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Univerfal Concord. 

the firft fart. 


Sufficient TERMS 

(Propofed for the life ofthofe chat 
have liberty to ufe them : And as 
the Authors Profeflion of his own 
Religion, in a contentious , dividing 


By Richard Baxter. 

The Fir ft and General Part, is prepara- 
tory to the Second Part , containing the 
Particular Terms of Reconciling the fc- 
ver#l differing Parties that arc Recon- 


Printed by R. W. for Nevil Simmons , Book- 

feller in Kederminfier , I 6 6 o. 


yi u, 



To the Reader. 

Cbriftiax Reader, 

• Mnft acquaint thee, What it 
is that is here offered thee, 
• and To what ufe and parpofc. 
Here is, i. The Articles or 
Summe of the Chriftian 
Religion, both briefly in the 
Antient Creeds, and more 
Largly and Explicitly in a Trofejfion , i. Of 
Chnftian Belief, 2. Confent, 3. And Obedi- 

2. Here is a Perm of Agreement for the 
Paftors of fuch Churches as are left to Volun- 
tary AfTociations and Communion. 

3 . Here is a larger Defcription of the Mi- 
nifterial Offices and Church-Ordinan- 

The firft of thefe ( which was formerly 
publifhed as a Catechifm , and is now cor- 
A 3 tefted) 

t efted ) was to rnc a work of greater difficul 
ty than greater Volumes •, which thofc will 
understand , that have tryed what it is to 
avoid DtfeBivtncJs , 'Redundances , and Dif- 
crdcrs in fuch a draught , ( which yet I know 
I have notperfeftly attained). Tbellfes to 
which it was intended are thefe. i . Whereas 
Mr. fohn Dnry ( who hath laboured above 
thirty years {or the healing the Divifibns 
among the Protcftant Churches) did fend to 
theMiniftersof this County of Worcefier, to 
give him their advice and aififtance in that 
mod dcfireablc work •, and whereas one prin- 
cipal part of our Advice Was , that the 
Churches {hould hold their Vnitj and Con- 
cord in Neceffary things, and Liberty in things 
not neceffary , and Charity in both, and that 
they (hould each fend to other a Confejfion of 
their Faith, containing only fuch Ntcefary 
things , and thereupon defire the Acknow- 
ledgement and Communion of their Bre- 
thren : This Profefionis purpofely fitted to 
that Vfe ^ containing as much as neighbour- 
Churches (hould require, in order to that 
diftant Communion with us or others, which 
feveral Churches are capable of 5 and con- 
taining nothing but what all Chriftian 
^htircbes are agreed in. And whereas many 


have faid, that it is defe&ive" becaufe it con- 
taineth nothing but what a Papift will fub- 
fcribe ^ I anfwer, It is fomuch the better .• 
The Churches had a perred or fufficienc 
SymboleorConfeffionof Faith , before Po- 
pery f Name or Thing) was known in the 
world : And they are not bound to alter and 
enlarge it, as oft aserroursfhall arife : The 
Rule muftftill remain the fame, and [A Re- 
jection of alkthat is contrary to this Rule ] 
is that which wc muft do in oppofition to Hc- 
refies and Errours.We have no new Religion," 
but the fame ancient Faith which was before 
Popery was conceived. If we have, nothing 
but what they confefs to be true , then eur 
Faith is juftified by them, ( and fo wc are on 
the furer fide) : but they having much which 
we deny, their Faith as Popfi* is condemned 
by us, though their Faith us Chrlfiian we ap- 

2. Another ufe of this Profejfion is to be a 
Efficient teft for particular Church-Commu- 
nion ^ ( where Authority leaveth it to the 
Church. ) I will not rejeft him as defe&ive in 
the Articles of his Belief, who belie veth but 
what is comprehend in this Summe. 

3. Itisalfoufefulfor tt* Catechising of 
the Ignorant, and the clear explication or the 

A 3 Creeds 

Creeds and the ten Commandements" to the 
underftandingsof the weak. I know it is an 
inconvenience to children , to have Anfwers 
Co hng to fome of the Queftions : Which I 
would have rcdreffed^ if I could have done 
it without greater inconveniences. And I 
know that there are hundreds of Catechifms 
abroad already : But if I could have told 
where to have found one that had contained 
as much as this doth, in as few ifrords , and no 
worfe order, I had ("pared this labour. Since 
the firft Edition of this, I received the exaft- 
eft that I have taken notice of, in certain Pro- 
pofition*, from the moft Learned Author 
Mr. Thomas Greaves, much fuited to the fame 
defigns as this. 

To this laft ufe fome will think that there 
is wanting the Definition of the Sacraments 
of Baptifm and the Lords Supper ; But to 
them I fay , i. The antient Church did pur- 
pofely conceal the myfterie of the Eucharift 
from the Catechuraenes , till they were ba- 
ptized. 2, And then it was by fight and ob- 
servation of the adual celebration, that they 
firft and chiefly learned the nature of it. 
3. And he that nameth them with their Vfes 
and Ends^ ( as Iltove here done ) fuppoling 
that he fpeaketh to fuch as have feen the Ad- 

miniftration f 

niniftration,may perhaps efcape the cenfure 
)f omitting any thing that is of true Necef- 
ity •, the Doftrine and Thing fignified by 
hem being before explained. 4. But yes I 
lave afterwards given a Description of them, 
)ug. 29. &46. The/. 8. & 34. from whence 
t may be fetched for the uic of the Cate- 

4. It is alfo ufeful to my felf, and othersin 
ny cafe, that have fwarmsof malicious ae- 
cufers , tbat would fain be queftioning the 
bundnefs of our Faith, and accufingus of 
irrours ; and that have need to make ic 
mown what indeed is our Religion to Magi- 
braces or Brethren, for their fatisfa&ion and 
)nr juft defence. If any queftion , What is 
My Religion ? It is here exprefed: Itcon- 
lfteth in Q my Belief of all that God reveal- 
'thtome^ and my Love of G&din him/elf and 
n aH the appearances of his Goodnefs ; my 
Truft in his fidelity, and Hope of all his Pro- 
mfed Mercies • and my Obedience t* him in all 
his Laws ; My Affent and Confent in Gene- 
ral to all the Will of Godrevealed in Nature 
or the Holy Scriptures, as far as I can undcr- 
(land them : and in particular and more di- 
Qinftly to all the parts of this Profejfion.^\ 
This is my Religion-^ I doubt not but this much 


will bs acceptable with God, and fufficlcnt to) 
felvatio : If it be not acceptable to men J 
nor lufficient to my being Reputed Ortho- 
dox , and accepted into their Communion , 
the Day it at hand that (hall reveal , whether 
the fault was theirs or mine. I will rcjed no* 
man of this Religion from my Charity or 
Communion : I will cenfure , or raoleft , or 
perlecute nonefuch : If they will do other- 
wife by me, the fuffcring will at laft be great- 
eft , where the fault was greatcft. 

And yet ('though I adhere to the antient 
fimplicity) I will not be wanting to facisfie 
any as far as I am able : And therefore I have 
added the other two parts : The Agreement 
of the Affociated Minifiers , is intended for 
nothing elfe but a diffident enumeration of 
all thofe things which paftors, being left to fo 
much liberty by the Magistrate, (hould Agree 
in voluntarily among themfelves ; But ob- 
ferve chat it is only for fuch times and places 
of liberty ; ( and there it may ferve inftcad 
of all the Volumes of Canons and Decrees: ) 
But in places and times of greater ftri&nef$ * 
where the Civil Rulers grant no fuch Liber- 
ty to the Churches, much of the Articles of 
Agreement are in vain t and not to be pra- 
difed ^ efpecially much in the fixth and fe- 


renth Articles : And as we juftly fwear in th$ t 
Oath of Supremacy, that the King is the only 
Jupream Governour of this Realm , in all 
^aufes Spiritual or Ecclefiaftical ( that is, as 
o all Coercive Government abent fuch Catifes % 
iiftinft from Spiritual Government by the 
Kejes of the Word upon mens Conferences ) fo 
ve mull accordingly obey him ^ and no 
Agreements, or Covenants, or Canons of 
:>ur own or others , without a true and cer- 
:airt prohibition from the Law of God, mud 
)e pretended againft our obedience to lawful 
cowers. For Gods Law having already 
bound us to obey our Rulers , we cannot by 
my Power, or Covenants, or Agreenjents of 
)ur own,difoblige our felvcs : Otherwise men 
night evade a great part of their duty ^ and 
while they pretend to difpencc with the Laws 
:>f God, they (hould, in a fort, fee up them- 
iclves as above him. But if man command us 
:odifobey our Maker, we muftdifobey that 
:ommand, though with patient fubmiffion to 
fa ffcrings, 'without refiftance, or reproaching 
}f our Governours. 

And becaufe fome men of narrow prin- 
ciples, arc calling for AfTent to many more 
particulars (cfpecially about Church-Offices, 
andWorfhip, and Difcipline) and will not 


bear with thofejthat in fmaller things diflent { 
from them t especially if Minifters ^ I have! 
added 80. Thefts about the Offices of the ] 
Minifters of Chrift, containing fuch things'] 
as one would think,for Number and Quality 9 \ 
might be taken as fuffioentfor our Concord' 
and Communion with thofe whofe Opinions] 
hinder not the profperity of their Charity j 
and of the Church. 

And now cali meby what Name or Title 
thou feeft caufe ^ here thou haft my Profejfion 
and my Judgement about the matters of the 
Church : If thou defire to fee the practical 
part that will bear it , exemplified in any 
Forms ^ I (hould not refufe to give thee fuch 
Jarisfaftion upon any juft occafion. I know 
of no Title that well agreeth co the nature of 
that Rdigtin which indeed I bold, and which 
I have here propofed s and which I think 
would be fit for the Churches to agree in, but 
andchefelown ; If thou give me any other, 
let him that maketh or ufcth it, be refponfible 
for it. 

Underftand alfo that this General Part , 
containing the Pefitives of the C at holikf Rt- L 
ligion y and fit materials of Cdtholike Concord % 
is Wat the fir fi Part of the Boek, the fecond in 


tended being iomewhat large ^ as containing 
the particular terms on which the Abaffines, 
Armenians, Greeks, Romanifts, Lutheranes , 
Calvinifts, Arminians,Contra-remonftrsnts , 
Epifcopal, Presbyterian, Independents, and 
moderate Anabaptifts (hoald be agreed ; and 
difcovcring that with rnoft of the parties, the 
jprcfent difagreements arc not fuch as (hould 
break Communion, and caufe them to rejeft 
each other as too many uncharitably do. 

I conclude with one neceflary Adver- 
tifement to thee, that if thou wouldft noc 
be cheated of thy Religion by thofe thac 
are ftill p^rfwading men that the effentials 
or Fundamentals of Religion asjdiftind 
from the Integral parts cmnot be known, 
becaufc no one certain perfed form of words 
is given to the Church which containeth 
thofe and none but thofe, remember that it is 
the matter and fence believed, Loved and 
Obeyed that is the efTence of Religion and 
necefTary to falvation for it felf-, but the 
Words art only Nee jfarj&s revealing or ex- 
prefiing the Matter : And therefore t ! >e 
fame form of Voords or fentences is not Ne- 
ceffarj alike to all.The molt General ^ordsjxtc 
inoft compre hen five, and moft certainly ta^e 
in all the matter : But then the panic filar 


things which muft neceflarUy be underftood, 
arc not alike conceived of by all men by th6 
helpe or ufe of General expreffions : A 
wife underflanding Chriftian when he faith 
but £ I believe in God the Father , the Son, 
and the Hoi) Ghift,'] doth djftinftly con- 
ceive of all thofe things that effentially con- 
ftitute fuch a true belief •, when perhaps an 
ignoranter weaker perfon muft have thofe 
Generals opened by more diftinft expreffions, 
and more particularly, before he can have a 
true apprehenfion of fuch effentials. And 
therefore the more Ignorant any perfon is, 
( c&teris paribus) the more large, diftinft 
and particular his Creed or Profejfion fhould 
be ; becaufe he conceiveth of nothing but 
by very particular diftind: expreffions, when 
the judicious by a few words conceive of. as 
touch as the ignorant by many. 

Though much of the fecmd Part of this 
Treatife be long fincc prepared, yet fo great 
arethethreatningsof God to deprive me of 
opportunities of publike ferving him, and fo 
wonderful is the impatience of men againft 
Peace makers, ( as crofting their opinions^ in- 
terefts and dejignes) that I have great reafon 
to queftion whether ever it will fee the 
light : And therefore I intreat thee at the 


prefent to accept of this imperfeft piece 
alone, from hinuhat is refolved by the help 
of Chrift, and in confidence on his promife, 
Afatth.5.9. to continue his endeavours 
fthoiagh weak and unfuccesful) for the Chur- 
ckes Peace ,t hough it coll him a thoufand mere 
injuries and flanders, and all that furious 
profperous malice can inflift,as being 

His fervant who will beare our 
charges, and fave us harmlefs 
in his work. 

Rich. 'Baxter. 




PAg. 4. 1. it. for [ tbefeventh dxy ] read [ the Sab* 
batbday]. pag. 10, 11. Thofe that would hare 
more brevity, may blot out [ to reconcile And Win? 
*ie ttnto God ] and all after [ Sanftifier ] to the end 
°f that Paragraph. Pag. 24. 1. 12. blot out [ and 
Cenfent] Pag. 61. 1. 1. blot out [ any] Pag. 68. 1. 3. 
for I great'] r. [ argent 3 and 1. 6* for I omit] r. 
I over-pafs ] 

The neceflary Grounds, Ends and 
Principles of a Univerfal Concord* 
between all faithful Paftors and 
Churches according to their capacity 
of Communion, 

OR our grounds. 

I. We take the Word of God 
for the Rule of our Faith, 
and Law of the Church, faf- 
ficientlj determining .of all 
that is of Standing , Vnivcrfal Necejftty or 
Duty, in order to Salvation and the Plcafing 
of God; and giving us f efficient General Pre 
tepts and Directions, for the determining of 
all foch circumftances in Worjhip and Holy 
Obedience^ as are not of flanding, univerial 
iNeccflity or Duty, but are mutable and va* 
riable: It is therefore none of our intent to 
make any Laws for our Brethren, or impofc 
any thing as Duty that God hath not ita- 

(a) [IWc 

II. We here fappofe and include the La* 
ef Nature and Revelation of the will of God 
by his works when we fpeak of the fufficien- 
cyof his Word. 

III. We fuppofc the Neceflity of Reafon 
and Illumination t zn& theufc of Means both 
Jnftituted, NaturaUndoi Arts, forthright 
undemanding of the Word ef Go i : and there- 
fore (hall take*////?./* for our Rule, which by 
thefe Helps and Means may be fuffitiently 
proved to be the fenfe of the Word or Work* 
ef God.* 

I V.Becaufe we are affured that the Primi- 
tive Churches were acquainted with the mind 
of God, in all the points of Necejfitj, about 
his Worfbip and the Government ofehe Church 9 
and becaufc we bear a reverence to thofe 
times,and are not willing needlefly to fwerve 
from their example* -, we (hall therefore put 
nothing into this our Agreement as a ftand* 
ing % neceffary Duty^ in which we have not 
the confenc of thofe Ant ient Churches. 

V. Though our minift^rial Duty and Au- 
thority do arife from the Laws of Chrift 
himfelf-, yet in fubordination to him, we 
fubmic to the jufi commands of Magiftra\es % 
and thankfully accept of their encourage 
raenc aad Help, even in the matters of the 


feoufe and worflup of the Lord. And ther? 
fore we refolve to keep as neer their Directi- 
ons andLaws as we can, in congruence- with 
fcur Divine and princif*l Rule and grounds; 
and Ends, and in all things lawful to obey 

VT. And becaufe we are not Lords but 
Minifters, and have no forcible, Magifterial 
Power, but a Minifierial Authority to di- 
reft, perfwade and command as fervants in 
our Mafters name, and cannot govern people 
as their Paftors againft their wills, we (hall 
therefore expeft the Confent of our people, 
and not prefume to take them as members of 
our Churches and fpecial charge ; and bring 
them under the yoak of Difcipline, without 
their confent 9 or againft their minds and 

VII. Becaufe we are all imperfeft, and 
heed the Advice and Help of others, and 
becaufe it is the will of God that his Churches 
and Servants live in Unity, we (hall, in cafes 
of Difficulty, and where the concurrence of 
our Brethren may promote our work, con- 
fult with them, and do as much of our work 
as we can, by their Advite and in a way of 

And thus we may confidently proceed as 
(a 2} gouig 

going upon fare grounds, and expeft the con- 
currence of ourBrethen, and be out of the 
reach of rational calumny, while we have 
the Holy Scripture, or the Law of Nature, 
difcerncd by Illuminated Reafon, for what we 
do : while we have the leading judgement of 
the Ancient Churches, the command, allow- 
ance, encouragement or permiflion of the Ma- 
gifirate, the confent of pur People % and oui 
Mrethrens concord and Advice. 

2. (f~\lh Ends in this Agreement, are, 
\*J\. Ultimately the pleafing and Glori- 
fying of God. II. The faving our own and 
peoples fouls. III. The winning of unfan- 
dificd fouls to God. IV. The Prefervation 
and Edification, and obedient, fruitful, ex- 
emplary lives of thofe that are fandified. 
V. The fruitful and comfortable communion 
of Saints. VI* The right adminiftration of 
holy things, that Ordinances may be owned 
by God and profper. VII. The maintaining of 
Union and CommuniQn among the Chur- 
ches and miniftcrs ©f Chrift with more 
fuch like, which will be after menti- 

3. The 

3. tT^He Pri»ciples which we proceed on ia 
•*■ order to the following Practices, are 
thcfe, andfachas thele. 

I. We are agreed that it is the. Dr;y of 
Ministers to Treath the Werd, ?,;iCl be iiRanE 
infeafon and out of feafon, and a* teach and 
endeavour to win as many to Chrift • as they 
can .• especially thole in their feveral Pa- 
rishes, for whole inftmftion rhcy. are ap- 
pointed by the magistrate, and have the pub- 
like maintenance. 

n. We are agreed that all members of the 
Vnivtrjal Church, that have opportunity 
ihould joyn themlelvcs as members to fome 
Particular Churches, for ordinary commu- 
nion of Saints, in pubhke worftup, and for 
the helping of each other in holy Obedience, ' 
andagainllfin , and that rhey (hould know 
their own Pattors, and the Pallors know their 
proper flock, as far as may be, in order to 
Ehe faithful difcharge of their great truft, 
Atts 14. 23. Titos I. 5. I Thetfal. 5. 
12, 13. 

