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Full text of "Mr. Boltons last and learned worke of the foure last things, death, iudgement, hell and heaven. With his assises-sermons, and notes on Iustice Nicolls his funerall. Together with the life and death of the authour"







of the 

Foure laft Things, 

Death, Judgement, 

Hell, and Heaven, 

fVith his 

and Notes on lufticc 

' Nkolls his Funerall. 

Together with the Life and Death 
of the ^Authour. 

Fubliniedby £. B. And re- viewed, with 
^^'^^ i^l^^^ Maiginall Notes,and an Alphabeiicall 
^^^^^l|\^^^ Tabic added thereunto. 

^^¥9 (jE^,M% Hereunto is added the Sermon at M.Bohons 
I It^lll^ ^?f^'>^^ FmeraU, hy M. Nic. Eiiwick. 

The fourth Edition. 


H'^i<'4 Printed h George Millir, 
% '^^?Wf ^'^^ ^T^eHing in the Black- Friers, i djp. 

[^ C'Sehe'd ah Imaft enth s Tber' u naite 

\he Verfcf itinsjThat B e t t o u s gbofi tan pta'ut : T» Htev'n h'sroKe, 




Rare Books 

r^ H fij ' 




^ /rz^^^^fiC^^/^^^-^ ^^y^/-/<c . ■ 




E S Q^V I R E, 

Qne of His Majefties luftice of 

TPeace and QuorHm, for the 

County o£3\(j)rth^ 



It was the dcfirc of this Reve- 
rend Author, when that * furious 
mcflengcrofdeathfirftfcizedup- * A^man 
on his fpirits,giving him no more '*^'^* 
intcrmiflion , than what would 
lervc for fome feeble preparati- 
ons againfl: a Nerf Snetnnur.i^TX I would in cafe he died, 
( which afterwards lamentably fell out ) frame an Epi- 
^Icto this Workc which hee had then made ready for 
' " "a the 

Thh Epistle 

the Prcflc ; and dedicate it ( in his name ) to yoitr 

>(■ rufiice'Ni' felfe , as a pledge of his avowed thankcfulnefle for 

colls, as grave thofe many favours hce received from that Religious 

andkarneda, and Renowned * J v d g e , his Noble Patron : and 

^^ingdTJeel ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ ' ^^^ immediate heirc and fuccef- 

jO]/edin the age lOUr. 

it held hint. This requeft from him (that would deny me nothing) 

I knew not how to vvithftand,though 1 vvr'ong'd my fclfe 
in the acceptance ; as to draw a /i^e in that VVorke,froin 
which fo rare aWorke-man bad taken off his le irncd and 
eloquent pen. ButyetanecefTiry lay upon mc; for he de- 
fired in his fickneffe, that by this Dedication it might ap- 
peare to the world how mu.h hee honoured your fclfe 
and family^ which firft preferred him. 

It was no fmall joy to his heart to fee that fpcech of 
God himfelfe fulfilled upon your H&njg , Thefe that he- 

X Sam. 2. 30. fi our Ttfe I wili honour. It is fit the world fliould know 
(that it may blufli and mend) to what cminency of place 

* Q^ipecunia the meerc merits of /»/?/c^ T^colls in that fhort race of 
& l.ii-^itioni- Yiis life raisM him unto. Called hce was by the Writ of 
faTerdTtr& ^r'^"* E LI Z A3 ST H tohz Serjeant at La^ : He 
inagiftiacus was by King lAMES made SerjeAnt at Law to 
ambmnt, his Prince H 8 N RT His eldel^ Sonne : luigeoi the Com- 
poeaa dcporta- mon Pleas,and Chancellour to our (now) Gracious Sove- 
nonis eft prs- j-ajg^e ^ when hce was Prineeoi Pf^ales, But that which 

deam^im. " truly ennobles his memory , and makes me call to mindc 
Jttflice of Vjhzx. our Fleta reportcth was the honour ok Judges a- 
FeaieaniqttO' bout King ETf fV 4RT> the the firft'x dayes : Hee had 
Tum , luftice and held all thefe places 7^c prece. nee * prech, neepra- 
r^rmLT^ «i<?. I am not afraid to engliOi it , for I well know the 
Knhh of the ^^"'^ 0^ it : He ntithsr begged them^ nor bought them , nor 
shire, Wgh gave fo much as a Nerv -ye arcs -gift for them, 
sheriffe of the The like I can truly fpeake of your fclfe ; Thofe dig- 

County. nities which have beenc caft upon you in your ownc 

* Honor fugi- ^Q^j^j^py /^,^^^ [,g was taken to glory) which arc neither 
tur,feq8:mcm ^^^ nor meaue : they came to you; you lued not for 
fugit. them j*vou fought them not: Nay , you degraded your 



felfc of one of them(a thing not uruall)by making carncfl; 
fuit to be out of the Cominiffion o^Oyer and Terminer , 
after youbad a while indur'd it. 

From hence (" as 1 have good ground to coftceive } 
would this worthy Authour have mounted you up on 
Eagles wings to the Throne oftheHighcft, who hath if3y40. 31. 
done thefe and greater things for you , and have preft 
upon you large and high performances. Jf ever there 
were a time for Righteons Men that are in authority to 
fliewthemfelves , the time is now come. MeaneChri- 
ftians , their very pcrfons and adions arc by the abound- 
ing of finne become a very P Arable of Reproach ; A com- 
pany of Blocke-heads, as a melancholy 'Divinecih them. If 
thofe therefore that are in place fhould now be filent , k 
is pitic but their breaths flaould bee ftopt for ever. I have 
obfcrved it long , and not without wonder , (looking Dcoenercs an- 
upon former times) that inthefe dayes fuch a fpirirof imostimoi 
feare and faintneflc hath poflcded the hearts of holy arguit. 
Men, that they darcBotbeccouragiousinthecaufc of rral. 145.5,4, 
God. It is noftrangetbinpforamantobeefearefulliii ^"i^.^^'^^'^^" 
theD^r^ : But when fuch a light (liines upon us from aut e(feV"fii»-^ 
heaven , as that our eyes are even'dazcUed in the behold- mas, (i ad hoc 
ing of it ; now to be timerous , now to be faint-hearted vcntum eft, ut 
in a good caufc for fcarc of mei; , or any fuch ignoble re- pe'ditorum 
fped : is monftrom cowariiz^. What is there in the """^^ at.^j in- 
face of man , made of the fame mould , toffed to and fro mcfcamus. 
with the fame vanity, refoluble into the fame Clay ; that cip Lib. i. 
wefhould feare it? What is outward preferment, to £/>//?. 5. «J 
the loflc , or ce rtaine hazard of a good confciencc ? for, ^^""^ 
they are rarely kept together : what are mockings, rcvi- j^'^l^'j"' 3 Ab- 
lings, reproaches, imprifonment, ^c. to godly men } but ,Ti,iitcs c hri- 
deeper imprcffions of ftridtcr holineflc, and the very fti:utiionmi- 
marks of the Lordleftu, ns terrcaot , 

The name of ChriftUn is a name both of Hon^ftr and "^c ciudatus 
Valour^ and begets better fpiritsthan either R^man or ^^^ncam" 
Grecian ; let OlfachiaveS and other Atheifis fay what ^yl] i^ j] 
they will : which of their ftories ever made mention of cap. 6. 

a 2 fo 

T H B E P I 

S T L E 

£xod. i8. 

* Or,able men, 
in the laft nun 

9,1 8. 

fo valiant an army, as that Nohle Army of Martyrs, men- 
tioned in the eleventh Chapterto the Hehrewes > How 
can they want fpirit that derive their courage from no 
lelTe Author than the Lion of the Tribe oflnda. Nay , it 
were no hard matter to prove , ( might I recede from an 
Epiftlcjto purfuc a Common place) That no man can be 
truly valorous ; but he that is truly religious. 

Asthis Courage ought to be in all that feare God : fo 
fpecially in thofe that arc Magiftratcs , and fit in the feats 
of Jufticc , the very Tribunals of God hiinfelfe : for 
them to be daCtardly and fcarefuU, is to fliamc their Ma- 
fter. Give rate therefore leave , by fome warrant from 
the Author, in yourpcrfon (whom I cannot but com- 
mend in this particular) to preffc this vert uc upon all 
that beare rule in their Countrey. It is part of the Sjfence 
of a Infiice ofTeacc , to be a man of Courage. The coun- 
fell of lethro to Mefes , was , to make onety fuch to bee 
Magiftrates ,as were men of-*' courage , fearing God, <^c. 
Wherein the Spirit of God preferre's the daughter before 
the mother, and Fortitudf before the Feare ef g D ,oi 
which it is the effedl , becaufe it is more confpicuou* in 
the eyes of men : For the feare of God is a thing hidden 
in the heart , but that which drawes it forth and makes 
it iiIuftrious,is that valjur and high rcfo'ution of fpi- 
rit by which it worketh. Almighty God makes this 
good bv an example of his owne choice. For when hec 
had appointed lo/fttia to fucceed c^o/<r/,and had mighti- 
ly fnpportcd his mind with arguments of his owne afli- 
ftancc and prefence with him, he requires nothing clfe of 
Jiim , but to be firo^g ind of a good courage , with many 
iterations of the fame thing in fuch phrafes as thefe , 'Be 
firong And tf A food courage , he very couragistu , be net a~ 
fraid^ he not difmaid: And , as if there were no other ver- 
tuedefireable in a Magiftrate , the people ( in accepting 
him for their Captaine) require of him no other conditi- 
on but this , Onely beftrong , and of a good courage. And 
the Law of this Land* wMch in this , a^ in tnoO; other 


Dedicatory,^ _ 

things , is parallcll with the Law of Cod , ( as I couW 
flicw) would onely ha\ c tbofc Infiices cj 'I'eaee , which 
arc the iroft * valiant men of the County. *Stat,i^.E.z» 

I fpcakc not this to exclude all thofc requifites of wif- ^^^^'^Jj ^^J 
dome that ought to bee in the holicft and mcft valiant ^ "^ 
men. I may fay in thefc tinr.es as the ApoRle faid of ano- 
ther vcrtuc yThere u great recdsfwijdcme. The children Heb. xo. jtf. 
of God ever have bccrc , ftill arc , and ever may bee the 
wife ft men upon earth. Let an unwifc world thinke 
what it lift. I meane not that wifdome (falfly fo called) 
whereby a generation of men to fave their skmncs , han- 
dle a good caufc like a Venice'gtap , loath they are to 
doc any thing that may offend great pcrfons with whom 
tfcey would con~)ply ; or expofc themfelves to any dan- 
ger or lo0e. ( The very wifdome which caufed Frartcid 
Sfira to defpairc.) This is rather cunning or craft : or,to 
lirke them together in the language of the Apoftlc , 
^ A chunitig crsftiKep , it is not wifdome. Truewif- b Eph. <|. 14. 
dome in the morall Schooles of Philofophy , and in the 
purer Schooles of Divinity , is that Queene of virtues, 
which, like the foulcin the body, givcth life and' infor- c Anima eft 
mat ion to all the reft , commands all the affedions , regu- tota m toto,8c 
lates all the aftions of mans life,ard adds an aftive quick- ^°*^ '" 1"^^*" 
ning power , to every virtue , to every faculty in man , ^^*P^"^* 
dirc^ing them to a blefl'ed i0uc. So that a wife man 
is a valUnt man , 2jufi man , a tetuperate man , an khmble 
man, &c. But hec that i$ addid^ed to any vice , a fcr- 
vant to any luft ; frohd^ angry , arf'^iticw yfearefn//, cove- <j ArlfictU 6, 
teus , ^€. is in all found Morality and Divinity a very Ethic 
foole : Solu6 z'ir boKUs ( faith that great ^ Phylofopher ) Et folus pru- 
revera efi prttdens , Ctte/y agccdman ^ at^ife mafi. Am den^ revcra eft 
King Sa/officn tr.zkcs this Phi/ofcf>hys,ood7)hir>ity, Pre, ^'J floSi &"" 
34. Verf. 4. fVifdcftfe is tec high for afoole : by whom impiudentcs 
throughout the Freverbes hee meanes a wicked man, funtmali. 
Therc^isaconncxioninthe virtues, the way to bee »»/^, Keck-fjf ^- 
is to he ge^d , and the way to be cohragictu , is to be »«/> . ^^^'^^ i^^- ^-f*?* 
A Wife mzn f^ftrctigi ttndA wan ef k*>t>i» ledge ffaith Sale- |^^^ JJ^ j^ 

a 3 «f^»} 

The E p I s t l e 

mon) encreafeth P;rength, From all which it is cafic to 
concluic , and hard to be gain-faid , that a cowardly per- 
ion , let him AvcU never io big , let him ca ric his creft 
never fo high , is neither wife nox gooi. The wicked flee 
Prov. tS. I. Tvhen no ntAn ptirfneth,but the righteous are bold 04 a, Lyon, 
The kitidly venting of thole two afFcclions of Anger 
and Lov^hath made meclong 'wwX-iss argument, and rani 
now bee ray excafe. That of Anger , at tlie prefent dege- 
neration of mens mtndcs from t!?at noblencfTeof- fpiric 
that was wont to bee 'w\ the fcrvants of G o d : the 
other of love to you , in encouraging you to as high 
refolutions as ever j though hee bee tAksn aivaj that was 
to you as LMofes to lo/i^nah, your tutoar in your youth , 
your fingular inflrn^or by his powerfull Miniftcry in 
your after-yeares : and ever your friend till hce went 
hence , and was feene no more. Amongft thofe many 
fpceches of his , which in his ordmary conference 
palTcd from him by weight, and not by number j I will re- 
fume one ill your hearing moft fitting my purpofe : /»«<;- 
eencj and independency (faidhe) make the bravefi fpirits. 
And it cannot be otherwife : for , that mans heart which 
is upright with God, and depends upon him alone , is 
of invincible courage , and becomes like the fpirit of 
Martin Ltt^her , who, when ncwcs was brought to him 
that both the Empcrour and the Pope threatned his 
In vita Lu- ruine , anfwered thus in fliorc , bu- very ftoutly , 
'thcri. Contfmptns eJi a me Romanm faror c^ fervor , Ifcorne 

Pfal. ii8. ^. ^fjg ^^^^ ^^^ cp^^g can doe : like that of Tf'avid , The 
Lord is en my ftde , I will notfeare wh^t man can doe 
unto me e. ^\ ,.. 

What you heard him fpcakc, you fawhim praflicc. 
ladg. 8.2 1, pqj. ^ I may fay of him as was faid ofgideon , Sf*ch at the 
mm if ^feis huftrength : hee was one of a thoufand for 
jfiety and courage , which were fo excellently mixed 
with Tvifedome , that they who imagined mifchicfe a- 
gainft his Miniftcry (for, no other occafion could they 



ever finde againft him than touching the law of his Go d) 

were never able by all thdr plotting to doc him any Dan. 6. j. 

more hurt, than onely to (hew their * teeth. 

And although hec bee now gathered to his Fathers, ^P(al. 37.1t. 
yet he ftill fpeakes to youinthls exce/IeKt Treatife, of 
which hee died in travel! ; encouraging you thereby ftill 
to doe worthilj m Ephratah , and to hold on in thofe good Ruth 4. 1 1. 
wayes of piety which you have ever loved. The very 
Heathens could fay that a good man i^as n puhlike good : x?"^^'^ *''*'<' 
but a good Magiftratc is much more; for, hee hatha g^y«'<=''*>*- 
price in his hand to doc good , and is armed with power 
and authority to bring it to paflc. Thefe times have 
need of fuch ; up therefore and bee doing : put on 
righieofijtte^e , and let it clothe you, and let J v s t i c e Job ip. 1 4,&c. 
bee to you as a robe and a diademe ; to breakc the 
/awes of the wicked, and to pluckc the prey out of Regiumeft 
their teeth. And although tbcfe kindc of ircn will for cum bene' fecc- 
this very thing piirfue you with envy , hatred , re- ^"^ "^J^J * 
proachcs , &c. You need not care ; for , their teeth are 
broken , and they cannot hurt you. Envj doth ever 
attend goodnefe ; though not as a companion , yet as a 
thing which deggs it at the heeles. / confidered f faith Ecd. 4. 4. 
Salomon) fvery right rvorke , that for this a man is en- 
vjed of his neighbour. This is your comfort ( and it is a 
great one) a Goi> and the ^ K i n g fhall honour ^pfalme 91. 
you for well-doing : Hee that ioveth pftrenejfe of heart , 14, 1 f, &c / 
(though for this he be fcofFed and jeer'd at in the world ) ^iUfct him en 
yet (faith Salomon) for the crace of his Zips the Kinjr Jhall ^^.^ \ ^^'^'"^ 
iee his c friends/ & J r ■ I J kehath r^no^ne 

■' my name, Crff. 

/ will deliver 
him and honour him , <S!'c h Prov. 21, 11. c I hold a good lu/lice of Peace in his 
Countrcy to doe Met as good ferviee^tu hee that waits upon Mee in My Prity Chamber, 
and as reu y wi/l 1 hee to reward him : For, I account him at capable of any honour, of- 
fee or frejerment about My Perfon, as well as any Courtier that U neere about Mee. 
King Iamb'x Speech in Starre-Chamberjune 20. 1 616, 

3 4 I 

Tub Epistle 

I will hinder you no longer from reading this excellent 
Trgatife which propcily belongs to you , bci )g the 
ground-workc of two Sermons preached before you ; 
the one at the Funeralls of that worthy J v d g i your 
Unkle, mv moft dearc Father in lavV , fivho ii I honour 
in the dufl) the other in the timo of your Shire valtry : I 
will therefore 'nd all in the prayer of this Authour , and 
the laft words that ever he fpakc to you in this world • 
The blef sings ef Abraham , IJaac , and Jacob be Hpon the 
heads of ToH ijoHr fVife and j^htUren for ever^ 


Tour loving hrotber I 
4nd very friend , 



Ehold here a Poft-humus : a Child 
brought ir^to the '^orli after the 
Ownc Father '^as taken out of the 
'9Porld. A Fofter. Father is thereupon required 
for it ; but certainly more for cufiome^than need. 
Such "SffJts the Owne-^Father-^ as it is commendA" 
tion enough for th^ Child to fay ^1 his is rhe child 
offuch a Fsithcr. And fucb is the Child, as for its 
ownefake it mil find good entertainment j^hough 
the Father of it '99ere unknowne^ 

A diftinSl narration ofthe life and death of the 
Author you baye truly and punctually (as becum* 
mechfuchan^rration) premifed. 

All his Works doe/hew that he was full in what 
be undertooke : fo fully as he leases fcarce any 
thing ( if any thing at all ) for another Author to 
addyvmre than he hai hdone^to what he hath done, 
Hee hadarvery fearching and dicing gift : 
T^hereby he ypos able to anatomize andlay open 
tbefeyerall parts and neryes of the points ^hich 
be handled^ and to fetom pertinent Jignes:^rulesy 
meanes , and motinues thereabout. 

His exprefsion of bis mind bj fit ypords and 


The Life and Death 

phrafes "Soas anf'Soerablctohis tn*vnetion. Both 
rvery c opioids , ful} of^vmety. 

Take for inftance this enfuing TreAtife : the 
mainefcopeyif hereof is tofurnijha Chriflian a* 
gainUthe eruiilday. 

Ihereinyou may obfer<vef how yonthe one fide 
hedifco'vers thefalfe means yphich mofl ufe ; and 
how , on the other fide he ren^eakth the true 
mcanes that are offingular ufe to the end inu «- 
ded lyea.andhoyp he inforceth the fame mth rea- 
fon upon reafon , the better to demo^ftrate the 
equity of the point -^ hov? alfo he inferres all forts of 
Vfes thereupon ) as Reprehenfion, Exhorta- 
tion, Dircdionj^^^Confolation 5 and final- 
ly , ho"^ hee takes occafion from thence of an eX' 
ceeding large difcourfe upo the fourc laft things, 
which (to life his oypneyvords) have been ever 
h olden very material! and of fpeciall mo- 
ment to make us (by Gods bleiling) more 
humblejUnworldly^provident and prepared 
for the evill day. Thofe foure heads are^ Death, 


To add more to what hee hathfet cut there a* 
bouts , '^ere to powre ^ater into the fea, Firfl 
readyt ben judge • andthe Lordadd his blefsing. 




O F 

5^^^^.^^^ Hat one age may tell ano- 

ther , that the memori- 
all of the jufl: Ihall bee 
ever blefled , when the 
perfons and names of 
thofe that are other- 
wife minded Ihall rot and vanilh away^ It 
hath beene the pious cuftome of ancient 
and later times , to commend to pofterity 
the eminent graces of the Saints depar- 
ted. Famous arc thofe Panegyricke O- 
rations made at the fombes of the Mar- 
tyrs in the Primiuvc times ; when as their 
perfecuting Emperoursjpriding them felves 
in their .lamentable Deaths , have left no o- 


The Life andT>eath 

ther noyfe behind them , than the loud and 
long continued cries of /pilling their inno- 
cent bloud. 

Memorable alfb are the Funerall Orati- 
ons of the two Gregories , Nyffen and Na^i- 
an9:jsn on ^afil the Great : And in later times, 
to give a few inftanccs , ( for the number in 
this kinde is infinite ) M.elan6thon and Came" 
rarms wrote the life of Martin Luther j luni- 
tis the life of Vrfine i Ben^^a the life of Calyin ; 
Antonms Faiifs the life of Be:^a j lofas Simler 
the life oi Peter Mmyri2Xi6. DMumphrey the 
life of our nioft renowned Jewed, 

This manner of honouring the Saints is 
warranted by Gods ownc example^ who 
(for ought is revealed to us) tooke order for 
Mofes buriall , digged his grave , covered 
him with molds ^ and made for him that ex- 
cellent Funerall Sermon exprefled in the 
firft Chapter of IoJhuab» And that all- wife 
God who fwectely difpofcth all things , 
thinkes it needfull thus to grace his owne 
people, that hce may hereby uphold their 
fpirits amid thofe many preffures, fcornes, 


of Viy. Bolton. ? 

other miferics which rhey endure of the 
world , meerely for his fervice j bee they o- 
therwifc never fo wife ,juft , mcekc, peacea- 
ble, and unrebukeable amongft men : Wir- 
neffe thofe many terrible perrecutions(men- 
tioned in Ecclefiafticall Stories) againftthe ff«/^' h^/- 
Chridians, though harmleflJe and innocent 5 ' "^ ^' 
though they prayed for their Empcrours, 
and God did miracles in their armies by * 
their prayers,* yer for this onelycaufe, that 
they honoured Christ, and called them* 
felves Chriftians , (fo odious was that preci- 
ous name untothciradvcrfarics) they were 
put to the extrcmcft tortures that the utmoft 
inventions of cruelty and rage could devifc 
againft them , as lu^in Martyr and TertuBian 
in their learned and eloquent Apologies for 
them doc amply dcmonflrate : this caufed 
Adrian the Emperor to ordaine,that thence- Eueb. nn ^.: 
forth none of them Ihould be appeached ^*^'^* 
barely for that name jUnlcffe they tranfgrcf- 

According to thcfc examples^and for the 
very fame caufes, I have adventured to 
publifli to the world , the life and death of 


The Life and Veath 

this man of God , the Authour of this 
Workc J now a Saint in heaven. I confcffe his 
worth & pares deferved rarhcr an advance- 
ment by fome fuch eloquent Orators as I 
mencioncd before , thaa a dcpreffion by my 
pen i but yet a pearlc may bee (hewed forth 
as well by a weake hand, as by the arme of a 
gyant, Ilhall doe no more. And let his ownc 
worth and workcs praife him in the gates, ( 
knew him from the beginning of my youth, 
being my firfl: Tutourin the Vniverfitie of 
Oxford, and my felfc one of his firfl: 
Schollers, and from that time tothc day 
of his death, being above fevcn and twen- 
ty yeares , none knew him better , or loved 
him more 5 our familiarity was fuch, that 
( alluding to tbatbetweene P^/and Timo- 

zTim. I. 4. fij'^lmay fay, 1 knew his dodrine, man- 
ner of life, faith,charity, patience ^ and now 
vvil only relate what I have heard and feenc, 
wherin I will not exceed the bounds of mo- 
defty or truth, 
A^ To begin with his birth . \ obfervc that 

HU birth. throughout the facred Bible, and writings 
on theperfonsof holy men , their places of 


c?/M;. Bolton. 5 

birth arc ever remembred ; G o d loves 
the very ground his fervants tread on: Ithe 
Lord fbaU count ( fay cs David ) when bee p^^j^ g^. ^^ 
numbmb up the people, that this mm ypas^ 
borne there i whereas of other men there 
Iball b^e no remembrance of them , they 
fliall have none to lament or bury them, but 
(hall bccaftforthas dung on the face of the 
earth ; fo that I may fay of them^ as was faid 
of Pope Boniface the eight, famous for no- 
thing but his wickedncffc^ intraw Vulpes , 
regnaw Leo , exiipit Canis y the Prophet 
Da'vid renders it thus in plaine Englifli. 
They fpend their dayes in mirth ^andfuddenlygos 
do'Sfne into beS, 

Hee was borne at Blacborne a towne of - 
good note in Lanc^/Ijire on Whitfunday, cam. Brit pag. 
Anno Domini i'j7i. His parents being not of ^^** 
any great mcanes , yet fiading in him a great 
towardlineffc for learning, deftinatedhim 
to bee aSchoUer, and ftrugled with their 
cftate tofurnilh him with neccflaries in that 
kind, apprehending the advantage of a fin- 
gular Schoole-Mafter that was then in the Mr.Yate$= 
Townc, Hee plied his booke fo well, that in 


The Life andT)eatb 

ftiort time he became the bcft fchollcr in the 
fchoolc : and no marvcll j for , hec had 
thofe fix properties of a fcholler noted by 
Ifocrates and others , which concurring in 
one, thruft up learning to a very high ele- 

1. He was (Evjuiif) ofexcellcnt parts and 
abilities of mind^and of a found conflitucion 
of body. 

2. Hee was ( ^tw/z^r ) of a very ftrong me** 
mory i 1 meanc fuch a memory as was no- 
tably aduated by his ready and quicke un- 
dcrftanding. For , (as Phylofophers ob- 
fcrve) that memory which tends to admira- 
tion, being of a quite differing temperature 
from the underftanding , inclines rather to 
folly 3 and becomes the ground of that Pro- 
verbe, The greateftCUrkesarenQtal'VPayes the 
mfefi men, 

J. He was ( zMk^^ ) a moovcr of doubts 
and queftions j this was ever an evident 
lhVci. 46. fignc of learning i by this our bleffed Savi- 
our approoYcd His learning amongft the 
Do(flours in hearing them and asking them 
(jueftions: So did the Queenc of 5*^^410 



King Salomon, A dunce feldome makes 
doubts i but (as Salomon faith of a foolej al- 
waies boaftcth and is confident. 

4. He was ( <P'^ouA^r,i j a fpcciall lover of 
learningjit was alwaies his delight to cxer- 
cife himfclfe in fludies , and would not en- 
dure any avcrfions from them , as fliall bee 
hereafter (hewed. 

5. He was (>'^5:tcw) a. very laborious pain- 
full ftudent,as (hall be more largely ilie wed, 
for it is worthy imitation. 

6, He was ( ?'^"J'-^°« ) a great liftner after 
the fayings and Speeches ai others, and haih 
been often obierved to beonly ahearer^and 
to fit filei t himfelfc , unleffc hec was urged 
with fomc importunity 5 and the things hee 
heard , hee fuffered them not to bee loft (if 
they were of worth) but alwayes put them 
downe in a booke which he particular y kept 
for that purpofe. 

He continued long at Schoole^and came 6» 
not totheVniverfity till aboutthe t' ventieth uuiiuHesin 
yeare 01 his age. Hee was placed at Oxford leige. 
in Lincolne Colledge under the tuition of Mr, 
Randall^ a man ofno great note then, buc 

b after- 

8 Thiftife anclT>eath^ 

afterward became a learneol Divine and 
godly Preacher at London. In that Colledgc 
heefellclofe to the ftudies of Logickc and 
Philofophie , and by reafon of that ground- 
work of learning he got at fchoolcand ma- 
turity of yearcs, hec quickly got the ftartaf 
thofcof hisownetime, and grew into fame 
in that ifoufc. In the middcft of thefc his 
ftudieshis Father died, and then his meanes 
failed , for all his Fathers lands fell to his el* 
dcr brother now living : but thiscrofleby 
Gods providence prooved a great advan- 
tage to him for his growth in learning, 
though it put him to monftrous paines of 
body and mind ; for now wanting meanes 
to buy him bookcs , he borrowed of his Tu- 
tour and others the bed writers on Naturall 
and Moral! Philofophy,andthe Politickes, 
and read them all over, and abridged them 
all in his note books, which arc now to bee 
feene , and then returned the books to their 
owners. Nay j fuch a defire bee had to at- 
taineaperfe^ioninthethings hee i1:udied> 
that though hee was very well skilled in the 
Greeke tongue^ yet chat hee might attaine an 


exaulncffe in ir^ he did with intolerable pains 
write out with his owne hand all Homer , (or 
H^(?^lamfure)forihaverecneii (though 
long fincc) in a fairc Grccke cbarader 5 for 
hec wrote that language better than hce did 
cither Englilh or Latine^ and asking him the 
reafon of his paines, hee told mc,it was only 
that he might accent perfcdly J his brought 
him to iuch a readineflcj that hce could with 
as much facility dijcourfe in the publike 
Schoolcs (for he was a famous difputant) in 
the Greeks tongue, as in the Latine or Eng- 
lifli; ana in them all, hec wrote and (pake 
Stiloimptrati rio^ as Lipfins cals it, <vi:^ a high 
and lofty ftile , which was (o familiar to h im , 
as that he could not avoid it in ordinary con-* 

From Lincolne CoQedgehce rcmooved to y, 
Brafen-Nofei For, by the Pounders of that ^n brafen-rfft 
Houfe moft of the Fcllowfliips therein were °' ' ^^' 
ordained for Lancafl?irc and Ckefi?ire men,but 
commingiothat Colkdge, having butfcw 
friends, hce ftaycd long without: aFellow- 
(hip ; about which time (that I may not bu- 
ry in filciicc the charitable 9i&$ of fuch fnen 
b 2 whom 

I o Th^ife and Death 

whom their learning and piety have made 
eminent) it pleafed M. D. Bret , knowing; 
hisdeferts, and perceiving him to languifh 
for want of meanes , moft bountifully to 
contribute for his reliefe 3 and by his an do- 
A man of fin- thcrs bouHt ie , with fome /mall ftipends hee 
for learning and had fot his Lcdiuresin that Houfe, hee was 
^*"'^" upheld until] he had got a Fellowlhip, which 

fell out about the thirtieth y eare of his age , 
at which time hee commenced Mafter of 
Arts 5 and then by the Fxcrcifes hee perfor- 
med in the Houfe and abroad , being Re- 
gent Maftcr he grew into fame , and was ftill 
fucceffivelv chofento b^ Reader of the Le- 
duresof Logicke.and MoralljandNacurall 
Philofophy,(as by the Statutes of the Houfe 
they were appointed to bee read) which hee: 
performed (b ftridly , and with fuch exa^t- 
neffe , as that hee got credit and applaufe 
with the beft, but fome envy with his fucce f- 
fours , that by his example were now provo- 
ked to a more frequent and painfull reading 
of them , which were feldome and fleightly 
performed before. And fuch was his e- 
fteemc in the Vniveyfitic for his publike dif- 


ofMy^ Bolton. II 

putations , which hcc ever performed with 
fuch readinefTe and acutenefle of fpeech and 
wit , and fuch profoundneffe of learning, 
that when hee wasaMaftcrofArtsbutof . 
fmali {landing , hee was chofen by the now 
Lord Arch'BiJhop of Canter hurie , Vice^ChanceU 
lor at King Iames Hi^ firft comming to 
that Vniverfity,to bee one of the difputants 
before the King 5 andtoreade in Naturall 
Philofophy in the publikeSchooIes.Bcfides 
his knowledge in Logicke and Philofophy, 
wherein be excelled , he was alfo well ftudy- 
cdintheMetaphyficks and Mathematicks, 
and in all Schoole-Divinitie , efpecially 
in Thomas Aquinas^ which he had read over 
once or twice , and had exadly noted him 
throughout,as raay appeare in his notes. 

But all this while (or for the moft part) 8. 
though he was * very Icarnedjyet he was not ^ ^ ^^^ 
good 5 hee was a very meane fchoUer in the ^^Ay •/to,<w 
fchoole ofChrifiihe drew no religious breath irenseus. That 
from the foylc he came,& his matter like an nSs ©mni- 
ill feeds, man fowed the tares of Popery ia ;'^^'^°fp^^^^^^ 
moft of his fchoJlcrs: this manner of cduca- ^q^- 
tio made him more apt to tread in any path 

b J than 

12, The Life andT>eath 

than that which was holy 5 hee loved Stage- 

playesjm'^f anddiceyhe '^as a horrihlefwearer 
and Sahbatb-breakeri and boone- companion 3 and 
was ever §!ad (as 1 have heard him fay) of 
CbriUmas-holj'dayes ^znd marvellous mclan- 
cholie when they were ended, hee loved not 
goodnefle nor good men, and of all forts 
of people could not abide their companie 
" that were of a ftri6i: and holy converfation , 
fuchhce would fetch within the compaffe 
oi Buritans^ thinking that by tbatlawleffe 
name he had deprived the ipjo faBo both of 
learning and good religion. Such agenerall 
fcorne hath this degenerate age put upon 
the wayes of G o d, that the name of P«- 
n^^» which is truly and properly the name 
^Eufei.HijfL of the 'proud hcrcfic of No'vatus ^ or 
ui^:^. r. els of the " vile fed of the AnabaptiUs , is for 
\!^:Z l\^' want of feekiag redreffe by our Ecckfiafticali 
EA2IAIK0N x^^^^j, become the honorable nickname of 
the bcft and holieft men. This wretched hu- 
mour Mr. Bo/fo« further difcovercd at Cam* 
bridge , for being thereat a Commencement y 
and meerely carried with the fame of Mr, 
Perkins y went to heare him preach, whofc 

ofW^ Bolton. j^ 

plaine but very found and fubftantiall 
preaching meeting at once in him with a 
curious palate and unfandified heart » quite 
turned his ftomacke againft that good many 
thathethoughthim (tofpcakcinhisownc 
phiafc ) a barren empty feHoyo , and apafsing 
meane fchoEer. I have heard many of late 
(much of Mr. Bohons temper in goodneflc 
at that time, but inferior in learning) fpeakc 
the like of Mr, Perkins j but the eminent 
learning of that man (fanaou* ' abroad as l.'^^^'^f 
well as at home ) is lo farre above their ^^ipmus theo. 
reach i that to traduce his worth is to quc" ^|/'pS'.i. 
fjfiv« their owne. And that late learned ' Bi- ^dD^/jbhotm 
fliop of Salisbury in the defence of his Jji^repiytoBi- 
bookeagainlhhe cavils of Dr. Bi/hop^ hath 
in many places amply commended his lear- 
ning* So that the precious name of Mr. Per- 
kins fhall like an ointment powred forth , 
fill all the quarters ofthis land with a frelh 
and fragrant fweetneffe^ when nothing (hall 
furvive of his Detra6iors , but their unfavou- 
ry and unlearned fpight againft fo holy a 
mani And Mr. Bohon himfelfe when God • 
changed his heart ( which I will next write 

b4 of) 

1 4 The Life and Death 

of) hcc changed his opinion of Mr. Perkins ^ 

and thought him as learned and godly a 

Divine as ourGhurch hath formany ycarcs 

e Hems but enioved in fo^ young a mao : But 1 pro- 

Iictle above *o ' ' </ v» £- 

yearesoldwhe Ceeci* 

he did. ^j^g^ ^^^ ^^g ofBrafen-NofeCoIledgeM 

Hiiconver[m. had familiar acquaintance wiihonc W.An- 
dertonh\s Countrey-man,and (braetime his 
Schoole f cUo w, a very good Scholler 5 but a 
flrong Papifl, and now a Popifli Prieft , and 
'f He was for oncofthe* Icamedeft amoHgft them* This 
^'ii J G "Sr ^^^ ^^'^ knowing the good parts that were 
mmthed An- in Mr.B(?to»,and perccivingthat hcc wasin 
' tt^2^hlt^ fome outward wants^ tooke this advantage, 
and ufed many arguments to perfwade him 
to be reconciled to the Church of Rome and 
to go over with him to the Englilh Semina- 
ry ,telling him hec fliould be furnifhed with 
all neceflaries^and (hould have gold enough 
( one of the befl arguments to allure an un- 
liable mindeto Popery) Mr. 5o/w» being 
atthattimcpooreinmindeand Purfe, ac- 
cepted of the motion j and a day , and place 
was appointed in Lancai^hre^ where they 
fhould meet 5 and from thence take (hip- 


of M'.Eolton. ' 15 

ping and be gone. W.^olton met at the day 
and place , but Mr. Anderton came not , and 
{o hee efcaped that fnare^and foone after re- 
turned to Brafen'Nofe^vjhete falling into the 
acquaintance of one Mr. Feacocke Fellow 
of that Houfe , a learned and godly man , 
itplcafed God by his acquaintance to frame 
upon his foule that admirable workcman- 
fliip of his repentance and convcrfionto 
etcrnall life, but by fuch away of working 
as the Lord feldomeufeth but upon fuch 
ftrong veffcls which in his fingular wifdome 
hee intendeth afterward for ftrong in- 
counters , and rare imployments. The 
firftneweshee heard of God was not by a- 
ny foft and ftill voyce , but in terrible tern- 
pefts and thunder, the Lord running up- 
on him as a Gyant, taking him by the necke 
andlhakinghim topecces, as hee did lob; 
beating him to the very ground > as hee did 
Pauly by laying before him the ougly vifagc 
of his finnes which lay fo heavy upon him , 
as hee roared for griefe of heart, and fo af- 
frighted him, as Ihaveheardhimfay ,hee 
rofc out of his bed in the night for 


lob if^.ver.ii, 
ij. 14. 

J 6 • The Life and Veath 

very angui(h offpirit. And to augment his 
fpirituall tnifery, face was exercifcd with 
fowlc temptations , horribilia de Deo , terribi^ 
iia dcfide^ which Luther called Colaphum Sat a-, 
n<Q > for as he was parallel! with Luther in ma^ 
ny things ,as i fhalllhew anon^ : fo was he in 
thefc fpirituall temptations which were fo 
vehement upon Luther ^ that the very ve- 
nome ofihetn drankc up hisfpiriis , and his 
w MdSd bodyfeemcd dead,* VtneccalorynecfangiiiSy 
nee fenfi^ , nee ^ox fupcreffet , th^z neither 
fpecch/enfcjbloud or heat appealed in him, 
as lufias Jonas that was by and faw it,report- 
ethofhim: but this Iharpc fit of Luther s 
lafted but for one day, but Mr. Boltons conti- 
nued for many raoneths, but yet G o d gave 
him at length a bleflcd iffuc , and thefe grie- 
vous pangs in his fpirituall birth produced 
two admirable cfFcds-in him (as well as in 
Luther ) which many times enfue upon fuch 
hard labour^ an invincible courage andrefo- 
lution for the caufeof God, in the which 
he feared no colours,nor the face or force of 
any; fecondly, a Angular dexterity in com- 
forting affli^ed and wounded fpirits , as 

" (hall 

e?/M^.BoJcona 17 

(hall bee likewife further (hewed. 

Vpon this hee refol ved to enter into the i o, 
• AIinifl:ery,and about the thirty fiftycare of ^^-^l"'" 
his age was ordained Minifter, after which 
he wholly applyedhimfelfetothcworkc of 
the Miniftery , and improoved all his lear- 
ning and time to that excdlcnt end : A little 
while after he was in the Miniftry^he was by 
meanes madeknowne to Mr. luflicsNlcollsy 
at that x\mQ Serjeant at Lan> , who obferving 
thecomelineflcofhisperfonand the ftufFe 
that was in him , had it alwayes in his 
thoughts to advance him , and about the 
thirty feventh y eare of Mc. Boltons age , the 
pcrfonage oCBrou^btonia Northampton-fhire 
falling void, hee did by my hand fend foir 
him from the Vniverfity to his chamber at 
Serjeants Inne^ and prefentedhim to that li- 
ving, at which time Dr:,K.ing late Bifliop of 
Lo«^(?» being then by accident at the ludgcs 
chamber, thanked him for Mailer Boltotty 
but told him withal! , that hee had depri- 
ved the Vniverfity of a fingular Ornament; 
Then did hee put out his firftbookc.co.ntai- 
nlngAdifcourJioftruehappmJp^ which hee 


1 8 The Life and Death 

dedicated to Serjeant Nicolls his Patrctti* 
which for thegodiincffcof the matter , and 
eloquence ofthe ftile therein contained,was' 
univcrfaily bought up , and divers have con- 
feffed, that at firft bought it out of curiofity, 
forfomefweet reh(h in the Phrafe, tobke 
C H R 1 ST to boote and thereby tooke the 
firfl: beginning of their heavenly taft, 
lU About the fortieth yeareofhisage^for the 

belter fetlingof himfelfein houfe-keeping 
upon his Perfonage, heerefolved upon ma- 
riage, and tooke to VA^ife Mrs. Jnrie BqyfesL 
Gentlewoman of an ancient houfe and wor- 
(hipfuU family in Kenf j towhofeearehcc 
conamittedihe ordering of his outward e- 
ftatc , hce himfelfeoncly minding the ftu- 
dies and weighty affaires of his heavenly 
calling, in the which for the (pace of twen- 
ty yeares and more , hee was fo diligent and 
laborious, that twice every Lords day hee 
Preached , and Catechized in the After- 
noone, in which Catechifme he expounded 
the Creed and ten Commandements in a 
very exad Planner i And upon every Holy- 
day, and on every Friday before the Sacra- 

of M.^. Bolton. 19 

ment hee expounded fomc Chapter, by 
which nieanes he went over the greater por- 
tion of the Hiftoricall part ofthcOldand 
NewTeftament. And in them alias was well 
obferved by a learned and grave * Divine ^M.Eftwick 
that preached at his Funcrall, hee prepared ^^/JmeZuT 
nothing for his people but what might have 
ferved a very learned Auditoryjand in all his 
preachings , hee ftill aimed next to the glory 
of God atiheconverfionoffouleSjthevery 
crowneand glory of a good Minifter at the 
appearing of that great day : and herein 
G CD wonderfully honoured his Miniftery 
in making him an aged Father in C H R I ST , 
and to beget many fonnes and daughters 
unto righteoufneffe ; for I may truly fay^ma- 
ny hundreds were either abfoluiely conver- 
ted , or mightily confirmed , or Angularly 
comforted in their grievous agonies by his 
Miniftery : for he had fuch an art in this kind 
of relieving afflided confcienccs , which 
hee acquired, partly by great paines and 
iuduftry in fearching into that skill,but chief- 
ly by that manifold experience hee had 
inhimfelfe and others ^ that he wasfought to 


20 The Life and Death 

farrc and nccre,and divers from beyond the 
Seasdcfircdhisrefolutionin divers cafes of 
Confcience , which was the oncly caufc that 
made him put forth that lad learned and 
godly Trcatife of his, which hee ftiled; /«- 
fir unions/or a right comforting affiled conjci- 
12, And though in his manner of preaching 

hcewzsa Some oi thunder ^ yet unto bruifed 
recdsandthofc that mourned in fpirit J hec 
wasasfweetabonncot Confolarion as ever 
I heard, and with a very tender and pitifuli 
heart powred the oylc of mercy into their 
bleeding wounds, Hec (as was faidof Ltt- 
ther ) was a mighty oppofire to the Divcls 
kingdome, and had a Angular skill to dif- 
cernc his fleights and that cunning crafti- 
ncflc whereby hee lies in wait to deceive. 
He ever thought thar there was no fuch way 
to caft downe the lirong holds of Sathan, 
and to batter his kingdome, than (after the 
fteps ofiobn the BaptiU ) to lay the axe clofe 
totherootof finne, and to (ct it on with 
fuch power , as that the Divell and all his a- 
gents were not able to reflft it« By this means 


of M^.Bokon* zi 

hcgotgroundofSatan and wafted his king- 
dome ^ mi ^here'S^ere^aily added to his Mm- 
flerylmh whofe hearts x&ere fjftned thereby. liviA 
in all his SermonSjhee everufedto difcover 
thcfiJtbineflcof (innc, and to prcQe rery 
powerfully upon the confcience the duties 
of Sandification.in expreflion whercofthree 
things were remarkable in him, 

I Such courage and refolution of fpirit 
as is fcarcely to bee found in anyc 1 am per- 
fwadedthatinthecaulcof God hee could 
have bcene contented with Martin Luther ^ 
totiits mmdi odium tf impetum fu^irtere ^ to 
ha^e undergone the hatred and ryiolence of the 
Tiohoie world, v^hcrcby hee gave fuch vigour 
unto the truth hee delivered , that it pierced 
betweene the very joynts and the mar- 

2. Impartiality j he would fparenone in 
was to deliver his Mafters will, with whom 
was no refped: of perfons. 

J, His wifdome^ as he was of high cou- 
rage , fo was it excellently tempered with 
vvifdome^defcried in thefe foure things.t Jn 


^^ The Life and Death 

all his denunciations againft finne , he nevec 
perfonated any nian whereby to put him to 
ihame , unleffe his own inward guihines cau- 
fedhira to apply it to himfclfe. 2, He would 
never prcffe upon the confcience the guilti- 
nefle of finne 5 or other ftri*5t point , but hce 
wouldfortifieitby Scripture, by the ancient 
Fathers, (in which hce was ripe and ready ) 
and the concurrence of the beft Orthodoxe 
Writers , to ftop the mouth of all flanderers 
vekic^oroftoomuch precifeneffe, % When 
hce had fearch'dtheconfciencetoihevery 
quicke ( as hee would doc) hee ever offered 
Christ in all his beauty and fweetneffc , and 
powred it forth upon the confcience v\ith 
fuch a torrent of Eloquence as would have 
melted the hearts of any , but thofe which 
obftinatcly rctufed the voice of that power- 
full charmer. 4 He would alwaiesprotcfi: un- 
to his people,that it was a f rouble & grief to 
him to preach againft their finsjhe delighted 
not to vex any of their cofciences, he (hould 
be glad the cafe was (b with them , that hee 
might only preach the riches of the mercies 


of^i\ Bolton. zj 

in Christ all his day cs^ But he knew no 
other way to pull them out of the fnarc of 
Satan and ftate ofdarkenefTethen the way 
hec tooke,without drawing the horrible fin 
of Bloud-guiltineffe upon his foule. 

But that which made his preaching more 
illuftrious , was that burning & (hining light 
which appeared in his life and convcrfation 
in tbefe five particulars. 

1. HisPiety,whercinIneednotfaymuch, « Euerteca 
forthatfccondbookeofhis concerning ^i-fuVhoSm 
regions for '%>alkwz with God, were framed ^"^"^""^ <ti3"» 
oucof the pious Meditations of his owne chufti^no- 
hcart^as a guide for himfeUe for the ordering femp«"mm 
of his ftep^s in the waves of riohteourncffe,^-;:^,. 
which hee fo ftridly obftrved tbrouehout ['^'^^^'"'jjf^ 3. 
the courlcof hisiiic that (aliowingtohim deMcraic 
his frailties and * infirmities , which the ho- ^^^^.64!^' 
licfl men while their fiefh is upon them (hall ^f"^°;"n 

r vitam inveniri 

not be freed from) hee could not bee juftly p°^« <i'""^»^s 

J, ^ ,, Aft finccriminc; 

taxed by anyjno not his very enemies (if hee fine pccwto 
had any fuch ) of any groffe and ' fcan- J^verTcx^f! 
dalousfinnes fincchisfirftconverConfrora'^'^'^T^'* - 

agit lit Pcccatu 

them. And no marvell if hee attained to^onhabeat, 
fuch a height of holincffc when he was lifted non"acdpiat"' 

c up "^ 

24- T^he Life andDeath 

up thither by the wings of prayer. His con- 
fiant courfc was to pray fixe times a day, 
twice by himfelfc in private , twice in pub- 
lique with his family, and twice with his 
wife. Befides 5 many dayes of private humi- 
liation and prayer ever before the receiving 
of the Communion, and many dayes be- 
fides, for the miferies of the Churches in 
France and Germany ^ ^c^ which hce perfor- 
Trja faciunt nacd with fuch ardency of fpirit ^ that as was 
ora^o?mTdi- hid o{ MoTm Luf her ^ HseufedfuchhHmility 
as in the prefime of almighty G o jy^bu^fuchfer^ 

tAtio, tenta- 
tio. Luther 

Thii Author ruency and faith ^ as if bee had beem talking 'S»ith 
tn tbcm au. bis friend. And God heard his prayers* for, 
to the comfort of his foule, a little beforehis 
^ wiki he deaih^he heard of the * mighty vi<5tories ob- 
tun filly and jaincd bv the King of S-^peden a^ainft the 

finely called / \ n *n /-hi 

Magaaii'aDii. Empcrour, to theaitonilhment of all thc 
world 3 that thofe eyes which now behold it 
with joy jdo fcarce believe themfel ves in thc 
fruition of it. When the Lord (faith thc 

pfai.iafi. I. Pfalmift) turned againe the captivity of Zion^ 
-^ee rpere like them that dreame. So indefatiga- 
ble were the paincs of thi^ godly man in his 
private devotions and pubUke prcachingji 


(?/M^ Bolton. 25 

that being advifcd by Phyfrrians for his 
healths fake , to breake offthe ftrong intcn- 
tionsof his ftudies , hee rcjcded their coun- 
fell, accounting it greater riches to enjoy 
Christ by thofe fervent intentions of his 
mindejthen to rcmitthem for the fafcguard 
ofhis health .* Much like the fpcechef that 
famoufy learned Dr, Reynolds to the Dodc rs 
of Oxford, comming roviiitbiminhislad: 
fickcne{re(conira(9:ed mecrcly by his excee- 
ding paines in ftudie , by which he brought 
his withered body to a very <r^-'.^M>y ) who 
carncftly perfwading him the t he would not 
ptrdcre fubjlantiamprcptcr accidentL'^i, e. toloje 
bis life Jorkarning^ he with a fwcet fmile fine- 
ly anfwered out of the Poet, Nee propter rvi' ^"^"''*'- 
pam *viyendi perdere c^ufas^ 

Nor jet for bye of life lo/e that dare 7, 
Which is the caufe lli^e ^myinduftry, 
2. For bis Gravity5he was of a very come- GrivUy. 
lyprcfence, hee had a countenance fo fine- 
ly tempered with gravitic and aufteritic , 
that hcc in a manner commanded refpcd 
fromothcrs) in fb much that many forbarc 
to fpcakc or z& unfeemcly things in his prc- 

C2 fence, 

i6 The Life arte/ "Death 

fence,that would not have bccn^ fo modcft 
in other company : Such a Majcftie doth 
grace imprint upon the eouDtenances of ho- 
ly men , that they draw refped: from the 
greateft ; this made thofe perfecuting Em- 
perors to feare the very faces of thofe poorc 
Chriftians that appeared before them ; 
And this caufed Conflantme the Great fo to 

socTAtet lib. I. honor the countenance of Old Paphnutius , 

^•^» though disfigured by the lofle of his eye , 

that hec did often for his dehght kifle the 
hallow of that eye which was loft for the 
caufe of Christ. So true is that of Salo- 
mon-i wifdomecaufcth the face to fhine, and 
the rigour of the countenance to bee chan- 

zcaie. J . Hce was very Zealous for G o d , not 

onely by the power of his Miniftery in con- 
verting many, wherein God had wonderful- 
ly bleiTcd him , but in any publike or private 
good that tended to the booour of G o d, to 
whofe glory he wholly facrificed himfclfe & 

A trut ^T7u. all his ftudies , which I can the more fafcly 
■fou^hfnlt ^'' affirmc, in that I know tee hath divers times 

himin"^^ refufed preferment from fome of rheNobi^ 


e>/M^ Bolton. ly 

lity and Prelates of thisKirgdome , and for 
no other caufe in the world, but that hcc 
might not be divorced from ihatCountrey 
where his Miniftery was fo much embraced 
and wrought fo good effects. 
4. But zcalcis oft of fuch violent motioB, wi/hme. 
that as the ancicmPhilofophers fuppofed of 
ihcprmmn mobile, that if the motion thereof 
u^erc not finely cooled and allayedby the 
coelumCbriftallinum next to it , it would [tt all 
theOrbs on fire j and therefore the zeale of 
this Reverend man was alwayes tempered 
with fingular Wifdome and difcretion , for 
though in all his Sermons he preft mightily 
upon the confcienceof his hearers, who ma- 
ny times like babes childifhly wrangled at 
the breads which (hould nourifh them , yet 
were they never able to rcfift the authority 
by which hee fpake , fo that fofthe fpace of 
zz yeares, being the whole time that his 
Lamp of light ihined in Northampton Shire, 
his dodrine was never drawne into queftion 
either for error or fchifmc: fo ftudious was 
hee ever of the unity and peace of the 
Church of England which hee dcarely 
c J Joved, 

i8 The Life and Death 

loved that none could juftly quarrell with 
him^butPapiftsand other Sewlaries, as alfo 
others that were corrupted with error or 
clarity, 5- Laftly for his Charity 5hee was ever u- 

nivcrfaliy bountifull 5 butefpecia-lly hce ex- 
ceeded in thofe publikc diftrcffcs of Germa- 
ny > France , Bohemia^ i^fc, and to thofe that 
flood in true neede: for the enabHng of him- 
felfe hereunto, I have heard him often fay 
( & he made it evident to m e) that ever fince 
he was Minifter of Bm^^/;/^?;;, he fpent every 
yeare all the rcvenewes of his Perfonagc 
(which was of good vale w J in the mainte- 
nance of his family and av^s of hofpitality& 
charity 5 And that the eftate wherewith God 
hath bleffed him otherwife,was meerely rai- 
fed by that temporall eftate he had at firft.Lct 
them therfore of his own coatefrom hence- 
forth ceafe to traduce himjwhom they never 
did nor dare to imitate. I am fare theTowne 
of Broughton will ever have caufe to bleffc 
God for his charity ; for when that lamen- 
table fire was among them , September 21. 
Anno Domini 1626, befidesthe many pounds 


ofy[}» Bolton. 2p 

hee fpcnt out of his ownc pttrfca hee was a 
chief e mcanesihat by the only fupply of the 
Country without any Letters Patents from 
above their houfcs which were burnt downe 
unto the ground were all new buihjand their 
outward cftatcs liberally fuftained and up- 
held. Nay fuch was his charity, that though 
Tome of his owne towne had not onely flan- 
dcred his Miniftry , but wronged him in his 
tithes, yet hee put it up, and never called 
them to quertion as hee might , nor ever had 
any fuite with them all bis day es. SothatI 
may for conclufion fumme up all this in that 
wittie commendation of N^^/<^«^^« on Bafil 
the Great f Hee thundredinhis DoCtrine •, and ^'I'l^l^'J^'^'' 
lightnedinhis con^verfation, M'^'^- 

This ineftimablcireafureitpleafcd God . M« 
to put in an earthen veflell, and about the «»^ iw!*/ 
beginning of ^^^f^wfor Iaft,bcgan to brcakc 
it by vifiting him with a §}Ufirtan ague • a dit 
cafe which brought C^Z-rm to his end , and 
by the judgement of the beft Phyfitians, by 
rcafon of the long and grievous paroxy fmes 
whereby itafflids , is ever deemed mortall 
unto old men ; and fo it appeared to him , 

c 4 for 

lo The Life and T>eat/:) 

for perceiving after two or three fits that it 
maftered his ftrength , hee patiently fubmit- 
tcdtoindure, what by ftrugling hee could 
not overcomcj And called for his Will which 
hee had made long before, andperfeding 
fome things in it^hcc caufed it to be laid up, 
and afterwards wholly retired into himfelfe 
quitting the world, and folacing his foule, 
with the meditation of the joyes of heaven , 
which he had provided to preach to his peo- 
ple, for having compiled an elaborate di(^ 
courfc, dequatuor Noyifsimis, of the foure 
laft things, Death, Ivdgement, Hell 
and Heaven, an argument that fome Ic- 
fuites & Friars have bungled in , and having 
finilhed the three former, told them that the 
next day he would treat of Heaven ^ But the 
day before being Saturday hecwasvifited 
with ficknefle 5 and never preached after. 
God thenpreparinghimfor the fruition of 
thofe inexplicable joyes which hee had pro- 
vided for his people in contemplation. 

His fickeneffe though it was long and 
fharpc , yet hee bare it with admirable pati- 
ence, for he (aw Him that is inyifibk^ and his 


c/M^. Bolton* 51 

whole delight was to bee with Him, often 

breathing out fuch fpeeches as ihefe whiles 

the violence and frequencie of his fits gave 

himanyintertniffion. Oh ^hen mQ this good 

houre comes when JhaU I bee difjohed^ when 

(had I bee mth Christ? Being told that 

it was indeed better for him to bee dif- 

folved, but theChurchof G o d could not 

roiffc hin) nor the benefit of his Miniftry.To 

which he thus fwectly reply ed withD^i'i^; ^-Sim. ly. 

Jfi (haUfinde favour in the eyes of the Lord bee * ^ ' ^ * 

ypill bring mee agme and/hen^ mee both it and his 

habitation , but ifother'9Pife , loe here lam , let 

him doe '^hatfeemeth good in his eyes, &eing 

asked by another, whether hee could not be 

content to live if G o d would grant him 

life, hec thus anfweredj I grant ths life 

is a great bkfsing of God, neither y^ill I y^e- 

gleB any meanes that may prefer<ve it, and doe vuam Uhuu 

heartily dejiretofubmit fo G o d s '^illi But of ZoTeTln'deji^ 

the two J infinitely defre to bee dijfoli^d and to '^^"'^' 

be 'SPitb CHRIST. 

In the time of his fickeneflfe there x^^ 
came many to vifit him , but bee admit- 
ted none but his intimate friends^ ufiig a 


;i The Life and Death 

V - — ' ■ ■ ■ — 

firme^ecem '' ^P^^^^ ^^ * Szitit Augufiwe , wHo dcfircd ten 
quim cxiret ^ daycs bcforc hcc died, none might come to 
bis p°oft5avk him , that hce in that time might the better 
r^SeVo. fit himfclfc for God. But to thofe that came 
ingicdeietur, (q \^[^ ^^ p^yg yg^ y podlv aod wifc cxhotta- 

nifi ijs tantum ^ O J O J 

horis qubus tionsfuting to their callings and conditions, 

medici adjn*/- •! ii*t i nt<i 

fpiciendumin- lot although his Dody was waued with con- 

c"mci mfl tinuall fits towards the Clofeof his life, yet 

retmrefeaio, ^[5 undcrftanding and memory wereasa- 

vatiim ac f - ^ivQ and quickc as in the time of his health. 

omlTiuioteai. Hcc cncoutagcd thc Minifters that came to 

llllhluPok ^^^ i ^® t)ce diligent and couragious in the 

fid.devit. vvorkeoftheLoRD, and not to let their fpi- 

^^^ ' rits faint or droope for any afflid^ioh that 

(hould arifc thereupon. To all that came to 

him J he bad them makefure ofChriftjbefore 

they came to die , and to lookc upon the 

world as a lump of vanitvi He thanked God, 

for his wonderfull mercy to him in pulling 

him out of hell , in fealing his Miniftry with 

the converfion of manyfoules^ which hcc 

wholly afcribed to his glory. 

ly. About a wecke before he died, when his 

filver cord began to loofen, and his golden 

bouletobreake ; Hee called for his wifcj^and 


M— — !■■ ■ — ■ ,1 ,■ ,.| 9m 

of M^. Bolton^ 5j 

defiredhertobearehisdiffolution , which 
was now athandjwithaChriftian fortitude, 
a thing which he had prepared her for by the 
fpacc of twenty ycares, telling her that his 
approaching death was decreed upon him 
from all eternity^and that the counfell of the 
Lord muft (land, and bad her make no if.y^^. 
doubt but Ihee fliould meete him againe in 
Heaven ; And turning toward his * children * He had five 
told them , that they (hould notexped hec f,]t!lZifom, 
fhould now fay any thing to them , neither d^^^i^ten, 
would his ability of body and breath give 
him leave, hee had told them enough in the 
time of his fickneflc and before , and hoped 
they would remember itjand verily believed 
that none of them durft think to m eete him at that 
great Tribunal! in an mregenerateftate. About 
twodayes after, divers of his Parilh com- 
ming to watch with him,he was mooved by a 
friend that as hee had difcover*d to them by 
his Do(5trine , the exceeding comforts that 
wereinCHRisTjheewould now tell them 
whatheefekinhisfoule. Alas {{zx^hc) doe 
they lookefor that ofmee now that '^ant breath 
and power to fpeake^ 1 ha ue told them enough in 


3^ The Life and Death 

my Miniftry : But yet t'^gi'Ve you fatis faction , 
lam by the '9oonderfull mercies of God asfu3 
of comfort as my heart can hold^mdftek nothing 
in myfoule but Q'yiKisr ypith xohom I heartily 
defireto bee .^ And then looking upon fomc 
thait^Jvcrcv^ceipm^^tsiidiOhyf^hat a deale adoe 
there is before one cm die ! 
i3^ The night before hee diedj when the 

doorcs without began to bee (hut, and the 
daughters of Muficke to bee brought low , 
and hee lying very low with hi3 head, ex- 
peding eyery moment when the wheele 
ihould be broken at the Ciflernc, yet being 
told that fomeofhisdeare friends were then 
about him to take their laft farewell ^He cau- 
fed himfelfe to be lifted up,and then like old 
Jacob boyipinghimfelfe on his beds-head, after a 
*Aiuiiiceoj f^w gafpings for breath , hee fpakeinthis 
Teact in m anner. lamn&'9p draw in f^ on apace to my dif- 

Noitlihamp- n i r r t1 

ton Slue, folution , andam jujf in the Caje of * Sir lohn 
"^eto^TclT " Pickering, Holdout Faith and Patience.your 
hul fc^"' "' ** ^^^^^ mllfpeedily be at an end: And xhen/ba- 
phrafe ofth cc j^jy^g (/;^^ all by the hands^prayed heartily ^and 
world vvas not '< particuUrlj for them , and dcfired them to 
^orta/ofhim. « ^^/j^yj^^ 0^ /;^^^^^ ^ ^^^ ^q beareinmindc 

" « yphat 

te*^ ■ - I 

o/M^.BoJtom 55 

•^ ■9phat; he bad formerly told them in his Minifle- 
'« ry , protefting to them , that the doBrine Tiphich 
*« he had preached to them for thefpace of twenty 
^^yeates^'^af the truth ofG o Dj as, hejbould an^ 
^^ fiver it at the T^ribunS of Chkist^ hifire 
« "Schom hee fjould (Jjortly appear e. This hec 
ipaie when the very pangs of death were 
upon him. Whereupon a very dearefriend 
ofhistakinghim by the hand, and asking 
him if he felt not much painc, Truly no (faid 
hce) the great eft ifeele is your eoMband^ AnA 
then fpeaking to bee laid dowse againcjhce 
fpakeno more umill the next morning wli en 
he tookc his laft kaveaf his Wife rnidChiU 
dren, prayed for them and bleflcd them all, 
and that day in the afternoons aboutfirc of 
the cIocke> being Saturday the 17 day ofD^- 
cembery Anno Dom^ 1 6 5 ?i, it^the LX'*^* yearc 
ofhisageyeeldeduphisfpiritto God that 
gave it , and according to his owne ipeech 
celebrated thertpnfuingSabbathin thjE:King- 
dome oi Heaven, Thus in the fpace of fif- 
teene weekcs wasthefirftand raoft glorious 
lightput out mBrot^hon.thsLt ercihattowne 
injoycd or tiiat many ages w(il tcJidcr againe 



The Life and Death 

And thus have you Cgood Reader) the 
Life and death of this very learned and god- 
ly man trucly fet forth : If any man (hall 
contradid any thing that I have written of 
him i I (hall not bee carcfull to anf wcr him : 
For,ifhebegoodjand well knew ,Vr. Balcony 
hcewill not have the face to objed : if hec 
bee * bad, 1 hold him not worth anfwering : 
Khallonelyfay to him in the language of 
Tacit t^Sydidicit tile mdedicere^iff ego contemner e^ 
He hath taught his tongue to (peakeiH and 
I have learned to contcmne it. 

There is onelyoneobjcif^ion which I will 
anfwer and no more) which began to bee 
muttered in his life time, and is now likely 
to make a lowder noife,if it bee not put to fi- 

rhis preaching twice a Sabboth is more 
than needsjhalfe of it is hut prating: And Mi- 
niftersundertheGofpell may take more li- 
bertic, and arcnottiedtofuchprecifenefle 
and feverityoflifeas he ufed. 

to bee long in anfwering it : The former 
part of this obje&ion this learned Author 

* Contri Sy- - 
morfv^rn noti 
eft remedium. 





of M^. Bolton* ^y 

in his Book« of Walking yoith God, and in 
bis Epiftle to his laft Booke dedicated to 
that religious noble Knight^Sir Ri^ben Carre^ 
both by reafons and the conftant pradice 
an dprcceprs of the ancient F^^/?irrx, preach- 
ing twice a day , fometimes every day , hath 
abundantly and unanfwerably confuted, 
I will onely add two examples of later times, 
ihcone , of renowned Cal'^in (the glory of fn vha catv, 
Jiisage) who F^reached or Leisured almoft S'^ c^>/ea. 
every day , and fome dayes twice , which ^'^^' 
Preachingswcrefoexcellentjthat they were 
the matter of thofe laborious and learned 
Cowfw^^r^nVjof his upon the Bible, which 
occafioned Dr. R^w^/^i aptly and truely to 
call him do^ifsimus ilf fidelijstmus Scripture 
interpresy the moft learned and faithfull ex- 
pounder of Scripture. The other, of our 
moft precious leweU^ who was a very fre- 
quent and conftant Preacher, and haftned 
his own death this way: f or^riding to preach 
at Lacock in Wilt Ihire^ a gentleman that met 
him perccivingthc fecbleneffc of his body , 
(which hce had wafted out in inch ^pint uall 
labours) advifed him for hii hcaltls lake to 


:58 The Life and Death 

rcturne home againc. To whom this godly 
Bithop by way of allufion to that brare 
{pccch oi^Fefpaiianxhe Emperor thus excel- 
lently rci^\ycdjOporte$epffcopum concionantem 
* oportet im- wj^ri, which in the * ftorieof his life is thus 
ftnmc°m moti. cnghfticd, if bsc0mmeth befiaBiPjopto dieprea- 

♦z).HM«/)fcreyfgntly after the Sermon heewas by reafon 
B,'/we//. of fickncffc forced to his Bed , from whence 
hee never came off, till his tranfladon to 

For the latter part of the Objedion tou- 
ching that prccifenes of life that was in him 
and which ought to bee in the Miniflers of 
God, Let him that objcdeth but well read 
and minde thofe ftrid precepts of the Apo-- 
I Tim. 5. ftlc PauhoTimothy and Titus ^ the examples 
of primitive times and thofe precife injun- 
dions for the Clergy that arc difperfed 
,, „ throughout the whole body of the Canon 
cbrietucqux LaWjand to comcneererhomcm the Fro- 
defbr, vinciall Conftitutions of Canterbury , But ef- 
TiSri pccially in thofe excellent reformed Ecclefi- 


"^ ? afticall Lawes compiled by the two and thir- 
suph. M ctn-ty CommiUioners (whofe names I have 
"'•"""• fccnc 

mam omnes 

c/M*Boiton* ^^ 

under * J[?"»g Edward the fixchi owne ^^^ g. s*. 
tandappoincedbyhim for the purgatron Ro^ cotton. 
of that toulc body of the Cannon Law) deformitas in 
and I doubt not but hcthat/ocbjeaeth r'Xm't 
will cither be afliamcd of bis ill t^npue, or "pf^^ff^^^^- 

hisilMlfe, ^^'^^^ hone. 

Thefc laft Laws were by Royall Autho- cu/Smifcet 
rity printed in the Moneth of April! /mm cdSLm 
Di^»ii»M57 uand are ar this Day fforoueht '"»*^"'^f<io 
IknowjAuthenticke rules and Canons a- iatorib«s.item 
mongft the Clergy: Oneof ihcfe Lawes glfdiemio^nlg 
touching Miniflers, I will recite in the !L"^i°emTdT. 
proper words of the La^, Islon fitit ccmto^ !"f ^ "^»^'«« 
tores ^non aleatoresy nonauctipes^ncnrvcnatoresy 'fdem inteicf. 
nonfycophanu, nonotiofi^ autfupimjcdjacra- q'fot'nqueT. 
rumtiterarumUud'ijSy^ prddicationi rverk i5f Ticndo^^und 
or^tiofiibus pro Ecdefiaad Dom invm dili- ^^odM ^ ^e 
genUrintumbent^ReforJegum EccLBS»r/^. Tinu^j.ujh 
dc EccLEs.t'* MtniJl.Cap, /\,Fol. 48. 

Nay thatCouncell or rather Con^irac) of /«^e5 ^;,of. 
Trent, ^sBi/hopIe-^eUczUhM^hkh I may 3"^;^^ ,er. 

%,as was faid oikhacitps. that the hatred ""-"^'^^J 7'- 
' ' neat coiifpaa- 

of the Prijcillian hereue was all the virtue ^'°"<^'" '^tam 
he had : So all thegoodneffe ofthisCoiin- iium"^", j^."'* 
cell chiefly confided in the reformation 

d of 

4.0 The Life andT)eAtb 

of the badneffe of the Clergy, flearefaow 
precifely it fpeakes in it owne Language, 
Nihil eft qudd alios magU adpietatem tf Dei 
cultumajfidutinftrMt^quameorumyita bfex^ 
emplum qui fe diyino minifterio dedicarunty isfc;, 
€}uapropterJic decet omninb clericos tnfortem 
Domini yocatos Vttam worefque [msomnes eom- 
ponere^ ut habitu^geftu^ ineejiujfermone alijfque 
omnibus rebtis nilnijigra'pejmoderatum^isf reli^ 
gione plenum priC feferant : leyia etiam deliBa^ 
qua in ip^s maxima effentyeffugiant^ut eorum <i- 
hiones cunRis afferanpofemrationem^ i^c% Sta-* 
tuitfanSia Synodus^ut qu<e alias afttmmU Pon- 
tijicibiisisf kfacrisConciiijsde Clericorum*vh- 
pay boneftateycultu doBrina^ retinendiy acjimul 
deluxUyComeffationibtfSy cmtreifyaleiSj aequi" 
» vetcres bufcun^crminibtfSy necnon */ecularibtfs nc 
ftoTc'rumdirm g^^^ /«^^>«^^ ^opiofc ac falubtiur fancita 
epifcopum, c^ui fucfunts eadcm inpofterum iifdemposniSyrvel ma- 
lem mag.fti:t. jonbtfSy orbitrio Ordmaftf mponendis objer- 
Xamfuna?- "VMUT I Yiec appeUatio executioHembanc qu^ad 
Jt'^'fentTb ^^^^^ correkionempminet fu^endoPy Cone. 
ofEctofum.no. Ttiden.feff izXapA. 
^4l\if\\l^* If any man have any more Objefti- 
ons againft this reverend and gracious A u- 




tbor, F will give him no other anfwer than 
our Saviour did to that cm\o\x% §lueflieni[ly Luk.10.3r* 
G$eibu and do kkemf e^And f make no doubc 
but that al thefe Cavils againft hi(n(for they 
can be no other)\\ ill by a fweet and facred 
exchange be rcfolved into earned contenti- 
ons after that happineflTe which he now en- 
joyes at his right hand where is> Fulnefe of 

f 5j 

ftefd Rctder, 

I S other -Works «f this incomparaWe jixtthcttr.hxYz 
their fcalc/o in fpccial this Fo/^-i-tfwiw.hislaftand 
hf&w&tk oaTkejaure la/f tlfmgs. Nofooncrwss 
it put to publicke view, but prefently icwa«takca 
up,and r«*d with imich contcat. \ AippoJc ihafurc 
thatmuchwiong would be done bot"h to the de- 
ccafed Author i^ni alfo to futvivmg iica<fcrf jtf impreflion (hould not 
beaddedto iinpieflion,{oIongasitisfomuch defired. In this third 
imprcflion I have taken the belt care I could, to have the whole 
Woik revicwedmet for alteration of any part of the juihort matter 
or Method (For who dares offer to alter tliat which fuch an Ape/ks 
hatii begun and finifhed) but for a more ready finding out both 
of the pnnci pall points appertaining to themainc fcopcof thisTre*! 
ft/e,and alfo of other very ufefull and profitable paflages which arc 
here and there, even every where on fundry by-occafions, infcrted. 
For the Author vyi\$ j'«!/ of matter. He was well furniftcd for any 
peintjthat on the maine or on the bicfas we fpeak)fell out: and an- 
fwerably he tooke occafion to vtnt himfelfc, and at large to handle 
what he obfervcd to bemoft needful! and ufcfuUjInftancchis Trca- 
tifc of iif<jrrfa^c,pag. 46,47, Sccofhcarealy and earthly /fly,pag. f^. 
acc.Of /ai/^,pag.64,&c. and of fundry other points, whereupon he 
&ls,Now that none of his precious pearles may be loft, but rather c- 
very profitable point be diftinftly obfervcd-by the Reader,thc Heads 
of them are pointed out in thcMargm;and that what ercry one <noft 
defireth to rcad,!nay be more readily foijnd out,an MbhAUticaU In- 
dex is herunto ai>n-:xcd.Thetis alfo in thised.tion added, more then 
inl the focnie r, a pious & powerful 5'erwJ9i» preached at theFnnerall 
of this Worthy ^4Uthor^ which drewabiindancc of ceaics Jjom the 
eyes of the then prefent >^«i/tf«rf,and may yet fiuther worf c on the 
Readers thereof, I commend all(good Reader)to thy courteous ac- 
<eptancc,and to G o D s gracious bkfiing. 

G. M. 

M . B O L T O N S 





Jff tha day Jba/I thts Jong he fung in the land of 
'^^ ludah^ &c. 

E have here in this Chapter, rheSimme 
Firft, k ConfiUtton (ox oftheChap^ 
Gods people in the time of ^^;.^ 
their captivity. The Summe 
whereof is this: Though all 
things feeme to threaten ru- 
ine, and tend towards confu- 
fion; yet the ifTue will be,that God will moft mer- 
cifully refcue and relieve His owne 5 who after- 
wards, will not onely themfelvcs acknowledge 

B and 


and magnifie His miraculous hand in their prefcr- 
vationandfuppoit, butalfoflirre up others to re- 
ly wholly upon that mighty Lord, that never 
did, or ever will faile orforfake any that put their 
The Parts of truft in Him. In the fcven firft Verfcs. 
the Chapcr Secondly, An Infimtion^or Injiru Bion^ How the 
godly fhould carrie themfelves in the time of crof- 
fesandchaftifementsj and what difference there r 
is betweenethem and the gracelefTe in fuch Cafes. 
From Ver.y. to the end. 

In the firft Part we may take notice, and into 
our confiderationthefe three Points. 

I. Provifion of a comfortable Seng for the 
people to carrie withthem5asit were into Captivi- 
ty, and the fiery Triall 3 that in themidft of their 
prcfTuresthey might beeafedand refrefli'd with a 
conccipt, that the Day would come, wherein they 
fhould joyfully fiiig the fong of enlargement and 
falvationjVer.i. Though when they fate dervne 
if the rivers of Bahjlon, their hearts would not 
(erve thcmtoiingany Songofzion^ but fellafun- 
der in their brcfts like drops of water, yet aflTured- 
Hmforrvttts ly, all Go D s faithfull Ones, who believed His 
are (weetned. prophet and Promifes, would in the meane time 
fecrctly fwceten their forrowes and fuflfcrings,with 
a patient expedation of this happy Day, and hea- 
venly mirth. 

2. TheSoDgitfelfe,Ver.i,2>3. Wherein wee 

may confider, i. The Time, when the Song fhall 

The ciuTcUs be fung ; I» that Day ] which w-e may underftand, 

^'y- I. Hiftorically, literally, typically, of the Ifrae- 

lites deliverance out of Baby lon,and the miferable 



flavery thereof. 2. Anti-typically, of thcblef- 
fed enlargement of G o d s E le<9: out of the fnarc 
and bondage of the Divell. 3. And myftically 
alfo, (as fome Divines thinke)of the joyfiill corn- 
mi ng ofChriftians out of fpirituall Babylon, Rev. 
17.5. and from under the tyranny, of Ancichrift. 
4. Complementally, of gathering the Saints out 
ofthis vale ofteares^and from the eager purfuit of 
thatgreat red Dragon,and the powers of darknefle, 
into lerttfdem which is above, where they fliall 
joyfully fing triumphant Hallelujahs in the higheft 
heaven foreverandever,(7/i/.4.2 5. 2. The Mat- 
ter of the Song • which is. Salvation^ Ver. i . Peace, 
Vcr. 3 . Holy Compar^y , Ver. 2 . P ure pleafurc, com- 
fort, found contentment,^^ . 

3. An Exhortation, or exhortatory Apoftro- inheemeHu h 
phctotruftin/^W^^. And there is added, for ''"JJ/^ '>» Jeho- 
ever-^ left upon Gods delay ,andrefpitingreliefe, ^^ * 
we iliould dcfpaire or have recourfe unto the arme 
offlefh, Rcafons to enforce this exhortation are 
three, i. In Him is ^^ch^f^x ru^esfecalorum, c- 
verlafting ftrength,Ver.^ Arockofeiermty^upon 
which we may for ever fwectly and fafely reft and 
rcpofe our felves,amidft the many furious ftormes 
and boifterous waves of this troublefome world. 
2. He is able to tame, take downe, and trample irl 
the mire, the in^folency and pride of the moft ra- 
ging perfecutors, Ver f. 5. Andtoraife His, though 
never fo low and languifliing, tofctthem upon a 
Rockeoffafetyand falvation for ever, and to give 
them the ncckes of their enemies to tread upon, 
Vcrfe 6. 3. Hee yveig^js and ^watches over 

B 2 ' the 


the waycs of thcj»/?, Verfey. See Uremie 1 7.7. 

Now whereas the Prophet in the firft place 
doth fumifh the people of Go d before-hand with 
a ftrong counter-comfort and cordiall againft their 
faintirgs in the fornace ofaffli(flion,we may thence 
PTdvijiQn to be Do cr, Jtis an holy wifdom!', andha^fy thingyU 
male a^ain/t trcafureupccmfcrtahlefrovifionagainfitheDdy 

theeviUday. ofcaLimty. 

' It is good coun felly md aklejfed csurfe, tofioreuf 
comfort agofnfl the evtllDay . 
He that gathereth in Summer, (faith Salomon) k 4 
fonneof under fan dng : But he thatfleefeth in Har-, 
n/efiis a fonne of confufim, Trov. 10.5. If not by an 
immediate fcrnre,yet by a warrantable analogy and 
good confequent this Place will beare this Para- 
ph rafe. 
M'lfcVtt^t ofCe- That man which now in this fliire and feafonabic 
^uy tn quiet. Sun-fhineof his gracious vifitation is lull'dafleepc 
with the Sy ren-fongs of thefe fenfuall times upon 
the lap of pleafure ; fwims downe the tempori- 
zing torrent of thefe laft and lewdeft dayes with 
full faileofprofperityandeafe, againft thefecret 
wafts and counter-blafts (as it were) of a reclaim- 
ing confcience, as thoufands doe, to their utter un. 
doing for ever; mif-pends his golden time, and 
many goodly opportunities of gathering fpirituall 
M^tnnay ingrafping gold, gathering wealth, grow- 
ing great, greatning his pofterity, clafping about 
thearmeoffleih, fatisfying the appetite, and fer- 
ving himfelfe : In a word, he that while it is called 
Today,x\xm^s not on Gods fide^ and by forward- 


BEFORE DlE^Arh. 5 

neflcand friiitfak^ire in-bij^^bl^lTed'^^yeisi'trtf^ 
fures up comfort and grace dgairift his eftdin^ 
houre, Hiall m6ft certainly tijyqn'Risb^d of d«#h, 
and ilUiminationof c'onfeicne^,' find ttothiftg M 
horrible con&fidn ai^d fckrtf ,; tiaireanfef^ ^^tt&di 
and infuppoitable bcivineSe oirMstti'hh foiife 
maH prefently downc intx) the; kin^dome of dari- 
ncflc, and bottomc of the burnifi^Iake, ttefdto 
Ke everlaftingly in terttpeftuoui" and ffcf^/'tjdfc 
mcnts, the (ling and ftrength.wheirdof doth ilbS 
oncly furpafTe th6 pens and t6ngues of Men ;Jnd 
Angels, but the very conccipcofthofethatruffej^ 
them, which if amanknevv, he would not indurS 
one houre for all the f>leafares often thoufand 
worlds: His body (the pleafing and pampering 
whereof hath plunged him kiro fhch a fea<i^f cala- 
mity and woe ) mull dcfcend into the houfe of 
death, nn habitAtion of blaekflelTe and^i'iii^lHli !i6 
downein a bed (rf'a6^&ndi'(^teiiddle^^^^Wi:^^ 
wormes^ guarded and kept fiili fdre by tfifc Prince 
and powers of darkcnefic tf^iro theiudgememiffhe 
great Dd) /sand then the whole manmurtbecotne 
the wof^ll obje^^fthe ektr(*ttii^^ahddveiiaft^' 
ingnefle of that fferd^ft ind un«^uenchab]e wrath, 
which (like infinite rivers of brimftortc) will feed 
upon hisfoulc and fiefh, without rem(^clie, e^e, 

Bm tfet feftpp/'ftiaflj'WHiefr r^ fijnY- Bemjhtof^et^ 

mers day of his miferable and mortall life,gathers t^&£<^ *^ 
grace with an holy grecdineflfe, plies the noble Z****^*^ 
tradeof Chriftianity with refolution andundaont- 
cdncffe of fpirit, againft theboiftcrous current and 

B 3 cor- 

6 .>|>REPARAT10H 

corwjption^ c^f the tiinesj^ groW$ in gojdlin elFe^' 
Gods favour, andfruitsofgoodlifc; purchafes 
and pTcfervcs (though with the lolTe of all earthly 
delights) peace of confcience, one of the richeft 
ticafures and tareft^jcwcls that ever illighcned and 
made lightfQme the heart of man in this world : I 
fay chat man, though never fo contemptible in th c 
eyes of the worldly- wife, though never fo fcoror 
fully trod upon, and overflowne by the tyranny 
and'^fwelling pride of thofe ambitious felf-flatte- 
ring Gyants, who, like mighty winds, when they 
have bluftered a while, breathe out into nai^ht, 
fhall moll: certainly upon his dying-bed meet with 
a glorious troupe of bleflrc4 Angels ; ready and re- 
joycingto guard and condocfl his departing Soule 
into his Majlersjoy . His body fhall be prefervcdin 
thegrave by theall-powerfull providence^ as in a 
Cabinet of reft and fweeteft,neepeA pcrfumediiy 
the buriall pf our bleffed 5sa Viohvji:^ until! the 
glorhM4 apf earing ef the gnat Q^o p^ Andthen^af- 
ter their. Joyful left re-union, they flball both be 
filled^and (liine thorow all eternity ,'w4^h fuch glo- 
ry and bliffe, which in fweetenefte aijd excellency 
doch infinitely exceed the poflfibility of all.hur 
*^*J'J|8'^'[>raaneor Angelicall *conceipt. 
u&nT^ czllr't Thus y ou fec in fhort, what a deale of confufi- 
fnfficit ilia fu- on that miferable man heapes up for his precious 
ITs'^anu'fmt ^^^^ ^^*^"^ "^^^ Day of wr^th, which: fpcpds 

{audia ; An- 

{clorura choris intereflc, cum bsatiflimis fpiritibus gloriae cpnditeris afliftcre, 

prxfencctn Dei yultinn ccrnere, iucircumfciiptuna lanvp yidcrc, nullo 

Biorcjs metu aiBci, incorruptionis perpe(ux munere Istari^ ^$. Grt^^r. Hom.iJ. 




thefpan of his traftfitory life after the waies ofhis 
owne heart:andhow truly he is a fonne ofunder* 
(landing, who in the few and cvill daiesoffhort 
abode upon earth, trcafures up grace and fpirir 
tuall riches againft the -dreadfull winter night of 

For I would have you underftand, that by ^om- jf^at pfviji^ 

•/•/Lands, livings, or large ' polTeflions ; I meane , RiiUt, 
•Hot weahh or riches : Alas ! Thefe mil not profit in -^ 

the My of wrath, Pro v. 1 1 .4 . They certainely make 
themfil'vts wings y and in our grcatefl: need, wiil/r^ 
<0svdj as an Eagle toward heaven^ Prov .23.5. 
- I meane not filver or go Id : they fliall not he able 
te deliver in the day of the Lords wrath, Zefh. i . 1 8 . 
Will he cfteemc thy richest no not gold, nor all 
fthe.forces ofiftrength57i'^,36.ip. 

-' : I meane not top of honour, or height of Place t x houutu 
<this' (.'without religion) ferves onely to make the 
downfall more deiperate and remarkable. They 
arerais'donhigh (faith the very Poet) thattheir 
ruine may be more irrecoverable. But what do I 
meddle with the Poet < the Prophet is plaineand 
^peremptory againft the pride of ambition : Thy 
tcrrihlenefe hath deceived thee, and the pride of thine 
heart : O thou that dwellejliij' the clefts of the rocke, 
that houldeft. the height of the hill: Though thoufhotdd- 
eft wake thy neft as high as the Eagle ^ I will hr ing thee 
downef-om thence, faith the Lordjcr.^g ,16, . 

I meane not the arnie of flefh, or Princely fa- 3 favour 1 9f 
vours. Afluredly, that man which gratifies great '"^* 
Ones to the wounding of his coftfcicncc by the 

B 4 formal] 

?^ ~ il^MPARATIQN 

formallilavcry pfbafeiieflfe and infinuation, or 0- 
ny ill, pfficc^ oF ambitiovis: fcrvitude in -fcates of 
irreligious poli!?yi injuijicc, cruelty, turning Turk 
_3ij«l, itiiai|tor ^O; th<^ f hattrufted !bim,&e, fhalKitc 
iaft reci^iycncvo^Ker rccompienceof fuch abliorred 
villany , when divine vengeance begins to take 
hini in hapd, than that which juftly fell upon /c^^ 
( in the extremity of hi^sanguifh and forrow) ftcm 
the dhi^cfriefisandsUmi (^4^^^.27.41 'If ever 
great men, or earthly Potentates did take their 
Mattering flaves outof thehandsof G o d at that 
higi^e^ ^ribunall, or were able to free a guilty 
foule froip eternall flaiiies> it were fomethingco 
grow: rich, and rife by yile accommodations, and 
(crying their turnc in the meane time. But fuch 
a man (hall ccrtaincly ( is the day of his laft ahd 
greatcft need) bee caft with horrible confufion 
of rpirit, and iji^curable griefc of heart , upon WoL 
fui rufull complaint* and cry out wh^n it)isto6 
late : Had I beenc 4s carefuf tofirve the G on of he a- 
*veH, as my greaf (J^dJierm e4rth 'j he had never lefi 
fnet in f»y gray hdres. Favours ofgteatncflfe may 
follow a man in faire weather, and fhinc upon his 
face with goodly hopes and cxpecStation of great 
things; butrnftipwracks even of worldly things, 
where allfinke$, but the forrow to fave them 5 or 
cfpecially upon the very firfttempeft offpirituall 
diftrcffe, they fteere away before the Sea and 
Wind, leaving bim tofinic orfwim; without all 
poflibility of helpe pr i^fcue, eVeojto the rage of a 
wounded confcience,' ^nd gulfe (many times) of 
that defpcratc madnelfe, which the Prophet de- 



fcribcsj /J4 . 8 . 2 1 ,2 2 , He paUjret hjmfelfe, and cur fe 
bisKmg and his God, md looke upward, t^ndhe 
Jhail loch unto the earth : and hchold trouble ofrd 
ddrkmfiejdimnejfe ofAngmjhj and hejhalLbedrwen te 
darknefc^ . . 

By comfortablcProvijion therefore, I mean trea- 
furcs of a more high, lafting, and noble nature.* irhat ^rovifi- 
:.T;hc bleflings of a better life, comforts of godli- Z.^jf'*"^ 
'JQCjffe,. graces of falvation, favour ^nd acceptation 
with the higheft Majefty,&c. They arc the riches 
of heaven onely which we fhould fo hoard up, 
md will ever hold out in the times of trouble, and 
Day'bfthe L o r i) a wri&h.. Amongft which,a 
found faith, and aclcare confcience are thcmoft 
pecrclefic and unvaluable jewels 5 able by their 
native puifTanec, «and infufed vigour, to pull the 
very heart .( as it were ) cut of Hell, and with 
cormdencc and conqueil: to looke even Death 
and the Divell in the face. T here is no darkeneflfc 
fo defolate, no croffe fo cutting, but the fplen- 
dor ofthcfc is able to illighten, their fwcetncfTc to 
mollifie. " i Ml ; 

So that thebleffed counfcll of C h r 1 s t, iAUt. mu.6. 1 9,t«» 
^.ip,2o. doth concurre with, and confirmethis fxpounJed, 
Point: Lay not up fir your felvestreafures upon earth, 
when nwth 4ndr»ftdi>th cor ruft 'j and where thecves 
Ifreaketherorv and fieaU, Bui lay up for your fehes 
Sreafures i» hennjen, v>here neither moth nor ruji doth 
corrupt, and where theeves do not hreake thororv^ nor 

By moth and ruji thofc two greedy and great 
devourers of gay clothes, and ghftering trcafures, 



^** ^"""i? *^ *^^ capitall vanities upon which worldlings 
^tbingt!^ ^ dote, and two greateft inchauntcrs of mortal! 
men, are infinuated and fignified unto us all 
thoTe iron teeth, znd devouring inftrumentsof 
mortality, by which corruption eaccs into the 
heart of all earthly glory, waftes infenfibly the 
bowels of the greateft bravery, and ever at length 
confumes into duft the ftrongefl finewes of the 
moft ImpcriallSoveraignty, under the Sun. The 
Lord of Heaven, hath put a fraile and mor- 
tal! naturCi, a weake and dying difpofition into all 
worldly things. They fpring andiflourifh, and 
ent? ui ^^^' Even the greateft and goodlieft Politique 
aeTaita fccuii Bodles that ever the earth bore, though animated 
corrimat, puU with the fcatchittg fpirit of profoundeft Policy; 
unt^ NamTum ftfcngthencd with the refol'ution and valour ofihe 
ftaieinhisflo- Hioft conquering commanders, fighted with Ha- 
ribusriiumun. glc eyes oflargcft depth, fore-fights and comprc- 
rcpentina foi- henhons of State, crowned with never lo many 
tuna turbatur: warlicke profpcritics, triumphs, and vidorious 
aut feftina, & atchievemcnts, yet (like the naturall Bodyofa 

omnia deem- , 11/. 1 • -, r 1 

bantc morce man ) thcy had ( as it were ) their Inrancy, youth- 
conduditai. fullftrength, mansftate, old age, and at laft, their 
SgJIfi g'^ave. We may fee (D^.2.35.) thegloryand 
cu!i, quxqua- power of the mightieft Momirchies that ever the 
blandiumur- ^"" ^^^^ fliadowcd by Nebuchodnc^^^rs great I- 
fed" amator'es magejfink iuto the duft, and become like ^^(f cbAfe 
fucg , cito of tie Summers tbrefhfftgfloores, uvonzwindy day* 


cipiunt. Greg.in t.RegCap.ix. 

Vnto aU'Dojttinions God hath ftt their periods : tvho, though }:e hath ^iventa man 
the f^nowleJge tjthofi wiyesiy which ({ingdomes rife andfali tyet hath left himfubjeSl 
ttnto the ajfe£ltont r^hich drait> on thefe fatai (banget in their times appointed^ Sr Walter 



Heare a wife and noble writer fpeaking to this pur- 
pofc, though for another purpofe : Who hath not ^^^^*,"; 
§hfervedy what labour , what pra^ice,feri HyhlBnd-fhed, 
d/td cruelty, the Kings And Princes of the world have 
undergone, exercifedytaken onthem,and committed-^ to 
make themfelnjes and their ifues M afters oft he world ? ''^'^ .""*J^ •(,'*' 
%^nd yet hath Babylon, Perfia, Egypt, Syria, Ma- f* ^I'He worii 
cedon, Caithage, Rome, and the reft, no fruit, fort'jhmss tbt 
flower, grafe or leafe, f^nngr^g ufon the face of the f£'lZ'J 
tarth, ofthofe feeds: No, their very roots and ruines do 
hardly remaine, ^Uthat the hand of man can make^ 
if either over-turned hy the hand of man 5 or at length 
kyftanding and continuing confumed, Whattruft 
then or true comfort in thearmeofflcfh, humans 
grcatncfle, or eanhly treafares-^ Whatftrengih 
or flay in fuch broken ftaves of reed ^ Inthetime 
of need, the Worme of vanity will waft and wi- 
ther theihall, Yiktlonahs gourd -^ and leave our na- 
ked foiUcs to the open rage of wind and weather -y 
to the fcouiges and Scorpions of guikineflc and 
feare. It tranfcends the Sphere oftheira(9:ivity,as 
they (ay, and'paffeth their power to fatisfiean im- 
mortall foule, to comfort thorow the length of e- 
ternity ; either to corrupt or conquer any fpirituall 
adverfaries. For couldft thou purchafe unto thy 
felfe a Monopoly of all the wealth in the world 5 
wcrt thou able to empty the Wefterne parts of 
gold; and the Eaft of all her fpices and precious 
things; fbouldeft thou inclofe the whole face of 
thecarthfromone end ofheaven to another, and 
fill this wide worlds circumference with golden 
heapes and hoards of pcarle; diddeft chou in the 



mcane time fit atthc ftemc, and hold the reincs in 
thine hand of all earthly kingdomes, nay, exdlt 
thyfelfi at the Eagle, 4tt(i fet thy nefi among the flats ; 
nay, Vikcthc Juftofthe.msrmng advance thy Throm 
even above the flanres o/God • yctallthefe, and 
whatfocverdfc thou c^nft imagine, to make diy 
tbtgZif^T worldly happincflfe compleat and matchlcfle , 
gMd ut the would not be worth a button unto thee upon thy 
/^"'^ bed of death, nor do thee a halfe-pcnny- worth of 

good in thehon'ourof that dreadfull time. Where 
did that man dwell, or of what cloth was his coat 
made, that was ever comforted by his goods, 
greatneffe, or great men, in that laft and (brcft 
conflid i In his wraftlings with the accufadons of 
confcience, terrors of death, and oppofitibns of 
heU i No, no : It is matter of a more heavenly 
metall, treafures of an higher temper, riches of* 
nobler nature, that muft hold out and heipe in the 
diftrdfes of foule, in the anguifli of confcience, in 
the houre of death, againft the flings offinnc, 
wrath of G o d, and lafl: Tribunall. Do you think 
that ever any glorified foule did gaze with delight 
upon the w^edge of gold, that tramples mdterfoot 
the Sun,and lookes All-mighty God intheface^ 
^htlefouit No, no: It is the focicty of holy Angels, and 
blefled Saints, the fweet communion with its dca- 
reft Spoufe, that unapproachable light which 
crownes Gods facred Throne, the beauty and 
brightncfleof that moft glorious Place, the fiii- 
ning Body of the Sonn e of God, die beatificall 
fruition of the Deity it fclfc, the depth of Eterni- 
ty, and the like evcrlafting Fountaincs of ffirituali 



ravi{hmentand joy, which orcly can feed and fill 
the reftlcfle and infinite appetite of that immortaJl 
Thing with fullncffe of contentment, andfrclh 
pleafiires, world without end. 

Thrice blefled and fweet then is the advice of ^^^ .»«'»'^ '* 
our Lord and Maftcr J e s v $ C h r i s t> who tlilgTbeimtl 
would have us to turne the eye of our delight, and things above, 
eagerneffe of affedion, from the fading gloffe and 
painted glory of earthly treafures; wherein natu- 
rally the worme of corruption and vanity ever 
breeds,and many times the worme of an cvill con- 
fcience attends; the one of which cats out their 
heart when wee expe(5t an harveft j The other 
feizes upon the Soule in the time of forrow, and 
finks it into the loweft hell : And as Men of Gc d, 
and Sonnesof Wifdome, to mount our thoughts, 
and raife our fpirits, and bend our affedions to 
things above 'j which are as faire from diminution 
and decay, as the vSoule from death ; and can bee 
no more corrupted or (liaken, than the Seat and 
Omnipotcncy of G o i> furprifcd. For, befides TUferme u- 
that, they infinitely furpafie in eminency ofworth ^^^xt things 
andAveetneifeofpleafure, the comprehenfion oi^'^''^^''^''''' 
the largeft heart, and expreiTion of any Angels 
tongue; they alfo out- laft the daycs of heaven, 
and runparallell with the life of God, and line of 
Eternity. As we fee the Fount aine of all material! 
light to powre out his beames, and fhining abun- 
dantly every day upon the world withoutweari- 
ncire5emptinefle, or end; fo, and incomparably 
more doth joy and peace, glory snd bliflc, fpring 
and plentifully flow every moment with frcfh 



ftreames from the face of the Father of Lights upon 
all His holy ones in heavenjand that evcrlaftingly . 
O blelTed then (hall we be upon our beds of death, 
if (following the counfell of our deareft Lord, 
who ihed the moft precious and warmeft bloud in 
His heart to bring our foules out of hell) wee 
treafure up now in the meane time, heavenly- 
hoards which will ever happily holdout, aftock 
ofgrace,which never flirinks in the wetting, but a- 
bidesthetriall of the Spirit, andtouch-ftone of the 
Word in all times of danger, and Day of the 
Heavenly trea- Lord: even that accurate,circumfpe<5l, and prc- 
jurt, q\£q walking,prefled upon us by the Apoftle, Eph, 

5.15. Though peftilently perfecuted and plagued 
by the enemies of G o d in all ages : And that pu- 
rity which Saint lohn makes a property of every 
true-hearted ProfefTour, ilohn^.-^. So much op- 
pofed and bitterly oppreftby theworldj and yet 
without which none of us (hall ever fee the face of 
God with comfort. If while it is called To Day^ 
we make our peace with His heavenly Highneflfe, 
by an humble continued exercife of repentance : 
byftanding valiantly on His fide; by holding an 
holy acquaintance at His mercifull Throne with a 
mighty importunity of prayer, and godly conver- 
fation above'; by ever offering up unto Him in the 
armesof our Faith (when he is angry) the bleed- 
ing Body of His owne crucified Sonne, never 
giving Him over, or any reft, untill He beplcafed 
to regifter and r enroll the remiffion of our finnes 
in the Booke of Life, with the bloudy lines of 
Ch R I s T s Soulc-favingfuffcrings, and golden 



chara(^crs of His owne ctcrnall love. If now, 
before we appeare at the dreadfull Tribunal! of 
the ever-living God, (and little know wewhofc 
tui'ne is next) we make oui- friends in the Court of 
Heaven : the blejfed K^ngels, in procuring their 
joy andlove^ by avifible conftancy in the fruits, 
tearcs^and truth of a found converfion. The Sfi- 
tit 9f comfort by a ready and reverent entertain- 
ment of His holy <jM9tions and infpirations of 
grace : the Sonm And Heire of the King of glory, 
the Foundation and Fountaine ofallourBliflejin 
this world and the world to come : from whole 
meritorious bloud-fhed and blefTed mediation a- 
rifeall thofe flouds of mercy and favour, which 
fcfrcfhourfoules in this vale of teares ; and alfo 
thofe unknown bottomleiTefeas of pleafure, peace 
and all unfpeakable delights, which will fuper- 
aboundand.overflow with new and frefli fweet- 
neffefov ever and ever in the Paradifeof God. 
Blelfed are they, that ever they were borne, who ^f'^, *f»c/' 
have already got him their Advocate at the right chrT/t^o 
hand of His Father. For, be/ides many other Mvocate. 
glorious priviledges thereby, in all their exigents 
and extremities, they may be everwelcometo the 
Seat of mercy ^^l\dhc[urctofipccd. If a man had a 
fuit unto the King, itwereaconifoitable and hap- 
py thing to find a friend in Court. But if the \ 
Kings fpeciall and choifeft Favourite 5 nay. His 
owne only Son wci*e his Interceflbur 5 how confi- ) 
dent would he be to prevaile and profper, to con- 
quer his oppofites aiw crowne his defircs ^ Why 
then Ihould any poorc Chriftian be difcomfoncd 




andcaftdowae: nay, why diould he not be 'ex- 
traordinarily raifed and ravifhed in- fpirit with 
much joy full hope, and fwcecaflurance, when he 
throwes himfeife downe at the Throne of grace j 
iich thed-earefl: Sonne of the eternal! G o d, the 
Hcire of heaven and earth, the Mediator of the 
great Covenant of endlefle falvation is his Advo- 
cate at the hand of His Almighty Father in the 
moft high and glorious Couit of Heaven ft 
Wherefore when an humbled foule, and trenp- 
bling fpirit is fore troubled, and almoft turned 
backefrom hispurpofe of prayer, and proftration 
at the foot of heavenly Majefty* by entertain- 
ing before-hand a feeling apprehenfion of his 
owne abhorred vilenefTe, and the holy purity of 
Gods all-feeing and fearching eye, tvhuh cannot 
looke on iniquity ; let this confideration comfort 
and breed confidence, that Jesvs Christ the 
Sonne of Q o d s love doth follicite and tender the 
fuit, who out of His owne fenfe and fympathy of 
fuch like troubles aind temptations, dothdeale for 
us with a true, anaturall, and a fenfible touch of 
j^ J compailionateneffe and mercy. Shall that bleffed 
Lukc*23.34. Saviourof ours call and cry for a pardon to His 
Father, for thofe which put Him to Death ; who 
were fb farre from feeking unto Him, that they 
fought and fuck'd His bloud ; and fhall He fhut His 
cares againft the groanes of thy grieved fpirit, and 
heavy fighs of thy bleeding foule, who values one 
drop of His bloud at an higher price, thanihe 
worth of many world^f It cannot be. 

Thus that faying of Sdomonj and this counfell 



ofC H n I s T makes good the truth of the PoIrCj 
which jnay furthef appearc by thcfe Reafons. 
I. Taking this counfell berime, and hoarding' "Rm/o»^ /or 

up heavenly things in this harvcft time of grac€, llt^^uftlHioi, 
mightily helps to alTwage the fmart, mollifie the ut aUaies the 
bitterneflc, and illighten the darkncfTe of the cvill ^"^'^ '^ '^'^'' 
Day. It is foveraigne, and ferves to take the vc- 
nime,fting and teeth out of any croflc, calamity, 
ordiftrefTe ; and fo preferves the heart from that 
raging hopclefTe forrow, which, like a devouring 
Harpie^drics up^dilTolves, and dcftroyes thcbloud, 
fpirits,and life of all thofe who are deftitute of 
fuch a divine Anti'dote. What vaft difference 
may wee difcerne betweene lob and Itf^as ; Bazid 
and K^chitofhel, wthedayes ofevill't The two men 
of G o D being forma*ly enriched with his favour 
andfamiliarity,fo behaved themfelves, the one in 
the fhip-wracke of his worldly happineife, the o- 
ther in the hazard of his Kingdome, as though 
they had not bcenc troubled at all : The Lord Jot.i. . 
gave , and the Lokd hath taken away, faith lob, 
when al 1 was ^oncbleffed be the n^ne of the Lord. 
ifl flail find favour in the eyes of the Lord, faith j^sam. ij. if. 
DavrdyHe will bring mee a^aine, andfhew me both it, i^. 

and His habitation, ButifHeethusfay-,lharve no de- 
light in thee : behold, here am 7, let Him doe to mee, at 
fecmeth gcod unto Htm, But the fpirits of the other 
two falfeand rotten-hearted fellowes in the time 
of trouble were fo overtaken, nay, over -whel- 
med withgricfe, that they both hanged thcm- 

3. This holy providence before hand may l^Vr'""' 
C happily 


happily prevcnr agrear dcale of rcfUeiTe impaticn- 
CV; reprobate fear ^.torlomediftraaions of fpirir, 
h\"ir.g to the caves, crying to the mountaines, 
boodelTe rclymg upon :he arme of flelTi ; Curfmg 
thar Kmgajtdtkcir G o DjdfidI^k:figup:rj/-J,\:oai' 
in^ou-v.ith h'vfco'.s sroanes; Who amon^ ia jhall 
^5i-'^- d^i:-x::i :''?■: ai-. -^rmr fire f Whe among us JhMl 
drc^eH xpuhth: tverijifiinghitrning? drc. All which 
defperire re rr ours and rumultuations of confci- 
cncearewontto furprize and feize upon unholy 
and unprepared hearts, en>ecially when Gods 
hand is fin.-.^!v :-,r.i:nn?!2Cj.b'v uDonthem. 
^:.'^- ',:ry 3 . And wee rinll heereby excellently honour 

t.fz tX^t. 2^ 4 advance the glory of ProfelTion ; when it iliall 
appeare :o the v.'orld, and even the contrary- 
minded are enforced to confctTe; that there is a 
fecret heavenly vigour, undaantednefTe of fpirit, 
■and noblenelTe of courage which mighnly up- 
holds the hearts of holy men in thofe times of 
coafuhDn and feare, when theirs melt away with- 
in :h e .T. like v." ^: e r . 2 n i ^c -t^' the he:irt of a rvsmm tn 
hir f.i^'£f. WorlaLnss v.'onder and gnalli the 
teeth heeiea: : When they fee,as Chn fcfteme xxuly 
fels us, :he Clirifrian to ditfer from them in 
this; tha: hebesresall crofTes couragioully; and 
v;i:h the v/ings ' as it v.-ere )of faith, out-fores the 
height of ail hjr.ane miferies. He is like aRocke, 
iocorporated into J e s v s Christ, the Rocke 
.$f etCTTury, ftill erect, inexpugnable, unihaken, 
though moft fjrioufly afTaolted with the tcmpc- 
ftuous waves of any worldly woe, or concurrcflt 
rage of all itifemall powers. But all the imaginary 



man- hood of graccIcfTe men doth ever in the day 
of diftrsffc cither vanifh into nothing, or diflblve 

4 . Expreflion of fpirituall ftrengtli in the time ^.uan iucou^ 
oftrouble from former heavenly ftore, is a nota- ragemcntto 
ble meanes to move others to enter into the fame °[ ^"' 
good way, and grow greedy after grace ; to draw 
and allure them, to the entertainement and exercife 
of thofc ordinances, and that one necefary things 
v;hichonely can make them bold and unmovea- ' 
ble like Mount Zlon in the day of adverfity. I have 
knowne fome, the firft occafion of whole conver- 
fion, was, the obfervation of their ftoutnelTe and ' 
patience under opprelfions and wrongs, whom 
they have purpoiely perfecuted with extremefl 
malice and hate. So bleffed many times is the 
brave, refolute, and undaunted behaviour of 
Gods people in the time of triall, and amidft 
their foreftfufFerings,that it breeds in the hearts 
of beholders, thoughts even of admiration and 
love, nay a defire of imitation, and turning on the 
other fide. When they reprefent to the eye of 
the world their ability ropaffe thorow the raging 
flames of fieiy tongues untouched, to portcfle 
their foulcs in peace amidft fcorpions , thorncs, 
and rebels, to pafTe by bafeft indignities from 
bafeft men without wound or paifion, to hold up 
their heads above water in the moft boifterous 
tempefts, and deepeft feas of danger, to triumph 
over all ad verfary power in the evill day 5 I fay, 
by G o D s blefling, this may make many come in 
and glorific G o d > marvelling and enquiring, 
G 2 whence 


whence fuch invincible foititude, and bravcneffc 
of fpiiit fhould fpring; concluding with iV/t^tf- 
chad^e/^r : Surely, Thefervants of the mofi high 
God. And fo at length their affcdions may be fo 
fet on edge after the excellencie and amiablencfTc 
of J Esvs Christ, who being The mighty 
G o D, zndThc LyonoftheTrik of Indah, doth a- 
lone-infpire all His with fuch a Lion-like courage^ 
that they may ferioufly and favingly fcek His face 
and favour; faying with thofe, Cam,$.p. What is 
thy Beloved more than another Beloved, O t hoi* fair efi 
among women f — That wee may feeke Him with 
thee. Whcntheybehold fuch a deale of Majefty 
and mirth to fhlne in his face whom they make 
the marke of all their fpitefull rage and revenge 3 
their teeth with which they could have torneliim 
inpeeces, may water; and they induftrioufly de- 
(iretoknow, what that is, which makes fuch a man 
fo merry in all eftates . 
The folly of y^j^ j^ This may fervc to awakcn and rc- 

ticm that take ■' n 1 r n "^ 1 1 rr 

BO thougbtfor* prov€ all thole lecure and carelcfle companions, 
tbedayofrecfio- who, if they may enjoy prcfcnt contentment, and 
""'^' partake in the meane time of the profperity and 

pleafurcs of the times, wherein they tumble them- 
felves with infolency, luxury, and eafe ; take no 
thought, make no provision at all againft a day of 
reckoning, provide no food againft a foule day, 
treafure up no comfort againft the Lords com- 
ming, prepare no armour or aid for that hft and' 
drcadfullconfli6^ upon their beds of death. Alas 
poorefoulcs! Did they know and feelingly ap- 
prehend what a deale of horrour, aftoniftiment 



and anguilli dogs them continually at the heclcs, 
ready and eager after a few dales of filthy end fu- 
gitive plcafures, to fcizc upon them like travailc 
upon a woman with child, fuddenly, unavoidably, 
apdin greateft extremity, and that fointollerable, 
that they lliall never be able either to decline or 
endure, the verywcakeft biting of the never-dy- 
ing worme, or the Icaft fparkle of thofe everlalt- 
ing flames; they would thinke all the dales of their 
life few enow to gather fplrituall ftrength againft 
that fearefuU houre. Nay, fome are fuch cruell Heapm of 
caitifs zn^Cannihals to their owne fo'ules, andfo Jj^'lyTf '"^ 
accurfedly blinded by the Prince of darkneffcthat rft<nh. 
inftead of comfortable provifion, they heape up 
wrath againft the day of wrath 3 Inftead of grace, 
Gods fivour and a good confclencc, peace, 
joy,andrefrefliingy^^w;/;if frefeme of the L o r d, 
they lay upfcourges, and Scorpions for their na- 
iled foules and guilty confclences againft the time 
andterrourofthe Lords vifitation. For, let 
them be moft affured ; allthelr lies, oathcs, rotten 
and railing fpeeches ; all their covetous, luftfull, 
ambitious and malicious thoughts 5 all their 
fwaggering and furious combinations againft 
Gods people, fenfuall revellings, jovlall mee- 
tings^&c. \mh:i\\,TVhe^ their feare commeth asdefo- 
Ution , and their desirui^hon commeth as a whirle- 
windjYiVQ fo many envenimed ftings, run into their 
finfull foules, and pierce them thorow with evei- 
laftlng forrow. Alas ! What will the fonnes and 
daughters of pleafure do then ^ And all thofe fpl- 
rituall beggcrs and bankerupts who have greedily 

C 3 hunted. 


hunted, all their life long after thcfe mortall 
things of this life, as if their foules had beenc 
therein immortall; and utterly neglected thofc 
The terms »f things which areimmoitall, asiftheir felves after 
prepare7}er'^^ the wotld had becnsbut nfiorcall c What doc you 
thar account, think will betheir thoughts upoi th* very firft ap- 
proach of the Pore of death , to which in the 
meane time all winds drive thefiif Fall fad, and 
heavie thoughts (Lor d thou knowcft) then at 
leifurg enough to reflect feverely upon their for- 
mer folly, though formerly beaten from them by 
their health and outward happineffe, and will pay 
themtotheutcermoftforall the pleafing pafTages 
oftheir life part. Othentheyfliill lie upon their 
lafl: beds like Wt Id Bids in a net ^ full of the furj of the 
Deu,i8. d7. I^ o R D ; And in the morning thej jhJi fay^woM 
God it were even , and at even thejjl)a.llfaji would 
God it were mornings for the feare of their heart 
nvherewith thej jh all feare, and for the fight of their 
ejesy which they fjdll fee. Then ( though too late ) 
will they lamentably cry out and complaine: 
What hath f ride profited m ? Or what good hath r:ches 
rvith our vaunting brotight us ? t^Uthof things are 
faffed arvay like afiadowj and as a Fofle that hafieth 
by . ^nd as a [hip thatpafth over the waves of the 
water, and when it is gone by , the trace thereof cannot 
ht found : neither the ^a^h-w ay of the keele irt the^ 
fpdves . Or as when a bird hath flow ne thorow the air e, 
there is no token of her way to befo^md, but the light 
Aire being beaten with the froke of her wings andpar^ 
ted with the violent nelfe, and motion of them, ispajfed 
thorow, and therein afterwards noftgnt where fhc went 



u to hcefdimd. Or Uke as whm marrow Is jlwtat a 
marke, itpdrteth the aire, rvhtch tTWnediattly commeth 
together dgdne 3 fo that a. mm cannot know where it 
weni thorotv : E'yenfo we tn Uke manner ajfoorte as wee 
were borne Mg^^ to draw to our end^andhadm jigne of 
vert tie to (Jjew : but we cort fumed in our owne wicked, 
neffe. For the ho^e of the ungodly u like dufi, that is 
klewneawaj With the windy like a thin froth that u 
driven away with the (lor me: like as the f?make which 
iS differ fedhere an^ there with a tempejly and fafeth 
Awa'j as the remembrance of 4 g»e]l that tarrieth but a 
day. ]f a Minifter who labours induftiioufly all ^.%'-^\f^^ 
his life long, to workc upon fuch as fit under him {"I iMr^auh- 
every Sabbath 5 Of which fome all the while pre- juii Minijiw. 
ferreromcbafe luft before the LordJesvs: 
other^will not out of their formality to the for- 
wardnefTe of the Saints, do what hcc can, or prefTe 
hcthcmneverfopun^uallyand upon purpofe; I 
fay, if i: were pomble, that he might talke with a- 
ny of them, fome two houres after they had becnc 
in hell : Oh ! How fliould hce find the cafe altered 
with them •: How would they then roare, becaufe 
they had dif-regardedhisMiniftery:' What would 
they not give to have a grant -from G o d, to try 
them in hearing but one Sermon more < How 
would they tcarc their haire, gnafli the teeth, and 
bite their naiks, that they had not liftened more 
ferioufly, and taken more feniibly to heart thofc 
many heavenly inftrudions, fpirituall difcoveries, 
fecret (but well underftoodj intimations, thac 
their ftate to G o D-ward was ftarkc naught, by 
which hee fought; with much earneftnefTe *and 

C 4 zealc, 


zcalcjcvcn to the wafting of his bloud and life, to 
favcthc bloud of their foulest And yet for all 
'Dejpi^en of ^^is you Will not be warned in time , charme the 
their miHi{iers chormers ft^.ver fimfcly : Butfomeofyou fit here 
iefcrtbed. before US fiom day to day, as fenflclTc of thofc 
things which moft deeply and dearely concerne 
the etcrnall ruine , or welfare of your precious 
foulcs, as thefeates upon which you fie, the pillars 
youlcane unto ; nay, the dead bodies you tread 
.upon: others looking towards heaven a farre off 
and profeffitig a littlcT^if before us as though they 
were right and truly religious; md they heare our 
Izck.jj. 51, rvordsjhitt they will not doe them: For with their mouth 
J** theyjherv much love , but their heart goeth after their 

covetoufieffe. Andloe^ wee are unto them y as a very 
lovely fong of one that hath a plea fant voice, andean 
flay well on an inftrummt : For they heare our words y 
but thej do them not. They arc friends to the bet- 
ter fide, may go farre, and even fuffer fometimes in 
good caufes,&c. But let us once touch them in 
point of commodity, about their inclofures, im- 
moderate plungings into worldly affaires^ detain- 
ing Church-dues , ufury , and other difhoneft 
gaine , and bafe niggardifc ; If out of griefe of 
heart for their fliaming Religion , expofing the 
Gofpellof J isvsChrist toblafphemy,and 
hardening others againft Profeffion, wee meddle 
with their fafhions, their pride , their worldly- 
mindednefle, and conforming to the world almoft 
in every thing, favc oncly fomc religious formes; 
Ifwecprefiethem more particularly upon danger 
of damnaiion to more holy ftri(ancirc, prccifeneffe 



and zeale, knowing too well, by long obfeivation 
and acquaintance, that they never yet pafTed the 
peifedions of formall ProfefTours , and fbolifh 
Virgins : Alas / Wee then find by too much wo- ^ormaii Pro- 
full experience; ifchcy politicJcly bite it not in, ^^^'"^^' 
that this faithfuU deahng doth marvcloufly dif- 
content them, and thefe frcciotts Balmes do breakc 
their heads with a witneffe , and make the bloud 
runne about theireares ; whereupon they arc wont 
to fall upon usmorefoule, ( fuehtruc Pharifes are 
they) than would either the drunkard or good- 
fellow,the Publicans and harlots do in fuch cafes: 
they prefently fwelling with much palTionate heat, 
proud indignation, difdaineand impatiencytobe 
reform'd, have recourfe to fuch wcakc and carnall 
cavils, contradi(5tions^ exceptions, ex cufes,and ra- 
ving ; that in nothing more doe they difcover to e- 
very judicious man of G o D,or any who doth not 
flatter them, or whom they doe not blinde with 
therr entertaincments and bounty, or delude with 
painted pretences, and art of fceming, their for- 
mality, and falfc heartcdnefTc. K^ndyet, as they 
are charaderiz'd, Tfi.^y,!. They feeke the Lord 
dMly J and delight to know his wayes y as a nation that 
did righteoufnejfe^ and forfioke not the ordnance af 
their God; they aske of Htm the ordinances of 
jufice : they take delight in approaching to Go ni 
They may have divine Ordinances on foote in 
their families, cntertaine Go d s people at their 
Table s,/i/? and afflifi their fotiles upon daies of hu- 
miliation, as appeares in the fore-cited Chapter 
Vcrfe 3. Beare the word gladly, with Her&d-y and 



with muchrefpecfl and acceptation oh[€Yve\}ci^m^^' 
fengcr, &c. But they will nor ftirre an inch fur- 
ther from the World, or nearer to G o d, fay what 
he will, let him preach out his heart , as they fay. 
They will not abate one jot of their over-eager 
purfuitafterthe things of this life, or wagge one 
footoLiroftheunzealous plodding courfeoffor- 
mall Chriftianity 5 no, nor for the Sermons, per- 
haps of twenty yearcs , and that from him who 
hath all the while laboured faithfully fo farr to il- 
lightenthem, as that they might not dcpait this 
life with hope of heaven ; and then with the fool/ fh 
Virgmsjhll ( utterlyagainft all expe<5^ation, both 
ofthemfelves and othersj into the bottom IcfTe pit 
of hell. O qttkmmulti eumhac ffend ^nrncs labores, 
dx bdUdtfcendunt [ How many (faith one) goe to 
hell with a vaine hope of heaven ; whofe chiefcft 
caufe of damnation is their falle perfwafion, and 
groundlefTeprefumptionoffalvation ! Well, be it 
cithertheone,orthe other-, the befotted fenfua- 
lift, orfelfe-deludingformalift, could wee fpeakc 
with them upon their beds of death (their confci- 
- ences awaked) or the day after they were damned 
in hell 5 wee fliould find them then, though in the 
meane time they fuffer many fowre apprthcnfi- 
ons to arife in their hearts againft US;, in a much al- 
tered tune and temper. Then would they with 
much amazedncffe and terrible fearc , yell out 
thofe now too late hideous complaint^ : Wee poles 
count edhii lifemadne/e, (^c , wee we arte dour felves in 
the way ofwickednefeanddejlrnthoni (^'C. What hath 
fride profited us, ^c. Then would they curfe all 



dawbers, and juftifie all downc-right dealers ; con- ^['J^^^'f^lT 
tempt of whole coimrdl, would now ciit in peeces 
their very heart-ftrings with reftleffe anguifli and 
horrour, and mightily flrengthen the never-dying 
wormc; whereby the enraged foule will thruft 
itsownchands>asit were into its owne bowells, 
and teare open the very foiintaine of life and fenfe 
to feed upon it felfe. For, the worme of confci- irhat is the 
cnce (fay Divines) is onely a continuall remoife ^j'^^ojcon^ 
and furious reflexion of the foule upon its owne ^'^'^'^^' 
wilfull folly;and thereby the wofull mifery it hath 
brought upon it fclfe. 

