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Full text of "A search for the English schismatick by the case and characters : I. Of the diocesan canoneers ; II. Of the present meer nonconformists ; Not as an accusation of the former, but a necessary defence of the later, so far as they are wrongfully accused and persecuted by them"

Mnvopolitm torarg 




The leaves not to be turned down or written on. 


Collection of Puritan Literature. 







Englifh Sdiifmatick: 


I. Of the Diocefan Canoneers. 

II. Of the Prefent Meer Nonconflrmfts, 

Not as an Avcnfation of the former, but* Neceflafy 
Defence of the later, Co far as they are wrongfully 
Accufed and Persecuted -by them. 

; 7 

By Richard Baxter, One of the Accufed. 



Printed for Ne<viU Simmons, at the Sigh /of the three 

Golden Cockf at the Weft-end of St. fanh 

Church- Yard. % 6% i. 

Si . 


Jm^ ^mo^P 



r.l 1& IxttOttmifc 



THEfirivings of Parliaments fince Archbifj.p Laud V Go* 
vernment, againji Innovations, Popery and Arbitrary over* 
t of ping Law,and their jealoufies of the dejigns andprogrefs, 
while they themfelves were of the Old Church of 'England, 
do callus to thinkwhat the difference was between the OldandNew^ 

HE that would know what 
the Old Church of Eng- 
land is, let him read, 

I. The 39 , Articles. 

II. The Homilies. 

III. The Apology, with Jewels 


V. Dem&Kex (all owned 
by the Church*). 

VI. ' Hookers Ecckfiafiical 
Polity, in 8 Boohj. 

1 VII. ' Bifhop Billon of Chri- 
Jtian oubjeajon. 

VIII. Bifhop Downham de 

IX. The great Writers a- 
gainji Popery, as Dr.Whi taker, 
Dr. Reynplds, Dr. Willet, 
Dr.SutlifF, Dr.White,Dr.Airy, 
Dr. Humphrey, Dr. Fulk, Dr. 
Prideaux, Dr. R. Abbot, Dr. 
Crakenthorp, Dr. Challoner, 
Dr. Hall, Bifhop Ufher, Dr. 
Davenant,5//%> Carlton,Chil- 
lingworth,JJ//% Morton, &c. 

HE that would know what 
is the New Church of 
Englandfince Bifhop Laud dif- 
fers from the Old, let him read , 

I. Dr. Heylin'j- Writings, 
Dr. Pocklingtons, -Mr.Dows, 
Sybthorps and Mainwarings. 

II. HeylinVLT/e^/JBLLaud, 
particularly his description of the 
deftgned-reconciliation with the 

III. Mr. Thorndike s Jufi 
weights and meafures, and for- 
bear an ce of Penalties. 

IV. Archbifl?op BramhaH\f 

book^againfi me, explaining the 

new way in thefe particulars^ 

I. To abhor Popery. 2. That we 

all come under a Foreign Jurif- 

diUion, obeying the Pope as the 

Wejlern Patriarch, and alfo as\ 

the Principium unitatis to the 

univerfal Church, Govetning by 

[the Cations. 3. That Diff enters 

from this be accounted Schifma- 

ticks* 4. That we yield to what 

the Greeks have yielded, and be 

A - of 

X. The Writings agawft Bi+ 
Jhop Laud, viz. Bifiop Hall/ 
Epiftle to D. L. Archbifhop G. 
Abbots, and Bijkop R. Abbot V 
judgment of him, and kisTryal, 
with what was there charged 
agawft him. 

XI. The Harmony of Con- 
fejjions, and the Synod p/Dort. 

XI L King James'/ Works* 


of their Religion. 5. ThatGro- 
tius was a Proteftant for the 
Church of England. 

V. Dr. Parkers Preface to 
that book^ and Dr. Pierce's de- 
fence of Grotim. 

VI. Grotius his Volume and 
Notes on Cafcn&er, jpeciaffphis^ 
Difcuffio Apologetici Rivefta- 
ni 5 in which he profeffetb, 1 .That 
Rome is the Mifiris-Church. 
2. Sound in faith.^Thathe finds 

Protefiant s can never unite, but by uniting with Rome, 4. He 
owns the DoBrin* of she Councils, even that of Trent. 5. The 
Pope to govern by the Canons of the Councils, and not arbitrarily. 
6. Nor mufi invade the rights of Kings or Bifhops. 7. That if the 
curiojiths of the School-men,andthe ill lives of the Clergy be difi 
owned and amended, this much is enough to fiber men. 8. And 
he faith that the Englith Bijhops were many of his mind, tho* the 
Separatifis were not. 

VII. The Earl <?f Clarendon V Defence of Dr. Stillingflect, J*y- 
ing the nature of Popery in their injury to Princes. 

VIII. Guil. Forbes, Bifiop of Edenborough his Irenhotu 

IX. Mr. Dodweir/ book again ft Schifm, and the fame <lo- 
.. Urine maintained by others who nullifie Minifiry and (hurches^ 

whofeEptftopal Ordination hath not come down from the Apo files 

X. The Brjhops endeavours ftnee \66o, to filence, fine, imfri- 
fin, banijh,and drive five miles from all Corporations, &c. dU 
fuch as receive not the Impofitions. Together with the reft of the 
true Hiftory of theft laft Twenty years. 

The particulars are not now to be recited. 

«. > ; 

S E A R C H 



O R, 

The True Chara&ers of the feveral 
Accufed Parties, by which they 
may be difcerned. 

• - 

The Parties Accufed. 

The Parties queftioned are, I. the Papijis. 
II. The Diocefan-Militants, or Canoneers. III. The 
Pajjive peaceable Conformijis. IV. The Meer Non- 
conformijis. V. The SeBarian Chnrch-Appropriators^ 
and Caufelefs Separatijis and Dividers. 

H E R E is no Seft of Chriftians 
which maketh fo great ufe of their 
pretence to Unity, and crying 
down Herefie, Schifrn and Separa- 
tion, as the Papifts do 3 and yet 
are the greateft Schifmaticks and 
Dividers, as thus appeareth. 
1. They have a felf-made humane univerfal Church, 

B feigning 


feigning the Pope to be the rightful Head of all the 
Chriftian World. 

2. They exclude all from Chrifts Chuch, who are not 
the Popes Subje&s, though at the r Antipodes, where he 
never came nor fent. 

3. They prefume to make univerfal Laws for all the 

4. They Curfe mea from Chrift by Excommunicati- 
ons, who refute fuch fubjeftion and obedience to theft 

5. They hav»e introduced many new Articles of Faith, 
on pretence of declaring and expounding Faith. 

6. They have multiplied corrupting additions in the 
Chriftian Worfhip. 

7. Their regular obje&ive Religion now confifteth 
in fo great a number of the Decrees of Councils, as no 
Chriftians can well underftand, while they accufe Cods 
Laws as unintelligible. 

8. They can give us no certainty which of theft 
Councils are obligatory to us, while they contradift 
each other. 

9. They agree not of the Effence of Chriftianity, or 
neceffary truths } but refolve all into the uncertainty 
of [_fnfickt7t Propofals*]* 

10. They damn men as Hereticks that deny not all 
humane fenfe, believing there is no Bread and Wine, 
when they fee and tafte them. 

u. They burn fuch as Hereticks, and are for tor- 
menting Inquifitions to deftroy them. 

12. They bind Temporal Lords to exterminate all fuch, 
and to fwear to do it } and this on pain of Excommuni- 
cation, Depofition and Damnation ^ So that a Proteftant 
Kingdom under a true Papifl: King, hath a King that is 


C 3 ) 

thus bound to exterminate his SubjeSs, if he be able ; 
and profeffeth to do it on theft three penalties, his Sal- 
vation lying on it. 

13. They decree the giving of his Dominions to ano- 
ther, and abfolving his Subje&s from their Oaths of Fide- 
lity, if he obey not. 

14. They decree, that it's Herefie to hold that a King 
hath the power of Invefting Bilhops, and that he is not 
thus fubje& to the Pope. 

15. They tokrate their chief Dodors to write, that 
a Heretick is no King, at leaft if Excommunicate, and 
may lawfully be killed. 

1 6. Their Canons exempt the Clergy from being Go- 
verned and Taxed by Kings. 

1 7. They forbid the reading of the Scriptures tran£ 
lated, without a Licenfe. 

1 8. They fay that we cannot well believe the Gofpel, 
but on the credit of their Church : As if we mud firft 
know that the Pope and Council are authorized by 
Chrift, before we believe in Chrift himfelf. 

19. They renounce 'Repentance by pretending to In- 

20. They cherifh a numerous Clergy and Se&s, to 
carry on all this in the World, and perfwade high and 
low, that to promote their Church and Caufe, is merito- 
rious of Salvation. 

II. By the Pajjhe Conformiji, I mean both fuch as go 
on the grounds of Mr. Sprint, and think a Reformation 
very defirable, but Conformity lawful to efcape filen- 
cing and mine 5 and fuch as like Conformity for it Ctlf, 
and wi(h all others did Conform, but like not unchari- 
table cenfures, or (ilencings, or violence againft confcio- 

B 2 nable 


nable Diffenters, nor the compulfions which have caufed 
our Church-convulfions. Though the Nonconformifts 
muft needs judge thefe to partake in Schifm, fo far as they 
own the Schifmaticat dividing terms of Communion, 
which are the greateft hinderance of our Concord, and 
will be ftill inconfiftent with it 3 yet as they reproach 
not Diffenters as Schifmaticks, fo neither are they ac- 
counted Schifmaticks by the Diffenters, foecaufe they are 
found and peaceable brethren, and defire to live as fuch 
with others, and Schifm is not their difpofition nor pre- 
dominant. We would live in greater Love and Concord 
with fuch as thefe, than the differing Cpnformifts have 
with one another. 

III. The names of Se&aries and Separates are of no 
fixed fignification, but vary according to the mind of 
the fpeaker. But I now ufe them for thofe, 1. Who 
appropriate the Church to fome narrow Seff or Party % which 
denieth alhothers to be true Churches, or to have true 
Minifters and Sacraments. 2. And next to thofe, that 
though they own others as true Churches or Minifters, 
yet hold their Communion unlawful, when it is not (b, 
and renounce Communion with them on thefe grounds. 

Such befidesPapifts, are too many Prelatifts, that deny 
the Miniftry, Sacraments and Communion of the Refor- 
med Churches, which are not fuch as they 5 yea of all 
Churches that have not anEpifcopacy by uninterrupted 
Succeffion of Epifcopal Ordination from the Apoftles, 
and that excommunicate all that do but fay that ther>e 
are any true Churches in Englatid. but. their own. And 
fuch are fome Anabaptifts y fome.called Brovwifts, or Se- 
parates heretofore, &c. And the Seekers are much worfe, 
that deny a!L Churches 5. aad the guah rs and Ranttrs^ 



who revile the foundeft 5 and all true Hereticks, who fe- 
parate by denying fome Effential of Chriftianity. All 
thefe are Schifmaticks in the judgment of all found and 
fober Chriftians. 