III. We are agreed that it is the duty of 
Pallors to Teach and Rule (or Guide) the 
Bocks, and to go before them as the Mini- 
(a 3) ftcrs 

Jlefs of Chrift, in the publike Adminiflnu 
tion of his holy Ordinances : And that it is 
the peoples duty to joyn with them in thi$ 
pablike worlhip, and fubmit to their due 
Adminlftrations, to hear them, and obey 
jthem,and to honour them and highly cfteera 
them in Love for their work and matters 
fake, and to be at peace among themfelvcs. 

IV. We are agreed that the Baptifm of 
Infants, giveth none a Right to the Church 
memberftiip and Priviledges of the Adult, 
unlc/s they add a perfonal profeffion (clear 
orobfeure) of their own faith. 

V, We are agreed that this Profeffion 
mud be Credible ; and therefore muft feem 
Vnderfl*nding % Deliberate , Voluntary^Serid$u 9 
net Nullified or made invalid by a contra- 
ditting tongue er Life ; and that it muft Mate* 
riallj contain the whole effence rf Chriftia- 
pity : And that in order to their admittance 
to Church communion, men are not the fete 
Judges of their o^n profeffion, but it muft be 
Credible to them to whom it belongeth to ad- 
mit them to Communion. 

y I. We are agreed that ordinarily none art 
tQ be refufed Communion, that make fjtch 4 
frefefjfion of Chriftianity, as above faid, and 
dejire Communion^ and confent to be members 


of the Churches where they live, and to futr 
mit to Minifterialoverfight and Government* 
and to do the duty of fellow-members unto 
others • Yea though they arc weak in know- 
ledge and Grace, and duty , and want convenu 
ent expreflions. 

We (hall take up with a credible Profeffi- 
on ("that is[fuch as feemeth to be under- 
ftanding, deliberate, voluntary and ferious, 
not nullified by contrary words or deeds ) 
notwithftanding the weaknefTes of men. 
i. Becaufe we are not fearchers of the heart,, 
and therefore mud believe a credible perfon, 
till we can difprove him. 2. Becaufe we 
find the Scripture example guiding us in this 
way, jta. 2. 37, 38,4i- & 4- 4- &8. 13,37. 
& 16.33. Matth. IS.3,5, 6 . Rom. 10. 9. ; 
3. -Becaufe we find that God doth much 
lay mens good or evil upon their own choice. 
4. Becaufe we muft be tender of refufing the 
weakeft that Chrift doth not refufe, or of 
wronging men in fo great a matter as the 
Helps of their Salvation are. 

And yet we (hall receive no other, nor 
promifcuoufly admit all of our Pariflics in 
Common as now they are 1. Becaufe we 
know to our forcow too many of them to 
bcgrojlj ignerant of the Eficntids ef ChrU 
(a 4 5 JfrVwwj. 

fitfiitj. 2. And too many of them deny 
(in many places) thefaid cffentials. 3. And 
many of them never made a perfonal profejjion 
of Faith and Holinefs, for ought we know 
(and we cannot judge of latent things : ) 
4. Many of them nullify their Profejfionsand 
inake them utterly incredible by notorious un- 
godly lives, and violating their Baptifmal 
covenant. 5. If they refufc cetfem, they 
refufe their own mercies •, and God or the 
Church do not give fuch priviledges to re- 
fuferss or non accepters. 6. If we take all 
thefc and fuch other as are unfit into the 
Church, and put them under Difcipline, that 
cannot bear it, we take the way to undo them 
•for ever, by making them defperatc enemies 
of the truth. For as their reigning fin is like 
to harden them againft reproof, and bring 
them under publike cenfure, fo when they 
find themfelves fhamed and caft out, they 
aremoft likely to hate the Minifter and his 
teaching, and ndver more to be profited by 
hirn : when as in the ftate of catechumens ,they 
would have remained lefs irritated, and fo 
rnore teachable and in. hope. 7. We can- 
not fpiritually£#»7/r and gevern* men againft 
their mils : and therefore cannot be their 
$aftmi nor undertake to doit againft their 


will**, or without their own confenr. 8. We 
have eaufcto judge that men would take it 
as a heynous injury, if we bring chem under 
this difpleafing Discipline without their own 
confent. 9. They canr ot perform th e Duty 
of Church members to God^ the Paflors or 
their Brethren^ without their owr* confentT 
and therefore they are not to be numbred 
ivith adult Church-members , nor re- 
ceive the Prrvilcdges o\ fuch. 10. The ex- 
cellent ends of Church Holinefs by Difcipline 
before cxp will be fruftrate, and the 

contrary n brought upon the Chur- 

hes which are and great. 11. The 

Rubrick and Canons direct us to deny the&t- 
:ranjsnt to the fear we refolve ther?- 

ore in fubordina: word of God to 

haverefpect to thefe directions of our Go« 
ycrnours. The powers both Civil and Ecclc- 
iaftical, did command and order in the book 
)f Common Prayer £ that none be admitted 
9 the holy communion, till they tun fay the 
^atechifm, and be confirmed. ] And they give 
:hefe Reafor.s for confirmation at full age 
" (t 1. Becaufe rhan wl^n children come to 
'years of difcretion and have !earned what 
c their God- fathers and God-mothers pro- 
'raifed for them in Baptifm, they may then 


€C thernfeLves with their own mouth and their 
€c own confent t openly before the Church , 
"ratifie and confirm the fame • and alfo 
"promife that by the Qrace of God they 
<c will evermore endeavour themfelves faith- 
" folly to obferve and keep fach things as 
" they by their own mouth and confeffion 
<c have affirmed unto. 3 . For that it is agree- 
c< able with theufagcof the Church in times 
<c paft : whereby it was ordained thatcon- 
" formation fhould be rainiftred to them that 
V were of perfed age , that they being in- 
truded in Chrifts Religion, (hould openly 
<c profefs their own Faith, and promife to be 
cc obedient to the Willof God.] We fo far 
reverence the antient Church, and the Au- 
thority that cftablfhcd this in England , that 
we (hall not cauflcfly negled fo much of this 
as we can perform. 

VII. We are agreed that it is the will of 
Chrift that holy Difcipline or Government 
be ordinarily exercifed in the Churches : That 
thegrofs andfcandalous (inners be reproved, 
and the unreformed and impenitent, after 
due means and pasjpnee, be put away from 
the Communion of the Church , and the 
penitent abfolved ; And that wilfully to neg 
led: this holy Order and Work, is ahainous 



fin : Fori I. It is neceffary by Precept * as 
| thefe Canons teftifie: Lev. 19-17. M*tth. 
18. 15, 16, 17,18. 1 Or. 5. Tit. 1. 13. & 
2.15.&3. 10. 1 Ti^iii'% X S- & 5- '9 ? 20 t 
21,22,24/2 77w. 3 -5- & 4.2. 2 77^/3.6,14. 

2. It maketh for the honour of God, that 
his Hofincfs may be feen in the face of the 
Church, which he hath chofen to be a glafs to 
reprefent it to the world , and men may not 
reproach him with the impurities of his 
Church • And it is ncceflary to the honour 
of our Redeemer , the Head and Saviour of 
the Church, that he be not reproached with 
the lofs of his labour, and the deformities o£ 
his body : As alfo it is needful to the honour 
of our SanSifier, that the world may fee that 
Holinefs is a real thing , and leaves not Saints 
as defiled as the world. 

3. It it needful alfo to the honour of the 
Church, which is the Garden, and Vineyard, 
and Family of God • a peculiar people , a 
royal Priefthood, a holy Nation 5 and not to 
be like the common Wildernefs , but fitted 
for the praife of him that called thera,and the 
Communion of Saiitfs. 

4. It is a part of the very office and work 
of Paftors : the power is effential to them , 
and the exercife ordinarily their duty. 

5- It 

$. It condueeth to the conviftion andfal- . 
vationof the unbelieving world, who are not I 
capable of judging of our dodrine by it felf, J 
but will judge of it by the quality of the" 
Church that doth profefs it. If the Chnrch * 
be impure, they will fly from Chrift and the " 
Gofpel as impure : And nothing is more like ^ 
to win them , then a vifibh innocency and 1 s ' 
cleannefs in the Church. 

6. It tendethalfo to the convincing andf 
converting of notorious ungodly people I 
among- our felves , when there is a vifible 
difference between them and the Churches. 

7. And it tendeth to the bruifing the head 1 
of the Serpent, by calling an open ihame on 

8. It condueeth alfo to the honour of ho- 
linefs, when it is thus folemnly exalted , and 
the precious feparated from the vile : And fo 
men will be encouraged to own it , againft 
the reproach that is caft upon it in the 

9. It tendeth alfo to the prefervation of 
the Church from thevenome and infe&ion of 
herefieand fenfuality, vd the imitation of 
the ungodly in theiriin , that a little of their 
leaven do not leaven the whole lump. 

10. It tendeth alfo to the comfortable 


Communion of the Saints", and the maintain- 
ngof brotherly Love and Charity : Where- 
is if the Church be conftituted of notorious 
wgedljmen^ the faithful cannot Love them 
vith the facial Love that is due to Saints, nor 
ommmicate to them as fuck ; but will take 
jp with a common Love and Communication f 
tfhich is fitter in the world then in the 

1 1 . It will prcferve the Churches beautiful 
md acceptable in the eyes of God , that fo 
le may delight in them , and own his Ordi- 
lances with the more plenteous blefiing ; and 
n the Church there will be as a reprefentati- 
>n of the Judgement to come (pra judicium 
'uturi JHaiciifUt Tcrtull.) when theimpuri- 
y of it by the negleft of Difcipline , may 
)roYoke him to punifh the Church for the 
ins which they connive at , and to with- 
iraw his Grace and difown his Ordinan- 

12. Laftly, Difcipline is neceffary for the 
[capable J offendor himfelf , to fharne and 
irive him from his fin : andto the Penitent 
hat by that comfortable Ordinance of Ab- 
folution, they may be aflifted in applying the 
promifcto thcmfclves, and may be revived 
by hearing the voice of peace from the rcouth 


of an authorized Meffenger of Chrlft. Thefe 
great and manifold ends and ufes to which 
God hath appointed the cxercife of the 
Key es, and the Government and holy Order 
of his Church, will cry out againft us, as great 
tranfgreffors, if we (hall wilfully neglcft fuch 
a needful work, having undertaken the Office! 
SO which it doth belong. 

V 1 1 L Yet we arc agreed that Difciplind 
muft not be made -a pretence to any unjufi 
cenforioufnefs, or rigor f much lefs to tjrannie 
or revenge : Nor mull we bring men to open 
fhame t or caft them out of our Gommuniori 
for fin repented of, confefedtndforfaken ^ nor 
yetforthemeer infirmities of Believers, or 
fins that are not fcandalons or grofs ; Nor 
muft Paftors prefumc by excommunicating 
Kings and Rulers, to difhonour them and en 
danger Obedience and Qvil peace. 

IX. We are agreed that as there muft be a 
perfonal communion of Christians for the 
worfhipping of God* and for holy walking in 
a particular Church, fo there muft be a com- 
munion of Churches, as far as nccclficy dotf| 
require, aod our capacity will allow : That fo 
they may communicate the truths and mer- 
cies which they receive % and may know how 
to receive or rcfufe fuch, as are received 01 


reje&ed by any of the Churched ThePaftors 
therefore ( with other meet perfons) (hould 
npcet together ('having leave granted by 
the Civil Chriftian Magiftrate ) and 
hold correfpondency. to thefc ends as oft as 
they well can : As alfo for the helping and 
ftrcngtheningof each other, and doing the 
work of God in Concord, and other ends to 
be mentioned anon. 

X. Into this Communion we arc agreed,' 
that all fuch true Pafiors ( and Churches ) 
are to be admitted , as make a credible fre* 
fejfion of Faith and Holinefs •, and that fuch 
as deny this,ov are Heretickj, or of Jcandalota 
ungodly lives , rauft after a firft and fecond 
admonition , be reje&ed by the reft of the 
Pafiors and the Churches. ( So as in the man- 
ner they make no disturbance of Civil obedi- 
ence or Peace.) 


Chriftian Religion. 

ExprefTed I. briefly, in the 
ancient Creeds, the ten Com- 
mandments y and the Lords 

And tt more largely in a Trofefsi- 
on taken out of the holy Scriptures $ 
Containing 1. The Articles ot the 
Chriftian Belief. 2. Our Confent to 
the Gofpel Covenant. 3 . The fum of 
Chriftian Duty. 

According to the Primitive Simplicity, 

Purity, and Pra&ice : Pitted to the right 
Inftru&ingof the Ignorant, the promo- 
ting of Holinefs, and the Charitable 
Concord of all true Believers. 

Which whofoever fincerely Believeth,Cohfen- 
teth to, and Pn &il'ct!i 3 (lull certain y uC faved. 

It h alfo by prefixed Jgjteflio'is, made a Cuechifm. 

By Richard Baxter. 

London Primed, 1660. 


To fill up this vacant Page. 

*&E Vapifls Confefsion of the fufficiency of our Belief. 

Concil. Bafil. Orac. Raguf. Bin. p. 29?. [ The Holy 
Scripture in the literal I fcnfe,foundly and well under flood, is 
the Infallible and mofi fufficicnt Rule of faith. ] 

Bcllarm. dc verbo Dei, L 4.C. 11. I In the Christian doftrint 
both of Faith and Manners, fome things are, [imply necejjary to faU 
vation, to all-, as the knowledge of the Articles of the Apoftles Creel 
of the ten Commandments , and of fome Sacraments : The reft are nek 
fo Necejjary, that a man cannot be faved without the explicite $nor* 
ledge, belief and profejfion of them — The fe things that arefimpl} 
neceffary,and are Profitable to all, the Apoftles pre ached to aSL 

All things are written by the Apoftles which are Necejfary 1 al% 
*U which they openly preacht to all ] ( See the place. ) V 


Coftenus Encbirid. c. i.p. 49. Non inficiamur praecipua Hlafi 
dei capita quae omnibus Chriftianis cognitu funt ad falutem ua At 
ccflaria, perfpicue fatis effe Apoftolicis fcriptis comprchenfa 


The ChrifHan Religiw. I 

The Ancient Creed. 

I Believe in God the Father 
Almighty, MtMer of 
Heaven and Earth: And 
in fefus Chrifi his only 
Son our Lord, who was 
conceived by the Holy 
\Chofi y born of the Virgin 
Mary • fuffered under 
Pontius Pilate, 

I Believe in one God the Father 
Almighry^nuker of Heaven 
and earn , and of aU things 
vifibie and invisible ; and in one 
Lord JefusChrift the only breot- 
ten So»f God, be-otten or his 
Fathen^f ;re all worlds, God of 
God, Ughtof Light, very God of 
very God^begotren not made, be- 
ing of one fubftance with the Fa- 
ther, by whom all things were 
made : who for us men, and for 

ypOA Cru- ! our kl vat i° B came down from 
" ' heaven , and was incarnate bv the 

holy Ghoit of the virgin Mary, 
and was made man, and was cruci- 
fied alfo for us under Ponnu* Pi- 

cified , dead and buried 
he descended into Hell 

the third day he rofe again . late. He fuffered and was buried. 
■A,„**, +L» A* * A L „r^.«> ! and the third day he rofe again 
from the dead; he afcenA accordin . to thr ; scnpr B re s , ani 

dedinto Heaven,and [ittteth] afcended into heaven, and frtcth 

*L ~l*. I J f sv J at the right hand of the Fathers 

m the right hand of God And helhall ccme a^ain with 

the Father Almighty, from glory to judge bo'h the quick and 

i i n n • J the dead ; whofe kingdom (hail 

thence he JballcometO judge \ ha veno end. And I believe in 

he quick and the dead. lbe-\ * he holy Ghoft , the Lord and 
heve tn the Holy Uhvjt ; the ; from the Father and the Son, who 
holy Cathclick Churchy thl\ with the Father and the Son to- 
u. J . y . 7 , gcther is wortnipped and glorifij 

Communion of SatntS \ the] td, who fpake by the Prophets. 
c ornvenefs ef fins ; ' the a** 1 believe oBeCatholike and 

/? [ J r i /j Apoftolike Chuich > I acknow- 

"efurreCTlon of the body A ledge one Baptifm for the rcmiiE, 

%na tne itje ivertejtwg,\ rcfurreaion of lhcJc ad,and the 
imen, I Ufc of clac world to come. %A*»<n± 


2 "the Chriflian Religion. 

T jit / Hofoevcr will be favcd : before all things, it is necef- 

Y/ Y/ fary that he ho'd the Catholike faith. 

Which faith except every one do keep wholly and 
undefiled : without doubt he fliall pciiili everlaftingly. 

And the Catholike faith is this : that we worftiip one God in 
Trinity, and Trinity in Unity : 

Neither confoundin^the perfons : nor dividing the fubftance. 

For there is one perfon of the Father, another of the Son, and ' 
another of the holy Ghoft. 

But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the holy 
Ghoft, is all one : the ^lory equal, the Majefty cdeternal. 

Such as the Father i§fuch is the Son:& fuch is the holy Ghoft. 

The Father uncreate, the Son uncreate, and the holy Ghoft I 
uncreate. - 

The Father incomprehensible, the Son incomprehensible, and 
the holy Ghoft incomprehenfiole. 

The Father eternal,the Son eternal,and the holyGhoft eternal. 

And yet they are not three eternals .• bur one eternal. 

As alfo there be not three inco^ -prehenfiblc s, nor three uncrc- ; 
ated : but one r.ncreated, and one ificoruoiehcn^ble. 
■ So likewife the Father is Almighty, viz Son Almighty, and ^ 
the Holy Ghoft Almighty. 

And yet they are not three Almighties : but one Almighty. * 
So the Father is God,the Son is God,& the holy Ghoft is God, <j 

And yet they arc not three Gods : but one God, 

So likewife the Father is Lord, the Son Lord , and the hoi) f 
Ghoft Lord, : * 

And yet not three Lords : but one Lord. ' 

For like as we be compelled by the Chriflian verity , t< P 
acknowledge every perfon by himfelf to be God and Lord. 

So are w forbidden by the Catholike Religion, to fay thcrtf 1 
be three God±> or rhiee Lords. 

The Fachcr is made of none : neither Created, nor begotten, h 

The Son is of the Father alone : not made, nor created, bu *U 
begotten. F 

The holy Ghoft is of the Father,and of the Son;neither made U 
por created; nor begotten, but proceeding. 