2. This may ferve fo ftirre up all the fonnes The benefit »/ 
and daughters of wifdomc to hoard up with all ho- ^^^^y^"^ '''^' 
lygreedinefTeJnftead of earthly pelfe, tranfitory 
toyes and fliining clay, the rich and lafting trea- 
fures of divine wealth and immortall graces. For, 
thefe heavenly jewels purchafed with'C h r i s t s 
bloud, and planted in the heart by the omnipcrcnc 
hand of the Holy Ghost, will (iuno comforta- 
bly upon our foulcs with beames of bleflfednefle 
and peace? ?.n:iid all the miferies and confufions, 
the darlcnelTe and moft defperate dangers of this 
prefent life ; nay, in the very va//ey offfjc Jlhtdow of 
^(C'.W/, their fplendour and fpirituali glory will not 
onely diffolve, and difpell all mifts of horrour 
which can poiTibly arifefrom theapprehenfionof 
hell, the grave, thofc laft dreadfull par^s, or any 
other terrible thing; but alfo illighten, conduct and 
carie us triumphantly thorow the abhorred con- 
fines of the King of fe Are upon the wings of )oy, 
aad in the armes of Angels, to umffroachdle light, 



unknowne plcafurcs, and cndlefTe blifle. It may 

^^^°aj '* ^'^ ^^^' ^^ y^^ ' ^^^^ ftandeft upright without any 
*^^' ' ' changes , unftir'd in thy ftate by any adverfc 

ftorme/uppofing thy mountaine ^ojhong,t\\dz thou 
flidt never bee moved. Thus long perhaps the 
Almighty hdth beene voith thee : His cmdle hath 
finned upon thy he<ui, and His patient providence 
reftcd with all favour and fuccciTe upon thy Taber- 
nacle-j fothat hitherto thou had: fceneno daycs of 
forrow -J but even wafliedthj fleps with buttery and 
the rccke hath forvred thee out rivers ofoyle j^c. Yet 
forallthis, the day may come, before thou die, 
that thou mayeft be ftript of all, and become as 
pooreas/^^, as they fay, by fire, robbery, fureti- 
fliip, fliip-wracke, thcdeftroyingfwordjdefolati- 
D" lion m ^"^ of war, or by the hand of G o d in fome other 
mentum^ ever- kind ; Even, A day, an honre, a moment ( faith one ) 
tendis domi- is enough to over-turn' the things thatfeemed to ha r- c_j 
fiat°q''x ^adi^ ^^^^^Joundedand rcotedin adamant : Labour there- 
maminis ere- fore induftrioufly before-hand fo to furnifh and 
abu^"cff'-T'^'' ^<^rfi^^^hine heart with patience, nobleneffe of 
Lix, ^cafaub.' fpint, Chriftian fortitude*, the mightineffe of lobs 
faith, C^^. 15. 15. And his man fold integrities, 
Cap,^i. That iffuch an eviil day fliould come up- 
on thee ( and who can looke for exemption when 
he lookes uponlobs affliction ) thou maift with an 
unrepining fubmifllon to Gods good provi- 
dence and pleafure, take up his fweeteft refolution 
Jub. 1. 1 1. and repofe : Naked came lot^t oftny mothers rvombc, 
and naked fh all I returne thither : the Lo -r t> gave, 
and the Lord hath taken away, blejfed bee the name 
9fthe Lord. Though, as yet, by a miracle of 


B E f ORE ' DE A T H. ^ 

rareft mercy, calmenefTe and fcrenity reft upon the 
firmament of our ftate 5 yet who knowcs how 
foone, efpccially, fith many of Go d s dearelt 
fervants beyond the feas have lyen fo long m 
teares and blond, fome difmaU cloud and tempe- 
ftuousftormemayaiifeoutofthe hellifh foggs of 
our many hainous finnes and crying abominati- 
ons, and breake out upon us,andthat with greater 
terrour, and farre more horribly, by leafon of the 
unexpedednelTeandour prefent defperate fecuri- 
ty : Though the Sun of the Gofpell, and glory of a 
matchlefft Miniftry fhineyet full faire among us 
in the Meridian of our peace and profperous daies, 
yet little know wee, how foone and fuddenly it 
may decline and fct in a fea of confufion, calamity 
and woe: And therefore hoard up greedily in the 
meane time, and while the Sun ihines,arich trca- 
fury of faving knowledge, grace and good life; 
thatifneedrequire,thoumayftthen refolutely re- 
ply with bleffed Paul againft all contradidions and 
temptations to the contrary : / am ready not to h:e Aflsai.ij. 
hound onelj, hut alfo to £e for the name of the Lord 
J E s V s : Though at this prefent thou doeft per- 
haps with much fweet contentment enjoy thy 
God comfortably, and His pleafed fice ; many 
heavenly dewes of fpirituali }oy, glorious re- 
frefhings, and aboundance of fpirituali delights fall 
upon thy foule from the Throne of mercy every 
time thou con^meft neare Him ; Thou canft fay 
unto thy Deareft out of thy prefent feeling, / am can.6.ij. 
my Beloveds y and mj Bdoved is mine, and in fonK 
good mcafurc kccpc a part with the Saints of old, 



in fuch vicfkorious and triumphant Songs as thefe : 
lob. 1^ 2j,»4, Q^ f^^f ^y words were now written, ohthdt they were 
frinted in a booke ! That they were graven mth an 
iron^enAndleadtn the rock for ever. For, I know 
pril.46. »,>, that my Redeemer liveth, (^c. Wee will net fearer 
though the earth be removed : and though the moun^ 
tMnes bee carriedinto the middefl of the fea : though 
the waters thereof roare^ and be troubled, though the 
mountaines Ihake with the f veiling thereof Selah. /. 
1.0m. s 3 8 . amferfwadedthat neither death nor Ufe^ nor K^ngels , 
nor frncifalitiej nor powers, cjrc^ Yet for all this 
that oncly wife God of thine may hereafter for 
fome caufe feeming good to Himfelfe, and for thy 
good, with-draw from thee the light of His coun- 
tenance, and fenfeof His love, and leave thee for a 
time to the darken effe of thine one fpirit, and Sa- 
Meanei for fif tans foreft temptations, &c. Ply therefore in this 
teufer^"'^ ^* profpcrity of thy foule all bleffed meanes s the Mi- 
'"■'^ * niftry, Sacraments, Prayer, Conference, Medita-. 

tions, humiliation-day es, holineffc of Hfe, cleare- 
nefle of confcience^ watching over thy heart, 
walking with God, fan6lified ufc of affiidions, 
experimental! obfervation of Gods dealings 
with thee from time to time, workes of juftice, 
mercy and truth, &c. Thereby fo to quicken, 
fordfie and fteele thy faith, that in the bittereft ex- 
^ tremity ofthy fpirituall diftreffe, thou maift bee a- 
blc to fay with lob, Though He flay me, yet will I truji 
in Him, lob, 1 3 . 1 5 • A thoufand croffes moe, cala- 
mities, and troubles may over-take thee before 
thou takcft thy leave of this vale of teares : It wiH 
bee thy wifdomc therefore now in this calme to 



provide for a ft orme j trcafurc up out of G o d s 
Booke many mollifying medicines and fove- 
raigne antidotes againft all flavifli and vexing fore- gJTz)^" tw^- 
thought of them in the meane time, and their bit- eth hu. 
ternelTe when they fliall come upon thee. Thou Jn^b^ '^' 
maiftbeairiiredjifthoubeea fonne^thy heavenly ifals.^^^&c^' 
Father will ever corrcdthee 51.' Never kf ore 'ir^ 27.7*8. 
there be need-: and alw ayes in 2, ^ Pf'/fdomc^. :^^^'^^^^'^\}^' 
5. *^ (Jiieajure, 4. ** Lovc^ ma tendermjjc^. i.Cor. 10. ij. 
5. For * a moment onely. 6. To *" try thee-^ what "*i'rov.j.i2. 
droffe of corruption, and what found metall of RevT^^^9!'fra. 
grace is in thee. 7. To s purge out finne. 8> To 6i.9.'Vh.ioi. 
*» refine thee, and make the vercues of Christ in Ji^-'-Hof.ii. 
thee more fliining and illuftrious. 9. To * ftirre A'nd^'l^j'/ii.' 
up, quicken and increafe all faving graces in thy iT.Ands4.11. 
foule. Of which fee my Expo/ition upon the 26. V2kuo^'< sc 
Chapter of 7/i. Amongft all the reft, Faith ever lo^V.&uj. 
becomes moft famous by afflivftions. Witneftc ^^^^^O'-^'- 
thatcloudofwitncfrcSj^^^. ir. 10. To ^ make And/7.16. ' 
theeblefled. 11. To'favethec. 12. And Hee icr.j.n.Mic 
" will be ever with thee in trouble. 13. He "will ^'^f' ^ 
deliver thee. 14. Nay, and never was Gold- pfiime. 66.10. 
Smith more curious and precife to watch the very Proverb. 17.3. 
firft feafon, when his gold is thorowly refined and [i^" | f ''* 
fitted for ufe, that hee may take it out of the for- « id. iis.And 
nace^'than ourgratious Go j> ^ waits in fuch ca- p; And 27.9. 
fcs with an holy longing, that Hee may have mer- pr^uT^^ej. 
cy upon thee and deliver thee. But howfoever, or '■Dan.u.jf. 
whatfoeverbefals thee in this life, thou muft upon f ^^'^^^lach. 

■' r 1J.9. I. Pet. I. 

* Ioh.iM.Rom5,Ja4,f.ira.z6.j>. Iam.i.2,?. ''Iob.j.17. lam.x. tz.And f. rt.Pfal* 
94.1a, * I. Cor. 1 1.5 1. t.Cor.4 17. •ir.i 41.10,1 1. And 4 J. 2 - Pfal.91.1j, "lob.j- 
i?.i9,PfaIj4.i7,iS,ip And jo.15. Andpi.i j. *Ifa go. 18, 



ncceffity ere itbe long,lic gafping/or breath upon- 
thy dying bcd,an(i there graple hand to hand with 
the utmoft and concurrent rage of all the poweys 
^ of darkntfle, and that king of feare attended with 
his terrours : and therefore let the whole courfe 
Hmv to prepare of thy life be a confcionable preparative to die 
aiainfi death, comfoixably : Suppofe every Day thy laft , and 
thereupon fo behave thy fclfc both in thy generall 
and particular calling, as though thou fhouldcft be 
called to an exa(5t account at night for all things 
done in the flelh, before that laft and higheft Tri- 
bunall; In' all thy thoughts, words, avftionsand 
undertakings in any kinci, fay thus unto thy felfe: 
would I doe thus and thus, ifl cerrenly knew the 
next houretobe my laft : In a word, fo live, thafi 
upon good ground thou maift bring D^ids un'a 
daunttdboldneftetothy bed of death : Though I 
walke through the valley of the jhadow of de^hj IwiH 
feare no evilL 
speciau prtpa- Here, upon this fcafonable occafion, give mee 
tames. leave to commend and tender unto youforae fpe- 

ciall preparatives, rules, motives and meanes to 
furnifti before hand, andtofortifie your fpirits a- 
gainft all future evils, and terrible things that are 
t. Preparative. j, Treafurcup Hchly and abundantly before 
Get iatience. ^^^^ ^^^ precepts, pradicc and experimental! 
rhe benefits 9 f fweetneifeofpatiencc^thatmoft ufefull and precis 
ji4tience. ^^^ vertue, which may fervc (when time ferves) as 
a fovcraigne antidote, to abate, and abolifti the 
fting and venimeof all croJnrcs,affli(aions5 and mor- 
tall naifcries j and as a comfortable cordiall to 



fupport and hold up thy heait in the bicterneflc 
and extremity of the foreft. 

Mighty and miraculous was theworke of this iobspatieHe<.\ 
glorious grace in blelTed loL By its heavenly -'.nd 
invincible influence upon his humble foule, it did 
not onely utterly extinguifh (which was a very ad- 
mirable and extraordinary thing ) all that defpe- 
rate anguifli and flaviih gricfe, which fuch variety 
and extremity of greateft miferies, that ever be- 
fell any mortal I man, would have naturally bred 
in the hopelefTc hearts of impatient worldlings 5 * Quanta ad- 
leall of which is many times enough to drive verfus eum ja- 
them to dcfpaii-e and fclfe-deftrudion ; but alfo ^"^^ ""'^^^ • 
* enabled him with the fweeteft calmnefTe of a Si'tT wrmen- 
wcll-compofed and unfhaken fpirit, even to blefTe ta? jaaura re* 
the L o R D his God for taking from him thefe fl'^jf ^''numer 
tranfitory things, of which he was the true Pro- rone"'^foboii/ 
prietary, and which in much undeferved mercy orbitis irroga- 
He had lent unto him fo long. The Lord gave, cenfJi^Domi! 
C faid he ) and the Lord hdih taken arvay ykle^fed be nusj & in hbe- 
the nam of the Lord. "^ ^^'" *^'"- 

■^ or: Ncc Do- 

minus repent^, ncc Pater eft. Accedit vulncru n va'ftitas,& tabefcentes,ac defluenies 
artus rermium vjuoq^ edaxpctna con/uniit,ci;*c. Nectamen /o& giavibus & denfis 
conflidatiombus frangitur,quo mTnus inter illasanguftias & preffurasfuas Dei bene- 
diftio viiflricc patientia prsEdicetur. Cyprian. ie bono Pa kntU, 

Nihil in Dotno remanferat, omnii in uno idii peiieruntj quibns opulentus pauIo 
ante videbatur, Subito mendicus in ftcrcore fedet, a capite ufqj ad pedes vermibus 
fcatens. Quid ifti miferia miferius? Quid intcrioiefoelicitatcfcelicius ? Perdideiat 
omnia illaqux dcdcrat DBVs/ed habcbat Ipfum qui omnia dedcrat DEVM*»-»Ccr- 
tc pauper eft, certc nihil habet. Si nihil rcmanfit,de quo thefamo iftar gemmae laudis 
Dei profcruntur? — O virum piitrem, & integrumj O ^oedum & pulchium; O vulnc- 
ratnm & fanumjO in ftercore f. dentem3& in coelo rcgnantcml j4ug.de TeTap.Ser.io<} . 

With what infinite, implacable indignation, 2)*'^''*/^ 
aild bloudy rage would ^/'^»^Af railing have rent 

D in 



Elies patience. 

in peeces the heart of many a gracelcffe King! And 
yet Davf^ by the helpe of this holy vertue, pafTcd 
on along patiently without woundjOrpalTion. 

That heavy newes which was fo horrible, that 
it made both theeares of every one that heard it, 
tingle, brought by Samuel to £// immediately 
from Gods ownc mouth, might have made 
many an carth-worme to have run mad with the 
very fore-thought of fo much mifery to come : 
But good old patient Eli ;whcn he had heard it all, 
fweetly ejaculates : It u the Lo kd: Let htm doc 
i.Sam.3.18. vphatfeemeth him good. 

The taking away of two fonncs at once by a 
fudden and violent death, with vifible venge- 
ance from heaven, and in the middeft of amoft 
horrible finne, is naturally matter of forrow 
which cannot be expreft, and extreme/!: griefc : 
yet KyiAYon in fuch a cafe having learned confor- 
mity of his ownc will to the divine pleafure of the 
oncly wife Go d ; when il/^y^-^ told him that the 
Lord VDOuld he fantfifed in them that come nigh 
Bimy and before all the people He vpould hee glorifed -^ 
He held his peace : K^nd Aaron held his feace. So 
quieting his heart becaufe God would have it 
fo. See further for this purpofe, 2.Sam,^.i'^yi6, 

By thefc few precedents you may eafily per- 
ceive what fingular and foveraigne power patience 
hath to pull the fting, and extrad the poyfon 
out of the moft grievous calamities and grcatcft 

But now on the contrary : Impatiency andun- 


Lcvit, 10.3. 



pleafednefTe with Gods providence in fending *j^lll'^^l\i 

both good and nil, ( yet evcrinlove,andforour "^^ropomon^St 

good 5 For ^ what foane ish:-, whom the Father cha- ^uji expeff as 

fiemhmt? ) doth more affii(ft us than all oar affli- ^/f^f^l^ 

dions. Theftormcof Go d s wrath breakes out god. what? 

fometimes upon the outward ftate of fome greedy (^^j^^ iob)axil\ 

fretting mammonift, andhejuftly fmiteshimfor go'u^d aT^t'hc 

his wicked covetoufneflfe and diOioneft gainc, per- iiand of Go o, 

haps in the height andhotgleame ofhisprofperi- ^"^ ^ccdyH* 

ty andthriving, by fome fudden vifible confump- vili^cap.i. 10. 

tion, or fecret wafting curfe : He ( as fuchcove- ''.^^^s* ^'^^'c 

tous wretches are wont ) takes on extremely, farrc nuiuT,"ut pi"- 

beyond the rage of the maddeft bedlam. Hee vis mtmiatio- 

ftainpesand ftares ( as they fay ) roaresand raves, "^|^'" ^°<^ ^^' 

gnafheth his teeth, teare; his haire, bites his nailes, q'jia g dT r s 

almoft like a damned foulc,that hath new loft hca- fligeiht om. 

ven ; untill at length the DivcU lead him to lay ^;^^ ^f^;^^ 

violent hands upon himfelfe. Now, are notthefe (ins dubio que 

felfe-vcxing tortures farre more terrible than the "^" fl^gdiat, 

taking away of histranfitories c' Is not the cutting ^^^ deTemp 

of hisownc throat incomparably worfe than the senn.io^. 

croffe i A bird that is intangkd amon^ft lime- * '^''}> '"'^'S" 

o D u.irisr Querela 

twigs, the more fhe ftirres and ftruggles, the more & indignauo 
ihe is made furc, and doubles her danger : A ^re- n»iai>udquam 
pining reludation, and angry ftriving ( as it were ) fu^t^^^niMl* 
to get out of Go D s hands, doth everenvcnime mm tamexaf- 
and exafperate the wound, and m akes us t en times P^";^^ fervorem 
worfe, and more mift?rable, than if we fairely and fercndlimpati- 

entia. Omnis 
indignatfo in tormentum fnHm proficit. Sie InqucoS fcra dum jadat, aftiitvgit ; fie 
aves vifcnm, dam trepidantts excutiimt, plumis omnibus illmunt: nullum tarn arftum 
eft jugum,quod non minus laidit ducentem, qu.\m rcpugnantem. Uniim eft Icvamen. 
tuna jnalomm ingentium etiam pati, & neceflicatibus fuis obfequi. Quid igitur mar- 
bo corporis, animi morbum addcre ju/at, teqj mifeiiorem faccre muimurandoj&c, 

D 2 patiently 


patiently fubmitted to his omnipotent and moft 

merciful! will. Neither doth want of patience only 

iir.patiency em- mightily enrage a crofTc, but italfo embitters aU 

titnn aHcom- our Comforts. Thcbarcomifldonofa meerecom- 

fmf, plcment in Mordecai did not only fill Hamms proud 

heart with many raging diftempers of hatred, ma- 

liccrevenge, foolifli indignation and much furious 

difcontenrment; but alfo turned all the pleafurc, 

and kindly relifh in his counly pleafures, riches, 

honours, offices, extraordinary advancements and 

royallfavours, into gall and worme-wood, ^nd 

Heflcr. ?. 1 1. Haman told them of the glory of his riches jandthe muL 

*' ' ^' titude of his children y and all th things wherein thc:^ 

King had promoted him^and how he had advanced him 

' above the Prin ces andfcrvants oft he King, Haman faid 

moreover^yeaEjlher the ^ueenedtdlet no mm come in 

With the King unto the Banquet that fJ?e had prepared, 

but m) felfe, and to morrow am J invited unto her alfo 

with the King, Tet all this availeth me nothingyfo long 

as I fee (J\^lcrdecai the lew fitting at the Kings gatz^ . 

Whereas novj Davidy a King, as I told you before, 

by the benefit of this blefTed grace, did not fuifer 

his Princely fpirit to be un- calmed at all, no nor by 

the traiterous and moft inrollerable reviling of a 

dead dog, and his bafeft vaffall. 

^Preparation. 2. Keepe offchy heart from the world, in the 

wlX. "^^^ greatet affluence ofwealth and worldly profperi- 

Mifchiefes of ty. Earthly-mindedneflfc ever fharpentth and 

*!2i*''*' keenes thefting inail diftreflfes. It gives teeth to 

the crofTc to eat Ou^t the very heart of the affli<5led. 

Had not Job beene able to have profefTed, that in 

the height of his happinefTe he was thus affeded : 



jflhave made ge^ldmy hope, or have [did to the fine I^.ii.a4. 
goldy Thou art my confdence : iflrejoyced kcaufemy 
wealth fvof great, and kcaufe wy hand had gotten 
fMtch : [_Herc "fky Divines, fomcthing is under- •Hicfubaudi©. 
ftood,as^/?'^^4W,£henl€tnieperi{h, orthclike] dy"^P^-^*"i*°v 
//b / heheldthe Sun when ttjhfncd, or the Moone rvalk- ^^^^g^jn he 
ing in hrtghtneffe : ^nd my heart hath hcenefecretly ^ lob.j i .i<s. 
enttced, or my mouth hath ktp^ my hand : -^^-Thcn [^^'^TxpofuT- 
pjould / have dented the God that ts ahovt. If 1 rant, quafi lo- 
grew proud, puft up, or p leafed my felfe with the ^"^ P'^i?^"*^- 

^••/i . 1-1 .^ r 111 1 1 '^'Jr, fc Solem 

ghftermg brighrneae of my earthly abundance, let & i^^^^^^ ^^^ 
it be {o and fo with me: I fay, except M^ heart adora{rc:quia 
had beenc thus « weaned fi-om the world, when as '^XiJ yaSe 
yet he wallowed in wealth 5 hee had never becne uiicata erat , 
ableto hold out in thecvill day^and tohavc borne prsrertim in 
ib bravely theruinc offorich aftate without re- ferdfenfusv?- 
pining. But now churliih Nabai, whofc affe<5tions rus quidem cd, 
were notorioufly nail'd to the earth; though per- ^^^^^fnenioco 
haps once or twice ayeare he made a joviall and convenit:/.?^! 
frolicke feaft, as other cunning worldlings are hk voiuit niii 
wont to their good-fellow companions, upon pur- ['{'"& "^"jcm 
pofe to procure and preferve a Pharifaicall reputa- juxta fcrmo- 
tlon of bounty with fome flittering dependants, "^""^ i"^'" 
and for acloaketo colour their covctoufncffe and {f^™ ^o "q'^S 

profcflus cii/c 
nulla fuperbia & arrogantia liBoralTc, &c. Calvin in loc. *Si laetarus fum. in- 
tuit, mulcts mih» affluentibos undiqj divitijS, Ij recond:di nurum in puivercm, fi 
fpem in pretiofis lapidtbus habui, Hxc ille. Propteie.i nee quum ercpta quidena 
omnia fubitb eflcnt, turbatus eft ; quippe qui p sfentibus non deleftantur, &c, 
— -Qtjas omnfs ob res mecumipffi plerurrK^; admiaiifoleo, quare in montem Dia- 
bcilo vcfiic, cxercitationcs iftiBS iion ignorantu tot tantofq, advcifusipCumcpgitafle 
JaboKs. Cor igitur ilii vcnjt in fT^wntcm-? TiuciiLentfluna xieiite beftia nunqitao* 
Tolct defperarc nftoriamj qaod ad r ondemnationetn noftram fpe^at : nam illc nun- 
quam, utdixi, noftram «lefperat ptrdicionem : nos defalnte noftra fxj^^iiis defpcra- 
»u$. ChyfHam.iJ^inMai. 

D 3 cruelty 


cmelty 5 yet he ivas of a flinty bosome in fefpe(S^ 

of doggcdneffe and extreme niggardife, tfpecially 

towards Gods people, and his hean by excefllvc 

< looting there, was turned wholly into earth ; and 

therefore in the evill day, ft diedwUhn him, and he 

mTl^l ^^^^i hecame as ajlone. To keepe off the world in a fit 

may eiicptof. ^-^j^j^^^^ that it do thec no deadly hnrt, and un- 

M tUngs he- doc thee quitc^ keepe ftill frefh and ftrong in thy 

lowarevaniiy, thoughts a tine eftimate and right conceiptofthc 

rcs^ifm Ji"? ^ mutability of all things here below, and thine 

Cinis, puivisj owne mortahty. In their beft condition and high- 

fumus,iimbr3, eft conflutnce, they are but i^Vmity : Wefhall 

flos/omnkim,' ^^"^^^ ^^^^ ^ ^^^^ ^^Y folidity 5 or that good -or 

fabuia,ventus*, coHifort which we ftill with much eager purfuit 

hilTml T' ^"^ ^^^^^ exped ard' labour in vainc to extra<a 

au-rens, & fi fromthcm : butupon triallandtruft in them, they 

quid iftis infc- will ever prove empty clouds, broken ftavesof 

'JT^EpY'^ad *'^^^> *Applesof Sodom, Wells without water. 

Heh Horn 9. And wheu.wegrafpe them moft greedily, wcem- 

inquiramus, fi bracc Hotliing but fmoke, which wrings teares 

Fun^Via prlT. iiop- ,iqur cycs, VX'^ .vaiufticth^into nothing. 

fcntis'vitae prg- -,; •n- 7 •': • • T-fi^iTr^T hfn -n.-.or/'f ^ i' 1 

clara? Divitis, gloila,p6(entj3, m?gnum exiftimari abhominibi'S ? Stdtidcbis nihil 
illis cffe inceitius.-— Et ficut videii ncju t in roti, quae ccntiriiovcfptuv, aliqua 
pars ejus, eo qwcd crebra ciicumferentia, fempcr fumma fiunt ima, & ima fumma : ita 
& noftiaruni icium impetusdum continue vcituntiir fumma facit iifima ,Kt vidcrc 
licet in divitijs, potentijs,& alijs. Nnnquam enim in eodcm ftatu manentjftd ftjtiper 
inftabilcSjHuminum fluxusimitantur. JdemHcm.de Nomine Jbram. 

• PomaGomorrhxapulchraquidcmfimt, fed cum franguntur, inyagum pulvercm 

>* things be- ^, Vexation of fpirit. Bcfidestheemptineflfcand 
BtkHtJ-^iriT abfcncc of that imaginary felicity which we hunt 
after in them 5 there is alfo the preferce and plen- 
ty of much mifcry and hearts griefe, which the 



fliwes of pleafure, atid lovers of the world little 
lookc for, wheel they at firft refolve to fell their t Anacreon 
foulesforfuchtranfitorytraOi. Divmasinvmijil? f^'^^^^^'f^'; 
( faith one ) Reqiuem perdldtfli. Had thou found nnus,ciim per 
riches ^ Thiu haft loft thy reft. A man that will dms nofte. 
be rich, takes no more reft, thanoneuponaracke, PJ°Set;red- 
orbedofthornes; like ^ o//?*«<^''^^» vvith his five didit ea, inqui- 
Talents, ftili diftraa:ed with worldly thoughts, cns;nontanti 

1 . II -1 -1 J r „ efle quanta ip- 

and concinually prickt with cares and teares. foiu.m nomine 
3. They cannot fadsfie the foule. Gold can no cura (aborarct. 
more fill the fpiritof aman, than grace his purfe. ^fi'^^s^'l^^ 
Betweene heaven and earth, fpirits and bodies, camet fimft 
foules and filver, there is no proportion. And tUfouie. 
therefore no earthly excellencies, nocarnall plea- 
fures, no worldly treafures are fit matter, or a full 
objed^, for fuch an immateriall, immortall and 
heavenly borne-being to feed upon with any pro- 
per delight, true comfort, or found contentment. 
Not all this great materiall world, or greateft 
mafle of gold canpolTibly fill the mighty capacity 
and immeafarable appetite of this little fparkeof 
heaven breathed into us by the infinite power of an 
Almighty hand. A man may as well fill a bag 
with wiiedome, as the foule with the world ; 
a cheft with vertues, as the mind with wealth. 
4. They cannot helpe in the evill day. Tkir Mor hsipe w. 
Moud ( faith the Prophet ) (hall ke poivred 014^ as the evill day. 
dttfl^ and their flelh as thz dmg : neither their ^=P'^'^'»7,i^ 
filver nor their gold fh^tH hee able to deliver them 
in the daj of the Lords vorath. Put a man 
into a pang of any painefull maladie, and bo- 
dily toiture i as into a fit of the Stone, Strangury, 

D 4 8 dcepc 


8 Mo torture of 6 dccpc Mclarichoty, Gout, ChoHcke, or the like: 
boJy like unto It Jet fomc incurablc devouring Ulcer, Canker, Ele- 
Z/ttTilu. phanti3fis,the Wolfe^the ^ pltca, &c. take hold up- 

1 iri BulSyalfeare-^^^fiefs fi/Jpicianii, difcotitetits are fwaUo^ved up (3*ilroTci>ned tnthWBmi- 
p.is,r^/i Irijb iea^ibii Oeenvt ^^mifery^MJo a^apyfninH hroof{S.Thu u theiiuintejieceofhu-- 
mam Uiherfnj/- all other difeafesrvhatfoe'vcr are hiitfiea bningsto Melanehoy in extent, 
Ty the pith a] them all. ^ndamelanch9l)/ min h that true i^to<ni:tUQi\sivbiihulfou/idto 
C^azh:'Cus,thctrtie Thius^rthefeboisDel! arejiilby a l^ulter devoured^as Poets feigner and 
fo doth Linus Gir ildiis interpret it ,tf anxietifs ,an.LthofegrJpi»g cares In all other jnata- 
diesrvhatfoe.er ive'eel^far h^lp: If die/ or an arm d^c /' rouih any d^/Ieperntureor ttou U 
or that we b.^^e atty ordinary difea/eydbaiie all things xvhatfoever ^ree defire help ^health 
aprefcnt recovery, if by aty meanespojftb'y it may be procured. IVe will freely fart rviih all 
our other fuh fiance, endure any mifery^drinli bitter potions, ; wallow tho,e di/iafljuil pills ^ 
[uffer ourjoynts to be feared^ to he cut off-, any thing for future health ; fofiveet,/o deare,fo 
precioM above all other things in the tvorldU lije:hut to a melamhtlicfi man^nothingfo tedi- 
o:ii'-,nothtng ft odtouA; that which tkeyfo carefully fee 1^ topreferve^be abhors M alom.fj int$» 
lerable are Jba politer: Barton ©f Melan.pag. 27 4. ^^ mofi loatbfome and horrible .Hfeufe in 
the haire Unheard of in former times ,ai lVlorbiisGalIicus,cr Sudor An^hcuSibred by m9' 
dern luxury '^exceft.:it feiicthJpcgaUy upon wonteniandby reafon of a vi/coas venimoiu 
lu.nauryglues together (as it were) the haire oj the headwith a prodigiouii ugly iafpHcation 
and intan'ilement:(<)Metim€S tailing rhe forme ofagreat fhal^ej/bmetimes of many lijtlefer- 
fents:fuU ofnafiineJfe,vv'mi: taid noyfhmefmell: ^nd that which it mofi to be a^imiredy 
ar.dnexer eyifaw before ^pricked wifh aneedle, they yeeldbloudy drops. And at the ^r^ 
^reading oj thit dre 'dfuU difeafe in Foland^all that cut off this horrible and fi^aliie-b^irt, 
lofi their eyes, or the humor falling dctwnnpon other parts ofthebody,tortttr'dtbemextre)ne- 
ly. Heare my Author, that learned aadJamoM Profeffour of Phyficl^ in I'A^ur, Hcrcnlct 
Sixoniiinhit ownwords'. Plic3,cttagjkitinatio,veljnvilcatio4u«(iam piloium ex hu- 
mido, vilcido, lento .ic glutinsfo Nuncpiimuin per uiiivcrram fere Poloni^ragraira- 
ti:r ; imo veto per qnafdartj Gcimanix partes divagatiir.— Msxhriam pai?cm foerni.. 
nas invadit Eos eciamqui p&rriginem capitis^quam Tulgus tineam vocat, medicamcn- 
tis repercutientiisus rep reflaant ; Prjecerca foeminas, quae menfttuis tern pori bus non 
fatis purgantur.- — Quisnon novum, mirabilc, & horridum putet cipillos ex propria 
natura phnos, demiffbs ac fimplices, momento tcmporjsfpontefuafubcceloadro- 
dum frigidoincrifpari, pauIo poll ehgi, involvi, atq;indi{rolubilitcrcon)nngi, varias 
fccipere figuras, qnandoq; maximicujufdamanguis, aliquandopluruim & minoruin 
fcrpentum, undiq; vermcSj fpurcitiem foetorcmq; redolcre : QuoJq; omniumraiaxi- 
mumeft, & .ifeculoinauditum, acu pcrpuiKftot.vcl transfixes fanguincm cftundere. 
— Expertumcft, qui talcs fafciculos impUc.Korum pcratflc inter fe crmiumderaferinr,, 
cos oculis capi, aut defluxibus ad alias partes corporis graviffimc torqueri. /t began 
firfi not manyyeares 4go in Poland. It is now entredinto many parts of Germany, ^nd 
methinlis, eur r/ionflroiu Fafljioni/ls, both rnale andfemale i the one '.or nourifbifg their 
horrid bufhes of vanity ; the other for their mofi unnaturalland cur fed cutting their haire, 
fbould every home feare and tremble flefi tley fhwldbrin^ it upon their ew-ne heads^ and 
Armngfi us in this Kjn^dome. On 


on any part of his Body ; and let him tell m,ethen, 
what accouBt he would make of all thelmperiali 
Crowncs upon earth, attended with the height 
and utmoft of humane felicities :' Or wha* com- 
fort could he take in the riches, glory and plea- 
fures of the whole world < Or whateafe andre- 
frefhing can large poflTcfirnns, fumptuous build- 
ings,pleafanr walkes, princely favours^dainty fare, 
choifcft delights, or any thing under the S un, af- 
ford in fuch a cafe <: The very pricke of a needle, 
or painc of a tooth for the time, will take away the 
tafte ofall carn:ll contentments, and pleafurc of 
the worlds Monarchy. If the Lord fhould let 
loofe the cord of thy confcience, and fct His juft 
anddefcrved wrath a worke to enkindle flames of 
horrour in thy heart, what helpe couldeft thou 
have in heapes of gold, or hoards of wealth < Re- 
Hiembcr Sfira» They would be fo farre from 
healing the wound, or allaying the fmarr, that 
they would yet more horribly affiid thy already 
enraged fpirit, and turnc them even into fiery 
Scorpions for thy further torment. Let thylaft 
ficknelTe feize upon thee^ and then fay ( forthe 
houre of death, as they fay, is the houre of truth ) 
whether all the gold and goods in the world can 
any more deliver thee from the Arrefl: of that in- 
exorable Serjeant, than can an handfull of duft •: 
Nay, whether then the extremity of thy fpirituall 
sffiidlion, and anguifli of foule, will not be an- 
fwerable to the former cxcefle of thine inordi- 
nate affcdion to earthly things, and delights 
of icnfe,i Or fuppcfcthou fliouldeft befurprifed 


^ by that laft and great dav,whicli the Lo r d in mer- 
cy hafl:en;tiow vile thou then refcue thy free-hold, 
when the whole Frame oFche world is on fire *? 
Thingi hu^ ^^ ^}^ cannot pofllbly lead us beyond this 
ttirnity. lite, or exceud to eternity. If we lee a iervant rol- 

low two gentlemen, we know not whofe man he 
isjbut their parting will difcover to whether he be- 
longs; When death fliall fever the owner from the 
world, then will riches and rcvenevves, orEces and 
honours,ftately buildings,andall outward bravery 
cleave to the world, and leave him to the world to 
come as poore a vvorme and wretch, as when he 
firft came into this worldrand therefore they are all 
the worlds Heire-loomes,and none of his : Even as 
Abfeloms mule went away, when his head was faft 
in the great Oake,and fo left him h mging between 
heaven &earth,as awofullfpedacleof mifery and 
fhame to all beholders: So will all their wealth 
and worldly felicities deale with their moft gree- 
dy ingrofTers, and deareft minions upon their dy- 
Proy.23.5-. ingbeds. Thejwillthenmoficertenly{2i^Sdom9n 
faith) wake thetnfelves wings, and flie away as an Bo- 
gle toward heaven : And leave their now forlornc 
former favourites to the fury of a guilty confci- 
I«r.t.ij. cncefor their Ci\rCc(\ for fikm^ the Fount iune of li- 
ving waters y all their life long, and hewing them out 
fuch cifiemesybroken cifiernes that could hold no water -^ 
norhelp indieevill day. Weall ftand atthe doorc 
of eternity jif death but once open it naturally or vi- 
olently, or by any of his thoufand thoufand waies, 
we are prefently ftript of all, and immediately en- 
ter upon it, either that of cvcrlaftingplcafurcs, or 




theotherofcverlaftinepaines.Andthcrfoieitwill f<»'«f'^'e»'#r/J 

be our wildome in tilt I ncr.n time to value worldly ^^rice. 

vanities at no more than their c\vn pricey and indu- 

ftrioufly to ply all meanes which may enrich us 

with heavenly treafures of that divine ftampeand 

lafting tc mper, which may attend us rhorow all e- 

tcrnity . And as all thefe things here below are thus ^••**''» ^fonaiitjf 

mutable and fugitive, fo thy felfeart mortalland 

fraile. A creature as it were but of one daies lading, j j^^ ^^ ^^^ 

like that • Flower and Bird which (as naturalifts re- meiocaiii's,cu! 

porr)receivethcir being and birth in the mornings jus vua & pui. 

but wither and die at night. Thy abode upon earth '^.^scd &X 

is like a vanifliing^vifion of the night, a flying luais ad H.p- 

drcame, thevery dreameofafliadowj&c. This pan™fluvium 

•^ •' clt,ncnicrovi- 

os difta, quae B on ultra diem vivitj fed czdcm cmnino luce, qua Uicem inchoat, 
finit, moncntiqjSoli comrHoritur : codem d.e, pucu, juvcnis, fenisatatem expciia 
mane nafcitur, mciidie & viget, vcfpcri coBfcncfcic & moritur. Animalculohuic 
/iniillimaeft huniana vua. Ad fluviiim ilia eft f-cipcti.6 fliientis tcmpciis, fed & 
voiucris dt magis quam avisulla, ycl lagitta,& l^pc omnisfuz pompse dicmuni» 
cum', terminum habttj fKpchoram, fsepc paulopiodudiius momemum. Quid evg6 
annos medjtnmur & faecula, fjepc' bicvicris Xvi ciusm flcrcs ant floium uirbiaj aut 
fi quid umbra v^niuSj bievius. e/£rcrnif.Prodr€.Pag-\o. ^ Optimc lobm : Et qui 
eum, inquit, vidcrantj diccnt ubi eft ? Vclut fomniiiin avolans non invcnieturj 
(^fomniarc mamfiimum, vobrc ctlenimvim) tranfjct {icut vifio codurna. Vita quid 
eft ? FloscftjfuniVJStftjUnibn cf,& umbra: iimbia,Bulla, ruIvis,Spuma,Ros,Stil- 
lajGlacics tft .- Jiidis arcus dcficicns ccreus, furculus pertu!us/u:onola domus,cinis do* 
lofuSj dies vernuSj Aprilis cor.ftant filmiss, unicus tcfiiidinis tinnitus eft ; Hydriafra- 
6^a,fontisiotaj ijraneraum tela, maris omtula^vihs ft puin, folftitialis herb2,brevi$fa- 
billajvcliicus, fcmtilla^triftis nebula, vcfica vento plcnajtutulansad folem columbula: 
YJia, vitrnm lencrriinum, folium Icvrfi mum, filum fiibtilifllmum, pomum auicum 
eft, (ed intus putridum, &.'c. Si njhil eft i-mbra, die quid umbrje fomnium ? Sex- 
ccnta milk talia de tita humsna rc6fc pronunci.irtur. Mibi omnium. rcftifTmevi- 
denturdixiflc, qurvitam \ocznt Somniumtimbrxlre'vijfmiim. C ompendior«nd> 
caaius ; vita tft 
. . r . Scmnuf-BuHa^ f^itrumyGlacief,Fl'js,Fahvla,F($f}um, 

Vitaprasfcns figura «.ft & dectpiio, ficaf' mnijs ml u i.iffert ; Ergo mens ca eftpueri- 
lis, quae ad umbra* fpc^at, defomnijS fupcibit, &iebus fliixis alhgatur. Chryf.in 



. fwift tide of mans life, after it once turncth and de- 
clineth, ever runneth with a perpctuallebbc and 
falling ftreame, but never floweth againe : Our 
leafe once fallen/pringcth no more 5 neither doth 
the Sun or the Summer beautifie us againe with 
the garments of new leaves and flowers, or ever 
after revive or renew us with frefhneile of youth, 
and former ftrength. Not onely ^rf/<?«?w (Ecclef, 
I, ) makes us in this refpedmore miferable than 
the Sun and other foule-lefTe creatures 5 but even 
the Poet alfo by the light of natural I reafon 
(whom I urge onely to make Chnftians, mindlciTc 
of their owne mortality, afliamcd, who have 
thoughts of heaven and eanh, as though eternity 
were upon earth, and time onely in heaven) tels us 

CdTuitui. that. Soles occidcre ^ redtre fojfunt : Thus in 
Englifli 5 

The Sun maf fet and rife : 
But we contrartrv'fcj 
Sleepe After onejhort light , 
An everUftmg night. 
Which we muft onely undcrftand of returning 3- 
ny more to lifeand light in this world. Nay, in a 
word, lay thy (cI^q loaden with the utmoft of all 
earthly excellencies and felicities in the one fcale 
of the ballance,and vanity in theother, and vanity 
will weigh thee downe. Take heed therefore of 
trufting to the world in the meane time,left it tor- 
ture thee extremely in the time of trouble. 

^.Preparative, $- Take heed of weakening in the meanc 

ffreaiienmtthy ^jme , and unnccdTarily over- wearying thy 

^*^' fpirit: 

X. By 


1. By calking forc-thotght of future evils, *^ttvghtsof 
which forty to one may never fall our. Many men ^T^en'^tke 
lamperfwaded, (fuch is the naturall vanity of our ^?'^'f. 
minds) do morevexc themfelvcs withfearcand 
fore-conceipt of imaginary evils, which never be- 
fall 5 then they have juft caufe, to take on and 
trouble their hearts for all Other true, reall,a(5luall 
troubles, which fall upon them. Thus many 
times do men torture themfclves vainly with im- 
moderate feare of forreine invafion, home-bred 
confufion, change of religion, the fiery triall, 
burning at a ftake, diftradion of mind, furprize by 
the Plague, Small Poxe, Purples, Spotted Fever, 
diftrcffe and going backward in their outward 
ftate, lofTe of fome child they love beft, deftrudi- 
on of their goods by fire, robbery, fliip-wracke, 
the frownesof greatntfle, hurt and revenge from 
thofc that hate them, hardneffe of heart, failing of 
their faith, fpirituall defertion, overthrow by 
temptation, defpaire of G o D s mercies, fudden 
death, difcomfortablc carriage in their laft fick- 
neflc, the ^.t/^ of f tare himfclfci what (hall be- 
come of their children, when they are gonc,&c. 
By thcfc and millions mocof fuch caufelcfTe and 
carking fore-imaginations, the very flower and vi- 
gour of mens fpirics may be much emafculatcd, 
and wafled wofully. A godly care to prevent 
them by repentance and prayer ^ and a careful! 
preparation by mortifying meditations, and 
Chnflian magnanimity to beare them padently , if 
we be pl.t unto it, is commendable ard comforta- 
ble : but in the mcanetimc to unfpirit and mace- 



crojfes we4^c» 
tbe ^irit. 

re mariage' 

rate our felves with much diftruflfull mifery and 
needleflfe torture about them, to our hindrance, 
diftraflion ani difcomforcin any budnefTes of ci- 
ther of our callings, or any wayes, unchearefuU 
walking; by flivi(h pre-conceipcs to doubleand 
multiply their flings, and to fuflPerthem fo often 
before they feize upon us, is both un-nobleand 
un-necefTary : moft unworchy the morall refolu- 
tion of a meerenaturall man, and the generous fpi- 
rit of an honeft Heathen; much more- the invinci- 
ble fortitude of any of Christ s favourites, 
and heires of heaven. 

2. Selfe-creatcd crofTes, that I may fo call 
them. For fo it often is, that many maried cou- 
ples, governours of families (to inftance there) ha- 
ving the world at will ( as they fay ) and wanting 
nothing that heart can wifh from Gods hand for 
outward things : and yet ( I know not how ) by 
rcafon of pafliDn, covctoufneflfe, pride, waiward- 
nefTe, frowardneffp, or fomething, they mutually 
embitter their lives one unto another'with much 
uncomfortablenelTe, difcontentment and jarring. 
I would advife all fuch ( and there are many and 
many fuch abroad in the world ) pundually and 
impartially to examine their confciences; whe- 
ther fuch fccrct fins as thefe,of which they take no 
notice, may not be the caufes of it. 

I. Matching, as being not mooved principally 
and predominantly with poitioUiparentagcperfo- 
nage, beauty, luft, riches,lands, flattery, friend- 
(hip^greatneffe of family, forced perfwaiions y Pa- 


rents covaous importunity, or fome bafeand ir- 
religious by refpecfi and gracelefTe grounds . This 
the Apoftle C3\\€ihw4rrjfrfgff9 the Lor d ; that is, 
for noby-icfpc^l, but inthefcare of G o d, 1 .Cor, 
J»39* Without which all matches arc milerable, 
though they fliould be made up with hoards of 
wealth and heapes of gold as high as hea- 
ven, crowned with honours tranfccndcnt to the 
ftarres. The bafeneffe^folly and iniquity ofthefe 
times is not more vifible and eminent in any thing, 
than in making, or rather marring of marriages. 
How often may we fee by ordinary obfervationa 
little golden glue to joyne faft in the deareft 
bonds, pearlcs and clay < And filken fooles to ca- 
rle away fufficiencies above their woithlc/re 
weight in richeft jewels ^ The world is ftarke mad 
in this Point. But they are rightly ferved ; noble 
miferies and golden fetters are fit enough for fuch 
couples. For from this bitter root of a covetous, Mifchiefes «f 
carnall, ambitious, orany wayes unconfcionable ""^"^^^ "^^<^^" 
choice, fprings a world ofmifery and mifchiefe^ 
overthrow and ruine of great houfcs, fcandalous 
divorces, unlawful! feparations, diflionour^ diftur- 
bance, jealoufies, adulteries, baftardife, braw- 
lings, mutuall exprobration of each others infir- 
mities, deformity, portion, parentage, or fomeo- 
ther cutting and netting matter of difcontent • fin- 
full diforders in families, ill education of children, 
&c. And, without repentance, ofterafewand 
wretched daycs tedioufly worne out with much 
irkfomneffe and heaits-breake, lyingtogethere- 
vcrlaflinglyinthelakeoffire, there banning each 



other with much defperatc hoitour, and many bit- 
ter defpairefull gnatogs of teeth, that ever they 
entred into that eftate. 
carnaHUvein 2. Predominancy ofcarnall love. Which may 
vttrtage. ' ^^ juftly pumflied with many fits offrowardnefTc 
and falling out, from fuch fmall occafions and 
light grounds^ that the Parties may well perceive, 
that the correding hand of G o d is in it leading 
thera thereby to the fight and notice, to remoric 
and reformation of the brutiih fenfuality and fin- 
fiilnefle of their matrimoniall affci^ion ; which 
fliould ever be re;5tified by reafon, and fpiritua- 
liz'd with grace. Manage is rather a fellowfliip of 
deareft amity, then disordered love. And love 
and amity are as different as the burning fickc heat 
of a fever from the naturall kindly heat of a 
healthfull body. 
immt^eftahufi 3. Immodeft or immoderate abufe ofthcma- 
«jmartage, jiage. Which, though it lie without the walkc of 
- humane lawes, yet divine jufticcdoth many times 
defervedly chaftife it with variety of vifitations 
upon themfelves, families, outward ftate, good 
name : with mifcarriages, barrennefle, bad chil- 
dren, giving them over to unnecefTary diftempers 
and ftrangeneffc in their carriage one unto another, 
and other fuch like difcomforts and crolTes. 
WhichCthough they may alfo befall Gods chil- 
dren for other ends, yet) let all guilty cou- 
ples in fuch cafes conceive, that they fall upon 
them for fuch fecret fenfuall cxorbitancies and 

HegkHofholy CXCCflc. 

t'i'iS*' 4- Want of a comfortable communion in 



prayer, godly ccnfeience, mutuall coBpmunica- 

tion of their fpirituallcftate, and how they (land 

to G c D wardjdaiesofhiimillstion, helping one 

another towards Heaven, and that joyiull forc- 

rhoi ght of moft ccitaine meeting together m the 

everlafting manfions of glory, joy, and blifle 

above. Such divine fellowfliip would incredibly 

fweeten thatdcarcft indilTolublc knot, and make 

that ftate a very earthly Paradifc to thofc fcvr - 

black Swannes,that love forw€etly?.ndgiacioiiny 


% Ignoi'lnce, orncg*Jgencein the right un- Nciie^^fm*- 
derftandirg and pradifing both of the com- J?^**'"'** '**' 
mon and fevorall duties pertinent and pro- 
per to that eftafc. In all other Aits, Profcffi- 
ons, and Trades of life, the Pra(^irioners de- 
fire and endeavour to be ready in, and ruled by 
the precepts and direiflions thereof; but as con- 
cerning this great myftery of man:iging the ma- 
risgc-liate with wifdome, confciencc and com- 
fort, the moft are ns ignorant in thofc Treatifes 
which teach their Duties (of which there are 
many excellent ones extant) as they ai« bafely in- 
folcnt in clownifh frowardneflc, or imperious ty- 
ranny, to create agrcatdeale of needlcflfe difcon- 
tcnt and mifery, both to themfelvcs ^nd their 

4. Hclpe alfo wee may have for the Point 4 Frcp:irative. 
in hand, even from the wifer Heathen. Who ^^'^!ic^'' 
GiX of the very light of nature and grounds, 
of reafon, did learne and labour to moliifie and 
affwage the flinging fore-thoughts of ill to come •, 

H and 


»ridcnt«r')m. aid to ' pr^pircfor a more cafic and patient paf- 
gr'^v.orT""''' ^^g^ thorow thciti, by cntcrfaining a rcfolution 
— Pr^cmedita. beforc handto lookc for 35 no uncouth thing, any 
lio futuiorum calaM/jCrofTcor cafjalcy, incident to mortality, 
Toi^n'^zdltn- ^"^ ^^^ condition of man 5 an^ if they efcap'd' 

tu.Tu/f ^xfi. 

Hi.f. Qiioniim multiiti poteft prorifio animi,& pratpintio ad minuenduTTj dof orctn 
fiiat femper omnta homini hum.\na meditaca. Hx: eft ilia praiftjns & difim f»pien- 
*'*• — Nihil ad in jraci Ctim accident : Nmil,antscjmna cveiurat, noa e/cnirc pofle 
iihiixzti. /Jeu Ihid. 

Nam qui hxc audita a dofto meminiflfc/n viro, 

Futurasmecum comtncntabar mifcriis: 

Am mortem 8cerbara,autcxilij moeftam fagam, 

Aut fcmpcr aliquat/ molcm meditabac mail : 

lU fi qua invc<aa diritas cafu fot cr, 

Ne mc imparatam cuia Uceraret tcpcns. Earlp'J 

Quimobrem omncs^cutn fecundat funtmaicirnc, turn maxim^ 

Mcditiri recumGportet,quo pafto advcrfara arrumnim fcrant: 

rencl.n,damna,cxilia pcregrcrtdicns femper cogitet : 

Aut filfj peccntum,aut ui^oris mortemjaut morbum filiz ; 

Coir.munia cfle harc,fieri poflTe : ut nc quid ammo fit novu n ; 

Q£icqiiid prxter fpcm eveniat ctnne id dcputare eflc in lucro Terent. 

"Divines alfo boU thit premutation and preparation butnp$n better grounJi, an Ihy 
tie rule: ofgracCt very power'^uU t9 enable us topajfe more patiently tlorov crofes rvien 
they come. ■ ' ' /.' 

IVHncveroita prxmcdkatiiscxcrcitirusq; fucrat, ut ad omnia ingcnti an mo per- 
fliterit; ad totius fub(lanta;-,& tarn multaram reram lafioram, ad filiorum amanfli- 
mum obitum,ad iJxoris-afi"cftum,ad acctbi coiporis ulcer3,ad in}uft,i amiccrum oppro- 
biia, ad ancillatuii conteipptunratq; fcrvorum. Clryj in Mat Horn j*. 

Nu!lu'> fit cafuSjqurrT\nonrriCditatiotua pcrvcniat.: rullus fit c fas qnitc imps- 
rA*umnremat: Pioponc nihil effe quod tibiacciderc non pofljr. Bern tk interiori 

Mens folicitax'itcqu^m agere qund libct inc'piat, omnes fibi, qms pati poteft 
contLnr.clias propanat; qu^tenus Redcmptoris fui probra cogitmi, ad advcrfa fe 
piafparer. Qjx nimirum vcnicnti-itanto fortius excipitj quantole cjutiuscx piarfci- 
tntu aimavit. Quicnim improvidus ab advcrfitate deprelicnditur, quafi .ib hoilc 
tiormlcfls invcnitur, cumq; cinitt inimicus necu, quia non repugnant m pcrforat. 
Nam qui mala imminentiaper folicitudinem pcrnot^tj hoftiics incurfuJ quafi in iiv. 
<:d jj yigilans expcftans : &indead viftoiiam valentir accingitur, nndc ncfcicns 
tleT.ehcndiputabatur. Solcrter ergo animus ante aftienis fuse primoidia, cunAa de- 
bet advcrfa mcdirad . ut fcmpcr hxc cogitani, fcmpcr contra base thorace paticntix 
munitus. & qviioquid accidcrit. providus fupcrct ; & qnirquid oon a(;feCcrit, lucrum 
patct Grel.^forM^ ycap It. 


B^Ft).RE D EATH. jx 

tlicm,roho!dit ag£ne and advantage, and as it 
were, an exemption from ordinary frailrie, and 
common mifcrie of mankind. If they fell upon 
them, thcbitrcrncflc would bee much abated b/ 
their former preparcdneffe and expc(5lation. BiM: 
wcwhoprofcfTeChriftianity, and to whom the chrt/iiaHsiave 
Bookeof God belongs, have farre more fove- ^X^^%^^'^^;Z 
raigne antidotes to allay the fmart, more facrcd {heMc$aidb4^^ 
and furer meanes to mitigate and take off the fury 
of feared future evils ^cvcnthe7*'r^Ww^s^ of Go B, 
many ^xceedihg great dndfredous frMtifist con- , 
firmed with the oath of the Almighty, 2^d fealed 
with the bloud of His Son. Every one of them is 
farre more worth (though the worldling thinkes 
not fo) than all the wealth and fwcetncfft of both 
the JHdics. God ufi^thfttHjwhomHnotfuferysff 
to he tempted above th4t yoc* are ahU: hut wtil with the 
temptatioff alfo make a way t9 efcapejthatjemay be <e- 
hle t9 beare it, i Cor,i 0.13. ike Offerings efthxfre- 
fcfit time are ji$t worthy to bee tompared with theghry 
whifh fhdllbercvealedi/fs^fRem.S.iS^t^lltmpgs 
worke together fir go$d to than that love G d , Vcrfc 
28. He that (^ared not his owne Soit, but delivered 
Him tfp for m all. How (hall He not with Him alfifiee- 
ly ^ive U4 all things ? - Verfe 3 •» . Wk€» thou fajfeB 
through the waters y I will be; with thee 5 and through 
the rivers y the) jhall not 'overflow thee: when thou 
walk eft though tbefre^ thou fhalt mt be bmrnt-^ neither 
fhall the flame kindle upon thee, J fa. 43 . 2 ^drc If thou 
truly fcare Go d, feare nothing that fhall hereafter 
fall upon thee J temptation, triall, difgrace, 
diftrcflc in outward things^ the face of man, fiery 

E 2 times. 

U iPK^Pk^^^lUH 

tittit^, (Tangcr ftorh ttieri Sr 'TMycfs, t)tzt\n Ik fclFc, 
or whatfocvcr cap bfe inugincd moft formidable 
to flefli and MoutJ.For aflRiitdly.Hc that is dffl/cf^d 
mth the in all thy afflf^ms, will ever fortifie thcc 
with faifidentfirength before-hand, uphold thee 
with His all-powcrfull preTencein the middeft of 
them,and at length moft glorioufly deliver thee ia 
dcfplte of. ^1 hell, and tlic whole world. 
f frtforativt. ' 5. Jcis, corafottablc to confi Jet ; that God 
G07>wii^f^' ftcvci' puts His fcrvantsto fuffer, but He furnifli- 
nijb thee ivith eth them with fpifituall fufficiency to go thorow. 
Xrin^ub^t^'' IfHei*neanetob4-ngthce to theft-lice, He will un- 
"^^ *' dovfctediy'giveffiee ao'J/^^r/jT/ftrength. IcisHis 
fwecte'ft method and mercy, firft to fit His chil- 
dren With divine ability and anfwerable endow- 
nients,and then fbtft them on wor1<e ro do or fufFer 
any .thing for His fake. He fufFcrs fbme to become 
extraordinary objects, and the fpeciall aime of ex- 
trfemeftmalicejrpitefull railings,and al thekeeneft 
iri-ow^es of lewdeft'tongnes;^ when Hec hath fird 
htrti fii*ft whh fo mtrch .Chrrftran magnanimity 
and' nbbleh^e of fpiric, that he -is able to pafTc by 
thcmoft fcurrill gybe of the impureft drunkard, 
ortliedifdainflill frowne of the pro-iddft Hainan^ 
without wouttd or palllon; and doth refolvedly 
"and bravely x:bntemne all contumelies andcon- 
tempts for his confcicncc : taking them as Grdvones 
and con firmationsofhis conformity to th(i Lo^d 
C H R I i T : othcristo.'be afflic^d with variety of 
worldly croffes, whofe heart Hec hath already 
happily crowned with comempt of the world: 
^ foracto be excrci$'d with ficrc<:ft 3ffault5,and Sa- 
* ' ■^'V' tans 

tan$ ficricft d<ns, li^ving bccnc formeriy bro^bt 
upinthcScho®leoftcroptatip,n$: others to b|teK? 
pofcd to the fury of Popifli flames, when He hsttk 
lb inflaRJcd their hearts with the love of the Lor d 
J E fi V ? , that they dare undauntedly look the blou- 
dicft perfecutorin thcface. The prudent Com- ' 
mandcr makes not choice of frcfli- water or white- 
livered fouldiers (as they fay) for any hot fer\'icc 
or high attempts but of Vetcrai>s, an<} thofe of 
greatcft experience and mod spprooved valour: 
A difcreet Schoole-Maftcr gives not the longtfl 
ieflbns and hardefttasketo dullards and blocke- 
heads,but fuch asiire of prcgnantpft wits? j»nd b^ft 
capacity : the und^rtoding f rmourer tries )f>pt 
common An?itics with Musk«"-6x)r, but thmc pf 
Proofe. TheskilfuII Lapidary doth npc trie the 
render Chryftall or fofter fioi^s by tb? ftiddy ^nd 
hamtr^^rj but the Adajp^Jnt, whicbis readier to 
brmrctbGh^deftironoT Oeelc- tb^ q^f cMH^JS- 
bandwan threficth »et thcftdei mth 4 th^-fhi^gtn'" iQ.zS.t7. 
ffr,H7>*P^ \ neither twmth a cm-^M( (4^}^ th Ci^JWh- 
min : But bcAts cut th fides xvith dfi^e^4nd the 
cummin wh 4red. Ffir his God (faick the Pro^ 
fhcx.)d9th injimiihimt9 difcret:0n^ and dothtedch 
i^/^^.Now if the L o k p ^fUofs^v/hpi^ vKmderfi^l 
in cottjifelLAndexcellent in vf$rkin^y give this difene- 
tionandwifdometofraile man* Himfelft is infi- 
nitely iTiorc mercifully wife, toproportion and fit 
His trials to the ftace and ftrcngth of His Patience; 
fingling out His valianreft fouldiers for the ftrong- 
eft encounters • His bcft fchollersj for the largeft 
IdTons; His cboifeft Armour^ fpr the hjghcft 

B 5 Proofe ; 


Proofc; His hardeft Adamants, far the moft 
fteclyAnvill; the raofl couragious Chriftians," 
fortheforefl:confli<5l5: His abled Followers for 
^bXlnaif^'^ excraordinary fcrvtce and Tuiferings. K^braham 
the Father of the faithfull, and FrienJ of G o » • 
Joh,i\\^ juftctl !Tiia upon earth j Bavid.x man ifter 
Gods 'ownc heart ; P/<'</,abounding in the riches 
of grace, snd the rareftrevdations: I iliy, thefe e- 
mitient Champions thus highly favoured, and he- 
roically lilted, were put to it indeed, as appeares 
in divine Story. The Lord in mercy did firft 
infufe an invincible mightineffe of fpirit and much 
Hm Athana ^^^^1^0 ^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^ of thofe threc Chri- 
fiiis woifumi- fti^f^ Worthies, ^thanaftm, Chr^foflomt^^ and 
^'i- i/*/^tfr; before H;^imployed them in Hisfoglori- 

per^ex'*Jnn^ ous fcrvice, and expo fed them to the rage of fo 
vaiie affliatis, ^ many implacable perfecutions in their fcvcrall 

d'em'tum""' ^S^^' ^^^ ^'^^^ ^ ^^^ atfwords point (I mcane the 
totum "oiieii- Sword of the Spirit) with the whole world : The 
tis loipeduin wholexvorld aga'nfl: K^thandJl^tSy ^r\6i AthA^dft'^ a. 

fcusquoqj ad imreftig.nnduoi cum conduiSisquxrerctorj dclituit. Tahtas moUj •rit 
C H a, I s T I confodcre fsrvum ; vu omnis Impcrij vis advetfus unii h homineaa; 
«iui DiuM habebat defcnlbiemcommoverctur. Pi-oduus tanncn per ancili iTiiquaB 
ciminiftribat, exdominorim fuoritii jiilTaj-qui \mc\)xa% AtbaMfio pr3ep--raveiant,di- 
vino admonitus Spintu,ca nofte qua cum coajprehenderevcnic banc miniftrijauftigic, 
J«>2(ra«a ^rc H R t s T I J 4 ? . " .^v^ . ■^' • - 

Currcrear Cirj/^/^'j/TW/iappcilare MartyrCfnquitotin)iiri}s,tot contimelijS, tot 
affliftionibiis, nee ad trnp.ttiehtiam pcrpclli, ncc a propaganda Chrifliani pictate 
depelli potint. Non pcccul'uscft ficmijfed calucnnijs onni fecuri acutioribus ndn 
fcrncl iiluj eft. Hoc pixmi) yir optimus pro tarn prsscUris in Eccltfiam merit s retu- 
lir p.ii- E'Jifeopos Oithoioxosj & Tub ImperAt.oie.Chiiflrta'no. In vita Chryfttfi.pe* 
Era'in Hhoierocl ■'".''"".. ' " "' • 

Quisnon pu-a(retttffJer«>j|iO tanto cnnftaruni oduj,' Sc invidia, cui totus "pcuf 
mundiH tu{id[i3bita;-,ecijmilk cujiis p^idibiis Itn^K'rMoret olun co^cl/armir ccmccs 
fubjicrrcnon ;iid,U na,J'tes Q;:cubitarii.n ? Sec. BrightMi)iCap,$'A^c 


ry; UAlfeanhundrcd_y€/tresfpefitindoubtfulltridl, ub ^-^agJ^. 
which of the ttvo in the end ivould frevoiUy thejidc^ 
which had all) or els the Part which hadnefrtend^ bui 
G. o D and D eat h : the 0»e, aD cfendeur ojhts im0- 
cenc) 5 the other, the fimjher of all his troubles. After 
thcChurchof G o d, (hunted likea Partridge on 
the mountaines by the Airian Bifliops) wofully 
wafted and wearied, had laid downe her head in 
the boforae of this blc£ed man ready to breathe 
out her laft, he had never quiet day. Heare ray 
Author: Bythefpacccffxear?dfortyyeares,fiomthe "jf^S.^'i^ 
time of his ccnfecraiiert, to fuccced Alexander K^vch- % > . 
3ifiep dfAlexandria.till the lafthoureofhis life in this 
world :t hey nCoerfujftrd him to enjoy the c$mfort of a 
feaceahkday. The fecond was a n:iighty Thunder- Wow chrfT*. 
cragiirfl the corruptions ofthe times 5 feared not ^Xl*^** ^*''"' 
the race of the greateft. woman in the world, arm- 
td. as well with might, as enraged with malice, (I 
.'mcp.v\<:EKdoxia the EmpreiTeO but told her un- 
dauntedly of her raging, "dancing;, perfecuting " i^annes pe« 
:cruelty,&c. Bcfidcsaworld of wicked oppofiti- [.'ij^condo- 
ons, infidiations and envy -, (for by downe- right ncm in eccI«- 
dealino in his Minifteiy, he had di^wne upon him ^^"^ '^"'"" 
thehai^redof« all forts, Court and Clergy,&c.) ot'ci.um "eft": 
Hewas divers times filencedjdeprived and banifli- Herodias ^ic- 
ed. But he was fo much honoured of Gods peo- 7'' }'^fi'"''^' 
ple every where, that when became imoTauro- ^ai ;. demi 

faltare pcrgit: 

dcruo caput Joh^iinis in difco acciperc tjUisrit. Secrat. Ulfi. Eccl-l,b.6. cap. i6. 

• Pcccats t.intJ feverit.-'.te aroucbat, ac (i ipfc ctiam per injuiiam lae^us cil^t: & om- 

niurr ord nnm deli6ta magna dicendi libertatc taxab.K : ita ^uidem, at ctiam Du- 

'cu^:\(^EJttrop'ij & Gaim) imbipfiuslmptratoris errata reprelicnderet. — -Omnespro- 

pcmodum orJiiicsin fe concitavit. Llerici & Auiici occulte fuas & ipfi operas 

adjangebi^nt. Ofta.nd Hifi.Eecl.cent. ylib. i .cap 6, 

E 4 filfCtA, 


» ubi auccm ^uodancc of Chfiftians, weeping and wailing 
mc^ppa^ia moftbictcrly for his banifhinent, ^nd faid, PT^dt 
provmciam vc- jfj. had hccft/yctter thot the ^anhadkene def rived of 
fSlu'iTFa! htrlfght, mddlher ^^Ur) turmd into dxrkentif^, 
irum diori.-. th^n that the motith <7/Cbryrofto:ns fhould he floft 
maruTi ^iwcs from fredthing. In the laft banifhin :;nr, by reafon 
cffimdentjum , of the b:irbarou5 ufagc andimmanitics of the foiil- 
*aentiuQo,co ijicrs that Icd him aloHg, ^ hired for tha?- purpofe, 
r nos ^tt He fwealy and bldTcdly breath'd out his laft. But 
cfci yidebmtj howbrxvely he bore,and with what invincible di- 
jlicebanq; to- -^ refolution hc paflTed thorow thefe indignities, 
fe,SiSoirAdi. oppreikorts, and cixiell wrongs, we may well pcr- 
c$ fu3s retrax- ceivcby hisownc words to another baniflied Bi- 
filquat^!'^" ft^op I'Whenlw^ driven from the Cit^i.nmeofthcfs 

OS IdhamHi ta- 

cnit Epifi.t^ f Militos ^aefcfti pisetorij, qui illnw dcducfbanr, non Jifiimiilabant 
fibi promifla primia magnificaj {i /ohannes m itinere moirretur. Icaq, Rj€«fibns rrL 
bus pcrimbres^pcr atHus, fine uUa tctriger'tione coipiifculi dunfliiTiUfMiiCf pertuUt. 
I.rafm.inviti Chryfofiy f Etenimcgociima civitate fu^.-.iei-j nihil hoium curabam, 
fed dtoebaai intra mcmct ipfum : Si 'quidcm vulc Regina me exiiJetr, agat inexili- 
Um. DoiiiNi eft UrtA (s" pieMni^ey-a Etfi v»\lt {ccarc, fecct.Idcm pflus e(l 4: 
Mptiai Si vultin pcla^us mitterej/on* rccordibor : Si villc in caminum injifcrc, idem 
paffi Turn tret illi pun. Si me fcris vylc objiccrr, obji.iat : DinieUs in 1 cun Iconi- 
bui0b;e<ih record; bor. Si mc lapid^.rs vult,lap;det me: Sephsnum b^bco primum 
Martyrem focium. Si & capet tollcic viilr, tollat : Ivabco focium Johannera BiptU 
ft Am. Si &fubflantiaTnanfenc,aiiferat Hui'jA exivi de utcro matru>KuJui eiiamabtii. 
h\t idmonzt jtpqftgliu^Er^ txtbwhunitnibjn plMtrtm,ftr -ui C h R i s t i s/r^ m«n 
a^'iiH. Armat me & Z)<iv»*f,«ii*:ens Loqatbar nraai Regihtitf ^ itan confunJebst. Khil- 
ca ^mdcmadveifiis nrc confinx-eiuntj & dixcrunt, quod ad ccmmum©ncni non |e- 
;uuos rcccpcrim. Ei fi quidcm hoc firci, enpungatur nomcn mcnm ex Albo Epiftopo- 
ram, & noarchbaturin Libro Orthodoxae Fidci : Quoniam cccc fi talc c^iUd admifi, 
abjiciat mc eriatnC k a i s t v s e Regno fuo. Si ameni pergant hoc mihi objicere Sc 
e«nrcnd«rc,Dcponant Si Favlnmy qui poftquim ceenavit, totamdomum Iwptizavit. 
Df ponant &Cwsi stum Ipfum, ^ai poftqoarn ccriiatum eft, Apollolis Comm-o* 
t>i©ncm dedit. Duunr quoi c»m mulif re dormiycrim : Exmrc me,& invcnictis mem- 
fcf«r«m VD'iOTxim mortificatiowtm. Scdh^c omnia per nvidiamexcog.triuBt. lotan' 
nt: efcaljCjrUco Epiftepi txuli- Tom.^. Bpift.^, 



^lutme mV. ylet her ham^j wf; The earth is the Lords ^ Vnhi^i, 
and the fullncfle thereof: JfJhemlljLet her faw me 
nfuffder :\{mh fuffertd thefimejffl:e mUJet her cafi 
memtd the feaj I wllrcwcmbsr Joriiih. iffhe wUt, let 
her cafi me into a burning pcry fornace-^er amcKgft wild 
ieajis • the three Children 4;?^ Daniel rvere fo denU 
Withjffle mlljtet her Ji one me or cut offtmne head 3 I 
have then S.5?f^/^^«andtheBaptift m-j hlejfedcom- 
fanions.IfJJje mlljlet her take awaj all my fHbfiar.ce : 
Naked came I out of my mothers wombe, and na- 
ked fliould I retume thither. The Apfile tels me^lfCzi i.io. 
I yetplcafed men, Ifhould notbcthcfervantof 
Chris T,i^ndYy^n6.ev<mrageth me, faying: I 
it^H ffeahtofthy tejiirmnits alfo he fire Kings, md will ^^"''* " ^ ^* 
ftot hee ap?amed. The third is the thiixl i^/jr.i^ of How Liuiicr 
later times, I meapebleffed Luther: Who by the ^*'^'"^^"^ 
invincible might ot his hcroicall fpirit, and one of 
the grcatcft courages that ever dwelt in humane 
brcaft,didfuftaineand fubdue the hcllifli rage of 
that Man of Sinnc, and allhisbloudy Emiilaries 
and Agents 5 ftooduprightandiinfliaken, likean 
unmooveable Rocke> againft all the tempcftuous 
ftormes and fwelling feas of the moft furious per- 
fccutions that ever were rais'd by the powers of 
hell againft mortall man : and did fo iliakc th€ ' 

kingdomc of Antichrift, that fincc that tinK, 
the moft glorious light of the Gofpell,and rcfurre- 
iftion of Saving Tmth hath broken out upon, and 
bleffed th« face of Chrift^i>d©nie, that did ever 
fhine upon earth, or was feenc amongfl: the fonnes 
^ mcn.Hc3xin was hcc like unto K^PhmitBm.ks 



' invitisjiabd' hcoppofcdthcvv/m^/^^/o X«if/'^rthc wholc jifft$~ 
^bL pI'Iz/Ta" ^^^il^^^^ world 5 and they both in defplte ofall ad- 
tiunaims V vcrfary malice, both from Man and Divell, ^gavc 
uithtius.mbi- up blcfTedly their happy foules in peace into the 
^piUcU^^^mi^^' boforac of J E s u $ C H R I s T J whom they had for- 
Morte (X hac merly fei ved fo faithfully,and for whofe fake they 
H^^ahfio!^'- ^^^ glorioufly fuffcred fo much. Thus ypu fee, 
^thaJafmsp^A wheii Go d fingles outand defignesany of His foe 
muiupiiciac^r- fomc fpcclall fervices, and extraordinary fuffer- 
v'rrihLTEc- i"§S' Heeverfurniflieth them before-hand with 
dcfr* Doao- fingularity of gifts, and fufficiency offpirituall a- 
rmi fufiinuiflc biUtic to go thorow, and ftand to it to death. But 
tili'ma mme HOW on the Other {ide,He will never hnakeAbm- 
ex hac vita ex- fedreedynox. qf*€»ch [moktfig flAxejlfti,a[2.T^.h\Mv^\\\ 
ceffit: civil ab ^yjQi^ gather the Lambs with his arme^and carrie them 
finem (iii Epif. '^ hii bofomc ,and gcntlj had thofe that are wtthymn^y 
copatus Alex- /jQ.4o.ii.Imakcnodoubt,butthatinQueencii/4- 
fii'^^P^cEfumbt '■^^^ ^^^^s He mercifully hid many a good foulc 
qaidragint.i from the implacablc fury of thofe Popifh ?r,eymng 
icx annis: ad jYnlves : who, thoush thev wcrg in afavin^ ftate, 

vcriusqucm to- * , / / t t • f ^ t^r ^ 

ti;s penc oibis ^^o.ioved the LoYiH j-Bsus f^JiJiice/(ty,£pfjeJ. 6. 2/^, 
eonfpimvit. yet thcy wanted ftrength to ftand in the faceof tlie 
D aLr^eS) fi^^'y f^'^pcfts ofthofc times. 

eum violcnta niorte ex hoc mundo exturb.ue potuic. Ofisnd H't/l Etsl ccnt.^ I % c.i6, 

> 6,?reparativc. s. BcwJire left sny earthly contentment cn- 
^digbt la/^'up 'croachupon,cmpaire, and eat up thy delight in 
thj> delight, in hcavenly things. But let thy fpirituall joy ever ut- 
hcaveniy tbtrgi rcrly over-wtigh all humane mifcries, and over- 
top incomparably all worldly pleafurcs. And 
'Diference he- ^^crc is good rcafon for it : In refpcd. Of the 
tyvtxt ihc ob- I. ObjeA. The matter, whereupon earthly joy 
i'f/ %ZtZ ^"^^^ feed,isbafe and vile, filth and fafliions, ga- 
deiight. ' ' ming 


ming ond good fcllowfliip, reijellin^^ and in our 
daics, even roaring, luft and luxury,&c.and otiicr 
fuch froth and fooleries, the very garbage of hell; 
at the beft corne, wine,oYle,eold, ^rcarne(re, offi- * Nch.s.io.Bs 
CCS, honours, high roomts, Prmceiy nvonrs,&c. jcyijthe l-ri> 
as tranficory as an hafty head long torrent, ^Jhadom^ ayturptniih. 
a lhipy2 b:rd, an dtrorv , a Poft thathafieth by^ or if you ^^l'^,^ \.a^ti 
can nanrte any thing of fwiftcr wir.g, and fooner in Heaven but 
gone. But the objc<5t about which fpirituall joy is ^h^'e^^^'fdtkerc 
exercifed, is "^Jehovah bleffed for ever, " His eartb^'tha"^^^ 
free and everlaftinglovc,/' the light of His countc- ^(fire kfides 
nance,His r fweet name, ^ That ournamesare writ- ^^f^. 'Hoi. 14. 
ten tnheavert,mQ *Son of his L or<?,His Perlon,vvhoie thei.ijrceiyj^T, 
glory,beauty, amiablcnciTe, fweetneflc and excel- i ^-i^ihave lo. 
lency is fomething fhadowed (but infinitely ihort) 11 e-veri^\w 
by outward beauties, C^^/. 5. 10. "^ The preciouf- /o-te. mul^o^ 
ncfTcof His meritorious bloud, ^ exceeding great I'./I^^H*" 
and precious Promifes, •* pardon of finnes, y Exod.^4' V 
• Christs glorious ima^e (liining in our foules, ^^^ Lo ri>, 
' eternity or unconceiveable joycs. q^^ „^j^,_ 

^ fuU and gracious, (s'c.^'Lvk. 1 1-:^, ~- But rather rejoycghtfaufeyour names are rvnt- 
ttninbeave».*Co\.i.ii.Cioi'ii^<tyet'7rni<ni'n. " Zach ij.i. In ih.it day thireJh.iS te 
a foiintaine opened, Cfe^ 2. Pet 1-4. d lu 40. 1,1. Comjortyeuorr/jert ye,<(sr'c — Her 
iniqtitry ir pardoned.' Eph.4.24. 7'^f «fw man after G o xy is created in r'.^hteiufneffk 
0nd true httittejfe *Pfil 16.11. Intiyprefenceisfuiimjtttf joy^at thy right kiKd there 
4rt ^Ica/iires for evermore 

2. Of continuance. Eaithly joyisHke t^c^ Tyfercn^^ he. 
tracklin^ of themes und:r a f^t,^ fudden blaze with itnuance ' of 
fomeHoife, butfoone extindl, and comes to no- (^^rtiy a^d. 
thing. The triumphing »f the wicked is jhcrt, md]oy of ^^^^^'^{>'>5 "'• 
thehjfomtebut forAm9inmtJohi6.%.'^\\i{'^\x\x.\\'^\ 
joy is likcthe/r^ upon the ah or 5 it hath ever fewell 
to feed upon, though wcdo not ever feclc it. ^ The " ^^ -^^ '4-^7. 




*PfaI ji.ii. 

'Earthfy jcy em 

Xarfhlyjfj ti»- 
fn for hiyfy dn- 

9f corn all jvy 


Conn All joy 
mixed rpitb 

Ha carnalljsy 

Kmgdcvae of Go d if righmufneffe^ Mtdfeace, out 
jej mtffc Ho t Y Ghost.* 7%e ranfemed ^ tht 
Lord jhall retiirneAndcimetd Zienwithfmgiid»d 
ev'CrUsHng jej ufonthetr heads : theyJhMUif*a;^ejey 
andgUdntjfej and f&'row and figking jhdl Jiie dwdj, 
k Begl/idtn the hcviv,afjdreJ0yceye righteous : dftd 
fh$utf9r jtf dlyee thst are ufrtghf i» heart 

5. Sincerity. Earthly joy is cruelly embittered 
with many flavifh, dinging and invcnimcd mix- 
tures and marrc-mirths : but Go v gives joy to tijc 
uprig tit heart, and no fonow with it. 

4.Efte(fls.CarnaIl joy utterly unfits fey all holy 
imploymcms ; but rpiriti,ull joy is to the faculties 
of the foulc, a$ oyle to the joy nts cii the body 5 k 
makes quicke, adive, and excellent for the dif- 
chai'gc of any divine duty. 

5, Calling to mimd, carnalljoy ib the cvill day 
torments extremely, and turnes it into gall and 
worme-wood : but remembrance of thoic fwcc- 
tefl: glimpfcSjand heavenly deawes of fpiriruall joy 
which were wont to fliine into, and rcficfli our 
humbled fouleswhen we were confcionabiy bu^ 
ed in the waies and work of the Lor D,will fervc 
as a precious cordiall, to rc-comfoit our fpirits m 
fadder times, and furcft pledge of their moft ccr- 
taine returne in due time. 

6. Spirituall joy isniany times much enlarged 
intitacs of tribulation: But the heart of the wicke4 
is forrovvfuU in laughter,and troubled with melan- 
choly amidft their greatcfl: miah. 

7,Spirituall joy is ordinarily moft free, full, and 
at the highcfi: in folitarineile, foliloquies, and the 


BEFOUE death; . 6\ 

"moft retired exercifes of the fouler but carnall 
joy and" want of company are forthc moft pare in- 
compatible. And it is kept in that poore little Ay- 
inglife it hath, by good-fellowfliipj and Icnfuail 

■ ^S.Cainall joy ever ends in bitiemefTe, fpirituall ffllfj^^i^^'^^ 
in blelTednclTe. As the rivers of frefli water run 
their courfe with an hafty cuiTcnt to fall in the fak 
Sea^fothepofting Son of all worldly pleafures 
aftera fliott g4earae,and vainc gliftering/cts in the 
Ocean of endreiTc forrovv. 

7. Make thy peace with Go d upon sood y'^^epamhe. 
•ground in the meane time, and ^racioully walkc -^ub gq^. 
with him by a rule and daily diredion. Watch o- 
ver thine heaiT with extraordinary induftry. Mor^ 
tifie thy members which ale upon earth; pride, 
choler, covetoufnefTe, felfe-love, hankering after 
thefalhions,&c. Strangle thy lufts, ftand at the 
Swords Point with thy moft beloved finne. Beare 
■thy yoke fiom thyymth^dxid 'exercife thy fpirituall ' ^"^^ "^^^ 
armes every day; Get a habit of heavenly-mind- fu,n"^er«lt* 
cdnefle and holy familiarity with God afore- £]uomod6 aiu 
feand; and then lliall we holdup our hi^nds and ^^"'^ ^". "'^"■ 
our hearts with boldneffe and undauntedneffe of tnt^sc '"c!u-p'! 
fpirit in the evill day. The firongefi andfiduteft crea- (-"^is? Quis un- 
turcs (faith a godly Divme, preflfing thisPoint) .^orabTniT. 

te addtfcentiji 
i«i Palxfira corrc^oratuspotuit inOlympicii, excclfo, .icmagnoanimo adycjfaiium 
aggreJil' An nonopottct cpotidie luJtari atqj currcic? Nonne videtls eoi quos quina, 
><ertarainum athlctas appelbntjqtiBm nuUum fottc rehifbtorem rcpcreiint,ad faccuai 
arena plenutti, vtrcs fuasexcitare —- Hcs imitari ftude- — funtcnim muhaqns ad 
H«n«sr-»t>>cmincic3nt, muha qu^e concupifcciuiae flammam inccnduBt. Infuigc 
igitur contra paflione*, vinCiS ammi labores, at corporis quoq*, I.iborcspoflisperfeirc, 



Aft AJTMdef thofe things whieh art cOfftrary to thir 
ndttrcsj wh'ch other creatures mver fs weake, feare 
not, hetng of the [mm nature. No more fearefall crea-. 
ture thai^afjlh flying at the fhaJow of a man., yet it 
fiares not the Ocean Sea^ becaufe of its oxvne nature and 
acquaintance : which Liens, and thepo.'ttefi creatffrct 
feare — A p:eef e feare s not his Jhep heard, by rcafon 
of ac(\fimnianceyVchomyet the heart andthe wolfefcan: 
Whatfoevcr isflrangc ardunacquaimed^ts futreftdl.lf 
we acquaint oar fives v&ith G o n , and walke with 
Him (vs H is friends, -^ve j]j all have th:r»orehold»(S)vitk 
Hiffij when wc have moft rccrd of Him. In a word, 

Tit.iit, be wciy temper a' ey honejiyholj. For, thcmoiccon* 
fcionable thou haft formerly been, the IcfTc power 
will the crofiTehave when it comes. It was the fay- 
ing of a reverend man, where finnc lies heavy, the 
erode lies light ; and conrr.irily, that heart is like 
to be tnoft 1 ightfome in a ftormc,which hath beea 
theholieft in a calme, 

n.FreparaTive, 3^ PofTcfle thv mind betime of many mortify* 

Bee Jilted Tfitb • • ^ j j- • /i i • 

meditariw: a- ^% motivesand meditations to maltcr tlie immo- 

f^inji: death, derate feavc of death, ihtkingpfterrourj and then 

thou wilt be able with f^tre more patience and rc- 

folution todigeft all petty troubles and miferies in 

the meanetime. For which purpofe pondei upon 

az,i-nfi death. I- There IS almoftno man, but he hath fuffer'd 
morcpainein his life, than ordinarily he (hall paflc 
>»'d "'"J"^'' thorow in death. The pangs cf death (faith M.^W) 
in^ cat .pig. ^g often leffethanof the toeth- ache. 

2. The covenant of G o d is of force with us, 
as we lie inthc duft of the earth, c^4r.22.3 1>32. 

3. Our 


5. Our union with Christ holds ftill, Ci//. r. 
iS.AsthcHypoftaticall cIid,whcnC h r i s t Jay 
in the grave. 

4. Death is but a/?<rr/f, iThjf.2,1^. l^c7s j, 

5.'"Chri$ts death hath taken away the moirc mono- 
fting, and fwcet ned it to al 1 His, Heh. 2.15. b jt, Gre^or in 

6. It is but a fturdy Poitcr, opening the Dooie * ^^^ ^"^ "' 
of Eternity,and letting us into Heaven: A rougher 
paiTageto cternall plcafurcs. 

7. lushutViVc the fa^efatv'jeAt cerneints thcjt 
griund^ dftd dying i that it maj l}rlngup afterrvards 
more gloriou fly. , loh. 12.24. 

8 . It is but a Departing e/tt cfthu world unto the 

p . It is call ed in the Old Teftameot,!-// gather^ 
ingte their Fathers, 

• I o./4^^^ made nothing of it. Jnd ifraelfaid uff^ 
to Jofeph: BeholdjdieyGen.^Z. 2 r . And when Jacob 
had wade an end of commanding hufonsj he gathered 
nf h PS feet into the hcd.andyeeldedupthe ghoji yond rvai 
gathered unto his people, 

9. Let us trim our lamps betime, I raeanc 9-^^*^*'*'^' 
try our fpirituall ftates : for there are many fooliHi [j^/j^^jj''" 
virgins ; and many thoufands, who for want of a 
truerouch-ftone and found trial 1 this way, find the 

pitof deftrudtton to have fhuc her mouth upon 
them irrevocably and for ever, before they will 
acknowledge themfelves to be wide of the right 
way to heaven. I have beene often upon thisar- m^ j ■ 
j^umcnt, atthistimeldefirc oncly todifcovcrthe about fluh!^ 
dclufion of ifac grcatcft part by an imaginaiy 



f:iith, and of undcrftanc^'ngand worldly-wifc men 
by a temporary faith, and that in fliorr. 
)^Jan(i of Por the firft fort; thcfc fourc Dcmaunds may 
the begimiing ef cafily difcovcr and dcftioy the vanity of their fpi- 
f}}eir jaiih. xku^ll fclfc-coufcnagcand foule-deceic. 

I. Aske them how they came by their faith, 
when they begun to believe, 5:c. and their ordina- 
ry anfvvcr will be this,or the like : fVs cannot tell .■ 
we arenoj; fuch K^tlnijls or ft fr of hunt y hut rveehave 
Relieved ever fince rve fvere borne^j : wee have ev:r 
trujledin C h r i s t > nitd made account sfHtm ou eur 
^naphatleare S4viour : WenevtY dottked, but that He which m^tde 
js a people of ^y " ^^l^ hav€ mtrcj on us , (Ire. But now rhcfc 
no undeiflan- poorc deluded ignorants arc in the mcane time 
Hc^twlrmadc ^^^^r^ ftrangers to any vvorke of the fpirit of bon- 
rhcm,wiU n'A dagc, andpangsof the new-biith, which would 
have mercy on have taught them with awitncffc to have rakjeti 
tkir * formed notice wh'at a mighty worke and admirable 
thcdi , will changethc glorious Sun of faving faith is wont to 
STr^'^i? "° ^'^"^^ wherefoever it comes. They could never 
I. ■ "' ' ycifcnCibly and hcmi\y cry, Wee are unckane, wee 
are uncleane ; we a.rcjtcke, we are hfl, we are hea^ 
vy laden ^ we arc undone, we 6\c, we aredamn'd ; 
cxccpiyj^ dnn\zc of the wa^er of Irfej wafh in that 
Fomta^n^ opened fsrfinne andfr nncUannejfe-, and 
have a blciTed part in the Paffion and purity of 
rii hhth ani^ Esvs Christ, Src. Whereas hdw the 
mi}kk-£e. ^^^^ believer can tell you readily and experi- 
mentally, that he was fird enlightncd, convinced 
:Mid terrified with lighr, fenfe, and forrow for 
Hr^n - :, aixl fo on, a--' you (hall End it T.^firuct. for 
comfort, afjii^.Confc.fa^.yi^. &feq. But cfpe- 



cially faire fall one good token : ever when jufti- 
fying fakh is infurcd, there is athorow-fale of all 
finne. The Fear! e of great f rice will never bee had, 
except all be fold ; which is a matter fo remarka- 
blc,and makes fuch a miraculous change in a man, 
that it cannot chufe but be ftrongly remembred, 
and withgreateftaflonifliment, and that even for 
ever, both in this world and ^the world to come, 
Senfuall pleafures and bofome (innes arc notori- 
oufly nail'd and glued to a carnall heart ; they arc 
asneereanddcareuntoit, as the moft dainty and 
delicious meat to the paktc , Wickedr*effe iS^ixth. 
Zophar) is fweetinhis n2outh, hec hides it under hii Job ie.it, 
tongue-^ he ff ares it yondfdr fakes itmt -, hut keefts it 
fiill in his mouth : not onely as ordinary gar- 
ments, but as the moft coftly jewels, and richeft 
chaine ; Pride ( faith Vai-idycomfajfeth t hem abttit ds rfal.7 5 ^^* 
achaine-^ n^olence cover eth them as Agarmtnt : as 
the verylimbesofthc Body. M&rtife therefore^ 
(^^dkh. Paid) pur members tvhich are uf en earth : for- C0I.3.S. 
nicatien, imcleaneneffe, i nerd: nate affect on ^evi II cm- 
cttpfcence, covetoufneffe : nay, and as the moft ne- 
ceflary and noble parts, the right eje, and the r/^^/ 
hand', If thy right eye offers dtheeifidth C h n i s t) 
flucheitouty and cafin from thee: — \^ndif thy \j4t.j.i9,j 
right hand offend thee, cut it offhand e aft it from thee: 
yea dearer then very life it fclfeto fleiband bloud : 
For -wee may obferve and fee too often fuch 
fonnes of pleafure>andikves of luftto have no joy- 
in this life, after they have loft the joy of this life. 
Hence itis, that many times the wretched world- 
ling being robbed one way or other of the very 

F life 



life of his life, his wedge of gold and hoards of 
wealth, makcsancndof hi'-nfclfe: that the wan- 
ton mining of his luflfu!! aim r and mxh defircd 
choife, fiadsno plealurc iithis iik; but cuts off 
himfelf by a violent and uncimjly death:that Achi- 
tofhel being difgraced and ovotop'din a Point of 
Policy, the crovvne and pride of his worldly hap- 
pineflc, put his houQiold in order, and hang'd 
himfclfe. Well then, if it bee thus, that parting 
from carnallpleafures be aspaincfull and vexing, 
as if a man fliould pull the meat from our mouth, 
the chaine from our necke, clothes from our 
baclcc,thelimbes from our body, the right arme 
from our (houlder, the eyes out of our head, and 
astheloffc ofour life; that happy foule which 
bids adjeu cverlaftingly to all earthly delights, 
muft needs take extraordinary notice, and be able 
for ever to give a ready and mofl: fenfible account 
of fuch a mighty change and marvellous worke. 
a. 7>cc*it. 1 , Askc them, how they keepe their faith : and 

hlut%fpiJ' ^^^y ^^^^ ^^^^ y^"' ^^^y ^^^^^ G o d, they are not 
faith- troubled about it. They finde no fuch fcruples, 

doubts, diftrufts, fcarcs, jcaloufies, tcrrours, 
temptations, dcfcrtions, wantSjWeakeneflTcs.c^f. 
as fomc precifcr fcllowcs, whoftand fo much up- 
on their profeflion, ftridneffe, conference, and o- 
ther fingularities above ordinary, fo much talkc 
of, and take to heart. They fee no fuch neccfldty 
of running after Sermons, fo much reading, pray- 
er, poring upon precife bookes, rccourfc to Puri- 
tan-Minifters, Humiliation-daies,c^r. They can 
Wicvc quietly , follow their bufincffe, and goc to 



Heaven without fomuchacW. Nay, they arc fo 
farre from being troubled in any of ihefe kinds, 
ibatifany?.morgft tbtni betroiblcd in mindjSnd 
extraordinarily vifited with fpiritaall diftrcfTej the 
portion many times of G o p s dearcft children 5 
they prefently plcale and applaud themfelves,that 
they are free 3 and conceive and pcrenipcorijy 
conclude that thesffliificd is an hypociitc, hath 
beenca rrcrehaincus (inner then others, ormed- 
led too much with Scripioire-bufinefTcs and d' 

with miuchadoe, difhculty and * doubtirgs. He is ■^ ^«' -^^ 
as care full and covetous (if it kc pcfiibkjtoprc- fTau'^lvcr 
ferveardfave thisPearle, as the worldling his f^row,it is 

^old. For this purpofc, he paflTcth tborow many *ti"uii'thLc 
Jbieard bitter ccntTds with the fieiceft alTauJts ieiievingcbn- 
and fieritftdartsoftheDivcll^ (for hee knowes /''^"'^^'iff'' 
full well, thst that is the arme and power of Gob fliH^dlw' 
unto us, for all lound comfort and fpirituall well- trarinife tu 
beine, ard therefore he is mofl furious to weaken ^^"^f/jf^'^'g 
US there) wuhinnnite game- layings and temptati- hehaibafittng 
onsofcur inbred infidelity, native ignorance, dif- /-*''* J ^^ff^i 
fidence,wifdomeoftheflefh, ourownc fenfeand 7/nothiig^' 
feeling, and aw^orldofoppofitions continually. Hm,iut/e(- 
He is driven many and many atimc to the Throne C^''""'^'.*". 

- _ -1 in « Down Chnft. 

of Grace with prayers, teares, and Arorgeft warfcap4z. 
wraftlings for auxiliaiy forces, and renewed 
flrength. O how often doth he refort with extrc- 
meft thiift, and dcarcfl longings to all the blef^ 
fed Fountaines, that feed his faith 5 the pcrfon of 
C H & I s T,His meritorious bloud,thc Promifcs, 

F 2 Gods 




G ® .& s frccft love. His fwecteft nam? ; the cove- 
nant oFgracc,all th^ Ordinances, thofe 0»es tf 4 
tJ79nfaiidj who arc able to difcovcrboth the depths 
oftheDivell, and the myftcries of Evangelicall 
mercy ^ti^i:. and forallthis is glad many times to 
fay urjro his G d ; Though 'Thrt jldj ms^ jet mil I 

jT)b I J. I J. frufi in 7htt : Lord,/ heUeve^ helpe Thou mine nn- 

M«:k. j,.,4. ygi^^f^^^^^ The difference then ftandsthiis: They 
hDldit the eaficft thing^of athoufand; biit hee 
finds it the hardcft matter in the world, 77? he- 

5 . TJeeeit. 5 , Aske thcm,what it hath wrought uponthem : 

5^;^'""'" ef and they cam or give an account of any alteration 
toany piarpofe^orfandification at alL Imaginary 
Faith ii but an idle/^.fi, a naked Notion, a meerc 
fancy, a groundleffe prefumpcion and true drearaej 
and therefore it is not adive or produdiivc of any 
reall effeiflSjOr true religioufneffe. But now faving 

iTuits «if With faith doth ever beget a bledcd change inthe whole 
man,body,foule,rplrit,cal]ing, company, conver- 

iCor.5.17, fation,&c. //4/'?7 manbein Qmn tr/hseis anew 
creature : old things arepaffed away, Beheld all things 
are new. It is ever attended with thofe three great 
workes of grace. 

i,vniver/a.u j An univerfall repentance and returnc frona 
epefttanfe. ^n fj^s : ftona groffeones in praftice and action; 
and^from the moft unavoidable infirmities at leaft 
in allowance and affcdion. 

i.vniverfaa 2. An univcrfall fan6fcification in all the parts and 

sansipatm. powers of body and foule^ though not in height of 
^ . ^- dee;ree,yet without exception of pirts. 

QbtdieitcL 3. An untvcrfall obedience toall G o d s com- 

mands ; 


marids; though not to pcrfc<5tion, yet infinccrity 

and truth ; and with an heavenly train e of glorious 

graces : lo'ue-hofeyverttieJkyiCwled^ejUmferanceifdti- » P«- »• J j^- 

f nee jgcdlinejfe, brotherly kindnejjcj charity , j>)i , pace^ ^'^^^ 5 • * *a * ^ 

long-[uffering,gentlemffe,goodneffe,m€ehiijje,^Q. . /^, 

And even in the ioweft cbbe and greateft weak- weaiie/ffiitb. 
nefle, it is ever wont to difcoveritfelfe at leaft by 
poverty offpirir, hungring and thirfting after righ- 
leoufnefle, ftriving againft doubting, bitter com- 
plaints for want of former feelings, induftrious 
feekingto be fetled in belceving,earneft and gree- 
dy longing after grace, highly prizing the L o k d 
J E s V s, and preferring Him infinitely before all 
theplcafarcs, profits and felicities of this life, rc- 
folving rather to die tentboHfand deaths, than to 
returnc any more to folly 3 felfe-deniall, con- 
tempt of the world, care to fearch out the finne 
that may poflibly hinder comfort, and be rid of it, 
continu^ll watchful Incflc and holy jealoufie, left 
we fhould be deceived,and faithful] labouring to 
fubdue corruption. ^ 2)^^?/?. 

4. Fourthly^ askc them. How they prize the L{zhte)eeme 
ob)e<Sithcy apprehend imaginarily 5 for it is no fj^lJ''^''^^'' 
better : and iris but thus r If you were afelc to aif- 
fure them o( w^allowing in all worldly pleafures 
with conftant health, and immortality upon earth: 
they would with all their hearts ,part with all their 
hopeof heaven hereafter: For they are yet buc 
carnall, though felfe- confident. But now the di- 
vineneffc and excellency of fpirituall delights 
which juftifying Faith doth extra^a from fHc Ob- 
jects about which itisexercis'd, doth fo*aflt<5i arid 

F 5 ravifb 


tavifli the heaift of the trueBdiever ; that wdf adi- 
vifcd, incoldbloud^ and out of temptation, hcc 
hold« all the corpoiiU felicities of ten thoufanci 
worldsjCven world without end,.in compoi'ifon ^ 
thcm>.but as droile, and dungf and duft in thebaic 
knee. Our pa^it in the perfon of C h n i s t, with 
the purehafes of His dearcft bloud, and poUeiHon 
eft he Deity bleflcd for ever by His meancs, dot 
more than infinitely cranfcend the utmoft of ail 
earthly contentments-, ms'd above the highell 
poflibil ity, by the moft invcmive and ftrongeft i- 
Hiagination^ and to be enjoyed thorow athoufand 
Knffsm a Tlic fecond fort,> which are a generation of 
jr«^9Mry/dwi n^oreundcrftandingmert ;. flsand thus for cheirfpi- 
idkuallftatc, andchiisfcarefuHycourentlieirownc 
fouksy and come flioit of falvation : They- aflfay 
indeed to be religious, give up their nampcs to Pro- 
ife(fiofl> and wouW goc to; heaven with all their 
beam, (b farre as the way holds, with enjoy*- 
mentof temporall happinefTe : and therefbre,tbc)r 

ni-fl^thcnifclves with an artifieiall habit of t;dking 
well ; take part in>all companies with* the better 
fidtfj follow »nd frequent Seimons^ withfgood 
foiwardneflcj kt up prayer and other rdigiout 
exereifesin their families 5 put thcmfelvcs upoa 
daies of humiliation ; Icavenaany {innes> do many 
1^ things, hold aounivcrfell outwacd conformity toi 

? '' aUthc ordinances ^divine Duties at theinftancc 

ofthe. Mniftery. And if chcy be of ability, counte- 
nance godly Pfeachcrsjftand for them, and cntw- 



Kiiac them ioK>tI*eir -houfes wkh itmcb ^t^&iQh 
iwrcncfTe and bomity^ efpeciAlly fuchas(ipcrliaps) 
by rcafon of too raMchi^barky , utwcquaii^tededfe 
withtbtirwivf ;$, iQthficfTc to bcc 3ccoBii^.toO 
prOvgmaticall and rough, oi- fomething comply 
with them in afalfc concept. of their rpirituaft 
yfc\lhcmg,&c. Bm ppcflcthem further, o^ fJ^"'fJ^,T 
andbcfid^s alkhis, to thcheart and life^^eli- «tfnw8«»M^ 
gion^^o the power and pith of ^odlinefTc, crticify- 
ing of their Gorrijptions^ftrangling their kfts, mc- 
itcring their palfioHs, pamRgwith aUfinnc, uftfa- 
ihioniBg them -to ^hc times, abandoning for-ever 
their darlii^g plejifurc,t!ci?iall of themfelves^coj^. 
tempt of the worlds liailywalkingiwith G o D.^dc- 
light ia the. w^ rf^dint^e, an holy .kecpifig'<rf-rfic ic^ 5 1 . 
L o « D s day, fruitfulneflTe in alLg^od woi4c4S>}i» 
ving,byfaith> an uncowardly opjXDfekm ^totht 
iniquities, of the ^xcfcnt^jc^. which^(th*dy *^^H 
know)\f ill be nccelfarity acGonipaniedwi^i J^fun- 
kdrds j&f*^, caiUag;s of ibc ijafeft^ ^ifeoimwnanec 
from uiigpd ly^greatneflfc, .thc:D<torI«k^cadlteft -ciw 
mi^ ^jotkmgj^mfiffi ^tumf oi*3i«iHr,-fec. .^ theft, aai 18.11. 
you u tike them A^Mkc dead on the neft^ «s ihty 
fey. Thefcare haid lpc«^c% v€tj haifft, gr^iftg 
gind ungeatcfull to tliek cares, atid-jgoc ^to th^Tir 
very hearts: ^n^tberefbrc^l^llf^dtms^as^t^ 
preifif\g more preeifenefc you may as-well i»e- 
mooyeamounraineof brafifc with yourlittlefin- 
gcr, as ftirre them an inch. Say what you will, 
and preach out your heart, (astheyfay) they will 
no further. Thus farre as they goc already, fhall 
cither fcrvc their tarnc for falvation, or they will 

F 4 venture 


venture their foiilcs with thoufahds that are worfe 
than thcaifclvcs. They pitch upon a fafe, wife, 
moderate and difcrcet temper of religion, as 
they conceive and call it, and neither dcfire, or 
endeavour to goe any further, or grow any bet- 
ter. Abire day mends them nor (as they fay) 
and a foule day . paires them not. As they are 
peremptorily confident, the Pearle will be had 
at their price ; fo they are conftantly peremp- 
tory never to become more precifc. And 
if it fall out fometimes, that they meet with 
fprne faithfuU man of God, who hits right 
upon their humour ; difcovering the infuffici- 
cncy of their prefent fpirituall ftate, for future 
happinefle; and perfwading them upon anc- 
ceflity of falvation, to an univerfall refignati- 
onofthemfelveswith unrefervedneffe and zealc 
Co all the world, and will and waies of Go dj 
they arc wont to put it off thus, or in the like 
manner : Tf^e man is dgotdmAn, and of good farts, 
§ntwhom I love welly butdlittle too hot, too hoijhrotu 
undroughy and fmckes too much uf4nf red fenejfe and 
farUculariz.mg mem (pirituall ftates 3 that is all his 
fault .\ Imufi confeffe. Jam offuch a nature anddif- 
fofition, that I jhall he more moved with milder Ser- 
mofts, and calmer cariage in the Pulpit: I doe not fee 
hm this iMinifteriall feverity and roi$ghnef[Lj, 



^ Jhnrpnepdfrefresfej and (uch fearchingms^andfe- * '^riiya iit 
rempory cenfitringmens fiate to Go i^-ward^ddthfo i^^^^t {^J^^l 
vtuchgoodf^C* cL'TOT^i&i. 

My whole JDifcourfe ofirueHapfineJfe is a touch- jf^!"".' ' ^ ■ , 
ftoneand looking glafTcfor a trial 1 and difcoviery fh'ip?y,Vwe^ 
oftheunfoundncfreandfpiricuall felf-dcccic: and {y^cutiirgij/iof 
^ therefore thither I reniit them. ^"?Socfa 

wicdiciis, qui 
bill vuU mcdcrijamaris ucuiir pharmacis, ita obdurari, praefra^ij-stq-, contumaces ho- 
mints duris & fcvens verbis arguendi funt : malo enmi nodo malusquarcndus eft 
cw'-'itvis, Megander in loc 

Ut caro qux callo obdwruit non facile accipit vibices plagarum,nifi impiobis & crc- 
bris iftibus : ita animus .iflattus pcccatis, non commovctur correftionc njfi fevcra & 
acii,/</e«J ihii. 

Hasc vchementia & fevcWtas, quam hic^ TauM in Paftorc reqmntjnon vac.it omni 
irl ! quem &Chri stum mvafiflc Evangchfh tcttis cik^Mart. 3 5 . 

Haecautem juftaeftj& piaira.quam Scripturaj vocant ZelHm DeIjCUiti fitiracundia 
aijioic Dei & pictatisexcitata; qualis Christvm invafir cum ncootiatoies ex- 
pulite DomoPatrisrui /oj.z. ij. 

Hec loco non alicnos dicit/cd domcflicos i^tcoMgucnAoiThesphylaUAnLdc 

Neqj alienos folum hictaxat Fauliciy fed eos nominatini' qui C h r i s t o no- 
men dcderant Cahin.inCap.i odTit, 

Tor ofadothrtythofe wbicbgive their names it religion, and are unfeundat the heart-, 
root :tf>ho many times alfo moji j carefully andfcandilouflyjhame their Frojejfion, (^ eaufh 
thegoodrvay to be eviUfpolien tfihy their worldUnes, pride, fa/hions,ili tonguednes.pajftis, 
upiry, detaining Church duesycowardline/fe in good caufes, impaticncy of Minijletiall re- 
froofe,rfit cro/e the Inthcir comodityrfirangenes ofappareB, ixtimate correfpondece tvith 
the pTophanejSccirreli^ioufnes »j their fervants andfoSowersySccare to he fearchedtho- 
roiftlyyandmofi feverely cenjuredithat they may befaved at the length, truly humbled Cbri" 
fiians indeed^and not onely in their 6wn cenceipt,andfucb as Govsvtuld havetkem. 

10. A ferious and fruitfull meditation upon ^° P^epara^ 
thefoHrelaftthings> hath becneeverholden very Me%ta!e o't on 
matcriall,and of ^eciall moment, to make us (by the foun\afi 
Gods blciTing) more humbIe,un-worldly,pro- '*^"^^* 
vident and prepared for the evil] Day. Give me 
leave therefore, to fclc(5l and propofefome profi- 
table Confiderations thereabouts, and Conclufi- 
onsthcnec, which may fervetp mortifie our aflfe. . 


74 OF iDEATH. 

iaionsto-thcwarid, ^takcioff the -edge and wgcr- 
flcfTcin purfuic after catrhly tbings 5 wollific, mi. 
make Ht our hearts for a more cafie .cnttaf»C!<::, and 
cfll^uail cnterramcnient ofalliaving iimprctllons, 
and morions of t he Word and Spirit, for our fpii i- 
tuallgood; tbatmti.ncsofterronr, weinay ftand 
lilce ij^ioum ZfOf*, ruamoovcable and magmni- 

«>M»Vfa^eT^ff About D a A T H, Confidcr ; 

**'^' I. Thatallthc plcafures, trcafures, and cora- 

forts of this life, wife, children, goods, gv>ld, 

great friends,. lands, livings, poflelRons, offiecs, 

honoui's, high roomcs, brave firuations, fure pro- 

fpe(5is, fu mptuous bui Id ings, plcafant wal kes, and 

even the world itfelfe, upon which- thou haft loft 

fo much labour, time, care, thoughifullnclTe, and 

^ doted fo long, holding a divorce, as death itfelfe, 

cos a/tcTanI ™^ft ^^^ uponthe ftroke of death, * which not 

Toca 5 p<»<iaiy- hcavco and earth, or any created power, can .any 

iEfcuiri. waycs polllbly prevent, divert, or adjoume, be 

HippoCTa. fuddcrtiy, utterly, and for ever left, never mcvrc to 

& Gaicaos beiiaindcd,medl'dwith,t>r enjoyed in this world 

ce^rjubeV nen OT thc wotld to come. Whm vur breath gmh forth^ 

hi onanei vel 

boruhrw ann stu s apponcot^ultra quam veUtDEvr f-JbarmacojioIia exIwutisSjiuvmn 
3c.ua)QncS gUni^sut yiram extemli-Sjtimen tciminos^i^iii prjetcun iion prQtcn3nt,noa 
promciyebfs Caurus Cs5qiiaiinim'veVig, yiti&pcnctila <»mni»<fecli»»e3<morhart>.T» pumci- 
pi]i obllcs,,num?ruui.n.- cr»ljwB ru>t> angeUs. pprcSjVQTcjUjjroges, njhil ^gjs \ wta? tuac 
termini jam conUitutifunt^ncc unqiusn, (;]uicqiu4 reOftiis) piJtxcxiti potcmnt- —'■Qi- 
boiu:Tj libi prxAanriflimotam copiaGt8c fcle^« j viTiiflQrctD'b<ba«5.iiumqiiaMilabo- 
rcs nifi ad fanitatcm j tantoin ftjmnt caj»ias,miat»tum^Lexi/irchiatrtKiim,S'ra.t»9.r»- 
letudinis pofcit,Adnn;ncrm«<arieas-& algeas^ 'nibiIormiriwS^~n>9r»aliseris$.&>ubi vtUB 
tuc mctam conrigeiiSjage, r^Ieiic rebus nu!Dani$,& ad rctioaeoi teddKidaal tc para : 
Tribunal tc vocat. 




O F I>E A T H. 75 

and met retttrrNrtB mr rarih^ aM. ou^thoitghu fcrffh .• 
Even rhr thoughts' of the gitcatrft Ptinces, and! 
mightieft Moirardis- upon eaith, who happiljr 
Hiay haveinthrir heads wh^le common- wealths^ 
and the afTaiies^of many kingdoracs. r»t mtyaur 
mtfttn Princes (S^aih King Dav/d) nor in th:finn& Pral.i46.j,4. 
efman^ inwhomthenis m helfe, H if breath g^ith 
firth^ f)eere>uynnht^hiseardxyin that very day hi f- 
thmghisprijh. And thet'cfoTe Ictirbcc chy wif- ^f« leaned 
dome, to rent and weane thine affedions fromthr i'^'^Q^^^^^^l^ 
wodd with an holy refblure violence in the meanc vivcns , <jux 
rime: ^DifdaineandTcornctorct thincheart up- P^[J^ moucm 
on thofc things hcre> which thou canfb noc, diou) p^tes. Diffial" 
nuift not have in. the fecond life. And there is: f^.i^'O impof- 
goodreafonforit. For they are all (as Ifaidbe- ^^ P;^; 
fere) at the bed, and in the height: i.Butr^w- fmacur boms,, 
ty. And 2. Vexatiin of f^;ru. ?. They can- j^/""'''^^ J i^* 
not farisfie the foule. 4. 7 hey will net frofit in jii,'c^^'„^,aucm 
the day of revenge, 5. They reach notroeccinity. i^'^cat, uc de. 
^. There is no man foairured ofhis honourjWealrh ^ -1'^^ jp[,*'|"^" 
crany worldly thing, burhe maybe deprived of utm unT^&i. 
them, the very next moment. 7. Thou needs to ^". caelooio,i- 
i^arenowant: There Un$maK^M\C^Tiisr)that Tr 'ZTrV)' 
hMh lep hmfeiOr brethren ^cr fifierSyCr fathers, ormt- on'Dom ca^. 
ther, or w fey er children^ or lands for rfkj fake and the ^^ 
Gefpeh ; Bat he [hall receive an hundred fold mw in 
this tlmeyhufcs-andbrethrcn^ andfifiers y and mothers ,. 
4fid childreniond la^, mthferfectttfons-, aid in the 
ivorldttr come eterfj all (ife. Ofeternalllife, thepoinr 
is ciccre : But how fliall they helb manifoldly re- 
munerated in thig life :• fc^ v.J^ 
I. Iathcfkmekind^,rometimes> andxstrrtTTfVSc le^e'f^war'd 

* 25 arergpforde^L 

Mar. 1 0.2 i., 3 p. 

" n6 OF DEATH. 

\ ■ - _ 

as they fay, \^haham,^t God s command, left: 
his comtreyJiindrediandfathersheufe:2LVid hewas af^ 
terwards (as you know) crowned wirh riches and 
honour abundantly, and became agreat and migh- 
ty Prince: Job for the glorifying of G o d, and 
confounding of Satan, bore patiently sand blefled. 
God for the lofTe of all ; and how richly was he 
after repay ed with a large and fingular addition, 
and excellency of goods and children. "*" Valen- 
timdn the Emperour was put from his place of 
*Fcrtur luiia- command in the armVjbv /«to, and baniiliedfor 

mm cum turn. c r^ ■ x. c j 

mam impciij the prorcmon or C h r i s t : but arterward was 
Romam adm:- called backe from banifhment, and with much ho-; 
vJentinim, Hourand applaufe advanced to thc height of the 

qui piaefcdus 

cohortis erat, ex Albomiljtum qui in cxercitu Joviniani vocab.mtiir, GJCcmiiTe. & 
perpenio addixifle exiho: fimnlationc qiiidcm c^ub>l rnilites fibi fubjeftos, cum" 
contra hof^es pugnandumefiec, paruira comraod ^ inftiuxeratj fed rcvcra bine indu- 
duseft, Ciim lulianu/i adhucin Gillia, qux a<] occidentcm foletii vergit, xtatcm 
ageiet, adqnoddam delubtum ivitfacrificatum : fimulq; cum eo fuk ZfalentiniatHti, 
Nam Romanis vctuscrar mos, iit prxfcdi militumjqui Joviniani & Hcrculianivoca- 
bantur Impcratoicm proximo a tcego pra;Iidij causa fequcrentar. Valentinianus 
autem cumenetlimen dclivbri tranfgrcfliirus, &faccrdosritu Gcntilftio viridcsoliva: 
iimufculos rr.adtfaclos manu tcnens, incrocuntes illos afpcigcret, gutta in fuam ve- 
ilcmdehpsa, segic admodum &gravitcr tiilir. Chnftianus enim crac, & proptcrea 
fjcerdotccn, qui ipfun aqiu afperfcrat, & convicijs adoritiir. Aiunt prctcrca 
^€um etiam Imperatore luliano infpeftante tantum veftis fur cum ipfa gutta excidif- 
fe, abjccifleqj quantum gutta madcfccerat. Unde luViania ci admodum incenfus, 
iiacufqj non multopoft Gondcmnavitcxilio, utnimiium Melitinam, uibem Arme- 
RJceperpetuo incolcrer, causa quidcm (Jmulata, quoi milttes (Jbi (ubjcdos ncgl:- 
genter admodum gubernaffec. Noluic cnim vidcri propter rcligionem ullo cum af- 
ficere incommodo, nc indc ant martyris, aur confeflbris honosilli tribucretirr ; fi- 
quidem luc dccaufaalij? etiam Chnftianis peperccrat, quia videret cosex pcriculo- . 
rum ftifccptionc (uti i'upra demonftratumicft) turn gloriam fibi confequi, turn reli- 
gionem ac fidem C H a. i s x i vehcmenter confirmarc. Ac fimul ut impcriuni 
Romamim Joviano delatam eft,rfte t^alentinianui ab exilio Hldeam rcvocatus, mor- 
tuojam foi tc /uliano, &confilioab extrcitu & his qui turn primes magiflratus gc- 
rcbant, inito, omnium fufHagijs Impecitor deligitur, StxofnJiifiQrjEccUfiift.Lib.S. 

• \ , Impcdalf ^ 

OP X):EATH. 77 

— ' '■ - ' 

Irapcriall dignity. The ApolH es forfakirg ail for 
C H R I $ T s fake, had afterwards for one ^ poore 
cottage, the houfcs of all the faithfull Chriftians in 
ihc world, to which they were far more welcome, 
than ever atiy7/4W4» was to his proudeft palace; 
and fo all godlv Miniftcrs in all ages ever Rnd hear- 
tier entertainment, amongft the HmtfJ-jmldefFrnth, 
(truly fo called) than ever any natural! father,?no- 
thei-.^{ifter or brother could poilibly affoordj be- 
caufe, as yet they can fee no beauty in the image of 
Christ in others, oi* in their feet who bring The benefit ef 
glad tidiPgs.nor love fpimuully. ^. 'r^^u,, 

. 2. Or in equivalence; by ** contentment, which po%iim dc- 
doth incomparably both in fweetncife and worth mi rehqu flint 
furpafle & ova-weigh all worldly wealth.Witnes fiJeii'o' dTmu" 
that worthy reply of the moft famous Italian Mar- eiant apcrtx , 
qucffc,GaleacfMCaracc!oluf (having left the rich ^ailX c"nr 
andplcafant MarquefdomeofVico,allImpcriall hjbeiet domll 
Popifh, Princely, Courtly favours, and other pro- "^s- omnefqj 
portionable felicities attending upon fuch humane poftoiVfuot- 

fuHm fruftum & ncccfTariaferebaRtjUt rede Paulm fcripfeiit,iCor.6. lo. Ap'jftolos 
cfle tanquam nihil kabtntes,^ tamen omnia poJJUentes S c ubi oaurn patiem.uiiam ma« 
tremjpAiiculos fracres, & fororcs icliquerunt, alibi centum fidelcsinvencrunt,,q(ii pa- 
tcrnOjmateino,& fraterno animo eos profecutifunt. fiiTnton Evanr.Ca^. i j i. 

•> Ctntuplaigitiir ifta, hoceftmulto plura animus rccipit, non centupio modo^ 
fed infiaitOjiriajore turn voliiptatc utens raodicis illtj, quxcunq j ad v.'tam prxfentcm 
in perfccutione D o m i M v s dcdent, quantilibettribulationibiis circunditus, quam 
ante cognituni Ev.ingeliuraj ufus fwcrat ijs, qua: rtliquit, Bucer.in Cap ig. Mattb. 
Interim fuas exhilarat Deus, ut illis pluris fit, longrq; fuAvius t^intJUim boni 
quo fiuentuv, qaam fi extra Christym illis affluercs immcnfa bonorum 
copia. Calvin, /bid' CentuplicialKaTcyraTiheio-ia'ct. i e. Qnae centics tanti flntjnem- 
pe quod ad rcium ufum, Sccoramoda hujus ttiam vitx attinct : fi ^nodoilla non ex 
copijs & cupiditate noftra fed ex D e i naftri voIuQtate, (qu3B una eft ccrti<]]ma 
bonorum Rcgulp) metiimur; adco ar fideles inmeuia ttiam e^tftate hu us pr mif- 
fronis evcntumfentiant. Itaq; pcrndiculus erat lnliar>ut iHc Apoftata <^.mvn Ivmc lo- 
cum cxagitanS5qujercrcni centum ctiani uxoics habiniri elkni rhiiftiani, BifO-in 
€a^ lo.Marci, 



greatneffc for the Gofpcls falcc)to a wicked Jcfuitc 
templing him with a great fumme of gold, to re- 
« Tie nfc of tui ne out of Ziori to Sodomcfiom Geneva into Italy ; 
^,'^'of^"* ^t ^ Lettheir money ferjh with thef9t,r9h9efieep:eallthe 
'rnkkmrt^uefe ^^^^ in the world, mrth one daies feckty with Jisiis 
of Vico in tU Chris t, and His Ho l y Sp i r i t. I make no 
^^kTcaLz doubt but to any of our learned and holy men, 
exiles for Christ in Quccne M dries time, of 
whom many after returned, and received an hun- 
dred fold according to the later of the Tcxr^h-owne 
head and the Gfjj>eirm Gcvm^nyy.duv\ngt\\sth[ou' 
Lofe ofiepirais dy five yeares, were irfinitclv more fweet and 
Tecm>pcnce.i ^^^^ ^^^^ g|} ^^^ Bifliopricks of En o L A N D with 

with a.iinasnce i r ■ » /» • i 

9' fpirifuaUi. Stwjcfiftjon totbe ftxc i^rticles. 

d Foredidt.ut 5^ £ven in ''an overflowing and tranfcendent 

inn-ecJi)setiam • /r t 1 i_ j j 

pcrfecution:- manner,m a prefiea and heaped, and even over-m- 
bus cf.ntuplj larged meafure by fpirituall joy, peace of confci- 
fi.it fceiiciorcs, ence,contentment of foulc, m.ore fimiliarit v with 

<ju:m unquam ^ . . , -r r^ "^ ' cr 

antd, qui Go D, nearer communion With Jesus Christ, 
Chbistvm fuller aflfurance of His love, and our portion in 
rxcommodTs Him,more fenfibk experience ofHis all fufficien- 
antepofuennt cy, extraordinary cxercifc of faith, fwccter cafte 

Idem Ibid 

Ecce quiieliqueiit purcm,& clcgcritfibi fatrcm BiTMjitTsoei p!us,qiiani ccnta- 
pluniconftitrcccp»flc.?i;'<:— Qji tcliqirciitfratretn, ut habeat Chkistvm fratrtm, 
nonnc mclior crit ci c^u-m centum frtifs ? -— Si dimirtir fubftintMin, ab omn bus 
diligitur, ab ornmbushonoratur, ;i quibufdati autem& timetur. Nam icfc Devs cui 
fetndidit, d'it (i gr^tiam coi im omnibus : Nonnc mdiRsefiei hoc, qiiam u'uvirfa 
ten:'} incertus Author in Mat. Horn j ?. 

