nedecP 
his heart, and be fare to mike his eleftion fure, and 
conver(ionf<')und, by diily growth and increafe 
jn an holy fervency and forwardnefTe, for the en- 
larging of Gods elory, Chrifts Kingdome and the 
true com orrs of his owne foule : In a word, let 
Kimvpo k' out his fahaii >nmthf'a>'e andtremhling. 

Thu>>farreof ihediff rence betwixt the formal] 
Profcffour and true Chriftianin the point of le- 
gal I repentance, of which and knowledge, two 
necefiary fore-runners and preparatives to the 




T^he Saints 

great worke of regenerationjan unregenerate man 
may be wholly polTcfl: and partaker ^ but (b in that 
fenfe, and with that diiference as I have formerly 

Now as concerning the three efTentiall parts of 
regener ation, to wir, laving faithjfpeciall fenctifi- 
cationja nd Evangelicall repentance 5 they are 
three fpeciall jewels peculiar to the Eleft, and 
worne onely by Gods children. Onely the formal! 
Profeflbur, by the power of temporary faith, 
may marke a faire flourifli, and formall (hew of 
them ^ he may put on (bme (hadowes and rcfem- 
blances, (bme (matterings and outward glimme- 
rings, of the(e faving and (bveraigne pearles, as 
appeares in my former di(cour(e. But to their in- 
ward power and vertue , to their Heaven-borne 
beauty, invifible and invaluable fairnelTej the be(t 
unregenerate man is a meere(tranger. For full di- 
ftindion aud cleare difference in (b high 8c weigh- 
ty a point, looke 5 

1 . Firftjas concerning faithjthe marks differen- 
cing faving falthjfromall other kinds^whetherfaKe 
or infiifEcient, &c. and the three (peciall notes of 
difference betwixt (aving temporary faith, and in 
my former booke. 

2. Secondlyj as concerning fpeciall fanfti(icati- 
on. fee before in my former booke. 

3. As concerning Evangelicall repentance, fee 
the marks of it , which ( by the grace of God) 
(hall follow in a large Treati(e of repentance af- 

In the(e places named you may (ee clearly (God 


felfeAnrkbing examination. 

' _L J ..--- ■ ^i^- .. ' ' 1 

willing) the difference in thelc three points, be- 
twixt the formall Profeflbur and true Chriftian^ 
temporary faith, and that which is (bund and 

4. Nowlaftly, as touching outsvard reformati- 
on, and thofe degrees of it formerly laid dov/ne, I 
yeeld and grant they may proceed from a tempo- 
rary faith, and befall the formall Profeflbur. But 
whatisa man better^ though he be outwardly clo- 
thed with Chriftianity, and to the eyes of men 
put on the glory of an Angell, if he be inwardly 
lined with luftfull corruptions, and retaines flill 
a devillilh difpofition in his inward parts. 

That outward reformation, though never ^o 
exiifiand out-fide Chriftianity, though never /b 
gliftering, will not ferve the turne or fuffice to fal- 

Thusfarre of that weighty and important point 
concerning the differences be twixt the powers and 
perfeftions of tempoi ary faith, incident to repro- 
bates^ and attainable in the (late of unregenerati- I 
on, and thofe faving impreffions, and holy infpi- ! 
rations of (anftifying faith, that fjuntaineof life, j 
and Jewell of Heaven, which purs us into pre- j 
fent poflefliOH e>f the Kingdomeof ^race, and by' 
found evidences of the promifes of falvarion, fea-j 
\^& with the precious bloud of Chrift lefus, enti- j 
\\q^ us to everlading joycs in another world. S 

Xhis may fuffice for the triall of our /aith, be-il 
fore the receiving of the Sacrament. jl 

As for the trial! of the reft of the graces former- 
ly mentioned, pr7g.24.as necellarily required to a [ 
^ _ . right! 


Sec nv/ three 
Reafons In the 
Difccuifc of 
1 lUcHappi- 

5x8 ^bc Saims 

righc aad omforcablc receiving, viz,, Repeatance, 
ne v/ Ooediea:e,Lo/e,8incericy,anci a lo.iging de- 
firc after that heivenly food : The Aathour being 
iprevented by ficknefT: and death, was hindered in 
his profecution and trials of them according to his 
intention. For helpe to Chriftians in the exami- 
na.ioiiof thefe, they are to u(e the helpe of other 
worthy Divines in this fubje*^. That which 
hath beene written, I commend to 
Godsbleding, and the good 
of his Church, 

^~"T ^ . ' i.t " 

-liilOj Jiiu- 




of the chiefe heads contained in this 

Treatife of the Saints fc^e-enrlclmgi 8cc. 