IV. By Active Canonical Conformifls, I mean thofe 
that are for the prefent frame of Ecclefialtical Govern- 
ment, with the Liturgy and Canons, and the Laws which 
enforce them (who call ufually for the Execution of 
thofe Laws-}. 

V. By the tneer prefent Nonconformijls, I mean fuch 
as are guilty of no other punifhable errors or fins, but 
fuch as the Aft of Uniformity doth ejeft and filence us 
for 5 and who declared openly their judgments about 
Doftrine^WorfhipandDifcipline,in 1660, after a Con> 
mon meeting at 5/^-Colledge, and another at the Savoy, 
which is publifhed in Print } That is, the Reconcilers, or 
Peacemakers, who then laboured and beg'd for Peace and 
Unity in vain 5 who tye themfelves.to the judgment of 
none called Nonconformifts heretofore, Presbyterians, 
Independents,^, but to the Word of God, and the ex- 
ample of the true Primitive Churches, and are not for 
Concord only with a Se&, or a dividing-party, High or 
Low r but for that Catholick_Church and Communion of 
Saint j, which are in our Creed. 

Schifm being a culpable rending of ChrifHans from 
each other, hath a great number of degrees (as it is by 
Apoftalie from the Univerfal Church totally, or by de- 
nying a fundamental, by Herefie 3 or as it is but by deny- , 
ing Integrals, or but Accidents 5 as it is but from a parti- 
cular Church, a Church of Gods forming, or of mans. 3 
As it is from a Church, as if it were no Church, or a cor- 



rupt Church falfly fa id, or only a lefs defirable $ as it is 
from a Parifh-Church, a Diocefan, a National, &c. As 
it is total or partial, or but in fbme accidents frot^ that 
particular Church, holding Communion in all the reft$ 
As it is mental, or but caufelefs local 5 As it is from a 
Church, or only from fome perfbns in a Church- Paftor, 
or others 3 As it is by driving men by finful Impofmons 
from a Church, or too eafie departing 5 with many the 
like differences elfewhere opened.) So that as all men have 
fbme degree of ignorance, pride, hypocrifie, &c. and yet 
are not to be denominated ignorant, proud hypocrites, 
where it is not predominant 3 fo all aredefeftive in Love 
and Union, and few Churches on earth are noway guilty 
of Schifm, and yet are not to be called Schifmaticks, 
where it is not predominant. 

Almoft all Churches on earth accufe each other of 
Schifm 5 the Papifls Co accufe the Creeks, Proteftants, 
and all others 5 the Greeks fo accufe the Papifts and 
Proteftants (as the Patriarch Jeremiah fliews usj, and 
both the Abajfines, Jacobins, Nejicrians, &c. The Luthe- 
rans fo call the Calvinijls, and they many Lutherans $ the 
Epilcopal,Presbyterians, and Independents fo accufe each 
other : Sober and peaceable men muft confefi that moft 
are guilty of fome degree. 

Laying by the reft, our Queftion now is of Two Par- 
ties here, the Canoneer Diocefan Conformifls, and the 
Prefent meer Conformijls , which are the ENGLISH 


\ / s 


The Cafe of the Diocefan-Canoneers, or Zealots 
for Impofition of Conformity. 

i.-*TT*Hey agree not of the Effentiating Head of their 
| own National Church 5 whether it be Lay, or 
Clergy, King or Bifhops (and fo are indeed of divers 
Churches), no nor whether it have any conjiitutive Head, 
or none. 

'2. Some hold Bijlwps neceffary to the Being of a 
Church, and fome only to the well-being of it 5 and fo 
agree not neither what a particular Church is. 

3. The former unchurch the Parifh-Ckurckes, and make 
them only parts of a proper Church, the Diocefan being 
the loweft in a politick fenfe. 

4. They make the Parifh-Priefts, but half Priefts or 
Paftors, denying them the Power of the Keys over their 
flock, fave in a little part. 

5. Thefe deny the Reformed Churches, which have 
no Biftiops, to be true proper Churches, and their 
Miniftration and Sacraments to be valid : But others c£ 
them hold the contrary, and fo differ in their Commu- 
nion with the Proteftant Churches. 

6. Some of them fay, that none are true Minifiers of 
Chrift that have not Epifcopal Ordination by uninter- 
rupted fucceffion from the Apoftles: And that their 
flocks have no title to Salvation, becaufe they have it hot 
by Oods Covenant feakd by fuch a Minijirj of the Sa- 
craments. 7. They 

i » ; 

7. They hold twice Ordination finful 5 and yet Re- 
ordain thole who were ordained by meer Presbyters, or 
Redtors of Parith (City) Churches. 

8. Some Leaders grant that there were no Subjeft- 
Presbyters in Scripture*times, nor Bilhops that had more 
than one ftated Aflfembly and Altar, which others are 

.9. They agree not of the fenfe of the words [Presby- 
ter and Bifljops*] in the Scripture. 

10. Some of them reproach the Reformation of other 
Churches, .as the Papifts do, as the effeft of fury and re- 
bellion i and feek to render it odious as a crime. 

1 1. Yea and the Reformation of England by K. H. 8. 
as the produft of his filthy luftand cruelty : And reckon 
the death of K. Edv>. 6. for a mercy. Infomuch, that otit 
of Dr. Heylin, and fbme others, a Papift hath gathered 
in termink, the mod: odious defcription of our Reforma- 
tion, called Hiflorical Collections. 

12. They dilagree about the points called Arminiatt. 
Whitgift the Mawl of the Nonconformifts, with others, 
drawing up the high Lambeth- Articles for abfolute Re- 
probation, &c. and others, with Laud, as hot againft 

13. Thefe cenfure K. James for being againft Arminia- 
mjm, and fending men to that end to the Synod of Dort 9 
though they were all moderating-men. 

14. Though we had there fix excellent Divines, fbme 
think we are not obliged by that Synod, and fome that 
we are ("when we had not fo many in moft General 

1 5. Thofe that followed Laud, being few, durft not 
long commit their Caufe to a Convocation : And Heylin 
tells u? 5 that the Convocations of England and Ireland 


C9 J 

were againft them: and the Convocations are called The Re* 

16. Thefe divided from the reft, drove who fhould prevail 
m Power: A. B. Grindall fir ft, and A. B. Abbot next being caft 
but, and both reproached by Dr. Utjlin (Land's Pen-man) 
as the Heads of one Party \n'E»gland 9 and B.Vfter'm Ireland: 
and Biftiop Land is praifedasthe Leader of the other fide, Re- 
forming the fpoiled Reformation, which the Univerfitks and 
Bifhops had fpoiled by Calvinifm. 

1 7. Thefe two Parties differed in their2cal againft the Non- 
conformists : Grinduh 'being for Love and Lenity, and Lcftu're- 
Exercifes to breed up Preachers, and Abbot by Heylin made a 
Mifchief to the Church for being popular : but Laud's Party 
being for more feverity againft them, which was exercifed 

18. Thefe two Parties alfo differed in their way and defigns 
towards the Papifts. A.B. G. Abbot, E. Rob. Abbot, Halt and 
others fufpe&ing Laud as Poptfb, and being themfelves againft 
Toleration of Popery : But B. Laud (faith Dr. Heylin) at- 
tempting by alterations and abatements,and reconciling means 
to open our Church-door fo wide, that we might again all joyn 
together, as in the beginning of Queen Elizabeths Reign. 

19. Thefetwo Partiesdiffered about Prerogative,Laws and 
Property \ A. B. Abbot writeth, that he was call: down for de- 
nying toLicenfe Sybthrop's Book for the Kings r'ower to raife 
money, and the peoples obligation to pay it. And his Narra- 
tive (which you may read in RuJIworth) intimateth that B. 
Lavd was the chief means of this Impofition on him, toLicenfe 
Sjbthrop's Book, and foof his Sufferings : The two greateft 
Writers for Prelacy and Conformity are Bifhop Bilfon and 
Hooker (to the reading of whom B. Morley referred me for 
inftruftion, when he forbid me Preaching in Wonejier Dioceli, 
and) whom we are ufually challenged to anfwer. Bifhop Bil- 
fon faith (Chrrf. Subjefr, pag. 520. Q " If a Prince (hould go 

C « about 


" about to fub}e& hisKingdom to a Forreign Realro^ or change 
" the form of the Common Wealth from Impery to Tyranny, 
cc or negleftthe Laws eftablifhed by common confent of Prince 
u and People, to execute his own pleafure 5 In thefe and 
** other fuch cafes which might be named, if the Nobles and 
u Commons joyn together to defend their ancient and accu- 
Cc ftomed Liberty, Regiment and Laws, they may not well be 
" counted Rebels.] See more pag. 381, 382. Grotius dejure 
<c Belli goeth much farther. Ri, Booker faith [That it is no 
<6 better than Tyranny for any Prince or Potentate of what 
" kind foever to exercife Law-making of himfelf, and not ei- 
" ther by expreft Commiffion received immediately and per- 
<c fonally from God, or elfe by authority derived at firft from 
<c their confent, upon whole perfons they impofe it, EvcLPol. 
" /. 1. $. ic. />. 21. And that in Kingdoms of this quality (as 
H ours) the HigheftGovernour hath indeed univerlal Domi- 
" nion, but with dependancy on that whole entire body over 
" the feveral parts whereof he hath dominion : So that it 
" ftandeth for an axiom in this cafe, The King is Singulis Ma- 
Ci jor, univerjis Minor, Lib. 8. p. 193. and p. 194. [Neither 
"can any man with Reafon think, but that the firft inftitution 
"of Kings (a fufficient confideration, wherefore their power 
<c (hould always depend on that from which it did always flow) 
cc by original influence of power from the body into the King, 
" is the caufe of Kings dependency in power on the body : 
" By dependancy we mean Subordination and Subjection.] 
<c The Axioms of our Regal Government are thefe: Lex faci t 
u Regent — Rex nihilpoteji nifi quod jure poteft — Pag. 2 1 8,2 2 1, 
"223,224. Againft all equity it were that a man fhouldfuffer 
" detriment at the hands of men for not obferving that which 
" he never did either by himfelf or others mediately or imme- 
ec diately agree to — What Power the King hath, he hath it by 
cc Law 5 the bounds and limits of it are known. The entire 
" Community giveth order, &c. as for them that exercife 

" power 





( «« ) 

c< power altogether againft order, though the kind of power 
cc which they have may be of God, yet is their exercife there- 
" of againftGod, and therefore not ofGod,otherwifethanby 
"^rmi(Tion,asallinjufticeis. Page 22$. Ufurpers of Power, 
" (whereby we do not mean them that by violence have afpi- 
c red to places of higheft authority, but them that ufe more 
c authority than ever they did receive in form and manner 
" above-mentioned) fuch Ufurpers thereof as in the exercife 
" of their power, do more than they have been authorized to 

do, cannot in confeience bind any to obedience]: Thus 


" Hotfingftead (a Minifter) maketh Parliaments fo mighty, 

as to take down the greateft Kings. 