Ne quis fnfp ceturqaod diftjm eft folis cosgrucrc Difcipulis: di'at.K promiflioncm 
ad omncs qui fimiha fnciunt ; H ibebunt cnim pro crmlibus cogn mSjfamiliar'r.'tcm 
& fratcrnitueir. cum Deo; pro agris Paradifomi& pro Upideis xdibus fupcrnjm Hic- 
rur<:lem,8f c Tbeophytaif in Cap. i g.Mat, 

Q^^Tivis pios feiTiper )n iiocn-.undo pcrfccutioncsmaneant, & quafi eorumtergo 
crux adliafrcatjtam dulcc timcneft condimcntiim gratia Dit, quae jpfosc^fl^'leratjUt 
illorutn conditio rcgijiadellcijs optabilior Qi.Cslv Ihid. 



-in the Promifes, clofer cleaving to the Word,cIea- 
rer fight of divine excellencies, 'heartier longing 
for heavenly joyeSjC^ir.One drop of which fpiriru- 
all rcfrefliing dcawcs diftilling upon the foule even 
ingreate'^ outward diftreffe ; one gHmpfe of fuch 
glorious inward joyes Hiining from the face of the 
Sun of falvation into the faddeft heart in the dar- 
keft dungeon^doth incredibly furpaflc ail the com- 
fort which wife, children, wealth, or (in a word) 
worldly good, or raortall greacnefTe can pofHbly 

4. Or in pofterity 3 by a very remarkable,if not thir^po^cri/y 

miraculous providence and care for them. Confi- rvho loje arji 

dcr for this purpofc, that G o t-fcaring Prophet^ '*^«<^>''Goi>- 

2 Ktngs 4. who upon the matter, and in the taic 

meaning, denied himfelfe, and forfooke all for 

Gods f'ikc. (^ For he doth fo alfo,who preferres • Rei mjucrc 3. 

the glory of G o ©, the Gofpell, the caufc of '"i" "^ propter 

Chr i^T,andkeepingof agoodconfcicnce,bc- ,"Tr7fiv^p"oju 

fore any, or alleaithly things 5 holding faft un- ter ' ch ri. 

fainedly arcfolution, if he be put to it, and times tJ^^ ' ^^ 

require really and adually to leave all for p^ponc'/oL^, 

Christ.) Thisgood man might have '"applied n.bus, scfupa- 

himfelfe to the prefcnt, ferved the times, fought "'^"^ira^'^cfl^' 

the Court, and f -.teat lejaifels Table with her o- charum pc(ftol 

ther temporizing trencher-chaplaires. But it is " "<^^i''o, ut .1. 

faid in the Text, that he feared tkLcn d, and fo ^^ ^^^^^ 

difdained, and abhor'd to gainc by humouring rua rdm^jue- 

grcatncffe, to grow rich and rife by bafenefle and, 'f qu^ntumvis 

O c? J chara, quajnoi 

alliciunt,aut ctiam cogunt.ut aliquiJ faciamnsj quod tit contra ejaJ gloriam Afufc. 

' Colligemus ex hac panpertatc viriim lUum fuiife confbntcro in vera & fa na rtli^i- 
oac : quiali dcficcre voluiffct.ad cultu-n /eiabclu^Sc im^ijvco-.s^xi^tui & julls facui- 
tatef ei ns>a dcfuiil'ent- Fet.Martjn he, 



flattery .And therforc did chufe rather to die a beg- 
ger,to leave hi«ftvifcin dtbc&expyfehis children 
to the bondage of cmell creditouis,rhanany waics 
to make fhip-wrackc of a good confcience^or con- 
fent and concurrctothe adulterating of Go d « fm- 
cere and purer worfliip. But innrk what followes : 
rather than the wife and children of fuch a man, 
who preferred Gods glory before his owncpre- 
ferment,fliall fuifer wantj rhcy muft be relieved by 
a miraculous fupply , as appearcs in the ftory . 

^ l«al name y~. • j „ /• / • ^r 

give^for lofe 5« Or m good s fJ4me 5 which ts rather ti 
ofgood^, &c. het chofcn than grzat riches, faith Sdomen, For 
InTrS/V^ inftance, compare together Bradford zxi6, Bonner, 
name) kar jh ill The name of that bldfed man fhall bee of moft 
not bee cut of. dcarc and glorious memory to all that love sur 
pJol.ii.i, Lord Jns Us Christ wfi:?ccrity-,\\m\\\}r{\s 
■• tisare CiUin fccond comming : and it is like we (hall looke up- 

hifa, be ore his . ^^ . . ■ i i i r 

commetary up- tyrsmQueene Manesume^ with thoughts or ex- 
on the fir/i to traordinary fweetneiTeand lovein thc next world 
Ecfi ^ neqi tu thorow all ctemity. But now the remembrance 
piaufum ihe- of that Other fell ow, who (like a blood-thtrfty 
no'tcib ^D e"J '^yS^'^) made fuch horrible havockc of the Lambs 
contentas neqi of Chr I sT,{liaIlbe had in amoftabhortedj exe- 
mihi propDti. crable, and everlaflin^ deteflation. The name of 
Ts 'Irrarc! ^^^^ fore-named noblc MarquefTe, ^ who left and 

C^od tamcn 

cognitu utile eflac ffu^u'rfum,non ptorfus celandifimt LE<florcs. Homi««m primaria 
familia natum, honore & oplbusflorcntera j nobiliffima & cafti^i nn t?) ore, numc- 
ros.-i fujole, domeft.'ca c^u ete & con cord la, totcq; vitx ft'tu bc.umn, aln6,utia 
C H R I s T I c.iftra aiigraret patni (efliflc : D.tioacm feailcia & a(rcpn:.m,lautum 
Paciimonium, cotnmodim non miniiS, quam voluptuofam h-bitationem neglexiiflcj 
Exmff: fplenJorcnidomeiUcum ; Patrc,conjuge„hbeiiSjCognatis,?.fSnibusCefc pri- 




and loft all with a witneflTc for the Gofpcls fake, 

{hall be infiaitly more honored of all honeft men, 

fo long as any one heavenly beame of G o d s e* 

ternall truth (hall fliine upon earth, than his uncles 

P4f//the fourth, orall that Rope of Popes from the 

firft rifing to the finall mine of that Man of finne. 

Nay,thcirs (hall rot cverlaftingly; but his fhall re- 

flourifli with fweetncffe, and frcfli admiration to 

the worlds end. 

2. That,todye,is but to be once done; and if wee MencUthm 

crrcinthatonea(5tion, we are undone evcrlafting- '"'^^' 

ly . And therefore have thine end ever in thine eye. 

* Let all our abilities, bufineffes, & whole being in ^ in cima« 

this life^lct all our thoughts,words5a(ftions,rcferrc ^"''^l™ ^'^''"5 

tothisonething,which(asitfhallbewellorillen- "^" ^^^^ ' 

ded) is attended cither with endlcfTc plagues, or 
pleafurcs ; with eternity of flames or felicity. 

providentia; in. 
ime,qu3B am- 
plius quaoi fc» 
mel fieri nc» 

cftfeunt. ubicunq; p€skpfu3fuerit,aAum«ft : uniis error multatrahit crrotum mil- 

lia. HjBcruio mortis eft J unicus in ea error, infiaitos trahet eirorci; Hlc remeler- 

Mflf-'jactermim eft peniffc. 

Lamachos Centwri'^, admiflt empris increpabat militcm, qui ut culpam dilaeref, 

dfinceps nil talc admiffiirumfepromifir. Cui Csntucio: In bvllo, inquit, Boae vir, 

non licet bis peccare. fltitarch iriLacont 

In mort€,eheu, nee vel femcl quidem peccare licet. Nam hoc talc peccatum eft ir-. 

rcYOcabile. Semel niortuus cs, fsmper mortuus es . femel male mortuus cs, femptr 

damnacus es. Hanc moitctn corrigcie,hanc danaaationem cxcutcre, per omnetn «t€r- 

nitatem aon poteiis. 

3: That thoumaift looks upon thy laft bed, Tmmtf 
to be full fotcly terribly alfaulted by the king of '^**^** 
fcare, accompanied with all his abhorred hor- 
rours,and flinging dread ; by the fearefull fight of 
allthyformerfinnes, arrayed and armed in their 
griflicft formes, and with their ficrccH flings; 

G with 

82 O FJD EA TH.^ 

with the utmoft craft and cruelty of all the powers 

of darkcncflc, and the very powder-plot of the 

prince of Hell, that roaring Lyon, who hath indu- 

ftrioufly laboured to devoure thy foule all thy life 

long -y with the terrour of that juft and laft Tribu- 

nall to which thou art ready to pafTe to reckon 

preciicly with Almighty God for all things 

done in the flcfli. What manner of man ought 

thou to be then in the meane time : in all holy 

* Cavcamus ^^^.^ fore-caft and cafting about to give up thine 

T>ferre.Quoi account With comtoit at that dreadtull houre <i Be 

hominum rail {q f^^rc from "^ deferring repentance in this Day of 

nar^ob"cau- vifitation, and putting off till that time 5 (For 

Cimmaie fini- how cauft thou poflibly attend fogfcat 3 bufinefle, 

«u:.t, quiA di- when thou art befet with fuch a world of wofull 

mfcTffeiTnda! workc, and hcllifli ra^c:') That thou fliouldeft 

Quid crafti. in this day, like a fonne of wifdome,. con- 

ren'dmvTi.iiua ^^^^^Y P^Y ^^^ improove all opportunities, occa- 

tu2 deft nas ? fions, offers, every moment, Miniftery, mercy, 

Cnihnus dks motions of the Spirit, checks of confciencc, cor- 

Hodiemus'fft! tedtions, temptations, drc, to .ftorc thy felfc 

Hodie quaefo, richly with fpirituall ftrength againft that laft en- 

^r^^^'^'d'a^'" counter, and of higheft confequence, either 

Scft.crTs^ for cternall happineife, or unconcciveable hor- 

aut perendie rour. 

nl' *:^I, 4- That thy body, when the foule is gone. 
death made Will be an horrour to all that behold it; a moft 
foathfome, loathfome and abhorred fpeclacle. Thofe that 
loved it moft, cannot now find in their hearts to 
looke on't, by reafon of the griefly deformedneffe 
which death will put upon it. Downe it muft into 
a pit of carions and confufton, covered with 


OF D EATH. 83 

W3rmes,noi: able to w ig fo mich. as a little fiig?r, 
to remoDvethevernlns chit feed and gaiw upon 
its flefli ; and fo moulder away in:o rottennefTcand 
duft. An i therefore let us never for the temporary, 
trandcory eafe, pleafure, and pampering of a rui- 
nous,and rotten carkafle, bring everhfting mifery 
upon our imniortall foules. Let us never,f)r a little 
fenfualUiliDrt and vaainiing delight flowing from 
the th ee filthy puddles of the /«/? of the fie jh, the 
lu^ofthee^CyandthefrjJeofUfe, drowneboth our 
bodiesand foules in a dungeon, (hall I fay, nay ina * ^.^. . 
boy ling '^fea of fire and brimftone, where we can difcamusVi'^ 
fee no banks ,nor feele no bottome. cuia vidna'nof- 

fc, quae faciJlc 

caveCjqui prs. 

Yidet. Non pji'Lim intcreft c tena fpc»5les naufragium paffi njntj& irrcpirabile, quot- 

quat ad orcu n p.^cipitati luat j nee in portiim unquam pcivenicnt. iEtcrnicatis ivx* 

neuna mare,caceer xcemus hos aauhragos jam fcpeliyit. 

5. That when the foule departs this \[£c, it ^l}^^^ "^^P^^- 

1 • • t -^ 1 ,,<-. '^* carte! no- 

carries nothing away with it, but grace, Gods thin, but grace 

favour, and a good confcience. The Sunne of all with tt. 
worldly greatnefTe, profperity, and joy then fets 
for ever : Even Crownes, Kingdom^s, Lands, 
Livings, and all earthly PofTcflions are ever- 

laftir^ly kft. And "^ what will an immortall *si confc/cntia 

foule, deftitute of divine grace, doe then:' Then fit inqumata, 

wdl that now newly-feparated foule, finding no '"^'^ . "^^'^"^ 

fpirituall (lore or proviiion laid up in this life a- condirL,necm 

gainft the evill day, with anirkfome and furious condcorefoU- 

tii eft leperire : 

Omnia acerba, 

Fellea omnia : Et quo profugias ? Ad Djiim? Hoftis eft. Ad confciemiam ? Carnifex 

eft.Ad coelites r- Often'i fun:. Ad focios? Augebunt ci'uciatus. Ad delitias Si. volupcates? 

Confcientiam magis inquinabunt,&c. 

G 2 reflvifiion , 

84 OF DEATH._^ 

reflexion, lookcbaeke upon all its time fpent in 
the fiefli; and beholding there, nothing but abo- 
uninations, gwkinelk- and finne ; Prefently awakes 
the nevev-oyirig worme which having formerly 
had its uicvith flopt with carnall delights, and 
mufl'd rp with outward mirth, willnowfeedup- 
jvhat t}.c{md- on it with bonoi'f, angui{b, and dcfperate rage, 
iie{peciai/io Wcr!d v^ithout end. O then, kt thefc precious, 
ion^ ajer. ^^^arc, evetkfting things breath'd into our bodies 
for a (hort abode in this Vale of teares, by the 
AH powcrfull God, fcornc with infinite difl 
dainc, to feed r.pon Earth, or any earthly things j 
which ?.rc no proportionable obje<5l, either fox di- 
vinencfTe, or c^uration, for fo noble a nature to 
neftle upon. But let them ply and fat themfelves 
all the dayes of their appointed time, with their 
proper,native,and celeftiall food : i^t thatgre^ 
Suffer made by a King at the marriage of a Kings 
Sonne, X?^^'^ 14.1(5. (jyfatth. 2 2.2, And therefore 
nauft needs be moft magnificent and admirable : 
At that FeaH of fat things y that Feafl of wines on the 
lees ; of fat things fidUf pMrrorv^, of wines on the lees 
rvellrefinedylfa.2^.6. The founder and furniflier 
whereof is the Lord of Hofts. He that made 
Heaven and Earth, makes it, and therefore it 
muft needs bee matchleffe and incomparable : 
At the Well-head ofWifdomes richeft Bounty^ 
who hath kilied her heajls, mingled her wine, and 
fitrnifheAhtr table, Prov.9.2. In and by thefe and 
the royalleft feaftthat can be imagined, are fha- 
dowed, but infinitely fliort, and reprefented unto 
us^ but nothing to the life, all thofe inexplicable 



divine dainties,delicates, fwectnefTes 5 thofe graci- 
ous quicknings, rejoycings and raviflimentsof fpi- 
rit5 which God iniiKrcy is wont ro communi- 
cate and convey thorow all the ordinances and 
meanes of grace to truly humbled foules, for a 
mighty incieafe of fpirituall (Irength and invinci- 
ble comfort, 

O how delicioufly may a heavenly hungry 
heart feed and fill it felfe ; i . In the powerful] Mi- 
niftry unfolding all the facred fcnfc and rich mines 
of G o D s own meaning in his blelTed Book. 2. In 
the precious promlfes of life, by the applications 
and exercife of Faith. ^. In the Lords Supper, 
by making the L r d J e s v s furer to our foules 
every time 5 and every time by feafting afrefli up- 
on his body and blood fpiritually,with exultations 
of deareft joy, and fweeteft glimpfes (as it were) 
of eternall glory. 4. InfruitfuU conferences and 
mutuall communications of gifts, graces^ prayers, 
duties with Gods people, which the Lord doth 
ufually and gracioufly water with the deawes of 
many fweet and glorious refrefliings and quick- 
ning, muchincreafe of Chriftian courage, and an 
holycontentationin the^Wjv^y. 5. In meditati- 
ons upon the my ftery of C h r i s t , the miracles of 
mercy upon us for our good all our lifelong, and 
the eternity of joyes and blilTe above. 6, Upon 
the Lor D s Day, when fliowers of fpirituall blef- 
fings are accuftomed to fall from the Throne of 
gcac^ all the day long, upon thofe who fincerely 
endeavour to confecrate it as glorious unto him. 
7. Upon thofe foule-fatting dales of humiliation 5 

G 5 which 


and^^mw which who ever tried ^cither fecrctly, private!^ 
n^any tiio,.' ot puWikely 5 either by him felfe alone, with hisc 
^'nds of cha- yoke-fellow, in his family or congregation, and 

, rprkvcr""d- ^^^^^^^^ ^° ^ extraordinary, according to the 
mirabie, gioii- extraordinarinefTe of the exercifc :' 

ouSjind extra- 

ihings ; Ofpublikc thusfpeakcs a learned Dodor. To Gods gUiy^ mdtotht 
/lopping of our adverfaries mouthes,the Papifls (whoy^noTv nor rvhat the trueexercife of 
fafting ineanethjit is to be achjierelcdgcd. that hetvfueverive have not bcenefo frequent ta 
thU exercife, aiwere to be ivifhed, yet notnpith/andifig, upon diverfe fublihj occajions 
there have beene publi\e Tafts ohferved and lo'.emni\ed among tu with good and happy 
juccejj'e: ^i fir example i/tt tie time of the f^reatFlaguct Anno 156J. After theenat 
£arth-qua\e, i\nno I'i 7^. After intelligence bad of the Spanijh /nvaJioH, Anno i^SS./n 

. the time of the great Famine, Anno 1 5 9 6. & 1 5 9 7- ^nd notv of late in thU time of the 
Fefiilence Anno 1603 Befidet he private and fecretjaftingofthefaithfuHi ti it bath 
fleafed Gov to move them^either by private, or publil^e occafiom. D.Downam now 
Bifliop in Ireland, The Chr;Hians banduary.Scfl. 54,032.54, 

Nay^Hcare King Charles Hlmfclfe giacioufly acknowledging G o d « ex- 
traordinary goodneflcin hearing ourprayeis in publikc Fafts blcflcdly appointed by 
His owne royall Command : ^ni whereai thegreite/l confidence men have in God 
arifeth, not onelyfrem HiiTromifey hut from their experience Uf^eivife ofHisGoodnefTe 
you mu/i notfaile often to re-call tc the memoiy of the people tvith thanl^efuffneffe, the late 
ffreat experience ree have hadoj Hugoodnejfe towards ta: For, the three great and u/uag 
judgements which Me darts downs upon difobcdientondunthanf^efuU people, are Pt/lilenct 
Famine and the Swtrd.The Fe/lilenee did never rage more in thii l^ingdme then of late * 
And God »asgraciou/7y pleafedin mercy to beare tie prayers, which rvere made tmtl 
aim 5 and the ceafingofthe /udgement nvtn little lejfe than a miracle The famine threat- 
ned nt thii pre fentyeareyand it mufi have foUotvedy had God rained detpneHii anger I 
little Itnger upon the fruits of the earth. But upon our prayers ibejfayed that judgement 

' andfent utablejfedfeaf»n,and a mofl plentifuU Harvefi^^c, luftruftr^nj dueafd from 
8he Kings moft. excellent Ma)eftie,^c.pag penult. 



About the laft JvdgembnT, Confider, The terrour »f 

I. How * cuttingly, and how cold the very Cheists cs^ 
Er^CightohhcSo/tofmancofnmingffi the clouds <?/ S"fc/'' ' ^ 
BeAvenrvithpower And great glory , will ftrike imto *Notaqa3 
thine heart, who haft refufed to tume on His fide, p^^^^onnTJ 
and take His part all the time of thy gracious vifi- ant ^imp^obl 
ration. Then wilt thou begin with exrremeft ^c obfiinau 
griefc and bitternelTc of fpirit to figh and fay gi"nam',neU 
within thy felfc : Oh! He that I now fee fitting pe non pri,^$ 
downe upon yonder flamine white and ^lorious '^"^I" ^f^I^ 

-^t -IT r-P ^t ■ t perlcquun fu. 

Throne, IS that J E s V s C H R I S t, ^/-^^ mighty erinr, ac tum 

G o D, the Pr/W<?(?/P^^f^, that fweeteft Lambe, quidemcogcn- 

whofe precious bloud was powred out as water ^""^ ^"' ^ ^''.'^"^ 

upon the earth, to Jave ha -people jrom thcrfinnes, one maxima 

And He it was who fb fairely invited and wooed &^uporcj & 

me (as it were) by His faithfullefl McficngerSjand confciencix m! 

intreatcd mcwithtermes of dearcftlove, all my tffabiii, cum 

lifelong, but even to leave my lufts, and bid the cem^Hbi ^"'^'' 

Divell adieu ; and He, even He, would become ftimi eum, qui 

my all-fufficient and everlafting Husband; and ^'^'^. in^iignis 

now asatthistimehave fct animmortall crowne rnnf^.n^'^^'^r 

of blifle and gloiy upon my Head with His owne ifta. Nemo efl, 

all-mighty hand. 'But I alas! (like a wilfull defpe- fi^ "''J'i'^ ^^- 

rate wretch) did not onely neglect fo great /ahafio^^ quem ^[ntct- fe- 

firfake mine owne mercy y'2Lnd fo judge jny Jelfe unwor- '^'f > cum inbc- 

thypf everlafting life: but lalfo (abloudybutcher ""ctu^^o/iocu 

to mine owne foule) all my few and evil! dayes, Johm cap.s. 

bafcly and bitterly oppos'd His blefTed kingdome; "^'''^P^g J ^ »• 
the purity, power, and holy precifenefle thereof, 
as quite contrary to my carnall heart, and that 
current of pleafures and worldly contentments 

C 4 into 


into which I had dcfpcratly caft my felfe: I indeed 

wretchedly and cruelly againft mine owne foule, 

perfecuted all the meanes which fliould have fan- 

(ftified me,and all tlic men which iliould have favM 

me. Happy therefore were I now, if I could increat 

the greateft Rock to fall upon me,or be beholding 

»Rev.6.i 6. to fome mighty mountaine to cover me ; there to 

lie hid everlaftingly ^ fiom the face of him that Jltteth 

en the Throne^ andfi^om the wrath of the Lamb, O that 

I now might be turned into a beaftjOr bird,or ftone, 

or tree,or aire, or any other thing I BlefTcd were I, 

that ever I was borne, if I could now be unborne : 

That I might become nothing & in the ftate I was, 

before I had any being ! Ah that my immortall 

infern^akTTu' ^^^^ '^^^'^ "^^ mottall, that I might "^ die in hell, 

ilincbit uhi eft and not lie eternally in thofe fiery torments,which 

flctus&ftndnr I fliallnever be able either to avoid, orabide! Let 

ufuUtm jamf- us then betime in the name and feare of God, kifTe 

tatio& Voeni- the Son left he be angry at that Day; and fo wee 

tcntiafineuiio perifh evetlaftinply. 

ijCmedio; ubi * ' ' '. mu - 

cfl v'Cimis illej^uinon raoritm',5c ignis<{ui nuncj^uartrcxtinguitti^uhitnorscjiixutar, 
&noninvenitu'. Quire in inferno mors qwxntur&iioninvcnitnr ^ C^i.aquibiis iii 
hoc feculo vi:a ofFertU!,& noluntacciperc,in inferno qujeriint niorcem,.&non poteriint 
inrsnue. U'ni critnox line die, amaiituda fiuedulce^ine, oblcuritasfiac lamine,&c, 
u4iigufl:JeTemSeTm i-^-i-. . 

Hotp t9 ad' Let US now, while the day of ourvifitation lafts, 
^dtitTchrifi hdoxctheSunhefet upon the Prophets, addreflfe our 
felves unto him: i .With hearts burdened and bro- 
ken with fight of fin,aiid {cr\k of divine wrath,3//?^. 
11.28. 2. Prize him infinitely and above all tfre 
world, M4f. I :? .45. 3 .Sell all, part with all fin, /^/af. 
Out of Egypt quite,leave not an hoofe behind,^;if. 
10.25. 4.Take him as our husband & Lord,wher- 



by we hecome the fins ofGod,loti,i,ii.y.Ti(hhisyoh 

nfon usy andk/irnetobe meeke and lowly, Mat, 1^.2%::* 

6. Enter into the n^^j, which is caiedtk ivay ofhoU. 

fjefejfi.^^iS' y.And.thcreconutiueProfcfTorsbf 

the Truth> and of thepbwer of the Trnthj and of 

the power of the Truth in truth .:' (for otherwife> 

thou mayefl: be a Profefibr, and perifh eternaii^ :) 

That Chri ST may ownethee,at^th5tDa^vMafiy 

profefle the Truth, dud not tlie power 0^ rfiiaertfthi 

fome profcfTe both) the' Tpotkam' th tj)m;Ci^bfib, 

but are falfe hearted. Where then Mthe m>n-pi^ The /iris ac- 

fcflbur appeare < Nay thePerfccutcr o-i-yhts^-. count of tUiafi 

tfhich isjfokm /^nwfi emer^ luthti^ip^-i ^ ^]i4V^rro I day, 


fhi^jthe highefl & laft Tribunal, which c^nmv^t deniy, cUaniy, 

be.appeal'dfrom,6i:rep-eal''dtt1ifefr(t>giveahekai0 'l"fadfj^P''% 

acDountvof alithingsdonein-stbe fli^flr,^ VJ^^ dy^i^^jt "^fargj J^"^ 

thoil^^tofi^teeJicasjr^-.rvWpt^fbf^^tfeyti^ (xtrasrdwarie 

every gtaJndfc'ofthineicy^, . 'cvcrpi^mitm i^^lhy ^^'atrj^ 
thiiejieyeryQniifliQofaaylioly dut^jorgoddde^d, t^cat me; ^ 
every adionthcu haft Eindertakeii/^ith'a'ihStedr- ^ 


^titc enitii Of iVstnt t'eftibus txtc'tnh) {uoo«{tiua,tt onVncm I'tiam yi^OiW-.-ldcmiiidm 

tem,vcl bonavel mnlaomnitusievel.intur.H/Va/1 /»J 2)d;;,7. ' '; *f ■ - ■• 

. <^3edain igrtuc yss ttftlntettigtnlia, tfPwHtf j Tjlfel^^ft ''ttbieit-f^-'cf ^ilj fuai vtF^dna^ 
yel oiaLi-aiacta iamcmoniam^ fevoc^Jittiv^ ei:iff&Ms iftniitii'tniri' celeVffate eeriisiittir: 
ucaccufet,vcl excufetfcicntiacunfcientiaiTi: atqjita fimulCfomncs 6c?^fi«»QU j^icem 
tVT.y^u^36Ci'vk.7}etltk^o.Cap.i4. - ■ -- - ' '''- ' -- ■> i'--i c-i- - < ■ • ■- 
- Ncceffeigiturnon enCJUt^nanife^at(ofi«(v0cefenGbili icF>umalhii';^ftd fetis crir^fi 
menti cepexifeijtctii*,^ itiinif fftetar*. Bugo^f^lfdrftHLjb. i xleaniwa -tap. Vi'i -, • ' ■ " ' ' ' 
- : : i<t' horf judidp Set ^jpektib libr »f tim, fc.tfotifde'titiartjni/Gliibiis feeritd' 8i<fehlciiti 
imiverfotuRrfibi i^Gs& <J2temiahotefc*fft,facientc koc ritWtflHihs JLibH Vrt^vevbi 
rcincarnatr.BoWiBrevi/o.U/J I. _ ' - . \ 

' i ' cumfcanccs 


cumftances thereof^ every office thou haft borne, 
andthcdifchargcofit ia every point and particu- 
lar: every CO inpany thou haft come into, and all 
thy:behavi(5ur there : every Sermon thou haft 
heirdjcvery Sabbath thou haft fpentjcvery motion 
ofthe fpirit which hath bin made unto thyroul,(^r. 
Take account of Let US then, while it is called fo day, call our felves 
^hlfd.'^^^^^^^' ^o account, examine, fcarchandtry thorowly our 
heait$,lives,and callings,our thofights,words, and 
deeds; let us arrHgne,accufc, judge, caft and con- 
dcmne our felves : and proftrated before Gods 
Merc J 'Seat y with broken and bleeding affedions, 
lowlineflc of fpirit, and humbleft adoration of His 
free grace', upon tlic fame ground with the y^ra. 
mites y I Kin. 2 0.51 .We have heard that the kings ofthe 
koufe oflfrael are menifullKmgs : let us I pray thee,puf 
fack^cloih on ojir loins , androfes on our heads, and go cut 
/#; the King of I fratl-^fer adventure he wiUfunje thy life, 
^fPA&^^ 'Let US therefore give our mercifull G o d no 

• Hinc fide rcft, untiU we hayje fued out our pardon by the in- 
^'"'^ d^bu'^ terccffion ofthe Lord J e 's v s,c^f. And then 
fn " fudicjum! we fhall §nde the reckonings made up to our hand, 
quum enim in and ' all matters fuIly anfwcfed before-hand. And 
ifthac vita pel- (^hich isa Poiut of unconceivcablc comfoft) He 

lententiara ju- \ . u » i r i 

ftificationiste- that was our ^ Advocate upon earth, and pur- 

Aafunt & ab- >>>.»» li . 

lataj & ultiinum illud judiciufn c6in%ina«'f)€ri$j & rnanifcftatio ejufdem fcntcntiae j 

non f ffet confenianeum, ut ialuccaswfcnuo tum tempotis pioferamur. ^mef.Mfdul. 


* Qui raodo eft Advoeatus nofter,ipfe tunc erit Judex noftcr. • Si habcres cau- 

famapud aliqaem judiccm agendam, & inftrueres Advecatum efle, fufccptus ab Ad- 
vocate, agcret caufamtuamficutpoffct; & fi non illam finiflfct, & audircs ilium in 

judicio f cntur«m,qttantum gaudcres,quja Ipfe potuit efle Judex tuus,qui fuit paulo an- 
ti Advoeatus tuus?— — Quia Adyocatum praemifinms,fecuri Judicem vcnturumfpc- 
xGm\xs. AugufiMTemp.Ser,iig. 

J- chafed 


chafed the 'pardon with His ownc hcarts-bloud, 
ihallthenbcour Judge; . ^J^J"^^ 

3. That all the bcaftly ana jjr.pure abominati- day oj judge. 
6ViS of thine heart 5 all thy fecret finnts and do- '"/"^•, 
fet-villanics, that no eye ever looked rpon, 'but tim«TajSdi 
that which is ten thoufand times brighter than the ommbus. ipfe 
Sun 5 fliall all then be ^ difclofed and laid open be- \^^^^^^^^ , '^ 
fore Angels,Mcn,and Divels ;. and thou ilialtthen i"Ccto!p!o! 
and there be horribly,uni verfally , and cverlafling- ced's, videds : 
ly alhamed.Thou now ads perhaps fecurcly fbme ^"^^^.1'^^":* 
hatefuU and abhorred worke of darkneffe, and videtteV Lu- 
wickedneffenottobenam'd, in thine owne heart, •'^^'"^ cxtiinfta 
oroncwayorotherinfccret, which thou wouldft (ublifYmtis" 
not for the whole world, were knownc to the vidette.incorl 
world, or to any but thy felfe, or one or two of ^^'^'^'"*y^*" 
thy curfed companions curbed by their obnoxi- nmeriiiumcd 
pufncfle: butbewellalTuredin thatDay, at that cma eft, ut vi- 
grcataffize, thouihaltin the hct .of heaven and ti"endo oftui 

pcccare vis,quaei:e ubi tc non videat, & fac quod vis. Hein de Verb VDomSerm. 16. 

** Ini'jmtates tua: omnibus populis nudabuntur, & ciin^tis agminibus patebunt uni» 
verfa fcclera tua, nen foliim afluumiVeium cogitatioiium, & iocutionum, Multa veio 
tunc vcnieht ex improvifo, quafi ex rafidijs, quse, mod© non vidts, & forfitan pluia & 
ter?ibiliora bis (ju:e vides. Undiq; erunt tibi angufliae, hinc ci;unt accufantia peccataj 
trcmenda juftitia, fubtus patens hoiridum chaos, defupcr iratus Judex, intus vermis 
confcientia', foris ardensmundus. Bern.de confc- ad fin. Scioqucd anima tam ama- 
ram, non aequc fcrt mcmoviam, fed cogamus eam,& conflringamus. Melius eft nunc 
cam ipfa morderi memotiajquam per illud tempus, fupplicio. Si nunc peccatoium fis 
mcmor^ & ea continue proferas. &pro ipfis depreceiis, cacit^ delcbis: fi nunc vera 
fucris oblitus, tune & inyitus coram cmm mundo commonefies : ipfis in mcd:iim fe fe- 
rcntibusySc coram oftcntantibu$,& amicis,&inimicis,& An^dis.Clr)i/:ad Pop Jntioch. 
Horn, 41. Cumhosrclinquatj&captosAngeli quidam invitos trahantj flclachrymis 
perfufos,& dcorfum taccntcs in gchcnna: flammas, pniis coram toto termrum orbe 
ad dcdccus produ&os 3 quantum dolorem ^S^ puc?s ? JderaHom.j^^. de trcmendo 
Judic^ die. 

Penfant fanfti viri quanta fit ilU vcrecundia ineonfpcftu tunc humani generis. An* 
gclorwn omnivm Archangelorum^j confundi. 




earth,: be laid out wiithy colours to thine eternall 
confufion. Never thcrfore go about, or encourage 
thy felfbto commit any fin, becaufe it-is mid-night 
or thatthe doores are lockt upon thee 5 becaufe 
thou art alone, and no mortali eye feeth thee, nei- 
dierisiitpoffiblc tobc^deveal'di (And yet Imuft 
tell thee by the way ,fecret villanies have and may 
be difcoVered, i. In fleepe. 2. Out of horrour of 
confcienoe.or intimeof diftraifiiion.) Foivfuppofe 
-itbeconceakd,and ly;e hid in as great darkneflcjas 
;it was coramittedjuntill the laft and great Day: yet 
then fhallit out with a witnefTcand be as legible in 
thy forc-Jiead,as if it were writ with the brighteft 
ftarres, ortlie raoft gliJlcFiag Sun-beame upon a 

The terrdr of 

^ Though the 


- . 4. In what awofull cafe thy heavy heart will 
be,and with what ftrangeterrour, tremblBrtg, and 
defperate rage, it muft needs be poflfeft, and rdnt 
in pceces, when thou fhalt heare that dreadfull fen- 
tencc of damnation to eternall torments ^nd 
horrour, pronounced over thine head: Bepdrt 
fentenctbe pro- fiomme ^thou curfed wretch into everlafting frey 
nouHceJ gcHe- ^f^^^edfir the Divell and his angels : . Every word 
reprfbatem/i breathes out nothing but fire and brimftone, ven- 
ta^eittohim^ geauce and woe, bites deeper, and terrifies more 

[elfe with inp- ^ * 

nite anguifljoj^pint by pdrticulAr application. Qu^citlsafcholaflicis, utrumufta gcnc- 
rali fentcatia, & eledi tccipiendi fint in coelutn, & reprobi conjicieAdi ingehennam. 
Sane fie videtur, quia non nifi genecalis a Mattheo fentf ntia adfertur. Tatnen dixerit 
aliquiSjOpus effe,utfm {ingulisfenTentia dicatur,quia & prsemiorum & poenaium certi 
emat gradus.Ad hoc pleriq, refpoadent, fcnfibili quidem voce pronunciatijm iii fen- 
tentiam gcaeiolein : fedeaoijquia.pirticulatiai omnflsf<:iant',quanmm'prJCmium,quan- 
tavc pcjeaa maneat ipfos, id cujufq; menti cfT; repicsfcmandum, ita ut ejufqe mahifefta- 
tionis non minus j^erta altjsfiituca func judicicc/quarn fi fingulij fua dkerctur fcntcn- 



than ten thoufand Scorpions ftings. To ^/eparP 
from that glorious prcicncc were hell enough: 
but thou muft alfo goe with a cur/e : not onciy [o, 
but intojf^"^ .• and that muft be evcrUfitngj fed con- 
tinually with infinite rivers of brimllone.r.nd kept 
ftill in flame and fiercenefle, by the unquenchable 
wrath of the moft juft God, thorow all eternity. 
And in that horrible dungeon and fiery lake, tliou 
fhalt never have other company or comforters but 
wicked Divcis, and they infulting over thee ever- 
laftingly with much heUifli fpite, and ftinging ex- 
probrations, for negleding fo great falvation all 
thy life long; and lofing Heaven, for fomc bafc 
luft, and! believing their lies. If the drowning of 
the old world, fwallowing up oi Korah and his 
compliees> burning up of Sodome with brimftone, 
were attended with fuch terrours, and hideous 
cait^cri^s : How infinitly tranfcendenr to all pof- 
fibility of conceipt, exprelfion, or bcliefe,will the 
confuiioHs and tremblings of that Day be ; when 
fomany millions of menfljall be dragg'd downc 
withailltheDivels of Hell, to torments without 
end, and paft imagination. There was horrible 
fcryking,when thofe five filthy cities firft felt fire 
and biimftonc drop downc upon their heads; 
whenthofc rebels iaw the ground cleai/e 4 finder ; 
^nAthemfelves arfdall theirs gee down qui eke into the 
fit'j when all the fonnes and daughters o^^dnrrt 
found the floud rifing and ready to over- flow 
themall at once: But the moft horrid ciy that e- 
v^rwas heardjoreverftiallbein Heaven or Earth, 
iBthis worldyOithe Worldtoconie,willbc then, 



^Bcid caeiitji ..Vii^rn ill th^ forloms coidefliird rcprobitcs, up- 
noiico^uoa oar^a:-ri:eg->M,}iill b^ violeitly and unrcfifta- 
fci njc puci- biy h.ilcrJ dj.vi:: to H.41, and palled prcfently 
ta.i icTtpc-r fr^T^ rh:^ DTcf^acenoc oaelvof themoft glorious 
ad u lau -nif^- OoD^t'ic LoRD J E s V s , A.figds,ana all tnebleiled 
racioa^in He Oa^s, buc alCj of their Fathers, Mothers, Wives, 
tcTL^t Husbands, Children, Sifters, Brothers, Lovers, 
tu- jud. cun FnendsAcq.iaintaice;'^ who (hall then juftly and 
videanc vindN dcfervcdly abandon them with all deteftation & 
fua^iIvoMmtTn dcrifioi: andfjrgetting all nsareneflcand dearcft 
fa't^uine pec:a obligations oF nacurc, ndghbour-hood, alliance, 
mam Miiini g j^y thin^,rei,iyce in the execution of divine tuftice 
Deuj omacOj; in thcit cvcrlaftng Condemnation. So that no eye 
bom habibuu of G o D otman (hall pitty them;neichci'fball any 
ims''' "qudci teares, prayers,proiiiires, fuits, cries, yellings, cal- 
pietate u.ibcac ling upon tocks and mountaines, wifhcs never to 
dciJacieiipoe- havc bcene, ornow tobemadcnothing,&c. bcc 
^'^feim Isim- then heard or prevaile in their behalfc , or any ono 
iuui.ca.p*z in Heaven or Earth be found to mediate or fpeake 
urn s"!naos^fc- for them ; to reverfeor ftay that feai'cfali doome 
ipfos, om lefcj; of etemall woe : but without mercy, without ftay, 
fcelerij fjcios with 3Ut any fatcwell, they (hill be immediately 
tionibus dc^/o- ^^^ irrecoverably caft downe into the bottome- 
vcbant paren- lefTepitjofeafelefTe, endlslTe, and remedileflfe tor- 
tcTi fii us, him n^ents, which then fliall finally (hut her mouth up- 
filia, banc ma- onthem. Oh ! What then will be the gnawin^s 
ter execrabi. pf the never-dying worme; what rag -of guilty 
tx dTcT"* confcienccs; what furious defpairej whathorrour 
nofq; & ipfa n of miud ; what diftraitions and feares ; what bitter 
^^"^"^ Th^' '^^' ^^^^^"S backe upon their mif-fpent tine in this 
miedi<ais°on?- Wv:)rld 5 what '^ banning oftheir brethren in iniqui- 
rabit. ; ty • what cutfing the day of their birth 5 and even 


OF H EL L^ 95_ 

blafpheraingof G o d Himfdfe blefTed for ever; 
what tearing their hairc and gnafliing of teeth 5 
what wailing and wringing of hands 5 what defpe- 
rate roaring; what hideous yeHing, filling heaven, 
sndeaiThjandhelld"^. No tongue can tell, no 
heart can thinke ! Be fore- warned then ,in a word. 
To thirftjlong and labour infinitely more to have 
Jesvs Christ intheraeanctime,fayinthe 
Miniftery to thy truly humbled foule ; lam thyfal- 
njAtion ; than to be Poffeflour (if it were pofrible)of 
all the riches, glory and pleafures of moc worlds, 
than there are ftarres in heaven. 

About Hell, Confider, 

I. ThePaine oflolfe. Privation of Go PS glo- ^fL^^^l'J 
rious prefence, and eternall fcparation from thofe 
cverlafting joyes, felicities and blifTe above, is the 

more '^^ horrible part of hell, as Divines affirme. ^ Pana damnt. 

There are two parts (fay they)of hellifli torments; ^^u dhin^ vi- 

I . F^»e ofkffi 5 and 2 . Pai„e offenfe .■ but a fcnilbk ttuC^nl 

and ferious contemplation ofthatineftimable and fuppi,aorum 

unrecoverable lofife, doth incomparably more af- f"'""'"'" f^^ 

fli^anunderftanding foule indeed, thrn all thofe ZTmm punire 
punifhmcnts, tortures, and cxtr em eft fufferings of poteft.Narauu 

ff^t^ff^ vUere Dciim, 

^^"^^' jplifiima bca- 

titiido eft. Ita, 

Dcum vUere nonpojfe, maxima damn.itorum poena eft, c qua incxplicabiiis in eorum 

voluntate nafcitur triftitia. 

• Inter fnpplicia omnia hoc foturum eftfiimmiim, mriximurnqj a Conditoiis afpeftu 

veil brcvi morula detineri.Si jam ab eodeni exclufus (is xteraum. Hoc tibi tormentum 

crit infandum prorfus & inexplicabile. 

It is the conftant and concurrent judgement oi^^^2t)b<^fhe 

the torment in led. 

96 OF HELL. ^ 

♦ A Deo aba. thc anti Gilt '^ Facha's, that thc tormcnts and oaife. 
lieaan ac fepi- rics of luayhels, coiHJ farrc ni3rt,arenoch!ng,to 
""'^°^^'^"^* th-nlKit:ing out everbftingly from the kingdoinc 
vmicii ; firut of heaven, and unhappy banifliaient from the bea- 
oaiiojuce.eii tificall vifion of chc moft foveraigne,only,& chic- 
ik! &tnimat f^ft Good, the thrice-glorious lehvah, blefTcd for 
viti privjtii ever. For, by how rauch the degrees of infinite 
^fi^Afct ^^' %^^^ ^^^ happincs in Go d, exceed the finite wic- 
z!mhiplgzu kednefie and mifcry of men : by fo much greater 

incoLribiiis is the forrow and griefe,(being rightly conceived) 
aul'c^r'ta^ for the iolTe of that, than for the fenfe of this. Af- 
mca licet quis furc thcnthy fclfe before-hand, though thou little 
innumeraspo. thinkcfoin the mcane time, the IolTe but of the 
"le ml Xet, 1^^^ ^ayc of that Sun-like refplendcnt Body, wc 
quale lUa foeii- fhould havc in Heaven ; but of a tafte of thofe o- 
na^^a'chnft^ vcr-flowing rivcrs of pleafure, and un-uttcrable 
odio hab"n° bliflfe of that happy foule which Ihould dwell ia 
Audire, mrcio fuch a Body ; but of one foot-breadth of the 
'^Antitlh^Hin p^vcmcnt ofthe Empyrean Heaven, to which the 
^7'miki9oiii9 Starry Firmament is but aPorch> or out-houfc; 

^omnia vcr5 b^^j q^q hourcs Company with all the crowned 
piicu"fupe"al Saints, and glorious inhabitants of that happy 
bit,Dcum non placcj but of onc glauncc upon the glorified Body 
^^^ ofjE sv sChri sTibutofoHcglimpfeofthat 
in potcftatc unapproachablc Light,and lehfivahs face in gloryj 

habuifti obti- 

nerc. Beru.de inter, 'Domo.Cap.iB. 

Videtur una tantummodo poena cfle, combuii. Si vcro aliqais diligcntcr expendat, 
duplex hoc inveniteflefupplicium. Qih cnim ingehcnnauritur & cGclorum regnum 
prorfus amittic : quae cercc poena majoc eft, quatnciusiatuSiUcflammaram. (Inyfdfi, 
iuMat. Horn 14^ 

Intolcrabilis quidem res eft etiam gehenna : Quis nefciat.flc fupplicium illud hor- 
libilc } famen fi mille aliquis poni.it gehennas, nihil tale diftmus eft, quiUc eft a bea.. 
tat illius gloria bonoic repelli, exoTumq; effe Chrifto, & audice ab illtt : sen nori 



I fay, the lofle but of any one of thefe would be a 
far dearer and more unvaluable lofle, than that of 
ten thoufand worlds, were they all composed of 
pureftgold, and brim-full with richeft jewels. 
What will it be then (thinke you) to lofe all thefe, 
nay, the full and abfolute fruition of all heavenly 
excellencies,beauties,glories,'pleafure$ and perfe- 
dions,and that eternallyrl know full well that car- 
nail conceipts and worldly-wife men will wonder 
atthis 3 for, having no fight but by fcnfuall eyes, 
they cannot poifibly apprehend, or will by any 
meanes acknowledge any fuch thing. Eagle-ey'd 
they arc, and fharpe-fighted enough into things of 
earth; yet blinder than a mole (as they lay) in be- 
holding any fpirituall or celeftiall beauty. But had 
Vfchut thccycs of Aufiwj Bajllj C/jry/oflome, and 
fome other holyFathers,Cand why fliould not ours 
be clearer and brighter, confidering the greater 
fplendour and illuftrioufnes of divine knowledge 
inthefetimesOwefhouldeafily confeflfe that the 
farre greateft, and (indeed) moft unconceiveablc 
griefe would be, to be fevered for ever from the 
higheft and fupreme Good : and that a thoufand 
thoufand'rentings of the foule from the body , were 
infinitely lefTe than one of the foule from God. 
Nicofif^atus in JEli/m,hin-\M£c being a cunning arti- 
fan, finding a curious pcece of worke, and being 
wondred at by one, andask'd, whatpleafurc hec 
could take, to ftand as he did, ftill gazing on the 
pidure, anfwered •: Hadft thou mine eyes, my 
friend, thou wouldeft not wonder, but] rather bee 
ravilhcd, as lara, at the inimitable art of this rare 

H and 

5^8 OF HEL L. 

*si vcro id non ^qJ ad mire d pcece. '^^ It is propoitionably fo in the 

S^7mon(tr.i'- prcfcnt Point.Orwcre wevouchfafcd but OHC mo- 
re, nihil eft ment o^Patds heavenly raptui'e, that we might fee 
omnino mi- |^^^ ^ gUmpfe of that infinite glory, and drinke but 
cnim noviinus one drop ot tholc cver-lpringing Fountames of 
illoium Bcati- joy; tiienfliouldwefrcely acknowledge and fcclc 

mfoZ^urin." ^1^^ ^^'^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^ ^ ^^y^ ^"^^ ^^^-t all I fay comesfar 
foelicicit'em (liort of what wc {hall find. 

quoq; de eotu 

atniUionefcire pofltmus.Cxtenim PuH/^,qui ift.icompant, certiffimc novItjCjuoniam 
cxcidere a D:i gratia omnium fit profedo mifenimum. Nos autem hoc tunc abfquc 
dubio difcemus, cum expcrimento ccepenmus doceii. Sedilhid ut ne pariamur faxis 6 
bcnioneFili Dci,ncqjexpctiamuiintolei-abileilluil, hortcnduinqj fupplicium, quam 
grandefit: Namqaammalumiltoium bonorum portioneprivarij aperce qiudem cx- 
primfnon potcft, Chry[. ibi.L 

Loofenot kfi- If it be fo then, that the loflTe of the prefencc of 
laiJFdlA. God, and endlefle pleafures be fo painfull, irreco- 
verable and ineftimable ; and that it hath beenc 
many times made manifeft unto you by Scriptures, 
Fathers, reafons, convincing,familiar, eafie refem- 
blances; and the fame alfo appearcs, and may be 
clearely concluded by the third exhortation be- 
fore the Sacrament in the Common-Prayer Book; 
to wit,that living and lying wittingly and willingly 
in any one finne agalnft confcience, robs us of all 
thefe infinite cver-during, unutterable joyes, and 
beatificallvifion, and fruition of Go n himfelfefor 
ever : I fay,fith it is both thus and thus : Let every 
one of us in the name & feare of G o d ,as wc would 
not for a few bitter- fwcet pleafures, nay, fome- 
timcs one vileluft in this vale of teares for an inch 
of time,lofe unknowne delights thorow all eterni- 
ty in another world, with an unihaken invincible 
rcfolution oppofc all forts and ^Skiis of fin, with 


OF HELL. 99_ 

all motions, enticements, and temptations there- •stfimultige- 
unto : Let us hold with holy Chryfepmc,'^ That n is nXum'" n.- 
worfeand a, more wofall thing to offend Christ, than premnm atquc 
to k vexed with the miferies of hell. Let us profefTe "l^i'^up"^^'"-* 
with Anfelme: ^ That ifwe jhould feethe hatefallrjes of ccnfeo,'(ic aflL 
fm on the one fide jandthe horror of hell on the other, and '^"^ p^^dicabo, 
muft necejfardj fall into the one, we would rather choofe dTc^^ cbTftum 
he II than fin. « It is reported alfo o^Edmundhis fuc- offedcic, quam 
ccfTor 5 that he was wont to fay : J will rat her leape S^i^^"^^ ^^'^^ 

t r t 1 t 1 t z'' vexari, 2 dan in 

into the per J lakej than knowingly commit anjftnne a- Mat. tim zj. 
gain (I G o D c Let us refolve with another of the An- ^^ h- . . . 
tieiits; Rather to be tome i n peeces with wild horfes^ "S' '""^>»"i"'c 
than Wittingly and wilitngly commit ayiyjm. Sec for clorem,& illmc 
this purpofe twenty curbing Ccnfiderations to keep "I'^^eminfer- 
froni Cin.Inftr.fir comf.afflttf. Confcpag, i o 8- nectS'^lfi 

illorum habc- 
rem immGrgi,priu» me in infernum mcrgcrcm,quim peccatiiai in mc immittcrem.Mal- 
icm eniai piirus'a pjccato & innocons gchcnnam intrare, quamfcccati fordc pollatus 
coel mum legna tenerc. Anfelm.ilefinHituJ.cap. i j> a 

,* Potuis,ajcba4:, in aidentcm rogam inIilu;rOj(juan ulluai peccatuin in Dcutn com* 
mifcro. Jn marg, 

' 2. ThePaineoffenfe. The exri'emity, exquisite- ^f^etommstH 
neffe and eternity whereof, no tongue can poflibly 
cxprcfre,or heart conceive. Confider before-hand, 
what an unfpeakeable raifery it would be (and yet 
it would not be fo much as a flea-biting to this) 
to lye everlaftingly in a red hot fcorching fire, de- 
prived of all poflibility of dying, or being ever 
confum'd 1 I have fomewhere read of the korrid 
execution ofaTraitour in this manner: being na- 
kedjhe was chained faft to a chaire of brafTe or fom 
other fuch mettall,that would burne moft furioufl 
ly, being fil'd with fiery heat ; about which was 

H 2 made 

loo OF HELL. 

* T rannis ^^^^^^^^ ^ "eighty fire, thatby Utcle and little caufed 
prifca vfx ac^r- the chairc to be red and raging hot, fo t latthe mi- 
biorcs cruciA. ferablc man ^ roared htdeoufly many houres for 
ih, tuin'^^vt extremeft angiiifli, and fo expired. « But what ati 
vum flA-ninis horrlblc thing had itbintohaveUeninthvatdread- 
tradcrc, icnte £yjj tormcnt cteraallv: and yet all this is nothing. 

Ignis fuppliciorutn ultitnumj graviffimun, Sed 6 mitctn gehennam, 6 ccmpcritW 
flammasjvclmillicsvivumcombuii 1 Feralishajc fentcmia: millc haras col craic flam- 
mas, captivis iafei-oaim longcclemencior videretur, quam fircojamjan pledtcndo 
vitae fiat gratia. 

« Tormentam hortibilc proifas, nee verbis cfFabilc, homiiicm ignc cminus ac lente 
admato tribus horis toircci vivum. QiKjdnam igUur tormcntum,6 DavSj^uim infan- 
d»iin,quamincomprehcnruna, nondudSjtrefve hcias, nonunumalccrumqj'diem, non 
anaum,antiofq«e mille,fcd astemitate tota (-|ua2 tamen nanquam tota erit) & corphs 
&animamuii,nccunquamcotnbuci 1 Hic vox & veibadeficiunt. 

rire of heU For^iftheblackfireof hell be truly cofporall and 
^tiertrT ^""^ ^^^^ properly jasfome of the Fathers fuppofe^yec 
i Ignis in- it is fuch (fay they) that as far pafleth our ordinary 
fernaiis & no- ^o^teft firc, as ours cxceeds the ^ fire painted up- 
qiuntum"**dif- o^ the Wall. And it muft be fo, I meane, as farre 
ferunt, &pri- furpaflfe- our moft Euious ordinary fire, immcafu- 
mbquiicm u- ^^[^ unconceivably in decrees of heat, and 
Noft«i- ignis nerccnclicor burning. . For,thc one was created 
Augufiino ^•' forcomfortj the Other purpofely to torment; the 
ftriiu^nitcr one is made by the hand of man 5 the other tem- 
verus. Difcri- pctcd by the angry arme of almighty God, with 
'"^" • tifrfi- ^^^ ^crrib^c 2^^ torturing ingredients, to make in 
mUitlldovcra:', moft fierce and raging, and afitinftrumentfor fo 
ac piaa: flam- great and mighty a God to torment evcrlaftingly 
"ouicquidhk fuch igipcnitent reprobate rebels. It is faMtobc 
leurit, fabuia frefandy'cHatth,2'y.£^i, //i.30.33. as if the all- 

cf, jocuscft: 

quicquid hicpatetis, metiflTimus ludxis eft: igniiim umbra fimt igncs noftri ad ilia 
inferorumincendia; pcenas quas hk depcndimaS- idici* (iiw, ad ilia nunquam dc* 
gtiura tormcma. 


OF HELL. loi 

powcrfull wifdomcdid ddibcntte, and (as it were) 
nt downc and devifc moft tormenting temper for 
that moft formidable fire : the one is blowne by 
an zicry breath ; tht other by the angry breath of 
the great God, which burnes farre hotter then 
ten thouftind rivers of brimftone : T^e pfU thereof i^^^ ,^j, 
( faith the Prophet) isfremdmuchweody tit breath 
tfthe Lord, hkcA flreame ofbrtmflene, doth kindle it. 
What (oule doth not quake and melt with thought 
of this fire,at which the very di\ els trembled There if heit-fire Ue 
is HO proportion betweene the heat of our breath, ^Hf^^^^i^*' 
and the fire that it blowcs. What a fcarefull fire s**Dice^m qui- 
then is that which is blowne by a breath diifolved ^'-"^ ^"^ ^"^^^^ 
into brimftone ^ which a greJt torrent of burning f "fjiduis^^^ 
brimftone doth ever mightily blow ^ Niti conveni- 

If it be g metaphoricall, as K^ufiin feemcs fome !"^^'' '■^^p°"" 

*■ J J d(.ji cernercm, 

talem fuiffe illam flammam, qB-iIe$ oculi quos Icv^vit, ^Layirurn viHit, qualis lingua 
cu'i humorem cxiguom defiJeravit inhindi, qualis digitus La^ariy de quo id fibj fieri 
poftuiavit, nbi nmcn crant (Inc corponbus anims . jipg lie Civil', Dei. Lib. 21.10. 

Metaphonce loquitur dc exitio rcproborum, quod fatis aiioqtii complcdi non 
poffumus, qHcm itlmodum nee beatam, Scimmortalem vitani pereipimus, nifi luh fi» 
guris quibjfdaTi ingemo noftro accon^modatis adnmbrctur : inde apparct quamin- 
cpti & ndiculi lint Sophiftae, qui de iiiiuJ: igrws natuia 8t sjualitatc fubtilias difle- 
runt,atq; in eo cxplicando varic fe torquent. Explodcndz funt craflz hajufmodi i- 
maginationeSjCumfigurat^ Prophctamljqui ihtelligamuSj&c. Cat. in/fa c.io.vuh 

Quodigni ciucundos dicit miper metaphoiicam cffe locutionem admonui : idq; 
ex membio adjundaapeiti liquet. Neq; cnim fingendi funt e terra & vermes, qai in. 
fidelium ccrda arrodant, /Jem in Cap (>6.v ult. 

Qni asternum lUum igncm, mataialcm & elcmcntarcm fingunt ; 'n^turse fnferi- 
©liSj & fiiperioris 5 tcmpuns.& sRcernitatis modumconfundunt. Cum enim nihil 
materintum & ph . (icHm capax (it proprietatum hypcrphyficaruirij fieri non poteft, ut 
corporeusiinis, qucm Pontificij Schobfticorum au<ftorit?.tc freti, (nam Patrcs hie 
dubitant.'r loquuntui ) in tartaioflatuuntj ^ternitat s (it capax — Ad liafc, cum idem 
ignis fit par.itus Diabolo & hominibus impijs, Mat.aj 41. Ignis aurcm corporeus 
non pofUt agereinfpiritum ; planu.n (it, ianis imagine fpiritualefiipplicium adum- 
brari.-.-Porr6 nulla omnino caufa eft, cur ibi ftatuatur i^nis corporeus, cum vermis 
morfus^ quo mentis asfluna fi juraii d )ccnt Scholaftici, ignis iiftioneoi longc cxuperetp 
«ipfor«na fentcntia. TiLadbucOrthodoxSyntag^Pag t.Cap.('^- 

H 3 where 

102 OF HELL. 

^ -I, 

where to intimate, and fbmc modcrnc Dirincs 
are of mind : and as the goU^ ffearles^ndfreciom 
ftones o£ the waM Jlreets and gates of the heavenly 
Jerufalem {Eev.ii,) were mctaphoricall 5 fo like- 
wife it fhould fecmcthat the fire of hell fhould alfo 

* Sdend ^ figurative : And if it be fo ; it is yet fomething 
Scrip tutam res ^^s, that is much more terrible and intolerable, 
fitiiri focBii t For as the Spirit of G o d, to (hadow unto us 
"rfymK; the glory of heaven, doth name the moftpretious, 
& imaginibus excellent and glorious things in this life, which 
adumbrate fo- notwithftanding come infinitely fhoit 5 fo doth 
ad^durcS! ^^ intimate unto us the inexplicable paines of hell, 
Icftia gaudia, by things moft terrible and tormenting in this 
rerumpix iian- vvorld,fire,brimftonc, ^r. which yet are nothina; 
jucundiflima- to hcllifh toiturcs. Whether therefore It be W4- 
rumtypisjita terUU ot mtUfhorically I purpofenothere'todif■ 
«^^a?^""?e• P"^^' ^^ ?^^ ^howt to determine : neither is it much 
lum triftiffi- material! for my purpofe. For, be it whether it 
"'Tffi * ^" ^^^^' ^^ is infinitely horrible and infp.fferablcber 
mibracuiisT Y^"^ ^^^ compaffc of conceipt,and above the rejch 
vermc,igne/e. either ofhumaneorAngcHcall thoughts. It doth 
nebrisjftridorc ^^^ onely cxceed with an incomparable difpro- 
ni& caiiginis, portion all pcflibility ot patience and reiiltance ; 
ftagno fuiphu- but alfo evcn ability to beare it 5 and yet notwith- 
hs*2^P*ing"re" landing, it muft upon ncccffity bc bome fo long as 

Uem. ibilem. G O D is G O D . 

* Curioforuni imo furioforum igncm Iiunc contcntionis gFadio, ultri quam fas 

eft,fodere. Nos, aciilcatis fubtilium qujcftionum tricis, apinifqj tanqa'.m i^gyp- 
tijspedicdis in Sophiftarum finurelidis, in banc potjus curaoij toto peSore iRCum- 
bere decetjUt ignem ilium fidci fciuo ertinguaraus j. nc qiialis fit^ tandem expeiiatMir. 

Aittortura /o- j^^q |j^ ^ word.all tha^ I intend to tell you in the 

ftthsp not com- - j ^ ^',^^ 

OF HELL. io3_ 

•oint at this time. ^ If the fcverall paines of all the ^, *! ^°^^ J** 
difeales and maladies mcidcnt to our nature, as of tare, quiquii 
the ftone, gout, colickc, fh'angury, or what other unquam iii«- 
youcanname,moftafflia:ingthebody:nay>and add fum, 'cnldST, 
befides all the moftexquifiteand unheard of tor- miferandam [ 
tures, (and if you will, even thofe ofthe Spa».'fi In- ^^^^^^^ ""'f^ 
^m^tiotf)-which ever were or fhall be infli(5lcd upon qJd 'ib Vtbc 
miferablc men, by the ' bloudicft executioqers of condito f«va 
thegreateft tyrants, as that of him in the brafen cTuJJSt^'^ex. 
chaire mentioned beForcc^r. and colled them all cogitayit^quic- 
into one extreameftanguilh^and yet it were nothing ^"id ad ufque 
to the torment which fhall for ever pofTcffe and Sm fiviffimo, 
plague the * leaft part of a damned body .' . And i^m Hominun 
as for the foule : let all the griefcs, horrours and vTnTe""" '"" 
defpaircs that ever rent in peeces any heavy heart ; hoc autcm om. 
andvexcdconfciencej asof//i!<i//#f,^/>/n<,&c. And "*^ ^ veiw ia 
let them all bee heaped together into one ex- tJ^'^cum xtl^ 
tremeft horrour, and yet it would come infi- nitate damna- 
nitely ihort to that dcfperate rage and reftleflc '°'^"™ compo. 
anguifli, which ftalleternally torture the leaft and ch^f^}'mopw. 
loweft faculty ofthe foule ! What then doeyou ci.imabit:H2c 

.' omnia qux hie 

patii«ur,merus ludus ac rifus Innt, fi cum illis fupplicijs in. contentionem veniant. 

Pone, fi libet, igncm, fcrrum, & beftias, & fi quid his difficilius; attamen *ncc 
umbra quidcm fum iiKc ad ilia toimencs. . — Nonne videmuj tcrrenos militcs princi- 
pibiisf;rvienres, quomodbligant, quomodb fli^ellant, quomodo per/odiunt coftas 
q-iomodo faces tormentis adhibcnf: fed hxc omnia Indicia, & rifus ad fupplicia! 
Chyfoft ad Psp. Aatioch.Hom. 40. rr* • 

» (.anjideT here aUtbs horrible torturer ia/filfeJupon Chrifiians in the Primithe timet: 
That man in the braien chme, RaviUa 5 torments ; French flory^ pa^ 1194. AU the 
monfiroca cruelties thirove the Turli'Jh Story : the fiery andbbudy mrferies fxecutedupan 
our blejfed Martyrs i 1 Qt^eene ^\^\ ics time : the barbarous and prodigious dutcheriet •/ 
the *!panijb Inquifition^rfhich lie Poet brings in as the fourth Ftiry. 

'^Becaufe all the mer'jhers of the h.ly and powers of the fjule have beenemeapons of 

»»ri^hteou/::e/re,r^anfbjUhep!azuedin all the parts of the body,andJaculties of the foule 
by that horrible inflrwnent ofhelHfh torment j called h^ C h r i s t. Fire prepared for 
the Divell and his angelsj Mar.i?. 

H4 thinke . 

104 OF HELL. 

thinkwilbcthetorment of the whole body^ What 
wil be the terrourofthe whole fouled Here both in- 
vention of words would failc the ableft Oratour 
upon eatthjor the highcft Angell in heaven. 
A m^iMfe Mt Ah then, is it not a madncffe above admiration, 
'»*« "••^^'^ and which may juftly amaze both heaven and 
^'^' earth, and be a prodigious aftonifhrrent to all crea- 
tures, .that being realonable creatures, having un- 
dcrftanding like the Angels of G o i,, eyes in 
your heads to fore-fee the approaching wrath, 
hearts in your bodies that can tremble for trouble 
of mind, as the leaves of the forreft that are flnken 
with the wind,confciences capable of unfpeakable 
horrour, bodies and foulcs that can burne forever 
in hell 5 and may (by taking leflTepaines in the 
right w iy, then a drunkard, worldling, or other 
wicked men in the wayes of death and going to 
hell ) efcape evcrlafting paines ; yet will fit hcere 
ftill in the faceof theMiniftry with dead counte- 
nances, dull earcs, and hard hearts, as fenfleffe and 
unmooved, as the featcs you fit on, the pillai-s yoa 
ieancto, and the dead bodies you tread on, andne- 
verbcfaid, (as they fay) never warn'd, untillthe 
fire of that infernall lake flame about your cares ! 
O monftrous madneffe and mercilcffc cruelty to 
your owne foules ! Let the Angels blufh, heaven 
and earth bee amaz'd, and all the creatures (land 
aftonifhed at it. 
TU angutfif of 3. When fentcnce is once irrevocably paft by 
w'/Srlie'^ that high and everlafting Judge, and the mouth 
TmepfffJse! of the bottomlefle pit hath (hut it felfe upon thee 
winhthat infinite anguifli and enraged indignation, 


OF HELL^ lof 

tl^ilt takeon, tearc thy hairc, bite thy nailcs, nJiqufd.f^^, 
gna(h thetceth, dig furioufly into the very roun- tu fcmper o«j- 
taineof life, and ( ifit were poiribIe)fpit out thy ^^J^^ 
bowels : bccaufe having by a miracle ot mercy luc, ,am lue 
bccneblcfTcdallthy " life long in this glonoufly najuims. En 
illightencd Golhe-r^ with the faireft noone-tidc of "^^^^^ 
the Gofpell that ever the Sun fa^v, ana either did- cum tamen is- 
deft, or mighteft have heard many and many a s^J^j^J^'^^^'^ 
powcrfuU and fearching Sermon; anyonepaf- '^J'''^^^^^ 
faecwherof(ifthouhaddeftnot wickedly and wil- vitjs. Enpcr- 
fuTlyforfakenthineownmeixy and fufoed Satan d^^^^^^^^^^ 
inabafeandbeaftly manner to blindtold and baffle p^rdadifti rcg- 
thee) might have beene unto thee the beginning mmi:Potiiiircs 
ofthc ncw-birth,and everlafting blilTe: yet thou^n fl^^d^vo: 
that refpe(a a moft accurfcd wretch, diddeft paflc luiflis: brevi ac 
over all that long day of thy gracious vifitation, ^^^ 
like afiff^e rr ^au^ker ofconfufm^w ithout any pier- ,,^,,,^ ^.^i pa- 
cing or profitat all ; and palTedby all thofe goodly ra0cs mojd 
ooffl-rs and opportunities, with an inexpiable neg- J°lX'c,p^ro 

camis vo'uptatula, piofpuic3, Smomemnnca obkaatiuncoU immenfag fendidjfti 
voluptatcj.NimirCm tua tibi earo.q i.im coelum charior erat Sentis lam quas dclicias 
fcftatus fucris ? Predixi,monui,vcliicavi. Scd adum cgi, nihil profeci oleum & ope- 
rarti perdidi. Nunc vindico, nunc fpcs & res abs tc fcgregant^Tcd ma folms culpa En 
i..npunmme ut deleaatiunculasp-'uxillo temponsretuures, perdidifti omnia. Piocul 
nunc .^ tc honores, thefauri, voliiptates beaterum ; ad qii?.s orams tibi via mterccpu 
eft. Wxc tibi tormenta libidincs tnaj pararnnt, in hos igncs tua te praiapuavit incon- 
tinentia ; tinmillam hilarcm/ed bievem jnfaniam, nuRcluisXterno luau. Ddpera- 
t floras ParadiG gaudijspiivntum ? Tu ipfe tepnvaftl. Acac.rbiffimc do cspcren- 
ne ccrUftc epulum negle^um ? Tu ncglcxifti. -. Diftlrendo & negligendohiic fpon- 
tc inuilti coe-us & amcns, hie nunqu.^.m exituruj ampiins. Nulla hic lihertas, nulla 
falus. Defpcra ccntics, fex centics, dcfpera miUies, artcrn^.tn defperaturus, ctcrnum 
momurus/& ad morcetn nullisfieculis proventurus< * Here lactvabit cor damnato- 
rum quod graciam millies oblatam itcufarunt milHcs. Inde in fupfos furenter exar- 
dcfcent ni-fcri, & affiduo fibi ipfis iH^nbrcm hanc cantilcnam occincn: ; o tempus 
rerum omnium preriofiffimum I 6 dies 6 hora? plufquam aurex, quo cvanuiflis ^tei- 
numnonredimtael Noscceci &cxcordes, obftcuais cculis & aunbus Iibidme ti«c. 
bamus, & mutuis nofmet cxemplis trahtbamus ad intciituir. 

105 OF HELL. 

JJ^°J\^^""/_ le(a and hornblc ingratitude; and To now lieft 
fccaninwcfal drowned and damn'd in that dreadfull lake of 
gitabit, quia britTiftonc and fire, which thou mighteft havefo 
fimS'^fp'a'i^: eafily and often cfcaped. p This irkfome and fu- 
tcmpoiis non fious rcflcdion cf thy foulc upon its ownewilfull 
ia?o*& S ^^^^y' whei-by it hath fo unneceilarily and fottiflily 
biiihis Ton^i loftcverlaftingjoy, and muft now live inendlefle 
privari nosin- woc, wiU vcxe andtorrtute more then thou canft 
ctl>7«3far pofrxblyiniagine^continually gnaw upon thy heart 
H9SI.77, "With remedilefle and unconceivable griefe ; and 
Eft qui dc- in a word, even make an hell it fclfe. 

eS miliia Phi- 
lippcorum zC- 

fcqui potiiilTet adeanda h^rcditatc, fed illc ignaviffimus caufx Cnx indormijtj itaq- 
hxrcditatcm tarn opttlentam neglcxitj jamq ; talibus ferae poenitenti« furijs agitatur, 
ut ipfe fibi itnmincat, velut ipfum difcerptmiis. Et nontiunquam mors i nde violent* 
fequitur. Haud aliterdamnatorumquilibetfeipfumficallatrat : Potuiflem ; auxilia 
non decrant, vocabat, PotaiflemjEhu ! Potuiflem j fed nolui. A fummo bono cxclu- 
itffimus fura in omnc aemmj& ufq; in xrernum non videbo lumen, qaia nolui vidcre, 
Scntirc tamo fc bono privatum effe, & qtiidem fua culpa inexplicabilis, infandus erit 
ilolor mcerorqj 

tb^^'da ^ tff ^ ^ ^^^"' having y cf zfricein thine hand, to get w'tf. 

fface. ^ dom^yX.o go to heaven,lay it out with all holy grec- 
dinefle, while it is called T«>^jf, for the fpirituall 
and eternall good of thy foule ! Improve to the ut- 
moft, for that purpofe, the moft powerfuU Mini- 
ftry, holicft company, beftbookes, all motions of 
Gods Spirit,all faving meaneSjcJ*^. Spend every 
day,pa{fc every Sabbath, make every prayer,heare 
every Sermon, thinke every thought, fpeake every 
word, do every adion^e^c. As though when that 
were done, thou wert prefently after to pafTe to 
Tudgement, and to eive up an exad account for it, 
and whatfbever els done in theflejh, 

nm-mmnt a Thatthe cooceiptof the eTerlaflingneJnfeof 

tnilefc. ^ ^\^^ 

OF HELL^ 1^7 ^ 

the torments, when they are riow already kii'd . ^ 

upon the foiile, and hopelefncfie of ever ccm- Ke^graauJ 
ming outof hell, will be yet another hell. Ifthou aftiucie lupre* 
once come there , ^ and there mo ft certainely muft ^^^ ^^Idi^^- 
thou be this night, if thou dkft this day in thy na- hcie "mo & 
turail ftare, andnctnew-borneslfay then (fotcr- pl"mis vos 
ribly would the confideration of eternity toiturc forJifan' m"! 
thee) that thou wouldcft hold thy felfe a right gendi flam-. 
' happy man, if thou mighteftendure thofc horri- "^^^'• 
ble paincs, and cxtremcft horrours no moe milli- faicem conce! 
onsofyeares, then there be fands on thefeafhore, dereturuc are. 
haires upon thine head, ftarres inthe firmament, "®^"* ^"'^P^* 

rr -1 i_ J t . , . ' am tnons ex* 

grafle piles upon the ground, and creatures both in toiierctur am- 
heaven and earth. For, thou wouldeftftill com- pfitudinc ter- 
fort thy felfc incredibly with this thoight.-c^^ f^ft-gSuS 
mi fery mil once hanje mend. But alas I This word amngcns, ex 
^ Never will ever rent thine heait in pceces with ^"°* P°p""" 
much rage and hideous roaring ; and give ftill ^n^^^^ SJo- 
new life to tbofe infufferable forrowes, which in- l^ns avkub 
finitely exceed all cxprelfion or imagination. Let a°f/°^°"/'J"* 
us fuppofe this great body of the eaith upon eftdecimJS 
which wetread to be turned into fand, and moun- "« arenuia? 
cainesof fand to be added dill, untill they reach ^oft dtaum 
unto the Empyrean Heaven, fo that this whole centum anno- 
mighry creation were nothing but a Tandy moun- r""» "^'He, aii- 

^ ' ^ "^ am arcnulas 

unhif deci- 
mam part cm, & pari modoaliamatqjaliam, ita«t Tpatio dccies centum railliuman- 
noiurn, tantum unicum arenulas unuis granum de monte illo anenofo miniieretur .• 
qup.m Ixti, quam abcrcs ciTcrxiui, quod poft ultimano faltcm mentis totiusablatio- 
nem, d.imnationis noHrx finem aliquem habetemus. 

*" Ab, vcl mufcae, vel culicis punftiunciila, fi tamcn fit aetcrna, quam incxplicabilia 
cruciatus pronunciabitur ? Quis igitur horror cxercebit damnatos, vel ob unam 
hancj fed affiduam cogitationem) Hie ignij «t€rnJim fetendus, hicululatiisatcr- 
aumaudicndus, hichoxrorfempiternus. 

taine : 

xo8 OF HELL. 

fainc: let us then further imagine a h"ttlc wrento 
camebut every hundred choufandth y^are,and ca- 
' Damnati Hc away but the tentii pare of one graine of that 
^on "^'^"1"'" imnicafui-able heape of fand ; what an innumcra- 
Sdccem^mul blc number ofycircs would be fpcnt, bcfoj-ethac 
libus anno- World of fiind wcrc all Co fetcht away ^ and yet 
rial, adjiciea- y^^^ andalas that ever thou waft borne I Wht^n 

tur centum i , « i- r • i z' • »▼ i*cn 

itiillia,pofth«c thou haft hen lo many yeares m that fiery lake, as 
centum miiha, all thcywould amount to, ''thou art no nearer 
myriadcf'T commidgout, than the vcry firft houFc thou cntcr- 

milliones quot ■'' 

iftfirmamentoruntftcUje, &inlittaie maris arenae. Poft qua? lonoiffima annonim 
fpatia, quafi nihil depoenis noftris accifum cflet, fie itcrCim ab initio piti tormenta 
incipiemas ; atqj ita fine interruptioae, fine fine^ fine modo, volvctur affidue noftro- 
rum tormentorucn rota. 

Ex quo poll flint jjerf c3f, Totus orbii animantcs, 

Aude numero compledi Aer atomos volantes, 

Stellas czlijftrllaj roris, Pilosfcr3B,pecus villos, 

llndaiaqueifluoris. Vertex horainum capillos: 

Guttas imbris pluvialis, Addelittoiis arenas, 

Floccofvelieris nivalis Addc graminis verbenajj 

Qupt funt vere novo flores, Tormyiiadcs annotutn 

Quot odoreS,quot colorcs, Quot ntomenta faeculorumi 

Qupt vinaccos AutiHTinus Hcusadhuc A:crntas 

Poma legit & vicrtumnus; Foituj fugit k damnatis. 

Quoj jam grana tuUt sftiis, 
Frondes hi cmis tcmpcftas. 
Metire fcmel, iteriim f«pius : poft decern annorum milliones, pofl: ccntuns mille my» 
riadum annoruai, polt decics centies millena millia milloramai>n©rum; nccduHS 
finem, necdum medium, imenonduma^rtr/ji/tf^ttprincipiumdefign^fti.' jungead 
ilia omncs hominum & Angdoium cogitaiiones, omnes motus & mutatiOHes qua- 
rumvis rerum creatarum: addc his arenulas, quotnon poflcnt miUenanimteirarum 
vaftifllino finucontineri : coUigc deniqj in uaiin) omncs numcros Arithmctirx 
quadtatos, cubicos quofvis : nunc imple his num^ris volumma chartarum hincad 
fuprcmoscoe!-?su{que,non^um e/£^^er«fV(if« durationem menfusej, tar turn abcft, ut 
fiseme.nrus, Quamdiu igituv durable ®^rtrwi/<«j Semper. Quando finietiir ? Nun- 
quam Quamdiu coelura erit caelum j Q^amdiu jnferi erunt inferi ; Qaimdiii De v* 
crit DeVs, tamdiu durab.t ^teinitas .• tamdiu coc'um bcabit Sanftos ; tanjd lU im- 
piobostorcjusbantinfcii. Nequasfo, moleftior fis quxrendo : Apprcbendcfaltemjfi 
contbrehc^dercnon potei. 

O F HE L L. 109 

cdft in. Now, fuppofe thou fliouldcft licbut one 
night gricvoufly abided with a raging & of the 
ftone, collicke, ftrangury, tooth-ache, pangs of 
travailcc^^. T hough thou haddeft to hcipe and 
cafe thee a foft bed to lie on, friends about thee to ^Sumamus 
comfort thee,Phyritian.s to. cure thee, all cordiall "3°^'!;^^'": 
and comfortable things to affwage the paine 5 yet cmis, aii)fvJ 
how tedious and painfull, how terrible and intole- fodicamibus 
rable would that onenight fceme untothee^ How Smn°cm aut 
wouldcft thou toffe, and tumble, and turne from quam • ink- 
one fide to another, counting the clock, telling the ^^"^-^ cakuio, 
hourcs, efteemmg every minute a " moneth, and gra, tocmuiu 
thyprefentmifery matchleffeand uniupportable ^ busaut dend- 
» What will it be then (thinkefl chou) to lie in fire Tj^tvle;'! 

tibus, rurba.» 
tam exigiraus.Qulm haec talis nox longa,& Inftat hebdom3dis,aut menfis cfl ! Q_uid G 
anno toto fie inter doloies jacendum,quid fi annis ccntum,quid fi Hiillc annis,fi fex aut 
decern tnilUbusannorum ? Quid fi atternum & fine fine ? 

* lt.wuldpr<>ove an extreme mifery (oi itfecmes) to lie etemalfy upright, and never 
fiirre-i^venuponabetiofro/es: whatrpouUit betbeit^ to fit for ever in that fiery chaire 
meHtioned hejore? Bat then above aU degrees of comparifon,ivbat wiUtt he to roare ever- 
laflinglyinhcUifb flames IHeatemy AuthortMtmim rac legeie^nec fiae admitatione/u- 
iJBTc hominem jqui ^teinitatem animo fie pcrfpcxciit : Quis mortalium eft^aiebat ipfe 
fecum,qui quidem fanx mentis fit & ratione utatui-, qui regnum Gallia»,HifpaaiaJjPo- 
lDnia:,regna fa»c opulentiUIma fibi vendieet ea padionCjUt qgadraginta conrinaos an- 
nos inlcSulo rofis ftrato,coq; molliffitno refapinus jaccat? Et licet foifannondefutu- 
Tos fitjqui ad banc conditionem defccndat j is tamcn non totum tricnnium (res cetta) 
fie dccumbet, quin abrumpat & dicit : finite, fiirgam; malo carere regnis, non dicAOi 
wibuSjfed omnibus, quam fie continue, licet moliiflime jacere, vd decern tantiim an- 
nisjnccduaifiginti^aut triginta, vel uti paiSio g€bat,annis quadraginta.Itane res (e ha- 
bentjUt nemo fanus repcriatur, qui uttriplici regno donetur, triainm vel quadraginta 
annis didVa legg decumbere velit ? (^\tn ergo coeca^quam funofa dt infania^ob lacerum 
Kj!«,obtrc$aviculas,obcrepundiaviliflimaj illud petulanttr fubirc periculum, &tale 
dcfignare facinus,ob quod in candente crate, in ferctro flanameOjnoft. iolis quadragin- 
ta, non quadringintis,nec quatuor raillibus,Ced nee quater ccntcnis millibus, fed ostcr- 
mim torquearij fiirijSj k mortaIes,intemperatiflimis agimur,nin jam mature, & in rem 
noftiamfapimus. In molliffirao ledo jacere,fed fempei* jacei-c,& xtecHa.'n jacere, fup- 
plieium foret inexplicable. Quii jam omuium apadinicr^j fupplioior urn erit cumulus 
ac congeries f«rau4abili£[ima ? . 


iio ^FHBLL ___^ 

fiRiLbniw"^ and brimftone, kept in highcft flame, by the un- 

cm om.eTtQ, quenchable wrath of Gqd,. world without end >: 

pcrpctiai audi- whcrc thou (halt have nothing about thee but 

retotcenteno- j^-ij-kneflTe and horrour, wailing and wrinpina of 

rum millium , , - ^ ... W n p o '-'* 

harribihiHmos hands, y dclperatqyellings and gnafliing of teeth : 

mugitus, plan, thinc old Companions in vanity and fin to ban and 

penndrif men ^^^^^ ^^ce with much bittcrnciTe and rage ; wicked 

boves aifentur Divcls to infult over thee with hellidi cruelty and 

ym, am lira- fcome; ths ncvcr-dying worme to feed upon thy 

pidi canes catc- ^ , i n n c ir ^ ^ ^ . •' 

nas rumpeie foule and fleth tor cvcr and tor ever. ^ O Eternity 1 
luftmtur, ncc Eternity !, Etcmity-l 

poifirit. Fiiiga- 

miis quofcunqj 

auiiumauciitus,clamorcshominum,latratus canum,1upor«m ii!u!atiis,rnuoitus boum, 

rugitus leonum, aUaru;>i beftiaruai fremitus, frjgorcs nub.uni, dffjcdusaqeiarnm, & 

quicquidinamoemimaufibus fingi poceft i ah quam id r-inac nihil eft aJ Orcim nx 

plebisdcfpcratiffiiTium HctUin, ciijus aiiiflaiium eft ft idoi' dciniiirn. 

* O ccecitas humans gentis nullis fat lachrymisdcplorand-i I Ex omnibus tcmplo- 
rum Pulpitis clamatur, ^ternitas, ^ternitas, ^rernitas. Nos nihil ominus praffenti 
ducimur voluptate. Adco pciirc fu.ive eft. 

Q£!S exprinaatquid (ic jetcinJtas ? Quis concipint quid fit /Eccrnitas ? Eft'tlrruai 
pcrpttuuni Sam, quod prjeccriro caret & futuro.Eftcirculus, cujusccntmm femp^ijCir- 
cumfcientianunquam.Cogito mille annos, cogito tot annoiun millii quot funt mo- 
menta/eupunfta in tototempore acondito munioufq; ad ejus coarumm3tionem'j& 
dc artermtate nihil habeo O e/fccrnitas I Quis potent parefle ®/£:ternicati in tormcn- 
tis ? Etfumus tormcntiipforum afcendct in fxcuU/^culorumi^poc i^^.Q^ia eft in [^ecula 
feculorum i Volodicerc,& nefcio diccre, lUud tantilm fcioid ipfurn cfle,qood D E v s 
{"olu* fya la^iiitaie ami>it & complcflitur, 

Benotwearied Sithit isthus then, that Upon the little inch of 
v/dfefff '" *" ^'^^^ ^^ ^^^5 life,depends the length and bredth,the 
height and depth of immortality in the world to 
come : even two eternities ; the one infinitely ac- 
curfed,the other infinitly comfortable- lofTeofe- 
verlaftingjoyes, and lying in eternall flames; fith 
never ending pleafures orpainesdoe unavoidably 
foUowthc well or mif-fpending of this fliort mo- 


ment upon earth ; with what unwearied care and 

watchfulnefTe ought we to zncndth^tOffe/^eceJfary 

thinx all the d^es of our appointed time, till our change 

jhaucome? How ought we as fir angers and pilgrims 

to ahfiainefromflefijly lufis ? What manner offerfins 

mght we to be in all holy conquer fatten and godlinejfe ? 

How thriftily and induftrioufly to husband the 

poore remainder oFour few and evil! daies for the 

making our Calling and Election fare: In a word,with 

whatrefolution and zeale to do orfuffer any thing 

for ]esvs Christ:' "^ With what induftry and ^Q^,idagis 

deareneffe to ply this monient,and prize that cter- mifcr, penre 

-jj.^ I vis :" F.icillimo 

""y ' jftudimpendio 

fier : horula 
unajimo vcl unlca partt horulsc j iino momcnto vel anico per iram vel libidiiiem pa- 
.tras,qiiod asternum Jolcas. 

Hie ferio cogitandum : Itanc homines eruiiti, & humano fenfu fanfli accufantur, 
judicantufjdamnnntur ? Qiiid mini fitt mifcro ? ^rgo animutn quantis poffiim in^* 
duftriis cuiabo.Alii fe/uamq; ciiticulam curcnt ccrernitatis obliti,vigeanr,f1orcant,cia3 
forfan cini> & faviUa.Hos ego mores nihil mororjbanceooYiam non ingrcdior,nam & 
alium vise terminum (\\\xxo. 

Concerning the joycs of Heaven, 

Let n:iee tell you before hand, that the excel- 3"^^ excc/Zacy 
lency, glory, and fweetnefTe thereof, nomortall mterAbk."^ 
heart, finite braine, created underftanding can 
pofTibly conceive and comprehend to the life. 

I. PWtelsus, I Or.2.p. Ih2it neither eye hath 
feenCj ver eare heard, neither heart of man cmceived 
the incomprehenfible fublimity and glorious my- 
fteries of that heavenly wifdome, and inexplica- 
ble divine fweetnefle revealed in the Gofpell : 
(For I take that: to bee his naturall immediate 

• meaning) 


meaning;) How tranfcendently (then) unutterable 
and unconcciveable isthe complement, perfecti- 
on, the reall a<5luall, and full fruition of all thofe 
Evangclicallmyfterious revelations, accomplifli- 
ed to the height in the higheft heavens thorow all 
eternity^ ,Where we lliall enjoy the face and bea- 
tificall prefence of the moft glorious and all-fuffi- 
cienc Go d, as an objecfl. wherein all the powers 
of our fouler will be latisfied with everlafting de- 

The eye of maa hath feene admirable things :~ 
Coafts of Pearle, Cryftall mountaines, rockesof 
^MaufiUu.'n. diamond, Golden mines. Spicy Ilands^^^r. (fo 
Maufaii regis Travailerstalke, and Geographers Write.) * Mati- 
Carix fepuU j0lmTomb€,I>iames Temple, the Egypt an ^ Pyrami- 
teraTa' ux^re ^^■y>2ind all tlicwondersof the World, 
extruaum^tan. The earckfeath heard the moft delicious, exqui- 
nifi°r^tu'"T fite, and ravifhing melody. Such as made even 
intei- feptem Alexander the Great tranfported with an irrefi- 
©tbis miracuh ftablc pang of a pleafing rage as it were, and de- 
nim!'"'^"'' lightfull ' dancing of his fpirits, that I may fo 
»» Maximae {■pQ3,'kc,'^ Bxtl/reeconvhiOyScc. 

hujus generis 

in Agypto fuifle memorantur circa Mcmphim ftrufturx ex quidcatis lapidibus admi- 

tandx/aftigiatae ultra omncm excclfitatcm,qnr manu fieri poflet,&c. 

' Spiiitus qui in corde agitanc,trcmulum, & fubfultantcm recipiimt aerem in pedus 
& indeexcitanmr: A fpintu mufculi movemur,&c, StaligExercit. 20 z, 

* Cardan. SuitilM 13. 

Mans heart can imagine miraculous admirabi- 
lities, rareft pecces, worlds of comforts and 
ftrangc felicities. In conceipt it can convert all 
the ftones upon earth into pcarlcs, every giafTc 
pile into m vnvaluablc jcwcil, the dufl into filvcr, 



the Tea into liquidgold, the aire into'cryftall. Ic 
can clothe the earth with farre more beauty and' 
rweetnefTe^than ever the Sun fawit. It can make 
every Starre a Sun, and all-thofe Suns ten thoufrind 
times bigger and brighter then it is,yhr. .. f . , -j.. 
And yet the height and happinefle of Bvangdi- 
call wifdome doth farre furpafle the utraoft 
which the eare, eye, or heart of man hath heard, . 
feene, or can poifibly apprehend. And this fo 
excellent h'ghtupon earth difcovering theiheftin 
mable treafurcs of hidden wifdome in Ch r i s t,,- 
is but as agraine, to the richefl: golden mine, a' 
drop to the Ocean, a liitleglimpfe totheglory of ; 
the Sun ; in refpe^ of that fullnefle of joy herea^ ' -: 
ter,andeverlaftingpleafures above: with what a 
vaft difproportion then doth the inimaginablc ex- 
cellency of heavenly blifTe'furpalTetjjpl tranfcend 
the moft enlarged created capacity ^ Infinitely^in- 

2. Our gracious Go d in his holy anfcarcha- ojh^aveniast 
blc wifdome doth referve and detaine from the at fuu revealed 
eye of ourunderftandingsafullcomprehcndonof . 
thatmoftgloriousftate above 5 toexercifeinrhe 
meane time our faith^ love, obedience, patience, 
^^. As afatherfhewesfometimes, and reprefents 
to the eye of his child, aglimpfe and fparkle (as 
it were) offomcrich orient Jewell, to make him 
love, long, pray and cry for a full fight of it, and 
grafpingofitinhis ownehand: So our heavenly 
Father in this cafe. If celeftiall excellencies, and 
thofe furpafling joyes, arifing principally froin 
the vifible apprehenfion of the purity, glory and 

I beauty 


beauty of G o d, were ckirely fccns aad fully 

knowne, even by fpeculation, it would bcc no 

ftrange thing, or tiiankfworthy for the naoft Iior- 

aard'^uichr?- ^i^le Beliall, "*■ to become prcfently thcholieil 

tu^cT Juftitir', Saint, the worlds greatcft minion, the aioft moiti- 

tanta jucundt- fiddoi^n. But Inthis valc of tcaies we muft live by 

tas lucis scter- r;^;^l, ^ 


veritatis, acq; fajsientias;, ut^tt.xmfi nan licei'ct amp\iu3 inea.manerc, qiiam«nius 

dicimora, prepteiliocfelum innimerabilesannihujusvitx pleni dclic^jS & circciiTi- 

fluentia tcmnocaltum bonorum reft6,rnmt6 ] j contemnercrjr. Au^flAt Lib. Arb, 


How fmiU ca^ 5 . It IS a fruit of our fall with K^dam, and the 
^I'Smijau!^ condition of this unglorificd morLall ftatchcrc up- 
on earth, tokmw but in fart : From which our 
knowledge above fliall diiFer.,as the knowledge of 
a child frqptthat of a perfed man : as knowledge 
'^°induci in t^y'^l3ffc>lforaappTeheniionofthe reallobfjejft: 
nubes,pcnetra- askuowledgc ofa plaine fpccch, from that which 
>e in plenitudi- |s ariddie-f-f/^./^^^^^^ (faith "^ or\Q)iHthefieart;Uy 
?rrum ^z^'TZ M'eSytomoummtothe clmds, to.fitrcethtsfitlnejfe.ef 
ritatis abyflbs, Itghty^oSreoke mf^this 'hoPtomcUffe defpkof^^kry ,or H 
&lucem habi- ^^^eitm that tmapfroachahk bright mft : This is nc- 
biletn^ncrtem- firvedto theUfi Day ; whfi Christ J e s v s 
poris eft hujus jhaIlprefentU'$.glvmu4AndfuretoHuFnthermthfiitt 

nee corporis Id .0,^^ QV wrmUc. 

tibi in noviili- u , 

mis refer vatur, 

cum te mihiexhibucro|;lorit)rum non'habeatcjnmacHlamautrujgana, aut aliqiiid'im- 

jufmodi. Bern SufiT Cant. Strmi^. 

Tbegiory ofhea :, ' 4. 0'urii?id^rftand»ngs upon necelfity muft bee 
imTdwUhout fupef-nktural'ly irradiated and illightcned withex- 
fupernaturau traordifiary enlargement anddivincnefTe, before 

iUumnation. . -..^ 


we canpolfibty comprehend the glorious bright- 
ncfTe of heavenly joycs and full fwcctnefife of cter- 
nall bliffc. It is irapoiTibk in this life for any 
mortall braine to conceive them to the life, as to 
compare the heaven with a fpan, or containe the 
mighty Ocean in a nut-fhcU. The Pfnhf§fher 
could fay ^ that as the eyes of an Owle arc to the 
light of the Sun, fo is the Iharpeft eye of the moft 
pregnant wit to the myfteries of nature. How 
ftrangely then would it beedazeled and ftmcke 
ftarkebhndwith the exceffive incomprehcnfiblc 
glory and greatnefTeof celeftiall fecrcts, and im- 
mortall light ^ 

But although wee cannot comprehend the 
whole, yet wee may confider part. Though wee 
cannot take a full draught of that over-flowing 
fountaincof endlcfle blifTe above, jwt wee may 
tafle 5 though we cannot yet enjoy the whole har- 
veft, yet we take afurveyof the firft fruits. For, 
the Scriptures to this end fliadow unto us a 
glimpfe, by the moft excellent, precious and de- 
fireable things of this life. 

Thus much premised •, let us (for my prcfenc 
purpofe) about the joyes of Heaven, confi- 
der 5 

I. ThePhce,where God andallHisblefTcd ^^ePiateof 
ones inhabite eternally. eremaugury. 

But how can an infinite God bee faid to dwell 
in a created heaven ^ 

God from all eternity when there was f^**^°^ ^^ 
nothing, to which Hee might maoifeft and 
make knownc Himfelfe is not faid to dwell 

I 2 *any 


^ ^f ^or the * ^y where, eitherto have beene out of Himielfe, 
pace ofGoD or in any thir^, bm onely in Himfelfe, He was 
before the yporu therefore an heaven to Himfelfe. But when Hee 
'ntt7wifdmeo- pleafcd He created the world ; that in fo large and 
m&rta// men goodlv a Theater He might declare and conveigh 
rli^uSr His power, goodneffe and bounty, fome^vay or 
can it limit the Other, to ^11 creaturcs. Efpecially, Heepi^pared 
/eattf infviite ^-^is glorious heavcn wee fpeake of, not that it 
^tbarZfZl niightenclofe or enlarge His happinefle: But that 
power it (cff can Hec. Hlight uufpcakably beautifie and irradiate it 
HffSe «"/» ^^^^ unconceiveable fplendour of His Majefty 
Himfelfe, tPho»i and Glory ^ and fo communicate Himfelfe beati- 
no rnainituk fically to all the ElccH:, Saints and Angels, even for 
laim^.'^^SAV. cvet and cver. I faid, not that it might enclofe, 
RawieghLib. conci'ude and confine Him: For, He is' as truly 
^'^j^'^\ J withoutthehcavens, asHeisin them: And Hee 

Noneftqiiod . , , . ..,..,. _, ^ » "^ ix^.^ 

<]iixras ultra, IS whercno«fiing IS With Hmi, He was when nd- 
ubi erat ante- thing vvas, and then Hc vvas,vvhere nothing vvas 
fi^pTr'iter bcfide Himfelfe. ^f/^^(??^^ Creatto?, there rv as ^ro- 
ipfuoi nihil e- perly,»^/><^^ when nor where, hut onely an incom- 
lat, ergo m fe- ■prehcnfihU perfection ofmdivifible immenfity mdeter- 
le ^conM Lib.\ ^^0* ' ^^^^^^^ wouldftHl bee the fame y though neither 
cap.6, heaven nor earthy nor any thing in them fhonld any 

f.ccm dTH ^^^^^^' "^ ^^^ ^^ ^^y ^^^fi f lace Him mthoHt the 

calum & ter- 

raoi, ubi liabi- J ~ ■':.| ';- 

:ai)at :* In Se habitabat, apvii SeVabitabat, & apuJ Se eft Dev«, Aug. in Pfal,iii, 

Ante omnia Dbvs crat folusip^e Sibi & muitdus, &• locus, & omni>i. Sclus 
atitem ; quia nihil extnnfecu5 przterlUum. Tertuliajvcr^ut Praxean, nonpraculab 

* Eft De vs itaubiquPjiunon tnntnin omnes hujusunivcffi partes permeet, fed 
ctiamimmenraillafpatiaquaj furttfupracoelbs (quje/t natuvas infinicate) penctret: 
nonrameh cxittimes D E y m ibi^de, tinquarnin loco poiitivorcpjetivrjfcd.tantum 
per immcnfitatepi eflentis. Sitjlachiiis 2)e D £ o. q,<5. 


OF HE^AVEN. 117 

Heavcnsy^to death Himmth any imAgrnarj ffaceyor 
give the check to His trnmenfity by any far ale II di fiance 
localt He is faid to be without the heavens, in as 
miichas His infinite ^//^w^ cannot be "^ contained heamn/th 
intheiT.jbut nectffarily containcs them. Heeisfo heaven of bea- 
without them^ $r (if ^o»wtU) hepndthcmj that albeit '^'^'^^ <^'^«"»^ 

1 r 1 11 1 1 1 -r^ ■ 11 ccntaiKeThec- 

d ihoujditdmoe veorlds were heaped itp by Hts aU-porver' j |^„^a 3 

full hand each above 0ther,and all above thL<tlIejhculd ^ . „ 
byvertueef Histnfimte Eiicnce, not by jree choice of jixi miferPSed 
will cr mutation of ft ace J be 4^ intimately cosxiflcntto ubinoneft? 
ever^ part of them, as He now is to an-i part of this ha- /^'^'°/ ^^ *^'^' 
ven and earth we mjoy, Inalober lenle, * Bernard fundior, lat.oc 
faith true 5 Nufquamefityttbi^ eft : He is no wh^r^ ^^r'-a, man dif- 
becauTe no place, whether reall or imaginary eai^ qVam'eft, &"it 
comprehend or containc Him : He is every whereby biquc cfl-^Quii 
bcc^ufe nobody, no fpace or fplrituall fubftance "^'^ ^^.^^ "^^'' 
can exclude His preience, or avoid the f^eaetration tur loco. Berm 
(if I may fo fpeake)of His Effence, mihUoi 3 6j, 

This glorious Empyrean Hea^ven (where no- ru ghty »/ 
thing btit light and blejfed immortality J tJo f})adotv of thehigheftUoj,- 
matter for t cares, difcontentmentSy griefs , and up- 
cfmfortablepafions to work e upon, bf^t4ll]0.f, tran^ml- 
lity andpea^e, even fur ever and ever doth divefl) is 
featcd * above all the vifible Orbs, and Starry Fir- 
mament. SccI>eut./^,S9^^ iQ.i^JoJh.2.ii,Prov, 

* There ii a place beyond that flaming HiU, 
* From vple/ice the ft arret their thin appearance Jhe J, 

A place beyond a't place, yvherc never ili 
Noiimpure thought rfofi ever larh^vrsd: 
Eut Saintly H€t$cs are for ci erfaid 
T^ l^epe an ev(r'ft/iiifg Sabbaths re/f. 
Stilt w#'>^ ilatyofith^ tbey are/iiS p9£e^^ 
Enjoying but one joy, hut $ne ofa&joyes befi. 
Flftchcr C H R I » T s Viaory,p3g.2.StA 

1 3 af.j: 



i.^.dr 7,69* ^p^^f^'io, 2 Cor. 12, r, where it is 
called the third heaven, 
rbt tiree hear I . The firft is that whole fpace from the earth 
WW. to the Sphere of the Moone i where the birds flie 5 

whence raine,fnovv,haiIe, and other Meteors de- 
fcend, See6'^;?.7.ii. Pfal.H.S, Ma^^.S.^o.Deut, 
2 S .12. C^Ut»6, 26. where they are called ri 'TnrwA 

2. Thefecond confiftsofall thevifible Orbs. 
See GenA.i£^.^i'^, where he calls the whole m 
fifitiiMt,Expaftfio^y Firmament, Heaven. And in this 
Hee placeth the Sun, Moone, and other Starres, 
Df»M 7.3. Within this fecond Expanjlonv/c com- 
prehend three other Orbs, reprefcnted to our 
knowledge by their motion. Of which fee * Etf- 
ni.'qJiaero:/''^*'*' Tabic, atpag,p4. 

pinio eft de- 
cern tantum 

effc ccelos mobiles ! nempe fcptcm cotlos Plinctaram, Cotlum Stellaium, Ceeltttn 
iw Chriftallinum, Scprimum mobile. Vcmm mihi valdeprobibilisvifi cftrcccntioiurn 
-M^ithcmaticorum fentcmia, undccim effc coelos mobiles ita ut inter firmanientu-H, 
& primum mobile, pro unico CoeloChriftaliinOjduplcx coe lumconftituatur Nam- 
que pro unico mom trepidationis, qui Coelo Chriftallino ttibuebatur, qucra adr.itti 
non poflc demonftrant : ponunt dupliccm motuii libratioHis; altcrum abOrtu ad 
Occafum, & e contra, qaemtribuuntneaa: fphcrai. Alteram a Septcntrionc ad'Au- 
ftiumj& e contra, quern dccimacSpbcraJ aflignant. His additur undecima Sphxra, 
feu primum Mobile Deniqj Theologi prxtcr Coelo$ mobiles, admittuiu luprcnmai 
Coelum immobile, quod Empyreum appellant, quod fit fedcj Bcatorum, 2)« CceU* 

3. The third is that, where G o d is faid 
fpecially to: dwell; whither Christ afcen- 
dcd, and where all the blcffcd Ones ihall bee for 



No * natutall knowledge can poflibly be had of j"*« H^ffl^ 
ibis Heaven : neither any heipe by hvmane arts, r/^" **'* 
Geon^erry, Aiithnieticke, opticks, Hypcthcfcs, *Ncqjcx fenfu, 
Philofcphy;^<r. To iljighten us thercur.to. For, ne'^-?^"^^,"^'*'' 
it is nciiberaipc(5lable nor moveable. Hence it is an?'"d,Bn&a 
that J rijlfit I g^thc moft eagVeyed into the miyftc- ^I'^ja". Ted ex 
ries of nature of all Philoibphcrs, and whom they 5°np!2* ' ^" 
call Natures Secretdry j yet faid, that beyond the vdationc no- 
n^OGveablc Heavens, there was neither body, /r^r bi$.aaott«c. 
* time, nor f lace, nervdcuitm. But Gods Booke »ovj^^-nW, 
affiires us ofthis heaven of happinelVe, and Houfc «cA' xiviv, ik 
of G o D , above all the afpci^abk mooving Orbs, '^'l''^^'' ^"^ 

And it is the biggcil: and moft beautiful f Body P9- 
ofthe whole creation, incorruptible, unmoovca- lf\i!i^%lh$ 
ble, unalterable : wholly (hining with the moft fewv**. . 
exquifite glory and brightneffe of pureft hght: 
whcrein,as in a confluence of all poffiblc felicities, 
Je hovah,God bleflcd forever, doth famili- 
arly and freely communicate Himfelfe to be beati- 
fically feene, and fully enjoyed face to face of all 
the elc(^, humane and Angelicall fpirits for ever. 
Where the glorified Body of J esvsChrist 
fliines with unconceiveablc fplendour above tlic 
brightneflc of the Sun,^r. 

This place moft excellent replenlfhcd with 
tifiofe unknown pleafures which attend everlafting 
happineircjwhere God, blefTed forever, is fccnc 
face to face, is made admirable ad illuftrious by its 
bigneife and beauty. 

Gueffe the inimcafurablc magnitude, and beau- 
tifiillfignes of it, 
.T 5 I 4 1.B7 


Heaven agteut ,i. By itS * dcfCTPptkm, ^ifT^.^t. It !S tdlcd 

^'^"^* Statum Vcif.io. by an excellerKry, 7/Mi grea- Cy, ^c, 
Rcdcfix comi- Which if it bc immediately meant (as many learn- 
nuuTi a fuo ed andliolv Divines wotild have it)ofthc2lorv of 

tempore luom- , ^, \ , . . 117°"^, 

nem ufc]^, xtcr- the Chui'ch here O'l earth, wheii both Jewrs 2nd 
nitatem de- Genttles flull be happily tinircd inro one Chriftian 
mfL^f^o- Body and Brother-hood, before C h m s ts fe. 
phctae icfiias cond comming, it is no leffe pregnant to proove, 
& Eiechid^ ^j^^j. j|^g Hcaven of Heavens is a place moft glori- 
cuTnSi^oivnix oiis above all comparrfon and conccipt. For, if 
iRx v.nicinin. thevcbeluch goodlinefiTe, amplitude, beauty and 
cUit^vd^de majcrfty in this Militant Church; how infinitely 
foio' coeio, fed wiU this bsauty bc yet more beautified, and all 
de utrov, ii- thisgloryglodfied with incredible additions in 
Toffi-u!" «t dl- the Church Triumphant ^ If there be fuch excel- 
bcjnt I vciu 11 lency upon earth,what may -we expeft in the Hea- 
^^^^-^'^ ^°'^'^- vcn of Heavens^ 

ratione. Nc^uc 

enmi omnia ^ 

' qux dc EccUTu funtjCa-etiahixle calointelligi poflianttNeque'nciffi*! omnia, qu« dc 
CcelojCa ad Ecciefiam accomaindari qi'.eunt. 

Butye are too^ferve, that it irnot the purpofe of the Holy Ghost to fet forth 
tie juji andfuScdmpaJfc of the Heaven'y lem/slem : ( For it is intneafur^bk to our ca- 
facity) hut by tbi! great msafure, Htgi-^ah-m.-i^it tpere^ firm to/ieic] thcUrgene^ 
thereof. GyfJkd iTpon Rev.Cap. z\. 

1h heaven many 2. "By thofe many ^ fjifd-ifio^s prepared for 
tnhahit^nn^^^^^ many thoufand thoufands of glorified Bodies after 
ones funt m the laft Day, /<?^?; 14.2. Brfides the numberlcl^cj 
coeiis, qua: fuf- numbefsof blciffcd Angels; the prefent inUabi^ 
frinf'ci>ants<>f thofe heavenly Palaces. 

picndis : Tirft 

vii'tus eft in afcenfvona C H n i s t i,ad pratpanndum loat^Ti irifinitisctiam mundis, 
aediim omnibus homimbusqu: in lioc uno mundo iilnt. Sad cJadfaelft wi hominibus 
jpfis qui defimt fibi, nequc ctedunt la illutn fanguinam ^lO prxparatuur^nGtbis ilia aa 
ccx:\\s\oc:i. RaltsteM lohanXap I ^, 


5. By the incredible djftancc from the earthto '/V^fi^i ^^ 
theStarry Firmamcor. Ifllhould here tell you ^eV^ 
the fevcrall "^computations of AOronomcrs in * Mathcmatid 
this kind, the fliinmcs would feeme to exceed all caiSX^ 
poflibilityof beliefe. And yet befidcs, the late Cm fiimamenf 
learnedll of them place above the eiglu Sphere, " 'r.cuentcs, 
wherein allthofe glorious lamps {hine fo bright, is^^T^e^miU 
* three moving Orbs more. Now the Empyre- luna Gcrma- 
an Heaven comprehends all thefe, howincom- ^'"^i, j/„'^ ^ 
prehenfiblethen muftits compaflTe andgreamejOfc Kofetu* nun-.e- 
EccelTarily be ^ rat 65457 500. 

A^c jgitiiri 

^antum dtcis 

jlflr(Aoge^ctKtro tenx^ ad ccelmn o^avum, fat frmamtntum vulp appeL'aiUfa^ M- 

(icnii&m. <» 

Vuljjb inteivalliim dicitnrcoHriacri'Diatpirttos terra: IOC40" 

Terras vcro Dfnmttro tiibuuntur parres mo, Unicuig; parci mrlliaii 6i. Qux 

duftaintoti:m Diamcrrum conficiuiu fummam milliaiioium 7440 Qnj numeriis 

muUipUcatus per 10040 ". ^^i^cndit (iiflantiim teirae ab orbe oftavo, n<:mpe 

7470^ 180. milliaiiorum. bes Cafinan.Ouranogra. 

Beit jo, that the adventure of Mathematicians intlis Toint b(etQ$ auhciotu andfe- 
remptdiy:<incithattbejubUmity,andhDTivjnanymksitfidijianty camot be certainely 
l^oronc : ytt you mujl needs betif rty Autkorc mind : Dubitan non porelt magnarn efle 
Expanf) cttlellisintercapcd'jiem &c alticudinem ; Jicjuidem, id teftadir cum vifusipfe, 
turn paflim facia Scriptura: Idh i f.S. dtcunciucoeli altifitmi , ivico^j^iaiuitas coru.n 
cftimpervcftigabiliSjSc alticudo hominiinfcwwhUis. idem ibi.i, 

* Maginus tfos the m^^mhy h-.s adn^ir.aiile mt pf. latter times added a te^th move- 
able Redveri : fi that^m-fffjhere 4r'i three moveable Beaveris above the Firttuinent,aieur 
Mdfters i«/itdr/)r<>fejJJc«i<eji!tfcct« "beeiMagmiisHiiJS rhcor»c^ues. Euftachius foilowc* 
hMii,DlcMuado & CcelQj-pag,^^,/^. , ..^'-^ '. o -' 

4. Bycon{jderitig,whataIargcExpan{ion and ^^^ mmenfify 
knmenfity the mighty L o r d of Heaven and li^vM.^^ 
earth is like to chufc for revealing His glory inthe 
highcft and moft tranfcendent manner to all His 
nobleft creatures; infinitely cndear'd unto Him 
by the bloudy death of His deai'eft Sonne, even 


\i22 OF HEAVEN. 

the Sonne ofhU love, thorow 5II eternity. Who 

doth all things like Himfclfc : if He love, it is 

with a free, infinite, and crernall love : if Hcc 

worke. He makes a world : If Hego out with our 

Holh, the^«;>{hall/^;><^^/Y/if need bee, and the 

Storm mn{xfighi : if Hecomeagaiift a people. He 

will make His fword dcvoureflejjj, and His arroivcs 

dr'inke yioud : ifHe be angry with the world, He 

brings a floud over ihe whole face of the earth. If 

HefctHis atfedion upon amortall worme, that 

trembles at His Word, and is weary of iinne 5 He 

will make him a King,give Mm aParadife,crownc 

him with eternity : ifHe builds a houfe for all His 

holy Ones; it muft needs be a None-fuch-^ moft 

magnificent, ftately and glorious, farrc above the 

reach of the thoughts of men. 

^h'b"'l%f ^* W^'^^ afpacious and fpecious inheritance; 

%gH. '*" what a rich, fuper-eminent and fumptuous Pur- 

chs^fc and Palace do you thinkc was the precious 

bloud ofche Son of G o d by its inelHmable price 

and merit, able to procure at the hands of His Fa- 

therjfor His Redtemed^ 

r/?k^4'^^' Let us here alfo lay hold upon foitie confidcra- 

iteavca. tioHs, whereby wee may behold (at leaft) fomc 

little glimpfes of the admirable glory of its light. 

"^ ^^' ^'^f"''^"' I . To fay nothing of that glorious projedion 

^y?jo p.i dp. 2^(jtf3n5fy(|gri of ^chereall Iighc,both oftheSun 

ut in mil- and of thc Starres, of the fix magnitudes, which 

' p^^,rur'""t by Aftrologicali computation, conftitute * three 

V>;ncris, aut 

Mercurij fyJcra, nee computcmus ftellas novc«n,qu2s obfcuras, aur <^uin<jucj qius ru- 
fc:5s appcll.intjvel ncbuiofas ; nullo ctiam aumcro Uabeamus inGnitis alas^quos Text* 
oi^mer»nc arunoies. 



hundred Suns at the leaft, (whence arifcth a mafTe 
of {hining beauty) upward into the Empyrean 
Heaven; which Patriciti^ endeavours induftri- "Nihil te- 
oufly toproove; I fay, topalfe ir byasaeround- "l?*-' ''**^ ^'^i 

, rr ^ -1 \ r f • alkvciaie, vcl 

Icfle » conceipt 5 let us take a Icantlingjas it were, , .ficun dcbeo. 
andeftimateof the incomparable brightncfle and Njvi interim, 
fplendourof the higheft heaven; by that which ^^T;^ ^^^ 
Orthodoxe Divines foberly tell from Pev.21 . and iua, fup.emum 
other places; to wit, that it is verm oxu//.^of, whol- ^«'"'" /^^F'"- 
}y light, not like the Starry Firmament, be- n!um"fubnm. 
fpangl'd here and there with glittering fpots ; but g nc novae 
alias it werc,onc ^ great Sttn, From every Point ^•f'«/«>'»''- 
powringoutabundantly whole rivers, as it were, Dicuur; uon. 
of pureft heavenly light,^<:. Hence with allufion ^gt^ so'.e ^ 
to brightcft things below ; it is faid to have a wall ^;;,^^;'; ^^'^ 

ghr'iA T>ii il- 
luflrat f4.w; (^ 
Lucernaejmefi ^^ntis. Quid Fiinc riMPptiici :> Dc fentcntia lohanitii : ^UliaKi ij/^e 
lucemcxleflUglorU ; aliamSolh d^' LunxiNonopui cjfeSile (ait) ^ Z,M»(i.'N.*.gat jo 
eft fydcrcje liicis Opponitur ci affirmatiodiv.nas lucis &.gIonolx, qu3E progufcitur 
a D I I gloria & Agno Filio Dei. /bid. 

Neg^ urbs ifia eger Sole, O'c,^ Non negat, qiiin Scl & Lina in firriamento fiium 
rctcntura funt iHtncnjrrd .nitfupremuni lUud coelun,long' piaelbntiori liicefplcndcie, 
ncc opu» habere tali Sole & Luna. Gloria inquit Dei if^Ticitttv-rh, Difcrimcn facie 
inter JTo^cti'gloiiam Dei, & inter (pai quo ipfa urbs illuftratur, Gloria Dsi majcUas 
eft Dei, hixq; ilia, Deitas iplius, quam inhabitarc Dbus dicitur. Ea omnibus eft 
iinacccffa3& corporcisoculisinvifibilis. Abhacmajcftare veto pro bencplacito volun- 
tatis Dbt, lumen creatum proficifcitur, quo tota urbs fplendct : & quo eledis ctiam 
communicatOjcflSc.t DEVS,ut ipfum plene,& quafi facie ad facicm cognofcant 2an(b» 
deCee!obeat».Cap ^. 

* Goelum Beatorum eft imprimis lucidiflimum, coq; vcrns oKvfji.'Troi : Hoc eft to- 
»«m &omBi ex parte luminofumaclplendjdum. Non enim eft l)>;ut firmamentum 
rarijs ornatum ftellis, eoqj ahbi lucidum : alibi veto non ira lucidum, (cd totum eft 
ji[€ljacidum. Eft enim perinde atqj fi totum fit quidcm Sol. maximus^ & omnia fuo 
ambitu corapleftcns.Ncq: lux ilia eft fimilis luci ftellarum,neq} etiamejufdem gene- 
R«. Sed eft lux vere divina, licet areata ; idcirco quia lux eft alterius generis, & lux eft 
glorir, noa penetrat hue ad nos ufq;: oculistamcn cwporeis faturo fecWo a ncbw 
vidcbitw. Idem /hid. 


124 ^P HEAVEN, 


o^Tdfper, hiv.ldingofgoUya^£oundmon of pracfOfii. 
i!ico:r>|n- Jto.^ssjand gates otp^arles. Being clearc as Cr/flaili 
cftclmasx-er! fl^i^i^g^^k^ wwto gUffc '^ tranfparcrtt mbrightndTe 
na : ubi viao- 35 a molten looking ^W*^- ^* ^^^y be> thofc places 
ria,ubivcnr.i3, may alf® ill latitude of fenfe intimate and include 
ubi faaS' ^^^s glorious vifible light I fpeake of, CoUJf. 1.12. 
ubi VIM, libi PfaL^6,p, iTim.6,16. 

xteinitas. 7): AncientDivines alfo cipprehcndcd this glorious 
ohhoyv brave, bcauty and brightnefTe in the blefTcd heaven. 
hoTv bcauT'fuU, The etemdl City (faith * i^uBm) is tttcomparahly 
\Z imertg, bright and beauttfull I whcrethert wvictarj y -verify, 
hotff ^gorgeo-ji', digmty yft^fCHtyJife, eternity . 

havv a tmrrable 

a City i! thi^ .' For,iftltgite; he of p?arlc, and the flrtets of gull ; lien Tvhatare tie 
inner roome; ? IVhat are the diiing chambers-, Andrvhat are the lodgirgroomei I O 
horv tinfpeah^able is tie glory of this iity,that Kings jba.Ut\)rfa> dotvm tter Cranvmsjinii 
Scepters before it^counting all their pomp and glory but a* dufl in refpeU of it > jSnd the 
raaznificence ani pompc ofaUthe Potentates of the earth fl)aU here be Hi I dotvne. ^nd 
albeit none of the iQr^s andMobks of the Gentiles ni'if^t be adnvtedinkojheold Jem-. 
C\\cixi, yet aft the Gentiles that believe Jhall be admitted into ibis wew Jeiufaltm," <J»^ 
made fi'ee'Deni/ons thereof for e^'er. Dzntv'pcinthcKcv. 

J might tei'lyou bereofmany other probable Jtngularities about this celejliaJl palate, 
'land that from the hand offomegodiyand learned Divines : To wit, [That tins tbirJ 
Heaven is notpenetnblc by any creature, whereas the other two arc paffable by ihc 
gvofTeft Bodies, fo that it is laid to open to the very Angels, Job, i ^i Who, though 
they b? able t^ penetrate all things under it, yet are they no mote able to enter that 
Body, than they are topafl'c into oneanothcrsnatufcs. Hence it comes to pafTc, tha,t 
the third H:aven gires vvay to Ans^els, foules and bodies of men to enter in by ntiira- 
c\z : God making way by his power, where nature yeeJds no padage. For,it is with- 
out povcr, and cannot poflibly extend or contraft it fclfe into alarje or ftraiter com- 
piflTc. That, TernuTj hoc & fiimmum cteUm, in medro non cfi coipus fol.dum : fed 
incftauraalicjriisca-leftisqnx fupplet defcftum aeris corporibits glerificatis : In qjia' 
crfi port nonfnntjjn nobis tamen pori cmnt, in quibuserit hxc natura caeleftiori.qna: 
criTTi aeris viccm Tuppiebit ad fermoaenn. Jn coelo cnim ufuri fumus Hcbi sea lingua : 
I. Nim natura ibi redibir,quae primitius hanclinguam tenu't. 2. Confufio Ingua- 
rijm !Tnl;di(5tio fuit. And this aura cotlcftis (fay they)JbaU in:iintaine Vfs ettrnaUyj, a>^d 
ie anfaterablc to our con^ittition, even at this ayre is,(3'c'\ But at I would ny fclfe by 
itameanes confidently entertaine, fowiil I never ebtrude upon oihcrsany thirginthis or 
avy other divine point t hut that »hly which iigronnded (cither direUly and immediately, 
«rbjrooJandfiiWidconfeiU£iice)upQn Gods fure Word. 


if the ft vehtch kcofiiiemrJed {faith Sajil) be CAHinto 
fitter darknejfe -^ it is evident that thofe which walked 
fverthy cf Gob, h^ve their reft wfuftrcele Hi nil light. 