Dopiton, pag.36. 

iffli&ioftt fling drftah 

ihemch^d. 185. 

Xhey arethe godtkspartien, 311. 

\kdzm flood and fellpr/ff. 5 f . 

IVhat hsew^ mfunwmcy ibid. 

Bm the godly are z^ed^cdafiet 

fds, 2013215. 

AlmcSy on i^^r^wg pounds and 
Gb]eBs* 151. 

A'f^ves^ commanded ^ comtmnd^d^ 
qifdified. 1 57. 

Momkjfc men ma) give Almes. 


Apoftaies cnd.^ -worjx: iha» thdr bs • 
gimk£ a^^ 

Avalegie betj»ee»e common and 
Sueramentall Bre^d and Wine, 

! "B 

BAfe ends of knowledge. 46. 
Benefits rfiorthy ofrecemng. 

Bf rhrift. 3 5*7?« 

^ paths in faith. 9 &. 

B'efings temporally hup 4nd why 
to be loved, 141. 

'Bddneffeintht vpJched^ vi>lienceit 
«"' 191. 

Bribery 237., 

CAmi$lI mtnpreferre worldly 

The Table. 

am heavenly, 1^9. 

Caupj of^admjjk ■' the goil). \ 89. 
changes nn javwg and foHftd, 


Thdttfjavwg, 2S5. 

Chrifl^ what he //. 35. 

why man. 33. 

/^/^j' God. 34, 

Combat e in unregencrate , jy/^^*.'-. 

i.i ' 163. 

In the regenerate. 165. 
Coldmffe in Vrajerythreefold. 1 74, 

Cof^i^ hetvpeene theflejh (tndfpi- 
rit^afigneoffaith, 162. 

Conditio^ of carnall men vohen 
their hopes faile^ 184. 

Conftderations tovteane us from 
ihevfiorld 161. 

Courage in Gods children, 215. 

Converjion^vfibat. 1 9. 

Hor»knovpne. 283. 

Conftancy^afigneofit^ 293. 

Jnconji4nt Converts^ of two forts. 

l/^ *•'• '■'••^< -292,296. 

' Covttoufnefe. 261. 

Credulity. 96. 

Cr^eZ/y of Land-lords taxed, i $6. 
Ct^eme^ nopleaforfinne. 1^6'^ 


Cufiomet cf the Vrimitpve chrch 

in receiving the Ssrrament* $ . 


DAngir'of ^nmorthy recei- 
ving. '■ ii,t45&c. 
Daubing condef!ined. 272. 
Degrees of Jinnr^g. ico,igi, 


Dejpaire. i o 5 , 1 1 o, 1^1 1 .297. 

Cenjsderations to cure it. 


Difference hettpeene trro Sacra- 

mms, 24525.38,39. 

Differences hetweene fazii/sg and 

temp frary faith, 200.221, 


Elaculations, lyS, 

Endiof the Sacrament, 41. 
Enclofure cenjured. 1 5 5, 2 3 7jScc. 
Exawinaiion before receiving, a 
dutj. 8^Scc, 

Wkititis. \j, 

IVhereinit conjifls, 18. 
Excuses for fmaring^ anfwered, 

Expofition <?f Pfal.2 3.121 ,&c. 


Aitk ^^at. 37- 

luffifyingfaith^what, 58. 

The T able. 

H9VPit}iM)indgr^vfies. 59. 

to 6 5. 

How it is k»oi»»e* 1 1 7>^c. 
HifforicallFiiitlh . 6%, 

Faith of miracles, 66. 

Imasimry faith of three forts, 

66, Sic. 
Dead Faith. ^9. 

Tep^pQrary Faith defimd, 6^. 
H{mit differs jromfa'ving^jo. 2 00 
HoTpfarrc it goes in iUHmifsation, 
Horf> it differ r from faving Faith 

intUs, 22^5229. 