"Bifhop Jewel defendeth the defenfive arms of the French 

Proteftants, as Bilfon and others do. 

On the other fide (bme held, that [it is unlawful on any pre- 
tence whatfoever to take Arms again ft the King, or any Commis- 
sioned by him in furfuartcc of that Commiffion. ] And thus the 
Clergy were then divided about fuch things, which progno- 
fticated much that followed. 

20. The Laity, Lords and Commons were divided after 
thefe two Parties : And the Parliaments ftill adhered to the 
(then) major part againft Laud's Party, and infifted on Grie- 
vances, viz. i. Increafe and favour of Popery. 2. Arminia- 
nifm. 3. About their Property and Liberty, Taxing and Im- 
prifbning, &c. as Rujhvporth and Heylin {hew at large of di- 
vers Parliaments. 

21. By this unhappy breach Parliaments ftill harping on 
the fame, and theKing diflblving them, and Jbbot^nd Richard 
Hooker , and the moft being for the one fide, and Btfhop Land, 
AWe, Howfon, Corbet, Buckeridge and Mont ague for the others 
the Court and Parliaments came to the unhappy jealoufies and 
diftrufts, which at laft broke out into a miferable War. In 
which the A.B. of Canterbury (Laud)vras on one fide, and was 

C 2 put 

I 12 J. 

put to death (the Hiftory and Articles are known ) and the 
other A.B. {Williams of York:) was on the other fide, and 
became a Commander \n North-Wales for the Parliament 5 and 
their Clergy were accordingly divided : one part of the Con- 
formifts adhering to theKing,and the other to the Parliament 5 
many of which made up the We ftminJier-Sy nod. 

22, This War thus begun between the two Parties of the 
Epifcopal Laity and Clergy (in England), after drew in the 
Scots to help the Parliament, and many Papifts to help the 
King, neither of them being the firft Parties, but Auxiliaries, 
(though in Scotland and Ireland it was other wife begun). 

25. Thefe Auxiliaries of the Parliament would not help 
them, but on the terms of the Covenant, and fo Church-altera- 
tions came on , and the Parliament thought it was better have 
noBi(hops,than fuch as did prevail againft them. 

24; When Wars and Mifery had tired both fide?, and made 
them long for reconciliation, and this endeavour had called 
home the King, and masy Biftiops and Doftors had promifed 
to be forConcord upon neceffary healing-terms, and the Lords, 
Knights and Gentlemen had printed many Proteftations for 
Peace, and againft Pvevcnge 5 and the King had Comcniffioned 
us to treat with the Biftiops for Concord, and told us, They 
fhould meet us, if we would come as near as we could to them % y 
When the Kings Declaration fee used to have almoft healed us, 
the Commiffioned Bifhops ftood to it, that no abatements 
were neceffary $ and though we foretold them the impoilibili- 
ty of Common concord, without abating fbme things which 
did them no good, but harm,, and the advantage which Schifm, 
Contention and Popery .would unavoidably get, which they 
might eafily and cheaply prevent 3 we pleaded, we bcg'd by. 
a long Petition 5 but all in vain : nothing would move them r 
but when we only foretold them of the Djvifions that muft 
needs follow, when Thoufands were forced a'gainft their.Con- 
feienccs, they took it asjf we threatned Sedition, and.turned' 

C l 3J 

ourPetitions and Arguments for the common peace and con- 
cord (as if it had been a crime) againft both it and ue. 

25. And the Convocation caft away the Rings Declaration, 
and drew up the changes in the Liturgy, which added to our 
burden, and drew the Parliament to confirm it all 5 and in 
the Aft of Uniformity much more unprafticable by us, is im- 
pofed, which made our breach what fince it is. 

26. No man now mud be in Truft and Office in any fity °r 
Corporation, who will not declare, that [there is no obligation 
on him, or any other per fon from the Covenant'] not excepting 
[again jl Popery, Schifm or Prophanenefs\ though he would con- 
fefs it unlawfully impofed and taken, and renounce all obliga- 
tion to rebellion, or any evil 

27. No adult perfon or Infant muft be admitted to Chri- 
ftendom by baptifm, without the tranfient Image of a Croft,. . 
as a dedicating, engaging Covenant ing-fign and fymbol, or 
badg of Chriflianity. 

28. No Infant muft be Chriftened, without Godfather?, 
who are his Covenant-fureties, and undertake his pious edu- 
cation, though the Parents can get none that will ferioufly . 
tell them they intend to perform it : The Parents being not 
allowed to (peak one offering or Covenanting- word 5 nor • 
muft be urged to be prefent. 

29. No perfoa muft be admkteJ to Sacramental Commu- 
nion, who thinketh it a fin to receive it kneeling, left it ftiould. 
be fceming compliance with Popifti adoration.^ 

30. No perfons muft be admitted toCommunion*, who have- 
not Confirmation by Epifcopal Impofition of hands, or are de- 
firous of it 5 though they fear it is made a Popifti Sacrament^ 
by the addition [Z)pon whom, after tie example of the holy Apa- 
files, we have vow laid onr >hancls, to certifle them El THIS 
SION of thy favour and gracious goodnefs towards them?] 

31. Though they will not tellus what the Church of En- 
gland is, that is, /// Effentiatingform and Head, Lay or Clergy,^ 


vet every man mnft be ipfo faclo, excommunicate who faith, 
It is not an Apofioliial Church as cftablified by Law. 

32. Every one is excommunicate^ fatlo, who faith, that 
[the form cf Worfhip ejiabli/hed by Law, contained in the Bool^of 
Common-prayer, is corrupt ; or unlawful , or containeth ANT 
THING in 7t that is repugnant to the Scriptures. 

33. All are excommunicate ipfofaBo, who fay, That any of 
the 3 9 Articles are in any part, fuch as he may not with a good 
conference fuhferibe to \ though it be but that of the Churches 
power to impofe Ceremonies : And yet divers Conformifts are 
ogainft the Do&rine about Free- well, Heathens damnation,^-. 

34. All are ipfo fatto excommunicate, who fay that [the Rites 
and Ceremonies of the Church of England are fitperfiitious, or fuch 
as godly men may not with a good confidence approve, ufe, and on 
occafion fubfcribe7\ See Can. 3,4, 5,6. So that not only Mini- 
fters, but all men and women that differ but of the Lawful- 
nefs of any one of their Ceremonies, and fay fo, are excommu- 
nicate already ipfo faff 0. 

35. All are ipfo fatio excommunicate that fay, that the Go* 
vernment of the Church of England under his Majefly, by Arch* 
b?fi<?ps,BiJbops,Deans, Archdeacons, and THE REST that hear 
Office in the fame, is repugnant to the wofd of God."] So that if 
one were for Archbiftiops, Bifhops, and Priefts, and Deacons, 
and thought but Deans or Archdeacons un(cr\pti\vd\ and finful, 
he is excommunicate yyea or Lay-Chancellours decretive power 
of the Keys 3 for [the reft that bear Office'] muft needs include 
them : And yet many Bifhops themlelves are againft them. 

36. All are excommunicate ipfo fatlo, who fay that the form 
and manner of making and Con fee rating Bifiops, Priefts or Dea- 
cons, hath any thing repugnant to the word of God, C. 8. 

37. They are to be excommunicate that fay, Minijiers re- 
futing to fubferibe, may truly take the name of another Church not 
efiablifjed byLaj»,<kc, And yet the Church of Rome is faid to 
be a true, though faulty Chmch^by manys and a faulty Church 



may be a Church : And (they fay thatj the 'Dutch and French 
Churches here, ftand but by the Aft of King and Council. 

38. All are to be excommunicated that fev, that there are 
within this Realm other Congregations of the Kings born Sub- 

jecfs, thanfach as are allowed by Law, who may rightly take the 
name of true and lawful Churches 7] E.g. If Gloucefler, that had 
a PapiftBifhop,G<W#A*//,had chofen themfelves a Bifhop, and 
called themfelves a true Church, &c. 

39. They Command all to keep the Lords day, and other 
Holy-days, accordsng to Gods holy Will in hearing the Word of 
God read and taught^ in private and public/sprayer'] , and yet 
fafpended and ruined many Conformable Minifters for not 
reading a book for dancing and playing on that day. 

40. And where many thou(ands in a Paiifh cannot come 
within their Church-doors, noi have any Conformift elfe- 
where in the Parifh to teach them,they forbid them on great 
penalties to hear Nonconformifts, and call them Separatifts 
and Schifmaticks, unlefs they forbear like Savages all publick 
Learning and Worfhip of God, rather than hear 2nd joyn 
with Nonconformifts. 

41. Yet they Swear the Church- Wardens toprefent all that 
come not to Church, and punifh them for not coming, when 
fbme PariQies have 4000c, fome 3 coco, fome iccco that can 
have no room, and the Church- Wardens cannot know them. 

42. Yet if they go to other Parities oft for Communion, 
they muft not be admitted, but forbidden and fent home. 

43. No Minifter in regard of Preaching, or any other re- 
fpeft may diminifh Orders, Rites/Ceremonies or Prayers, nor 
add any thing in the matter or form, C. 14. 

44. Though many melancholy perfons dare not communi- 
cate in the Sacrament, and many other are fecretly conlcious 
of Atheifm, Infidelity, or wickedne(s,they muft be compelled 
to receive thrice a year. 

45. The Minifter is to be fufpended who givetb the Sacra- 



-raerrtto any that kneel not, or that fpeak againft the borik 
• of Common-prayer, Ceremonies, &c. 

46. No one may be made a Minifter, or permitted to ex- 
ercife that Office, who will not fubfcnbe, that the book of 
"Common- prayer and Ordination containeth in it nothing con- 
trary to the word of God, and that he will ufe that form and no 
other. And that will not declare publickly in the Church his 
\jin feigned Affent and fonfent to All and every thing contained 
and prefer ibid in and by that book^ 

47. He muft be cart out and filenced that doth not Affent 
that [It is certain by Gods Word, that children which are bap- 
tized, dying before they commit alitial fin, are undoubtedly faved]^ 
not excepting thofe whofe Parents are Jews, Infide!s,Heathens, 
or •Atheifts, and whofe Godfathers are Atheifts, Hobbifts or 

48. They muft Affent, Qn fen t to, and Practice, figning In- 
fants at Baptifm with the £Vtf/f, to dedicate them by that badg 
to his fervice, whofe benefits bejiowed on them in baptifm, the 
name of the*Crofs doth reprefent, in token that he Jhall not be 
afl)Amed to profefe the faith of Chr/fi crucified, and manfully to 
fight under his banner, &c. which feemeth to us to be thus made 
a Sacrament. 