2. Bcfides the fupcrcxccllency of its native Ju- ^h highnefe 
{lre,that I may fo fpeak,this blefTcd heaven wil yet gifrifcMy* 
•be made infinitely more illuftrious and lefplen- 

dent by all the moft admirable and amiable (hining 
glory of that deareft ravifhing objecfi:, to a glorified 
eye^the glorified Body of J e s v s C h r i s r.In 
refpe(5t of the beauty and brightn elTe -whereof, all 
fyderiall lightisbuta darkfome mote^and blackeft 
mid-night. See A/4?. 1 7. 2 . 

3. Adde hereunto the incredible and unfpeaka- ^.^^ fpjendour 
bleTplendour of many millions of glorified Saints, ums! 
whofe bodies alfo will out-fhine the Swn.Stc Mat, 
i^.^^.Phil.S'2i. I>an.i2»^. Who arefaid tofhine 

as the hrightnejfe sfthe Tirmnment^ as the Stars .pan, 
12.^. Js the Sun^Mat,i^./\.^. To be like Christ 
Himfelfe,r<?^;? 3 . 2 .And to appeare with ff/m inglo- 

Now, what a mighty and immeafurablemvifle 
of moft glorious light will refulc and arifc from 
that moft admirable illuftrious concurrence, and 
mutuall ftiining reflexionsof the Empyrean Hea- 
ven more bright and beautifull than the Sun m his 
ftrength,the Sun of that facred Pallace, and all the 
blcffed Inhabitants^ All which every glorified 
eyefhallbefupernaturally inlarged, enabled, and 
ennobl'd to behold and enjoy in a kindly and com- 
fortable manner with ineffable delight and ever- 
laftingneffe ! ruhrighnefe 

4. If the porch and firft carry be fo ftately and '/gods pe- 

glorious, ^"^^- 


glorious, gariiiihed and bcfpangl'd with fo many 
bright ihitiing Lights and beautifull Starres ; 
What workitianfliip and rare peeces, what majc- 
ftyand incomprehcnfible excellencies may wee 
cxped in the Palace of the great King, and the 
heavenly habitations of the Saints and Angels ^ 
* How full of beauty and glory are the chiefe 
roomesand Prefence-Chnmberof the great and 
royall Monarch of Heaven and Earth <! 
Meditate oh ^ ^^^^^ ^^^'^^^ infinite fweeteft delight may eve- 
tbegi9ry&fhei. ry ttuly gtacious foule, bathe it fclfc before-hand, 
^m even in this vale of teares, in the delicious and ra- 

vifliing contemplation of this moftglorious Place, 
wherein he hath an eternall blisfull mvinfion moft 
ccrtainely purchafed and prepared for him alrea- 
dy, by thebloud ofjEsvs Christ! Let us 
therefore (as an holy Divine would have us) fpend 
many thoughts upon it ; Let us enter into deepe meditd- 
tiom oft he inefitmahle glory of it: Let us long untillwt 
come to the fingering and foffepon of it : even as thc^ 
heiri longethfor his inheritance, — Let mfirinjeand 
flraine to get intothU golden Cities where Jlreets, walls 
and gates, and allis gold J all is f Carle : nay, where 
fearle is bnt as mi remand dirt, and nothing worth, o 
whMfooles are they, who deprive themfelves wiOingly 
efthisendleffegkryfirafew (linking luHs I o what 
madmenarethey, who hereavethemfelvesofaroomein 
this Cttte ofPearle,for a few carnallpleafires ! o whaP 
bedlams and hurnane heafs are they ; who Jhut them - 
felves out ofthefe everlafiing habitations, for a Uttle 
tranfitory pelfe ! what intolerable fits and fenfeleffh 
wretches are all fich, who wilfully barrc them/elves 



mi^fthis VMce effi^finke^leafurejferthejhortfiumon 
ofivorldlprafh andt rifles? 

2. In afecond place, let us take notice of fome ted"beIveH^ 
names, titles <md epithets attributed to heavenly 
joyes, etemailgbry, which may yet further re- 
prefent to our relifh their incomparable fweetnefTc 
and excellency. They arc called, 

1. AK(f7gdome.Maf.2^,2/^,Lukej2,^2. Now ^^^K^ngdome 
a Kiiigly Throneis holden the top and crowne of 

all earthly happineffes ; the higheft aime of the 
tuoH eagerand reftlefle afpirations and ambitions ^f^^j, j^^^ ,j^^ 
<)f men. A confluence it is of riches, pleafures, ohferved rvkxt 
glory, all royall bravery, or what mans heart can ^'^'^^^^yp^^/^^^r 
wifhfor outward welfare and fehcity. "^ What findjmeit^%l 
teres aad ftratagems, what murders and. mif- K'>g,f (^Pnn- 
chiefes, what mining and c-ounter-mining, what ZulmL^lom, 
snyileri©ii5 >plQts and machiviiian depths, what exercife.iytai^^ 
•fttaoge -^ventures ande£ifions fometimeseven ^^{themo'com'. 
of bloudyifeas, no catch a Growne <: WitneflTe ilemfeive" and 
LanuficrBViJ^T,erk€,nSiYVi\\ habitable parts of the their ij/Ues Ma- 
^ixh, which from time to time have become i%"{l^i°[!^ 
!blou^ cook-pits iin this kind. 

2. AnBeavedyKirfgd9me,MaLj.2i.Andi^,^. ^Kt^^dl'm'^'^ 
toiintimateithat itfurpaueth in glory and cxcellen- ^ 

cy all earthly kit5gdoa3es,.asfarre as heaven tran- 
foendethearth^ndxunconceiveablv more. 

3. rJie Kmgdome cf Got,, U^s 14. 2 ^ A ^ go'^J'^'^'''' 
Kingdomeof G o d s ownc making, beautifying 
andi)ileiGLng; who doth all things like Himfelfe, 

-asi faidbdfQite: repleniibed and (Inning with Ma- 
jeftyy.pkafures and ineffabk felicifti^^^bcfeeming 
theigioiious .'Rcfidencc of the King of Kings. 

4. An 


4, An inherit 4, ^w Inheritance^ (^dh 20.^2. Notatene- 
^'*'"^' mentatvvill, to bzc polTdfeJ or left at the Land- 

lords pleafure : but an inheritance fetled upon us, 
and fealeduncousby tlie deareft and higheft price 
that ever was payed^which will be as orient, preci- 
ous and acceptable, after as many millions of 
yeares, as you can thinke,as it was the very firft day 
it was po wred out and payed . 
4. ^gimm 5* k rich md gionofis inheritance^ 'Ef he f,\,\%^ 
inberitance. pit fot the Majefty and mercy of Almighty G o n 
tobeftow ; the unvaluable bloud of His Sonne to 
purchafe, and the dearely Beloved of His Sode to 
6. Thtitihed' 6. Kw Inheritance of the Saints h light ^ Cohjf, 
tance of saints, i. jj. Every Word founds a world of fwect- 

7'jd» iHcorrup' 7. knlnheritanccincorrupible^andundejiled^and 
ttbie inherit ace. that fkdeth not arvay^ I Pet.i,/\.. There can never 
poflibly be the leaft diminution, much lelTe any 
aboliflimentofthe ie-aft glimple of heavenly glo- 
ry. But all bliffe above willbeasfrefh and full in- 
numerable yeares hence,as at our fift entrance, and 
fo thorow all eternity. 
8. A crome. ^ • <-^ Crovme of right eoufne(fe^ 2 Tm,^. 8 .Fair- 
ly come by, and full dearely bought. A Crorvneof 
life^ lam. i . 1 2 . A Crowne of glory .^ 1 Pet. 5.4. Glory 
itfelfe,iJ(7»^.9.2^. Nay, an exceeding ex^:eedtnge- 
ierna^ waight of glory ^ 2 Corinth, ^.ij. Which 
Crownes, Kingdomes, Pearles, Jewels Feafts, 
4i*c. do but weakely fhadow out unto us. Afoper- 
Uttvetranfcendent Phrafe (Qiith one) fach as is not to 
he found in all the Khetoricke of the Heathens ^hecaufe 



_— — — ^ . ^ . — . J ' _ _ _ ' ■ ■ ■ iw n. 

they never m^t^offuch^thewe^ner whhfuehdfpmt^ 

9. Fuineffcofjop everUfiin^ fk^fires^Pfalie, ?• ^»^«/e •/ 
1 1 . o^ fivfft fimmg river ^j^tmevf ^f)^e4fr9%s^ ■^^* 
pJal.^^^X yi^ycty Jfijsif.Q,^^^^ Ma-. 

:?. In'atliircIplacc^Uetiis .confide the l'>€auty gienfiedhd^et, 
and blcflcdncflTc o^gloiified Bodies. .Cu^CuZ Z' 

I doe not here cunouily Gng.mre with w cipiat quiT^u^ 
ScJ^oalc-men 5 whether t^e.^lpry of the body "'"^"'•^^jj 
doth fpring originally out. oTxav-blcflTcdiaeffe ^ud bdTinTuvcn' 
bcawtifull excellency ofthe jrpu.Ie,a;id fo redounds tatc,-tiamG u. 
aponxhe body^by ^<:ommQd cpiiftant in^uence, "j^^^VSt 
as {^qtiiff as thmiis^ <)d",.(\vbichIa;^therfoHow) habum-iK, -fi 
chat thofc.exccUcat endowments ^nd heavenly ante eft d^fan- 
fplendours are on|^nally aad di%ofitively im- ^(rf/.o^JLjl! 
planted by Go p s hand in the reformed body, ti.caf^.i^. 
or.clyperfc^^edand gfluated .(as it were) by-tlW . "^'"^ *"* 
Glorious loule;, ^5 ^QAmmturc i!.ipp,aicxh. 5>.ure I ^c^nicmnt ef- 
am in general!, they fhall be made U^z ihegloriatu ^-j «iam fccuU 
WvefC H K I , ^,m>t.i,ri. AnatlMtishappi. tT'hotf„t 
nelle and honour enoughs inexplicable, tupe^cmi- j-ivemutetn. /- 
nent. •'fw '*^^- 

Bcfides their freedorac from all defers ajcid im^ oiuie*^ "11m 
ptrfc(Slions, Qifeafcs and difterapers, infirmities n^-g^' corpo- 
and deforn[iities, "^ raaimedneffc and monflrous 'liTS fuwi 

cr.iiir, vcl futuri eiant ia juvenili attatc. li^m IhU C4pi6, 

Qliibus omnibus pro noltro modulo con^deiatis & tia«5tatisjh3cc fumma coniicitur, 
ut in rcfurrctftione jcarnis in xternum eas menfuras habeat c jrporum magnitude, quas 
babcbatjpcificicndx live pcifefte, cujufcunqj iadit.icorpou ratio )avcmutis,in mein- 
broium quoqi ©mnium modulis congruo dccoic ferramr. {biiLCap 20. 

^U the bo.Ue! of the Ele^fhillarife in thatpcrfci^ion of nature^ vheremti they ff^taU 
hare attained ky their mimaii temper aniconfiitution^ if no impediment bad hindered : 
tMil in that vi;:our of 0,?^e,t}:at aperjeH man is at about three and thirty yeares oUl^acb in 
their proper fexe. 5o Cml^ feme worthy Divine^ wliofc nam? 1 forgot to note when X 
♦poke his Saying. 

K fliapes 5 


fhapcs, 'infancy, ot Becrtpitneffe of ftature^ ^c. 
From want of mcatc, drinke, manage: tfor wcc 
fliall hcL'kethe Angels of Go d in hcave/J, CHatth. 
22.30. ^c^AlhunxiJ'rto mfre, neither thirfi any 
ptdrejRev.j.16. of (Iccpcj for there fliallbccno 
wearying of the body, or tyring the fpintsj for, 
• Aftrnerc wc flnll Uvcby the all-fufficient Spiiit of <S o d, 
licet fanitatcm ^j^jch ncvcr nccds refrcfliing: of phyfickcj for, 
Tigae^&im- we fliall cn joy * perpetuall impregnable health: 
fnutabiiem, ac aglorificdbodycannotpodibly bc diftempcrcd; 
fbrr/utfncffa- cithcrby inward contrariety of elementary qua- 
biii quadam lities 5 or any outward contagion, orhurtfull im- 
duiccdine fua- pj^cfllon: of aire; to cooleour heat, or keepe us 
b^inem^'^K- ftom ftifling : of clothes ; for, we fliall be clothed 
pleat, &omne pfjfh long vfhtte robes of immortality, Revq,g, 
?n°fc vuS- w^^c^ ^^^ never bee wornc out 3 bat fliall be fo 
dinis, mutabi- bcautifull and glorious \ that like the Sun, we fliall 
litatisjtut lac- bebcft adorned,whcn we have no other covering, 
nem^^u^^^^^^ butourownc rcfplendcntMajefticallbrightneirc: 
re queat, pro- of Sun^ for the glory of Go D P)dl illigken that 
cul arccat, atq; fjg^^gftl^ city^mt\ thc LamBefball be the light thereof, 
feht "e/w?/i- Rev.21,2^. Of any thing; for, G o n/W/ beunti 
tvdiCaf 54- m K^ll inAll^iCor.i'y.2^, 

, \ fay, bcfides an cverlafling exemption, and 

fhe ivt^ilut- pririlcdgcfrom all ils,paincs,miferies 3 our bodies 

vM. fliall be glorioufly crowned with many pofltive 

prerogatives, raaiYellous excellencies, high and 

heavenly endowments. 

uimmmaiity. ^' J^^^f^rtalitjy i Or. 15. 54. Glorified bodies 

can never pofTibly die. They fliall laft as long as 

Goi> Himfclfe, and run parallel! with the loj- 

gcft line of eternity. In which rcfpcd alfo, our 



condition is a tboufrrd times more hsppy and 
gloricusjthanif wcbad {\ocd f^ill with K^dam in 
his innoccncy and felicity. If fo, he could but i Js^TJ^" 
have convcjghed unto us bodies immortall *fitcr.- quadiifaxiam ; 
ua Hfn mme^iif (X Hyfcthji^ zsihcy fay 5 that is, ^^® 
endowed onely with power of rot dying, if fo tia'' Tom'Sl 
and fo : but now they fhall be immoitall impcte»- abfoluta , sc 
tikmoricndi, thatis.fhinc for ever in the hieheft T.*"'*: ^'*'.'*' 
licavens with impoflibuity or ever p^riliiing. mortaiitatcm 

faakct, I Tiai. 
6. 16. 

2. Impotcntia moricndi cxgrati^i cmtioais: 6c AngcU & anitn* bumsox Sknt 

J Impotcntia rroriendi ex gratia donis fie ««Inm neviim, terra nova^ corpora 
kcaterum immortal, tatem liabebunt 

4, potcntianon moncndiexalitjaa Hypothcfi, licet in fefit mortak. Sic ko«»o 
ante p^^catam crat immortaliscoipotejCX Hypstbefi oaionis ewaaasma sriginalncr 
pcifeda, imraort-Ii. 

2. jHcnrupibUnefey i drinth. 15. 44. 54. »'f«*<w''«5*'*'*° 
For, every glorified body (hall for ever bee ut- **-^*' 
tcrly impafliblc, and urviraprefllonable with 
any corruptive quality, a^ion, or alteration. 
Whether, i. By the power of fomc pecu- 
liar glorifying endowment implanted in the 
body, or redounding from the foulc upon the 
body for that purpofe: Or, 2. From an ex- 
quifite temper and harmony of the Elemen- 
tary qualities freed everlaftingly from allpofli- 
bility of any angry contrariety and combatc : 
Or, 3. Which fccmeth moft probable and 
approovcd by the learned'ft Schoole-men , 
from an exadt fubicdion of tlic body to the 
foule, as of the foulc to G od : I fay, whjs- 

K 2 ther 

1^2 OF Hfi^AVEK. 

thcr foor fo, T dot* not hett ertqnirc Gt Con- 
tend ; butlcavc.all alterations in this kinde to the 
curious difquifitions of fuch idle and ill-cxcr- 
cWd Divirfc^. The* tcftimony of Go d s^ nc- 
vctverringSpitit' (in xtc cited place)- is more thaft 
infinitely , fafficient to aflTurc every Chriftian 
hearc^ rhat our railed bodies, reformed by the* 
All-mighty giofiou^ hand if Go b? fltall never 
morcbe expofed' to violence or hurt from any 
cxtcrnall agent: or obnoxious to the leaftdifpofi- 
tion cowards any inward decay, putrcfadion or 
difTolution. , i , 

5i?ff/c»«r* 3*. Po^c^cy, I Cm'ftth.i^./^^, Our foules 

are in nature , fubftanee , and immateriality 
like the Angels of God; One of which killed 
ia one night an hundred fourefcore and five 
ihoufand, 2 Kings ig.^^. And therefore little 
' know wee, • thougii the edges, ex<sfflleacy. and 
excGutions iiiay be dul'd and drown'd in,ouf 
h^avy, frailc, finflill bodies, of what, might and 
power they may be originally. But then, when 
to the foules native flrengch?, there is an addi- 
tion of gliorifyiflg vigbur, and Go us- migh- 
ty Spirit* more plcntifull inhabitation 5. and 
it fhaii aJfo^ put oa-abody, which brings with it, 
beiidcs- it^ owHc peculiar inherent power, an 
exa<9r ferviccablencfFe and fufliciency aptcd. 
and apportioned to tkc' foules hig^hcft abilities^ 



and executions ^ "^ how incredibly powerfull and .^ * i" fmuro 
mighty may we fuppofe a Saint in heaven Ihali be^ prSav"^u^ 

tus crit, ut etiani fi velit, teiram commovere poffit. Anfelm ie fmilitu.l Cap. 5 2. 

Vcriim prxftabunt vinbiis, quicunq; fupernis vinbus airocianciircivibus, intan- 
tutn, lit nuUatenns iHis quifqinm oblifteie valeat, vel {i moveudo quid, aut ever* 
tendo volueiit, aluo ftatu qiiin lilico cedar. Ncc in co quod dicimus majori labo- 
rabunt conntu, quain ncs modoin oculoium noftrciummctu. Ne qu^fo fimili- 
tudo ilia Angclorum noftro cxcidat ab animo qaam adcpturi fumus in futuro ^ 
quJteniisfiinhacfoititudine, autin hisqua: diduri rumusad excmpiumnon oceur- 
rit, vel ipfa per qmm Angelis adcquabimiir, ad ca comprobanda profit. Si igituc 
inqiiibus Angeios valcre conft.-'.t^ nolh-a nh lominus fortitude valeat : nemincm 
autism quidiibicet puto cxiftere, Angclos cnqu3E volunt fungi forritudine. Cum igi- 
tur Iimiles eis fuenmuy, nunquan iMibeciUiores ilisciimiis. Scd fortaflis qusic- 
retnliquis, quid nobis tunc illi fortitudo piKil.^bit, curn (ingulis tamconvenienter, 
lit con veil cntius nequcant ubiq; difpofitis nihil immutandum, nihil evcrtendum, 
niliil ftatucndiim lit. in quo vires fuas exerccre poftic ^ QjU' hoc dicit, paucis nobif- 
cuni quid in hujiifniodi habeat ufus humanus aiter.datj & vidcbit qtiianonfemper 
tmnibusqua; hnbemus, & quae nos habere non paruin gaudemusactu utimur. Sicuc 
verbi gr.uja, ipfo vfu potcibte aliqua nonnuUaiiim kicnria rerum, & multis in 
hunc moduni : fie & tuncde qua agituifortitudinc erit. Sola namqj poflcflio no- 
bis grata ent, &ey.ulftio grandis : licet in actu ncquaquam fit ncccflaria nobis 
cuntfliSj ut didum eft, in fuoftntu convenient rlocaris. Hxc cadcm quxftio, Aaut 
tie velccttatc, autde aliqua bcatitudinis partium movctur, hac foUtionc, finonap- 
tiorem Icftor invcneric.Colvatur ihld. 

4 . Sfirimdlncfe^ i Cor. 1 5 . 4 4 . N Ot that our b o- 4. Spiwualnef. 
dies fhall be turned into fpirits, but imployed fpi- 

ritually, Ormore fully thus: ^^. . * Corp« 

I . Becaufe they ihall be fully poflefled with the gioriofum per- 

"^ Spirit, which dwellincr primarily and above '^^'"^^ movcbi- 

^ , ^^^ Spiritu 

Dei •• ficutmoveturab anirna : non quod anima tunc fit cefiacuvamovere autagere : 
fed quod ipfi quoq-, plena fpiiituali luce, & pcrfedione corpus fpiritualitcr tuac mo- 
vebit,ut cibojpotn, ',e[litu,aerc,calorc nulloindigeat amplius. Par. 

Excitatur corpus JpirituJ,k ] H oc eft vitam & Effe fuum non tarn habcns ab anima 
ifta cjulqj ficultaribus naturalibiis : (Q^^n^^iJ^^ etiain turn eadcm hscc anima 
noftra coiijTingctur cum eodcm ipfo coipo'C noftro, & per cam etiam ram vircmus) 
tainen corpus quod excitibitisr, non tam habtbit vitam Sc Ede fuum ab ca quam a 
SpirimiUo C H R I s T I , quia ita ut fie loqunr, ani:.nabic &, animarn iftam & corpus 
jftudjUttotus homojloriofusinlbar ipfius C H R i s T i confpiciendus fit Kalloc in 

K 3 meafure 


meafure in C h r i s t our head, is communica- 
ted from Him to us His members 5 Co that then 
we fliall no more live by our animall faculty, nor 
need for prefervation of life, mcate,drinkc, ifleepe, 
clothing, phy/icke, or the former naturallhelpes. 
In which refped they ceafe to be naturall bodies, 
being freed from thofe animall faculties of nou- 
rifliing, increafing, and multiplying by generati- 
on. They {hall no more live byvertue of food 
and nourifliment thrice concodled : firft, in the 
ftomach, &c. but fhal 1 be fpirituall and heavenly, 
living without all thefe helpes, as the Angels in 
heaven do* 

2. Bccaufe they fliall in all things become fub- 
.„-l'miVrvi- je^tothe Spirit of God; and be wholly, per- 
cnsnon incon- fccftly, and willingly guided by him, with a fpiri- 
gvue carnaiis, tuall,Angelicall,moft abfolute,and free oSedirnce. 
tui fervrens^'rel ^^ thefpritferving theflejl) may not unfitly he called 
fte appelLuur carnall-fethebodyobediemtothcfifdeiSiiih. "^ Jujlm) 
fpintualis:non ^^^My termd fpiritudl. 

quia m Ipjritu o y Ji 

convertetui-jficut nonrmlli piitant j eo quod fcriptum eft : Scminaiur corpM anmale,Te- 
furgtt corpM fpiriluak : Sedquia fpiiitui (umma & mirabili o'otemperandi facilitate 
lubdetui-j ufq; nd implendam immortalitatis indiflblublis feciinffimam voluncatcm 
oinni molcflir fcnfu, omni corruptibilitate Si taiduKG dciraifta. Non folum cnirn 
nonerittale, quale mmc'tft in optima valetudinc; fedncc tale quidem qu.ilefuitm 
priniis hominibus ante peccatum. Qui licet nioiitiiri non eficnt^nifi pcccaflentjnlitrcn- 
ris tamen nt homines utebaniur, non rpiiituihaj fed adhue animalia corpoia gcilan- 
tes. ©cCJ W.Dei Lib.i^.Capio. 

Non potcflas, fed egeftas cdcndi ac bibcndi talibus corporibiis auferetur. Vrdc & 
fpiritalia erunt, non q uia corpora ellc dcfifttnt, fed quia fpiritu vi vificantc fub(iftent. 

^crufs'an- 3- ^y ^'^^^^" of their ^ aaiveneffe, nimblcncffe, 
aom rcfurget agility : whereby they fhall be able to moove from 

fpiritale, quiii 

velocitate^levitate^pcifpicuitatefjjuiwbus eiit i^q\\i\c.ldemTom.9p.z.Mihipa£ 1084. 



tus carm 


place to place with * incredible rvviftnefTe and * ^^""^ ^^^a 

fpeed; not being at all hindrcd by their weight. muragi'iia,''"It 

K^n heavy Itimfe ef had, thatfii^kes now to the hot. Sol, peifpicua. 

tome, beim ivire-drawm as it werehy the workman tn- ^T^^'" *^'^° ^ 

1 r '^ r 1 11 r /r • i n- \ niin niincam- 

to the forme of a boatj wUl jwimmej ( laitii <^tiftin : ) mus ab Oricn, 
And jhdll no: God give that ability to mtr bodies, ^^ '^ Ocdden- 
vohich the Artificer hth to the lead ? &c. nT perven"°i 

tamcitOj tunc 
illud coipus illuc pervcnire poteiit. Ibid, 

Sed vclocitas cjua; pulchiitudme non rainuJ amatar tanta nos comitabf tur, utip- 
fis Angelis D e i squj celerss fimus, quia coelo ad tenas & cconrcrfo dido cit/iis 
dilabuntur. — <.Hu;Us ':]Uoq; vclocitatis exeinplum in r^idio SoIjs licet intuen, qui 
ftatim oiroSole in pl.ig;i (Dricuc-li pertin j t iifq; ad ultima plagse Gccidcntahs, uc 
in CO perpenda.inis non tfli impofiibile, qiiod dc noilra dicimus futura velocitate: 
prxfcitVn cum rebus uiimatis foleat .-ncHc: major velocitas, qu;\m jnammatis, Huic 
ctiaai Radio Solis llmiie cxcmploni velocitatis liabemus in nobis. Radius quippco- 
culonirn noftj-ornm i;i fublevationc palpebraru n ufq; ad ccflum pcrtingit, & ifius 
earum totusm (emccac integer ledic. Anjelra defitailitud Cap. 5 1. 

Here fome of the Schoolemen moove an G^orifedbodies 
.idle unnecefUny qiieftion : to wit ; Whether '^nyplLesatltl 
glorified Bodies moove from -place to place in an in- tnfiatit, 
ftanr ? 

For they may well know out of the Principles 
in Philofophy, and Rules of found reafon, that 
it is utterly impolfible^ and implies contradidi- 

That a body fhould in an infiant be in many places at 

But if a glorified body moove from place to 
place in an inftant : it will necelTarily follow that 
the fame body is in an inftant. In termjro a qm, locis 
intcrmedijs ^termino ad qt^cm fimtd ; in the begin- 
ning, middle, and end of the ipace, thorow which 
it pafTcth at once ^ which is more than utterly 

K 4 impoflible. 


impoltlble, and quite deftroyesthe nature of a true 

I would rather interpret thofe words of o/»- 

fitn 5 [_Certe ubt volet ffir it m^ibi prot/nus erit corpus > 

the body will prefently be there where the foulc 

would have it] of extraordinary fpeed, andincre- 

* Corpus diblyfliorttime; o^^//?/?.^ cals it * impercepible. 

Yeiu ° iTtTm- So that I doubt not, but that a glorified Saint ^c^^ 

pore, fed im- ring to be in fuchor fuchaplaceathoufand miles 

P^'^"^"''b[evi- <^^t)^ft^^* ^^"^^ very firft bent of his will that way, 

V^crnsuppim would be there in an "^ incredible lefle time, than 

3 pagA^-'^^^' thou wouldeft imagine. 

* But mt in 
an inftantxOi Aquinas hU argument demon/lrates unanjrcerahly thus.'Jn mom locali fpa- 
tium & motiis &tempus iimul diviJuntur, ut deinnnftiativ.- prubauii in 6 Phyd'c. 
Sed fpatium quod tranfit corpus gloriofum perfuum rnotum, cftdivifibilc : Ergo & 
motHsdivifibiliseft, & tempus divifibile, inftansautena nondividitur. Ergo&tnotus 
illc non eric in inftanti. Ibid. Sedcontra] 

Bellarmine thn errs in hU Aft ojWeU- dying travJI^itei into Englijjj hyO E pag.i i f . 
faying: The Saints having the gift of agility can in a moment pafle ftom place to 
place — from Eaft to Weft,&c. {if he fpeake properly ) 

^.Thegioryof 5, Glory, 1 Corimh,i$.^^, The bodies of the 
bodies inbesv?^ Saints in heaven fhall be palTingly beautiful!, fhi- 

*omnis cor- Two things (according to "^Auftin) concurreto 
Sn Xti- *^ conft«ution of beauty': 

urn congruen- 

tia, cum quadam coloris fuavitate. — Proindc nulla erit deformitas, quam fecit 
incongrucntia partium : nbi & qux prava funt cotrigentur : & quod minus ett 
quam decet, undc Creator novit, inde fupplcbitur : & quod plus eft qii.\m dccct, 
materiae fervata integritatc, dctrahctur. Coloris ponbfiuvicasijuantaci it, ubi jufti 
fulgcbunt ficut Sol in regno Patris fui ? Z)c Civif De i Cap 1 9. 

I ExceHentpro' i. A dueand comely proportion-, an apt and 
^nbeavfn. congruent fymmctry and mutuall correfponden- 



cy of all the parts of the body: or in a word, well- 

2. AmiablenelTe of coloiir3a pleafing mixture tPerfen colour, 
of thofe two lively colours, of white and red. I add 

a third. 

3. A chearefull,lively,lightfome afped. When sMveiyajpe^. 
thetwo former materials (as it were j are pleaiant- 

ly enliv'd and. actuated by a lively qricknefTe and 
modeft merinefle of counrenance. Wheretfoft, 
(f;iith the Moralift) it U not the red and white, which 
giveththelifcand prfcBion cf beaut j: hut c?rtain€^ 
j^arklmg notes. and touches cf at?:' ab!e ci.ecrfulnejje ac~ 
comfanjing the fame . In hcau^y ( f lith another) that 
of favour is mere than that ofcolcur-^andthat of decent 
^ ■pleafingmot'on-,morcthan that cf favour. T^ hat is the 
hef-part of beauty ywhrch a piiJure cannot exfreffe^ ^c. 
Allthefeconcurre in eminency and excellency . , 

inglorihed bodies. ofexceilcnms 

1. An exquifit feature and ftatute, beau- j?^'<"''i^^''^^ 
tified by Gods owne blelTed all-mighty hand, 

with the utmofi: of created comlinefTe, and match- 
lefTe proportion. 

2 . Not onely fweeteft mixture of livelieft co- 
lours, but alfoa bright fliining fplendour of cele- 
ftiall glory. 

^. And both thefe aduated to the life, prefer- 
ved in perpetuall freflmefle and oriency , and 
quickened ftill with new fupply of heavenly 
a,5tivenefre and amiablenefle by a more glorious 
foule j (for, if the brightnefle of the body fliall 
match the light oftheSunj what, doe you thinke, 
will bee the glory of the foule ^ ) and by an 



*ytaninia infinitely more ^lorious foirit, which fhallplenti- 

iftadum cxei- r 11 j*. j n • i t f r ^ 

cet fiinaioncs fuUy ^ dwell m them both tor cvcr. 

fnasin corpore 

impertitei colotCin & totam banc cxtera.itn corporis gloiaim • Ita turn cum D E v « 
eric omnia itiomaibuSjSpiiitus Oh risti in nobis [labitanSjinduet corpora noftia 
glorioSlfi na, quibuftji qualitatibus, RoUocin/jhr^in. Cap 5. 

Amplification AmpUfie the glory of our bodies in heaven 
hoTcitfeave. from fuch places asthcfe : Da^.n^i. OiUt.is.^5' 

Phil ^,20j2i.Coly^,^. 

From which the ancient Fathers alfo thus collcifl 

and affirme ; 
micant'bisl^. ^/ rvc JhouU Compare ( faith ^ chrifoftome ) ourfu^ 
lisradijs futu- ture bddks evcn with the mof gliflering kames of the 
ra nobis corpo- Sun-^wc j})aII yet U^j mth'm^^ totheexpnf^mofthc^ 

ra contuleri- ,, r 1 ■ n ■ 1 £ J ' J '"— ^ 

mus, nihil ta- excellcmj of their jhmtng glory. 

men pro illius 

fpfendoxis dignitatc explicabimus. Sermde ml/ericordid. 

* In iiid fi- Thebeautj ofthejufl in the other life ( laith "^ o/;?- 
"^"uin do''^ )^/?»? ^^ullbeeqmlltothegloryofthcSHn, though fe- 
faftorum Solis *venfild brighter then now it is. 

putchritudini , 

qui feptemplicitcr, quam modo fit, fplcndidior eiit, adsequ.ibitur. Vnde fcriptutn 

eftjFul^cbiinc jiidi, ficut Sol in confpc(Su Dei . 2?e fimlhui Cap.so. 

* Hujiis j-^jg J*- hrtghtncffe ofaglorifcd body doth a^farre ex- 
m claritas ran- ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^i ^ ^^e Sun oHr mortdl bddy . 

turn Solem ex- 

cellit, quantum Sol in claritate noftrun corpus praecellit. jlpui Auffijl Tom.^.p.z. 


-: Then fliall the righteous fhine forth as the 

Sunne, in the Kingdome of their Father] 



Not ( faith "^ Chnfoficir.e) bccauje they ft: all no^ fir- * ^««c /«/- 
pafet/je brightnepof the Stm ; but^ becaufc that be- %ut\d in 
betngthe mofi ghttenngthnginthe %vcrlcl.j lee fakes a rigm fatru 
refemblafjce thence towards the exfrepng cf their in- ^Z^^^^i^f^^^^ 

COmf arable glory. amfplcndorem 

ron fupera- 
bunt ; ka quntido nihil fclgen'.ius Sole vidernus, proptcrea re apcitiflima nobis ad 
cxprimcnJurn ufiis eit. In liSat.Homi^ /)- 6/ 

But hov/ can th-re be fo mi;ch beauty afid de- ^'orifedejes 
lightFull amiable nfpfd: in fuch intenfive and ex- ^^'^^^-^^ ^' 
traordinary biightnefTe c' Or what plcafure can 
we take in beholding fuch extremely bright and 
Ihining bodies ! Sith wc find by experience, that 
there is fane more content and delight in looking 
upon a well-proportioned objecfi:, beautified with 
a pleafant mixture of colours, than in feeing the 
Sun, though it fhould not fo dazle, and olfend the 

For fatis fa (5li on herein, wemuftknow, that the 
* glorified c3^c fhall become impalfible, elevated *Neq,ineo 
farre above all mortall poilibility, and fortified by '°^°^i^"^cnd' 
an heavenly Vigour, to apprehend and enjoy all ce- forte a nimio 
lelftiall light and glory with much ravifhing con-^^P'^"'''°^^ ^^' 
tentment and inexplicable delight. & '^ -"Jj ** "."Jj] 

beati erunr, ac 
per hoc impafl;bilcs & immortales ; qui cnim luminc glor/ar confortabit oculos. 
mentis," nc vidcntcs Devm facie ad facicm^ opprimantui a gloria, jdem etiam date 
imp-.iTibiluatiS confortabic ocalos co;pons, nt Gne laefione cernant non Solem 
unuaij fed innumcrabilcs. 

Secondly : that omnipotent mercifull hand of "'^^ hrigiMms 
God, which will raife our bodies out of the duff, >^^ ^«^^'^*-^^- 
and refcrm.e them anew, can caufe light and colour 



to concurre and confift in excellency, in glori Red 

Thofe things which according to nature can 
confift togithcrj the one or both htrngmgradu 
remijfo, ( as they fay ) abated afthar height, can by 
divine powerconfift togi:ther/>^r4^« imenfipmo 
fux fpecieijin their excellencj : but it is fb with light 
and colour according to nature : ergo^ ^c. as 

W ^^.^'^' * Durandu'S one of the acuteft Schoolemen makes 
* Corporis good by arguments. Whether (hall colour or 

gloria natu- lightbefeene:' "*■ Why notbothin amoftdelici- 

ram non tol- j • i t 

let fedpcrfici" ous admirable mixtute cf 

ct : unde color 

qui debetui* corpori ex natura fuanim parcium, remanebit in eo, fed ftipcraddetur 
claritas ex gloria animx. Si(?ut etiam videmus corpora colorat.i ex natuia fui, Sol:s 
fplendore reluccrcj vclcx aliqua alia caufa excrinfcca, feu intrinfeca. ^quin. Sup- 

In noftifucis fimul ftant color &lux, upapparct ad fcnfum, & (ic videcur qiiod 
virtute divina corpora gloriofi poflunt limulefle coloiaca & luccntia. 'Din.Lib ^ 
Z)//?.44.i; 8. 

Theexercifesof Hccrc the Sccolemcn according to their wont 
the fenfes in do curioufly inquire, difcufTe and determine the 
eaven. manner of the a(5ts5exercife and obje(5ls of all the 

fenfes. They fay not only 3 i . That the eye fliall 
delightfully contemplate C h r i s t 3 glorious 
body, the fhining bodies of the Saints, the beauty 
of the Empyrean Heaven, &c. 2. The eare 
di'inkeup with infinite delight, the vocall harmo- 
ny of Halelu-jahs, Sec. But alfo audacioufly un- 
dertake to define without any good ground or 
found warrant, many particulars about the other 
fenfes, not without m.uch abfurdity, andunfpiri- 
tualneffe. But let it be fuificientforus, without 


©*F HEAVEN. 141 

fcarching beyond the bounds of fobricty^ro know * i" '^^.^ t""- 

for a cercaine that every fenfe fhall be filled with datioquxdani 

its fcvcrall {insularity and excellency of all pofli- mtfiahiiis bo- 

blc *- pleafure,and pcrfedion. & mcftnr Jii! 

Jiilccdmc fm" 
totof CDS Jnenarrab;li abandantia fatiabit. Quid dixi totoi ? Oculi, aures, aareSj os, 
manus,guttar,corcy, operitions and originall of 

^im omnes QUr OWnefouleS,(:J'^. In a word, all things* know- 
in hac vrti non ^U!^ 
Mtilitcr aiaant, *^*C» 
tama in futura 

Tita bonis cnt, ut eoram qn* fcirc volueriitt, nihil fit quod ijnorcnt. Bonuj enim 
perfcfti quae Dbu» eft fapientia rcplebitur, earnq, face ad ficicm imucbitur, 
«|aatndurn ita perfpexcrit, creatara? totius naturam vidcbit, qis in D E a mch* 
AS quam in feipfa conduit. Tunc ctemin juUi cunifla faciit quat D t v s fecit (ci- 
«ncla,tam caquas pixteriw, quani ca qu« poS.-Bodam fuac fiwura. jinfelm, de fi' 

Cumclediamiqiiospatrcsinillaaiterna hzrcdftitc viierint, eisincognftf pervifi- 
onem non erunt, quos ia opcre femper novenint. Quia cnim illic omncs communi 
claritate Db v M confpiciunt j quid eft, quod ibi nefcianc, uU fcientetn omniafci- 
unt !> Greg/DialtgLib.^.Cap.is- 

Neqjfola vilio Dfi i fanfiis hominibus in ccelo promittitur, f€detiam omnium 
Krum,quas fecit Devi. Hie quidem in terrisccrnimus per I'enfun videndi, folem, 
&lunam, &ftelias, & terras,& maria, Scfluaiina, & ani-nanna, &aibarc$, &; me- 
talla. Scd mens noftra nihil oiwuinbcernit ; i e. nullam fubftintiam crcitam peiftftj 
novit, non differencia$ elfentiales, non proprietatcs, non vires, ac ne animam quident 
fuam homo videtjfed more coecorum palpindo tffeCta, 8c difcurreudo per rationem 
aliquidcognitioaisacquirit. Quale ergogaudiumerit. cum mtelligsntia noftrarcvc- 
lata facie manifcftevidebitnaturas ommum reium, difF^rentias^ proprietates, virej? 
Et cum quanta exultationc obftupefcer, cum viJebit exercitum Angelorum innume- 
rabilem, auorsm nuUus cum alio m fpecic conveiiit, & diftcrenuas omnium & fin^n- 
loium pcrlpicHc intaebitur ? 7)e ittern Fxlicit Vh ? Cap.*. 

Whem»e fbufl i^titrt G o & m beaven,i»e fijaUin Hiial^naw the manner of theworli 
e^ Creation, the myjferiei »ftbe vxtrl^e oj owt KeJemption : jfea,fo muth f^o»leJge as a 
creature canpo^ibly conceive andeoinprehmdofthe Creator andHu worths , P.P. 

HoTvGovfbaa ^, Wc fl^ii be bcatifically illightned with a 
^eaven.'^^ *'* clcare and glorious fight of G o d Himfclfcwhich 

About which the Schoolcmcn audacioufly dif- 
courfing,fall upon ditfcring conccipts. 

I. Son^iefay, God lliall then be knowncby 
a 5/>^r/^rcprclcnting the divine EiTcnce: and by a 


Light dfglcry clev sting the iinderftanding by afu- 
pcrn-ituiall ftrergth. 

2. Others, 1 hat the divine Eflenccfhall be re- 
picfcnted to the glorified undcrftanding, not by a- 
ny 5/'^rw,bi;t immediately by itSelfe; yet they 
alfo require light ofghry to elevate and fortifie the 
underftandirg by rcafon of its weakenefTc, and in- 
finite difproportion and diftance from the incona- 
prehenfible Deity. 

J, Others hold, that to the clearc vifion of ^"^SS^a. 
God, there is not requiredai'^tf^/<?j reprefenting j.i. 
the divine EfTcnce, asthefirft fort fuppofe; nor 
any created light elevating the imderftanding, as 
the fecond fort think : but onely a change of the 
Baturall order of knowing. It is fuificient (fay 
they) that the divine Effence be immediately rc- 
prefcnted to a created undcrftanding. Which, 
thorgh it cannot be done according to the order of 
nature,as experience tels us : (For, we fo conceive 
things ; firft having pafled the fcnfe and imaginati- 
on.) Yet it may be done according to the order of 
divine gracc,^^. 

But it is fufficient for a fober man to kn©w, that 
k heaven wc (hall fee Jim fact to jasc. 


15 J fUHfraUKo^es 

FV :^C S%ALL 3\(^ TES 

Upon my Patron, Sir Augustine 

'/l/LD h^iil N 1 c o L L s Knighr, Judge of 

i^kwio^ ' tke C6mm$» Pleas, 

*hZ^^J' ^7 ^^^ ^^^^ ^ y°"^ ^^^^ leaves, I will bee bold 
mdtrlte!^ ^' ^* rrwke benefit of the inftant occafion, becaufe it 
is very (eafanably coincident with the Point'; And 
pj-cflfc frona that the praif^iceof this lart mortify- 
ing motive. Thcfcartificiall formes of fadnede, 
and complementall reprefentations of forrow in 
blacks, and mourning weeds, arc nothing for my 
purpofe: neitherdoldcfire to ftirucup or renew 
m my man thoughts of heavineffe, or griefe of 
heart, which hce might conceive and liourifli by 
reafon of fome particular intereft in the bounty, 
love, perfon, and worthy parts of the departed: 
mwy times men arctoo forwatd and overflowing 
in thofe tender offices, and laft demonftrations of 
naturall affe(aion. And therefore my counfell in 
fuch cafes is ; that wee fhould fhevv our felves 
Chriftiansr.and bythefacred rules of Religion 
ever prevent that unfeafonablcncffc and exceflfe, 
which many times with a fruitleffe torture doth 
tyrannize over thchopcleifc hearts of mcere natu- 
rall men. 
Ptthiikciofe; ThcPointthatl would principally prcfTc, and 
tobeiaidto ' pcrfwadc unto, is a Chri(Han and compafllionatc 
harr. takirg to heart ,the publike lofle,that every one of 

ns may upon thac ©ccafion bee truly humbled in 


upM fudge "t^icoMs, 15 j 

himftUe.and bctte. cd in his own foulc. And I tell 
you truejefpccially inthcfc timcs,this loiTc is great * 

He was a reverend and learned Judge, a Prince, /u/^he Nicoib 
andagreatMan inlfrael: nay arGod upon earth, p^aff- . 
for fo are Judges ftiled by the Spirit of G o D,Pfal. a'e/fiom'' % 
S 2.^. Though he be departed this life like a man, o-wne cename 
and fallen as one of the Princes. J;;;;/* ' ^^ 

Butthele are nothing y they arc but bare titles in /imoiy ahevz 
refptdofany true worth. excepthn. t 

He was really remarkable, afid renowned for ^^^oii^ich/ 
very fpeciall judiciary endowments,and fufficien- th-ni^eminmy 
cies; and thofe sided and attended with many wor- '^J^^'J""^^ '/ ^'^ 
thy additions of morality, and fubordinate abili- ofhupoj'ejjiom. 

lies. Asfirft, Itmayb^eafe- 

1 . Such calmneffc in his afFcdions, and modera- ^f; J^^^'^;^* 
tionof his pa{fions(as I never faw)cven in his ordi- things fomz- 
narycariagc. He might have been amirrour(mc *^^"g p^jfio- 
thinks)in this point even amongft the exadeft Mo- ^uZTtbe i^e!^ 
ralifts. And they fay, that appeared moft eminent- Mediramn m 
ly in his publike pafTages and executions ofjuftice. ^'^■^"'^ 
And how needfull a virtue this is to a Judiciall 
PlacCjthofc may bcft conceive, who either feele, 

or but confider what a cruell and intolerable thing 
it is for an ingenuous man to ftand before a ]udgc> 
who is pre>udicately and paflionatelytran {ported 
with anger, malice, or hatred againft the party to 
befcntcnccd. p^,^. 

2. Patience to hearethe bafcft, both parties > all hzlring caujip, 
diey could fay. And unwillingneflfe to lend his care 

to the one,without the o^ers prcfcncc. 

5. A greatand happy memory. tisppy mmsty.: 

4* Singular fagacity in fearching and diving in- ^^i<i^'iy» 



Tuner d. Notes 

tothc fee retcft and utmoft circumftancesCfofar « 
was poiUble) of the caiifes thj?t came before him, 
th.1t he might give the more righteous judgemenc 
TitifvinefeiH 5« A mai-vcllous tendcrneire, and pitifull cx- 
thvciu/e of adnefle in his inquifitions after bloud. Holding, 
"" ontheonefide, the hfe of a man very precious: 

and ycr, on the other fide, perfvvaded of the truth 
and tcrrour of that place, Numb,^ 5^3 3 . For hlotid, 
that de filet h the land, and the land cannot be clean fed of 
the blotuithat isjhed therein, hut hy the bloudof him 
that fj}edit. But yet allthcfe, \vhatfoevcr you ap- 
prehend, in my conceipt had not beene much 
worth, tliough good in their owne nature ; nei- 
ther (to tell you true) fliould I have fo much as 
nam'd them, had they not beene aided (as it were) 
and managed with three other moft noble and nc- 
ceflary vertues, efpecially in thcfc times, which 
adimcd them (as it were) and gave them their life 
and luftre. 
Love of inte- I . A lo vc to integrity, the right and truth in all 
grity. hisjudiciallcourfes,which (foranythingi know, 

or could ever heare) no man living upon juft 
ground can or will contradi(5l. 
•Deteffatmof 2. Withaconftant and refolutc hcart-rifing a- 
hrHieTy gainft bribery and corruption ; the curfed banc of 

all goodneffe, honefty, and good confcience, 
wherefoe'er it comes. And to this, that high 
place he worthily held about the Prince, can give 
royall atteftation : where hec qualified fees to his 
owne lofTe; and protefted his refolution, and all 
pofifible oppofition to all offers for offices, with 
thisreafon; hee would have them come in clcarc- 


ufon T/iJgg Y>lico\ls» 155 

handcdjthatthcy might deale honcftly in their pla- 
ces. And his owne followers, to whom hce gave 
a chai ge at his firft entrance to a j udiciall place^that 
they fliould not meddle, nor make any motions to 
him, that hemight be fecur'd from all appearance 
of corruption. And,asl am credibly inform'd,his 
ordinary reading of great letters, and rejc(5tion of 
gratuities after judgement given. 

3. With a noble and unfhaken refolution, and op^ofnbn a- 
mighty oppofitionof Popery: and that without iZthfr^lT^ 
rcfpe^ or feare of any greatnefTe, as wee have evi- iuptms, 
dent demonftration. Now of this wee need no 
further teftimony (though there be very pregnant 
and plentiful! befides) than the prefcnt triumph 
of thePapifts; and barbarous infultaticns of that /, y . 
bloudy andmarderousgeneradon. Andefpecial- ou^^^^-^^--^^' 
ly in yonder Countrey of Lancafliire, and thofe 
Northerne Parts ; where hee fliooke the pillars of 
Popery more vaUantly and fuccefTefully^ than any 
thcfe many yeares. Officers in thofe Parts ob- 
ferv'd, that in his two orthree yeares, hce convi- 
^ed, confin'd, and cdnform'd moc Papifts thc^^n 
were in twenty yeares before. And that laft 
charge he gave at Lancafier in his laft Circuit but 
one,(for I meddle not with the laft of all) for law- 
learning, earntftnefTc and excellency againft Po- 
pery, prophanenefte, non-refidcncy, and other 
corruptions of the times, and for the extraordina- 
ry heaitning and encouraging all good men and Eneouraging 
godly Minifters was fuch, that lam perfwacled, go^'yMmi/im, 
it will beremembred with dcarencfte and love, 
while any honcft man that heard i c or heard of it,^ 


ij^ FumctaII N&tes 

is alive in thofe Parts. To go no further then: and 
this I now fay, I fpcakc of him as he was grovvne 
in his htter time j and ouc of hope he would have 
continued: and Ifpcake it alfo in compailion of 
mincownecountrcy; which I know by coo good 
cxperiencchow piiitiiUy ithes bleeding undcrthe 
infolency of Papifts, and multitude of Priefts : and 
then I fay, the redemption of the life of fuch a 
Judge;in fuch times as we livc,for the good of fuch 
a country,if we go no fuirher, if that had confi ■ cd 
with Gods pleafure, had becne worth a Kings 
ranfonie. ^ 

""S^'°"^"* ^ ^^y ^^^ things thus together upon purpofc 
" '^'^ ' to aggravate the lo&, that a compailionat e confi- 

deration ofthegreatneffe thereof in thofe refpcdts 
Ihavetoldyou, may be as powerful I in begetting 
a godly and profitable forrow and taking ic to 
h^'ait in all truly religious and loyall hearts: as-I 
know rcjoycing in his fall will create in the in- 
folcnt fpirits of the enemies to God and the 
King, (I mcane the Papifts) barbarous infultations 
and triumph. I am pcrfwaded, if we getasmuch* 
humiliation out of the fenfe of a true lofle, as the 
Papiftshardning and obduration by apprehenfioa 
of their imaginary gaiae, we (Irall make a good ufc 
of his death. lam a little more earneft, becaufcl 
perceive the Papifts begin already to calumniate 
and (lander, 
Lo/e 0/ txcd' Here is yet another Point of profitable confidc- 
knt men apre- vationfrom the prefent occafion. When any wor* 
jtSilera.'"^ thy man in a S rate, efpecial ly who tikes a faithfull 
difchargeof his place, and the publike good to 


upim Judge Nicolls . 1 5 7 

heart, is cut off by the hand of G o d ; itis in a 
Chriftian jcaloufie, and out of fpirituall wifdomc 
to beholden as a prcfage of fome more fcarefull 
gcncrall judgement to fuccccd. I have my ground, 
//i.3. i,2,3,&c. And therefore my counfell is, 
and intheprefent cafe for one, when any good 
Patriot which in fome high place like a ftrong . 
Pillar oppofes the corruptions and Popery of the 
-times: or any faitl^ifull Paftour, which by his pray- 
ers (like zc^ofes) ftands in the gap againft the in- 
dignation of G o D, is taken away 5 that we take 
it to heaiT, as a CMemento, to make our felves rea- 
dy againft an evill day. And to tell you ray mind, 
I am much afraid fome heavy thing is preparing 
for us, our finnes are growne to fuch a height. I 
am no Prophet, northc.fonne of a Prophet ^ yet 
out of a comparative contemplation of G o d s 
proceeding with his owne people in all former 
ages, I cannot but concurre with the judgement of 
a great Dodor delivered in an high place: The /^^^>^pag*«> 
finncs of this Land arc come to that elevationjthat nJjinne'svf 
there is fcarcc left any roome for the mercy of tha lani 
God tohelpc us.They are even full ripe for His 
revenging Hand. Tohisfoure reafons I add two 
moye : his arc taken, i. From the greatnefTc and 
crying of the ftnncs, which are very horrible 5 
Athcifmc,whoredome, Sodomy, bloud-flied, op- 
preffion, fuyes he; I add pride, drunkennelfe, u- 
fury,5dc. 2. From the generality of them. AH* 
forts arc wrapt in them. 3. From their impu- 
dency 5 with brazen browes, and whorifli fore- 
heads they out-face the Suru 4. From their i:n- 



Funerall Nctes 

WonhiiS tA^ea 

theymni Lord 

patiency of admonition and reformation : they 
growfo upon us, that all the Pulpits in England 
cannot beat them downe. Adda 5^ from 2 Cfjre;t. 
36.1 f'. And a 6^ from ifi-S- 1,2,^. &feq. I 
meanethe dropping away of many worthy men; 
and few take it to heart, or confidcr that they arc 
taken away from the evill to come. Wc have loft 
many a godly man within this few yearcs. The 
Princes Court was not many yeares fincc dif- 
rob'd and bereft of one of the nobleft men that c- 
vcr trod upon Engl i ill mould, be (Ides other noble 
ornaments, his eminency of grace made him fo. 
For, Chriftian Nobility is beft and trueft, where 
God Himfelfe is topofthckin, and Religion the 
root ; in regard whereof all the refl (I meane that 
of riches,birth,lcarning, or morality) are but (ha- 
dowcs andfliapcsof nobleneflc. And the other 
yeare, a very worthy 'Doctor, and triumphant 
Champion againft the Giants of Rowe. Againfl: 
whom they have fincc fentout an illiterate libell, 
cal'd^Whitc dy'd Black; fit for the foule and black 
mouthes of fuch railing R/tb(ljAk:hs, And now of 
luJge Nicollj, late, to fay no more, of a Chanccllour of rare and 
remarkable integrity in his Place. I have not yec 
done, and yet the time is done: onely a' word or 
two therefore, and fo I'lc make an end. 

And yet let no man think, that lam come hi- 

Either iofinooth andmollificany faults or 

FauHs mt to he 


frailties ; any fils or infirmities ; any perfonall 
finnesor imperfe(5tions that might be in this great 
Man. I dare not go about to cover them 3 that's 


H^on ludgt Nicolls. 


not my office i I kave that to the precious bloiid of 
the Son of Go d, and tender-hearted mercies of 
our gracious Father. I would rather in this point- - 
advifeo-rcat men to walkc warily. For,their great- 
• ncfle makes their fins greatcr,and their mightinefTc 
will make them mightily tormented, except they 
ftand conftantly on G o d s fide. Height of Place 
ever adds two wings unto fin : Example and Scan- 
dall s whereby itfoares higher,and flies much fur- 
ther.^ Ifthc Sun bcecclips'dandobfcur'd; athou- 
fand cyesgaze upon it : a Icfo Starre may be dark- 
ned,and no -.nan take notice. 

2. Ortofaftenuponhimanyfalfepraifesina lf/X%, 
flattering funeral IPanegy rick. I darcnot dawbc nt^^^anyj 
foraworidofgold. Himfelfeabhor'dthatj And 
not long before his laftfickneffe complained much 
acainft flattery, as a j^ricvous iniquity of the times. 
^3. Grtomakeafolemneand foimall narration ^r.'^J^r 
of all his noble commendable parts. When I un- t\>% iivi»g. 
dcitookc this bufinelTe firft, I ftudied onely, and 
bethought my fclfe,how I might fpcake m.oft pro- 
fitakly , and make the beft ufe ofthe prefcnt occa- 
fion to my living Auditors. And had I not found 
pregnant matter for th^t purpofe, I had not beene 
here this day. And therefore for conclufion, and 
as the laft and beft fervicc I can now doe unto hira> 
to whom I owed as much as any man alive : I will 
labour from the occafion to workc fomc heavenly 
good (if Go D fo pleafe) upon the hearts, prc- 
fcntcd here this day as n felecf^cd and choice num- 
ber of his worthieft and dearcft friends. And to 
this end give mc leave to fingle out, and propofc 

° f0£ 


Funerall Notes 

mte^r'tty in 
difpofing EC- 

Keftiitttion to 
the Ckurcb. 

for imitation^ fome worthy and noble parts of hisr 
and only tliofe which I conceive may be moft fea- 
fonable and fucablc ro the exigency of my Audito- 
ry. Ajid I mud alfo crave the aid of your loves unro 
him,& thofe foftned thoughts of mortality which 
are wont to attend thefe timesjthat I may convcigh 
and commend them to your liking and pradice- 
with more fucceffc and ftronger imprellion. 
And the firft I fliall commend unto you,is, 
I . His {ingiilar integrity and honourable pur- 
pofe in difpofing thofc Ecclefiafticall Livings he 
hadin his power. And in this Point I my iclfc C2X\ 
fay more than any, who tafted decplieft of his 
worthy dealing this way. When I never fought 
after, asitis famouflyknowne, nor thought up- 
on any fuch thing, he fcnt fbi'me, and bcftowed 
that which I prefently enjoy moft freely. Which, 
though every Patron ought proportionably to 
doe, yet the horrible corruptions abroad m' the 
world in fuch cafes, doe (as it were) by akind of 
Antipeiiftafis make a duty atranfccndent vercue. 
And this was. not all. Though incrochments iip- 
on the Church belike the breathes of the fef 5 a 
thoufand to one never retume : yet did he reftore 
to a farthing all that which had a long time beenc 
dctain'd from the Church 5 and parted with- it 
raoft freely; though hee had as much wit and 
.power as any other to have continued it fo, if, 
he had plcas'd. And I faid Ecclcfiafticall Livings, 
though I inftance but in ones bccaufe I partly 
knew hispurpofe for the reft. For, he gave mc 
hiiufclfe this mcflage to as worthy and reverend a 


rfon ntf Patron. 16 1 

man, as I know unprefcr'd in this Land 5 that if he 
would come unto him, he would give him the 
firftthat fell; and for no other reafon in the 
world, but bccaufe he heard he was a reverend and 
worthy man. Now lay thefe things to the pra- smonieaS^ra^ 
dice ofthe times, wherein there is fuch finfull and ^^fi^' 
Simonicall packing together, compacfling, fecret 
covenanting with the party or friends for prefenc 
money, orafer gratifications: fome part of the 
tithes, or hisowne muft be referv'd to the Patron, 
or he muft be the Farmer at his owne price 5 or 
pin a wife upon the fleeve of the Parfon, as they 
contemptuoudy Fpeake, (a bafe alfo and unworthy 
refpecf^) or the like fuch wretched combinations 
to helpe one another towards Hell : my difac- 
quaintance muft cxcufe my ignorance in the 
tcarmes: andthentellme if this was not a noble 
part in him worthy the imitation of the beft. J am 
perfwaded in this Poinr,he might be a patterne not 
onelytoallhereprefcntwhomit might concerne, 
(though ] look uponthe faces of fome who have 
d^" alfo very nobly this way) but to all the Pa- 
troR inEHGLAND. Be pleas'd then you that ^^« '«;^'c/« 
lov'd him to tread in his fteps herein 5 and the ra- "■' ' 
ther becaufeyour unconfcionablenefle in fo high 
and important a point forthe glory of G o d, and 
the good of the Church, may not only bring upon 
your owne heads, your houfesand pofterity, the 
curfeof G o n in the mcane time: but alfo a 
company of poorc foules caft away by reafon of 
your corruption, againftyou at that laftand great 
day : who will then cry o!ic upon yoy before the 

M face 

j^j FunerallJ^etes 

face of God, Angels and men; that you were 
the men who for a httle bloudy gaine pur upon 
them an ignorant, idle difToIuce, non-rcfidenr^ or 
fome way unfaithfull Minifter; (For, it is too com- 
mon, that thofe who enter corruptly , deaJc iincon- 
fcionably in their places) whereby they mufl now 
perifh everlaftingly j whereas if you had been ho- 
ned and uncorrupt, there had been hope they might 
have liv'd in the endltfTc joyes of Heaven. And 
what a vexing cry in the cares of all facrilegious 
Church-robbers 'iVill that be of a damned wretch 
in hell ; when he fhall complaine everlaftingly, 
that his foule had been fav'd,if fuch a man had not 
been SymoniacalL 
^JavdkVth 2- Wis forbearing fravell upon the Sabbath in 
i^R D 4 day. his Circuit. Whereby he wan a great dealc of ho- 
iK)ur to his name over all this Kingdome 3 pre- 
vailed in the fame with others of his owne reve- 
rend ranke ; and by his example (as hath bccRc ob- 
ferv*d) wan much encouragemcntjincreafe and re- 
gard to Religion in thofe Countries thorow which 
he paft. I would I might fo much prevail^irh 
you, as that upon this occafion you would b^on- 
tenttotakcneerer to heart a more holy and hca- 
cw/cietice in vcnly fpcndiflg of the Lo R D s Day. Not onc- 
^L^'Xfd!^' ly in forbearing fin, the workes of your calling, 
idlcncllcjvaincfports; this k but onely flying c- 
vill, and privative good; butalfoto ply with con- 
fcicncc and reverence all G o d s holy Ordinan- 
ces > prayer, reading, finging of Pfalmes publike^ 
ly and privately; the Word preached fpccially, 
<onfer€nce, meditation) and the like: and to feed 


upm Jud^e Nicols. i«5? 

and fatis fie your prepared and hungry foulcs with 
all that fweetnefre,comfort5and fpirituall ftrength ; 
which they arc wont to convcigh into humble 
hearts upon Go d $ holy Days ^his alfois doing 
of good and pofitive pictie. For, a thoufand to 
one, a conftant keeper of the Sabbath is found- 
hearted towards G ^ d : and as great odds, a com- 
mon Sabbath-breaker (howfoever he may de- 
ceive his owne heart ) is intruth and triall a ftran' 
ger to the power of grace, and life ofgodli- 

3. His patient yeelding, and fubmififion to pri- suimifmto 
vate admonition. A vertue, ordinarily as farre out ^]IJ^^' '"^**' 
with great menjas flattery is familiar. Yet in him 
foasltell you. Something there was, to which 
hisprivateaffc;5tion was very much endear'd ; and 
his reputation thereabout in the refpc^ of the 
world was alfo entangled in forae more publike 
engagement. And yet when I in zeale ^nd love to 
his foule and falvation, prefl upon him in private 
as a Miniftcr of G o d , and in the humbleft manner 
I c<|jid, tendering myreafons againfl his refoluti- 
on 5 after he had well thought upon*t, it never 
went further, all was dafht for ever. Yet let me 
tell you, he had formerly given me encourage- 
menthereuntoi intreating me once in private, to 
deale plainly with him. And now I am griev*d at 
heart, I did not more in this kind. Now I would 
toGoD, you would imitate him in this alfo j 
cfpecially you that are great ones. Alas! You'lc 
give the Phyfitian leave to tell yon* the difeafes of 
your body 5 the Lawyer to (liew you any flaw 

M 2 that 

^^ VfOfimyV^ttotL 

" that is in your ftate: your Horfc keeper to tcU 

you the furfits of your horfc: ray, your Huntf- 
manthe furranccs of your dogs : and fliall onely 
the Miniftcr of G o d not tell you your foules are 
bleeding to everlafting death i Now God 
H'.uflrym ^. His taking hls high placcto heart. Imeanc 

Sr^r'^''"^"' his extraordinary induftry and indefatigableneffe 
in his judiciary imployments. His paiaefulncfle 
this way waswondcrfullcve-^ after his lal\ ficke- 
neffe had feaz'd upon him. If I fhould report un- 
to you the particulars from eye witneflfes, you 
would n)arvell. And I rathernamcand commend 
this unto you, becaufe the contrary is caufc of 
great mifery in a Common- wealth. Oh it is la- 
mentable, when men mount into high roomes on- 
ly in a bravery, and vanity, and defire to be ad- 
or'd above others: or follow the execution of 
. r their places, and adminiftration of juftice, only 
l^u^n[b-^h as a Trade, withan unquenchable and unconfcio- 
^i^esforgaine nablethirft of gainc; which juilifies the common 
refemblance ofrhc Courts of Juftice to the B|^ij 
whereunto, while the fheep flyes for defence in 
weather, he is fure to lofe part of his fleece : when 
cunning heads hunt after greatneffe and promoti- 
■ on, purpofely to execute the lufts of their owne 
hearts, and attaine their own. ends. Oh! this is 
the curfe and cut-throat ot worthy States : the 
bane and breake-ncck of all honeft government. 
Formalities ofjuftice without a reall care and con- 
fciencetO'fearch the truth, and deale uprightly, 
dobutfervetofmotherinnocency and right: and 


uf$n Judgt Nicolls. 1^5 

that which was neceffarily ordain'd for the com- 
mon good, is through fhamcfuU abufc made the 
caufe of common mHery. J would all the Magi- 
ftrites in the Countrey were my hearers in this 
Point; I would hence intreat them with all ear- 
neftncflc and contention of Spirit, as they love ci- 
ther G o D or their Countrey ; that they would 
with all noblcnefTe of a free fpirir, and clearehefle 
©fagoodconfcicnce, take their Places of Juflice 
tohcrait; be adive, confcionablc, rcfolute^ not 
onely formall and cyphers ; hunters after praift 
and plaufiblenclTej that they would abominate 
even all appearance of bribery and partiality to 
the pit of hell : that they would not be angry with 
us when we preflc and perfwade theiji to found 
courfes againft the Papifts, and dejection of Ale- 
houfes )Upon which point His royall Majefty, lan^ 
the worthy Judges fo much beat 5 and when all's * 

faid, are the finkes and fources of all villanyj&c. 
otherwife, howfoevcr they may pleafc thcm- 
felves with the common applaufc : it were 
better the Common- wealth had never kn®wnc 
them. ' 

5. His refoluteftelTc againft rifingby corrupti- Mvaneement 
on and bribery. Whereupon (a$ I have heard) nfUhm bribery 
when he was firft prefented to that place of ho- 
nour about the Prince, it pleafed our gracious So- 
veraigne toftilehim the Judge which would give 
no money. A bleffed thing it were, were this 
heart in all. Then {hould we not have vines, olive- 
trees, and figge trees wkhcr away ia ol^fcurity, 
and brambles brave it abroad in the worlds We 

M 3 fhould 

«- I 

i66 Fu/teraU Nttfs,(i'c, 

ihouldnothavefcrvancsby infinuation and bribe- 
ry clioic onHorfe-backjWhcn Princes like fervants 
"walkc upon theground. And this worthy Part ia 
H' m, was a very convenient Companion, and nc- 
ceiTary Confcquent as that was of the former. For 
He never belecve,that a man which purpofes from 
his H[eart to.be fuchfjll in a publicke Charge^will 
ever be very forward inan ambitious purfuic of it. 
The illiminationof Nature taught the heathens Co; 
and thcifore they coademne it by a law Je ambitu. 
Hunting after one hie roome evea morally is moft 
unworthy a Maa of honour and worth, and Hec 
cannot better ex prefTe His infufficiency,and weak- 
neflfc of Spirit, who is tranfported with an impo- 
tent and impatient Humour this way. But now if 
to this ambitious bafeneflc there bee an addition of 
bribery, it makes the matter a great dealc more 
* vile, and difhonourable.Of thishatcfuU Merchan- 

dizing,befides other infamies and iniquitics,which 
mingle with it,it is commonly faid,That He which 
liveth in grofle/cUeth by retailc. And therefore if 
a Man would continue truly Noble and Wor- 
thy, comfortable in His confcience,and faithful! in 
His Place, if Hcbcadvanc't, ht him either rife 
fairely, orctfethankeGo D,and be content with 
His prcfent ftation. 
t^fjuhlr4> 6. An cafinefTe of acceflfc, affableneflTe of car- 
%iiy, riagc: A faire,,loving, kind deportment towards 

all. J never fa w a man of fuch worth and great- 
neflc lookc more mildly upon a raeane Man in my 
life. And yet with fo grave a prefencejthat ncithcf 
the wchori^ of his Perfon^ nor due attributions 

ufon Judge Nicols . 1 6j 

to His Place rccciv'd any difparagcment or diminu- 
tion. I omit not even this, becaife even in this alfo 
He might have beene a notable Precedent to talcc 
downe the haughty imperious carriage of many a^ 
broad in the world of tarre more inferiowr Worth 
and Ignoble birth. For amongft all the degenera- g^c «<»):/ •% 
tions of our gentility \ (I fpeakc not of all, we have ad £acm* 
many truly fo called and woithy Gentkmcn)from 
that true NoblcnciTe and Ancient Worth, which 
dwelt formerly in the Gentle brefts of Englifh 
Nobles, this is not the leaft ; That they thinke to 
beare downe all before them with an artificiall ^f- 
fcded impetuoufneffe, as it were of Countenance j 
a difdainefuU negled and contemptuoufncs in their 
Carriage, with a kind of outbraving and brow-bea- 
ting of their Bretheren, As though brave Apparell 
andabiglooke were demonftrations of a Noble 
Spirit, whereas very often they only guild over a 
worthlcfle, weake and gracelcs Infide. As amongft 
Profeffors of Religion, Hee's the bcft Chriftian, 
which is moft humble : fo in the Schoole of Mora- 
lity hec hath beene holden the trueft Gentleman, 
which is moft courteous. 

7. Hishappineffcin having Religious Follow- ReUgiout m-^ 
crs. Follow Him alfo in this. Heetaftedthe f^i^'inu- 
fruit of it in his laft extremities; Forbeingcaftby 
Gods Providence upon that Place in the Country 
where He had not fuchmcanes, and oppomnities 
for thofc laft comfortable Spiritual! Afi'ftances, 
which a dying man would aefirc : They were 
both ablcand did pray with Him to the Occafion, 
and prcfent necdTities^whercwithhc fceaicd to be 

M 4 much 

1^8 Ftmerall Nous^(^c, 

muchaffcded,and fpoke feafonably unto Him out 
of the Bookc of G o D. Whereupon ] muft tell 
you 5 (Let as many prophanc fcorncfull Spirits 
gybe orgnaih the Teeth at it, aswill) Thofe Fol- 
lowers of His whofoever they vverc,call them Pu- 
ritanes,or what you will 5 Howfoever they might 
miffe in fome complcmcntall circumftances, by 
reafon of thofe amazements and griefc which fate 
fte/li upon their Heaits for the lofTe of their fo No- 
ble a Lord, yet they did Him in thofe laft Agonies 
more true fervice and Honour then all the fwaggc- 
ring Good-fellow Serving men will doe their Ma- 
ilers unto the worlds end : Let them follow you, 
as long as you will, 
tioveofpmer- ^' ^ right conceit and commendation of pro- 
fuupnathing, fitable and confcionable Sermons. He hath beene 
often heard of late times reply thus or in this fence 
to contradi<5lions : ] cannot tell, faies He, what 
you call Puritanicall Sermons 5 they come ncercft 
to my Confciencc, and doe Mee the moft good. 
This ofall the reft, I had purpos'd to have prcft 
moft upon you. If you were but thus aflfeded, ta 
fay theleaft ; you would begin to looke towarils 
Heaven.But J have already trefpaft too much upon 
your Patience. And therefore I conclude this 
Point with that of PW, fhil./\ s 8 . Fm^U'j , Ixt* 





yj o'.-J mnr' 




LE3\(T' Assises^ ^Jnno 

At J\(9rthampton^ before Sir 



H« Majefiies luflkes of A^i[e,&c* 
TEXT. iCoii.Chap.I.Ver.25. 
Far Brethren, you feeyeur calling, hew not mAny 
wife men After thefleflh ftPf many mighty, not many 
noble are called, 

H E blefTed Apoftle Saint rbc coimne*, 
Paul pcrceivingjthat his prea- 
ching, and plantation of the 
Gofpcllof C H R I s T recei- 
ved ftrong and mighty oppo- 
{itionintheCityofCm>?^/',d corinti itfctv- 
Ufancious Marc Towne, feared ^^^ 
bctwccnctwo Scas^thcifij^^^wand lmm,^A£o fit 


lyo A SERMON. 

for commerce with otha* Nations, full of wealth, 
knowledge, gloiy and the reft of caithly excel- 
lencies, labours in this Chapter to abafe, and di- 
(honour the pride, and vanity of all humane great- 
nelTe, and to advance the ncgle»^ed Myftery of 
his Heavenly Do<^rine,and the glorious power of 
downe-riehc preaching, which the great men a- 
mongft them efteemed fooliflineffe, yet indeed 
fuch as by which the Lord of Heaven and 
Earth favcth thofe thacbeleeve. And hee fo farrc 
acquaints them with the counfellofGo d in the 
point : that he gives them to underftand that upon 
the m atter,whereas thnoble, the mighty ^and wifi^ 
after the fie flu with all the bravery and fclfe-confi- 
dencc vanifh and pcrifli : Meaner men of lower 
ranke,and more contemptible are converted. In 
the words I read unto you hee appealcs to their 
owne experience in the point,and bids them lookc 
about,and view well, the workc of the Miniftcry 
araongft them, furvcy, and fearch throughly that 

foodly flourifhingbody of the Church, which he 
ad there created, and colleded by his eightecne 
months prefence, and paines : and they fhall finde, 
that not many wife nfttr theflefh, nor mighty, nor m- 
hie, gave their names unto Christ, or be- 
came profeflbrs of the Gofpell. Butthe fbolifh, 
and weake things of the world carry all away in 
matter of falvation, and entertainemcnt of 
C H R I ST. He renders two Reafonsinthe Uer- 
fes following : i. That the wife men of the 
wo rid may be confounded : 2, And that God 
himfclfcblcffcdfor ever may have all the glory 


A SERMON. ' ^ 171 

The words then being plainer Npt tnany mfe mat 

dfter theflefh , mt many mighty , mt m4Jiy mble arc^ 

sdUedy I build dirc(aiy, and naturally this point 

«pon them: Fev;> greai men goe to BtAven : Or "DoUr'tne, 

thus. Gnat men are feldemt good, I here under- %"*^'^^l ^^'' 

ftand grcatncffe according to the world ; In re- "^^'^ 

fpea I . Of exGcllent learning. 2. Worldly weakh ^^^^^'^'^ ^'"^' 

and height of place. Both make mighty, nay many " 

limes gold is the more powerfull commander. 

5. Worldly honour and nobiUty, 4. Worldly 


GreatncfTe in any of thefe kinds is rarely accom- 
panied with goodnefle/ew fuch great men as thefe 
arc called, converted or ever come to heaven. J fay 
Few : for I find Divines, both Ancient, and Mo- ' i" Loc. 
dernc upon this Text, to make iV(?rw4»y, and Fet^ n^^'tpkuTs 
cquivolent : * PrimaJius,andxyif9felme,C4lvipj and damnantw .- 

f>ifc4tOI^^ ita nee omnci, 

•' qui e vul^o 

fnnt.falvantur. Scd qui agnitionc fuar inrfignitatis humiliantur, reverentcrfc fubj'iciunt 
vcrbOjdcChnftummEvaugelioamplcauncur; Hi r<lwntur, five fint ex pnmoribus, 
five ex vulgi faecc.Sed lUud fieri in plunbiis ex vulgOain paiicioribus verb cxfapientibuil 
Chriftns af!irmat. * 

For proofe of the point : 

Firft by Scripture :Looke upon fuch places as 

I. (^'tatth', 11.25, 16, i^t that time J e s v s '^^^ «»»m«. 
MMfvereJ, andfdd, I thanke thee o Father, Lord **^*"''*''' 
ofheaven and earthy hecaiifetho'A haft htd thefe tkngs 
ftim the mfe oftdfrtde: t, and haft revealedthem unto 
labes. Evenfr, Fathr,firfi ti ftemei'geod in thy 
fight- Christ who knew full well the bo- 
fome of his Father, calti i_^ Wis eye ferioufly upoa 
the condition of his followers, and fruit of his 


172 A SERMON. 

Miniftcry ; and feeing the Scribes, Pharifecs, and 
great ones of the world,n6t onely not entcrtainc, 
and countenance, but out of their proud and pro- 
phane malice difdaine, and eontemne rheglorious 
Gofpell, and divine Meilages he brought from 
Heaven ; and a company ofpqore fifhcrmen, and 
fome few other neglcded underlings with an holy 
violence lay hold upon his Kingdome : He brake 
out into this thankful! acknowledgement and ad- 
niiration. Ithmkethee^ Fat her , Lord of BeA- 
, vcn and earthy bee mfe thou hafi hidthefe things frtm 
the wife and f rude Jit ^arid revealed them to babes : And 
then afccnds to the wdl-head, and firft moover of 
all his Dealings withj and differences amongft the 
Sons of men j the facredand unfearchable depth 
of this ivJhidct BerJeplacitum, the goodfleafure of his 
mil : Even fo Father, for fo it feemed good in thy 
fight. In an humble adoration of the infcrutable, 
and immutable courfes whereof we muft finally, 
and fully reft with infinite fatisfadion, filenccd 
from any further fearch,and carnall curiofities, by' 
that awful I checke, and countermaund of Paul .• 
Ilom.9.20. Nay but C^ian^ vfho art thou that ref lie f againfl 
GOD? Flefh and bloud hath in alj ages grumbled 
and repin'djkickt and cavil'd aboutthis point 5 but 
ever at length by meafuring.this deepcft Myfteric 
by the line of humane reafon, and labouring to fa* 
thomethisbottomeleflcfea by the pride of their 
owne wits, they have become wretched oppofers 
of the grace of G o d , We behold the Sun, and 
enjoy die light> as long as we look towards it but 
tenderly, and circumlpcdly : Wee warme our 


A SERMON. 173 

felves fafely, while we ftand necre the fire.Butifwc 
fccke to outf ice the one, or enter into the other, we 
fonhwith become blinde, or burnt. It is propor- 
tionably in the prefent point. 

Heere by the v^ay from our Saviours words Grumble not at 
wee may extiaa: a foveraigne Antidote againft ^^f^'J/^^^J^ 
thofe temptations, and difcontcnted leafonings 
which are wont to arife in our hearts fometimes, 
when we fee thofe great ones of the world, who 
looke fo big^and carrie their heads fo high, not 
onely to carry all before them, to wallow, and 
tumble themfelves with all bravery and ap- 
plaufe in the glory, wealth, andpleafurc of the 
world , to fwimme downe the current of the times 
with full faile, and profperous winde, though ma- 
ny times againft the fecret murmur, and counter- 
blafts even of their owneConfciences. In a word, 
inthefe worft times to have what they lift, and doe 
what they will : but alfo lay about them with the 
fift of wickcdneflfe, and fcourge of tongues, to 
trample if it were poflfible the Jambes of 
Christ even into the duft, with the feete of 
malice and pride, by a plaufible tyranny, and aide 
ofthe times iniquity to keepe them downe ftilJ, 
and ftill in difgrace : hunting them continually 
with cruelty and hate like a Partridge in the 
mountaines, as the Pharifecs did C h r i s t : I 
fay when we fee this, let us never be troubled and 
take offence : let us never be grieved or grow dif- 
content or out of heart. But pitty them, pray for 
them, and poflelTe our owne foules in patience, and 
peace. And after the preccdcncie of our bleffed l^J/'' ^''^' 




love to thee. 

lohn 7^.47,48. 
Zxttmple of 
^reat ones 
dra»ei ma'y 

Mat.7. 29w 
Luk.4. 38. 

Saviour, goe in private, and fay : / thanke thec^ 
O Father, Lord of Heaven and earth j becaufe thou 
hafi revealed zhcWiydcrks of Christ, and fc- 
cretsofthe faving way to mc a poore wretch, 
and wormc, trodcn under foot as an object of 
fcorne, and contemptible out-cafl, and haft hi^i 
them from the rvrfe, and the noi/le^ and the mighty .♦ 
from the boy fterous Nimreds, and proud Giants of 
the world. Even fo Father,forfo it feemed good in 
thj fight. And there ftaying a while, ever magni- 
fie, admire and adore with lowlieft, humbleft and 
moft thankeflill thoughts that deareft and drcad- 
fuU Depth of G o D s free and incomprchenfibic 
love which made thee to dijfer. Which is as it were 
the firft ring of that golden chaine, Rom,S> 2p, 30. 
which reacheth from evcrlafting to cverlaftin'g, 
and gives being, life, and motion to all the mcanes 
that make us eternally blefled. Out of the rich, 
and boundleflctreafury whereof, came that inefti- 
mable Jewell Jesvs Christ bleffed for c- 
vcr, and by confequent, all thofe Heavenly happi- 
nefles which crowne the glorified Saints through 
all eternity. For Jo God loved the world j thathc^ 
gave his onely begotten Sonne, that rvhofoevcr heleeveth 
in him Jhould not ferifl), bt4t have e^erlafitng lifc^y 
Toh.^, 16. 

2. lohnj.^j,^^. Are yeealfo deceived^ hare 
any of the Rulers, or Pharifees belecvedon himf 
Here the chiefe Priefts and Pharifees boyling 
with much envie and indignation aeainft 
C H R I s T s preaching, ( for he prczchcd tvith 
fower^ Mid mt ai the Scribes) And becaufe the peo- 

A SERMON. 175 

pkfo flocked after him, (for there followed him ^^'^''^^' 
great multitudes of people ) had Cent oi'ficers to 
apprehend him, and bring him before them. 
Who when they came to him, and heard him 
preach , they were fo ftrucke and aftonifhed with 
the moft piercing Majeftie of his Minifterie, that 
they had no power to lay hands or hold upon him 
at all. Upon their returne, thefe great men ga^ 
thcred together in counfell againft him; like fo 
many morning Wolves thirfting eagerly for his 
blood, calls haftily, and impatiently unto them, 
before their officers could fay any thing: W^j 
have ^ecfiOtbrmght him ? They doe not examine 
them about his dodrine, or inquire whether he 
be guilty or no : but like unjuft, and tyrannicall 
wretches they labour to lay hold upon him , 
though moft innocent, to ftop his mouth, and 
make him fure. But the officers anfvpered : Never 
wa»[pake Itke this maff» Whcrupon the fpirit of 
prophane malice being yet further enraged in 
them, they reply : K^re ye alfe deceived ^^ What^ 
At e you turned Gofpellcrs too:* Will yec alfo 
gad with the giddy multitude after this new Ma- 
^Qt.&C': And then being frighted leaft they fliould 
fall from them, goes about to take them oS with a . 
veryfoolifliarguracBt, faith r^<f^^/74^ ( though fil^f^hclfh 
the Minor would be true, and is thefincw of my 
proofe ) Have any of the Rulers or of the fhmfees he- fnit tiindeth 
leevedorthim? Alas' No. They arc fo blinded '*«»^'"'^- 
withanopinion of their devout, and deeper lear- 
ning, fopuft up with the pride of their high pla- 
ces, fo fwolne with fclft-conccitcdnciTc of their 


1^6 A SERMON. 

owne formes and falfe gloflfes, and fo poffeft with 

prejudice againft the fpiricuall and heavenly Dod^- 

rineof C H r i s T.'tiiatthe very PuUicavs and Har- 

Mat.2i. 31. lotsgoeimo the Kingdomz efGon before them: That 

iswhentliey goe not. 
jie ivord And thus it is in all ages of the Church : There 

mi'^''' is a Lea-jre I will fuppofe. To which many of 
the meaner fort efpecialiy, refort for fpirituall 
food, as to the Market for corporal!. Some of 
which happily wrought upon by the faving in- 
fluence of that Miniftery, begins to blefTe God 
for the benefit, and magnifie his mercy for fuch 
meanes: but fome By-ftanders, like peftilent op- 
pofitesinterpofe; yea but which of the great men 
of the Countrey come to it, when do you fee any 
of the Nobles, Knights, or Gentlemen there i 
No, alas ! They are afraid of hearing of their 
finncs, being made Melancholicke, and to be tor- 
mented before their time: and therefore they moft 
wretchedly ntglecifo great fdvatiort, forfake their 
owne mercies, and judge themfclves unworthy 
ofeverlaftinglife. Bosvling-greenes^ gaming-hou- 
fes, horfe-races, hunting-matches : Their curs, 
and their Kites : their cock pits, and their cove- 
toufncfTe, 01' fomething doe too often eat up and 
devoure that blefTedfat, and marrow oftime, thofc 
golden, and goodly opportunities, which God 
in great mercy affords them in the Miniftery, to 
make thcii pe> ce with him before they goe into 

Repmanc, too ^^? P^^' /"^ ^'^ ^^^^"^ '^^ J^^'-^' l^' O"^. ^ourc 
late. wncrcot-, to ncarc but one Sermon after the irreco- 

vcrublc day of vifitation is pail and expired, they 



would be content to live as prccifcij and morafi- 
cdlyascver man did upon earth (o long as the 
world lafts, but it fhall nor be granted. A rhoii- 
fand worlds will not purchafe it againe. And be- 
fid cs,w hen your foules fhall (ben furioufly rcflccfl 
upontheivownewil full folly in this refpe<5^, and 
the woefull mifery they have brought upon them- 
fclves thereby : it will (harpen infinitely the bi- 
tings of the never-dying worme, and torment 
more horribly than ten thcufand Scorpions flings. 
Remember this ( I pray you) all ye that forget God: 
before that wrath be kindled in hisbofome agaiaft 
you, which will burne unto the very bottome of 
Hell, and fet on fire the foundations of the moun- 
taincs : before Hee gird about Him thofe arrowes 
which will cirwke bhud^ and that/ivW which will 
eat fleP',md come agaifffi yct*{?.sthc Prophet fpeaks) 
like a beare robbed of her rvhelpes, and rent the very 
caule ofyoi4rhearts-,mdtearejottinfeec€Sywhefi thereis 
ncm to helper, 

^. Nehem, 3. 5. But their Nobles fut n$t their Heh<i.j.j.px- 
neckesto the werke of the ho k d. Others (as you pomded 
may fee in that place ) were induftrioufly bufic in ^^ch^^fto 
building up the wals, and repairing the holy City, gochbingf. 
for the wonted worfhip and iprvice of their G o i>, 
but the Nobles would do juft nothing. And thus 
it hath beene in all times , - and is juft fo in our 
dayes. Meanc men many times contribute very 
liberally, andftrrc above their ability to the pro- 
curement and maintenance of a profitable and 
powerfull Miniftiy ; but the rich, worldly- wife, 
and gentlemen thereabouts, will not part with a 

N penny 


penny for any fuch holy purpofe. Such great men 
asthcfe will by no meanes put their ncckes, their 
power, and their purfcs to any fuch blefTed worke 
of the Lord: though it be for the ere(5^ing of the 
KingdomeofJ esvsChrist amongftthem; 
for the illumination and refrefliing of a darke and 
barren place with the light of the GofpelI,and wa- 
ters of life, where both their ownc foules, and 
many more about them are ftarving and bleeding 
to cternall death for want of heavenly Food and 
minifteri.all helpe. Nay, too many of them de- 
taining the Churches Patrimony, will neither re- 
/lore it to the proper native ufe and end : nor 
(which is very lamentable) parr with a little porti- 
on of a large revencw in that kinde towards a com- 
petency. Before you receive encouragement to 
go on in this courfe with comfort, I pray you pro- 
cure us (from your partakers,if there be any fuch) 
Anfwcrs Co thofe many learned Treatifes extant 
upon this argument, and(for any thing I know) ut- 
terly unanfwered : cfpecially, M^ Bepyiardsy 
D. Sclatersy and D* Fields. I know well fomc 
excellent fpirits of late meerely out of the graci- 
ous freenelTef of their truely noble difpofidons, to 
their great honour, and adorning profcflfion, have 
given backeto the Church for ever ( I meane no- 
thing about buying in Impropriations, oneof the 
moft glorious workesin that kinde(for any thing I 
know ) that ever was undertaken in this King- 
dome) divcrfc Church-livings, fomean hundred 
pound fer amnm, fome fix or fevcn fcore, fome 
threcfcore,fomc morcj fomany as anaounc to the 


A SERMOR i7s> 

value of above feven hundred pounds ycarcly. But 
I muft tell you alfo^thcy areonely.fuch as you mif^ 
call Puritan-gentlemen ( for I neither heare nor 
know of any other that ftirs this way)and how few 
fuch are to be found in a Countrey, every ey e fpi- 
rirually illightened may clearely fee, and heartily 
bewail e. ForJ mcane none but fuch as are(in true 
fearch and cenfure) Gods bed fcrvants^^nd the 
Kings beftfubjeds. 

I come in a fecond place to make the Point ap- 
peare yet further by reafons. And firft,fuch as are 
peculiar to the feverall forts of greatncfTeMlI which 
(once for all)I undeiftand Cuchfecuua'um mundum, 
fecundum hominemjecundum e^nsm,accorMng to the 
rvorldj^ccordingtewaniaccordingtotheflefli. i r rj 

And firft for excellency of learning underftood ii^^^^^ ^^^^ 
ftill afta* the flcfli, implied alfo by the Apoflle in 
this place : as appeares by the former words : 
where is the S crikly? Where is the Di/puter of this 
mrld? Where are the learned Rabbins of the 
Jewe^^ Where are the profound Philofophers 
of the Gentiles 1 Let us takenoticc that learning 
of it felfe is ,a very lovely and illuftrious thing, 
which made Mnea4Silvim in his Epiftle to St^if 
7?iUfjdDvi\iCof^uBri4y(zy,lftheface even ofhtt- 
mane learning could be feene^it is fairer and more heatt- 
tifu II then the UHorning or the Evening-fiarre. But 
notwithftanding bent the wrong way, and fpent 
upon private and pernicious ends, it becomes the 
fowleft fiend the DivcU hath upon earth, and his 
mightieftagcnt todoeaworldofmifchicfe. No Dcgencrado 
corruption is worfc tbafi of that which is beft ^p^^^'fA'"** 

N 2 mif- 


mif'imployed.-lt is of vvofullconfequence, propor- 
tionable to its native worth. And the longer and 
more profperoufly it is imployed as an inftrument 
of all,and in the fervice of Satan ever the more pe- 
ftilently, which is for my purpofe, doth it harden 
and enrage the heart againft nil means of graccthe 
Bafe endi in powet ofgodhnefTcjand poflibility of converfion. 
jieki.^ ham- Secondly, men of this world for the moft pare 
^^' inthc atainemcnt and excrcife of learning and 

knowledge propofe to themfelves, and finally reft 
upon many baftard, bafe, and degenerate ends: 
asjplcafureofcurioiity, quiet ofrefolution, refi- 
ning and raifii>gthe fpirir^ability of difcourfe^vi (fi- 
ery of wit, gaine of pyofeflion, ornament, and 
reputation, inablementfor imploymcntandbufi- 
The true ends of Thuswhereas variety and depth of know- 
leamrg. ledge fhould properly and principally ferve to 
prepare5fit,and fiirnifiithe foulewherein it is feat- 
ed : Firfi:, fora higher degree, and a greater mea- 
fureoffandification in it felfe; Secondly, to doe 
God more excellent and glorious fervice : 
Thirdly, ro doe more nobly in E^hratha^ and bee 
moreftmousin Bethlehem: I meane, by an edi- 
fying and charitable influence to illuminate and 
better all about them ,* The moft learned men 
havethefe worldly ends, and comply exadly 
with the world : hunting onely after by their 
knowledge, and afpiring towards (as their utmoft 
aimes)certainerecond prizes: asthough they la- 
boured onely by their learning to finde ( as one 
laics well:) amtch xvhereupntorefi, afearching 



and a refllejfejftrit : or 4 tarrafifir a wandring and 
variable mind, to rvalks up an.d dorvne rvith afaire pro- 
jpeif : or a tower of ft ate, for a^roudrKitidto raife it 
kl/e nvomor a fort or commanding ground for ft rife and 
coritcntion : or a pop for profit or f ale : and not a rich 
ftcre-hufc for the glory of the Creditor ^ and t he reliefc_j 
of mans esiatc. And fo by the abufe and mifapply- 
ing of it, they put theii great engine, very power - 
full cither for excellency of good,or excefic of ill, 
asittakes, into theDivels hands for the enlarging 
and advancement of hiskingdomc; andturnethe 
cdgeofittothe dangerous hurtoforhersrand fo by 
confequent and by accident, it prooves a mighty 
barre to kccpe Christ and His Kingdon>e out of 
their hearts. 

Let me in a word by an inftance intimate unto 
you the traines and temptations to which they cx- 
pofe thcmfelves, the fn^res and cuifes which they 
incurre, who bend their abilities of learning, clo- 
fing with the corruptions of the time, to raife and 
enrich themfclves:thc two maine ends of the moft 
in thefe covetous and ambitiousdaies. 

Firft, there is a plant in the nurceries of litera- ^"f^c^l^^^^f'^ 
turcofgreatexpetoionand hope: which being 
watered, and warmed at the well-heads of Acade- 
mical! learning,and with the fruitfull heat of Pole- 
mical! cxcrcifes and agitations in the Schooles, 
wherein the true worth and excellency of a Schol- 
let confifts, growes lipe and becomes remarka- 
' He; fo that hee heares after him in the flreets a fe- 
cret murmuring : This is the wan : Dignum eft mon- 
ftrartcr cJ* dicier Hif elf: Now by this time he be- 

N 3 gins 

r$2 A SERMON. 

gins to reflsifi with the eycof fclfe-lovc5and many 
vainc-glorious glaunces upon his perfonall worth 
and publikcapplanfe: and then cafts about what 
conrfcto take. Gods principle and path is : Jc 
is better to be good, than great 5 religious, than 
rich : And therefore He would have him imploy 
and improove all his naturall and acquired en- 
dowmcntsj all the powers and poflibilities of bo- 
dy and foule upon His glory and fervicethat gave 
thera, and where they are more thaa infinitely 
due. And that when the good hand of divine pro- 
vidence fhall bring him to any place for the exer- 
cifeofhis gifts and mini fteriall imployment, hcc 
would there fpehd himfelfe(like a fhining and bur- 
ninglampe) in the illumination and falvation of 
Go n s people : and fo hercz^cv Jhins as the bright- 
neffe of the firmament in the highcft heavens, and as 
thefiarresfor ever and ever .^zy , (faiesthe Divell) 
that's a rowre,ftriA,precire way : Jt is not meet, 
that fuch admired cminency of learned parts 
fhould bee confined to fuch obfcurity, that fuch 
rare gifts and depth of knowledge fhould bee loft 
upon high flioes, and amongft a number offudc, 
ignorant, and uncapable clownes: and therefore 
hce labours to raife his fpirit to higher hopes: and 
would have him plunge prcfently into the current 
of the times ,and become fomc body in the world. 
Hereupon (his heart already raviflitwiththeplea- 
fing apprehenfion of worldly glory and humane 
greaEnefre,rcprcfented by Satan in the moft allu- 
ring formes to his ambitious imagination) hcc rc- 
folvcs fcarcfuUy againfthisownc foulc, to follow 



the ftreamc, to ply the prcfem ,and plot all mcanes 
and waies of preferment: after which ordinarily 
every ftep towards an high roomc, or to bee hafti- 
ly rich, is a fnare and curfc unto hinn : and there- 
fore at the height, hcc muft needs bee holdcn fail 
in the clurchesof Saran. He now begins upon all £^',3^^^^^ ,r 
occaiions to difclaimc all things that tend to pre- hi^b alvanw 
circntflrc,and in his deportnient drawes nearer to »*»'• 
goodfellowfliip ; he remits and interrupts his care 
and conftancy in ftudy, and ftudies how ro under- 
ilrand the world, negotiate for advancement, and 
humour the times: He merily derides 'DoEHnt^ 
and v[et as thc;^ fccffingly call it : all edifying 
plainenefTe zndfficltfhfieffe of preaching : and now 
he digs with much adoe perhaps a whole quarter 
ofayearcinrothe rottendung-hillsofPopifli Po- 
ftillcrs, and phantafticall Friers, and from thence 
patches together many gayiih and gaudy flircds of 
painted babies, and frothy conceits and tricks of . , . 
wit ; and at length comes out with a fclfe-feeking semons. 
^Sermon: juft hkc that difcourfc which King 
Jams s compares to a cor ne- field in harveft, pc- 
ftered with red and blew flowers ; which choakc 
and eat up all the good graine.For,hc well knows 
this is the way to ingratiate himfelfc into the 
times and gntific thofc great ones who defire 
farre more to have their eares tickled, than their 
confciences toucht^ and would rather have pil- 
lowes fowed und«r their :*rmc-holes by fueh de- 
ceiving daw bcrs, that they may lie more fofrly 
upon the bed of fecurity 5 than the keenc arrowes 
of righteoufncffc and truth faftncd in their fides 

N 4 by 


by Gods faithfuU meflengers to drive them to 
finceriry: and yet after this, hee muft fcrve his 
time in ferving the times : and through many mi- 
feries of fecular martyrdome,as Teter Blefenfu cals 
it,and many fhipwracks of a good confcience, by 
bafcneiTejflatteringjattending, depending, and un- 
doing his foule. At laft(ifhc die not in the purfuit, 
as many have done ) bcfides all thefe precedent 
miferable meanes,by prefent fimony, or fome o- 
ther vile fervices : hee comes into fome high 
place, or at leaft becomes a negligent non-refi- 
dent, orinfatiablepluralift. Which wicked] en- 
trance being accompanied with G o d s curfe, his 
heart already fo hardened,his minifteriall ftrength 
and vetne of learning fo wafted and dried up by 
difcominuancc, defuetude, and worldly dealings ; 
having now attained his ends, hee drownes him- 
felfe over head and cares either in fecular bufi- 
nelTes or fenfuall plcafures to muffle up the 
mouthof his horribly guilty confcience : cries 
downe preaching, oppofcth the power of god- 
HncfTe and fo becomes rather a wolfe than a flbcp- 
Kichenhaiie i In a fecoridplace.The rich Worldling alfo is in 
t e ivorcL. ^-wocRilIcafc this way,as appeares by Chris f s- 
6wncwords,cJW4f//>.ip.25>24. which is further 
confirmed by cafting our eyes upon Luke i6.i/^, 
and iTim.6.9» Luk.iSnig, ^^ndthe Pharifees 
whichwere covetom heard aH thefe thtn;^s , and de- 
rided him. And what heard they from Ch ri s t ^ 
ThatitwasimpoflTibleto fervc Go d and Mam- 
mon.Sothat there are fome pafTagescvcr Tn a faith- 


full and fearching miniftcrie, which covetous 
worldlings dcridcjand will pot down with by any 
meancs^butrefolutely reject in their carnall wife- 
dome as veryfoolifb, unneceffary»p]jecife, and no 
waiestobe given way unto. E-fpecially fuch as 
thefe. I. That they muftrcftorewhatfoever they ^^ardnJt s<7. 
have any waies gotten, or.dctaine wrongfully and ^(?«f. 
wickedly. 2. That they niuft rathe?: themfelves 
ftarvc, and leave their children in be^ery> than 
put their hands to atiyunlawfull waycs or meanes 
ofgetring: fo much as to tell a lie, ^tf-. 5. That 
godllnejfeis greaf game, and that it is incomparably 
bettertobereligious than rich, good than great, 
4. That there isa life of faith which will kcepe 
a manrin fweet contentment in any eftatc, 
fhoulcth?^. bee, never fo poore. 5. That 7^^ 
was truly richer with Christ alone^than wlien 
b^fom lie.was loaden with aboundance of thicke 
clay . 6, That riches arc nothing, Proverhes 2 3 . 5V 
Wihthoufet thine eyes ufon thaP whichis not^'j.'Xh.m. 
they rauft leaveall for C h r i s t.B. That if they 
part with all for him, they fliall bee recompen- 
ced an hundred fold in this lij?.. 9, That if 
they had no lecompence at all in this world, 
yet the reward that they fhall have in the 
world to come, willbcca fup'eraboundant recdrfi-p 

Notwithftanding thefe fatisfa<5lory^nd uncon- 
trollable principles, they mil k rich in the Apo- 
ftles fenfe •, after they have gottert a golden heapc, 
will bccmorc rich ftill : and therefore are cSifily 
tcmptcdutito, and taken in the fnarc of that cxc- 
Az^-y-->6^>— crabte 

185 '-a-SBRMON. 

crable ani moll abhorred crddfe of ufurf. ]n the 
rfmy taxed. ^^^^^i^ whcrcofthcy ftill negotiate with the Di- 
vell, and receive all their incrcafc at the Divclls 
bands: and therefore how is it poifiblc they 
ihouidturnfconGo D s fidc^ And that ufufers 
trade with the Divell,and have their ufurious mo- 
Haw. F#/t. ney from him. Heare the judgement of the 
mm,i7p^.u churchofEH g l a t^ d, to whieh ordinarily all 
Miniftersfubfcribe; rertly fi mmj m wcriAfi^ 
themfclves by ufurjy&c They Joavc thetrgctds if the 
Vivels gift. Heare alfo the judgement of the State 
even of the King, the Nobility, ^nd the whole 
Bpdy-of the Kmgdome in Parliamcntj and in that 
Stkute whence ufurers take very falfly fome en- 
couragement, as though it were allowed; which 
is moft untrue. Thefe are the words in ihc Begm-» 
tyEiilcap.s. niilg of the Statute : Forjtfruch^AS u/t^fkm^ 
firhidden ky the Uw of Co i>iU dfme^AnddmJtA- 

blc ^c, 
^angtr^fbigh * VhirdIy,thoughanhighplaccbc holdeninthe 

^ . falfeopinionofvainemen,the oncly heaven up-- 

on earth : yet in truth^and upon tiiall, by acci-' 
dent it prooves S5tans fureft hold to hamper ihern 
ln4iis ftrongeft and moft inextricable fnares,untill 
he tumble them hence with a more defperare and 
headlong downefall into the pit of hell . For, as 
thofe of tr ueft woith are ever timerous, and moft 
retiring in fuch cafes 5 lo the word men ordman- 
ly arc moil ambitious and afpiring. Gonfider for 
V the puipofc the usambitious modclty and mag- 

^^"^^'' nanimityofthc olive-tree, fig-tree, and the vine: 

butthe bafc and worthlcfrebrambk,adry,cmpty, 


A SERMON. 187 

fapleffc kex and wce4i,apr and able only to fcratch, 
ccare,and vexc, nnuft needs be up and be hoi/cd in- 
to an high roome,and domihecre over othci's.Mcn 
of mod proftitutcd confciences arc for the moft 
partthemoft pragmaticall prowlcrsafter undefer- 
ved preferments-'and the only mentofervc ihem- 
{c\vcsvijs(jrwodff, (as they fay) into offices, ho- 
nours, and places of advancement. For,thcy,want 
honeft wit to conceive and fore-fee the waig/it of 
thecharge,and confcience to difchargc it faithful- 
ly .Now then, where there is a concurrence of cor- 
rupt times,a wicked wit,a wide confcience, and a 
vaft gluttonous defire to domineerei What will 
not be done to attaine their ends f They will not 
fticketolie, difltmble, breake their words, for- 
f\veare, machiavellize, prai^ife any policy or 
counterpolicy to honeftie, rcafon, religion,to flat- 
ter, raife afadHon, humour the times, fupplam 
compeiitors, gratifiethe Divell, doe any thing. 
We may proportionably conceive the malignity 
of inferiour ambitions by the monftroufneffc of 
higher afpirations.' Ntixvwhc hath iHt ohferv^d 
(faith that learned Knight in his freface t$ the Hifiery, 
of the X90fld) x$hdt labour^ fracticeyfertB, hh»d-Jhed^ 
and cruelty the Kings and? tine es eft he Vf9rldhavt un^ 
dergene, extrdjed-, taken en them t$ make themjelves 
and their iffites mafterstfthe world? — oh bj what 
fUts.hy pfhasferfwearings^hetrxyingSyOffrepcns, im. 
prijonments, t^rtures^pcyfintngf, and under what rU^ 
fomofStAt€yandf9litickefmhtiky hofve thefe ftrt-na^ 
med Kings, (^c. By this time thcfe men by thcfc 
mcancsare mounted ( I will (uppoie ) on horfe- 


1^8 •>. A S.£S.MON, 

* • hackeufldhavTleftmany Brihccs "vfralking iis fcr-^ 
vants upon the earth : And folly is ict in great 
dignity. And what then c'Then do they begin fo 
to fwell with pride, untill they arc ready to burft 
sgaine with over weening of thcic owne worth, 
(elfc-opinionandfelfe-eftimation : and to toylc 
cxcreaftiely with revcngfull inward indignation a- 
gainft all good men : whofc hearts ( as they con- 
ceive) and their confcicnces tell them (there was 
juft caufc) did rife againft their growing great and 
ri(ing. Being -thus empoyfoncd at the firft en- 
trance with pride, felfeconcciptednefTe, preju- 
dice, revengcftjll jealoufies, and other exorbitant 
and bafc diftcmpers,they begin to confider and rep 
folve how to behave themfelvcs in their new pur- 
chafed place. Andwee muft know there is too 
Nemo 'iiru much truth in that principle of policy in Tacit tu .• , 
•um^flaaTtF"'" ^^"^^^^j <^^^ ^^ ^^ hjghroome wrmifdly, a^td »/»- 
qux fitum b®- worthily : hut he excrcis'dhis^orver andauthortt y wic- 
c*cu1"h7?'^" ^^^h^^^^'^i^fih' They therefore pitch pvefently 
"/>^.4i7.* ^ * upon fuch conclufions as thcfc; Wee will plea- 
fure our friends, though wee prey upon the pub- 
h'ke, or pinch fome peevifh precifc feliowes, 
whichcan well bearc it : we will plague our ene- 
miesjweemuftabove all, manage matters with a 
fitcorrefpondency to accomplifh our owne ends 5 
cfpeciallyto enrich our felves, raifc our kindred, 
make way to rife hi^cr5andgreaten our poficri- 
ty 3 wcmuft looke big, and fomctimes amaze the 
multitude with fome ads of awfulincfic and ter- 
rour,to procure and preferve fefpcd/eare, and all 
attribut ions proper to our place : and let mec xcU 



you by'thc vvay 5 Beethat fufpedhthhisowne wcrtb, 
or other mem opimsn^ thinking that lejje regard is had 
9fhispcrfori, thdn hee belscves is due to his place, holds 
itgoodiobc'jtofpcnd all the force of his authority in 
furchdfr,:g the name of 4 fever e man . For^ the affelUd 
fo^rentffeofav aim feUorv doth many times refemhlc^ 
the gravity of one th^t is wifcandihefeare v?herin they 
live which are fuhjecf to opprejstony carries a flierv of 
reverence to htm that does the rvrmgiat leaf it firves 
to dazzle the eyas of underlings , keeping them from pry- 
ing into the wcaken^feof ftfch as hAvejurisduHon over 
them-^ crc, Beiidcall this, menin great place arc 
liable and exposed daily to moc and Wronger temp- 
tations, th:m men of lower ranks.Honour> wealth, 
worldly reputation, earthly favours, c^'<^. are Sa- 
tansfnarestocntangleandtiethem fafter to their 
fooles paradife and admired folly ; and as golden 
fetters, to chainethem unmoveably to their noble 

Secondly,great men are for the moft part (and flattery danger 
it is oneoftheirgreateft miferies) foinclofed and 
bcleager'd wirh"flatterers>the bafeft of riavcs,with 
fycophants, falfe- hearted followers, felfe-feckersj 
c^r.that very hardly (if atall)can any honcft man 
ox^mhMl Micaiah haveacccire,conic nearcthcm, 
or at any time bee heard with patience^ cfpccially 
either to tell them the truth,or wifely and humbly 
reprove them for their faults. 

Thirdly ,thofe that are verft in ftory ihall findc 
many and many a time this property put upon 
men in high place ; to bee throwne into the grave 
or from their grcatncffc, is both one to them. For 



Great ones lilft 

Mallear cadcrc 
quatn Ioc» ce« 

ipn . ASERMON. 

firftjthey fo delight in domineering, and dote up- 
on their high roome as their deareft Idoll : And 
withall they know full well, that as in narurall pri- 
vation there is no returnc to habit, fo it is very 
rarely feene in the privation politique,and point of 
prefermentithat they would even rather die, than 
DC dejeded. 

Lay now thefct\vo points together: and count 
all the fnavcs from which poorer and private men 
byreafonoftheir meaner condition arc happily 
exempted: And no marvell though not many migh. 
^jjcither in heapcs of wealth, or height of places , 
be converted jor goto heaven. 
wofUiy wife. In the fourth place: whataftrong hold for the 
dtmdangeroM powers ofhcll, and mighty barre to keepe out 
grace, worldly wifedorae is ; may appeare by ta- 
king notice of the nature of it, and fo of its noto- 
rioufly peftilent properties. This wifdome of the 
flcfbfpringing from the principles of carnall rea- 
fon, and precepts of humane policy, and recei- 
ving continuall influence and inftigation from that 
old wily ferpent to go on ftill in his and the worlds 
wayes,doth witha proud difdainfullnelTe and im- 
perious contempt fcornc the great myfteries of 
godlincfTc, fooliflincffe of preaching, fimplicity 
of the Saints, and fociety of the brother-hood: 
croffcth dire dly and contradid:s the counfell and 
commands of G o d s spirit, in all motions to 
good, and matters offalvation: accounts in good 
carnefthoIineflTc hypocrifie, fan(5^ification fingu- 
larity ,profcflion and praiftice of finccrity precife- 
ndTcjthe great things of G o d s Law as a ft range 






In all Its confultations concludes ever 
thingspleafingtoflefhandbloud, and ends atllaft 
with extremcft folly and utter contufion. Wit- 
nefTe t^chttophd jwho was wife enough to fet his 
houfein order, and yet wanted wit to refcue his 
©wnc life out of his ownc hands: he was curious to 
provide for his family after his death, and had no 
care at all to preferve himfelfefrom erernall death: 
was not this a madneffe even to m:r^.cle,zs Divines Amentia ufqj 
fpeake-f Hee got him home to his houfe, purhis ^^^ F°^'S "™- 
houfliold in order, and hanged himfelfej ^nd is tSamaz-^j. 
hanged up in chaines as a dreadful 1 fpeitacleto all 
pofterity,forallworldly-wifemento take wam^ 
ingbytothe worlds end. ^ , 

The Spirit 01 G o d intimates unto iis the pe- ^ouniel 
flilencie of its properties, lames ^. 15, It is, 
Firft, Earthly, Secondly, Senfuall. Thirdly, Dl- 

Dfveliijl) : for, it imitateth the Divell in plot- 
ting and contriving mifchicfeandruine againltthe 
glory of i G o D s Majefly, and Miniftry of his 
Word. It tafts of his helhfli wilinelTe in clofe 
conveyances and fccret infidiations,for the under- 
mining, ftipplanting, and confounding of the paf- 
fageoftheGofpell,and plantation of grace in the 
hearts of men. Satan ( you know) is ever fierce 
and furious, when hefpiesbuttheleaftglimpfeof 
Gods truth, or fparke ofgracetopeepe out and 
breake forth at aoy time, or in any place. When 
the glorious fun-ftiineofthe Gofpell did in thcfe 
latrer times of the world (according to thePro- 
TphcdcinthcMe^eUtms) arifcouc of thed^rkc- 


IFcrWy w'tfei 

192 A SERMON. 


fomc mght,and dangerous fogs of Popery ;,and be- 
gun gratioufly to inlightca many thoufand foulcs 
which lay indarkcacfe, and under the fliadow.of 
dcarh, with vrbat flrangc and prodigious rage did 
the great Dragon prcfently afcend out of his bot- 
EfeRi ef the Sin€c that time what furious martyring of the 
^V^lf/-^'^"' Saints, what horrible murthering ofKings, what 
^j ''^"' bloody MafTacres, what invincible i^rmadoeSy 
what heliifli powder-plots, what devouring of 
Maityrs, by thatblood-thirfty monfter the 5pa- 
nifh Jnquificion, what hatefull imprifonings^what 
defpcrate confpiracies, whatadeale of hell hath 
vext and rent the face of ^/^r/j/c^, and fliaken the 
pillars ofthis part of the world; as though all the 
fiends in Hell, and whole armies of thole damned 
/pirits were broke loofe, to caft the Chriftian 
world into a new Chaos of darknefTccombuflion 
andconfufion.And ail this hath bcene the Divcls 
doings ofpurefpight and malice againft the light 
ofthe Gofpcll,& power of the Word .The Pope, 
Jefuites, and their wicked adherents have bcene 
indeed the inftruments and executioners of all 
thefe bloudy miferies,but Satan himfelfe was the 
piincipall agent. The curfed influence of all this 
wrath and rage was infpir'd from hira, and every 
particular and circumftance ofal! thefe mifchiefcs 
was firft plotted in hell,bcfore they were adlcd up- 
on earth. 
pmy againft 2. In GUI' ownc Kingdome alfo his fpitc and 
%tlT^ ^ malice againftthclight of the GofpcU hathbecfle 
notorious and trai3ccndcnt fince the Word of 


A SERMON ii.3 

The Gun^fftf. 

truth hath grownc powcrfull amongft us. With 
whar ft range fury and malice hath Satan bcftlrrcd 
himfcUVWhat a deale of dcatc and innocent blou4 
did that red Dragon drinke up in Q^enc ^Maries 
time i For five ycavcs fpar cthc fire of pcrfccutioii 
did flame in thisland,and the facrcd bodies of out 
glorious blefifcd Miiiyrs were facrificed araidsthc 
mercilcfTc fury thereof: Afterward what a blackd 
andbloudy catalogue of moft hatefull and prodi-» 
giousconfpiraciesdid run paralell with that gol-» 
den time of Qjecnc Elizabeths Ufc,that (now) 
glorious Saint of dearcft racn:iory i But in all this* 
hcllifh rage the Divcll never played the Divell in. 
deed, untill he came to the Gun-powder-plot;thaC 
was fiich a piece of fervicc againft the light of the 4e7pkt> 
Gofpell,as the Sun neveV faw before; the fons of 
men never heard of,hell it fclfe never hatcht. Since 
Satan fell from heaven, aad a Church was firft 
planted upon the earth, there was never any thing 
in thatkinde which made the Divcls Malice more 
£amous,G o d s mercies more gloriousjthat Prieft 
Q^Kome and his bloudy fuperflirionmore odious; 
or that caft fuch a (hame and obloquie upon the in- 
nocency of Chriftian Religion. And all this was 
the Divels doing of pure fpite and malice againft 
the glory of the Goipell,the power of the Word, 
and the Saints of Go d .] fay he was the arch-plot- 
ter and firftmoover of all thefe mifchicfes. The 
Pope, and lefuits, and their curfcd confederates 
were indeed his inftruraents, executioners and a- 
gents, asweewellknow,andforae of the Prieft s 
themfelves confeflfe.J^r ^odL^.A^^^.fag. 199. 

O Scarce 


Scarce was that blcfTcd Quecnc and incompara- 
euzTbht?' l^le Lady warme in her Princely Throne; butSa- 
tanfetsonthePopcP?/^^«/W/^, hee fends from 
Msmetwo Popifh Priefts, miortort^nd Wehhe with 
a Bull of excomniunication^ whereby the fubjecSls 
and people of the Kingdome were in a Popifli 
fenfe difcharg'd and alToird from their allegiance, 
loyalty and obedience to her Majefty . They fol- 
licit the two rraiterous Earles of the North, Nor- 
thumberland zxid WertmerUndi tobeethc executio- 
ners of this bloudy Bull, which indeed was the 
fountaine and foundation of all the fuccecding 
horrible plots and barbarous treacheries. See^ 
JSellst^rtatomy cfp6pij})tyramy, whisEfift.T>edic^ 
a little booke callea The executmer ofjujlice in 
JEngUndy^c. I pray God now at length turne 
thofe Popifli murderous hearts from whetting any 
moe fwords to ilied the bloud of the Lord s an- 
nointed : orreturnethefharpe fwords from tiie 
point with a cutting edge on both C\dcs, even up 
to th« very hilts into their owne hearts blond. (> 
Lor D 3 let the King flourifh with a crowne of glo- 
ry upon his head, and a Scepter of triumph in his 
hand, and flill wafli his Princely fcerc in the bloud 
of his enemies. 
Rage cgdinft 3 'This fpitcfull rage & furious oppofition of Sa- 
the pmejfuu tan agaiuft the power of the word,appeares alfo by 
Mimfiay. jjjjjjy experience in thofetowns & parifhcs, where 
by the mercies of G o D,a confcionableMiniftcry 
is plantedibefore,while Satan ruled and raigned a- 
mongft them, by his wicked deputies, ignorance> 
prophancneSjPopifh fupcrAitions, finfull vanities, 


A SERMON. 195 

lewd fportSj prop hanation of the Sabbath, filthi- 
ftefTcdrunkcnncfTcand fuch other accurfed Purfc- 
vams for Hell : Why then all was wcll,all was in 
quiet and in peace. O then that was a merry world| 
and as good a Towne for good-feHowfhip,as was 
in all the Countrey. And no marvelhwhcn a ft rong 
armed man kecpeth his Pallace,thc things that he 
poflTefTcth are in pcuce^Luh 11.21. WhileSatari 
fits in their hcarts> and rules in their confciencesj 
hee fuffcrs them to have their fwings in their furi- 
ous vanities and wicked plcafurcs, without any 
great difhirbancc or contiudi<5lion. And com* 
monly hec never fets prophane people together by 
theearesandat odds, but when his owne King* 
dome may be more ftrengthenedjand their foule j 
more endanger'd by diffention, than by their par- 
taking inprophaneneiTc, and brotherhood in ini- 
quity. Let it not fcemc flrange then, whcii 
townesaad pariflics where confcionablc meancs 
are wanting, live merrily and pleafantly; for, 
they walkctogetherin the knot of good-fellow- 
ihip, through the broad way, they follow the 
courfe of their owne corruptions, and fwing of 
their corrupt ai!edions, and fwim dowoethe cur- 
rent ofthctimes^andareatSatansbeckto do him 
any defperateand notorious ferviceat all affaies, 
in all pafTages ofprophaneneiTe, and offices ofim^ 
piety and rebellion; but bring amongft fuch a 
powerful! Miniilcrie, which takes a right courfe 
forthcplantation of grace, andfalvation of their 
foules ; and then marke how fpitefolJy and furi- 
oufly Satan begins to beftirre himfelfc 5 befides 

O 2 his 

1^5 A SERMON. 

his ownc malice and machinations, heeprcfcntly 
fets on foot and on fire too all that belong unto 
him in hisinftigation. They band and combine 
themfelvcs with gieat rage and indignation a- 
gainft the power of the Word, and the faithful! 
meflengers of G o d . They fret,and fume^picke 
unRecefiary quarrels, raile, flander, and indeed 
foame oii filthily their owne fliame, in difgracing 
thctruthof G o d without all truth or con fcie nee : 
and if Satan fpies any poore foule amongft them 
to bee pulled out of his clutches and kingdome of 
darkcnefTc by the preaching of the Word, he pre- 
fently fets all the reft upon him as fo many dogged 
curres, or rather furious wol ves(for fo our bleffed 
Saviour makes thecomparifon) upon a harmeleffe 
lambe 5 he whets (like fiiarpe razors) all the lying 
and lewd tongues in the towne, and tips them with 
the very fire of hell 5 fo that they pleade for ppo- 
phanenefrc,prophaning of the Sabbath, and many 
finfull fooleries and vanities in all places where 
they come. Hee makes thofe who have a little 
more wit, hisclofe fadors and under-hand-dea- 
lers: for that (lands not with Sacans policy, and 
the reputation of the worldly-wife, that rhem- 
fclveslhouldbeeopenadors in childifh vanities, 
and profes'd enemies to the Law of G o d : they 
do him fuflicient fervice by being fecrct patrons 
and protedors of impiety, counfellers and coun- 
tcnancers of the works of darkeneife : hee fils the 
siadttsa^ainfl mouthcs of the ignorant with flandcrous com- 
PM frw6 itg pijjj^fs and cries, that there was never good world 
fince there was fo much knowledge : that there 


A SERMON. 197 

was never more preaching, but^ncvcr Icfle work- 
ing : whereas (poore) foulcs they never yet knew 
what grace or good worke meant, or fcarce good 
word : but their naughty tongues, and hatred to 
bee reformed, are true caufes why both the world 
and places where they live, are farrc worfc. Thofe 
that are defperately and notorioufly naught,hcin- 
forces and images like mad dogSj Co that they im- 
pudently and openly barke at, and with their im- 
poyfoned fangs furioufly fnatch at their hurtlefTc 
hand which would healeaad binde up their blee- 
ding foules : they arc like dogs barking at the 
Moone 5 for, Gods Minifters are ftarres in the 
righthandof Ch R I s T, ReveLi.i6, If they 
would doe them any deadly harmc, they muft 
plucke them thence 5 but let them take heed 
how they be bold and bufie that way, leaft at laft 
they take a beare by the tooth, and awake a flecp- 
ing lion. 