The Chriflian Religion. 3 

So there is one Father, not three Fathers $ one Son, not three 
Sons j one holy Ghoft,noi three holy G-ofts 

And in this Trinity none is afore or after o:her, nor.e is great- 
r or lefs then another. 
But tta whole three perfons be coetern.il together,and cc?quaL 

So that in all things, as is aforefaid, che Unity in Frinity and 
he Trinity in Unity is to be worfhi \^d. 
1 He therefore that will be faved: e Trinity, 

Furthermore, it is neceffary to everl&ftin* fa ! varion ; that he 
Ifo believe rightly in the incarnation ci our Lord JefusChrlft, 

For the right faith is, that we believe andctJhfefs : that oar 
ord Jefus Chrift the Son of God, is God and man, 
God of the fubftance of the Fathcr,begotten before the worlds: 
nd man of the fubftance of his mother, born in the world. 

Perfect God and perfect man : of a reafonable foul, and hu- 
lane flefh fubfiiting. 

Equal to the Father as touching his Godhead : and inferiour 
) the Father touching his manhood. 

Who although he be God and man : yet he is not two 3 Wt one 

One, not by Convcrfion of the Godhead into fle(h,butby 
tking of .le manh od Into God. 

One altogether , not by confufion of fubitance 3 but by unity of 

For as the reafonable foul and flefh is one man : fo God and 
lan is one Chnft. 

Who fuflfcred for our falvation, defcended into hell, *ofe again 
Le third day from th- dead. 

He afcended into hiiven, and fitteth on the right hand o^the 
srther, God almighty, from whence he fhall come to judge the 
aick and the dead 

At whofe coming all men fhall rife again with their bodies : 
j id (hall give account for their own wo 

And they that haV^ done good- (hal 1 ft cverlafting : 

}d they that have dene evif, into everlafUng Sre. 
^This is the Catholike faith: which except a man belie Y« 
j ^thfully, he cannot be faYed. 

4 7 be chnflian Religton. 

The ten Commandments, Exod. 20. 

Gg)DfpafeeatttbefetBotf0,fapinff> 3 am tbe Lotfi tbp ©ou » 
toMcbbaDeb;misbctbeeo*ieoftbetonD of Cgypt> out of tbe 
joule of boufca e. 

Slbou \Wt b*tjc no otber ocoto befojte me. 
©jen fbaft not mafee unto tbee anp graven image* ox anp lifce* 

ttCf« ©fany thin- than is ttti&eamtt abobe* Ql tljat tf III tilt ^art& 

bcncatlb o* tbat is in tbe toater tinner He eartb > &boH fealt not 
boto Bourn tfouelf to tfam? no* ferbe tbeni; fojt3 tbe lotfi tbp 
^otiam aieaUras #et^ toiftring tbe fntqufcte« of t&e JFat^rs 
upon tie cuilbjm* nnto the tbteo anafourtb generation of tbein 
I t*)*t bate me ^ ana tbetomg mere? unto tyoufann* of tbem tbat 
lotieme^anD fceepmPcommanDments. 

Ebou (bait noc rake t&e name 0' tbe LojtD tbP 45o& in bain ; fc;t 
t&e Lot* tottl not bolD bun guiltlefs tbat taketb bis naim in bain* 

Remember tbe feabbatb Dav to Iteep tt boll? : fit &ap* ajalt 
tbou Iabour>a.iD 00 all tbp tuoifc s but tbefetantb Dap 19 tbe^ab* 
Ibatboftb^G^tJtbv^ocij in it tljou fljalt not Do ant> tuo^ 5 tbou> 
not tfep foujnoM^ Daiubter? tbpmamfenjant, no* tby matD* 
fenmnt, iwtbp cattebnoi tbe ftranotei* tbat tsUrtbtn tbygate*: 
%o% in fie Dav* tbe LojtD maDe beaten anD eartb ? tlje fea> 
ana all that tn tbem is? anD refteD tbefetoentbDaps toberefoje 
tbe to*D btefca tijc $etoent& Dat> antj ballotoeD it. 

honour rbp fatber anD tbv motber, tbat tbP Dags map be 
fong upon tbe lann u>bicbtbeLojDtbp©oD gibetbtbee. 

C&ouftalt not full. 

fTbou ibaltnot commit aDulterp* 

Cbeuiljat not (Teal. 

C&on foait not bearfrrtfc tomtefaa<xatnntbp0eifl;blJour* 

feoon fbnrlt norco^et tb^net&b^ouiBbomeitboutoitnot cobet 
t&p neigblwii** Mfo noibisman-fenjant^no* bie mat'Merbant, 
toot big o^noji 6.0 atejnw an? tbtug tbat i* tb? neigbbours. 

The Lords Prayer, Mai . 6, 

OSR fatber tobiebatt in E;eaben, ballotocbbe tty J5ame: 
&bp Stfn«Dom come : Wtt will be Done in eartb as it i*i« 
fceafcen : ©toe tcsr tbis Day our DatlpbjeaD ? anb fmgibe 110 
3ttr urjbtsr > a? toe fojgibe our tiebtojia > 3n& lean n^ not into 
temptation > bnt neliber u^ from e*ri! > fo* tbine te tbe King* 
8om> anD tbe $otm> anD tbe ©io^p 3 f^ eber> Amen, 

The Chriftlan Relight*. 

The Profession of the 
Ch r i s t i a n Religion. 

I. The Articles of the Chrifiian Belief. 

It is a Cc-tecbifm if y§u prefix to every Article, the 
JVueftiov, ao&at DOpou bclietoe i 

i . T>Here is one only God (*) Or 
i.OfGoD. I ^y m three perfon$ * che fubfiftcn- 

Father, Son and Holy Ghoft (b) : Who is SJ'iCor. 
Infinite in Being,Power,Wifdom and Good- 8.4,$. " 
nefs (c) : The Creator of all things (d)-,Our (b) Mat. 
moft abfolute Lord, moft Righteous Go- 28 _ **• 
vernour , and moft gracious Father(e). 

1 17. Pfal. 139. 7, 8, 9. & 147. j . Ifa. 40. 17. (d) Neh. 5. ۥ 
Cc)Rcv.4.8.8ciy.3.Ex.34.^.Ezck.iS.4.Pfal.47.7. & 119. *3. 
Be I4<<9- 

■ , > ' 2. God made man for /n ~„ 
I °f theC /T n A himfelf ( f ) in his own £ 7°*' 
Lmm J image (g) ; with Reafon (g) Gen. 

and freewill (h): endued ****• 
with wifdom and holinefs (i) . and put under ( h ) Dcuc * 
him the inferior creatures,for his ufc(k) :and 2?j ^oi, 

3. 10. Ecclcf.7.29. (k) Pal 8. j 3 tf. 
B 4 bound 

6 ' ThfChrifiian Religion. 

(1) Mar. bound him by the Law of Nature to adhere 

DcutV V t0 Gocl hlS Maker \ t0 BellCve h>m,fear him, 
^ IO ,'.; love him, honour him and obey him with all 
& 1.32. his powers (I): Moreover forbidding him to 
(m; Gen. eat of the tree of Knowledge upon pain of 
a. i* 5 17- death (m). 

^aM&V. ^ «ii j 3- Man being tempted 
Johns 4 l ^7/^ by Satan,did wilfully fin, 
Ro.^^12,^^^^ and lo tell from God 

?8 Gcn.3. andHappincfs,under the 

<b) Rom. wrath ofGod(a),the curie of his Law(b)and 
\*9#9frl* l ^ c P ower ofthe Devil (c); And hence we 
■ &6.z$. are all conceived in fin, and prone to evil, 
(c) Afts (d) and condemnation is pafied upon all 
t.6< .18. / c j an( j no mecr creature is able to deli- 

Epn, 2.2 /r\ 

Hcb.i.i 4 . verus C0. 

(d)Pfal.j MRom ^.iiEph.i.2,3^ Ifa 48.4. Job i4.4.&2?.4,; 

Gen.^.j.Hof n.7.(e) Rom.j. 18,19.(0 Rom.5.6310. Afts 4.12. 

, • % t. „ 4. God fo loved the world 

isiu & t ° f ^T that he pave his only Son to be 
4 4*- /i brift. the ^ Redeemer (a)- who be- 
%. F? h *•*• ing God, and One with the 

Rot/ * 11 father (b) did take our nature, and become 
)bh.xajd man 5 being conceived by the Holy Ghoft, 
(c; 1 Tim. in the Virgin Mary, and born of her, and 
2 : 5.Heb.2. called Jefus C hnk (c^ and being free from 
\\ 16 ' fin, he conquered the tempter, fulfilled all 
\Zu'^ ri £ ht ^oufnefs (d), revealed the Gofpel,and 
Mat. 1,20 S 2i. (d) Heb.4. 15. Mat, 4. Heb.7.26. Mat.3. 17. 


The cbriftiart Religion 7 

confirmed it by Miracles (e)- 5 and gave him- (c) Ads ». 
felfa facrificeforour fins,and aranfomefor zz - Heb - : 
us, in fufferingdearhon the crofs,to recon- 3 ' 4 " 
I cile us unto God (f) • and'was buried, and ^^ cb,f * 
went among the dead(q)*) * ' T £f* 

•Or [**£**- and Rofe again the third ^ " 6 
ed fouls Oi\to the j t • j • V ^ 

$tbcr world.} da Y> havin g conquered (3) 1 Co, 

death, (h)- andatterward JV>* 
attended into Heaven (i) where he remain- pjy |#^ 
eth God and Man, in one perfon(k), and is 10 1 Pet. 
Lord of all, in glory with the Father (1). the 3.18,19. 
chief Prieft, and Prophet, and King of his OviTim 
Church (m)- interceding for us -, and teach- I§ IO '*l^ 
ingand ruling us, by his Spirit, Minifters, *[** 
and Word (n). OJA&2.9 

(k) Afts 3 ii. Rom. 9«j. Heb.7. 24. (1J A<fts 2. 36". & 10. 36, 
(m) Heb. 3. 2. & 10. 21. Afts 3. 23. & *. 31. (ri) Heb. 7. 2? 
Rom. 8.34. Eph.4. 8 3 ii 5 12, 13. Rom.8.^. 1 Thef. j. u, 

5. The Lord JefusChrift , 1H , . 

l-oftbiVewTeflj- hath ordained in hisTefta- ,K 

mat or Covenant of 1 ,, 1 1 V J I 

Gr/ue* ment, that ail they that iz.&j.i*. 1 

receive him by a true ef- *&***. 

fcftual faith, and by true Repentance do l^'^t 

turn from the flelh, the world % and the De- ^ & ^ J 

viluntoGod,(hall freely receive the pardon 19. & 20I 

of their ftns(a),and (hall become the Sons of *i. Rom. I 

God,and heirs ofeverlaftingLife,(b) & the ^ Ij }?• 1 

Spirit ofChrift (hall dwell within them(c), JSj^jl 
*f>l7« (0 Oal.4.6. John 3.6". 1 Cor.6*.i7.Rotn.8. Eph.i.ig.n.l 


8 The Chriflian Religion. 

'd)Rev.x. and all that overcome and perfevere to 
F3- Co1 * the death , (hall live with Chrift in endlefs 
Icb'iK. S' 01 T fd): But the Unbelievers, impenitent 
z) Ma'-/ and unholy (hall be condemned to everlaft- 
?i6.Loh. ing fire (ej. And this he hath commanded 

*rf*3^ his Ministers to preach to all the world (f) : 
Ihcf I4# And hath t0 '^ us 5 ^ iat: AH that are given 

9. &2,. him of the "Father, (hall come to him, and 

:. Luke that he will in no wife caft them out, nor 

; 3 • fhall any pluck them out of his hands, (g) 
Mat. 18. 
Mar. 16. i? 3 i6. aCor.$. 19* (g) Joh.tf.37 & 10. 28,29; 

'jjoh .14. 6. The Holy Ghoft 

.&ij. 6. of the Holy f oft pr0C eeding from the 
xPcc.x. revealing and confirm* t h I ? h - jj 

ix, 12. ingthe Gofpel. hattier and the Son, did 

I 'et.i.n. lnipire and guide the 

Tim. 3/ Prophets, Apoftles, and Evangelifts, that 

! Johi^. t h e y m ight truly and fully reveal thedo- 
.Eph.3. ft r j ne f chrift, and deliver it in Scripture 
t'gio? ' to the Church as the rule of our faith and 

f T.ia." life (a): and by abundance of Evident 
> 19. uncontrouledMiracles.andwonderfull gifts, 
Hm. 6. to be t h e g re at witnefs of C hrift^and of the 

•J- 1 *! truth of his holy word (b). 
* 29*3 *• 

) Adsi. Z2. 4. & 5. 32. & 19. n> 19. Heb. 2. 3^4. Gal, 3.1, 
$$• job. 14. 12.&3.2. 1 Cor. 14. 

7. Where 

7 SeCbrifiidn Religion. 6 

7. Where the Go- (a) Ads 

l0 f onr Smmfiemon fpel is ma£ j e known zj.i 7 ,i%. 

fSSlfiffiZ ^eHoly Ghoft by ic Jgfc 
fanfcfied. cloth enlighten the i6 I4 ioh. 

minds of all that (hall 6. 44 . Eze. 
be faved, and opening and foftening their 3&*$.Gal. 
hearts, doth draw them to believe in Chrift ^Aa 
(a) and turneth them from the power of l8% 
Satan unco God (b): Whereupon they arc (c)Col.i. 
joyned to Chrift the Headend into one ho- i*Eph.$. 
lyCatholick Church which is his Body, con- 3°>3i>32- 
fitting of all true believers (c): and are free- x qoJ.h. 
lyjuitified, and made the Sons of God (d)-, 12,13,17/ 
and a fan&ified peculiar people unto him(c), (djRom.3. 
and do Love him above all, and ferve him 24«&4« 2 4* 
fincerelyin holinefs and righteoufnefs (i) 9 ^YT\t\\ 
Loving and defiring the Communion of the j 4 . 
Saints (g)- Overcoming the Fle(h,the World (f)Rom.?. 
and the Devil (hj, and Hoping for Chrifts 5. Mat -i°- 
fecond coming, and for everlalting life (\). 3 7 ' l Cor ' 

D > D v ' £. 11. 

J-uke 1. 75. (2) 1 John 3. 14. 1 Per. 1. iz. Afts 14.2. (h)Gal. 
5.17,14. 1 John 1.15. (i) 1 Cor. 1, 7. z Pet. 3. il 3 li. Tit. 
1.2. & 3. 7. 

8. At Death the (a) Luke 
i.Ofthe Judgment and fouls of the Juftified 2 3- 43. & 
execution. go to happinefs with \ 6 ^ 

Chrift,ahd the fouls of g PhiUi!' 
the wicked to Mifery (a); And at the end of 13. 1 Pet. 
this world the Lord Jefus Chrift will come 3-19- Luke 

again j 16 - z6 **- 

I o The ChriflUn Religion. 

dCb) Afts i. again , and will raife the bodies of all men 

: ii. i Cor. f rom t fe dead- and will judge all according L 

. x *• J°h. $. tQ their works ^ And che Righteous fhall L 

initio go into everlafting life, and the reft into 

tlxCor. j. everlafting punifhment (c): AH this I do 

j £°* , nnfeiqnedh ^believe. 
U(c) Mat. J A J 

la?. & 13. 41*42,4$. 2 Tim. 4.83 18. iThef. 1 8, 9, 10. & 
ii. John 17. x4. 


II. 0/*r Confent to the G off el Covenant, 
with God the Father , Son and Holy Ghofi^ by 
which we are Chrifiians, and members of the 
Catholic!^ Church. 

Queft. A-{t yon willing ani refolved to Give up your 
, 5 ( felfto Godtbe Father, Son and Holy Gbojl, accord- 

!~ ing to the Gofpel dottrine which you pofefs ? 

(a; Luke yj Epenting of my fins, and renouncing 
;J 5 j"'&7. XV the FL*(h;the V/orld and the Devil 
I j 9 . Rom 8. fa), I do take this one God to be my only 
.^3. Luke God (b) 5 and do heartily give up my felf un- 

wTh'f t0 ^ m ( c ) ' -^ ven t0 X ^ e ^ ut ^ er -> (<0 as m y 

^\b) Exod.' Creator and Reconciled Father in Chrifi : 
' 2,0.3. Deut. And to his Son fefpu Chrifi, as my Lord, and 
y6 i7.Jof. only Stvioptr, to Reconcile, and bring me 
ji4« * *• t0 unto God (e) : And to the Holy Ghofi as my 


V) 2 Cor. 8.$. (d) John 17. 3. 1 Cor.8.6. 2 Cor. 6. 17, 18. 
• John 1.3. Eph.4^6. (c) John 14.6. Luke 5, 14. & 14.26. 
f\fts9- tf.Rom, 6.12,16. Luke 19. 27. John?. 19. 

Santtifier -, 

The CbrtftUn Relighn. 1 1 

Santlifier •, that he may further illuminate, (f) Mat. 
fandiHe and confirm me,and I may hold faft * 8 -* *• 
and obey the doftrine of Chrift, which was ^ £'*** 
revealed by his infpiration ? and witneffed by I3 ^ i 4 /x8. 
his gifts and Miracles, and is now contained Rom. 8. 9* 
in the Holy Scriptures h and that he may be l 3> ****■ 
in me the earnelt of my everlafting Happi- x ^ 
nefs with God (f). "ig^». 

& 3.;$, i*. 2 Cor. 1.22. & 5 -j. Ifa. 4 4, 3,435. Rom, i$. f. 
III. Thefttmm efCkriftianDutj. 

Qucft. what are 

_ ( . 1. /^Hrift hath appointed ,., *, 
,. Tfc j# (^ that fe ffien ^ all be * M 

mean^ and da- ^ . . . .* w . . n •?/» 

thsQjHoimefs. Ordained his Mmiiters , to (b)Rom. 
preach theGofpelto theNa- J^ 7 ' 14 ' 
tions of the world (a), and make them his 2 xim 4 2? 
Difciples,Baptizing them in the name of the Afts 13.1! 
Father, Son and Holy Ghoft (b): and to &2.41. 
congregate his Difciples (c), and to over- (0 Afts *•• 
fee and Guide the feveral Congregations, /|\^ 6 ' 1# 
and each member thereof (d): Particularly, 7 ^ 8# ' 
to Teach them the word of God(e)^to Pray 1. Tim.*, 
and Praife God with them and for them (f): 17-Tit.L 

(e)Afts 20.20,31. Col. 1,28- Eph 4. 11,12,13. Mal.2.7. \ Tim. 
S 17.rO 1 Cor.i4.i^,26.Afts20.7,3^James$.i4. Afts^.4,& 
a.4i.Phil.i.4.Nch.ii.24.& 1x17.8c ?.$. & 8.4,^. 