49. They muft deny to Chriften all that refufe this. 

50. They muft content to deny baptifm to all that have 
not fuch undertaking Godfathers, as aforefiid, though the Pa- 
rents would enter them into the Covenant, who are forbid- 
den to be Godfathers, or fp^ak a Covenanting-word. 

5 1. They muft profefs Confent to deny the Sacrament to 
all that dare not take it kneeling: I (peak all this as impofed 
on Minifters, and before as on the people. 

52. They muft profets, confent and pra&ice to pronounce 
all that they bury to be taken to God in mercy, where we hope 
tocomej&c. (except only the excommunicate, unbaptized and 
(elf murderers) were they Atheifts or profane. 

53. They 


5?. They muft declare Affent to a filfe rule For "finding 
E<f/fer-day,and content to keep two Eajiers often, yea though 
it bo confcfled falfe. 

54. They muft confent to read [the firji Lejjbn~) out of To- 
bit, Judith, Bel and the Dragon^ and other Apocryphal- books 
for moft of two month?. 

55. None mult be fuffered toPreacb,that will not fubicribe 
{That it is not lawful on any pretence whatfotver to ta{e Arms a- 
gainfi thofe that are Commijjionated by the King"] while we un- 
derftand not, whether the Law be not above his Commiffion, 
and in fome cafes allow not the Sheriff to refill; it, and whe» 
ther that be his Commiffion which is contrary to Law, if it 
have his Seal 3 and fo the keeper of the Seal may Coramiflion 
men to feize on his ftrength and trealiire, and to let in an ene- 
my, or consequently depofe the King: No words can more 
exclude exceptions, than the exclufion of [any pretence what* 

5 3. None muft preach that fubferibeth not, that [There 
lyeth ns clligation from the Oath, called the Coter.ant, on him or 
ANT OTHER perfon to endeavour any change cr alteration of 
Church-Government : Though many Hundred thoufonds took 
that Oath, whom we know not, nor their fenfe 5 and many 
Parliament- men that impofed it : And fo all Reformation of 
Church-Covernment is made unlawful and impoflihle* 
though vowed. 

57. This Church Government by Decretive Excommuni- 
cation and Abfolution is exercifed by Lay-Chancel/trs; and all 
muft fub(cribe againft all endeavour?,though vowed to amend 
it, though fome Eiftiops confefs it to be ev.l. 

58. TheParifhes, as is aforelaid, are made by many no true 
CLurckes, but parts of the loweft Church : And Parifti-difci- 
pline is excluded: The Prieft hath no Power of the exterior 
Keys, but to execute the decrees of the Biftiop or Chancellor. 

59. Some Diocefles have above icoo Parilbes, fome many 

D hundreds j 


hundreds } by which Chrifts true Discipline deferibed, Mat. 
18.15. iCor.$.i. 1^^.5.12,13.^.13.7,24.1^^.5.25, 
26. Tit. 3.10, 8tc. is as impoflible as for one Schoolmafter to 
be the (bleGovernour of many (core or hundreds of Schools, 
having Teachers only under him. And none that Vow'd it 
may endeavour to mend this, and render true Ghurch-difci- 
pline again a poffible thing. 

60. The Souls of men have great need ofPaftors near them, 
and able to refolve their Cafes of Confcience, and comfort 
them and help them in manifold ftraits : And many Parilhes 

.are fb great, that the Priefts cannot do fuch Offices for one of 
many hundred a nor do they do it } nor know the people : 
And other Parilhes (too many J have Priefts that are raw un- 
skilful men, utterly unfit for fuch Paftoral helps : And the 
Bithop is far off, and muft have hundreds with him at once, 
ftiould he do that work : fb that it is moftly undone. And yet 
thofe are punifhed that chufe Paftors to do it in fuch need. 

61. If aPari'ftihavea Prieft fo drunken, that his own fami- 
ly can fcarce live with him, or fo inefficient, that he never 
preacheth, becaufe he cannot, or will not, and the people Icru* 
pie encouraging fuch a one in his ill undertaking of the Mini, 
ftry, and dare not take him for their Paftoral Guide, they are 
forbidden to go from him, and to communicate in the next 
Parifh 5 and the Minifter that recciveth them, or baptizeth 
their Children, though conformable, is fufpended, C. 57. 

62+ No Minifter muft Preach in a private houfe, fave in 
times of neceffity, through ficknefs, nor may they on any 
cccafionof ficknefs, or the like, keep any Fafts in their Chur- 
ches, or in any private houfe, nor be prefent at them, which 
are not appointed by Authority, C.61,62. Nor may they hold . 
meetings for Sermons or Exercifes. 

63. Ordination enableth no man to preach without far^ 
ther licenfe. 

64^ They Excommunicate all Minifters that voluntarily 



. •reFimjuifh their callings, and ufe themfelves as Lay-men. And 
yet thoufands muft do both, if the Biftiops filence them. 

65 He that preacbeth to more than four, not of his fatal- 
ly, if he conform not, muft be fined 40 /. a Sermon (and he 
that owneth the ground 20/.) and the Preacher Imprifbncd 
Six months in the Common Jayl: and the Rearers fined, And 
if he fvvears not never to endeavour an) alteration (or amend- 
mentj of their Government, he muft be baniihcd Five miles 
from Cities, Corporations, and all places where he lately- 
preached 5 or lie Six months in Jayl if he come nearer 3 though 
the Law fay that the Pari(h muft keep him in his want. 

66. The Parilh-Prieft muft publifti Excommunications, 
though againft hisconfcience,againft godly men for not Con- 
forming, &c . while thoufands that never come to Church or 
Sacraments, and Swearers and Atheifts, Hobbifts and wicked 
men are members of their Church,from year to year continued . 

67. The Canon 139 excommunicateth all that fay, that 
the Synod of this Nation, in the name of Chrift^and by the Kings 
authority afiembled, is not the true Church of England by repre- 
fentatwn. By which they feem to make the King no part of 
the Church, nor any of the Laity, or elfe that they repre- 
sent King and Laity : and they intimate that all the Clergy is 
the Church-real, and the Synod the Reprefentative. 

68. They brought in new Canons, and the et c&tera Oath 
in 1 640, without the Parliament, which were condemned. 

6$. From the beginning of Queen Elizabeth, till now, they 
have profecuted and filenced Proteftants that durft not con- 
form : even their fellow Exiles in Queen Maries days were 
filenced, and multitudes after in King James's days, and even 
Conformiftsfufpended about the Dancing- book, and troubled 
about Altars, Bowing, Afternoon-Sermons and Leftures,which 
were forbidden } and about 2000 ejefted and filenced at once 
1662 : And mult it udes of Families driven to Holland and Neve- 
England. Though we offer them our Oaths 3 that we will gladly 

D 2 COR* 

f 20j 

conform, if by any ftudy we can but fee that it will not involve 
us in the guilt of hying, erring the Perjury of mahitudes un- 
known to us, corrupt irg the C lurch ardQodsWcrft:)ip, Covenant- 
ing deliberaitly again fi needfulRefcrmation cfthe fturch-Gozerx- 
Kient by Lay fhancellows and uncapalle Diocejaj-s, and many 
other crimes, with dreadful aggravations recited in our firft 
Pica for Peace, 

70. They feparate from us and our Congregations as un- 
lawful to be joyned with. 

71. Though it was the judgment of the ancient Churches, 
expreft in many Canons, that he was ro Brficp that had not 
the peoples eleftion or confent, they make it Schifm not to 
obey fuch, and allow the people no fuch power. 

72. They fuppofe that God hath entrufted the King to 
chufe for all his Subje&s whom they fhall commit theconduft 
of their Souls to as their Paftors and Bifhops^ though he be 
not trufted to chufe our Phyficians, our Wives, our Dyet,<^r. 
And fo they would make the King anfvverable for all ill-chofen 
Paftors. And if a Papift, Heretick, or a hater of Paftoral holi- 
nefe (hould ever be King,in how fad a cafe are the peoples fouls. 

73. Yea, they hold that Patrons,be they never fo ignorant 
or ungodly, muft chufe all that (hall have the Parochial truft 
of Souls (As to the pofTeflion of Temples and Tythes, we 
yield it) 5 they fay, The people muft have no other,than what 
the Patrons chufe and impofe on them. 

74. Excommunication ofDiffenters feemeth little to them, 
but they by the writ de Excommunicato Capiendo, lay them in 
Jayl till death, unlets they change their Judgment, which it is 
sot in their power to do. 

7 5. Though we publifti our abhorrence of all Do&rines of 
Rebellion, and difown even fo much popularity, as their 
Richard Hoofer, and moft Politicks own, many of them go on 
to charge Nonconformifts with fulpicions of R.ebellion,and to 
provoke the King againft them, as difloyal. 

76. They 

j 6. They frint and preach to provoke Mngiftrates to exe- 
cute the fjrefaid fevere Laws, to (ilence and ruinc them, and 
accufe them f >r not doing it. 

77. They ftir up the people to take them for intolerable 
{editions Schifnaticks, to the deftru&ion of Chriftian Love, 
and ciufmg m:n to hate etch other. 

78. By ihefe" means families are diftrafled 5 Husbands againft 
Wives, Parents againft Children:, feme cafting them ojt, if 
they do but hear a Nxiconfu-mift Pteacher, while fenfuality 
corrupteth youth, and needeth more reftraint. 

79. When the Kings Clemency Licenfed our Meetings, 
they grudged at it, and neverthelfs feparatcd from us, though 
they defcribe Separation to be Meetings held againft autho- 
rity D * and thereby (hewed that it is fomewhat el(e than the 
Kings authority that they contend for, and fomething more 
than our want of Licenfe which caufeth their fervent oppo- 

80. Though we beg of them in vain to prevent thePapifts 
advantage by our divifions $ and though they (eem refolved to 
let Popery it felfcomein, rather than either reftore us or to- 
lerate us, and abate what we count fin, and they call Indiffer- 
ent 3 yet do they perfwade people that we are bringing in Po- 
pery, if we obey not all theirlmpofitions 5 and talk as if either 
no Drflenters were tollerable ( when all men differ, and they 
among themfelves in as great matters as from us) or All were 
tolerable : both which are abominable : And as if he that were 
unwuiing to bedeftroyed by PrelatifL, were introducing Po- 
pery : Should a manchufe rather to be faved by a Papift, than . 
hanged by a Prelatift, who were more to be fufpefted of Po- 
pery, He that made that choice, or he that put it upon him. 