Thus you fee what a ftirre the Divell keepcs wiysatm/o 
when hec is like to be driven from his hold by the /?w" <^g<iinfl 
power of the Word : and how he playes the Di- '*^ ^^^'^ 
veil indeed, when the light of the Gofpell begins 
tofhineina placewhichhimfelfe hath long kept 
in darkeneife and errour by thofe twofold fiends, 
ignorance and prophanencfTe. Perhaps at the ve- 
ry firftrifing of tha: glorious Sun of the Word of 
life unto a people that hath fat in darkneflfe and un- 
der the (hadow of death, it breeds onely aftonifli- 
ment and amazement , they are for a while onely 
dazcUed with the glory and beauty of fo rare and 
cxtraordiaaty alight, but when after fome little 
O5 fpace 


-fpacetheybe thorowly heated, and it begin to 
burnc up their noyfomelufts. to gall their guilty 
confcitnces, to fling their carnall hearts, to vexe 
and difquiet their covetous alFcdions^then begins 
all the ftirre.and^atanto play his part: the fud- 
deninflidionofawound is not fo very painefull, 
and while it is greene it is not fo grievous, but af- 
ter, when it comtsto be fearched in cold bloud,to 
have tents put into it, and corrofives applied, then 
i: goeth to the heart : When thefword of the Spi- 
rit fir A ilrikes the carnal! heart, it may perhaps 
beate away the blow reafonablc well; but if the 
Chyrurgion of the foule, I meane the Minifter of 
the Word follow his cure faithfully, and open the 
wound wider,as hefeesneed,applyfpirituall cor- 
rofives to eat away the rankenefle of the ficfh, and 
the poyfon of finne,then begins the prophane man 
(if the Lord give him notgracetofuifer his foule 
to bee faved) to rage and rave with the fmart of it 
and perhaps with malice and furieto flie into the 
face of his foules Phyfitian. 

Seethe humour of prophane men againft the 
power of a confcionable Miniftery,/f?.44.i5,^f. 
o4'(J/ji3.8.andCap.i4.25c5"^.andVcrfeip. and 
Cap.i6.ip.and Cap.i7.5.and Ver. 32.and Cap. 
19.2p.and 24.5. 
spite againfi pi- This fpite and malicc of Satan againft fincerity 
etji injamtiies^ and grace is to be fecnealfo in private families ; if 
the governours of the houfe, the children and fer- 
vants be all prophane(as it is very true of very ma- 
ny in moft places ) then they are palling well met 
for matter of Religion > and were there nothing 



amongft them to breed diffcf ence and difTerition, 
but Gods ferviccthey would never fail ouc^for 
they arc all content to heare no mGre^ormore of- 
ten of the affaires of Heaven, judgements ix)r fin, 
thewaiesof G o Djand reformation of their life, 
than they mull needs: they arc all willing and for- 
ward to prophanethe Sabbath, inonekindeor o- 
ther; fomeby abfcnting themfelves from the 
houfeofGo D ^fome by worldly talke all the day 
long, fonTiCby idleneffe, fomeby finnefull fports, 
(^c. They arc well content to lie downe at night, 
like wilde beafts in their dens, without lifting up 
their hearts together utito that merciful! God 
which hath prcferved and pro fpered them all the 
day: torifeupalfo in the morning, prayerlefTe, 
or only with formall prayers. They all joyne in 
malice againft the Miniftery of the Word, in flan- 
derous lies againft the mcflengers of G o d, in 
b ife and reviling fpeechesagainft the profeffours 
ofChriftianity. The reafonis, they are all pof- 
fcfTed with the fame fpiric of prophaneneffe, love 
of pleafures, hatred tobeereformedjand carnality 
of heart. But if it once pleafe the Lo r d to plane 
grace in the heart of the Mader of the family 5 (b 
<thathee begin to plant in his houfe reformation ^ 
houfholdinftru^tion, prayer, fandification of the 
Sabbath, and other holy orders, and godly exer- 
cifes3then prefently begins the DivcU to ftir in the 
hearts and tongues of their prophane fervantsj 
they begin to bee furioufly impatient of fuch' pre- 
cifeneife , ftridneffe , and reftraints (for fo they 
wickedly and wrongfully call the pleafures of 

O 4 grace 

»oo A SERMON. 

grace and way to Heaven) they can by no mcancs 
digcftfuchnewfafliions; theyi not be troubled 
with giving account of Sermons ihcy hearc: 
thcyM have their recreation on the Sabbath, that 
ihey will : they'l not be mew*d upat homejwhcn 
other mens fervants are at their fports abroad, &c# 
Nay perhaps even their owne children ( except 
the L o R D fcafon them with the fame grace)may 
grow ftubborne and rcfradtory, and very rtbdli- 
ous and difobedient to the beft things ; fo t hat in a 
holy fcnfe.C h r i s t s words may be there tru- 
ly verified, c^/rfMo.34,35. Thus was fzealous 
J>4a'/W troubled with the vanity of a fcornefull, 
proud, and propbane wife, i,S,Am. 5.20. K^hd 
with a bloudy brother. Gen. >f..8 . Ucob with a pro- 
fane £/4», Cen.ij,/^!. ifdac with a mocking Tjh. 
ptael : And many a gracious hean: in families 
where grace beares not fway, with the IcwdncfTe, 
malice, and ungodly oppofitions of thofe among 
whom they live. 
Mfiotu parets o r if it fo fall out that the power of grace feize 
%tZ'^'''' on the heart of a fervant or fonne, fo that he begin 
HtrMajiers to bee fenfible of the ignorance, diforders,pro- 
phanenefTe, and finfull confufions of the houfc 
where he dwcls : defiresto fpend the Sabbath as 
Chriftians ufe to do : then prefently begins Satan 
to put rage into the heart, and frownings into the 
face of the father or mafter of the family ; he then- 
takes on, tells him, that fuch prccifcneile is not for 
his profit, hee'l have no fuch inferiour fellow to 
be a reformer of his family s hec'l not be control- 
led and contradidcd in his owne houfc? hcc'l go- 


vcrnc his people in the old fafhion as his father did 
before him^cf ^. fo that there is no longer biding 
for that new convert under fuch a crabbed mafler> 
without a very great dcalc of patience. All this, 
and a thoufand more mifchiefes are the blackc 
broods and bloody effeds of Satans malice a- 
gainfl the power of the Word, andtheplantatioft 

God HimfelfeistheGo d ofpeace,CHRi jt Jrnpimperfm 
Jbsvs the Prince ofpeace,and the blelTed Spirit ''"'f'^^^^f'''^ 
is the fountaine of peace,that paflcth all underftan- 
dingjtheholy Word is the Gofpell of peace, the 
faithful! Miniftcrs are the MelTengers of reconci- 
liation and peaces the Saints of G o d are the • 
children of peace: TheDivelland the rebellious 
corruptions of prophane men are in deed and truth 
the true caufes of all thefe ftirs and ftrong oppofi- 
tions, which are raifed any where, at anytime, any 
waies in the cafe and caufe of Religion. The fault 
Jconfeflc, and imputation of troublefomenefTc is 
laid upon Gods children by the lewd tongues 
of graceleflc men. See Jrr.i 5.10. utterly without 
caufe. I KfHgs 18. ij,K^^s 24. ^^drc butthefc 
and the like are lies hatch'd in Hell, and managed 
by the malice of camall men. And that was moft 
true, which the blcfl'ed Prophet of G o d Elijah^ 
3nd the holy Apoflle Saint fatd anfwered in fuch 
cafes, X Kings 18.18. ^^Bs-i^, 13, 14. and Co 
proportionably may all Chriftians anfwer all pro- 
phane wretches amongft whom they live : It is 
you and your prophane families, yoi'r proud ig- 
norance, hatred to be rcformcd,malice againft the 




Miniftry,&c. -vvhkh* trouble 7/5'4^/,'arefhd true! 
caufes 'of all DifTentions and difquictneflc, and 
bring upon ^us aU thefe plagues and judgemcncs 
which any way tialiCt us. A godly Miniftcr ftands 
at ftaves endwith all theworld, and harh the moft 
^ ,..■ -a enemies of any man. He muft warre rtor only with 
have jsanj/ene- dcfpcrate I waggerers and notorious iinners,but al- 
nies, fo witliciviU honcft menjfoi mall profcfTors, coun- 

terfeit Chriftians,unfound convcrcs^relapfcd crea- 
tures :d"<r, 
t^age again/} . 5 .Laflly,That particular perfon, whom it plea- 
piousper/om. ^^g the L o R D to fanaifie and fet apart for his fcr- 
vice, hath good experience of Satans fury and 
rage againft finceririe and grace; there is not a man 
that pafTeth out of the powers of darkenefiTe and 
Satans bondage,by the power of the Word^buthe 
prefently purfues him farre more furioufly, than 
ever Pharaoh did the ifradnes, to recover and re- 
gaine him into his kingdome. See my difcourfe of 
%mcus7unl • Thus I have given you a tafte of the Divells 
right hind. malicc and machinations againft the light of the 
Gofpelh the power of Gods truth, and the 
Miniftery of the Word ; now you muft under- 
ftandthat worldly wifdome is his very right hand, 
neareft counfcllor, and chiefeft champion in all 
thefe mifchievous plots and furious outrages a- 
gainft God and goodnefte. This hath bcene 
more than manifeft in all ages ofthc Church : In 
thofe great Politicians, the Scribes and Pharifeesj 
in the States-men of Rome : in our times, and a- 
niongft: us daily* worldly- wife menjth.it are only 


A SERMON. 203 

guided by cnrnall rcafon, they imploy theinwit, 
their power, their malice, their friends, their un- 
der- hand dealings, their policy snd their purfes 
tocunklTeihey be too covetous; to hixnder,ftop> 
difgrace^sndflander the palTage ofaconfcionable 
Miniftery and the Mcflcngers of Almighty G o d, 
of whom the Lo r d hathfaid, Touchnotmrnean- - 
nojnted^an^ de m^ Profhets mhdrme. Pfalme 105.15. 
They ever imitate and follow to a haires breadth 
their Father the Divell in malice and pradife a- 
gainft grace and good m.en; except fometimes 
they forbeare for a time for advantage, for reputa- 
tion, orfuchotherby-refpedsand private ends: 
except naturally they bee extraordinarily ingenu- 
ous, and ofvery lovingandkind natural! dijpofi- 
tions ; or bee reftray ned by feare of fome remark- 
able judgement, from perfecution of the Mini- 

2. As worldly vvifedome is divelliili, as Saint f^or% »'(^' 
lames cals it, and ever mixed with a fpice of Hel- "'"^ '^ ^^^^ ^ 
lifh malice jsnd virulencyagainfttheKingdoraeof 
■C H K -I s.T : fo it is alfo Ciirthly^ for it mindes 
onely earthly things,and though that cafls beyond 
the Moone for matters of the world, yet it hath 
not an inch of fore- caft for the Vv'orld to come: 
But though a man bee to palTe, per haps, the: next 
c]ay,.nay the next houre, nay the next moment, to 
thatdreadfullTribunallofGo d, and to an un- 
avoidable cverlailing eftate in another world, 
either in the joycs of Heaven, or in the paines of 
Hell, yet it fo glues and nailes bis hopes, de'lir-es, 
projcds, andi:cfolutionsfo tranfitory pelfe, and 



things of this life, as though both body and foule 
at their difTolution, fliould bee holy and everlaft- 
ingly rcfolved, and turned into earth, duft, or no- 

To give you a taftc of this earthlinefle of 
worldly wifcdome, give mee a worldly-wife man 
if^atuungtpro' I . Put him into difcourfe of the affaires of the 
i^iyuTjhJi "^^^^^^ andthebufmeffcof his calling, and you 
Uofinbun^n^ fhall finde him profound and deepe in this argu- 
ment, abletofpeakewellandtotheporpofe; ific 
were a whole day, and that with dexterity and 
checrflilnefle : But divert his difcourfe a littlcjand 
turne him intotalke of matters of Heaven, of the 
great myftcry ofgodlinefle, the fccrecs offandifi- 
cation.cafes of confcience,and fuch like holy con- 
ference, and you (hall finde him to bee a very in- 
fant, an ideot : it may bee, hee may fay fomcthing 
of the generall points of Religion, of matters in 
conrroverfie, of the meaning of fome places in 
Scripture: but cometoconferre of pradical I dWi- 
nity,experimentall knowledge, palTages of Chri- 
ftianity, and pr3<3:ices of grace, and you fhall find 
him,and hee fhall fhew himfelfe to bee able to fay 
juft nothing with feeling and comfort : many a 
poorencglcded Chriftian, whom in the fpirit of 
Gifdainefulnefre,and out of the pride of his carnall 
wifedome,he tramples upon with contempt, and 
would fcorneto be'matcht with in other matters : 
yet would infinitely furpafTe him in this cafe 5 
quite put him downc> th^c he would have nothing 

2. Let 


J. Let him come tofomc great pcifonagewith ^^,^/, ,« 
a fuit, to inrrcate his ravour and countenance, or to temr petition 
give him tlianks for fome former good tuine : and ^enthun God. 
he will be able to fpeak wcll^plaLfibly.plcafingly, 
perlwafively,snd le^- fonably ; 6in- put him to pray 
in his family unto Ahnighty God for the par- 
don of his finnes, and a crowne of life, for the 
remoovall of damnation aiid an cverlafting curfe 5 
to powre out his foule in thankcfullnefle for e\Try 
good thing hce en joycth ( fcrhee holds all from 
Him) andfuchawifeman ( which is ftrangeand 
fearefull) in a bufineffe of fo great weightjWill not 
bee able to fpcake fcarce one wife word without a 

$, Comeintohisfamily,examinetheftateof ZSuLr^ 
his houfe, you fliall find all things in good order, 'denithmtUir 
every affaire marihallcdanddifpofed for the beft /"«'"• 
advantage,a provident fore-caft,and prefent pro- 
vifionofthingsneccffary fori heir bodies: Every 
one bufie in their feverallimployments, and care- 
ful] in theworkes oftheir calling : butfearch alfo 
into the eftate of their foules, what heavenly food 
is min fired for theii fpirituall life, how the Sab- 
bath is fandified among them, how it ftands with 
them for houfliold-inftruiSlions and family-cxerci- 
fes.^r. And (God knowcs) in that regard, that 
way there is noprovidence at all, no care, no eon- 
fcicnce about any fuch matters. 

Walke alfo amongft his husbandry; you fliall rr«rW/i'^f^ 
find his arable carefully dungcd,iillcd and fowne: ^bZy^ tetur 
his paflurcs well mounded, iTankt and trencht; his i^a» ^intuan, 
trees pruned, his gardens weeded, his catrell 


-ao6 • A SERMON. 

. - . ■ : — . ■ . — , ■»■ • 

TratchfuUy tended : but inquire into the fpirituall 
husbandry at home in his owne confcience, and 
you (hall find his heart overgiowne with finne, as 
the wildeft waft with thirties and briars ; no fence 
to keep the Divell out of his foule, many noyforac 
hifts growing thick and ranke, Ukc fo many nettles 
and brambles to be cut down and caft into the firej 
fo that his fillieft lamb and pooreft pig is in a thou- 
fand times more happy cafe,than himfelfe theow- 
ner^and well were he if his laft end might be like 
theirs, that is, that hisimmortall foule might die 
with his body: but that cannot bej except in the 
meane time he repent, and renounce his carnall 
reafon, hee muft be dcflroyed with an everlafting 
perdition,from the prcfence of Go n,and from the 
glory of His power. 
m'rf'c'ire for ^' Confider His care and afifeaion towards 
S«r IhliJens Hls children; youfhallfindethattobe all earth; 
tm^nan than for whereas perhaps with farre lelTe toy le and tra- 
qinMi^aii vailcbythemerciesof Go D, by teaching them 
the feare of G o d , inftrud^ing them in the waies of 
godlinelTe, reftrayning them from prophanenefle, 
and prophaning the Sabbath, by his owne exam- 
ple of piety and godly converfation, hee might 
plantgracein their hearts, andprovideacrownc 
of glory for their heads hereafter: yet (wretched 
roan ) hee doth not onely wickedly flegle(S thefe 
meanes of everlafting comfort : but with too 
much worldlineflc, variety of vexations (and per- 
haps for his very wickedneffe that way, if there 
were nothing elfe) with the great danger of his 
owne foule J hchcapesupforthcm thofe hoards, 


A SERMON. 207 

that will hereafter hcapc coalcs of v^rigcance on 
their heads 5 and purchafcs and provides for them 
thofcgreenepafturesofa profpcrous flncc in this 
world wherein they are fatted for the fame flai'gh. 
ter, and thorow which they prophanely paflfe into 
the pit of the fame endkfle deftrudion with him- 

5. Aslce his judgement about the Sabbath, and ^'fj^'f ^i,^ 
ordinarily you flial 1 finde his rcfolution to bee this^ sJLtb. 
that hce fees no reafon but mens fervants and chil- 
dren may enjoy fome houres of recreation and 
fport even upon the Sabbath, efpecially with ex- 
ception of times of Divine Service : what would 
they have us to do, (will heefay) or what would 
they make of us ^ I hope they doe not looke wee 
fliouldbe Angels upon Earth : they know we are 
but flefli and bloud .It is too true indeed,this cavil- 
ling againft the keeping of the Sabbath favours full 
ranklyof flefli and bloud. 

God out of the aboundance of His ownc 
goodneffe, and comp2ffionate confidcration of 
our weakcnefTe hath allotted and allowed unto us 
fix dayes for our ownc biifincfTe, and refcived but 
one to be confecrated in fpeciall manner, as glori- 
ous unto Him 5 ajid yet wretched men, th ey muft 
needs clip the Lor d s coyne,encroach upon His 
fan<5lified time, and unthankefully and accurfedly 
fpend thofe holy houres in which they fhould 
treafure up knowledge and comfort againfl that 
fearefull day,inidlentfre, worldlincffe, and pro- 
phane paftimcs, whereby bcfidts the particular 
curfe upon their ownc foulcs, they many times 


2og A SERMON. 

draw many miferics and plagues upon the place 
where they Uve.This reafon is carnall indced,this 
wifedome is earthly with a wirncfTe. 

Addanotheroutof/'«^.i2. 39*40. 

Thus you fee worldly vvifdome in all that coiv- 
fultation and carriage inclines unto the earth,pro- 
vidcs ever with greatcft care for the world, and fa- 
vours rankly offlefliandbloud. 
fmlZfuT ^ • ^^ ^^ SiKo fenfmH : for, ir doth fenflcfly pr^- 
me/enfua . £^^^^ ^j^^ plcafures of fcnfe and pleafing the appe- 
tite, before the peace of confcience and fenfe of 
Gods favour. It provides a thoufand times bet- 
ter for a body of earth, which muft (hortly upon 
an unavoidable necelfity, feedc thewormes, and 
turne to duft; than for a precious immortall foulc, 
the immediate ilTue of Go d s Almighrineflfc, and 
which can never poflibly die ; It doth with grea- 
ter fwcetneflc and hold-faft, relifh, apprehend and 
enjoy the furious delights of fome bofomc-finne, 
which it hath in prefent purfuit, tafte and pofTeiS- 
on5than fpirituall graces, Gods favour, joy in that 
blefTed Spirit, andacrowneoflife hereafter; for 
which it hath Gods Word and promife, if ic 
would be wife to falvation. In a word : it doth 
fo highly preferre a fewbitter-fweet pleafures^for 
an inch of time in this vale of reares^ before un- 
mixed and immeafurable joyes thorow all eterni- 
ty in the glorious maniions of heaven : Is not this 
wifedome ftrangely nailed and glued unto fenfe, 
and ftupidly fenfeleffe in fpirituall things, that 
though many times fore-told and fore-warned by 
the Miniftcry of the Word, yet will needs for the 



temporary fatisfaifiion of its carnall, covetous, oc 
ambitious humour, with filthy vexing, tranfitory 
pclfe,withvaniry5dung, nothing, run wilfully and 
headlong uponeafelelle, endlefTe, and remedilefle 
tormenrs in the world to come ^ And that which 4 
isthe juft curfc and plague of worldly wifedome, 
(thisfpirituallmadnelTe commonly called) it is 
confident that it doth wifely, and takes the beft 
way, and thereupon becomes incorrigible and 
obftinate : For there is more hope ofafoole^ then of 
himthatisrvifeinhis o^vne conceift, Prov* 26. 22. 
hndijTh&ttghthou jhoitldefl if ray afookin a mi>rter,yet 
will not his fool iflmejfe depart from him\ Prov, 27.22* 
How fearefullthen is his cafe, that to his worldly 
wifdomejoynes confidence in his waies ^ But the 
day will come that hee'l fee and bewailerhe vanity 
of his wifdome, and the truth of his folly, and that 
with bitter gticfe and horrible anguiflieven in hell 
fire,asit is notably fee downe in the book of f^rif 
dome Cap. $. VmlZth, 

But the Word which heere in Iam;s is rendred ^"x'^'^/l «> 
Senfihill, isthcfame which is ufed, 1 Corinthians S^l^'vil^^^-nt 
2. 14, The nattitiill man receiveth mt the things^ o^-fjrn«V/,i 

So that worldly wifedome is In that fenfe natu- w^'^^U^v'^-^ 
rail: that it can neither rcliili nor receive the ^XiTy%lm 
things of the Spirit: itc^nno: poflibly conceive reujiwb not 
and comprehend the immediate meanes and my- ^^ritu^ tbiags 
fteries of falvation : let a man otherwife be never 
Co faire and comely in body, never fo proportio- 
nable^perfonable, or goodly tS looke upon, and in 
the eye of others, yetifhimfelfe wantcyes (the 

P inftru- 

SenTmU tthat 

210 A SERMON. 

inftmmcnts of light, hcc cannot polTibly behold 
and gaze upon with delight the goodlineffe and 
glory of this great frame of the world about him : 
he cannot fee the brightnefTc of the Sun, the beau- 
•wty of the earth, and the dclightfome variety of the 
creatures : fo a worldly-wife man though hee bee 
never fo gracefull for his other parts, never fo ad- 
mirable to carnall eyes, or mightily magnified by 
his flatterers or favourites: yet wanting the faving 
fight of G o p s fandlifying Spirit, and the eye of 
fpirituall undcrftanding,is ftarke blind infpirituall 
matters, and cannot poffibly behold the rich Pa- 
radifeof the kingdome of grace,thcfecrcts of San- 
£l:ification,and the incomparable glory and excel- 
lency of Chriftianity. This wifdome of the flcfb 
ferves the worldling ( liketheOftrich wings ) to 
make him to out-run others upon the earth and in 
earthly things 5 but can help him never a whic to- 
wards heaven : nay, is rather like a heavic mill- 
ftone about his neck,to make him finke deeper in- 
to the bottomleffe pit of hell. 

The rcafon why thefe great politicians and joF- 
lijgeVidfim ly wife men ofthe world (as th^y are called) for 
vporidiivgi. all theif depths and devices, with all their wit and 
windings, cannot underftand one title ofthe 
things of G o d, is, becaufethis fpirituall know- 
ledge is hid from them. For fo faith our Saviour 
Christ, Map. 11.25. Igf've thee thankes o Father ^ 
Lord of Heaven and Earth, hecmfethou haft hid 
thefe things fromthe wife and men $f under fandtng,, 
gndhafirevealidthilnuntohahes. And this reafon 
our Saviour rcndretb why hcc fpakc to world- 

A SERMON. 211 

lings in parabks and to his Difciples plaincly> he- 
€aufetothefe itwasgiijen to kmw thefecretsofth^^ 
kingdome ofheavenM^ to them it was not given. And 
indeed it is juft with G o D,;Chat, 

i.Sith they when the glorious Sun of the Word frorUiings 
of life ihines furely upon their faces, doe wilfully f "JJf ;^/-^'* 
fhuc their eyes agakift it,that He fhould^ftrike chena ^w^rd. 
ftarkc blinde, fothat for matters of falvatien they 
fliould grope even at noone-day, as the blind gro* 
pethindarkenefle, and fturablcth in the darkcft 

2« Sith they depend on their owne policy, n'orUiwgs dt* 
depths, and turning devices, God juftlyturnes 5^^/p"J^" 
them loofeto follow the fwing of their carnall "*" ' "^ 
teafon 5 and fuffers them to lie and delight them- 
felves in the fenfuall mifls, and felf-conceited foo* 
Icries and vanities of their own naturall wifdomc : 
while the Moonc lookcsdire(5lIy upon the Sunne> 
from whom fheborrowes her light, (bee is bright 
and beautifull, butiffheonceturneafide, and be 
left toiler felf,(hc loofesall her glory, and enjoycs 
but onely a fhadow of light w hich is her owne: fo 
while men with humility and teachablenefTe turne 
their faces toward the Sunne of RighteoufnefTe, 
ChristJesv s, and thofeStarres which he 
holds in his right hand, the faithfull Minifters, to 
receive from them illumination in heavenly 
things^andinftrudiion in the waies of G o d ,G o d 
doth gratioufly vouchfafe unto them the glorious 
light of faving knowledge: but when they turne 
their backs upon Him, betake themfelves to their 
owne plots and projeds, devices and policies, and 

P 2 feekc 

212 A SERMON. 

fecke dcepeto hide theii counfcll from the Lord: 
then they are juftly left to the darkfome giddineffe 
of theii;^carnall rtafon, and walke towards feare- 
fulnelTe and horrour, thorough the windings and 
turnings of their worldly wifdome. 
ivorinings ^' Becaufe they are proud of their earthly poli- 

proud oj their cy>the Lo r d Will not givc them ptudc^ce in hca- 
oivnsmt, venly matters.-becaufe they are wife in their owne 
concciptSjthey are juftly given over to follow the 
deceitfulncffe of their owne hearts : with an impe- 
rious difdainefullnefle, they fcorne the fimplicity 
of the Saints, and therefore they arc juftly blin- 
ded, to thinke the way es of their falvation foali/h- 
HiethetfLrl 4- Worldly men make an IdoU of their wifdome? 
:ifi/dme. both in refpe(5t that they wholy repofe themfelvcs 
upon it, for their provifion and protedion, and be- 
caufethey fecreily defire to be admired & adored 
for it^as men of extraordinary endowments,and o- 
racles of difcretion and policy; andit may be,thac 
they are fo by their favourites and flatterers i buc 
they muft give God His Word^ and good men 
leave to ccnfurc them truly and juftly to be the no- 
torioufeft fooles upon earth, becuufe they are in- 
fants and ideotsinthe matters and myftcries of fal- 
vation. Now I fay >becau{e they make an Idoll of 
their wirdon:ie,GoD and this earthly Dagon can- 
rot polTibly dwell together in one foule5but in his 
juft: judgement fufFers them with fuch doting de- 
votionjfelf-conceittofacrificeuntoit, that they 
want both underftanding and hearts to do him ^ny 
acceptable fervice^ 



This naturall and fenfuall wifedome being thus 
hood- winked from all heavenly light by G o d s 
juft judgement, and by the pride,piejudice,wilftil- 
ncffe, felfenefTeofchc owner doth proporrion and 
meafure all its conceipts,and confiderations of Re- 
ligion and religious men by the unfound and fen- 
fuall principles of our corrupt nature, and by the 
falfe fcantling of carnall" reafon. 

We may fee this carnality of worldly wifdome 
in cenfuring fpirituall things in Nicodemus^ loh.'^. 
See alfo a carnall conceipt of worldly wifdome in 
my Difcourfe of true ^appneJfe^ip2g.$S,s9- 

Hence it is alfo that wee fiad it to be a con ftant ^^ridihgi mif- 

I 1J1 T • cent art true pt' 

property or a worldly-wile man to conceive or ^ty^ 
cenfure a zealous profeffion of G d s truth, and 
found pradlce of fincerity, to be nothing but hy- 
pocrite and humour, anaffedation of angulari- 
ty, precifene{re,andakindofodnefrefrom other 
men. The reafon is, when he lookes upon him- 
felfe in the flattering glaffe of felfe-conceipt^ hee 
judges himfelfe to be a very jolly fellow : thinkes 
he within his owne heart; I go for a fufficient man Qu'Tq; in alio 
in the world : the beft make good account of me : ^Z^nT >>& 
I am well beloved of my neighbours : my fuflfici- quod non ha- 
cncv for wifedome, moderation in Religion, civi- bet.neccurat: 

i. V • • A /r • J f • 1 That ivhtcb he 

lityforcarnage,jultnelle in dealings With men,are ^^^^^ „^^ ^^^ 
both knowne and w ell fpoke of by the moft : and feife , or doth 
what would you have more in a man <: Hereupon, "'^^ e/ietme, kee 

r i_' A- 11 r r 1 • ^ accounts fubet' 

outofthispraaicallfurvey of his owne counter- puy, an idle 
feit worth, and becaufe hee is ftarke blind in fp iri- quality, a meere 
tuall matters, and t he affaires of Heaven, hee pre- f£iftcinanoi 
fcntly concludes, whatfoeverzeale, (ingularities tier, 

P ? of 



ofgrace and fpirituall excellencies are luppofed 
by fome kind of men to be in others, efpecially , if 
they be of lower rank and Icfle account for world- 
ly wifedome than himfelfe, to be nothing but on- 
ly outward fhewes, pretences and hy pocrifics : he 
isfurnifliedin his owne conceipr with a compe-* 
tency,ifnot an extraordinary fiifficiency of natu- 
rall and morall endowments : and he never felt ei- 
ther the power ofgrace, neither can pofifibly fee 
or acknowledge thofe holy operations in others: 
and therefore hee cannot be perfwadcd, but he is 
fully as good as the precifeft of them ( for that's 
the language of prophanenefTe againft grace) and 
that there is no worth worth naming, or any true 
reall goodnefle in thofe they now call Chriftians, 
over and befides that which hee iindeth in him- 

5. Concerning greatneffe of nobilityjunderftand 
that by Nobles I meane both the greater and leflc 
Nobility ,according to T>.Smiths diftindion in his 
Commoji-r^ealeofEn g l a n d. Andthis double 
Nobility is of diverfe forts, i. Perfonall, 2. By 

6, There isyet another Nobility, whichis Di- 
vine and fupernaturall in regard whereof all o* 
ther kindes whatfoever are but fliadowes and 
lliapes of Noblemfle.Here God istopof thekin, 
and Religion is the root. Thefe arc truly and the 
onely Noble indeed, and fo accounted by King 
D^-y/^/, though of no account in the World at alL 
How rarely is the glorious Image of the Lord 
J E s V s (which oncly creates this cxcellencie) 

' ' feene 

Nobility grea- 



A SERMON. '215 

feenefhine in their foulesj or fhew forth it felfein 
their holy canverfation, who glider in outward 
glory, and are lifted up above others by eniinency 
of Noble birth, orindulgence ofhighell favours. 
Such Noblemen and Gentlemen are black fwans, 
and thinly fcatter'd in the firmament of a State, e- 
ven like ftars of the firft magnitude. For,faith my 
Text, Net mmj Nohl^^^ Sec, 

And that no maivell, for many reafons. And ^HfJeducated. 
yet I Vv^ill not heere trouble you Jn telling how mi- 
ierably and extreamely ill thofe who bee better 
borne are ordinarily educated. Alas,they arc too 
often brought up in ignorance<, idlenefle, cxcefTive 
purfuit of fports and vaine things: in drinking, 
carnall loofenelTe, riotous exceflc, in fenfuality, 
pride, prophanation of the Lords Day ; In 
ftrange fafliions, healthing^gaming, good-fellow- 
f^ip: in frequenting Playes, thofe grand impoy- 
foners of many hopcfull plants, with univerfall 
prophane, unnaturall difToluteneffe melting un- 
happily the vigour of their fpirits into effeminate- 
nelfe, lightnefle and luft. Andalmofteverina 
conftancoppofitionto the good way, the power 
ofgodlinefTe, and ftri(5lnclle of the Saints, who 
arethe ordinary objeds of their greateft difta(l,je- 
fling and fcorne : and whereas they (of all others) 
have beft meanes,largefl: maintenance, mofl time, 
capacity, and pregnancy of wit, and other encou- 
raging advantages, whereby they might become 
excellent fchoUers of eminent abilities, proporti- 
onable to their precedency irj birth : yet for want 
of a confcionaWe care in their cducation,of choice 

P 4 for 

^\6 A SERMON. 

for godly and worthy Schoole-mafters, Tutors, 
Teachers, CGnforts,Miniftcrs,and reftraint from 
the coriuptions of the times ; and by reafon of 
their perverting and empoyfoning by the fore- 
named youthfull aberrations, or rather exorbi- 
tancies. They pafle through thofe famous nurce- 
rics of learning and law, without any materiall im- 
prelHons of Academicall worth, or wifedome of 
State. At length returning many times unto rich 
inheritances, and faire eftates, and then refleding 
wpon their loft time with late repentance, and fin- 
ding in themfelves neither any^competent fuffici, 
cncies to ferve their Countrey, or to little pur* 
pofe, and very poorely ; nor any folid flock of 
ibund learning for their working fpirits to bee ex- 
ercis'din,and feed upon with contentment: they 
refolvedly languifh and diflblvc into idlenefTe and 
pleafures, as though they were put into the 
World, as Leviathan into the fea, to take their 
paftime therein. And foat laft in refped: either 
of perfonall worth, or the publike good, they 
become but unprofitable burdens of the earth : 
and by their exemplary ill expence of time, if 
not farrc bafer trickes; the very banc of the 
Countreyes that bred them, and great dishonour 
tothefamiliesthatownethem. Tor affureyour 
felves,to bee well borne, and live like an humane 
beaft, is a notorious blemifli to a noble Houfe: 
and let never any bee fo vaine, as to brag of their 
birthjcxceptthcy be new-borne; this honour of 
birthCfaith Charron)mzy light upon a vicious man, 


A SERMON. 217 

Neither will I here take up a complaint of the ^^^,7;^, -^^^^ 
much lamented degeneration of our modernc No- Gentry degencf 
bility and Gentry (I ever except the truly worthy ^^^^' 
and noble)from even the civill worthineire5milita- 
ry valour> and noble deportment of former times. 
Now a daics, ifa man Icoke big, be firil in thefa- 
Ihion, fliake his fhag-haire inaboifterous and ruF- 
fian-likc m-anner>carrie himfelfe with a difdainfuU 
ncglc(5tand proud bravery, and with an afFe<5led, 
and artificiall haughtincfte of countenance, out- 
brave others, and brow-beat his brethren, better 
than himfelfe, he is the man. But alas ! How farrc 
'diflantisthis, and degenerating from true gcne- 
roufnefTe, and that fweet amiable courrelle and 
affability which was wont to dwell in the gentle 
breafls of the ancient Englifh Nobles ^ I am a- 
fraid if wee goe on, our pofterity will finde in the 
next age the bafeft generation of Englifli r/iat e- 
ver breathed in this famous Kingdome. Sir 
Walter Rarvlergh, I confefle in his excellent Work 
having difcourfed and difcufTed of this Queftion, 
whether the Bomam could have re(5tificd the 
GveaZLy^lexmJerj makes good in a fecond place Lib^pag,i6t 
tothemarchlefle honour of this Nation, chat nei- (^M- 
thcr the Oliacedonun, nor the Roman fouldier 
was of equall valour to the Bnglijh, But when 
wercthofetimes^ When his Father fent to the 
Blacke Prince, fighting (as it were) in bloud to the 
knecs,and in great diftrefre,this mefTagc ; Let him 
cither vanquifli or die. When VVarwickc^,Bed' «/^. of Trance^ 
ford^ and that famous Talbot, and fuch other p«^.»5«. 
yiiftorious Englifli Commanders with their va- . 


2i8 A SERMON. 

liant armies walked up and do wne FA-^/^f^^ like fb 
many invincible Lions. But oh the mighty,and un- 
conquerable manhood and magnanimity of the 
ancient Englijh ! Whither art thou gone^and where 
art thou buried, that wee may vific thy Tombed 
But I fay, to let thefe paffe, I onely lay hold upon 
that which is moft pregnant and pundluall to my 
TmaJ'^wnp. . ThcfeiV^^/^y iu my Text, and ordinarily inall 
tationi. times fwallow down fo many baits from the divels 

hands, are fo furrounded with variety and ftrength 
of temptations : fo ill brought up, and fo vainely 
puft up with infolency and felf-eftimation,becaufe 
they are lifted up above others:They are fo limed 
with inextricable infnarements, by pleafures, 
riches, honours, eafe, liberty, earthly fplendour, 
bravery, applaufe of the world, and pride of lifej 
that commonly, by fuchtimeas they come to the 
ftrengthof body and mmdacorruft ajfethon obtains 
its full ftrength and height, and hardneffe in their 
hearts: And then,and by that time,in what danger 
they are for falvation, you may perceive by well 
weighing the condition of this divcllifli engine, 
and its curfed companion, which I am wont to de- 
fcribe thus : 
Corrupt affim- It is the ripened and aduated ftrength and rage 
9n\de}ned, of Originall corruption that furioufly executes the 
rebellious didates of the Divell, and dcfperare 
proje(5ls of Mens fenfuall hearts : ftands at defi- 
ance,profefres open hoftility againft grace, good- 
neffe, good men, good can es, and all courfes of 
fandificution^ feeds upon fo long, and fils it k\^c 


A SERMON. 219 

fofiiU with worldly vanities and plealures, that 
growing by little and little incorrigible^and hating 
to be reform'd, it breeds, and brings foorth(asits 
naturalliflue) defpaire, honour, and theworme 
which never dies. 

And this corrupt afFedion is of it felfcjand natu- 
rally, Firft, iintameabkj Secondly, infatiablej 

I. Untameable. The heart ofman is naturally ^° ^^'^^''^J^' 
ofthehardtft flinr,hcw'd immediately our of the ^Jl\r7atieTQ 
fturdy and ftubborne rock of the race of k^dam, change the 
Itsownecorruption,thejLiftcurreofGoD upon t'l^k^ri/ 
it, and the accurfed influence of hellifli malice, fill grace from God 
it fo full of ironfinewes, and of fuch adamant and ^"^^^ 
prodigious hardncffe, that no crofTe or created ° '^^'^^^^ 
power, not the fofteft eloquence or fevered 
courfe^ nay,not the weight cf the whole world, 
orthe heav'neiTe of Hell, if they were all prelTed 
upon it, could pofTibly bend and breake it, make it 
yeeld or relent one^bt from it obftinaie and out- 
ragious fury in it owne wayes : this is onely the 
worke of the Holy Ghoft,with the hammer of the 
Word. The ftubborne ifraelitcs were heavily 
laden with.an extraordinary variety of moft grie- 
vous erodes and affiidions : there was nothing 
wanting to m.ake them outwardly miferable^ and^ 
no miferyiniiided upon them, but upon purpofe 
to humble and take downe their rebellious hearts. 
StQlfayi,'$y6,'j. How the Prophet paints out to 
the life the rufull and diftrcffefull ftate of their 
frefh-bleeding defolations : Thewholehead (S2i\th 
he j i^fickeiandthe tvhok heart is heofvy ,&c. For the 


220 A SERMON. 

place is meant, not ( as fome take it ) of their fins, 
but oFtheir forrowes. But all the blowes and pref- 
fures were fo farre from fofcning their hearts, that 
they hardened and emmarbled them more and 
more. when foreiMihihc Pvophei)J])OuUje he finite 
tenanj moye^feryefallawaj more and morz^? 
chnfissermont What Created power can poffibly have more 
little toTou^ht power upon the foules of men, than the facred Scr- 
«,i the imes, ^^^^ of the Son of G o D , whojpake as never mm 
Jpake .? And yet i hefe deare intreatics and melting 
invitations which fvvcerly & tenderly flow'd from 
that heart,which was refolved to fpil that warmcft 
& inmoft bloud for their fakcs,moved thofefliffe- 
necked ]ewes ncvct ^jov.lerufalemjlentfdlew, faith ' 
hcjtvhkl kiHesftk Prophets,^c.Mat,2^,'^'j, Ifaiah 
that noble Prophet, whofe matchleffe eloquence 
furpaflfeththe capacity ofthe largeft created under- 
flanding; and to which the powcrfull elegancies 
of prophane writers is pure barbarifme,fhed many 
ana many a gracious and golden fhower of fofteft 
and fweeteft eloquence upon a finfull nation and 
rebellious people,which was fruitlefly and vainly 
fpilt as water upon the ground, or loft upon the 
hardeft flint : many a piercing and powerfull Ser- 
mon had heefpentamongfl: them to the wafting 
of his ftrength and fpirits 3 which yet was to them 
as an idle and empty breath, vanifliing into no- 
thing,and fcatter'd in the ayre. The Lord (as He 
fayes Himfelfe)madc his mouth as a (harpe fword, 
and Himfelfeasa chofcn fhaft 5 and yet that two- 
Cap.40.4. edged fword was full often blunted upon their 
hardeft hearts, and his kccnc arrowcs difcharged 




by a skilfull handjfcbounded from their flinty bo- 
fomcs,asfhaftsflioragainftaftonewal]. And that 
made that Seraphicall Oratourjthe unmatched Pa- 
ragon of facred eloquence, thus to cowphincj/ay 
^^j,/!^.! have laboured in vaine^ I have J^em my 
ftrengthin vaineidndfor nothing. 

A courfc ofextraordinary fevcrity and terrour pharaohhard^ 
was taken with Pharach-^ he was not only chaftifed «f^ oihtm. 
wi' h rods,but even fcourged with Scorpions ; and 
yet all the plagues ofJEgypt were fo far from pier- 
cing and foftning his hard hearr^asthar every par- 
ticular plague added a feveral iron fincw^and more 
flintincs to his already ftony heart. And as the heart 
is naturally thus hardened towards godlineffe, fo 
alfo hollow towards the godly: See Sauls carriage 
towards David, No materiall weight can more 
crufli the heart of man, than braying in a morter 5 
and yet faith Salomon, Prov. 27.22. Though thew 
jheuldefi bray afcok.z defperste finner, a rebellious 
wretch, in a mcrter amongjl wheat braced with a pe^ 
ftfl:>jct will not hiifoolijlmes J:\is finfullnes,whicn is 
xhcgx^dXcik^depart frcmhim^no more than the skinne 
from the Blacke^morCiCr thef^otsjrom the Leopard by 

Shame an old obftinate beaten finner with his Nothing moves^ 
horrible ingratitude^ (how him the ugly face of his «« ^^'"^ *f«'''« 
hainousfins, tell himofthelofTeofthehappinefle 
ofHeavensaffright him with the feare of hell and 
damnation : in all this hee is like a Smiths anvill 
that growes harder and harder for all his hamme- 
ring. Laftlyja dam.ned fpirit,though he lye in the 
Idwcft dungeon of utter darkncflfe, laden with t hat 


222 ASERMON. , 

burden of finne, which preft downc a glorious 
Angell of light and all his followers from the top 
of Heaven into that loweft pit, with the full 
weight of the unquenchable and everlafting wrath 
of G o D 3 with all the heavy chaines of that infer- 
nail lake 5 and with that which ( meethinkes ) is 
farrc worfe and more cutting than many hels, than 
ten thoufand damnations, even with defpaire of e- 
ver having eafe, end or remedy of chofe moft bit- 
ter, everlafting, intoUerable hellifh torments : I 
fay,though a damned foulebe thus laden,and thus 
heavily preft downe with all this curfed weight, 
and hainoufnefTe of Hell ; yet he is ftill as hard as a 
ftone.So certain it is,that no curfe,or created pow- . 
cr,nor the fofteft eloquence or fevereft courfe, 
not the weight of the whole world or the heavines 
of hell; if all were preft and laid upon the heart of 
a man; could poflibly breake that ftubbornefTe, or 
tame that rebellion. This is onely the worke 
ofthebleffed Spirit with the hammer of the 
The hard hear- Thls hardncfTe of heart had attained a ftrangc 
tedaejfe of man height evcn in the worlds infancydnto what a pro- 
f-m hujaU, Jigious rocke is that growne now then by length 
of time,info many ages,fith every generation fince 
by invention of new finnes, and addition of hai- 
noufnefTe unto the old, have every one added 
thereunto a feverall iron finew, and a further de- 
iT^t. What a heart was got into Cdins brcaft, 

whowasfirftcut out of the ftony rocke of cor- 
rupc man-kind 5 remorfcof itcdding the guilt- 


A SERMON. 223 

lefTe blood of his murthcrcd brother, which was 
able to have n^elted an adamant into bloody 
teares, mooved hi«i never a whit. Nay, the prc- 
fenceof Almighty Go d, at which the earth pral.114.7. 
trembles J the hiUs melt like wax,wh:chturneththc^ ^1"^'*% 
rockeintowater-pcleSi an^theflintintoafeuntahieof "^ ' ^ ' 
Jv^^^(asI>4^'/i^pcakes) yet made his ftony heart 
relent never a whir. Nay, yet further, Gods 
mighty voyce immediately from his own mouth, 
which hreakes the Cedars iandjhakes the wilderHejfe^y 
which was able with one word even in a moment 
toturnethc whole World into nothing, and the 
fonnes ofmen as though they had never beene; 
'yet (I fay) this power full and mighty voyce did 
notatallamazeor moUifie the unrelenting ftub- 
borneneffe of this bloudy wretch : but in a ftrangc 
dogged fa(hion he anfwers God Almighty even 
to His face. For, when Go d mildly and fairely 
asked him what was become of his brother ^be\ 
he anfwered, / cannot tell : Nay, further, as 
though hee had bid God goe looke, hec faith, 
K^m Imj brothers keener ? Where take this note 
by the way 5 Let not Chriftians think much to re- Gen.4.^. 
ceive dogged anfwers and difdainfull fpeechcs • 
from prophane men : you fee how doggedly this 
fellow anfwers even God Almighty: TheDjfciple 
is not above his Majter,nffr thefervant above his Lord: 
It is enough for the Bifcifle to be as the Majter and the 
firvant as his Lor d:if they have called the M after of the 
houfe Beelzebub Jjow much more them of his houfijold j*" 
iU^r^Mo. 24,25. »t L I J 

Whataftrangcftonyhcartlodged in the brcaft f/^**^'^^* 



ohhety tint Pharaoh} WhentheProphet(ir/^^/ 
l3.)cncdtothealrarof/^r^^/?4;»,0 altar altar, the 
altar clave prefently afunder at the Word of Go d 
in the mouch ofthe Propher-,biit this mighty ham- 
mer ot the Word, (/fr.23.29.) with ten miracles 
„ aaveten mighty ft rokes at P^<ir4^^j heart- and yet 
tbut impudent could find noentrance,couid not pierceit. Let no 
perfbns are no manthen thinkc it ftrange to fee many Hubborne 
mremoved. ^^^ rebellious wrctches run on in their courfes,and 
rage againft the waies of G o d , though they have 
both the Miniftcry ofthe Word of Go d to rc- 
claime them, and be many times fingled out parti- 
cularly bythe hand of God withfome fpeciall 
judgement/or the abatement of their fury. For, 
the rebellioufnes of mans nature can never pofllb- 
lybee tamed,corruprafFedion can never bee con- 
quered, untill the heart wherein it fits inrhron'd, 
be cruflit and broke in peeces : and this hardneffe 
ofheart can never bee mortified, no created -pow- 
er can poiTibly pierce it, untill the Almighty Spi- 
rit take the hammer of the Word into His owne 
hand • that by His fpeciall, unrefiftable power He 
may firft breake and bruife it, and after by fprink- 
lingitwiththebloud of Christ, diflblve it 
into tearcs of true repentance,that fo it may be fof- 
J^rn'mmr ^ened,fanaified,and faved. And let no man mar* 
producetb veil, that the powerfullcft Miniftery doth produce 
[corners. by accident the moft peftilent fcorners, cruel- 

left perfecutors, and men of moft raging carriage 
The War} againft the meanes of their falvation^ for thefc 

M<i\ts the dead jcafons. 

mrcto/}inke. ^^ ^Fromthc naturc ofthe glorious Gofpell 


'A SERMON. 225 

of Je sjf s Chr I $T,the Sun of righteoufnesAvhieh 
fhining upon one that hath fpiricuall hfe,will more 
revive and quicken him : but in one dead in finnes 
and trefpafTes, caufes him to ftinke more hatefully 
before the face of Go D and man. 

2. From the cruelty of Satan: who laiesmore saunhoU0irs 
burdens and heavier chaines upon him that the ^""^^ ,^^'^'",'J^i 
Minifters labour to pull out or his inares. ay,<zv. 

2. VnfAtiable, Corrupt aflPcclion is unfatia- corruption m- 
ble in all its fenfuall purfuits^for theempoyfo- J**'^-*^'^- 

1. Fountaine of originall pollution is hot- ort^inaUpoUw 
tomleflejrciHefTe, and ever working 5 it fends out '^"^^-IP^^"^' 
uncefTanily frcfli defires, new longings, and more 
greedincfTe, for the grafping, engrofling, and de- 
vouring of earthly delights and carnall 'plea- 


2, When the heart ofman for fakes the blefTed ^'^'^ '« H^'« 
2.ndhound\c(CcFoumaJffeofUvwgwaursi of which pttftottm"fe 
if it fliould drifike heartily and fincercly, and every 

drop fhould be in it a well of water Jpri/fring up to <?- 
verUHing Itfe-^znA digs unto it earthly p'ts ; wher- 
outto fuck the muddy and troubled ftreams of va- 
nity and fenfuall delights 5 then G o d in his juft 
Judgement makes thofe pits bottorales.that they'l 
hold no water; fo that it (liall fceke and never be 
fatisfied : it fliall toile and tire out it felfe in waies 
of wickedncfTe and deft ruction, and fliall never 
find end and reft; but in endleflc woe and reftleffe 
torments. IThuf '''''' 

5. Never was jay lor fo jealous over his prifo- 
ncrs,as Satan is watchfull over every wicked man. 

CL And 

22^ A SERMON. 

Sat nmhmen And therefore Icaft he fhould wax we^ry of his 
infatiabkinfm way to hell,hc failes not by a fecrct accurfed influ- 
ence to fill his finfull heart, with an unquenchable 
thirfl after pleafuresofthe earth. And he doth not 
only put this unfatiablethirft into the foule ofa car- 
^ nail man ; but alfo by his jugling and art of impo- 

flure^he guilds over fenfual objeds with lying glo- 
ry jand a deceitfuU luftre,and puts a violcnt,ftrong 
inticing power into worldly vanities^thatthcy may 
continually feed his greedy appetite withfreili fuc- 
ceflion, and an endlefTe variety of fenfuall fweet- 
nefTes. Satan himfclfe is infinite in malice againft 
the majefty of G o d . He drinkes up fin, and de- 
voures iniquity with as infatiable grecdincfTe, as 
Behemothxhtnytt lordan, 
Satan hath lis Of all thofe huge mountaines, the numberlefle 
hand imvery number,andpurplc feas offins and tranfgrcflions, 
M which have at any time, any where, by any crea- 

ture been committed fince himfelfe firft fell from 
heaven unto this houre,or fhall be from thence un- 
till the day of doomCjOr from thence everlaftingly 
in hell,by bannings,curfings,and defpairsamongft 
thofe damned fiends r I fay, of all thefe fins Satan 
is guilty one way or othenand if he might have his 
willjhe hath malice enough to make an infinite ad- 
dition bojih in number and hainoufnefiTe. Where 
onefint>^is committed, he wiflieth there were ten 
thoufand.He would have every finfull thought be 
a firi of Sodomy: every idle word adefperateblaf- 
phemy^every angry lookja bloudy muither,every 
frailty, a ciying fin : every default, a damnable re- 
bellion. Now as Satan himfelfe is thus infinite and 




infatiable in the wayes of darknefTc ; fo doth he in- 
fpire every limbe of his with a fpice of this finfuil 
greedinelTe,and reftlclTe purfuit of their owne wic- 
ked waies. 

Togiveaninftantof trembling and terrour in ^fwearer tbat^ 
this kind,and of Satans merciles malice that way. I f/ipekiL^ill 
knew a man which in his life time was given to that oathi. 
fcarefuU blafphemous fin of fwearing, who com- 
mingtohisdeath-bedjSatanfofild his heart with 
a madded and enraged greedineffe after tha^ (moft 
gainelefTe and pleafurelelTc fin) that though him- 
felfe fwore as fall and furioufly as he couIdjyetCas 
though he had been already amongfi: the bnnnings 
and blafphemics of hell) he defperatly defir'd the 
fianders-by to helpe him with oathes, and to 
fwearc for him. Incredible rage,prodigious fury \ 
Now if Satan be able to beget fuch infatiablencffe 
ahcr fin wherein there is no profit or delight at all; 
how fiercely andfearcfully will he enrage carnall 
men in the purfuit of gainfulljpleafurefulljand ad- 
vancing fins c* 

You fee then how the unfatiablenefTe of corrupt 
affection fprings out of the fountaine of Originall 
naughtinefle/rom the juft curfcof Go Dand malice 
of Satan. 

It is cleare and evident by ordinary experience, ^^r^h i'^^'f - 
and obfervation in the world, with what infatisfi- •'^'^^ ^"^*^'*' '^' 
able defire and greedincfi^e,corrupt affedion doth 
feed upon that fenfual ob/e6l,and earthly pleafure, 
upon which with fpeciall apprehenfion, and de- 
lightfull tafte,it feazes and fets it felf e. . ^ 

I. If it fall in love with honour and high tmT'^^"^^' 
0^2 roomcsi 

228 A SERMON. 

loomcs^ it begets ambition, which is an unfatiable 
thlrft after glory 5and a gluttonous exceilive defirc 
after greatnefle. 
^tionpor,. Qf ^jj other vicious paflions which doe pofTeffe 
^ the heart of man, it is the moft powerfull and un- 

^ conquerable. Asitisfuperlativeandtranfccndent 

in itobje(5land afpirationsjand feated in the high- 
efhand haughtieft fpiritSjfoisitrefolute and def- 
perate in it undertakings, furious and head- flrong 
inits purfuits and profecutions. 
Ambition ven- It IS ventrous to remoove any let, and hardned 
trous. £q J ^jj meanes 3 many times without remorfe or 

teares, it takes out of the way by fome cruell con- 
trivance, their deareft friends, and tramples rhe- 
neereft blood,as we fee ordinarily in the Turkifli 
Emperors,to get up into an high place^and grafp an 
Imperiall Crowne, 
Ambition ma' It is vi(5borious ovcr all other affedions^and 
^mm^" ^^^' mafters even the fenfuality of luftfull pleafures, as 
wee may fee in many great men of the Heathens, 
{Alexander, Scipo, Pom^ey^ and many others j 
who being tempted with the exqi'jifitncfleand va- 
rieties of choifeft beauties^yct forbare that villany, 
not for confcience fake , or for feare of G o d, 
whom they knew not; but leaft thereby they 
fliould flop the current of their vi(5lorious atchie- 
vements^and obfcure the glory of their remarkable 
>j«ji;.,"« n.»j. It preferres a hi^h roome in the world before a 
m upon life, temporall lircs yea, and eternall lire too. How 
many great mens hearts have burft, at the difplea- 
fed and frowning countenance of a King ^ How 


A SERMON. 119 

many cither by defperate pradifes or their ownc 
violent hands have brought themfelves to untime- 
ly ends,bccaufe they were impatient of the lower 
places they had formerly enjoyed, i^chitophel, 
when he was like to loofethe reputation and ranke 
cf a Privy Counfellor,fadled his AflTejWcnt home, 
put his houfe in ordcr,and hanged himfclfe. How 
many daily run great hazards, to domineere for a 
while in their undeferved dignities f And prepare 
againftthc day of wrath, by an unconfcionable 
purchafingofhigheftroomesamongft the fons of 

Laftly, it is uncapable of fociety,and fnarpened ^^^'l^onmuid 
by the injoy ment of that it defireth . Give roome 
to Cdfar, and hce'l ambitioufly purfue the Sovc- 
raignty ofthe whole world : Let ^^lexander con- 
quer the whole world, he'l aske for mocjiet thofe 
be fubduedshe would climbe towards the ftarres, 
ifhe could afpire thither, he would peepe beyond 
the heavens. Fcr the froud and dmhitiot^ man en- 
largeth his defire like hell^andis as death. and cannot he 
jQ?Af/^^;C^^.//4^.2.5.Who can fill the bottomlelTe 
gulfe of helljor ftop the infatiable jawes of death f 
neither can the greedy humour of a haughty fpiriC 
be fatisficd. 

Letaconfidcrationofthat Crowne ofendlefle Hsavenacoun* 
joy and glory, which the Chriftiart hath in purfuir^ ^er-poyfonto 
beuntohimacountcrpoyfonto uphold his heart '*^^'"**- 
in comfort and contentment againft the vanity 
and venome of fuch endlefle ambitions ; and if 
men be fo infinitely vcntrous for an earthly crown, 
which (asoriefayes) if we well weighed with 

0^5 what 



injat table. 

in bafefi hearts, 

walies an heU 
on earth. 

mafies men neg' 
kSl themfelves 

whatfeares,jealou{ies,cares,infidiations, &c. it is 
thick fet,if we found it before us in the way wc 
would not take it up. I fay then^how eager fliould 
we be after the glory of Heaven c* 

2.. If coirnpt affedion fail in love with riches, 
and the wedge of gold,it begets covetoufne/Te^ the 
vileft and bafeft of all the infedion of the foule. 

As ambition haunteth the haughtieft fpirits, fo 
covetoufnelTe lodgeth in the moft dunghill difpo- 
iition, it turncs the foule of man,that noble and im- 
mortall fpirit into earth and mudrwhereasit might 
live in Heaven upon earth, and by holy meditati- 
on, by a fweet familiarity and acquaintance ( as it 
were)with G o D,and converfing abovejand in that 
cverlafting Heaven of endlelTe happinefTe hereaf- 
ter. It lies in Hell upon earth,and by reftlefle tor- 
ture of unfatiable greedinefTe, makes way by it 
rooting to dekend into the hell of wicked Divels 
in the world to come. This devouring gangrene of 
greedineire,to get riches^doth not onely by a moft 
incompatible antipathy,keep out grace and God s 
feare s but alfo by it venomous heat waft and con- 
fume all honeft and naturall afFe(5lion, both to man 
and beafts,to parents^kindredjfriendsjand acquain- 

Nay^it makes a man contemne himfelfe body 
] and foule, wilfully to abandon both the comfor- 
table enjoyment of this fhort time of this prefent 
mortality, and all hope of the length of that blef- 
fed Eternity to come, for a little tranfitory pelfe, 
which he doth never enjoy or ufe; except it be for 
ufe, which enlargeth his covetous thirftas mighti- 

A SERMON 2;ji 

ly,as it brings forth mony monftroufly . 

Beiidcs,covetournes picrccth thorow the foule covetoufneft 
with a thoufand tormencs,and the riches of iniqui- ^"xatlT'' 
ty ingender in the heart of man many tortures, en- 
vies and moleftations^as their proper thunder-bolt 
and blading. 

And of all other vile affeaions it is moft fottifli- ^'^'c[°infh 
ly and fenflefly unfatiable, Ecclef ^,2, Tor jhow is '"* '" 
k polTible that earth lliould feed or fill the imma- 
terial! and heaven-borne fpirit of a man ^ It cannot 
bc:and the Spirit of Go d hath faid it fliall not bej 
Ecclef,$ .9. He that loveth JilverJI^aH not be fat is fed 
witfjfilverjScc. Hence it is, that the deeplier the 
drowfie heart of this covetous nian doth drinke of 
this golden ftreame^the more furioufly it is infla- 
med with fpirituall thirft. 

Nay, it is moftccrtaine, that if the covetous ^^^fo^rncj^g, 
man could purchafe a monopoly of all the fiiSdeftres 
wealth in the world 3 were he able Co empty the »'<^^' 
Wefternc parts of gold and fiiver^, and the Eaft 
of pcarles and jewels; (hould he cnclofe the whole 
face of the earth from one end of Heaven to the o- 
ther, and heap his hoards unto the ftarres : yet his 
heart wouldbeas hungry after more riches, as if 
he had never a penny, and much more : Such is 
Gods curfe upon that man which makes his gold 
his god. 

And this infatiablenedein the covetous man be- coveicH^t.efc 
gets cruelty and oppre{fion of others^and perpetu- '^^^P^ "^^'^y 
al want of contentment and comfort in that he hath 
already .Sweetnes of gainc makes him many times 
drink the blood and eat the flefli of theopprclfed. 
Qjt He 

252 A SERMON. 

He begins firft (if he be of power and place) to 
grind thefaces of the poorc;then to pluck off their 
skins, then totcarc their flefh, then to breake their 
bones,and chop them in peeces as flefti for the por, 
and at lafl: even to eac the flefli of G o d s people. 
That is; firft to weary them out with peity wrongs 
and extraordinary occafions, to vexe them with 
new conditions, and unconfcionable encroach- 
ments : and at Lift to wring their penfive foules 
from their wafted and hunger-ftarv'd bodics^with 
• extremity of opprcflion, and cruelty of covetouf- 
covemfnejjfe And that which is a juft curfe upon the covetous 
»ever mtm. j^^p . j^^ jg ^y^^ infinitely more tormented with the 
want of that which he doth immoderately and un- 
necefrarilyde{xre,then contented and comforted 
withtheenjoymcntofthofe things he doth pre- 
fcntly pofTefTe. 
Ambition and The ambitious man,if he be difgrac'd and over- 
Z^J^arl^f^ top'd by any grand oppofite and counterfcjdioniff, 
or derided, and revil'd with bafcrand inferiour 
contempt, or negleded by omifljon of fome due 
obfcrvanceand ceremony of ftate: he (Ifay>)is 
more grieWd,if he want grace/or fome fuch little 
default in the attributions of his place,and want of 
complementall refpedt in that meafure,and of fuch 
menashedefires,thenhehath glory and pompe^ 
in his higheft place.This is cleare inffama/f^thou^h 
he was compafled and crown'd with fuch undefer- 
' vedand extraordinary precedency and pompe> 

yet this one Jitle thingihecstufcMor^ecai would not 
bow the knee and do reverenccto him at theKings 


A SERMON. 235 

gatc,did utterly marre and diflweeten alJ the other 
excellencies of his new advancemenr,and extraor- 
dinarinefTe of the Kings favourjSee Heshr 5.10,11 
12,1^. Ar^d Bamm teld his wife and friends efaU his 
gl6ry,(^c.Eut Allthis{{2\x.\\ hc)dot/j nothing availe me 
as long as I fee Oil or deed the lew fitting at the Kings 
gaie^. As it is thus in ambition,and in great men 
that aregracelelle; they many times take more to 
heart(outofthe pride of their hearts) the want of 
fome one eircumftantiall obfervancejand of reve- 
rence from fome one manjthen they heartly enjoy 
all the other glory of their place : fo it is alfo with 
the covetons man 3 though already he hath more 
then enoughjyet fome greedy wifh of a new addi- 
tion doth more torture his heart, then the rowing 
amongft all his other wealth can rejoyceit.o^/'rf^, * ^^'"S ^^'4. 
though he had already in his hand the riches^glo- 
ry3pleafuies,and foveraignty of a kingdome, yet 
after he had caft his covetous eye upon poorc iV^- 
hdths vinyard which was neare his Palace,his heart 
did more affli(5l and vex it felf with greedy longing 
for that bit of earth.then the vaft & fpacious com- 
pafTeofa kingdome could counter-comfort. He 
could take no joy in the beauty of a crowne, and 
largenesof hisroyall command^becaufe his poorc 
; neighbour would not deprive himfelfe and all his 
pofterity of the inheritance of his fathers, which 
his anceftors had enjoyed time out of mind. 

For a counterpoyfon againft the greedy gan- Meditations^ '» 
grcnc of hoarding up riches^coniider in what ftead root m ear- 
thy riches will ftand thee upon thy bed of death, "'*-'"^-^^' 
confidcrthat fpecchofapoorc diftrefTcd woman 


234 A SERMON. 

afflidled in confcicnce, whom J heard thus fay in 
thcagony of her grieved fpirit : I have husband, 
goods^ andchildren,and other comforts s I would 
give them all the Treafures of the Earth if I had 
them,and all the good I (h ill have in this world or 
in the world to comejto feele but the leaft taftc of 
the favour of G o d in the pardon of my finne ; 
Ihe would in this cafe with all her heart have given 
the warmeft and deareft blood of her heart for 
one drop of C h r i s t s blood to doe away her 
Voiuptuoufnes If corrupt affeif^ions fall in love with worldly 
infatiabie. pleafure, fuch as are furfeiting and drunkenncflc, 
chambering and wantonnefTe, luft, and unclean- 
nefife, unlawfull {ports «nd recreations, it begets a 
Grange furious thirft and heat in the carnall appe- 
tite, which cannot be fatisfied, butlikethetwo 
daughters of the horfleech, which cry ftill, give, 
givej which is fet on fire by Hell: and therefore 
it is as unfatiable as that bottomlefle Infernall pit 3 
every tafl: of fenfuality ferves as fewell to increafe 
the flame and fury of concupifcence. We fee it 
in drunkards, who by drinking doe not quench 
their thirft,and fatisfie their appetite, but by their 
immoderate fvvilling both increafe the burning 
thirft of their bodies and inraged intemperance of 
their minds. We heare it o^vjanzonSyWi fiome 2. 
Come let m enjoy the fleafures that are frefent,^c. 
Let us crorvne our [elves with Rofes before they wither, 
let there be rio fleafant meadow which our luxuriouf 
nejfe doth not fajfc over ; letm leave fome token of our 
fleafurcin every f lace, for that isonrfortion^andthis is 


A SERMON. 235 

eur lot. Every Carnal i ft fceles it in himfelfe after 

once he hath given the reins to his concupifccnce : 

heislikeaftrong man running headlong downe 

a fteepe hill, though he would never fo fainCj he 

cannot ftay himfelfe, but runne ftill fafter and fa- 

ftertill he breake his neckatthebottorac : If once 

he fuffers the fountaine of originall pollution 

which naturally flowes^3iit of his rocky heart, to 

have that free and full courfe : it will fhortly ga« 

ther in its palTage many ftrong and heady ftreames 

offtubbornenelTe and rebellion untill by growing 

by little and little in ftrength and fwiftneffe, it 

fwell into a mighty and furious torrent, fo at laft 

fall with fearefull noife and horrour into the gulfe 

ofinecoverablemifery. In a word^after the heart 

of a man be fet upon any fenfuall delight, it feeds 

upon it as greedily as the hoifleech upon corrupt! 

blood,it will burft before it gives over. It will by j 

nomeanes part with its hold untill it either bee 

broken with the hammer of the Word, or burft 

with the horrour of defpaire. It drinks fo deepe 

andlongoftheempoyfoned cup of carnall plea- 

fures,untill the L o r d fill it unto its brim,full of 

the cup of wine of his indignationjand bid it drink> 

be drunken, and fpue and fall,and rife no more,/^r. 

25.27. Mditati 

A counterpoyfonsgainft this greedy wolfc of gainfi voilptu^ 
devouring earrhly delights; confider that at our oufnejfe. 
conv ^xC\ov\,M tit amurgdudia^rtOft toUuntur jBeAvcnly 
fucceed carnall J0j€S : SQcUckfon of lujl^Fatth^ fag, 

340,341. ^^^^ . r . 

4. If it fall in love with rcvcrge, it begets a bafe tmlf '*"'*' 


235 A SERMON. 

a cruell and vvolvifh difpoficion, and an unnaturall 
thirft of blood; of all the finfull paflions of the 
foule, d<ifire of revenge is the n:\oft bafe and cow- 
ardly : it ever breedes in the moft hateful! and 
weakeft minds. And of all kind of revenge,that 
is moft execrable and deadly, which(like a (crpent 
in the greene gra(re)lies lurking in the flatteries and 
f awnings of a fliering face,which kifTes with Jud^vsy 
and kills W\xS\loAh: entertainesa man with out- 
ward formes and complement, and curfefie, 
but would (ifitdurftor might) ftrike about the 
third ribjthat he (hould never rife againe : When 
a mans words are to his neighbour as foft: as oylc 
and butter, but his thoughts towards him cora- 
pofed all of blood and bitterneffe of gall and gun- 
Revenge inha- ^^^ ^^ commonly fee that the bafcft and 
fefi mindi, moft worthlelTe men are moft malicious and 
revengefull.'fcldome doth it find harbour in a wcl- 
bred and generous fpirit : but as thunder, and 
tcmpcfts, and other fearefull motions in the aire 
doe trouble onely and difquiet thofe weaker fraile 
bodies below, but never difturbe or difmay thofc 
glorious heavenly ones above : fo wrongs,difgra- 
cesand wrongful! ufages doe vex and diftemper 
men of bafer temper and conditions.-butthe caufe* 
lefTe fpite and prophanc indifcretions and chil- 
difti brawles of fooles, wound not great and high 
fmrevengeT Above all Others, thetrueChriftian which is 
onely of a true noble fpirit, contemncs, fcorncs, 
and difdaines to be revenged uponany,t hough 


A SERMON. 237 

his undefcivedly bafeft and greateft enemy : 


I .He is completely fordfied with the armour of saimt fuppor^ 
proofeofhisowninnocencyagainftthemaliceand '^'^ ^.^'^ ^*5'J 
mifchicfeoF wicked mcn^and comforted continu- Ifaulef'^ 
ally with that inward fpirituall feaft of a good con- 
fcience iigainft all the lies and (landers of lewd and 
fpitefuU tongues. 

2. Hee leaves them to bee fcourgcd of their ^'a/V* leave 
owne confciences for their cauflcffe ill-wils a- -^a-^'^^^ll^^lli^ 
gainft him, and wrongfull dealings : then which, 'J^ne con[!ienee 
(except they repent and be reconciled) there 

is no more certaine and fevere revenger and exe- 
cutioner, no fcourgcsjnofcorpions can foLifli and 
torture a man, as his owne foule and guilty confci- 

3. He is kept in awe by an holy feare from pre- s<i^^^^ »"«>'■« 
fuming to take vengeance out of Gods hands: It ^^'^^^i,^^'^^^^ 
is one of G o d s royall grerogativesjwe miift not 

meddle with thar, or inc roach upon ii^V engeanc^^ 
is mlm-, I mllrefaj ity faith the Lord, Rem.12, 
ip. - 

4. He will not pollute fo farre^ and defile the saint ftptli mt 
glory and nobleneffe of his Chriftian refolurion, f^ZZilbTai 
as to be mov'd and difquicted with the rage of any hjng revenge, 
dogged D(?f;^ or railing Shimei.}yy procuring tcm- 

porall puniilimcnts to the fpirituall afPtidions : and 
outward vexations to the inward wofull mifery of 
the foule of his prophanc malicious oppofite : ex- 
cept he fee it probable, that by fufiering juftice to 
have its courfe,the party may be humbled,and o- 
thers terrified. • 

5. He 



s i shv p ti ^' Heknowes out of his Chriftian policy, 
eTce tahjreveg that a couragious and undaunted infenfibility in 
fuffering injuries, is the way to tame and flop 
the rage and fury of thewrongcrs^and to make 
them to returne and rebound wholly like heavy 
blowes upon their owne pates. For, a prophane 
malicious man cannot be poiUbly more vext^than 
to fee himfclf dired particularly his hate and con- 
tempt againft his fuppofed adverfary^a goodChri- 
flian_,and yet hee is able to beareit away without 
woundorpaffions nay with reputation and com- 

As revenge is bafc, fo it is bloody and 
unquenchable, and prodigioufly thirfty that 
way : I will give inftance in the moft revengeful! 
wretch (lam perfwaded ) that ever lived : It is 
reported of a man, or rather a * monfter of cJ^?/- 
lai»2 in Italy : when he had furprifed upon the fud- 
den one whom he dead lily hated, he prefentlyo- 
verthrew him, and fetting his dagger on his breaft, 
told him ,hc would prefently have his bloud, ex- 
cept he would renounce, abjure, forfwcare, and 
blafpheme the Go d of Heavcn^which, when that 
fearefullman (toofinfully greedy of a miferable 
life) had done 3 in a moft horrible manner he im- 
mediately difpatch'd him, as foone as thofe pro- 
digious blafphemics were out of his mouth : and 
with a bloody triumph infulting over his mur- 
dered adverfary, as though his heart had 
bcene poffeftof all the malice of hell, he added 
this horrible fpeech : oh ( faith he ) this is aright 

Revenge U 

lib.s c, 6, 

nobler and htroicdl revenger , which 

doth not 

A SERMON. 239 

onely de^ri've the hody oftemfOraB life^ hutvftng 
alfo the mmortall fiule to en die ffe flames everlafi- 

3. D^^^r4/^.- corrupt afFeaion is ftrangelyde- cortupti^H u 
fpcratcto run headlong upon the damnation of hel, deiperareto the 
for a little earthly delight ; if we fhould fee a na- Z''"'^' _ 
ked man in Tome furious moode, as prodigal! of 
his temporall life, run upon his owne fword, or 
throw himfelfe from fome fteepe rocke, or caft 
himfelfc into fome deepe river, and teare out his 
owne bowels, we fhould cenfureit prefently to be 
averydefpcrarepartandruefull fpe^f^ade: what 
fhallwefayofhimthem who thorough the fury 
of his rebellious nature, to the endlefle deftru^i- 
onofthelifeof hisimmorfall foule, doth defpe- 
ratly throw himfelfe upon the devouring edge of 
Gods fierccft indignation: upon the iharpeft 
points ofall the plagues and Gurfes in his Booke, 
and into the very flames of everlafting fire : It is 
^veryfearefull thing, to fee a man bath and era- 
bruehis hands in the blood and butchery of his 
owne body,and with his murderous blade to take 
away the life thereof but of how much morehor- 
rour and wofulneiTcis thatfpecf^acle, when a def- 
perate wretch with the empoy foned edge of his 
owne enrnged corruption, doth cut the throat of 
his owne deare immortall foule,fo that a man may 
track him all his Hfe long, by the blood thereofin 
the finfull paflTages of his life,untill at length he be 
ftaik dcid in finnes and trefpaffes, for how can a 
foule all purple red with wilfull fhedding its owne 
bloodjlookefor any part in that prctious bloud of 


?4o A SERMON. 

tffi^'^otleslJInbe^ Nay, afTuredly fuch bloody 
ftubbornnes and felfe-murthering cruelty will be 
paid homeatlaft, by the fevere revenger of fuch 
curled defperatneflfe. He will judge fuch' a man 
afcer the manner of them that flied their owne 
bloudjand give him the bloud of wrath and of jea- 

Lorditisprodigiouflyftrange and lamentably 
fearefull, that fo noble and excellent a creature as 
man, prince ofall other earthly creatures, by the 
priviledgeofreafonandenlightned with the glo- 
rious beame of underftanding, nature fhould be fo 
furioufly madded with its owne malice, and be- 
witchedly blindfolded by the Prince which rules 
in the Aire ; as, for the momentany enjoyment of 
fome few glorious mifcries^bitter-fweet pleafures, 
heart- vexing riches, or fome other worldly vanity 
at the beft,dcfperatly and wilfully to abandon and 
caft himfelfe from the unconceivable pleafures of 
its joy full place where Go D dwels^inro an infinite 
world of everlaflingwofulncfTe. For let a carnall 
man confider in a word his prodigious madneffein 
this point. 
fThata dejpe- He might not onely in this vale of teares bee 
'^ileshhnfei/ef foffcd with a peacefuU hearr,which is an incom- 
parable precioufneffefurpalling all created under- 
ftandings: For I dare fay this, I know it to be true: 
One little glimpfeofHeaven {bed fometimes into 
the heart of a fandificd man, by the faving illumi- 
nation of the comforting Spirit, whereby he fees 
andfeelcs, thatindefpightoftherage ofDivels, 
and malice of men $ lecfinnc and death, the grave 


A SERMON.' 241 

and hell do their worft,his fouk is moft certainely 
bound by the hand of Go p in the bundle of the li- 
ving,and that he fhall hereafter everlaftingly inha- 
bitc the joyes of eternity : I fay this one conceit 
being the immediate certificatoftheSpirit of truth 
doth infinitly more refreili his affeflions.-and aflPedl 
his heart with more true fweetncfTe and taftefull 
pleafure,then all carnall dclighcsjand fenfuali deli- 
caciecanpoifibly produce, though they were as 
exquifite and numberlc{re,as nature, art, and plea- 
fure it felfc could devifcjand to be enjoyed fecure- 
ly as long as the world lafts. Befides this heaven 
upon earth, and glorious happinefTe even in this 
world, he mi^ht hereafter goein arme with An- 
gelsjfit downc by the fide of theblefTed Trinity a- 
mongft Saints and Angels,and all the truly worthy 
menthat ever lived, with the high^ft perfe(5^ion of 
blifTcendiefre peace5and blefTed immortality : all 
the )oyes, all the glory, all the blifle, which lies 
within the compafle of heaven, fliould be powrcd 
upon him cverlaftingly.-and yet for all this he doth 
not only in a fpirituall phrenfiedefperatly deprive 
himfelfejand trample under foot this heaven upon 
earth, and that joy full reft in heaven, world with- 
out end:but alfo throwes himfelfe into a hell of ill 
confcience here,and hereafter into that hell of Di- 
vels ,which isa place of flames,and perpetuall dark- 
neffcwhere there is torment without end, and paft 

The day will come, and the Lord knowes yj^ ^^^g ^j- ^^^ 
how foonc, when he will.clearely fee and ac- fperatefinnen, 
knowledge with horrible anguifli of heart, his 

R ftrange 

242 A SERMON. 

ftrange anddefperatemadncflc. SceWifei.$,2,(!rr^ 
For after the moment of a few miferable pleafures 
in this life be ended, he is prefently plunged into 
the fieiie lake ; and ere he be aware, the pit of de- 
ft rudionfhiitteth upon him evcrlaftingly : and if 
fie^f foments oncc he find himfelfe in hcll,he knowesthere is no 
stu ejie. Redemption out ofthat Infernal] pit; then would 

he think himfelfe happie,ifhe were tofufFerthofe 
bitter and intolerable torments no moc thoufands 
ofyeares,thcnthere are fands on the Sea-(horc, 
hairs on his head, ftarres in Heaven, grafle piles 
on the ground,and creatures both in Fleaven and 
earthiforjhe would ftill comfort himfelfe at Icaflr 
with this thoughtjthat once his miferie would have 
an end ; but alas,this word, ^^ever, doth ever burfl: 
his heart with unexprelTible forrow, when he 
thinks upon it:, for, after an hundred thoufand of 
millions of yeeres there fuffered, he bath as far to 
fufFer,as he had at the firft day of his entrance into 
thofeendleffe torments: now let a man confider, 
if he fhould lie in an extreme fit of the ftone ; or a 
woman, if fhe fiiould be afBide d with the grievous 
torture ofchild -bed but one nighty though they 
lie upon the foftcft beds, have their friends about 
them to comfort them, Phyfitionsto cure them, 
all needfull things minift red unto them to afTwage 
their paine y yet how tedious,painfull,and weari- 
forac would even one night feeme unto them^ 
how would they turne and toifethemfelves from 
fide to fide,tcUing the clock,counting every hourc 
as it paffeth, which would feeme unto them a 
whole day^ What is it thcn(think you)to lie in fire 



andbrimftone> inflamed with the unquenchable 
wrath of G o d world without end i Where they 
fhall have nothing about them but darknellc and 
difcomfort,yellings and gnafhing of teeth: their 
companions in prophanenefle and-v^nity to ban 
and cuvfc themrthe damned fiends of he! to fcourgc 
them and torment them : defpaire and the worme 
that never dies,to ktA upon them with cverlafting 

If carnall wretches be fo defperate, as wilfully fTc oug^ to he 
to fpill the bloud of their own foulcs.-let us fet light r^g^^^ fJS^ 
by the life ofour bodies ,if the cruelry of the times 
call for it^ for the honour of the Saviour of our 

Let me give one inftance of dangerous fnares Me^fapnm 
wherinfuchasthefeare ordinarily entangled and hardy left. 
holdenfaft,from which inferiours are for the moft 
part free. Let us comcintoatowneorcountrey- 
village, and we fliall find all the reft not fo exorbi- 
cantjbut cnterinto the Noblemans, Gentlemans> 
or Knights houfe, ( if there be any there ) there 
fhall wee find a ncft of ncw-fangl'd fafliionifts ; 
naked breafts^and naked armes, likebedlams/aith 
that excellent and learned Gentleman, in his Oyle pa,,!©^. 
ofScorpions, Buflies of vanity in the one fex,which 
they will nor part with (faith c^/4r^«/7) untill the 
Devill put a candle into the biiih : and cut haire in 
the other,ftirsagainft the Ordinance of G o D,and 
nature in both: & many other fuch d^ormed^loth- 
fome and prodigious fafhions, cenfured by that 
ftinging and flaming place againft fafliion-mon- . 
gers,2'4f^.i.8.And thefe are the more pernicious, 

R 2 be- 

244 A SERMON. 

becaufe it were many times more eafie for us of the 
Miniftery(I fpeakeout of fome experience) to un- 
dercakeby Gods h\c{\ing{c £ter/.< par fi>f^, as they 
fiy)rhe driving of an impure wretched drunkard, 
from his beaftly and fwinidi fin, which would be a 
very hard taske, then to draw fuch as delight in, 
and dote upon thefe miferable fooleries, from the 
abhorred vanity of ftrange fafhions : nay, and 
though fometimes they would be thought to look 
towards religion. 

And thus I have done with the reafons peculiar 

to every fcverall fort of greatnefTc ; I now come to 

thofe which are common to them all. 

Great ones cne- j. All the great ones according to the flefh in 

pfai.24,4. Jiny or tnele kmds; I lay, ye are alias yet deadly e- 

Mat.5.8. nemies from the very heart-root to the profeflion 

Heb.i a. I4- ^^^ pradifc of the holy men, without which ho- 

linefiTc we cannot fqe Go D : you cannot indure to 

Good Puritans be Called puritaus; much IcfTe to become fuch.-and 

«Cf S'i«"cf i yet without purity, none lliall ever fee the face of 

b K«, p>«c God with comfort. 
^x^rr^rnt, ^ Miltakeme not. I meane L> h r i s t s ygM^oty 
xX^IVt^tL Ch R I s T s puritans,and no other, » i^/^^.j.S.b lohn 
Y>«i'<i> Aste'Miica I ^.11. and c 15,3. 

up.i.pag.isi. Secondly, I meane onely fuch as BellarmimL^ 
intimates,when hecals King Jam e s puritan : for, 
hefo calls him, faith D. Harkmt againfl Carrkr, 
becaufe in tl^ firft bookeof his BafdiconDoron^ he 
sffirmesjthat the religion proftfTedln Scotland was 
grounded upon the plaine words of the Scripture :■ 
And againein his fecondbook, that the reforma- 
tion of Religion in Scotland was extraordinarily 


A SERMON. 245 

wrought by Go o.Gratious nnd holy fpeeches (as 
you fee ) with men of the world arc puritanicall. 
And ifa man fpeak but holilyjand name but refor- 
mation. Scripture, confciencc, and fuch other 
words which fting their carnal hearts,it is enough 
to make a man a puritan. 

Thirdly, Imeanetheveryfamcjofwhom Bi- 
fhop Downam one of the greateft fchollars of cither 
Kingdome, fpcaks thus in his Sermon at Spittle, 
called {^hrahams Try all : And even in thefe ti?nes ^H- 1 ^^ 
(faith he) the godly live amongH fuch a generation of 
rmn)(vs that ifa man doe but labour to keepeagcod con- 
fcienceinany meafure^ ahhough he meddle not with 
matters of St ate ^or Difcifline^or Ceremonies ,{^0^ for ex. , 

amfle^ifa tji^inificr dHigcntly Preach, or in his f rea- 
ching feeke to profit rather then to pleafe, remerabring 
thefaytng of the i^pofiky If I feeke to pleafe men 
lam not the fervant of C h r i s t. Gal. 1. 10. 
or ifa pri'vateChriftian make conference effwearing, 
faniiifyingthe Sabbath J jrequenttng Sermons ^ or ah- 
Hainingfrom the common corruptions of the time) hc^ 
jljallflraightway be condemned for a Puritan, andcoti-. 
fequently be lejfefavouredthen either a carnall Goj^el^ 
ler^or a clofe P apiftj(jrc. 

Fourthly, I meane none but thofe whom the 
Communion-Bogke intends iotiiat paffage of the 
prayer after Con^efCioniThat the rejt of our life here- 
after ma'j be pure andhdy . 

Now thefe come by their purity by preaching 
theWord.Now faith Ch m s T,ye are x.t9^,?.*^cleane ^Z^cf^'^ 
by the Word which I have fpoken unto you, loh^ 
1 5. 3. The Word muft firftillighten^convincejand 

R 5 caft 



caft them downc : fo that out of fight of fin, and 
fenfe of divine wrath, being weaiie, ficke, loft, 
wounded, bruifed, broken-hearted, (thefe are 
Scripture phrafes) and thereupon cafting their 
eyes upon the amiablenelfejcxcellencic and fweer- 
ncsofthe Lord ]e svs,andthe Al-fijfficiencieof 
his blood to cure them, rcfolve to fell all, to con- 
fcffe and forfake all rheir fins,not to leave an hoofe 
behind: and then taking him offered by the hand 
of G o D s free grace,as well for an Husband, Lord, 
and King,to love,ferve,and obey him,as for a Sa- 
VI ov Rto free them from hell. They put on with 
the hand of faith the per fed puritie of his imputed 
righteoufnefcattendcd ever with fome meafure of 
inherent puritie, infufed by thefandifying Spirit, 
and after entring the good way, their lives are ever 
after pure and holy. 
FuritansaU Thefe are Ch R i s T s KctU^oh and the Puritans I 
meane. And thefe men of purity fome never meane 
to be : nay,they heartily hate the very Image of 
J E 8 V s Ck R I s T in them, they fpeakc fpirefully a- 
gainftthem. D avid \v:is not onely the drunkards 
fong , but thofe alfo that fate in the gate fpake a- 
gainft him : they are your fr^nfcke/md matter of 
your mirth 5 lamyotdr muficke, faith the Church in 
the perfon o^Icremy^Lam^^.They w'ill many times 
call upon a roguifli vagabond at your feafts ro fing 
a fong againft them, whom they fliould rather fee 
in the flockes 5 they are rranfported,and inwardly 
boy le with farre more indignation and heart- rifing 
againft their holincfre,purity3precife walking, and 
all mcanes that lead tbercumo, though cnjoyned 


waies hated' 


upon paine of never feeing the face of Go d in glo- 
rie: thenmore fimple,poorer, and meaner men, Heb.12.r4. 
and that's a reafon ihey ftkke fafter in the Divels Matif.^'a!' 
clutches then they , and that few of them are called, lohn J j, 
converted,and faved,according to my Text. Eph j .1 r . 

Secondly, ye that are thus the worlds favou- iroruymfe 
rites,are verie loth to become fooles s and there- '^^'>'/«"^^* 
fore in the meane time lie iockt full faft in the Di- 
vels bands, and cannot cfcape except ye be fuch. I 
fpeakeaverie difpleafing thing to worldly- wife 
men, but they are the verie words and wifdomeof 
the Spirit of GoDyiCor*-^.iS, Let no man deceive 
himfelfe : ifanj wan among y ou feemeth to be tvifk^ 
in this rvorld^ let him become a fooU, that he may bez^ 

Let no man deceive himfelfe; fuch caveats as l^pl^^^kd/ 
this are wont to bee premifed when men out of 
their carnall conceipts are peremptorietothe con- 
trarie,and would venture their falvation (as they 
fay) that it is not fo. Sec Ephef^.e. iCcr.6,g. 
<j^/4^5,2. And did not moft of your hearts rifea- 
gainft thefe words of mine ( you mufl: become 
fooles, or never be faved) untilll brought Scrip- 

Give me here leaved pray you) to intimate in a ^ ^^^ j.,^^^ 
fewinftances the meaning of the place, and the d^ut^be^m 
truth of your falfe and fclfc»couzening hearts in 
obnoxioufneffe to the point. Suppofe a mcflfenger 
of Go D {hould dcale faithfully with you, and tell 
youjthat upon the Lords Day you muft not fervc 
your fclvcs^and your owne turnes, in idlencfTctra- 
vailing, fports, gaming : in any earthly bufineffe, 

iR 4 01 

24? A SERMON. 

or mif-imployment whatfoever : but fpend that 
whole blefTed Daie,wholly andonely in fpirituall 
refre(liing,hcavenly bufineiTesjdivine worfhip and 
holy duties : in meditation upon the creatures fpi- 
ritually,upon the great worke of Redemption and 
Refurrec^ion of C h r i s t: and upon tha-r everla- 
fting reft above: ofall which the Chriftian Sab- 
bath is a remembrancer unto us, in both publike 
and private praier, reading, finging of Plalmes, 
hearing Sermons, confcrcncc.e^^. and in rumina- 
ting? and (as it were) chewing the cud upon Scrip- 
ture points. I {zy-rttminatc {a^s it were) and chew the 
cud: fov jit is the very phrafe of the Church oi Eng- 
land in the Homily for reading Scrtpures, And 
thofe reverend and godly men which compcfed 
them, expreflfe the benefit thereof emphatically : 
Thus run the words^ Let m ruminate (of the Scrip- 
tures {c,^ that we may have thefweetjuyce^Jpir/tuall 
effect, marrow jh^njy kernell^ tafie, comfort ^and con jO" 
lati&n of tkem. I fay,fuppofe ye were thus preft, 
would ye not prefently out of your worldly wife- 
dome and impatiencie fo be fo fnafH'd at>to be tied 
al the daie to fpiritual exercires,and reftraind from 
ordinarie recreations,conceive of it,and crie out a- 
gainft it as a puritanicall noveltie, and fooliili pre- 
cifeneffe^ Becaufe you mention precifcnesandno- 
veltiej couId(as I am wont,and to makeyou with- 
out excufe) appeale unto, and implore the aid of 
antiquitie,which will utterly take offfuch afperfi- 
ons. And here (were it incident and feafonable) I 
were able to procure Counccls and Fathers:,and o- 
ther authorities concurrently to teftiiie and take 

my ail 

A SERMON. 249 

my part^that upontheLoR d sDayitvearetorecreate 
cuyphes mly with (}irituAll delights : onely then to 
plie divine bufinefres,and to do thofe things alone 
which belong to ourfoules falvaticn. Heare their 
owne words. 

We ought upon that T>z.y^Solummodo [prnttuli- 
htis gaudijs rcplcri. Concilium Parifienfe. {^nno 

Tantumdi'vinis cultibm ferviamus. Auguft. de 
Temp.Serm.2 5 i»5tf// divino cultui vacemm. Idem 

£a^ tantufnfaciat qu£ ad amm£ falutcmfertinent, 
Hieron.in Cap.56.ira. 

Nay the whole Church of -E«f /Whath this 60 
yeeres and above complied exaSly with antiqui- 
tie in this point in the Horn, $f the f lace /tnd time of 
frayer : Thefe are the words, G oD S people fietf/d 
nfethe Sunda-^ holtly, and re si from their common and 
daily hufnejfe: and alfo give themfelves wholly te hea- 
venly exercifes of GODS true religion andfervicc^* 
And yet for all this, you are fo wife in your owne 
conceipts; ye will none of this faving folly, you 
arc no fuch foolesjas after fo long libertie to fall ta 
any fuch" ftri^ntife. 

Secondly,fuppofeaMini{ierfhouldcouniellyou semont tok& 
whenyou come home from thehoufe of G o D,to ^^^^^"^'^^ °"' 
take your Bibles,and calbcth your wives and chil- 
dren to the comparing together, and conferring 
upon thefe thiiigs which were taught : That the 
husband (lioukl cxad of the v/ife, and the wife ask 
of the hufband thofe things that were there fpoken 
3nd read,or at Icaft fomeofthemrThatyou fhould 


25© A SERMON. 

fa this law to your felvcs to be kept inTiolably, 
and not only to your felvcs,buc alfo to your wives 
and children:that you would fpend that one whols 
Day of the whole weekjWhcron you meet to heare 
the Wordjin meditation of thofe things which are 
delivered; I fay now in this cafe, your carnall wif- 
dome would refolutely condemne fuch counfels, 
as concrarie to the counfel ofgreathoufcs,as a way 
to become a By-v/ord to the whole Countrie, and 
as favouring too rankly of a foolifh ftricfbnefTe, and 
needleffe (ingularicie. And yet this was /<?//W'e«^^'^r- 
^^,wife,holyadvife above twelve hundred yeeres 
ago:For in giving the counfell,! have butrendred 
Chrjfojlome word for word in divcrfe places. Htf«;. 
5 in Mat. In Efh.Serm. i o. Horn. % ,in Iom,B$m, 5 . ad 
Famify duties of Thirdlyjf Preachers fhould prefTeyou to plant, 
piety. and preferve Family Duties in your houfe. Prayer, 

and reading Scriptures, evening and morning, 
linging of Pfalmesjef ^.and you of grcateft meancs 
may beft fpare time for fuch blefTed bufineffes. 
Would not yourwifdomesthinke this more then 
need: Andthatitwouldbea foolifii thing, and 
much againft your profit, to rob your felves, and 
fervantsoffomuch time from your worldly af- 
faires^ And yet here] could produce foure or five 
Fathers above a ihoufand yeares ago, preffing this 
point^and pundluall for my purpofe. Befides j^m- 


A SERMON. 251 

^r<?/^ quoted in myhookc fiftvMttg with Gtd,fAg, ^^ tcatius 
e'jMcs^rcoihcrVaihctSfBaflfOrf^effjChryfiflomc^y cffe potent, 

C^Uru/imc^. 1"am m teir^ 

'^ "^ . • tnpudium An- 

gelorum imi- 
tsrijtnox orto die aJ prccationcspropcnntem, bymnis & odis vcneran Creatoiem 
8cc.B.tfi! Epi/^i. ' 

Doicns & admoncrs, atq.formara ofiendenSj& tunc filijs fiii'-, & tunc omnibus 
nobis in pcrpetuum 5 ut confcftimdiluculoex nodis icqiue exfuroentcs ; nmeomnc 
©pusjvel veiburtijante orane colloquium, vel convcntioncir., piimjtias lefurrcdionis 
noikix Deo exhibeamas m (liiccris omtionibus, uq-, prccibiis, in matutinis deprecati* 
onibuSjatq; gratiarum zCtiombusfir'gin lib. 1 ./« ljb.fol,7. 

Ainenfa nonadUdiitn, fsdad depiecationem vcitamur, ne biiKis animantibiis 
finaus inagis bruti, Novi foie muho<,quid3mnant ea,qu:E nunc dicuntur,veliiti qui 
novam quandam & miram confuetudinem invcham concionandi 5. At eeo maeis 
damnabopiavam cohfuetudincm, qua? nunc obtinuit. Ercnim quod poftcibum & 
menfam non ad fomnum oportcat irc^nec ad eubile, fed oportcJt cibo pieces ac divi- 
narum Scripturarnm Icdionem fuccedcic, maniftftiu? declaravit ipfe Chnftus qui 
quuin immenfammultitudincm accepiffetconvivio in defcrto, non rtmifit jllos ad 
leduin,autfomnam, fad ad audiendofcimonesdi vinos inYitavic.C/!rj/yo//.co«c.i«2?e' 

Nccfoliim vobif fufficiar quod in EccleGa divinas leftioncs ^dits ; fed cjiam \r\ 
domibus vcftiis, nut ip(ilcgite,rut alios k rentes req^uiritej&libeatcrauditc,^a£iiyj=, 
de Tem.Scrm 5 5 pag. 177' 

Fourth Ivjf you were moved by til eMinifterie, ^ .. . 
to reftore everie halre pcnnie tliat you have any ^ 
waies at any time got wrongfully or by any wic- 
ked meanes,or that you dctaine unjuftly from any 
man: And then cafting your ele backe and con- 
fidering. How you are growre hdflily rich^ and by 
what waies you are come to a great deale of 
Wealth, fliouid find veiie foule wcrkes : would 
you not force your fclves by a ftrong counter-plea 
of carnall realon, not t© belecve the point, and 
thinkcit extreame ni^idncfTe at the inftanc'e^ and 
prating ofaprecife companion^ which undcrftands 
not the world (for fo or in the hke manner would 
you fpcake) to part perhaps with a good part of 


252 A SERMON. 

youreftate^ Andyai^sfjufims Rule of above 
^ twelve harrdfed yecres {landing, and confirmed 

concurrently by all Divines to this day> is. That 
JV(?;? telltturfeccatum nifireHittiatur ablatumi^^oxc- 
ftitution, no remilHon. And ourowne Church tels 
us in the fccond exhortation before the Commu- 
nlon:Th:xt without read/ ftejfe to make refiitutiony and 
fatisfatfionfor wrongs done, the Sacrament as often 
as you come, doth nothwgclfc but increafe jour dam- 

Thus might I pafTe through all the points of 
Sandification, and pafTages of holy life : And all 
the great men in the World, either in Learning, 
Wealth, Nobility, or Wifcdome according tothc^ 
fleJJjy would paflfethefeccnfures upon them, and 
cntertaine conceits ofthem proportionable to that 
oiNicodemm about the New birih.They will not 
become fooles in the Apoftles fenfe : And there- 
fore they are foakt, and faft fettered in the gall of 
bittcrnefle^and bond of iniquity 5 and that above 
Gtzatmttan Thirdly, AUyegreatonesoftheworldin the 
fouie-coufeners. fenfe ] have faid. As ye are very wife in your own 
conceits,and it may be truly Co according to the flefh^ 
fo you are fclfe-conceited and foule-coufeners a- 
bout your fpiriruall ftate. For you think e all bet- 
ter then you, too precife, and all worfe then you 
too prophanej and your felves onely to have hap- 
pily hi: upon the golden meane, and pitch'd upon 
that well tempered moderation in ReIigion,wber- 
by you may enjoy temporall happineffe here, and 
cternall hereafter. S leepe ma whole skime (as they 


A SERMON. 255 

fay ) and with a good Conlcience : Live the life 
ofpleafurcs, and dye the death of the righteous. ^ 

Whereas to be fo conceited, istheveiy comple- 
ment and perfedion of folly : And the very fame 
attempt as to make two parallel lines to meet. You 
thinkc ye have a reach beyond the Moont : To 
lieinfomefweetfinne, andyet to nourifli in your 
felves fome hope of falvation. To have two two Heavens. 
Heavens, one in this World, and another in the r^'^'^^r^^'eard of. 
World to come, which was never heard of: to 
wearetwoCrownesof joyes; whereas Je s v s 
Christ himfelf had the firft of thornes. But alas I 
Beloved, ifyoubefaved in this condition, you 
muft have a new. Scripture, and there muft be 
found our another way to Heaven,than any of the 
Saints ever went fince the Creation, or ihall do to 
thcend of the World. Andrherforewemay fay 
of you, as ^rttilian fome where of fome deluded 
with an over-weening conceit of themfelves. That 
they might have frooved excellent Scholkrs if they 
had not hecne foprfwa^ed already /So if you did not 
thinkefalfly, your felves fafe already, you might 
be faved. But while you thus hugge the golden 
dreameofyour miftaken ftates to G o D-wardlikc 
the Pharifeesj the very Pttblicans and Harlots Jhall 
goe into the Kivgdome of Heaven before jou^tJiL at. 2 1 . 

Fourthly, you that are great in the world in the no7pmer{uU '^ 
foure fore-named refpcds,and meant in the Text; preacUng. 
cannot poffibly downe with, and digeft downe- 
right dealing, and thefeoUfhne(feoffreAching,2S it is 
called, Verje 21. And that "utterly undoes you. 


254 A SERMON. 

You like well enough, nay and much approve,and 
applaud fuch Sermons as King Ja m e s cenfureSj in 
the redforis fifhis direciiens for f reaching, &c,vjh\ch 
he there cals a lighrjafFci^cdjand unprofitable kind 
of preaching,which hath beene of lareyears( faith 
he)takcnup in Court5Univerfity5Citie3and Coun- 

crie, whereby the people are filled only with 

tiirie fiouri{hment,&c. and I warrant you,not efpe- 
cially hating to be reformed or dlfquieted, for 
thefearenot wont to difcovcryour confcienccs, 
nordifturbyouinyour prefent courfcs, they ne- 
ver terrifie you with any fore-thought ofthe cvill 
day, neither torment you before the time;but now 
let a man come with thefoolijhnefcofpreachingy by 
which it pleafed God (faith the ApoftIe)/<?^i/c-» 
themthat bekevcj, witlidemonftration of the Spi- 
rit, and of power, and come home to the confci- 
ence.'if he fuffer not Satan to revell in the blood of 
yourfoules without refi (lance, nor fee you poft 
furioufly towards eternall fire, but will tell you 
that the pit of hell is a little before you; In a word, 
if he take the right courfe to convert you, and (hew 
you therefore onely your fpirituall miferie, that 
you may be fitted for mercie,c^^. O fuch a fellow 
is a dangerous man, a terrible and intolerable 
Teacher, able to drive men to diftradion, dc(. 
paire, felfe deftrudion s hee breaths ouc nothing 
but damnation, and his fearching Sermons are as 
fcorching as the very flames of hell ! Fit phrafes 
for the Divell himfelfe, railing in a drunkard, or 
fcoffing//^w<if/againftfaithfulneffein preaching 5 
and if you know where or when fuch men preach, 



(and It may be you entcreaine fome intelligence 
forthatpurpofeto prevent the torture) you will 
^ not, you dare not hearethcm for your hearts, ex- 
cept you cannot decline it for ftarke fhamej or for 
atimeortwotofatisfieyourcuriofi ies: but as S. . 
Paul faithjyou become their enemies>becaufethey 
tell you the truth.to which truth not to have lifte- 
nedinthis day of your vifitation, will hereafter 
(when it is too late) torment yoamore then tenne 
thoufand fierie Scorpions ftings, and gnaw upon 
your confcienccs with unknowne and everlafting 
horrour.Alas!Beloved,whatmeanc you^You wil 
give your Phyfitiafl leave totel you the diftempers 
ofyourbody : the Lawyer to difcovcr unto you 
any flaw in your deeds : your horfe-keeper to tell 
you the furfets of your horfes: nay, your huntfman 
thefurrancesofyourdogs.'andfliall onely the Mi- 
nifter of G o d not tell you that your foules are blee- 
ding to eternall deaths Prepoftcrous and prodigi- 
ous incongtuitie ! 

Ifit be thus then, that ofall the feverall forts of ^^ 
great men mentioned bcfore(by reafon that they oigat 'ones to 
arebefct with fuch varierie of fnares, entangled in finve the more 
fo many temptations, fo much taken up by the >'* **<»'v«m- 
world,and for other reafons rendrcd alreadie) vc- 
lie few are called, converted and faved^my coun- 
fellinaword unto all fuch, is C h r i s t s own 
word, Luke 1 3 .24. Strfve to enter in at thefiraitc^ 
^4r^,laie violent hands upon flcfh and bloud,ftran- 
gleyourlufts, contend and *wraftle as for the * Ay^vin^, 
fearland in the Olympian games, to which the 
word fccmes to allude, become fooles in the 

• worlds 

255 A SERMON^ ^ 

worlds ccnfure,that you may be wife in the myfte^ 
ry of C H R I s T ,be little & vile in your own eftcem, 
that you may bee great and gracious in the eyes 
of Go D. In a wordjfubmit yourfoulesto thefword 
of the Spiiic,and fooliflinelTe of preaching, (as the 
Apoftlecalsit)that you may be wrought upon fa- 
viugly^and brought into the gocdrvay, and that by 
fuch works and waies as thefe. 
tltifhZl ]t7o Upon which before I enter, give me leave to 
good tiu Gods give you an account, why at this time I labour ra- 
ivord hjndeiy therto worke upony our confciences for your per- 
woriison t em. (-qq^ij converfion,tnan as heretofore to tender un- 
to you counfcis and confiderations for a more 
confcionablc deportment in your feverall publike 
places. When I well weighed with my feife,the 
truth of that principle and pofition in Hooker, That 
it is mfecttliar conceip, but a matter of found ccnfc' 
qnence^ that all duties are by fo much the better pr for- 
medy by how much the men are more religion, from 
rvhofe abilities the fame proceed: And finding by ex- 
perienceof all ages, and moft of all in thefe worft 
and woefull times, that men of publike imploy- 
ment and in high places,untill there be infufed into 
their foules by the Spirit of grace an internall fu- 
pcrnaturall principle and divine habit to work by, 
untill aliquidCvi r i s t i (as they fay) be planted in 
them by the power of the Miniftery, they cannot 
poflibly bee univerfally thorow, and unfhaken. 
Some flrong affedion, feare, favour, or fome 
thing, will make them flie out and failc in fome 
particular very fowly. Upon exrraordinarie 
temptation ihey will fervc the times, and their 

m, own 

A SERMON. ^57 

own turnes:for,a!as!as yet their fpirits are not ftccled 
with that heavenly edge,and mighty vigour,as to fee 
rot to be ovei flowen with it. I fay upon this ground 
Ihaveadvifedlychofenro alTay and follow this way 
at this time:for,if once you turne on the Lords fide 
in truth,y Gu are won for ever to an invincible conftan- 
cie,and confcionablenes in an uniforme^regiilar, and 
religious difchargc of your publike dutiesrand wil e- 
vcr holdfaft without partialitie5Cowardlines>or feare 
of mans face,that brave and noble refolution, Vtfat 
juflitia/uAt ccelumMi heaven and earth be blundered 
together with horrible confufionjbefore I make fliip- 
wrackof a good confcience,orbe any waies drawn to 
do bafcly. Being incorporated into the reck of .eter- 
nitie Jesvs Christ blefifed for ever, you will ftand 
(like unmoveable rocks) againft the corruptions of 
the times,and ail ungodly oppofitions;and never be- 
fore. For in the meane time (fay Minifters what they 
will) you v;ill not be moved 5 but you heareour difc 
CQurfes of a faithfull difcharge of your places, as ye 
would heare a very lovely fong of one that hath a 
pleafant voice; they leave no more imprelHon upon 
your confciences, than a fwcet leffon upon the Lute 
in the eare^when it is endedj for,then both the vocal I 
and inftrumentall fweetnesdifTolve into the aire, and 
vanifhinto nothing; Itis too truly fo with our Ser- 
mons upon your foules,Heare your charader in Gods 
ownewords unto the Prophet, They comemtothee,as e*<^^'33«3t. 
the people commeth^andtheyfit before me as ?nypc0ple,and^^ 
they heare thy words ^ but they will not do them 5 for with ' 
their mouth they jhew much love, but their heart goeth af- 
ter their covetoufneffe : andloey tho^t art unto them, as 

258 A SERMON. 

a very lively fong of one that h ath afkafant vorce,^ can 
fUy well on An inUrument: for they hcarethy rvcrdsy hut 
Deut I they do them not. Let us lift up our voices never To high, 
' ' ^* orcrie never fo lowd: and rell Judges,Ti^4f they ought 
not to be afraidofthefacecfman^for the judgement is 
Go D s: that in judgemenr/Z'^j' ?nufl mitherrefpechhe 
Lcvit.i 9. 1 5. ^erfon ofthefoore^dor honour the -per fin of the mighty • chat 
they fhould nor onely hold their hands from grofic 
Lanquet.chron* bribes with Epammondas, \vho{^s the ftory tels us)re- 
J9/.J7. * ' fufed great prefentsfenc unto him, although he was 
pfal poore/ay ing ,7/7^^ th^ng were good, he would do it with- 

Pag*i4*4. out any bribe.,hecaHfigood:Jfnot honefljoe wouldttot do it 
Bribery extendi for al thegoods in the fvorld,h\.\t they muft alfo be ofAu- 
toaff0 tons, j^^^^ judgement ,that not only monie, gold and filver 
or prefenrs(asthey call them) are bribes,but the guilt 
of bribery alfo may be juftly imputed,evento any ex- 
orbitant affection, which fwaies a man afide from an 
ioipartial execution of juftice ; as love, feare, hatred, 
anger, pufanimitic, worldlines, dcfirc of praife & ap- 
plaufcjwhich isAufiins inflace.&c.Thatthey beware 
of bringing morebloud upon the Law by fparing the 
Num.3533, fpiilcrofbloud. For hlood'JakhGoD)itdefleththe 
land dr the land cannot be clean fed of thehlood that isfhed 
therinibut by the bloodofhim that jhed it :\\\2.i they muft 
not look upo the caufes which come before them on- 
ly through the fpedtacles of a favourite, &c. and tel ju- 
ftices of Peace,that they muft be true hearted patri- 
ots, and not fcrvers of rhemfelves, and their ownc 
turnes: that they muft be ferioils, reall,and gravejnon 
only formall 5 not cyphers,not unnobly light in their 
behaviour on the Bench : that they muft ever aime at 
the publike good, and never at their owne particular 
^nd private cnds.chatthcy fhould difdainc & fcornat 


A SERMON. 259 

any time to combine ladioufly,or for a petty bribe to 
uphold a rotten caufe, a peftilcnt ale-houfe, or lewd 
companion; and ever joyne \vi h an unanimous mag- 
narimitie to honourGo d3<&: do their countriegood. 

And tell the Lawyers,that z/'d)' fbeuU not make hafi Lawyers faults 
tdberichSox^o (2x1X1 Salomon jthcy JJiall net Be innoccHti ^^^'^ '^°' 
nor fwallow down gold toogrcedily,leaft it turnc to 
gr .veil and the gall ofafpswirhinthem; and they be 
enforced to vomit up the riches(as/?^ fpeakeih) they job.io. i j . 
lave heaped together fo haftily, either by rcmorfe & 
rcilitution in the mean time^or with defpaire and im- 
penitv Hi: horrour hereafcenthat to oppofe & wrangle * 

againftagood caufe, or undertake the defence of a 
bad^areboth equally moft unworthy the very moral 
vertue of an honcft Heathen^ that they muft not learn 
- to fpin out the caufes of their Clients from Termc to 
Termejand wire-draw their fuits untill they be utter- 
ly undone; that they fhould not now be taking inftru- 
dtions from their clients, when they fhould them- 
fclvcshere in the houfe of Go d be inftru^ed to the * 

kingdome of heaven;had they this morning received 
a meffagcfrom the Almighty, that at nightthcy fliould 
appeare before that high & everlafting ludgeto give 
an account for all things done in the flefh; if they be 
not Atheifts or Papifts, O with what eagerneffe and 
violence would they have attended, addreft,and ap- 
plied themielves r o the prefent opportunitie! & liitle 
do we know what the evening may bring forth. For, 
aflure your felves, there is no manfoafluredofhis 
richesjor life, but that he may be deprived of one or 
both the very next day or hourc to come. y^^^^^ y^„;^^,^ 

And tell the jurors ai^d lworn-mcn,tha: they fliould 
rather die then draw the bloud of any mans lifc,livc^ 

S 2 lihood 

26o A SERMON. 

lihood^or good name upon their own confciences^ci- 
ther by acquitting the guiky, or hurraying the inno- 
cent. H§re(had I tiine)I would intimate unto you a 
myfticall, but tnifchievo'is packing fonecimes in 
choice of jury-men. I have kcn{ I fpeak of that which 
was long{ince,and at a Seflfio is)romc of the choiceft 
drunkards in aCountrie chofen for thac fervice.Now 
is it not a pirifall thing that Country bufineffes fhould 
be put into the hands of fuch as labour induftrioufly, 
' and with equall cunning,to plague an honeft man^and 
deliver a drunkard. 
on whom the J ("^y ^q^^ ^i\ ^his while, we thus difcourfe unto 
pmrfur" yoUjcarneftly endeavouringjand with a thirfty dcfire 
to doc you good, and dire(^ you aright, and by a di- 
vine rule in the feverall duties proper to your places, 
we do but plow in the rea,and fovv in the ayreCas they 
fay)excepttheimmortalireedoftheWord hath firft 
moulded you anew,and ye be brought hj tkfooUfj)- 
nes cf preaching out of the wax m SunintoGoDs blef- 
fing,and from the fools paradifc of worldly wifdome 
into the holy path of fincere profeilours, and there- 
upon prize and preferre the peace of a good confci- 
cnce before all the gold in the Weft,and preferments 
inthe world 5 which bleflfcd change from nature to 
grace, is wrought by fuch ftirrings of the foule, and 
foot-ftepsofthefpiritasthefe; lend me, I befeech 
you, (while J parfe along them)fomthing more than 
ordinary attention.-for J know they wil fceme ftrange 
things to all fuch great ones as are intended in rny 
Text, and thofe who live at reft in their pofTeflfions, 
and have nothing to vex them. The naturall ftoutnes 
of their fpirits will difdaine and fcorne to ftoope to 
fuch uncouth humiliauons, and this mighty change. 

A SERMON. 261 

And the more they are men oftheworld, and wife 
according to the fledijthe greater repugnancy and 
reIu<5tationfliall they find in their affedions againfl 
thefe fpirituail workings, which makes the point 
good which was proved before. Bjl yet without 
them in truth and cife<5t(l define not die meafure and 
degree,Go d isa mod free agent) they can never 
become either gratious mentor good Miigid rates. 
They muft upon neceflity become fuch fooles, or 
they can never be wife unto falvation. 

1. If any of you then v/ould come out of Satans „ ^n , 
clutches mto the armes orC h r i s t ,he muit be ilhgh- wtbfin. 
tencdjConvinced and caft down with fighr,fenre,and 
trouble for (inne,as in my art of comforting afflided 
confcienceslhave fliewed. 

2. The point may teach us not to bee greedy of ^^ „gf ^..^^j^ 
greatnelTejnorhuntambirioufly after high roomes. ofgnatnej/i. 

' 5. The point may ferve as a foveraigne antidote a- ^^^^ ^^^ ^j, 
gainft all difconrent orfretting, when we fee men o^gainfi tie 
the world carry al before the,&c.We may enta'tairi woMy. 
an holy indignatio to fee folly fet in great excel! ecy, 
fo many fervant^ on horfe-back,and Princes walking 
as fer vants upon the ground . But I am prevented by 
the time from profecuting thefe two latter Ufes. Let 
me briefly fay two things more,and I have done. rh guilty to 
I .The firft concerning what I have faidj have fpo- apply repmch^ 
ken much (as you have heard^my Text naturally and 
diredly leading me therunto)of the truemiferieand 
fpiriruall madnes of all great men in learning,wealth 
nobiHty,wifdom according to the flefh.Leaft any be 
unjuftly angry and miftake,or cauflcfly grumble and 
gainfay,letme take up the words of the ancient holy 
Father Sahimm about a thoufand ycares ago in ths. 
- ■ S_3 _^ JU^c 


like cafe.He having imparl liilly diicoveredthc hor- 
rible impieties of the noble & rich men in thofc coi"- 
rupttimeSjtels them by the way,and it is iriy jad: apo- 
logy at this time./ ^<>«<>/( faith \\Q.)f}cakthusofany,^ut 
ortiyfuch as know theje things to betnthemjcives. iftbtit 
cOfikkncts bejree^ nothing that I f^y tends io their defba- 
ragement anddifgrace: butifthq know themfelves to he 
■ gmlty, let them know alfoy that they ar::n(itmj words hut 
.their oxvne confitences which 'uexe them. A*d in another 
place hus- Sith I/peake not theft tkngs ej all^ hut thofe 
who arefach^none ofyott ought to he angry at .ill which fin, 
dethnothimjelfto beotmoxtoti^-^leafl t her by hemakehim^ 
fel/efeeme,a^id be fufpe^c'dto be of the 'number of ihofe thai 
are naught. Rather let jo many m being gudlle(je and truly 
noble yAbhorre filch unworthy courfes , be angry with them 
who disgrace the numc cf nobility by their bafc andw^eked 
behaviour ': becauje although others he much worfe and 
fcandaliz/dby them, y etc (feci ally they brnga gr-at d<^alg 
ofpameand dtfhoKOur'4tfoa thoje rvho tire ofthef,menvble 
ranker. Take notice by the ^ay,that by rhe Fathers 
wordsjthofemenare much to'oblame,whogo about 
CO dawb over the diforders.and fmo her upcbe fcan- 
dalousexorbirancics of delinquents in their own pro- 
feiHon, or to bee concurrents for their deliverance 
from deferv'd fhame &pu' iHiment.To giveinffance 
iai Minifftn in the higheft caliing: A Minifl^r which fals to drun- 
tohee wfl/ fe kennesand alchoulc-hauntingjAiould rather be pub- 
.ereiy^umjl^cL ji^ely (ham'd and ccnfurcd, than a fellow of an infe- 
liour calling We do not honour the Miniftrieby ha- 
ving our hads in helping out fuch,bur by difclaiming 
and not owning themjwel may we by fo medling in. 
currefufpicionofobnoxioufncfle: but never bring 
credit to our fo holy a calling, I knew a Knight did 

'' [pen^nce^ 

A SERMON. 263 

penance ztPaals-Cro (fey but at the fame time I heard 
that many of his rankc in the City laboui'd to have . 
him dif-knighted firft, before he fo pubhkely difgra- 
ced their Order. Me thinks all well-minded fhould 
be fo minded. 

2. The other is to my Lords the Judges. My reve- 'Dutks of 
rend and noble Lords, give me leave to clothe the ^U'k"' 
thoughts of the Country in a word or two.We much 
rejoyce in you,and bleite G o d for yoii,as men of tin- 
gular & known integrity, fpecial friendsiothe Gof- 
pellofjEsvs Chr I sT,and a great honour and hap- 
pinclTe to thefe parts, and heartily pray that wemiy 
hold you ftill : and therefore my intreaty unto your 
Lordfhips is, that you would couragioufly advance 
forward,and do like your felves,& nobly ftill.Draw 
oiit your drcadfuU fwords againft the torrents of Be- 
lial ,asl^4i//Vcalsthem,which even threaten a deluge; 
andbeyourfclvcsas mighty torrcnf^, armed both 
with juft and holy lawes,and the godly refoIu:ion of 
your own noble fpirits,to beareback,and beat down 
the common, crying^and r:iigning fins of our Coun- 
try. In a word, be unto the opprefled& innocent as a 
refuge from the ftorme, but as a terrible tempeft up- 
on the face of every humane bead, and fon of Belial, 

And O that you could help us,that Gods people ^if^fi -^^^ 
might not perifh fi-o/want of bread : is it not a pitiful! ^'^^^"' 
thingjthat in fuch a deare yeare fpecially,it fhould be 
almoft as hard a worke to get downe a wicked ale- 
houfe,as to win Dunkerke ? That Maulfters fhould 
fnatch(asitwere)the grainefrom the mouths of the 
poor in the market placc,to uphold thefe hel-houfcs, 
thefe nurcericsofthcDivell5thatMagiflrates fhould 
be fo unmerciful], j^s neither for Go d s fake, nor the 

2($4 A SERMON. 

Kings fake, nor the poores fake,nor their owne foules 

fake to take the utmoft penalties for blafphemies,alc- 

'houfe-hauntingSjdrunkcnnefle and prophanations of 

the Lords Day ^ And were it not an honourable 

courfe,and worthy to have an univerfall contribution 

over the Country to pull down fomething the excef- 

five prizes in market-townes for the poorc therea- 

bouts,during this extremity^ But I leave it to your 

Lordfhips charitable wifdome to do the beft you can 

poflibly;that the bloud ofthe poore this yeare be not 

added to the already crying- fins ofthe kingdome,to 

haflen Gods judgements upon us,and our long fince 

defervedruine.Andinthemcanctimeyou need not 

fearethe face ofthe proudeft DIvell, whether incar- 

nate^or in his own fliape. For,while you thus advance 

Gods glory,and truely honour the Kingjaffure your 

felves,thc hearts, and tearcs,and prayers 'of all good 

men (hall be for you, and yours fhall bee the 

crowne and comfort 3 when all prophane- 

nefle and prophane oppofites to the good 

way^all the enemies ofGo D,and peft- 

ilent packings and complotments 

ofthe Divels agents againft 

Gods people^ fliall be 

buried in Hell. 


« 'H O fi* O^ Ji <& JS) 



where you (hall finds f» before the number 

it coGccrnes the Meditations, and f before 
. the number, is for the Funcrall Sermon. 


Things above differ from thing! bilow, i j . 

Account See Reckoning, 
AdamsfaU made capaci/j/fmaU. 1 1 4. 
Adfocatc Christ. If. 
Benefiti thereof. Ibid, 
AdmiieG 00% love to thee. 174. 
Admonition private tveU talien. t ^| . 
Adrancemcnis iU effeQi, 1 8 j . 
Affablepefle WW/ feith gravity . 166. 
AfFcflions corrupt defined. 218. 
Ah-hdufei burtfuU. 265. 
Al\ mufi die. 7 4- 
Amhhionand covetoufiteffe compared 1^1 
AwbitioDunfatiable. ztj. 
Ambition abafe end of Uarnirg. 18 1, 
Aoguini. ^ee Torment, a»^ Hdl. 
Ai^Mvmcc of pardon to begotten. 90. 
A fTu ra nee 0/ C H R I s T f begotten, fi%, 
Atbanaftus haw fitted to croffcs. 54. 
Attendants Religions, ley. 