How far it goes in cotrverfion, 74. 
Mow it differs from favingi'H this, 

Ho^farreimregeneration, 74. 
Uowfarre in k^ovpkdge, ibid. 
Jn legall contrition ^ andthefrnitt 

irfit. 74. 

Infaith, 77. 

Infan^ification. 78. 

TnEvangdicall repentance y^. 
In reformation, BOj&c. 

In ajherf of a hot) life, 86 . 

Faith may he ecclipfed 124. 

How it differs then from otJxr 

Faith, 1 25. 

FalhfAd2im. 30. 

Fals op he Saints, r^h^ mntioued 


^h Saints grove bj tU'^, . 2 80. 
Forfaki.vg th i^rld a figne of 

faUh. , \ 159,. 

Fervency in prayer threefold. 174. 
Fruits of a true faith. ^67^ 

Fruits of San&ifaation. 134. 
Fundaimntallpoints of our Chri- 

jiian faith. . 27. 


GOd^whatlkis, 27. 

Grace if^, commumcative. 
Goodly men cannotfnm. . 200. 
Glorification, ^61 

Grovfith^affgne of grace, \ 53." 
Afigneoffaith. 12 a* 

Afigneof cenverjton. 2 2y^ 

Gron>th ingodlineffe compared to 
divers things., 2 871. 



Vmlitya companion of fa- 
zing knotFledgc. 47; 

IGnorance. 5J»59* 

III' gotten gocds. 262. 

Illumination J har^farre^ yet un- 
fonnd. 72^23.229. 

ImpHtation of Chrijis righteoufr 
neffe. 35! 


It^Mitj 98. 

lmercejSio» of rfjf^lfi:,n?haf, 55 . 
loyintribHlaim, a KUffeaf fafth, 
' 183. 

B) ivhat C0»f(deratrm itheaufid 


KNowkdge itjmii atii fried, 

what to dee k^^ewhe 'MczMng 
cod, ibid. 

What this mA^ te4ch us, 28. 

IVhat to tee k^ovpne concerning 
man, 28j&c. 

what this vporks inns, 32. 

what wee mnji l^i» concerning 
Chrifi, 33. 

What difpofitions this f{mdedge 

tfiorki* 3 ^' 

what to bee 1\not»ne concerning 

the Sacraments, ibid. 

what this W0rl{siniis. 43. 

Saving k^v^ledge i^ pra&ic4L 

Dejtrous of mere, 4958CC. 

Commumcative :, as the Sunne, 

ItBegdsJovi. 57.SCC. 

It is miverfalL i66» 

Experiment all* 2270 


LTing, 226- 

Love to Cods children^ hoi» 

qualifiel, 2i. 

Love afi^neoffiitk 13^. 

Love to God^ tkegrmnddMran- 

chesofit. i^S.'kc. 

Lofve to the creatures^ ^f^^(i^ll) to 

the go. U), 143. 1 

Lov^ of a mansfdfe. 1 44% 

Loi)e of friends afiial'idfice. 145. 
None but Ctheir wives, 145, 146. 
fan&i^djtheir children* 1 47. 
men can jtheirjriends. ibid* 
l<me^ titheir kindred, 150. 
The ground of true love* 1 49. 
Lote to our enemies a jmt of faith. 



\M/insmiferybfmure» 28, 

Meanes of deliverance, 32. 

Martyrs, 197. 

Good meanings not mak^^s good 
Communicants, 12. 

M earns to beget grace* 2 5 . 

Meants to get fart in Chriji* 3 7. 


The Table, 

Mtafs^s of gract 4»i k^mpkdire. 


Themeinwg of the Sacramntall 

tIk Uedia^wrfliip of chfffi is of 
threepafts 34. 

The mercies of God difplajed, 


firiU trnths anfvpend. 
Ob]eWoftsoftk merry Irf: of the 
vptck^d^ a/ffn>ered. 1 87. 

iilfi of their courage and hold- 
neffe. 191. 

Tk offices ofchrijf. 34. 

PEace mth onr neighbours^ 
not sufficient preparation 
to the Sacrament. 1 3 , 

Poppers of thvforld tocome^ how 
tafedlythetenfporaries, 73. 
Places of Script uretfirefiedagainfl 
Precifenejfe. 24. 

For covet Oft fnejje, 1 54. 