12 The ChriftUn Religion. 

to adminifter the Lords Supper in remcm* 
(g)iCor; b rance of him (g)* (h) Efpecially on the 
io.i^ 4 " - Lords Day, which he hath appointed for 
(h)Heb.7. holy communion in fuch works ( i) : Alfo to 
7 . Numb. Rebuke with authority the fcandalous and 
*; M- unruly (k) •, and to bind andrejed thofe 
^i^A*" r ^ at: are °^ n ^ te 'y impenitent , and unre- 
ao.7°iCor! formed^ and to Abfolve and Reftore the Pe- 
*6.z. nitent, and confirm the weak (1). 


i5.&i.9,iM Tim.j.i^.&3.j.fl)Mat. i8.i7^S.Tit.3. 10 
! 1 Cor 5. 4,5, 11,13. 

(a) Afts 2. it is therefore the Peoples Duty to joyn 
*\- T . with fuch Churches, for the aforefaid Wor- 
5.17! Hcb. # ^P of God (a) • and to know, hear, fubmit 
137. 17/ to 5 and obey thefe theirGuides that are over 
24,1 Thef. them in the Lord •, (b) and to avoid Divifion 
5- 12 '' *3- and Difcord, and to live in Unity, Love 
\£* ui6 - and Peace (c). 

(c) 1 Cor. 1. 10. & 3. 3. Rom. 16. 17. Eph. 4. 3, 15, itf. Phil 
2.1,2,3. Rom. 1 j. 6. 

2. The fecret Duties of 
2. The fecret Du- Holmfs are thefe ; The ex- 
j (a) Jude ues ofHolmefs. emfe of raith ,R e pcntance, 
' aI '?*l ** Love, Hope, Delight in God, and all other 
1 j 1 " 2 graces (a) ; The mortifying of our fins-,efpe 
1 1 Tim.4.7. C{ ^y Atheifm, Unbelief, and unholinefs ^ 
1 lfa.*4v7.' hardnefs of heart, difobedience and un- 


The ChrifttAn Rdtgton. 1 3 

thankfnlnefs, flefh-pleafing , covetoufnefs, 
and Pride, (b): The diligent: Examining of 0>) Afts 
our own hearts, about our Eftates,our Du- z *' 16 - 
ties,and our fins(cj -.Medicating upon God, R° m 3 g * 
and his word and works •, efpecially of our Heb/3. 11 
Redemption by JefusChrift ., and of Death, 13. Mat 
J udgement,Heaven,and Hell (d) • Watching * 5 •'%> * 
diligently over our Thoughts, Affeftions, Luk **** 
Words and Aftions(e): Refifting Tempta- j 1 .,.^' 
tions (f): And frequent and fervent Pray- 1 Cor. 3. 
cr to God, in the name of Chnft, with *&. 
Confeffion,Thankfeiving 3 and cheerful Prai- ( c )^^ v 

C~* f«\ l °> * Cor, 

fes (8>, M . 5 .Gal 

6. 3, 4. Pfal. 4. 4. (d) Pfal.104. 34. & 1. 2. & 11^.^7,09, 
Gen. 24. 6$.Eph. 3. i8 5 19- Pfal. 90. 12. Luke 12. 3*. 2 Vet 
n, 12. (e) Luke 21. 36. Pfal. 141. 3. 1 Cor. 10. 12. Pfal.39.1 
Prov. 4.23. (f) Eph. 6. 10. to i£. i Pet.5.9^ Jam^.7. (g)PfalJ 
34. i.& 145. 2. 1 Thef5.17.Phil. 4. 6. John 16. 23. 

3 .Parents and Mafters 
STbePnvateDHties muft diligently teach fa)Erf|#6# 

Ltio,is to others. their children and fer- 4 , 9 .Deut. 

vants, the word and fear 6 «ii 3 »a. • 
of God (a), and Pray with them, and for ^A&fo! 
them, and hinder them from fin (b),and ufe ' p rov ] 
all their power that they and their houfe- 12.6,15.8c 
holds may ferve the Lord (c): children and *3- *3* 
fervants muft willingly learn and obey(d): P^-ior. 
We muft feek inftruftion in the matters of * am - *• 
(c; Gen.13.1j.J0fh. 24.15. Cd)Col.3. 10.12, Eph.6. Deut.2i.i$ # 


1 4 7 he Chri'fiian Kelt gt on. 

F^mY*' ° Ur ^™ t{0n >^P- C] ^Y ofour Teathers(eJ: 

{% i Cor wemuft take heed ot chc company of temp t- 

i 4 35. " in 8> * nd ungodly perfons, and delight in 

[ffjPfal; the company and help of the Godly: We 

!x.i.& t*. muft lovingly andfaithfully give,and chank- 

|4. & 119. f u lly receive admonitions and exhortations 

13. 2o? V# (0 ; Confeflingourfaulsonetoanother(g): 

Eph.5.^7, and ^ 7 Prayer, Pfalms, and edifying confe- 

11. Lev. rcnce,anda holy converfation, provoking 

t* J 7. one another toLove^and to good works(h). 
Mat. 18. & 

15. Heb. 3. IV Jam. ?. 20. 1 Pet. f, 5. <g) Jam.?. 16. (hj Col. 
3. 1 6, 17. Atts iz. 12. & 16. x5. Eph. 4. 29. 1 Pec. 4. n.& 
3. 2. Jam. 3. 13.C0I.1.3.&4. 3.Hcb.io. 24. 

(aj Deut. 4. Superiors muft rule 

I- I?i 4. Jfc »«J« O'- f or God and the common 

2. Chron P ice <m& Chanty to- . . , T iY . ' , 

ti 6 7 *W* «* g°° d > Wlth J UlhCe and 

Jofli. 1.8. Mercy f a):Inferiors muft 

Ha.56.1. honour and obey them in the Lord (bj.-We 

(b) Rom. muft not injure, but preferve the Life, Cha- 
13 i> *>3* ftity^Eftate^ame^and Rights of our Neigh- 
Eph^iV bour(c^) .-Notfeekingour 0w*agamfthis 

(c) Exod! welfare ( d^but doing as we would be done 

20. Mat.?, by (e)-, forbearing and forgiving (f) •, and 

17. to 48. loving our neighbour as our felvesYg) : Yea 

W Dcut. Joying our enemies; and doing good to all 
5.21. Phil. s. ' / l X D ° 

J Zt . . according to our power (h). 

1 Cor, 10. H> 3 3 . 6c 13 . 5. (e) Mat.7. 12. f) Col. 3. 13* 
(g)Mat.i9.i?.& 22.39. (h) Mat. 5.44.Gal.6.io. Heb.13.1tf. 


Tta Agreement of the Affbciated 

I, T ;\ 7 E do each one for • Aft - '• Fof 

VVhimfelf, profefs jf*" * JJ' •JJ'f* 

6urRefolution,intheitrength Aa. zo i8./i 
of Chrift , to be faithful and i Tim. 412, 
diligent in the works of our i3»i4>*5>i*- 
Miniftry • and to live an holy an( i V *' &Ct 
and exemplary life, in Piety , T p e ' tt , z , 
Juftice and Charity , accord- 
ing to the meafurc of our abilities • Efpeci- 
ally watching againft thofe fins that tend to 
the corrupting or dividing of the Church, 
and to the hindring of our Miniftry • and 
to thedifronourof the Gofpel,aud ot our 

II. We do profefs our Agreement and Arc, 2. For 
Refolution in the ftiength of Chrift , to be r ^ c f ^ c 
faithful and diligent in puHick Pleaching fi^fr 
the Gofpcl ; And in the perfonal inftrud- 
ingof all in our Parifhes, or undertaken 
limits 5 that will fubmit thereto ^ teaching 
the Ignorant the Principles of Religion } 
G endea- 

1 6 The Agreement of the 

endeavouring in Love, Corripaflion and 
Meeknefs, and yet with fcrioulnefs and zeal, 
to convince the erroneous and oppofcrs , to 
awaken the prefumptuous and fecure, and 
help them io try the ftate of their fouls, 
and co fee and feel cheir fin and mifery, and 
return to God by Chrift that they may live ; 
to ftrengthen the weak; to raife the fain ^ 
to edifie and confirm the ftrong ^ and to 
comfort fuch as need confolation •, and to 
help them all to prepare for death and 
judgement, and for everlafting life : And 
all this, as frequently , conftantly and or- 
derly, as ourftrength,and time, and greater 
duties will permit. 
An. 3. Tor 1 1 j. That the Churches may be capable 

af omtof° { the Difci P line of Chrift > and conftituted 
*r£~a-!lVL afl d m ^d according to the Word of God , 
to be made an d the ends ot our Office and Labours may 
byalltha be attained, vye are Agreed and Refolved toj 
mil be ta~ take none for Adult members of the Chur- 
d*ltmm- c ^ es comm *tted to our [fecial charge, nor ad- 
bers," and nm them, as fuch, to Church-Communion 
partake of and Priviledges , but thofe that have firil 
their corn- made fome perfonal credible Profeffion of 
rnimwi. true chriftianity, that is, of Faith and Obe- 
dience, and as members of thofe Churches, 
iubmit to our Paftoral over-fight according 
to the Word of God, But all that make 


jffociated Paftors. 17 

this Profefllon of Chriftianity and Confent 
to live in Communion with th£ Church, and 
under the Miniftry and Dilcipline of Chrift, 
we {hall receive , though they be weak in 
knowledge, and utterance, and duties •, and 
lhall faithfully imploy our Minifterial abili- 
ties and care for their edification andfalva- 

I V. We are Agreed and Refolved in the Arc. 4, F:r 
ftrength of Chrift, while we have ability P H ^ ! jfi 
and opportunity,to Congregate the people, wr ' ^ 
and hold conilant Affemblies, efpeoally on 
theLords-Dayes ^ and therein faithfully to 
perform the works of our office , in Read- 
ing the holy Scripture, Preaching, Praying , 
Baptizing , Praifing God , celebrating the 
Sacrament of the Lords Supper, and guid- 
ing the people in the whole publick worfhiji 
of God : And to manage our work wich 
as much prudence, and reverence, and love 
and compaffion to the peoples fouls, and 
with as much plainnefs and convincing evi- 
dence, authority, ferioufnefs, and zealous 
.importunity as we can ; Avoiding asfaras 
we are able, fuch things as corrupt and dis- 
honour Gods Ordinances, and tend to cor- 
rupt the peoples rtiincs with errour, pre- 
fumption , deadnefs, negligence , or other 
diftempers, difpleafing to the Lord, 

1 8 The Agreement of the 

Art j.F#v v. Por the ends of our Office,in obedi- 
Vifapline. ence t0 t h e Lord^ we Agree and Refolve in 
theftrengthof Chrift, to exercif- (o much 
of Church-Government and Diftipline, in 
the Churches committed to our charge , as 
we difcern to be our certain duty • that is 
to keep order and decency in the holy Af- 
femblies, and fee that all be done to edifica- 
tion : Convi&ing feducers, and flopping 
the momhes of perverfe gain-fayers ^ Over- 
feeing the feveral members of our charge - 
and requiring them to walk obediently to 
Chrift , and do their duties towards each 
other ; to Reprove the grofs and fcanda- 
lous offenders : and if they continue impe- 
nitent or unrcformed , to tell the Church, 
or rebuke them before all •, ( and publickly 
pray for their recovery ) ; And if they 
hear not the Church, but remain impeni- 
tent and unreformed, after fufficient re- 
proof and patience, to put away fuch per- 
sons from among us, declaring againft 
them ihe threatnings of the Lord , and re- 
quiring them to forbear Communion with 
the Church , and requiring the Church to 
avoid them, and have no familiarity or 
communion with them , as peripns unmeet 
for the communion of Saints. And thofe 
that credibly profels Repentance, we are to 


jiffociattd Pajtors. jg 

AbfolveMinifterially in the name of Chrift, 
and comfort with thepromifes of Grace- 
receiving them, and requiring the people to 
receive them, as Brethren, into their Com- 
munion : but warning them to watch and 
fin fo no more, left worfe befall them. This 
holy Difcipline , by the help of God, we 
(hall exercife faithfully and impartially ■, but 
yet with caution and moderation ^ negled- 
ing no neceffary confultations with other 
Paftors , or concurrence of the Church : 
and confentin'g to be refponfible formale- 

V I. For the Communion of Churches, Ait. 6. Fit 
and the ftrengthening our felves for the C r m ^ d ™ 
work of God , and helping one another °L A f^J m 
therein, and maintaining Unity, Love znd tions. 
Concord ^ We do Content to hold a Bro- 
therly communion and correfpondency ; 
And to that end, when neceffity or greater 
duty hindreth us not, we (hall meet at fuch 
convenient times and places, as (hall be ap- 
pointed or agreed on from time to time-, 
and (hall labour to improve thefe meetings 
to our mutual edification, in fuch confulta- 
tions, conferences or other holy exerciles , 
as our preient cafe (hall moft require. And 
we confent to deal faithfully inadvifing and 
adiuonifliing one another - and for the fatif- 
C 3 fa&ion 

iO The Agreement of the 

faftion of ihi Brethren ( to the fore-tnen- 
tioned ends ) to be refponhble, if any (hall 
charge us with Herefie, fcandal, fchilm, of 
male-adminiftration : And forbearing mat- 
ters without our line, toftudyand endea- 
Tour the promoting ot Truth, and Holinefs, 
and Unity among our felves , and with 
other Church. s, as we have a call. 

And alfo we agree by communicatory 
Letters upon all needful occafions,to certifie 
our Brec hren and ocher Churches of the 
ftate of our affairs, and of particular mem- 
bers, that thofe chat juftly have communion 
in one Church, or are excluded , may haye 
communion with other Churches, or be re- 
fufed by them accordingly , when there is 
juft occafion. 

And if any Brethren or Churches be pre- 
vailed over lo far by temptation, as un juftly 
to deny us their communion, in this way of 
AfTociation, Aflemblies,or Correfpondency, 
we fhail not therefore deny them to be our 
Brethren, or Churches of Chnft , but fhall 
Love and Own them , and have fo much 
Communion with them, as their diftance 
fhall leave them capable of , if they joyn 
with us in the Profeflipn and Practice of 
true Chriftianity, and of the points that are 
necejOfary to Church-conftitmion and com- 
munion , 

A(JocUted P *(tcrs . 2 1 

munion, and are not proved guilty of 
herefie , ungodlinefs, or fuch kind of fchifai 
or fcandalous fins , for which the Scripture 
commandeth us to rejed men, and avoid 
them. But fuch as are thus guilty ( though 
they offer themfelves to affociate with us) 
we (hall refiife to hold communion with, till 
they credibly profefs Repentance , and ma- 
nifeft a Reformation. 

V 1 1. Becaufe it is a matter of great con- A ^. 7- of 
cernment to the honour of Chrift, the pro- °><b mtim 
pagation of the Gofpel, and ^heencreafe^^.^^ 
and welfare of the Church, that there be a Mi/ufters* 
Provifion of able, faithful Minifters, and 
that unworthy perfons be kept out • and be- 
caufe deceivers and unworthy men are for- 
ward to intrude, and the people ordinarily 
are inefficient of themfelves to make fuch 
tryal of mens ability and foundfiefs as is 
requifice co thefafctyof the Church- and 
the Church m silages hath received Mini- 
fters by the Ordination oi ocher Minrfl 
of Chnlt : We do therefore Agree to be 
careful and faithful in the au^harge of our 
duties hereabout , fo far as we can difcern 
them, Refolving chat if any vacant Church 
defire us to recommend a fit perfon to be 
their Paftor , or to Judge of any recom- 
mended to them, we will not recommend . 
C4 or 

% % The Agreement ef the 

or approve of any , but fuch as we judge 
molt agreeable to the will of Chrift •, nor 
will we prefer lefs fit and worthy men , for 
friendftiipor any carnal intereftor refpeft. 
And if any intollerably unworthy perfon be 
about to intrude, or have intruded, or any 
neighbour Church be about to choofe, or 
have chofen fuch, if we have opportunity. 
we (hall faithfully acquaint them with their 
fin and danger , and perfwade them to a 
better courfe. And if we (hall be called to 
inveft any by folemn Ordination in the fa- 
cred office of the Miniftry , we (hall per- 
form it, as near as we are able, according to 
the directions of the Word of God ; ad- 
mitting none that Chrift excludeth : And if 
it may be, we ft all do it in that Congrega- 
tion which the perfon is to Over-fee, that fo 
we may the better difcern their mutual 
Cosfenr, inculcate their duties, and engage 
them to a faithful performance thereof. 

And whereas it is much controverted of 
late, Whether the Power of Ordination be 
given to the people, or the Paftors of a par- 
ticular Church, or the Affociated neighbour 
Paftors , and whether a ftated Prefident 
among thefe {hquld not have a negative 
voice herein •, We are Agreed, that leaving 
the people their due Liberty of Confent in 


Jffidated Pajlors • 23 

the reception of their proper Pallors, We 
will none of us fingly Ordain, without the 
afliftance of other Pallors : Nor will we 
joyn with any Hereticks or others, in un juft 
and impious Ordinations , that tend to the 
corrupting or dividing of the Churches. 

And to avoid Divifion upon a tolerable 
difference of Opinions, where we may agree 
in Pradice , we Confent that the AfTociati- 
ons that have no Hated Prefidents ' or that 
give not to fuch a Negative voke, fhall re- 
ceive into their Communion thofethat are 
of the contrary opinion •, giving them 
leave, if they defire it, to profefs or record 
their opinion in that particular, fo they will 
afterward walk among them in Love and 
Peace. And that the AfTociations that 
choofe a dated Prefident , and give him a 
Negative voice in Ordination- , (hall in like 
manner , and on like terms , receive into 
their Communion , fuch as dilflfent in that 
particular, and having profeffed or record- 
ed their diffent , will walk fubmiffively in 
Lave and Peace. Which liberty alfo of pro- 
filing and recording their different prin- 
cples, we defire may be allowed them, that 
pyn in c ynods , as being only for Commu- 
lion of Churches, and them that joyn in 
:hcm, as having a dired fuperiour Govern- 

34 7 he Agreement of^ &c. 

ing Power over the particular Pallors of 
the Churches. 
At.s. of vi II. Though it be the fureftway to* 

° b M*™ C Peace an Concorc '5 t0 take U P Wit ^ '^efe 
firatelf' ^cceffary things, and we cannot approve of 
th^ narrow dividing principles of thofe 
men that will impofe rhings upneceffary, to 
the excluding of the necefTary ^ yet if our 
lawful Rulers (hall command it , or the 
peace of the Church, through the diftem- 
pers of the Brethren fnail require it, we 
(hall obey, and confeni in things that God 
hath not forbidden • anrd if we fuffer for 
well-doing, and for obeying God rather 
then men, we (hall endeavour to imitate our 
Lord, who being reviled, reviled not again, 
and when he fuffered, threatned not • but 
committed all to him that judgeth righte. 
oufly, i 7ei.2.23. 