Bcatificall vifim. m 4. 
Beatitude offnule in heaven. 141. 

See Heaven, i'ce Glory. 
Beauty efglorifisd bodies. 1*9. 
Beauty vaine- mi 2. 
Sefore- haadgtt grace.^. 

Things Below raife mind above, x j. 
Difference betwixt things below and 4h 

hove. I J . 
Things Below fdwe. s 8. 
Thirgs Below T^ex. j 8. 
r^cy cannot fat is fie nor helpe, 39. 
r^cy exrc«<i nor /o eternity. 42. 
Blood cafes require pitty. 154, 
Boiy of C mi ST glorified. I2f. 
Body Wij^e loath fome by death 8*. 
Bodicsglorified, beautifuH, 1 25. 
Bodicsgl9rified,iinmorta/I. JjOy . 
Bodicfglorified but in one place at tnce. i j s" 
Boi'icfglorie in heaven. 156. 
Bodics^ropflT-^/flMirt fce^ifeTi. 13^. 
Bodic! co/ewr i« heaven 136. 
Bodktlivcly afpeQ in heaven. 13^. 
Bodicsyaw^iry exceGencies inheaven. 136. 
Bribcrie</erey?dJi/e. 1^4,155,258. 
Bi-ightncfTc o/fcigbe/? fce^jt'cw. I 2 2. 
Brightncflx »/Ch r istsg'orifiedbOify.ll^ 
BnghcnciTc ofg'orified Saints. 125. 
Brightncflc of G o ds pre fence. 115. 
Brigfitncfle horvjeene inheaven. 1 3 9. 


Cains i&ir^ &f ^trf. 122. 
Capacity yw*i^i^ Adams /a^. 1 141 
Carnall /ot'c «j mariages, 48. 
Carnallyo}'- ^o. 

T Clian^c? 

The Index. 

Changes f« beexfttftd. z9. 

Christ 99r Advocate, i f . 

Ch r I » t s fee ondctmrning terrible t$ the 

Ch Ri ( Ts glorified body, laj. 
Cnv.iirs Strmms littlewovght onIt»ts. 

Chrkts jforitftM prefcnce thele/i. / 3 9. 
C hrift 1 a vA better antidotes then heathen, j i . 
Ciiiyfoftonne homfittedtv crojfet. 5 f . 
Churches i«y. i. 

Comfort tube fought for futnre- ?o. 
Covafom embittered by impattencjfy 36. 
Comforts f» death. /, 8. 
ConfcicBCC fcer »«rwe. 27. 
Contentment, benefit of it. 7j, 
Contiih defcribed. i6p, 
Coireftion ^ God. »i. 
Conxi^xotibainc tofoule. 1^9, 
Covctoufnefle ho» pointed out. t^^. 
CovctoufncflTc i/Hyi/idi/e. 130. 
Covcroufneffc and ambition c»iopared~%it 
Covctoufneflc cheelied, f ii» 
Comagt Of ainfi death^ f^6. 
Cicinon of mant m i. 
Ci oflTcs (life-created, H- 4^- 
CroScs fitted to Sainti, 54. 
Crovwie of heaven, i ^9 . 

Daraacds d»^i/&/ar negletfirfggrace, 104. 


Day <f eviU provided againfl y^. 
©ay ofrecf^oning negleifed, to . 
Day of vrathy ii. 
Day of grace iet not flip, \o6. 
Dead /o ie nournedfor moderately, i S 1. 
Dcai »o/ »o beprayedjor, f aS. 

Death tal^et aUoftay, 74. 
Death hir once, 81. 
Dctihi terrort, 8 > ,ti. 
Death «tfi(i£X the body loathfimCy S3. 
Dea t h fa^c; not grace from thefouU, 8 j. 
Death caAMor be avoided, f6. 

Death »of to he feared^ fx 5. 
Death notfimpfy deftred, f iB. 
Death an immediate pajfage toChri/,/ 1 7 
Therefore deftred, j 26. 
Deatli /« be oft meditated on* f is* 
In Death »Jb<»f (omfortt,fiB. 
Death tvhat itjreethfrom, f^x. 
t>caihof good Minijters to bee loomed, 

VfetarifitfgfroM the jytt^efUiniJlertt 

Dcfcnc not repentance, f 11. 
Dchght J'K loy 
Delight in heaven^ m j. 
D'fpairc hov prevented, 17. 
Defpifci « ofMiniflen who, 24, 
Bilcord akfrom impieta, 10 j. 

DifiolmioD of vorldhitp fhewedyii, 
Drjomc at lafi day terrible^ 9 a. 
Douhts rejolved in heaven, 1 44. 
Dti^onmfceHtoutofthepitt 19a. 

tanh]ymindednejfe,^6. . 

Earthly and heave{y delights hoyv dijfery'it. 
Icclcfiafticall UvtngsimeU di^ofed, i6«. 
Education ivorfi oj befl borne , z 1 5, 
EVics patience, 34. 

Encouragcmeni how given to othert ,19. 
Engtaod endures much for the Go^eU, ip a 
Ertortrefolved inheaven, 144. 
Evi!l day provided againfl , 4. 
Jn Evill /^fl)* »o btlpe in the world, 3^, 
'Eyesglorified impaffihle, ijp. 
Example of great onti, 1 74. 
Faith not weSdtfcerned, c 3. 
Faith ma)/ bee f^norpne in birth andgro»tt^ 

Faith mixedwitbfeares^66^ 
Faith carefully l^ept iy beltevers, 67. 
Faith to/ft /rwVr, 68. 
Faith /fcott^t wcaj^ iAri/rw/rf,^9. 
Faith highly pri^eth things beleevtdj 6p. 

The Index, 

Uithttrnf^rsry hnffane itgteti. 70. 
Faith tcmfrao invhat tt fines jhort, 7 » • 
Faitbjtf «f */«»*««« a/"CHRiiT,/3 z. 
YzXUfnuui, Ml. 
Families pwn* ^ifed,i9^- 
Family duties •ffi9ty,%'i<s. 
Fathers te/^imMtes r»by produced, 147- 
Favouit tfMenimw iruiiiege, 7. 
Fafhionswew, hardfylejt, 14?. 
Fault! «af r* fcc fmothered, i s 8. 

IitcefheMwarfethenayf otUr, 100. 
Flattery <ftfrJg"Wf, 189. 

FurniturewJfi> Cod fupcUnf 3 f i. 
FuncralUemwf/fwitfW^i ' T9- 
Future «»»f<wr to be fought, j o. 
Future efJiOf^ (5«>» they wtai;^en.tbe ^int,^^. 


Gentry. 5^^^ Nobility. 
Glorified ioij^«/CH«rsT fco»*rrgiM if . 
Glorified Sdiwff iw bnght:, 115. 
Glorified i?»^/«JWWji>rr<8Z?, I5O. 
Glorified e>cnwfd/;*/e, M 9. 
Glory oj heaven vhy net revealed at juU, 

G]o\y grcatefi intthit ^Uce, uj. 

Glory ofhighefl heav$n, 117- 

Glory tf heaven to be mditatedcrij 116. 

Glory o/fce</rcJ i» AwfC", ^ 3 <5. 

God hovf in a p'acCi M5' 

God fcw» fee rorre^i fc«j ? i • 

God fufficietitlyfurHiJIjethhis, fi- 

CoD« <r<ire ofSaimpoflerityj^. 


QoDs lave t0 thee t^he admired^ 174- 

Gofpcllper/cf«fe«iw EngUnd, 19^. 

GriccbejoTehand ufefuM^ 5. 

GTiccwithUuIeindeaihj 8j. 

Grace Tw^/c^cf^ worJ^jf <»>fgMi/& w ie^?. 1 04. 

GxActietnQtJlipy i®^. 

Grace o?2«(>' cfcaw^cffc »ww i'<'<*r^ 119. 

Ciirityrpiih afai}UneJfe, 166. 

Great o«ef muft firivefor heaven. 2 5 f . 

Great on*x/w»/«-«^t^'^'"f ' ^ 5 -3 * 5 }• 

6rcat owsfddtaitgAid, 171.1^^. 
Great o«w fo be prayed f4r, 1 75. 
6reat duatv many ajttr them , 174. 
Great on«J bacl(ivardt9go$d, 177 t^l^. 
Gre»t ones tilietaf^ffyi&f. 
Gan-p^vdcr phtj 19}. 

Heart cJbx^e^ ^ ^4ce Hf€^,tM9' 
Heart ef Pharaoh hard, 22 1 ^a 13 . 
Heart hardnednot mruedt it 1. 
Heathens vertues to be obfervedy 49. 
Heat he as not fmh antidotes as ChijtUw, 

Health T^dwe, m ro. 
H«aveM excellency umtt$rahley 1 1 r. 
HcAvcn'gloiy ivhy not revealed tofuM, 1 1|. 
HcaTCD Ughefi borpgloriOM, 117. 
HcaTCQsrfcree, 1 1?. 
Heavens I?/gfcey? excellency, 119. 
Heaven bath many Inhahitantty ito. 
}icivcm htghefi imraenfityyiii, 
Hcarens wor/je, iiz. 
Mctiyciiihrightnejfe, laz. 
Hcavcns^/oryrok meditated My ii^« 
Heavens m/er, 117. 
Heaven »fca/- i^?M^ ojKs^^dont^ 1 27. 
Heaven »fctf^ i^ind of inheritance 128. 
Heavens crowwe, 128. 
Heavens ^e/ig-^r, m^^, 
Heaven<cxfc<5fc«_y, w 19. 
Haa vcn a counteipoife to ambition, 429. 
HeavcESft370, never heard of yi^^. 
Heiver.ly treajure, 14. 
Benefit thereof, 27. 
Heavenly t(m' differ from earthly, $8, 
Heavenly fcojfcf, 156. 
Heavenly /citifJ, 141. 
Heavenly /erufalem, ra 2, 
H ell /o i?c avoided to the ttttermofiy 1 10, 
HcWspaine ofloffct 95. 

HcllsrffrffjeH?f,99 , 
Ue\]$ fire TCP srfe then a^y other, 100, 
Hell torments the greutefl, 102,103. 
Hcil torments moveall but madmtny i»4- 
D z Hcl' 

The Index. 

Hell torments endle^Ci io6,z4». 
Helhborrour. f 41. 

Higheft.See Heaven. 

Hoard o/> ^irituaSpro^ifton. 17. 
High ^/(jcef ufedforgainc hurtfuffj 164. 
Highp/dcef <»nger«;<i.l85. 
Honour 'Foine, m if. 
Honours hovtfruitUJfe.j. . 
Humane learning hath difficulties. i^i, 


Xehorah f [le trufted in three, inducements 

thereto, Ibid. 
Icrufalcmfccd'yc»/y, »» ^. 
lewcs ///i/e »r(»«gfcr ^>' Chrifisfermons, 

lllnmination /iipernaturalt to comprehend 

heavenly glory. 1 1 4. 
\tt\mcn(iij of heaven- tti. 
Inamortality ofgUrifiedbodies 1 J o. 
Immortality ojfoules. f lo. 
Impatiency wor/e then any crojfe. 34. 
Impatiency imbitters conrforts. }6. 
Impious endures norpiom. 200 
locoriuption ofglorifedbodits.i 3 1 . 
Indufiryrn caUing. 1^4. 
InhabitaRts»2a»}'7n<&e4ve;i. iso. 
Inheritance »Z»<a^ in heaven. izS. 
Invocation of Saints unlarofuU. f6o. 
Jobs patience. I i. 

loy of heaven nvhenee it arifeth, w» 7. 
loy earthly and heavenly bow differ. i^i. 
loy carnal. 60. 

loycs infinite loofe not for vaniiy.^Z. 
lu'dgemcnt lafi, terrible. 163. 

Sec Lafi. 
ludgcE their virtues, i jj. 
Judges their duties. j6 3 , 

Kinodomeof heaven fet otit. IJ7. 
K ngdomc of God. 1 17. 
Knowledge of Saints in heaven, 1 4 « . 
Knowledge ^owe another in fceavcrt. 144. 
ff^fcar /iin^ o/Knowledge. 149. 
Knovy ledge 0/ y4»gefy ^ heaven, i jo. 

Knowledge «/GoD tHbeav^n. 1 50. 

'L2& judgement terrible.Sy. 

Laft dayes firiCl account. ig, 

Laft idy dtfcovers aU fecrtts. 91. 

Laft doomes terror. 9*. 

h&viycts faults. 259. 

Learning humane bath diffitutties.n^. 

Learning abufed. 179. 

Learnings /rue e»//.i8o« 


Lifejiortncd a benefit./ 6. 

Life her evaine, « 10. 


Longings ojfou'e. 84. 

Lords </i»y /o if l^ept confcionahly. 1 6a. 

Lords day hare efteemed hy loforUlings.iQj. 

Lords day hov to be (pent. 2 47. 

Loofe not eternity for vanity. 9 8, 

Loffc of^oods recompenced..7$. 

Loflc /b fce/7. 9 5 . 

'LofCcspublil^e to be laid to heart, i j 2, 

Loflfc ofifpOTthy men aprefage.i 56. 

Love carnall in mariages. 4 8, 

Love of God to thee to be admired. 1 74, 

Lucher bow fitted to crojfes. 5 7, 


Mad tpho not moved ypith heMfire 104. 
Mariagc undu'y undertal^en. 46. 
Mariage carnaU. 4.6. 
Mariagc immodeflly ufed.^t, 
'Mux'ugt duties Kcg/efi^eJ.48,49. 
Matches unmeete. 47. 
Meditate onheavees glory. \x6. 
Meditate on SeTmons.%^9. 
Meditate oft on death. / 3 5. 
Meditations againfi death 62. 
Meditat.on onjoure laji things. 7^. 
Mctaphorica'i^rc f» fccili?,rlf wor/f.io J. 
\A iniftexs defarturtagreat lojfe. f <> 5,66, 
l&'ira^exine^rleSedwfodt afi».2i,2^. 
}A\ti\(ke\% to be encouraged, f 5. 
'^MmWtngooi have many euemieSiioz, 
Miadhts bad to be punijhed 262. 
lAiaiReTspowerJuUmaligy:ed 194. 


The Index, 

MiBifter* efieem of theirfeoflesvelfare.fso 
Minifters life propahlcf $ i. 
Mini&iii convert fouUs. f5i' 
Mini ftcis refiraine corwftions.f 54. 
Miniflers»?«r/ijicrcZi^Mero/i»n./5 5. 
Miaifl crs difcsverfecret finsfS 6. 
Minifters revof-j men into the right >r<y. 

Minifters iacreafe grace, f s 8. 
M inifters/>rocMrc t/ej75»^./ S 8. 
Miniftcis departure not lamented hy Many. 

UiaiRciS povoerftiUhated by rnavy-f^^- 
Winiftcrs »fcen /fccy «iJe f« ^e lamented f6z 
Wxaificxs to be highly priied. f66. 
MinxRexitobeprayedjarr. f 67. 
U'xnxRenpaines to be regarded, f 6U 
Minds earthly dangerom. 3«^. 
Moitalityof man. 43. 
Mortality jj/r/t>r leaven, f 9* 
Mortall men not to be depended on. ff. 
lAomnittg for 4ead moderate. i$z, 
My&encsdeepe f^nowncrin heaven. 1 44. 


"Nivne good for lojfe of goods. 80. 

Negka hfgracereor\% angttifh in heM.iOj^, 

New fafbiom hardly left. 14 j. 

UohWity difiifiguifhed. 2.14. 

Nobility y«rn»<2mrdi5f 114. 

Nobility degenerate. 117. 

"Cobles fubje£l to mavy temptations. ix8. 


Opportunity to be takca. 14. 
Oppofitionsfii^aJ»y? (orruptions.i 5 $, 
Oiiiexihov encouraged. 19, 

Paine ojh/e in heft. 9 «. 
Pardon be ajfured of. 90. 
Patience her benefits, jt. 
Pjtienceo//afc. H- 
'[>tncncc of 'David jj, 

faticncc from fijort life, f i j. 
Patrons iff, much hurt. 161. 
Tharachshardheart. 221. 
Peace »i/fc God tobel^pt. 61. 
Vcopictvithout a Vafiyr gsjheepe.fi. 
Pious wof endured by impioM. 200.20a. 
place hQ» God in /Mi y. 

Place but ene at once for gloriftd bodtM. 

Places high dangerour I«y. 
Plcafure unfatiable-it^. 
VlcaCurtsof this life vainej mg. 
Poflctity of Saints caredfor fyQoD> 79* 
toxeticy of Saints in heaven. 13a. 
VtziCcifalfe not to be given. 1 59^ 
Pray y\otfor the dead.f m. 

Tray continually- f 3 1- 
Pieachmgpomerfufftoielifaed, 16B, 
Preaching much pandered. 196. 

Preparatire. See Ptovifion. 

Preparation. SeeProvifion, 

VnvAieadraonitionveUtahytn. 1^3. 
Profcflion iew^^Jcci. 18. 
Profcffbrsjdrwd//. i^. 
Prov ifion apainfi the evrS day. 4. 
Prcvifion Tvhat fruit lejfe. 7. 
ProvifioB rfhat mofi comjortable. 9. 
Provifion {pirituaUto be hoarded.^?' 
Prorifion again (l death, l^. 
Provifion -with Qovfuficient. 51. 
Provifion <zgd/M/? CHtilsrs fecoudtom- 

mirg. 88. 
Vv.h\\\iicloJfestobeldidtoleart. iji. 
Purgatory re/«fe^-/ 18,12. 
Puritans^oo</. 144 
Puritans fcojp made. 24?. 
Pufitansdiw<2yei hated. »4^. 

Reckon mth tfyfelfe before hand.g*. 
Reckoning to come not thought of. 20. 
Reckoaing day terrible to tt>hom.z%, 
Rcckoniwg at the laji dAyfiriff..S^. 

T 3 Rcpent.inc? 

Tht Index. 

Jepcntaacc to be f^eedily renmei, / 1 j . 
Repentance /MAj^e, I J tf. 
*cftitution, 151. 

^cRittttioatothe Church, 1^9. 
Re .. 

I^ichcsvjine, w 14. 
R.ichesfc(»»>_^«i//e^j 7. 
Riches c&t^^e rJ&e fTor*/, 1 84. 
Rich men regard Mt Semens ^ 18 j. 

Sabbath, j'ec Lords day. 
Sacriledgc, 178. 
Saints fittedfor tryaUi 54. 
Saints potency in heaverty ij«. 
Satlsfaftion «mc i« things below, 3 9. 
Satan tahji foftines a^iinfi the Wri^i^j 
Satan hu band in every fin, ti6, 
SezCon for grace to be t alien, f 1. 
SciConvfdoi/iggrace to be talien,f6^. 
Seerets difcoveredat lafl day, 9 1 . 
Security w quietneje dangerous, 4. 
Sences bew exercifed in beaveng 140. 
Szn^aall wifdome, zo8. 
Senfualln'^dfff is, tcp. 
Sermons to be meditated on, 249. 
Sermons funeraH for the living, i^9» 
Sermons felje /eel^ingf i8?. 
Sermons not regarded by rich men, 185. 
Sermons »/ C H r i s T wroaght little $n 

leYveti »20. 
Short life agroundofpafience,fi y. 
Simonicall^mfi^i/ef , 161. 
Sincerityj/ j6. 

Smne in the befl on earth, f^a. 
Sinners rclat deprived of, %o 4. 
Sinners end f ear e full, 241. 
Sotrowcsfxpeernedi i. 
Soule infefieiwith corruption, 159. 
Soiilenogoodby rvorldly things, 1 1. 
Soule boypfatisfied, Ibid. 
Soulc caries grace after death. 85. 
Soulc/«ngr»gr, 84. 

Soulcs Meditation, m 20. 
Souks beatitude in heaven, 141, 
Souks immortality, fto., 
Souks^eepe not, fxi. 
Soules immediatly after death fie GoJ,fu. 
Spirit not to be weal^eneJ, 44. 
Spirit how 'wea\ened, 4 $. 
S^irituall pro-vifion to be hoardeiup,\7, 
Spirituall ejlate to be tried, 6 j. 
Spirituslls 4 recompence 9f lojfe of tempo- 
rals, 7S, 
SpirjtualneiTc of Saints in heaven, ij}. 
S\^zdLttisdeftre belpe /cfweare more,zif, 


Temporary ^f/i&, 70,71. 

Temporals lofi recompence Hfith ^iritu^ 

Teftimonies •/ fathers tphy produced, I ^7 
Thstnkes for redemption, fS7. 
Thoughts of future eviUwealien^irit,^^: 
Torments ojbelt, 99. 
Torroent in heUnot fogteat as Uffe,g^. 
T oumtms none fo great at in heSf loz. 
Totmcnts in hell endlejfkf 106,243, 
Trcafurc ietf-ucw/K} *4' 
Benefit thereof, 27. 
Trials fitted to Saints f 54. 
Truftiw Jehovah, 3. 


Vaine-glory (hcc\ed, f io 
Valuation of world, 4? . 
Van:ty of all worldly thingf, lo. 
Vanity of things below, J 3. 
Vimty may loofeeternity, 98. 
Vmitf.ofplca/ures,(^c m^.(^c, 
VilianbeatificaU, m 4- 
Voluptuoiilntfle unfatiable, 154. 

See Plcafure. 
yCuiy taxed, iSc. 

VValke in the way to heaven rather then en- 

qaire after the glory of it, 149. 
Wuch [firituall, f J4. 
Weaken not i^irit, 44. 




The Index. 

Weakcnet! hov the Ifirit 4 j. 
Weaned be from thetvorld, 7^. 
Wicked tremble at chrifts commirtfy S7. 
Wicked onesfhaffnotbevitb Chrtfi^ /30. 
Wife tvoTldlyjoilifih 247. 
Wifdomc tvorldly AangnoHiiis^ ' 
Wifiome worldly divelijb , 191. 
Wifdomc worldly in Satans right hand, 

Wifdomc wwW/y U earthly, 105. 
Wfdonac worldly /enftkiUjzei, 
Woidiightly efieeoted, 176. 
Word cheated ly riebti, 1 84. 
Word why opfofed^ 1 97. 
Word how tt ptdiicetl fcemert , 224, 
Word makes dead morefiinJit, »24,a2^. 
Word onwhomf«werjuM, ZQO, 
Wodd vaine, ra iz. 
World to he kl^^t off, 3 6. 

World haw tob^vc^iiei,^^^. 

World te weaKedj'rem, 7 5. 

World wht leave be» rewivrded^ 7 y, 

WerUsdtffolulknhttrJht-tred, 11. 

Worldlings not to be en-vied. 1 7 <• 

Worldlings how profound, lowjhafffiv, 

Worldlings itfae no ^irttvaU l^MiPiedj^ey 

Worldlings »/)i^f<7^4/;fy? thefTordi an. 
Wotlilmgs iiel>end on ewnewtt, zii. 
Worldlings mifcenjure true piety, 21 j, 
Woildly /i'M|,x fame, j o. 
Woildly /fciw^i Hotgoodto/oule, 1%. 
Wor[d\y great nejfe, 171. 
Worldly wi/dome danger Ota i 150. 
Worldly wifdome divelijb, 1 » i . 

Sre Wifdomc. 
Wormc of confcitncej 17* 
Wiat J) Jbctf^r^^ aguinft d«^ 0/wratIii 2 2. 








The one in the time oftheShrevalty 
of Sir Erafmus Dryden Baronet. 

The other in the time of the Shrcvalty 

of Sir Henery R$binfin Knight, 

By R»krt Bolton Bachelourin Divinityjatc Miniftcr of 

Broughton in Northampton-Jhirc,2nd fomctimcs 

Fellow oiBrafen-nofe Collcdge in Oxford, 



Printed by George tJiitHerdvfeWmg in the Black- 
Fryers. MDCXXXIX. 




HE ancient Impcriall 
La wes gave to an Oyer'- 
feeroUWiUynotonly a 
protection over /f, but 
an Adionfor i^,in cafe 
ofabufe. If I had not 
had this intereft in theAi/?»;/7/of thisAuthor; 
y ct as a ""Fidei Commijfaritis to hiai,and fpc^ 
ciallyintrufted by him for the publiSiing 
thcfe two Apfe Sermons^ I durft not but 
performethistrufttomy deare friend. I 
ncedc notaffurcthei^^^i^r, that thcfe Ser- 
A 2 mons 

PM Aimmfii 
Tutor. l.i.%.u 

*Eft We cujiu 
•vel reliGum 
Ant.l^oherg. in 
f^ocab, utriu/^ 

To the Reader^ 

monsarc irucly his owac, for whca hec 
Ihallobferve hoy they arc cloathcd and 
a^parrclled hee wHl quickly difcover who 
w4s their Father. Bellies, there ace hua- 
drcds^of people yet living who heard him 
preach them, andean with race futficiently 
atteftatethcit legitimation^ But I cannot 
fay fo for fome other Sermons that are au- 
dacioufly vented under his name.^ox I mufl; 
fay, that i he /^jaft^ called ih^XarndJlProfef- 
yir^printed for R^Da'^lman^xS^M none of 
Mafter Bolton Sjneither ^oadmateriam^ 
nor quoad formatii, as they fay in Schoolcs. 
I goe notabouj: to qiicftion it, or to draw 
any partie into punifbment, and therefpre 
Iwill not ventilate a queftion in the Ci'vill 
l?Je^mtit, LoTHfyV/hctha'^A^iodedoIoydQrh not lie in 
thtscafcil only note theinjurie and protefl; 

In the former Workes of this Author 
you may obfervehis Eloquence for God ; 
in thisfor bis PnfJ^^ in vindicating the So- 
veraigntie of Kings^zs the immediate Ordi- 
nance o£Gq;1> againft thoTe proud ufurpa- 



tions upon them by that Mj« a//»»£j>and 
iniextaHing Pictie, whrcfe is then fee inthc 
higheft place, whcn.it wifely rules and di - 
reds in t^Qheans and ypayes oirighteoits Go- 

I will fay no more of this Worke, nor of 
the Workeman, for neither he nor it ftand in 
need of my praife,ic onely contents me that 
I have lived, to fee himliveagainejto per- 
forme his iJpi//, to execute his frwiif commit- 
tcd/rome^thoughit might have beene bet- 
ter done by another if hee had fopleafedj 
The law ofreafon and right pardons fomc 
aberrations in the Worke where there is a 
ncceflityofOe^/w^, and 1 doubt not but a 
hying Reader will pcrforme this right to 
mee, that am content thus to expofe my 
felfe for his fake. From any other I exped it 
not i it being a common humour with men 
that live at ^^^^.tocenfure other men, as 
toobuliethQU^ they workefor ihQ puhltkc^-y 
of whom I may fay, as Erafmr^ fpake of ^rafm cou.ds 
the Friersin his time, They aremore thea '" ''^'^"^^' 
men at their meatc, and lefle then wo- 

A 5 men 

To the Reader. 

men at their worke. And as 1 contemner 

the flouts of the one , fo J c<n;et the 

good will and defircs of the other. 

Let mce enjoy this and I 

have done. , 

Middle Temple^^ 

' ' ' ' - — 





when the right eons are in authority the people rejoyce: 
hut vpheH the wicked beareth rule, the people mourner. 

VcnastheSunneinthe fpring by 
his bcames and influence, doth 
revive and quicken with new 
beauty of life, as it were, things 
hercbelow, makes the face of 
the canh to flourifh afrefli and 
fmilejthebirds to fill the aire 
with much melodious fweetneffe, and fo propor- 
tionably all other creatures in their fcvcrall kinds, 
lying within the Sphere of his fpringing warmth,to 
enlarge themfclves into exultations and mirth, fo 
a good man graced with Authority, doth marvel- 
loufly refrcfh all gracious hearts. 

But as a bitter tempeftuous ftorme, doth with 
itsunrpfiftableimpctuoufnefreand violence, beat 
dowrie,and tcare, deface, and bruife : So a Shehna, 
oxUaman, unworthily mounted on horfe-backe, 
and haled by the cords of corruption, againft the 
haire into fomc high place, undoes all by his do- 

o^» i^fffeSermm. 

mineering,faftens the bloody fangs of cruelty and 
bare upon the face ofthcfairefe vertues ; an^,<vhkji 
is an inexpiable villany, makesthc hearts of honcft 
men to bjeed. And, tl^twhkhis meq^zUmir^ 
chiefe, fets the fonncs ofBelial on foot 5 and caufes 
goodfellowes (astheycail them,) I mean e bre- 
thren in iniquity jAlc-houfe hunters,drnn3(ards,and 
fuch refufe and riffe raffe of the Divell, to lift up 
their heads. 

It is incredible to confider what a deale of hurt 
is done, and mifchrcfc many times wrought in- 
fenfibly and unobfervedly 5 when a wicked wit 
and wide confcience welds the fword of Authori- 
tie. For it iseafie to a man fo mounted, by Lcgall 
{[eights, and pretence of deeper reach to com- 
pafle his owne ends, either for promotion of ini- 
quity, or oppreflion of innoccncy. For the lat- 
ter 3 there is fomc truth in that Hyperbolicall 
fpeech of a great t^^oraliB, Let any man frefent 
■me, faith he, with the mo ft excellent and hUmeUftfLj 
a5fion^ I wUloppofe it with fo mciom and bad inten- 
tions-, all rvhf chpall carry a face of likelihood. W hat 
may he-doe then, who bcfides the habituall malice 
of his owne heart, and wit at will, hath power 
and a pretended myfterie of government, to plague 
a man w ith in this kind ^ Efpecially {ith he knowes 
himfelfe backt with that principle in policy. // is 
notfafe fo to reverfe iranfa^ions of State, though taifj- 
ted perhaps with feme manifeft imprefions ofrmfcof' 
fiAgeanderrmr. Woe therefore tothofeempoyfo- 
nedftirrops, by which fo many fuch fervants rife 
aloft and climbc fo high ; I jncanc bribery, fi- 


*^n Afife Serwm. 

inony, flattery, temporizing, bafe infinuations, and 
fuch viicmeanes;ButI hope this Gangren of going 
into offices. Benefices, and high roomes by cor- 
ruption's not unhappily crept into this famous and 
flourilliing State ; which if it ihould, it will eate fo 
farre into the hearts and finevves of the State, that 
no wit of man can forefce, into what bafenefTe and 
degenerations this noble Kingdome would fall in 
the next age : It would be the caufe that many 
vines,olive-trees,and fig-trees fliould wither away 
in obfcurity, and brambles brave it abroad in the 
world,wallow and tumble themfelves in the plea- 
fures, fplendour, and glory of the times. But \tt 
fuch alone,this is their day : When they have blu- 
ftered a while like mighty and boy fterous winds, 
they breath out into naught. Their breath is in 
their noftrils, flop but their nofe, and they are 
dead. Their big words arc but as avainefoame, 
&c. Ifthey be not humbled in their place, and re- 
pent, and turnc the edge of their fword the right 
way, there is a day comming upon them, wherein 
they fhall eate the fruit of their owne way, and be 
filled with their owne devices. 

I have intimated now upon purpofejwhich way 
I would go upon this latter part ofrhc vcrfc ; When 
the wicked heare ride the people mcuyne : Becaufe 
I fliall not be abk at this time to reach it with a full 
difceurfe, Ircturnc to the fifft branch, wherein I 
will reft. 

when t^e righteous are in Authority, the people re- 
joice. In thefe words vvc may behold Migiftracy, 
Authority, Sovcraigi^ty, like a precious Diamond 

B fct 

t^n Apfe Strmm* 

f^tin gold, I meane retting upon a righteous man,, 
fparkling out, as its proper effcia, amiable, noble 
,and fvvecccft affedion, that ever feaz'cl upon the 
heart of man, joy, contentment, a pleafant Aveer- 
ncfTcofmind. Markc therefore three points in the 
propofition. Firft, Authority, SecondIy,its proper 
fubjed, A righteous man, Thirdly, rejoycing, its 
native and kindly effed. 

Soveraignty is facred in it felfe; Authority 
evcnabftraded,is orient and illuftrious. Aray,and 
r<p»*efentation of that great Majcfty above. 

It alfo ennobles thefubjed that receives it,witb 
atemarkable fplcndour, and a kind of divine cha- 
rader. 1 have laid you are gods, PfaL 2 8 . 5. That 
is^firftjby Analogy, fecondly, Deputation5thirdJy, 
Participation. For you well know that befides that 
Imperiall Majefty, which is originally and indivi- 
■dually inherent in the pcrfon of a Monarchical! 
Soveraigne, there are alfb by derivation,or depu- 
tation,fome markes and imprcffions of that prince- 
ly endowment ftampt and fhiningin the i^c and 
prefenceof every fubordinate Magiftrate, which 
Hqu, makes them venerable, cfpecially thofe who give 

life and vigour to the execution of their places, 
with the noblenefTe of a free fpirit, and clearenefTe 
of 2 good Conlcieficc. 

Lattly,it ihining in its proper fubjedja righteous 
man, the true Sunne of Soveraignty, it difpcls 
fadnefTc of heart,in which all objeSs of lightfome- 
ticfle fire drowned. The fpirit of a man is broken, as 
Sdomen faith, Pf(?.i 5.13. As the beauty of a Pearle 
is^iffolved invincgcr^^nd begets joy in a worWcf 


i^n ■4f^fi Sermon, 

people, which is one of the richeft and moft royall 
donation,, which this wide world can afiford, nay 
and that which makes the effecft more excellent^ 
this afFe(5tion of joy is by warrantable propriety,, 
and true intereft, onely peculiar and proper to ho- 
neti and holy hearts. This Jewell is onely for fuch 
gracious and golden Cabinets. No wicked or un- 
regenerace man hath any truecaufe at all to re- 
joyce, laughjOr be meiry . I will make it plaine in 
a word, even to the fcorner. Suppofe a great man 
convicted and condemned for treafon, going to- 
wards the place of execution, a mile off 5 let there 
atablebefurniftied all along with variety of dain- 
ties, let him tread upon violets, and rofes, cloth oi 
Arras5cloth of gold,or what you will 5 allthe way, 
let him be attended on both fides with moft exqin- 
fite muficke, and honourable entcrtainements 5 doe 
you thinke all this will make him laugh heartily, 
carrying this in his heart,that he muft loofe his head 
at the miles end ^ I trow not. As farre Icffe true 
caufe haft thou to laugh, whofoeverthou art, that 
goeft on impenitently in thy finncs^ in fwearing, 
drunkenneife, bribery, covetoufnefTe, pride, icor- 
ning godlinelTcorany other way ofdeath,as3tem- 
porall death is eafier thenendleffe torments, for he 
is but going to loofe his head, and thou art going 
towards hcil. 

Now then IcoUedt in the firft place this Do- 

Dod. Gcvervment is agocdly thing, J)o0, 

I conclude it thus out of the Text by good con- 
fequcncc. Whatfocvcr is illuftrious in it felfe, 

B 2 en- 

i^n Apfe Sermon, 

ennobles the fubjedt wherein it re{ides,and is atten- 
ded with fuchan excellent eflfcd, '.is a noble, glori- 
ous and goodly thing. But Soveraignty50r Autho- 
rity exercifed (forfowefindcitinthe Text, and 
therefore I call it government) is fuch and fo, 
therefore it is a goodly thing: my Dodrineisihe 
conclufionofaCategoricall Syllogifine, wherein 

See Ratvleigh 
page I ^ I. 

Sec whites 
Sermon at 
Pauls Croffe, 
page 18, 

^ See Moulines 
book of Faith, 

SceUim alfo 
upon Pfal. 1x4 

fomething in the Text is the medium-^ therefore 
foundly colle(fted. 

I proceed to the Reafors. 
Firft reafon ; U receives the prime honour, and 
excellency from Gods owne infticution. Bymee 
Kings raignet and Princes decree luflice ; By mez^ 
Princes rule and Nobles ^ even all the Judges of the^ 
earth. Pro.S.i5,i5. ThereisnofowerhutofGo d. 
The powers that be are ordained of G o DfRom,i^,i, 
"*■ Sothatitis Gods royall, and goodly creature. 
And if it were vifibleto our bodily eyes, it would 
farreout-fliinethefaircft, and moft gliftering Im- 
perial! Crowne, that ever fate upon any C£fars 
head. It is fo foveraigne, and certainely from 
G o D., that in cafe of Antinomy, that is, when 
Authority countermands where God hath com- 
manded; we mufl refufethe will,but ftill reverence 
the power of alawfuU M^^giftrate. 

Ifthefword ofSovcraignty, the exercife, and 
execution ofpower be bent againft G o D,wemun: 
lay hold upon the Apoftles principle : Whether it be 
right in the fight of G o n to obey you rather then 
•G o i9^judge yee. And good reafon, G o d is a 
Creator, man a creature,andin his hands arc onely 
life and death : but in G d s , Heaven and Hell. 


Kyln Afife Sermon. 

Benveene the Creator and creature there is no 
proportion, no comparifon. Phylofophy tells us, 
thatbetweene fomethingand nothing there is an 
infinite diftance, the two ends, (if I might fpeake 
ofinfinite things,) of which immeafurable diftance 
can never be brought together, but by an infinite 
being. Nothing can produce fonriething of no- 
thing, but an Almighty nature. And therefore as 
there is an infinite diftance betweene fomething 
and nothing, fo there mufc alfoneedsbcan immea- 
furable difproportion betweene the Crea- 
ting power, and that fomething created of no- 
thing. And fo by confequence the excellency, 
power, bindingneffeand Sovcraignty of the Crea- 
tors Law niufl: needs furpaffe and tranfcend above 
all degrees of comparifon, and meafure of propor- 
tion that of the creatures. 

You that are converfant in all p.irts of divine 2. 
learning, and all thofe that are employed in the in- 
comparable worke of the Miniftery, ought to en- 
deavour thereafter. For Minifters had never more 
need of learning then at this day 5 confidering with 
what variety and ft rength the truth of Go d isop- 
pofed onall fides, by Atheifme, by Popery, thas 
Hydra of all herefics, and other braincleflc exoibi- 
tancies about matters of Religion. I fay thofe that 
looke into Cafuifts and Schoole Divines, know 
how many degrees and kinds of lawcs they make* 
Firft, There is the Law eternal!, refident in the 
pure, glorious, infinite mindc of God, wliich is 
that order which God before all ages hath fet 
downe withhimfelfc, for himfelfeto doe ^11 things 

B 5 by. 

8 i^ff Afifi Seymti^^ 

by. Sccondly,then the Law of Nature. Thirdly, 
then the Law of Nations. Fourthly, then Humane 
Lawes. Thefirft,is^heclearc fountaine ofallcx- 
cclIencies,order,and equity, as pure as G o d him- 
feUe : thefe Jaft paffing thorow the polluted chan- 
nel! of mans braine, are capable of muddineffe, im- 
perfedion, and infirmity. Who doubts then, but 
when we fpy thefe laft muddy ftreames to crofTe 
the current of divine Law, we muft have recourfe 
unto the well-^ head. 

Divine Lawes do binde the confciencc primari- 
ly, as they fay, properly , and by themfelves. God 
is the L o R D of the confcicnce, and onely able 
todamneandfavethefoule, for the breaking or 
keeping of his Lawes ; and therefore he alone hath 
an abfolute and foveraignc power to bindc the 
confcience. If humane Lawes, even that are jtilf, 
doe any way binde, it is by the power and precept 
of divine Law. See Rom. j ? . i , (^cA meane meerely 
humane. For that is falfe which Bellarmine hath 
pe laictSj Cap. 1 1, Par. ^.th^t every jufl: Civill Lav/, 
is either a conclufion or determination of the di- 
vine^orall L^vjJumus as all along in his Anlmaci' 
njerfiom, fo here, he hath alfo nobly conquered 
and confounded him. And therefore as we would 
prefcrre the keeping of a good confcience, be- 
fore the deeping in a whole skin, and the feare of 
him, which can aeftroy body and foule in hell fire, 
before him that can onely kill the body, let us 
cleave unto the Commandements of G o Dyagainft 
the conrradi(aions ofthc whole world. 

Yet notwithftahdingthe mil^imploymcnt, and 


Kji^ 'A&fe Stamm, 

the errour in the cxeicife of it. Authority \% il iM 
venerable in the original!, nnd to be reputed <]>cds 
creature; elfe had Daniel newer fpoken thus to 
Nebuchadnez^itr , an ungodly King and fcoarge^'^'^-*'j7. 
of Nations > Thott (0 King) an a King of , 
Kings, for the G O D of Heaven hath given thee 
a Kingdomc^ power , and flrength, and glory . 

And hence it is alfo, that K^tipin^ that renow- '^^G'^'^i^ate 
ned Father tells us, Hee that gave Sovereignty to ^'^'^*** 
Au^i\{iws^gave it a^fo to Nero. Hee that gav: ?> 
to theVQ^'p^Sxms, Father and Sonne, fweetefi Empe- 
rours, gave it alfo to Domitian that blotidy monfier. 
In a word (faith he) He that gave tt to Chriftian 
Conftantine, ^^4T^tf7> alfo to Julian the K^pofiata. 
That infinite wifedome of G o p, which hath di^ 
ftinguifhed his Angels by degrees 5 which hath 
given greater and lefTe light and beauty to heaven- 
ly bodies, which hath made difference betweenc 
beafts and birds, created the Eagle and the Flye, 
the Cedar and the fhrub, and among ftones, gi- 
ven the faireft tinifture to the Ruby, and the 
quickeft light to the Diamond, hath alfo ordai- 
ned Kings, Dukes or Leaders o^ the people, 
MagiftrateSj Judges, and other degrees amongft 

Secondly, Government is the prop and pill.?r ^t^foni^ 
of all States and Kingdomes, the cement and 
fouleof humane affaires, the life of fociety and 
order, the very vitall fpirit whereby fo many mil- 
lions of men, doe breath the life of comfort and 
peaces and the whole nature of things fubfifl. Let 
thchcaitinamanfurccafc from the cxcrcife of its 


lo K^n Afi(e Sermon, 

principality and prime motion, and the whole bo- 
dy would prefently grow pale, bloudlcfTe and livc- 
IcfTe. If that glorious Giant in the skie^ fliould re- 
tirehis light into himfelfe, and through alangm- 
. filing faimneiTe ftay his -courfe, and the Moone 
fhould wander from her beaten way,whom God 
hath appointed rulers over day and nightjthe times 

and feafonsoftheyeare would blend themfelves, ' 
by difordered and confufed mixture. This goodly 
frame ofthe world would di(rolve,and fal into con- 
fufion and darknelTe. Proportionablyjtakc Sove-' 
raigntie from the face ofthe earth, and you turne it 
into a Cock-pit. Men would become cut-throats 
andCanibals one unto another.Murders^adukeries, 
incefts,rapes, rcberies, perjuries, witchcrsfcs, blaf- 
phemies^all kinds ofvillanies,outrages and favage 
crueltie, would overflow all Countries. Wc fliould 
havea very hell upon earth^and the face ofit cove- 
red with bloud,as it was once with water. 
'Ru^on 3 . 1 hirdly,It giveth opporrunitie by G o d s blef. 

fingjforthe free exercife^and full improvement of 
all humane abilitieSjto their utmoft worth and ex- 
valour, policies of State, religion ; all Arts and ex- 
cellencies thrive and flourifli with much happinefle 
and fucccfre,under the wings and warmth of a god- 
ly government. Some fliadowes of thefe notable 
and worthy effecf^s appeared, even in the Heathe- 
ni(h Statcjas in that ofthe Romnnes^xo what a match- 
lefTe noonc-tide of earthly glorie and greatneflfc j to 
what an incredible and uncomparablc height of 
humane felicity did that people afpire, by mana- 


*^n A fife Sermon. \ j 

ging their myftcries of State,and guiding the raines 

of their commanding power, by afaire, ingenious, 

and noble hand,and that out of the mecre illumina- 

tions of reafon, and principles of narurall policy^ 

But I muft tell you by the way, they were notably 

alTifted inthislmperiallrife,by their ftrid: and fe- 

verelawcs againtt thofe two grand impoyfoners 

of the ftrongeft, and moft flourifhing States, 

firft,3ribcry,fecondly, bafenefle in comming to Sec Go^»f»jc 

high roomes.They had many hvjesdiaml>ftu, ^ de R9.Leg'p.i6i, 

fecunijs repetundi^. If a Senator were found to have 

ufed unlawfull mcanes for the attaining of any O f- 

ficeihc was to fuffer ten yeares banifhmcnt, and fo 

proportionably of bribery. No Kingdome under 

heaven harbouring thcfe two cut-throats, can ftand 

long without bafenefie or ruine. 

If Government then hath fuch power,and works 
fuch wondersin Pagan Kingdomes, what heavens 
upon earth,what worlds of happinefTe by Gods 
mcrcie,miy be comfortably expeded, when ir is 
feafonedand (inewed with the truth of Religion 
and power of Chriftianity, which is thechiefeft top 
andwell-fpringofall truevertues,evenasG o d is 
of all gooci things. For all other ornameqts and ex- 
cellencies of Nature, Art, PoUicy, are as but a 
dead and liveleffe carkafTe, except they be anima- 
ted and quickned with the true feare of G o d, and 
religious forwardnelTe for hisglory. Nay, a gracc- 
leflc Magiftrate is a grievous plague, for when he 
folio wes the publike adminiftration of Juftice, on- 
ly as a trade, with unquenchable, and unconfcio- 
nablc third of gaine, and attaining his owne ends, 

C being 

I2 ^» ^Pfi Strmn, 

being not in heart perfwaded that Juftice is G o » $ 
owne worke, and himfelfehis Agent in this bufi- 
• nefTe ^ the fcntcnce of right, Gods owne vttd'{6t'^ 
and himfelfe his Minifter to deliver it, formalities 
ofjiifticedobutfcrvetofmoother right, and that 
which was neccffarily ordained for the common 
good,is through fhamefull abufe^made the caufe of 
common mifcry, which is too manifcft by too ma- 
ny wofull experiences. 
See B4£<wi 4^' But now for inftance of thofe happy fruits and 
vacmenupi '» excellencies, fpringing by G c d s blcfTrng out of 
Government /aniflificd by the cflfcifiual and power- 
full Majeftne of true Religion. I will go no further 
then our own State, fincc that peerelefTe Princefle 
Queene Elizabeth, of Avceceftand deareft 
memorie, the happieft inftrument of Go d s glorie 
of her fcxe, fincethe moft bleflfcd Virgine: I fay 
fince (he rofe into the Imperiall throne, what a 
dcale of glorie and light, admiration and honour, 
what miracles of unparallcd deliverances and pre- 
fervations,have crowned this famous Hand. To fay 
nothing of temporall felicities, for which purpofe 
inftance might be given in fome of all proferfions 
and ftatiops : as for depth and variety of learning, 
gravity arid unfwaedneffc upon Seates of luftice • 
height of military valour, largeft comprchenfions 
of ftate-wifdome, excellency in all other kinds of 
worrh,as admirable and renowned,as ever trod up- 
on Englifh mould. Onely take an eftimate, and 
fcantUng of fpirituall happineffe, more properly 
incident to religious governments, by that fpeech 
ofa great man in our State, Jfthe ehtfe 4nd heli, 


K^n Apfe Sermon » 15 

faith he, ofthofe observations ufm Texts of Serif ture , ^^ 

vehtch have kene made M(^erfedly in Sermms mthiit ohdvafce- 
thisyourLMajepies lland of great Brttaine^ by thejpdce mcnt of Icat- 
of tbefe forty ycares and mere, had beenejetdawneimi ^"ng^* " 
cofitimance,it had beenethe beH rv»rke in Divinity^ 
whtch had heme written fwce the K^pofiles time. And 
thence conclude that happy confequent, the crown 
and excellency of all truly worthy States. How ma* 
nybkfled fouleshavebeenefent to Heaven, and 
what a number of crowned Saints have bin created 
by fuch a confcionablc Miniftry,as was in all that 
time, and what a time it was of both temporall and 
fpirituall felicity, you may read from King James 
his noble pen: Greater blefings if f D , faith he, ^irJf/''''' 
greater outwardpeace.and plenty , greater inward pe/tde 
mthfprituallandcelepall treafnres,were never hea- 
ped upon my great Britatne, then have beene fmce^ 
my great Britatne beame, great inthegreateft andchis- 
feftrefpeBofall'^ tfimtfacemy great Brit aine hath 
Jhakmiffthe Popes yfike^drc .Youkcinihonvihax a 
goodly thing Government is4.Now la us come to 
the Ufes of this Dodrinc 5 and in the firft place k 
ferves forconfutarion. 

Firft5Confutation and confufion of all oppofites f^fe 1 , 
to Govern ment,efpecially the underminers and un- 
dcr-prizers of Regall Authority, the fbunfaine of 
fubordinateandinferiour Magiftracy. 

Now to nullifiethcnothingnefreofthe phfan- 
ticke bedlam Anabaptifts arguments, (they are fit- 
ter to be out of the number of men, and driven out 
of the border of humane nature,thcntobe difputed 
with) for abolifhing Magiftracy,und€r,lknow not, 

C 2 what 


i^n Apfe Sermon, 

Sec Sdaters 
Aflifc Sermon 

See BeSarmine 
Ub.i.de Laic'u, 
Bel de Rom.pd- 
tif.l I .a 7^rt. 
Fnttrea Frin- 
cipitus fceculu' 
ah hominibiis, 
^fti ^ jure 
gent iu 71. 

And in his 
bookc againft 
Barl^.y ,Arnoux 
upon the 30. 
Article of the 
lion: calls the 
power of Ma« 
giftrates, an 
humane law, 
Greg.de f^alen. 
di^ 1^.10 de 
art Siautem. 
Nam ut re£le 
2), Thomoi jus 
^ominij vet 
trodu&ue(i jure 

what Chriftian pcrfe^ion, as a tranfient Mo- 
faicall ceremony, would not bee worrh the 
while 5 1 rather choofe at this time to deale with 
thePapift, amorcfubtileand plaufiblc adverfary 
inthepoinr,and in that regard morepcftilent. 

And here in the firft place, letmepoin: you to 
the foumaine of thofe Popifli fulminarions and 
firc-workes, which have moft unworthily beaten 
upon,and blaftedthelmperiall and Regall Throne 
of Chriftendome : and the firft mover, as it were,of 
that bloody Sphere, which the man of finne hath 
turned upon the face of r»r5/j(?, andtorncand rent 
itinarufuUmanner. It is this. 

That the power of Kings, Princes and Magi- 
ftrates,is not ordained by the divine Law of God, 
but an humane ordinance.Thisteachcth Bellarm'me. 

And they all hand over head, draw this cun- 
ning and cut-throate conclufion, for fo it proves in 
theconfequcnts outof thcempoyfoned fountaine 
of * Aquinas, 

Their reafons for this point are as weake as .wa- 
ter, and flie but with one wing. 

Thofe of beft fhew are thcfe, which I refute in a 

Firft,Hc that was firft King in the world, to wit 
iViwr^^,madchimfelfe King by force, not by the 
ordinance o^Gon.ErgOj^c, 

SolJXhQ Antecedent is falfcj before NimrodtV^- 
thcrs and heads of Families were Kings,Pricfts,and 
foveraigne Princes of their Families. For after the 
floud men lived five or fix hundred yeares. Then it 
was an eafic matter for a man to fee fifty, yea a hun- 

Kyin Apfe Sermon. 15 

dredthoufand perfons of his poftcrity, over whom . „ . ,., 
he cxerciled paternall powcrjand by conlequence, deckmii cap. 
foveraigne power 3 then when there was no other -'■^ art ad con. 
forme ofaRealme upon the earthy to which chil- ^^'nlr,'! n 
dren, their iervantsbemg added, one ramily alone \o.an. i.z?j- 
made a great common-wealth. Likewife in K^bra- mmumts'pre- 
/'rfwx time, when mans life was much fliortenedjie duaaexjme^' 
was called by the Hethites, a mighty Pnnce,Gen.7.^, humanoerqjt 
6.and he took out of his family 518. Soiddters to the ZrMum'de 

wane ^G en .14,14.. - pre gentiaii, 

Againe,how could mankind be maintained, and i^odefijui hu^ 
the world ftand for 1 55 6.years5without Soveraign- '"^*^^^ 
ty and Authority of the Magiftrate ^ 

Then to the confequent I fay thus much, if a 
ftrange Prince ihould invade a Kingdome^ they do 
well to defend themfelves, and if the ufurper bee 
flaine,he is juftly punifhed, but if he conquer, and 
the ancient profeffours be quite cxtinguilhed, and 
then the whole State concurre upon him, and 
fweare fidelity to the new King,then wemuft think 
that God hath cftabliflied fiich a Prince in that 
Kingdome. Then I fay that the people ought to 
yeeld to the will of G0D5 who for the finsof Kings 
and of their people, tranfpofeth Kingdomes, and 
difpofeth of the iflues of warre. 

Secondly , but S.P^/e^ cals obedience to Kings,an oBjeSf,2. 
humane ordinance,: Pet, 2.1^, Ergo ^drc. 

Sol. It is fo called not in refpe6^ of the fubftance ^^^' 
of government and inftitution,and Caufaliter (as the 
Schooles fpcake; but in refpccft of,tirft,the fubjci^ 
wherin it is feated/econdiyjorthe objed wherup- 
on it is fcatcd,thirdly ,to the end to which it is dire- 

C 5 ded 


i^n Apfe Sermm* 

See A\wm 
z.c©l p(>. X 5 J I 

was preached 
tefore Kmg 
ntA j.yearcs, 

dedjorjfourthlyjthcfcvcrall formes or meanes by 
which ix. is attained. 

The queftion is not, by what meanes, whether 
by hereditary fucccifion, oreledion, or any other 
humane forme,a Prince comes into his Kingdome, 
but whither by the ordinance of God weought te 
obey him,when he is eft^liflied J hope the Pope is 
hoifted into his chaire of peftilencc,by the elc(^ion 
of the Cardinals or worfe meanes,and yet that hin- 
ders notour adverfaries from holding it a divine or- 

Thirdly, Yea but there is no expreffc comman- 
dement fct down by Go d to obey Henry yOt Lewis t 
ov lames jov "^CfurkSiOx to acknowledge this or that 
man more then another to be King. 

SolMo^ befottcd and infatuated Sophiflry ! 

By the fame reafon Bellarmineis not bound to be 
an honcft man,becaufe there is no particular and ex- 
prefTecommandenicntin Gods Book, thati?.^. 
ought to be an honcft man. 

Neither is there any fpeciall charge from God, 
that Btllarmine muft obey ?auI the S . yet I hope he 
holds himfelfe {vk))tdi unco him by the Law of 
GoD^thoughno exprcffe word faith, this or that 
King rules by me,y et know thcrfore that that Scrip- 
ture which faith, Bjme Kings mgneS2Axkiz\{oj by 
me King lAmn raigrres, that precept which bids us 
hcmm ihtKtng^i F^/. 2. 17. Binds usalfo to honour 
King Urms^ox generall rules in Go d s Book,whi- 
cher about precepts, prohibitions,orpromifcs, bind 
aod belong xq partiodar perfons without naming 
them,aQd particulars are ncceiTaftily ,and pcrfonally 
contcined in the univerfals. Firft> 

\^n Aftfi Seamon, 1,7 

Firft,Now this falfe foundation being thus Jaid 
inthedifgrace a i J abafeaient of fecular Soveraign* 
ty,as they call itimarke the progrcfle and bloody 

Second I yjHence they have proceeded and d-a- 
red to rob, and bereave Imperiall thrones, and the 
crowned Majefty of Kings of that native reverence, 
due attributions andobHgations ofState^ which di- 
vine ordinance,and pureft times appropriated unto 

Thirdly, They have beeneheartned to fly even 
inthefaceof Majcfty,and with unhallowed hands 
to decrowne the Princely heads of the Lords an- 
nointed.Thac great o^W^<?;? in this ftreine of rage SceHi/?.ofth« 
and pride, hath fet his foot upon the very necke of ^ouncdi of 
Emperours,and fpurned off tlieir Crowncs with "'^'^3'4. 

Fourthly,they arehardnedCprodigious and exe- 
crable villany ! ) even to kill,and cut the throats of 
Kings ; upon this bloudy ftairc they now ftand^ha- 
ving lately revealed it in the royal blood of the two 
laft Henries of Trancz^. 

] have difcovered and already done with the 
foundation which they have laid for a 54^^^of con- 
fufion and bloud. 

Now for their fecond affront upon Soveraign- 
xy^ feeafele(5kd Catalogue of unworthy and bafe 
afperfions caft upon Kings Crownes by Cardi- 
nal 1 Bellarmine^ and purpofely collc(5ted by his ^S'S*- 
Majefty, towards the latter end of his \ moft Royal! 
Letmcalfohcreinavirord tell you, how that 



K^n Aftfe Sermon, 

P.i InflMar. 
Trcatife,</c /«• 

Ibid cap i pag 
\^ ^ijcif. prop- 
ter htecEt b^c 
fententia. Et 
propter h'^sc jjt. 
m is" ikcrtta. 
*SeB. bacfcH^ 



Cap ?.ye5. 
ilyinto eiu£ri^ 


fag.zMb.^ ca 
deinde ob'ifciei 

Ibid.c z ibid. 

late famous CaCuift t^zari sis ^hdxh handled the 
Emperour inthis kind. 

This fellow teaches, that the jurifdi(5tion and 
power ofthe Empecour, hath irs being, cxiftence 
and dependance, (they are his ownc words,) from 
the Pope o^Rome. And upon this occafion tels us de 
faBo, how many Emperours the Pope hath depo- 
fed. "^^That the Pope is he who firft gives right and 
power to the Ele<5tors to choofe him,and then him- 
felfeannoincSjConfecratespandcrownes him fo e- 

That the Emperour is but the Popes minifter, e- 
lc(5led by him for the defence of the Church. So 
that in another place,he faith,thc Pope> if itpleafcd 
him, might cfeate two Emperours in the Church 
equall in power ; one to govcinc in the Eaft part 
ofthe Church, the other in the Weft. And there- 
fore having propofed this queftion : Whether the 
power ofthe £mperour be from God, the Bifhop 
of-X<?»?^j or the people: heconcludes. But certain- 
ly, faith he^ by the common confcnt, of moft of 
the Dodors ofthe Law, efpecially Pontificall, it 
is the received opinions,that the jurifdidion and 
power ofthe Emperour depends immediatly upon 
the Bifhop o^ Romcjsxid. how proves he that, thinkc 
youf' Even thus. 

It was faid to Peter ( faies he ) FeedmyJIjeefcj-j 
not thefe or other, but abfolutely and fimply, my 
fheepe, and therefore all : but the Emperour 
is a Sheepe, Er^o^ ^c. And in the fame place, 
hee makes alfo Kings and Princes amongft 
the aumbej: of fheepe.; and by confequcnt con- 

*^n Aft fe Sermon. ip 

eludes their fubjc(5tion to the triple Crowne. 

Nowthefeareftrangepaflfages againft theEm- 
perour, confidering that '^ C?Wi:«rfr^>?^ the Popes *<z)aiipgtonp. 
creature in his Digreflion, now effaced out of the ij-Mfinem. 
Originall by the Inquifition. 

Tells ViSjthat aforetimes ytheeleciion of the Top did 
not fund good whhotit the confirmation of the £mperor, 
nay , faics he, the Popes in all their Bulls y Privi ledges 
and Grants ,exprejfed the date^ in thefe firmall mrds, 
(fuchan one our Lord the Emperour raigning.) 

Neither hinders it, faith he, that thou fay, The 
Empire hath his being from the Romiih Bifhop, 
in rcfped of thofe things onely which are Spiri- 
tual! : For it is contrary; the Bifliop of Rome hath 
received the keyes of both Kingdomes,both terrene 
and celeftiall ; and it is conformable to the Popes 
owne words, Si xt us the fifth, Imeane in his Bull 
againft Henery the third of France. For he there 
afiirmes,that he hath obtained fupreme power over 
all the Kings and Princes of the whole earth, and 
all people, and Countries, and Nations given him ; 
not by humane but divine Inftitution. They are See Barclay de 
the words of the Bull. And agreeable to the Do- P^t^ft^te ?apce 
(flrine of Thomas Bozi us, one of the moft execrable '^sccapfp.ll!^ 
flatterers, that ever the Pope had : who teacheth. See Barclay de 
Omnem vim Regiam^^c, ^cl'^^'Jft' 

Upon this point and principle, t^lexander the 
fixthgave the Weft-Indies to the Spaniards, and 
the Eaft- Indies to the Portugals,pl3cingthe Me- 
ridian which pafleth by the Azores for their li- 

And upon the fame ground Piusthe fifth depriv/pd^ 

D Queene 



Kyfn Apfe Sermon» 

SteMouiines Q^cuc Elf z,ahtth of EftgUffd, of her Kingdome, 
book of Faith, and gave it to PhfliP the fecond of Spaine, as Azo^ 

Marclaiuiloeo rim tcllS US. •_ 

«mf<». But of all in this point, for a true Jefuiticall 

c,UMb t.pag. ftraine, Father Binet fliall take it to him, for fayes 
he, (markeitwell.) 

It were better that all Kings were ki lied ythen to re- 
njeale aconfepOff:a.nd he takes his ground from that 
rotten foundation^ fo derogatory to Kingly pow- 
er, refuted before. Becaufe^ (akh hcy the' porver of 
Kings u ordained by humane lawes, but Confej^ion hy 
divine law. You have it in Caufaubons Epiftle to 
Eudiemin'm A- Fronto Due £ ffs t\\c]cCuitc. Now here isafweet 
S!i^'S'^?««- piece of worke ; It were better that all the Kings 
lextraaa.de' inChriftendome had their throats cut, then that 
!>*»/>. fpeakes a kusvifli fcctet, or atraiterous plotofai='^«A;,or 
purpofe. RaviUacke confefTed to a Sodomiticall fTiaveling*, 

Sec Mmiins fliould be difclofed^ Here is a true brat of the bloo- 
Book€ of ^y ;^hore, a fellow of the right Ignatian ftampe. 
a"bp-547. Thirdly, Now the third violence and villa- 
ny they offer to Kingly power, and Princely 
Thrones, is the decrowning and dethroning of 

And to this end the Pope doth pcftilently abufe 
that noble and glorious Engine of the Church, 
Excemmum cation^ which in it native ufe, ought to 
bedifcharged upon the hairy pate of every wretch, 
that goes on rebelliouflyin his fin, and hates to be 
reformed ^ upon the Drunkard, Whore- mafter. 
Swearer, If furer,Bribe-taker, and fellowes offuch 
infamous ranke,and vidorioufly to beate do wne the 
Bulwarks ofthe Divcll. But he now makes it ferve 


t^n Apfe Sermon, 2 1 

his turne,to tumble downc into the duft the Impe- 
rial! Crovvnes of Oithodox Princes. Whereupon 
his Majefty tells them,in his Royall Anfwcr toCar- p-^c 177. 
dinall P.errcny That the facredheads of Kings ^are mort 
churlifllyy uncivilly andrig&reufly handled, then thc^ 
cemmen hoods of the meaneft churks. 

For excommunication fliould vexenonein his 
temporall State. That fpirituall fword^ (fay our 
Divines) deprives of fpirituall rights,that concerne 
the kingdome of heaven,deprivesnoneof his civill 
rightSjWhich he hath as a member of civill fociety. 

And that learned and famous Spalatenfis^ a man ^'^^sdatm 
throughly verft in Popifli Dodlrine, fayes 5 For ci- ^^^^\ ^^^^^ 
vill and humane commerce, no excommunication TUensynt.pi. 
canhinderit3 and our Ecclcfiafticall Conftitutions /'^87.flrM6. 
runinthefameftraine. The excommunicated per- 
fonfhall not be excluded from civill negotiations, ^^ccUfiafi. jf' 
and ufuall bufinclTe^by which things neceffary to excomnunka- 
humane life are fupplied. ^ J.^sr^*'''* 

Now,fhall not a private perfon be hurt in his out- ■''' 
ward eftatc by excommunication, and fhall a King 
loofe all < Here is a pure Popifh mercy indeed. 

I need not trouble you with any Popifh Authors 
for proofe of the point ; this traiterous tenent of 
depofing Princes, is every-where current in their 
Schooles '. they are fo farre from being afhamed of 
it, that every fliaveling infuksin the Catalogue of 
dejeded Crownes ; the Popes pradifc muft now 
prove the principle,and hisfad:,his right. 

To this very purpofe Azorius tells us, f. i Jnfi, 
mcrMB, i o cap,2.Sedl. Hxc fenteiatia,'] That Gregory 
the fcvcnth depofcd from the Empire ffe^ery the 

D'2 fourth 


L>df$ Apfe Sermon, 

if 1 1,3^^ ^^^_ iowxth* Alexander the thitdyFrederick the firft./;;^^- 
rcAed ^^ar.by f^w^thcthitd, oM(^thc fifth. Innocent xho. fourth, 
aetfaiw Frederick the kcond»Clemsnt the fixth . "^ i^f rvAf the 

See in the fame r -^u 
fence Grfgm. lOUr^*!* 

MdevaUom j I willoncly here juftific that which a little be- 
^^"i'^* ^'*^' ^^^^ I ^did 0^1^ quinas, where I called him the 
5e<f/ j^/«/o fountaine of much Popery and rebellion ; I fay 
probatut. And againe of rebellion alfo. For all the Schoole-fpi- 
Rompl'nt c.s, ^^^^3 (their works are hke fpiders-webs ; they alfo 
fuck, feed upon and vomit venome,) have fucked a 
great deale of poyfon in this point, from his pofi- 
tion 22,q.i2. art. 2» which is this. 

As pone as a Prince is denounced ex commuriicate fer 
Afoflafie-^x^^o fado, his fubjeSh 'are freed from his So- 
qjeraignt^ , and abfolved from the Oathofallegeance^ bj 
which they were bound unto him. 

NowhisScholicrs^^^/Vfj-, zndValentia tell us. 

See advance- 
ment of lear- 

fteps of the 
Saints and his 
holy predecef- 
for$,yet it is 

Sec Blac{»els 

MS -4. 

* Whatfoevcr 

Gregory prete- 

deth to the c6- that not onely totall Apoflafic, but partial! alfo, as 
f "^h ^"^"^h ^" h^'^^^^'^s ^^^^ meant; fo that any Proteftant Prince 
hefreads in the ^^ ^^^^^ interpretation is here concluded. 

But mark, I pray you, the finew of this mans Af. 
fertion.He firft brings againft himfelfe the authori- 
ty of v^w^r^?/^, telling us, that Chriftian Souldiers 
true that sigi- obeyed even lulian the Apoftate: he might have 
thIswi%iK' added alfo an excellent fpccch of ^/#« to the 
fidi Pope liiat fame purpofe in Pfil 1 24. quoted by me before^He 
tode ^7 ^"'"'^'^ -alledges other good reafonsbefidesj but when he 
Emp?°our!"^ comes to refolve and define, he overthrowes all 
This Pope ex- with 3, Sedcontra Gregcriusfeptintusj^ Gregory the 
H^'^'lu'^ fcventh is of another mind : and he quotes^him out 
Anno ioj6. ofthe puddic of the Popifh Canon- law, Decret, 
SttFitidiib.s, iPar.2,cap.i%,^,6,cap.NosSa»^forfim,2 

f^n Apfe Sermon. 23 

And who I pray you, was this Gregory the fe- f^^^"^^^^ 
venth^ it was Hildet?rand,ihc fcourge of Empcrofs, 
thefire-braad of warrc, thcfcorneof hisage. So 
that a bafe Pope, being a party, and in his owne 
caufejfctting his foot upon the necke ofHenery the 
fourth, muft countervaile and over- weigh the au- 
thority, of Gods Word, twooftheworthieft Fa- 
thers, that ever former times enjoyed, Reafon, 
Confcience, Nature, grounds of common fence, 
every thing,any thing- for he is a Pope forfooth, 
and therefore an infallible Vicar upon earth. 

Fourthly, At length,in the fourth place, they are .^ 
arrived at the very height of that prodigious and 
tr an fcendent rage, that m akes it very pr obable,that 
the Pope is that purple whore arrayed in fcarlet co- 
lour,iv^'y.i7.4.and drunken with blood,i/fr.5. And 
it is more then a miracle,thatChriftian Kings fuffer 
that bloody bead to fit fo long upon the fcven hills: 
they arc now come, I fay, firft, to the killing of 
Kings,fecondly, to teach the killing of Kings,third- 
ly,to defend the killing of Kings; For that laitftar- 
ting hole, and evafion of Cardinall Ferromus, and gge the Kings 
other Jefuites is ridiculous. That they kill not kings anfwer to Per- 
in EJfe:h\xt firft they un-king a King, and then kill a ^^atf '**''* 
King,when he is not a King but a private perfon^up- See aifo m«u- 
on this very point King Tdmes breaks out mofl juftly '^^^ ^ookc of 
outofaRoyall indignation of his noble fpirit, 6 ^^^a^i^jf' 
hell-hounds, O diabolical! wretches, O infcrnall 
monftcrs ! 

And tells them, that incomparifon of their reli- 
gion and holinelfe, all the impiety that ever was 
pra<5tifcd among the Infidels, and all the barbarous 

D 3 cruelty 

24 K^n Apft Sermsn. 

cruelty that ever was perpetrated among the Canni- 
bals,may palTe hence-forth in the Chriftian world, 
for pure clemency and humanity. 

It is not enough for that man of fin, and ftigmati- 
call ftrumpet,to be drunk with the bloodjCfor fhe is 
faid,5fx'.i7,4. and 6, both to be arrayed infcarlct> 
and to bee drunk with blood) of the dcareand 
precious foules of many thoufands of her own chil- 
dren, who being by her conceived, and brought 
forth in fpirituall adultery, and after nurft up, and 
nuzled in ignorance and fuperftition^have lived and 
died in Popifh darknefle. But fhe is alfo thick-cloa- 
thed with the crimfon and crying blood of infinite 
Martyrs of J £ s v s 5 nay, and now in her dotage, be- 
ing growne a deformed Hag, and left by moftof 
her lovers, flie labours to repaire the decaiedncfic 
and ruine of her painted beauty with the richncfTc 
ofherattyre, fothatflieisnot now content onely 
with garments of bafer and inferiour die, but of late, 
is new clad, even with a robe of blood Royall, 
deeptly, and double-dyed in the facrcd blood of 

Indifplayingthis whore in her bloody colours, 
I might tell youof thofe Seas of blood, which fliee 
hath furioufly fpilt in her drunken humour, and 
powred upon the face oi Europe, almoft all in our 

I might,I fay, enlarge thefe points, but I will at 
this time onely hold me to the prefent, and^eliver 
myfelfcin a word. 

In the firft place that they kill Ki ngs 5 it is cleare 
in the eye crf'^U Chriftcndomc : I will go no further 


K^n Apfe Sermon, 25 

then the prcfcnc age? and the frcfh bleeding memo- 
ry of fuch dolefull a^ts. Two of the laft Kings of 
France, //e;?r)i the third and the fourth, fell from 
their Iraperiall Thrones by the bloody knives of 

Stxtif^ the fifth excommunicated and depofed Sec mouIw 
Henery xhcthnd^2.ndx\\cv lames Clement a Jacobin ^^^^^ o*" F-^ith, 
committed thathorrible Parricide upon his Royall Sg? aXVp 

perfon. loVenon^pug, 

^ Ravillacke was the other Affafin, who rendred ^^"^-^B^-^- 
this reafon for his monftrous and horrible attempt. 
That King Henery had a defigne to warr with God, 
becaufehc had adefigne to take arraes againft his 
HolinelTe, who is God. 

Now befides how greatly did they thirfl: after the 
Virgin blood of the late Priticely Elizakth, with a 
prodigious variety of murdejous complotments: 
hadnotthefilver line of her much honoured life, 
beene hid inthe cndlelTc maze of God ^ bottomc- 
\t{^Q mercy, thofe bloody Romifh hunters, had ma- 
ny and many a time laid her honour in the duft. 

Nay, but for a miracle of the fame infinire mer- 
cy , they had torne King lames in pieces, his nobJc 
Queene, the Roy all limbes of thofe two fvyeet and 
orient Princes, and that Princely ftarre that now 
fliines fo faire in Bchemta, by their powder-mine. 

There was no want at all of Popifli malice, pur- 
pofc, utmoft endeavour, to have fpilt all this Roy- 
all blood,a$ water upon the ground, and therefore, 
lalfot^ke allthefe noble Princes> as direA and 
proper Inftanccs for Popifh King-killing. 

Yca,but thofe (may feme fay) were but onely ob]e^* 



K^fi Jpfe Sermon, 


Sec the Kings • 
Anfwer toPer- 
r(in,pag.^. and 
Moulins bookc 
otFaichjp J4^ 

* Francis de 
Verrona in his 
Apology for 
lohn Chafiell. 

* Mariana ds 
Rege <S' Regis 
Jn/^ittitionty j 
lib. I. cap. 6, 



fomedifcontentcd perfons, which our of fome 
defperatc pang aded thcfe bloody Ailafinates, 
ProfelTion it fclfe^and Popilh religion is not to be 
charged with fuch exorbitant out- rages. 

Nay, but they have mard all for that; and left no 
roomefor any fuch reply. 

2. And therefore Imufttellyou in the fecond 
place, that their learnedeftProfeflburs and greateft 
Do(5tors, blui re their bookes with thcfe bloody 
liDes,and teach this moft abhorred Trade of King- 
killing,and murdering Princes. 

BeHarm'me^ Becanmt Smre::^ Eudmimn, loannes, 
with other like monfters;(3"f. are fuch bloody Do- 
ftors of the fcarlct Whore. 

But above all, me-thinkes "*" Francis dererronay 
and Mariana.zxt the moft mercileffe Mafters of this 
execrable Arc, as I fhall Ihew you in another 

Yea,but yet for all th's,thefearebut private Do- 
(ftors^and may erre. 

3 . Well therefore,in the third place, (for I char- 
ged them with that alfo,) I muft tell you, that 
King-killing is approved and applauded by their 
tranlcendentDo(5lour, which is virtually and emi- 
nently all the Popifti Dodors in the world, ever 
aflfifted with the unfallible fpirit of deceiving, and 
being deceived ,the Pope \\im{t\h,Stxtm the fifth, 
gave thankes unto G o d in open Confiftory, for 
the horrible affafinate perpetrated by James Cle^ 
merttfUTpon Hemry the third oi France. 

But was not that Oration publifhed by the Pro- 
teftants, purpofely to cafl fuch a bloody afpcrfion 
upon his HolincfTe. I 

*^n Aftfe Sermn. j 7 

I tell you no, it was put out by the Papifts, and 
printed at P arts, hy Nicholas Nivelle.znd RoUin Jhi- Fauh^^'f^i,**^ 
€rry,mxh approbation of their Do(ftors, Boucher, de See the ^opcs 
Crf//,and Ancelin, and doe you think he would not q? "J-"^,^";^,? 
have approved Faux his fire-work, if it had blowne i,ng fufcher" 
up the Parliaments if not why fuffcrs he (74r;?ff and pfovedby k. 
oUcorne, powder-miners, both by books and pi- AlS^toper- 
(flures falcable under his nofe in Rome,^o be enroled rmipag i zi, ' 
in the Canon of holy Martyrs "f but the old Fox is "i« 
wily enough, not fodired^jand heartily, to com« 
mend amifchiefcuntill it be done. 

The Powder-plot was of the nature of thofc 
h^Si^udi nunquam lauda/$iurmfi per-acfa.-zsTacitus 
fpeakes. You fee then at length, by wliat degrees 
thefe Romifh Locufts are fallen foule uponGo- 
vcrnmenr5upon all Imperiall, Regall and Princely 
power. So that at this day, to the inexpiable 
fhame and diflionour of the whole Chriftian 
world,they teach, a(5b,and approve, the bloudy kil- 
ling of crowned Potentates. 

Which things fith they arc thus 5 you are an ho- 
nourable,wife and worthy Auditory^ I fay no more 
but this.Me-thinks it is an aftonifliment beyond the 
comprehenfions of nature, rcafon. Religion, Poli- 
cies of State,- that fuch an intollerable generation, 
fo odiousjboth to heaven and carth,for abominable • 
Idolatry,fo vifibly infamous,both to this and the o- 
ther world ,with many capitall charaders of blood, 
fo endleffe & implacable in their ragcfull defigne- 
ments againft the crowned Majefty of the Kings 
Throne,fo prodigious in their plots,that they have 
caftan inexpiable and cverlafting afperfion upon 

E the 

2g ^n, Apft Sermon* 

thcinnocency ofChriftian Religion, fiich furious 
AfTafinsand Incendiaries/or murdering ofPrinces, 
butcheries of peo;:)le, and fisring of States ; fo inra- 
ged,evenlike Woolves in the evening tofwallow 
us up quick ifthe rime did ferve^ T fay^th^tfuch, in 
fo Orthodox a Church and noble a Scatc,(hoiild by 
allowance, toleration, connivence, or remiffcnelTe, 
befuffered to receive increafernent and mulciplica- 
tion,both in number &infolency,to the great dirho- 
nour of Go D Almighty^The continual! ve^cation of 
Gods Children and good fubje^s, andthemoft 
Certaine hazard of the whole Eftate, and the 
peaceable fuccelTion of the Kings pofterity. 
And the moreftrange it is forthefe three reafons. 
Firft, What conceit do you think out of the con- 
gruity of Popifh principles, is it likely they hold of 
this forbearance,and what thankes do they returne 
to the States undoubtedIy,to think chat it is infatua- 
ted for their fakes, and that the hands of Juftice are 
manacled by G o d s over- ruling providence, that 
it cannot be executed fo fully and freely upon fuch 
alovingjholyjand unbloody generation. 

Secondly, They daily do their utmoft at home, 
and abroad ,to crofle King/4;w^/ his Princely Ad- 
monition unto them,in his firft fpeechinthe Parlia- 
nient;w herein he admoniflied the Papifts^that they 
would not (o farre prcfume upon his lenity,as there- 
upon to think it lawfuU for them to increafe their 
number and ftrength in his Kingdome, whereby if 
not in hia time, yet at leaft in time of his Pofterity, 
they might be in hope to eredtheir religion againe. 

Thirdly, If the day Hiould come they have fo 


f^n A fife Sfrmon, 2p 

long looked for,(but I hope in the L o r D,all their 

eyes (liall drop out of their holes with confufion 

and rottennclfe, before they fee that day.) They 

would queftionkfle lay hold u^ponV erromnjis wool- 

vifli and bloody *conclufion;efpecially being ani- *^^ P"^^''^! 

mated thereunto by the example ottheMaflacre: tingofmakmg 

Refolution of Pope Vrbane^CatK 23.^.5. Can.Excom. away herencks 

mumcatorum.'~\ We efteeme them, (faith he) not to be ^^^^^^^^'^^^^ 

murtherers^rvho being foffeffed with z,cale oft eir mo- gives allow- 

ther,the CathoUque Churchy azainfi thofe that are ex- ^"" ^"^ ^^.^"^ 

■ J n 111 1 n r t / tocverypnv.tc 

commum catca,jbaU happen to kt 11 any of i hem : ana by ^^^^ ^^ murder 
the edge of their owne PopffI) blood-thirpneffe, really the iieretickc 
ensagerd^ by fained conceits of their pretended per- h!m"mS^K4 
fecution. Decree of the Parliament of Paris : That de venohe. con- 
it (hould be lav/full to flay all the Hugonotsjwhich J^amm in 
by publicke order was read every Sunday in every ^/.uclaftett. 
Parifh. And therefore to tell you in one word, the Hiftory of the 
^ndwhy at this time I have flood fo long upon this ^''""'^'^°g 
^oint. It is to aske you this queflion, at clofc, whe- ^^'^^'^' ^ ' 
ther it be not now true and honourable mercy, (for 
God forbid, that I fliould pcrfwade any cruell 
thing,) nay, and I he contrary, extreme cruelty to 
the State, to execute exadly, juft and holy lawes 
upon fuch a generation : and let every one be judge 
that heares me this day, if he be not a party in that 
bloody fa(5^ion; or hanker that way. And yet one 
word morc,and I have done. I know Parfms in bis 
miferablc fhifting bookc about Equivocation, 
againfl Do6lori^^r?(?;?. p^^ ^j^ „. ^ 

Cardinall Perromus, Bellarmim in his Apology Anfwer.p.!"!*^ 
againfl the Kings Monitory Prefacc>and o' hers up- ^^^ ^a^nfis hij 
onwbofc foreheads the whereof i?<?«r^ hathftam- ZTZr''' 

E 2 pcd ^'^* ' 


K^n Apfe Sermon . 

See how vvc 
arc cleared, 
,4Hticoton,p.6 } 
Anfwer to cer- 
lous papcrSj^a. 

EUenfis in hfs 
anfwer to BeU. 
Anfwer to 


Kings Anfwsr 
to ftrroriypag. 

pcd her marke of PopiHi impudency ; charge the 
Proteftants,and Reformed Churches, with thefc 
bloody palTages : but in fo doing, they deale with 
us as an impudent ftrumpct with an honeft woman; 
and as Vencs dealt with Tullj\Verres himfelfe wasa 
very notorious theefe, and knew that Tw/Zy had 
muchagainft him in that kind; and therefore, he 
veryknavifhly and impudently calls T'«//y, a true 
man, and that noble Oratour,iheefe firft: Itisjuft 
fo in this cafe. 

But above all,heare King Tarngsin the point; we 
glory ,(and well wemay,)chatour Religion affords 
no rules of rebellion 5 nor allowes and grants any 
difpenfation to fubje^ls for the oath of their AU 
leageance ; and that, none of our Churches give 
entertainement unto fuch monftrous,and abomina- 
ble principles ofdifloyalty. 

And as concerning Ifmm- Brutmy whom they 
objed : his Majefty anfwers. That he is an Author 
unknowne, and perhaps of purpofe parched up by 
fome Romanift,with a trick of wily deceir,t'0 draw 
thereformed Religion into hatred with Chriflian 

If we were in the fa me predicament with the Pa- 
pifts this way : how comes it to palfe, that our En- 
glifh Popelings have madefo many bloody affaults 
againft thefacred perfonsof Queene Eliz.abeth and 
King lam^S'y and the Protcftants of J'/^;?^^ having 
farre better opportunity and more power, have ne- 
ver ftird rebellioufly againft their Kings ; of whom 
King lames thus fpeakes : icottldncveryet learnt hy 
Any godd and.tr m mtelligence, that in France thofe of 


K^n Apfe Sermon. ^ 31 

the Religion tooke armes at any time againfi their King, 
muchlejfe thcn^ offered they^to hfttcher or blew him up 
mth ^^m'pO)vJer. 

Ihavethusfarredifcovcred in the firftUfethe 
moft peftilent oppofites- and cut-throatcs of Go- 
vernment and Kingly Majcfty, at this day in Chri- 
ftendome. I ncTW come to a fecond Ufc. 

If Government be fuch agoodly thing, as hath f^fe 2, 
been proved before^then all that heare me this day, 
and every mothers child in this Land, I fay, we are 
all bound tobleffe God upon our knees, and to put 
it as afvvcet perfume into our daily facrifice of 
thankfgiving, for being bred and brought up under 
foblcfted & happy a Gov£rnment,in the Sun-fliine 
of the Gofpell, and under the wings of J e h o v a h . 
What ftaid or reftraincdthe Omnipotent arme of 
G o Djfrom creating any of us,and planting us upon 
earthjin the unhappy daies of Qaeene Mary, when 
we might either have beencdam.ned or burned, or 
in the bloody times o^Lancafier, and Tork-, or when 
the mills of Popery, and infolent domineering of 
that man of fin, enthralled under the moft grievous 
yokeofmiferable bondage, both the Crowne and 
confcienccs of this Kingdome.-or fomc Pagan5Tur- 
kifh, or Tyrannicall Government, or neighbouring 
Popifli Countreyj or ( which alfo had not bccnefo 
comfortable,) in the perfccuted, or Schifmaticall 
parts of the Churchc'it was nothing but Go d s own 
mecre mercy,rerpiting and remitting our being up* 
on earth,to better and more blcfled times & place; 
It was that and that alone, which ordered and ap- 
pointed our lot of living herein that golden knot of 

E s time. 

5 2 t^»Apfe Sermon i 

timcas it were, and the very Diair ond of the ring, 
of that happier rcvolutionjfincc Ch r i s t s daies, I 
meane in the moft orient and comfortable breaking 
out of God s holy truth, from under the cloudesof 
Antichriftian darknefTe : and in this little nooke of 
the world,where the Gofpell fliines with fuch glo- 
ry, truth and peace, and under the* kindly warmth 
Quecne £/i^«- and influence of two the moft glorious Starres that 
Kin^ umcs. ^^^^ moved,or gave light in BngUnds Hcmifphere. 
What beafts arethey then,that daily do their ut- 
moft to bereave and rob us,both of G o d s blcfling, 
and this warme Sunne : and hale downe all they can 
with ftrong cart-ropes of iniquity, the vengeance of 
God upon the face ofthis noble and famous King- 
dome^ and fuch are all the wicked amongft us, and 
thofethat hate to be reformed; Ale- houfc- hunters, 
pot-companions,good-fellowes,drunkards, arcthe 
mofl peftilenr, and curfed canker-wormes, that 
gnaw at the very heart, and finewof the glory and 
ftrcngth of the State, and likeaud.;cious and outra- 
gious Giants even wraftle withl^eaven; and by 
powringinof ftrong drink, labour might & maine, 
Sce/y3.i?. r, topuU downcthefull violsof Oods fierccft wrath 
upon our heads. And thcrfore if there be any Juftice 
of Peace, which is a lecrct fupporter of any rotfen 
Alc-houfe, he is a great plague to the place where 
he dwells,whcther it be Towne or City. 

The crueil Ufurer is the cut-throate of the Coun- 
trev where he kennels. See what adealc ofcom- 
pafllim-leflre miferies and confufion, a company of 
fuch catcrpillcrs brought upon the infant Replanta- 
tion of the new rctyrncd Jewes, iV^^. 5 .2,7. The 



i^n A ^tfe Sermon, 55 

fwearer, andtearerof Gods glorious Name by 

his blafphemous breath> gives wings to the flying ^^'"-^ -»5' 

book of Go D s curre5and is able to blaft the beauty 

of the moftfruitfull Land, and flourifliing pfofperi-* 

ty, Becaufeoffrearir};^, faith far. C/yaf>. 1^410. The 

Land momneth^ the ^leafm fUces of the rvildcr- 

nejfe are dried uf. 

"^ Theprophaneralfoof Gods holy and glori- 
ous Sabbath,is an Incendiary ;7/>w/Jip///;/i?^^f4;'te g^^^^^ 
to »?^,faith God ,Ier. ij.ijjo hallow the Sabbath daj% 1 7^ 1 8. ' 
then will I kindle afire in the gates of lernfakw, andtt 
fiali denjonre the Pallaces thereof y and n fijall not k 
qaenched.'bki^^d be Go d therfore that hath put yeC 
into the heart of my Lords the Judges,to be fuch an 
honourable prefident to the whole Countrey, of 
forbearingthe Sabbath. I am perfwaded they may 
juftly make men of inferiour ranke fouly afliamed. 
Ignorant, diffolute, and difordered Minlfters, 
caufe G o D to cry aloud for the deOroyer, <^/lye 
heafis of the field Ss^^^^ G c d ^tfa. $6,9 -come to devour e^ 
yea all ye beafis in thcforreftjjis Watch-men are blinde^ 
The Bribe-taker, or man of gifts, (as he is called 
originally in the fourth verfc of this prefent Chap- 
ter,) (hakes the very Pillars, and maftcr Timber of 
the Kingdonie : but he that receives gifts over- 
throwes it 5 ordinarily, bafcneffc in comming to 
high places,and bribery,are fworne brethren. 

"Neither muft you conceive,as Father Aufiin ex- 
cellently admonilheth in Pfal.i^. fage 144. That 
onely money, gold and filver, or prefentsj as they" 
call them, arc bribes , but the guilt of bribery alfo 
may be juftiy imputed, even to any exorbitant affe- 

54 ' ^^ -^pr^ Sermon. 

^ion, which fwaycs a manafidc, from the impaiti- 
all execution of Jufticc : as love, feare, hatred ^c^r. 
dt fire of praire,and applaufe, for that is Jujlms in- 
ftance in the fore-cited place : Forexamplc/.he par- 
ty hath grear,and many friends,and therfore if rhou 
leane a little that way, thou (halt be honoured with 
many thankfull acknowledgements, and flattering 
cntertainements: or on the other fide, the party is 
poorc, and if thou be impartiall, it will light heavy 
on his his fide;and then the Countrey will be ready 
to cenfure ihee,as no friend to the poore. 

Now in thefe cafes, if for fuch refpcds, thou en- 
cline either to the right hand, or to the left hand 5 
thou pcrverteft Jufticejsnd juftly encurres the cen- 
fure of a corrupt Judge. 

Forheare Gods charge in thecafe,Zfi//>, 19.15. 
Tefiall not doeunjuftly in Itidgemcnt : Thou fhalt not 
favour the ferfbn of the poorcy nor honour the per fin of 
the mighty: hut thmjh alt judge thy neighbour juftly . 

-P///«^^ perhaps could wafli his hands of bribes,but 
notofCHRisTs blood. Thatcryofthejewes, if 
thou let this man go.thouart not C.tfars friend, ftri- 
king cold unto his heart, and fwaying him awry, 
was equivalent to a bribe,and fli ill caufe him to be 
condemned, not only as a cruel], butalfo asa cor- 
rupt ]udge.The Judges ofi/r^^/ who fentenced Na- 
^cf^ to death,were nor corrupted with downe- right 
bribesjfor any thing we know, but there was fome- 
thing equivalent ; lezahel ruled the roaft at the 
• Court,and was potent cither to advance, or deject 
them,which brought them to the bent of her bloo- 
dy mandate, and Nabotks blood upon their owne 
heads. Mockers 

Mockers and roifurersofthe lairhflill Miinftcrs, 
(you would littlethinkeit) draw G o r» s flaming 
wrath upon a people without remedy, fee % Chr^/i, 

36,16, " -1''.. .:;v.,rj::n'r • .vid 

Spirituall cov/ards, and thofc who hiving given 
rheir names to Religion, are fallen away from their 
firfl: Iovc,arc the fpeciall men to remoove our Can- See Rcyci.z.y. 
dleftick, and put out the glory of Ifrael. 

ScornefuU perfecutors^ of G o d s people, as 
though they were the very filth of the worlds and 
the of-fcouring of all things, the plagues of the 
simes, and the troublers of ifrael, whereas in 
truth the world is nqt worthy ofthem, they arc the 
very chariot and horfe-men o^ ifrael •, they are the 
onely jewels,ftarres ,Sunnes, Saints, Angels of the 
earth : for their fakes, and fafety alone, theSunoe 
holds out his'glorious unwearied courfe; the earth 
fprings, and is over-fpred with fuch beauty and 
fwceineffei the ay re infpires her lively and rcfre- 
(liirg breath J that great and reftlcffe body of the 
Sea^ kcepcs within hei bounds ^ States and King- 
domes turne not into confufions of blood, in a 
word,the world ftands. If their number were once 
made up,this goodly frame would fipme about our 
eares.I fpeakenotfor any whitcd Tombes,fuperci- 
iious Pharifees ; but I fay , fuch are very peftilcnt in- 
ftrumcntsto betray f.nd expofe aKingdome to the 
ambitious rage of forraine Nations, and fyry of 
their enemies, whether they vexc and perfccutc 
Gods people by fire,faggot, fword,power,purfe, 
pollicy in their hearts and affedions, by their 
conguesjoay^brow-beating^a eontradcd fore-head, 

F . a 

2^ ^An Apfe Sermon, 

a foure countenance, and fleering face, and other 
fcorncfull geftures,are perfecutions in G o d s in- 
^cc E^c* . ly. jgj,pjgtation, and (hall be paid home proportiona- 
bly. The mercilefTe inclofcr, befides beating the 
poorc to pieces, and grinding their faces, pluckiiig 
ofFtheir skins from of them, their flefh from off 
their bones, breaking their bones, and chopping 
them inpieces,as for the Por,as it lSjMic4h^,2j^ He 
alfo robs the King of his honour, and the State of 
its ^rcngth)F or in the midtmde of people is the Kings 
honottr jhuf in the want of people is the dejiruyiionoftke 
Prince, Pro, i/^.tS. 

But above all the fhcdder ofblood,fetche:h the 
very live-blood out of the heart of the State, and 
doth impreflc fuch a bloody ftaine upon the face of 
the Kingdome,that cannot be raz'dour, but by his 
blood that filed it. ForHoodSmh. God himfelfe, it 
defies the Land, and the Land cannot he clean fed tf the 
blodd that is jhed therein, hut hy the blood of him that 
fljedity.Nnmkii^.'^^, • 

For your fakes my Honourable Lords, fcave I 
purpofely inftanced in fome of the common, and 
crying (ins of the Countrey, hoping inthe Lord, 
you will helpe us all you can. Bur know alfo, that 
all foits of (inners, and haters to be reformed , are 
the Divelscurfed Enginers,to undermine andruine 
the State •, and inkindlers of that fiery indignation 
inthebofomeof God, which if it once begin, 
wiUburnc unto the bottome of Hell,//<»/l4.T, 







fVheti the rigfueom are in authority , thefeofle tejfiyce: 
but when the wicked heareth rule , the people mourne. 

Have heretofore upon the fame 
folemne occafion, obfcrved 
from the firft point, this Do- 
(itrine. Government is a goodly 
thingy I proved it, and applycd 
ir. Only give mee leave,before 
I fall upon thefecond poinr,to 
add a word or two to the firft 
Ufc of the former Dodrine, which fell dirc(flly, 
and with full edge upon the Papifts,the moft pefti- 
kntoppofitcs and cut throates of Government,and 
Kingly Majefty, at this day inthe whole Chriftian 
world. For they teach (as I then (hewed at large,) 
that the power of Kings,Princcs and Magiftrates,is 
not ordained by the divine Lsrwof God, but ail 
humane ordinance; out of which fountainc have 
iffued all thofe Popifh fulminations and fire- 
works,wbich have moft unworthily at one time or 

F 2 other. 


Conn, oi Trent 
pag7Ti aid 
* IbU pa.; 6^. 

As you may 



Againft Ferron 

The fecond 

other, beaten upon, andblaftedall the Imperiall, 
and Regall Thrones of Chriftcndome. Nay, a fel- 
low in the Counfell of Trent, did fiercely labour to 
confute that palTage of de Ferrieres Oration : That 
Kings weregiv en hy Go d 5 as hercticall, andcon- 
dermcd by the Extravaga/^t o^Boncface the ei^ht 5 
Vnamfan5tam~\ thic they are not from God ,but by 
mediation of his Vicar. Thus it was in that Con- 
vendcle of fcarlet Fathers. The RomiOi Locufts 
did very feriouOy, "^ as appeares, obtrude i ?. Arti- 
cles forthe reformation of Princes, all paring from 
Imperiall Crownes, to patch up the mofl unjuft 
ufurpations of their fliavelings. i will trouble you 
with one or t wo,that you may take notice how jufb- 
ly King /47»^^ out of a pang of Royall indigaation, 
after afurvay of that mofl grievous yoke ofmifera- 
blc bondage, to which the Crownes of Chriftian 
Kings,are made to ftoope by that man of fin. That 
Go D in whofe handsthe heart of Kings are poyfcd, 
and at his pleafure turned,as the water-courfcs,that 
mighty G o d alone, in his good time, is able to 
rouzc them out of fo deep a flumber,and to take or- 
dcr(their drowfic fits once over and fhakcn off with 
hcroicall fpirits,) that Popes hereafter fliall play no 
more upon their Princely patience, nor prefume to 
put bits and fnaflcs in their noble mouthes, to the 
binding up of their mighty power with weakc 
cords of fcruplcs, like mighty Bulls led about by 
little children with*afmall twifted thred. Thus 
fpeakes his Majefty in his Anfwer to the French 
Cardinall ; for which book, and that other premo- 
nition to all Chriftian Princes cfpccially^the ages to 


Apfe Sermon. 39 

come Hiall call him bleflfed : I fay, the childe un- 
bornejfhall blciTe King lAmes his golden pen,which 
hath given fuch a blow tothatbeaftofi?/?/^?^, that 
howiocver they may have fomc lightning before 
their finallruinc,bythemcrciesof Go d, he fliall 
never be able to (land upright upon his foureleggs 

One of the Arcicles is this.that the Ecclefiafticks 
fhall not be forced to pay taxes,gabels;,tiths, paffa- 
ges, fnbfidies, though in the nameof gift or loane, 
citherin rcfpedof the Church goods, or of their 

Another isthiSjthat neither the Emperour,Kina;s, "'^* °'„'^^ 

. ir nil iT-i-<-K Counccll ot 

or any Prmcc whatiocver, (hall make Edicts, or Trent p.770. 
Conilitutions in what manner foever, concerning 
Ecclcfiafticall caufes, orperfons, nor meddle witb 
theirpcrfons, Caufes, Jurifdicflions, or Tribunals, 

The reft alfo found the fame way, and all tend to 
the "^ {having of Imperial 1 Crownes 5 but thefc two * ^^^^P-^V* 
arefufficicntto reprefcnt to the weakeft undcrftan- 
ding, theunfufferable indignity and villany offered 
toRegall Soveraignty by thcfe Antichriflians, fich 
in thofc Kingdomes where the Pope doth tyran- .^ 
nizc,and dominccre^almoft the * third part of fub- a^om^^u 
jcv^ sand Territories are Church-men and Church- 

Nay,morc then this,fi:om the ground of that fel- 
lowes reply to the fore-named paffagc of^<f Ferric^ 
res Oration,conccrning the Articles for the refor- 
mation of Princes,! do not fee how any true Papift, 
either Ecclc{iaflick,or Laick,can poflibly be a true 

F 5 fub- 

40 Thepcend 

porrifubefe fubjcd to any monarchicall Soveraigne r my rca- 
fTomni dna- ^^" *s this at this time. Bone face the eight, guided(as 
ne creature de- they dreame & damnably lie,)by an infallible fpi- 
!f!wT' '''"' rit,pronounceth r eremptorily in the fore-cited Ex- 
e'pr>muncia- trava^.u^amjanuamj that it is altogether or the 
mxsyomninoejfe neceflityof (alvation to befubjedto the Pope of 
fahuis. Extra ^^^^' How then IS it poffibie, that any one of thofe 
cap.vnan fan- mighty fwatmes of ftinging '^ Locufts, and bufie 
^'ober^^^''' wafpesjwhich lie at eafe in the bowels of this King- 
See aifoBe/y. dome, ready and addreft, when time ferves to ciJt 
de Ecci miiit. the vety heart- firings of it, fliould be a found fub- 
Noftmautem' J^^ ^^ ^^"g CharUs^ fith upon paine of damnation, 

fenter,tia,pag. and as they would befaved in the Roraifh Church, 
^*\^*ainft p ^^^^ "^"^ ^^ abfolutcly fubjed to a forraine, Anti- 

rott^pag » sT chriftianjandfometimcsSodomiticall, and Aihei- 
^ fticall Prieft, of whom, (asthey '^fay) hcimme- 

CoLecliJJ ciiatly holds his Crowne, and who may for many 
775. ' '^ cau(es,depofe,and butcher him ^ B eliar mine n^mcs 
Set Mortons f^^T)^ ^ffl^^^ ^^^ Princifis. One of them is ; If he 

fui Beu.pa.ii. ofter injury to the Pope,who many timcs Will com- 

plaine without caufejfo that if King cMes perhaps 

fhould refufe to kiife his curfed toe, (a thoufand 

times more worthy to trample upon his triple 

• Crowne)he might lie open to the bloody ftrokc of 

fomc Clementy or Ravil/ac : Nay, and had not 

Namnon viJe- ChristJesvs giyenthis powerto that holy Fa- 

'^aJjui'/efut therjfaithrhcGlofTator upon the fore-named Ex- 

cum rtvenmia travaganty{i^xod\o\om blafphemy I )he fhould have 

io^uir)„ifi uni. becne undifcreet. Thefe are the words/or he would 

UmvtaLT notfeemcto have been difcrcet to the Gods,(that 

teii^mffht,nui I may fpcakc with reverence,) unlefTe he had left 

hecomnu one only fuch Vicar behind himfclfc, who could 

'*'^*'* have done all thefe things. Be- 

Apfe Sermon, 41 

Befides,thcRomi(h Locufts falling foule upon 
Government, upon all Impcriall, Royall, and 
Princely power; bydebafing the originall of it, 
by difrobing it of that native reverence, due attri- 
butions and obligations of State, which divineor- 
dination, and pureft times appropriated unto it; by 
teaching,aaing,and approving the bloody killing 
of crowned Potentates, as appeares before. There 
is another monftrous engine of Popifli impofture, 
hammerdinthc headsof thofe hellifli firebrands, 
which if it were generally entertained, were able 
in (hoTt time, to cut in pieces and dififolve the 
finewes,and cement of all humane fociety,! meane 
Equivocation, and mentall refervation. Many 
cunning ihifts and cvafions have dicy coined from 
time to time, to ccufen the State, and delude the 
Magiftrate, in their oaths and anfwers before our 
juft Tribunals. They have vainely laboured to 
dawbe over and ftill their confciences againft their 
lies and per juries,fometimes, firft, by the fuppofed 
benefit of popifli difpcnfation. 1, Sometimes by a 
wicked conceit of our Magiftrates incompetency, 
3 .Or pretended unauthenticallnclTe of our Bibles in 
Englifli, upon which they fwcare. Fourthly,butat 
this day, they reft moftupon this laft Jefuiticall 
ftratagem, which was wont to be confined to 
Couns of Juftice and more publikc cafes; but 
now the Popifli Cafuifts,by their Conclufions, be- 
o\n to convey this damnable Dodrine, and accur- 
ftdpoyfon of mentall refervation, into the com- 
mon paflages of ordinary negotiations, and con- 
vcrfation *mongft men. 


L M2 The fecond 

Now I come to the next point, the lubje(5l of 
Soveraignty, a righteous man, whence Ibiiefly, 
and plainely ground this point. 
V0cK 7hefe that rulefhculdbe right e^tu : or thus ; Men 

in Authority fheuU be righteom men. 

That you may underftand a right,what I meane 
by righteous, take notice of a double rightcoul- 
neffe, firft, imputed; fecond, inherent. Inherent 
two-fold,firft,morrall5 fecond,reIigious. 

By imputed, I meane the glorious juftice of 
Jesvs Christ, purchafed by his blood, and 
obedience, and imputed as his owne, molt fure 
forever to a truly humbled (inner, wherewith 
being richly and compleatly arrayed from top to 
toe, as with a Royall and everlafting Robe, he 
ftands thereby acquit, juftified and accepted at the 
ftridteft Tribunallof the ever-living God world 
without end, and fo ij^jo facio, (as they fay) be- 
comes ever after a favourite to the mighty Lord 
of heaven and earth ; one of his jcwcls,as the apple 
of his owne eye, the dearely beloved of his foule, a 
Royall Diademcin his hand, (for fo are G o d s 
Children,though vilified by the v7orld, yet ftiled 
in the Word.) 

This righteoufneifc is required in Rulers, and 
fuch as are placed above their brechrcn,to wit, that 
themfclvesbe reconciled unto God in Jesvs 
Christ: For fenfe of this alone is able to be- 
get that right noble, aijd well-compofed temper of 
fpirit, thofc high and unfliakcn rcfolutions, which 
oncly are fit to make a Magiftrate, and create earth- 
jygods, as Judges arc callcd> Ff4l,S2.i,6, With- 

A fife Sermon, 4^ 

out this fight eoufncflTe, affuredly whatfocvcr faire 
pretexts and reprcfentations to the contrary, may 
dadeand deceive the worlds eye, yet all is rotten 
at the hcart-roote. And in the executions of their 
places, though they may carry things fmoorhly 
and palliate with much art and policy, yet quefti- 
onkflc, in cafe of ft rong temptation, greatadvan- 
tage, rifing, and enriching themfclves, gratificati- 
on of fome great one,hazard of temporal happines, 
(^cxhty will be exorbitant and yeelding,and at the 
beft, but fof mall. The cry of that happy foule, 
which leanes, and hath taken up his tverlafting 
refting place,upon the rocke of eternity ,is conftant, 
and ftill the fame in all cafes and caufes. Let right yt ^atjaftUia, 
bedone,and a good confcience difcharged, and ruote^iium. 
then come what come will. Let me not onely 
loofe my place and the favour of the times, but let 
even the heavens fall, and they will, all is one to 
me 5 by the mercy of G o d 1 (hall ftand upright 
under the mines, and re|oyce in the teftimony of a 
good confciience, amidft the confufions both of 
heaven and earth. But to fpeake in Scripture phrafc 
(for the other was the fpeech, even of an honeft 
Heathen.) Ever, when {landing on the better fide, 
and keeping a good confcience, threatneth danger 
and difgrace^he growes into HeHers happy refolu- 
tion: well, whatfocvcrcomesof me, I will take 
Gods part, and if I perifh, I perifh. But not to pc- 
rifli fo,is to perifh everlaftingly : and foto perifh,is 
to be eternally faved. 

But now on the other fide, he which hath not 
made his peace with Go D^nor hath any part upon 

G good 

I ^ i^m— T "* — " • II > ■ - I ■ ■ ■ ■ I 

^ - 7ht fecond 

goDd ground, in the Pcrfon, PafliDi, and promifes 
of Christ, will moft ccrtaincly, cfpecially 
in ftormy timesj and fuch trialls which fearch whi- 
thcrhebeftceletothebackeor no, manifeft and 
makcplaine by his prac^ife, that in the height of 
his counterfeit courage, his heart did hold in ear- 
neftthatpeftilent principle^ It is betrer to fleepe 
in a wholeskin, then with a good confcience. If he 
be put unto it indeed, (for alas) hd heavenly 
ftrengthasyct,dothftcelehisrpirit,he will warpe, 
windc-ouc one way orother^and fhrinkc in the wet- 

Againe, it is a caufeof great comfort,and matter 
of much joy to havca favourite to the higheft Ma- 
jefty, and one whom God accepts gratioufly in 
his Sonne, to fit ina high place, and beare fway o- 
vcr others. It is agoodly fight, right pleafing un- 
to God, applauded ofAngcIs, amiable and admi- 
rable in the eyes of all good men. And thrice hap- 
py is that people, which breathes under the influ- 
ence of fuch a bleflcd Authority,and all thofe who 
arc judged, ordered and over-ruled by him, be hee 
Judge, Juftice of Peace, Minifter or Magiftrate in 
any kind, whom G ® d owncs for his fervant,who 
entered into his office. Benefice, Bifliopricke, or 
any other publickc employment, in Go d s Name, 
and not by bribery, fymony, fiatery, temporizing, 
or any other bafc and unblelTed meanest and after- 
ward in every palTagc of his place, aimes principal- 
ly at Go o s glory,and not at his owne particular^to 
advance the Kingdomeof Christ and not his 
kindred and outward cflate. 


Apfe Sermon, 45 

And it is tht better with them, and they arc the 
more bleflcd , befidcs many other> in thefc two re- 

Firft, He that growes into familiarity with 
God, by the favour of Jbsvs Christ 5 bcfidcs 
anuniverfali and impar^all integrity in the mana- 
ging and difchargc of the particulars in his publikc 
calling, may comfortably, and with a good con- 
fcienceprcflc daily to the Throne of grace, and 
bring down abundance of bIcflings,bothiipon him- 
fclfe,and thofe that are under him. He doth not 
onely watch over his owne heart, but alfo wraftlc 
with God continually by prayer, for himfelfe, 
that he may notdifparage thcMajeftie of his place, 
byanypcrfonalllightneffe, or make his perfon o- 
dious,by partiality in his publikc deportment; that 
he may neither poyfon his people by any fcanda- 
lous example, or plague them by private revengcj 
that he neither IcfTen his Authority, or loofe good 
mens love by fervingthe time, or fervileyeelding, 
or fwel over the banks of patience and moderation, 
with felf-will fowernes,and unfcafonablefcverity. 
In a word, that he may doe juft fo as G o d would 
have him ; and therefore begs not onely generall a- 
bility, to weld aright the great body of his publick 
charge, but alfo,fpcciall direfi:ion,and rcfolution in 
every feverallaffeirc which paiTcth his hand, that 
it be ever carried faire, and ncver^crookncd to his 
owne ends: For his peoplcj that he may ever prc- 
fcrre his peoples fpirituall welfare, before the 
wealth of the whole world. 
"Now, whether doe youthinke, were it more 
p z ^3ppy, 

45 The fecund 

happy, and comfortable living under that Mini- 
ftcr, Magiftratc, or man of Authority whatfoever, 
who thus acquaints hinfifelfc with Go d, and walks 
with him as with his friend, or under that fel- 
low who is an alient, and meere ftranger to any 
fuch precifemyfterieand mightof prayer, who ne- 
ver thought with comfort of comming tothis place, 
it being empoyfoncd unto hini, (as he knowes 
full-well himfelfe, though he tell no body, j with 
bafeneffct)rindiredion, never aimed fo much in 
the difcharge^of it, at G o d s glotie,and thegood 
of his people, as at his owne particular; his ri- 
ling, enriching or revenging ; is fo farre from d\{^- 
charging Samuels dutie, m conftant praying for 
thofe committed to his charge, that he -prayes 
not even in his owne family conftantly, nor in pri- 
vate to any purpofe, was never feelingly humbled 
for his owne fins, or the abominations of the King- 
dome in any day ofhumiliapion.GivemeanAngell 
upon earth, and an incarnate Divell, afaire coole 
fhaddow under a goodly tree in a fweltering heate, 
and a fcurvie thorny-bufli, to which the poore 
fliccpe never flies for fuccour in a ftorme^ but loo- 
feth fomeof her fleece, a fliowre ofraine in agreat 
drought upon the new mowne-graflTe, and the 
fcorching Sun upon a dry parched heath, an obadi- 
dh:,2X\dzShel?mj Gods dearling and the Divclls 
drudgcand you have made the difference. 

Secondly^Confider the difference of the Kings 
eye, I tneane in refped of anger, and amiable- 
neflTe, caft upon a defperate Traitour and his nea- 
tcft Favourite 5 pfoportionably, but with infinite 


Afife Sermon. 47 

more loathing or liking,thc afpe(5t of G o © s pure 
eye is diverfified, looking upon an enemy to the 
power of GodlincfTe and profellion of the Saints, 
and that happy one who hath made his peace with 
him, and is cloathed with the righteoufnefTe of his 
Sonne: that glorious eye of hisj^vhich is ten thou- 
fand times brighter then the Sun, and cannot look 
oniniquicy,dothca{l downe a dircd perpendicular 
ray, as it were^^pon every wicked man, without 
any diverfion or refradion ( that I may fo fpcake) 
of its fierce edge, and fiery pointednefie 5 andther- 
forefeeshimin his colours, a very vile, finnefull, 
curfedloathfome heart: , (though hefeemero him- 
felfe, and the great of the world, a brave and jolly 
fellow) abhorred of G o d and man, heaven and 
earth, and by confequent as an o\>)t&. of infinite in- 
dignation and hatred. But he ever lookcs upon his 
ownc Child, through the meritorious futeringg 
and fatisfa(5tionofthe Sonne of his love, in whom 
allhisdifcontentsagainft him are done away and 
drowned for ever,and fo beholds him fuch, and 
fo lovely,as the bloud and righteoufneffe of Ie s v s 
Christ hath made him. Even as to a man look- 
ing through a red glalTe, all the world appeares red 
andorientinhiseye. So to the eye of G o d the 
Father, looking from his throne of mercy upon a 
godly man, through the bleeding wounds of his 
bleffed Saviour, he is rendered, and reprefented 
.righrfaire and ruddy, deeply impreffioned with an 
iieavenly die of acceptation and grace. Now tell 
me,whither a people be likcr to profper under him , 
uponwhomthemightyLo-RD of heaven looks *,- 
miably,or angrily^ G3 2. By 

48 Thefecond 

2. By morall righteoufnesjincane allthofe per- 
fc(5^ions and poflibilitics of civill hontfty, and up- 
right dealing, attaincablc by the light of ratiirall 
iinderftandingjgencrall notions of right and wrong, 
and pradife of morall prcceptSjinlargedjimproved, 
and husbanded to the hcight^hcrcby many ancient 
Heathens went farre,and did many admirable snd 
excellent things, even fuch, and fo wonhy, 
that may juftly make the heft of our mecre civil 1 
honcff men hang dowrn their hcads,and be horribly 

For inftance. 

Tahricius^ that famous Jloman, was fo precife, 
that (as it is reported of him) it waseafier to tu rnc 
thcSunne from his courfe, then to draw FabriciU'S 
from juft and honcfl dealing. King Pyrrhu6 could 
with no gold or gifts, no not with promifc of the 
fourth part of his Kingdome, poflfibly corrupt this 
man j and yet how many miferable men in this ve- 
ry mid-day of the Gofpell will be eafily drawn by 
a fecrct bribe,office,honor>preferment, fome earth- 
ly favour,todo villanoufly, to betray a good caufe, 
a good man, and a good confcience, to fliame him- 
felfe for ever, grow odious to G o d and man, and 

In thefe difTolutc and formall times, would it 
nor be deemed to draw towards too much ftri(5t- 
neffe, if a Miniftcr ihould prefTe this dutic upon 
Lawyers 5 that every timebfcfore they goe out of 
their doorcs to plead at the Barre, they fhould 
proftratcthemfelvcsin private, and befides other 
paffages, pray uoto God, that he would fo guide 


Apfe Strmoff, '. /^g 

thcirtongues that day, that they may fpeakc no- 
thing but advifcdly, and to the purpofc. And 
yctPmV/<f^ that famous Oratour of Greece, who 
fbrthcexcellcncicofhiseloqucncie, and mighd- 
neffeofhisfpeech, was faid to thunder, and ligh- 
ten a: the Birre, oaK of the very principles of na- 
ture, and naturall fenfc of a Dcitie, ever before 
he went to pleade a caufe, (as Plutarch tells us 
inhislife) increated his gods, thacnot a word 
fhould ftll from him befides his purpofe 5 which 
he pradifed no doubt, out of confcience of Platoes 
principle in Tit;». That in all things we goe about. Sit Hotter, fa, 
Gods hel pe by p ray er is to be c raved . In the ad- ^^ 
miniflration and execution of Juftfce, many of 
them, though led only and inlightned by the con- 
dud of reafon,vvere cxtraordin irily exad and of ad- 
mirable integritie. 

Zaieucf^s made a hvfthzt every adulterer fhould Sces*.jvaher 
loofe his eyes, his fonne was firft taken in the fad ; ^^^'i^ Hb. z 
leaft that law fliould be vioIated,he was content to rf."^!^^ c, 
part with one of his own cyes,and his fon was puni- ^dieg. rui,' 
(hcd with the lofTe of another. ^SoTcbrc^ 

Cambifes King of P^r/?/<,having deteded the cor- plg^^, ^'"' 
ruption of a ludgc in his Kingdome,commands him 
to be put to death,his skin to be plucked offi and 
fpread upon the judgement Seate as a Carpet, his 
fonne to fit in the fathers throne fo adorned, that he 
and all poftcriti? might feare for ever to pervert lu- 
aicc^ and to deale untruly in judgement. 

The Mgypian Kings foleranely and ufually p^,^]^. 
prefented this oath tp their Judges : Not to fvvarve 
ftara their confciences, what command foever 


50 . Tht fecond 

they fhould receive from themfelves to the contra- 

The Roman laweSjCalled the lawes of the twelve 
^pLm!^^' Tables, fo often magnified by r«iZ^, appoints, 
<i/E(nniitA?au' That if aludge, or any other in Cy^uthority fir that 
iM his love to p^ypje, flwuldtake money in thefoint of adrntni Bring 
^^^Pnamibds IuHice,hejhoulddiefortt . ifanyjJwuUkarefalfc^ 
alfo D.p. 5.7°' -aiitneffe^he fhould be throrvne downe from the Tar pet an 

And alfo that ,J^' ^ -^ ^ 

'Dnxd Infer- Thus you hcarc in a tew particulars,that Morall 

w«s RcguA Epi, jighreoufnefTcguided only by the light of narurall 

Dedtcat, conscience goes far re, and yet it coracsfarre (liorc 

of that righteoufneflfe required by my Textjand in 

Chriftian rules,it is many waics defcdive. 

Firft> There wants a right root,Faith in I e s v s 
Ch R I s T, and therfore all its prodndions, famous 
atchicvements, and excellencies were ililed by the 
Fathers, butbeautifuU nbhominations, having no 
better grounds, then felfe-Iove, vaine-glory, rules 
of policy, natuiall notions at the beft, they all wi- 
thered and came to nothing. 

Secondly, There wants fpeciall grace, as the 
foule and life, to quicken and fan(5^ifie it in every 
paffage,and paiticular circumftance, to Chriftia- 
nizc itjthat I may (o fpcakcand crowne it. 

Thirdly,thcre wants fupernatural principles and 
divine light to irradiatc,cnkrge, and fortific it. 

Fourthly, There wants the right end, Gods 
glory. Liberty, and immortall fame, (faith Auflin) 
were the aime in the A(5^ors of thofe admirable 
things amongft the Rimancs. Adde then thefe, and 


Apfe Sermon. 51 

Thirdly, religious rightcoufncfTe, whichever 
ftrikes the ftrokejdoth the deed, and goes through 
flitch indeed, in all comfortable Chriftian govern- 
ment. It onely ftcercs aright in all publicke em- 
ployments, flards upright in all ftormes, and is 
flecletothebacke. Either there muft be an addi- 
tion of Religion to reafon, piety to policyjCounfeJI 
out of Gods Book to the light of natural] confci- 
cnce>fandified righteoufncflc tocivillhonefty: or 
as the preferred party himfelfe though otherwife 
of never fo good parts, never fo univerfally and ex- 
cellently enriched with all endowments of^all 
kinds, naturall,morall,politicke, learned, is but as a 
dead man, a rotten carrion fluck over with flowers^ 
foccrtairely with whatfoever outward flouriflies 
and formalities he may fecme to dazle the eyes of 
underlings ; he will poyfon his placc,by preferring 
hisowne particular and private ends, by putting 
fometimes hatcfull bufincfTe into good language, 
for hisowne advantage and further advancement, 
and ever by temporizing, rather then hazard his 
temporall happinelTe.Heare what judicious Mafler 
Hooker did happily let fall from his pen to this pur- 
pofe.So naturall (faith he,)is the union of Religion 
with ]uftiGe,that we may boldly dceme there is nei- 
ther, where both are not. For how fliould they be 
unfainedly jufl, whom .Religion doth not caufeto 
be fuch,or they religious which are not found fuch 
by the proofe of their juft acflionscT If they which 
employ their labour and travaik about the publick 
adminiftration of Juftice/ollow it onely as a trade, 
with unquenchable .and unconfcionable thirfl of 

H gaine. 

^2 ^^' fecond 

gainc,bdng not in heart psrfwided, that Juftice is 
G D s o wn work ,aid thcmfcl ves his Agent i n this 
buiinc(re5 the fcntence of rightjGo d s own vcrdi6fc, 
and thcmfelves his Priefts to deliver it, formalities 
of]i.ifticcdoba:ferveto rrmother right, and that 
which was neccfTirily ordain<?d for the common 
good, is through (]i;imcfLill abjfe made the caufc of 

I^ote, common mifcry. It is no peculiar conceit, but a 

matter of found confeqirence, that all duties are by 
fo much the better performed, by how much the 
men arc mote religious from whofc abilities the 
fame proceed. 

i.By scriptuie. This explication thus premifed, Tcome to con- 
firme the point.fiift by Scripture. 

And fii ft take notice of G o d sowne words to 
Kins David^i Sam. 23.^. The G T> »f ifradfaid, 
the R&ch ofljrael fyake te me : He that ruleth over men 
mffift kjuft, ruling inthefeare efc o D, And why a' 
Rocke? upon purpofe to intimate,and give afTurance 
of an all-fufficiency,and omnipotent arrae, for pro- 
ted^on in fuch cafes : And why fo f becaufe all that 
fetthcmfelvestogovernegracioufly and as God 
would have them, fhallbcfure to be mightily fet- 
againft by all the powers of darknelTe, all the Di- 
vcls in hell5and all their wicked inftruments upon 
earth. Magiftratesthat are no mcdlers, as they fay, 
but only feekethemfclves, and a name, and an ho- 
nour in their places, need no Rocke. The Cover- . 
nourof a Corporation, who will faffer himfelfeto 
be intreated, for the ere(5iing and fupporting of 
thofe bloody dens of fwinifli drunkards, fchooUs 
qf mifr«le, and nurcerics for the gallowes, rcfol ves 


Apje Sermon, 53 

to take no notice of thofe fonncs of Belial, who 
belch out their blafphcmies in the ftreet, againft 
that bleffed law provided in fuch a cafe, is willing 
to be acccflary to all thofe fins through his whole 
yeare, whichoutof cowardlineffeor connivency, 
he left unpuniflicd ; I fay fuch a one is like enough 
to fleepe in a whole skinne, he needs no Rocke. 