8 1. Befides the reconciling treaty with the Papifts,aflei ted 
by Dr. Berlin ; fome chief Doctors proR-fs that they would- 
have the Church in the fame ftate, as when i\\zGreehj and La- 
f///edid divide 3 and grant what the Greeks grant 5 not denying 


( 94 ) 

riif Pope to be Privapium uvitatk^ and pleading (otGrctiu* 
as a Protectant of our Churches mind, who was for the Coun- 
cil of Ireland all the reft} defiring no more for our Concord 
with the Church of JtWe, but that as by the Mifttfs Church 
they may rule by the Canons, and not abfolutely, fecuring the 
Rights of Rings and Bifhops, and reforming Scholaftick curio- 
fities, and the Clergies lives. 

82. Under all the new Impofitions, we were never allowed 
to (peak for our felves,nor durft once Petition the Parliament 
that ejefted us, or any fince, for relief or audience, left fuch 
boldnefs (hould more incenfe our affii&ers, 

83. There is no furer way to deftroy their own Church- 
pomp and grandure, and root out Epifcopacy more than we 
defire, than toufe it for Satan againft faithful Minifters, and 
againft the Souls of men, and againft thehonour and innocency 
of Princes, and againft the property and liberty of Subjects, 
even againft God and man, and fo to make it odious to man- 
kindly making it intolerable : Till they that cannot tolerate 
a differing-word do weary the world by their intolerable 
pride, and caft down themfelves, and then blame others. 

84. To this day, while they accufe thole of Schifm that 
dare not iubfcri be, declare, fwear, and do the things aforefaid, 
and plead againft the enduring of them, to preach or folemn- 
ly worth? p God, they difagree in Do&rines, and many great 
matters among themfelves, and take not themfelves for Schi£ 
maticks : Of which fee our 2d Plea, pag. 158, 159. 

85. Some of them are for Original fin, according to the 
fubferibed Articles : Bifhop Jcr. Taylor and others were againft 
it $ and Bifhop IVarxer hath writ againft him. 

86. Some of them preach for the Imputation of Chrifts 
Righteoufnefs : Mr. Thorndiht, Mr. Sherlocliand others differ } 
and many of them fharply accufe and preach againft each other 
thereabout 5 yea with high accufations,,as heretical. 

87. Some of them preach up Gods Eternal Decrees of Ele- 


(2 ?> 

ftion and Derele&ion, or Reprobation, in that fort, as others 
of them preach againft asblafphemy againft God, and deftru- 
ftive to the piety and peace of man. 

88. Some of them preach for univerfal Redemption as a ne« 
ceffary point of faith, which others cry down as Armimamfm. 

89. Some of them make Juftifying faith to contain Obedi- 
ence, and others cry it down as Popery and Socimanifm. 

90. Some of them fay that God hath given to all men fijffi- 
cient grace to falvation (yea fay fome, and efficient), which 
others call Arminiatiifm. 

91. Some of them fay that it is Gods Grace that maketh 
the faithful to differ from others, and others fay it is their 
own Wills: And about the parts of Grace and Free-will they 
preach and write againft each other. 

92. Some of them preach that all the juftified perfevere. 
And others preach it down as a dangerous errour. I have try- 
ed to reconcile all thefe, but they go on. 

93. Some of them are only for Bidding prayer in the Pulpit, 
as ifall other were forbidden by the Canon (as Heylin) :- others 
ufe prayer there. 

94. Some there pray in their own words, and fbme only in> 
the words of the Liturgy : fome ufe the fame words,and others 
vary them. 

95. Their Cathedral Worlhip much differeth from the Pa- 
rochial, and fbme Churches Ufe Organs, and others have none. 

96. One writeth for the Religious ufe of Lcut (as Bifhop 
Gumng\ others as Bi(hop Taylor (and Dr. More\fkc. are a- 
gainft their principles and ufe ;- yea and againft many other 
things of Church- Government and (igniticant Ceremonies 
which the other party hold. See Taylor cited Q^Plea for Peace. 

97. Some of them are for the Divine right of the Lords 
Day, and the Morality of the fourth Commandment : which 
Heylin and many others vehemently deny. 

98. One is for Altars, and Rails, and others againft them, 
and others for indifferency. 99. In 

y$. Tn preaching they ufe very different Methods : And 
; Tome Churches of them begin to ufe new Verfions of the fing- 
ing Pfalm?. 

ico. Some following Grctius de Jure Belli : and Dr. Tay* 
hrs Dutlor Dubitantium are for ufeful lying, which injureth 
not others (and therefore no doubt for doubtful Confor- 
mity ). But others are againft it. 

10 r. But they no-where more differ, than in their Con for* 
-mity it (elf, one taking the words in one fenfe, and another in 
another^fo that their Conformity is not the fame thing^though 
the L etters and (bund of voice be the fame. One by his Affent 
andCorijent to all things in the three books meaneth plainly ^ and 
another meaneth, but that he may and will ufe fo much as con- 
ccrneth him: One by [Not refifling by Arms any Commifloned 
by the King] meaneth as he fpeaketh. Another limitei h in to 
[Lawfully Commijfioned] } One by (on any pretence what fever) 
meaneth as he faith: Another excepteth as Bilfon aforciaid, 
and fuch cafe as King Johns, who gave up his Kingdom to the 
Pope, and woulel have done to the Morocco -Mahometan \ and 
many other fuch inftances(as Killing the Parliament^City.^) 
One that fubferibeth never to endeavour any Alteration of 
Church-Government, meaneth as he fpeaketh : Another ex- 
cepteth Lay-Chancel!ours ufe of the Key?, Deans ar.dCi p- 
ters, Archdeacon?, &c* if the King would change thim. One 
by; any endeavour"] meaneth as he faith : Another mc ° *bonly 
[unlawful endeavour)^ one by [nothing contrary t >Qods a*>rd~] 
in Can. 36. meaneth plainly : Another meaneth (xot ling which 
maketh Communion unlawful]: One takeib ail the impofed 
fnbfcriptions to be but a promife of fubmiilion and peace, 
which others abhor, and are for the Truth of all that they 
fiibfcribe ailent to. In a word,forne are for the common Rule 
ok taking all the words in the ufual fenfe, except the Impofers 
declare a different fenfe : And others are for neceffary fuppo- 
fing, that the Impofers meant well, whatever they (aid , and 



therefore our Charity and honouring them bindeth us to put 
no fenfe on their words which is contrary to Gods Law, the 
Law of the Land, or Common Right $ and fuppofing them 
true and good, whatever they are, who can doubt but they 
may be fwornor fubferibed. 

102. Dr. Hammond and his party thought that it doth not 
appear that there were any fubjeft Presbyters in Scripture- 
times, and fo that every fingle Congregation had a Bilhop 
prefent in worfhipping God. But Dr. Stillingfleet faith p. 269. 
While the Apo files livedo it is probable there were no fixed Bi/hops, 
or but few. And fo the world had but 1 2 or 13 indefinite Bi- 
(hops, who are not proved to have any peculiar determinate 

103. Mr.Dodwell^ndlthmk moft of them,take the Church 
of England to be a Political fbciety, and many think we over- 
throw Church and Order, if we deny Churches to be formed 
by a Conftitutive Government. But Dr. Stillingfleet not only 
holdeth that the Church of England is but the Paftors and 
people contenting by Parliaments to live under the fame Laws 
about Religion, without any Conftitutive Church-Head (one 
or many)} but alfo peremptorily concludeth, that to maintain 
fuch a Conftitutive Supreme Church-power -will neceffarily 
infer Popery 3 and fo maketh all the Conformifts neceffarily 
to lead in Popery, who are for fuch Political Churches, and 
Conftitutive Governours. 

J04. Mr. Cheny faith, That to make Churches by Cove- 
nants, confederacies or confent,befides baptifm,istobeguilty 
of blafphemy, impiety, irreligioufnefi, infidelity 5 and one 
fhould rather die than yield to it. But Dr. Stillingfleet faith 
•theChurch of England is one Church, made by fuch confent. 

But fuch Schifms among themfelves are too many to be 
here numbered. And no wonder when they differ fo much as 
they do with their own Sentiments, in one and the fame 
book, faying and unfaying, as the argument in hand requireth. 


E.g. Dr. StilliffgJJeet thinketh that the (even Churches of 
Afia, being Metropolitan, prove Diocefan or Metropolitan- 
Bithops, then in being : And yet, that while the Apoftles 
lived, it's probable there were no fixed Bifhops, or bat few. 
And (b either feven Apoftles were the Angek of the (kvGti 
Churches of Afia^ reproved fo much for their (in and back- 
fliding, or the Angels fignified not the Bifhops* 

While we are all Schifmaticks for difobeying, fay fbme, 
and holding Nonconforming Aflemblies, fay others, from the 
Church of England^ yet this Church is no proper Political 
Church, and hath no Conftitutive chief Government, faith 
Dr. St. and therefore hath no authority to make Canons to 
command us* 

He no lefs than threatneth us with damnation ("not in the 
retraced Iremcum, but in his late book againft Popijh Idola- 
try*) if we chufe not the purcft Church : and the Papift grant* 
ethit, and faith as he 5 And yet it is the fubftance of his 
% itrtreafonabk books to prove us Schifmaticks, if we depart 
from their Church, or fo much as preach to other Afiem- 
bltes* on the account of purer worflrip^ and greater edifica* 
tivn, 8cc. And he had the wit to pais by this citation in the 
Epiftte of a book againft him. 

As for Mr. Cheny^ and divers other fuch,, another book 
openeth their Contradi&ions* 

They often tell us of the Nullity of the Miniftry, or Power 
which is not received frorn Epifcopal Superiors } Efpecially 
Biftiop Gunning and Mr. Dodwell, hence draw difmal degra- 
ding- and unchurching Confequences. And yet thus they 
condemn both the Enghjh^ and R oman, and Univerfal Church, 
If Church-power be given by Inferiors, the Independents 
are not to be confuted : If from equals, as Generation is, as 
men generate men, and Phyficians make Phyficians, &c* 
then Presbyters may make Presbyters. If it mull be by Supe- 
rior Power , then who maketh Arehbifiops in England^ or 


r 27 ■) 

Popes at Rome, who have no Superiors, and Co (by them) 
no authority ? So much for the Hiftorical Characters of the 
Canonical Conformifts. 

But afcer all this, we grant, that there is fome tye and uni- 
on among them 5 Thq^ all own Archbifhops, Bifhops, Deans 
and Chapters, Archdeacons, with an Et cetera 5 the rcji as 
the Canon fpeaketh : They all agree to declare and fub- 
(cribe the words impofed, and promife or Covenant accord- 
ingly, and fwear Obedience to their Ordinaries. E. g. 
Though fuch as Mr. Bull and Dr. Tutiy write againft each 
other, of Juftification as by Faith or Works $ though many 
are very much againft the Do&rine of Mr. Thorndikd 
Mr. Parser, Mr. Sherlock and fuch other, yet they all fub- 
fcribe the fame Articles about Juftification, Free-will, Pre- 
deftination. And I doubt not but there are very many not 
only Learned, but Pious men among them, who yet by 
ftrong prejudice and paffion, through education, converfe, 
crois interefts, and unacquaintedneis with Diffenters , and 
the many (candals that have rifen, and the extremes 
which many have run into, are poffeft with a conceit, that 
the ruine, imprifohment, banifhment or filencing of Non- 
conformifts, is neceflar'y to the prolperity of their party, 
called by them The Chitrck. 