The Offict of Chrifts Mwiflers 
mere largely opened. 

i. *TTHE Lord JefusCh rift having piir- 
I chafed our Salvation by his blood, 
and ftablifhed his Teitarnent or Covenant 
of Grace, and left us his example of perfeft 
holinefs, afcended to theFather,and is there 
the Glorified Lord of all, and Head overall 
things to his Church, all power being given 
him in Heaven and Earth ^ that interceding 
for us with the Father,he might be the Trea- 
fury of oar Light and Life • and offering 
falvation to the miferable world, might ga- 
thered cleanfe 5 and fave the Churcb,which 
is his Body ^ Communicating to them that 
grace that is here neceffary to them, in their 
way and warfare, and perfecting ch'em in 
Glory with himfelf, when their warfare is 

2. Chrift Being thus invifible to us, in 
Glory with the Father , pertormeth not 
thefe works below, by himfelf in perfon, 
immediately and alone-, but by his Spirit, 
Minifters, and Word. The Holy Ghoft 
being his Advocate or Agent to thefe ends ^ 
and His Minifters the Inftruments ufed by his 



%6 7 be office ofChrifts Miniflers 

Spirit and himfclf : to indite and bear ynXm 
nefs to his word, and to Preach it to the 
world, as that infallible Truth which mull 
guide them to Salvation. 

3. The firft Prophetical and Apoftolical 
Minifters, being fent by himielf, and quali- 
fied by the infpiration, conduftand miracu- 
lous gifts of the Holy Ghoft, did found the 
Church, and enlarge it unto many nations of 
the world ,and left them the holy Scriptures, 
which contain the doftrine which they 
preached,that it might be certainly and fully 
preserved, and propagated till the coming 
of Chriit. And they fetled by the appoint- 
ment of Chrilt and his Spirit, an ordinary 
miniftry to fucceed them, not to deliver a 
new Law" or Gofpel,but to preferve and 
preach the doftrine which in the holy Scri- 
ptures ( and conjunctly at firft alfo from 
the mouths of the Apoftlcs) they had 
received as once delivered to the Saints, 
and to guide the Churches by it to the 

4. Though Chrift appointed Ministers 
that fhould have fo far a charge or care 
of the whole Church, as not to be limited to 
any one part, but to extend their labour and 
overfight , as far as their capacity and 
opportunities would permit:yet did he never 


mcYt Urgly opened. 27 

make any man his Vicar or Vicegerent,- as 
Head of the univcrfal Church ; nor lay 
upon any one, whether Peter , PahIj or any 
other , the charge and overfight of the 
whole ; nor did ever peter or any one 
Apoitle excrcife fuch anOffice,in governing 
all the Catholike Church : efpecially when 
it ceafed to be coRfined to Jcrttfalem and 
the adjacent parts , and was diiperfed 
through the world. Never did the Apo- 
ftles receive their Commiflions from Peter : 
or all theMiniftersthenin the world, per- 
form their work by hisCommiffion, or by 
any power received from him, nor were 
accountable to him, and judged by him for 
what they did. Muchlefs is this unrverfal 
Head-lhip, committed to the Pope of Romt 
through all ( or any ) generations : But 
becaufe a certain Primacy of Order was 
granted him by Etnperours and Councils, 
within the limits of the Roman Empire, long 
after the Apoftles days : therefore doth he 
take advantage thence, to pretend a Title to 
theuniverfal Head-fhip ; As if the Roman 
and the Chnftian world had been the fame ; 
or theEmperor and his Clergy had been che 
Rulers of all the Chriftian fubjefts of all 
other Princes or paftors upon earth : and 
his limited Primacy had been anumverfal 


a 8 The Of pee of Chrtfts Mwifters 

Soveraignty. This claim of the Pope of 
jRjome to be the Vice-Chrift , or univerfaf 
Paftor of all the Chriftian world, is a tyran- 
nical, impious, irrational ufurpation •, con- 
trary to the holy Scripture, and the Hate of 
the Primitive Church, and contrary to na- 
ture and common fenfe, which declare his 
incapacity of the work • far more then any 
Prince is uncapable of being the univerfal 
Monarch of the world •, And therefore all 
Chriftians fliould abhor this proud and im- 
pious ufurpation, and fly from the guilt of 
that horrible fchifm, and thofe corruptions 
in do&rine , worfhip and government, 
which it hath introduced. 

5. Chrift calleth his ordinary minifters 
to that office, by enduing them with his 
gifts,and difpofing them thereunto,and mo- 
ving the hearts of the people to confent,and 
by ordination of the fenior Paftors • and gi- 
ving them opportunities for the work : and 
fometime the Magiftrates command hath a 
hand in the obligation. 

6. It belongeth to the Office of the 
Minifters of Chrift to Preach the Gofpel 
to the nations of the world, and make 
them Chrifts Difciples, Baptizing them in 
the name of the Father, the Son, and the 
Holy Ghoft. 

7. This 

more largely opived. 29 

7. This Preaching or publishing the Go- 
fpel, is done by voice or by writing: that 
by voice, is done by Reading, by publike 
Sermons, or interlocutory conference : that 
by writing is either by tranflating the holy 
Scriptures into the languages ufed by the 
Nations, or by expounding and applying 
them. So that the holy Scriptures in the 
original languages^ are the word of God, 
both as to the terms and.fenfe Grammatical 
and Dottrinal: The fame Scriptures in a 
Translation are the word of God as to the 
fenfi r both Grammatical and Dcttrinal ^ but 
not as to the Terms : The holy do&rine of 
the Scriptures delivered in the writings \ and 
Sermons Jind conferences of the Preachers of 
the Gofpel, is the word of God,as to the 
DoBrinalfenfe •, but not as to the terms or 
Grammatical fenfe, except when they recite 
the Scripture words, as in the original or 

8. Baptifm is a holy Sacrament inftituted 
byChrift, in which a perfonprofeffingthe 
Chriltian faith (orthelnfantoffuchaPro- 
feflbr ) is ( regularly by a minilter of 
ChriftJ baptized in water into the name 
of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghoft, 
infignification and folemnization of the ho. 
ly Covenant,in which as a Penitent Believer 


30 The Office of Chrtfts Mtniflers 

(or the feed of fucb ) he giveth uphimfelf 
(oris by the Parent given up) to God the 
Father, Son and Holy Ghoft, from hence- 
forth (or from the time of natural capacity ,) 
to Believe in, Love, and ferve this blefled 
Trinity, againftxheplefti, the World, and 
Devil, and this efpecially on the account of 
Redemption : and (if hefincerely make this 
Covenant) is folemnly entred a member of 
Chrift and his Church, a juftified reconciled 
Child of God, and an heir of Heaven ; all 
which, with the other prefent benefits of 
the Covenant , he is hereby inflated (or in- 
vefted) in ^ they being thus folemnly deli- 
vered to him by the Promife thus fealed,and 
applyed by an appointed Minifter of 

Or if feme of us doutt whether thefe 
fpecial benefits of the Covenant are deliver- 
ed thus to all the Infants that are fineerely 
dedicated unto God • yet we are all agreed, 
that they are affured to them as foon as they 
believe : and in the interim of their incapa- 
city, they have a general promife that God 
will be their God, and his mercy fhall be to 

9. It is a notable part of the minifterial 
Office to Baptize : and consequently to try 
and judge of their Proteffion who are thus 


more Urgely opened. 

folemnly to be admitted into the Church, 
and eftated by Baptiim in thefe benefits : 
Therefore hath Chrift given the Keys of his 
Kingdom to their truft, both that his holy- 
Church may be preferred from the unjtift 
intrufions of uncapableperfons : and that 
the faithful Covenanters may have the ful- 
ler confolation, by receiving afealed pro- 
mife and pardon,from the hand of a miniiter 
of Chrift,commanded by him to feal and de- 
liver it in his name. 

i o. We are perfwaded that it is the Will 
of Chrift that the Infants of the faithful 
fhall be dedicated to him in Baptifm, and 
engaged in his Covenant, and made mem- 
bers of his vifible Church, becaufewe find 
that under the promife before thrifts Incar- 
nation it was their duty to devote and 
engage their Children to God in the holy 
Covenant, and that God did accept therri 
as vifible members of his Church-, And we 
never find where Chrift had difcharged 
Parents from this duty, or turned all Infants 
out of his Church, and reverfed this blef- 
fing of their Church-memberfliip \ but con« 
trarily we find him offering to have taken 
thcjewhfh Nation to beftill his Church, if 
they would have taken him for their Savi- 
our ^ and telling us that it was for Unbelief 
D that 

3i 7^ Of pee oj chrtjts Mwtjtirs 

that they were broken off ^ and that it is but 
fome of the branches that were broken off, 
and we are graffed in amongft them into 
the fame Olive-tree, and that all Ifrael (hall 
be faved, when the fulnefs of the Gentiles is 
come in ^ And we find (Thrift rebuking his 
Difciples for hindering little Children from 
being offered to him, and that he charged 
them to forbid it no more, and that he re- 
ceived and bleffed them himfelf, and tels 
us that of fuch is the Kingdom of God ^ and 
we find it the Commiflion given to his Mi- 
nifters, that they were to Difciple the Na- 
tions, Bapti7ing them. All which, and 
much more ( especially having not the leaft 
intimation of his Will againlt that which 
was even then the Duty andFra&ice of the 
Parents, and the Infants benefit,) do deter 
us from forbidding the dedication of Chil- 
dren unto Chrift, and receiving them into 
his Church by Baptifm. 

ii. Baptifm being fo great a work 
ftiould be deliberately, ferioufly and reve 
rently performed, if it may be, publikely 
before the Church, where the perfon ( or 
Parent ) (hould make their folcmn pro- 
feffion, and be received with the joy and 
prayers of the Church ^ whether Infant or 
1 Adult. 

12. The 


more hrgely oftnti* 33 

12. The Catholick Church confifteth of 
all the Christians in the world ; Thofe that 
have the fan&ifying Spirit of Chrift are the 
living members : Thofe that openly profefs 
Chriftianity, and enter into Covenant 
with Chrift, and are not yet Baptized, are 
vifible members initially, but the folemni- 
zation and inveftiture is defective > If it 
be where Baptifm cannot be had, the de- 
fed is innocent * If where it may be had, 
it is finful ; but yet not fuch as nullifieth 
the perfons vifible Chriftianity. And no 
errours, offences or differences do exclude 
any totally from the Carholick Church, 
while all the effentials of Chriftianity are 

13. It is the will of Chrift that all Chri- 
ftians that have opportunity, be members 
of fome particular Church, as well as of the 
univerfal : that he may have the honour, 
and they the great and neceffary benefits, 
that by the Miniftry, Ordinances and 
Communion of Saints, is there to be ex- 

14. A particular Chriftian Church ; 

A competent number of Chriftians coha- 
biting, who by the appointment of Chrift. 
and their own expreffed Confcnt, are uni- 
ted ( or aflbciated ) under one or more 
■ Dz Paftors, 

34 The Ojpcc of Chrijts Mmjters 

Paftors,for the right worfhippingof God in 
publike,and the Edification of the members,- 
in Knowledge and Holinefs, and the main- 
taining of their obedience toChrift, for the 
fafety, ftrength and beauty of the fociety, 
and thereby the Glorifying and pleafing of 
the Lord.] It is a Political organized 
fociety, that is here defined, and not a mcer 
Community that is incapable of the Sacra- 
ments and other Ordinances , and the 
benefits of 'them , for want of Over- 

15. Thofc Minifters that are placed in 
Parifhes, where are many forts of people, 
fome Ignorant of the effentials of Chriftia- 
nity, fome Apoftates, fome impious and of 
wicked lives, and fome that confent not to 
be members of their Paftoral charge, 
fhould teach them all that will fubmit and 
learn : For we are called to it by the 
Magiftrate and obliged by the publikc 
maintenance which we receive to that 
end • and engaged by the general com- 
mand of improving our talents, and 

' the fpecial opportunity that we have there- 

1 6. This teaching of all our Parifhioners 
that will fubmit, muft be both perfonally 
andpublikely, as far as we have ability and 


more largely opened. 3 j 

opportunity. The former muft be by Cate- 
chizing,' and conference • wherein we muft 
teach them firft the eflential points of Chri- 
ftianity, and labour to help them to the 
cleareft underftanding of the doftrine 
of Salvation •, and prefs it on their affe- 
&ions, and help them to difcern their fin 
and mifery, and do all that we can to • 
procure their conversion or edification, 
according to their feveral ftates ^ manage- 
ing the whole work with thofe holy affe- 
ftions , that the weight of it doth re- 

17. The great neceffity of our neigh- 
. bours, and the advantages of this familiar 
way, do tell us that this work of catechizing 
and conference is fo great a part of our 
duty , that we (hould doit with much dili- 
gence, prudence and conftancy.And the ge- 
neral precepts of doing all to edification and 
in order, oblige us ordinarily to appoint a 
ftated time and place where every family 
may come in order • And if we are able we 
(hould go to them, that cannot or will not 
eometous, if they will but hear us. 

18. Thofe that are Baptized in Infancy, 

and there engaged to God in the holy Co- 

' venant, (hould with all poffible care and 

diligence, be educated by the Parents, or 

Dj any 

The Of pee oj cnrtjts Mimjters 

any that have the tuition of them, in the 
Nurture ana admonition of the Lord, and 
taught betimes to know the doftrine of the 
Gofpel, and to believe in the Lord Jefus 
Chriit, and to Love God above all, and 
their neighbours as themfelves, and to hate 
iniquity, and live to God,andfirft to feek 
his Kingdom and righteowfnefs • To which 
end Parents ihould Catechize their Chil- 
dren, and daily be teaching them the word 
of God, and acquainting them with his fear 
and holy worfhip. And miniilers muft 
with fpecial care and diligence overfee the 
feveral families of their charge, and excite 
the Parents to this neceffary duty. And , 
alfo ihould themfelves affiil them herein, 
and Catechize fuch youth ( as well as all 
others that are Ignorant ) as often as they 
can ^ efpecially where Parents do neg- 

19. AsTnfants are by baptifm admitted 
among the Infant-members of the Church, 
upon their Parents profeflionof Chriftiani- 
ty, and dedicating them to God-, fo muft 
they personally make a profeffion of their 
own faith, and own their baptifmal Cove- 
nant, and give up themfelves to God the 
Pather,Son and Holy Ghoft, before they are 
to be admitted into the number and Com- 

more Urgely opened. 2 7 

munion of the Adult members of the 
Church ^ Which profeffion is to be tryed 
and approved of by the Paftors of the 
Church : And fo excellent a duty, to be 
carefully, and ferioufly, and folemnly per- 
formed, that the tranfition into the 
ftateand communion of the Adult, may ap- 
pear to be fo great and obfervable a thing, 
as may excite all to an anfwerabie care and 
diligence, in preparation thereunto, and to 
look after that faving faith and holineft, 
which they mult fo folemnly profefs. A: d 
Minifters (hould have a fpecial care, that 
they take nothing for a credible profef- 
fion, that is not fo : and corrupt not the 
Church by letting in uncapabie members, 
that muft either be caft out a^ain, to the 
grievous exaiperating them agamft -he 
Church and way of God, and fo to the 
apparent hazzard of their fouls ; or elfe 
muft live ungoverned in their wickednefs, 
to the great difhonour of God, and the 
provocation of his wrath againft them and 
the Church. 

20. For the publike worfhiping of God, 
and our own Edification , the Paftors, 
where there is opportunity,muft congregate 
the people inafolemn Affembly in a con- 
venient place and time. And all that can 
D4 muft 

3 8 7 be Office of Chrijts CWimflers 

muft conftantly there attend, preferring 
the publike worfhip of God before the 
private : much more before their world- 
ly bufineffes, that are not of flat neceflity 
to themfelves or others. 

2i. In thefe publike Affemblies it is 
lawful for us to admit , even y Infidels 
to be prefent, and fuch Catechumen's as 
are yet unfit to be members of the Church, 
and there to teach , reprove and ex- 
hort them, and pray for them according 
to their ftate • though we may^ not re- 
ceive them to be members of the'Church, 
nor admit them to our fpecial com* 

22. Becaufe it is the holy Scriptures that 
eontaine that Gofpel of which we are Mi- 
nifters ^ and becaufe the honour of Gods 
holy word is to be preferred, and the people 
to beinftrufted in it, and taught to know it ^ 
it is therefore our duty in the folemn Af* 
femblies to read the word of God to the 
people, in a known tongue \ ( as Mofes and 
the Prophecs were read every Sabbath day 
in the Synagogues of the Jews. ) Such 
portions b'eing chofen, and order obferved, 
as the Paftors difcern to be moft for edifica- 

2$. Our publike preaching of the Go- 

more largly opened. 

fpel (hould be from faith and holy expe- 
rience, with plainnefs, and perfpicuity, with 
reverence and gravity, with convincing 
evidence and authority, with fervent zeal, 
and perfwading importunity, with the ten- 
dered love and melting compaflion, with 
faithfulnefs , impartiality and prudence, 
fuiting both matter and manner to the 
neceflity of the hearers, arid with frequency 
and unwearied patience, waiting on God 
for the fuccefs. 