The negligent and unconfcionable Minifter, 
which never goes about to ftirrethe Divell in the 
!gnorant,prophane, and thole that hate to be refor- 
raed,but is well enough content ,that fo he may rife 
and jovialize it in the meanetime^totreafure up the 
bloody cries of fo many murdered foules againft 
the day ot wrath, he fhall not have fo much as a 
drunkard to open his mouth, or wag his finger 
againft him, he needs no Rocke* 

The idoll Juftice^thatonly hunts after plaufible- 
neffe and popularity, and for the good word of all 
the good- fcllowes about him, to ferve his owne 
turne for fome intents when the time fcrves,and for 
that purpofe upholds as much as he can for fhame, 
or dare for law, all prophane fports, rotten Alc- 
houfcs, I fay, there where the Jufticeof Peace is 
milde,and the drunkard merry, as they fay, there is 
mifchiefe enough, he needs no Rocke. 

But now that man of Authority, who in love to 
the Lord ]esvs and outof the Lion-like bold- 
nefie of a good confcience, dare and will draw the 
fword of jAiftice againft the proudcft NimredyiintcA 
require, fets his breaft from the beginning to the 
end of his yeare, with impartiality and refolution 
againft all the floods of ^fV/W, bends himfelfe with 

H 2 fuch 

54 The fee on d 

fuch an univcrfall finccre feveritcy againft all finnc, 
that he is now become the drunkards fong,^^. 
That mm of G o d which being fcnfible of the 
horribk fin of killing foiiles, dares not burdifcover 
unto his people, the damnablenefTe of their (late, 
all kinds of hypocrifie, all forts of unregeneration, 
the whole counlellof Go D ^and fo dwell upon their • 
bofome fins with terrour, and truth, and ftill beate 
upon thofe barres, with the hammer of the Word, 
which kecpes them from Christ, untilltheDi- 
vellbe driven out of them. (Which you know, 
what a world of ungodly oppofition, bedlam rage 
and railing it will raife againft afaithfull Minifter.) 

The luftice of Peace which refol vcs to be feriouj. 
and reall to doe his Countrcy good indeed, and to 
difcharge a good confcience undauntedly without 
all feare or fadion, and lookes upon blafphemers, 
drunkards,whore-mafters, railers againft Religion, 
&ۥ as the North winde upm rame,8cc: 

I fay fuch as thefc, and in a word, all who dealc 
uprightly, and rule in the feare of Go d , have need 
of a Rockc, againft the rage of all ungodly oppofi- 
tions. And fuch a Rocke will the God oilfiael be 
unto themj all that fet againft them, fhall fet their 
flioulders againft a Rocke; all their cunning and 
clofe pro)e(fts, and open bafe pra(f^ifcs of all pro- 
phane oppofites and underminers; the plaufible, 
politicke tyrannize of thofe that fitinthe gate, all 
the fcurrill, dunghill rimes and railings of deboift 
5^W drunken jefters; all that man or Di veil can 
any waies doc againft them, ftiall all be but like fo 
many proud and fwciling wavcs,which daih them- 


A fife Sermon. 55 

fclvesagairiflaftrong impregnable rocke, which 
the more boifteroufly they bcate againft it, the 
moredefperarlyarc they diirolved,and broken into 
a vainc foame or froth. 

The ever glorious PrinccfTc of fweetcft,and dea- 
reft memory ,Qjeenc£//^4^^/^, is a moft memora- 
ble, and matchleflfe inftance of protedion in this 
kind.The mighty arme of G o d was as a Rock of 
braflTcto beate back from her facred & Royall per- See Raivi.vb 
fon, defendingthe Gofpell of Iesvs Christ, a-i'-^^^ji- 
fuch variety of murderous complotments, as no 
age,orftory can poflibly parallell. Whereas onthe 
other fide, that knife that could but ftrike out the 
teeth of fjensry the fourth, while he ftuck to the 
truth of G o D and true Religion ; upon the pulling 
downe the Pyramis for their gratification, and ad- 
mitting againethofe bloody fire-brands and cut- 
throats of Chriftendomcthe lefuites had power to 
take away his life. 

Secondly jconfider that counfcll given to great 
ones, P/4/.2. 10,11,12. Be wtfe n$rv. therefore yee 
Kings J be inftnUhd yee ludges of the earthy Serve the 
Lord With fe Are, dndrejoyce with trembling. KiJJe 
the Sonne leaH he be angry . 

Here Princes,Iudg€s,andall thatbearc Authori- 
ty, are charged to lay hold both upon imputed and 
inherent righteoufnefle, 

Kiffe the Some'} entertaine and embrace Iesvs 
Christ, bleiled for ever, blcedmg upon the 
Crofle for your finnes and fakes, andfweetly^and 
amiably offering himfclfeto all broken hearts, in 
the arraes of your faith, love, and everlafting 
affc^ion, H 3 Ana 

56 7he(ec9rtd 

And Serve the Lerdin feare'] Let the fcarcof Go d 
be ever before your eyes in all places, a- all tinies, 
about all afFaires,and thereupon 5 neither think,n6r 
fpeake,nor do,neithci: judge,nor plead,nor bring in 
vcrdld.cjrc butfb, as you would be content,whcn 
it is new done,to go immediatly togive an account 
of it,before the high and evcrlaftingludgcj other- 
wife this Sonne whom you (hould Kifle, and to 
whom all Judgement is committed,7(>/';?5,2 2. will 
be angry, and if once a fire be kindled in his anger, 
againllan impenitent wretch^that hates to be rcfor- 
med,it will burne unto the bottome of hell, and fct 
on fire the foundations of the mountaines. And 
howfoever you may carry things faire to the 
worlds eye in the meane time,yet afTure your fclvcs 
veryfhortly, (for that day hafteneth apace,) all the 
judgements, pleadings, ientences,verdids, which 
have pafled againft Ibsvs Christ, the truth, any 
good caufe,or agood confcience, they fhall all be 
reverfcd and repealed before that Iaft,and highcft 
Tribunall,in the face of heaven ai dearth, before 
Angels, men, and Divels 3 and there, and then you 
(hall behorribly,univerfally;andeverlaftingly iha- 
med: be then advifed before hand, and in the 
Nam^ of G o D ,take heed what ye doe. 

Thirdly, for our purpofe, let us ponder well 
thofe properties,which the Scriptures require iti a 
iriati of placc^AT. 18.4 i.-DwM .1 ^.Thcy arc feven 
in all ,fbure in the firft, three in the fecond place. I 
fiame them not in their order • you fhall finde them 
ill in the Tc3rt, Magiftrates ftiould be, 

Firftj Abktmn^ apt.to fill the place with fomc 


Jpfe Sermon, 57 

competency of parts and equality of worth, to an- 
fwer and fuftainc the heat aiid burthen of it, wirh a 
fitfufficicncyof endowments, ability, aaiveneffe, 
and induftry. There ever ought to be a conv^enient 
correfpondency bet\vecne-=the importance of the 
place, gnd the capacity of the party. It is a thou- 
fand pitties to fee in a Church, and Common- 
vveale,many places full, and yet fo few filled,when 
there is noproportion,n3y a vaft diftance betweenc 
the heightjor rather the weight of the place, and 
thcwcakeneflTejWorthlefnefTe, ifnvOt thenororious 
wickednelTc of that unworthy perfon, who either- 
by agolden violcnce,ortempori{ing bafeneflfeshath 
moft impudently thruft himfelfe into it. 

Secondly, Wif€,fapent men, Such as arcskilfull 
in the Theory, nature, my ftery and meaning of the 
place, and Office into which they are to be prefer- 
red. A man can never happily executcand fucceffe- 
fully anyfunaion,office,or Art, which is not lear- 
ned in the fpeculative part, before he defccnd unto 
the pradicke. Is it fit,thinke you, for a man to plead 
attheBarre, before he hath well ftudicd, and pro- 
fitably paffcd thorow the courfe^f the Common- 
law 1 1f a Phyfitian fliould fall to pradife, before 
hebe skilled in Hypocrates and GaUity in the natures, 
caufeSifignes,fympromes, prognofticks,and reme- 
dies of dlfe3fes,he is like enough tokill all before 
him.Proportionable miferics and mifchiefc, may 
beexpeded , and enfue, when important places arc 
preft into,and undertaken without habituall under- 
(landing, and fpeculative skill what belongs unto 
them. It is a pittifuU ^ihing, when a man will 


58 The fecond 

needs thruft into publicke imploymcnts, oncly for 
the gaine and honour, and depend upon others for 

Thirdly ^Truilent, So fitly rendred by luniuoj ap- 
proved alfoby FataMus, th'dt^rcat ProfeflTour of the 
Hebrew tongue. Theymuft notondybe Sap em, 
if I may fofpeake^and it cannot poffibly be other- 
wife expreft in the Englifh tonguejbut alfo Prudent y 
endowed with apradicall dexterity and difcreti- 
on^to order wifely all the particulars in the execu- 
tion of their place. This prudcncejX^ h'ch is, as the 
Moralifts fpeake,the generall Queene, fuperinten- 
dent, and guide of allpther vertues, Auriga virtu- 
^«»^,without which there is nothing good, beauti- 
full,ficanddccent,beingfan(5lified efpecially, will 
enable them, by comparing one thing with ano- 
ther, by well weighing aH accidents, circumftan- 
ces, appurtinances, times, perfons, places,c^<r. to 
guide and manage all the feverall paffages of their 
publicke charges, with wifdome, equity, and im- 
partiality. It confifts principally in three things, 
which arc all of one ranke 5 to confult, and delibe- 
rate welljto judg^andrefolve well-, to condudand 
execute well. It hath achiefe ftroke in affaires of 
judicature to moderate rigour with equity. 

Thatyoumaymore clearely apprehend the nc- 
celfityof adding this, to the former requifitcina 
good Magiftrate,take aninftance or two. 

Itisnotenoi^hfor aMinifterof Go d to be a 
good Scholler,and preach generalltruths,(though 
IconfefTe a great deale of learning is required in 
every Miniftcr of our times )I fay befidcs his fpecu- 


Apfe Sermon. 5p 

lative Divinity and ability to preach, he muftex- 
crcife a prudent zeale to windc himfclfe by the 
Word into the confcienccs and affccflions of mcn^ 
to convince, and cafl them downe, and fo conduci 
them thorow the pangs of the new birth into the 
hoJy pachj he muitlabo.urto add tothe excellency 
of icsrniiig,theart of converting, elfc woe unto the 
people that arc under him. 

It is not enough fc r a Juft ice of Pence, to have a 
good rcvenew and rich attire, and to prefcnt him- 
iclfe folemnly upon the Bench every Scions and 
AiTize: but he muft be skilfull in the duties of his 
cflice and Statutes, fo farre as they concernc it: 
ctherwife he will fit but as an rdoll,or cipher upon 
thr.tTribunall, which requires agreatdeale ofun- 
derftanding, andadion. Nay, and not onely fo, 
knowledge in thedutiesof his place,though never 
fo univerfall and exa<fl, will not fervcthe turne^ex- 
ccpt he be alfoadive, and imployed. Being thus 
furnifhcd with fpcculative abilities, and wifedotne 
for that purpofe^hemufttake to heart the good of 
the Coumrey, outof confcience ^ Iabour,and pray 
for an holy dexterity, todifcover and dive into the 
depth of the Divcls Agents, their combinations, 
haunts,and hypocrifies^to fearch bufine/Tes that are 
brought before him to the bottome, and that with 
gravity and in enrneft 5 out of a fpirituall prudence 
to take all advantages,3n#ftT opportunities, to fup- 
prefTethefloudsof^f/M/, todifgrace agracckfle, 
and honour an honeft man ; otherwife he will be fo 
farre from being a good Patriot, that he may prove 
a very plague to the Countrcy .There is not a more 

I 00- 

^o "^^^ /^^<J;^^ 

notorious villany, there can be no greater wrong 
and greater indignity offered to an ingenious and" 
free people, then to have aMagiftratc fet over 
them, which adding craft to his power and skill 
welds them all three to worke his ownc ends, and 
pradife his private revenge from time to time upon 
his fuppofed oppofitcs. 

Fourthly, CMen of truth, Let them be true- 
hearted Nathawels in their private and perfonall 
converfation : let them prize and prefcrre the 
truth in all caufes that are brought unto them, and 
all matters they meddle with, before ^old ov: 
friend, favourite or richeft favour. 

There is a truth in things when they are confor- 
mable to the divineldea. There is atruih in the 
minde, when there is an adequation betwecnethe 
conceit, and the thing apprehended out of the un- 
derftanding. There is a truth in thetongue, when 
there is an an agreement betweene the fpeech and 
the thought. There is a truth in the adion, when 
there is a correfpondency betweene a mans word, 
and deed; letmceaddafift, fitteft for the prefenr' 
to make you compleatly true. There is alfo a truth' 
(letthemconfiderofitlerioufly whom it neerely 
concernes,) when the verdid: anfwers exa^aiy, and 
pundually tothe evidence, and the Sentence to the 
true meaning of the Law. 

Fifthly, Haters oj Covetoufnejfe-^ For afTuredly if 
thefe Kite-footed corruptions dominecre in the 
Magiftrate^allismard; thenmuft his high place, 
honour, friends, favourites, fervants, dependants' 
officers, all occafions, circumflances, advantages' 


Apfe Sermon^ 6i 

wit, poUicy, nay religion, confciencc and all, be 
made to fcrve and feedc this unfatiable daughter of 
the horfe- leach. Sacriledgc^thatmonftrous incon- 
gruity of Lay-mens taking Tithes, andnotprea- ira.59,14.. 
ching to the people, Symony,Bribery, turning of 
judgement away backv/ard,temporifing,betraying 
the truth and good caures,felling of offices, benefi- 
ces. ]uftice,iilence, (harking of under officers^^f. 
are the filthy vermine, xh?x breed onely in this 
Burrow. Excellent then was the counfell of "*" Ber- * f |f " "f f, 

, • c 1 1 1 1 n (uoditii cre\c(K'. 

nard to Bugemw-^ bo rule that the people may prof- ne<iuaquam,fed 
per and grow rich under thee,and not thou wealthy «^ # ''«'^* 
by them. 

Sm\y, Such as feare God ■, Here is the life and 
crowne5which givcsafpirituall being and gracious 
beauty to all the red:, which were it poflible, a man 
could pofTefTe in pcrfe(5lion, yet without this, they 
would be but as matter without forme,a body with- 
out a foulc,a foule without ] e s v s Ch r i s t .Nay in 
this cafe the greater fufficiency would prove, but as 
a fliarper fword in a madder hand, ever the greater 
man without grace the greater beaft, as a good Di- 
vine concludes from that P/49.20. Matt that is in 
honour i and under fiandeth not^is like the beafis thdt-pe^ 
riji). If the feareof G o d be not planted in the 
heart, to feafon and (atidifie the other fcverail en- 
dowments, they will all degenerate 5 wifedome 
into craft; power into private revenge; valour in- 
to violence ; prudence into plotting for his owne 
ends ; courage into foole-hardineffe to uphold a 
fadion; poll icy into putting faire pretences upon 
foulc bufincffes ; all his abilities and fufficicncics, 

I 2 into 

U , I J»^WI— F1I — ~ 

62 The fecond 

into fctting forward, and fecuring his own tempo- 
rail happineflTc. Ifthis holds him not in^ and fervw 
bimasaload-ftarrcto fteere ftill aright, we cannot 
look For an univerfall uprighcncfTe, and con^ancy 
of juft dealing in any man of place; but fometimes 
atleaftjefpecially in:i;nr of fome great tryall, and 
when he is put to it indeed, he will flinke and fall 
off. A great man, his friend, liis enemy s his feare, 
cowardlincfTc^ affection^, fadion; covetoufncfle, 
malice,orfomcthing will ever and anon tranfport 
inordinately, and fway him.awiy. So that he will 
be in great danger of turning judgement into gall, 
andrighreoufneffe into hemlocke. 

Seventhly,. Af^;/ well knowntyhnd that twowaies 
princi pally, for the prcfentpurpofe. i. To be ho- 
neft in their perfonall convcrfation ; if there be bus 
any one fin that corrupts their tonfcience, ftaines 
their life or difgraces their calling, to which they 
give allowance in themfelves,it will not onely hin- 
der and difeourage them from drawing thefword 
againfl that,butalfo thefence of its guiltincfle, will 
putfuch an univerfall faintneflc in the armeofju- 
ftice, thatthey will be much difabled from a refo- 
Intc execution of their place, andcordiall puniili* 
mentoffin. 2. To rule well their ownehoufe. if 
s Tim ?.j. ^ TttAny faith the Apoftle, knowethnot how to rule his 
owne houfe, he rp Jhall he take arc ofthe Church ofG ovi 
or indeed any publicke charge at all -f Is it fit ,think . 
you,for onero be a Jufticeof Peace, who is a fwea- 
rer himfelf^rc^^.and harbours under his roofe drun* 
fuch amanficor like to execute wi:h any heart or 


Apfe Sermon. 65 

._- — . . * 

rcfolution chofe excellent -adts againft fvvearing, 
drunkennelTc, RecufancyjC^r. upon oftendersa- 
broad^ Is it fit for a man to undertake any Minifte* 
Hall charge, who is an haunter of Ale-hoiifesj a 
fafhion-rrionger, anidle frllow himfclFe, and a pa- 
tron of good-ftllowcSj and if he hath a family, had 
never any c -ire to pny evening and morning, fing 
PfalmcSjC^t? Is fuch a companion like to lift up his 
voice like aTrUinpet.againft thefms of the time, 
and (land at fwords point again ft the feverall cor- 
ruptions, all the finfull prophanations of his Padfh, 
himfelfc being anotoriojsdelinquent ^ 

A Magiftrate thus endowed, as the Scripture ap- 
points jis a man after Gods own heart, and a ftarre 
in his right hand^ he that wants any ofthefeis but a 
blazing Comec.how high foever he feems to foare. 

2 . By Reafons, 

Thefirft, may be taken from the maine, and 
principall end of all government, Regall, or fub- 
ordinatc. To wit, the advancement of the King- 
dome of J Esvs Chrts T,and the cherifhing 
of his Children. For let men of the world which 
have their portion onciy in this life, thinke^ and fay 
what they lift, it is for the fakes, and fafety of the 
Saints alone, whom they lookeupon fo difdaine- 
fally, themfclvcs being extremely contemptible, 
and wox^ldif they might have leave, trample them 
into the dull v;irlithcfeet ofpride and malice,who 
ordinarily become the drunkards fong, a by- word 
to men,viicr then the earth, and Muficke at thcta- - 
blesofgracelcflfe great ones. I fay, itisonely for 
them jthat the mighty L o r j> of HCvWen, riot only 

I J fupports . 

Sa 7he(econd 

fupportsandprefervesj all the States and Monar- 
chiesjall the Comraon-weales, and Kingdonties of 
the earth, but even the world it fclfe. Afluredly, 
\f hen the laft of thefe Elecfted ones, whom God 
hath everlaftingly loved from before all worlds, 
Ihall becalled,converted,and fitted for Heavcn,the 
world Hiallftand no longer, but the heavens fhall 
llirivell together like a fcrole, and pafTe away with 
a noife, the whole frame of this inferiour world, 
fliall be turned into a ball of fire, the Imperiall 
Crownes of the greateft Monarchs upon carth,{haU 
flame about their eares 5 you that carry now all be- 
fore you, and wallow impenitently in the glory, 
<- pleafure, applaufe, and wealth of the world, fliall 

tire the rockes and mountaines with bootlefle cries, 
and intreaties to fall upon you, the Trumpet will 
found, and we fliall all come to the Judgement of 
that great, and laii day. 

This ferviceablenefle, and fubordination of all 
Imperiall, Regall, and inferiour power whatfoe- 
vcrto the Kingdome of Christ, King /4w^^ of 
famous memory, clearcly intimates, andacknow- 
ledgeth in his Royall remonflrance, when hee 
fpeakes thus: To that G o T>->that Kingcf Kings I de- 
njote my Scepter, at his feete in all humblcneffe of 
fiirity llay dcwneitij Crowne^ towhofe ferfice, as. a 
woji humble homager, and VAJfall, I con fe crate all 
the glory, honour, fflendor^ and lujlre of my earthly 
Kingdome, And what will become of all the power 
and pollicy, that oppofeth the people of Qcm, we 
may fee in the fecond of Daniel ^ ver, 34,55 ,44,45 . 
Thofcfourc flrongcft Monarchies, and mightieft 


Aftfe Sermon, 6^ 

States, that ever the Sunne faw, fhadowcd by Ne- 

huchadnezar^ great Image , fetting themfelves 

againftthefervants of Go d, were beaten upon, 

and blafted by the curfe of divine wrath, and fo 

funke in their feverall times, into the jawcs of ruine, 

and irrecoverable defolation. Theybluftereda 

while like mighty winds with much threatning, 

and impetuous rage, but prefently breathed out into 

naught,andvaniilied for ever. Thatfione, faith the 

Tcxtjwhich was cut out without hand, fmote the Imaj!^e 

uponhisfeetCy that rvcreof jrorij and clay, and brake 

them t6 peeces. Then was theyron, clay^ the hraffe^ and 

fdver, and the gold, brokcnto feeces together^ and hs- 

come Ukfi thechajfeofthe Summer threfldng flower , and 

the wind cnrriedthem away , that no place was found for 

them. And fo let all the implacable enemies of 

Jesvs Christ periilitothe worlds end. 5^/4^. 

Thus you fee what is the maine end of Magiftra- 
cy: which neceffarily requires righteoufneflfe in 
Rulers. For 

A wicked Magiftrate or Minifter entering into 
this place, not by Gods doorc, but by the Divels 
window,asthey fay, which is ordinary with men ,^ 

of ill conscience ; if they be of a medling and ma- 
lignant humour,fen(e of his guiltincfife in comming 
inbafely, and at a backe-doore, enraging him, or 
the curfe of God for his Symony or Bribery juftly 
hardning his heart- it is his wont to vexe and fall 
foule upon honeft men, to ftandfor rotten caufes, 
totakethe worfe part without repentance all the 
daies of his domineering. But if he be of a duller, 
and marcunadive fpirit, and given to the world ^ 


65 The ficofjd 

he is refolvcd to meddle as little as he may, to live 
rcfervcdly, make a (hew, grow rich, and there is 
anend; of vvhat temper foever they be, if they 
feare not God, they are fo farre from feeking 
his Kingdome,and righteoufnefTe in the firft place, 
that it is leaft, and loweft in their thoughts. Nay, 
doth not every fpirituaii eye fee,that I hey are upon 
the matter clofc Agenrs,or publickc actors againft 
" the power, and holy pi ecifencfTe of it ^ 1 heir fee- 
king is thcmfclvcs, their ferving is the time, their 
heaven is their high place. But now give mee 
a godly man indeed, and as he would rarher lie in 
the duft, alhhedaicsof hislife^ and die in ob- 
fcurity, then be advanced by any wicked, or un- 
worthy meanes : So being pulled into any place of 
publickeempjoymcnr, hisholieftand higheft de- 
{ire,and ambition is/obeas arefreiQiing comfona- 
ble fliowcrin agreat droughtj to every honeft man : 
but as a terrible tempeft upon the face of every 
fonneof i5e//^/, and hairy-pate of every one that 
hates to be reformed 5 to ftand no longer in his 
(lippery place, then he may continue an upright in- 
duftriousinftrumentto advance Gods glory, pro- 
mote good caufes, protect good men, ever moft 
willing, rathcrto part with the higheft promotioa 
inthe world, were it crowned with the richesand 
revenewes of all the Kingdomcs upon earth, then 
with a good confcience. It was a right noble and 
2)i/»eofCciif. worthy anfwcr, and exemplary o[ Benevols^ to 
pagi^o. 7«j7/??/jan Arrian Emprefle, offering him prefer- 
* ment to be an inflrument in fomc viiefcrvice , what, 

faith he, doc ye promiiing me a higher place for a 


Apfe Sermon. 6j 

reward of iniquity < Take this away, and welcome, 
which I have already. To that I may keepe a good 
confcicncc: and thereupon threw at her fecce his 
girdle,the enfigneof his honour. Thus undoubtedly 
will a good confcience trample under foot the 
higheft preferment, to preferve its owne integrity. 
Secondly, the righteous man onely will be tho- 
rowly,and univerfally refolute, for hcknowcsfull 
well,and feelcs, that he cannot poflTibly have any 
higher preferment then Jesvs Christ, whom 
he already happily polTeflfeth in the armes of his 
faith, nor any greater crolTe then a wounded con- 
fcience, and therfore he dares by no meanes either 
hurt the one, or hazard the other. Hence it was that 
Mofes cafting the eye of his faith upon the recom- 
penfeof reward,refufcd to be a favourite inPharohs 
Court, and that lofeph did To invincibly withftand 
the impure, and impudent follicitatfons of his 
wicked5and wanton Miftreflfe 5 hcclearely forclaw 
what horrour was like to feaze upon his heart,by fo 
finning againft his God. Nowthereafon that the 
righteous man is fo refolute ; is the fenfe of his re- 
concilement >o God, and the clearenelle of his 
confcience : and the caufe that every wicked man 
is .a coward, and will fo conformeto the current of 
the time, is his ill confcience. The wicked flee, faith 
Salomon , tvhen nomanfurfueth ^ hut the righteous are 
hid as a Lyon jPr 0,2^, I, The wordinthe originall 
fignifies a young Lyon, which as a Lyon feares 
neither man nor beaft, great nor fmall, he turneth 
not away for any ,Fr<?.3 o . But as young,by the freih 
and furious boyling of his abundant native heat, is 

K more 

7^ The fecond 

more audacious, and undaunted for any adventure 
then other Lyons, fo lyon-like bold, fliould every 
Magiftrate be, for he muft pull the prey out of the 
Lyons mouth, and refcue the opprefTcd from the 
man that is too mighty for him, he muft not be 
afraideitherof mortall, or immortall adverfaries, 
he muft not fearetheface of man, or frownes of 
grcatnefte, the lofle of preferment, prefent or pro- 
mifed: he muft hold to the death, fuch principles 
as thefe : Let luflice be done, and let the heavens fall^ 
ifjferijlyjferifh'y Should fuch a man as I flee, and be 
faint-hearted? lively.hoody liberty, It fe and all for a 
good cofifcicncej^c. And fo bold can a Ruler never 
be,unlc(Ie he be righteous, and reconciled unto 
G o D . It is the comfoct of a good confcience alone, 
which is able by a fecret, and facrcd influence, not 
onely to fill the body v^ith marrow, and fatnefle, 
infpire the aife(5lions with acalme,andcompofed 
fwectnefre,but alfo begets in the fpirit that ftrong, 
and heavenly vigour, which inkindles, and keepes 
in life all fuch true courage, and noble refolution. 
There may be a brazen- face, and much foole- har- 
dincffe without grace, but never a brave mind in- 
deedjand fpirit of fteele. A wicked man advan- 
ced, and hoifted into fome high place, may looke 
bigge,domincere5 and give foulc words, Nay, to 
be plaufible, and pleafc he may doc many good 
things; ftand t6 it ftoutly a good while; but bring 
him once to a ftrong temptation, or tryall, put him 
upon the pufti ofthePikes,& he will prefenrly pull 
in the hornes,and ftart a fide like a broken bow. He 
that is a flavc to his lufts, and (laviihly fcrves the 


Afife Sermon^ <jp 

time, will be fure to hide his head at the rifing of 
every ftorme, and ever turne true coward, when 
his temporary happincfle is hazarded. And cow- 
ardsnis a worthy Divine hath chara(5terized them, 
are flaves to their fnperioursjfellow-fooles to their 
cqualsjty rants to theirinfcriours,and wind-mills to 
popular breath,not being able to any ofthefe to fay 
fo much as. No. 

. Thirdly, unrighteous Rulers are the onely men 
to ruine a Kingdpme : wicked Magiftratcs,and Mi- 
nifters are able in a fhort time to diflolvc the fi- 
newes of the ftrongeft State in Chriftendome, and 
to bring the moft flourifhmg Church of the world 
into confufion 5 Many waies, is the meafure of a 
peoples rebellion made up, and full ripe, and rea- 
dy for the Side of Go d s vengeance,and beefome 
of utrer deftrudion ; by many abominationsisthc 
Lords indignation fet on fire againft a Nation, 
but I know not whether by any more, fet Idolatry 
a{ide,thenby perverting of juftice: when judge- 
ment is turned away backward, and Jufticeftandeth 
a farre off, when truth is fallen in the ftreet, ( Al?^s 
for pitty ! where fo many pafTe by, and not put too 
their helping-hand,) and equity cannot enter. D 
the Lor b the righteous Judge of alhhe world, is 
extremely angry, when judgement goes not forth, 
and luftice is turned into gall, whenthofe that fit in 
his p'ace,either judge not at all, or judge unjuftly, 
punifhing the innocent, which ihould be cleared, 
and clearing the guilty who (bould be puniihed. 
When private men do wrong^the fin is their owrie, 
it is their perfonall ofience,andthey mufi: anfwer it 

K 2 with 

70 The fecond 

withtheirheads; but if private mens enormities 
and abominations pafTe unpuniihedjbe borne with, 
or boulftred out by authority 3 if the wicked be 
juftified, and the juft condemned, if execution be 
notdoneupon^^^^^/^ifhebefavedjwhom God 
hath appointed to die, if publicke power be villa- 
nouAy abufed to private revenge, profit, or pleafu- 
ring of great oncs> if good Lavves be no: executed 
for the protection of the innocent, and punching 
ofthewicked. In a word, if publicke Tribunals, 
and feates of Juftice, be any wales corrupted, if 
Juftice,that glorious cement of all focieties,be neg- 
Icded or perverted, iftruthfallinthe ftreete, and 
equity grow lame, I fay then the offence grovves 
publicke, even the (innc of the whole Kingdome^ 
and caufeth G o d to enter into judgement, not 
with the Elders of his people, and Princes alone, 
but with the whole Land, even with the State in 
generall. Heare the Prophets of old, expreffing 
Gods mind herein. Efayahj'yg,T/^,i$yi6ji'j, Let 
us take notice, and tremble, ludgement is turned 
4rvay backward, andlufiice ftandeth afarre ojf-^for 
truth is fatten in the fir eete J and equity cannot enter. 
Nay ytruthfaileth^ and he that departeth from evill ma* 
keth himfelfe a prey, and the Lord faiv it, andtt 
dffpleafedhim^that there waism judgement, ^nd he 
farv there was no man , and wondered that there was 
no Intercejfour. Therefore his arme brought falvatton 
tinto him,and ri^hteoufie(fej it fast aim d him. For he 
■put onrighteoufneffe as abreft-platej and an helmet of 
falvation upon hts head, and he put on the garment of 
vengeance fir f loathing, and was clad with zcale, as a 


Apfe Sermon. 71 

elcah, ler. ^, 2 J ytS, 29 yS 0,^1. As a cage is full of 
birds fo aretheir houfofuU of deceit : He means wealth 
hoarded up by diflioneft gaine, therefore they are be- 
tome great, and maxen rich: They are waxen fat, they 
fhine,yea,thcy overpaffe the deeds of the wicked: they 
■judge not the catife ofthefatherleffe,yet they proffer, and 
the right of the needy, they doe not jftdge. 

shall I not ^uifite thefe things^ faith the LO RD? 
shall not my foide Be avenged enfuch a nation as this? 
asifhchadfaid, I will be moft ccrtainely, andfe- 
verely revenged of it. k_A wonder full and horrible 
thing is committed in the Land, the Prophets prophecy 
falfely, and the Priefls be are rule by their meanes, and 
my people love to have ttfo. ^yindwhat will you doe in 
the end thereof? CAiicah ^.9, 10,11, 12. Bearer 
this,Ipraf you, yeheads oftheho;ife of jacoh.^and Prin- 
ces oft he hoafe cf I frael, that abhorre judgement, and 
pervert alleqnity. They buildup Sion with blood, and 
lerufalem with iniquity. The heads thereof judge for 
reward J and the Priefls thereof teach for hire ; and the 
Prophets thereof divine for money ^ yet will they learn 
upon the LO RD, and fay , is not the LORD amongfi 
us ? None evill can come upon us. Therefore fhaU Sion 
for your fake be plowed up as afeld^ anh lerufalem jh all 
become heapes, andthe mountaines ef the houfe as the 
high places of the for re B, 

Unrighteous Minifters alfo, as well as wicked 
Magiftrates doe agreac deale of mifchife to a State, 
and haften captivity. Their unjuft dealings in 
their place, are by fo much the more peftilent, 
by how much the condition of their calling is of its 
owne nature moft excellent, Degeneratio optimi 
pefma, K 3 Sec 

72 7ht[econd 

ScctheperniciourndTe of their unrighteous ru- 
ling in two or three palTages. 

Firft, when they take temporary things from 
their people, but make no confcience, take no 
care to give them fpirituall. The blood of thofe 
foules which perifii under the unconfcionahle, and 
crucll neghgence of an unfaithfull Paftour, pier- 
ceththe heavens with a more horrible cry,then the 
lowdeft thunder^ ableto pull downe plagues, and 
dreadful! judgements upon a' whole Land, efpe- 
cially, where fuch bloody floath is pleaded for, 
andnotpunifhed. O but will (omefay, when the 
Sermon is done : thefe are great words indeed, 
fwellingphrafeSjC^r.Pr^Vm ampdl<^ & fifqtti fe^ 
dalia verba, No,no,thatisnotit, itisthctrue^ and 
piercing fenfe of thefe honefl: words meeting with 
your galled, and guilty confciences, which makes 
you rage^and ftampe, and raile. I affure you if we 
were able to compofe words of thunder and light- 
nings, they would be rooweaketo awake a great 
number outof their curfcd cruelty of horred blood- 
flied in this kind. 

Secondly, When Miniftcrs like thofe dawbers 
with untempered mortar, and pillow- fowers un- 
der mens elbowes. Ezech.i^, make the heart of 
the righteous fad, whom G o n hath nor made fad, 
and ftrengthen the hands of the wicked, that he 
fhould not turne from his wicked way, by promi- 
fing him life. As it is* in the laft verfe but one of that 

Thirdly, By tampering with our Articles of 
Religion, (ns found and orthodoxe, for any thing 


Apfe Sermon, 73 

I know, as any finccthe Apoftles times, which 
make oyr Church as happy at this day, as any un- 
der the cope of Heaven. If we be fo happy as to 
hold them in that purity, and true fenccas we recei- 
ved them of our predeceflburs, and as they came 
ftreaming downeto us in the blood of our glorious 
Martyrs) by labouring to put falfe glofTes upon 
them, and talking of fome reconcilement of our 
Church to the Romifh Synagogue, which is asim- 
polfible^as to reconcile Christ unto Antichrift. 
Befides the concurrent judgement of thofe un- 
comparable, and renowned Divines in Q^eene 
Elizabeths time,our prefcntorthodoxe Divines,and 
Do(aors, apprehend aright and acknowledge the 
infinite antipathy and utter impoflibility, fpeaking 
thus; Romaisirreconciliahilis^ faith theBifhopof 
Exeter : Light and darknefTe may meete, faith 
anothcr,in the twilight,but mid-day and mid-night 
can never polfibly come togaher 5 and fuch is Po- 
pery ,and Proteftancy . The truth is, faith Dodor 
Werfln^^ fuch is the antipathy betweenc a Prote- 
flant and a Papift,as there is betwecne the two birds 
in PlutarchfXht 5^^/>i,andthe M^^/;;, which will 
fight eagerly alive, and being dead, if you mixe 
their blood it will runne apart,and diflbciate.They 
are like the two poles of Heaven, faith another, 
which ftand for ever dirc<5^1y, and diametrically 

If any by the way,marvcll why I meete with Mi- 
nifters, let them know, 

Firft, That many of my Brethren are in mine 
eye, and a worthy part of this great Auditoiy . 


<74 ^^^ fecon^ 

Secondly, That iheCivillMagiftratc may fee, 
whereas we preach impartiality to them ;t we are 
not partiall towards our owne Tribe. As we de- 
firc to deale faithfully with them, fo we fpare not 
our owne Coat. And that all the world may 
know, that wee approve no Miniftery in this 
Church, but that which is honeft, oithodoxe, and 

Thirdly, Mini (Icrs lie diredly within the verge 
of my Text. For we arc called Redours, Rulers, 
and our Perfonages, Rectories, 
c^T'iih . Bven honeft Politicians require rightcoufnefTe 
€0^,7,1 il 5* ii^ Rulers,for many reafons. i . Becaufc they are as 
it werc,earthly gods, and reprefcnt theperfonof 
God himfclfe in their places of Authority, and 
upontheir juft Tribunals. 2 . For the eminency of 
their honour, which is due not to the man, but to 
his vertue. 3. For imitation to thofe who (hall 
fucceed them in their places, who will looke back 
.uponthcm,aspattcrnes, and prefidents, forthem- 
felves to follow, 4. For fearc of fcandall and gi- 
ving offcnce,which inferiours will be very apt, and 
eager to take. 5. Fortheuniverfall good of thofe 
they governe, which is the end of all Authority 
over others. 

This point thus proved by Scriptures, and 
Reafons, I come to the Ufe of it, which may be 

I . For Reproofe. 2.Inftru(flion. 3. Exhortation. 
The time runnes away fo faft, that I can bu^ onely 
name the two firft,becaufe I defire to infift the lon- 
ger, and enlarge my felfc the more upon the laft. 


Apfe Sermon. j^ 

Firft,Reproofc to all unrighteous Rulers, Mi- 
liifters, Magiftrates, or whatfoever they be. Ma- 
ny now a daics runne a madding after promo- 
tions, and fervc themfelves, Fijs c!r m$dis, into 
Offices, Benefices, preferments, high roomes, 
and being mod unworthily advanced, they hold - 
it a fpeciall happincffe to have an hand over men, 
farrcworthyer then themfelves. Let them alone, 
this is their day, a day of domineering, and of 
their foolcs Paradife, and fcrving themfelves 
fenfually, but affuredly without fpcedy repen- 
tance, turning on the better fide, taking Gods 
Childrens ipzxi,There is a day a comming upon them, ^c h 1 1 
it is neere^tt uneere, it haflcneth greatly, faith the ^^ *^' '**^ 
Prophet, vohen the mighty manjhall cry (fitter ly. 
That day is a day of -wrath ^ a day oftrouBle^anddt- 
fireJfe,adayofwafim(fe, anddefoiation-, a day sf dark* 
neffey and gloomineffe, a day of clouds^ and thicke 
darknejfe-y (they arethe the words of the Ho l y 
Ghost,) which no earthly glory, no glittering 
of outward pompe, no fliining heapes of gold and 
filver, not the Prince of all the lights in heaven,nor 
the whole ftarry Firmament fhall ever be able to 
enlightenjorrcfreihj though.they fwell never fo 
bigge with pride, and difdaine, looke they never 
fo high, fliould they exalt themfelves as the Eagle, 
and fet their neft among the ftarres, they {hall cer- 
taincly downc with a vengeance, God (hallfud- 
denly fhoote at them with a fwift arrow, it is alrea- 
dy in the Bow 5 even a Bow of fteelc fhall fend 
forth an arrow, that fhall ftrikethem thorow, ftiive 
off their gall, ^Joh fpcakcth, throw them downe 

L into 

^ The fecond 

imoche duft. Their pride, and their power (hall 
be ovctthrowne in the turning of an hand, then 
muftthey lay downe their cold carkaiTcs among 
thcftonesofthepit,atthc rootcsofthe rocke,and 
their poorc finfull foulcs rauft prefendy bee 
prcfented at that laft, and ftnckteft Tribu- 
nall, where never bribe, or bigge looke, gold or 
greatncfTcbeares any fway . O then they will gnafh 
the teeth, and roare, and wifli that they had lyen in 
the duft all the dales of their life, and never 
knowne what preferment had meant, when they 
fhall finde by wofuU experience, but too late, that 
to mighty men there are mighty torments prcpa- 
-red,and that they (hall be horribly plagued, pro- 
portionably to thepeftilent abufe of their high 
places,andthofepublickemployments,into which 
they have corruptly thruft themfelves without 
cleare entrance^and due cal ling. Then will they 
tremble f take on as wild Bulls in a net, as Jfdiah 
lfa.t x.io. fpeakes,full of the fury of the Lord, and cry out 
Ifa Ji*»4» ^jth thofe finncrs in ZXon^ho amengfi u^JhaH dwelt 
in everlafiingfre? whoamongsi m JhaH dwell irt ever* 
Ufiingburmng? The day of recompence is now 
come upon them. They have had their heaven ia 
this world,and therefore they muft now have their 
hell in another.They have domineered for awhile 
upon earth>done what they lift, and had what they 
would, yet now muft they downe into a land of 
datknefle, of horrour, and confufion , whence 
they (hall never rife up againe. Onely repent, and 
you may prevent all this 5 but doe it to day,wc 
little know what fad ncwcs the evening may 


Apfe Sertnon. 77 

bring. If thou die in an impenitent cftate, thou 
art damned cvcriaftingly : and in this paflfage I va- 
lue all men alike, of what cloath fbevcrhiscoatc 
be made. He that layes his foundation with firc- 
worke, muft looke to beblowne up at laft, he that 
doth not confefle his fins, forfake them, enter into 
the narrow way, ieade a new life, ftand on 
Ch R I ? T s fide, love the Brother-hood,he can ne- 
ver be favcd I know not how my words be taken, 
or miftaken,yetfure I am, before any man can de- 
ny this to be trvie,or fay any thing againft thati have 
faidjhe muft turne Atheift, and prove Scripture is 
falfe, and that there is no God, no heaven, no hell, 
which would be abrainclcflc and bootlcffe taske 
of the moft dcfperate,and prodigious incarnate Di- 
vell upon earth. , 

Secondly, For Ipftru<flion, to teach us,whenfo- n'^ 2. 
ever wee have any power to difpofc of any place, 
or preferment, to bcftow any office and Bene- 
fice,c^<r. and whenfoc vcr we are called to give our 
voices in the clcdlion of any Magiftrate or other 
mantobepublickely employed for the good of 
the Countrcy any way,let us ever be fure to caff 
our eye upon the worthicft, and without all fearc 
or favour^ ot fadiion, impartially, and rcfolute- 
ly,to pitch upon him, who, as we areperfwaded 
in our confcicnces is moft able, and is beft furni- 
flicd with thcfe properties, which Gods Spirit 
requires in a Ruler mentioned before. And \ct 
friend, kinfman, neighbour, favourite, money, 
letters. Land-lord, Lord, or any roan alive, fay 
whatthcy wills (if thf Land-lord, or Lord, or 

L 2 who- 

78 The ftcond 

whofocvcr take the right way, and (land for the 
bcft, I'Hcke CO him,and welcome • and blcfTe God 
for ^o good a guide;) Let the c jrrcnt of the times 
runne never fo boifteroufly a contrary courfe, let 
the event, and fucceflfe, be for thee> or againft 
thee, as God would have xu&c thoufliilt have 
more honour,and combrr, in doing as the Ho l y 
Ghost dircds, and as an honcfl: man fliould, then 
if thy voice were able to purchafc for thee, the 
riches of both the Indies, or advance thee as high 
as Heaven. 

And furthermore confider,if thou fliouldeft have 
thy hand in the preferment of any wicked, and un- 
worthy man to a place, whether thou haft not thy 
handalfo infomefort, inallthemiferics,andmif- 
chiefes which may fallout and follow upon his ill 
di (charge of the place. 

. Doc you not think, (for the purpofc)if a Patron 
ftiould preferrc corruptly to a living, an idle, dilTo- 
lutc Miniftcrja felfe-preacher3temporizer5enemy to 
God s pcople,c^f .that he fhould not in fome mea- 
fure be acceflary to the blood of all thofc foules, 
which (hould perifh by the default, and under the 
cruell handof fuch a negligent unconfcionable fel- 
low :r 
j^fe ^, Thirdly,for Exhortation to all Rulers,3nd who- 

focvcr take into fheir hand theraincs of Govern- 
ment over other in any kind, that they would be 
righteous; that they would firft,furniflithemfelves, 
with Imputed, 2.Morall. ^. Religious rightcouf- 
nelTe, with thofe feven-fold fore- mentioned on- 
dowments in a good Magiftrate. That they may 


Apfi Sermon. 79 

behave themfelves, as Go d would have them, 
which that they may comfortably, and confciona- 
bly doe,Ietthcm take good counlcll, and amongd: 
many other diredions, doe, as I now advifc ; Let 
them I. Get Jesvs Christ. 2. Enter into their 
places purely in Gods name. ^, Beillightncd, 
direded,and quickncd to a thorow, and conflant 
difchargeofthem, principally by the divine light, 
and heavenly motions of Gods holy truth. " 
4.Keepe ever a clcarcconfcience,both in refped of 
their perfonall walking, and right managing all the 
particulars of their publicke charge. 5. Have an eye 
ftill upon that laft, and dreadfull Tribunall, at 
which they muft fliortly give a flrid account for 
allthings doneinthefleih. 

But herebeforel enter upon the particulars,give 
me leave to prevent an exccption,remove a fcruple, 
which may perhaps arife already in fome mens 
hearts,and fo dull their attcntion,and blunt the im- 
prelfton of the enfuing points. What i may fome 
fay, here is nothing but Jesvs Chris repute pre- 
ferment ,holy truth, divine light, I know not how 
manykindesof righteoufncfic, clcare confcience, 
fadfore-thoughtsof thelaftday,c^r. All (for any 
thing I fee)tcnding wholly to Puritanifmc 5 1 think "^ A derivative 
he would haveusali fo ^ righteous,that wc fhould wracc'co'rs 

CUrne Puntans,^^. o'pn; in my 

Before I fpeaketothepoint, let mee tell you, TT'.^''/T 
that I am right glad, that I have now mminc eye, the Septua! 
fuch an honourable, noble, judicious, and under- §'"" 
ftanding Auditory, who I know will doe mee ^°^'4'»7» 
right, were there now before mee a number of 

L 3 drun- 

go Thefecmd 

drunkards, whore-maftcrs, dcboift fwaggcrcrs, 
fcorners of Religion, fcnfuall Epcures, 5>tigma- 
ticall fcurrill jeftcrs 3 O how would they take on, 
ftampc, and play the Bedlams ! how they would 
rage, raile, and cavill ; though by the mercy of 
God, they fhould be no more able to ovenhrow 
by any found reafon what I fay, then to remove 
the niightieft rock, when they arc reeling- drunkc, 
either with wine or malice. Now upon this occafi- 
on let me acquaint you with the truth, about this 
unhappy imputation, ordinarily laid by Proteftants 
at large upon the power of godlineffe. Now a 
SttHaxian. daies,every boiftcrous Nintrod^ impure drunkard, 
fag, 5 J X. and and felfe-guilty wretch, is ready with great lage to 
^°^* fliein the face of every profefTour, with the impu- 

tation of Puritanifme s if he doth but looke towards 
Religion, labour to keepe a good confcience in all 
things, he is prefcntly a Puritane, and through this 
name, many times by a malicious equivocation, 
they ftrike at the very heart of grace, and power of 
As M G.wcll godlineffe,at Gods beft Servants, and the Kings 
sit Boy ff •ft beftfubjc(jis. Forthereisnoneof themall, but in 
f^.579' their fence,with all their hearts, they would be the 
ftrickteftPuritanesin a Countrey upon their beds 
of death 5 I mcane,that their confciences fhould be 
cnlightned, and they not fealed up with the fpirit 
•of number, like drunken NahdH^ior a day of ven- 
geance. But let none hecrc out of humour,malicc5 
fa<aion, or miftake, ftraine, and wrcft, for I meanc 

Firft, the naturall Puritane intimated, Trov,^o, 
i>. There is 4 gener4tm,&c. You fhall findc 


Apfe Sermon, 8r 

many of thcfe,erpecially among the common and 

ignorant people ; charge them wichfinnein gene- j 

rail, and they will confcfTcjand yeeld : but defcend 1 

to particulars, and you can faften ife^iing upon 

them, they are true Jufticiaries; prefle oneof thefe 

with the firft Commandement> and how he ftands 

in his carriage towards it, O he is infinitely free, he 

neverfervedany God, but one,c^<r. with the fe- 

cond. Images, Inevcr worlliippcd any Images in 

my lifej dcfiethem;C^r.They are excellently hid 

out in their colours,androtheIife,by that Reverend 

man of G o » Mailer D^/?r in his PlainemAns Tath. ^'^g-i^iA'^* 

way to Heaven. 

They are a kind of people who yet lie in the 
darknelfe of their naturall ignorance, and dung of 
their ownecorruption> and yet with their own tcfti- 
mony, confirmethemfelvesin a great opinion of 
their owne integrity. 

Secondly,! meane not the morall Puritane,who 
thinks himfelfe as fafe for falvation by the power of 
civill honefty, as if he were already a Saint in Hea- 
ven 5 whereas it is cleare^iy^^. 12.14. without addi- 
tion of holinefTe to civill honefty ,and confcionabic 
dealing with our Brethren, none (hall ever fee the 

Thirdly, I meane not the fuperflitious Puritane, 
who out of a furious felfe-love to his ownewill- 
worfhip, and fencelcfTe doting upon old Popifh 
cuftomes,thinkes himfelfe to be the only holy de- 
vout man, and all forward profefTours prophane. 
You fhall heare aknot of fuch fellowes fpeake, lfa» 
^^,$XMfe »9t mere to me, fir J am hlier then then, 


82 The fecon^ 

Fourthly, I meanc not the Pharifaicall Purirane, 
charadicnzedtothelife,X»^^x8. 11,12. Who be- 
ing paflingly proud of the godly flourifh of out-fide 
C hriftianit3^5thinkes himfelfe to be in the only true 
fpirituall temper,and whatfocver is {hort of him, to 
be prophanenefre,and whatfocver to be above him 
to be precifenefTe. 

"Now thefe kinds are true Puritanes indeed ; for 
they think themfelves to be the only men,and all 
others hypocrites 5 whereas poore foulcs, they 
were yet never acquainted with the great myftcry 
of grace, but are meere ftrangers to that glorious 
workc of converfion,pangs of the new birch, wraft- 
ling with inward corrupaons,breaking their hearts, 
and powring out their foules every day before 
G<5D infecret, open heartedneflc, and bountiful! 
doles to diftreifed Chriftians, and the poore mem- 
bers of C H R I s T , felfe- deniall, heavenly-minded- 
nc(fe,walkingwith G o -d^^c. 

Fiftly,! meane not the true Catharills, peftilcnt 
herctickcsabouttheyeareofour Lord, 253. 
Set Hofi.cent.1 They werealfo called Novatians, o£ Novat/^ 
^pal i^llc. their Author ,but Cathari, from their opinions, and 
Sec Efipu. profeition, who wickedly denied to the relapfed, 
^''^' En Bid r^c^P'^^0^ ^^^^ ^^^ Church upon repentance, ^r. 
^£cc!epi>b6 and called themfelves pure. 
cap 41 p^g-' 9 Sixthly,! meane not the African Donatiftsjabout 
StcHofxenu^ the vcareof out LoR D,35 1, whowere alfocalled, 
pag^ 1 7 ? ,&c CtrcnmcmoneSy CtrcmtoreSj Verp^emant^ Mont am ft £^ 
Sc.Hofcent.^, j4cntenfes. 

iiHipagi?* Seventhly, Not the furious Anabaptifts, of our 
times, who arc as like the ancient Donatifts, as if 
they had fpit them out of their mouth. Eight- 

Afife Sermon. 85 

Eightly, Not the giddy Separift. 

Ninthly >Nor the unwarrantable Opinionift^^«* 
talisy as ungroundedly difopinionated 5 I fpcake 
thus,becaufe I am perfwaded,good men may dififer 
in things indifferent without prejudice of falvati- 
on, or juft caufe of breach of charity, or Difunion 
of affedions. If I fee the power of grace founcly 
appeare in a mans whole carriage and aconftant 
partaking with God, good caufcs, and good 
men, hefhall for my part^ be ever right deare un- 
to my heart, though he differ from meein fome in- 
different things. 

By Puritanes,then I meanc onely fuch,as J e s v s J^^^^^^^'J*' 
Christ his own mouth ftileth iojohn 1^.10 .and ,^l°ll^v iT 
1 5.5 . The fame word is ufed here, but in a more f^;-^f^nKct 
blclTcd fence.that Eufcbiu^ hathto defcribe equivo- *'-^"'* 
cally,thecurfed Sectof theNovarians. You arc all 
pure^or cleane, faith Ch r i s t, by the word which 
I have fpoken unto you 5 I meane then oncly 
G H R I s T s ;t«t9rtjc/, whom the powerfull worke 
of the Word hath regenerated, and pofTefTed with "^^^^^^i^^ 
purity of heaitjholinefTc of affcdions, and unfpot- KA^ia,,^c 
tednefTe of life, to whom he promifcth blefred- 
neffe, A/4f . 5.8. Blejjedare the pure in heart : And to 
whom alone his beloved Apoflle promifeth the ' 
bleffed vifion of God inglory,i lohft^,-;. 

Now that the name of Puritanes (which is, as 
you may conceive by that which hath bcene faid,a see Difcourfc 
very equivocall terme) is put upon (uchas thcfe ofTrueHap- 
in contempt, and reproach 5 is more then manifefl P^^^-f^'P^-^^i 
by a thoufand experienccs,and by the teftimony of 
a great Dovlor at Saint Pauls CrolTe. And yet I dare 

M fay. 



And I prove 
it out of Bi(h. 
2)«w. in ^bra- 
ianii Triall, 
f<*g ,7 2. 

PuritaMS, Fth 

ritanos incta-' 
fur, at per Pur i- 
tanorum latera 
vulnerant VC' 

Tlte ficox^d 

■Hac}(a>ell a- 
gainlt Carrier, 

fay , the greatcft oppofites to tficfe derided waics o^ 
purify,if he die not like drunken Na[fal,vfon\d upon 
his bed of deai:h,give ten choufand worlds,to have 
lived as one of thetn. Andthroughthe name of Pu- 
ritane, by a malicious eqiivocation, theyftrike at 
the very heart of grace, and the power oFgodlines. 

Secondly, Z add, thorow the fides of this Nick- 
name> they have laboured to wound, and lay waft 
the truth of oui' bleflfed Religion, as pure as any 
fince the Apoftles time, ^c. Heare what I heard 
Do(5lor Jbhots Profeffbiir there complaine of, at 
Oxford Aa. 

What Do<ftor Hackmll faith of dirrier. Thus 
thoiewhom we call Papifts, he calls temperate 
Proteftants, and thofe whom we call Proteftanrs> 
he calls State Puricanes? M^ifi\ Dedicator. 

He concludes it by good confequent, that by 
Cameras aflertion, our greateft Bifhops, our wifejf!^ 
Gounfellours, ourgraveft Judges, andourSove- 
raigne himfelfe, muft be acGounte<i Puritanes and* 
not Maftcrs of Schifmes. 

And now I come to tender ray counfeU to men \n\ 
Authority, and all thofe who are>or may be hereaf. 
ter put into any place,prcferment, orpublieke em- 
ployment over their brethren^ that they may go- 
verne righteoufly, and make the people rejoyce. 

In the firft place, let them be fureto getpofTeffi- 
onof la SYS Christ, and affurance upon good 
ground, thatthcAll-fufficient God is their owne. 
Elfe fay,or do what ye will,men will be ambicious^ 
covetous,fenfuall,they will hunt after preferments, 
pfofits, honours, precedency, or whatfocver will 


Apifi Smnon. Sj 

add to their outward happinefle. Butplant once the 
eye of faith in the face of the fotile, which will ut- 
terly darken with its heavenly brighthcfre,thc eyes 
offence, andcarnall rcafon, astheprcfenceofthc 
Sunne obfcures the ftarres, and then, and theft 
aloncjand never before, we fhall be able tolooke 
upon the world/et out in the gaudieft manner^with 
allherbaites, and babies of riches, honours, fa- 
voursjgreatneffcpleafuresjc^^.as upon anunfavou- 
ry rotten carrion. For all true Converts dedrCjand 
endeavour, and have in fome good meafure the 
world crucified to them, as they are to the world, 
Jesvs Christ embraced in the armcs of their 
faith/o fills,and fatisfiesthefoulc,that To they may 
pleafc him,they are at a point for any worldly pre- 
ferment, except it comes fairely by good meanes^ 
and his allowance. 

Here then it will be very feafonable to give fome 
light for tryall, whet her you have J EsysCHRist 
already or no, if nor,hoW to get him : fot both 
which purpofes,know that thatblefTcd L o r d of 
life,is brought intothefoule by fuch faving works 
of the Spirit,fuch degrees, and ads as thofe, dcfcri- 
bed in my book of Comforting aflSided confcien^ 

Secondly,Lct them enter into their Offices, Be- 
ncfices,prtfermcnts, high roomcs,in Go d s name, 
I raeane not by money, or any wicked meancs ; not 
by Symony,Bribcry5flattery,temporifing;not by 
competitours,imployment in any vileferviccj not 
by any bafencfle or iniquity at all, no, not fo much 
as by ambitious fecking. M 2 Nci- 

«^ The fecond 

Neither am I now upon aprecife point, excepc 
the prodigious iniquity oi the times in this kinde re- 
present it fo^thorow thefalfe glafle of commonnefTc 
and cuftome^tothe covetous and carnalleyejbebut 
honcft Heathens, but ingenious Turks, and that is 
not much I require of thofc who profefTe Chriftia- 
nity, and you will be on my fide : witnefTe, 
See Tmr Mar, That famous ItdtanA^w De ambitu, amongft the 
Common pia- jjncient Romanes^ whereby it was ena»5led, that if 
7u0an^in/i> any man fhoald attaine honour, ormagiftracy by 
and Pacm Aiv moncy ,he {hould both be punirticd with a great pe- 
^om.p./ils, ciiniarymul<5t,andalfo made infamous. 

T hat right noble carriage of mighty Tamerlaficz 
Scythian ,and commander of the Tartars,who is re- 
ported in the Turkifli Story, never to have beftow- 
cd his preferments upon fuch as ambitioufly fought 
them, (as deeming them in fo doing, unworthy 
thereof,) but upon fuch as whofe modefty orde- 
ferr, bethought worthy of thofe his great favours. 
We are come unto a ftrange pafife, thatitfhould 
beholden a Puritanicall point5to condemneall cor- 
rupt comrhing into places of preferment, and pub- 
licke charge^ fith even politick Pagans, and barba- 
rous Nations, out of light of reafon, and ordinary 
notions of nature,did abhorre it. And no marvell, 
for befides motives of piety, and the feare of Go d, 
which they wanted5even grounds of policy ,give us 
tounderftand,that thisbafe, and accurfed courfe, 
wasablc to become the bane, and breake-necke of 
the ftrongeft States upon earth in fhort time. I leave 
it to your wifdomes to weigh well in your own bo- 
fbmes,what flrangc degenerations from worth,and 


honour jwhatfeircfufllApoftafie from^ orthodoxe- 
ncfTe, and zeale, it may being upon a Cominon- 
wealeinfewyeares. /S'lhoJ. 

If theworld once takein6tice, that money doth Reafon i, 
the deed; men to make way for preferment, will 
feeke more to get money then merit. ' 
- Thofe who (hould rife into high roomes in the 
Common-wealth, will labour rather to furnilh 
themfelves with heavy purfes,then noble parts.Mi- 
nifters will ftudy more to become pragmatical! 
Traders about Benefices, and other Ecclefiafticall 
promotions, then compleat Divines, and powerfiiM 
Preachers s and having learned the Trade, they 
would heape living upon living, cry downe prea- 
ching, plunge into the world, andfecularcrnpJoy- 
ments,gather a hoard,hoping thereby at length to 
behoified intofome higher placejef'f. which you 
know were a very horrible thing, would marre all-, 
and undoe us quite. 

Againe,icis a common faying in this cafe : what ^afmi^ 
we buy by grofTe, we muft fell by retaile. He that 
buyeth,faith Mornaj, is (hrowdly provoked, nay is 
aftera fort openly difpenfed withall,to fell againc. 
And what wofull workc and intollerable mifcry, 
that brings upon a people,you may eafily guefle* ^ 
Thefetworeafons I have infinuated unto mee, in 
the French Story, where the Author gives this ex- p^^^ ^ ^^ 
celknt eulogy oi Lewis the ninth. 

The Realmewas corrupted with theunjuftice, 
and extortion of farmer raignes,by the falc of Offi- 
ces,being moftcertaine that what we buy ingrofle, 
wc muft fell by rctaile. He did therefore exprefly 

M 3 pro* 

gg The fecof^d 

prohibit thcfcfalcs, ind fupplied iuch places as 
were void, according to die merit ofperfons, after 
due cxaraiaation , to draw good men, and of un- 
derftanding,lo apply thcmfelvcs to ftudy; other- 
wife they would have beene {hrowdly tempted, 
rather to have ftored themfelvcs with money then 
merit, with gold then goodneiTe. Wife,and graci- 
ous then,is the counfell, which the fore-named no- 
• Ptfg.i J5' ble and learned "^ Morfjay gave unto another French 
King,in his Meditation upon Ffalme loj. 

The Princes eye, faith he,and care fhouid be up- 
on the beft fort of people, to fet them in offices, 
and bcftow charges upon them. He fhouid take this 
courfe.Thofethat fliallaffed fuch places,hc fhouid 
alwaicsfufpedi: them, their perfons, and pra<5iifes5 
for ccrtaineit is, that he that very earneftlyaimeth 
at an office,or Iiving,hath laid hisplotalreadyj and 
withoutdoubt, he defireth it for the profit, and not 
for the charge. 
Sermqa J . be- Hcatc alfo what old reverend Latimer faid to this 
fore King E<i- purpofe,in£^iv4r^the fixts time, and the Saint. 
warjthc 6. ^ ^ ^ defend,faith he,that ever.any fuch enormi- 

ty (take notice, betakes it for an enormous finnc,) 
fhouid be in England, that civill offices fhouid be 
bougbti and fold, whereas men fhouid have them 
given for their worthineffe. And a little after^ the 
holy Scripture qualifieth the Officers>and fhewcth 
what manner of men they fhouid be, men of cou- 
ragc,wifc,fearing God,^<?. O^iiLatimtrh^A lived 
in our times 1 I am fure, if he had, he would have 
beene a great honour5and ornament to our Church. 
Mm X t. it.». ^gy ^ YiQ^v^ your ownc Law, and Fer Ugim amm 
•'^•*- iffi 

ipfemlfrls, Tbetitkis, Noneikill bfecainccJ^ficeiS' 
by fuice^or forrewardjbuc upondefert. The Chan- 
cdoui!, Trcafurer, or Keeper of the privy Seal-c, 
Steward of the Ki^igshoufsyi^e Kings Chamber- 
lane, Clarke of the Roles, the Tufticcs of the one 
Banchjand of the ©thett. Barons of ciic Exchequer, 
aiiid all other tfcac fliall feecalledco ofv^aiiie, nam^-,- 
ormake]ufti;G^'ofPcace,c^<r. nor other officer or 
Minift^r of the King, fhall be ftraightly fvvome^ 
for any gifc, nor brokarge, feivour nor afifeciion 3 nor 
that any which purfueth by himfclfe, orbyothcr, 
privily? or openly, to be in any manner of otfice, 
fliall be put in^the kme ofiicc,or any other • but that 
they make all fuch officers, andMiniflers of the 
befljand lawfulleft men, and moft fiifficicntto their 
judgement and knowledge. , 

Now blefled bcG o n for thisblefled law,hoI- 
ding fuch a comfortable conformity to Qo&s- 
holy Word ; complying fo exactly, wick thcgrave 
eounfels of all truly learned^nd godly Divines,f he 
auneient uprightnellc of morall Puritanes, I'cafoiiy 
honefty, common fence, rules of naturall equity, 
and neccffity of holding up States, Kingdomcs,and 
humane fociety/or thecontrary overthrowesthem 
alI,andcrofl[Ing direi^ly the mighty torrent of the 
times corruptions. 

You fee here, as in the former paflages.notonely 
theviler,andbafcr, and more grolTewaics of get- 
ting into places of preferment, and rifing, as by 
gifts,brokage, affeiSiion, favour,^f . are forbidden, 
and condemned ,but even ambitious feeking alfo, 

Fophowfoever it may fcemeaflrangeparadoxe, 


compared wiih the fttong corruptions of the rimes* 
yet notwithftanding it is a true principle in godly 
policy 5 that he which ambitioufly feckes a place, 
even info doing, makes himfelfe moft unworthy 
of it. 

An excellent Interpretour ofujhuah, intimating 
thatG o J) s extraordinary eameftnefTe^and iterati- 
on of encouragements to lojhuah^ implyed his loth- 
ne(re,and backwardnefcto be advanced into Mefes 
roome,though he was a man of invincible fpiritjand 
incomparable wifdome,lets fall upon confideration 
S ^-ailmr thereof this conclufion ; That mm are lejfe mrthy of 
eorum fmt in- advancement, then thefe tvhc hunt mofi eagerly after n^ 
dignijfmt, ^fj^^ ^fj^j^^ ^y aifibittoujly feeke an office ^ or honpttr, doe 
ipfofadbo,^^ that very AEidtfcover their extreme un- 
wcrthineffe^ and that of all other men^ they defcrve it 
mt. Nay, the very light of founder rcafonled Ta- 
merlane lo a right conceit herein, as I told you be- 
fore. And Momay tells Henery i he fourth of France^ 
that (uch have laid their plot already,and moft cer- 
tainelyfeeke the place, for their owne profir,not for 
thepublick good. Excellently then doth our Law, 
exclude fuch fellowes, not onely from that office, 
they fo greedily gape after, but alfo from all other. 
It is great pitcy, fo goodly a body fhould want a 

And it muft needs be io, by that obfervation 
from men of beft confcience, greateft worth, and 
deepeft underflanding, and noblcft -parts, if truly 
fandified unto them are moft unambitious, loth 
to rife, and fcarefull ever to enter upon, and un- 
dertake any publickc charge. A piodeft under- 

. Apfe Sermon. pi 

valuing of thcmfclvcs, (an ordinary attendance up- 
on true worth) fcnfiblcncfle of the burthen, doubt- 
fullncflcof athorowdifchargcofthcplace, fearc- 
fulInclTe of being cnfnared,and overcome by teirp- 
tations, a right apprehenfion and fore-conceit of 
the great account^^^. eafily take them off from too 
much forwardncffe, coole their courage for over 
eager purfuit, and quite extinguifh all ambitious 
heate 5 nay , many times thereupon^they draw back, 
and retire. A rare thing in this age^but former times 
affoord many examples. 

It is reported of Father Jus^Hft,a man of more in- 
comparable learning then thoufands that thinke 
themfelves worthy of a Bifhopricke,that he would 
runne fromthofe Cities which wanted Biihops, 
leaft they fliould lay hold upon hira . 

Naziafszerf having all the voices heaped upon 
him, ftoutly ref ufed the advancement, and at the 
length, faith the ftory, very hardly after many in- 
treaties^and pcrrwafions ofthcEmperour yeelded. 

Great Bajil washald into the Bifhoprkkc with 
much adoe : * ChryfoHme hid himfelte,and dcfircd \^J„\^bcfore 
to be cxcufed. And this their pradtife is anfwcrable ^ch^^ft. "Dz 
to the principle intimated before ; That men of ho- smtAam. 
ncfty, and fufficiency arc more fenfible of the bur- 
ihcn^carefull of the charge,and apprehenfive of the 
account, then affc^ed with the honour, or in love 
with (landing in a (lippcry place. 

Thefe Fathers that feared thefe great charges, 
were rcfolved to preach every day, twice a day, 
fomctimes thrice a day ^ and they did take to heart 
aforchand that account ihcy muft give for the 

N foulcs 

foulcscommitted to their charge : the terronr of 
xhzx<xyxnm\nmoi^S'i^l)\Chrjf6prmyHshv^, 17. For 
they rvauhover ymr fitdis, as the^that mrtfi'^ivc 
aecmntf makes me quake andtremDle. Ffom fuch 
grounds as thefe^mcn of innocency,and true wortli, 
efpccially enjoying the comforts of a good confci- 
encCjand communion with Jssvs Christ, arc 
well enough content to continue in a private cftate, 
andwould not willingly IHrrc, except by adired 
and comfortable calling, God would have them 
to do him fcrvice,in a more publicke employment, 
and higher place 5 and they ordinarily undertake 
them with muchfeare, felfe-diftnift, and excraordi. 
nary prayer. Full little doe you know5who in the 
m^nc time flop the cfies of your guilty confcien- 
ces with goldj good-fellowfhip or great place, 
what the pleafuresof an appeafed conlcience are; 
had you ever truly tafted their fwectnelTe, and 
foundly fmarted with the anguifh of a troubled one 
in convevfion, I dare fay you vwuldnot by your 
good wills wound it for a Kingdome, for a world. 
A good confcience (faith one well) is of the fame 
mind with the trees in Jothams Vmhlt Judges 9. It 
will not with the Olive loofe its fatneflfc, nor with 
the Fig-tree loofe his fwcctneflc, nor with the 
Vinc,its-winc ofchcarcfljllneflre,to have the fatteift, 
and fwect eft preferments, and^ pleafures of the 
world : no thougWt were to raigne and domineere 
over all the trees in the forrefts. Only the Bramble 
asyou^know, theraoftbafe, and contcmp'^ible, a 
drie fapleflfekcxc and weed, will needs up into a 
high roomc. ^cake,and wortfjldfc racOjordinariiy 


Afife Sermon. ,P5 

are the only, men, old cxGclkm, asthcyray,moft 
adive, and pragmaticall to fcruethenifelves by 
Bribesjand bafe ti'cks into Benefices, Offices, .and 
other undcfcived places of preferment. For they 
wanrhoncft wit to conceive &fore-fee thewai^ht 
of the ch3rgC:,and confcicnce to difcharge it feith- 
fully,their onelyaimc, and afpiration outof an am- 
bitious itching humour, is to advance their owne 
particular private ends,and although they be many 
times as err.pry of all true worth, as the vaineft 
Idoll, yet they defite to fit aloft, and be adored 
above others.Though they may takefomc diredi- 
ons,and motives from the grounds of reafon, and 
light of naturali confcience, todealehonef^Jy and 
ingenioufly intheirplacesjyetfor athorow univer- 
fall, unfhaken ftoutneflc and integrity in the dif- 
charge of them 5 let them principally be enlight- 
ned, guided, quickned, by the fupcrnatuVall princi- 
ples of divine truth, and diiftates of a confcience 
fprinkledwith the blood of Christ, and fan<fli- 
fied by fpeciall grace. 

The ordinary temptations to which theprofcfli- 
on of Lawyers is fomctime fiibjcift, are iuch as 

Firft,Patronage of bad caufes, which they know lufim advoea. 
out of their Lesdl skiU,''and in their own confdcn- '** »»/V^ 
ces arc rotten at the roote, and will prove naught ar mjo/uppit. 
the lafl. 2.Pleading againftthe right* 5. Mercenary Greg. uom.s. 
filence. 4. Wire-drawing their Clients fuites for ^'^ ^^^'^*'* 
their owne advantagcufing caufes,as unconfciona- 
ble Surgeons do fore legs, hold them long in hand, 
not for the difficulty, but forthegaioeofthc cure, 

N 2 j.T^- 

p A the fecond 

5. Taking unreafonablc fees. (^.Tampering about 
their Law bufinclle upon the Lor d s day. 7. Re- 
ceiving the fee, and not fpcakingin the Clients 
caufc.Thc laft of which, I could never yet beleeve 
of any : becaufc in my conceit,for any thing I know 
he might as well take their fwifteft horfc, and kcc- 
ncftfword, and lie by the high-waies for a rich 
Ururer,or wealthy Clothier: what^ to k\\ fo much 
as in them lies,toa poore man rheruineof hislive- 
lic-hood, for his owne peece of gold i where is the 
valuable confideration fo much talked ofc' in a pare 
unvaluable is the wrong, whereas if they had not 
truftedinhim, he might perhaps have prevented 
the mifchiefe. 

But for my purpofe to inftance in two of them, 
pleading for a bad, and againft agood caufe, are 
both upon the matter, and in plainc Engliih, lyine 
againft the truth. "^ ^ 

Now if any palliate and pretend, that an offici- 
ous lie, efpccially accompanied wirh fo much 
gaine,is no fuch great matter. Let them looke then 
upon the light of founder reafon, which inforced 
the very heathen Philofopher Ariflotk to afiirme, 
that a lie is x*9 auto (^oZkov, evill fer fe^ in it own na- 
ture, and therefore no confideration, circumftance 
or Religion can po/Tibly legitimate it 5 bur it is ftill 
a bafeand loathfome vice. But principally let them 
caft their eye upon Gods bleffed Book,and trem- 
ble and be for ever frighted from all falfe dealing 
in this kind, by fuch places asthefe,/yi.5,2o.Woe 
unto them that call cvill good, and good evill,^(r. 
Kev.11,%. AllLycrsfhall have their part in the 


Apfe Sermon^ ^f 

Lake which burneth with fire and brimftone, 
which is the fccond death. 

Judges may be acceflary to blood-fhed two 
waics, efpecially if they doe it knowingly, and 
fwftyedaway by by-rerpc(f^s.i.By condcmningthc 
innocent,which is cleare,and 2, By letting the guil. 
ty efcape, which appearcs by Gods owne words, 
I Kmgs 20.42, Becaufe thou haft faved him whom 
I appointed to die,thy life (ball be for his life^cJ*^, 
And by that Advocates fpeech to a Judge in Ger- 
many, aggravating the fault of a muithercr, that 
had killed fixe men. No my Lord, faith he,hc hath 
killed but one, you are guilty of the blood of the 
other five,becaufeyou lethim efcape upon the firft 
murthcr. Now in this cafe let them take a curbe, 
and reftraint from confideration, that the very hea- 
thens,to fhadow out their torment, didfaine hellifh 
furies to follow fuch hainous offenders with bur- 
ning firebrands,c^r. Butefpccially let the Book of 
God bcate them off, from any tainture that way. 
Amongft many others,that place, Numh. 35.33. is 
able to pierce an heart of adamant, where the Spi- 
rit of God tells us, that befides perfonall guilt, 
blood involves, even the whole Kingdomeinthc 
ftaineandmifchicfe: for blood, faith he> defileth 
the Land,andthe Land cannot becleanfed of the 
blood that is fhed therein, but by the blood of him 
that filed it. I intend nothing in thefc laft paflages, 
to the prejudice,or offence of anyJFor my part I ho- 
nour the reverend Judges, and worthy Lawyers of 
this Land, at this day, as one of thenobleft limbcs 
of the State. And I cannot but lookcupon the 

N 3 Lords 

^6 l^f fecorai 

Lords my Judge?, vvkh more then ordinary ^re- 
fpctt, for Juflice Nicols fake, my worthy Patron, 
that reverend and renowned Judge, whom Iho- 
nourin the duft. And yec for all this,! muft tell you 
thetruthj dealeplainely Imuftand will, from.this 
place, in this place, though I fhould die in it. 

Me thiL>kcs the very providence of reafonabic 
men fliould move you that are Magilkatcs, in this 
and other Corporations, to relieve your poore 
with the forfeitures of oathes, and Ale-houfcs: 
But when you have befides Gods blcflfed Law, 
fo mighty againft drunkards, blafphemers; and 
that King C h a r l b s alfo hath fo gracioufly 
confirmed thofeblcfTed Ads provided in t-hac cafe, 
tofharpenthefword, and ftrcngthen the armc of 
Authority for that purpofe, you ought to be ex- 
traordinarily vigilant, adlive, and confcionablc 
in the execution of them, othcrwife afTure your 
felves, you rob Gcd of his honour, the King of 
his fervice, and the poore of their almes, and 
your felves of good confciences. And this fourc- 
fold cord without repentance, and quickning, 
is abletobindthccurfeof Go© fcarcfully to the 
confciences of thofc which ihould be faulty this 
way. I charge none in this point., but onely them, 
whofc confciences if they will give them leave to 
fpeake out, may jufUy accufe 5 if any of your 
hearts fhouldcondcmne you, God is greater then 
your hcatts,and will pay you home : be not decei- 
ved, nor flatter your felves with any ungrounded 
fclfc conceit. It is a principle, even in morall po- 
licy ,th^ an ill executor of the Lawcs is worfe in a 


Apfe Sermon. 97 

State, then a great breaker of them. Nottopunifh ^,. ... 
anofrcnce, being under your charge, and myour pag.i^^. 
power, isto commit it. 

We that arc Miaii tcrs, and called Re<ftours, are 
bound, knd may be ftirred up by the grounds of 
common equity to feed the flockc, if we cake the 
fleece; to give fpiriiuall things, where we have 
temporal I. 

But that dreadfull charge of PAuiioTirwthy, 
1T/W.4.T. is able to trouble, and affright ever a 
ChryfiJ}0i9fe,2Calvm,\vho preached everyday, aful 
fuch others illuftrious lights, and earthly Angels, 
forpowerfull^andplentifull preaching; what ter- 
rour and trembling then fhould it put into the 
hearts, (if they be not turned into rocks,) of filkcn, 
feldorae, negligent, and no Preachers ^ / charge 
ihee before G 0D.^{3k\\ Paul i and the Lord ]esv$ 
Christ, fvho JhaB judge the qmke and the dead, at 
his appearing ^and his Kingdowe, Preach the Wordi be 
infiant in feafon, outoffeafon, reproove, rebuke, exhort , 
mth all long frjfcri^gt ^nd Do^rine. When I 
ferioufly ponder the fevcrall etfcdtuall en- 
forcements ot this terrible obtefta^ 
tion,mc ihinkes Minifters 
fbouW do nothing but 
ftudy, preach, 
and pray. 





Preached on the XIX. day of ©^r^m^er. 
Anno DomMDCXXXU at the Funerall of 

M'. Robert Bolton Batchelourin Di- 
vinity and (JMinifter cf Broughton in 

T^jrlhawpon-Shire, ^ 


1M'. Nicolas Hstvvick, 

Batcbelourin Dirvinky^ and/ometimes felloe of 

Chrifts Colledgc in CamMgeyZnd now Mini- 

fter Q^Warkton in T^rthampon-Shire. 

Revifed and fomewhat enlarged by the Author, and now 

at the imfortfinity offome friends fuhlijhed^ 

■^-fN itf 

Printed by Gs OR 6 i M 1 1 1 e r dwelling in B/aci-Frierst 1 6^p, 

^ght Honourable^ ^g^^ WorjInpfuUy 

andbeloyed Brethren. 

iF that my wcake defires concurring 
with your heaity prayers^could have 
prevailed with our good G o d, wc 
ihould not have met at this time in 
this holy place upon this fad occaflonj 
youof thisParifh fhould have ftil enjoyed your faith- 
full Paftor,and we of the Clergy a deare brotherrbut 
the Lord, to whom it is meet we fliould all fubmit, 
having fctboundsto his and to all our livcs,as to the 
.fea, hither jhdtthou go and no further y hath otherwifc 
difpofcd.O Brottghton^Brougkonyhowhappy haft thou 
been intheblelkd Miniflery o^M-Bolton^znd if thou 
didftnotfeethyhappinefle when he livM, thou art 
like to fcelc it to thy griefenow he is deadj thou haft 
had a golden fcafon of grace, and time was when 
thou mighteft have gloried in the Lor d for fending 
thee in mercy a more skilfull, a more painfuU^a more 
powerfull teacher than any of thy neighbours have 
had round about thee : thou haft not beene more 
exalted this way above others, than thou art now, 
alas, dejc<aed below them, being at thisprefcntasa 

A z ftoclj 

Si me* cum 
vcftns valuif- 
fent vota, ^c. 

Job. 14. f. 

Th Ct(t(''n for 

People tptthut 
aPafior cftjbcep 
tvithout afijep' 

K^ Sermon Preached 

flock of flieep withouta particular fhepheard ; and if 
thou hadft leave to name his fucceirpur, thou might- 
eft feekefrom one end ofthc land to another in thy 
choice, and yet not find in all points a mati matchable 
to him 5 he was a bright and a fhining lamp, if any of 
thy inhabitants doe fie in darknefie, their ignorance 
is altogether inexcufable: hee lifted up his voice in 
this place many ycares together like a trumperjif nny 
of thy inhabitant* are not awakened out of the fleepe 
of finne^ thty may now goe on more fecurely in rhis 

The lop of a ^^^^ ^^^P 3 ^"^ ^^^ ^^ them^ it will be eafier for So^ 
gooJMmi/^er. dome znd G om9rrah 3X. the day of judgement than for 
them. I pitieyour cafe {good friends j and bewaile 
your loife : but why do J name your lofie ^ It is my 
loffe, and a common lofie, we are all of us fliarers, 
though nor all alike in this judgement. Lor d, that 
thou (houldcft fuffer fuch a wretched finner and an 
" unprofitable fervant oF thine as I am yet to live, and 
deprive the vifible Church of fo worthy an inftru^ 
ment of thy glorie as M.Bdtonl Holy Father, we may 
think;had it ftood it with thy holy pleafure,that it had 
been good for thy Church, if his life had beenfpared 
with the lofie of many of ours : he was a deep chan- 
nell, in whofe jufily deferved commendations the 
ftreames of eloquence which in former ages flowed 
from thofe great and godly Orators, the two Grego- 
rieshoth QfNa'^anz^um and Nyfa, from great Baftl 
and golden-mouth'd C^?7y^/<^Wi?, fromS. i^mbrofe 
and S,*^usiin, might have emptied themfelves,and 
yet not over- flowed the banks: and what do I then 
come hither with my dift:raded thoughts and trem- 
bling heart, «vhichifeverl had any gift in encomia 


4t the Funer4lhf M\Bokon, 

afticall and laudative Orations have many years fincc 
willingly neglected ir, and io loft it. As Gregory Nazi- 
mzen fpoke of Iiis5rf/?/J have for my part as great rea- 
fon to fpeake of our fomecimes deare and now blefled 
M.Bolfop^:] admired him while he lived, and honoured 
him in my heartjSc to fpeak of his excellencies wher- 
wich the Lord had plentifully inriched him, is a bur- 
den too heavy for my fhoulder5,and a very hard task 
forthofe who. doe nothing els but i\\xdy Oratory: all 
that / can fpeak in the praifes of this godly man/alls 
fhort by many degrees of his worth, whofe memory 
is precious,and fiiall be kept greene and flourifhing as 
the rod o^ Aaron laid up in the Tabernacle." 

^ rf®V v^f 4I& v^ 


P H I L. I. 25, 24. Idefire to be difelved- 

|He ApoftleS.i'^/z/was in a ftrait, ordir PauUfintt. 
vided betwixt two afFedions, carried 
toditrercntobjeds, and they were in a- 

........ ._ fort contrary 5 one way he was drawne 

^^^<^i^^^ with a defire to be wit h C h r i &t , farrc 
from the Philippans:^ even as farre as Heaven is from 
earth 5 another way he was drawne with a defire to 
continue with his beloved brethren warring on 
earth , and to bee for a time farre remooved from 
C H R I s T 5 the necelfi" y of his brethren did move 
him to defire the lattery his great love to C h r i s t 

A 3 did 

o^ SerntM VrtAchtd 

' did incite him to long br the former ; betwixt thcfc 
two aifcdtions the Apoftlc had a confli(5t, and he was 
fo perplexed, that he knew not whither toturnehim, 
he knew not what to chufe. He was as iron betwixt 
two load-ftoncs, drawne this way firft,and then haC 
way. We read that David was on a time i» a great 

i$ym.iJ^ \^. jlrMt^ but apparent were the differences betwixt the & 
prelcnt perplexity of this our Apoftle, and that of 
DAvtd^ Davids was in regard of cvills propofed,this 
was for the enjoying of goodjhis neceflity was touch- 
ing evil! which could not be avoided, but the Apo- 
ftles was free and voluntary; his perplexity fomwhat 
concerned himfelf,the fhunning of his own evill-, but 
the Apoftles was for the good of others, which was 
joyned with his own hurt. Behold here as in a per- 
rpc(5live a heart truly Apoftolicall, wherein he (hew- 
ed at once both great love to Ch r i s t, deflring to be 
with him^and wirhall great love to his brethrcn,dc(i- 

summe ^^"S ^^ abide with them for their profit. 

'. * Ibeginwiththefirftofthefe, Pauls defire in re- 

fped of himfclfe; wherein are obfervable three parti- 

larts. I . The defire it felfe^and that was to depart or die. 

2. A leafon implied of ihishis dcfire,for then hee 
fbould be with Ch r i s t. 

3. His cenfurc or judgement of that ellate, to bee 
with Chris T,it*s be ft of ail : Let us open the words 
fi'rft, and then raife Obfervationsout of them for our 

ExpoJitioH, E V/ Vi*" Vv'"") *^ is word for word, havirtg 4 defire^ 

and \ his is Ibmewhat more than fimply to defire, for 
it notcth a vehement, tamcft and continued defire, 


at the Fmerall (fM'> Bolton. j 

a dcfire which is in adion and working till wee have • 
our ddire accompli{hed,vvheras to defire finiply may 
be a fudden motion or raomentany paflion. 

AVtf^vjtf*) Soraetranflate the word paifively, Ter- 
iutiian renders ir recipij de panefftia,pa. ^, others to be 
dirtblvcd or looied, and it is done when things raixc 
and com pounded are refolvcd into their parts and 
principles, now becaufethc foulc is(as it werc)inclu- 
ded in the body^and cannot enjoy Christ fully till 
that compofition by the body be refolved by death, 
therfore doth S.Paul earneftly defire this refolution. 

2 . Or it may iignifie to return,as the word is taken 
elfewhere, theLo k b wiHreturnefiom the weddings Luk«»z.3(>. 
which fcnfe is notdiflbnant from the fcope of this 

place 5 for the fpirit being freed from the body, re- 
turnethtoGoD that gave it, and what els doth the 
Apoftlenowdcfire, butto returneunto Christ by 
whokn he was fent to preach the Gofpcll^ 

3. Itfignifiethtoloofe anchor, oxzschryjcjlome 
renders it,^jdK-«cSta to flit or to change our place^ and 
foit*sa metaphor from marriners? importing a flic- ' 
ting or [aUing from the ftate of this prefcnt life by the 
ihip of death to another port, to faikCas it werc)froni 
one bank to another. 

It is not much matcriall which reading we follow, 
they all of them doe agree in the maine point and 
fubftance, and doe affoord an obfervation which 
might be enlarged and fet foorth with variety of co- 
lours? and ftrcngt hen cd with longdifcourfes, but as 
they which have a long Journey to goe, and but a 
fliort time allowed them,mufl: make but a fliort (lay 
in any one place,and as Painters many times ufe only 


Kyi Sermm Preached 

to draw out the heads and fupericur parts of men,lca- 

ving all the other parts & lineaments to be proporti- 

onably fuppliedby the wife beholdersj even fo muft 

J at this time propound only fcmegenerall heads of 

fcverall points without any large amplifications, and 

leave them and the reft to your private devotions. 

J)o5i. T. Death will unavoidably fur f rife m .-Which is a refo- 

"Diaxh camot Jution or diflfolution of this exquifite frame of man, 

be avoids . .^ j^ ^l^^ difiociation of parts united together, it is the 

taking away the ftru(Sture and the f-afhion of this 

i Cor.i. 5 . houfe of clay. We muf needs dtc^ and then rve are as tva- 

c r ,. ter (hilt en the ground which cannot he gathered ftp a- 

2 bam, 14. 14. . // ^ r «- ; / r 1 ^ t 

game, as the wile woman or Tckoah ipoke to the 

EccUI.8.8. King 5 No man hath power over the JJ?irit tn the day of 

death, neither is there any difcharge in that warre, all 

muft fight with dea:h,and death will conquer all; our 

foules and bodies now met together in this nearc 

conjundion, though deare friends muft be fcparatcd 

each from other untill the day of the gcnerall refur- 

rediom and keep them now as charily from dangers 

asv>^ecan, yet will thefe earthen brittle vefTcllsbe 

broken afunder, which all forts and ranks of men are 

boundtolookeforat alltimcs> Surely men of low de- 

■ ■'^* gree are vanity, and men of high degree are a lie, tohec^ 

laid in the ballance they are altogether lighter then vanity^ 

a marvellous debafing of all men ! Let men be put in 

one end of the ballance, and vanity in the other, and 

the Pfalmift doth alTurc us that vanity will weigh 

downe man,and man is lighter than vanity it felfe./^^ 

fcts out his life by comparing hisdaiestoa fwift fhip, 

Lifefwift. ^^^ ^^ ^" Eagle that hafteth to the prey, yea and hee 

ioh,9.z6.\.zs further faith, they are fwiftert ban a poft> then the 


At theFunerAliof M.Bolton. 

buds in the ayrc,thc (hips on the rea,& the fwift poft 
on the land, all thefe doproclaime and preach a Ser- 
mon to us of our mortality, and that this lamp many 
waiesmaybe extinguifhcd 5 experience fhewcth, us 
that death puts no difFerence,the young do die as wel 
as the old, the ftrong as well as the weakc,the Kings 
and Counfclloursofthe earth as well as beggars, the J**''^'H>'^ 
Phyfiriansthemfelvesaswell as their patients, and 
death is haftned by infinite difeafcs, whereunto all 
the living arc fubjcd, and thefe are within us, and a 
thoufandaccidcntstofurtherdeath without us, and 
which is the foundation of all our evils, by our own 
fins, whereby we do provoke the Lor d of our lives 
to anger, and do walk every day over a mine (as it 
were ) of gun-powder, fubjed every moment Co be 
blowne up by the Lords difpleafure : and S*Cyfrian cyprianje 
excellently flieweth the declining ftate of the world, '"*"'*^ 
how the ftrengthofthe husband-man in the field, of 
the marriner on the fca,and the fouldier in the camp is 
weakenedjf4»^j videmusmpueris: and it is well for us Eenepsofjhort 
that our lives are fliortned, and that our daies do not '^/i?« 
ordinarily attaine to the tenth part ofthofe that lived 
before the floud, and th.at both in regard of the wic- 
kcd,vand the godly. Firft touching the wicked^ to re- 
prefle their outrage and impudcncie in finning 5 this 
Very thought that they may die cre-long, and cannot 
live very long^in rcafon fhould abate their violent and 
exorbitant courfes, ifthey aretranfcendently wicked 
now when death is at,hand,what l^imrdds would they 
be ifthey had in the ordinary courfe erf" nature, eight 
or nine hundred yeares before them to live in i If 
their damipipn^npwjball be mpft fjrqajd&lU how 

B much 

8 K^ Sermm ? reached 

clryfoftomeoh. much morc ititollcrablc would it then be,the number 
»n" llmny of their fins adding fuell (as it wcrc)to the fire of hell< 
tofinners t9die and the Lord in juftice meafuring out to them apro- 
f r''"^' S*"" portionable degree of vengeance to their fins:' hence 
Qu^en^t vua willthelr accounts be fo much the eafier, and their 
diuturnior, eo fttipss fomjch the fewer. And this makes likewife 
fieretculpanu- ^ ^^^^ ^:^^ ^^^ exceeding comfort and good of 

deBonaM^rtii. diltrelled Chriftians;innrmicies,temprations,pover- 
C.4 & iongc ty,reproaches, griefeofp3(Iionfor rhcirowneandof 
n"uo^"profu"f' -co'-npalfion for their brechrens miferies are a great 
fet nc incre. burchen tothcm, how much Iieavier wouldit'beif 
mema faceient j^^^g burdicn was to preflTc them down many hundred 
idemcr/l^juf. yeares together:' this much allaies their forrowjthat 
dem libri. all thcfe cvills are bur as clouds which foone ride a- 
way, orasatempeftthough violent yet not perma- 
Heb^io.j4. ncnt^afharpeyetbuta fhortwinter, here is our Scrip- 
ture comfort, the time to beare them is but fliorr. 
yfi I-. This confideration of our mortality fhould in reafon 

mnfJven!*' ^^^^ "^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^ Heaven for helpe that we may ef- 
^ fe<5tually remember our condition : the holy fervants 

ot Go D our prefidents herein have prayed to the 
Lord for this purpofe: thus did U\tofes,teachmeto 
pfal.^.ii. number m-j ^af^/Vi , thus did Davidywakeme L o r d rt? 
^ '^^ ** 'know mine end : in their blefied fteps let us tread, and 
their example let us follow ^ it is a wonder that we 
iliould need to be remembred hereof, that we fhould 
be fuch ftrangers in the world, but there is need of 
that proclamation ftill to found in our eares, allpfl is 
Efay40. • graffe,Andthebeautyoftt as the flower df the feld : were 
"wc indeed as Adam was at the beginrlTng of the world 
who faw no fpedaclc of death before his eyes, wee 
might have fom probable cxcufc if we thought not of 


at theFunerattof M.Bolton. 

our departure: but what can wc a Hedge for our felvcs 
when we have had the experience of all ages^ Go in- 
to any part of the world, and aske them in the Pro- 
phets woxds, your fathers whtre are they ? and doe they *^ ^•*'^' 
live fir ever ? Even this place and this meeting doe 
preach unto us our mortality. Where are thofe Epi- 
cures in f/^jf, which promifc to themfelves continu- 
ance in their dcfperate wales. To morrow (hall Se as thif Efay ?$.ii. 
daj and much more Aboundant^ nay and which is more 
abominable, doetake occaiionby the iliortnefTeof 
iheii lives to eate and drinke^hecaufeto morrow they m»fi 
die : Come on therfire{hy they )/^/ mfll our [elves with Efay.««. i j. 
ce^Uwine^ andointmentSi andla no Rower ofthefbrin? „,.,-. ^ 
tafe by U6y let m crowncour jelves with rofe-bms before 
they be withered, let none of us go without fart of our jollt- 
tyjet m leave to\ie,iS cf our joyful Inefe in every pi ace, for 
this is our portion. Thefe finners are likely to fee the 
daies when they fhall wifli themfelves toads, fer- 
pentsor any loathfome creatures,rather f hen men and 
women,and yet as defirous as they fliall be of that ex- 
change of their eftate they fhall not have it, but fliall 
remaine wofull men and women for ever. 

This Do(5lrine ferveth likewife for the reproofe of 2 . 
thofe who negleding principally to depend on the '^vanUyttde, 
immortall Go D,do fmfully relieon others which arc £;'^ '"""'"''^ 
mortall like themfelves s thus the Subjed: relieth on. 
the Soveraigne, the fer vant on his Lord and Mafter, 
the wife relieth on her husband, and the children on 
their parents, and all this is done contrary to our du- 
ty ^ Trufl not in Princes nor in thefons of man, and why PfaLi 16.1. 
fo < There is no helpe in them : their breath goeth forth y 
and they returne to their earth. Truly they arc like the 
running waters, our dove, i. e. our faith can find no 

B 2 reft 





7fal. 145.4. 

reft for the foles of her feet in aay of the fons of men, 
{wchhofe is like the hsttfe of a fpider, one Iweep of Go d s 
bcfome will cafily make both the objeds of their 
hope and their hopes to be in the duft : it is as a bro- 
ken reed to leane ons it will both deceive and pierce 
them :' the whole world runs on wheelcs, look Eaft- 
ward,orintheWeft, North or South, youfhallfee 
nothing but inconftancyinall the parts therof. Oh 
how fafe and ^apj>y then are they rvhich make the God of 
Jacob their hclp^ and rvhofe hope is in the Lord their God. 
Whofe hearts and eyes are fixed upon him; how hard 
foever the world goeth with them for the prefenr, all 
Ihall be well aflure your felves with fuch in Gods 
good time ; he will provide all fhall be well, he will 
helpe the husband, hee will comfort the wife, hee 
will guide the fervants, hee will preferve the 
goods 5 yea rather than it ihould bee undone^ 
(with reverence be it fpokenj he will rock the cra- 
dle, they are the words of the learned (JllartyrB, 

This dodrine doth check all vainglorious & proud 
perfons,which NarciJfus-]i\:c,6o doic dn thcnifelves^ 
their own beauty,or ftrcngth,or any ornament of the 
body,which may like lon.t^ his goufd in one night be 
withered. Who is morcodiousin our fight than a 
proud beggar^and nothing is more hat'cfull iri Go d ^ 
eyes than a proud man or woman, who are but rtieat 
for the filly crawling wormes to fc^d upon, and if 
thou^noweflnotthyfelfe,gotothe graves of thofe 
which have been mofl lovely and beautifull in their 
dales I in that piif^ure and glaffe maift th6u view thy 
relf,theremaifi thou behold theriiyfteries of ouj'na- 
turCjOs Gregory iVj^<?/? fpeaketh^and exeelltntlyinlar- 

fox ARiyfage 


1 GregMyff. in 

\iiat^, Beati 

fauptres fpiri- 

tuMTM Beat. 

at tkeFffff^alhf Mr.^oizon, ii 

gcth this point. Haft thou not (faith he)fecna heap of 
dead mens boncs^haft thou not fccn their skills with- 
out flefh,a grim fpe<aaclc to behold,the very eyes be- 
ing wafted and turned into ^\:{^ c* Haft thou not feene 
their mouthes (as it were) grinning and iJiewing their 
corrupted teeth and their other bones lie fcattered in 
the grave ^ If thou haft feene thefethou haft in them 
feen thy felfe: where arc the tokens of flomiftiingage^ 
where arethofe beautiful cheeksc* where is bloud and 
colours in the lips^ whatis now becom ofthofefpatk- 
Hng and lovely ey.es^ what of the comely nofe pla- 
ced in the midft of the < hceksc' where are thofe locks 
of haire which were wont to adorne their heads, &c, 
what is become of all thofe things which do incrcafe 
thy pride ^ Tell me,what dreame is more vanifliing, 
what ftiadow more flitting than is thy beauty, or any 
other thing whereof thou glorieft 'f 

Fourthly, thofe alfo are to be reproved which arc 4» 

earth- wormes, and do labour inordinately and im- ^cheelti'^^'^^ 
•moderatelyfortranfitory riches, which are careful! 
for very trifles, and carelcflc for matters of grearcft 
confequence, which toile unceflantly for an eftate to 
leave to pofterity,andarc compared by Barthlemeus^ 
to children following butter-flies, they rauft fome- 
timesgoeoutoftheway in their purfuir, they may 
mi(re,and if they citch,it's but a flic to befmeare their 
han ds, Naked x9e C4fhi inte thts world, and whatfoever ' **** 
we have gotten here,we muft leave it all behind, for 
naked jbaU rve gooutofthe world.SaladmeK t^ahometan j{n9Us Turf^i/b 
the great T«r^^ may teach Chriftians a good Jeflbnj «^/^^73- - 
he caufed a Proclamation to bd made by one of his 
Priets, a (hitt feftned to a fpearc m manftcr of an cn- 

Bj (igne. 

14 Kyf Sernton Preached 


(ignc, laying,thisisallthat54/4^/;;c Conquerour of 
the Eaft caries away with him of all his richcs.-indccd 
it is not all, they carry with them a guilty accufing, 
confcicnce, which will extort from parents curfcs to 
their children, becaufethat they to make them rich^ 
became Ufurers,unmercifiill Land-lords, deceitful! 
in their dealings, and worldly minded^ wecanpitie 
others in their miferies,and fhall we have no compaf- 
fion on ourowne foules i fhall our o wne foules now 
be vile to us,in comparifon of which al the kingdoms 
of the world are but trifles^for what fhallitprejit aman 
to win the whole world and to loofe hisewncfeule f or what 
recommence fjall a man give for hisfotde? if the foule per- 
ifliethjthen all the world is gone with us. 
5 . This Do<5trine fhould teach al finners a point oi fpi- 

2)e/em mtn- yituall wifdom,not to defer their repentance and fcck- 
fentmt' ingtomake their peace wuhGod.the children of this 

world are wife in their generation, that if they be te- 
nants at will and courtefie,and certain ere long to be 
thruftoutoftheirhoufts, they would looke abroad 
to provide clfewhere, they would run all the country 
over to get an aflfurance of an earthly houfe, and will 
not thou while thoumaieft provide for the eternall 
welfare of thy foule ^ if a man was hungry, and had 
twenty or thirty difhesfet before him, and he knew 
poy fon was in one of them, the danger of that would 
make him be afraid of the reft j& thou haft a dcfirc to 
live twenty or thirty yeares that in pofTibility are be- 
fore thecjwhich thou maift happily livc,but in one of 
them, thou knoweft not whicla, death in probability 
will come to thee, fliould not this prepare thee for 
death alwaics^fmenthat arc wife and have enemies, 


at the FmeralhfM^. Bolcon. 



C. II. 

Iceepecontinuall watch & garrifons in frontier towns 
for fearc of afuddcn furprifall: death continually 
fhooteshisarrowes abroad; fomctimes he mortally 
fmitesthofe above theejfomerimcsthofe below thee, 
and thou feeft fome fall dead hard by thcc:if thou gi- 
veft thy foulc to Satan in rhy life, how canft thou 
hope that Go d will entertaineitarthy death^O then 
why fliouldeft thou for the pleafures of unrighteouf- 
ncffe for a very few daies (little dofl: thouknow how 
few) deftroy thy foule for ever c do thou whip thy 
foule with the lafhes of d ivine fentences to follow af- 
ter Go d ,as Saint Aufim did his, when it was backe- 
wardand refilled this heavenly work of thy conver- 
fion, and let notthofc ?wg£ ntiganim ^ vanitates va- 
matum^ohhok antient fins which did (hake his coate 
and whifpered in hiseares, doftthou leave us now, 
and mud we part for ever^ let not thefe bofome fins 
I fay,dctaine thee in the prifon of the divell,butlhake 
ihcm off as Saint Paul did the Viper, that they may 
doe thee no hurt. Neither doth this concemethe un- 
regenerateonly,butthofealfo which through the po- tancejpceiffy. 
licy of hell have difgraced their profeHion^ inflantly 
to arife from their fin by unfained repentance, a duty 
praife- worthy in any, and to be pra(5^ifed by the grea- 
teft men on the earth. Many heroicall vertues were in 
King David^ for none is he more to be honoured then 
for his repentance ; it is a goodlier fight to fee a King 
on his knees feeding upon the bread of forrow, and 
mingling histcares with' his drink, then to utter di- 
vine Proverbs with wife Salomon : and what our Sa- 
viour fpoke of watching, the fame doc I fpcake of 
repentance,! fay unto youall repent, if you are in the 


Renexff Repen- 

14 ^ Scrmfift Preached 

field, remember i^^^/, ifyouareafcafting, remem- 
ber lobs children : when you goe to bed, th^c you 
might holily compofc your felves to reft, that you 
may commie the kcyes of your doores, much more 
your lives into the hands of G o d, remember the 
ntft-borneof Egypt which were flaineat midnight 
by the Angellof the Lo r d: let Adulterers remem- 
i Klng.16.9* bcxZimri and Cozhf^ and drunkards^ King Ela (laine 
by another Zimri ; if you walk in the ftrcers, remem- 
ber thofe on whom the tower of Sile fell, if your 
hearts begin toturne to the love of the world, re- 
member Lfits wife :that which befell tliem may befall 
us y it will bethenourwifdomeby Gods grace to 
prevent fin, and if we fall into fin> our next wifdomc 
will be to repent of the fin we have fallen into. 
6, Another duty which naturally dotharife from this 

Take the oppor* Dofftfine is, to lofc HO time in doing and^in receiving 
mity of doing j^j ^^^ g^^j ^^^^ ^^^ . ^j^j^ -g ^y^^ ^^y (appointed to 

Gai.'j.io. workc) and how (hort this day is, the L q r d alone 
Joh.^. ^Qth know,but this we know, the night commeth ivher- 

f>; »<j;;c r^f? m^ri^. Shall the Sun ftand ftill for chce,as ic 
did for loJJma? or go back as it did five houres for Be- 
ukiah ? dee we thinke we can doe good in another 
world, when we do no good to Ipcake of in this^ be 
not deceived with this dangerous errour, andhurtfull 
pretention of doing good hereafter, rvhatfoever fky 
icclsf. 10. hindfindeth to do, do it with all thy might, and the rea- 
ibn is good ; for there ism device, nor work, nor know- 
ledge ynor wijdome in thegrai/v whither tho»goefi, Vainc 
hope of fliture performances hath undone many: fow 
thy ^tcd whiles the feed time la(ieth,if thou looke to 
havcacropand harveft.Wcmay Icamc this from the 


4t the FuHcraliefM.^, Bolton, 1 5 

birds of the ayre, tkTurtle, the Storke, the Crane and ^^^ g^^^ 
he travels whiles it is light, then he knowes he is un- 
der the protedion of the Lawes, the fea-faring man 
he obfervcs the wind, the Smith he flrikes whiles his 
iron is hot 5 nay we may learne this wifdome from 
the divell himfelf, herageth and doth all the mifchief ^ 
he can,kcaufe his time is htjhort, Thus of doing good, P***^ "• * *• 
and fo likewife muft we let no opportunity flip of re- 
ceiving good, lay hold of every feafon which may 
be an advantage to get heaven, to ftrengthen and in- 
creafefpirituall graces, be glad if thou canft heare 
the Word preached on a working day. Saint Bajll he ^J^'^J"' ** 
preached on a working day, and tels his Auditors ^*''^"'* 
their thoughts & defires, that he would be fhortthat 
they might goabout their labour. If fuch thoughts 
poirclic our hearts, at this or any other time,let us re- 
pell them, and remember what the holy Father there 
fpeaketh, the time fpent in Go d $ fervicc is not loft, 
for God (torecompence themj removes troublc- 
fome bufmefie, gives promptitude of minde, or 
ilrcngth of body, fends cuftomersto buy their wares, 
and if he doth noneofthefe;yet(are they no- Icofcrs 
by their paines, for ) he gives them a rich treafurein 

Laft ly? this point may teach Gods children pa- 7« 
tience in all diftrefres,and afford them found comfort j.^^^Ji'A- 
in all cftates : they arc nearer heaven now, falvation time. ' 
now is nearer to thcra then wheij they began to be- 
lieve; fin and Satan do now difquiet them, but they Rom.ij.a. 
(hall not do fo for evcr.Many a one can be content to 
endure hardship a few yeares, nay to be a galley ilave 

C under 

i6 K^ Sermin fruchtd 

undcrtbc Turke fevcn yearcs, if he had aflfurancc of 
a great Lordfhip after that time was expired, and 
choofc rather to be a bondman upon thofe termcs, 
' then to be a free man without them r cxercife Jong- 
fufFering(goodChrirt:ian)thcrcranybcbut a day or 
moneth5orycare, but a little tim.e betwixt thee and 
the joyes of heaven. Who would not admire the 
ftate of fuch a beggar, who every houre was in polH- 
bility of a Kingdome < but behold a greater reward 
by GoDspiomifeisduetoallhischildren, then this 
earth can atfords more glorious things fliall betheirs, 
I Qoti.f. then ever e^e hathfeene, or eare hath heard, $r the heart 
of man can conceive^ which without all doubt by com- 
parifonat leaft^are true of the joyes of heaven. Why 
thenfliouldeft thou O Chriftian foulc be caft downe, 
or why fhouldeft thou be in vaine difquietcdf furcly 
if thou wouldeft ferioufly confidcr, that thy heavi- 
neflefhall be fuddenly turned into unfpeakcable joy, 
that all thy teares (hall be for ever wiped from thy 
^^' ^* eyes, and thanhcCe momentary affliciions do froportio- 
naHy work unto thee^m exceeding weight oj glory , thou 
haft no reafon to be much dejedcd for them. 

Thus much of the firft Do(f^rinc, the fecond fol- 
loweth 5 but that we may build upon a good founda- 
tion, we niuft firft declare the meaning of thofe 
wordsonwhich we muft ground our enfuing Obfer- 
H(i)» Saints tin I defitets depart andtsbe with CHRIST) Te he with 
mtbcbri/f. Christ. Why^was not Saint PW with Christ^ 
Phil. J. ao. was not hfs cenverfatm now in heaven ? and was not 
the ftrcame of his affection carried to C h r i s t ^ was 
Colof.>.r. not he with him in the fpirit as with the ColopAns, re- 


attheFuneraSc/M.Bolton. 17 

joycingand beholding hishappincffc^ doubtlcflfehc 
was. Butthis being with Ch r i s t was notthat prc- 
fencc which hedefircdj itwasancercr prcfcnce, to 
be where he was in the highcft heavens, and to he. 
held the gUfj vphtch God the Father had given htm j ^®'^" ' '•*♦• 
tleilre is the daughter of indigence and want fome % 

way, and himfelfe doth plaincly tell uSjivhtlefi rveare 
tn the hod-jy as now Saini Faul was, we are ahfent from i Cor. j. <. 
the Lord jyou may be pleafed to obfcrve a diffe- 
rence betwixt thefephrafes of Christ his being 
with us, and our being with C h r i s t , it is one thing 
for C H R I s T to be with us, this benefit is enjoyed in 
thislife, hepromifed to be with the Apoftles, an4 Mat.t8.to. 
his SuccelTors, and {o by Analogy, he is with all his 
my fticall members to the worlds endj but it is ano- 
ther thing for us to be with Christ 5 this honour is ' 
referved for the world to come, and it is a ftatc of 
blelTednefleashe (poke to the theefe on the CrolTe, 
this day fbalt thou he with mem Paradife, Whence I doe Luk.23.4j , 

The faithfull foulenvhenit defmeth out of thislife is DoMne^, 
immediatly after death with Christ. If the foule of ^'»^*'* '"^^wc- 
Paul^ why not the foule of other faithfull onesC Saint a&tai^lo 
Paul Iknow, whilefthee lived, was a man indued cbrt/i, 
with fingularzealcfor Christ andhohncfTeoflifc, ^^°^-'^^*i' 
and exercifed with more then ordinary miferies and 
perfecutionsj himfelfe rcciteth a Catalogue of many 
of them, but as it is not the degree of faith, but faith 
thatjuftifies, nor the meafure of graces, but the ha- 
ving (aving graces in truth, that aflbres us of G o d $ 
gratious acceptation of us in this world, fodocthey 
alfo by G o D s frecpromifc obtainc reward in hea- 

C 2 ven. 

1 8 kA Sermon Truched 

cypr. de morta- ^^^' inftnotly upoHthc diflolution 5 as Saint Cyfrian 
iitM jinemfe- fpokc toBemetriai^us^though. a blafphemous Echnicic, 
'^' chat if he would at the end of his life pray to G o d for 

the pardon of his fins, belceve and confefTe him, he 
fhould be tranflated fub ipfa morte to immortality, 
* why not •*. the foule being purged clearely from the 

impurity and ftaine of fin by thecomplerion & ftate 
of grace, which gets full dominion in the very mo- 
ment of her departure out of the body, as Alexander 
Balenfis, t>urandm, and other learned Schoolemen 
havcrefolved, and it is not defined in that Church 
whether the deordination of the will, and whether 
virions affedions (as too much love to wife and chil- 
Lib.4Mll»ii. dren) remaine in the foule, faith -E///^, yctdocwe 
sea.3» ^ grant this to be true, that the more gracious any man 
is in this world, the more is he now rcfpe(5led of 
Go D,& the more glorious {hall he be hereafter. The 
point it felf is clearly proved by the New Teftaracnt, 
Rom.8. 1. There ii no condemnMion tofuch as are in C h r i s t ] e- 
jigahfi Fur- s v s . None,and therfore not to purgatory paines. For 
gatoiy. the name damnation extendeth to Purgatory, faith 

Th.in /^,SentenJifi.^'^ . q,2 . Sixtus Senenps l.S.Anno- 
tat,^'-j. No condemnation faith the Apo(lIe,yes,that 
there is damnation to the fire of Purgatory, faith the 
Mai0n agaxnfi Jefuite iW4/^^. Whether will you beleeve^againe,)^^ ^ 
\'cq^^ f *^^ ^''^'^ ?^4/-r//^^ earthly houfe of this our tabernacle jl)all be 
defiroyedj we have a building net made with hands, but 
etemallinthc heavens, S^chr'jfojlome rendreth e^u^ if. hy 
t-Tztv when^to note the time immediatly after death, he 
faith ix'^uAv not 'ihij-zv we have not I knownot after how 
many years,we ihall have: which may further appcare 
by the Apoftles'fcope,which was toadminifter con- 


attk Furterdll ^/M'.BoIton. j^ 

folationtotheaffli(aed, as appearesbytheendofchc. 
former Chapter, that they rfiould after death goc to 
aneternall hovikyjlmmfoH mortem acquirenda, forth- 
with to be poflefTed after death,as Efti^s (h^wcth out 
ofP^^//^>^'^i^/w^ and Ti^^w^,whichelfc could be Lib.^jif.ti, 
butfmall comfort unto them, if they beJieved they ^^^•*» 
fhould be detained in a fiery prifon, farre hotter and 
more intollerable then any puniOimenr in this world 
can be 5 and that the foules of the faithful! were in a 
ftate of happines before the Afcenfion of Christ 
into Heaven is cleare, (though neither they nor the 
Angels were fo happy for degree, as after the incar- 
nation of our Saviour^is generally concluded, and by 
cleare demonftrations confirmed;) the point I fay is 
clearej build not my faith on the bookof Wifdome, 
though it binds Papifls to the beliefe thereof, that 
faith, the foules oft he right e ou^ are in the harids of'Q o d , Wifdome 4. 
md there jhdl no torment touch them: no torment, thea ''^'^* 
not the torment of Purgatory 5 but behold a cryftall 
ftreame which is able to quench the flames of Purga- 
tory; if a wicked man will turnefrom all hisfinnes.^che Ezck 18 22. 
jlsallfurely live,he [ball not die: all his tranfgrefions that 
he hath committed j]^all not be mentioned to him. How 
doth he not remember, if he doth fo feverely punifh 
that it paffeth the imagination of man to conceive the 
greatneffc thereof ^ can there be a back reckoning for 
that which (hall never be remembred < and faying, 
that not a few but al his fins fliall be forgotten,will he 
yet punifh them to fatisfie for any fins at all i and is it 
not an cafie thing unto the Lo r tx inthe day of death Ecdef. i x-a, 
to reward a man according to his waies -f Call you 
this a re ward,for a good man to be thr uft into a place 

C 3 of i 


K^ Sermon Preached 

de beaut. I, 

of torments this prcfcntlifc isatimc of working,ftri- 
ving,runniRg,fowing,anci godly living, after death is 
the time ofrcapingjof receiving wages, garlands and 
crownesj an unj lift thing it is to detainc the labourers 
wages, which reafon 1 fuppofe is as ftrong againft 
Purgatory, as againft thofe Armenians whom our 
Advcrfarics do worthily confute^ and how is it ima- 
ginable that if I he good in the old Law fuppofcd then 
dcad,Went firft to torment, that they did not tremble 
for fearc of deaths howcouldthey (as they did) de- 
part in peace i and how is it imaginable that God 
who appointed facrifices for all forts of fins and pol- 
lutions,{liould appoint neither expiation norfacrifice 
nor fatisfacf^ionto be made for the foules of the dead ! 
furcly there appeares not to us any token of any fuch 
thing,and therefore we may fairely concIude,that all 
the foules of the righteous then were tran dated into 
a ftare of happinefte. 

This Do<5lrine being thus briefly cleared, we may 
from hence draw many conclufions. 

Hence it followeth that the foule dieth not with the 
body, astheSadducesthatpcftiferous fed amongft 
thcjewes did damnably maintained for as they de- 
nied the rcfurreclion and the being of Angels, fodid 
they fay,there was no fpin'r, no fpirituall fubftance at 
alljfaith Scaliger, ^^hxch. without all doubt, is the truth 
in the judgement of ^r»to/^ 5 fogrofTc werethefc 
Sadduccs in th ir apprehenfions : and as a wicked 
branch of thisfortifli ftock of ^adduces there fprung 
up certninc Arabians which held that the foule pen- 
flicd rrgetherwirh the body, aswitneftcth Eufebiu*. 
Afitdodrineibr enlarging the kingdomc of the di- 

vell : 


The fou'e im- 


Hufeb. Ecclef, 

at the Funerdll ^^r.Bolton, 


vell.-butthatthcfouleis immortall myTexcprovcth, 
bowclfecould it part from the body and be with 
Ch r I s T^unlcffe it was a feperablcfubftance^fith the 
body tsnotwith Christ till after the general! rc- 
furredion^ whence is there in natural! confcience that 
accLifing power for fin, that feare of wraths but from 
this principle that the foule is immorralknever make 
any queftion of this^when thou dieft ,thy foule which 
is thy better part dicth not, but is taken out of thy bo- 
dy ,as a candleout of a lanthorneiandimmediatly pla- 
ced either in blifle or in torment. 

Hence may we in the fecond place conclude againft 
the i^mihAf tills and SocinUnst which though they 
went not fo far as the S adduces ro deny the refurre(5ti- 
on, yetdidthefe fantaftiques dreamc that the foule 
fleepcthtill Doomesday,and i$in a ftateofincenfibi- 
lity like fomc creatures in Winter,/»/e(^4.ti!l they be 
quickned and revived by the heat of the Sun,fothey 
of fou!es,till they be raifcd by the power of theLo r d 
at the laft day^but ho^ then could Saint P/tulhe with 
Christ ^but to fay no more againft thefe filly drea- 
mers, I proceed. 

In thethird place, that conceit alfo falls to the 
groundjwhich prevailed with many oftheantient Fa- 
thers and with fomc later writers, that the foules of 
the righteous fee not God till thelaft day,but are kept 
in ceitaine receptacles in expcdation therof. I fee 
no profit to the Auditory by naming them 5 the lear- 
ned if they pleafc m ay read many of their names in 
Sixtffs Senenfis, But how then (fay I)could Saint Paxtl 
be with Ch R I s T^this opinion is an unworthy con- 
ceit condemned by the Church, as robbing heaven 



tit fculej!eeps 
not as the bedy, 

BuUingtr ciira 
Anaha I.4 e.io 

' 3. 

Soules departed 
iMtiediatety fte 

SixfM Senenh 
hibLSM. lib.b. 

2 2 '-^ Sermon Preached 

for the prcfent of its bieffed inhabitants. 
4. Fourthly, hence ah"© doth it follow, that though 

clMft abfent C H R i s T as touching his divinity is every where pre- 
tnbody. fent, for clfc he were not God, yet to US in this world 

he is abfent as touching his bodily prefcncc. For, 
what is it to be with Christ, but to be prcfent 
where C h r i s t is bodily prcfent c' and againcjwhiles 
iCor.y.8. wc areiffthcMy^ wee are abfent from the h o -Bi -d i the 
Apoftle then was ignorant of that unhappy perplex- 
ed point which fomefeemeto defend, the ubiquity of 
C H R I s T s body, for howfoevcr his humane nature 
(efpecially in the ftateofglory)is adorned with ad- 
mirable gifts, and advanced to the highefl: dignity, 
honour and domination, yet doe the natures of 
Christ perfonally united remaine diftin<5k both in 
cflTenccpropertieSjand operations. Yea, and the m- 
felves confefTe that the divine properties belong to 
the humane nature, not by any phyHcall transfijfion 
from one fubjed into another,but it is only perfonali 
de^pe!f7nlthri' ^"^ communicatcd tothe humane nature by the grace 
fii,p. 1 2. of perfonal union infomuch that the humane na ure(as 
FhiiipNichoi. thcy fay)isomniprcfentnot in being but in having, 
fenti7"bminu ^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^^^ t>ut in the perfon of the word, a nd thus 
chrifii,c.6, do they in words at Icaft deny what they fcem to con- 
tend for. 
5 . From wh encc likewife it followeth that there is no 

jigaififi eurga- Popifh Purgatory ; the fault is clearely remitted,and 
"'J'* fo there can be no fatisfad:ory torments required. 