And to do the Papifts right, they agree to be members of 
one fiurch, and to be for the Dignities, Wealth and Power 
of their Clergy, and take the fame Oaths, and are under 
the (am? Canjns, &c. though they differ about the Supre- 
macy it (elf, as between the Pope and the Prelates in Ge- 
neral Councils \> and about fwearing, forfwearing, lying, 
murder, depofin^ and killing Kings, fornication, and manv 
fuch as the Janfenifls have opened at large : Air thefe dif- 
ferences they can bear with, snd the many different Setts of 

E 2 Fryers, 


Fryers, fitted to the feveral humours- of men, a* long us 
they are for one Common fociety and intereft : And doubt- 
lefs many of ftri& lives do think it a fervice to the Church, 
and (b to God, to kill, burn and deltroy others that are 
againft them, as they d<x 

There is fome one (-with what mind I know not) that 
hath written a book called The Catholkk^Hierarchy , plead- 
ing like an Independent againft humane lMpofitioxs ; But in 
a Digreffion fo diligently labouring to prove, that the 
Diocefans Subordination .of Churches will unavoidably, in- 
fer a Pope or Uoiverfel Head, that I take it to be a dange- 
rous book 5- while it ftalleth the (aid Dwcefans y whether im- 
prudently or fraudulently as a Prevaricator,- I know not 5 
he faith more for 3 Pope, without any antidote, than is or- 
dinarily, to be elfewhere found, and then mod heads are 
able to anfwer 5 though the main conclufion is fully con- 
futed in, my laft book againft John/on, alias. Tenet, the 


- 4 . -»' 

CHAP, in; 

The Meer TSonconformijl. 

jvT^Y the prefent Meer Nonconform! (fr, we mean thole 
fj that 1660, by the Kings Conceflion made their pro 
pofals for Reformation and Concord, and as are of (he Judg- 
ment then by them profeflcd. I meddle not with others Un- 

2. Their profeft Religion is Meer Ckriftiamty, effentially 
contained in the Sacramental Covenant, explained in the 
Creed, Lords-prayer and Decalogue, and integrally in the 
facred Scripture. 

3. Yet as Chriftians are accidentally called Protejiants^ be- 
caufe they renounce Popery } fo we are Catholicks-> as re- 
nouncing all Schifmatical Sefts$ and Nonconforwijis, becaufe 
we dare not Conform to all that is impofed on us. 

4. We hold that all Chriftians (hould Love each other as 
themfelves, and do them all the good they can, and no hurt. 

5. We hold that all baptized in Infancy fhould folemnly at 
agereaewand own that Covenant, as adult members. 

6. And that all that do fo, not nullifying their profeffion 
by inconfiftent herefie or fin, (bould be received in Commu- 

7. That fuch as renew it not, or are proved to fotfake it, 
or heinoufly fin againft it, (hould be reproved, and after 
fufficient admonition, if impenitent, be declared unfit for 
Church-Communion, and accordingly avoided; 

8. That God hath appointed that there be ftated AfTem- 
bliesof Chriftians, efpeciaily on the Lords-days, where he (hall 
be worlhipped, Men iaftrufted, and Communion exerciled. 

9. That thefe Congregations (hould have known ftated 


Paftors, to be their Teachers and Guides in worCbipand 
holy living. 

10. That thefe Paftors by Office have the power of the 
Church- keys, to judge whom to take in by Baptifm, and 

■whom to "admonifh as Criminal, to reject as impenitent, and 
to abfolve and receive agaia as penitent in their proper 

1 1 . That Baptifm and the Eucharift being a Gift of a fealed 
pardon, and of Chrift, and life, no unbelieving nor unwilling 
perfon is capable of them: Therefore none but believing Con* 
[enters, or Volunteers and their Infants, (hould be baptized, 
and Volunteers only admitted to the Lords-Supper. 

12. And though Magiftrates (hould promote the facred 
Work, and Rule the Churches, and keep peace and order by 
the Sword, and fee that all have competent Teacher?, and 
hinder the intollerable} yet may they not invade the Paftors 
office, or peoples right, nor force men to truft their Souls to 
the Paftoral Care of unable or -wit-nifty men, nor hinder 
them from chufing better for themielves, any more than they 
may confine them to untrufty Phyficians, Servants or Wives. 

13. That becaufe the Paftoral Office cannot be exercifed 
either by, or on the unwilling ^ mutual confent is neceflfary 
to the Relation of Paftor and Flock. 

14. That it is part of the Paftors Office to word his own 
Sermons and Prayers : But yet if to avoid difcord or errour 
fome common forms be agreed on, not overthrowing the 
Paftors office, they may be fitly ufed, till by accident they do 
more hurt than good. 

15. The Laws of Magiftrates Circa Sacra, and the confent 
and cuftom of Churches fhould not in lawful things be crofted 
by humorous dividing Singularity. 

16. .No-one Liturgy wasimpofedon any National Church, 
or any Patriarchate for many hundred years after the Apoftles 
days ( yea and after Co/tjlantine') : But every Bifhop or 


Paftor was the chufer o f his Words and Practice. 

17. Chriftians (hould all live in Love, and walk peaceably 
by the Divine Scripture-Rule, fo far as they have atcained , 
fo waiting for increnfe of grace. 

18. We muft receive the weak in the faith, and fuch as 
differ tolerably from us, even as drift rectiveth us; and no 
Cbriftian (bould be excommunicated, but for impenitency in 
fins, fubverting faith, or holy living. 

19. Nor muft Chrifts Minifters be forbid to preach the 
Cofpel, becaufe of tollerable differences. 

20. And thofe that through differences and fcruples can- 
not comfortably worfhip God under one Paftor, or in the 
Words or Ceremonies of one Church, fhould have leave to 
do it in another, keeping found Doctrine, Love and Peace. 

21. The number and need of the people muft determine 
^whether a particular Church (hall have one Paftor or more. 

22. If one for Concord be Prefident to the reft, and the 
Senior Paftors be guides to the younger, we are not againft it. 

23. Nor yet if the Magiftrate or Churches by confent ap- 
point fbme of the Graver to be vifitors of many Churches, 
and to inftruft and keep the younger in peace. 

24. Nor will we quarrel againft the Names of Bifhops, or 
Archbifhops, or their Wealth and Honour, while Faith, Wor • 
ihip, Difcipline and Love are preferred. 

25. If by a National Church, they mean either a C^rijlian 
.Kingdom] or\_aB the Churches of a Nation as under one Prince] 
or [as ajjcciated for QwcorcP\ we deny none fuch. 

26. For we hold that all Chriftians (hould live in as much 
Concord as they can, and that Synods are ufeful to that end. 

27. We muft honour our Rulers, though they affiift us. 

28. We hold that we muft feparate from no Church or 
Chriftian farther than they feparate from Chiift, though we 
muft not fin againft God for communion with any. We take 
k for a great fin for any party to appropriate the Church 


* <mly to themfelves : We own no Church but as part of the 
•Catholick (or univerfal) Church, and we hold all our Affern- 

t blies as in union and communion with All the true Churches 
ron earth, and put up our prayers and praifes as in conjun&ion 
-with theirs, not owning their failings (or our own) but their 
.duties : And we will be members of no particular Church, 
which alloweth us not occafional Communion with others 3 
•but take fuch for Se&aries. 

29. The welfare of Souls is of (b great concernment, that 
we cannot think any Chriftian fhould be indifferent to whom 
as a Paftor he committeth the care and conduct of his Soul, 
any more than what Phyfician he chufeth for his body. And 
the difference between the/ignorant and the wife, and wicked 
and the godly, the negligent and the faithful, is of grand im- 

30. We think that all Chriftians ttioiild prefer a faithfirt 
Paftor, before an unfaithful or inefficient one 5 and a purer 
Church before a more corrupt, as far as they are free, with- 
out doing more hurt than good. But we will hold occafional 
communion with more faulty Churches, fo they compel us 
not to fin. 

31. We take not all the faults of the Paftor, flock or fer- 
vice, to be made ours meerly by our prefence: Nor do we 
think that all faults (or many and great ones confident with 
the neceffaries to communion) will allow us to feparate, that 
is, either from a true Church, as none, or from lawful com- 
munion as unlawful : For Natural diftance is not Moral Se- 

32. We take the Magifterial impofing of unnecrfTary Oaths, 
Profeflions, Subfcriptions, Pra&ices, much more finful ones, 
as neceffary terms of communion, and filencing and cafting 
out Chrifts faithful Servants that obey them not, to be the 
grand and common caufes of Schifm, which have, through the 
pride of a Domineering-Clergy, broken moft of the Churches 
on Earth for above icoo years. 33* We 

53. We hate the fpirit of pride and envy in Preacher*, 
who cannot endure to fee others, at leaft that differ from 
them, preferred before them «, and if any do but go from 
them, to others, or worfhipGod in another place, or in other 
words or circumftances, do frighten the people by their loud 
allarm and cry of jJchifm .5 as if all were of a different Reli- 
gion or fpecies of Communion, that differ from their book 
in Word or Ceremonies 5 And by that blinding name of Dif- 
ferent Communions, alienate the hearts of the ignorant, and 
make them think of the Dutch, French, and others that only 
differ from them in accidents, as the Papifts do of us that are 
called by them Hereticks. 

34. We take him not to have the Wifdom and Love of a 
found Chriftian, who cannot love and bear with his fellow 
Chriftians, who differ but in fuch tollerable things. 

35. Yet we think not that all {hould preach and gather 
Churches that will, and that the intolerable muft be tole- 
rated, and that it muft be All or none: And the Magiftrate 
b Judg whom he will tolerate : but he muft judg aright. 

36. We hold the Parifti-Divifions to be of great conve- 
nience 5 Not taking all in the Parifti for the Church, but 
confining Minifters to their proper bounds. 

37.* And whatever differing Churches the Magiftrate tole- 
rateth, he mult force them to live peaceably, and modeftly 
towards others. 

38. Were every Church reduced to fuch a number, as that 
all might in feafon have local, perfonal communion, like great 
Parifhes that have Chappels } and E.g. every Churchof 6000 
Souls have fix Paftors con-jundt, or every Corporation or 
Market-Town (of old called Cities ) with the Neighbour* 
Villages, be one Church 5 and one among thefe Paftors to be 
a Prefident Bifhop, we (hould think it moft like the ancient 
Government. But we can live in peace, where we cannot have 
all which we juftly with for. 