24. The Paftor is to lead, and the peo- 
ple to confent and joynin heart in the pub- 
like prayers, and unanimoufly to pour out 
their fouls unto the Lord in penitent con- 
fefiion of fin, and fervent petition, and 
joyful thankigiving and praife; and this 
according to the direftion <jf the holy Scri- 
ptures ^ and efpecially of the Lords prayer: 
which is the moil perfeft, comprehenfive 
fummary, form and pattern of our pray- 

25. Confeffion is to be made, both of 
our own fin ,and the fins of the Church and 
Nation, of Magiftrates, Minifters and Peo- 
ple: yet fo as that we turn it not into a 
reproaching and difhonouring of our fu- 
periours, or an abufing of mens perfons, by 
venting our malice or diflempered paflions, 



40 The Office ofChrifls Mimfters 

or uncharitable ccnfurcs againft them • wc 
muft confefs our original: and aftual fin : 
The great corruption of our hearts and 
lives : our finful thoughts, affe&ions, 
words and aftions: our privative and po- 
fitive fin : our omiffions and commiflions ; 
our fecret andunknown fins in general,and; 
our known and open fins by name : our 
fins of ignorance^ and fins againft know- 
ledge : our fins before and fince converfion: 
our fins againft the Lord hiirfelf, confifting 
in our unholinefs, contrary to thefirft ca- 
ble j and our unjuftice and uncharitable- 
nefs againft our neighbour • and our folly 
and injury againft our felves : The fins of 
our relations, and of our more private life : 
our fins againft the light and law'bf nature ^ 
and our fins againft the Gofpel and grace 
of a Redeemer : Againft the outward 
means of*Grace, and againft the inward 
motions of the Spirit , and of our confid- 
ences : againft mercies and judgements ; 
againft the examples of Chrift andhisfer- 
vants, and the warning- falls of others-^ 
efpecially thofe fins by which we have moft 
diftionoured God and our holy profeffion ^ 
and have moft fcandalized, hardened o 
tempted others : And all our confefiions 
fhould proceed from true contrition and 
hatred of the fin. 26. Our 





more Urgly opened. 41 

26 • Our petitions muft be only for things 
agreeable to the revealed will of God : And 
principally fcr the hallowing of his name, 
land the coming of his Kingdom, and the t 
doing of his will, in earth ,as it is in heaven ; 
And thereforewe muft have companionate 
thoughts of the dark and miferable parts of 
the world, where by Heathenifm, Infideli- 
ty and Mahometanilm, the name of God 
s grievotfly dlfhonoured, and his Sove- 
aignty denied or rejected , and Satans 
Kingdom doth prevail , and where the will 
)fGod is partly unknown, and partly will- 
ully difobeyed : And our eye and heart 
nuft be on the fta r e of the univerfal 
Church, that all this intereft of God-in- 
thrift, may be there preferved and ad- 
/anced. And in order to th^fe blefTed 
?nds, we muft beg fuch neceffaries of our 
ife, as the fupportation of our natures for 
he work of God requireth : And thefor- 
'ivenefs of all our fins through Chrift 
'which yet we cannot expeft to receive, if 
ve from our hearts forgive not others : ) 
\nda gratious prefervation from tempta- 
ions, or the power of them, and from Satan 
md (in the greateft evils ; That fo the holi- 
lefs of our hearts and lives may (hew that 
ve are the loyal fub jefts of the Kingdom of 


4* The Office ef Chrifts Minifters 

our Lord, and that we acknowledge and 
magnifie his Soveraign power, and live as a 
people devoted to his glory. Anfl all this we 
mull: beg in an humble fenfe of our great 
unworthinefs, mifery, neceflity and infuffi- 
- ciency to help our felves •, and in the name 
of Chrift, inunderftandingand faith (and 1 
therefore not in a tongue that we under- 
ftand not) and with fervency and unceffant 
importunity , as direfted , excited and 
ftrengthened by the Spirit of Chrift. 

27. Our thankfgiving unto God rauft 
not be like the Pharifees, in hypocrifie and 
pride, or to make often tation of things that 
we never had, but in humility and holy 
joyfulnefs of mind , we muft declare our 
thankfulnefs, for our Creation, Redempti- 
on, Juftification and Reconciliation with 
God, our San&ification, and all the parts 
thereof, and helps thereunto : For the Go- 
fpel and Miniftery ^ and the plantation , 
prefervation and propagation of the Church 
thereby : for common and fpecial works of 
providence, for the good of the Church,our$ 
brethren or our felves « for mercies ordi^-p 
nary or extraordinary : fpiritual or corpo 
ral ; for prevention of evils, or removing 
them: for the quality and degree, the fuita- 
blendfs and feafonablenefs of all our mer- 


more largely ofentd* 43 

cies, with the reft of their aggravations: 
cfpecially for thofe that molt promote our 
everlaftinghappinefs, and the publike good 
and glory of the Lord. 

28. The matter of our holy praifes of the 
Lord, muft be his blefled and infinite Being 
and Nature, and all his Attributes: hisin- 
inite Power, and Wifdom, and Goodnefs : 
lis Truth, and Holinefs, and Love : hisab- 
folute Dominion, hisSoveraignty, and Fa- 
therly benignity : his Juftice and his Mercy: 
even as they are revealed in the works of 
the Creation, and in the glafs of the holy 
Scripture, and in the perfon of Jefus Chrift, 
and in the Image of God upon his Saints • 
And all thefehis works alfo muft be praifed 
in fubferviency to his praife. And becaufe 
it is a moft high and excellent duty to praife 
the Lord, we muftftrive to do it with all 
the faith, and reverence, and admiration, 
and love, and delight, and joy, and cheer- 
fulnefs that poflibly we can attain ; and this 
with conftancy as our daily work, with our 
?ye on heaven, where we (hall do it in per- 
fection to all eternity. 

29. As the holy Scriptures {hould be 
read in a tongue that the people under- 
hand, fo (hould the pureft exafteft tranfla- 
tion of them be ufed that can be had : And 


^4 The Office of Ch rifts Minifters 

though it be not of abfolute neceflity to the 
communion or peace ot the Churches ^ yet 
it is to be defired and endeavoured , that all 
neighbour Churches that are of one lan- 
guage do all agree in the ufe of that one 

30. Though in cafes of neceflity the Go- 
fpel may be publikely expounded and ap- 
plied by the reading of the Expositions and 
Sermons of others , yet as it is meet that the 
Preachers of the Gofpel be able to perform 
this work themklves, by the abilities given 
them from God, in the ufe of juft and edi- 
fying means-, foit is meet that by diligent 
itudying, meditation and prayer, thefe 
abilities be improved $ and that from this 
holy and fpiritual treafure within them, the 
Minifters of Chnft do draw forth found 
Explication,with pertinent lively Applicati- 
on of the truth. 

3 1 . So alfo in the publike prayers,though 
it be lawful (in it felf) to read the words of 
prayer prefcribcd us by others •, yet as all 
Minifters (hould be able to pray themfelves 
from the knowledge and feeling of their 
own and the peoples wants, fo it is meet 
that their graces and holy abilities be ordi- 
narily exercifed in fuch prayer, and that 
they be not reftrained from fpeaking to 


more largely opened. 45 

God in fuch found and meet exprefiions,as 
fhall either prefently, or by the means of 
their preparations, proceed from the fenfe 
of the matter of their prayers, excited and 
drawn forth by the affiftance of the Spirit 
of Chrilt. But whether any particular Pa- 
llor (hould ufe a {tinted form of words 
impofed by others, or invented by himfelf, 
or whether he (hall pray without fuch (tint- 
ed forms, or both, by turns, is a point co be 
determined according to his own abilities, 
and the (late of his flock, and other ac- 
cidents : but it is not to be made a matter 
of fuch neceflity in it felf, as to lay the unity 
or peace of the Churches, or the liberty of 
the Paftors and Worfhippers of Chnft up- 
on it. 

32. The Pnblike Pralfes of God muft 
[be exprefTed by the Paitor in fuch words 
las are produced by that holy knowledge, 
faith, admiration, love and delight, with 
which his foul (hould be poffeffed that is fo 
nigh to God ^ andalfo by the recitation of 
facred Pfalms and Hymns , and by the 
cheerfull finging of fuch by the Church .* 
wherein the melody muft be fpiritually, and 
not carnally uled: for theafiifting of our 

FduIs in the exercife of that holy alacrity 
nd joy that is required in fo high a work ^ 
4 n/i 

46 The Office tfChrip Miniflers 

and not to draw off our minds from the 
matter, nor to ftop at the pleafing of our 
ears. Such Pfalms alfo may be recited or 
fung, as contain matter of confeflion of fin, 
petition, thankfgiving, and fuch narratives 
as tend topraife. 

33. The form of words to befaid and 
lung, muft be taken efpecially out of the 
holy Scriptures: to" which ufe we have the 
Pfalms of David and other Hymns : And 
alfo we may ufe fuch as have been or fhall be 
compofed by wife and holy men, agreeable 
to the doftrine of the Scripture, and iuited 
tojhe Gofpel frame of worfhip,and as far as 
may be, even in Scripture phrafe. And 
though it be not meet to infiftupona con- 
cord in lejflfer things, when it cannot be at- 
tained without the violation of concord in 
greater things • yet is it much to be defired 
and endeavoured that all the Churches of 
the fame language (efpecially that are near 
and in the fame dominions J ftiould agree in 
ufing the fame Pfalms and Hymns for mat- 
ter and meeter 5 and that the verfion fo 
agreed on, be the belt that they can 

34. The Euchariftor Supper of the Lord 
is £a holy Sacrament inftituted by Chrift, 
wherein bread and wine being firft by con- 

ifl/^fn nfWk 

mdre Urgelj epened. 4*7 

fetation made Sacramencally or reprefen- 
tamely the Body and Blood of Chrift, they 
fed by breaking and pouring out, to 
re> efent and commemorate the facrifice of 
Cb^M Body and Blood upon the Crofs, 
onct ^tfered up to God for fin : and are 
given in the name of Chrift unto the 
Church, to fignific and folemnize the re- 
newal of his holy Covenant with them, and 
fealing it unto them, and the giving of him- 
felf to them to expiate their (ins by his fa- 
crifice, and fanftifie them further by his 
Spirit, and confirm their right toeverlaft- 
ing life : and they are received, eaten and. 
drunk by the Church, toprofefs that they 
willingly receive Chrift himfelf to the ends 
aforefaid, (their Juftification, Sanftification 
and Glorification) and to fignifie and fo- 
lemnize the renewal of their Covenant with 
him, and their holy Communion with him, 
and with one another.] 

35. The Sacrament of the Lords Supper 
containeth in it thefe three parts. 1. The 
Corporation of the Bread and Wine. 
2. The Representation and Commemora- 
tion of the Sacrifice of Chrift. 3 . And the 
giving to, and participation by the Church. 
The Confecration hath chief refped unto 
God the Father ; the Reprefentation and 
£ Com- 

48 The Office efchrifls Ul£ini{lcr$ 

Commemoration to the Son as facrificed: 
and the Giving and Participation, to the 
applying operations of the Holy Gboft. 
As it muftfirft be the Body and Blood of 
Chrift before it be facrificed, and firft offer- 
ed in facrifice to God, before it is offered 
for nouriftiment and falvation unto men ^ 
fo is it in the order of Sacramental represen- 

36 The Confecration is performed by 
the Churches offering up the Creatures of 
Bread and Wine to God to be accepted to 
this holy ufe : and by Gods acceptance of 
them,as dedicated thereunto. The Churches 
dedication is expreffed by the prefent a&i- 
on, and Gods acceptance is expreffed by his 
command and promife, and the minifterial 
acceptioaand benedi&ion. The Minifter 
in this a&ion is the agent of the people in 
offering or dedicating thefe creatures unto 
God, and he is Gods Agent or Minifter in 
receiving and blefling them. 

37. In this dedication of the Bread and 
Wine to God to be the confecrated .matter 
of the commemorative repre tentative fa- 
crifice , the Church acknowledgeth the 
three grand relations of God to his people. 
1. We acknowledge him the Creator and. 
Owner of all the Creatures. 2. We ac- 1 


more largely opened. $$ 

knowledge him our Righteous Soveraign 
Ruler, whofe Law we have offended, and 
who hath received the attonement , and 
whofe Laws we do herein obey. And, 
3. We acknowledge him our Father, or 
bounteous benefaftor , by whom we are 
fuftained, and whofe love we have forfeited, 
and with whom we defire by Chrift to be 

38. This confecration maketh not the 
Bread to be no Bread, or the Wine to be no 
longer Wine ; nor dorh it make any addition 
to, or change upon the glorified real Body 
of Chrift^ but it maketh the Bread to be 
Sacramentally thrifts Body 3 and the Wine 
to be Sacramentally his Blood 5 that is re- 
prefentatively : as an A&or in a Tragedy is 
the perfon whom he reprefenteth : or as 
in Inveititures, a fword is the honour of 
Knighthood, or a key is the houfe, or a twig 
or turf is the land, 

39. Becaufe Chrift was to be invifibleto 
is, and the heavens muft receive him till the 

eltoration of all things, therefore as he 
lathfent his Spirit within to be his Agent 
n his members ^ fo hath he appointed his 
Ordinances without, and efpecially this vi- 

ble folemn Reprefentation and Comme- 
'Inoration of his facrifice-, that our faith 

jo The Office of Chrifls Mhifters 

* might hereby be helped ,and our fouls might 
beraifed tofuch apprehenfions of his love 
and the mercy of our Redemption, as if we 
had even feen him crucified before our eyes, 
and this till his glorious return, when 
we (hall enjoy himvifibly in his glory. 

40. As Chrift in his Interceffion, as our 
highPrieft in the heavens, procureth and 
conveyeth his benefits of falvation upon the 
account of his facrifice once offered on the 
Crofs •, fo doth the Church in this Com- 
memoration, prefent him unto God the 
Father, as the faerificed Lamb, in whom, 
they profefs themfelves to believe, and by 
whom alone they expeft falvation, and all 
the bleffings tending thereunto. 

.41. In this Commemoration the Mini- 
fter is chiefly the Agent of Chrift, in repre- 
fenting his voluntary offering up himfelf 
unto the Father in facrifice for fin : And 
lie is the Agent of the people, in that part 
of the Commemoration, in which they pro- 
fefs their Believing in a crucified Chriit, and 
thankfulnefs for him, and dependance on 
him as their hope. 

42. Jefus Chrift having finiftied the 
work of Redemption, which he was to do 
on earth, in the days of his flefh, afcended 
and is glorified-with the Father, and being 


more Urgely eycnea^^^^^^f 

become the pcrfcft head and treafure of the 
Church, hath in his Teftament or new Co- 
venant made a free gift of himfelf and life 
to all that will receive him as he is offered . 
and he hath appointed his Minifters not on- 
ly to proclaim this gift unto the world, but 
alfo in his name to deliver it to the Church : 
And it is a great encouragement and com- 
fort to Believers, that it is aMinifteror 
Agent of Chrift himfelf, that by his com- 
mand, and in his name doth fay to them 
[[Take ye, eat ye, this is my Body which is 
broken for you.]] And £ this is my Blood of 
the New Teftament, which is (hed for you, 
drink ye all of it J • Chrift himfelf with his 
faving benefits , being herewith as truly 
offered to tbeir faith, as the iigns and re- 
prefentations are offered to their hands and 
mouths. Though it be ftill bur (confecrat- 
cd) bread and wine that doth reprefent, yet 
is it the very Body and Blood or Chrift that 
is reprefented • and Chrift himfelf as the 
Head of the Church, and fountain of our 
renewed life, and as our fpiritual nourifti- 
tnent, that is truly given us, and received 
by us. 

43. It is therefore unmeet for any but a 

lawful Minifter of Chrift, who is authorized 

hereunto, to adminifter this holy Sacra- 

E 3 ment: 

^J imOjfice of thrifts Mintjtcrs 

merit: bothbecaufe no other are called to 
it in the holy Scripture, nor can (hew any 
warrant for fuch an undertaking -, and be- 
caufe it is very injurious to the comfort of 
the Church, when they know not that the 
perfon hath any authority to deliver them 
fo great a mercy from tne Lord, nor whe- 
ther Chrift will own his miniftration. 

44. The Minifters muft partake of this 
holy Sacrament with the Church ; not as 
they are the Agents of Chrift for the delive- 
ry of ir, but as they themfelves are his Difcu 
pies and members of the Chruch. 

45. Before the receiving of this holy 
Sacrament we ought to examine our felves, 
that we may come preparedly with repen- 
tance for all known fin, and faith in Chrift, 
and an humble feeling of our own neceffi- 
tics, and a thankful fenfe of the love of God 
exprefled in our redemption by Chrift, and 
a hungnng and thirfting after him and his 
righceoufnefs, and with an unfeigned love 
unco our brethren, and a high eftimation of 
the union and communion of the Saints, 
iandwith arefointion to walk in holy obe- 
dience to God, in patient hope of the com- 
ing of Chrift, and of the everlafting King- 
dom, where we (hall be perfedly in him 
united: which holy affe&ions arcalfo to 


be cxercifed in the time of our Communion 
in this Sacrament, and afterwards upon the 
review of what we have here received and 

46. The Word and Prayer muft be joyn- 
ed with the Sacrament, The nature and 
ufe of it muft be opend,"and the people ex- 
cited to the exercife of the duties before 
mentioned. Sin muft be confefled and -la- 
mented, and mercy implored,and thankfully 
acknowledged, and the goodnefs of God, 
efpecialty manifefted in the work of our 
Redemption, muft with thegreateft admi- 
ration, alacrity and joy that we can attain 
to, be magnified and praifed , till rhis un- 
fpeakable love of God in Chrift hath drawn 
out our hearts in fervent love to him again. 
And it will be molt fuitable to this Eucha- 
riltical Ordinance, that the Church do fing 
fome Pfalm or Hymn of praife to God, for 
the mercies of our Redemption. 

47. Thofeare to be invited to the Sup. 
per of the Lord that have thefe neceflary 
qualifications, in fome degree, and the reft 
to be acquainted with the danger of eating 
and drinking unworthily. Thofe only 
are to be admitted to the Table of the 
Lord that have the ufe of reafon, and 
can examine themfclves, and are members 
E 4 of 

74 The °tP ce °J Chn P Mimpers 

of the Church, and have made a perfonal 
credible profeflion of faith and holinefs, 
and are not juftly,for herefie or any fcanda- 
lous fin, removed from prefent communion 
with the Church. 