God fhould(me thinks)but mock us,if thcy fay true, 
as if he fhould fay, I pardon thee thy offence, but I 
will punifh thee for it, I acquit th ee of the debt thou 
oweft mcbutnot of the paimcnt : but why Ihould not 



at the f4(mr»&9ftA\hohon, « ^ 

the foulespftherightcoBS dying m fahh bccari^din* 
ftantly into hcaven,as well as the foule of a man new - 
ly baptised comming to that holy Sacrament in due 
manner, and dying before he hath committed a new 
fin, akhongh he was full offinnc before ^ there is no 
queftionofthis lattcTjand why (hould there be of the 
former ^ And if they cannot goto Heaven becaufb 
Gods jufiice muft be fatisfiediWhat will becom of all 
tl^ofe that dica little before the judgements &much 
more is the difficulty increafcd in thofe which pafFc in 
a moment from moitalitie to immorralitie,atthe very 
comming of Je s v s Ch r i sr.But ] marvel not if Pa- 
pifts do contend for this Purgatory, as being indeed 
one ofthebeft fires that ever (he Pope and his Cler- 
gie have had for the heating of their kitchins. For let 
this be granted that there is fuch a fire, and that tht 
torments there and in the place of the damned diflFer 
but in duration, and there are no torments in this 
world compavableto thofe in Purgatory ; let their 
Preachers tell their people fuch a fuppofition as this 
is, if a foule had becne tormented in Purgatory thirty 
yeares, and had by an Angell a choifeeithcr to ftay 7>}fciputiu de 
in Purgatory one day lor^,or toreturneintothebo- jf'»^«'^Ar.^«. 
dy and do this penance a hundred yeares together, t(> ''^'^*' * 
tread only on iron nailes which will pierce the feet, 
to drinke gall minglrd with vineger, and to eat the 
tomfeft bread, to be cloathcd with Camels haire, to 
lie on the ground, and inftead of a boiler to have a 
hard ftone for a pillow,the foule would rather do this 
penance a hundred yeares together, then to endure in Apoc«. j. 
Purgatory one day ,fairh their Preacher. Bythisand 
fuch like dodrinciB,thc Gonfcfcnces of their difcip!«s 

X> arc 

^4 Ky( Strmm Preached 

arc ftung as with Scorpions 5 and it is like a gift whi-. 

Jf«.t7 «. ' 'her focvcr it turncth, it profpercth, then may they 
work them Kke foft waxe by their charitable promi- 
fes to apply the meanes for their eafc and reliefc out 
of the place of torments. What a wofull fpcech was 

foxAHipag. that of our Rfcktrd L who committed his foule to 

*49. Purgatory till Doomes day. 

6, Sixthly , this Dodrine ovcrthroweth their Popifh 

^gainfimay. prayers for the dcad,dire(fled unto G o Dto eafe th^, 

ifigfor tie dead and free them fromthepainesof Purgatory, yea and 
that kind of kindncs too which many that do profeilc 
the Orthodox doctrine, doe unwarrantably uic in 
wordsa and further, as a more durable monument of 
their miftake,dowrite upon the grave ftones of the 

dt^NoT f«' ^^2^>^^ ^ ^c mercifuU to the foule ofthis dead man. 

M^atat.Tab9r. For are they with Christ^ then doe their prayers 

pag.x9u bring no profit to the dead, but hurt to the livings 
For to fpeake thefaireft of them, i .Such prayers can 

Mat.i z. 3 6, be no better than an idle vpord, for vfhich we muH give 
4n account at that day, 2. They are an injury to the 
dead, and do vertually imply, thatfuchas pray for 
them are not perfwaded they are in happincfTe for 
whom they pray. 3 . This pradtife although it might 
be perhaps by fome qualification .juftifiablc in the 
intention of the fpeaker, yet may it breed danger in 
the conceit of the hearer, who may turne thy volun- 
tary devotion to harden him in the dangerous error 
of that opinion 5 if then no bencfif redounds either to 
the dead, ihyfelfe, or the hearer, its beft to leave 
ihofe formes of prayer which arc made for the dead. 
But ignorant per fons being reproved arc bold to re- 
ply in this fooliih manner, what would you have us 


attheFmtirdffo/M.'Bolton. 25 

fay of the dead, would you have us to revile or curfe 

them ? Oh pervcrfe minds ! as though neceflitie Jay 

upon you, cither to pray for them or to curfe them f 

Belilcc what difplcafctn God pleafeth you pafling 

well : let us fpeake of the dead as G o o s Word tea- 

chcth us to fpeake of them; furc I am, it no whercen- 

joynethustopray forthcm, nor furni(heth us with 

the exam pic of any Saint to that purpofe,and yet were 

their affe<5tions to the de^d as good as yours. Gannot 

you ufe fuch formes of fpeech when you fall into ^ 

mention of thera, they are with God ,thcy are at reft, 

they are happy ,their memorie is blefled, unlelfc you 

pray for them. 

But leaving now thcfc Ufcs of confutation, I come 
to thofe of inftrudlion, which are indeed more profi- 
table for our edification,and more futablc to this prc- 
fent occafion, and the firft is, 

Fcare not death(0 thou righteous foul)ovcrmuch; ^/^ ^/ /^ 
its one benefit we reape from the death of our blefled flfuSfm, 
Saviour,to be freed from the feare of our own death; j^ 
death is called indeed by Btldad'in Ubythefrittceofter- 7)eatb 'wt t» 
r^«r/,& by the Philofophcr,of all formidable things, ^^fearej, 
the moft terribie/o it is to the wickedjOr at Icaft there lob./g.'ii] 
isgood cauic it fhould be fo, for to fuch as live with- 
out Christ, death is as a purfcivant fent from hell 
to fetch them thither : but they that live confciona- 
bly^maythinke of death comfortably, and they may 
fing that triumphant fong, O death where is thy fiing ! , cor.i y. 
they may take this all-devouring fcrpent without any 
hurt at all into their bofomes: they that have their 
debts paid, dare go out of doores, and are not afraid 
to meet the Sergeants they dare JooJce on death, and 

D 2 welcome 


fauthim in vi- 
ta Ambrofij ad 

juag,i4. i4f 

Miurnt not im^ 
moderatly ft/r 
the d(aJ, 

,€lry/.in locum. 

wellGomehimasthc Kipg of heavens offi€er to give 
tbem poflTcflion o^ an everlafting inhcrit«^nce 5 wee 
feaic our friends when they have a vizour on rheir fa- 
ces,but put it ofFand we rejoyce in them. Excellcnc 
was the fpcech ofS.Amhofe to the Nobles of his ci- 
ty,whichvvich threats and flatteries were fent to him 
by the Gotrnt Stiitco, to perfwade him to pray unto 
GoDforthecontiniianceofhisHfe,which when the 
holy Bi{lx)p heard he anfwercd divinely, J have not 
foHvcdamongft you that I am aflrimed to live lon- 
ger, nor am] afraid to die, becaufe we have a good 
Lord.Doubtlefle had we(beIovedbrethren)as much 
faith on earth as there is joy in heaven/ we would not 
be afraid of death ; this isthcnarrow paflagc betwixt 
this lifeand our countrie: on thisfide the bridge we 
have many troubles, many fins, many feares, mmy 
temptations of the Divcl,which fhould make us think 
the worfeofourlives,and very willing to leave them: 
but on the other fide,we fliall be freed from all trotj- 
ble,from all fin,from al moleftation of the divel,and 
fhall be filled with all the joy our hearts can pofllbly 
deiire.Sothat hitherto we may apply 54w/>/^A;f riddle, 
Oi*t of the eater CAme forth meAt^Andoutofthefireng came 
forth fweetnefe. 

Secondly, this may fei ve to moderate ourexcef^ 
fiVe/raourning for our friends which die, we hope in 
the Lo R D. Z>rf<i^/W exceeded in his farrow for oi'^- 
fdpny and was there not axraufc •: He d\d not fo at the 
death of the infant. Let us rejoyce, Saint Chryfojlo/m^ 
faith>f6r the juft bouh living and dc:!t6, becaufe they 
are happy jlet us not in an unfeemely manner bewail e 
them by pulling ofiPour hairesjbaring^our armes, tea- 

/tttii& FuiHrdLd^W* Bolton. 27 

ring our faces, or putting on mourning garments, fo 
faith the fathcrsand I fay,hnppy are they which have 
exchanged a bafe earthly tabernacle for a princely 
Pallacc>- forrowcs for joy, and eartli for heaven 5 and 
inethinkesourblefTed brother now deceafed, if he 
had incercourfc with us mortal^rreacuresj would fay- 
to his deare wife lying in her tearcs, children and 
friends, as our Saviour did tathoiepious women thac 
followed hivfVyD aught ers ofleruftiem rveepe not for mn^ LuV.s3.23. 
Imt yvi4pe for your fdvesy you know my failings, my 
meditations, my warchings (and know you brethren 
that godly M^niftersdopurpofely watch and medi-- 
tate for you,when you are or would be a deep.) You 
know my gricfe for my owne calamities and for the 
calamities of Gods Church, and by your owne ex- 
perience, you may know what fliarpc combats I have 
had with that raging enemie the Divell, and what 
wounds I have received in the confli(5l ; now do I 
feare no perils on the land or fea, no perils in the 
houfeorin the field, now am ] vidorious over Satan 
and have trampled him under my fecc, and now he 
hath nothing at all in mee, and now am ] crowned 
with gloric, and would you (my dearc friends) be fo 
unkind to me to wifh me alive againe, and to run the 
former hazards ^ Kings and Queenes are willing to 
niarric their daughters to forraine Princes, and never 
looketofet their eyes onthcm againe,and fliould wc 
mourne too much for his abfence, and not rather re- 
joyce wirhhim for his happier cftate then this earth 
canafford^ When /^f<?^ heard that his beloved ufef;h Gcn.4^27. 
wasalive,and governour over all the Land of &gy^% 
his fainting heart revived jnalefTe ought the confide- 

D 3 ration 


K^ StrfHon Treached 


maizes n>iUin^ 
t9 die. 


2ie$th jimptjf 
not defired. 
Fhrut cited by 
GotefoLp i^z. 

1 Cor. 5.4. 

ration of the glorie of departed fervants of G o d, 
checrc up our droopingfand fad hearts for them, and 
excite us to dcfirc tne fruition of the fame glorie. 

And this is my next point to be handled, / deftrc^^ 
faith S. Pattljto be dijiohedandto be with Christ. 

It's the fire-fight of heavenly glory and being with 
Christ ythat makes a man dcfire to die : Some men 
indeed would die, becaufe there is nothing in this 
world for them to cxpe6t but mifcrie and (hame, and 
thefe do little IcfTcfomcdmesthen^^/J^T^r ther$cks t§ 
fall uf on them t that they might end their wretched 
daies as lob faith, they long fir death ^and dig for it more 
then for hidtreafure^ which rejoycc exceedingly, and 
are glad when they can finde the grave, this motive 
fwaicd not Saint Pady but onely this that he might be 
WithCH R I s T.I grant to defire death {imply, as death, 
is againft the Law of G o d and the law of nature, 
death is our enemie^and is not from Go d creationcihy 
creation, though it be truly from him ultione t6 re- 
venge the fins of man, faith Florm de pr^deft: or as 
others fay, itis ^xom him or din at ione, becaufe inju- 
ftice he ordained death corporal las one part of the 
punifhment which was due for the finne of man, and 
henceourSayiour Christ himfclfe who knew no 
fin at all, viewing death as it is in it {c\(c confidered, 
declined it, let this cuppafe^tind fo did Saint Paul too, 
we ivill»ot{(^izh he)beunc bathed, the parting of thefe 
good friends body and foule without fome further 
cnd^ is a grievous fepararion ; this harmelefle inno- 
cent nature teachcth; and as death is further a meanes 
to cut ofFall polTibility to profit others, and to helpc 
the poore Church of C m r i s t with our laboursrthus 


at the F/fherdll fl^Mr. Bolton. 29 

piety and grace may move them to pray with Dav/d, 
Lord Z^/ w^yS«/<r //V^. Thefe cautions are prcmifcd Pfal.1x9.17y. 
to prevent miltaking in the point 5 but now, which is 
to my purpofejOonfider death as it is a way & meanes 
to bring us to the prefcnceof Ch R I ST, fo it may be 
holily defiredjour Saviour Ch r i s T,who fxdjet this 
ffippa/fe, faid alfo as his death was our life, / han/e a Luk.u.jo, 
Bapiifme to be baftized withalh and horv am I pained till 
it be accompli j\^ed? and not only I P4///,but we that are * Cor.^4. 
faithfull that are in this tabernacle, de groane earneftly , 
ver.2, not fir that we rvouU be uncloathed^ but cloathed 
upon, that mortality might be frv allowed up oflife-^ and af- 
ter, vpeare mlling rather to be abfentfrom the bddy and 
prefent with the Lor D.Its the love that a child ihould ^"•*- 
be borne into the world, not the love of painc that 
makes the mother dcfire thetravell in child-birth 5 
excellently CahhSzintBafi I, properanti ad c^leflem pa- ^^pi </eA«»//- 
triam,(^c, to him that makes hail to the countrey tm /ufiitu,. 
which -is above, iheftay in the body is more grie- 
vous then any paine, or any prifon : and it is faid that 
Peter znd ^^ifdrew welcomed their crofTes, as they 
were wont to doc their dearcft friends, and imbra- 
ced them in their armcs, and faluted them with kiflcs 
of peace. Ignatius encoaraged wild beads to devourc 
himthat he might be bread for Ch r i s t 5 Martyrs 
went to their death with cheerefuilnefle and fongs, 
andtan to the (lake as to a garland, and who would > Sam. io.tz.' 
with Saul hide himfelfe in thefiujfe, when he is called 
to be crowned a King ^ 

J( Abraham fawhis day by faith vfhen he wasbut pro- 
mifed,4»^ rej0y^ed,vfh2t caufe of joy muft it needs be lotut. 5 5. 
to fee the Saviour of the world when he is exhibited^ 

If • 


L-^ SenttfftiPrtAched 

MSzwiilohn Bit^tifiSiXt^^c at [lis prelcncc whcft 
he was in the womb e of his bleflcd mot her. Wlwc 
will his glorious prefcncc cfFcd in t hcra who fliall 
behold him in al his Royaltic^if the Wife men of the 
Luk.1,44. ^^^ wenta long journie,and rejoyccd to fcethe ho- 
ly Babe C H K I s T inchchouies what caiifc of joy 
wijl it be to fee him fit in his gloric at the right, hand 
of his Father, fiir above all PrincipalKi<:sand powers^ 
Luk.io. 14. If pfony Kings and Princes longed for that da) to fu their 
Saviour nioi tall, what refemblance is fit to expreflc 
the joy ofthofe that behold him crowned with glory 
and immortalities it is^paifingglory to be admitted 
to the fight of Ch R I $ T his flKe,andto receive glory 
from the brightntfleof his Ma jcftLe,and if we were to 
fufFc r torments every day, yea the very torments of 
hell for a time, therby to gaine the fight of Ch ri st, 
it were nothing in refpe<f^ of the reward. 
yfi !• ThisDodrineflievvesusthcexcreamc folly ofull 

wtckei or.es jjcentious Hvers and impenitent finners; w hen thty 
chri^. lookc upon their Wicked courles, whattortnght can 

they have but of hell as their juft reward c'they would 
be with Christ (as they (ay) hereafter, and yet 
they will not have Christ to be with them now, 
and to rule over them^they wiW fbw unto the flefh, 
and yet would reapeunto the fpidtjthey are ftout and 
will hr-vetheirfinne though they be damned for it; 
Jcr,i8..ia. wc will (fay thofe rebels in /^r^wy) xvalh after our 
prvne devices^ and rve wiU every enedoe th magtndttcns 
cfhis_ evill heart. Experience fiiewcthtJS that youcan- 
notcrufhoyleout of flints^, nor fwea wine out of 
fowcr grapes, and if you be the fecdefmen of darnell 
atid cockle, yOufhali have no harvcftofwhcateor 


4ttheFu»er/td^fM''3o\ton, 35 

good grainej you willnot live confcionably, and yet 
you would die peaceably 5 and though you fpeake 
Chri ST faire,yetyou wil loofc nothing for his fakej 
the chainc will make your profcflion aMd, and re- 
proach will make ic alhamed : you love him well yolb 
fay ^butyou willbeadvifed notto difplcafc fuch and 
fuchfriends for his love 5 your fore-fight of Heayetj 
hath no hands to do good works corporall and fpiri- 
tuall, nor cyesto (lied tearcs for your fins and the fins 
of others, nor (tomacke to abide a holy and a religi- 
ous faft, nor flefh to endure this mortification and 
zealous revenge, nor tongue to fpeake the language 
of confcifion, and zealous, devout and faithfull pray- 
ers if then in your extremities and when your fearcs 
approach, you fend for us, as P^4r40^ did for c>rc/^j, ^ 

and never till then, and cry unto us helpe m and com- » Kmg ^-^^ 
fort us, as that flawed woman dX^^ to the King of 
ifr^d : Wceanfwer asheedid that diftrefTed crea- 
ture, if'the Lo \ D doth not helpe ym^horv jhould we? And 
now by this time Uuppofeyou are brought to that 
paire,that Gods fervants, whom you haveinyour 
profperitydcfpifed may fay to you concerning all 
your dauberswhom you then refpeded, where are 
they now that will prophefie peace peace unto you? 
your confciences which before were aflcepe, being 
now awakened to heare the crie of your finnes , and 
thefe glades formerly covered with dufl as it were, 
being wiped cleare to reprefent unv o you the disfigu- 
red and odions flice of your finnes ; when thefe evill 
daies ftiall come upon you (as they will or that which 
is worfe) you muft needs confefTe to the tcrrour of 
your fouks,thar we Go d s Meifcngers have told you Gcn,4i. i». 
of ihcfe things, and you would not hearc us>as Reuben ' 

E faid 

31 ^ Sermm VrtAchtd 

faid tohis brethren. Your fins which you tooke to 
bcyourfriendsCasGo D himfclfc hach thrcatncd) 
are fuddenly turned to be your foes, and now do ap- 
Pfal.yo.zi. ^arc as a marfhallcd armycomming in a terrible 
1 Kine manner againft you, and when Goo fpeakcs to your 

2'^ ^^* confciences, s^^Jehu did to the Eunuchs^ who is onmy 
ftde? who? tvmx.\\QyW\\\caJl yotidowne and dajh,z%\i 
were, your blood againfi the wdsy and make you to he 
trampled upon 5 and then can you caft your eyes no 
way without horrour, if upw^irds unto heaven, they 
will tell you that you'are juftly excluded our of that 
happy place,if you think upon hell, the mouth there- 
of (as you fcare) is open every moment to receive 
you when thefc evil! daies fhail come,&c. 
j^ Second Ufc of inftru<5lion is^ that we would ftudy 

Gtt afurance our felves, and ranfacke our foules, and be of good 
ofchrij}. grounds, and to have certaine evidence that our 
change {hall be for the better: mans wifdome tea- 
chcth him in Summer to provide for Winter, in 
youth for old age^ if G o . d be better then the world 
and heaven better then earth, and the foule better 
then the body, fhall we not labour while we live to 
get full aflurance of being with Chris t, as S.Pml 
had,when we are dead < but here is the maine doubt, 
how I (hould know and be afTured thereof. 
faiihlivcrar^ Firft,ifthou art aflfured hereof, then haft thou faith, 
furante of the maine and fundamental! grace, not fundamentum 
chifi. quod^ that is,CH r i s t, but cm as a learned Schoole- 

man doth diftinguifh, immediatly laying us upon 

Ghr I ST, and as a Captaine,! fay not making the gra- 
ces as heavenly Souldiers,but as bringing them forth 
to fight according to their fcvcrall operations 5 thou 
baft I fay a lively faith both in that di;ca ad^whcre- 

at the FuntraH of M. Bolton. 3 3 

byitjuftifietb, andalfobya prudent obfcrvation of 
the workc of faith in thy foulq thou doft by faith be- 
lieve that thou art juftificd by faithjthou haft alfo the 
attendant companion upon faith, that Chrift ian hope 
whereby thou waitcfi: on G o d till he accompHfh Heb.j.^. 
all his gracious promifesjif wecomeagainftthe Di- 
vcll as Dji/vVdid againft the Philip ne , not with fwerd^ i Sam. 17. 45. 
pucldandfj^eare^but in the name of the Lord ojHofs^wQ 
are furc ro conquer. If we have thefe graces and by 
the ufe of holy meanes do hold them faft^how happy 
are wclBltflTcdishethatbeleeveththe Lords words 
to be all of :h?m true, and bleifed is he that waiteth 
onhim,tillhemanifefisthetruth of his words, that 
believeth by faith that G d is his Father,and expcd- 
eth by hope that he fhould Ihew a fatherly atFe<^ion to 
him; who believes that falvation belongs to him,and 
waites by hope til he enters inro pofTelTion of it: if this 
then be the blefTed frame of thy foulc,thatthou refbl- 
veft and hopcft to livejand thou refolveft and hopeft 
to die in the armes of thy fvvect Saviour, thou art in a 
happy cafe. 

Secondly,if thou haft this holy affcdion to die,and 2 ; 
alTurance of being with Christ when thou art dead, ^Jurameofie- 
then doft thou labour for the true fenfe and fee- »l»''^tfc«/^ 
ling ofthy reconciliation with God, and doft make Mary.* 5.*^'^* 
thy peace with thy brother whom thou haft wrong- 
ed by word or deed 5 if thou lookeft to fee the face of 
Ch r I s t the righteous Judge with comfort thou wilt 
abandon foolifti ftiame^and fond fclfe-love^thou wilt 
make reftitutioHjand rcturne goods in thy hands to 
the right owner 5 thou wilt not fuffeifincoiicupon ^^. 
thyfoule, nirktthy furrmesinthyfeldt^ ary out a* lob.j!.^*/* 

B 2 gdnH 


1^ SermH9 Fr€j$cM 


gHi?ffi thee, nor hy pr0portiim,t^e B-one andtimhr of thy 
heufe to compUme of thee, ZAch . ^ . 4 .fhr this wou Id bf}n^ 
A cttrfe to eonfmnt them:^Qii^ wi?f often make thy xtt^- 
hing even with thy Go d , for this makes friendfhip dii* 
rable,if Cfi r r s t be gone, as he feemes to be at lOmc 
rimeffom his children,thou wiltfeek for him forrovv- 
ing ^i.^Ma.ry his mother did, and thou (halt in G o d s 
good time find him in th^ Temple(as (he did)I mean 
in the uFe of his holy ordinances. 
Thirdlyjalwaies be vigilant and watchfulljthis fpi- 

SfirUttai watch rituall watchis nothing but the carefullncfle of the 
foulctokeep fpirituall graces in their vigour and a(5^i- 
vity, and though God hath appointed v;^atchmen o- 
ver us, yet hath he not appointed watchmen for us, 
their watching is not in our ftead to give us leave to 
fleepe, but it is to keepe us waking, what I fay to you J 

Mar I J,? 7. fay to all, PF^^r^. And very good rcafon, Touknorvrnt 
("faith our S aviour) n^hat houreyour Lord will com^^jy 

Mat 14,41. ^j^j ^yj. ^^j.Qy{]g difpofirion will be foonc rocked a 

fleepe by .Satan, who befprinkles the temples of our 
head with his fpirituall <?//«;?;? of wicked motions and 
fuggeftions, if we do not lawfully ftrive againilthem^ 
take heed leaft thine owne corrupt heart the greateft 
enemy thou haft beguileth thee not, be prudently vi- 
gilant to defcry dangers before they come, to pre- 
vent all occafions whereby thy happy eftate might 
be loft 3 the dumbe beaft" ,as Oxc and Mule, that are 
without underftanding.will not comeneare the place 
where they have efcaped danger, and fhouldeft thou 
adventure to the hazard of thy foule >: in kmowledge 
benotlikethehorfeandmulcj in avoiding dangers 
be Itkettliem. Consider tbcDivcls policy, he is a 


at the Funerall (ffM\Bokon, 35 

thcefe 5 abeggar may fafely pafTe by him^his aimc is 

to rob the wealthy pafTcngcr: rub thine eyes oitco, 

frequently ranfacke thy heart,kcep Gods fcarc fi'dh 

inthy foulc. laco'ifcodd not {]cej>e when he heard of 

£faft hiscommingngaihfl hiri],zndSamf^finh2Ld little 

lirtto deepcm Dalilaes hp when he heard the Phili- G^n 1% 

fiins wcrecommingonhim^ delightin the fociety iud^i6.i^,io 

of the Saints, good company keepes us waking ; all 

thefc are foveraigne helps to keepe us fpirituaHy 


Fourthly,often meditate on death, die as it were 4* 
daily in the difpoficion of thy foule, and preparation tatiTnol death' 
todeaih; forge: fullnclTe of dcarh makes lifecobe fin- 
full, and death to be terrible as adeftroying Lyon, ^^^^^ ^ 
whereas the fight of favage beafts is not terrible to Mat.z4.48! 
thofe that converfe with them 5 looke on death as on 
the Sun inan opticke glaife, though it be faroflr,yct it 
feemes neere at hind, and fo in truth it may be neerr 
us, being as a pit covered with fnow into which wee 
may fuddenly fill; that which many carrle in their • 

rings, carrie thou in thy heart, memento meri'^ be like 
to thofe that in their life time had their lepulchers in 
their gardens, and places of pleafure, and that they 
might be mindful! hereof,fome had dead mensskuls 
before their eyes in their mofl delicious banquets 5 
by fo doing, we fiiould prevent a great deale of fin,& 
it would bcas abicter pill to purge out many noifome 
humours, and prove that wt are truly wife, ahvaies ^"^"«P'«5' 
ready fordeath: itsan excellent thing when deathap- 
proachet'hjto have nothing elfc to xlo but to die. 

Fifthly,it is a comfortable figne, if thou doft-hsar- cmtimau 
tily pray:to Go b for this very end as the Saints of fraya, 

E 3 God 

B^ K^ Sermon Preached 

prai 3 9.2 1. God have done : prayer is our bcft guard when wc 
& 90.11., ' arcathomeand when we arc abroad J God will not 
tukz.}». denieourfuitsmadein Christ his name, becaufc 
this was one benefit which Christ merited for us. 
Alas what elfe fhould wedo'whcnweareevcry day 
for ought we know going to judgement i iliould we 
not intreat the Judge to pardon us ^ (liould wc not 
with fighcs and fobs cry continually unto him to be 
hXT f *' *' '^^crcifuil unto us i Hier. reports in the life of Paul a 
/"■• '^B ^ i . Difciplc oi Anthony the firft Monke,and that not (im- 
ply for devotion, but to avoid perfecurion, that this 
religious man wjs found dead kneeling upon his 
knees, holding up his hands, lifting up his eyes, the 
foulc was fo devout that the very d^id corps leemcd 
to pray unto God, now this humble feeking to Go d 
by prayer that he would make us alwaics ready foi 
death, argues a foule fenfible of its owne weakencflfe 
and of Gods goodnelTe. 
6» Sixthly, rf thou art fincere and found at the heart, 

sincmty. and walkefi with G o d in the uprightncfTe of thy 
foule, and makeftthis the crowne and garland of thy 
lifcwhich will never wither and detay, that thou ha- 
teft all knowne fins, not the outward onely whereof 
men may be witnedes, but all inward corruptions, as 
Efayjy.7. hardncrfc of heart, wanton revengeful! tlwughts 
and fuch like,whereof the world can take no notice, 
if thou magnified Gods graces,and gracious per- 
fons,and canft be content out of thy love to Ch r i s t, 
to fuffer anything for Chri st, this is fincerity: I 
faynotlegallfincerity, that is aperfedion too high 
for us to attaine unto, nor onely natu rail and raorall 
integrity ,whercby an unrcgencratc man is guided by 


thelight which is inhim without hypocrifie (this 
may mc very heathens have) but Evangclicall inte- 
grity, whereby the perfon being accepted for 
Chris T,the heart though failing in fome particu- 
lar a6tions,yet manifcfts habitual I grace by a conftant 
courfe (in the generall) of a holy convcrfation. 

Laftly 5X0 name no more, if we are truly thankfull Thanhjt'or 
unto G o D for making away for ustogoe by death Redemption 
to heaven (by the death of his Son) whofe portion /'"*'« '^f*^^* 
by due defert was hell 5 how Iiidith and Ejier were 
magnified for procuring deliverance to their coun- 
trymen from outward enemies, the Bible fliewcth : 
how the Grecians honoured i=*//tw/;?//^/ the Romanc 
for prevailing againft Philip o^Macedon, and proclai- P'utar, in vita 
ming their Hb^rty, is regiftred in heathen ftories , ^^r^'/^/^. 
with whatapplaufes and acclamations of all the Ro- R9m.ii.17, 
mans, men, women, and children Conftantine was re- 
ceived into that Queene of C\xxt%,EufebiHs the Hifto- EufeidibA k 
rian doth relate, for vanauifhing the Tyrant MAxm- Tll^i!^. 
//>/,calling him their deliverer,their conferver, their 
bountiful 1 Patron, a common good thing,c^f . here 
was love and thankfulnefTe we fee moft earneftjG g s 
knowcsand our owne confciencesteftifie unto us this 
day how far we exceed thofe Grecians and Romans 
in mercies bcfto wed upon us, not by amortallman 
but by our J E s V s ,nor from temporall fervitudc, but 
from the power of the divell 5 if then our cries and 
acclamations be to our ]e s vu conftantly,OTuwp m>Tii^,as 
theirs were to their deliverers, and we can joyfully 
found forth S.P4«/ Iwiwcf, death where is thyfiing— 
thankes he to God who hath given as viBory tfjrough J e - 
s V s Chris T w^r Lor p,thisisa good fignc of a blef- 


3 8 K^ Sermon Preached 

fed man; and if thcfe arc in you, I do affurc you that 
your eftate is now good, and by pcrfcverance in 
them, Ihalibefarrc better hereafter, and thefc will 

ivh t mf ^^^^^^^ you,whenallthe comforts ofthc world will 

in dLth,^ f^il^' Whatwill all fricnds,riches,and plcafures pro- 
licwhen you are on your death- bed^ unlefle you have 
this forcfighc of joy in Ch r i s t , you live (for ought 
you know) under Gods curfe, thecurfebothof .he 
Law, and the curfe ofthc Gofpell, and you can have 
no folid joy in any thing under the Sun, no more then 
a condemned man can have in his wealth & fore-paf- 
fcd honour; but have and keepthefe fruits of the ho- 
ly Spirit,and when death (hall come to thee,and take 
tbee(asitwere) by the hand, thou haftnocaufe to 
ihrinkefor feare.but maift fay with Babyhys flaine by 
Decit4i thatperfecutor, in the words of the Pfalmift, 
Returne unto thy refi mjfoulCjfor theLoKD hath heene 
ketiejiciall unto thee^now my griefcs farewell, & all my 
wrongs adieu, and now my foule be glad, for now 
commcth thy reft, thy fure reft, thy fwect and never 
fading reft ; and that which co iiforted Hezekjah on 

Efay 5 8. j . his fuppofcd death-bed, 'Kermmher Lo r d how I have 
walked hejore theervithan upr'ght hedrt ; thatalfo was 
agrcat comfort to this our dcccafed brother, that he 
could fay to mee in his laft; fieknefle, when I vifited 

>^'ote, h\v[\y that he bad walked in (incerity, and performed 

his Minifteriall duties (fctting humane unavoidable 
defects adde) with an upright heart, andfo 1 doubt 
not but God fcnt his Angcll to waite at his beds head 
tocarry his foule when it patted from the body, into 
i^hrahams boiome. 
You have heard .(beloved) .what was Saint PWx 


4t the FUfterafffi/M', Bolton, ^p 

dcfrrc,that was codic; and a rcafen implied of his de- 
fire, for then he fliould be with Christ: hearken 
with the like Chrfftian attention fo Sain: PauU judge- 
ment or cenfureof that cftate of being withCn r i stj 
this is faith he far the better, or (as fome expound the 
words) which is beft of all : which occafions a Que- Ogf/f^ 
ftion,Whetherisit better to be with Christ in his Hmulbefi 
humane nature, then to be with God, whofe beatifi- fo be vitb, ' 
call vifion is faid to be the chiefe objed of happi- ^^"^' 
ncffe 't To which I anfwer, that the Apoftle doth not . 
com.pare thefe together, I mcane the enjoying of ^ * 
God and Christ, as though his chiefe happinede 
did confift rather in beholding the body of Ch r i s t 
then the face of God, but his being with Christ, 
and that eftarc in glory is compared to his being in 
this prefent world, and he raentioneth Ch r i st be- 
caufc he in his humane nature had purchafed this 
great happineflfc for him, which confifteth principal- 
ly in the vifion of divine excellency : our happineflc 
is chiefely in Go D,but by Ch r i s t his merit :do we ^quh.i^u^:i 
not thinke that many poorc exiles dripped out of <trtxpiec9^ 
their inheritance, and baniflied out of their native ''^''''^^•'•«- 
foilejdodefireto fee that day, and that bleffedman 
that (hould bring them out of their captivity, and fet- 
tle them in their former habitations, andrejoyce in 
him as the author of their happineflc^ hence I note, 
^' ^ life in heaven with Christ, is fane better then ^o^rint^. 
alife on earth with men, Itis better for the, wife to be Irefencftht'^ 
with her husband then in other company, and is it fcey?. 
not much better for the Spoufe of C h r i s t to be 
with her Lor d, whom flic worthily eftccmcth as the 
chiefe often thoufand * this prefent life of nature is 

F good 

4® K>i SermnFnachid 

good,the life ofgrace is far better, but the life of glo- 
ry is beft of all ; it is goad fo be a babe in Ch r i s t ,it 
is better to be a ftrong experienced Chriftian,but to 
raignewlth Christ is beft of all; itisgoodtofigli 
andfobforfiaJcisbetcertonortifieand to prcvailc 
againftic, but it is befl: of all to be perFe(5lly fan(5tified, 
» Sam. 1 4. 3"^ purged from it. Wc know that K^bfolon recalled 
fromexilc,and not admitred to fee his fathers face in 
Court,was impatient of all delayes,and foare God s 
children after they are called to G d d s favourjlongto 
fee their Saviour which is far better, which may fur- 
ther appeare by thcfe differences betwixt thefe two e- 
- ftatcs. 

fhunfbe 'beii ^^ ^^ "°^ ^^'^ better to have the wayward old man in 
•ne^rtk ourbofome,themoft fpitefull enemy and falfe friend, 
I mcane all the remainders of corruption,the leprofie 
and poifonof fin quite abolifhed then to have them 
ftill in us < while we live they will be in us do what 
we can, we fhall find much ignorance of G o d and 
all his waies, much folly which keepeth us from ta- 
king any thing to heart which refpe^eth Go d or our 
felvcs, muchuncircumcifion of heart which makes 
us that we cannot be holily poore in fpirit though 
confciousofinnumerable motives which fliould in- 
duce us hereunto, much drolfe of felfe-fufficiency 
which will not let us perceive what need we have of 
Gods prefence for the quickning, ftrengthening, 
comforting, dirc^ing and profpering of us in all our 
wayeSjthough the breath of our noftrils be not more 
neceffary for our naturall being, then his grace is for 
our fpirituall welfare and comfort 5 thefe evils do rc- 
nue their aflfaults on us every day, and notwithftan- 


at the FmeraU «/ M. Bolton. 4 1 

ding we renuedaily our Endeavouring againft them, 

yet cannot we get that full conqucft over them. If We 

could afTemble all the Saints together, and askc them . 

\vbcther'tbey were without fin, what do we thinke ^fratilTs6. 

would they anrwer^whither that which Pf/4f//^ faith, 

orthat which Tofm the Apoftle faiths How great foe-. 

vcr their excellency was,if they could be asked, they 

would cry out with one voice, J f we fay m have no fin ^' * "^^ " ^'^ * 

we deceive our felves^dvd there ts ne truth in usy and 

would they perhaps fay fo more humbly then truly ^ 

God placeth not the commendation of humility in 

any part of falfity : and therefore if they fpoke this 

truly, they had {in,becaufe they humbly confelTed it, 

and the truth was in them^ & it they faid they had fin 

whentheyhadnoneatall, they did lie.andfo did fin 

in lying, and the truth was not inthem, but when wc 

arein Chr i st all our fins are quiteaboliilied^and not . 

tillthen^andtherforetobewithC H r i « t isfarbet- 


Secondly, isitnotfarbettertobeinfuchacondi- 2. 
tioDj where we fliall be freed from all troubles, raife- 'Dzaxh frecti 
ries5difeafesanddifcontents,thento live in poverty, f^omaHaefef, 
debts, difeafes, difgraces, difconrents and infinite 
crofTes^ even thofc things often which we love the 
beft> and cxpeded the greateft comforts from them 
m ay p):oove our greateft croffes, or at leaft we live in 
feare and cxpcdation of changes and evils to come; 
now they that are with Ch r i s t are then and not till 
then, freed from all thofe evils which fhould make 
our life not over-plcafing to us, and they are not 
onely freed from thofe evils, but fet in high pla- 
ces out of the gunne-lliot and danger of them, and 

F 2 there- 

%^ Strtmtt freshed 

Dtatl jheth 
fr$m alijfare. 


Death freetb 
a. Tim. 4, 8. 


Deaii freeth 

PfaLiio. |. 

therefore to be with G h r i $ t is fan-e hector. 
Thirdly, is it not farre better to live in fuch ftatc 
where we (hall live without feare of difplcafing our 
good Goo ,and of loofing his favour, which is better 
then life ic fclfe, then to live in feare of difpleafiog 
him^ from this feare in this life we can never be freed 
in truth, nor without great danger in our conceit, and 
It is a great bitterncs to the foule to difpleafc our beft 
ff icnd in the world^from thcfc fcarcs we arc fully freed 
when we (hall be with Christ, and therefore to be 
with Chr I ST is far the better. 

Fourthly, is it not far better to be there, where we 
fhallbc freed from the moleftations and temptations 
of the Divell, who as he is crafty,fo is he cruell^then 
to be encumbred with them^ S,Paul we know trium- 
phed, m/'^;? he hadfinijhedhis courfe and fought thAtgo&d 
j?^/&ragainft them,and (hall not wc^rthefe infernal fpi- 
rits arc every whereabout usrwhen we are at our bcft 
devotions inthc Church, one Divell or other ftandr 
at eur right h^ndas at lefhtiahs, to intice usto (in> they 
have no place in heaven to trouble us wlien wee are 
with Christ ,and t herfore to be with C h r i s t is f j r 

Fiftly,and laftly, is it not far better to be in heaven 
with Ch r I s t where no fin is committed, where are 
no falfe brethren to betray us, then to live in this 
world which is a very peft-houfe and Sodome full of 
filthincffcand where perhaps we have not one entire 
good ftiend in this world i This is the condition of 
them that are with Chris Tjthey are freed from that 
woe oftheP/rf/w/Zj VVotismsthatlam conHrained ta 
dwellia ^J^efech, and from the company of all the 


4tthe Tuntrdl ofW, Bolton. 43 

wickcd,and {hall fee with unfpeakable joy and com- 
fort the blcflcd Angels,andthcfpiritsof all the faith- 
full departed, the glorious company of Martyrs 
which fliinc now much brighter then the flames 
wherewith they were burned, they /hall fee the blef- 
fcd Virgin Marj the mother of our Lor d, they fljall 
fee the moft facred humanity of our Saviour^and his 
comely face,fairerthen ihc fons of men ; and above 
all this.they iTiall immediatly enjoy the glorious pre- 
fence of G o d, and have a cleare {iglit of the divine 
face rand confequently to be with C h r i s t isthc 

Firft,ifrobewithCHRisT,isbeftofall,thcn (by ^^ 
the law of contraries) to be with the divells in hell is rhhmw «/ 
worft of allj to be borne in fin isbad, to live a flavc of beU, 
finis worfe,butto die in fin is worft ofall:to live in a 
deep dungeon and prifon, to be tormented with the 
fight of ugly divels5& that withcverlafting fire with- 
out all eafe, inter miffion and hope of remedy, what a 
wofuU thing is it^ if fome have loft their wits by 
meanesoffomedreadfull fight, ycaifthevcryfufpi- 
tion of divcls hath caufed many men to tremble, and 
thehaires of their heads to ftand upright, whatfhall 
then theterrour and feare of that dark lake be, which 
is full of many horrible fiends and dreadful! hcHi/h 
monfters ^ the appearing oi divels in horrible (hape, 
is a far greater evill then is imagined; fome body faith 
(he beares the name ofCyrtfl) that one would choofc cyrii de vita B. 
rather to burne in a hot fire, then endure their feare- HUronymi ad 
full fight. Good Lord that any Chriftian fhould live ^^'^,^^^^^' 
in the danger hereof, and yet be fenfeleffe^ what to 
be a fire-brand of hell and not to be movcd^ this ftu- 

F 3 pidity 

44 ^-^ Serwon Preached 

pidity may make our hearts to quake, end ourflcfh 
fotremble,andaftoni{hourfenfcs5 O then pity your 
owne fouks, pity the fowles of wretched finners, and 
byallihefuffeiingsofouL- Saviour, by allthejoyes 
of heaven to fetke theLoKD while he may he foftnd .- if 
the danger of lin was onely to he hond-men andhond-wO' 
men.zs Queene Efier faid to Ahajl-^verm ^ I wotdd have 
held my tongue, or I ^\ould have beene kfTe importu- 
nate with youjbut the punifhment is athoufand times 
greater, and I am at this time Gods Meffenger, to 
bring heavy tidings imco finners, and I will tell you 
what you fliall find true by experience hereaftcrjthac 
youwhoaredefpifers and contemners of G^Di Or- 
dinances, formall profefTors having a fliew, not any 
power of godlineffe, malicious per{ons>«S^c.(hall afcer 
anttletime,yeaa very Httletime, cry out, Wo^wo, 
wb. Ah what an unfortunate wretch am I, that have 
loft all hopes of heaven ! time was when happineffe 
was offered to me, but I ( foole that I w^s) rejc(5led ir, 
now alasfliali I wecpeand waileforever.. A little Ci-. 
ty as I have fomewherc read ,refiftcd tj^llexAndcr, he 
lighted a torch and vowed that ifthey fubmittednot 
themfclves before the torch was burnt, he would 
burne their Cityinto afliss; our life is like the bur- 
ning of a torch ; now mud thou yeeld up thyfclfe to 
beruled by the Lord, or burne in heU,notasthatCi- 
ty for a fliorttime,but for ever: the evei lading flames 
of hell cannot burne out one ftaine of fin out of thy 
foule: What great benefits didft thou receive of the 
worldto allure thee to loofe heaven ^ and what if 
thou hadft gained much riches and many pleafures, 


at the FAnerall o/M ^.Bolton. 


Cutlel MeU 
mcf Cottinu^ 
ter HedtjG j. 

andcnjoynedchema hundred yearesf all thofe are 
gone, andallarenothingin comparifon of the leaft 
torment which rhou there mud fuferj then wilt thou 
cry out,oh unhappy pleafures^oh unfonunare riches, 
ohmiferable time wherein I foolidily blinded my 
felfc! Ethelhrgawlfco^ King fva a Saxon King in 
this L-md i A ff?foDom, J op. by agodly policy won her 
husbands heart from carnall delights : on a day they 
had all outward folaces that heart could wifh, the 
roome richly furnifhed with plate, they had fweet & 
pleafant miificke and delicate cheere j (he caufed the 
lame place to be flrewed with dung, and to be as 
loathfomeasthey could make it, flic intreated and 
prevailed with the King to repaire thether, & behol- 
ding it, he mufed in his mind of the change,fhe took 
the opportunity ,and thus faid unto him,where are ye- 
fterdaies delights, goodcheare, and rich furniture ^ 
are not all fuch things as wind and vanity which paf- 
feth away <! and with thefe and the like fpecches (he 
drew her husband to a mortified life. Oh that this or 
the like confideration could reduce the lovers of 
pleafurestothe loveofthc ever-living God 1 If the 
damned in hell could have but another life in this 
world, nay if thofe which have but fccne them, or 
ratherC as I believe in my inftance ) the ftrong imagi- 
nation of fuch a terrible fight 5 I would not wonder 
if they proved thegreatefl Saints on earth. Venera- 
ble -5^^" tels (ashethink«,) atrueftory, of one DrL 
thelme bynamc,(theman lived in NorthumbsrUnd) 
who was raifed from death ro lifcjand reported v^n- 
drous things which he had heard and fecne both of 
joy and painc, which wrought this great eflfed (as 



A/S %yi Sermon Preached 

there is chronicled) that he utterly dcteited this pre- 
fcnt life, and abandoned all worldly cares, chaftifcd 
his old impotent body with daily failing, plunging 
himfelfe in Winter feafon into the cold water, fin- 
ging of Pfalmcs and devoutly praying, and when the 
beholders faid. Brother Drithelme, this is a marvel- 
lous thing that you can pofTibly fuffer fuch bitter and 
fharp cold; marvell not (faith he) for I have feene 
places colder then thefe. Let this move thee to feeh 
the Lord while he may he found, the benefit of this life 
you cannot long enjoy, and when it is once paft, it is 
cverpaft, you cannon recover it though you had in 
your power a thoufand worlds to give to rcdeeme it. 
And as for us fellow fouldiers and dcarc Chriftians, 

iT3^tlth 'let us hold faft thatgoodnefle which we have, let us 
play themen,lct us b.e couragious,conftant5and never 
weary of well-doing 5 let neither divcl 1 nor man take 
our crownes away from us, never looke to enjoy a 
(late which is beft of all, wihout much oppofition, 
Pharaoh will purfue you with all his power to bring 
youjjack into fervitade, but do you like ftout Cham- 
pions rcpell the temptations of the divcll, as Gregory 

Gregar.Hyfeti Nyjfen infttu^eth you. Avant thou curfed and un- 

sanaoBapti, happy ctcacure, I am a dead man, a dead man loves 
not bodily plcafurcs, a dead man is not caught with 
riches, a dead man flandereth not, a dead man is no 
lier,c^r now have F another kindeof life, and ano- 
ther rule of life then formerly I had. I have learned 
ro contemnc earthly things, and to fet my mind on 

^fia&f I'^avenly things. That which Saint Hierem fpoke of 
judgemcnt,we may apply to the joy es of heaven, let 
them be painted on the walls of our houfcs, and in 


at the Fu/ieraff e/hA^Bolton, ^y 

every corner thereof ,that they may be alwaies before 
our eyes: as Captainesdo encourage their Souldiers 
to fight for their countryjlivesjprokflrion;^^^ . fo doe 
I fay to you brethren, it is the Lord of Hofts whofe 
batrailes you fight, it is your own falvation which is 
in hazard, your enemies would rob you of grace, and 
deprive you of happineffe j ifyoergivc up your wea- 
' pons youarc undone and firebrands of hell,be valiant 
therefore and keepe this trcafure, this pretious trea- 
sure which Christ {Caiih S.Berf^xrd) did judge to Bernard fer.^, 
be more pretiousthcn his owne bloody if I had kept ^fj^l""^"* 
the blood of Ch -< i st which dropped from him as 
he hanged on the CrolTe in aglalTe, how carefull 
fhould I be to keep it ^ and muft I not be carefull of 
my foule which is apretious treafurekept in an car- 
then velTcIl <: if thou art poore in thine outward cftate, 
and Christ be thy portion, thouart rich enough, , 
care not for outward poverty, be the Lords fervant 
' now,& thou flialt be with C h r i s t hereafter, which 
Is beft of alLIf thou art afflidled in thy body with any 
grievous difeafe,care not for that 5 ifafflicflions work 
kindly to mortifie thy finne now, thou (halt be with 
Christ hereafter, which is beft of all 5 if thou art 
bafely efteemed and perfecuted by wicked men,care 
nor for that ; if this be for righteoufnelTe and out of a 
defire to keep a good conference, thou (halt be with 
Christ hereafter, which isbeft ofall. Ifthouhaft 
but wcake indeavours and a litle ftrength to goodnes, 
if thou ftrivcft to be better,& art a conquering thy fin, 
be not daunted hereat, thou (halt be with Christ 
hcrcaftcrjwhich is beft of all . And to refle(5t upon our 
dcccafed brother, now haft thou happy foule that 

G which 

^g i^ Sermtn fnuhtd 

^ which thau haftfo much longed for; thy death is 

" the death of all thy defeats, & the beginning of cver- 

lafting happincffcjthy faithf ullncfTe^thy integrity, thy 

2cale have procured to thee acrowneofglory, now 

haft thou thy fill of happinelTe 5 O blefTcd art thou 

that n[iaift fee the Lord face to face, that thou maift 

enjoy the happy fight of thy fweet Saviourjthou bc- 

holdeft thoufands of Angels, the Aficmbly of our 

firft ParentSjthe feites of the Apoftles, the tribunals 

oftheProphe s, the fceptersof thePatriarkes, the 

BdfiUc Baw. crownes ofthe Martyrs,3nd the praifes of all juft men 

/(»t.x47. made perfcd,as Saint Ba^iI faith. 

V E R. 24. N evert hekjfe te abide inthefl.jh is more 
needjullfor you. 

Coherence, Our Apoftle hath raadeic knowne unto us, why in 
refpeift of himfclf he defired to die, and of this I have 
already fpoken ; now doth he in this vcrfe acquaint 
us with the reafon, why he fliould defireto live, be- 
caufe his life made more for the profit and advantage 
ofthePto^/>/4;f^, then his death could doe Forma- 
king the way to the maine point which Idoeonely 
aime at,five things are to be cleared. 
JExftfition. I . What is meant by Flefli ^ the mortall body in 
which the foule d wcllcth by a Synecdoche, flefh be- 
ing a confpicuous part thereof. 

2 .What is it to live in the flefii^ it is to live a natu- 

rall life prcferved by naturall meanes,as eating, drin- 

king,{leeping,c^fi wewalkcinthe flefh though wc 

>Cor.i«.j. do not warrc after the flefh ; yet take him not as if he 

meant to abide. alwaics in the flefli, and by a privi, 


at the Funeraff of M. Bolton. 49 


ledge to be exempted from death which is appointed 
for all men, but he meanes deliverance fromthofe phil.1.12, 
prefent bonds, and the continuance of his life for a 
time to the furtherance of their faith and joy. 

3, Marke here and in the former verfc that our 
Aooftle fpeakcs as if his foule was himfelfejandas if 
bis body was no cfTentiall part of man, this is not true 
in propriety of fpeech, and therefore is to be taken 
improperly by a Synecdoche, Integrifremembro^ the 
whole is put for apart, & here foraprincipall part of 
p<f»/, the lame trope in the like phrafes touching our 
Saviour Christ, is by a kind of Appropriation cal- ?°t"l'i^' ^ 

11. T>.' • u /^ • • ^*- c • John 6.62, 

led by Divines the Communication of properties; Adts 
and thefeareufefuU termes happily invented to cleare 
thefe and many obfcure Texts of Scripture touching 
our Saviour.But to returne to our Apoftlc; Saint P^W 
confifteth of flefh and fpirit, or foule and body, and 
yet Saint P4«/ faith, for him to abide in the flefh is 
more profitable for them. When hcc died he was 
with Christ; how 1 not with his body, but witlv 
his foule ; Saint Patd is dead and hath feene corrupti- 
on. How< in body,not in foule. Saint Paulin proprie- 
ty of fpeech abideth not in the flefh, but his fpirit a 
principall part of Patd that is it which during the 
tcrmeof his naturall life abideth in the flefh or body. 
A. More ftecejfary'} This is not fpoken (imply but 
comparatively, it was not abfolutely neccflary for 
the Church that S. Pattl fhould live, for God could 
even thefl,as after his departure he did, provide other 
Inftru6tourstobuild his Church and Houfc, but yet 
itwasmorenecefTary for their profit that he fhould 
live then die. 

G 2 5. For 

JO K^ Sermon Treached 

5. Forjoti] But why more neccfTaryf was knot 
bccaufe his appointed time to die was not yet come:* 
this is true, but perfonall. He mentioneththac which 
concernes the Phtltppiam^ that they might take notice 
how carefull he was for them, and how thankfnll 
they ought to be to Go d for him. 

My life is more needful! for you, for the furchc- 
rance of your faith and piety. 

Sz. I^i^ Saint Paul defire to live only for the good 
ohhe Philipp fans ? 

Sol, He neither faith it, northinketh it. He faith 
his life was more need full for the Phrl/ppiofts, foit 
was, but he faith not only for them. 
^Why then doth he only namethcm 'f 
Anfifv, Becaufe he only writeth to them. 
f**i ^^%' Behold a pattcrne of admirable love in aShcp- 
tbeu^fln^^ heard to the (beep of Ch r i s t , preferring their wel- 
tbeirjheepto farctohisownprcfentglory. What Merchant (faith 
fbM"£Z Ssiini Chryfifiome) having his vcfTell fraught with 
«,a, ' rich commodicicsjif he could fafely arrive at a haven 
would doubt to do fo, rather then be ftill toffed in 
thcfea ^ What Champion would ftrive for the ma- 
rt cry when he might weare the corruptible crowncf 
What Commander when he might reft at home in 
glory after a triumphant vi<5kory, would rather ftill 
continue the fight to the hazard of his life and ho- 
nourc'and yet this is S.Pmls choife5wherein he resem- 
bles a woman that hath husband & children,her hus- 
band is in a far country & ilie is with her childrcn^fhc 
may go to him whom her foule dothchicfcly love, 
and there (he fliall be abundantly provided for, but 
then fhe muft leave her children behind hcr,and what 


at the Fttnerall <?/M'. Bolton. 5 i 

then will become of you my poore childrcn:'it would 
be better indeed for me to be with my husband, but 
it would be worfe with you then now it is , for your 
fakes therefore it is that i ncgle<5t mine owne prefcnt 
honour to do you good. Leaving this difcourfe, the 
words do naturally yeeld us this Do(5lrine, which I 
will handle being pertinent to our prefent purpofe. 

rhclifeofafaithfull Mimlier doth more good, and Is ^o^rine 5. 
more profiahie for God s people then hu de^th : This ufeTofprofi. 
dothS.P^w/witnefle ofhimfelfc, yet from this par- table then ku 
ticular and worthy cxamplcthe grounds and rcafons '^^''^*- 
of his afTcrtion being common,and the fame in others 
that they were in him, the do(^rine is generally true 
of every faithflill Paftour, that they doe more good 
to the living Saints while they thcmfelves doc live, 
then when they are dead. The Word of Go d in the 
mouthesofthc Minifters is not weake, but mighty 
in operation, able to call: downe ftrong holds and 
whatfoever oppofeth it felfc to it : though Satan be 
the ftrong man that keeps poflfelTion, yetthc Lor d is 
ftrongerandcancafthimout. See the efficacy and 
wonderfuU working of the Gofpell, that Saint P^^/ Rom.i5.i^ 
could fay for his part only^that from lerujalem round 
about unto Jllyricum, he had fully preached the Gof- 
pell of C H R I s T , and of the lightening commeth out of "•*-*• *7. 
tbeEdfi,andjhinethtotheWeH, and as ihQ Suns going 
forth is from the ends of the heaven^ and his circuit to the pfal.x^.^. 
ends of it, and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof: 
fo in Saint P/wij time the Gofpell wa-s come into all 
thcknowne parts of the world, and brought forth 
fruit,as it did amongft the Colopans i^thus did the Gof- <^°^°«-»-*- 
pclL ilrangely fpread it felfc by the preaching of 

G 3 Go D s ^ 

52 K^ Sermon Preached 

Gods fervan s, even while Saint Prf»/himfclfe was 
alive, and afrer the Apoftles by their SucccfTcurs as 
they were Paftours ? as the fcule in the body, fo were 
Chriftiansdifperfed in the world, even the Gctuli- 
ans, Moor es, Spaniards, Galls, and thcBritans, the 
Sarmatians alfo, Gevmanes and Scythians do believe 
inCHKisT,before whomrhegatcs of all Cities arc 
throwne open, and none are flmtagainft him, before 
whom alfo the iron locks are broken, and the brazen 
gates are opened, i.e. the hearts of very many ^ hat 
were holden faft locked by the divelhare now unloc- 

Tertul adver- kcd by the faith of C H R I s T , faith Tertullian, What 

/fuiudtoi. inftrumentwaseverroo weaketocffe<5l Gods will^ 
if he tooke it in hand < though the Apoftles prcfence 
was but weak^and their fpetch rude, and their words 
diftaftfull and unwelcome to the world, yet did they 
prev3ile,or if they had been to preach to Infants and 
children notfeafoned with inveterate idolatry, it had 
beene no great maftery to have brought them to the 
faith of Christ, as-it was no grcatglory to the Spa- 
niard, to vanquifh the lndians,when Bcrtz sihc Italian 
reported that he durft be one of the 25. that would 
fight with ten thoufand, nay with twenty thoufand 
of that naked people : but the cafe is altered now, for 
I . The Apoftles were but few for number and of no 
great reckoning in the world : 2 . For the fame men 
to teach a ftrange do(5trine to believe on Christ 
crucified, and to be ready to laydowne their lives 
for him^if they looked to go to heaven. 5.T0 preach 
to the world when many ot them did fecke after wif- 

zCoMo.j. dome and fecular Philofophy, as did the Grecians, 
many after ftate policy and war, as did the Romans, 

tk and 

at the Funerall </Mr,Bolton. 5 J 

and all of them trained up in a long continued will- 
worrtiip, and damnable idalitry of a dccpe die, yet 
the Gofpellby the preaching of it, zsC^arens rod 
amongft the fcrpcn s of the Magicians devoured 
them all, and brought them to acknowledge allegi- 
ance to it; furely this iTiould make us cry out, as the 
people did upon the proofc that Elioi made, the 
LoKDheisGoDy the Lord he is God. Nowthc ^King.iS.jj. 
Lor D doth this great worke by the Miniftcry of li- 
ving men, and fomctimes by wcake men, that the ex- 
cellency of the power may beafcribedto God and 
not to man: and thus you fee in generall the great 
profit which accompanies the work of the Preachers 
in the plantation and foundation of Churches; let us 
confidcr fome particular benefits which redound to 
them which arc a(5luai I members ofavifiblc Church; 
and they are cither i in regard ofthcbad,or 2 in re- 
gard of rhofethat aregood,or 3 in regard of all forts 
both good and bad. 

Firft, I fay their life is more need full in regard of i- 
thofethatare aif^aally asycc in the ftatc of unregene- 
ration,and that in a double refpcdt; 

Firft, to be a powcrfull meanes of converting the i. 

Eled, and to bring them to all the degrees of falvati- -^'"^A^* f*^' 
onrother prof eflflons do aimc at the good of thi s life 5 "^^^ "' 
the Phyfician at the health of the body,the Lawyer is 
for the right of his Clicnt,bu: the end of the Minifte- 
ry alone, is chiefely to fave m^ns foulcs ; Vocation, 
that is hy the f reaching efthe Gojjull ; Juftincation ano- i Theff.i.Lf. 
ther degree of falvation, that is for Ch r 1 s t his faie 
^y faith which is given by hearing the Miniftcr^Sandifi- 
cation another degree offalvation in this life, is bj 


Ron). 10.x 4, 

54 t^ Sernton Preached 

f reaching of the Word^m rtgard of dying to limthc Mi- 

Mat.j.15, nif^cr iS as the Jalt of the earthy in regard of living to 

righteou'lncs, its the Word of grace hy which we are fan- 

% Cor.j , 8. tfifed^NhdX. had become of PaiUus Sergtm^ of Omfi- 

musj of Lydia, and of many Churches if they had not 

becne called to Go d by the preaching of S.PW,who 

rcftoredthofe tolife/aith S.Chryfofeme, which had 

llxe hundred ulcers by (in ^ bur what need linftance 

in particiilarsjtheconfciencesof millions converted, 

can witncflTc that Minifters have beenc their fpirituall 

fathers, their preaching hath beenc the key to open 

the Kingdomc of Heaven, and they are appeimed hj 

EpScr4. II. God for the gathering oft he Saints . 

2» Secondly,their life is profitable, if not to convert, 

fiia^ncmns ^^ ^^ civilizc peopIe,and to reftraine the corruption 
corruptions. of nature • even reafon and Philofophy over-ruled 
SctBraimird, py/^4^^r/*/, by nature the worft of men, as Philemort 
i!i,Ti; ^'' the Aftrologerconje(5turedj to conquer his naturall 
propenfions to vice, and to become (as his Schollers 
thought)thc beft and the mofl worthy roan that lived; 
much more effeduall fure is the Word preached to 
produce morall vertues, and to enable fomc to doc 
raorall workes rationally, out of the fway of right 
reafon, though not obedicntially with a pure intenti- 
on to obey and glorifie God, preaching is a banke to 
hinder the inundation of finne, and to kecpc men in 
outward conformity, this keeps calmeneffe upon the 
face of the Church and mankind, which otherwife 
might degenerate into favagebratiibncfTc. Herod vf as 
better by hearing lohft^ and reformed many things 
that wcreamilTcand by their meancs they may have 
many graces of the fpirit,it is the influcDcc of the fame 


4t the F»n^aU$fW.^>o\ion, 5 5 

Sun which ripcneth both the grape and the crab, it is ■ 

the fame fpiritaUo which helpeth the wickedlft their 

moral!, andth^ godly inthdr fpiritmll workPSjtb^fe 

Ifpeakeof may have illumination and a^fte of the 

heavenly gift, and may propagate Goes truth too- 

thers> as /<J/e/7j the King did all the dales of /(?^j4.'/4 2chro.i4.t1. 

the high Pf iell , and Vtuah in the daies of Zaehariah * chron.26.y. 

the Prophet; and who fees not that the prefence ofa 

godly man doth bridle the tongues of the wicked 

from wicked fpeeches, though fore to their griefe, 

as /(?.^ faith, inmf ^rofperiiy the yout^g nrenfawme dnd Iobij.8,$,io 

hidthcmfelves^ the Princes refidined tdlke, the NoMes 

held their peace ffi'c. and the fame is reported of Cdto, 

that they would forbeare to fpeake uncomely things 

on the ftagc while he was prefent : and if fwearers 

rap out unawares prophan€ oathes in the prefence of 

a grave man, they cbecke one another, know you 

not that fuch a one heard you ^ the divell dares not 

fhew himfelfe a divell in his colours in the prefcnce- 

of fuch a reverend man as this our brother was. 

Secondly^the life of aMinifter is more rieedfull 2, 
then his death, in regard of thofe that are cffedually 
called. ' ' *' '■ ;'*':': ' '-■'■ 

Firftjbecaufe there is after convcrfion much cor- . . 5- 
ruption and finnein Gods people to be mortified, dfiJilli l^l^lf 
whereof they may juftly complaine as did Saint Pdul, [wne. ^"" 
if^^w.y.thebeftChrift-ians arc like peecesof gold, 
they are too light and muft have their graittes of^ al- 
lowance tomake them cxsxx^nuWhocanfaf wy heart is Pro.20.9. 
cl44)H ?■■ he propofeth the point in his armour by way 
of demand,making his chalcnge to all the world with 
his triumphant negative^ knowing that no rnaft dutf! 

H ftcp 

^6 t^ SermM Preached 

ftcp forth, none could juftl/ fay, lam cntirdy inno- 
cent,! am as good as loughrtobcas good as the ho- 
ly Law rcquircth that I ih )uld be. Private helps I 
knoWjas prayer,fafting, meditation, havethcir force 
to abate the ftrength of (inne, but yet the hvely two 
edged fword, the fword of the Spirit in the mouthes 
of Gods Minifters, hath the prcheminence, that is 
Jcr. I J. 1 J. ih^fire to waji it, and the hammer to bruife a hard heart, 
^^ Secondly, their Miniftery is needfull to difcover 

•MwfltTs iif- (ins after renovation : there are fecrct darkc corners 
c»verfei.retpns jnourhenits whicharc deccitfulh whercin wlcked- 
pGil. i 9. 1 1. neflc doth 1 urk .Wh can tell how often he offends? clean fe 
mefromfecretfi^'S. if unknovvne fins were in David, 
who was a man of an excellent fpirif, of great iinder- 
ftandinf'jand a ftric!^ examiner of his owne heart, can 
Bifii injfitutio any manfay in truth he is free from them ^ Sainr Bafii 
apran, advi- faith, it beco-Ties all men to acknowledge that they 
tavtperfe tun. ^^^ ^^^ worthy to fpeake before the divine Majefty, 
becaufe chey are finners : we are guilty of many faults 
which we know nat,in that refpedtwe may fay with 
our Apo'Me, I know nothing by my felfe, yet am I 
not j.iftified thercby,that is, I fingreatly,bur I do not 
underftand it. Hencethe Prophet faith, Whounder- 
J! ands his faults i" thou wikconfeflc if thou ait wife,that 
thou art a greater tinner then other men ; fo Bafil-, pri- 
vate meanes fuch as are the looking into the law of 
1 Cor.i4.i J. liberty, friendly rcproofes, and infirudion, and fuch 
likc^ are much availeable, yet that which doth moft 
lively difcoverir,isprophcfie,thatisit which unbow- 
clscorruption, and beft difplaics the hidden naked- 
Hci>4. II. nc^^ ef old f^dam, and which doth exceedingly ad. 
vaaccche honour of the Miniftery by the praching 


at the FtmeraHof M^ Bolton. y 7 

of the Gorpcll,Angcls,ycachicfeAngds>as Princi- 
palities und Powers have learned, what formerly 
without (in they did not know, the manifold wifdome Ephcf.j.ia 
of Gc T> 'in the dif^enfation of the vnfearchable riches 
af C u K I ir to the Gentiles. 

Thirdly, many are the ftcppings afidc out of Gao $ %• 

way ,in regard of ajftuall (ins even in ihc moftfancfli- ^^^^fi^^'j^- 
^cdjntrtany things we fin all, David did fo, ^nd Peter th right way^ 
did lb, and what fliecp of C h r i s t doth not fo i iam.3,i. 
checks of confciencc, 1 know, and Gdus fatherly 
chafcifements are good helps to reduce us into the 
righcway^ thcoHeisourbofomcremembrancer,and ' 
the other is Hkc to Jonathans arrow,which hath God* 
meflage in the feathers, yet neither confcicnce nor 
Cfo0es have power comparable with Christ his 
voycein the preaching of the Word> to procure our 
revocation into Gods waics. 

Fourthly, Chriftians ought to be confirmed in . . ^» 
^hcir gracious eftate, yet whofc faith is fo conftant, f'^'fj""!" 
that It admits no wavering i whole pa'ienceis (0 hx- gun 
cdjthat it admits no daggering i the clearcft Suns of 
the Church have been more or lelTe eclipfed in their 
faith, their patience and their piety : of all outward 
meanes to make us hold out, preaching is the princi- 
pal!, that is as goads to prtcke men forward that are 
undertheyoakeof Christ, thatisasy^/f tofwee- 
ten them and to keep them favoury -, it is with our 
hearts as with our foilc,which is not like the Land of 
C<inaan^thef$rmerrainez{i€T {ccdstirx\c3t the h\\ of Mw.f.ij; 
the leafe,and the latter rainezt the fpring, to ripen the 
fruit Tufficed, infomuchthat Saint Hierofru living in 
Canaany rarely fawraine there in luneznd luly, but «'>»■» wi^wmf. 

H 2 our 

jg Ot SermM frucM 

our foilc though now well watered, yet except It be 
well refrefhed and often comforted with drops of 
rainc from heaven, will parch and wither. 
7* . Laftly,to name n« more, they are notable meanes 

wtlfigrlu. ^<^ increafe the vigour and lively-hood of faving gra- 
cesjthey are bellowes to increafe the flame,as a fweec 
rainetomakethe Lords inheritance ro thrive in 
goodneffcthey arc as milke and wine, and meate to 
makethechildrenof God toflioote uptotheir juft 
flature^and as a ftrong gale of wind to carry their vef- 

nku.ai 7)6' fei5 |.Q the dcfired haven, as Hierom faith, Vugilumfor^ 
titudo cUwmhs m/:itatur, though Champions fight 
valiantly, yet their courage-is enftamed by the accia-> 
mationsoftheby.ftanders, fois itwith you5 wheff 
we pray, exhort, befecch that that which you dod 
well,youdp it continually, more fincercly and zea- 
loufly. What good foale by experience frndeth rroij 
graces excited, good motions kindled, hol^ refoluti- 
ons furthered and gracious operations intended byffc 
profitable Minifter ♦r -hr ^ T^niiT/i.'/;- on ,-»]if.'i be :i :r rli 

Ridfo^ 5 ' The third Reafon why thrcilifb of agodly Minllfe^ 

MiJfleriuufe ^^ morc profitable, is in regard of all both good and' 

bieiings, bad, astouching the continuance of blcflings. For 

he is as Slifha faid of Eltasy and King Toafh of Blijba, 

I Kinos 1 " '^^ chariots andthehorfemen oflfrael ^ he fights while 
° he lives, and bends his forces againft all manner of 

ixod.jLiy. fins,which make a people naked and expofethemto 
the wratlvof G o d , hefiands in the hreach hetwixt thi 
"^' '^'^' Uvinz^andthe dead, to avert the plartie,af%d to rndke aft 
jUtonement for the people, ascx/4W»did: and doiibt- 
lefTetheman of God muftbe agood part ofthofe 
righteous ones for whofc fake the Sun is darkened, 


and than the Mboncgivcshcr light, that the frame of 
heaven apd carrh continues as we fee this day, as /«- 
fimC^anyr (hew cih'^ they are a good partofthofe ^uflin Martyr 
impregnable bulwarkcsagainft ail enemies, as Theo- '^^rmJk. 
doret (hcwes in a memorable example when Confian- 
tine the great was dead. Saperes the King oFFerfitdid 
ftrongly befiege Niftl?is 5 there was a holy man of ^^^'''^ saniter. 
Go D, UcohHs by name in that City, the Citizens be* /I'S.*'^"''* 
feech him that he would flicwhimfelf upon the walls 
of the City, and pray againft the enemies, which he 
did, and the L o r d fent a cloud of flics and gnats ai- 
mongft the bcfiegers, which difpeifed them. Behold 
a whole City favedby themeane&of oncrcligioui 
man, and hence alfo it is afigneof Gods wrathand 
heavy difpleafure, and a forerunner of fanher judge* 
ments, to have excellent inftruments of God taken 
away,and therefore the Lor d purpofing to vifit the ^^^y ^'* 
Jewesfortheiriniquitiesjthreatens to take away from EDy 57.1. 
them the Judge and the Prophet 5 and the Lord 
ufethashimfelfefpcaketh, Totakeavjkftk'erighteoftf:, cum attquh 
that their ejes ma.y not heboid the evil to ri?;«v*,though this c'iT''er%mtk 
be little laidto heart as; there is faid, Whetiwefeea revsrsmiw) <{e- 

fardinertake away the wall and fence, pluckeup the '^''^/'^^"!"" ' 
hoifeft plants, take away the ornaments and beauty ^^^l planum 
of it, and lay it open for the beafts to enter, we may murofemiu dt. 
fupDofehe intendeth not to continue, but to deface '^l^ pentura: 
his garden 5 10 when we lee the evident rootfteps of rum imrAnen* 
God s wrath, and the fire of his jealoufie X^isir.were) ""'^ '^eifumr» 
breaking out by the fmoake 5 beginning to appeare tt^ %!'um 
by taking away profitable men as plants of his gar* ejf,8cc,s.Amb, 
den, which hisowne right hand hath planted, we f^^^^'^i" ^ ^- 
muft lay it to our hearts, as a probable token precc- ^ ' ** ^ ^* 

H 3 ding 

6o i^ Sermon Preached 

ding a heavy judgement j by which it dcih appearc, 
that the wicked do enjoy tcmporall bkflingsby the 
life and prayers of a good Minifter 
yfii. r/^ I . Is of Confutation to the Church of Komc, 

-^gain/f invo' which do maintainc the invocatiocs of Saints dcpatr 
cation of saists tcd , and fay that their favoui' with God (which we 
deny not) is improved, and that their affcdionatc 
notice of the peoples ncceilirics, continues greater 
after death then when they were alive ; if fo,thc fpce- 
dydiffolution of Saint P4»/_, had beenc as expedient 
for the Churches which he had planted, as for him- 
felfe, for fo(to ufe their owne language) they might 
have had a new Patron in the Court of Heavcn,and it 
wouldbe expedient for the benefit of the Church 
militant, that the godlieft Minifters fliould die the 
fopneft and the faOeftjforfo they may become more 
thenApoftics, able to heare the prayers and under- 
take the Patronage of many thoufands with whom 
they had no commerce while they lived ; but ir was 
never profitable for rhe Church to be deprived ofthe 
]^h.H 1 J. godly Paftours bodily prefence in this teCp^Q ; this 
Rom.'8.34. Is to rob C H R I s T of his preroga ive, fitting at the 
right hand of his Father; in the Tabernacle of this 
world, as was in the firft Tabernacle, we may find 
Hcb.p.^,7,&c many Priefts to iraploy as Agents foruswich God, 
but in the San5tum SanBorum^ the fecond Taberna- 
cle, there is but one Agent who hath Royall com- 
KoUo^mCoi. milTiontodcale betwixt Go d and men. I dare be 
/•/.17 1 /w^. ijQij jQ fay^ that if the Angels and Saints would take 
the honour that the Pope and his Clergy would give 
them, they fhould all go to hell and leave the joyes 
which they now have. 


At the Funerall <»/M -♦ Bolton. 6 1 

This paint fcf vcs for the rcproofe offuch pcrfons, 2 • 

which feele no forrow for the lofTc of the ehicfe \f^^l^^% 
ftayes of the Church,which are like a Dove without dahy^m^^^J 
a hcan:, and like the drunkards are ftriken and. yet Hor7.11. 
feele nothing, which loofc an eye and are fenfcIefFc i/r!j'j.*'^'^ 
in this loflTe^which have their mafter-piecesand po^s 
that hold up their houfc removed, and yet lay ic nx 
to heart, which have the pawncs of their peace, and 
the pledges oF their pofterity taken from thc;Ti, and 
regard it not : thefe mens afe^ions had need of the 
fpurrejwhich haveftony h earts,and bowels of braflfe, 
which are not penfive at all for the loff;; of a deare 
brother, which perhaps as Siinc Aufien complaines, 
can weep when he read the ftory of lyido and o^Troy, 
and fuch fabulous reports, but he could not do fo for 
the miferies of G o d s Churchy thefe men areas far 
from fymparhytowardsthemiferies of Gods peo- 
ple, as from an inward feeling of the tender mercies 
of Go D to their own foules; the harder the heart is, 
the worfe it is, and the word of all is hardeft to 
mourne for fo great a lofle. 

Thirdly,and much more doth this Doctrine con- 3* 

derane their pra(ftife, that if their Paftour be a faith- "mmL^I 
full teacher, one that kcepes nothing backc from kiamd 
them,but delivers untothem the whole connfelUfGo © , Aas 20.27. 
as P4tf/ did 'to the Bfheftdns ; if he denounccth the 
judgementof the Lord againft (inners, if he laycth 
theaxetothe rooteofthe tree, and launceth their 
feftercd fores to the very bottome, they do even for 
their workc fake, eftccmethcmas ^yihab did CMu 
taidh to be their enemy, and the more he loveth 
thcm> cheleireheisbelevcdofthem> and docwifh 



9^ Sermon Preached . 

The death of 
goad. Mini ft zn 
to be lamented. 

Efter4 z. 



from their hearts that bee might not live amongft 
th€m>but calabourto niskc him. weary of hjislifc by, 
vexing him, rafting ir.any times the very name of 
aPricftiasaterme of reproach upon his faccj the 
abundance of this Manna and bread from Heaven, 
makes them to loath it and the Meifengcr that brings 
it. The rcafons of both ; i . Bccaufc fuch men fccic 
not their fin nor their mifery for firu r. Nor caft the 
comfort, fweetnene and power of grace. j.Ndrdoc 
confider that Presbyters are Gods hands to con- 
vdgh graces to themjhencedo thcfcfeliowcs fcorne 
them' ia their hearts,and fo have asic were a brand fet 
upon.themtob^ A'>:5^ Atheifts> , irrehgious pcrfons 
and defpifer-sof Christ, as that ancient and holy 
Father /^^*«^//i^'phrafeth them* 
,, "Foiirthlyathis^GOpiideration that the Ufe of a good. 
Paftourjs more profitable then his death, Ihould put 
qsinmindofad-iify tomourneand grieve for the de- 
parture pf an emin<?bt fiiembetin the Ghurch:GoDjs 
not like to the Per(ian Kings,?// wbofefrefcnceno mour- 
ners werefii-fferedtocemey butgodly mourners arc aJ- 
waies welcome to Go d . See thcpradifc of this duty 
hut in one example, thedcvmtmen that buried Stefhet^, 
made great lamentation over him:, though Stephen was a 
Martyr^ and which wa$ his honour, thcfirft Martyr 
toOj and if I well renriember^ a Martyr faith, if there he 
any rvaj to heaven on h^rfehaekC) it li\by CMartyrdotne-^ 
yetdiddevoutmcn make great lamentation over Ste- 
p^fA?. Sec the bowels ofmen indued with Gods Spi- 
ritjthcyarefullofaffedtion, full of tendernciTe, fo 
that the ftreames thereof do overflow the banks ^and 
good reafon, they hav^ fewer friends remaining, 
,i'. .and 

at the FumrxUofW . Bolton. ^ ^ 

and fewer helps i's> fe\^cr prayers are made unto 
God, and fewer remaine to whom they may doc 
good,and from whom they may reccivegood. And 
iiccording to this prefent occafion let us pra'<5Hffe d 
duty which we Owe in regard of our deceafed bro- 
ther,even to mourne : away with that Stoicall opi- 
nion which allowt's flot their '^{{'^ man to (tgh or 
chafige cOiWe<nance at arty crofle accident, this nei- 
ther forts with religion nor reafon. No, we have 
caufeall of us to mourne,notyou only of this Towne, 
but your neighbours round about you, nay this 
whole Country ; zvid [ay ^s E lifia to Elija^ my father, 
niy father^the Chariots and the horfcmen of Ifrael 5 
he by his fadings, often and extraordinary prayers* 
often hathftood in the gap, and mightily wra*>led 
with the LoRP to keep away judgements; and like 
another £/5f4^ hath left his mantle, or Dcrcas her gar- 
ments for the poore,fome godly works, the fruits of 
afandified heart and braine behind him, and many 
no doubt are ft ranglcd in the wombe by his death 
which (hall never fee light. 

Touching the beginning of his ftudies, they were Mafier^ouU 
notfo commendable as could have beenewiflied, he ^omitje, 
was tainted by hisSchoolemafter in his youth, and 
continued a Papift in heart at Oxford certaine yeeres, 
and refolved with one * Anderten his fchoole- fellow, "^ sometimes a 
to have gone to the Seminaries beyond the ft a: but ^ndTS'*' 
God happily crofTed that dcfignc, and cffcdurdly OrSilcti '" 
calling him to the (ight of his fins, and the light of ^^'^&^' 
his truthjdrew good out of that evill, andtaughrhim 
fo much the more to dcteft Popery, and to difcover 
bypocriiieand difHrnulation in Gods worfhipand 

I in 

6/^ o^ Sermin Preached 

inordinary convcrfation above the ordinarie ftraine 
of Writers. 

How induftrious a ftudent he was in the Univerfi- 
cy,his many note bookes left behind him will beare 
witncfTe, and how well reputed he was for his lear- 
nir^,as his other exercifes, fo his publike difputati- 
ons before King Jamhs will teftifie. 

But Learning is nothing, Induftry is nothing to be 
praifcd before Go d without grace 5 grace hath the 
prehemincnce and gives the lufter to all che reft 5 the 
Lord enrfched his heart with a great meafure of 
grace,hence is it that his life was unftained and with- 
out reproofe 5 though he was not freed from infirmi- 
ties,yet he was from crimes. ' 

Hence it was that he was fo laborious in his Mini- 
ftery, a true ftudent he was all his dales, as appearcs 
by his library though great, yet very few bookes in 
it which were not read over and noted in the mar- 
gent, and he attained that high ftraine of grave elo- 
quence, familiar to him, fcarce imitable by any o- 
thersj you were twife aweekc ordinarily fed with 
Sermons and Catcchifmes, and with the Expofition 
of Scripture on Holydaies which would have becnc 
acceptable, wholcfome foode I am fure, to the mofl: 
learnedauditoiy of the Land. 

And though he was fo great a Gierke, and fo fa- 
mous, yet was not he ambitious nor fought great 
matters for himfelfc,and he doth bcfeechan honou- 
Epwie Dedi- ^^^^^ Knight, to whom he dedicated his laft booke, 
■ catory to Sir and all Others in him to doe him that fivour, nay that 
Robert Carre, jighf^nay that hottour, not to conceive that he had a 
thought that way. 


dUheFmeraUtf M'.BoIton. 6% 

His heart was fct on the right objc(5^5 and the bent 
of his ftudy was for matter of Sandification, both 
of himftlfe and of his hearers, for himfclfc he could 
profcdc (andOihatallPriefts andPaftorscoulddo N**^^' 
the hke!) he did Ifay profcffeto his comfort on his 
death bed,that he never taught any godly point, but 
he firft wrought it on his owne heart 5 toward* others 
he was a powerful! inftrurocntto batrer \ he kingdomc 
oi the divell^he was a downe-right Preacher and /pa- 
red no fins, he made many an unconverted (Inner to 
quake and to tremble at his difcourfes, as Felix did at 
Taulsy andcaftthemintoaftrongfic of legall humi- .. 
liation ; hewasan inftrum.entto pull many captives 
out of Satans fnarcs, many of you can ftep forth and 
fay he was my fpirituall father 5 he had a fearching 
Miniftery to difcover the hidden abominations of 
fin, to ihengfhen andincreafe the graces of thofe 
ihatdid ftand, to quicken thofe that languiflied 5 ma- 
ny have caufe to bleffc G o d for him, and de ovfe even phikmon ig. 

From this fpedaclc before our eyes all of us may 
•learne fomcthing for our imitation : doth any one 
prophane G o d s ,ordinan(ies by a diffembled reli- 
gion ^ let him forfakeit, and flic from it as from afer- 
penr, (for, I fpcaketo the glory of Go d s mercy, tur- 
ning his face from 3ahylcnio Jerufatem) fo did our de- 
ceafcd brother; doth any one walk before God with 
an I'piight heart,let him hold out to the end, run his 
race and finifh his courfe both in health and fickneffe, 
for fo did our deceafed brother. 

A great man, great in worth is fallen in'ourlfrael, 
& there will be a grea^ lofle of him,his wife fliall^nd 

I 2 the 

06 i^ Sepmn-^H^^M 

the loflTc ofag'acious husbandj his ch ildren (hail find 
the loflcofagracious father 5 hisfhccp (Inllfiad rhc 
loiTc of a gracious (hepheard,wc ofthe Miniftcry fliall 
find th<: lofl^qf a g|f.nycj,Ic^rneJj.& a gracious brorherj 
^hedcvoiit Ctriflu^th?tdc/ue-s to ha\^e all his (Innes 
uj3|bpvydk^:?ii4. 4licoycrcd, (haU fin(»l the lofTe of g 
gvajGlous fou]e^(eai;ching Minifter, he that would 
^havc rules tp avoid particular fins, and :o make pro- 
grcifcinallvcrtijes, (hall fiadthc lofTc of a copious 
and cxpcre need direcflour*, he that is wounded in 
confcience fliiU findthcioflTeof a skilfull Surgeon, 
who in that arc was one of a thoufand to reftore righ- 
leoufnelTej thevrrtuoiis, rich, and humble poore 
Chriftians that feared God, (hall findthelofliof ^ 
loving friend and a gracioijs fupporter^thofe that are 
in wants and truly religious, (liall find (to my know^- 
ledge) the \\:>{{q of a liberall reliever and comforteij, 
nay poore condemned Chriftians ihall fi id th? loffc 
pf acharitable inftrudaur : and what fhali I fay 
moic^'the whole Land (liall ^nd the lofTc ofazealoujs 
pillar and of a powerfull nrevailcr with God for the 
continuance of our happiniffe: fo that all had caufc to 
pray not as the dreffer of the barren fig-tree, but as 
for a fruitfull tree, Lord Utitfiandoneyenre, nay ma- 
ny yeares longer 5 but the j^rratcr our loflc is of him, 
the greater is the gainc unto himlelfe, and as he is 
crowned with glory in heaven,fo hisremembranceto 
many of us,will be like that oilcfits to the Jcvves,/^ is 
fweet as honie in all wQutheSy and as muficke at a hanqMt 

fnlt'^ZTif ^^^^ confidcrationmay be of goodufe for Gods 
Minifitrs, pcoplcjFirfl tJijat they would fct a high price on good 


at the Frmerall of M'.Bohon. 67 

Miniftcrs,and apr^ them afii^ular meafurc of/ove as ^.^..^ ,,^, 
to fpirituall fathers, God honouring them fo highly, bighyprixa 
as ioyning them with himfelfcas co~werkers in the re- » Thefl:?. »», 
generation and falvation of his people^ againft whom \^cor 3.9. 
Satan and his inftrumems ^tc moft enraged : towards 
fuch 1 c t the afifcdtions, of Go jp s peopi e be moil en fl^- 
mc4 5 though thicir pcrfons naay be contemptible,y«c 
in regard ofchcir high calling as they are Chkists 
Ambaffadours they are venerable, they are deare un- 
to Gob; you cannot conremne nor revc^rence chem, 
but this reaches h unto heaven, and in the laft refoluti- 
onrefledts on Christ himfelfe, Christ is inte- LuWio.itf. 
rcffed both in the concempt and in the rcrpc(^ you 
fliew towards them. 

Secondly, it iliould reach them another duty, to ,,...?;, ^^^, 
pray heartily to Go d for them, that Gob would prajUfou 
give his rWwand his rhammim to his holy ones; this 
was the prayer o^Mofes for the Tribe o^Levi : think Dcqtji.s. 
of rhcmas ^ aim lams faid o^EUas, Thai thejmmen ^^^^^^^^ 
fubieti to likepafiotJs that you are, conceive us not to be 
of Laodicean temper,/^? fandin needofmthwg-^-^c arc ^^^,1^,^ 7. 
nobetttr, nor fogood as Saint PW, and yet good 
Saint PW is frequent in his exhortations to the peo- 
ple to pray for him ; brethren we had need of your 
prayers, none more need then we: fomething it is 
that Saint Patd in his prayer for the Churches, ufeth 
this forme, Grace be unto you and peace, but when he 
wntcszoTtmthy and to Titus, feparated for the fcr- 
viceof God, bcpraycsfor Grace, Mercy ^ and Peaci^ 
for them. They in fpeciall manner it feemes do ftand 
in need of Go d s mercy •, pray for fuch then, and for 
their continuance, that they may live, be guides to 

I s tl^c 

^S K^ Sermoti breached 

the blind,lights to them that fit in darkcncife, Tnftru- 
<5i;oTS of the ignorant, and by a godly lif^ examples 
to the flocke over which the Lor d hath made them 
?• Get now all the good you can from profitable 

liat^rLfll'^to Miniftcrs while you enjoy them, hearetheni eveiy 
bereabtd frm Lords day ^as though it was the laft day youfliouW 
Mini/fm, hearethem; whiles theyeares of plenty laft, ftorc 
up, with good /^/'/^ provifion which may preferve 
your lives if a dearth fhould come y like the (licl-fifh, 
fuckeinthac moifture while you are in the waters, 
which may preferve you on the dry land. When iV/- 
//fef over- flowed the bankcs, the Egyptians were fo 
wife, to dig pits to retaine the water to ferve their 
turne, when the waterof the river returned into its 
channel]. Doe thou fo for thy foule in regard of the 
waters of life, ftore now thy felfe with the bread of 
heaven, leafl: thou finde to thy griefe the greatneffe 
of a benefit inthelofTe thereof: unwife they arc that 
know not the true worth of bleflings but by -wanting 
them, which wifemen had rather learne by keeping 
Eufeb. Ecd them. O carry thy fclfe towards them as S^intlrena- 
mfi.i.<i.c.it. j^ ^jj towards that bleifed Martyr Pelycarpm, ma- 
ny yeares after he did keep frefli in memory the dif- 
^\Xi2it\omoiPoljcar^w^\{\s goings out^andcommings 
in, his manner of life, the (hape of his body, his Ser- 
mons to the people, how he converfed with Saint 
lohn the Apoftic, and with others which faw the 
Lor D, he could recite what he reported as fpoken 
by them,^f. fuch adcepe imprcffion in his foulc 
there was lefi: many yeares after Poly car^e was aglo- 
tiousi'Saint in heaven^ and I bcleeyc that this our bro- 

attfjeFffwraih/Mr.Bolton, 69 

there unaffc<fled gravity 5his wife carriage, and many 
of his gracious fpecches are written with the pen of 
an adamant in fonae Chtiftians which will be legible 
in them fo long as they live. 

Laftly, let us of the Clergic while we live, do all 4« 
the good we can,and putfonh ourfelvcs with all la- )jg*^"/l?. ''* 
borioufncffe before the day of harvcft^die gifts of the i cor. 1 1.7^ 
Spirit are given to profit withall, God gives thefe 
minifteriall talents to this end ; and let us imploy our 
calcitsto attainc this end, while we continue in this 
Tabernacle, Ictus not ceafc to put men in mind of 
their duty,as Saint Feter profefTed he would doe ; let 1 Pet.i.12.19 
us pity the cafe of all difobedicnt pcrfons : let other 
fi(hcrs, if they thinke good, fiftifor riches, or for 
vaine applaiifcs 5 but let out chicfe aimc be to deliver 
a {inner from the pit of dcftru(51:ion, and rather to 
fpcake five words in compaflfion to fave a foule, then 
fi'^e thoufand for any finifter end whatfoever; the 
foule of the poorcft man is very pretiouSjand the loffe 
of it cannot be redeemed with a world, it is finne that 
loofeth the foule.O how unhappy are all finners,how 
miferable! which would make Gods fcrvantsfhcd 
rivers of teares if they thought advifcdiy thereof, 
and mourne over them as our Saviour did over leru- Luk« 19 4u 
faUm^ when he beheld their prcfent fecurity, and 
forefaw their future ruine, ifthoubadSf knowne thefe Mat.zj. 
things that c»ncerm thy pease^ how happy hadft thou 
thenbeenec* let us then be faithfull and laborious, 
and fo much the rather now ought we to be labo- 
rious, to makeup this breach for the loffe of our 
brother,if Go d enablesussthe Lor d hiajfelfe is the 
he^venlj? teacher of this IclTon by a juft propor- 

yo *^ Sennm Preached 

tionin alike cafe, x^^efes tny jervant is dead^ now 

I-pih i.a,«. therefore arife Ujhnnh — hefirortg And of agpod courage-^ 
this our brother G o d s fervant is ^^d.d,, let us there- 
fore who doe by thegoodntffc of God remaineyet 
alive in a better degree then forrnerly, be fai^-hfull in 
our callings, let us be more induftrious in reading, ih 
meditating, in confcionablc preaching, and in a ho- 
ly walking in the fcarc of G o d> that i-b we may re- 
paire what we may our great lofie by the death of 
him ; and tnily we have great encouragements fo to 

loih.i.<. ^^ : for as God vpos with Mofesj2x\A promifed to he 
withlojhttah^hwili the fame God, if wc continue fo 
doing, make the fame word good unto us, he will be 
with us,ffe will never leave us myforfake tis , jind w hert 

Hcb.13.5. <his (hort unccrtainc, vaine and wretched life is en- 
ded ,wc arcalready afTured, that every one of us fiiaii 
heare to our everlafting comfort, that blcffed fen, 
tcnce. Well difnethougoed and fait hfull fervant , thou 

Mat.«6 1?, ^^fi ^^^^^ faithfiill ever afevf thinp^ I will make 

thee ruler ever many tfjtngs : enter th$i* 

mothejcyofthy hoKB, Which he 

for his mercy fake grant uftto 

us aW^Amen. 


M E D I T A T I O N E S ^O^ 


Meditationsofthe lifetocome^ 

|^,^g^Orcl, when thou created'ft Manas ^^ 
1^1 tbelaftofthy nobkftworksjihat Creation (^ 

thou mighteft crown him as the fdlofuan. 

end and perfe(3:ionof thy work- 
inanlhip. Thou madeft him a King at firft, 
gaveft him rule and dominion over all th« 
Creatures of the Earth, 1 hou entertained'fl: 
him like a Priwt^^ by bringing him into a moft 
ftately PallacCjCovered over with a glorious 
ArchjCmboffcd with infinite ftuds and fpan- 
gles of gold/rhou madeft him a roy all feaft 
w ith all the varieties and dainties that were 
on earcb.Thou placed'ft him in thy own Gar- 
den where all his fenfes werefatisficd with 
unutterable delights, there thou guardeft 
him with innumerable Angells andpcrmit- 

A tcdfl: 

Meditations of 

tcd'fthimtowalkcinthy owne Walk as a 
companion for thy felfe^But that man might 
be taught an etcrnall Icflbn of huraility,Thc 
commiflion ofthat onednneineacmg the 
forbidden fruifjcoft him his life and the loffe 
of all his happinelTe together, and derived 
ancverlaftingcurfe and corruption upon all 
his pofterity, Butyetfuchwas thy excee- 
dinggoodnefle^O God, that rather then 
thou would ft loofe the company of fo noble 
a creaturcjthou devifed'ft a means to redeem 
him,and thereby to joynehim nearer to thy 
felfein more glorious manfions and farrc 
greater plcafures,both for duration of time 
and extention of delight, 
2. Glorious things are fpokcn of thee thou 

The hea- City ofGody thou Mo mt Sion^ thou Heaipenly 
venlj leru' jerufalem, thouC/>>' o f the great Ktng^ for by 
ricb^iii. divers fuch names art thou called, Thisis 
the place wherein the ^^waVw^ofdaieshath 
chofen to dwell, whofcmoft glorious pre* 
fence foillightneth that Imperial featejthat 
the darkcft corner of Hf^-T^^w (if I may fo 
fpeakeof fuch infinite brightncffc ) isfarre 
lighter then the greateft fplendour of the 


the life to come. j 

Sunne (hining in his full ftrcngth. There arc 
the innumerable company of Angels,thofe 
celeftiall quires with moft melodious * ajres *^tit iantkai 
continually lauding and praifing him that fuVcwaitn^t 
fitteih upon iheThrone. There are thofe f«:;;f S! 
numberlesnumbersof^hefpiritsofiuft and tibuntun so- 

r 11 V • /• 1 I finfit ibijempef 

pericdmen, outoi all Nations, kindreds muiflM hym^ 
and peoplejftanding before the Throne clo- /uZ7iftmTZ'- 
thcd with white robes, and palmes in their f^^Xl mm, 
hands, giving glory, wifedomejihankefgi- R«vei,7.9,&e, 
ving, honour,power and might to G o d for 
ever and ever. When we but confider what 
company v;e fliall meet with in Heavcn,vvc 
needenoi be curious tofearch after the ex- 
ceeding joy es u hich God hath therepro- 
vided for their entertainement : onely let us 
content our fclves with what we read in ge- 
nerallandberavi(htinthereadingofit,f/?rf^ , ccr.a^ 
eye hath mtjecnc-icare hath not beard ^ neither is 
the heart of man able to conceive the things yfhich 
God hath prepared for thofe that loye foVw.lf the 
onely delight we have here be in the com- 
munion with the Saints on Earth, how (hall 
our delight exceed in Heaven, where w€ 
(hall meet with innumerable Saints that 
A 2 there 


there fhall bcarc us company for ever. 
3. But this is not all,for that which fliall there 

Beatifcall mod of all delight US, (hall bee the fight of 
V/^f^'n Godjthat beatifical vifion which Aq'^ Ancients 
(2^ vifi0 faciei lo much Ipcake or,to wit, the beholding of 
pJrTyjentu God facc to facc^Tltat is to fay,a plaine/ull 
pe'ZX^'i and familiar revelation of himlelfe to us,fo 
[ujnmaDei bo. niuch as our oaturcs are capable of, a fi ^ura- 
(^lumeniihi- tivckindc 01 fpccch takcH irom the di red 
^ugiorficetur. Deholding ot oiie HiaQ D^ another, where- 
tmef^^'^'dJe. ^J ^ ^c beaut}' of the faceis the betrcr difco- 
aanturdeT)eo, vcred.and it is called the Face of G o d by a 
pukher, janes phraictaKen ironi men, becaule the perfe- 

decQTa,eloquiu z.. pi . , . • 

duke: deika- clion oi bcauty m man or woman is in the 

T:iL:'!i^ i^^^^^which chiefly dclighteth the eyes.and 

adprefruenduin therefore GoD in difcovering his beauty to 

'vifio vjdere US teamicsit by his F ^i^^. Hence are thofe 

"jitremlbil fwcct defcfiptions by the Bride^ or her hea- 

o-jioi ta CO. yenlyBnV^^roafwethroughout the Canticles 

Medit. cap 7. by hi s Eycs. his Lippes, his Mouth, his Haire^ 

^^a,' his Teeth^isfc which all concurre to beautifae 

the face of man, bucyetall fofarre (hortto 

reprcfcnt nnto ns that which is fignified by 

theFaceof GoDjChatrf all the excellency of 

beauty in the faces of all tfaernen and wo- 


tbelifetacome. 5 

mcnin the world were united into one An- 
gular perfcdion: yet it would not fo much 
as decipher unto us oneray ofGoDs glo- 
rious countenance that (hall (hine upon us 
in Heaveni In his prefence({sLith the PJalmift) ifai.15. 
isfuilneffe of joy j and it is the fullneffe that 
makes up the joy^. Hence it is that in the 
earth the foule can have no true joy^becaufe 
it can have no fuInerfj,nothing in earth can 
fill the dcfires of it.for when we have heaped 
up never To many pleafures, never fo many 
delights we ftill dcfircmore. The reafon is, 
the foule hath notyetattainedthofe delights 
that will fill it,nor ever will^tillit meet with 
him that fils heaven and earth, and then will 
it everlaftingly fill it felfe.For beyond fulnes 
thereisno appct te. 

But this is not all,our delight in Heaven ^^ 
that we (hall behold,the inexpreilible beau- The delight 
ties ofGooiffuing from his glorious coun- ^/ ^^^fi"^^ 
tenancej but herein isthe Angularity of our '^ ^^^'^^^' 
joy^thatwelhallbe wonderfully taken with 
his beauty,and our foules inwardly ravtflied 
with the things that we (hall behold- Let trs 
refume that former inftancc, which is the 

A3 oftneft 

Mediations of 

oftneft utcd in Scripture to cxpreflc the 
joyes of Heavcn,l?/J?: of the Bridegroome and 
thcBride. U ihe Bridegroome apipcsixe never 
fo lovely in comelinefle of body and condi- 
tion . never fo amiable in the endowijients 
of minde^ y et if the aflFedions of f lie Bride be 
not inflamed with a love of thcm.if (he prize 
them not above all,it her heart be not thcre^ 
by tied to him with a condant and perpe- 
tuall tycj by how much (he is deprived of 
thefe, by fo much is fliee difpoylcd of her 
chiefeft comfort. But here is the excellency 
of our ftate in Heaven, that wefhall behold 
from the face of God moft (ingular beauties 
beyond w hat we are able to fpeake or think. 
And which is morcjour foules fhall be conti- 
nually ravilht with adelight of thenijnothing 
(hall bee able to make our joyes either to 
faint or to failcjfor that nothing can feparatc 
betwixt God and the glorified foulcjeither 
to darken thofe beames of glory fhining 
upon It, or to diminifii its joyes in the frui- 
tion of them. For/w«^ which made all the 
batebetweene God and us we left behind 
uswithourfleih, for it could not follow us 



into heaven, and together with finnc wee 
parted with all our mi feries, all our griefes 
andfcarcs, and other calamities the wret- 
ched fruits and effects therof,which the Scrip, 
turetcis us (hall be there aboli(hed, when it Revci.7.'i7& 
tells us ^hataU teares /had be mfedfrom ouK "'•♦• 
eyes. There (hall be no matter nor caufe of 
griefc in Heaven,but only of joy es unfpeak * 
able and glorious. 

And howcanthofejoyesbeeotherwife, ^ 5. ' 
when God from whom they flow isinfinite Jy'^'-^ 
in power to make them fo, and everlafling 
ingoodnefTeandlove to them who (ball be 
made partakers of them. When Chrift who 
hath purchafed this glory for them, con- 
trads with his Father that his children (hall 
enjoy it, lohniy.i 4. Father I ml} thai; they 
whomthouhaUgmnme bemtbtnewhsre lam^ 
that they may behold my glory ^hich thou haflgi^ 
yen me. As we received from hisfullnelTc a 
meafurcofgracc on earth, fo (hall we an 
exceeding meafurc of glory in heaven. We 
fee when the Sunne(hinetb how it illight- 
neth all parts of the world on which it Ihi- 
nctb i how light then is heaven when every 


g Meditations of 

part ofit is in it felfcfarrc brighter then the 
Sunj and when God whofe ey esare ten ihou- 
fand times brighter then theSun there (hines 
in perfect glory. A nd iherfore excellently 
doth that beloved Difcipledefcribc that 
/1.?Ji:/.t- place, Km/.ZnF^^23. 1 he City, fairh he, 
€ura,pamara: hathuofjeed oftheSmne ( admitting it to be 
totum contmcns meant ot Heaven)f7^/f /;^r of the Moon tojhine 
Bern.Med!^'' i» it -JoT thegloY^ ofQod doth illrgbtcn it^and the 
Lambe is the light thereof, Every Saint (hall 
Ihinc ther^ like aStarrCjand (liail contribute 
their light tor the beautifying of that moft 
glorious place. Ojwhat light will there be 
inHeavenwhcn wefliallfeefomany Suns. 
Nay,GoDWouldloofe of the end of his crea- 
tion of heavcn,if the Saints did not there be- 
hold and enjoy infinite glory and delight. 
Forheraade it not for himfelfe, (fith all 
places are alike to him v\ ho fils heaven and 
earth ^ ) butthercfore did hee make it with 
fuch infinite variety and perfection of beau- 
ty, that there his Saints might fit with him 
and fing his praifcs for evermore. When 
the fbule of Saint Aufiin was carried up into 
thethirdheaveii; inthofe bis divine Me- 

the Ufe to come* 

ditationsofthejoyes" thereof, confidering 
the unmixed pleafures of that places that 
reft was there without Iabour,dignity with- 
out fcare, riches without loflc, health with- 
out (ickocflcj aboundancc without wantjlifc 
without death, felicity without calamity, 
and eteriiitj without vanity. But when he 
had further brought into his ravilhcd mind 
thofe mod melodious Ditties of the Angelss . 
and delicious Songs of the Saints, andiuch 
other delicate Mudcke that was in heaven^ 
he breakes forth into this celeftiall rapture, 
Ohoyp happy /houldl he, if i might but beare^ sed^mmwM 
fomeoftbofef^eeteSongsthataretberefmgin S^.1J«?2 
hmouroftbebleffedTrinity, butiflmigk bee ^^^J'j^r^^^, 
rvouchfafedtobe one ofthoje heayenly ^itiiri^" /lo deduiabM 
'ers that mighvfingbut one Jongtothe Lord lejii^ '^'!^!^JZ6. 
ChriU qfthefyeet Songs of Sion^t ytouldbe a fe^ 
licity too high for me. 

Oh who would then fatten his delights 6. 
on any pleafurc that can here be offered un- '^he vmtj 
to us, whenasiheareatcft fclicitie in this , t^t 
world, aweihouIdcompafleSeaandLand W 
for the obtaining of it, is but like that of che 
graire,whichin the morning flourilbeth and 

B growcth 

lo Meditations of 

vantyof life, growcth Up, butin thecveiiing is cutdownc 
and withered. Take a (hort furvey of the 

inea,vu7fr^i- glofy of all the earth, and beginne with life 

vi!^^!P:- " felfc the bed of buma^ie things, Shme for 

tomagiscrefcit skitmc andaHthat ammb^th (faith M) will 

trefcit, quanta hegiipe foT VIS life yZud yet what more ^fraile 

Tamm^^u sd and brictle ! what tongue wantcth not words 

X/aw toexpreffethe vanity of it > Adreame, a 

umbraticap;en:i fliadoW) a Waft, a buble> a wind^a vapour, 

taqueii mortis. • nt i \\ r \ t 

Nnnc gaudeo, a tale, apolr,acloud (allof them phrafes 
mttrvlgeo!jam aod fimiUtudes of holy writ) yet cannot 
itX;j;: fufficientlyexpreffethe vanity ofmans life. 
vor.wncjcetix * Asthc cloUi IS confumcd ({2i\ih lob) andrvci" 
mifer, nunc ri- ni/heth owoy'Jo he tbatgoeth dovpne to the grays 
iimmtmftt jbdU comc tip nomore. Hsfbad returne no morc^ 
fznt%Mt ^0 ^^ ^o^fii neither /ball hfs place knoyx> him any 

na hora in uno ff^gre, . * * 

neat ^ug.soii- What Is faid of Life may.-bee faid of 
Mob 7.9,10. ^Healthi the very pcrfe<5tion of life, how 
heahhr^ vaine and fickle that isjone example in holy 
* None/} -UN ^^jj willfcrvcfora lively expreffion of the 

vere/ed VAlerc . i . i it n - i 

vita. vanity or bothyia that excellent itory in the. 

j^BooJc^ otKing«,Cij/7.4,fet out on purpofc 
as it fcemes to difcover the vanity of all 
temporall happineflif A great noble wo- 

thelifetocome^ it 

man oiShummy who abounding ( I con- 
ceive) in many outward felicities, yet wan- 
tinga child which iheeefleemed above all, 
refuted the Kings favour in refped of this 
blcfTing it is likely the Prof bet for the klnd- 
nefle (he (hewed him would have fatisfied 
her defire in any thing, yet neither honour, 
nor fiches,nor prerermentjUor the favour of 
a King ( whith many thoufands would have 
coveted) could content her, but (hee fe- 
cretly asked that qucftion that Abraham as- 
ked oiGoDfiLORD yiphatmltthougiyfe mee 
Jith I goe childlejjh. The Prophet granted her 
a fonne, never woman bare him with more 
joy, when this fonne wasgrowncup, and 
her joy encreafed with his yearsjhow quick- 
ly was this incomparable leypell fnatcht 
from her, on morning he fell f eke in his head 
atfd dyed ere noone. All that pretinefTe and 
beauty that was in the childe is now vani« 
(hed, and all that wpnderfuUjoy ofthemo^ 
ther that was bound up in the life of her fon, 
was now diiTolved into more fadnefle and 
hearts griefe,then if ihe never had enjoyed 
the benefit. j 

B 2 What 



Meditations of 

7. Whatisfaidof lifcandhealthmay befaid 

^f^\f ofall things in the world bcfidcs. LoTenop 
%u! ^he-^porld (faith the Apoftlc) i. iohn i.o-. 16^ 
i^.nor the things inthe world. Andhcgivcs 
thcreafon by fumming up the things of the 
vvorldjand dividing them into 5. parts, For 
aUthatisintheworlu ( fair h he) is either the^ 
lufi of the pfh^heluftofthe eye^orprideJflife^ 
and then in the next words hdHieweth the 
vanity of them.5«^r/;^ yporldpaffeth away and 
the lufi therofyi!fc. Butthefegeneralswilbc 
better difcerned by difcovering the vanity 
of thefe 3. particulars. Beauty^ Riches^ Ho^ 
nour^ being the lively characters and exa^l: 
expreflions of the lufls of the flefbyofthe eyc^ y 
Andfrideoflife^ and which arc indeed the 
grand impoAors, and bewitchers of the 
whole world^and oftentimes (leale away the 
hearts of G o d « owne people. 
B^a»/> For Beauty^ we may at once fee both th e 

fewer and thcvanify of it, in that it infnared 
and beguiled the ia/r^^, the wifeft, and the 
flrengtji of men ; Da'vid^ Salomon and Samp- 
fonjtiovf dearedid thoie delights cofl; them^ 
with how many affliiSions were thofe bitter 



pkafures attended, infomuch as it cofl the 
laft his life, the other his Kingdomca and the 
firft his contentment. For from chat time to 
the houre of his death jD^>/Vwas not quiee 
from vvarre, from rebellion s,frora treafons, 
from troubles brought upon him by his 
owncbo\vc]5. Nay, Icfa man behold the 
grcatcft beauty that can poflTibly bee in the 
perfon of any, let the face be never fo amia- 
ble for colour and favour, letthebody bee 
never fo comely for feature and (hape, let 
the skinne be as white as the Lilly, and em* 
brodcredoipir'Sifith purple rveines*^ addc to this, 
tbemoftgraccfull motion that ever was in 
any creature, yet were the mind of man by 
exemption of unruly affedionsi but per- 
mitted to be wife, and to paufe upon this 
pi eafant vanity, and but confider that if 
this f aire body was fmicten from G od ^th 
the boy les and botches of loby u hat an ugly 
fpedlacle it would be, or what by addition 
offomelittle more time it will be, when it 
ftiall be withered and rivellcd together with 
age, or if that be not, when it fhall be tur- 
ned into a rotten carcafTe. Cenainely th e 

B 3 foule 

14 Meditations of 

foule of man would never reft till it had 

fought out a farrc more glorious delight 

both for the excellency of being and lading* 

neffe of continuancej and therefore mod 

true is that which the wifedomc of truth 

hath uttered, Favour is deceitfu{l\beauty is 

piov.31.30. rjjanity^ io vaine, that the lead ague doth 

change it,a imall ficknes doth wadit.a little 

time doth fade it, a little forrow doth melt 

and con fume iuWhen thou with nhtikes(^(^\th 

pfar. 39.11. David)doeU comH man for iniquity y thou ma- 

keft his beaut'^ to confume like a moth» 

For Riches^ if in the obf ainement of them 
wee doc but looke upon the ends oi Judas 
SLndihcRicbGluttorij it might make us very 
flow to covet th^m, much more to affv;d 
them. For befides their vanity, that they 
many are the miferies that attend upon 
them, in the getting, keeping and parting 
with them? But if to thefe, they begotten 
with an ill confcience, and enjoyed without 
godlinefTe, they are fnares and thorncs, nay 
veryplaL>ues and Scorpions unto us 5 fuell 
toourlufts; lets to our pray ejrs, and blocks 



the life to come. 15 

in our waiesofpfrty and devotion. Nofui 
is fuch a canker to grace and holineflfe, as is 
thefinnc of covetoufneile, ^v^jv^?*'* (an cf- mio'.'^U 
traordinarydefire of heaping up riches. ) 
The ApoRIe Paul maketh it clearc by telling 
US; TimJCzp 6.^ A o. That the i&y>e of mony 
H the root o/ad e'viH^ ^bich "^hikfome iujkd 
after erred from the Faith and pierced th:m^ 
fehe$ through mtb many forr owes. No tongue 
can exprefle a worfe effecil:, and from that 
cffei^ greater mifery then Apoftacy from 
God, ,whichis uiually accompanied with 
fearefullforrowesif not'difpaire, witncflfe 
that lamentable ftory ot FrancU Spira, who 
from this roote of covetouftfeffc to conti- 
nue his Offices and mcancs of getting, de- 
nied the true profeflion of the Gofpell, 
wherein he had greatly profited, and fub- 
feribed to Popery which formerly hec bad 
renounced and (b fell into that intolerable 
mifery ofdcfpairc of his ownefalvation. 

Foi H^«(?«r and Jwfc>/(j», if examples doe '^^"^"'^ 
give inftrudions, as they then doe, whcii 
judgements are declared upon them^ wee 
need goe no further for fcarch of this vanity 


1 6 Meditations of 

then in Nimrod^ Nelfuc.hahe;^9iar^ Daritts^ 

Alexander f^far^^c. whatvaftdefircs were 

in them all for iplarging their Kingdomes^ 

even to the clouds, what infinite care and 

painestooke they for the compaffing of 

thofedefiresto the haOining of their ends, 

smr>ii[q,nig^ and Waiting outtheirUmps oflifc, andyet 

mmftarediu: all theirplorioiis Raignes are now (hut up 

wsjubpondere lu Vanity, their remembrance IS as ii they 

ia£/aiLuca». j^^ j nevet becnc, nay let the dcfires of man 

be filled with all the earthly glory that is to 
be found in the whole world, and let his 
heartcheareinitas much as may bee, yet 
that it might appearetofraile man, that the 
highcrt worWly happineffe is not exempted 
from ihat condition of vanity, which God 
and nature hath infeperably tyed to it, 
?^fT f'^^^' fome crofle or mifery thai: the wifcft man 
$iv stub. could never f ore- fee, inall ever attend h igh 
place to make it irkfomc and uncomforta- 
ble, ifnottooverthrowthe horfc and the 
rider, and caft downe thei^%/0i'/^man 
lowerthenthcduft Innumerable examples 
might be produced to prove this out of Hi- 
(loriesin all kinds : I will take but one for 


the life to come. * vj 

all out of the beft of them, The Boeke of 
God, Haman (wee know) wanted not for 
as much honourascould be heaped upon a 
roan 5 Prince and people were all but as in^ 
ftruments to contribute to his happineffe: 
and yeia (wonderful! thing) the want of a 
cappefrompoorc Af{?r^^(:^j, whofe headhc 
might have taken off at hispleafure marred 
all his mirth ^ a filly croffe one would thinkc 
tovcxea wifeman, yetGoD putfuch a 
fling into it, that it did not onely quite be- 
reave this proud man of all his joy, but ne- 
ver left him til it caft him down from the top Mfammm 
of all his honour fo low, as that his place '^^i^ 
could no more be found.To proceed high- p^ ey?.sen«. 
cr,and as farrc as earthly felicitie can ftretch 
unto, let honour and high place,and all the 
outward pompe of this world bee conferred 
upon zgodl) w/jff jand let this man have aki- 
litie from.GoD tobeare it, fo that no whit of 
Gods glorie bee loftjnor iny of G o d s gra- 
ces in him diminifhed, (which rarely hap* 
pens to high place) yet that the mofl glo- 
tious flate of man might flill bee fubjedt to 
that vanity swhicb is over ail created felicity, 

C fome 

i8 Meditatiom ef 

fomc £«!>)', fu^iPion, ]ealoufie^ difdaine^ i^c* 
orotheraccidcntlhallalwaiesactend earth- 
ly glory, to make it tniferable. A better in- 
ftance cannot be given then in holy Dame/^ 
Dia.6.4,^ . whom when that great Darius had advanced 
(meercly forhis virtues without any luing 
orfeekingoi his owncj above all the Prefi- 
dents and Princes in his Kingdomej this ve* 
ry thing wrought fuch en vie and difdaine in 
the hearts oi the Princes againft him^tbat al- 
though,as the fext faith , There ypas neither 
Hm^ummi^ crror nor fault fomd in Daniel^ yet they nc- 
'^'^"! i!'i'^i? ver reded till they had caft him from the 
ciiisinperfe£fQ hei^htofhis happirtefle to the loweft pit, 
even a Denne ot Ltons. • 1 o lumnie up all in 
this one period, Give me a man endowed 
with all the excellencies that have beene in 
any fince the Creation, let him attaine to 
the LearningyWifedome^ Riches and Glory ^ of 
Kin^Salomoni let him be as wife for coun- 
fell as Ahitophel^ let him have the meekneffe^ 
oiMofeSi the courage oiDanpidy the /ireng$b 
of Sampfon^ the patience oi lob^thzirmocency 
oiJfaacky the eloquence otPauU the beauty of 
2 Sam. 1 4 »5 • Abjolou^ that ftom top to toe had no blemifh 


the Ufetocome^ ip 

in him, yet what \sz\\\hhhm admired rvani- 
ty ? All this pompe ftiall not follow him to 
the grave, the wormes and duft Ihall de- 
voure both it and himi \ he Prophet Day id rfai 46.4. 
makes this Epitaph for him. His breath goeth 
forth-, he returnetb to his earthy in that *ver) day 
his thoughts per lifj* 

How incomparably excellent then is the ^• 
glorie of Hcaven,where none of thcfc chan- ^P^^^P 
gesihallbc, where (hall be vvondcrfullad- 
vancemesu, but without Injuftice, abun- 
dance of glorie, but without Envie, infinite 
wealth,but without woe, admirable beautie 
and felicitie^but without vanity or infirmity. 
Here (hall the patient^fferings of the Saints 
be amply rewarded, and all the rage and 
fpite ot their enemies on earth, (hall inOead 
of doing them hurt, adde much to their 
cro wne of glorip,here (hall all thofe fcoffes, 
thofe bitter gybes and jefts againft the pu- 
ritie of Goos children, be turned with hor- 
rible amazements and terrour into the 
bofomes of wicked men, when they 
ihall behold with anguIQi of fpirit what 
they here jefted at, Jbat onelj the furs in Math ;. s. 

C 2 fbirit 


Meditations of 


to the foitlc, 

Ibi efl fwama 
fislicitas, fum 
ma jucunlitaiy 
vera liber taa^ 
perfe&a chart- 
tas,teterna fe- 
euritas (^ fe- 
air a xternitoi' 

Jj^iri$/ballfie God andbehold bis glory. 

Othentn/foulc, fith by thcfefew in- 
ftanc es thou maift take a fcancling of the va- 
nitie and niifcrie of all worldly happincffe, 
raifc up thy dcfiresto thsLtbUjfed place yufbere 
isfullmjje of joy andphafures for ei^ermdre^ To 
himin yohom U no <variety norjJjiido'^ ofchange^ 
tothatcompanie which everlaftingly fing 
and arc never fad.Think with thy fclfe when 
thoufeeft and delighteft in th« beautie of 
any creature, bee it wife ; children, houfes, 
lands^to'^.thatthefeare but vanities under 
theSunne* to put thee in mindcjthat true fe- 
licities reach as high as Heaven, and were 
they as glorious asiheSunnitfclfe,yetthey 
arc not freed from clouds and darkeneffe 
and many cclipfes, which Ihew their cmpti- 
neficandinfelicitie. Nay, wee know not 
whenw« behold them in their higheft per- 
fei^idn, whether they will net turne to bit* 
terneflc at the laft» Hi^^^/looked amiably 
upon F/i^^z/if, yet that good Prophet wept 
when hec faw hini,.aj> beholding the aboun- 
dance of cvill which that goodly perfon 
fhould afterwards cxecute.T/b^ ^<? U mt/atfS" 


thelifetocomen ai 

fiedmth feeing^ nor the e^e filled ^ith bearings ^^^^«'»- ^' 
faith the wife maa. The miDrc a man covets 
and hunts alter the things of this lif c^his dc- 
fires are hereby more enlarged, but not his 
contentmenti for the mind is not plcafed in 
that it is not fatis&d. 

- Get thee gone then, O my foUlcjand flie ^^ 
hence tq thofe celeftlall manfions w here on- condufm, 
ly thou (halt finde reft, ihere^ therelhailall 
thy defif cs be filled, there (hall the prefencc 
ofGoorepleniQi thee with unutterable de- mtoTrme u, 
lights,therc ancly (halt thou hearcf/;^i?wV^ nuulraaple^ 
ofjoyandgladnejfe, andfonoy and mcwmng ~;^^^ 
/hall flee ax;> ay i divorce thy affections from fin '^'l/^!'f!'^' 
and from all the pleafures of the world 
thoughnevcrfodeare tothce, and marry 
them to Christ, thy gainc fliall bee great, 
thy glory greater^ even life andhappinefle 
for evermore. Why (hould'ft thouftay and 
abide any longer here amongfl the enemies 
of thy peaccjamid'ft fo many forrowes and 
affli^iouspurfuing thee for thy fins? Who 'Deikatmes fi 
would not forgoc a cottage togaine a King- dm cumf^cuio 
domc?who would not exchange a few fraile Zntmcbfi 
comforts of this life, for thofe ^^^^^^^^^ i'il^^.Z^''' 

C J joyes 

21 Meditatmsof 

joy cs of bliffe^why wilt thou any lorgerfet-* 
tie thy heart upon that which is nothing? 
what arc the choifeft delights here below be- 
ii g rightly ballarced other then 'vanity and 
(vexation ofjpirit, Ceafe then to admire any 
outward excellencies and be vvholy taken 
vviththofereiplendent beauties that are in 
the face of chy J>aviour, to whomere long 
thou ihalt be married, and partake of that 
great feaft with which hec will entertainc 
thee at chat wedding d ay. Cark e and care 
onely for thofe durable riches that (hall 
then abide with thee when thou (halt bee 
here no more.Haften and hunt after the ho- 
nour and happinefle of the Saints i there is 
no preferment like being in heaven, poffcffe 
thy felte of him who hath beeoe thy God 
from thy yourh^who hath many a time rai- 
fed thee up with his comforts, when thou 
haft bcene in the Va[ley oftbefi;aioyiP of deaths 
•fipho hah-heeyethe portion oft bine inheritance^ 
and batbmaitjtiind thy lot: forfake him not 
and he Will bri^jj theeto/;a«(?«ratthclaft,to 
fuch honour $ as all the glory of this world 
cannot reach anto^. He that made heaven 

. . for 

the life tocome. 

for hb owBe Children, canoncly declare 

thejoycs of that place ^ Returm then into th^ 

refl my foule^ from which thou haft long 

wandered. Be content to part with any 

thing on earth which thou canft not keepe, 

to gaine every thing in Heaven, which thou 

canft never loofe*. drowne all thy delights in 

thofefweete contemplations of heavenly 

bliffe, prcffe hard to this marke, ftrive for 

this vidoric, fight for this Crowne>/<iy 


in this world take away 



Sitfatraro me- 
aydefideret iliui 
tota fu'v/lantia 
mcayimec intrt 
"Domm meijthi 
per fuula, 
^men. Aug» 


K, .