F 59. Though 

%f. Though fome preach not Chrift fincerely, but in env} 
and ftrife to add to our aftli&ion, we rejoyce that Chrift is 

40. We hold all, that for the power of Kings, 1 the obedi- 
ence of the Subjects, and againft rebellion, which the Scrip- 
ture fpeaketh, and which the Chriftian Churches, Politicks, 
Lawyers, as far as we know them,commonly hold 5 and more 
than divers chief Con formifts : (Bifhop Bilfotts book o£Sub- 
jdiion, and Grotins de Imperio Sum. Pat. fullieft fpeak my 
thoughts in the greateft part. J 

41. Asthefe are the meer Nonconformifts principles, fo 
their pra&ice is accordingly : They pray for the King, and 
all in authority 5 not for preferment, but that we may live a 
quiet and peaceable life in all godlinefs and honefty : And 
they pray and feek for the publick fafety, and live peaceably 
towards others. 

42. They fought reconciliation with the Diocefansbzfoie 
the Kings return, and affociating upon uniting terms. 

49.: What the Nonconform ills in City, Countrey, Monks 
Army, and the next Parliament did far the Kings restoration, 
k known. . 

44. They offered but Bilhop Ufiers form of Primitive 
Government (or Epifcopacy) for reconciliation and concord 
with the Biftiops. 

45., They gave publick thanks for the Kings Declaration 
about Ecclefiaftical affairs, which had healed us, had it not 
been caft away: In which he declareih their moderation. 

46. They never made one motion for Presbytery, Lay- 
Elders, Independency: Nor againft Pari (h- Churches, nor 
againft the Bifhops Lord (hips, or place in Parliament, or 
Wealth. 5 Though, I confefs, they defired better than they 
{jlw fit to ask. 

47. They didas much with the Bifhops, as if it had been 
for. their lives, by Condefcention, R.eafon and Petition, to 


have prevented the forefeen divifions, and were the feekers 
of Peace. 

48. The Liturgy which they offered, had not one word 
of exception returned by the Biihops $ nor were their Reply 
or Petition anfwered by them to this day. 

49. They offered their folemneft Proteftation or Oaths, 
that if was to avoid fin that they refufed Conformity 5 and 
yet many reported that we held all for indifferent, except 
renouncing the Covenant. 

50. The New Liturgy came out of the Prefs fo near' the 
penal Bartholomew-day , that in almoft all Counties of Eng- 
land, they were turned out for not declaring Affent to a 
book which they never faw, or could fee 5 and the Confor- 
med there owned it before they faw it* 

5 1. The Nonconformifts knowing that the Magiftrate hath 
the power of the Temples and Tytbes, never pretended any 
right to them when they were caft out : But knowing that 
they were juftly poffefled of their Paftoral relation to their 
flocks, they believed not that the meer will of the Magiftrate 
difobligeth them. Yet they believe that when the continuance 
will do more hurt than good, they and t he flock ihould part 
by content. 

52. We never heard that any of the qcco ejefted Mini- 
fters were caft out for any crime or falfe doftrine, but meer- 
\y for not Conforming by Declaration, Subscription and 

53. Nor have we heard that any, or many in all thefe 
times of tryal have been convifted of herefie or drunkenneft, 
fwearing, curfing, deceiving, fornication, or any fuch immo- 

54. I am fure they have oft requefted that Laws may be 
made to Conftrain them to live peaceably, to abufe none, and 
to punifh them as much as others, if any of them be found 
guilty of any fuch crime 5 and that fuch Laws may bring it 

Fa to 


to- the tryal, who they be that are of fcandalous lire*. 

55. They have been thankful for bare connivence and 
opportunity to preach for nothing; fav& what they receive 
from the hearers charity* thefe 18 years : : Some that could 
live without it have preached freely 5 and the reft, could 
they have lived and their families without bread, had rather 
have been no burden to any } They are naturally no more in 
love with a beggarly fordid life than other*: The Confor- 
mists would be loth to live on Charity : Many hundreds have 
long had nothing, or next to nothing pf their own, and Wives 
and many Children to maintain, Houfe-rent to pay , Meat, 
Drink, Cloaths^v. to buy : and nothing but mens Charity 
to defray all this. And in the Countreys Money is fcarce, 
Charity too cold, and moft of the Rich are taught by the 
€lergy to condemn them : And ifohey come to great Towns, 
the Clergy reproach them. 

56. Many have dyed in prifon* many eateht their death 
there ^ many had their goods and books taken away 5 and 
many endured long: imprisonments*, and the profecution go«? 
eth on. 

57. The Magiftfates of Louden, and other places, have 
been vexed, and fued by Informers for not profecuting them. 

58. They preached moftly privately to few about London^ 
for fear of -giving -offence, till the people in the dreadful 
Plague, which killed about 100000 were left as fheep with- 
out (hepherds, crouding into another world, and the Noncon- 
form! fts durft not forbear to teach them : And God fo great- 
ly bleft their labours, that the People and Preachers, who 
had been thus; awakened by devouring. death, refolved no 
more for fear of man to neglefl: the care and intereft *)f 
Souls.. O who - could be (ilent when thoulands that lookt 
for fpeedy death did Croud for help in their neceffary prepa- 
ration. This firft drew the London Nonconformifts into- 
more open exercift of their .office,.' which encouraged thofe 



in the Countrey to imitation. And it is not their judgment 
that they are bound to preach, when by oppofing violence, 
4>r the offending of Rulers it is like to do more hurt than 
good, and once preaching~to deprive them of all the ufeful- 
nefs of their lives: The fpitit of the Prophets is fubjtft to 
the Prophets ("to Reafon and Prudence in the ufe of gift?, as 
Dr. Hammond expoundeth it) : But whatever it coft them, 
when there is true Neceffity and Opportunity, making the 
good like to be greater than the hurt, they judgthat they 
muft ufe the N4iniftry which they are vowed and ordained to. 

59. When the Plague was over, fome thought once again 
to retire 5 and the fire burning down the Churches, and the 
people being deftitute; conftrained them ("though forbidden) 
to go on. O'what is man ! What were the Clergy that 
took upon them the Charge of Souls, that they durft be againft 
(iich mens Preaching of the Gofpel in fuch a City, when fuch 
a Plague, and fuch flames had declared the neceffity. 

60. Even when the Plague was raging, and the Court and 
Parliament fled from' it to Oxford, they there were making 
the Oxford-Oath, and Aft of Confinement, to banifh the Non- 
conformifts from the defolate City, and all Corporations, &c. 
And they that before purpoftd to come to the Parifh* Chur- 
ches, durft not come, left the Congregation being witnefs of 
their being An the City,€^. they (hould be lent to the Jay].- 

61. Moft that we hear of in the Countreys, and lome about 
London, preach not at the time of publick worfhipt, but go 
themfelves to the publick Churches, when they have honeft 
tolerablemen : I and others here, do ordinary hear and com- 
municate in our Parilh-Churches (when even the \zfcWhit- 
ftmdayl do not think there were above roc Communicants 
inaParitfc* that its thought hath 20000 'Souls-, 1 and yet all 
the reft are not hunted as Schifmaticks). And (chvht Sch'ifm 
is not for withdrawing from the Parifrt-Churche<v but for 
communicating alfo with others (which we avow) : As if ic 


were greater Schifm to feparate front nom^ than to JepateU 
from all fave the Diocefan Conformists, who appropriate the 
Church to themfelves. k 

62. We take it to be our duty to do our bed to keep up 
the reputation of honeft peaceable Conformifts, left our Con- 
cord and the peoples edification be hindered. 

63. When we thought it a fervice to the Conformifts, to 
help them in teaching fome of their Parilhes, which are ex- 
ceedingly too great to hear them, and to enjoy all their Pa- 
ftoral helps, and we preach, as they confefs, the fame do&rine 
as they, yet we never asked or expe&ed the leaft part of their 
maintenance (much left Preferments, Prebends, Deaneries or 
BifhopricksJ, but would have been thankful to have leave to 
be their helpers for nothing} but cannot have their content. 

64. Thofe of us that preach at the hours of publick wor- 
ship, do it for the moft part, where their hearers knowing that 
they cannot have the juft benefit of the Parilh-Paftors office 
in publick and private, find it neceffary ftatedly to chufe 
other helps 5 and other hours would greatly diforder their 
family-duties: Befides the Independents that have long had 
their gathered Churches. 

65. Though our judgment be againft Pluralities and Non- 
refidences, we fay little againft it, left we (hould be thought 
to defire part of the prey, or to envy their riches. 

66. Though we feared, that if we conformed to the Pro- 
fefiions, Subfcriptions, Oaths, Covenants and Practices before- 
named 5 and this deliberately, and on pretence of keeping 
our Liberty to preach againft the fins of others, we (hould 
be guilty of all the fin and its aggravations, which we named 
in thefirft PJea for Peaces yet knowing how various repre- 
fenrations make mens judgments to ditfer, we became not 
herein Accufers of the Confoimifts, but disavowed it, lea- 
ving them to their proper judg, and medling with no mens 
mattters but our own. 

67. And 


67. And left it fhould feem to refleft on them as guilty, or 
exafperate our affiifters, we have moftly forborn thefe 17 or 
18 years, fo much as to open the matters and reafons of our 
Nonconformity, and filcndy undergone reproach. 

68. Yea when great Bifhops have told our Superiors, that 
we judged nothing but renouncing the Covenant unlawful, 
and have called to us, and fet Parliament- men to call out, 
[What it k that we would have], and never would give us 
leave to tell them 5 we have patiently been filent : And when 
great Bifhops kave told me that our Rulers took us as not fin- 
cere, for not giving our reafons, and that they would Petiti- 
on that we might no longer be fuffered to keep up a Schifm, 
and give no reafon for it : I have offered them to beg it on my 
knees, if there were any hope to obtain liberty but once to 
render our reafons of not conforming. 

69. And when the Ad ceafed which reftrained the Prefs, 
we ftill forbore, till they gave o\rt,[Thatnow it teas clear, that 

for our baffled canfe we had no defence, but went on to (in again ft 
our conferences'], which conftrained me at laft to open (bme- 
what of our cafe, at which yet they are difpleafed. 

7c. Though multitudes of Books have been written againft 
us, charging us with Schifm, and calling for execution of the 
Law againft us, yea perfwading King and People, as the Plot- 
ters do, that we are cheriihing principles of rebellion 5 we 
thought it beftto imitate Chrift, and filently to bear all, and 
let our Lives and Works, rather than our Apologies, anfwer 
for us 5 till conftrained, I publithed a full account of our Prin- 
ciples of Government and Obedience, left continued filence 
pa(s for guilt. 

71. Their conftant iaft accufation is about the late Wars : 
When-as 1. not one of very many of the prefent Nonconfor- 
mifts ever mealed with them. 2. And we offer them thanks 
to filence only the guilty. 3. And many Conformi(ts(and one 
A-Fehbi(hopJ were in Arms for the Parliament. 4. And we 


i 4* ) 

«&ave not requited them till of late, with tellingthem that it 
-,was the Conformifts here that began the War. 