48. The ufing or not ufing of forms of 
prayer in the adminiftration of this Sacra- 
ment, is to be determined of, as aforefaid 
in the other parts of worlhip, according to 
the different abilities of Minifters, and ftate 
of the feveral congregations, and other ac- 
cidents that fhould weigh in fuch indifferent 
things. But as in the Adminiftration of 
Baptifm, it is ordinarily meeteft and moft 
fafe • to ufe the exprefs form of words 
which Chrift hathdirededusto, and the 
Church hath ftill ufcd, viz.. [I Baptize thee 
in the name of the Father, Son and Holy 
Ghoft] : fo in the Adminiftration of the 
Sacrament of the Lords Supper, it is fafeft 
and meeteft that we ufe the words that 
Chrift by his example hath dirc&ed us to 
nfe. As Matth. 26. 26, 27, 28 . Lu\^ 22. 
19,20. 1 Cor. 11.24,25. viz. [Take ye, 
eat ye, this is my Body which i* broken for 
A 7 ou, this do in remembrance of me^ and 
L This is the Blood of Chrift, even of the 
NewTeftament (or this is theNewTefta- 
ment in the Blood of Chrift) which islhed 
i* for 

•mon larglj opened. ^^^^f$ 

for many for the rcmiffion of fins •, drink 
ye all of it in remembrance of him.] 

49. As it is not unmeet for the Church 
at other times when they afTcmble, to make 
a folcmn profeffion of the Chriftian faith 
and of holy obedience, to manifcft their 
conftancy therein ^ and to declare what 
do&rine it is chat we afTcmble to profefs, 
and topreferve it in the minds of all ; fo is 
it more efpecially meet, that at Baptifm and 
the Lords Supper, when we are folemiriy 
to renew our Covenant with the Lord, the 
Covenanters do renew this folemn Profeffi- 
on : To which end it is moft lafe to make 
ufe of the ancient forms of Confeffion, 
called, The Apoftles Creed, and the Nicene 
Creed- and alfo to recite the Ten Com- 
mandments, with a profeffion ofourcon- 
fent to the terms of the Covenant with God 
the Father, Son and Holy Ghoft. To which 
if we (at left fometimesj adjoyn fome fuller 
Explication of the Creed and Decalogue 
(fuch as is our Profeffion here before fet 
downj it will not be unprofitable or un- 
meet. And in fuch manner it may all be 
managed, and fuch figns or expreffions of 
confent required, as the Paftors (hall jadge 
meet for the attainment of the defircd ends, 
with liberty for fuch variations , as are 


5 6 The Office ofChrifts Minifiers 

neceffary to prevent a dead formality, 
50. At the difmiffion of the Affembly, 
it is meet that thePaftor do folemnly blefs 
them in the name of Chrift, to which he is 
authorized as an ad of his Minifterial 

51. Deacons are Church-Officers infti- 
tuted by the Holy Ghoft to be ferviceable 
to the Paftorsand the Church, by the diftri- 
bution of the Creatures dedicated to the 
Church-Communion, and taking care for 
the fupplying of the necefficies of the 
poor, out of the contributions or flock of tc 
the Church. 

52. The fir ft day of the week isappoint- 
ed or feparated by the Holy Ghoft for the 
holy AfTemblics and publike worlhip of the 
Church and other holy exercifes * and is 
herein to be improved to the honour of 
God, and the edification of our felves and 
others : and all other imployments are 
therein to be avoided that any way hinder 
the holy duties of the day-, except fuch as 
become a greater duty, upon the account of 
Piety, Juftice or Mercy. That fome ftated 


more largely ofened. 57 

time be feparated to the publike fervice of 
God and the benefit of our fouls, is a thing 
that the law of Nature doth command ^ 
that this ftated time (hould be at leaft one 
day in feven , the reafon and equity (at 
leaft ) of the fourth Commandment doth 
acquaint us : that this day {hould be every 
firft day of the week, the Holy Ghoft in the 
New Teftament hath revealed to us • ac- 
quainting us with Chrifts nfing on that 
day (which laid the foundation of the 
change ) and of the AfTembling of his Difci- 
ples on that day , and his owning their 
Affcmbly by his appearing to them, and 
teaching them, and bleiling them, and 
giving them their commiffion and the Holy 
Ghoit, fob. 20. 1 9, to 24. The fame they 
did the next firft day, where he again ap- 
peared and owned their Affembly, and re- 
vealed himfelf unto them, fob. 20. 26,27. 
And that this was the pradiceof the Apo- 
ftles and the Primitive Chriftian Churches 
direded by them,appeareth ^#.20.7,8. 
Ji Cor. 16. 1,2. fo that it was called the 
Lords Day ,as the laft day before was called 
:he Sabbath, Rev.i.io. And to put us out 
of all doubt of the matter of /ad:, and con- 
fequentlyof the meaning ofthefe texts of 
Scripture ^ the certain Tradition and mod 


Concordant hiftory of the Church affureth 
us, that ever fincethe days of the Apoftles, 
the univerfal Church in all parts of the 
world, hath conftantly obferved the Lords 
Day in Commemoration of the Refurre 
dion of Chnft : which it is not poflible that 
they could have done, without contradi' 
dion and rebukes from the Apoftles them 
felves or fome of the Churches which they 
planted, if it had not been a certain truth. 
Thofe therefore that will be againft the 
holy obfervation of the Lords Day, muft 
either impudently deny the Teftimony of 
all Church Hiftory and Tradition, which 
with one confent affure us that it was ob- 
ferved univerfally in the Chriftian 
Churches from the Apoftles daies, as a 
thing by them eftablifhed and praftifed ^ 
or eile they mult imagine that all the 
diiperfed Churches through the worlds 
confpired in the teaching and pradifing. 
of fuch an error without any known re-< 
buke, wherein it had been moft eafie for any 
to have convided them to be flanderers of; 
the Apoftles, or the Ages that were before 
them. Having therefore fo much in Na- 
ture, in the fourth Commandment , in the 
New Teftament, and the Dodrine and 
Pradice of the univerfal Church, for our 


more UrgeJy opened. 5 9 

holy obfervation of this day- it illbefeems 
any Chriftian to forfake all or any of thefe, 
and think now in the end of the world to 
find out the certain praftice of the Apo- 
files, better then all the Churches which 
they planted. 

53. Seeing the Lords Day is purpofely 
fet apart for the celebrating of the memori- 
all of the Refurre&ion of Chrift, and fo of 
the work of our Redemption (as the Sab- 
bath was for the Commemorating of the 
work of Creation) , the work of the day 
muft be very muchEuchariftical, and the 
Church (hould be taken up in the thankful 
admiration of the myfterie and mercy of 
our Redemption, and in the affe&ionatc 
praifesofthe Lord our Redeemer, and an 
afpiring after the everlafting Reft, which he 
hath purchafed,and promifed,and prepared 

54. Minifters muft not only perform the 
publike worftiip of God upon this day, but 
alfo exhort the people to improve the 
reft of it in private, by prayer,and medita- 
tion, and holy conference, and calling to 
mind the Word which they have heard • 
efpecially the Parents and Matters of fami- 
lies, who muft inftrud their children and 
feryants, and watch over them,and reftrain 



So The Office of Chrtfts Mtniflers 

them from the violation of the day, and 
call them to an account of the dodxine 
they have heard, and the duties to be per- ^ 

55. It is lawful, and a duty on other daie$ 
alfo, according to our necefiities and op- 
portunities, to Redeem fome time for the 
publikc worfliip of God. And whenever || 
thePaftors (hall call the Church together, 
to hear the Word,or perform holy worfhip, 
it is the peoples duty obediently and gladly 
to attend, if greater duties do not prohibit 

56. When great affli&ions lie upon the 
Church, or anyufeful members of it ^ or 
when any great fins have been committed 
among them, it is meet that in publike by 
fafting and prayer we humble our felves 
before the Lord, for the averting of his 
difpleafure. And on fuch oceafions it is 
the Paftors duty to confefs his own and the 
peoples fins, with penitence and tendernefs 
of heart, and by his dodrine and exhorta- 
tion to endeavour effedually to bring the 
people to the fight and fenfe of their fin,and 
thedeferts of it, and to a firm refolution 
of better obedience for the time to 
come •, being importunate with God in 
Prayer for pardon and renewed Grace. 

57. Upon 

mm largely opened. JT 

57. Upon the receipt of any notable ex- 
raordmary mercies , the Church having 
pportunity, (hould Aflemble for publike 
'hankfgiving unto God : wherein the 
aftors (hould ftir them up to the livelyeft 
snfe of the grcatnefs of their mercies, and 
ttd them in a joyful celebration of tbe 
raifes of their bountiful benefa&or. And it 
s lawful on thefe da ; cs to exprefs our joy 
n feafting and outward figns of mirth ^ 
>rovided that they be moderately and 
piritually ufed, and not to gratifie our fen- 
ual defires •, and that we relieve the poor 
n their ncceffities (which alfo on daies of 
humiliation and other feafons we rauft not 

5 8. It is not unlawful or unmeet to keep 
an anniverfary commemoration of fome 
great and notable mercies to the Church, 
the memory whereof (hould be tranfmitted 

59. In all the modes and circumftances of 
worftiip which God himfelf hath left unde- 
termined, all Chriftians muft take heed of 
miking unneceflary things to be neceffary, 
and laying the unity and peace of the 
Church on things indifferent, and laying 
fnares for the confeiences of others ^ but 
mutt leave much to the prudence of the 


6z The Of pee of Chrtjts Mintfters 

particular Paftors that are upon the place, 
to whom it belongs to fit fuch circum- 
ftantial^ to their peoples ftate ^ and the 
Churches in fuch things wherein they may 
fafely differ, muft be left to their liberty : 
Long and fad experience having taught us, 
that the violent impofing of unnecefTary 
things, is the engine of the Devil to tear the 

60. The marriage of Chriftians being a 
work of great concernment to themfelves* 
and meet to be publikely performed, and 
accordingly to be fanftified by the Word 
and Prayer •, it is convenient that it be 
folemnized by the Minifter, or at lealt that 
hecounfelland exhort them,and pray for a 
blefling on them : being firft fufficiently 
fatisfied of their capacity and necefTary pre- 
parations. Herein he is to acquaint them 
with the Inftitution, Nature and Ends of 
their Relations •, and the duties feverally 
and joyntly by them to be performed ., and 
the difficulties and temptations to be ex- 
pefted and provided for. Efpecially they 
are to be direfted to live together in holi- 
nefs,as the heirs of life, and to be very care- 
full and diligent in the holy education of 
their children, and governing their families 
for the Lord ; and to ufe the world as not 


more largely ofened. 6$ 

abufing it, reraembring their approaching 
fcparation by death. And he is to fee 
that they folemnly enter into the Ma- 
trimonial Covenant, engaging themfelves 
to conjugal fidelity to each other, until they 
arefeparated by death. 

61. The Paftors of the Churches muft 
not only Teach the people , and guide 
them in the publike worfhip ; but alfo muft 
faithfully Overfee them in private, endea- 
vouring to know and watch over each mem- 
ber of their flock, preferving them from he- 
refies, errours, and divifions : defending the 
Truth, confuting gainfayers and feducers • 
inftrufting the Ignorant, exciting the neg- 
igcnt • encouraging the defpondent ■ com- 
Porting the afflidted, confirming the weak, 
rebuking and admonifhing the diforderly 
and fcandalous, and direding all accordi- 
ng to their needs, in the matters of their 
salvation. And the people in fuch needs 
fhould have ordinary recourfe to them, as 
the Officers of Chrift, for guidance and re- 
folution of their doubts, and for affiftance 
n making their Salvation fure, and pro- 
:uring, maintaining or reftoring the peace 

p of 

64 The office of Chrifts Mixiflers 

of their confciences, and fpiritual confola- 

62. Thofe perfons that are known te 
commit any grofs and fcandalous fin , 
fhould firft by private reproof and admoni- 
tion (uftleft wheVe the notorioufnefs and 
iheinoufnefs of the crime doth prefently call 
for publike reproof) be called to Repen- 
tance: And if they hear not the Repro- 
vers, or will not Reform, the Church muft 
be told of it ; and therein it \i moft conve- 
nient, that tfie Paftors be firft acquainted 
with the cafe ( to avoid contention and 
confufion^ ) before it be brought into the 
publike a/Tembly : And to that end it is 
convenient that there be ftated meetings 
where the Paftors and fome chofen members 
of the Church, (not as Officers 7 but the 
Deputies or Truitecs of the reft) fhould ju 
in their feveral capacities take cognizance 
of fuch offences -, that fo a unity and full fcj 
correfpondence may be held between the 
Paftors and the flock, and all things may be 
\ione advifedly, orderly, arid concordant- 
ly ; but where this cannot wellbe done, the 
B&ftor or paftors muft do their work with- 
out kv 

63. Thofe perfons that by more private 
means will not be brought to neceflary J), r ; 







more Urgelj opened. 6 5 

Repentance and Reformation, muft by the 
Paflor be publikely reproved and admo- 
nilhed before the Churchy and there called 
to Repentance by the opening of their fin, 
and the judgements of the Lord, and plead. 
ing with them thofe Gofpel mercies and 
motives that fhould melt them into contri- 
tion. Andiftheluccefsdo not appear, ic 
is ordinarily meet that the Church fhould 
joyn in prayer for the offender, that God 
would give him repentance unto Hie. 

64. If after fufficient waiting in the ufe 
)f thefe means, the offender ftili ren;a : n 
mpenitenr, ic is the duty of the Church ;q 
ejed him out of their communion. V? 
n the Pallors muft compaffionately di 
fe offence 1 hnpenicency , and 

[udgements that God hatb rfi 
, <>^d the Laws of Chrift & 
he Church to put fuch from amor g t 
ihd avoid them, and have no company with 
qem, that chty may be afhamed, or to D 
hem as Heart en Publicans : . 

nuft accordingly declare the perfon off 
ng to be unmeet for -Chriftian C * n, 

nd charge the people to aVoi. nd 

laveno tellowftip with him, and 
o forbear the Comnaunic 
finding him over to anfwer it at I 

Yz Chi 

66 The Office dfchifis tMiniflers 

Chrift. Which fentence muft be accord- 
ingly executed by the Paftors, in refufing 
him the Ordinances proper to the Church, 
and by the people in avoiding familiari- 
ty and communion with him, till he bere- 
flored upon his Repentance. 

65. It muft be a credible Profejfion of Re- 
pentance only that muft be accepted by the 
. Church either for the preventing of fuch 
a rejeftion^ or for reftoring the reje&ed. 
And ufually when the cafe is heinous and 
notorious, or the Church hath had the pub- 
like cognizance of it, they muft alfo have 
publike notice of the penitence of the offen- 
dor ; wholhouldwithremorfeof confeience 
and true contrition confefs his fin before the 
Congregation, and heartily lament it, and 
crave the prayers of the Church co God for 
pardon and reconciliation through Chrift, 
and alfo crave an Abfolution by the Mini* 
fter,andareftoration into the communion 
of theChurch.-Eut becaufe it much depend- 
eth on circumftances of the -cafe whether 
the Confeffion fliould be publike or pri- 
vate, or in what manner made, it is there* 
fore to be much left to the Prudence of the. 
Pallors, whom the people in fuch cafes arcj 
commanded to obey. 

66. When a credible Profe/fion of Rej 



more largely opened. B^ 

pentanceis made ( whether voluntarily by 
the Converted, or upon the Churches ad- 
monition by the fcandalous, or after ex- 
communication ) it is the duty of the Pa- 
llors to declare fuch Penitents in the name 
of Chrift to be pardoned and abfolved, and 
Minifterially to give them this Mercy from 
the Lord, in cafe their Repentance be fin- 
cere as they profefs ; And if the perfon 
were excommunicate, it is the duty of the 
Paftor to declare him again meet for the 
Communion of the Church, and require the 
Church to receive him with joy as a return- 
ing {inner, and not to reproach him with 
I his falls, but to forgive him, as Chrift for- 
giveth him •, all which they arc accordingly 
to perform • and the Penitent with Joy to 
receive his absolution, and to return to the 
Communion of the Church , and to a 
more holy careful obedient life. 

67. When any by frequent Covenant- 
breaking, have forfeited the Credit of their 
words, the Church muft have teftimonyof 
the attual Reformation of fuch perfon s, be- 
fore they can receive their profeflions and 
promifes as credible any more. Though 
yet there is fo great difference here in per- 
lons and offences, that the particular cafes 
fnuft be much left to the prudence of the 
"F 3 Paflorr 

68 The Office rf Chrtjts t^iinifters 

Paftors that are prefent, and know the per- 
fons and the whole cafe. 

68. So great is the neceflity of the fick, 
and fo feafonable and advantagious the 
opportunity, that Minifters fhould not neg- 
ligently omit them,but in Love and tender- 
nefs inftrud: them, according to then* fevc- 
ral conditions : endeavouring the Conver- 
fion of the ungodly, and the ftrengthening 
of the weak, and comforting fuchasneed 
Confolation \ dire&ing them how to im- 
prove their affti&ion ^ and helping them 
to be truly fenfible of the evil of fin, the 
mifcarriages and negligences of their lives ^ 
the vanity of the world •, the neceflity and 
fufficiency of Chrift, and the certainty and 
excellency of the everlafting Glory : Pcr- 
fwading them to a pious, juft and charitable 
difpofal of their worldly eftate •, and to 
forgive fuch as have wronged them, and to 
be reconciled to thofe with whom they have 
been at variance-, and believingly to hope 
for that life with Chrift, which he hath pro- 
mifedtoall that are fanftified by his Spirit, 
and comfortably to commit their fouls to 
their Redeemer,and quietly reft in the Will, 
and Love, and Promiles of God • Refolving 
if God fhould recover them to health, to 
Redeem their time, and live as a people de- 

more largely opened. 

voted to his Glory. It is meet alfo that 
the Pallors pray for the ikk, boeh privately 
and publikely when it is deiired and thought 

69 The Burial of Christians fhould be 
decent and honourable, and chough it bs 
a thing indifferent in it felf, whether Ex- 
hortations, Funeral Sermons or Prayers be 
then ufed, yet becaufe the feafon is very 
advantagious for mens reception of holy 
inftruftions, it is convenient ( at leaft when 
defired ) that the Minifter do take that 
feafon as often as he can, to mind people 
pf their mortality , and the neccflity of a 
fpeedy preparation for their change : fo 
prudently managing all his Exhortations 
and Prayers, that the due end may be at- 
tained, and theabufe prevented as far as 

70. The lives of Chrifts Minifters (hould 
be conformable to their holy dodxine : and 
fo exemplary in InnocencyJ.ove, Humility, 
Mceknefs,Patience, Contempt of the world, 
crucifying the defires of the flefh, and in 
a zealous heavenly converlation ; 'andin all 
works of Piety, Juftice and Charity, within 
their power, that the mouths of the enemies 
may bcilopped,andthe people ma 
and be convinced and dtre&ed, even by 

i^ ujpcc oj lwijis MMjicrs 

their holy examples, and our felves may le 
faved, and the Chhftian Church and do- 
ftrine may be honoured, to the giory of the 
Holy Ghoft and of our Redeemer, and our 
heavenly Father. 