Forproerafiimtion, 266, 

Prnjersofthe nnrtgenentte. 167. 

to 174. 

Private Prayer. iy%ij()' 

Hotviteajethtlekart, 179 180. 
Prefumpticn. 105 io6« 

BoK> God deaks vithfuch. i c^ - 


Preparation of th heart jor faith, 

59 ^c ii7,&c. 

Principles in tk doUrine of mor- 

tijkatloH. 266. 

Pfeudo- martyrs. 191 8cc. 

PmiHcativn of the karta ftgw gf 

faith. 126^200. 

Per fever Off ce 4 companion of it. 

Prying of judgements in preach -j 

hg necejfaty. 270.ro 2 80. 
Pa^ingout of theptsngsGfcBnfci- 

tncefoiitevcayes. 297. 


REconciliation 35. 

Rejoycing cf the Vfiicktd ^ 
what. ' 188. 

Rehpfcs to ftnne^ and tk effe&s, 

Remiponofjtnnes. 35. 

RegemrAiion,mih itsparts, §4. 

Repentance E'^angelicall. j<^. 
It is a figne of faith. 129. 

ReviJ/ta ionty with feares after 

con J 

The Table. 

cojffitrpn^ tokn it happew. 


t0vph4te»d, 319. to 329. 

tiepr«bat€t may have common 

graces^ andwhj* . 9 2,9 3 , 



SAcramvii ofib Lords Snpftr^ 
fortfhom 26. 

Sacrammu^ thenHmher^ natnrt^ 
u^ea»dends^ 38,8cc. 

SanStijicMion. ^^"71- 

Jfit^be thoroppjl if aJigfteoffaiiL 
S4Uffs fuggeftfo»s s andmeiiotfs 
of our mne hearts differettced, 

SAtanscrAjtfpUhmen. 302. 
Sjmony, 236. 

Spirit iffhndage defcribed, 7 5. 
Sprit of prayer accompamet faith. 

Svaariftg. ' 244. \v{ufy. 

nTHeefes coftverjtott on the 

X Crojfe no ground of pre- 

fumption^ 91. 

tmgs rtquifite to right receiving. 

Thughts ntyflbe hokt to, 205. 

trials of coffverjion, 7 o.&c. 

Ofl^kdge. 275 &c. 

Of faving faith. 1 1 7, &c» 

Of temporary, 2003&:c. 

VNionmthChriJl.what, 35. 
Vnmercifulnejfetaxed. 1.54^ 

Vmverfall change argnes conver- 
jion.. 284. 



Faults, in theTreatifeoftheSacrflment, efcaped at the 
Prcflfej and (brae in the Goppy, 

Age 1 1. line 18. iox fpst'm ficti rctdipMinkufaei. p.8tf.I.i 2 for anverfttm r»coit- 
Vfrfie7i.]p,\t7Jl. II. Iciyc out ipeiLf I4J.I !5.»Iefcoutp.i J1.I.3X fotinr.it,p.\6f, 
— l.ii (oTfjfigntex,p^^«vate.p.i77Li6.foTCitaiHec certaine*f\f6.l.$%.lcire9iatby 
tbcnt. p.ioi 1 16. for ftrmt r. ftrmaU. p 11 6. 1. xf. for by a [awni being i.kya favmg fattb 
betng.f.xx 9, 1.11 AorpfotittfProfbeur wtra's eftbe Frefbtts, ^tii.l.\6.ior which Cbam- 
f'wn. x.wljt(b convex tt cbimfiott. ^.iSo.foityrtr.cryes. p. 180. i.^. for Some faidjV.Some^faitL 
P.X87.I, II. for bath netfftfvfne r. lHtbntrircvpne.f,^9 1 .l>i4. iotfwner r^urtr. p.iyS. 1 3 1« 

PAgi4<> 1 i2.(or admit bisneigbbMr it r. admit buweighbtur tnaj l^eefeit. p.iSj.Idi* at 
(»} nt pur in this, m the Up »f the bMfe. p.t^xXio. at Cbriftunity put in this, Theythrvw 
awiy tbtir md/ont likf (tjvards^ {(c, p.198 . L i o> ac vfgmr put in this, that btini awilffntd ly 
tbt band of dium jn^ufi &c. 


iir- oif'rff^Binii