72. Whenfome fay that they requite us forcaftir^goutthe 

' Conformifts heretofore $ we offer them a thoufand thanks if 

they will caft out none but thole that caft out them, I confefe 

I took it for a great mercy to have»grofly ignorant, drunken 

.Readers and Priefts caft out, of what opinion foever, and bet- , 

-ter put in : But I and others wrote againft putting out any , 

* worthy and tolerable man. for being againft the Parliament, 

or for Prelacy. 

73. Whereas fome cheat the ignorant, by telling them, that 
\We would have every Minifler be a Pope inbk own Parifl) ]}. 
1. A Pope is one that arrogateth the Government over all 
other Paftors, even of the whole world : Whereas we would 
govern no Paftors at all, nor any people, but our particular 
Socks. 2. And thefe we would have only to be Volunteers : 
And is not he liker to a Tyrant, that will be a Paftor to thou* 
fands againft their wills, than he that will take charge of none 
but Confenters ? 3. Specially the Independents, who are ac- 
cufed as giving the power to the people, and depending on 
their charity, do not like tyrants compel any to obey them. 

74. Some are taught to make the Presbyterians odious, by 
the rigor of their Discipline, and the (tool of Repentance, 
which the licentious fear. But 1. our judgment is, that none 
but willing Confenters fhould be Church- members, and as 
fuch come under Difcipline. 2. And that none be excommu- 
nicate for any fins (ordinarily) un-lefi after due warning and 
patience he refufe to repent. 3- And God hath made Repen- 
tance neceflary to comforting-aBfolution, pardon .and falva- 
tion. 4. And it's a thouiand pities that any (hould be fo mad 
in fin, as to think Repentance too dear for pardon. 

75. Some fay that we are for Excommunicating Kings.: 
What other men have been, is nothing to us: We take not 
our judgments on truft from any party 3 but the Scripture is 



our Rule, and the Primitive Churcbwir patterfi. Some o£us 
have written againft the lawfulnefs of diihor.ouf ing Prii.. k 
and Rulers by proper excommunications, as being ^gauifc . 
fifth Command 5 and Rituals give place-to Morals.: And fomc 
of the greateft Church -men that have caft- us Qujr^havc been 
for Rulers Excommunication: We are not i: . -... 
Treafons and Domination not only the Pope but the Coun- 
cils of Bi(hops,(even without the Pope as in the cafe 0/ Ln- 
dovicusPitt*£n<\ , others)haveexercifed over Princes and King- 
doms by excommunications,and curled curjingpen fromCbrift. 

76. We find that.w/aenm 'the ( cant^tio'i^ bctweeivthe 
Popes and the Emperours, the Clergy familiarly foore.ox foil} 

fides as intereft moved them } and as Albas ZJrjpergenfos faith, 
Perjury was the common brand qfPrkjl an4pej?ple^\t was far from 
PF,9Yi n g a cure ofSehifm, though it was pretended for that ufe. 

77. As the Law iorbiddeth us, (b we profefs to intend 
nothing here written as an accufation of 'the Government, 
La<^, Liturgy, or Conformi(ls r but only as a defcription 

Cons of our own Nonconformity. But if it fhould 
prove true that Cities, Corporations,. Bifhops and I^riefts are 
guilty but of half the evil againit God, Trujh, Conscience, 
theGofpel, the Church, the fouls of men, the good of the 
King anp Subjects, which we fear We fhould, be; guilty of if 
we did conform, I had rather be a Gave than that Clergy- 
man that fhould encourage them in it. 

78. And if it fliould prove that any of them are under 
Juch guilt, in the end it> will prove but an uneffeftual de- 
fence, to accufe the innocent and reprovers, and fo to divert 
them, by keeping them on the defenfive part 5 while they 
are accuifed of odious fin for not finning, and called intoler- 
able for refufmg to concur in wickednefs. 

79-Ever fince we we;re caft outand fi!eheed,we have thank- 
fully accepted all motions ^nd overtures for concord.We h^ve 
been feveral times fince the firft Treaty, called to new Trea- 
ties, in one Dr. Manton and others offered thankfully to ac- 
cept leave to preach for nothing in the Parith Churches 

C\ whip re 

where the Minifters defire it, and when the Common-Prayer 
is ufed. Another time being called by the Lord Keeper Bridg- 
man we agreed with Bifhop W likens and Dr. Burton, and it 
was drawn up in an Aft of Concord by Judg Hale, but vo- 
ted by the Commons not to be brought in. Since then we 
were invited to treat with Dr. Tillotfon and Dr. StiUivgfleet^ 
who deemed to confent to the terms of the form of an heal- 
ing Aft which we offered them} but they found that the Bi- 
Ihops would not confent. By all which we have (till fhewed, 
that we have never ceafed to feek for peace. 

80. We have never (hunned to read or hear all that can be 
faid, to prove that we need not fear all the guilt of Lying, 
Perjury, falfe Covenanting againft duty, and all the other fins, 
with their many and heinous aggravations, which we fear be- 
ing guilty o£ if we (hould conform : Nor did we ever refute 
to give the. reafon of our fears, to the Learned'ft man that 
dotfTacCufe us. 

81. As is aforefaid, we never to this day put up our Peti- 
tion to any Parliament, fince we were filenced for relief com- 
paflipn, or to be heard 5 which may fcem ftrange to thofe that 
know our long accufations and fufferings. 

82. So far are we from loving Schifm, that we take Unity 
to be effential to the univerfal and particular Churches } and 
that divifion is- deftruftion, though every difference is not 
fuch divifion. And the chief of my ftudies and labours in the 
World j$,How to reconcile and unite divided Chriftians. And 
having fully proved in a Treatife of the only terms of com* 
mon concord, that it will never be attained but on the terms 
of Primitive fimplicity,prefcribed by Chrift,and praftifed by 
rhe firft Churches 5 it is becaufeour Conformity is inconfiftent 
with fuch terms of common concord, and fuch as we think but 
S^arixin fthifm ? thatwe are Nonconformifts. Let him that is 
fbr dividing thephild, betaken for no true mother of it* 

S3..; We are .not againft all Lttatrife#5 "tfur Litany hath not 
lefs but more than theirs t We hearfrty fay, From Atheifm, 
Infidelity and Popery front prophanenef^ ferfearihn and of- 


preffton, from all /edition, privy con/piracy and rebellion, from 
fal/e doSrine, herefie and/chi/m $ from an ignorant, proud, and 
worldly domineering Clergy, from malignant hatred of Gods 
holy Image andfervants, andferious worjbip, and from contempt 
of his word and commandments, Good Lord deliver us. 

Jam. 3. 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18. Who is a wife man and en* 
dtted with knowhdg among yon, let him Jl)cw out of a good con- 
versation his works with meefyrefs of WiJ^cm.Bttt if ye have bit- 
ter envying and fir if e in your hearts (rtruch more fitencing per- 
(ecutton) glory not, and lye not againfl the truth. This wijdom 
defcendeth not from above, but is earthly, fenfual, devihfi. For 
where envying and ftrife is, there is confufwn, and every evil 
worl^ But thewifdom that is from above is fir jl pure, then peace- 
Me&entle and t a fie to be intreated,full of mercy and good fruits^ 
Without partiality, and without hypocrifte. And the fruit ofrigh- 
teoufntfs is fown in peace of them that make peace. I Thef 2. 15, 
16. Who both killed the Lordjefus and their own Prophets, 
and have perfecuted us. And they pleaje not God, and are con- 
trary to all men, forbidding us to /peak, to the Gentiles that 
they might befaved, to fill up their Jin always. For the wrath is 
come upon them to the utmpit. 

\ determine not in all tht^ Who is the Schifmatic^ but 
make a pair of Spe&acles for the purblind to difcern it. 

But, Reader, I muft eameftly intreat thee, as thou loveft 
thy Soul, to remember, that as toys, and plays, and luft, and 
pride, and drunkennefi, and gluttony, and ambition, and co- 
vetoufhefs, are the Devils nets by which he taketh the moft 
of the world 5 fo he hath aiecond fort for thole that are above 
theft things, and that is, the delights of wit in the vain un- 
profitable part of Learning: And for thofe that yet are above 
this, one of his hftfadTesfc Religious wraigling 5 turning faith 
and godline(s into opinions, ftdwgs,formalilies and perverje dif 
pntings, efpecially with men of corrupt minds, that take gain 
for God 1 mete, and think that Reputation and Money will coin 
any thing that^k for them, into Truth and Goodnefs. 

I conclude therefore, That if thou would'ft efcape that 


C 44 J 

Schifm an^^nngcrous fin, which Contenders charge on one 
another*, the way is (hort and plain. 

I. Underftand,and ftand to thy Baptifmal-Vow,and fee that 
thy Beliefs Love and Practice of known Chriftianity, accord- 
ing to our Creed, Lords-Prayer and Decalogue, in Love to 
,God, thy Soul and thy -Neighbour, in Codlbefi,CharityJufticc 
and Sobriety, be (erious and fincere^ and then thou art cer- 
tainly of that Catholick Church, which Chrift is the Head of, 
and will fove. 

II. Love all Chriftians as fuch, according to the meafures of 
• their goodnels^, and remembering thy own weaknefo, pity and 

bear with- the infirmities of the weak 5 and when others wran- 
gle againft them,and abuie them, ftudy thou to do them good, 

III. Look on all particular Churches as members of the 
univerfal afore defcribed^ and chufe the bell thou canft for 
thy ordinary communion and good, (bit be not to a greater 
hurt by accident : But deny not. occasional communion \vjth 
any (though acculed by others) further than they force thee 
to fin,orthan they feparate from Chrift: Thy preience maketh 
thee not guilty of the tolerable faults which thou canft not 
amend.Take them for Sectaries ' and Separatifis,who forbid thee 
communion with all that %re riot of their mind and way iij to- 
lerable differences. 

IV. Take heed of negle&ing any truth or duty, or living 
in any fin, which all good Chriftians,even the Contenders are 
agreed about : And in thefe thou wilt find enough for peace 
of Confcience and Salvation. 

V. Be fure that thou approve thy felf to God, and takehis 
Law for thy Rule, and his Love and the heavenly Glory for 
thy portion, hope and All } and let not the flefti, nor worldly 
intereft cheat thee into juftly fufpe&ed fin , nor the Threats, 
or Flatteries, or Bribes of men/ either Drive, Allure or Hire 
thcA. t£ be falfojip thy Confcience, thy Saviour and God} nor 
pvof^^^^Efau, to fell thy. Birthright for a niorfel, or 
hazard thy parslw Heaven for a trarfitory befooling dream 

. and fhadow of profit, honour or delight. v 

F I N I S.