71. As we have all one God, oneChrift, 
one Spirit, one Faith,andHope, and Love, 
one Covenant, and one Catholike Church/o 
fhould the Communion of Saints extend as 
far 3$ their capacity and opportunities will 
allow. And as particular perfons muft 
Aflbciate for perfonal Communion in pub-^ 
like worfhip, fo particular Churches fhould 
affociate for fuch Brotherly correfpondency 
and communion, as they are capable of, and 
their needs require ^ That by communica- 
ting the Truths and Mercies which they 
have received, and advifing together, and 
by a brotherly collation of their appr^hen- 
fioos, and improvement of their feveral 
gifts, the unity of the Churches may beprc- 
ferved, and difcords and uncharitablenefs 
may be avoided , and the beauty and 
ftrength of the Churches maintained. And 
therefore the Paftors of the neighbour 
Churches fnot excluding others that are &t) 
fhould meet as frequently, and at fuch times 


more largely ofenea. 

and places, as the ends and works of tfi.e 
Affociation do require. 

72. Into thefe AfFociations fueh Paftors 
and Churches (hould be received that make 
a credible Profeflion of Faith and Holinefs, 
and no other : And they that areHereticks, 
or of fcandalous ungodly lives, muft after 
a firft and feeond admonition, if they re- 
main impenitent , be rejected and dif- 
owned by the Faithful Paftors and Chur- 

73. Where the fixing of a Hated Prefi- 
dent in each of thefe AfTociation9 is rcquifite 
for the peace and edification of the Bre- 
thren, it may well be yielded to : but how- 
ever a fpecial care muft be had to prevent 
contentions and divifions : and therefore 
perverfe difputings muft befuppreffed • and , 
proud, felf-conceited, domineering perfons, 
and fuch as are of fiery, turbulent, conten- 
tious fpirits, and alio fubtile hereticks and 
dividers, muft be watched againft as the 
plague of the Churches, and all poflible 
charity, humility , meeknefs, felf-denyal, 
and zeal for holy concord, muft be exer- 

74. Thofethat through diftance or im- 
pediments cannot, or through miftakes or 
peeviftinefs will not joyn in fuch ftated bro- 

7* Toe Office of Chrtfis Mtmfters 

thcrly Affotiacions and AfTemblies, arc yet 
to be allowed the due eftimation and affedi- 
on of Brethren; and fo much Communion as 
at a diftance they are capable of, if they do 
but agree with us in a found profeflion of 
the fauh,and a holy converfation,and Mini- 
ftcrial fidelity in the main : but yet we mult 
difown the fin of their dividing, or negled, 
and as we have opportunity teftifie againft 

75. Thefe Churches that cannot hold lo- 
cal Communion with one another through 
differences that deitroy not the EfFentials- 
of Chriftianity, (hould yet maintain a dear 
and tender Chriftian Love to one another, 
and profefs their owning each other as 
Chriftians, and Churches of Jefus Chrift,' 
and fhould agree together upon certain 
Jutland equal Rules for the management 
of their unavoidable differences, fo as may 
leaft prejudice charity and common good, 
and leaft harden the ungodly, or grieve the 
weak, or difhonour God, or hinder the 
fuccefs of Common, great and neceffary 
Truths upon the fouls of men ; contriving 
and amicably promoting the Caufe of Chri- 
ftianity, and every part of it, in which they 
are agreed 3 and fhould open their difagree- 
ments to the people as little as they can. 

76. In 

more Urgly opened. jy 

76. In cafes of tolerable difference, as 
Minifters and People muft maintain a fpeciai 
holy Love., and Communion as far as their 
differences will admit • fo muft they defire 
the well-fare and the Peace of one another, 
and not ftir up hatred or perfecution,againft 
each other, by odious nick-names, orex- 
afperatingthe Magiftrateor people againft 
diffenters ^ but fhould confent to the 
Liberty of each other, and help&o take off 
unjuft hatred, and to hinderal! unmerciful 
violence or rigor againft one another -, And 
all of us (hould watch againft and abhor that 
proud, felf-conceiced, domineering difpoli- 
tion that would make us cenforious, malici- 
ous, or cruel againft the weakeft fervantsof 
the Lord. 

77. Yet muft we not under pretence of 
Charity, confent to any fuch noxious Liber- 
ty, as plainly tendeth to the wrong of 
the Church, and the poyfoning of the fouls 
of others 5 nor yet muft we confent to the 
errours of the beft. Though we are not 
the judges of the fearers of mens hearts, nor 
may not deal uncharitably with any, yet 
muft not heretical felf-conceited perfons 
be tolerated in the obftinate difperfing of 
their errours, to the definition or danger 
of mens fouls, nor to reproach and fpeak 


74 The ofjce ofchrifls Minifters 

againft the weighty necefTary truths of 
God : Nor fhould &ny be tolerated to 
kindle the flames of uncharitablenefs and 
contentions in the Churches, by railing, re- 
proachful language againft the tolerable dif- 
fenters : But a healing, merciful, and profi- 
table , and not a deftruftive Toleration 
fhould be promoted, 

78.The Paftorsof the Churches of Chrift 
have the power of the Keys of the Kingdom 
of Heaven, but not of the Temporal fword 
on earth : And though we determine not 
whether in cafes of Neceffity, it be lawful 
for Paftors to be alfo Magiftrates • yet it is 
certain that without Neceflity it fhould not 
be allowed ( their work requiring all their 
time and ftrength) and that as Paftors it 
belongeth not to them • But as the Magi- 
ftrate is the appointed officer of God, to 
Govern even Churches, Paftors, and Peo- 
ple, in the way of outward force, and Pa- 
ftors are his Officers to govern them by Spi- | 
ritual Condud ^ fo muft we be fo far from 
defiring to ufurp a fecular power, that we 
fhould ftill advife the Magiftrate to keep 
the fword in his own hand,and to take heed 
of putting compulfive power in the hands of 
Paftors, or enabling them to execute their 
paffionate difpleafure againft their bre- 

more largely oytnta. 7 j 

thren- And as the Magiftrate muft not ufurp • 
the Paftors office, but only fee that we per- 
form itourfelves,and pumfhusif wedo not:, 
fo muft not the Paftors ufurp the Magiftrates 
office, but humbly and modeftly teach and 
advife him from the word of God, and re- 
prove him, and threaten him,and in cafes of 
extremity denounce the Wrath of Goda- 
gainft him,, and bind him over to the Tribu- 
nal of Heaven, to anfwer for his obftinate 
impenitent contempt • and then leave all 
the matter to that bar, and patiently fuffer 
if we be perfecuted by him •, Not doing any 
thing in the management of any ot our 
work,without a diae refpeft and reverence 
to his Authority, and a care of the common 
good that dependeth on his honour,but re- 
membring what is meet for him to hear,and 
for us as MefTengers of Chrift to fpcak. 

79. Thofe Churches of feveral Nations 
that through diftance a»4 diverfity of fecu- 
Jar Governours, are uncapable of pergo- 
nal or local Communion with others,{hould 
yet confent as neer as may be in their holy 
profeffions, and praftifes \ not tying each 
other to any of their unncceffaty modes 
or forms, nor uncharitably cenfuringany 
tolerable diflenters , but owning thofe 
Churches that agree with them in the great 


rjs The Of ft ce ef Chrijts Mtmftcrs 

* and neceflary things, & holding fuch corre- 
fpondence with rhem by Meffengers,as lhall 
he needful to the promoting of their Unity, 
Love and Peace, and of the Gofpel and 
common caufc of Chrift, and the defence of 
each other againft the common enemies of 
thcfe, as emergent occafiors fhall require 
and direft ehem. 

80. To the aforefaid ufes,the Councils 
or Synods of Paftors are lawful and conve- 
nient in cafes chat require them, where the 
Paftors of feveral Churches and Nations 
may diliberate and determine in order to 
their Unity, of Doftrines and Practices- to 
be Agrreed in, and may ftrengthen the 
hands of one another. But yet, the Canons 
of fuch Councils are rather Agreements , 
then proper Laws, to their feveral members 
3r ablent Brethren ; and bind in order to 
Unity and Concord by vertue of thofe Ge- 
neral Commands that require us to do the 
work of God in fuch Unity and Concord, 
and not by vertue of any proper fuperior 
Regimental power, which that Council hath 
' over the particular Bilhopsof the Churches 
of Chrift. And as for General Councils, as 
we fhould to the forementioned ends regard 
and honour them above all other, if really 
fuch were lawfully aflembled • fo in this 


more large ij uyewca. <jy 

enlarged and difperfed ftate of the Militant 
Church, we may eafily fee , that full and 
proper Univerfal Councils, are neither the 
State<TGovernors of the Univerfal Church, 
nor neceffary to its well-being, no nor Law- 
ful to be attempted, as a Courfe that would 
certainly deftroy or grievoufly wrong the 
Churches, by the death and long abfence of 
the Pallors, through fo many hundred and 
thoufand miles travail, and fo long attend- 
ing, which the itate and work of proper 
Univerfal Councils will require : Yea the 
faiddiftance, with the age and weaknefsof 
the Paftors, and the different languages, 
and the poverty of many difabling them 
from fuch tedious voyages and journies, 
and the diffent of the Princes (many of 
hem Heathens, Infidels, Mahometans) un- 
der whofe Government they live, or 
:hrough whole dominions they muft pafs, 
hefe with many the like Impediments do 
nakea true Univerfal Council! (like an Uni- 
verfal Parliament or Senate J to be fo far 
rom neceffary, or defmble, as to be Mo- 
aiLy lmpoffible,or next to ImpoffibJe, as to 
he very Being of it. * . 

The way that'O pointed for 

-hur< contro- 


75 The Of pee of Chrijts Mimfttrs 

govern by the fword or force, and judge 
who are fit to be Punifhed by the fword 
x ( And though mod Princes on the earth by 
, Infidelity have made themfelves uncapable 
of this part of the work of their Office, yet 
cannot that difoblige them from the Com- 
mands of God, or free them from his pu- 
nifhments for not performing them, nor 
make the Office of Magiftrates another 
thing, nor difable Chriftian Princes and 
Magiftrates, or difoblige them who have 
not made themfelves uncapable.) 2. That 
thefe Princes and Governors of feveral Na- 
tions, do hold a Loving Chriftian Corre- 
fpondency, for the management of their 
affairs, and Government of the Churches 
under them,fo as may be moft to the advan- 
tage of the Caufe of Chrift, and the union, 
ftrengthand defence of Chriftians ^ (The 
General Rules, and Ends of their Truft an<J 
Power, do oblige them to hold fuch AfTem- 
blies by their Meffengers as are needful for 
their Agreement and the Unity and Safety 
of the Churches under them, as well as they 
oblige Paftors to fuch neceffary correfpon- 
dencies. ) 3 . That the Paftors of particular 
Churches be the Governors of thofe Chur- 
ches by the word and holy Difcipline (not 
having the power of the fword or violence) 


. more largely eftnedl 7$ 

and that they Judge who is fit or unfit for 
Commanion with that Church which each ■ 
or any of them over-fee, and who is to be 
thence Excommunicated, or there Abfolved. 
4. ThatthefeBifhops, Paftors , or Elders of 
particular Churches, fhould hoid Commu- 
nion among themfelves with all their Bre- 
thren of other Churches, as far as their na- 
tural capacity will allow , and the need or 
benefit of the Churches require it : and that 
they handle in common the caufes that be- 
long to all in common , and fettle and main- * 
t&v\ Agreements for the Unity and Commu- 
nion of the Churches ; And they arc Judges 
(as Affeciare^ who is to be- received into 
their Aflbciate Communion ; and who to be 
excluded from it \ and what Paflors or 
Churches they fhould hold fuch Commu- 
nion with as they are capable of •, and which 
they fhould admonifh, or renounce. 5, The 
Chriilian people have allowed them a Judge- 
ment of Difcretion , by which they mull: 
prove all things , and hold faft that which 
is good : and mutt difcern and obey the 
Lawfull commands and directions of their 
Magiftrates and Paftors. 6. And as Men 
have thus their feveral (hares alloted them 
in Government, Judgement, and decifions, 
iimiccdly,andnot Abfolutcly judging, even 
G to 

io The office of Chrlfts Mlniflers&c. 

to the Execution which belongs to their fcve- 
ral Judicatures : So the Finall Abfolute 
Judgement , and Decifion of all Concrover- 
fies and Caufes , is referved to the dread- 
full Tribunal of the Lord , to which wc 
may make oar laft Appeal , Where all the 
world (hall be judged in Righteoufnefs , and 
all the Judgements of men be themfelves 
Judged , and Truth and Error , Good and 
Evil, Right and Wrong will be more perfe<9> 
ly manifcfted unto all •, and it (hall be irre- 
veriibly determined by Jefus Chrift,who (hall 
go into Life Everlafting^and who to everlaft- 
ing puniftiment. 

Cewe Lord Jcfus, Come quick]]. 

Novemb. 1 6. 

THE Author thought it not unfit here to annex the 
Defcription of that Order and Difcipline which 
h cxercifedby him, with his Afftjlant fiUow-Ta- 
flors, in the Parifh-Churcti of Kederminfter 5 m Ajfo- 
ciation with many Taftors of thsfe parts, who have Agreed 
to exercife fo much of the Mlnificrial Office , m by the 
Confetf of the Epifcopaly Trcsbyteriah, and Congregation 
na& s be[oagethtotbem. uhich being pkklijbed ^.i. May 
prevent mens injurious mif-reports of .9-4,7 Aflociatiens 5 
and Xifcipline, which they may be drawn to by fallacious 
fame. 2. Ani may be an example for thofe Churches tba: 
by the Mdgip&tis art left at liberty , teworfb'p GoA in that 
Communion and Order which they judge mod agreeable to 
the v'ord of God, and the Vmverfal Confcit and Practice 
of the Primitive Church. 

The Order and Difcipline of this 
Qhurch agreeable to the Word of 

I. \V7 E are willing to Teach all in our 
™ Tarifi, thedoftrineof Life , that: 
are willing to learn : Anddefire them all to 
bear the Word publikely preached , and to 
come to us to be Catechized or Inftrudcd. 

1 1. Wc own all thofe as vifibleChriftians 
G 2 and 

and members of the Umvcrfal Church, that 
make a credible Profcffionof Chriftiantty , 
and deftroy it not by Heretie , or ungodly 

I IT. So many of thefeas alio Confentto 
hold Communion with this Cliurch as mem- 
bers of. it, fubmitting to the Minifters and 
Difcipltnc of Chrift, we (hail efteem our flock 
and fpecial charge, and faithfully perform the 
duties of our Office for cheir^good, as we are 

IV. We defire that all the Youth of the 
Parifh will learn the principles of the Chriftia* 
Religion : and as foon as they underhand it , 
and are heartily refolved to give tip themfclvcs 
to Gadin Chrift through the ffirit, and to lctd 
a holy life, that they will come and acquainz 
us with their Faith and Refolution ; and be- 
fore the Church will make afolemn profefli- 
on thereof, and give up themselves to God in 
the ptrfonal owning their Baptifmal Covenant ; 
cither reciting the fore-going Creed or Pro- 
fe(fion,or, if they are unfit for publike fpeak- 
.'* n g>kv Conferring when we propound it u 
them ; or by any other fit expreffions. That 
fo we may publikcly pray for their confirma- 
tion • 

tion ; and if they Confent aifo to hold Com- 
munion with this Church , we may know 
them as our Charge , and Regiftcr their 

V. Thofe Parifhoners that defire us to 
Baptize their children, or to be themfelves 
admitted to the Lords Supper , and are noE 
members of this Church, ( becaufe they will 
noc) , we defire to come to us, fomc dayes 
before •, that fo we may be fatisfied of their 
Faith and Life : And if they feem true Chri- 
ffUns , and either bring a Certificate that 
they are members of any other fhurch, with 
which we are to hold Communion , or fhew 
that it is not from ungtrdlinefs that they refufe 
to live under Order and Difciplme, we (hall 
Baptize their children , and occasionally ad- 
mit them to our Communion. But if they 
*refcxndaloH4, we (hall require them firft to 
Profcfs their feriopu Repentance : And if they 
'eturn to fcandal^t fhall after (lay rill we fee 
:heir Refurmacion (or of one of the parents 
fa cafe of Baptiim. ) 

VI. If any member of this Church do 
differ from us about the geflure in the Lords 
Supper (or any fuckCircumftanee) WC de- 

G 3 fa* 

fire them firft to cometouj^ and hear our 
Reafons : and if wc cannot fatisfie them, we 
will n&i hinder them from receiving it in any 
decent gefture they defire. 

VII. All members of the Church muft or- 
dinarily hold Communion with it, in the; 
Lords Supper and all Ordinances: and if a 
Brother grofly offend, they muft orderly and , 
prudently admonilh him ^ and if he hear thera 
not, tell the Church. 

VIII. Once a Moneth we have a meeting 
of the Magnates, Minifters, Deacons, and 
above twenty perfons chofen annually by the 
Church, as their Truftees or Deputies : Here 
the offendours muft be accufed, and heard, 
and dealt with f before the cafe be opened in 
the Church. And any that are juftly offended 
with any member , miy have Churchrjuftice. 
( The Magiftrates prefence being only ad me- 
litis ejfe) and the chofen Truftces or Depu- 
ties beingno Ecclefiaftical Officers , nor pre- 
tending to Divine Inftitution as (uch : but 
only the fitted: of the people chofen to do 
thofe things which belong to the people (who 
cannot all fo frequently meet ) and having no. 
authoritative ruling Votes. 

IX. Thofe 

I X. Thofc that Repent not upon publike 
r Admonition t muft be caft out of our Commu- 
nion , and avoided as Heathens : But rhofe 
that are Penitent, muft be Abfolved , and lo- 
vingly received. 

X. If any of our People be offended at any 
th.ng in our Do&rine or Life, wc defire them 
before they vent their offence behind our 
backs,to come and lovingly tell it us,and hear 
us fpeak* And if we do not fatisfie x them, we 
defire chem to open the matter before the 
Mintftersof this Affociation, who are here 
Affembled every Moneth. And we (hall be- 
fore them, be refponfible, for our Doftrine, 
(for /^dminiftrations, and oar Lives. ( As we 
are alfo willing to be to the Magistrate , who 
only hath the power of the fword, even over 
the Paftors of the Church , and whom in all 
things Lawful we muft obey, and ngtrefift.)